Newspaper Page Text
MESSRS. COLTER & SCOOTER, Editors.
"Let idle Ambition her baubles pursue,
While Wisdom looks down with disdain,
The home of the farmer has charms ever new,
Where health, peace and cdmpetence reign."
PATENT OFFICE SEEDS.
We have produced some of the Olive
shaped Radish from these seeds, and can re
commend them to all lovers of this root, for
their early maturity, tender and delicate tex
ture as well as delicious flavour.
We shall save some seed, and expect to
have a few more left of the same sort for the
contributors to our department.
"The young editors who preside over the
"Farmers Department" of the Edgefield Ad.
rertiser, talk to us impertinently about not
giving them credit for their produce, and put
to us a querry so.nething like this: "Where
did you get your article on Tar?" Individu
ally we are totally oblivious on the subject,
but our Publisher informs you that it was
not the Advertiser "print." We are sorry
that you have lost it, since you are disposed
to pine over it at such a rate ; and then from
the noise of your machine, and kiln-ing man
ner in which you pitch into things, one would
suppose you were badly in need of the arti
cle. Say, friend SIKINS, those agricultural
implements of yours have been sharpened of
late ? Old "lamp" has put them through,
The "Yorkville Enquirer," as may be seen
from the above extract, thus happily excul
pates himself from the charge of purloining
our articles. It is not from a stickling spirit
that we thus pinc over our darling pets, but
we are desirous of conforming to the rules
of the press, and only wish others to do un
to us, as we are willing to do unto them.
We now-make the "amnende honorable" by
stating that " there is no tar on that nigger's
heel." Although his tar was not taken from
" our print," he should have given credit for
it, to the paper from which it was taken, so
that we could have made the charge against
the proper transgressor. " Now is the win
ter of our discontent made glorious summer
by this son of York."
HOWEVER out of season the following
hints may seem to some of our readers, we
deem the subject worthy of the immediate
attention of all -who wish to make a good
turnip crop. Although this is the age of
progress, yet we venture the assertion that
our present generation, and many more to
come, will not be able, with all the aid of
Science, Chemistry and Agricultural im
provements, to compete with our ancestors
-those " old fogies" w~ho flourished many,
many years ago-in the practical science of
While we can procure Guano at $50 per
ton, and Gypsum a nd Kettlewell's Salts, to
force crops into an unnatural maturity anrd
perfection, it is perfectly ridiculous to talk
to " Young America" about raising turnips
after tho old .fashion way. "Long, long
ago," w~hen the farmer made turnips that
we'cre turnips, he commenced early in Janua
ry and made his fence round a spot of ground
convenient to the house, without regard to
its richness or sterilty, and penned his cattle
upon it, and never failed after each good
rain to give his turnip patch a thorough
breaking up. Although this method is strict
ly an " old fogyism," which may be traced
back to the days of Noah; it is yet, never
theless, a scientific treatment, which seldom
fails to produce an abundant Turnip crop.
It will be remembered that the Turnip
has a long tap-root from which a number of
fibrous feeders branch out in order to sus
tain the growth of the Turnip anti top.
Hence it is obvious that the earth should be
frequently deeply broken up, and all the ma
nure thoroughly incorporated with the sub
soil, in ordler that these fibrous feeders may
take up the proper nutriment. In order that
tand may be thoroughly prepared for yield
ing a heavy Turnip crop, it should be made
rich and mellow. It should be pulverized
jp. tctly, and the manure and all nutritive
pa.rtcles should be so intimately mixed, that
ho ny~er lo w the tap-root shoots, it may al
ways be readily supplied with its legitimate
If theni, according to the old way, the
innd is thoroughly broken up twice a month,
omn January until the first of August, and
being constantly supplied with fresh ma
~aure, and all being well-mixed and deeply
plow -d in, it will not take a Soloman to
guce what large turnips might be raised.
Tlurnips should be planted in drills and
.dtd with the hoa. Clay lands, if pos
sible, should not be trodden by stock, or
. iy dry weather. Sandy lands may be
trodden without injury, if not to advantage.
A new ground on sandy soil wvith a clay
foundation, is, we think, the most suitable
for yielding a large turnip crop.
Tunrn ip seed should be saved by removing
:he largest turmnips from the patch, and after
cutting off the tap-root, transplanting, them
to the' vegitable garden. After they have
run ur to seed, and before thne seed are ripe,
they , uld be tap~ped, by taking off one
third the top. By pursuing this plan you
will e. ays have large Turnips and fresh
,'ei "rom the 1st of August to the 15th
,,f Se-p 'mnber, if the seasons are favorable,
thi- m.n t valuable crop may be sown.
1 .2: UCTXON OF ANTs.-A correspon
jet. ot the Philadelphia Ledger, says:
-W. give a sure remedy-procure a
large si nge, wash it well, press it very dry ;
by 30 d sing it wvill leave the small cells open
-lay on the shelf where they are most
troubl' me, sprinkle some fine whitesugar
tI e -og (lghly onere it) two or three
times a day, take a bucket of hot water to
where the sponge is, carefully drop the
sponge in the scalding water, and you vill
slay them by the thousands, and soon rid
the house of these troublesome insects.
When you squeese the sponge, you will be
astonished at the number that had gone in
From the Working Farmer.
By what means can agricultural truths be
disseminated? All agree that agricultural
education is at the lowest ebb, and that some
means should be devised for its improvement;
but how ? Agricultural colleges have dis
tinctly failed-the experiment is fairly aban
doned by practical men, and while they ad
mit their usefulness for the preparation of
teachers, all know that but few of those ed
ucated in these colleges become farmers.
Even for the preparation of teachers their
use is doubted, and many, if not all, prefer
those who have pursued agriculture practi
cally, and who, in addition, have received
such an education as includes a knowledge
of the adjunct sciences. The pure chemist
and the pure farmer are alike unqualified for
such duties, while the few, who may be found
in every community, who, from peculiarity
of tastes, have rendered themselves masters,
to a sutficient degree, of all the sciences con
nected with agriculture, and have applied
them practically, are at least able to meet
the requirements as teachers, and to suit
themselves to the current events of the com
munity. Among such, then, we must look
for teachers, and their services must be avail
ed of in every way practicable. Such men
should be employed to lecture in agricultural
districts; such men should write books on
the elements of agriculture for the use of
Commtiom Schools, and thus render scientific
agriculture part of the common school edu.
We are far from objecting to the useful
ness of Colleges for general education, but
their benefits cannot be made to reach the
great mass of farmers; the remedy must be
sapplied where it will neet with a wider dis
semination. As an example-the use of the
Bible and other modes of religious instruc
tion in common schools, has.at least render
ed the whole community capable of under
standing the difterent religious sentiments of
the day, to an extent much greater than the
general knowledge on political economy and
many other subjects not so treated, and still
the time occupied in religious instructions in
common schools is not great. Suppose that
agriculture should be taught in the same way,
and that a small portion of every boy's time
should be devoted to such study, would not
the truths of agriculture, like those of reli
gion, become the common property of all?
Would not books be written of an elementa
ry character, on chemistry as applied to ag
riculture, on geology as applied to agricul
ture, and, indeed, on all the sciences which
bear even remotely on the subject. Applied
sciences is always more readily understood
than general scientific teachings, and thus a
whole community could be taught to regard
the greatest interests of the country as at
least worthy of some consideration. What
does a boy now learn at a country school,
that will assist him in his after persuits as a
farmer ? A re not nine-tenths of the boys so
educated, likely to become farmers, and, if
so, why is it that the only subject not taught,
in whole or in part, in these schools, is agri
culture? Why inot permit the small amount
of chemistry, natural philosophy, and natuir
al history, usually taught in common schools,
to be so arranged as to teach them in their
connection with Agriculuture, ard thus, by
useful anecdote and application, fasten the
facts they contain on the memory of the stu
dent ? Will a mechanic or farmer ever for
get a chemical fact connected wvith his pur
suit? and will not the college student who
studies chemistry unapplied, forget almost
his whole course by middle life ? [ndeedl, it
is undoubtedly true, that a small amount of
chemical or any other knowledge acquired
in youth in a practical or applied manner,
wiill be remembered through life, wvhile a
more general course wil be forgotten.
WIlY DON'T 1IE DO IT?
When the farmer knows that a gate is bet
ter, and, as a time-and-labor-saving fixture,
cheaper, than a sett of bars and posts, and
without calling on a carpenter lhe can himself
make one, Wlhy don't he do it ?
Wheni lie has no other fastenings to his
gates and barn doors than a stone rolled
against them and in a single evening after
supper is able to make a better one, WhV/y
don't he do it ?
Or when lie sees the boards di-opping from
his barns and out-buildings, and like heaps
of rubbish lyiing in piles about his premises,
and need only nailing on again, Why don't
he do it ?
Or if ho is afraid of the expense of nails
and is always crying up the maxim of Dr.
Franklin, to "Isave the pence and the pounds
will take care of themselves," and lie knowvs
thait the samo Dr. Franklin also said that
" many men are penny wise and pound fool
ish," andh he is not careful to think of the
precept containedl in the latter, Why don't
he do it !
If it is a saving of nearly half the manure
of a farmer's stock by keeping them shut up
in yards, instead of running at large through
most of the winter, Wh~y don't he do it ?
If lie knowvs that maiiy of his fields would
be greatly imp~roved by dlitching, and by the
removel of large stumps and stones, Why
don't he do it ?
And wihmen lie knows that his pastures
would yield nearly double the feed, and of
better quality, if the bushes were all cut and
subdued, Why don't he do it?1
And if lie can add fifty p~er cent. to the
product of his clover-fields, and even his
pastures, by the use of gypsum, Why don't
he do it ?
If a farmer of fifty acres has (as lie should
have) use for a good corn sheller and one of
the many improved fanning mills, and he has
not already obtained both, Why don't hec
And if it is cheaper, actually cheaper, to
burn dry wood thtan green, and to use a
stove instead of an open fireplace, W~hy
don't he do it.-Agricultural Exchangc.
And wvhen he knowvs that Fruit is cheaper
and healthier in a hot climate than Pork, and
all it wvants to produce it, is to plant the trees,
Why don't hc do it ?
And when lie looks in a neighbor's gar
den and sees the rich luxuriance of the vege
tables and flowvers, and all it wants to have
the same, is a little energy, with a triffling
cost, Why don't he do it ?
And wvhen in the burning sun of summer,
he shelters himself beneath some wide,
spreading tree, and he knows ho may have
the same shade, for the planting, Why don't
he do it?
And when he knows, that by giving his
son a proper agricultural education he may
attain at the age of 21 the knowledge that
it has taken 1im a half century of experience
to attain, WhVly don't hweldo it ?
And when he knows that all the arts and'
sciences of farming, with all the experience
fractical men mae had by subscribinrg
for the agricaltural press, Why don't Ac do
it ?-Soil of the South.
DOI'T KILL THE BIRDS.
As Spring advances, our youthful Nim
rods feet the influence strong upon them to
pop away their old fowling pieces at the
birds. Not that they want them for food
not that they do not relish their songs-but
simply to gratify their innate propensity to
destruction that marks our Yankee youth.
But we beg the boys to refrain. The
little birds are becoming alarmingly scarce
in the vicinity of Hartford. We say alarm
ingly-for the armies of the palmer worm,
caterpillar, and canker worm are alarmingly
on the increase. The little birds are the
farmer's best friends. They destroy the
bugs and the worms that infest his crops
and his orchards. Tho blackbird may occa
sionally root up a few hills of corn, but he
daily gathers more destructive insects as
he travels over the newly ploughed fields,
than all the corn is worth which he destroys,
ten times over. The robin may take a few
of your spare cherries, but he is only taking
pay for the worms lie swallows, which would
have made your garden a desolate waste.
The farmer cannot do without the little
birds. They are his best friends. We have
no doubt that the late ravages of various
insects are owing to the wholesale destruc.
tion of their enemies the birds.
So important is this subject considered by
Agriculturists, that the Secretary of the
Board of Agriculture in Massachusetts, Mr.
Flint, has issued a circular urging upon far
mers and others the execution of the string.
ent Jaw there is in that State against killing
such birds. We have a similar law in this
State, and we trust our farmers will see rig.
idly to the prosecution of all breakers of
it. Their coming crop will reap the bene
fit of sparing the little birds.- Hartford
SUBSTITUTE FOR SUGAR CANE.
We copy from the New York Journal of
Commerce the following extract from a let
ter addressed to one of the Editors of that
paper by a Missionary in South Africa:
I herewith send you a few seeds of a
plant indigenous to this country, for the man
ufiacture of which into sugar a patent has
recently been obtained in England by a
gentleman from this colony. Those inter
ested in the patent have no doubt of its
entire success, and that it will bring streams
of gold into their pockets.
The plant is called Imfe (vowels as in
French) by the Kafirs, but they distinguish
some two dozen varieties by specific names.
I send you three varieties, with names on
each paper, viz: Ufatana, Umofwini, Ilo
sa. While growing it resembles Broorncorn,
and produces its seed after the same manner.
The natives of Natal plant it with Indian
corn, and cultivate it in the same manner,
and it comes to perfection in about the same
time, say from 3 to 4.1 months. They cul
tivate it wholly for its saccharine juice, of
which, under but slight pressure, it yields a
much larger quantity than does the commoa
sugar cane, but not of so rich a quality. I
should say that the same bulk of juice of
common cane. The advantages it has over
common.cane, are that it grows well wher
ever Indian corn does; it is raised from the
seed in flour months, ready to be made into
sugar; it grows on high lands as well as on
low, and the abundance of seed it produces,
may be used for provender for horses.
From the D~arlington Flag or the 19th inst.
OER FENCE LWS~.
Mit. EnITRn:-[t is gratifying to perceive
that the public mind is gradually becoming
aroused on the subject of~ the present system
of enclosures. Permit me to contribute my
mite, however small, to the mass of' testimo
ny which has been already adduced in favor
of an enti-e change of thne present wvasteful
and destructive policy of being compielledI by
law to enclose our corn and cotton fields to
prevent the incursions of gaunt and famish
ing cattle antd hogs which p~rowl like spec
tres about our fences in search of something
to prevent starvation. T1hme present is the old
colonial system wvhich was adopted in the
infancy ol' the country, when the fields were
small and thme stock very extensive ; anid the
advocates of reform have to contend with
the inveterate prejudices which attach to an
cient usages, and thne revered authority of an
honored ancestry. Within certain limits,
such veneration for ancien t forms andI usages
is highly commendable-beyond those limits
it becomes absurd, hurtful, and is of course
then " more honored in the breach than the
observance!" If our fatthers (bless their me
mories !) with all their priudlence and foresight
in many things, yet with the infirmity com.*
mon to humaliy-chiooso to carry their
wheat in one end of thu bag and a stone of
corresponding weight for a balance in the
other, wve are surely not bound by the laws
of reverence and filial devotion to them, to
resist our conviction that the grain can be
balanced without the stonte, anid it be dis
pensed with as a dead weight. The present
system of fencing is a dead weight upon the
vit al interests of the agricultural community.
Let us then drop the stone and put half the
wheat in the other end of the bag. Can it
be done ? The question is superfluous, un
less my illustration be considered as inap
propriate and inappilicable. Tihat it is niot,
is, I think, susceptible of convincing proof.
With the exception ofra few localities, stock
cannot maintain a thrifty condition by exclu
sive dependence upon the range. The crib
and the gleaninlgs of the fields must come to
their rescue, iir their hides soon adhere to
their bones, with a tenacity wvhich nothing
short of decomposition can detach.
The fencing necessary to keep stock out
of otur fields involves an outlay of timber and
labor utterly disproportioned to the value of
the stock. While this is frequently admitted,
it is still urged by seine that the supply of
timer warrants the outlay. Is it true that
the abundance of timber justifies thre extra
vagance and unnecessary wvaste to which it
is subjectedl by the present system ? I sub
mit that it is riot. The noble forest is a mag
nificent gift of the Author of nature, to be
prized like all ether gifts from the same source,
as a treasure to be preserved for necessary
uses. Any other appropriation of it is equiv
alent to the~ destruction of so much capital
-the throwing into the fire of so much mo
ney. WVhy should wve thus continue to slight
so noble a gift, arid thereby rob posterity of
a valuable inheritance ? Timber, however,
is becoming scarce in many-sections of our
country, arid hence the more urgent necessi
ty of economisirng it. Th'le saving of labor,
too, is a consideration of very great irnpor
tanc. Were the labor now so unprofitably
expended upon fencing, employed ini mnanur
ing, ditching, and raising and gathering the
surplus provender necessary to the support
of enclosed stockc, it would wc rk a change
in the value of land and stock involving mit
lions of dollars. A law requiring the ernclo
sure of stock would reduce fencing to an in
considerable item, anid tend to reduce the
number and greatly improve the quality of
stock. .One wvell fed cowv might then be
-mad .m..e pro..able than a dozen of' tIme
skeletons that now haunt -our lanes, and ad.
vertise our want of humanity. A few hogs
i.-ell fed and cared foi-, coild thin be made
niore valuable than a herd of the present
pihe root eaters that scarcely betray by their
looks, the genus to which they belong. The
penning system would :ben follow, and by
industry and well directed economy, an as
tonishing amount of manure, proportioned
in value to The improved keeps of the ani
mals, might be made. I trust your invita
tion to discuss this subject, will call forth the
views of many citizens, and tend to the
speedy adoption of this reform.
I hope that every agricultural society, and
every secular paper in the state, will agitate
this subject with a zeal arid ability equal to
its importance. I hope every argument in
favor of the present system, will be present
ed and fairly weighed; for I acknowledge
that there are arguments in its favor entitled
to consideration ; at the same time that I
feel free to characterise it as a dead weight
upon our agricultural prosperity.
With an apology for the haste with which
I have written, I am your ob't. serv't.,
T. P. L.
NEw MATERIAL FoR BUILDING.-We
were shown yesterday a "specimen brick,"
made of lime and sand, which appears as
though it would take the place of the com
mon clay briek altogether. It is very smooth
and hard. .It is larger than the common
brick, and a vacant space in the centre.
We are informed that the materials used in
the manufacture of these bricks are simply
lime and sand, the proportion being about
eleven parts sand to one part lime, and they
can be manufactured at a less cost than our
common clay brick. The bricks can, ol
course, be made of any form or shape, ac.
cording to taste. It is fully equal to sand.
stone. The advantages are the facility with
which they are manufactured; lathing and
plastering become unnecessary, and the out.
side and inside of the wall is made at the
same time. The chemical charge which
takes place in the manufacture of the bricks
hardens them so that they aro not more
affected by the action of the atmosphere
than stone. It is not affected by frost, and
experiments which have been tried to test
its strength and other qualities have resulted
satisfactorily. Scientific men have axamin.
ed the material, and have arrived at the same
conclusion.-Cincinnati Gazette, #d inst.
WarrEWAs.-Poor whitewash is a se
rious injury to a wall or ceiling, and when
once on it is difficult to get it off or proper.
ly cover it and produce a clear white appear
ance. This is the season for cleaning up,
and we will give the receipt for a first-rate
wash. Quick lime, slackened by boiling
water, stirring it until so slacked. Then
dissolve in water white. vitriol, (sulphate ol
zinc,) which you get at the druggists, at th
rate of two pounds of zinc to a half-barre]
of whitewash, making it of the consistency
of rich milk. This sulphate of zine wil
cause the wash to harden, and to preven
the lime from rubbing off. . pound of fint
salt should be thrown into it.
To PRESERVE KNIvEs, &C. Finox Rus-r
-Procure some melted virgin wax-th<
purer the better-and rub it thoroughly ove
the blades of the knives. After it has dried
warm tho knives, -nd having carefully re
moved the wax ftan the service, rub then
briskly with a dry cloth, until the origina
polish is fully rest d. This will fill al
the pores with the actuous and minutt
particles of wvax, wviid h will adhere firmly
aind prevent the instrusion of wvater or mois
ture, which is the cause of the rust. The:
will retain their brilliancy for weeks if used
PAs-rE 'rnlAr Is PArbrE-Disolve an ounc<
of alum in a quart of warm water; whei
cold, add ats much flour as will make it the
consistence of cream; then strewv into it a
much powdered rosin as will stand on
shilling, and twvo or three cloves; boil it ti
a consistence, stiring all the time. It wvil
keep for twelve months, and wvhen dry ma:
be sottened with wvater.
To MAKE FINE PANCAKEs, Fasn wrrni
ou-r BUrTrrn on L2Au.-Take a pint c
cream and six newv laid eggs; beat ther
well together; put in a quarter of a poun
of sugar and one nutmeg or a little beatei
nmee--which you please, and so much a
will thicken- almost as much as ordinar;
pancake flour batter; your pan must b
heated reasonably hot, arid wiped with
cleatn cloth; this done, spread your batte
thin over it and fry.
[-r is almost a criminal to hear a worth2
man traduced without attempting his justifi
cation, as to be author of the calumn:
against him ; it is, in fact, a sort a nisprisoi
of treason against society.
T or Sheriff.
FELIX E. BODIE,
Tor Tax Collector
M. B. WHITTLE,
THOMAS B. REESE,
A. Rt. ABLE,
.R. D. BRYAN.
THIOS. G. BACON.
H. T. WRIGHT,
H. BOULWA RE,
W. F. DUJRISOE.
A LLt Persons anywise indebted to the Estate c
.LA anna A nderson, dee'd., are hereby requestet
to mak e immediate payment, and those having de
mands against said Estate wilt please render in thei
accounts forthwith, properly attested.
GEO. J. ANDERSON, Adm'or.
Dee 6 tf 47
IS thus given to all persons indebted to Mrs
LElizabeth Martin, dee'd., to make immediate
payment, and those having demands against sait
Estate, will rendler them in forthwith, properly at
tested. G. W. BURTON, Ex'or.
NovO 9 f 43
A LL Persons indebted to the Estate of A.
Gregory, dee'd., previous to his death, wit
make paymnent as soon as convenient, and thos<
having demands will present them in legal form, t<
the Undersigned. MR RGRA'n
T HOS.-.J0NES. Ad'r
Feb 14 - 3m 5
TO~XALL. WHO ARE IN ARREARS
Edgefield & Cheatham Plank Road !
T lIE Road is finished, and debts due by thi
Company for Lumber, hire of hands, &o., miust
be paid. Those indebted therefore, must come for.
wvard, without any further delay, and pay up theii
Stock. The creditors of the Company cannot be
put off any longer.
S. F. GOODE, Pres't.
Jan3'1 tf 3
o. . EWB.Y C0.,.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
M. NEWBY & CO., under U. S. Hotel, Augusta, Ga., are now receiving the LARGEST,
. BEST and MOST FASHIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
SPRING AND SUMMER READY-MADE CLOTHING,
Ever offered in the City of Augusta. In addition to which, we are weekly receiving PRESH
SUPPLIES from our House in New York. We also keep constantly on hand a large Stock of
YOUTH'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHING.
ALso, a full assortment of FURNISHING ARTICLES, for gentlemen's wear.
19 ' Country Merchants and all persons visiting Augusta will find it to their interest to
examine our Stock, as we are determined to ofter our Goods at the lowest prices imaginable.
Augusta, April 3, 1854. tf 12
Patent Metalic Burial Cases!
T H ESE valuable air-tight and indestructible Ca
ses, for protecting and preserving the Dead for
ordinary interment, for vaults, for tsansportation, or
for any other desirable purpose, are offered for sale
in this Village, cheap for Cash, by WITT.
P. S.-I have on hand an assortment of all sizes.
July 27 tf 28
W ILLIAM SHEAR, Augusta, Ga., has just
received from New York, a splendid assort
ment of Hosiery, comprising.
Ladies' Plain White and Black English Hose, very
elastic, of the best shape and make:
Ladies' Plain White and Bl'k English Lisle Thread
Those of the best make, and some at very low
Ladies' Open Work White and Unbleached English
Ladies' White and Black English Silk Hose;
Misses' and Children's White and Fancy Cotton do.,
a complete assortment.
Youth's and Children's F'ey, White and Unbleach
ed Cotton Socks, a very large supply;
Gentlemen's Fancy and Unbleached Cotton Half
Hose, of the best make and very elastic;
Alexander's Ladies' and Gentlemen's Kid and Silk
Gloves; a beautiful assortment;
Gentlemen's, Ladies', Nlisses', Youth's and Chil
dren's Lisle Thread Gloves;
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Fawn and Kid Gauntlet
Gloves, a large supply;
Ladies' and Misses' Long and Half Hand Black
Lace Mitts, with and without Half Fingers, a
beautiful assortment ;
Ladies' Mcrino and Silk Gauze Vests, a superior
The Hosiery is the same style which has hereto.
fore given such general satisfaction, is remarkably
elastic, and of the best shape and imake. The pub
lic arc respectfully invited to call and examine the
Augusta April 10. tf
DAWSON & SKINNER,
FINE WINES AND LIQUORS,
Teas, Sugar and Coffee,
AND IMPonTERS oFi HAVANNA SEGARS.
Augusta, Ga., Mar 20 3m 10
Clock Repairing !
Subscriber would respectfully inform th
11 citizens of Edgefield Village and vicinity, that
lhe has taken the House formerly occupied by Mrs.
R. Gray, opposite the Planters Hotel, for the pur
pose of earrying on the
CLOCK REPAIRING BUSINESS.
All.work entrusted to his care will be attended te
with neatness and despatch. He will also give his
attention to the REPAIRING OF FURNITURE.
He warrants satisfaction to all, and solicits a liberal
patronage. WM. LEWIS.
Jan10 tf 52
FALL AND WINTER GOODS 1
A. RANSOM, AGENT for R. M. FUL.
i L , lHamburg, S. C.,has now on handa
Superb Stock of Dry Goods,
Which he is SELLING FOR CASH at prices that
cannot fail to please; and would respectrully invite
the attention of his customers and all in want 01
Goods to an examination of his Stock, among which
f will be tound
Rich Brocade SILKS,
Figured, Plain, Black. Gro de Rhine SILKS,
Col'd Marceline and Sarconett do
All wool DeLaines, of beautiful styles,
Common and Nledium do., from 12J to 50 ets.
Solid Colored Persian DefAines, various shades,
Highland Plaids and Figured Velvets,
Saquc Flannels, plain anl figured,
Scotch and A merican Ginghams, from 12 to 25<
rEnglish andl A merican Prints, all qualities,
do do F"urtatine, do
Ladies Colored Black Cloth Cloaks and Talman
of thte latest styles,
Black and Colored Shawls, various qualities,
Gauze and Welsh Flannels, warranted not tC
IRichardson's undressed Irish Linens,
Bleached and Blrown Table Damiask do. frorr
Bird's Eye and Scotch Diapers, all qualities,
H uekaback Towels and Towelings,
Furniture Dimity and Fringes,
Drab Morino, for Skirts--Aarsales do
Ladies' alissses and Children's IHosiery & Glovet
do Linen Cambric Hlandkerchiefs,
do Worsted Sleeves..
10-4, 11-4 and 12-4 Whitney Blankets,
Extra heavy Ijed, Crib and Cradle do.
Large Lot of Negro Blankets, very cheap,
Cassimeres, Sattinets, Tweeds aund Kentucky
.Jeans, all qualities,
10-4, 11-4 and 12-4t Bl'dl and Brownt Sheetings.
3-4, 7-8, 4-4I and 5-4 Shirting, Graniteville and
Osnaburg Stripes andl Yarns at Factory prices,
Real Georgia Plains, best quality,
Ladies', Misses and Children's Shoes, good as
sortment, with a great quantity of other Goods
suitable for the season.
g" Orders solicited and faithfully executed.
Hamburg, Nov 28 tf 46
J. SIBLEY & SON,
GROCERS AND COTTON
H AMBURG, S. C.
R)ESPECTFULLY beg leave to inform
ILtheir old ecustomers and the Planters geunerally
that they are still to be faaund at their Old Stauid,
and are payinig the H IGH EST MA RKET PRIfCE
for Cotton and other Produce; and have in Store,
and are daily receiving a MOST COMPLE TE assort
-ASIONG i!itiitMAY nE FoUND
20,000 Yds. Gunny and D)undee BAGGING,
200 Coils Hemp and Russian ROPE,
200 Unags COFFEE, Rio and .Java,
200 BbIs. Superior and Refined SUGARS,
25 Illhds. Mluscovado and N. 0. do.
100 BbIs. MOLA SSES,
3,000 Sacks SA LT,
25 BEDSTEADS, some of thenm Fancy,
25 Boxes superior CHEESE,
A splendid assortment of BLANKETS and
NEGRO CLOT HS.
An assortment of Saddles and Bridles, Chairs,
Pepper, Spice, Linseed, Lamp and 'Tatn
ners Oil, Osnaburgs, Stripes,
Shirtinig and Yarns, and in fact everything usually
found in a Grocery Store.
W Etake this meanis to inform our Customiers
and the Planters generally, that we are n*ot
connete~d with any other house, and only have one
Store, which is the Brick Corner, formerly occu
pied by Josiah Sibley. J. SIBLEY & SON.
Hamburg, Nov 28 tf 46
JULST received a supply of Superior Old MOUN
T 'AIN DEW WHIISKEY.
S.E BOWERS, Agent.
Hamburg, Feb 7 tf 4
Hardware and Cutlery,
rO ALL our old friends, we would say, we are
l thankJul for past favors, and to all others who
may wish Goods in our line ;-call and see us also,
or send your orders. We will make every effort
(and it is notorious of the Goods we keep) to give
"4 general satisfaction." Our prices SHALL be
in accordance with the times; always assuring our
customers to sell them at the LOWEST MAR
We have now in Store a fine Stock and are re
ceiving weekly. Amongst which may be found,
50 Tons Band and Hoop IRON,
250 " Sweed " assorted,
150 " English " "
200 Smith BELLOWS, all qualities,
500 Kegs " Peru" NAILS,
50 Tons CASTINGS,
100 Dozen Door LOCKS,
100 " Pad "
500 " Till, Chest, Draw and Trunk Locks,
100 " AXES, Collins, Levette's and other
10 " Superior BROAD AXES,
500 " BOES, all qualities.
To enumerate is too tedious. We have the Goods
and want to sell them.
We keep all things necessary for Mills of every
style, Corn Sliellers, Straw Cutters, Vices,
Anvils, Smith Tongs, Circular, Hand,
and all other kind of Saws. Screw
and Bales, Knives and Forks,
Pocket Knives, Scissors,
Bolts, Spirit Levels,
Guages, Candlesticks, Panes,
Ilorse Shoes and Nails, Brushes,
Coffee Mills, Halter, Trace, Stretch,
Log, Breast, Continued and Fifth Chains,
Rope, Files of all kinds, a beautiful Lot of
Guns, of all qualities, Pistols, Percussion Caps,
Curry Combes, Game and Shot Bags, Powder
Flasks, Dram Flasks, Sand and Waffle Irons, Braces
and Bitts, Augers, Chisels, Hammers, Drawing
Knives, Mortars, Kettles, Stew Pans, &e., &o.
ROBINSON & JACKSON.
Hamburg, Dec 4 tf 47
To former Friends and Patrons.
S E. BOWERS, thankful for past patron
. age, would beg leave to inform the public that
he is now receiving LA RGE Consignments of
Whiskeys, Brandies, Wines, Cordials,
AND LIQUORS OF ALL KINDS,
Sug a rs,
BROWN, CLARIFIED, CRUSHED AND LOAF
SEGARS, HAVANA AND AMERICAN,
And all articles usually kept in the Family Grocery
Being Agent for two large Wholesale Confectionary
Houses, one in New York and the other in Augus
ta, lie is prepared to fill all orders for
TAXES WIV233 a 3 8 .a
At the shurtest notice possible.
As ie is acting as Agent only, he would re
spectfully inform all that his business must be done
on the CASH SYSTEM ENTIRELY; for his low
prices and small commissions will not warrant ex
tunnion of timc on Gods sold.
Ie is determined to sell Low, for Cash,
and hopes to merit a share of the trade. Come one,
come all, and examine his Stock before purchasing,
-it is all lie asks.
0 The business will be conducted under the
name and style of S. E. BowSs, Agent.
Hlamburg, Nov. 1, tf 42
Valuable Land for Sale,
T HE Subscriber offers for sale ONE IUN
T DR ED and SEVENTY-FI VE acres of Land.
It is all in wools, and the best timbered of any
Lands in this section of country. Said Tract ad
joins lands of Col. W. L. Coleman, Daniel Posey,
Malichi Cogburn, the Estate of Lewis Derrick, and
the tract on which the Subscriber resides. If not
previously sold at private sale, it will be disposed of
on the first Monday in October next, on a credit
until the first January next.
I will also sell. if the purchaser of the above de
sires to buy, the highly valuable plantation on which
I live, containing FOUR HIUNDRED ACRES.
It is deemed unnecessary to say any thing more of
these truly excellent Tractsof Land.
If treated for privately, a good bargain can be
M- For further information call on the Subscri
ber on the premises.
Feb 14 Smn 5
F 'ROM1 the Subscriber's residence on the Ridge,
Iduring te night of the 5th instant, his negro
man JIM. Saiid negro is of light complection. about
tive feet eight or ten inches high, rather stout, with
a small sear on his right cheek. Ile bad on, when
lie left, light eassimnere coat and pants, and a tine
pair of boots.
It is probable that Jim is either in the neighbor
hood of Columbia or Aiken, imore probably the
A suitable reward will be given for his appre
hension and delivery to the jailor at Edgefield C.
II. Any information thankfully received.
M. B. WEVER.
Ridge, S. C.. Jan 17 tf 1
lET Columbia paipers please copy tri-weekly until
further notice, anidforward accounts to M. B. W.
STATE OF~ SOUTH CAROLINA,
Joel P. Ridgell & Hlellen )
a uliIswf,~ BiLl for Partition
Jacob William Pope, .and Relief.
Francis Marion and
Josephine M. Pope.)
B Y Virtue of an Order of the Court of Eqiuity,
in this case, granted by his honor F. Il. Ward
law, at June term, A. D. 1854, all the creditors of
the minors, Hlellen Pauline Ridgell, (formerly Pope)
Jacob William Pope, Francis M'. Po.pe and Jose
phine M. Pope, are ordered to appear before me, on
or by the first Mlonday in May next, to prove and
establish their demands, or else they will be debarred
all claims against the assets of the estate of the said
Minors. A. SIMdKINS, C. E. E. D.
.Janu 10,185 .15t 1
A LL Persons indebted to the Estate of Nathan
A. Norris, dee'd., are hereby notified to make
early payment, and those having demands against
said Estate will render them in properly attested,
by the first of June next.
A. D. BATES, Ex'or.
Mar 7 3m* 8
Save your Corn,
A NY Person can save Fifty or more Bushels
of Corn, per annum, by getting a box of
PARKS' R AT POISON. Price, Twenty-five ets.
per Box. A pply to T UTT & PELLETIER.
Hamburg, March 12. 3m * 9
Merchants can obtain it from Messrs. SuouNs,
RUF & Co., Charleston, so make at least one hun
dred per cent.
. Look Out!
ALL Persons indebtod to the Subscriber must
come and settle by the first Monday in Au
gust, or they will posively find their Notes or Ac
counts either in the hands of W. C. Moragne, Esq.,
or J. B. Talbert, Esq. Necessity compels me to
say so. That is all. .R. T. PA RKS.
March 14 - 3m* 9
Painter to Hire,
A FIRST rate Negro PAINTER to hire by the
..CI day, month, or year. Apply to the Subscri
ber at Edgefield C. 11. S. F. GOODE.
Mar2 1 tf .10
YELLOW DOOK t SA1SAPAnR1L.A
TS now put irhte largest shed"Bottles, and is ace*
I knowledgeil to.be te .BEST SARSAPARLLA
made, as Is certified by thi Wondeiful Cures it has
performed, the original copies .of which.are inthe
possession of the proprietor; Remember, 11is is; the
only true and original article. --
SCROFULA, SYPHILIS, MERCURIAL COM'
PLAINTS, CANCER, GANGREENE, RHEeedii'.
TISM, and a vast variety of other diseases are sp . y
and perfectly cured by the use of this medicine.
READ THE FOLLOWING CERTIPICATE.
TALrAPoGsL Co., Ala.,Jan. 9, 182.
DZAR t:-I send you this to certy .to you that you'
Extract of.Yellow-Dock and Sarsapauilla has performed
one of the most wonderful eures on me that has ever been
effected on man. . I have been afieted for testy ye* with
eruptions on my legs and feet; In 1648the-got so bad
that I had to go on crutches, and In 1849 1 had one leg
amputated above the knee. In aboutninemonthsater my
other leg broke out In large eating and running sores from
my knee to my foot, and discharged a grat deal of olhn
sive matter. My groinalso broke out in.large biles,.which
discharged much ofensive matter, and at the same time
my left band broke out in-largerunningsores nearly to my
elbow. The misery that I have- suffered for the last two
years I cannot describe to you. I was in such agonythat
I never rested day or night.
In October last my son brought me one of your battle
wrappers; I read It, and found record of some wonderful
cures performed by your " Extract of Yellow Dock and
Sarsaparilla." I sent and got two bottles of it,. and comd
menced taking it. In two week omy great astonishment,
my sores all became easy, and Icould - sleep all night, a
thing I had not done for two years. When I had taken
six bottles, my sores gt well as if by exchantment. I have
now used in all elg1t bottles of-your "Extract of Yellow
Dock and Sarsaparilla ," and I consider myself well.
I entreat all of the aiicted to try this medicine, for I be,
lieve It will cure any known disease in the world. Lay
aside all prejudlee and just try it, and proclaim Its.grest
worth to sufilering mankind and entreat tbem-to take fori
it will cure them. My case Is well known to a large porticn
of South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama, and If any should
doubt the above cure, I invite them to call on me, and I
will show them the scars. I can be found In Tallapoosa
Co., Ala., one mile from Stoe's Fer A
ggf" The Yellow Dock and Sarsaparilla is peculiarly
adapted for femalesof dellcate health. resulting from irregu
larity of menstrual discharges, and other diseases peculiar
to their sex. The proprietor has In his possession a great
number of certificates of cure performed, of the above de
scription. We assure the astlIeted, that a bottler -two-of
Dr. Guysott's Extract of Yellow Dock and Sarsep a, will
at once regulate those difficulties and renew the natural
Ei Put up In quart bottles.-Price $1 per bottle.
Sold Wholsesale and Retail by SCOlIL & MEAD M
Chartres Steet, N. 0., General Agents for the Southern
States, to whom all orders must be addressed.
Sold also by G. L. PENN, Edgefield C. 1,-.W..B. GRIF
FIN, Longm resLWARDLAW & LYON, Abbeville C. H.;
T C RISLEY urensville: J. F. PEATT & Co., New
berry: HAVILAND, RISLEY & CO., Augusta, Ga., and
HAVILAND, HAREALL & CO.. Charleston.
Mar 28, 18M. ly 11
Edgefield & Clieatham PlaakR.
F'ROM and after the 1st May next, the Edgefield!
& Cheatham Plank Road will be opened froa
Mr. JaM s GaIFFIN's to the junction with the Ham
burg & Edgefeld Plank Road, a distance of about;
five miles, and the following Rates of Toll will be
Rates of Toll. -
Four, five and six horse Wagons, 5 ets per mile
Three " -" 4 " " -
Two '' "s 3 4 tc
Two " Carriages 3 " " "
One " 4 2 "- " C
Horseback travellers, I * " s
Vehicles on meeting, are each entitled to ialf the
PLANK TRACK, and the Drivers are required to
turn to the "RIGHT 1"
8. F. GOODE, Paaszerr
April 23, . tf 15
- N o tice.
A LL Persons indebted to the Estaterof Jacob B.
Smith, previous to 1st January last, are re
qnested to make payment, and all having demands
against the same will hand them in properly attested.
BENJAMIN WALDO, Ex'os
GEO. A. ADDISON.
Au g10 tf - 30
To the Stockholders of the Edgefeld Odd
Fellows' and Masonic Building Associa
GENTLEMEN: You will come forward and
pay to Jax. B. Sullivan, Treasurer, or A. Ramsey,
Agent, the Third instalment of 10 per cent. on your
Stock. A nd thoso who have given their Notes for
the First and Second Instalments, are earnestly re
quested to take then up, as *e need money to have
the work advanced. Please respond early.
A. G. TEAGUE, Pres't.
June 22 tf 22
A LL Persons having demands against the Estate
of Wnm. H. Adams, dee'd., are hereby notified
to present the same, properly attested,.for payment,
and those who are indebted to the Estate, are re
quested to make payment to
E. PENN, Adm'or.
Jan 24 f . 2
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
M. S. Martin, Ex'ors of
Robert Martin, dce'd.
vs. Billifor Accounts,4-c
N. H~anka&son and othersJ
IN Pursuance of the Order of Chian. WanDLaw
Lin this esuse, all and singular, the Creditors of
the D)efendant John M~arsh, claiming under the
assignment executed by the said John Marsh, when
admitted to the benefit of the insolvent Debtors Ac
count, arc hereby required to be and appear in,
mty Office on the nineteenth day of May next, to
nmako proof of their respective demands. In de-.
fault of which they will be excluded from all benefit
of the Deee to be pronounced in this cause.
A. SIMIKiNS, C. 3. B. D.,
Feb 21 3m 6
STATrEOF SOUJTH CAROLINA.
IN COMMON PLE AS.
James M4. Richardson, )
vs. '. Attachment.
Moses Saunders. )
James M. Richardson, --
Moses Saunders. -
IH-lE Plaintiff in the above canes having this day
..filed his declaration in my Office, and the Dei
fendant having neither wife nor Attorney known to
reside within the limits of this State, on whom copies
of said Declarations with rules to plead can be
served : On motion of Messrs. Spann & Magrath,
Plaintiff's Attorneys, Ordered that said Defendant
appear and plead to said Declarations within a year
and a day from the date hereof, or final and absolute
judgement wrill be given against him.
TUHOS. G. BACON, c. C. B. D.
Clerk's Office, Mar 6, 1855. lyq 8
State of South Carolina,
Amos Landrum and1
James Hatcher, Ad'rs.
vs. Billfer Relief, Iustruc
Bartley Hatcher, lions, d-c. -
John Hatcher, and
IT appearing to my satisfaction that John Hatcher,
.5Martin Phillips and blirvife Polly, Washington
Hardy and htis wife Elizabeth and - Thomas
daughter of John Thomas, riide beyond the limits
of thtis State, On motion of BoNmax &5 MAnaT,
Complainant's Solicitor, Ordered, That the said
Defendants do plead, answer or demur to the bill of
complaint in this ease, within three months Vrom
the date of the publication of this notioe,.or said bill
will be taken pro confesso against them.
A. SIMIKINS, C. E,. E. D.
Mar1, 1855. 13t 8S
State of South Carolina,
Coser Coe N EQUITY . ll
Coser& Cxeand & Bill in nature ofBit f
Abram Martin, Supplementand Reviver,
us. toe Marshal Assets, call iee
Lydia W. Crahtree. JCredits, 4.
I T appearing that the Dfendant Lydia W. Crab
tree resides without the limits of the State, On
motion by Mr. Carroll, Solicitor, Ordered thataid
Defrndant demur, plead or answer in this ease with
in three months -from the date of tbis Order, or the
said bill will be taken pro confesso aganst her.
-.A. SIMKIblS, c.-E. B. n5.
Feb 19, 1855. 3m ,6
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINAs
EDGEFIELD DISTRICT,- -
IN COMMON PLEAS..
F. C. Wood, )
us. Foreign Attachm..at.
Washington Stalnaker. -
T HEllaintiff in the above .stated ease, h
Tthis day filed his Declaration in my'
the Defendant having neither wife hor Atele
known to reside the within the limits of this Sli.
on whom copies of said:Deoaration with rules to
plead can, be served On motion of Mr. A
Plaintiff's Attorney,'rderedi that sagigendn
aa ayfoi the sa he rteo ndbou6
judgment will beT IO .n An hI c.l s
arch is15 5. 1q17 10