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THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PBLISEnD EEVRY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. DVEISOE & SON, Proprietors.
Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Twc
DoLLr.Aas and FITry CENTS if not paid within siu
months-and Tnaa DOLLARS if not paid before thi
expiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
ly limited at the time of subscribing, will be consider
ed as made for an indefinite'period, and will be coan
tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option o
the Publisher. Subscriptions from other States muse
INVARIARLY be accompanied with the cash or refer
ence to some one known to us.
ADVsaRTsaxzwrs will be conspicuously inserted al
75cents.per Square (12 lines or less) for the first in
'ertion;'and 371 cents fbr each subsequent insertion
When only published Monthly or. Quarterly $1 i
square will becharged. AUAdverti-nfntenotha
the desired number of insertions marked on the mar
gin, will be continued until forbid and charged ac
Those desiring to advertise by the year can doso or
liberal,terms-it being distinctly understood that con.
tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme
diate; legitimate business of the firm or individua
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be pai
for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, it
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to b
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
INCIDENT INTHE HISTORY OF NORTH CAlLItNA
At the late commencement of the Universitl
of North Carolina an address before the literary
societies was delivered by George Davis, of
Wilmington. His theme was, " The Earl;
Times and Men of the Lower Cape Fear." The
speaker recited, during the.course of his oration
the following thrilling and ever memorable inci
dent in the history of the Old North State. It
speaking of the position of North Carolina it
the great struggle for American freedom, h
In the first of the year 1766, the sloop of wai
Dilligence arrived in the Cape Fear, bringing
the stamps. Now, look what shall happen
She floats as gaily up the river as though she
came on an errand of grace, with sails all set
and the cross of St. George flaunting speak
her cannon frowning upon the rebellious littli
town of Brunswick, as she yawns to her anchor
People of Cape Fear, the issue is before you
The paw of the lion is on your heads-the ter
rible lion of England ! Will you crouch sub
missively, or redeem the honor that was pledgei
for you? You have spoken brave words aboul
the rights of the people-have ye acts as brave
Ah! gentlemen, there were men in North Car.
lina in those days.
Scarcely had the stamp ship crossed the bar
when Colonel Waddell was watching her fron
the shore. He sent a messenger to Wilmingtor
to his friend Colonel Ashe. As she rounded tc
her anchor, opposite the Custon House al
Brunswick, they-appeared upon the shore, with
two companies of friends and gallant yeomen al
their backs. Beware, John Ashe!-Hugh Wad.
dell, take heedA Consider well, brave gentlemen
the perilous issue you dare! Remember that
armed resistance to the King's authority is trea.
son! In his palace, at Wilmington the " Woll
#of Carolina" is already chafing against you;
and know you not that yonder, across the water,
England still keeps the Tower, the Traitor's
Gate, the scaffold and the axe I Full well they
They have set their lives upon the cast,
And now must stand the hazard of the die.
By threats of violence they intimidated the
commander of the sloop, and he promises not to
land his stamps. They sieze the vessel's boat
and hoisting a mast and flag, mount it upon a
cart and march in triumph to Wilmington. Up.
on their arrival the 'town is illuminated. Next
day, with Colonel Ashe at their head, the people
go in crowds to the Governor's house, and de.
mand of him Jamnes Houston, the stamp master,
Upon his refusal to deliver him up forthwith,
they set about to burn his houso above hir
head. Terrified, the Governor at length com.
plies, and Houston is conducted to the market
house, where, in the presence of the assembled
people, ho is made to take the solemn oath nov.
er to execute the duties .of his office. Three
glad hurrabs ring. through the old market house
and the stamp act falls stillborn in North Caroll.
us. [Cheers] And this was more than'ten yeari
before the Deelaration of Independence, nn
before the Battle of Lexington, and nearly
ieight before the Boston Tea Party. The de
struction of the tea was done in the night by
men in disguise, and. history blazons t, and
New England boasts of ir, and the fame of ii
is~ world-wide. But this other act, more gallani
and'daring, done in open day by well knowi
men, with arms in their hands and under the
King's fing-who remembers or who tells of it
When will history do justice to North-Carolina1
Never, till some faithful and loving son of he,
own shall gird his lions to the task with un.
wearied industry and ulanhing devotion to the
honor of his dear old mother.
COLONIZATION OF KANSAS.
*The Rev. Mr. Starr delivered a lecture in
New York last week, upon the subject of the
Colonization of Kansas. lie was somewhat
severe upon the Bostonians for the loud preten.
tions! made respecting the funds to be raised
and the men to be sent to people Kansas Term
tory; and in connection with his remarks there.
upon, gave some rather happy delineations of
" The instant the Kansas.Nebraska bill passed
last year, we had a great demonstration made
at Boston, and they said were going to raise a
capital of $5,000,000 to send 20,000 men of
grit and pluck to Kan'sas. I don't know what
bas become of the S5,000,000. But when they
talked- about $5,000,009 and 20,000 men, that
sounded large to ~the people in the State ol
Missouri, wh'ich is a slave State, and men who
did'nt want to have their property depreciate 25
per cent. or so in the course of a couple of
years, took alarm at all this big talk-which, by
the way, did'nt mean anything-was nothmng
but gas. That.kind of talk led the State o1
Missouri to say: "Who's going to take that
Kansas? If they've got $5,000,000 we've got
$50,000,000. There's one thing at any rate we
can do-we enn out bully them and out fight
- them." For they all have the idea that oe
Southern, man can whip fifteen Northerns.
have friends there who have just this ides, that
a Northerner can't fight, don't know how to
fight, has'nt got any blood in him to fight, and
that one Southerner is equal to fifteen North,
,erncrs at any time in any thing. -
People at the North all-the while talk aboul
Southern chivalry as though: there was not any
there; they think that when they come to talli
right up to a Southerner he will come down
At the South they say the Northerners do noth.
- ng but gas all the while. Now, to my mind
theyare both badly mistaken. In the Soutl
there is an 'utter recklessness about which .wi
*kno'nothing at the North; they are diway.
ready to fight at the drop of a hat. They hac
just as lief die about a sixpence as about a mil
lion of dollars when their blood is up. Here a
*the North. are of a different temperament. Ii
the South, tell a man he lies and' say, " I wan
an apology or I'll kiII you," and he is taught t<
keep excited until he will kill you. Here at tha
North, tell a man he lies and he is very muel
obliged to you, but until you prove it, is merel:
an assertion. I suppose men. North can figh
just as well as men South, but when the Norti
think the South have got no pluck they are jus
as badly mistaken. s-The Northerner fights fror
a feeling of duty, the Southerner from excite
SLAVS ARRESTED.-Three negro men, at
tempting to make their escape from .the- servie
of their masters, were arrested yesterday o
board of the passenger cars of the Charlotte o
Columbia Uailroad by the conductor, Mr. F. C
Fowrler, snd.broughat back to the city. The
-had forged pa'ises in their possession, by mean
-of which they had purchased their passag
.tickets. The officers of our Railroads cannc
be too cautious. It would be well, if all appia
aations for passage of negroes werel refused ur
less made by their owners in person.-Colunat
*Tire Fos'iE I'T CnvouqxL.-A pabrtion c
the citizens of Cineinnatti, having made arrange
meets for a celebration on-the 4th of July, frot
whish Catholics are to be excluded, another eel
.eratonls,being got up withoute referene.Q
party or sect. Mayor.Fars, U. S.'Senator PugI
and other well known gentlemen are among th
.ad..ae of this nati.etarian movement.
ARTHUR SIMKInS, EDITOR,
EDGEPIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 4,1855.
RAINY weather, sale-day, grass, scarcity of news,
short nights, laziness, dimness of fancy, " fish to fry,"
dullness of intellect, and several other circumstances,
enter into and make up an apology for this week's edi
torial pretermission. We would give these several
grounds of excuse more in eztenso, did it not occur to
us that every American has an indisputable right to
his perfect freedom on the still-glorious 4th of July.
12 WE are requested to state that Rev. Mr. ZrM
MERMAN will pr.each at Jeter's Church on the 3d
Sunday in this month, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
FO1 THE ADvERTIsER.
EDGEFIELD AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
Agreeable to appointment the citizens of our Dis
trict assembled in the Court House on Monday last,
and formed an Agricultural Society in order to co
operate with the proposed State Agricultural Socie
ty to mest in Columbia some time in next month.
The meeting was called to order by Col. A. SIx
xIN. Dr. JonN LAKE being called to the Chair,
briefly, but pertinently, stated the object of the
meeting, and offered the book for the signature of
all those who wished to become members: where
upon about fifty names were immediately subscribed,
and the Society .proceeded to business.
On motion of Maj. G. A. ADDISON, a Committee
of ten was appointed by the Chair to nominate Offi
cers, and the following gentlemen were nominated
to their respective offices for the ensuing year :
Col. JoHN HIE-r, President.
Dr. Tuos. LAKE, let Vice President,
Maj. T. WATSON, 2d Vice President.
. Dr. E. J. Mis, Treasurer.
JAS. H. M eats, Recording Secretary.
Col. A. SINKINs, Corresponding Secretary.
On motion of Jos. AsaNEy, Esq., the President
appointed a Committee to draft a Constitution, &c.,
to be submitted to theadjourned meeting, sale day
in August.. The following gentlemen were ap
Joseph Abney, Dr. John Lake, .
E. W. Perry, S. S. Tompkins,
J. A. Bland.
On motion of .Maj. AD6IsON, the following gen
tlemen were appointed delegates to represent the
Society in the State Agricultural Society, to wit:
Maj. T. Watson, G. A. Addison,
S. S. Tompkins, J. B. Griffin,
John Lake, A. Simkins,
E. W. Perry, Mt. N. Holstein,
John Jennings, Sr., James Sheppard,
O. W. Allen, Win. J. Walker,
Lod Hill, E. J. Alims,
J. A. Bland, S. W. Nicholson.
On motion of Maj. W. L. COLEMAN, it was or
dered that the proceedings of the Society be pub
lished in the Edgefield Advertiser.
On motion, the Society adjourned to meet. again
on sale day in August. -
J. 11. MIMIS, Recording See'ry.
P. 5.-Gentlemen wishiug to join the Society,
are hereby notified that the Book is open at the
Clerk's Office, and we earnestly solicit the signa
ture of every one interested in the success of the
enterprise. "Speed the plow."
FOR TU1E ADVERTIsER.
ATImli ILE AND TRACT SOCIE.
Turn first annual meeting of this Society was held
on Monday evening last, the 25th June, in the Baip
tist Church, at Aiken.
'The meeting was opened with prayer by Rev.
The Report of the Executive Committee was read
by Mr. JonN LEGARE, Chairman.
The meeting was then addressed by Rev. W. W
SEAR, President of the South Carolina Tract So
On'motion it was resolved, that the thanks of the
Society be returned to Mr. RODGERS, for giving to
the Society the use of his shelves as a depository for
their books-to the South Carolina Tract -Society
for the gift of a large box of Tracts-and to the
Rev. Mr. Sp,aa, for his Adadress. Th~e last resolu
tion was passed by the whole audience rising.
The following preamble and resolutions were
proposed and advocated by Rev. Mr. SrAI.DING,
WHIEREAS, the American TIract Society, at the
instance of, and in co-operation with tho South
Carolina Branch, has resol'ved to establish an effec
tive system of Colportage in every State, and has
already began this work in our own District, with
the best prospect of success. Therefore
Resolved, That it is the duty of our citizens to
relieve thle Tract Society or thle expense of this
undertaking, as far as in our power lies.
Resolued, That we will use our best exertions to
raise the sum of $200 per annum, in subscriptions,
payable quarterly, to be appropriated to this pur
On motion it was
Resolved, That the Report of the Committee and
the proceedings of this meeting be published.
Adjourned with prayer by Rev. Mr. SPEAR. The
following is the Retort.
FIsT ANNUAL. REPOR'T OF vHE ExECUTrIvE COMMIT
TEE OF 'TUE AmIEN BISL.E AND TRAC'r SOCI ETY.
A year having elapsed since btg organization, the
Executive Committee present to the Society the
following Report of our operations.
The whlole amount of contributions received by
the Treasurer is $49,95. A Depository for our books
has been kindly furnished by Mi-. RoGEas, at whose
Store the sales have been $3,41. For Bibles, or
dered from Chnrleston, the Treasurer has paid
$42,45, and for Tracts $7,50.
Our Society being independent, and not auxiliary
to any other, the Committee have felt at liberty to
selet any Tracts which they might desire to cir
culate. Wishing, however, to confine the distribu
tion to those which are of a general (not sect arian)
character, they have adopted those of the American
Tract Society ; and the Committee has agreed to
omit such of these, as any of their number on ex
amination, are unwilling to circulate, in order tc
avoid any possiblea occasion for disputes, and to se
ure a hearty co-operation on the part of all who
love the Lord Jesus Christ.
. The Committee desire to acknowledge the gift ol
a box of Tracts for gratuitous circulation from the
South Carolina Tract Society, and of forty copies ol
their Annual Report. The Tracts have been placed
in the Depository, and in great part are already
Fro-n the above statements, it appears, that out
beginning has been very small; but we hope that
Slike many infants whose first months are marked by
great weakness and little progress, our second year'.
growth may be rapid, and our usefulness greatly in~
As a means of awakening more zeal among out
Sfriends, the Committee, think proper to refer to thtt
operations of those greater Societie, which bear tlhi
r.same name as our own, and arc extending theit
Sopratops throughout our District and State.
The $#Aarleston Bible Society has not published
tany Report of its last year's labors, so that we art
'without full informatiun as to its proceedings. *Wt
-learn however that its Agent, Rev. Mr. BoL.IES, hal
travelled over a large portion of the State-supplying
hundreds of families with copies of the scriptures
Fand obtaining considerable funds for thre prosecutior
-of the'work. He has net visited us during the year
~.and therefore no speoial appeal has been. made foi
Sfunds, in aid of this Oauss. We believe thatt n<
e ollections have been made in any of the Churohe
Sof Aiken, in behalf of it.
en Soush Carolna Tract Societ y informs us it
their last Report, just published, that the American
Tract Society has aeceded to their request and un
dertaken tosupplythiaState with a regular system
of Colportage. The Society bas.scenred the servi
ces of Mr. E. L. Kramxsot, a retired- merchant of
Charleston, to superintend gratuitously its operations
in this State.. The Rev. N. ALDRtaIn has been act
ing as Agent for the Society, throughout the year
past. In consequcnce of these arrangements, a great'
impulse has been given to the cause.
From official sources we learn that the number
of permanent Colporteurs has been increased to fif
teen, and that five students of Seminaries will give
their services to this work, during their summer va
cations. The receipts of this Society from this State
have been increased to the amount of $5,000; but
even this is not sufficient to meet the.probable- ex
penses, as they propose to engage a Colporteur in
each District in the State, which will increase their
liabilities to about $9,000 per annum.
A Colporteur of this Society visited our Town in
November last, and spent three weeks. In his re
port of his labors, he says, "As a general thing I
was well received, especially among the poor; and
seldom left a house without leaving some books,.
either by sale or grant. Whenever I made a se
cond call, 1 was welcomed, and new books were
eagerly examined." Some he found without Bibles,
even among those who were intelligent and affluent.
" Within two hundred yards of the Depository,1
found two families in a house, neither of whom
could read, or had a Bible, or had received a visit'
of any Christian friends, though they had lived in
the village three -years, and been sick most of the
time." The friends of the Society were surprised
at his success. Instead of a distribution mostly
gratuitous, as they predicted, his sales amounted to
three hundred volumes. How many others were
gladly. received as grants by those who were not
able or willing to pay far them, we are not informed.
le adds that heleft Temperance Tracts at the shops
where liquor is sold, and speaks of the sad sight
he witnessed in more than one of these "where
the victims of alcohol were gathered around the de
eanters," with glaring eyes and sunken cheeks.
But we rejoice to, think that such sights will soon
be no more seen in our Village, as our municipal
authorities have resolved not to renew the licenses
of those who supply this means of misery and vice.
Another Colporteur has been residing in the Vil
lage, and laboring in' &te District since February,
Mr. J. LAWRENCE. He has made many friends for
the Society-and has found ample occasion for his
labors. He has visited between three and four hun
dred families, circulated by sale and grant upwards
of seven hundred books, and more than one thous
and tracts, and found families destitute of the Bible.
We are informed that the expenses of the Society
for carrying on its work in this District cannot be
less than $500 ; and it is earnestly hoped, that the
friends of the cause will at least relieve this Society
of this burden, and recognize the duty incumbent
upon us of providing for our own household. As
we are under obligations to this great national So
ciety, for its effurts to promote the best interests of
our community, we should not be content with pur
casing its publications, without also increasing its
resources. Nay, we hope and pray, that He who
las moved us to begin this good work, will enable
us to carry it on with a zeal and liberality worthy
of its object, so that we mpy soon be able to give
important assistance' to the great work of spreading
the Gospel thirough the darkest corners of our land
and to th~e ends of the Eartif.
FOaL THEl ADvERTIsER.
MR. EDITrRn:-At the request of some of the
pupils of Mlartintown Academy we attended an
examination of that interesting School on the 13th
When we first arrived our attention was immedi
ately attracted to the beauty of the spot, so h~and
somely situated for 'the location or an Academy,
surrounded by tall majestic oaks and hedged in with
shrubbery, tinged with the different hues of the
seaons. Some fifty yards below the building wve
were 'allowed to quench our thirst from one of the
most delightful springs in th'e District, the pure
sparkling waters of wvhich, as they gushed forth in
their lurid brightness, reminded us of that passage
in the rieriptures where Moses smote tihe rock and
brought forth water as pure as chrystals. .But snore
interesting than alt, Mir EDrrOa, was the examination
of the pupils, from the bright-eyed girl, just usher
ing into womanhood, down to the dear young idea,
just learning to spelt at their A. B. C's. The Latin
class, moral science and compositions were remarka
bly fine. The teacher is a young lady of rare ac
copishments, and her winning manners and sweet
amiable disposition has drawvn the love of her schol
ar around her " like the ivy round the oak."
But, als'the dearest tics of friendship are soon to
be severed: the teacher leaves in a few day's, the
fair sunny South, to visit her relatives and friends
in a more Northern clime, perhaps to return no
more. The Trustees and patrons of this School,
will, in this event, sustain a severe loss, and one
which will not be easily replaced. May God, in his
Divine mercy, guide and protect her whithersoever
There 'was quito a respetable crowd collected on
this occasion. I have attended many examinations
but never was I so well pleased at one before. The
eierises were brought to a close after the reading
of a farewell composition by one of the scholars,
which was prepared in an exceedingly happy style.
T~e crowd then dispersed-and the patrons seemed
much pleased to find th'at th~e little-ones and all had
made such rapid advancement during die past ses
sion. A SPECTATOR.
A CAsE OF QUESTIONABLE LEGALITY.
We have received, (says the N. Y.. Heral,)
the following letter from Capt. Cole, master of
the ship Sartalle, sent by the brig'Crimea, Capt.
Hichborn, arri ed from Sagua la Grande on Sat
. To the Editor of the New York Herald.-The
bark Delawarian, on her arrival at Sagua la
Grando had one of her crew taken by the atu
thorities of that place, contrary to the wish of
her master.-I was informed by Captain Duncan,
of the Delawarian, that this man signed articles
on te 16th of May, and reported himself a na
tive of Peru; he shipped for the voyage, but on
the errival of the bark at Sagua, he said he was
a Spaniard, and produced a passport dated' May
18th. The captain shewed the authorities that
he was one of his crew, lawfully .shipped,'&e.,
but they took him away from the vessel. Four
days after, they came alongside again and de
manded his clothes. Captain D). refused to give
them up. They then went on board and forci
bly took possession of them. This is considered
an otrage to the American fing.
-JAS. E. COrLE,
Master of ship Sartelle.
RAIN-THE CnoPS,. &c -During the last
thre weeks, we have had here copious and re
freshing showers almost daily ; and never was
there in Southern Georgia a brighter prospect
for a first-rate corn crop than now. We are in
formed that in some sections, the lice have made
their appearanre in considerable quantities upon
the cotton plant, and if the wiet ugeather contirn
es much longer, we have cause to apprehend
that the devastation of th~is hated insect will be
vey great.-.Thomasvill Enterprise, 26th inst
USE CoPPERAs.-The papers are everywhere
urging the free use of copperas as a disinfecting
agent. It is a cheap article, costing only three
cents per po~und, and can be found at the drug
gists. and many of the larger grocery stores. A
couple of pounds may be dissolved in ten quarts
of hot water, and the solution-poured into sinks,
gutters, cess-pools, and..all other filthy places,
with good -effect. We advise all housekeepers
o purchase five, ten or fifteen pounds, and make
aafre use ofit as above reeommiended. Cholera
or no cholera, their dwellings and out-buildings
will contain a purer atmospherei after thle use of
From the Cronisle& Sentinel.
- LORD 3Lh 0RBOGERWI.LIAMn.
-. CRAWFonDVD.E, Ga, June 25th, 1855.
Tt Rev. IL H. Tucker, LaGrange, -Ga :
DEAR Six : I have seen your letter addressed
to'me in the Chronicle 4. Sentinel of the 22d
inst .whieh seems to look for an answer; and in
sendiig iti shall resort to the same medium of
communication adopted by yourself. The issue
you join with me ab ut Lord Baltimore amounts
to nothing. What 'said. in my speech in Au
gusta is strictly true, as I understand the histo
ry of the country. The Catholic colon of
Maryland, organized under the auspices of Lord
Baltimore was the first" to dstablish the princi
ple of free toleration in religious worship" on
this continent. Wht you say of Roger Wil
liams is also equally true. He was the first
champion of the principle. He proclaimed the.
principle as early as-1681--perhaps earlier; and
for his own religiosa opinions was driven from
Massachusetts in f665 or 1666. He may be
considered the founder of the -colony of Rhode
Island, which contained in its charter, granted
some years after, a guaranty that " none were to
be molested for any difference of opinion in re
ligious matters."' But the colony of Maryland,
where this principle was-established and protec
tion afforded to ali persecuted sects elsewhere,
was founded in 1684, before Williams left Mas
sachusetts. Williams is.entitled to the honor of
being the first to advocate and proclaim the
principle as an individpal. For this I have re
peatedly given him full credit in my speeches.
But the colony of Maryland was: the first to
establish and give practical effect to the principle
in her civil polity. In making this statement, it
was not my purpose to do the least injustice to
Williams, whose name should'be. held in sacred
remembrance, nor was it my purpose theteby to
become the "defender of Romanism, as some
(not you, sir,) are pleased to style me, but to
defend that same principle which Roger Wil'iams
deserves so much honor for being the first to
proclaim-that " soul liberty," as he, called it,
which he was the first great apostle of in mod
ern times, which now lies at the foundation of
our happy institutions,'and which the Cotholics
on this continent, so far from being opposed to,
(as far as I have knowledge touching their views,)
were thefirst to adapt. My object was not and
is not to defend or assail any sect or any faith,
but to defend in its purity real Americanism
against bogus Anericanism.
Yours, most respectfully,
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS.
The following items are from the telegraphic
correspondent of the New York Herald. We
give them for what,they are worth:
WAsEINGTON, June 25, 1855.
Important despatches have been received here
by the last steamer from Mason, our M inister at
Paris. He has taken strong ground against the
conduct and views of the French government in
relation to the rights of neutrals in the Baltic,
as illustrated in certain alleged acts of the allied
blockaders. Mr. Mason had also called the
French Minister of Foreign Affairs to account
in reference to those late high-handed proceed.
ings of Monsieur Dillon, the French Consul at
Sun Francisco. Our Minister's despatches upon
this subject so thoroughly fired up Mr. Pierce
that he was for a war with France right off, but
Marcy interposed and secured an armistice for
one week, by which time he expects more pacific
advices from Paris.
Mr. Soule has left us for New York. He was
here a whole dA'y en route from New Orleans.
He kept aloof fro~m Marcy, and Marcy judiciously
kept aloof from him. Thie President, however,
was favored with a call by the ex-Minister, and
seized the occasion to put in a labored apology
for M~arey ; but from all I ca learn, this conver
sation will not have the l'east visible effect on
that, forthcoming book. I fear that Soule has
not been in the slightest degree molified. Nous
Trhere is a rumor about the city this evening
that a change will soon be made in the Cabinet.
Mr. McClelland falls to show his hand on the
Know Nothing question, and- Guthrie says that
every one who- do not come up.to the scratch
will have tots ng.
Russia's PLass.-It is stated that the last
steamer brings private advices, ascribing to the
Czar Alexander a warlike disposition, and a de
sire to repeat to the United states the proposi
tion regarding Russian America whlich had been
made by his father. These later 'advices state
that Alexander will not be in haste to terminate
the war. The late successes of the allies in the
Sea of Azoff are not of a decisive character, and
the Russian policy will be to draw the enemy
inland, where their fores can be cut off in detail.
The calculation is, that if Russia can anni
hilate the existing armies in the Crimea, the.al
lies will find it diflicult to collect their like again,
and Russia may then find an opportunity to strike
a dangerous blow at Enrgland's discontented
East India provinces. " Watch and see," is the
significant hint with which one of these pro
Russian letters -concludes. It is within the
range of probability that Russia is preparing se
cretly to strike a blow where England, now re
posing in a sense of territorial and commercial
security, may not be well prepared to meet it.
TE RIGHTs OFNEUTRALVYESSELS.-Lord
Clarendonhas issued a circular addressed to the
British -consular and-diplomactic agents, contra.
dicting the statements of the circular of the
Russian minister which alleges that the British
fleet in the Baltie had violated the righ ts of neu
tral vessels. A copy of the Russian circular was
sent to Mr. Duehana; ~who laid it before the
English ministry, and a circular, as above stated,
was promptly issued, denying that the govern~
ment has any intention of "seizing enemy's
property laden on board a neutral vessel, unless
it be contraband of war.".
SNGUVLAR CofNc:DENE.-The Romney (Va.)
Intelligeneer, speaking of the murder of Orndlorff
by McDonald a few weeks ago, in Hampshire
county, relates astrange coineidence. McDonald
was robbing Lockmiller's house when Orndorfl
came up, and he shot him for fear of being de
tected. Fifty years ago McDonald's grandfather
nepr the identical spot, was robbing the house
of a Mr. Lupton, when L.'s three little children
came upon him, and for fear of detectipn, lie
murdered, as he supposed, all of them, but for
tunately one lived to testify against him, and he
A REvOLUTIONARY -PATRIOT DEAD.--Thc
Warsaw.New Yorker announces the death of
Peter Besgnzon, at the advanced age of 93 years.
It says the deceased was one of the noble spirits
who eresed the ocean with Lafayette .to assist
the Colonies in the struggle for independence.
He was born in or near the city of Besazon, in
France in 1'762-came to America at the age of
16-was present at the execution of Gen. Andre,
and remained in the army untill the end of the
war. ~ Mr. Besanzon was a devoted member oh
the Baptist church for fifty-one years; a cherished
brother of the Masonic fraternity, having been
initiated by Gen. Washington in .person ; and
Honorary member of the Independent Order of
Odd Fellows, and of the Good Templars. He
had resided for many years at Butternuts, Otse
go county; he then removed to the western part
*of the State, living in Perry, then in Middlcbury,
and finnally in Pike, where he remained untill the
time of his death.-Utica Gazette.
GovEn oR RE EDEn, of Kansas, left St. Loui'
for Leavenworth-on the 9th inst. In olhromng
the fact the St. Louis Intelligenicer says:
"If Goy. Reeder shall on his return to Kan.
sas, address himiself with industry and fidelity tc
the iterest of the Territory, and kepping elear
of the ultra men on both sides of the agitatior
question that disturbs the Territory, shall strive
earnestly and boldly f'or the free and unrestricted
operation of the principle of the Kansas bill,
organization and settlemfen~t of Kansas affairs,
we believe he will be sustained by the people o:
Western Missouri and Kansai,; and have the
approbatiop of the whole country. -We hopt
for a peaceable and favorable condition of thng~
.To KIu~r CoeKaoleIIEs.-A tea cup full o
well brushed plaster of Paris, mixed with dou
ble the quantIty of oatmeal, to which add.a lit
te sugar, (the latter is not essential,) then strev
it on the floor or in the chinks where they fre
quent. This- is simple and being of little ecs
is worth a trial.
ARRWAL OF THE BALTIC.
NEwORLEANS, Jne 28.
The United States Mail Steamship Baltic,
Captain Comstock, arrived at New York to-day
from Liverpool, which port she left on the 16th
The Cotton market closed dull, with a downs
ward tendency. Of the sales of the week spec
ulators took 17,000 bales, and exporters 2,000
bales. Fair Orleans 7d., Middling 611-16;
Fair Uplands 7, Middlings 69 16. Stock 549,
000 bales, of which 361,000 were American.
The weather was favorable to crops.
Canal Flour 40s. 6d to 41s.; Ohio 44 to 44s.
6d. White Wheat us. 9d. to 12s. 4d. Yellow
Corn 52 to 52s. 6d.; White 50 to 51s.
Consoles 91k. Money' easy. Bank rhte of
interest reduced to 3b.
THE WAB.--In etorming the Mamelon and.
White Tower works, 5000 fives were lost. The
French took 62 guns, and 500 prisoners. Their
new position enables them to shell the shipping
in the harbor of Sevastopol. The English have
also captured the rifle pits in the quarries, hav
ing, however, 500 men killed. Since then the
firing has been slack.
The fleets have burnt the stores at Taganrog,
Marianople and Genitschi, and were about fit
tino out an expedition against Perekop.
t is reported that the Russians have evacua
There is nothing from the Techernays or
The latest from Sevastopol is unimportant.
THE INDIANs seem to get credit for.some rob
beries and murders in Texas which they do not
commit. Mr. Walker, at Dripping Springs, forty
miles west of Austin, being attacked by five
men, apparently Indians, and killed, a negro who
was with him at the time escaped and reached a
settlement and reported the circustances. A
party then pursued the marauders, killed four
and gave chase to the fifth, who, being wound
ed, was captured while attempting to cross the
river. But the water washed off his paint and
showed him to be a white man in disguise. On
washing the faces of the four dead ones they
also were found to be white men. The prisoner
said that there was in the mountains a party of
one hundred, who have been committing depre
dations on the frontier, all of which have been
charged upon the Indians.
A friend writing us from Europe, furnishes
with the following important information to
travellers in that hemisphere:
"Most persons leaving here for Europe sub
scribe for one or more newspaperu, and order
them to be sent to their bankers in London,
with the view of having them forwarded from
London with their letters, to the different points
of their tour, from time to time, as they may
direct. But by the law of England allforeign
newspapers re-mailed there are subject to letter
postage, and consequently the Bunkers will not
take the responsibility to forward the newspa
pers without express orders from the principals,
after giving them this information. In France
there is no such illiberal law; and further,-by
treaty between France and England, mails are
foruarded through England, even if they con
tain foreign newspapers. Person, therefore, who
wish to be furnished regularly with newspapers
from home, on their tour, should order them to
be sent to the care of some bankers in Paris,
and they can re-mail theme to ingland, or to any
part of the Continent, at the rate of newspaper
postage. It is desirable that publishers of our
newspapers should understand this, so that they
may save their subscribers much trouble."
THE MExICAN AND EASTERN WAns.-During
the Mexican wvar, the English press, which be
fore every battle predicted our defeat, became
very merry over the slowvness of our operations.
They made no allowances for the fact that the
country was not prepared for war, and that-the
United States, keeping on foot no large stand
ing army and navy, has none of the udvant ages
possessed by the great European powers for
prompt and decisive measures on a grand scale.
Notwithstanding these drawbacks, however, two
small American, armies, not as large when com
bined as the detachment which theaiea sent to
Krteh, overrun Mexico and conquered a peace,
in less time than the allies have been at war
with Russia, without being able to conquer even
the extremities of her empire.-Richmuond Dis
THE WirE's RIGHTs.-The Supreme Court
at Harrisburg, Pa., has decided that no agree
ment made before marriage giving a wife the
control and disposition of her property is valid,
and that after her death the property belongs to
the husband, no matter what stipulation she
may have made, and he consented to in regard
t it before marriage.
-THE TAMARND.-The tamarind has been
grown in VirginiL from seeds, anid is highly
spoken of as promising to be a valuable acouisi
tioi to the fruit trees, especially on the prairie
lands of the WVest. Its growth is rapid, its
appearance very ornamental, and it is perfectly
free from blight anit from the depredapions of
insects. Last season the trees in Virgimia pro
duced fruit as good as the imported.
CAUTIONs TO PoSTMAsTEa.-The Washing
ton Union publishes the following gentle hints
Delivery of Letters, 4-c.-We understand fre
quent complaints against ths department, grow
out of the fact that postmasters too often, trust
ing only to their memories, tell persons there is
no mail matter for them when a subseqnent ex
amination proves that there was. If postmas
ters would adhere strictly to the rule of making
a personal search every time letters and papers
are inquired for, there would be more despach
in their delivery.
Post m'asters' Assistants to be Sworn.-Post
masters at small offices, we learn, are too much
in the habit of permitting incompetent members
of their families, and other persons im their em
plny (none of them being sworn, as reqmired by
law,) to change the mails, and to perform all
the other duties pertainingv to their offices.
None but sworn assistants hould be allowed to
have aecess to the mails..
Loaning Newspapers.-Sub58ribers to news
papers make complaint of the non-arrival of
their papers, ahd in some instances intimate that
t loss is occasioned by 'the fact of the post
master loaning to his -neighbors the papers of
others for perusal. The papers fail to be re
turned to their proper place, and hence the dis
satisfaction. Postmasters are strictly forbidden
to loan newspapers that- are in their oficee for
TA LKING STIOYGL.--The Indiana State Sen
tinel says :-Speaking for the democracy of In
diana we proclaim that any party which refumses
to adnit a new State on the same equal terms
with the other States of this confederacy, but
attempts to attach to her admission - conditions
which 'trammel her co-equal . sovereignty, is a
party which ought to die, will die, -and by the
help of God, we intend to do all we can to
make it die.
PiAAGUAY -has succumbea 'to'the superiority
of Brazil. The latest authentic. intelhigetnce
advises us.ta the Brazilia Admirable has suc
ceeded in securing from the Government of
Paraguay the concession of the navigation of
the Paraguay river, and that the Brazilian squad.
ron was about to pass up- that stream to the
Brazilian province of Mato Grosso.. This con
cession places Paraguay at tlhe mercy of Brazil,
which now may surround the whole republic at
any moment by her armaments.
IINRiY Two-Gumts (HA-JA-oN-GUEH) head
Chief of the Seneca Nation of Indians, died at
his residence on the Cattaragus Reservation, or
the 17th inst., aged 75 years, Two-Guns was
a stepson of the, famous orator Red Jackiet, and
was hornwiihin the limits of the now city ol
Buffalo. He was engaged in the war of. 1812
spousing the cause of his great father the
President; participated in the battle of Bridge.
water and Chipewa, and for a long series ol
years exercised a controlling influence over hi!
nation. He was distinguiahed for his command
ing presence, probity of~ conduct, wise and mod'
crate counsels, enlightened views of national
policy, and en earnest advocacy of rellgidn, an~
of every enterprise~ which had for its o'ject th<
...e.i..,tion and improvement of his people..
't- - - ,r
TEE PEhCnEE-NORTH AMD SOUTH.
We take the following from the Southern
Christian" Advocate of the present week-the
weekly organs in this city of the M. E. Churcr,
commeneing its nineteenth volume:
'NIs it Te ?-We have seen the statement in
several papera, that when it was made known in
the New England Conferehce, in session at
Chelsea. near Boston, that the Massachusetts
House of Representatives - iad voted for the re
moval of Judge Loring, because he acted as
United States Commissioner in the rendition of
the fugitive slave Burns, the Conferene rose
and gave three cheers.- .We passed-the state
ment'by as a matter two shamefal for credence,
but we now see it stated as a fact by the Boston
correspondent of the Congregational Journal.
Can it be so? Has Methodism anywhere, even
where it has become synonymous with fanati
cism of the wildest type, so far degenerated, as
to'glory over the unmerited disgrace of a man
because he has kept his oath, and been true' to
the laws and constitution of his country t"
From the same paper we extract the following
notice of the sermon delivered on Monday eve
ning, at Bethel Church, by the Rev. W. H. Mil
"bWe heard him one evening last week, in
Bethel Church, before the most crowded house
we have seen in Charleston, vindicate most no
bly the worth and dignity'of the Methodist
preacher, laboring among the plantations, and
for the religious. welfare of the slave popula
Such is the difference. The M. E. Church
North, not satisfied with the session which re
lieved them from the intolerable burthen of the
episcopal services of such, men as Andrew, Ca
pers, and Pierce, are still prosecuting the negro,
and prostituting the functions' of the ministry
into an auxiliary of political fanaticism and agi
The M. E. Church South. finds work enough
for its ministry in preaching to the negroes the
gospel, as entrusted to them, seeking neither to
amend that gospel, or to force the negro into a
position for which tod has not qualified him in
his providence. Of the three thousand and fifty
clerical signers of the famous Nebraska petition
how many ever studied the negro's wants and
qualities by the hill-side -or in the negro chapel ?
-Charleston Courier. '
DISAGREEMENT AMONG THE ALLIEs.-An Eng
lish writer says: " There is bad news- from the
camp in the East. Not about the cholera-that
will come hideously in bad time. But read the
letters from the French officers (names carefully
concealed) in the Independance Beige, which by
the by is the best conducted journal in Europe,
and you can infer as to the bad spirit prevailing
between the cordial allies-the French blaming
English inertness for the past failnres-and the
English, with more regard to facts, ascribing the
long action to two incompetent Generals, Raglan
and Canrobert. But the feeling between the
English and the Sardinians is the worst. Mr.
Russell, the correspondent of the Times, started
the joke that the Piedmontese were 'Sardines
cased in English .tin,' the whole British army
took it up; and there are too many interpreters
about to allow us to doubt that the malicious moe
would reach the fiery and proud Italians."
DEA'iu of REV. S. W. CAPERS.-We deeply
regret to announce the death of Rev. S. W. Ca
pers, which occurred on Friday. morning last,
after a few hours' illness. His general health
had been failing for several. months, but his ia
mediate dissolution was not apprehended. Thus
it is, we know not the day nor the' hour when
the summons shall come, " Prepare to'meet thy
God." Mr. Capers had becn long a zealous and
acceptable minister of the gospel of the Metho
dist church. We have often listened with pleas
ure and gratification to his words Qf sobernesil
and truth, an'd can now recall many .pleasanl
incidents of a religious characfer connected with
this faithful servant of God.--Camden Journal
HOMICIDE IN LEXINGToN.-We learn that Mr
Daniel .Jacobs was killed, on Friday evening last
on his-farm near Spring Hill, Lexington Die.
trict, by Mr. Nathan Richardson, a near neigh
bor. lBoth these men were lighly respectablk
citizens, and theIdiffiiilty, one ofio5ng stamidmh
origiated ab.,ut a disputed line between thein
lands. They met at the point of dispute, each
armed with guns, when Richardson shot him
thirteen back~ shot penetrating his heart. Josepl
Counts, esq., acting as coroner, held an inqupst
on Saturday morning, on the body, when Mr
Richardson promptly surrendered himself to the
offiers ot' the law, and was committed to jail
His counsel, Henry Summer, esq., of Newberry
we understand, will make an' early applicatior
for bail in his behalf.-South Carolinian.
THE' METHODiST CHURcH SoUTH.-From the
tenth' annual report of the Southern .Methodis
Church, just-published, it appears that the so
iety has'tundler care 368 missions,' 3.11 missionai
ries, 128 churches, 79,050 ehurch 'members, 18.
Sunday selkola, 25,031 children under relrgiou:
instruction 9- '-manual ,labor schools, amid 48!
Indian pupis. The contributions for the yes
1854 amounted to $164;366, of which $22,775
-the largest; amount--was received from the
South Carolina Conference ; $20,970--the nex
in size-from thme Alabama Conference.
THE expected despatehes of Mr. Mason, oul
Minister at Paris, in relation to the alleged con,
fiscations of neutral property by the allies in the
Bal tic, and as instigated by Count Nesselrode
are reported at Washington. The telegraphic
correspondent of the New York Herald sayl
they take strong ground, and that they also enil
to -account the French Minister of 'Foreig.
Affairs in reference to the proceedings- of -Mon
sieur Dillon, the French Consul at San Francisco
This correspondent pretends to represent, more
over, their effect upon the administration, and
says that the President was considerably excited
but that Secretary Marcy took them more cooly
A young girl named Mary Erdman committed
suicide by taking arsenic, in consequence of thc
desertion of a young man to whom she was en.
gaged to be married. The case Is creating con
siderable excitement, for the " unfortunate girl
was beloved by a large circle of friends and ac.
As illustrative of the universality of musical
taste and perfection in Italy, an American thern
"It seems a little strange to' hear one of thos.
fine operatic airs which our young ladies screnr
;at for a long time, and then never learn, whistled
"irst rate" by a little, ragged, smutty faced,.cap,
less boy in the street. Everybody 'here seems
chuck full of music."
'N Irish soldier before Sevaito'pol' writes a.
follows: E$very one goes on his duty as a lark
aring as little for Russ or his balls as they d<
for the -football they kick for sport.L As illpustra
tive of this,a' few nights ago;'~while the 18th
Royal Irish were going dow~n 'the ravine Shal
leads to Greenhill battery, they being fortrencl
duty, a son of Erin though he rould sinust
himself with one of his fiative- airsa, when. he
was reproved by an officer for daring to whistle
in the ranks and while .going to duty.' Justsa
the oficer' spoke, one of the Runs's balls came
whistling over the ravine. Pat cocks his eyi
up towards it and quietly said " There goes
boy on duty, and by jabershow lhe whistles!
OLD TIMES JN FENNsTLVAN1A.--The Pilsl
delphia Bulletin republishes some advertisement<
from the -Pennsylvania Gazette 'of the 23d June
1773, eighty-two years ago.' Amnong these arn
some publishing runaway slaves,'and callimg at
tention to "young 'ad likely negroes," whi
wwer to be sold at public sale, at London Colibi
House, at the corner of Front and Market streeti
-FR EE niom DEBT.-Thel financial condition o
Con. is enviable.. The' Comptroller'itihis re
port shows that the State is free from debt, an<
owns some 8400,000' of bank istock, independen
of its School Fund of 62,000,000. The 'Code
roller estimates the redeipts in 'the 'treasury fo
the coming year at $198,871, 'and 'tf expeidi
ELETION AT NoRoLK.-Hunter Woodis, ts
Anti-KnowNothing candidate, was elected Mai
or of Norfolk, on-the 25th'inst, by a majority.<
06 votes. A month previously the city- gave
majority of 395for tho-Know Nothing cap4ida'
O cang Kg& ARwR. *
Weixtrast the following from the circular of
Messrs -Ienfer & Hendrix of Charleston:
The Present information from Tennessee,
Georgia,'Solth and North Carolina, lead us to
believe therg"will be an extraordinary heavy crop
of wheat secured. We had hped that a market
for all the wheat raised could have been found
with the-millers in the up.country. and that in.
stead of receiving shipments would bare received
This, however, It appears, will notjbe the case,
as from present appearances there 1 be lags
shipments of wheat directed to this nprket;" 4
Rf i Od this accdunt we antilpate. ui anu -
circuah . Heavy orders are here for~ wheatet
limited prices; a sale of 2-,000 bushela redwheat
has been made at $1,'75 per bushel of 6Gibs.,.o
be delivered by 20th July, which' we consider a
high figure, and one -that present indications
will not warrant. Wheat must deeljee material
ly as the seasoadvances. For prestiit dalIety
here it might not.be dangerous, but .we doub
whether Georgia and Tennessee can" get Oidfr
wheat before Maryland and Virgina have theirs
ready for a-market, as the; harvest has afready
commenced in those States; in which se .the
price we have named. $1,76.,wouldknot be ofe.
.South and North Carolina, aygetconsiderabb
to market before-any material. decline occurs, at
they are nearer a market, but from Georgia and!
Tennessee we' know by experiene that even at
ter it is delivered at the depots on the red, -
takes from 12 to 80 'days toarrivg-"bee, ar
from Tennessee particularly. -The .Nortbwro
markets are declining daily, buyers onrf supply
ing themselves' for their immediate watt. *We
think the decline will continue untill the-wheat
crop. is fully ready for market, when -the price
will settle down.toafigure that can be aepenled
upon with more certainty. -
Our advice to our friends is to operate .eautic
ously, feel the market step by step .s theseason
advances, and not base any heavy speclatl'ons
for future delivery on present quotations:. Corn^
has also experienced a considerable- declinein
our market' from $1.30 to $1.15 per bushel with.
in the last 10 days ; in this, howevel ,yU are not
materially interested -at present, as-you.wilLhave
none to spare before the present crop has m
Our present tilarket quotationu. ara: Flour;
superfine, $9i to $10, in sacks, and$I to4O
in barrels. The stock is ample anddemind light.
Some 40,000 bushels of corn have-,bel re
ceived the past week, opening at $1.24 and-cie.
sing at $1.16 bulk. - -
. Large receipts of onts have put down prices
No wheat in. market ; orders here lipitted g
$1.60; to be delivered- by the 201h:Juty. -
THE Yorkville Citizen compidins- that the la.
gitive slave law was peaceably carriedinto effect
in that placo the-other day by..-a aqjrom the
old North State, .who foribly. eirried off an ap
prenticed white boy from his mastetr','laiming a
previous apprenticeship to himself hltout howl
ever, producing-any documentary~or -legal -tsu
SHaivy OAMAoEs.-A verdict for $7.,0O hali
been obtained in Hedderson roodmj, : Tnisses
against Rev. JR. Graves,editor of the Tesedssie Bap
tist, for libel uttered in'that piper.
gW SmaoutAn Tzs-r.-A.young msawas dreyn-.
ed in Trumbull county, bhio, a fes, days since,when
two bundles of straw were placed.in thewater; -cee
of which went down stream, but the othir floated di
agonallyacrois, and remained turning in rotary 'nan
her over one spot. Thbis'-spot was aragged .and the
body found, the water being 15 feet In detli
USEFUL Rnennnr-A cement, whicb gradua1h
lbecomes as hard as, stonesmay .be made by
mixing twenty parts~by'weight of cleanubr
sand, two of litharge,. and one of whitingad
making th~em intoa thin piutty with '~ n il.
Fpr seams in roofs, a cement may heformed of
whitseor red lead tliinnted with boiled linseed
oil, into which some sharp dry -white sand is
stirre4. -For the-joints of water and gas pipes,
white lead cement is the best.
. AxIns-, h ipailte of an
Indian war are said to be every oiiiraig.
A gentleman will a'equainted wihthe 16niian
country, informs the Niew York Times that the
Sioux, the Chayennes,thb Araphoes, the Snikes,
and the Blackfoet combined, number at least a
hundred thousand warriors. It is believed that
frontiers men and hunters would'be mnueh more
efficient to fight the Indians than United 4tates
regular troops. If the various tribes are per
mitted to combine, a troublesome,.-bloody and
expensive war will be the result.
Tan " Dog War" has been resumed in several
of the large cities. On and after Monda alliun
niuzzled dogs'found going at large in New Ydrk
wvere to be the lawful prey of -the dog-killers.
During the paist, month 883 dogsuare slain in
St. Louisa If a few of the curs that infest our
streets were put out of the way no great deal of
harm would be done. -
-A shocking accidentpoccurred orthe 12thfinst.
at the " Eagle Foundry" in Wheelihg, (Va.) A
man namned Burkett, from Canton, Ohio,- was
exprimenting on a machine for grinding-plough
he had patented, when, as the speed of the whe
was 1000 evolutions-a minute, .the stonq burst,
and a piece ofit drove the poor man'. skull in.
MIs. SMIrBERS saysthe reason children aro
so bad this generation is owing 'to the wearing
of .gaiter shoesinstead or old fashioned slippers.
-others find it too much trouble to untie-their
gaiters to whip children, so-they go unpunished;
but when she was a child, the way the old slip
per Ased to do its duty was a caution.
OPIUM EATVGo-The ci-asing for stimn
lants sednia to be natural and universa-and
shutting off its indulgeneerin one* direetion
uniformly increases It in another. Tkids
jubilutth year f839, when aff England was
jui vn ith teinierance festivals-and socle
ties,'and the fe-arts of philanthropists were
gladdened with the hopes of the rsign of
sobriety, it was suddenly discovered that the
poorer classes weres becoining frightfully ad,
dited to the use of Opium, and that they
had forsaken their oldvi'ee only to take up
one still more destructive.
-So also with us, as the use of ardent spir
its becomes more and more disreputable, we
have constant evidence that. thie seiet use
of Opium is increasing to 'an alarimig cx
tent. Frequent paragrapi in. the newspa,
pes' make mention of 'i. Tim inrae
sle,f-pinm akeb it manifest. Andtha
personal'ob~servationl of very many wiho rhed
this article wvilt confl'rhi tr tmki of such atm
increase. Yerf. manf .~Ube alile to cal
to mind .within .the circle-of' their us~ain,
tace those who-ai-e k town to be i'eu.'tn
the secret use of (pium, and soine. will he
able to testify to the destruction of li. liap
pinss of fariailies caused by tie usebof' thia,
drg by ons.of its heads.
T1he eating of Opium isldimtted on all
hads to ha inflnitely -nore destructive and
inurable than indulgence' -teent spirits.
In-China; where-incredible' sujns'ate etpen-.
dd upon it; and iinmne quantities co
,sumd; despite the prohibition of -the Gov
ernent, its effects on the syste*, although
very injurious, are far less destretive than
wh us. -There it is prepared and consum
'ed as tabacco Is here, by smoking; and-this
species of indulgence, whien mot carried to
ezibees, is far less.- noxious than when it' is
eaten. It is.welhto be wvatehful lest while
-o strenuous efforts are' being made to sup
Spress int6mperanude-in ardent -bpirita more
t tereible indulgne in iOpium Mauy bicorne
fairly established in-certain- classes f sogie
r.ty--N. Y. Times.
A PURE, Sparkling and Ounulne estyof this
h~ealthy atnd- vgoalE eton. now rw
oreewe 'new Onpodio
Ppes, at the-Cduateri
.' a; .j Dats~., TEAGUE.
.May 23 - ..t 11