Newspaper Page Text
MESSRS. COLTER & SCOOTER, Editors.
"Let idle Ambition her hauble. pursue,
While Wisdom looks down with disdain,
The home of the far ner has charms ever new,
Where health, peace and competence rei:n."
RIDING ON A RAIL.
TE Devil, in spite of us, in our last issue,
would put our Flower Vase " suspended on
a rail," instead of " suspended to a nail."
He may break, he may rnin our vase if he will,
Tho' he must l..ok ,harp or we'll ride him on a rail.
"EERY DOG 1118 HIS DA,"
W HILE the inside Editor is, from time to
time, regaled with all sorts of nice wedding.
Oxens, anid not unfrequently with " Mioun
tain Dew," to wash it down with, we poor
agricultural quills, with watery mouths, stand
outside, smack our lips and chaw tobacco.
But never niinid, when the big Beets, fine
Potatoes. Hovey's Seedlings, Extra Early
Peas, Tomatoes, delicious Grapes, juicy.
Peaches, anid those uirivalled Water Melons
fresh from the patch of Friend SAM, come
pouring in from all quarters, ab ! then will
the tablles be turned ; and see, if we ask the
insider even to smaell of the basket.
IT is too late in the day of progressive
improvement to inflict upon our readers an
essay upon the benefits and nature of sub
soiling. We trust that most of our farmers
are well posted upon this important subject,
and we only throw out a few hints upon its
As we are not-strictly speaking-a farm.
ing people, but might more properly be
styled a planting people, we have, not the
time to test thoruughly the benefits of sub
soiling. The farmer, gr rather planter, who
is engaged in the raising of Cotton, is com
pelled from dire necessity, to make Cotton
the chief object of his attention. So far as
the culture of Cotton is concerned we have
but little or no use for the sub-soil plow, ex
cept it he in giving the land that thorough
preparation, which is regarded by all good
fargm as the most efficient labor bestowed
upon the crop.
It is a well established fact, that it takes
about fourteen months in the year to make
a Cotton crop; and when that time is sub
tracted from the term of an ordinary year,
it is obvious that most of our planters will
have but little time to sub-soil their land.
A very great benefit may no- be derived
from the sub-soil plow, if used in planting
(:orn. W'e would here suggest, that the
farmer has more time in planting corn, both
to subsoil and manure, than in any other
stage of the crop~. As the present spring
has been one unprecedented for weather fa
vorabile to the p)reparatioln of land, &c., we
pr-esume that every farmier has at least 30
dayvs in which to sub-soil, manure and plant
his corn. In the ordinary mode, it will not
take more than 6 or 8 days to plant the corn
cro'p, and if we wvould spend thribble that
-time in mnanuring propierly and sub-soiling
-thorungly, before plantinig, the corn would
then be ini the ground full early, and we
would be sure of a yield in autumn, to cor
ree~pond w ith the amnount of labor bestowed.
We believe the new Iron Plow to be the
beut sub-soil plow now in use. Take this
pliov and run a sub soil furrowv in the wake
of one aede b~y the common scooter, and
thent bed on it and plant, covering with a
do~ubh. plo .v. Then side your corn with
the sane sub-soil furrow as deep as the
stoutest niule canl draw it, and plow out the
row with a long scooter, for the first work
ing. The second working should be a good
boneinig. Tlhe next working should be siditig
with a wing-scooter, not too near the corn,
follos wed u it another subsoil furrowv, plowed
out with the wving scooter. The last plow
ing should be wvith a sweep, and you will
then perhaps hatve " mcorn to sell and to
keep."' If you dont believe it, try it, and
report your failure.
We extract the following from the South
ern Cultivator :
" Deep subsoilinig is the very thinig for
corn, in any and all kinds of sandy soils.
(I do not mean " trirning up,"' for that I have
proved, to my sorrow, will not do.) Last
year I plowetd around my cortn with a smiidl
subsoil plow, made at my shop, as near like
a genuine subsoil plow as I could remember,
having niever seen but one. It struck my
fancy that sandy lands could be helped with
such; and as I had no chance to send for
one, had to make them at home. I was very
cautious not to allow thema to lean either
wvay, as there was danger of cutting the
corti roots, and I used thiema next to the last
plowing I gavo my corn before laying by,
just as close as they could be run to it, and
just as the drought was beginnming to do
harm. TIhe land is a very light, sandy soil,
which my neighbors said was worn out.
This was my secon d crop on it, and I gath
ered a little the rise of twenty-one bushels,
measured corn to the acre, besides peas,
and what the squirrels ate off of it. This
looks small biy the side of the rich prairie
and river bottom lands-but it :must bin re
membered that this is (said to be) " worn
out hand," and the first experiment. What
satisfies me that the subsoiling is what made
my corn, is, that one of the very neighbors
that ridiculed my " fancy notion," made an
entire failure on the same kind of land,
where nothing hut a lane divides us.
My mode of farming differs fromn every
one in my neighborhood ; therefore I am the
general laughiag-stock for ajIl-but I thitnk
the sniiles are vanishing, and turning .to as
tonishment and wonder. Last year my farm
was visited from several quarters; and it
was given up by all that my crop could niot
be surpamssed. I do not claim to be a farm
er, but I desire to mako myself one, and
think I shall, if your very useful paper
lives, to which I am miuch indebted for my
For the Farmers' Corner of the Advertiser,
A PAGE FROM TIlE IISTORY OF FARMER
DOL OR OU S.
EVERY thing went wrong with farmer
Dolorous, as his name would indicate. In
the early spring when his more energetic
neighbors were turning up the soil, hauliig
out manure, remodeling fences, barns, &c.,
our hero stalked about with his hands in his
pockets, mourning over the late season, his
rickety plough stocks, the cart that wanted
a wheel, and the wagon which had been
left in the weather until the tire had burst off.
The seasons were always too wet or too dry,
too hot or too cold for his convenience. To
use his language, " It seemed as if it always
rained just as he was ready to put in his
seed." We will give a few instances of his
idleness and its consequent fruits.
His wife who was naturally energetic and
thrifty-had it not been for the discouraging
habits of her husband-had, by di*nt of scold.
ing, fretting and fuming, prevailed upon him
to get her garden in tolerable order one
spring, and by her own individual labor kept
her vegetables front being choked out by
weeds. About the time of the autumnal
equinox, a succession of gales quite demol.
ished the rickety paling. Her own health
was too bad to attempt it, or she would
have endeavored to patch it up. She there
fore time after time, implored him to put it
in repair, but something was always in the
way, until at last, to her consternation and
sorrow, he greeted her ears one morning
with the intelligence " that seven head of
neighbor Thrifty's fat kine had finished the
collards, and farmer Allwork's swine had
got through with the potatoes." Poor Mrs.
Dolorous had thought that thoso straggling
cabbage heads, seasoned with salt and a
little of the substance coaxed out of the thin
transparent bacon that had been fattened the
winter before on shucks and acorns, would
keep herself, her stronger half, and three
little children from starvation during the
winter months-with her potatoes for bread,
-and she wept hysterically over her blasted
At another flime, after waiting three weeks
of fine weather for the moon to be in the
right quarter for planting, and a succession
of floods retarding the process for another
month, he at length succeeded in getting
his five acre new-ground planted, which he
had been clearing for full five years. He
had been complaining all his life of an at
tack of rheumatism in his arms and pedal
extremities-which disease by-the-bye, was
looked upon as a myth by his wife and neigh.
The evening of the day on which the
planting was finished the rheumatism had
such hold on his siffering limbs, that he
neglected to put up the pine bole bars, and
when he repaired to the scene of his labors,
nine o'clock next morning, old Troupe, his
half famished cur, began a most vigrous
barking, and to his horror lhe discovered
about fifty of neighbor Porkers fine Suffolks
and Berkshires at the extreme end wiho had
taken up rowv, after rowv, of the diminutive
nubbing grains. The day was " set on" and
had gained half the length wvhen a flock of
crows startled by the unusual noise, made
the welkin ring with their cawings. Farmer
Dolorous gave it up-he was a believer in
destiny and consoled himself by bemoaning
his sad fate.
A few jobs on other peoples' farms and the
sympathies excited by his wife's bad health,
kept them from starvation for the next twelve
months, at which time the severe hints of
some, and the plain advice of others, urged
him forwvard a little towards a crop, hut it
ended with an aggravated attack of his
old complaint, and he resorted to " wvorking
frolicks" to carry on his business. H e had
a planting, a ploughing and a hoeing, and
then a reaping, until the patiece of his
neighbors was severely tired.
We will give an incident which camne of
just before the dog days as illustrative of
his peculiar habits. His neighbors had been
invited to assist in cutting his oat crop. He
had complained awfully of pains during the
morning, and so had excused himself from
either wielding the scythe, or binding the
sheaves; but the workers noticed that his
fingers wvere pretty nimble at pealing and
his teeth at demolishing a basket of fruit,
near the spring, in the shady nook in the
oat patch. After eating their dinner which
had been brought from their respective hou
ses, our hero was suddenly missing. A
waggish youth who had been dexterously
handling the cradle all the forenoon, sag.
geted the idea that he should be looked
after, as the rheumatism might have got so
much the better of his strength, that it was
possible he had fallen down somewhere,
whereupon it wvas entrusted to said youth to
"hunt him up." After being absent for
twenty minutes he returned, roaring with
laughter, and reported that on enquiry of his
wife if she had seen Mr. Dolorous, she gave
a nod towards the bed. There was no one
in it, but at the foot a pair of shoe soles were
seen standing perpendicular. Young White
gave way to a burst of merriment wvhich
stared the sleeper, who crawled out groan-,
ing and explaining at the same time, that lie
had gone under the bed to get rid of the
flies, and had consequently fell asleep.
Once during a fodder pulling season wvhen
he had been fussing over his aches and
pains and was giiving ominious hints regard
ing the expediency of another workinig frol
ick, he accidentally heard of a barbacue that
was to come of six or seven miles from
home. Dolorous wvas in a quandary whether
to stay at home and lie up, or walk to the!
scene of festivity, and have an opportunity
of satisfying his gluttonous -appetite. He'
disliked to get well before the fodder was
got in, and yet could not brook the idea of I
missing the feast. His poor little sorrel pony
looked as if it needed assistance to get along,
and tottered about like it was palsied when it
attempted to get at the few stragglin~g blades
f grass on the steep banks of a brook near
by -so he knew he would never accomplish
the feat on his caricature Dobbin, and be
was not quite so graceless as to call on a
neighbor after being housed for a fortnight
with the rheumatics. So he set out early in
the morning, forgetful of all the ills his flesh
was heir to, ate as ravenously as a wolf at
dinner, and was back by nightfall.
Suffice it to say his neighbors never gave
him further aid. Instead of his evening fire
side being a place of pleasure and peace,
where the troubles and turmoils of life were
nursed into forgetfulness by the love and
sympathy of a devoted wife and loving chil
dren ; where neatness and thrift held undis
puted sway, and plenty crowned the board,
-were met discordant tones, - fretful re
pinings, disorder and pinching poverty.
Instead of the craving for knowledge
which drew forth the latest newspaper or
favorite book from its own particular nook,
to be enjoyed with his happy helpmate and
eager children, the precious hours between
twilight and the hour for retiring, were spent
in sacrilegious murmurings towards the Ma
ker who had endowed him with faculties and
abilities like unto his fellow men, or grum
blings at his wife for the poor meal which
her emaciated hand provided, and the niggar
ly appearance of the hovel whose deficien
cies she could not control.
The last we heard from farmer Dolorous
he was speaking of emigrating to the far
West, an El Dorado, of which he had the
same exalted opinion as the Irishman, who
thought the streets in Aneriky were paved
with silver, and therefore disdained to pick
up the dollar lie saw lying upon the wharf.
Dolorous believed that corn and cotton,
wheat and oats were sown broaocast over
the boundless praries of the West, and that
houses and barns spring spontaneously from
tho eternal forests; and that all he had to
do when once theIre was to eat and sleep.
We doubt not but long ere this, he has
awaken from his dream of Eden, and if he
has not perished to death or succumbed to
laziness, has found an elysian from his aches
and pains in the county Poor House.
Next week we hope to give a contrasting
sketch, or a peep into the hiktory of farmer
Thrifty. ROSE COTTAGE.
TIE BEST MULES.
The following article on the best kind of
mules for service, by Mr. Cockrill, of Ten.
nessee, cannot fail to be read with interest
by all who are engaged either in breeding or
The mules is the great field laborer in the
commanding staples of the South-cotton,
sugar and rice; and he is one of the annual
exports of Tennessee, and as he will con
tinue to he so, he is destined to hold even a
higher position than heretofore among the
live-stock of the State. Jacks of excessive
heavy bone, or improper pampering, are
generally lazy, or soon become so by labor,
and become very slow; their driver may
force them on, but in a few steps they take
their slow, natural steps again. Such mules
are, therefore, almost worthless, -and should
not be bred if it enn be avoided. Tihe most
perfect are not to he expected from the ex
cessively large, coarse-honed jacks, or ex
essive high feeding, but fronm the laws of
r. ature carried out the greatest perfection by
skillful breeding and feeding.
An error has existed for many years, and
still exists concertuing the size of mules.
Size has been made a measure of value in
the mule, almost regardless of form and
sirit, and so it has been in their sire, the
I have been empl.,ying mule teams for
twenty-five years in the cultivation of cot tons
in Mississippi, and my team now numbers
onte hundred. In this time I have every va
iety of the mule (except the most inferior
kind) that has ever been grown.
At the commencement of planting opera
tions, I adopted the prev'alent error, the size
was the measure of value, and pursued it
for many years, much to tmy prejudice. By
long trial, and by comparinig the relative
performnances and lastingness of the large
teams which I have used, aided by reflection
andh observation, I am satisfied that the me.
diun-sized mule, full of spirit and action,
w ith his levers set right for easy motion, his
head and ears up, ready to move at the word,
is the animal of most value of this kind.
T1he laws of nature cannot be violated
with impunity. The jack, when grown
within the scope of these law~s, is a small
animal. The mule is a medium between the
jack and horse. Bodh the jack and mule by
a hot-bed growth maay he0 forced to be large
animals. But in this forcing process, now
more extensively pursued lby Kentucky thant
any other State, what has been gained, and
what lost I
They have gained large bone, coarse ai
mas of large. size, and at an early age full
of defects, and soon ready to decay, because
subject to disease, and large consumers of
Tlhey have lost symmetry, spirit, action,
lasting endurance, and permanent value.
The error that I especially aim at, is the
abandonment of almost everything else for
size. T1hae best combination of the requisite
qualities in the mule is not found in the pro
ductioni of a hot-bed policy, which, by con
stant feeding, with everything that will hans
ten growth, brings out a large, coarse, over
grown, awkward animal, wvhich decays as
fst as he has beena grownl. When lhe is de.
signed for the valley of the southern rivers,
where his service is active and his rations not
select, he wants more game, more spirit
and action, more symmetry, and not too
much size. Hence our Tennessee mules.
the produce of spirited jacks are really more
valuable to southern planters, than the pro
duce of Kentucky under her present system.
This no doubt to some extent is the fault
of the purchasers south, who have not gene
rally discovered their error. They demand
large size, and pay in p~ropIrtiona to size;
and this in part explains the policy of Ken
tucky. My opuinion is, that size ini a mule is
nothing after they reach fifteen hands high,
and that many under that height conme up to
the standard value, fitted for cotton planta
The Spanish anld Maltese jacks have spirit
generally, and for that reason are valuable
as a ross; hut they came to us without
stamina, and with a contracted chest. These
faults must be remedied lby proper crossing,
beflore they will produce the mule best suited
What I have learned upon this subject is
not from heresay. I have purchased amnd
rown all the mules which I have driveni for
twentyfive years in Mississippi. I have had
an opportunity oif knowing what they have
one, and these opinions are the result of
-,.;rin,. This klenidge wvoud have
been of service to me in the commencement
of my business, and I communicate it for the
benefit of those who may adopt my opinion
FELIX E. BODIE'
Wor Tax Collector
At. B. WHITTLE,
THOMAS B. REESE,
A. R. A BLE,
R. D. BRYAN.
THOS. G. BACON.
't. T. WRIGHr,
W. F. DURISOE,
NEW FALL DRY GOODS.
CORNER OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL, AUGUSTA, GA.
M ILLER & WARREN, will offer great
i inducements to their friends and customers
this season to purchase their FALL and WINTER
They do not pretend to say they have the richest
and largest stock ever offered in this city, that they
have better taste in their selections, or possess supe
rior advantages over their neighbors i but they have
certainly the richest and most elegant stock they
ever had in store.
-IN DRESS GoODS
They have Rich Satin Striped Plaid SILKS;
Rich Heavy Crocade Col'd do.
BIk. Satin Striped Plaid and Watered SILKS of
new and beautiful styles;
PI.iin Red SILKS, and Plain do.
Rich Printed Fr. CASHMERES and DE
Beautiful small fig. DELAINES, for misses'
I Plain French MERINOS and CASHMERES,
of every shade;
Sup. fine 131k. Fr. BO.IBAZINE:;
" " - CHALLEnnd DELAINES;
MANTILLAS, TALMAS AND CLOAKS
embracing every variety of patterns and material,
from low-priced to thu richest and highest cost
EMBROIDERIES, comprising a large and
most elegant assortment of Rich French Worked
Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves, Stomachers,
Ilandkercliefs, Infants' Robes and Worked Bodies.
Maltese Collars, Chemizettes and Sleeves;
Rich Embroidered Bands, of the latest styles of
Beautiful lot of Bo'nnet and Neck Ribbons;
Linen Cambric hem-st'ed Handkerchiefs, Mitts,
Black and White Silk Hosiery; Alpaca and Mo.
ravir.n Rose; a
Ladies and Misses Hose, all sizes;
" Silk and Merino Vests and Misses do.
-IN HOUSE-KEEPING ARTICLES
They have an endless variety of TOWELLINOS
TABLE NAPKINS and DOYLES;
12-4 Linen and Cotton P!LLOV CASE Goods,
TABLE CIOTHS, all sizes, of the richest
Damask and Snow drop figures.
French and Eneiish CASS)MERES, BROAD
CLOTHS. VESTINOS. TWEEDS, Welsh
FLANNELS, and every other article kept in the
Dry Goods line.
Persons visiting the City, can rely on finding the
newest styles of Goods, and in richness and variety
unsurpased in any market, to which their attention
is invited, as they will be offe.red at low prices.
Augusta, Nov 25 tf 44
AGNEW, VISHER & AGNEW,
NEWBERRY C. H., S. 0.,
I MP O RT ERS & D EA L ERS IN
H ARDWA RE, P A IN T El, OILS,
WVindow Gla s,
Groceries, Dry Goods, &c.,
Anid Buyers of Cotton arid country produce.
2;f' Plainters visiting this Market will find it
greatly to their advantage by giving us a call.
AGNEW, FISiIERt d AGNEW.
Newberry C. Hi., A pril 13, tf 13
U-7 The Abbeville Banner will please copy four
STATIE OF SOUTH'I CAROLINA,
Alex. Gregory arid others
I T appearine to my satisfaction that Jlohnr Grego
Iry, Easter Ranikin, Shradrnreh Dees and wife Ce
lia, arid .Tanmes ERankin aind wife IT~nrriet, Defendants
in this ease, reside without the limits of this State,
It is therefore ordered, that they do appear and
object to the division or sale of the real Estate of
Sarahl Gregory, dee'd., on or before the first day of
AIpril next, 1855, or their consent to the same wil
be entered on record.
HI. T. WRIGH T, 0. 5. D.
Ordinary's Office, Dec 18 3m 50
flOLLED before me by S. Broadwater, living
about three nmiles West of Collier's p. 0., a
BRIG HT SORREL HIORSE, about fifteen and a
half hrands highs, a white star in the forehead-col
lr, saddle and gear marks. A ppraised at fifteen
dollars. G. WV. N IXON, M. E. D.
Jan 30 lrm4 3
A LL Persons are cautioned against trading for a
? Note given by ime, to Mrs. Sararh Robertson,
or bearer, for one huindred and tenl dollars. for the
hire of lier negro man Silams, dated about thne last of
Dcembher 183, aind payable the 25th Decemrber
1854, for I am determined not to pay it unless I am
comp-lled by law, as the negro was siek thre princi
pal part of the year. W. L. PARKS.
Feb 21 tf 6
Notice to Guardians.
A LL~ Guardians, Committees and Trustees,
-~ whose duty it is to ma~ke anntual returns of
their transactions as such into the Commissioner's
Office at Edgefield C. II., are hereby notified to
make thneir returns for tire present year by the 10th
of A pril. Otherwise, they will be ruled without
exception. The law miust be enforced.
A . SIMKINS, C. C. C. D.
Com'rs. Office, Jan 29, 1855. ilt 3
L OST on Saturday the 23d ult., my POCKET
LJIOOK, containing three One Ilundred Dol
kr Bills, arid four Fifty Dollar Bills, withr my name
written on the back of one of the One Hundured
Dolar Bills. A reward of S25 will be given upon
deliver'y of said Pocket Book and countents, or anty
information concerning rt will be thnankfully received.
M. 4. PADGETT'.
Jan 3 tf 51
State of South Carolina,
IN COMMON PLEAS.
S. E. Bowers, oeg ~c~z~t
J. M. Robinson.
'H EPlaintiff' in the above easo having this day
Ifiled his Deelaration in may Oflice, arnd the De
fendant having neither wife nor Attorney known to
resido within tho limits of this State, on whom
copies of said Declaration withs rules to plead can be
served: On motion of' Mr. S-rYL~s, Attorney for
Plaintiff', Ordered that Naid Iefendan .appeinr and
plead to said Declaration within a year aind a day
from the date hereof, or final and absolute judgmnen
will be awarded against him.
TIIOS. G.B BA Cu,c. C. E. D.
Clerks Office, March 0, 1854. _y 12
A LL PLersons indebted to the Estate of A. S
.1.Grgory, deu'd., previous to hris death, will
make panyment asn soon as convenient, and those
having demands will present them in legal farm, to
MARY GREGORY, Ad'ors.
j. f.iL'EWBY C0,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
M. NEWBY & CO., under U. S. Hotel, Augusta, Ga., are now receiving the LARGEST,
. BEST and 3lOST FASHIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
SPRING AND SUMMER READY-MADE CLOTHING,
Ever offered in the City of Augusta. In addition to which, we are weekly receiving FRESH
SUPPLIES from our [louse in New York. We also keep constantly on hand a large. Stock of
YOUTH'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHING.
ALSO, a full assortment of FURNISHING ARTICLES, fo' gentlemen's wear.
3g""Country Merchants and all persons visiting Augusta will find it to their interest to
exauffne our Stock, is we are determined to offer our Goods at the lowest prices imaginable.
Augusta April 3. 1854. tf I2
For the Year 1855.
M M. BALLOU, who has edited the " Pictori
e. al" from the commencement, having tought
ont the late proprietor, Mr. F. Gleason, will conduel
this popular and widely circulated paper on his owi
account. The new volume will be radically improved
in every respect, and will be published on finer pa
per than ever before, which quality will be continuei
henceforth without change. Many new and populai
features will at once he introduced, and the literar3
department will present an array of talent and inter.
est beyond anything it has before attempted. Th
illustrations will be finer, and by better artists that
have before been engaged upon the paper, and alto
gether the publication will be vastly improved and
Arrangements have been made for representing
during the year, views of the most notable building
and localities throughout the United States, as well
as giving likenesses of the most prominent charac
ters, male and fem:ale, of artists and men of genius,
such as have, by their own industry and skill, made
for themselves a fortune and a name. In addition
to these, various notable European scenes and oc
currences will also be given from week to week,
forming a brilliant illustrated journal.
Terms :-Inarriably in Advance.-One sub
scriber, one year....................... .3 00
Four subscribers, one year............. 10 00
Ten 4 " " .. ...... .... 20 20
g Any person sending ixteen subscribers at
the last rate, will receive the seventeenth copy gratis.
Address M... . I.1ALLOU,
Publisher and Proprietor,
Corner of Tremont and Brofield St's,
To the Planters of Edgefield.
T WENTY per cent can be saved by buying
BOOTS and SHOES at the Planters' Depot.
The Stock is all New and Fre.sh, and warrant
ed to give general satislaction. A mongst this lige
and well selected Stock may be found
10,000 Pair Mens Ieavy Rip Plantation Brogans,
5,000 " " " Ruset " "
5,000 " Boys Rip and Huset " "
3,000 " Mens' Ditching and f lunting Boots,
Together with a LARGE and SPLENDID- Stock
of Ladies, Gentlemen, Boys, Alisses and Children's.
Boots and Shoes,
LATEST STYLES, AND ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
Among this fine Stock can be had Gentlemen's
French-mado Boots and Gaiters. Also, Ladies
French Gaiters of Kid Glove Leather.
The Public are respectfully invited to call and
examine before purchasing elsewhere as Goods will
be freely shown and one price asked.
. Please Remember the name and rumber
PaoramtrToa OF TI PLANUas' Boor & SHo. I FEPoT
No 251 Broad-St., opposite the U. S. Iloitel,
P. .-I also keep on hand a large Stock of Ladies
and Gentlemen's Travelling Trunks, Carpet Bags
and Valises. Also Misses' School Satchels-all o
which will be sold low for Cash. R. C.
Oct 5 &111 * 38
Fine Groceries, &c,
T HE Undersigned informs his friends and th
trading publia generally that he has just re
ecived the following articles, in addition to his al
ready large Stock of Groceries, to which he invite
20 doz. J lb. English MUSTARD,
20 " J lb. " &
1 " qt. spiced OYSTERS.
1 " whole Boxes SARDINES,
I half . "
1 " 2 lbs OYSTERS. in cases.
Spice, Pepper, Ginger, Saleratus, Soda, &c.. &c.
just received next door to A. LEvy, and opposit<
the American Ilotel. R. L. GENTRY.
Hlamburg, Nov 29 If 46
F I S K S
Patent M~etalic Burial Cases!
TpilIESE valuable air-tight and indestructile Ca
.I ses, for protecting and preserving the D~ead for
ordinary interment, for vaults, for tsansportation, or
for any other desirable purpose, are offered for sal,
in this Village, cheap for Cah, by
J. M. WlTT.
P. S.--I have on hand an assortument of all sizes.
.July 27 tf 28
W ar d & Bu reh ar d,
AUG US~TA, GA.,
W OULD in~forma their friends in Edgefield Dis
trict and the publie generally, thtat anticipa
ting a change in their business the comning season,
they are dispo"sed to imake LARGE CONCES
SIONS front their formier low seale of prices, in
order to reduce their Stock to the lowest possible
ggThec attention of Wholesale dealers, as well
consumers, is respectfully solicited.'
Augusta, Ga , Dec 18, tf 49
A L L Persons anywise indebted to the Estate oh
lA nna A nderson, dee'd., arc hereby requested
to make immediate payment, amnd those having de
mamds against said Estate will please render in their
accounts forthwvi th, properly attested.
GEO. .J. ANDERSON, A dm'or.
Deec6 tf 47
I s thus given t , all persons indebted to Mrs.
Elizabeth Martin, dee'd., to make imtmediat.'
payment, and those having demands against said
Estate, will render them in forthwith, properly at
tested. G. W. BURTON, Ex'or.
Nov 9 tf 43
To the Ladies,
M RS. E. T. HAMILTON, takes
this method of informiing the Ladies of
Edgelield Village and vicinity, that she has c'mn
illinery and Dress-Making Business,
athe Store formerly occupied by Mrs. Binows.
Nov 16 tf 44
T HIE Subscriber contemplating a change in his
business, early thme ensuing .epring, earnestly
requests all indebted, to, call and settle their accounts
previous to the first of Jamnuary next. Interest will
be charged on A LL aceounts omf over six months
standing, renmining unpaid att that time.
M. A. R ANSO.\, AaiNr.
Hamburg, Dec 25 tf 50
For the Planters !
O~ "".''eru"v" '""G"a"''
l SU~UU 100 bbls. Kettlewell's GUANO
and SA LTS,
0 Bbls. Kettlewe.l's CHEMICAL SALTS,
30 " Pure ground PL AST ER.
The above celebrated Manures for sale by.
J. SIBLEY & SON.
Hamburg, Nov 14, tf 44
gg The Laurensville Herald, Independent Press
nd Anderson Gazetto will copy the above four
times, and forward biils to J. . & SON.
Saddlery and Harness.
A FINE assortment to be found, and at low pri
ces, at RO BINSON& JACKSON'S.
au rg, ne '1 ir .17
NEW FALL GOODS!
W ILLIAM SilEAR, Augusta, Ga., has re
ceived fromin New York his FULL SUP
PLIESof FANCY AND STAPLE DRY GOODS, em
bracing a large and splendid assortment suitable for
the Fall and Winter season, among which are
Rich Fancy colored Silks, of new and beautiful
Plain Black Silks, in great variety of style, and
of superior quality ;
Rich Paris printed DeLaines, and Fancy of all
Lupin's colored white and black Merinos, and
plain colored De Laines;
A very large supply of small-figured, all-wool
printed DeLaines, for children, of new and beauti
ful styles ;
English and American Fancy Prints, in a great
variety of styles;
Superior Scotch fancy Ginghams, of new and
beautiful Winter styles;
Elegant French Embroideries, embracing La
dies' Collars. Chemizettes, Undersleeves and I land
kerchiefs, of new and splendid styles:
Ladies' I'lack and Colored Cloth Cloaks and Tal
inns of the lateststylos;
Ladies' Rich Embroidered and Plain Paris Silk
A large supply of Ladlies', Misses'and Children's
Ilosiery. of the best make;
Ladies and Gentlemen's Sup. Gauntlet Gyloves;
Ladies' and Misses' Alerino and Silk Vests;
Gentlemetn's and Youth's Silk and Merino Shirts
and Drawers t.
Superior Welch Gauze, Saxony and Silk Warp
and Ileavy Flannels:
Superior English Colored Flannels, for Ladies'
English and American Cotton Flannels, of extra
A very large supply of Mourning Goods, for La
dies' use, of superior quality
supleritir 12-4 Linen Sheetings and Pillow Case
Superior 8-4 and 10-4- Table and Damask Dia
pers, some of extra quality;
Rich Damtiask Table Chths and Napkins, some of
Scotch and Bird's Eye Diapers, extra fine, for
lleavy Scotch Diapers and Hunkabanks, for
Superior Whitney and Merino Blankets of extra
size and quality;
Superior Crib Blankets;
Also, a great variety of other seasonable articles
suitable for Family and Plantation use. The public
are respectfully invited to call and examine the as
W. S. especially solicits a call from his long-con
tinued friends and patrons, and assures them that
no exertions on his part will be wanting to supply
them with the latest and most desitable styles of
Goods, at the lowest prices.
Augusta, Nov 14 tf 44
Hardware and Cutlery.
I f N0 ALL our old friends, we would say, we are
I thankjul for past favors, and to all others who
may wish Goods in our line :-call and see us also,
-or send your orders. We will make every effurt
(and it is notorious of the Goods we keep) to give
, general satisfaction." Our prices S1ALL be
in accordance with the times ; always assurine our
custonie'rs too sell them at thu LOWEST MAR
We have now in Store a fine Stock and are re
ceiving weekly. Amongst which may be found,
50 Tous Band and Iloop IRON,
250 " Sweed " assorted,
150 " English I "
2Q0 Smith BELLOWS, all qualities,
500 Kegs " Peru" N A ILS,
50 Tins CASTINGS,
100 Do'zen Doior LOCKS,
100 " Pad "
500 " Till, Chest. Draw and Trunk Locks.
100 " A XES. Collins, Levette's and other
10 " Superior BROAD AXES,
500 " MOES, all qualities.
To enumerate is too tedious. We have the Goods
and want too sell them.
We keep all things necessary fr Mills of every
style, Corn She;lers, Straw Cutters, Vices,
A nvils, Smith Tongs. Circular, I land,
and all other kind of Saws. Screw
and Bales, Knives ande Forks,
Pocket Knives, Scissors,
B3olts, Spri Levels,
Guages, Candlesticks. Planes,
Iforse Shtoes and Nails, Brushes,
Coffe~e Mlills, llalter, Trace, Stretch,
Log, Breast. Continued and Fifth Ch~ains,
Rope, Files of all kinds, a beautiful Lot of
Guns, of alt qualities, Pistols, Percussion Caps,
Curry Combes, Ganme and Shot Bags, Powder
F'lasks, Dram Flasks. Sand and Waffle Irons, Braces
and Bitts, A ugers, Chisels, Hlammers, Drawing
Knives, .Mortars, Kettles, Stew P'ans, &c., &c.
IROBINSON & .JACKSON.
hlamburg, D~ee 4 If 47
Devon Bull, Marion,
/fY BU LL will stand at my house at Fiv-e Dol
Li lars-to be sent with the cow.
A1 A RION is out of the coew Nhuoselle, whose dam
was imported from England, from Mir. Cokes cele
braeted stock of Devens, his sire was the celebratedl
Bull, Mlajor. al. FR AZIER.
Dec 20) 3m 49
Negro Blankets and Cloths,
lA lA AM SIIEA R, AUGUS-rA, GA., respect
V V fully inuvites the attention of Planters to his
large supply oef N EG RO B LA NK ETS and N E
GRO CLOTHS, which he is preparitng to sell at.
very low prices.
Augusta, Nov 14 tf 44
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
IN COMMON PLE AS.
Jame~s M. Rtichardson,
Mfoses Saunders. )
James M. Richardson, Aahe*
TI HIE Plaintiff in the above cases having this day
Ifiled his declaration in nmy Office, and the De
fendaent having neither wile nor Attorney known to
reside withtin the linmits'of this State, on whom copies
of said Deelaratio~ns with rules to plead cani be
served : On mnotiont of Miessrs. Spanna & lagrath,
Plaint.ff's Attorneys, Ordered that said D~efendant
appear and p1.-ad to said IOclarations within a year
antd a day freom the date hereof, or final and absolute
judgeument will be givenm against htim.
TILOS. G. BACON, C. C. E. D.
Clerk's Office. Mlar 6, 1855. lyq 8
State of South Carolina,
Amos Landirum and
.James Ilatcher, Ad'rs.
vs. [Billfoir Relief, lnstruc
Bartley I latcher, r ions, 4-c.
,John Hatcher, andI
IT appearing to my satisfaction that John Hatcher,
..Martin Phillips antd his wife Polly, WVashington
liardy and his wife Elizabeth and --Thoimas
daughter of John Thomas, reside beyond the limits
of this State, On muotion of BoNnast & MIasR,
Cotmplainapt's solicitor, Ordered, Thtat the said
Defendants do plead, answer or demur to the bill of
complaint ini this case, within three months fromI
the date of the publication of this notice, or said bill
will be taketg pro confeso against them.
A. SIMKINS, C. E. E. D.
Mna 1,1555 13t 8
South Carolina Institute
TU rrz ra or Run ;;vOU.
CAROLINA INSTITUTE, for die promotion of
ART, MECHANICAL INGENUITY AND INIUS.
TRY, will be held at the New Hall, recently erected
on Meeting-street, in the city of Charleston, com
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11,
and continuing open for exhibition until the twenty.
fifth of April.
The Directors of the Insiitute, take graat pleasure
in stating to the public that, by the liberality of the
State and city, they have been enabled toerectalarge,
commodious and] elegant building, capable of holding,
in its main Hall, 3500 persons, and also, in connection
with it, a very well adapted and spacious MACHINE
ROOM, which will enable them to furnish sufficient
power fior any kind of Machinery that may be offired:
Suitable premiums will be given to the-hest speci.
mens in Art, Mechanism and other branches of In.
dustry; also of Cotton, Rice,Sugar, Tobacco, Wheat,
Rye, Oats, Potatoes andI other agricultural products.
The Ladies, to whom the Institute has hewpso much
indebted, are respectfully informed t hat suitable pre.
miums will be provided by the Committee and award
ed to the best specimens in every department of Ladies
The following special premiums are offered:
For the best STIE A M ENGINE. a Gold Medal.
For the best model of an improved FIRE ENGINE,
a Gold Medal.
For the best improved SEA ISLAND COTTON GIN
on some new pnnciple, superior to those now in
general use, or for any real or important improve.
ment thereon, a Gold Medal.
For the invention of asuitableMACHINE FOR PUL. -
VERIZING RED PEPPER, a God Medal.
For the six best specimens of STEEL, made from
Spartanburg or other Iron, the product of a Sou
thern State, and manufactured into Edged Tools
of any kind, a Gold Medal.
N. B.-A specimen of the Steel in bars to be senV
with the Tools.
For the best specimen of American SCULPTURE,,
For the largest quantity of COCOONS raised on one
plantation, not less than ten bushels, a Silver
Pitcher or Fifty Dollars.
For the largest quantity of SPUN SILK, theprodnee
of one plantation, not less than ten. pagnds, a
Silver Pitcher or Fifty Dollars.
For the best STALLION, a Silver Cup.
For the best MARSH TACKEY STALLION, a 8il
For the best MARSH TACKEY GELDING, a eilver
For the best pair of MARSH TACK EYS, for draught,
a Silver Cup.
For the best specimen of SUN FLOWER SEED OIL,
not less than one gallon, a Silver Cup. -
For the best specimen of RAPE SEED OIL, not loss
than one gallon. a Silver Cup.
For the best CASHMERE RAM, a Silver Cup.
For the best CASHM ERE EWE, a Silver Cup.
For the b-st three-quarter blood CASHMERE KIla .
For the best RAM, a Silver Cop.
For the hest BOAR. a Silver Cup.
For the best ESSAY ON SOUTHERN GRASSES,
Ruffin Prize Silver Pitcher.
All articles entered for premiums must he sent ina
or before Saturday, reventh day of April next, direct
ed to the care of the Clerk of the South-Carolina'In
stitute, Charleston. Articles may be sent after tha[
day for exhibition only. Contributors to the Fair are
respectfully requested to send full descriptions of the
articles and such general information as may be of use
to the Judges. and suitable for publication.
WM. M. LAWTON, President.
WM. KIRKWOOD. lst Vice President.
JOSEPH WALKER. 2d Vice President.
W. G. DESAUSSURE, Sec'y and Treas.
1. r.. N. REYNOLDS, Jr. 7. L. A. Eaxoosn-rox.
2. J. H. TAYLOR. 8.3. M. EASo.
3. C. D. CAR a. 9. T. GRANX SIxoNs.
4. F.J. Poacuts. 10. H. Costa.
5. C. Y. RcHARsson. 11. E. C. JoNiEs.
6. Wit. LzEsY. 112. - -.
Jan 24 tf S
Edgefield & Cheatham Plank Ro
F ROM and after the 1st May next, the Edgefield
& Cheatham.Plank Road will be opened fronm
Mr. JANMs GRFiN's to the junction with the 1am'
burg & Edge field Plank Road, a distance of about
five miles, and the following Rates of Toll will Ie
Rates of Toll.
Four, five and six horse Wagons, 5 ets per-mile -
Three " " 4 i6 4 .
Two '' " 3 t" "4 (1
Two "1 Carriages 3 " " "
One " " 2 " " "
Ilorseback travellers, I " " "
Vehieles on meeting, arc each entitled to half the
PLANK TRACK, and the Drivers are required to
turn to the "i RIGHT !"
S. F. GOODE, PasstE-r.
A prif 23, tf 15
N ot icee.
A LL~ Persons inidebted to the Estate of Jacob B.
tiSmith, previous to 1st J)anuatry last, arc re
enested to make payment, and all having demands
against th: same wvlll hand them in properly attested.
BENJAMIN WAkDO, Ex'ors.
GEO. A. ADDISu... . 3 *
T k Stockholders of the Edgejicld Odd
Fellowcs' and Masonic Building Associa
GENTLEMEN: You will come foiward and
pay to .laa. B. Sullivan, Treasurer, or A. Ramsey,
Agent, the Third instalment of 10 per cent. on your
Stock. Anud those who have given their Noe for
the First and Second Instalments, are earnestly re
quested to take them up, as we msed money to have
the work advanced. Pleae respond iarly.
A. G. TEAGUE, Pres't.
JTune 22 tf 22
Ad iitaos Notice.
A L L Pers'ons having demiands against the Estate.
of Wmn. 11. A dams, dee'd., are hereby notilied
to present the same. properly attested, for payment,
and those who are indebted to the Estate, are re
quested to make paymtent to
E. PENN, A am'or.
JTan 24 tf 2
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
M. S. Martin, Ex'ora of 1
Robert Mlartin, dec'd.
vs. Billifor Accounts,-c
Johnt Marsh, f
N. Ilankerson and others)
I N Pursuance o~f the Order of Chan. WARDL~AW
in this eause, all and singular, the Creditors of
the D~efendant John Marsh, claiming uder the
assignment excuted by the said .lohn Marsh, when
admitted to the benefit of the insolvent Debtors Ac
count, are hereby required to be and appear in
my Office on the nineteenth day of May next, to
make proof of their respective demands. Ia de
fault ol which they will be excluded from all benefit
of the Deeree to be pronounced in this cause.
A. SIMKINS, c. a. a. P.
Feb 21 3m 6
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
IN COMMON PLE AS.
S. F. Stevens,
vs. Foreignt Attachment.
Chas. T'. Hlarris. -
r H RE Plaintiff in die above ease having this day
.filed his Declaration in nmy Office, and the
Defendant having neither wife nor Attorney to re
side within the limtits of this State, on whom a copy.
of said Declaration with a rule to plead can bo
served, On motion of Mr. A naus, Plaintiff's Attor
ney, Ordered, That said Dlefendant appear and,
plead to said Declaration within a year and a day
from the date hereof, or final and absolute judgment
will be given against him.
TIHOS. G. BACON, c. c. r.. n.
Clerk's Office, A pril 17, 1854. Jy 14
STATE OF 80UTH CAROLINA,
IN COMMON PLE AS. '
M illedge L. Jionhtam and1
Wmn. M. Burt, ~.Dee?.n B ebt.
WI HIER EAS the Plaintiffssdid on the eighth day.
Vof March, A. D., 1853, file their declaration
against the Defendant, who (as it is said) is absent
from and without the limits of this$tato, and ha4
neither wife nor Attorney known within the same
pon whom a copy of the said declaration might be ..
served, It is therefore ordered, That the said De
fendnt do .appear and plead to said declaratioq:
withit a year and a day from this date, otherwiao
ial atnd absolute judgment -will be given and
awarded against him. T. G. BACON, c. a. D.
Clerk's Office, Oct 3, 1854. lyq .38
S flereby given to all parties concernedi, that a
FIN ALS SE-TL EMENT of the Estate of John
Anderson, dee'd., will ho made at the Ordinary's
Office of Edgefield District, on the 3d day'of April
1855. All persons who have demands iagainst4ho
Estate, will in the meantime, render them in pro
perly attested, and those indebted are reqsuired to
make payment. .JIOHN F. TALBERT, Ad'r.