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LXTT!R No. III.
TiE PRACTICAL ISSUE.
in attempting .toset forth the practical conse
rdeces of tie success of this Order, the only
difiult I-can experienpe, is in securing atten
tion to 'danger which are involved. We have
been so, long blessed with internal tranquiltiy; so
alarge a proportion-of our fellor-citizens have
never had any other idea of internal dissension,
than sdeh as are 1erived from the contemplation
of it at'a distance , and the task is so difficult,t
and of rare. accomplishment,-to bring home to
ourselves the condition of others, and realize in
eurselves, the unhappiness to. which they maybe
doomed: that-he who attempts' to set forth'tlie
perils of certain-measures, begins with a convic
tion, that'to a great extent, his argument may
appear too highly colored ;'and even if not so
-considered, that its effect is by so much short of
what it should, be, as the inexperienced conjec
ture of, evil, falls short -o? its reality. Yet in
- this ease, t .will. be so easy to point out the evil
consbqnbes which. must ensue; and these con
seqgpences will so clearly appear to be, not only
of-a.pablio, but even 6f a private nature, that I
trust,I will-not fail, in awakening all who may
rea4this, to a just conception of the dangers,
that in the .operations of this Order, are at once
The first peculiAr feature'of this Order, is, that
it requires obedience to its Grand Council, under.
the.obligation of an oath : that this Grand Coun
cil isclothed with authority for the accomplish
moni of certain.political purposes; and that the
- nebomplishment'cf these purposes is to be ob
tain'ed through 'the selection of certain persons
. for certain offices; that this plan, conducted
thnronghout the United States with all possible
coert among the members of the 'Order in
the various States, must, or isidtended to result
. in the possession of the Government, and the
dontrol of itjor the purposes admitjad as hav
ing induced the formation of the Order. This
purpose, Imaintain, is at war with the-duties of
the citizen of the United States: at war with
the principles of our Government: at war with
the-Constitution of the.United States.
in the first #lace, the citizen of the United
%ttes owes his highest duty to his country, and
not to any party'orcique. And an organization.
which 'he-allows to assert paramount control over
him, so that for a purpose not sanctioned by the
Constitution of the United States, he shall yield
to-it implicit submission, is'hpstile to the duty he
owes his country, and hostile to the Constitu
Is the exclusion of the disqualifeation of the
nasturalized citizen, of the Roman Catholic, sanc
tioned 'by the Constitution? Show me the
clause !. So far from being there, its opposite is
there. All adpit, that under the provisions of
thit instrument, (and to its integrity and free
dou from. interpolation- or addition, no people
have been more strenuous than the people of
this State,) a citizen-naturalized, no matter what
may be his religion, is entitled to ady'office, ex
ceptthose.specially named, for which he may be
elected.. If then this Order, as it does, proposes
to'is members, that a citizen naturalized. or a
Roman Catholic, shall not be elected to office;
and having resolved this, swears its members to
the accomplishment.of this exclusion; is it-not
apparent-that a thing is done, or attempted to be
done, which is at war with- the Constitution of
the United.States; and- therefore with the duty
of the citizen7whose highest civil duty is to pro
tect that instrument ? But it is said that this,
which-is now condemned, is really nothing more
than what is done, and has been done, by the yo.
-litical paties which' have divided the country;,
'and that -the exclusion of the Whig or Demo
erazt, as-the case might be, when the one or the
other of these parties was in power, is the same,
uas tlie efetproduce~d by the reles of this Order.
Tfut4Jlo .difference is too pl::in to be mistaken.
- .Batb these parties.have been, and are, public
in.ail respeets.~ Their principles public; their
meetings .publie; their -measures public; their
. (men public. It could not be otherwise,,when
is no part or piarty organization in the United
States, held to be so obje~tionable and idle, as
that of the Caucus ::and I may add, so useless.
This oath, then, is the improvement, and to it
I now propose to~ -address myself. I deny that
any man, or set of men, have the right or power
to administer or take an oath, touching a matter
*which pertains to the discharge of7 a public duty,
unless aneci oath is prescribed by the constituted
ainthorities of the country, and administered by
*For .what purpose is the oath taken ? To con
secraite,.by the highest of human responsibilities,
certaien obedience to some rule, or the perform
ance of some duty. Who has the right to re
quirk it? The Sovereign, and no one else. Who
has the. right to administer it'? No one but the
delegate ifr that Sovereign.. And neither in the
- United States, nor inthe State, is it allowed that
'one shbuld administer an oath, without special
authority coniided for that-purpose. And if this
is so. in public -mitters of -ordinary impiort, how
much more must it be so, when the act or duty
is of a verj high publie character. This native
born eitize'n, unless on his acceptance of some
offipie or trusat, makes no oath preliminary to his
enjoym'ent of the right of citizeuship ; his birth
i-' held suffieierit to ensure his allegiance. The
oath,-then, so far as it is used to secure obedi.
enco-to the Government,-or enforce the perform.
a-ice of ~public duties. belongs to the Sovereign
authority,.and righitfully so. Common prudence
and c-ommon seuse, would. place it no where
. Now, although.the oath is not adminisleeted 'to
higm who isa native, yet itisfrom the oath which
- is administered toi the naturalized citizen,- that
we leiarfz what is thie duty ofrboth. .Unquestion
- ably i't is not held, that'a.different class of duties
- belong.to the naturalized cijizen atnd the native
born. Thle duty of.citizenship is one and' the
saime. In Romne it wa's, that the Commonwealth
should receive no..hurt. With us it is, to pre
serve, protect, nndbdefend the Constitution of
thec United States.. What is meant by preserv:
*ing, protecting, and. defending the Constitution
of the'United States? Is-it that one should
-omit from it, what lhe thinks wrong; or add to
it, what ho thinks judicious? Such a construe
'tioni is palpably wrong. It must mean, to pre
serve protect, apd-defend that instrument as it
is written. But if that instrument entitles one
and all to oertain privileges without reference
'to certain tests, is it consistent with that'instru
-ment to apply piertain tests,'in the enjoyment of
1such - privilegres under that instrument? Is. it
+consistent fdi- us to dis'charge our duties under
'the Constitution, in' a manner 'different from
-what is prescribed by' the Constitutiont Cer
talnly. not. Yet is-not this done, when, proceed
.ing to diischarge our duty under the Constitu
tion, we create certain tests to determine our
edaduct, -not sanctioned by the Constitution,
anid inded forbidden by 'it ? And if to secure
thi.necodiaplishment of this polidecal purpose, an
dath is administered; is net the oath, so admin
istered, an tisurpation 'of power' by Sim who
undertakes to administer it; and on' the part of
~him who takes it, does it not-involveor create a
conflict, bptween the obligation whieh the tak
ing-of it -crentes, and that obligation- trhich is
4ivolved on him by 'his citizenship, sa' the ex
>lanation of which is-found in the oeath of the
'stata-lzed citizen? -
s-Te responsibilities of a citizen ar atly
-.~to bet,.qnder God, to his .country.. 'hre
~14 responsibility -of the members 'ftis
-Toits Grand Council, or its constitu
te~u~ whatever its designation. Rend ita
~ QlSulan~tsrules, its pledges; and tefl-me
;:obi tt7'elate,s and in what do they all
centrd?' 'Graer,and nothing outsid'e of the
Oirf a nember fails in his duty, or what
-is so- lled, to the-Order, the sentence of ezpo
stre, degradationandenfhmy i$ deelared against
him. 4nd -hiq,.t6o, witha degree of puablicity,
and attended with aiheumitances, calculated to
trezte the strongestImpiressions soa Jis:mind,
'who may- be -thretteeteeltisdt. Who thus
napumes to goern? GTbhis .Order. Who .as
-sols'the right tao.pnnishT- ThiiO'rder,. T
~what Ondis-the government thsasswued
sflat'purposeS is ponishme6t-im'~d. ~o
Uee the imiplicit Qbiedienee of the-memiber, i
erfhs i- duties to. .thesvish
MeltoGrnd-Council. I ask, then is thes qpember
bound to the Governmer.t ,of.t4 United.Statpes,
or to thi. Order? We canjiot 6esitpte, however
it ma empiir of thi right to boedst af'indi
vidual independence, to acknowledge ihat many,
many men, having rashly undertaken the pledge
required by the Order, would rather in private
endure the conviction of having done wrong,
than undergo the sentence of being read out in
every Lodge in these United States, as a purju.
rer, and one with whom 'theve could be no faith.
Take the history of secret societies fg political
purposes, especially such as have declared in
themselves a power to punish for defection or
treason to them, and you will there find the evi
dence of a control. over their members acquired
through the fear of punishment, greater than
theveriest despot has ever known. And may' I
not add, that in the enforcement'of that punish
'ment, no human tribunals have ~eqialled them
in the merciless exactions they make, or the
terrible cruelty with -which they execute their
But another objection, not less important than
that just considered, is to be found in the fact,
that not only is the member, as.we have'seen,
withdrawn from his duty to the Sovereign, and
transferred to the control of the Grand Coun
cil; but by the rules of this Order, in the dis
cretion confided to him as to how far he will
admit a knowledge of membership, either in
himself or others, a control is attempted to be
exercised over the moral and religions obligation
which We all acknowledge to Truth, that cannot
be defended. And in this, top, appears the obli
gation of the member, clearly inconsistent with
the laws of the land. In tfie Court House he is
sworn to tell the truth-the whole truth-and
nothing but the truth. In the Lodgeshe .is
sworn not to reveal or disclose the secrets of
the Order; or the names of .his fellow members,
nor his own membership, if he shall consider it
for the interests of the Order not to do so. As
a witness, he must swear to speak the truth: as
a member of the Order, he must swear not to
disclose certain things, which, in a Court of
Justice he may be required to disclose. Which
of these oaths will he recognize? And if there
is a possibility that he may consider the oath to
his Order more binding, then does. the Order
stand before the country, as attempting, whether
-successfully or not, to pervert the truth; and in
that, to destroy the proper administration of
Justice, in the, constituted tribunals of the
country. I do not ask that any- one should con
sider this a certain consequence: I only ask that
he should consider it.possible; and then, if you
can reconcile the propriety of that position
which makes it possible, that a citizen, in the
discharge of his duty as a witness, in a Court
of Justice, may consider his obligation there to
speak the truth, inferior to the binding efficacy
of another obligation, undertaken in his Lodge,
to withhold or suppress the truth.
So far as I have understood the objects pro
posed by that, combination which existed here
some years ago, and was known as the Native
American Party. I consider that great injustice
is done, when this Order is said to be the same
as that. The principle of that Party was tht
extension of the Naturalization Laws. I do
not know that more than this was proposed,or
desired. Now the mere proposition to extend
the period of naturalization, is, I concede, a
matter of fair discussion.. It. was a subject of
fair discussion soma years ago, when the Law
was passed, by which it was fixed at five years:
it would be still a subject of fair discussion,
whether that period should be retained, or in
creased; and I am-prepared to do this justice to
the members of that Party, that I do not see
how, in the entertainment of their opinion, they
could.be consider'ed as hostile to the naturalized
citizen. I may not agree.. with them as.to tihe
i'ecessity for an alteration of the law; but,
whether they are right or wrong, hostility to the
naturalized citizen can no niore be piredicated'of
their opinions on the question of the Naturali
'nation Laws, than of their opinions on the Ta
riff, or a Bank. They proposed no test, certain
lf, of a religious character. They devised no
invidiouis distinctions between classes of citi
'zens- A conscientious conviction mightf very.
well lead a naturalized citizen to cdncur with
them, in the opinion they held, that the welfare
members of that Associatio.n gave not only pub
lication to their principles, butalso to the names
of their members. They did nothing in se
cret, for they hiad no purpose in seeret to
accomplish. What they proposed was not
for themselves, but for the country. Their
meetings were intenided to secure a public
measure, not to subserve a private purpose,
which, if made public, was certain of defeat;
and could only succeed under cover of secrecy..
I differod with them; but I believe that their
motives Iwere pure. and -hondirable; and their
conddct proved them superior to the apprehien.
sion of being in a minority.
They seemed to men then to have not suffi
ciently cdnsidered this matter; wvhich, however
iaas pertinent now, as it was then. They be
lieved that the facilities afiorded for naturaliza
tion were too great, and thlat the -acquisition of
citizenship at so easy a rate, diminished itsa value.
To enlarge the time of probation was then by'
.themn prdposed as a remedy. But it has never
occurred to those-who argue against the Natu
ralization Laws as they nowv stand, to eniquire
whether these laws are bad; or whether it is
the administration of them which is bad. If the
- making of a citizen is .held to be a high judicial
act-if the witnesses were to be produced in
open Court-it they felt that the same conse
quences would follow thre commission of perju
ry in that, as in any other casi--if the applicant
was made to see, and feel, ini the circumnstances
which surrounded him when he made his appli.
'ention, that the act he was about to undertake
was held to lbe of a solemn and imposing kind
-if he realized in all that hes saw arolind him,
the evidence of the change that lie was making
in his ownposition--in one word,'if the ceremo
ny of. citizenship was properly performed
would not the effect be widely different, from
that which results from the loose and unques
'tion'ed manner in which this imnportant duty is
performed? No oaths admiinistered in a Court,
are attended with so little of ceremony-so ut
terly divested of all impressiveness-as those
whieh-.are required- in the making of a. citizen.
And if it.is so, that the true obligations of citi
zenship are not appreciated, it would not be
surprising, thats one should lightly estimate a
distinction, which is so carelessly and uncere
moniously -conferred. But- reform all this-let
the Judge who presides while a citizen is made,
be felt by the applicant as a Judge should be
let the applicants realize that the oath is.no shal
low form, but in case of its being not truly
taken, that certain punishment will ensue, and
as a part of that punishment, infamous degrada
tion-and is it supposing too much,. when we
say, that if the Officer appointed,. to administer
the-Law, wohld thus indicate and maintain the
chardter of the Law, that the same scenes
would not be attempited, which we are told so
often are enacted? At least, -would it not be.
well t'o try what would be the effect of a whole-.
some adniinistration of. the Law, before the Law
is condeinned, as vicious>
- AM much greater i4ngth, than I intended when
I commenced these Letters, I have hieenled intl
this attempt to discuss the -objects..sand conse
quences of this Order. Afetr words more, wil[
suffice for all that I desire to say. I believe that'
this Order, into which, as wre are led- tolbelieve,
-so many of our fellow-citizens have bien unwit
'tingly. admittea,' is , but one of the, fo'rms, in.
which tis disturbed and disturbing elements in
'the Free soil States, for yeiirs past, have so
unceasingly exhibited themselves. That its
thirst for power, is sure to find in the turbid
streamn of. Abolition, thbe only means with which
to slakeit. That however, with its- siecious
petexts, it may for a time limpose on those who
give too free a reinto their prejudices;. or those
who, obedient to a ready impulse, yield them.
selves, it mayabe mistaltenly, and perhaps'hion
estly, to whatever is novei, and is asserted to be
good; enougli has been already developed, and
more will be certaidly developed, to convince
all, that its only end, its great oflice, is to be
discharged, in seciirity Tor some few that promo
tin, which, without this' aid, they. would atrive
for in vain. Let the'.tree he judwed of by its
fruits. Who have been selected .Ey thia Order
titoexponents, in places where: its power was
smreme,-and its choied,- there'foreguncontrolledi
! Gadiner, the Governor elect. of Maasachu
sea or Wilson, thie Senator,, or. auf ofq-e
nebrgf aogress fromi that State, entitled
sIor' Order ? If so, H eav'ep.'frbid,
ths teg.'b n' OrdeL where stieh men ~'are
vania, its exponents? -If so, let there be some
other help to Truth, Justice, and the Constitu.
tion, than is to be derived from what .they do,
or say, or write? They, profess to keep the
Slavery out of the Political contentions of the
day. Show me the.one who does not go for
the repeal of'the Kansas and Nebraska Bill
the restoration of the Missouri Compro nise
and the interdiction of another Slave State to
the Union? They go for the Virginia and Ken
tucky Resolutions. Show me the one of them,
who does not consider this a consolidated Gov
ernment, and who does not regard the principle
of State'Sovereignty as a chimera. They swear
to support the Constitution. But in the'places
where they swear mrost stoutly, Congress is
obliged to create new safeguards for the officers
in the discharge of their duties; and their jails,
and public places, are refused for the enforce.
ment of the laws - of the country. Penalties
visited on those who-undertake the risks of en
forcing the laws; and rewards "and hosannahs
to those who violate' them. Not indifferent to
the Law, but studiously regardless'of it; not so
much opposed to the Constitution, as the insti
tution of Slavery recognized in the Constitu
tion, and made part of it:, they have in the
Free States come- together, from all quarters, of
all shades of politics, animated and.- united by
one purpose-and that purpose, if evwi-accom
plished, ends in Revolution. The denial of one.
right existing by force of law,.leads only to the
denial of another: -the denial 'of.vested politi
cal rights, leads to the denial of vested legal
rights: the-challenge of the right to office,'pre
cedesthe challenge of the 'right of property;
the establishment of one aisqualification leads
to another: and thus at a glance may we dis
cover, the certain consequences of this Order,
which introduces itself to us'as the- harbinger
of peace and purity.
It denounces Party Organization: no organi
iation 'has ever been attempted, so thorough dnd.
despotic, as that which it exercises. It cuts off
the men who have done good service to the.
country, because of an allegation of selfish views
on their part: it substitutes men, whose elevation
shocks the sense of the Nation. It reprobates
what is called the corruptions of elections; it.
stimulates them-for its own purposes, and to
achieve its own success, to a degree never'be
fore'known. It professes to' lead us back to
the times of the Revolution, when civil and po
litical freedom, and religious toleration, were
established ; it gives. us a list of disqualifications,
soon to appear in the form of proscription; and
commends to the undeviating obedience of.its
faithful, the practice of the greatest intoleration.
Look to Boston.- See there its rapid stride.
There, where its power enables it to act without
the restraint, which, elsewhere,' a wholesome
presence suggests; see there, where the trusted
men of the land, Everett, Lawrence, and others,
in their quiet retreat, have been alarmed, at the
bold hands with which it has assailed the Judici
ary, in the attempted removal of Judge Loring,
and have entered their ' rotest against such prp
ceedings. And what was lis offence? He
dared to maintain the Constitution.' But in
whose favor? In favor of the rights of the
Southern Slaveholder. . This is his crime. For
this, he is to be removed. And yet we are' told
that this is a Party-,.to which the People of~ the
South should look with favor ! . That henceforth,
we must forget the respect with which we. have
regarded the men whose councils .have guided
us; and transfer it toathe new men whom this
Order prodaces: and the men who have battled
tor us, and fell victims3 to their devotion to the
Constitution, are to be still furthei- mutilated by
us, with- our own hands; andibhis is to be the
sacrifice we offer, to attest ouYr fitneis for the
.new Order. Verily, it will be a-fitting ceremo
ny, and will be by us worthiily-perfomed, whem
we submit ourselves to become the instruments,
with which their-suce~ss is-to be complete.. To
what condition :we of the South are to be led,
When we have by our oaths consolidated our
selves with this Order, is botter seen by the fol
lowing letter from Simo~n Cameron, in his can
vass for a -seat in the. -Senate of the United
maiy expect to be, a member of the Order.
The following is an authentic' copy of the let
ter of Sitnon Cameron, in reply to the letter of
J. M. Kirkpatrick. Esq., a member of the State
Legislature, from the city of Pittsbuirg, in regard
to which there has been much speeulktion in
H AILRISBUitG, Feb. 9, 1855.
DEAR Siit-I - have at 12 o'clock, received
your'letter of, this morninganreltoii
To your first interrogatory:
" Have you, ever, at any -time, been, or are
you now, or will you ever be, in favor of' the
so-called Kansas Nebraska bill, passed by Conm
gress at its last session 1" -.
Answer-From the day it was introduced in
the Senate to this time, I have been opposed to
the bill, noreshall I eve-r favor it.
2d. " Would you, if elected to the Senaute of
the United States, use aJI honorable and fair
means to efie?t' the reateration of the so-called
MIasouri Compromise, whicha was literally and
virtually abrogated by the passage of the afore
said Kansas-Nebraska bill.?"
in anawer-I would. -
3d. " Would you, if elected to ttio Senate of
the United States, use all honorable and fair
means in your power, to effect a repeal of what
is commonly known as the " Fugitive Slave
Answer-The 'passago' of the compromise
measures was acquiesced in by the.North, and I
had hoped the -questions growing out of it had
been settled ; but, as the South has been the first
to violate it, I hold the bill sbbject to revlsion,
and will act with tItc North apon this, and 'ol
questions connected with the subject of-slarery .-In
4th,' " Do you secocgnize the right of Con
gross, and if so, would you act upon spehi right,
and use your vote and 'influence to legislate for
all Territories nowv belonging or which may
hereafter be acquired by the United States, to
the utter and entire exclusion gf slarpry or invol
untary, servilude in said Terntories-?*
-My answer is that 1~ recogijize the right, anfd
would so legislate. ' - -
5th. " Would' you-oppose, by-all and every
honorable and fair means in your power, the ex
tension of slavery and ihvoluntary servitud.e over
Trerritory now free, or anywhere-or any tiine,.
now or hereafter, wherever or whenever 't may
be endeavored, by its friends, to introduce it I'"
For an answer tp this, I could readily refer to.
my Senat orial- course-especially my 'vote on the
Wilmot Provtso ; but that there may be no mrse
understanding, I emphatically answer in -the
6ih. " Would you at all times,-and upon all
occasions, protect and preserve inviolate in this
respect, as in all others,'the rights, immunities,
and privileges of the North,as guayantied to them
by our, constitution and 'laws, against any and all
encroachments of our sister States, comprising
and composing the Southern part of our niational
confederacy J" . .
Answer-A Northern man who' would not
protee'tand' preserve the rights of'the North, is'
unworthy of the respect of any honorable man,.
and. for those rights' I would battie until, the
'last,either inna pablic of private ation.
7th, "Are you .in favor. of,. and would you
vote; aet, and use yourinfluence in favor ef sudh -
a system..f public 'rate sand -duties a-would
most effectually, .anid beyonid all doubt, guard
our home industry and manufactures against
foreign competition and pauper labor I" ..
'Answer-My .principlps have always been imi
favor of the "4merican System;" I have never
doubted as' to what was the -trus policy of-the
country, an'd 1 answei- your 'intorrogatory ift ihn
airmative. ' - - ' ' --
8th. " Do you still, inmgthis respect; adhere 'to
and abide by the sentimeunts and:doctrines eon.
taned in the speech delivered, by. you in the
Seate of the United States, on the 19th day of
July, 1846 ?" --
Answer-I most certaifnly do.
9th.. "Do you recognize. the right pf on
ress to'legislate a'nd make r.ppropriatiqua for
theimprovement of our rivers and> harbors l'
. I-do recognize the right-geatly .deplore-t'he
Exetive vetoes on this subet, And 'wili-us.
everf mebans jn miy-powern or thet piass ige of.
bilfl. for the.imppivlmentpf thge rivers,apn4 hztr
1'oth. "'r yic oui'n avr of sueh a ohingid'itO
on.. notinn- laws, nistnirrirnd th the ntatnanhian
tion of- foreign citizens, as compel all of
them arriving in this country.'fter the passage
of such an Act, to remain'.. this country at
least.twenty-one years before being entitled to
the rights of suffrage as they ossess them,
and will you use your vote uence to ac
complish su . change4".
This, your last interrogato.answer in the
It :was noon when I recd your letter.
Visitors and: friends have- c ded my room
since -.commenced writing f' I should h'rave
written more in detail; Yoi paries were di
rect and to the point. Still trust regret that I
had not time .to. 4liborato , f-more fully.
" LIMO CAMERON.
- J.M. KIrBPATRICK, Esq. lHuse of Repre
Thisletter was. used in ,know Nothing
caucus to ipduce the friend David Wilmot
to support Cameron, and' ha n privately ex
hibited to the Whigs and.9 I _r.Nothings of
the Legislature, to satisfy .tleathat he agreed
with them upon their respectIve points and doe.
trines. It will be seen, that hegoes farther than.
even Seward himself upon th bolition question,
and thAt he is willing to'meet the Whigs and
.Enow Nothings on all the arises o.'their faith.
. And the following -R-esolt9n, adopted at
.Pittsburg, may be aptly' read lLonnection with
the letter: o s
"A large meeting of the of itsburg
was held on the 23d instant; i relation'to the
quesiionrof Senator, which, sout;;expressing
anypreference for either ef candidates pass.
ed-the following Resolution
Resolved That the- man sen for that sta
tion should be a statesman, ; not a mere poli.
4itian-that he should be a fresh from the
ranks of the pedple-clhd -i " erican raiment,
and not.in the cast-off ga ents of Whiggery
Resolved, That our-ropies tativea be earnest
ly requested :to support no man for United
.States Senator, who is not In favor of the fol
lowing measures:- . '
-1. A total.repeal ofourNasralizgon Laws,
or an extension of the term to twenty-one years,
with suck1 guards as may lid'niecessary to pre
vent the enormous -frauds now continually per
2. 'The repeal of all' ActsY Congress in any
way sustaining or recogniaiig' chattel slavery,
and the prohibition of. slavery in all territory
overwhich Congress has jurisdiction in this res
3. The eneouragement of domestic manu
factures, by sddh duties upbn foreign articles as
may be required to raise a- dent revenue to
sustain the Governmentsn ' enable it to per
form its duties to the people
' 4. Liberal appropriation sto the improvement
of our rivers and harbors.
5. A total prohibition o( the importation of
the criminals and paupers which the Old Worfd
is now:- omiting upon .dour'rhres.
Resoled, That we deeinit inexpedient to re
commend any one as the aan to be supported
by our Representatives;. but that we earnestly
request them to unite with'others in the hall of
the House, inathe electionjof a man,-such as we
have described, for the imha. t station so soon'
to be filled."
'If,'by the mere expec on of support from
its power, men of note andinark will .thus be
come pliant instruments in its hands; and, well
informed as to its darling purposes, will so rea
dily pledge themselves ".tact with the North,
upon all questions conneefed with the subject
of slaver-y;" to exerf, tiniselves for the " utter
and entire exclusion of slavery or involuntary
servitude in the Territories f'if from this Order,
candidates expecting favoipconfidently refer to
their votes-on the " Wild~ 'Proviso: and, by.
way ofimaking completegsgit ircle of mystifica
tion, and falsehood, andns tice, pledge them
serves to sustain the 'ih ,f the North, against
the encroachments o ti~ Southern S3tates ;
-(Heaven save the manrkit)'aurel~ some cheat has
been practised on meneothesouth; or some
.mnadness has seized theri ibefore. they can be
--1---at- 4Langmainmn with those .wt
of the results we have elffibited? -
I have not, I am sure, tolored too deeply, the
picture now presented of . the consequ'enees sof
this Order, whether considerid socially, morally,
or .politically.. ' Of all~ internal dangers, with
which we have been threatened, this is the most
serious. Personally, its provisions, -unless ex
tended, would never reach me. I am not a for
eigner; nor am I a Roman Catholic. But I am
ii Free-man. That I can only be, while the
land in whi'ch I live is free. And -that land is no
-longer free. when the Constitution is violated :
the privileges conferred by it, denied: the will
of an-irresponsible body made to supersede the
provisions of the Law: odious, and degrading,
because disqualifyinjr, disiinction created.: and
the principle and practice of Religious Tolera
tion repudiated and repealed.
DIABOLCAL. ATTEMPT TO PorsoN iN EN'iRE
WEDDinG PanR!Y IN YVBGINA..-We find dite
following letter, dated Emory~ and Heniry Col
lege, Washington county, Virginia, May 30, in
th~e Petersburg Express .of yesterday. If the
facts set forth are true, we have no language
sufficiently strong to express the deep horror we
feel in eontdiplating the fiend that could perpe
trite such a .crime. The letter states that, on
the evening~ of the 22d uIt., H. S. Kane, Esq.,
an ominent liwyer of -Seott county, and' Mis
'Sarah, daughter of Col. Andernon, were married
at the ma'nsion of the bride's rather. On. t1e
following eveniing a large company having as
sedibl'ed at the residence of the Kanes, at a late
.hourit-wa's. found that most of the party who
liad partaken of a lot of. custard were suffering
from the effects of somne deadly poison:'
There wei-e.so many affected that-the number
who escaped were; searcely able- to attend' to
theirsuftering-frienids, and the ffreates4 .terror
and consternation -prevailed. Two physicians
wereat the scene of distress and sulfering, as
soon as they could possibly attend, after being
sent for, and .pronounced the sick present all
pdisoned. Upon examining and' analy.zing the
'ustard, it was found to be'strongly imp- -nated
I have been unable to obtaid the names of
the.partiks, but r'egret to state, that at latest ae.
,eounts, sonme twenity or twenty-fiveo of t~hose
who partook of the poison, were not expected
to live.. The. foung and beautiful bride, was
among the number mos.t seriously affected.
As yet, my informant states, not one has been
suspected, the servants being all sick, as they
ad also eat freely of the poisoned .4deliency.
The greatest consteriation and excitement pre
vails in Scott and dle adjacent counties, and
persons. were too nmuch a overcome at the idea
of such- a wholesitle taking of humali life, to
institute any inves gtion, or' adopt nieans for
the detection of the -villians who perpetrated
this ltorrid.deed. -
- WEZ~ S~oxEN.-. foreign born correspon
det of the Pittsburg Christian Advocate makes
"I.have renoipapd', on my oath, citizenship in
all countries, and am I then to be denied In this?
Thie Arabs orihedIartars might refuse to ad-.
mieme to thir rights, but even their-sense of
-onor .would forbid them to -'thus- epsnmare
me. ..I ist b~ lost to every- countr,
aiM every cous~g, lQat to -me savo.that
country irher'e thrm of man cannott saw 'the
seajes of justicef ~I read my Biblein the lan
guage of Luther nd learned to be a Protestant;
and from my-BibM and Wesley I learned to be
a Methodigt.- N4 one; asks me to disbelieve the
Bible, because I cie from India; Protestantism
-because Wesley *as an' Englishman; No one
refues me a me bership in the church, because
I was born-a fore or. I cain join them in pails.
ingGod forHis vore, and' invoking His bless-'
ig on our count ; I can commune with -them
*at theosacrament bord; and yet,-..refusing me a
vote, they will. 4t their ballot,-.side by side,
with the vllest in ividual thsat ever disgraced the.
siI on which he7 b0Fn,
Goon AavIC. ard. against vanigy. Never
st It-ba a questi~~ whiether thi, or that opiinion
should. a1t-tratittntion to your person. Look
only for the evld e-.follow the light-and be..
content with~the ection, that -you have. deserv
ed, whethiei yeu ve-gained, or not, :ilhe appro
Batlonr' of jouir'f lowvs. Wisdom will eveniqal
If e justified o f all her-children. The triumphs
ofT vanity are slidrt-tholse 'f truth everlatig.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
EDGErIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1855.
. w Several advertisements, communications and
dbituary notices have been crowded out this week.
They will all appear in their proper places in our next
ATTENTION is directed to the invitation given by
the Hamburg'Lodge of Masons to their brethren " of
the same faith and order" in this District and in Au
gusta. It evinces at once the cordiality of the true
Mason and the courtesy of the polite citizen; and we
recommend all interested to accept the proffered invi
tation in the spirit which dictated it.
EDITORIAL OF COLTER r SCOOTER.
Wz are-a little too deep in the grass this week for
any editorial this issue; but if we ever do get out,
we'll keep out if we can, and let 'our readers know
how we did get out-that is, in time for next year's
"C iLEBlS"-41t SEARCH 0' A WIlE I
WE have pleasure In presenting to our readers a
very nice-and agreeable letter from the little -city of
Augusta, by an intelligent writer who signs himself
" CarLass." Such a favor from such a source is
highly appreciated. Will not our accomplished and
spirited correspondent repeat the kindness during his
absence I If he be really "in search of a wife," as
we conjecturally suggest in the caption, perhaps his
peregrinations will continue-to classic Athens, it
may be, or Sparta, or some such charmed spot-be.
fore 'the fai'Georgian of his heart shall be found. An
account of these ramblings would be delightful; and,
if they are-enacted, we -claim the way-side dottings.
, In the present letter of " Crr.zes," will be found
an admirable sketch of the Georg'a Supreme Court, a
life-picture of STEruENS, &c., &c., to all of which we
invite especial attention.
A FINE iness'of this delicious vegetable has fallen
to our share through the kindness of: a friend. We
are much obliged, and hope for his garden- as abun
dant a supply of the latter rains as it appears to have
received of the early. More than this, as he is in his
second year of regular house-keeping, we wish for
him a good garden for the next twenty at least. Some
of us have kept house long enough to believe that a
well-managed vegetable garden is.more than half the
battle in' the business of the 'cuisine.'-By-the-bye,
we think COLTR .& ScooTEa might broach this
theme-a little oftener. That they may be encouraged
to do.so, we will send them the fresh shucks off of
that corn we are writing about. (The ears we posi
tively cannot spare.) Accept -them, outsiders, and,
having snuffed up their fresh smell until you are fully
reminded of the plump-grained fruit they erst en.
veloped, give us a good article on the subject.
THEM FLOWERS, OH I
THAT inky personage, who imagines (and not with,
out foundation) that he is a very important member of
the " Advertiser" corps, claims a place for the follow.
ing product of the old up-stairs machine. It was
grinded out in honor. of a mammoth boquet sent to the
.young 'un by some of the pretty lasses about town:
"-Such liowers,-by the powers, never before wern
seen-so finely fixed and graceflully mixed with whiti
arid red-and green!
*If all the jpople could see-that steeple of Palmett
blooms and Roses, they'd envy the wight who bek.
the right to such a mountain of posies.
Ah! sweetest maid, dont b's afraid to send sucl
favors often; their chtarming smell (which I love a<
well) the hardest hearten would soften. And not
pray hear, my dearest dear, your own true Ioverswea
that he adores you--and hereby implores you to senc
hiia luck or your hair."
"LOOK OUT--THE RIDERS ARE UP 2"
THtUs writes'to us a friend from above who has ac
surveyors on the Aiken and Nine
intelligence as he wsas by the apparition. From whsa
he says however, we judge that poor old -Edgeliel<
Village is to have no place in this picture ttnder ari
circurhetanp'es. Thie Greenville & Columbia- Compa
ny will doubtless go on with their survey, locate th
s'road and build it in a styli that shall captivate al
beholders. But to our Tinygn it will stand in prett
much the same light that the hoe-cake did to the ho
who had no part nor lot in all its smoking attractioru
" That's a mighty good hoe-cake," said he, eyein
the plump pone with wistful gaze, " but its nothingt
Well, so let it be. We are not' prevented by thm
circumstance of our Village's exclusion, from wishin
the enterprise speedy completion .and entire muccess
It will be a benefit of no little importance to a larg
and esteemed portion of our District, and we heartil
sejoige with them in-the prospect. In the meantime
the Savannah, Valley Company'- remains as the onl:
stay and hope of the Court House people.. Let ther
grab it desperately and make It theirs, or bald a rca<
of their own to Aiken, or, else, if ii pleaseth then
better, sit dowen upon the stool of do nothing forever
Time is wasted in penning another word on the sub
As the information'from " up ahead" will prove in
teresting to many of our readers, we append the lettel
alluded to and for which we are much indebted t<
our friend, the writer:'
- - DONA LDvir.LE, June 15, 1855.
. 'Dzka Co.oNE:-" Look Oust." The riders are
up.--Clear the track.
In coming from home to-day, I met the surveyors ori
th~e -routs from this (Greejrville & Columbia) Road t<
Aiken. I understood - they corfmenced . theii' sutrve)
between New Market and Greenwood. They were
to-day in the plantation of Mr. JouNe PAa-rrow,-jr.
on the Anderson Road, some- three- miles above Mr.
W. N. Moona's. . - - ,
The Engineer is Mr. .W At.xta, trte same' who re.
.igned his place as resident Architect of the State
House. Mr. Piaa'row inforrpe~d me that he coold
hardly touch any point nearer Edgefield than 6 or I
miles, say about MAacitANTs.- Mr. P. did not seern
to like the location well so far. He was of opinior
.that by divergig more to the right before reaching hi.
house, he colr have lhad a botto. and more practica
bId route, nd. one that would haye-taken him by cr
riear Edgefield, and had so contended wvith Mtr. WAL
sa, but Mr: W. said it might be surveyed and resur
veyed from time to time, and the route he was Ipor
would, prove decide aly preferable. -
I thought as y'ou were upon the watch tower,I would]
give you th's tituely notice to " Look out."
a . . .
KING'S MOUNTAIN CELEBR ATION.
THE people of Chester, York, Union and Spartan
burg are making preparations for a gran d celebratior
of the anniversary of the battle of King's Mountain.
It is to be carried out orn thte- very spot where that glo
rious action occurred. -The citizens of South Caroline
generally, and indeed of several other States, are
earnestly requested to participate; and,from Carclin
ians, any contribution to the means ofdischarging thi
exj enses oif the occaaion will be most thankfully re
eived. Should any of our readers feel disposed to
exercise-their libe.rality in the matter, they, will ascer
tain the proper, persons to whom their favors should
be enclosed hy referring to certain ."Proceedigs"
which we pbblish this week. -These p'roceedings are
is1o pointed to as. expressing the object and spirit. of
the proposed celebration. - I will be. seen that two
distingqished gentlemen have been appointed orators
o the day.; and we doubt not that every thing will be
"inskeeping witli th'e high rank of the anniverfary. We
ay "high rank,'" and perhaps we might add that 'it
occupies, in one point of view, the very foremost place
among our Revolutionary battle fields. We allude to
the fac) of Its havinig been the turning' point, as It
were, in our struggle for Independence. In the dark
est hour of that struggle, as our 4th of July orations
used to run-when for more than two years we had
met with a succoession of failures an'd dreadful surer
ing-when our liutle army was reduced-untilyou might
trace -them by their trickling blood as they went
Vginia invaded-New York taken--Itew Jersey the
enemy'd country-GeorgIa and almost the- whole of
South Carolina-'overrun-when there was none. viho
did not fedl therglbom of dispondency--when indeed
te hopes of the people were prostrated and the pall of
despair spread over us-from what quarter did glad
tidings first break In upon the contry I A voice of
victory was heard along tihe sides'of King's Mountain.
It wsthe voice~of the bold men.,of Virginia-and the
Carolinas. And'the glittrering of their bayonets and
the flash of' thstr guns were thie (firt' lights that arose
to cheer thebrokenheerled liatrjot. Fr-om'that'dsy we
boqered, entil: British poner 'was -foreve'rvang'ulst:
To celebrate the anniversary of so memorable an
event, is the privilege, not to say the duty of us all;
and we trust that this frst occasion of its exercise will
be crowned with complete success. Let those of us,
who can, make it a point to meet and unite with our
spirited fellow-citizens in calling up the bright reminis
cences of old King's Mountain.
As the evidences accumulate that a separation be.
tween the Northern and Southern Divisions of the
American confederacy is at hand, it becomes the good
citizens of either sdbtion to counsel among themselves
upon the best mode of realizing that consummation.
If at be found that there are reckless factionists across
the border, who, by the fanatic complexion of their
principles of - action, shall incapacitate the North
from dealing with this momentous issue in the calm
spirit of soberness and wisdom, yet, in the name of
Patriotism, let no such disability be permitted to dark
en the fair fame of the people of the South. Fortu
nate for us, that the very Domestic Instiation which
is making this separation a-political necessity is, in its
nature and essence, antagonistic to those deceitful in
novations and groundless irns which are at this mo.
ment so fatally active in the Free Statesof the Union.
Fortunate for un, that our education as a people has
been formed under the benign influence of Household
Gods whose breath, while it warmed our love of liber
ty, has also purged the garner of -those diversified seeds
of political heresy which have elsewhere been sown
broadcast. in society. Fortunate for us, that while
others have thought it no. saoaril-ge to defy the noble
Constitution of 'our country, we are still drawn by the
power of fillial piety and tevolutlonary memories to
love the hands that framed it, and to esteem it, thro'
weal and thro' woe, thro' evil and thro' good report,
the Magna Charta of our rights. And being thus for
tunate, how weighty the responsibilty which demands
of us in the great political changes that approach, the
.careful and constant exercise of those political virtues
which Providence seems indeed to have fostered lit our
midst for some great purpose. This purpose may be
(whd can unrarvel His ways!) the upholding and fur
therance of the cause of rational liberty in the very
crisis of American affairs which now seems unavoida
ble. The view is neither unworthy the Christian
nor the Statesman. And while that chivalry of spir
it,-whichis wont to fire the blood of Southerners in
every political struggle, deserves at this juncturea de
gree of encouragement and commendation commensu
rate with its generous cast, yet should it not be forgot
ten by as that Wisdom alone is the true guide of Na.
tions in great emergencies.
We have been led to these reflections by the read.
ing of a most impressive communication, just receiv
ed, upon the subject expressed in our caption. Al.
though this communication was not shaped and mould
ed for the Press, it is yet of a kind which we would
not feel justified in withholding from the country. The
writer.is a Southerner, who, by age, experience and
ability, occupies a place in the very front rank of the
.present actors on the arena of American politics. He
is one, besides, who, by.reason of the fairness andilib
erality of his sentiments and opinions, is perhaps less
obnoxious to the prejudices of the hour than any Sou
thern politician now before the country. We there.
fore respectfully and confidently ask the attention of
the Southern people to the following extracts from the
letter before us, indicating as they do with a' the
force of sincere conviction what the distinguished wri.
ter believes to be the true policy of the South and the
ends to be 'desired by her in the future:
"I think any thing, short of a separation of these
States, a palliative remedy for the disease in the-bod
politic, not to be adopted by the Southern portion of
our'once Constatutiona Confederacy. We must lool
Ito a separation. The proces by which it is to beesf
fectedl is one of deep concern to all who occupy the
places, in which are involved the trusts of Statesmen.
For, as Mr. CALHnOUN said some months before his
death," "the man does not live wvho can .foresee the
consequences of a dissolution of the Union ;" and yel
to add Mr. C.'s own qualification, " with all its per
ils it is better than a voluntary 'degraationt of one
portion of the confederation." - -
"We are living untder the form ofa common Conf'ed.
eracy ; but, in fact, there are two confederacies doing
their political business by the ogency of one Cogress
tCongress, untler the name of -a eocay~?
straint but that of legislative discretion. It is a deino
-" If my opinion could prevail, this despotism, unde
the delusive name of democracy, would not last long
er than prudent .arrangements could be made-to efreel
a proper separatio'n. In some respects, time must con,
Vtribute to make the channel through~ which everits ar
to flow. That channel, however, ought to be cut will
[the intelligence of a skilful engineer; and the Press,]
Ssuppiose, may at least perform the indicatory part oa
the engineer.-With the convictions on my minc
which you may readily infer from 'what I I ave said
I [give you the skeleton of the government which we
must endeavor to adopt:
" This way of talking-so common-that the Souti
should resist Northern aggression in the spirit thatoun
ancestors resisted' the Stamp Act and the tax on tea
is out of place in relation to our duty in the crisis tc
Iwhich events na carryingus. The word'"'resistyncee
Idoes not properly belong to the nomenclature of the
occasion. The South must make arrangements fora
peaceful separation ; and in regard to commerce,se
'must assume the original jurisdiction over its regula.
tions which she has parted with and given up to the
.Northern section of the Confederacy."
" I do not wish to see the separation, which I have
indicated, effected through anardhy and revolution
Such a process might suit desperate men ; but it would
notbe becoming the age or the responsible duty-which
history and events have' devolved on us. I think,
then, that when the two sections separate (and separ
ate they mustjy arrangements should be made to pre
Perve somethinag like a UNION of the Confederasles b
a Conjunctive Oongress with perhaps something more
than inere edvisory powers. Of course I canot now
say what powers such a Congress should have. But
I will siay that each Confederacy should have a sop
arats organization with the - power of meaking or re
commending reciprocity regulations."
*" I know what will be said in reply to these views
-that the same distemliers will afreect the separate
Confederacies which pervade the existant one. To
some extent this would perhaps be true. 'Virginia, for
instance, might asuwue to govern. Without going in
to' any argumeit, I may here say that It is demonstra
ble that she would have'every interest to be a close
ally of the Cotton States. For Kentucky would be
her great rival arid our greatest friepd. God. made
Kentuidky for the South ; and if she had wisdom, she
could lead. But man, ambitions' man, has interposed
to sow the seeds of separation."
"JIam writing freely-and you will'understand that
many things I say will admit of qualification."
," As regards the new Confederacy of the South, I
-think every State should have a President in .due
turn, and that no State should under any circumstan
cee be accommodated in the way of an exception to
thnis regulation. I would be perfectly willing to say,
let the first President come from'Virginia, the second
from North Caroling, the third from South Carolina,
the fourth from Georgia, and so on. Or let Fortune
decide by her mysticalilot." '
(" As a separation is to sake place; I ask you, as -a
public journalist, to treat thesubject with iairds and
wisdom. I ask you to think of these matters.")
" One thing would be certain froem thevissoIhaye
just suggested : Every .State would be. the nursery of
Satesmen. For e'aci? one would 'have to present'her
cleverest men forthe judgment of tho other States;
and,'depend upon it, where fifteen States have to form
a judgmient on the relative merits ofte aotebding.
aspirants of any one State, it would lie a judgment.on
hevirtues and attainmente of the contestants, and the
successful candidate would entem' upon the-perfor'a
ance of his ftunctions'under higher sanctions than that
of mere political expediency. It would :be, as all
eveits, a much higher and mpre respected judgment
thn. that'which emenates from Conventions, or thtan
that which is forged in seoret societie.." . -
~" Ihl concilude withash'npladeclatidn: Iwtant
no honor on earth ; and, whatever chages may talke
place; I propose to myself retirement."
The individual, fo whom the cominunicatIon froer
which theseeyracts are made isaddreased, has only a
word or two to say in regard to it. The reader will
perceive that it purparts'to glance only at smnost ita
portant question. Nbthing else, we areasure, was'tlie
des~i the writer. .If we'havd-transcended his per
misin'in thus' givirji it putblicity,- the apology I! to
be foiund in an'iarnant desire on otupatto siemeverj
goo portunity of adtnoing tlte dreal-of she-Southi
and the best.-interests of bureosummon bountry.- The
tone and tendency of the views setiorth above tsuks
us as being fraught with much that will awaien re
Bection and arouse us all to prepaation fora coming
event whicb is to prove the trial point M our destiny.
We only remark, in conclusion, that the request
made'of us as a 'public journalist will be heeded, as
its own grave character and theaminenceofbur high
ly respected correspondent alike demand. . Out breth
ren of the press throughout the South would do well
to mark it down upon their tablets, to be referred to
as a monitor in the troublous times that await us.
. COPZIaENTS THAT WE LIKE.
Tat Spattanburg Express, in noticing the presedc
in that village of Hon. F. W. Picxkus, and Chancel
lor WAnDLAW, very handsomely paragraphs eich of
those gentlemen. In Edgefield, where these compli,
menu are~known and felt to be eminently just and de
serving, the remarks of the Express will be giatefully
received. Read them:
HoN. F. W. Prciaxs.-.This distinguished. geet
man paid our Town a visit.oslast Eridayand remain"
ed a few days. Though in person he is a stranget i
many yet in character he is familiarly known to u
all. Pew men in the Southerp eountryoecnpv a mors'
exalted position as a retired statesman, than rPicli .
ens. No man in our State, and few in our UnionWE#
reckon, of an equal term of service in :politicaLifd-.
ever carved a higher niche in the estimation of the
Democratic party. He is said to have bein-one 6f'the
best and most el'ective popular }peakers in the Union1
being scarcely inferior In eloquence to Win. C.'Pies.
ton. For several years, however he hasarefrained
from taking any active rt in politics. .He was caw*
ed by the citizens of Egeleld to a seat in the Cpn.'
ventson of 1852, in which body, as a pnberaef- tpd
Committee of'twenty-one, he won great credit for"ttis
Statesman-like manner in which he succeeded .fT
calming and bringing into harmony theangryelements
that underlaid the, convention. Among oteY distit
guished.ofices he has refused since his retirement *as
a mission to England, tendered him.by President Polk,
at a time when our relations with the British Govern
ment were in an exceeding ly critical condition.
CrANCELLOa WarDLAW.-Thiidistinguished Jurist
and scholar, another of " Old Edgeleld's" sons, sat
present a sojourner in our town. He is the Chancel
or presiding in the Court of Equity for this District,
now sitting. His presence is warmly greeted -by the
members-of -the liar, and all whose pleasure and pri
vilege it is to claim his acquaintance.' Channellor
Wardlaw is the youngest Chancellor now, on the
Bench, but the leading members of the bar say be is -
equal in ability toenyoftthem. Chancellor Wardlaw
and dge Wardlaw are brothers, and were disin- .
guish in youth -for their tilente, both having been
lrst honor-men of the-South Carolina College. .
" Old Edgefield" has of late been rather tautited it
not having a.Railroad ; but she -can smile =at 'suoh
taunts so long as she has such tons as Wardlaw, But
ler, Pickens, and Brooks, to whom she can point and -
say with the mother of the Gracchl-.".tltdre are.:s
jewells. - . -
SUSTTITE FOR 'AN ORGAN.
As some of our churches ard considering the progi
ety of adding the Organ to theirappartenances of ar.
ship, we commend to their attentien the followingno=
ties of a new-instrument which, while quite economi.
cal; yet promises to subserve-an admirable purpose in
the cause of ChuFh Music. We quote fropthe"New
York Musical Review:a
Messrs. Mason & Hamlin, the nielodeon manufac
cures in Boston, have perfected,and commenced the
manufacture of their new instrument, the Organ Bar
monium, which has occupied a-large portion of their a"
attention for a long time. It is a complete success, r.
and is destined, we predict, to very extensive use. In
some respects this instrument iq similarao theeelebra
ted Harmonimus of Alexandre & .Qebain- of Pans
though it greatly excels them. in qualiotypObt i f
the variety of effiets of which it is cipshY. weie'Oe.
gan Harmonium has the power an4-varl 6f
thousand-dollar chbrch organ, whileit it' mote
portable, less liable to get out of order, e 0lis-to be
furnished, we believe, for about $350:.. We can con
fdynly recommend this Instrugment as preferable to
anorgan of double its cost It is- the thing for
small chdrches, vestries,.etc.- At teperformtance of
IL.'Doustore in Boston, this instrumeniwusikwlh
- -For the-Advertise"
AUGUSTA, Ga. Jdne 16, 1955.
AggukoTheCity Ifull-Georgia Supremea
Cor-h Judgea-ThApelo Keener
Horn. A. H. Stephees-Old sckehru, 4.c.
.Mr DEAa CoL..-4 have been in thlis beanttfif'
town for nearly a week, occupied 'with law, politie
and the. ladies; and have become suddenly seiped
with a "caeaethkeasiribenad," whichJ~a ere
.restrain.. Ilamrmore than half tempted to sendyou ~
a ,yough: sketok or sone things I have seen and
want facts or sentiment ? love ~or polities? I feel
vpry strongly inclined to the trivial and the dreamjy.
rBy my life, I believe 1 am becomiug very niuch ofa .
sen'timentallst. Be not .surprised at this; for you
can well imagine/how one, posessing slightly tlte
poetic temperament, surrounded by music and'the
a"lovely fair,"~ and imbibing occasional drauggts at
Ithose 'cool,' delicious founts that tempt .one'along
Broad-street; might have the poetry of his nature
stirred within hint, and be 'rged to indulge'in those
wild vagaries of thought and mniment, that over-.
step a little the bounds of a.nuetared prudence. Be
not'lamed, however ; I am not going to inflict up
on you any of my aentimirental rhapsodies.
Do you wish to have a peep-baton Georgia Court
of Justice ? Follow .me, then, to that beautifal
grove on Greene-street, in whioh is situated the City
Hall. You haie been there, of coarse-in itsad
all about.it, Is it not a-charming stpot ? 'With its
gravelled walks, its green award, and deep refrsht
ing shude, you might,.ih no great stretch oftthe '
fancy, deent it a very grotto, ih, amid theovary.
ing' shndows of a mellow moon-light,' might have
-charmed the wanton nymnphs of'Calypso beelf.
There the Supreme Court -of Georgia, or as we
would say in So~l-Carolina, the Court of Appeiis,
he. been in session this week. .-This Court,gAs o
are awarc, consists of thi'ee Judges, elected by the.
Georgia L~egisilature every six yearis, with a salay .
eaeli of $2,500.- It sits at nine places in th'e States
and occupies.the Judges in. niearly every montha .t
the year, either In the active.duties'if thpir dieebo.
in wvriting their . opinions. Considering. theitetrn
and the salary, how inadequitely are they-liaidl Th.
able men who now adorn the Georgia Supreme
Bench, -deserve, in my humble judgment, twide the*
pay they get; and were they elected-a during-good
behavior," Georgia 'would derije from her Judii,
'arydafter all, the greet .budwark of the righ.tsand
liberties of her citizcna)'more real glory and prou.
perity, ihan~ from the effortaiof all lier inojst brilliant
politicians put-together.' besides, where there are
great .'udgee,'there wIll, in time~to be greet Statns *
'The S4preme Bench'is at present 611ed by Judg,
es Luarr,Juaxzs.and Barnsrw. she' former,
who he. been upon tho Bench since it was establish
ed, is imposing in'his y:Reona appearance.4me
im stature';som'ewhati ramive-bwith a fine-hegd
and face, pad a echarming iol6b. -His -mnanier ih
bland and agreeable.: his oratory easy,-coplqus and'
persuasive. He might,'without Injusti'ce, bedeme.
ed the Judge 'O'Na of Georgia--b'eis a Jedee,
n orator,a reformer, and a vety astimableinmsa
his administration of justice, he sees' igaid~t
abate from the rigidity of the tephuicul teles'eairt.
and t'o'triko in the inostBireot'manner at~be sub.
stantial justice ol' the ease berore ' . This is a
good -precept, it' Pfacti'sed 4wh disormisatin
though hightly dangerde1l0n35 'ey dph'
Judge STaRIas, whbot's I asi informed,1lSar
lieved the qenerer -datIs of the-Lawfer-ad''t
Judge by a study*i the lib~ril arts; fills his 1ostj:
with ability, learning and great diligence. .Aplinjl'
it is .said, were seldomt tliken fren~ his doofsians1
while he wes Cirogit [use,and Iret takerae
1y reversed.; 'on the Supreme Beneh, he. evla
considers withnhore and scorching..ansl
points'brought before him. In delivering bspap
'ions, ore tese, ,his -style 'Is'corret, cd anal
sententious;:-he is~not 'int,.bu'-ford1lp.
Judge Basitois only4but fos4onsyggg
age ; tall, youthfulin hls appe4reo,4rbyqojent
aspect, very'modest. anuduuabhming. - Es)ss.e
been agreat while on thy.Suee dh,'rt long
enoughtoestabl'ei~ a. obre~ophp e .
ieya~saJudg, 4fIt~ a intl
let,eand is~a.1 dll u,-.4diuur '1n~.the
case of-Pdlfosoier' 4-G o. ,
Rep., hehw nido
i besmkaneld-tgutorit5161 'b of -edis