Newspaper Page Text
t .tmas A.
3ESSRS. COLTER & SCOOTER, Editors.
"Let idle Ambition her baubles pursue,
While Wisdom looks down w th disdain,
Th, home of the farmer has charms ever new,
Where health, peace and competence reign."
LET those who have neglected to trans
plant fruit trees and vines (grape,) go to work
in earnest and do it, for the season is almost
spent, and return to posterity that which we
have borrowed from our ancestry.
"The Modern Horse Doctor," by Dr.
WE have examined this work on the treat.
ment of the diseases of the horse, the noblest
of quadrupeds, and add our commendation
to the already long list of better farriers. It
may be had at the store of Mr. G. L. PENN,
if they are not all sold.
Labels for Fruit Trees.
TAKE a piece of sheet zinc of proper size
and write the name on it with ink made of
Verdigris pulverised one part.
Sal Ammoniac one do.
Lamp Black one half do.
Water ten do.
Mix well together. Then attach the label
to the tree with copper or brass wire-if,
after awhile, the writing appears affaced,
wet it by rubbing the finger moisted on it,
and the name will be as legible as at frst,
for years after.
WE furnish our readers this week, with an
extract from the Horticulturist, upon the va.
rieties and properties of manures, suitable
for gardening purposes. It is too often the
case, that our gardens are manured, year
after year, with the same kind of fertilizer;
and it is not unfrequently the case, that not
withstanding a liberal supply of compost,
&c. has been applied, that our gardens fail
to give a corresponding yield. When it is
semembered, that we cannot g;ve our gar
-dens that rest which is as necessary to the
vigor of the soil as it is indispensable to the
anietdl kingdom, we should adopt a system
of .tation in manures, in order to create, if
possible, an artificial rest. H ence we believe
'tbat..gantens shonid not be manured ivith the
-sa eM fertilizer more than two years success
iiviy. .A LFR ED CH.AMBRLAN gives the fol
1Wslieg list 'of fertilizers, and their pecu*liar
proprties, xvhich will aid us much in making
as-efction for garden manures:
Thbe manures in general use in gardens
-.ure ':umer ons, but 1 shall only notice those
mlisch I cotnsider the most useful: and of
hese, thes dung of horses, if not the best, is
certainly the most general in use.
Next to the (lung of horses, that of oxen
and enttle is in the greatest request; and if
slightly feniented, is an excellent manure for
lig.., hot soils. It is also well calculated for
soils of~ a dry, absorbent nature, as it retains
its moisiure for a greater length of time thani
Green vegetable ma:tter is an excellent ma
naure, b~ut least attended to than it ought to
be. Instead of~ collecting all useless vegeta
bles, &c., in a garden into one heap, let the
followinig simple mode be adopted : When a
piece ogrudis to be dug, go around and
collect all the decaying vegetables, and im
mediately dig them in. TJhe sweepings of
grass walks and lawns are also of as much use
ats vegetable manure ; and on being brought
inmo the garde:' they should be dug in before
fermnentation commences ; but it tmust be ob
served that they should not be buried at too
great a depth, otherwise fermentation will be
prevented by compression, and the exclusion
Sea weeds, when they can be procured,
makes excellenit manure for most vegetables,
but particularly for Sea Kale, A rtichokes, and
Aspara:gus. This manure, however, is very
tranuslent in its effects, and does not last more
than fur a single crop, which is accounted
for by its containing a large portion of
water, or the elements thereof.
T[he dung of birds, either wild or domes
ticated, affords a powerful manure, particu
larly that of the former. Pigeon's dung is.
in great repute, but it should onily be used as
a compound; or, if used as a simple manure,
the greatest care must be observed in the
distribution of it. It is a good manure for
Strawvberroes and Raspberries ; also the
Fuchsia, Pelargonium, Coxcomb, Balsam,
and it is indeed a rich manure for all potted
plants that will bear rich feedinig.
The dung of sheep affords good manure,
but is seldom used in gardens.
SOOt is a very powerful manure, and ought
to be used in a dry state, and thrown on the
surfa~ce of the ground. [t is advantageously
used in crops of Onions. It is sown at all
times with good effect, and when it has been
sown no maggot has appeared.
The ashes of wood, if not too much burnt,
is a lasting manu re, particularly for the Grape
.Vinie and Pear; and if sown among Turnips,
it is of great use to protect them from the fly.
Of all mitneral manures, lime ismnost known
and generally used. It should, however,
* never b~e applied with animnal manure, unless
they be too rich, or for the purpose of pre
venting noxious etiuvia. It is injurious wvhen
mixed with any common manure.
Mlanures, whether aninndl or mineral, are
of sucr' impurtance to vegetation,'that all
possiblei dilhugence should be used in the col
lecting tad preparing them for the different
* purposes for which they may be required.
By a proper apj.lication of them, and by a
rotation of cropping founded on just prinei
ples, the worst ga: den ground may be not
only improved, but rendered fit for the pro.
duction of every vegetable that is usually
cultivated in the different localities of this
To MAuKE FRUIT-PIEs -No under crust
should be made to apple or'iy fruit-pie. It
is always heavy and not fit to eat. Place a
narrow rim of paste around the edge of the
plate, and; fill it wvith the fruit, either raw or
stowed,' and cover it. 'rThe juices will be re
tained munch better, and it will save a sighit
of flour and batter, wvhich is no triflinui con.
sideration' in these days, and what is of more
consequence save dyspepsia, which costs
m rore. After cutting they are taken out with
FOR THE ADVERTISE1t.
Ilogs, and how to Raise them.
iMR. EDIroi :-in the Advcrtiser of the
24th of January, I find a series of questions
propounded to farmers, all of which are im
portant. I feel it to be our duty to give our
experience in any thing touching our inte.
rests, whereby we may all be mutually bene
:itted. And as I oeem the raising of hogs a
very important item in farming, I will give
you my experience in that branch, as I have
devoted a good deal of time and attention
to it. One or two general remarks oii the
subject before I proceed to answer your
1st, Farmers should be careful to get a
good stock of Hogs. I think the big Guinea
the best stock for our country; or perhaps
big Guinea and Irish-Grazier crossed might
2nd, The common error in our farmers is
that they keep too many breeding sows;
they have so many pigs they can't possibly
feed them as they should be fed, and a groat
many of them die while young.
3rd. They keep their hogs too long be
fore they are killed. No hog should be fed
more than one winter. Take two pigs, give
one double what you do the other, and the
pig that is well fed will make as a good a
hog at one year old as the other one half
fed or half starved, will at two. Most far
mers keep their hogs until they are two years
old; in order to do this you see at once
they have to keep a double number of hogs,
which of course require twice as much to
feed them. Again, one fifth of the one-year
old hogs in the country die before they are
two, which is a clear loss. Now say a man
loses one half his pigs and one fifty of his
year old hogs, it leaves him but a little over
one fourth the hogs he has pigged ; and I
will venture the assertion that this is as many
as half the farmers in the District kill one
year with another.
If farmers would not think quite so much
about making cotton, and a little more about
the provisions of life, they could raise plenty
of hogs and to spare, with a very little trou
ble or expense, and be much better off (I
think) than they are when they have to buy.
Farmers, try it ! By sowing a good crop
of peas you can have plenty of meat at a
trifling cost. Your shoats will gro'v off
finely in your harvest fields and your peas
will fatten theni in the fall. If any man will
adopt this plan, (never keeping more than
one sow for every ten hogs it takes to make
his bacon) and if he don't always have plen
ty of shoats in the summer and plenty of
hogs to make his bacon in the winter, I will
acknowledge I know nothing about the
In answering your question I will give
you the cost of keeping a bog one year
only. Say I commence the middle of De
cember (after killing my hogs) with four
sows and twenty-eight pigs, (as many as I
want) having fifty bushels cotton seed, ten
bushels meal and plenty turnips for their,
support. I can keep my sows anid pigs in
fine order through the winter. How ? l-ave
a large kittle (or a farmer's boiling stove is
far preferable) every morning put into it a
quantity of turnips and tops (which every
man can have if he will) and a few cotton
seed, and boil them until they are soft; then
put a little meal in to thicken it. And feed
regularly with this preparation. About the
middle of January or sooner if I finid my
hogs are getting lowsy, I give them a half
pound copperas at a feed three days in suc
cession. This cleanses them of lice and
worms..- Every three weeks after, I give
them about a half pound. A mere boy can
do the boiling before breakfast through the
winter and feed the hogs at night. stock
hogs should be fed only at night.
Now, count the cost: 50 bushels cotton
seed at 10 cts. $5,00 ; 10 bushels meal .510!
and 25 cents worth of copperams, making
.15,25 the cost of keeping the sows and
pigs until spring. They can then do with
out feeding until they are put ini the nai vest
fields. So the expense is over until witer.
From the twenty-eight pigs, I will have 20
hogs to fatten. Next wiinter one acre of
land sown in turnips will be sufficient to
fatten the hogs, and have pleiity to feed my
stock hogs through the wiinteir ; with thle
turnips, 25 bushels cotton seed, and 20
bushels of meal, prepared regularly as before
mentioned, will fatten the hogs.
Fattening hogs should be fed through the
day. You now perceive I have 20 hogs
that will weigh about one hundred and ifty
pounds each nett, at a cost of forty dollars
(allowing .52,50 for the hire of the boy,) or
a cost of two dollars a head. With these
data let ev-ery man decide for himself wheth
r it is cheaper to buy hogs than it is to
raise them. Yet, I have no doubt myself
but that it takes more corn to raise one hog,
the wcay they arc generally raised in this
country, than would buy two. P.
Rise and fall of Sap in Trees.
ON this subject we make the following ex.
tracts from Professor LINDLEv, University
"It is the common opinion and no less
common error, that the sap of trees, rises ini
Spring from their roots, and descends into
them again in wvinter. As certain as a gill
cannot contain a gallon, so also caniiot the
roots contain all the sap of' the truiik and
limbs of a tree. The term sap includes all
the fluids of wvhatever kind circulating in the
tree. The sap runs out of the truiik of a
tree in Spring when wounded ; in the Sunm
mer, autumn and winter it does not unless
as an exception to the general rule.
The sap is always in motion, at all sea
sons, and under all circumstances, except in
the presence of intense cold. '['le difference
is that there is a great deal of it in Sprinig
and much less at other seasons. On the
approach of winter, a tree is at a state of
res, its leaves having carried off a much
lager portion of fluids than its roots have
been able to supply, that the w-hole of the
interior is in a staite of comparative dryness;
and a large portion ,of the sap wvich wvas
once fluid becomes solid, in consequence of*
hemical canges it has undergone. Between
evaporatio on the one hand. and solidifica
tion on the other, the sap is in autumn so
much diminished in quantity as to be no ong
er discoverable by mere incisions. The
power that a plant may have of resisting cold
is in proportion to the completeness of this
drying process. When the leaves have fallen
off, the tree is no longer subject to much loss
of fluid by perspiration, nor to extensive
chemical changes by assimilation, for the
leaves are the principle organs of perspira
tion and assimilation. But the absorbing
power of the roots is the same; they on the
contrary go on sucking fluid from the soil,
and driving it upwards into the system. The
effect of this is, that after some months of
such action, that loss of fluid which the tree
had sustained in autumn by its leaves is made
g9od and the whole plant is distended with
watery particles. This is a most wise pro.
vision, in order to insure abundant food to
new-born leaves and branches when warmth
and light stimulate them into active growth.
In winter the sap appears to be at rest, for
the refiling process is a very gradual one.
Sap is alWays in motion, and if it ever settles
at the roots, it is owing to temporary causes,
the removal of which causes its instant re
asscent. If in the Spring when buds are
just swelling, a tree is cut at the roots or
ground line, no bleeding will take place,
neither will the sap flow for some distance
upwards; but among the branches the bleed.
ing will appear to have commenced. The
fact is, the sap is driven hito accelerated mo
tion, first at the extremities of the tree, be.
cause it is there that light and heat first tell
upon the excitable buds. The moment the
buds are excited, they begin to suck sap from
the parts with which they are in contact; to
supply the waste so produced, the adjacent
sap pushes upwards; as the expansion of the
leaves proceeds, the demands upon the sap
near them became greater ; a quicker motion
still is necessary on the part of the sap to
make good the loss, and thus from above
downward is that perceptible flow of the
fluids of trees, which we call bleeding, is
effected. It is a well known fact, that trees
felled in autumn will sprout in Spring, and
goes to prove that the sap had not left the
trunk and taken refuge in the roots."
SoAr, WHITE LEAD AND OIL.-Mr. Edi
tor : It is not so generally known as it should
be, -that a mixture of the above named in
gredients makes an excellent coating for
gates, fences and out-buildings. The ad
dition of tho -oap (soft soap is only to be
used) considerably diminishes the expense of
the paint, without in any degree, lessening
its durability, or the facility of laying it on.
I have a house, the north-west side of
which was painted with this mixture nine
teen years ago, and the paint is now much
more brilliant than that put upon the other
side at the same time, though the latter was
of the best quality of white lead oil, and
four heavy coats applied, while of the soap
paint I applied but two. Fences painted
with this mixture, as well as the roofs of
buildings, for which purpose any coloring
atte.-, or pigment, may be substituted for
the lead, endure much longer, it is ascer
tained, than those painted with pure oil
paint. The alkalescent qualities of the
compound tend to indurate the fibres of the
wood, and render them impervious to those
atmospheric influences which are the chief
ause of decay and rot. The quantity of
soap to be used can be best ascertained by
experience; on this point no deffinite rules
can he prescribed.-New England Farmer.
OsroNS FoR Fowns.-Scarcehy too much
can be said in praise of onions for fowls.
They seenm to be a preventive and remedy
for ~various diseases to which a domestic
poultry is iable-. H 1aving frequently tested
their excellence, wo speak understandingly.
For gapes and inflammation of the throat,
eyes and head, onions are almost a specific.
We would recommend feeding fowls, and
especially the young chickens, as many as
they will eat as often as twice or three times
a week. They should be finely chopped.
A small addition of corn mneal is an improve
KILLIrNG FowvLs.-Onily turkeys and geese
should be bled to death ; the flesh of chick
ens becomes dry and insipid from loss of
blood. T1he best plan, says the Poultry
Journal, is to take a blunt stick, such as a
child's bat or boy's wvooden sword, and
strike the bird a smiart blow on the back of
the neck, about the third joint fronm the
head ; death followts in a moment.
The Housekeeper's Department,
M iI. IN OR E.-.-l have more objections
than one to milk in bread, but the most seri
ces is, that persons of advanced age, who
are in the daily use of milk-made bread, will
le expected to suffer from an over-suppjly of
sseous orbony miatter, andf particularly if
hei-r kidnevs lie affected. Bread should be
ahvays made with water, and when so made
it is suitable for the aged and the young, the
iek and the well. And as for- sour milk a
mi-rosopie viewv would, I presume, presett
additionailu arguments against its use.- Wa
Ler Cure Jour-nal.
To CL.E~tN Kin G1.ovEs oF AN v Cor.oR.
-Take white soap and make a very thick
lather" with a soft brush, such ats gentle
men use in shaving, and put the glove upon
the hand ; cover it with the "' lather'' and rub
it off quickly with a clean flannel till it is
dry. Repeat the process, theC glove is clean,
being careful that it is done so quickly its niot
to saturate the kid, and " it will look as nico
To MAKE F[Nr~ PAtNCAKES EVfruoU'-r
Bu-rrER oR L.um.-Take a pint of cream
arid six new-laid eggs ; heat thenm well to
gether-; put in a quarter of a pound of sugar
and oneo nutmeg or a little beaten miase
which yotu please, aiid so much as will thtick
en-almost as much as ordinary pancake
flour batter ; your pan must lbe heated rca
sonaly hot, and wiped with a cloth ; this
lone spread your batter thin over it, and fry.
To KEEP Woa~is F-IoM DRIr.D FRrI.
Place your frtuit ini a steamer, over- a pot of
boiling water covetred tighjly. Whben tho
roughly heated, tie thtemi up immediately in a
clean cotton or lumen baig, and hang them
up. This method is preferable to heamtinug ini
an ovent, as that is apt to rend~er them hard,
even if you are so fortunato as not to bttrn
A Goon WAtY OF CooKNG~ ONioNS-It
is a good fplan to boil onioins ini milk and wa
ter ; it diminishes the stronug taste of that
vegetabe. It is an excellent way of serving
Up) oniins, to chop them after they are boiled,
andl pmt them in a stew-pan, with -a little
milk, but ter, salt, antd pepper, and let thienm
stew about fifteen minutes. Tlhiis gives themi
a fine flavor, arid they can be served up ver-y
TIo DRESS A COLw Fowr,.-Peel off the
skin, and puOll ofl the flesh from the bones itt
s'largo pieces as possible ; thein dredge it
with a little flour, and fry to a nice brown
in btter, serve it tip with a rich gravy, wellI
seasoned, amid thicken it with a piece of but..
ter rolled ini flour. Just before you servo it
FELIX E. BODIE,
For Tax Collector
M. B. WHITTLE,
THOMAS B. REESE,
A. R. ABLE,
R. D. BRYAN.
THOS. G. BACON.
11. T. WRIGHT,
W. F. DURISOE,
NEW FALL DRY GOODS.
CORNER OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL, AUGUSTA, GA.
. ILLER & WARREN, will offer great
i inducements to their friends and customers
this season to purchase their FALL and WINTER
DRY GOO DS.
They da not pretend to say they have the richest
and largest stock ever offered in this city, that they
have better taste in their selections, or possess supe
rior advantages over their neighbors; but they have
certainly the richest and most elegant stock they
ever had in store.
-IN DRESS GOODS
They have I'tich Satin Striped Plaid SILKS;
Rich Ileavy Crocade Col'd do.
BIk. Satin Striped Plaid and Watered SILKS of
new and beautiful styles ;
Plain Red SILKS, and Plain do.
Rich Painted Fr. CASHMERES and DE
Beautiful email fig. DELAINES, for misses'
Plain French ME RINOS and CASHMERES,
of every shade;
Sup. line Bik. Fr. BOIMBAZINE;
1 C' . CHALLE and DELAINES;
MANTILLAS, TALMAS AND CLOAKS
embracing every variety of patterns and material,
from low-priced to the richest and highest cost
EMBROIDERIES, comprising a large and
most elegant assortment of Rich French Worked
Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves, Stomachers,
Handkerchiefs, Infants' Robes and Worked Bodies.
Maltese Collars, Chemizettes and Sleeves;
Rich Embroidered Bands, of the latest styles of
Beautiful lot of Bonnet and Neck Ribbons;
Linen Cambric hem-st'ed Handkerchiefs, Alitts,
Black and White Silk Hosiery; Alpaca and Mo.
Ladies and Misses Hose, all sizes;
" Silk and Merino Vests and Misses do.
-IN HOUSE-KEEPING ARTICLES
Thev have an endless variety of TO WELLINGS
TA'BLE NAPKINS and DOYLES;
12-4 Linen and Cotton PILLOW CASE Goods,
TABLE CIOTHS. all sizes, of the richest
Damask and Snow drop ligures.
French and Entlish CASSJMERES. BROAD
CLOT11S. VESTINGS. TWEEDS, Welsh
FLANNELS, and every other article kept in the
Dry Goods line.
Persons visiting the City, oan rely on finding the
newest styles of Goods, and in richness and variety
unsurpassed in any market, to which their attention
is invited, as they will be offered at low prices.
Augusta, Nov 25 tf 44
1855. TIlE 1S55.
A MONTHLY JOURNAL,
Davo-rwn EXef.ustvELY TO rTnE IMPrRovEMENTr or
SounTuaRN A GRzeULTURaE, Il oaTICeULTURE, BREED
r5G. PoUL-rR, BEEs, EENERtAL eoaoMYv, &c.
ILLUSTRATED WITH NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS.
One Dollar a Year, In Advance,
D)ANIEL LEE", Editor;
W. REDI)M0ND, Corresponding Editor.
T1 lIE CULTIVATOR is a large octavo
'fTit-two pages, forming a volume of 3S4
pages in the year. It contains a much greater amnour.t
of read~ing matter thtan any A gricultural ;ournal in
the South-embracing, in addition to all the current
agricultural topics of the day,
Valuable Original Countri butions,
Fromt many of the most intelligent and practicail
Planters, F'armers, and Horticulturists in every
section of' the South and Southwest.
TrER31s.-once copy otto year, $1I Si:-: Copies,
$5; Twenty-Five Copies, 5$20 ; One Ihundred
Thte CASil SYSTESI w-ill be rigidly adhered to,
and in no instance will the paper be senit Unless the
money accomnpatties the ordet. Trho Bills of all
specie-paying Blanks received at par. A :1 tnoney
transmittedl by mail, postage paid, wi be att the risk
of the Publisher. Address
WILLIAMa S. JONES, ProI-rtetor.
Augusta, Ga., .lan 3 tf 51
AGNEW, FISHER & AGNEW,
NEWBERRY C. H., S. 0.,
IMIPORTERS & DEALERS IN
HARDWARE, P A IN TS, C'ILS,
Groceries, Dry Goods, &ce,,
Atnd Buyers of Cotton and coutntry produce.
gg" Plhmt rs visitinig this ,Market will fitnd it
greatly to tht-e a.dvanin~ge by giving us a ecall.
.\GNEW, VISIIER & AGNEW.
Newherry C. II., A pril 13, tf 13
117 The A bbeville ilanuer will pleatse copy four
A C ar d.
I TrAKE this method of returning imy sincere
.ttatnks to the peopble of Edgelield and adjitnittg
Distriets, for their liberal pattronage, atnd at the
satme titme say to thenm that I htave moved inito my
New Brick Stores
Built during the tiast Sunnttner. situated ott Reynold's
Street, netarly frotting the Episcopal Chutrch, atnd
Iear by the Southl Car.ditta Rlail Rload Depot, where
I am fetleitng 'onsigtnents of
TENNESSEE BACON, LARD.
Butter, Featlaers, Corn, &c,,
Atnd at prices so low, as to indutc atny otne to buy
who wants. T. W. FLEMlING.
A ugusta, Dec 18 2,t0 1
LEXINGTON. S. C.
'IIE Proiprietor of "THEB TELEGRA PI,"
wloutldbeez leave to lay thte claims of thtis Paper
before the public. It is circutlated throughout every
teighorhood itt Lexingtotn, and all the sutrrourthng
Distriets; and is also taketn in sonic ten or twelve
other Stattes extensively. Heitng the Cheapest Paper
i the State-published at ON LY ONE DOL LA R
pr year-it htas attained1 to a very hteavy subserip
tiotn list, and which is daily on the inerezse. Mer
el-hants o.f Columbia atnd Charlestoni, woulh1 find it
;t advantageous medium thtrough which to do thteir
advertisitng. Out terrats are mtoderate.
.l. C. DEGAFF'ARELLY.
ALL Persons indebted to the Firm of' Lewis &
.-liarrison, eithter by note or'opena account, arel
trewa~rtned to call ott the subscriber andr settle the
sme imtmediattelIy. This is the Inst cnll-so if you
wish to save costs comte forward andl pay til.
- JAS. S. IIAltItSON.
Dect6 tf 4
STATE OF SOUTH CA ROLINA,
Richtard Gregory, .
Alex. Gregory and others
IT appearing to my satisfaction that .John Grego
rty, Easter Platikin, Shtadracht Dees attd wife Ce
i, antd Janmes Rattkin atid wife Iharriet, Defendantts
in this ease, reside without the limits of this State,
It is therefore ordered, that they do appear and
oject to thte division or sale of the real Estate of
Sarah Gregory, dec'd., on or before the first day of
A pril next, 185, orn their consent to the sante will
be entered ott record.I
Hi. T. IVRIGIIT, 0. '. D
j.L & c .,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
J M. NEWBY & CO., under U. S. Hotel, Augusta, Ga., are now receiving the LARGEST,
i BEST and MOC : FASHIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
SPRING AND SUMMER READY-MADE CLOTHING,
Ever offered in the City of Augusta. In addition to which, we are weekly receiving FRESH
SUPPLIES from our hlouse in New York. We also keep constantly on hand a large Stock of
YOUTH'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHING.
ALSO, a full assortment of FURNISIlNG ARTICLES, for gentlemen's wear.
Igr"Country Merchants and all persons visiling Augusta will find it to their interest to
examine our Stock, as we are determined to offer our Goods at the lowest prices imaginable.
Augusta, April S. 1854. tf 12
For lie Year 1855.
M M. BALLOU, who has edited the " Pietori
e al" from the commencement, having bought
out the lte pruoprietor, Mr. F. Glctson, will conduct
this popular and widely circulated paper on his own
account. The new volume will he radically improved
in every respect, and will be published on finer pa
per than ever before, which quttlity will be continued
henceforth without change. Many new and popular
features will at once be introduced, and the literary
department will present an array of talent and inter
est beyond anything it has before attempted. The
illustrations will be finer. and by better artists than
have before been engaged upon the paper, and alto
gether the publication will be vastly improved and
Arrangements have been made for representing
during the year, views of the most notable buildings
:nd localities throughout the United States, as well
:ts giving likenesses of the most prominent charae
ters, male and female, of artists and men of genius.
mucn as have, by their own industry and skill. made
ror themselves a fortune and a name. In addition
to these, various notable European scenes and oc
mnrrences will also be given from week to week,
rorming a brilliant illustrated journal.
Terms :-Invariably in Advance.-One sub
;criber, one yetar....................... ..3 00
Four subscribers, one year............... 10 001
ren 4 " " ............ 20 201
" Any person sending sixteen subscribers at
he last rate, will receive the aeventeenth copy gratist.
Address N. N. lALLOU,
Publisher and Proprietor,
Corner of Tremont and Bromfield St's,
ro the Planters of Edgefield,
' WENTY per cent can be saved by buying
BOOTS and SHOES at the Planters' Depot.
rhe Stock is all New and Fre.sh, and warrant
A- to give general satisraetion. Amongst this large
nd well selected Stock may be found
10,000 Pair Mens Heavy Rip Plantation Brogans,
5,0(t0 " " " Ruset " "
5,000 " Boys Rip and Ituset "i
3,000 " Mens' Ditehing and lunting Boots,
rogether with a LA RG E and SPLENDID Stock
af Ladies, Gentlemen, lioys, Misses atd Children's.
Boots and Shoes,
LATEST STYLES, AND ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
Among this tine Stock can be had Gentlemen's
French-made Boots and Gaiters. Alsip, Ladies'
French Gaiters of Kid Glove Leather.
The Public are respectfully invited to call and
axamine berfre purchasing elsewhere as Goods will
)e freely shown and ote price asked.
[LT Please Rtemember the name and rumber
PoPRI.Tott oFTue I'LANTEas' BooT & Sn1o. l, tror
No 251 Broad-St., opposite the U. S. Ilotel,
A ugusta. Georgia.
P. S.- also keep on hand a large Stock of Ladies
nd Gentlemen's Travelling Trunks, Carpet Baes
.nd Valises. Also Miises' School Sateltels-all of
which will be sold low for Cash. R. C.
Oct 5 6n 38
Fine Groceries, &c,
T HE Undersi-ned informs his friends and the
trading puttbie generally that he has just re
,ived the following articles, in addition to his al
ready large Stock of Groceries, to which he invites
20 doz. j lb. English MUSTARD,
20 " I lb. " t
1 " qt. spiceid OYSTEPRS.
I " whole Boxes SA RDINES,
I ' half " "
1 " 2 lbs OYSTRRS. in cases.
Spice, Pepper, Ginger, Saleratus, Soda, &c., &c.,
just received next door to A. LEvy, and opposite
:he American llotel. R. L. GENTRY.
Ilamburg, Nov 29 tf 46
Patent M~etalic Burial Cases !
TJ IIESE valuable air-tight and indestructible Ca
Xses,tfor protectitng attd pireserving the Dead for
>dinarv inte*rment, for vautlts, for tsansportatiuon, or
or any othter desirable purpose, are otyered for sale
n this Village, cheap for Cash, by
J. M. WITT.
P. 8.-Thave otn hand an assortmtetnt of all sizes.
Jttly 27 tf 28
W ar d & Bu rc h ar d,
AU]GUST A, G A.,
W OILD' inform, their friends in Edlefietd Dis
trict and the public greneraly, that antlicipa
intg a change in thteir business th~eoonn seasott,
hey are disposed to mat~ke l..\ RG( I CONCE~S
sluNS from their fortter low reale of prics, in
>rder to redntee their Stock to the loewest possible
f'Thte attention of Whiclesate dealers, as well
eatsumte-rs. is re-speettully solicited.
A ugusla, Ga . Ie h-8I. tf 49
ILL Persons inglebted to thte Estate of .Jamecr
LiYelde-lI, dee'd , are re-qtusted toi make pay
nent forthIwithI to the Undteresign. d. atnd all pe-rsonts
tmintg demnandls againtst the Estatte, are requ-tt-ed to
tnd thtemt in properly attested to the U'ndersiuned
J. II. Y EILDELT, ,
J. L. TALB~ERT. Ex ors.
Nov 22 3mt 45
L 1J Persons indebttedl to thte Estate of .Jeremtiahl
- .Seigler, ot- thtat of Warretn F. Wint, de'ed.,
re htereby notified to make promtpt payme-nt ; and
hose harmne claimts agiinst eithter Estate, will pre
eut themt Iorthtwitht for paymettt in due fortn.
Ex'ors of Jeremiaht Seigler.
Nov 29 3mn. 46
A L L Persons anvwise indebted to the Estate of
A nna Antdersom, dlee'dl., are hereby requested
o ntake immttediate paynmet, antd those havitng de
na ds agrainst said Eistatte wvill please render in their
ecounts forthtwi th, properly attested.
O EO. J. A N D ERSON, Admt'or.
Dec 6 I f 417
L[ thus given t - all personst ittdebted to Mrs.
g lizabetht M\artin, dee'd., to make immnediate
tavent. atd those having dentands agatinst said
is'tate, will render them itt forthwith. proeperly at
ested. 0. W. BURT'ON, Ex'or.
Nov 9 tI 43
To the Ladies.
'jRS. E. T. HA MILTON, takes
L- thtis tttethod of infortting th'e Ltdies of
Edgfield Village and vicinity, that shto has com
illinery and Dress-Making Business,
i the Store formerly occupied by Mrs. BnowN.
Nov 16 tf 44
Good Peach Brandy !
J UST received a large supply of PURE OLD
S. E. BOWERS, Aoez-r.
Tamtmer, Nov 22 tf 45
NEW FALL GOODS!
F UL L SUPPLIES!
W TI.LIAM.'l llEAR. Augusta. Ga., has re
ceived from New Ym-rk his FUILL. SITP
PLIESof FANCY AND STAPLE DRY GOODS, em
bracingr a larg. and sph-ndid assurtmoent suitable for
the Fall ad Winter season, anong which art
Rich Fancy colored Silks, of new and beautiful
Pliin Black Silks, in great variety of style, and
of superior quality ;
Ies h Paris printed DeLaines, and Fancy of all
Lupin's coloired white and black Merinos, and
plain colored Del.aines ;
A very large supply of small-figured, all-wool
printed I tel aines, fIr children, of new and beauti
ful styles ;
Etglish and -American Fancy Prints, in a great
variety of stylest
Suterior Sctech fancy Ginghams, of new and
beautiful Winter ts les; .Ia
Eleg:nt French Embroideries, embracing La
dies' Collars. Chemizettes. Undersle'eves and Iland
kerchiefs. of new and sp'ettdid styles:
Ladies' Black and Colored Cloth Cloaks and Tal- I
mas of the latest styles ;
Ladies' Rich Embroidereed and Plain Paris Silk t
Velvet Cloaks; t
A large supply of [-lies', Misses' and Children's
Ilosiery, of the best make; C
Ladies and Getttlenn's Sup. Gauntlet Gloves; v
Ladies' and Misses' Meritno and Silk Vests;
Getntlemen's and Youth's Silk and Melrino Shirts (
Superior Welch Gauze, Saxony and Silk Warp b
and Ileavy Flannels:
Superior English Colored Flannels, for Ladies' n
English and American Cotton Flannels, of extra
A very large supply of Mourning Goods, for La
dies' use, olf superior quality ;
SIUerior 12-4 Linen Sheetings and Pillow Case i
Superior 8-4 and 10-4 Table and Damask Dia
pers, soec (of extra quality ;
Rich Damask Table Cliths and Napkins, some of
extra size ;
Scotch and Bird's Eye Diapers, extra fine, for
Ileavy Scotch Diapers and IHunkabanks, for
Superior Whitney and Merino Blankets of extra
size aned quality;
Superior Crib Blankets;
Also, a great variety of other seasonable articles
suitable lor Family and Plantation wye. The public
are respectfully invited to call and examine the as
W. S. especially solicits.a call from his long-con
tinued friends and patrons. and assures them that
no exertions on his part will be wanting to supply
then with the latest and most desit able styles of
Goods. at the lowest prices.
A ugusta, Nov 14 tf 44
Hardware and Cutlery.
- %O ALL our old friends, we waculd say, We are
1 thankJul for past favors, and t all others who
may wish Goods itn our line:-eall and see us also.
or sen.d your orders. We will make every effort
(and it is noterious of the Goods we keep) to g.ve
"generalsatis!actiou" Out prices SIhALL be
in accordance with the times ; always assurine our'
custoners te sell them at the LOWEST MAR
We have now in Store a fine Stock and aret re
ceiving weekly. Atnongst which may be found,
50 Tons Band and lop IRON,
250 " Sweed " assorted,
150 " English "
200 Stmith BELLOWS. all qualities,
500 Kegs " Peru" N A ILS,
50 Tos CASTINGS,
100 Dozen Door LOCKS,
100 " Pad i
500 " Till. Chest. Draw and Trunk Locks. t
100 " AXES. Collins, Levette's and other
10 " Superior ROAD AXES,
500 " HOES, all qualities.
To enumerate is too tedious. We have the Goods
and want to sell them.
We keep all things necessary for Mills of every
style, Corn Shellers, Straw Cutters, Vices,
A nvils, Smith Tengs. Circular, Hand,
and all otleer kind of Saws. Screw
ammd Hales, Knives aned Feerks,
Poecket Knives, Scissors,
Shteat s, Screws,
Ga'.es, CJand lesticks. Planes,
Ilorse Shmoes andl Nails, Urush~es,
Coffeec 'cills, Ilalter, rance. Stretch,
Loeg, E'rcast. Ceentitnued andl P.fthe Chtains,
Rape, Files of all kitnds. a beautifuel Lot of
Guncs, of all qeualities, Pistoils. Pe'rem-siont Caps.
Curry Ccmbe's, Game and Shoet lhngs. Powder
Flasks, Drame Flatsks. Sandee antd Wahlle Irons, Brae.as J
aend liitta, A\ugers, Chisels, Hlamminers, iDrawing .
Ktuives, Mortars. Ke'tttes, Ste'w Pa:ns, &c., &c.
ROBINSON & JACKSON.
llambhurg, Dec 4 tl* 47 -
Devon Bull, M~arion,
Y1 Y H UI.L will stamel at my heouse at Five Dol
1.lars-to be .sent with thme r'ow.
.\el. ARION is at eat the e..w .\laselle, whose dban
was inmported from Enghated. fromn .\1r'. Caikes cele
brted stock af JDevaus, his sire was the celebrated
Bull. Mlajeor. 31. FR AZIER.
Dec 20 3me 49
STAIB OF SOUTIH CAROLINA,
Exparte P'etitio~n for settlement
Julia AleClendon, of Property.
[ Tl appearing that Thmos. N1eClendein. the htushnnd
.1eof thte petitntr abhove tnamted. is be'yonda the lim
its eaf this State. aetd the aebject of the Petitioan being
to set aparet tio the seele atnd sa'rate use of htis wife q
.1neint, a certnin sum oef mneay arisitng freem the sale a
of .Iaosephe Wchittle's reael estate. On emoation of
3hergne, fear paeitieoner. it is herebey otrdered that
the af..res.aid Thaes. McClendeen doe plead. answer or.
demur toa the payer' of htis said wife .3 ulia. within -
thire'e meontths freome the date eaf this publicatioin, or
the Petitio~n will be taken as pro consfesso n'eainst
him. A. SlalKINS, C. E. E. D).
Jatn 10 1855 3m 52.
Negro Blankets and Cloths. |
W ILLI.\M SilEA R, A uos-rA, GA , respect
VVfully itnvites the attention eof Planters to his -t
hrge sutpply of NEGRO BLANKETS and NE
GRO CLO l'ilS, which he is prepaerilg to sell at
very low prices.
SAugusta, Nov 14 tf 44
QON the 3d of January last, between the Chero
kee Pondes aned the re-sidence of M1r. Jeohn
Doby', Sr., can the Five Neateh Roaad, a small Bl.A CK U
MOROCCO POCKET BOOK, with a steel einsp, ~
contauitnimng abaout Twoe hunedred and seventy Deollars,
mostly in $20 hills on the Bank of l lacmburg, as.
best remeembered. No papers were in it exce'pt a
memeorantdnmn eat things to he purchaesedl in llamnbuerg.
A ty infoaremain eat it will be thankfully rece'ived,
and the finder will beeery liberally rewarded.
M lA'TTH EW T. BETTis.
Feb 7 4t 4
Notibe, - _ _ _
A LL Per-sons indebted to thme Estate of A. S.
.Gregory, dee'd., previous toe his death, will
make payemenct as soaim as convenient, and those..
having demands will present them in legal form, to
THOS. JONES. 4d'ors.
Feb 14 :lm r
KEW FALL AND WONTER
OPPoaTE MASONIC IIALL, AUGUsTA, GEonarA.
A RE now receiving their FALL and WINTEW
New and Fashionable Goods,
Among which will be found many novelties in Dress
Goodias well as a general assortment of householif
articles. They ask attention to the following:
Paris Sneque and Opera-FLANNELS, new shades
A mriein Saeque FLANNELS. plain and figur'd,
Lapin's Superior MERINOS, a'l colors,
Lupin's black and oblored CHALLIES and AL
Lupin's DELAINES plain, figured and, plaids;
Lupin's Black DELAINES & BOMBAZINES.;
Rich Col'd SILKS, in Brocnde, Pla~ds &Stripes;
Superior Black TatI'ta and Italian SILKS;
6-4 Silk POPLINS, high colors;
Scotch PLAIDS in every varietv:
American DELAINES ind CASHMERESalk
the new designs in Plaids. Strires & Figures; .
Beautiful French and English PRINTS;
Highland and Royal Plaid GINGIIAMS;
French CASIHMERE DE'ECOSSE;
scoieh CHECKS, lor Mirwes;
;axony. Welsh, Silk Warp and American FLAN. -
Besiodcs a large stock of housewife and servants:
Foods. They respectfu!ly au-k those making their
vinter purehases to examine their goods. Oydersp'
ttended to promptly and faithfully.
WARD & URCIARD.
Oct. 19 tf . 40
[Y ROYAL LETTERS PATENT.
OR WATERPROOF ANTI-CONSUMPTIVE
V ANUFACTURED by HARCOUnT. BRADLEty
& Co., 44 Market Street, blanchester. Prin
ipal Warehouse. 102 Wood Street. Cheapside,
.ndon. England.. American Establishments, 38.
k nn Street and 102 Nasmau Street, New York.
The H YDP.OMAGEN is a valuable discovery for protect
ig the feet from damp or cold, and therefore a preventative
f many Lung diseases, elthout any doctoring tchoterer.
'he Ilydruniagen i, In the form of a sole, and worn Inside
ie boot or shoe. Its medicated character is a powerful-an
dote to disease.
For Gentlemen it will be found agreeable, warm, and
enlthy. to wear in the coldest or rainest weather, as the foot
tunot become wet if the Ilydromagen Is inserted. Ladies
my wear the lightest soled boots or shoes in the most In
lement weather with impunity; while Consumpti'n, so
revalent among the young of our c.untry. may be thwarted
- their general adoption. They entirely eupersede over
op-, as The latter cause the feet to perspire in a very un.
ealthy manner; and, besides, are not dangerous wear to .
edestrians in icy weather, like India rubbers. While the
titer cause the feet to appear extremdly'large, the IIydro
agen, being a ,r.ere thin slice of cork prepared. peculiarly
laced inside, does not increase the size ofhe boot, or
tuse the foot to appear untidy. To Children they are ex
emely valuable, as they may engage In'exerlid with com
rt and healthy effects. 'Their expense is so alight as to
aree need mention: besides. thnse who patronize them will
nd their yearly doctor's M4l mucA dini"ihAd tWrvby.
As the Ilydromagen is becoming more known. its sale is
creasing to an almost incredible extent. Last year in Lon
on. Manchester, BirmIngham, Liverpool. Glasgow, Leeds,
lublin. Paris, Antwerp, Ilamburgh and Berlin our sales
tached 1,782,45to pairs of Cork Soles. This year the num
er will far surpass that.
Ask the Faculty their opinion of their value as a preven
tive for COUGHS, COLDS, BRONCHITIS. ASTIIMA and
Msr.'s Sizr, per pair, X5 C4rTa.
LAntj'do do 30 do.
Bove & Misars'do 25 do.
NorTcr.-From the .etall Prices we make a very libera
lowance to Jobbers and Wholesalers, so that nyv store
eeper may ake a fine protnt on their sale. while they are
a article that may be kept in any store, among any class of
oodsr For terms, apply to
HARCOUILT, BRADLEY & CO.,
38 Ann Street, New York.
Nov2 8m 45
" TR ASTLEY COOPER, BART., M.. D.. the
eminent aMedical Practitioner, has left a valua.
ie legacy to the world in his
ireat Preventative of Consumption,
UNFAILING CURE FOR PULMOFARY DISEASES,
VITHOUT THE USE OF MEDICINE.-Sir A. BART, in
'nted and advised the use of the
EIedicated Fur Chest Protector,
To all persons of tall ages and euanditions. as a certain and a
afe shileldl agaInst those t-arful diseases. Cousair plior.. Bron
hitis, Asthma, Coughs, Colds, and other af'ections of the
.utngs. which arise freim the exposed state of the chest, ac
ording to fashion, and to the continued changes of oar
-The Protector" is simply achemically prepared fur, lIned
rith silk and padded, which. suspended from the neck,
overs the chest, in so agreeable a manner that, once worn,
tbec,,mes a neSalty* and a 'omfobrt.
"The Protector," althiough but recently instrnduced Into
meriea is making rapid progress through the United State~s,
he Canadas, South Amerfca, and the West Indies. It has
ir a long time been a staple article in England and on'the~
ontinent of Europe, while it hats grown in many countries
. the positlotn of an article of dress.
To demonstrate these facts enquire of any Englah resident
a your vicinity of his knowledge of the beneficial effects of
hearing the Protiector, wiarnoeT ancoss. TO noctoxisoG of
.ny kind. The cost of wenring these articles is a me-re trifle,
,d one will last some years. No one who values the health
if himself or his family will be without them. The Hospt
als in this country arc not alone recommending them, but
apdly introducIng them. Hlarcourt, Btra.'ley & Co.. of
.otidon, atnd Mlanchester. England. were originally entrusted
itha the tmanufacture of the Protectaors, by the lam~ented Dr.
ooper, and contitnue to manufacture according to Mys orig~i
at instructiotns, and the'refiore recommend those who would
rear "The Protectors," to see to their being genuine.
Ruigaarza ims ii A srtansz ARTICet, AID so PATENT
R ET A IL P RIC ES.
GEzsTS Sizs'..............$1.50 each.
LAnrra' do ................ 1,00 do.
Dors' & Sssr' do............ 75 do.
H ARCOURT, BA RDLEY & CO.,
38 Ann St. & 102 Nassu St., New York.
'mlSCu-Ai, VAttrtnoUSE, 10t' W(od St., Cheapside, London.
[AyerActor.Y, 44 Miarket S9treet, Mianchester. England.
H.- I. & Co. are establiisiting Depots for the sale of " The
'rotector" in nil parts of America. Physicians. Surgeons,
lothiers. Dry Goods Mierchant'. Hatters and Mfilliners, also
entemen's Furnishting St..re-Keepers are entrusted with
te wholesale and retail distribution of them, and to wltonm
tost liberal terms are offered fo'r their enterprise. and a
phwndid opportunity opens to them for safe and profitable
Nov 22 8m 45
Edgefield & Cheatham Plank R,
ROM ;and after the 1st Many next, the Edgefield
L& Cheathatm Plank Road will be opened from
Ir. ,JA.MEa GitiFFN's to the junction with the Ham
urg & Edg, field i'lank Road. a distance oft about
ve nmiles, and the followinig (lates of Toll will be
Rates of Toll.
Four, five and six horse Wagons, 5 eta per mile
Three " " 4 "~ " "
Two '' "t 3 tt a" "
Two "Carringes 3 "t "i "
One "a " 2 " "t "t
Ilorseback travellers, -a " a " '"
Vehticles litnimeeting. arc each entitled to half the
'L ANK rR ACK, and the Drivers are required to
srn tithe " RIGIIT !"
S. F. GOODE, PazatnurT.
A pril 23, tf IS
L L Persons intdebted to the Estate of Jacob B.
' Smtiihl. previo~us to .t January last, are re
u-sted to make pitnment. andl all having demands
nainst the same wIll hand them in properly atttested.
BENJ A MIN W ALDO, ,
G EO. A. AIDDISON. ~ xors..
Aug'10 tf ' 30
no the Stockholders of the Edgefield Odd-.
Fellou-s' and Masonic Building Associa-.
GENTLEMlEN: You will come forward andI'
ty to .las. B. Sullivan, Treasurer, or A. Ramsey,
getnt, the Third instalmetnt of lWper cent. on your
tock. A nd those wh-Io hiave given their Notes for
te First and Second Instalments, are earnestly ye
uested to take thenm up, as we nmed money to have
e work advanced. Please respond early.
A. G. TEAGUE, e.
June 22 tf -
ALT4 Persons itnde-bted to the Estate of W. -T
1. less,. dee'd., are requested to tiaake immedi
t'o jaynment, and those having demandls against
id'Estate, will present them properly attested.
W. 1I.~ MOSS, Adm'or.
Aug 17 tf 3
[ S hereby given thait on sale day in JTuly next a
Ifinal settlement will be tmade nn the estate of
lijah Whittl, depeased, in the Ordinar'iihOffice at
:dgefield Court H ouse.
Persons having claims will present them in du:.
trm by the above timte, and thoso intdebted will
take paymtent forthwith.
M1. WHfTTLE, Adm r.
Jan 10 3nm :m 52
IUST received a supply-of Superior Old MOUN'
JTAIN DEW -WHISKEY.
S. E. BOWERS, A getit.
murg Fe7 tf