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THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
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SLAVERY AT THE NORTH.
The New York Times, in an article under the
above caption, concindcs with the following
The events, moreover, that are daily occurring
on the field where this great contest must be
decided-the armed invasion of free Kansas by
a slaveholding crusade, and the forcible iinposi
tion of Slavery upon its soil,-the mobs, mur
ders, and wholesale violence by which the slave
power seeks there to overbear the rights and to
trample on the interests of the Free States,
only prove still more clearly the absolute neces
sity of a firm and resolute resistance. We re
joiced at every day's indications that such a resis
tance will be made-that the free States will
demand and enforce the renewal of the prohibi
tion of Slavery from Kansas and Nebraska, and
that no Slave State will. ever.be admitted into
the Union from within their' imits. And we
ask those Southern journals which arm to dis
cuss this subject upon its true grounds, to bear
in mind that the object of such action is not
the Abolition of Slavery in the Southern States,
but the protection of our own political rights
.under the Constitution and in the Union, from
the aggressions and encroachments of the sl.tve
This last sentence is decidedly cool. The
North does not intend to abolish slavery in the
Southern States; it only desires to protect its
political rights from the aggressions of slavery.
And Southern journals should, in their discus
sions upon the subject, Itold up this mild and
just demand to the consideration of the South.
Now, when we cash our eyes back upon the
history of Abolition, we are lost in wonder at
the seeming simplicity and honesty with which
the Times thus invokes the South to submit
meekly and cheerfully to its threatened assaults.
When Clarkson and Wilberforce, thoes first
apostles of emancipation and woe, began their
crusade, they distinctly told the people of Eng
land that the abolition of the Slave Trade was
theirjonly object, leaving slavery in the colnies
intract. Urged on by the appeals of fanaticism,
and trusting to their professions, Parliament in
an evil hour passed laws abolishing the Slave
Trade. The crevasse in the embarkment was
thus made, the tide rushed in, and finally eman
cipation swept over the British WVest Indies,
leaving behind desolation, arnd misery, and bar
barisnm, perpetual monuments to the triumphs
of fanaticism on the one hand, and the folly of
submitting to- its first encroachments on the
In the United States, it has waged the same
insidious war. Who, in 1835, of its foremost
champions, dared promutlgate the doutrine wnich
now rings through. the North, of "No more
slave Stattes?1" It wvas then the simple right of
petition that was claiimed. There were, even at
that dayv, some Southern Statesman, who, in
l.ineu:re which now seetms to have been clothed
winh prophetic power, warned the South against
the. danger of~ yielding. They were .not deceiv
ed, either by the hypocritical assertions of Jhe
North, nor the seeming insignificane of the
point, into acquiescence. But, as in the British
Parliament, so in the Congress of the United
States-the crevasse was made when the Twen
ty-first Rule was repealed, and the South sub
mitted. Since then the game ha~s gone on.
In 1846, for the first time in the history of the
Government, ths right was claimed for Congress,
as a step towvards abolition, to exclude slavery
from the Territories, when Mr. Wilmotintrodu
ced his famous proviso, and it passed the House
of Representatives. It was a tremendous leap
toward the end secretly nursed in the hearts of
John Quincv Adams and his incendiaries in 1836.
Indignation, deep and loud, echoed throughout
the length and breadth of the ~South. But in
spite of it all, California was atfmitted, and the
WVilnot proviso was enforced. The crevasse
was widening and deepening, and the demands
of abolition growing more and more imperious.
We stand nowv upon the eve of a struggle
mor.e vital thtan ever. It involves not merely
the right of Congress to. exclude slavery from
the Territories, but to intermeddle with the in
stitutions oif a sovereign State, and place her
admission into the Union upon the alternative of
her abolishing slavery, when the Constitution of
the United States expressly fixes but one test
republicanism-to the admission of new States.
The North demands another-abolitionism!
Nay, more, the restoration of the~ Missouri
Compromise line, now a watchword all over the
North, what does that involve, but the right to
abolish slavery in a State ? Yet the Times tells
us " that the object of such action is not the atb
olition of slavery in the Southern States." We
thank it for the assurance. But the story of the
.past is too fresh before us, to permit it to swerve
us from the course, or blind our eyes to truths
which an experience, far better than words, holds
up before us. Wec know well enough the ig.
nificaince of the words, " the South must remem
ber that thle slavery question has assumed a po
litical aspect, and that its decision involves
the entire charaeter and tendency of the Federatl
Government." It is the announcement of the
momentous results which are at stake in the
euming conlest between the North and the
South; a contest which will settle the question
whether the latter will henceforth sink into ine
ljuality, inferiority and final annihilation, or, ri
sing to the full 'possession of her powers and
her rights, shalrnmove onward in the high,hono
rabla and glorious career to which God hath
appointed her. We bold that emancipation is
the grand object of' abolition, and that the same
hypocrisy under which it marked its designs for
the destruction of the WVest Indies has lurked
in its professions to the South, waiting only for
the power "to do unto us likewise." Thus
judging, we reject the counsels of the Times.
SoUTHranN MANUFATURE.-Th~e Eagle Man
ufacturing Company at Columbus have proved,
'in their line, that the .bouth cannot be surpassed
in whatever she undertakes. Their' agent, Gen.
Edward Crofts, has shown us, says the Athens
Banner, specimens of their work -in woollen
goods-Georgia cassimeres, kerseys, Southern
linseys, jeans, striped cottonads, shirting, etc.,
etc., which are as beautiful, as fine, and no doubt
as durable as anly we ever saw. The Eagle
Factory uses 1,500 to 2,000 bales of cotton a
year, and 15,000 pounds of Georgia wooL
When we have an articeo at our own door, equal
to any ia the world, whmy carry our money from
As htusTo.-The Corresponding Secretary
of the Southern Baptist Publication Society,
publishes that ho has been informed, on goo~d
authority, that a person wh~o says his ne is
Cook, was born in Scotland and has lived in
Ireland, and whose accent is foreigni, has lately
been paising himself off in the neighborhood
of~ Gillisonville, in this Slato, as the agent of
that Society. His agency is all a. pretene.
The P'ublication SoehLty has had no commis
S-I agenit in some, time past, fur raising funds
:i:g whiere ini the counitry.
Tu'ii Phliladelphia' Lediger calculates that it re
quirs fifty million pounids of~ watler to cover
twenty'-five aceres one inch, itn depthl, wh'ach is
atbout the arnount of waler that falls in a " first
rae rmin "
LaEn EROM EUROP.
NEW Yonx, July 11, 1855.
The U. S. Mail steamship Pacific arrived hero
to-day with later intelligence from Europe.
The dates at Liverpool are to the 1st inst.
FRoM THESEAT oF WAR.-The intelligence
from the Crige leiits wholly of the details
of the recent 'rep lse of the Allies. The posi
tion of affairs is considered sufficiently satisfac
' latest dates are to the 2d. Lord Raglan
is dangerously ill and asks for his recall. The
total loss of the Allies on the 18th was over
5,000. The army is nevertheless in good spirits,
and preparing for anther assault.
The English and French reciprocally blame
each other for the late repulse. Pelissier states
that Sebastopol will soon be completely invest
ed. The Allies retain possession of the Round
Tower, the Cemetery, also, the Mamelon. The
cholera prevailed among the French troops.
The allied troops which crossed the Tchernaya
No further battles by land or sea.
Austria continues to disband her army.
THE LATEST.-Lord Palmerston denies that
Lord Raglan has asked his recall; he has been
sick, but is recovering.
A despatch from the Baltic, dated the 5th,
says that Sweaborg has been bombarded.
Great movements are taking place among the
allied squadron. A despatch from Varnastates
that Generals Brown, Pennyfather and Coving
ton were sick. Part of the foreign legion has
arrived from England.
The London Times, of Saturday, says that
the Czar is dangerously ill. The King of Prus
sia is probably near death.
Co3IERCIAL INTELLIGENCE.-Dennistoun quotes
Cotton for the first three days dull and consid
erably lower, but on Thursday, without any ap
parent cause, it became buoyant, and closed
with an active demand and 1-16d. advance.
The week's sales comprised 43,000 bales, of
which speculators took 17,000, and exporters
2,000 bales. The sales on Friday amounted to
20,000 bales. The quotations were :-Orleans
Fair, 71-8d.; Middling, 6 9-16d.; and Upland
Fair, 5 7-8d. per lb.
THxE KERTScH EXPEDITION.-PLUNDERS OF
THE HioUsES, &c.-The London Times corres
pondent, who accompanied the Kertsch expedi
tion, records many instances of barbarous vio
lence and destruction of the property of the un
fortunate inhabitants of the town, protesting,
however, that the outrages are not so much as
cribable to the French and English soldiery, as
to the Tartai ruffians, who remained, and to the
"In the afternoon of the day on which we
occupied Yenikale, the crews of some merchant
ships from Ambalaki landed and began to break
into three or four houses which had been closed
and fastened up, and to pillage the contents. As
they could not remove the heavy furniture, they
smashed it to atoms. Towards evening Turkish
stragglers from the camp and others who had
fallen out of the line of march, flocked into the
town and perpetrated the most atrocious crimes.
To pillage and wanton devastation, they added
violation and murder.
"The Tartars who were in the town hailed
the arrival of the Osmanli with delight, aid re
ceived them as liberators, and as brethren to
whom they were bound by the ties of religion,
of language, and of hatred to the Russians. It
was with difficulty that the French controlled the
excesses of the Turks, and of some.of their own
countrymen. Some English merchant sailors
next day aided in the work of pillage and de
NEW INYENTIoN.-From an article in the Al
bany (N. Y.) Argus we learn that a Yankee has
discovered an invention by which to drive a
steamboat through the Maine Liquor Law, or a
coach-and-f our, if you will. The style of the
new liquor, as filed in the. Patent Ofieie at
" A new and useful improvemenlt on manufac
tured malt liquor beverages, whereby a newv
composition of matter is produced, which may
be denominated gastricized ale, beer, porter, &c.,
as the case may be."
The specifications particularly deseribe the
process of manufacture of this liquor beverage,
which, howoier, we will not repeat hero, as they
might be tedious to the' reatder, and it pecrha~ps
woild not, in the present state otf the matter, be
just to the inventor to give them publicity. Trhe
idea, however, is that by the introduction of cer
tain chemical principles and substances, a beve
rage is produced which greatly laids digestion.
it appears from the papers on which the pa
tent has been issued, that th~is discovery can be
applied in connection with the present process
of mainufacturing beer, ale, porter, &c., without
the slightest difficulty or additional expense.
It is obvious enough that a question may at
once arise as to the application of' prohibitory
liquor laws to this new "gastricized malt liquor."
Under the Jaws of the United States, the patent
secures"a the inventor, his heirs, administrators,
executors, or assigns" " the full and exclusive
right and liberty of making, using, and vending
to others to be used, the said invention or dis
covery," and it is supposed that no State laws
can restrict or interfere 'vith this right thuq given
by the law~s of the Un~ion.
Great country this--'tis, sure as you're born !
IMroRTANT Ruaion.-A London letter states
that there is a serious split in the English Cabi
net. Lord John Russell, the great upsetter of
Governments, wishes to overthrow Lord Palmer.
ston and to form a Cabinet himself, and the op.
portunity is now at hand, the Premier having
prepared the Cabinet council for a rousing of
the naitionalities, that is to say, for trying to do
something for Poland. Lord John disapproves of
such revolutionary measures, not because in the
long run the Poles might be left in the lurch, in
spite of thme high-sounding promises of Lord
Palmerston, but because he hates contemporary
revolution. He likes it in the past, but fears it
in thme present, since it seems to him too dange
rous an experiment. It can scarcely be doubted
that the Queen, and Prince Albert still more,
fully agree with Lord John, but Napoleon is
rather favorable to the scheme.
Tows WITaour A Couxen..-The .members
of the Council, elected this spring, having de.
termined to pursue a "no license" policy, were
applied to by the present keeper of the Winns
boro Hotel fur a tavern license, and consistently
with their preceding acts and declarations, re
fused to grant it. Whereupon a petition was
presented to thema, signed by a very large and
respectable body of citizens, praying that license
should be granted. The Council, very properly
respecting a petition so largely signed, and feel.
ing at the same time incompetent to comply with
the tietition, without violating their consciences,
We regret that circumstances should have so
transpired as to induce -them to pursue this
course. It is as respectable and intelligent a
Council as the town - has ever had. We have
not learned whether a direct issue of "license"
or " no license" will be made. It is thought by
some that it will not. A few days, however, will
THE BONAPARTE Fiuvt.-It is stated that
nearly all the branches of the Bonaparte family
will in a very short time be assembled in Paris,
round the Emperor Napoleon i11, who desires
that the several persons bearing his name should
form, as it were, a faisceau near him. All the
children of the Prince of Canino have already
arrived in Paris and taken up their residene in
a hotel purchased anid fitted up for thema by order
of the Emperor, at the end of the rue de Gre
nelle, St. Germain. This branch of the family
is composed of four brothers, the Princes Charles,
Louis, Lucien, Pierre and Antoine Bonaparte.
"No SouTu."-Jt was noticeable to visitors at
Dorchester, on the Fourth, says the Boston Post,
that the rear of' the residence of Gov. Gardner
(one of the delegates to the recent Know Noth
ing Council at Philailelphia,) was distinguished
by a windmill and a weather-ecock, and that while
the points of the compass N. .E. and W. were
designated thereon, the S. was entirely omnitted.
ANTITODE FoR POKE RooT.-Mr. R. L. Talia-.
ferro, has written to the Christian Advocate
.xtaing that sweet milk is an almost sure anti
dote in cases where child ren or others have ac
cidently eaten of that poisonous substaince. lie
ARTHUR 8IMKINSi \EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 18,1855.
BARBACUE AT LYBRAND'S.
WE are requested to announce that there will be a
Free Pic-Nic and Barbacue at Mr. EMANUEL Lv
DRAND'S on Friday the 20th inst. All the Candidates
are respectfully invited to attend. The locality is near
COLEMAN'S & LYDRAND'S Mill.
WE are much obliged to Mr. Jonn HAMILTON for
his sample of extra cabbage. - It is the largest we have
yet seen. The spot where it grew must be rich and
- T -
RAIL ROAD NOTICE.
IT will be seen that an important meeting of the
Savannah Valley Stockholders is to he held next
month at FREELAND'S. The attention of all interested
is directed to the " Notice."
WE fear, from the silence of " RosE CoTTial"
since our little passage at arms of last month, that we
said something too rude for the occasion. Whatever
it was, we assure our talented and favorite correspon.
dent that we are truly penitent. An expressinn. that
ne used was perhaps more significant than we design
ed it to be. We take shame to ourself for not having
been more guarded, and very respectfully ask forgive
ness. Such an approach to ill-manners will be avoided
by us in future. Perhaps this apology is neither look
ed for nor desired by " Rose COTTAGE." Yet it is
none the less our duty to render it.
"NEOS EPISCOPOS" AND OURSELF.
AN unusual and, as we regard it, a very absurd
personal collision is at this time defacing our paper'
We shall jendeavor to dispose of it at once, feeling
assured that our readers can find no entertainment in
We ask them first to examine our brief piece of last
week and to decide whether there is - any thing in it
spiteful or " supercillious." According to our under.
standing of " NEos Eriscoros" he had clearly indi
cated Know Nothing affinities. lie knew this to be
utterly antagonistic to the declared principles of the
"Advertiser." Yet without the least respect for those
principles, without so much as the courtesy of offering
the editor an opportunity of advice in the matter, he
comes out with a sneer at the "famous STEPEN's
letter" (speech you should have said, friend " Erisco
ros") and parades, with the pride of a partizan, some
thing which he conceives to be a triumphant reply to
a portion of that speech. But previous to this, " NEos
Episcoros" (as we were casually informed) had un
dertaken to exercise a sort of censorship over other
selections of ours upon this same political subject.
One of the letters addressed by an anonymous writer
to Judge BIUTLER, (and which we republished,) had
the misfortune to call down his condemnation. Had
it been in public conversation, or in conference with
ourself, that this thing occurred, we should not have
regarded it for a moment. But such does not seem to
have been the choice of our associate. In conversa
tion with another person, in the very office of the
" Advertiser" (the editor absent and not dreaming of
such a thing) Mr. W. drops his word of disapprobation.
Of course the-whole office hears it, and we, no matter
how, are informed of the circumstance. We are in
censed at the momerit, as every other editor of the
least self-respect would be, butt content ourself with a
short paragraph entitled " The Know Nothing Argu
ment," in which we speak of the common iliberality
as well of Catholics as of Protestants. Upon opening
the next ensuing copy of our paper we find a selection
by Nuos EPzscoi'os, which in connection with pre
ceding circumstances, convinces us that his feelings
are wtith the Know Nothings and that he designs to
hoist that banner in the religious department of the
" Advertiser." We immediately write a distinct
disclaimer of the political indications thus given out
by him, hoping that its timely appearance would have
the double effect of righting the paper before the pub
lie and of confining its religious reading in future to~
the placid lessonis of Christian morality as contra
distinguished from the turbulent tupheavings of con
troversy, whether partizatn or sectarian. Such is the
head and front of our offending, by which " NEos
Eiscoros" has felt himself impelled to come out this
week in a long article overhis own proper signature.
Our comments upon this article shall be brief.
Imprimo, there is an italicized expression in Mr.
WtATLEY's third paragraph which would seem to re
quire a word of explanation. We care not for the
slight conveyed by the words " did, not knowe you in
the transaction." Mr. WIJATLEY is assured that we
knew him. The gentlemanly junior proprietor of this
paper consulted with us upon Mr. W's proposition,
previous to its acceptance. If Mr. W. in his self-pro
posed arrangements ignored our editorship of the
" Adriser," Mr. D. R. DuarsoE did not. And we
regarded the matter as one in which we had a voice.
The display of the fact, that our associate did not
know us in the transaction, is at least no very marked
evidence of the frien lshiip lie speaks of in the conclu
son of his present article.
Secundo, as to the "pen' oa ink sketch." We
cannot see why it should be regarded so very " bold"
in us to draw our conclusions-as other men do. Espe
cially are we at a loss in this regard, when those con
clusions (however formed) prove to be ent' rely true.
We did not accuse " NEos Eriscoros" of political
wrangling, past or present. We didl not say that his
" manner of life had been such as to commit him to
the declaration of political principleu or preferences."
We did not announce that lhe had in days gone by
mingled in " the strifes of contending parties." We
said nothing of any proclivity of his towards the " hus
tings." All this was no part of any " pen and ink
sketch" of ours. We only thought (and wrote as we
thought) that his style and tone indicated opposi
tion to the declared principles of our sheet. That we
thought and wrote aright is rendered clear by the de
velopments of Mr. W's article of this week. Precise
ly as we supposed, lie diffeirs with us in toto so far as
he declares himnself in regard to the Know Nothing
platform. Was it "hbold" in us to draw conclusions
last week which Mr. W. himself substantiates this ?
Tertio, Mr. WutATLEY says he will send us " two
ses" of Know Nothing principles to be published in
the " Advertiser," said publication being (in his opin
ion) " better than to suppress, for pa rty pur~poses, that
which the people have a right to see." Talk of our
" boldness" forsooth ! There is an old text that occurs
to us here but which we will not make mention of
further than to say thiat it contrasts a " beam" and a
" mote" in striking juxtaposition. We challenge criti
cism as to the fairness of our paper in all disputes.
We have ever published for the one side as freely as
for the other. Our own polities see maintain of course,
whether in our ediforials or our selections. Calt we
do otherwise I But yet our paper is known by all to
affrd the opportunity of free and fair fighting to any
who respectfully ask a place in our columns. And
the fling of Mr. W. implying the reverse, is at once
"hold" and unsupported by the record.
Of Mr. WitArLay's political principles, as entuncia
ted this week, we have very little to say : -.
The blended idea of favoring the political proscrip
tion of foreigners as a general rule, and condemning
it in particular cases, is one that we are not prepared
to appreciate. If you proscribe at all how are you to
avoid proscribing altogether i Or if you design pro
scribing only in part, what trijiunal is to designate
those worthy of proscription and those who are noti
How will you word a constitutional amendment which
is to proscribe bad foreigners and not good onesi
Woud it not be an ornament, new and bewildering,
to any modern code of laws?
As to advocating an " entire separation of Church
and State," who In America dreams of any thing else?!
To point this out as a peculiar feature of Know Noth -
ingism is laughable.
Mr. W. is a Know Nothing, " dyedin the wool,"&c.,
when it comes to opposing the promotion of those who
would violate " that Heaven-descended and dearest
of all privileges," the right of conscience. But who
are they that would do this wickedness in our countryi
The allusion is of course to lRoman Catholics. And
yet as things stand at present with us, decidedly the
strongest bent of religious intolerance is to be found in
the bosomi of this very New Party. Can it be doubtedi
In his allusion to American Catholics, Mr. W. dis
plays his native generosity. D)id that sentiment pre
vail more generally among those who believe them-I
selves to be the orthodox branches of the Christian
meat of Protestantism. She needs no help of govern,
uent against the dCurch of Rome. She has no ineert
tive to depreciate the tmerits or umagnify the fatflts of
that Church. She has no need of intolerant eneta
ments with which tobedge around the supposed strides
of Papal power. - That power in America Is to hers
as one is to thirty.Q'ree. And, God being het guide
and help, Protestaniism must be irresistible in her on
. We have now perhaps said as much in this article
as the occasion demands-we hope we have not said
more. The concluding paragraph of our intelligent
and high-spirited friend may (possibly) be merely
thrown in by way of placebo.. But we prefer to recog
nise it as genuine. 4nd, without an effort at the rhet
oric of old reminiscences, we adopt and reciprocate
the happily expressed sentiments of our quondam
schoolmate. In the language of the "Undertaker,"
who undertook to deliver himself of a pacificatory sen
timent at the-hebdomadal meeting of a certain " Coun
try Club," we emplhatically- say-" Let us bury all
But we conclude. Even granting that we were out
and out wrong, It is no such matter as should kindle
so large a fire. A simple note, assuring us that we
were mistaken in our conclusions would have called
forth the handsomest apology at our command. But
standing now beforeour readers as we do, attacked for
doing what we really considered due to them as well
as ourself-we confess that no very apologetic spirit
possesses us. Still, if it may do any good, we have
no personal objection toadmitting a faultin the matter
and asking forgiveness for the ame of all it may have
Wa hear of School ejarninations and exhibitions in
every quarter. The papers of South Carolina are
teeming with notices of these educational demonstra
tions here, there and every where. It would seem
that our people Aredeteriined to take this noble cause
into their own -ands, without reference to the State
or State funds. W.bad looked with great interest
for a successful scheme of "gneral education to be
promulged by some one of our many wise and skillful
Legislators; but thus far none seem to have appeared
of sufficient comprehensIveness and fullness of detail
to command public confidence. Perhaps it is well
enough as it is. The educational spirit, now so mani
festly abroad among 'or people, may possibly do
more for general cultivation and refinement than any
uniform and fixed Stiate system could effect.- At all
events the present indications are decidedly cheering.
In this connection we may remark that Edgefield,
among the rest, is awakening to her duty. In almost
every part of the District schools of greater or less im
portance are springing up. Among the most valuable
are those known as the Curryton Academies. By
reference to a noticejleewhere published, it will be
seen that the first public examination and exhibition
of: these schools willtake place during the present
month. Mr G. D. TILzifAN, a talented member of the
Edgefield Bar, is to deliver the address of the occasion.
From the well knownabilityof Mr. LaLE, principal
of the Male departmetit,-and the high character of the
other teachers conneeited with these institutions, the
public may anticipate a large degree of satisfaction
from tlfe performances of their pupils. We beg leave
to bespeak for these examinations a full attendance.
P. S. Since the foregoing was in type, we have re
ceived a notice that the Curtyton Examinations are
THE EARTH IS THE LORDS.
In regarding the overflowing abundance which now
promises with certainty- to crown the good year of
1855, a feeling of. exultation is irrepressible. The
sight of broad corn-fields, green and rank in exuber
ant vegetation-the sound of their 'rustling blades as
the evening breeze plas among the towering stalks
-the bright and cheerful "silks" of the later crop or
the heavy ears of the earlier planting-all giving ear
nest of what the Scotch would call "a wvealth o'plen
ishing"-is it not deligbgful to contemplate? And yet
we should beware howiiwe suffer that feeling of exul
tation to fill us with4 undue boastfulness of spirit.
Remember the story atone who said to his soul,
" Thou hast much goog laidup for many years ; take
thine ease, eat, drinkaM he merry." Remember too,
and realise, that greantituth, so simply expressed by
the Apostle to thej ~ sthat "the earth is the
Lord's andithe fulness-t ydof." Thus will we temper
our jubilee and make it an acceptable offe-ring of
gratitude to Heaven.
MAN AND WOMAN.
Tra most striking illustration extant, of the relative
positions of man and woman in the scale of being, is
to be found at 1 Cor. 10 Chap. 26 v : "1#an is th~e
image and glory of God ; but the woman is the glory
of man." This is the teaching of inspiration. But
even though it were not so, who would desire to con
trovert the beauty of the reflection!i
THE HERLO OF SAN JACINTO.
Sam HocavoN's laurels, it would seem, are about
to be blighted. His boastfulness as to the heroic part
he acted on the memorable field of San Jacinto has at
length called down upon him the scornful denunciation
of some of his really brave compatriots in arms.
Gen. Sherman says that whenever a full narrative
of the battde is given truathfully to the world, "Gen.
Houston's mushroom fame will rapidly derompose
and sink into putrescence, with the mae's of falsehoods
upon which at rests ;" and Gen. Lamaf says. "My
opinion is that lhe himself f.Houston) was the only cow
ard on that field. I can name no other, and hir.. I know
This is the fellow nho dared to speak in terjns of
abuse and derision about South Carolina only a few
years ago, and whom a certain Carolinian (0! tem
pra !) has actually sought to putin nomination for the
Presidency of the United States!!.
WHKEN the Know - Nothings first came to the light
of day, they indicated (as we construe the facts) hos
tility to foreigners and detestation of Catholics as their
salient characteristics. Finding soon that there was
alittle more true civilization in the United States than
they reckoned upon, we see them adroitly modifying
these excrescences by adopting a sort of nationality to
catch the popular ear. They were to unite theistrength
of the country under the banner of "American Con
servatism." The South not being yet entrapped, next
comes the impotent phase of " Americanism ignoring
Abolitionism." And they all met in Philadelphia to
see whether this policy could not be agreed upon in
such a way as to produce the desired efTect upon the
Slave States. But the northern branch of the Order
could not stomach any course,' however advantageous
to them as a party, which even seemed to tolerate sla
very. So they fhew off in a huffrand swore they would
remain as they were, genuine Abolition Know Noth
ings. WVhat now is to be done by the Southern wingi
Their ingenuity and amiability are taxed, and we find
them gradually developing a fourth change, which is
to be styled " Southern Arericaniism." So we are to
have a Northern Sam and a Southern Sam, an anti
slavery Sam and a-slavery Sam. Perhaps it would
be as well, for the sake of avoiding confusion, to
change the Southern appellation into Sambo. Excuse
the badinage, gentlemen--we mean no offence. But
your political amiability is so manifest that we Imag
ine the suggestion of any slight improrement In your
nomenclature will be thankfully received and con
sidered. 1ihen you eventually settle down upon
something that you design to stick up to thro' evil as
well as thro' good report, all such suggestions will of
course be out of place if not actually impertinent.
Beating about however, as you at present are, in the
dark, for something that shall take before ti-a people,
you will doubtless catch at the least straw that may
be thrown out. But, trifi ng aside-the apparent po
litical amiability of this New Party is really nothing
but vacillation and uncertainty of Purpose. They
scarcely know what to be at, especially in the South.
The Northern wing are more decided. But here,
Americanism pulls them one way and Southernismn
another-Nationalism is on this side of their banner.
Sectionalism on that-bold Intolerance fires one por
tion of the party while others seek to cover its harsh
ness with the garb cf necessary policy. How the
Southern people can have the slightest confidence in
such an organization we are at a loss to imagine. For
in addition to its glaring contradictions, Know
Nothingism is doing a serious, perhaps an irretrieva
ble injury to Southern Union. In the impressive Ian
tuage of a distinguished cotemporary,"ihadage
from the dust into wohich they had fallen the o blocks
ad tones" of Nationalisam. It lias bribed Southern
men again into the stamnbles-excited nnewv the rage
fr poils-planted thorns of dissension betwocen Chur
-he and classes in every precinct i:a the South, and
brought divisions amongst us, which in all the annals
of itory are marked with the torch and thme sword,
and whose efectI, already visible, is to .weaken and
Tnn following communication from the Rev. Mr.
WrATLErY was banded in after the Editor's article
entitled " Nios Eriscoros AND OUasELr" was near
ly set up. We have no other course than to publish
it with the rest. It is too late to allow any change
In the other pieces. Col. Siusxns desires us, how
ever, to say that he has not an unkind touch of feel
ing left In the matter. It is due to both gentlemen
further to state that the following expressions were
penned by their author after a perusal of the man
uscript of the Editor's piece as given on this page.
This much we thought it necessary to say to prevent
a confusion of appearances.-Pus.
. TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERIf.
Foa the benefit of friends at a distance, to whom
things of this character assume a degree of im
portance, unknown to those at home, I take occasion
to say that the little piece of sparring which has oe
ourred between myself and the leading editor of
this paper, should not be construed as indicating any
bitterness of feeling or alienation of regard. What
[ have written in this week's issue, was dune under
the force of feelings excited by an editorial of last
week, and perhaps exhibits more of the spirit of the
" old Adam," than is consistent with the character
of one whose business it is to teach lessons of meek
ness. In a conversation held with Col. Simxnis since
my article went to press, mutual explanations were
made, which removed, and I trust forever consigned
to the tombs of the Capulets, what little feeling of
irrasicibility might have existed. How many foun
tains of " bitter waters" might be sealed up effectu
ally, if this course were always pursued, before men
had committed themselves to a particular course of
In retiring from the paper, (the propriety of do
ing which I have soine time been considering, and
for reasons not necessary to mention,) I carry with me
feelings only of kind regard for all connected with
the Office, even down to the ebony ink roller ; in
regard to which last I can scarcely restrain a wish
that I had his daguerreotype as he has stood.at my
gate waiting for "copy" or "proof," but afraid to
venture within reach of the fangs of my mongrel
pointer, who is a terror to all little intruders. To
each and all then we say Paz vobisucmn.
" N EOs Eriscoros" alias
E. L. WHATLEY.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
EAST FLORIDA-E ADVANTAGES, &c.
FLORIDA, June, 1855.
Ma. EDITOR: I purpose giving you a few plain.
facts with regard to Florida. Unvarnished truths
are all with which I shall have to do, leaving the
task of eulogizing the " Land of Flowers," to those
more familiar with the pen than your correspondent.
I hope that what 1 may write, will not prove unin
teresting to those of my Carolina friends who con
template visiting our Statt.
This is the first summer I have had the pleasure
of spending here, and from my experience thus far,
I unhesitatingly pronounce it far more cool and
pleasant than it is ujually in Carolina at this season.
We have a sea-breeze every day, and frequent
showers of rain, wlhieh keeps the atmosphere cool.
Our nights are truly delightful and invigorating,-as
unlike your sultry Carolina evenings, as light is
unlike darkness. And yet, notwithstanding that
fact, a large proportion of our citizens are now pay
ing their accustomed visits to the P'almetto State.
Let not your readers judge from this, that our citi
zens are in search of either cool air or health
There are various reasons why we should visit your
State during the summer. It Is the only season when
our planters can conveniently leave their farms,
and you return our visits in the winter. Let it also
be remembered that a very large proportion of the
citizensof East Florida have but recently removed~
from Carolina. Is it at all strange that many of them
should have occasion to visit their native State ?
Some left behind unfinished business which needs
their personal attention ; others desire to see their
aged parenits, their afetionate sisters and brothers,
their much respected friend and acquaintances;
whilD asenin an occasional stragler is " carried back
to old Carolina'" by the laudable desire of lending
to Hymen's sacred altar some idle of his afection,
thus to enliven and make happy the bachelor home
of his newly adopted State.
The lands in this portion of our State are as good
as the best, I care not where you may find them
They ai-e rich and durable. There are fields in this
neighbprbood (near Mticanopy,) wh~ich have been in
cultivation for more than twenty consecutive years,
and which now produce as well as the fresh lands.
The land here need not-I had almost said cannot
becomie exhausted. This is no le.ss true of good
pine th~an it is of good hammock hand. The latter
I consider the best, though many persons prefer
planting the pine land in cotton. The facility with
which elearinigs can bo made ont the pine lands ren
der themn very desirable to small planters, and to
planters whose places are unimproved. The price
too of the pine lands, makes very much in their
favor, as they do not command over half so much
as the hammocks.
To those who desire to know whether the water
here is good or bad, I would say it is very good.
We have but few Springs, but wvells arc h~ad with
ase, and with very little cost. Of course the water
here is not so cool as it is in some of the upper Dis
trits of y-our State, but it is free from impurities,
well tasted, and is decide~dly better than thant in the
lower Districts of Carolina, and the supp~ly is boun
" Is your country healthy 7" So far I have found
it remarkably healhy, and at this time I know of
scarcely a ease of sickness of any kind whatever. I
learn h~oweve r from those who h~avc been here l'on
ger than myself, that at times there are frequent
eses of ehils and fever, though at no time sevcre
attacks of B3illions or Typhoid fever. Attacks of
Billions fever even in its mildest forms are of ex
eeedingly rare occurrence, while that scourge of
Carolina, the .Typ~boid fever, is, so far as I can as
ertain, wholly unknown to the eatalogue of the
diseases of East Florida. The chaills are almost the
only local sickness to which we are subjpet, and
from my own knowledge I assert that theyare light,
and yield to treatment much more readily than they
do further North, and if proper care is taken are
not so liable to return. The fatality here, in my
opinion, does not exceed one thir'd of one 'per cent
for the number of eases.
Soine of your substantial old planters who have
been accustomed from their first setting out in life
to raise their own meat and bread, wvould perhaps
like to know how it would be with them, were they
down here. Perhaps they may-hmve been informed
that the weavil wvould destroy their Corn, the red-bug
their Cotton, that they could raise no hogs, and even
i they could, they could never make bacon of them.
The corn in my erib is still sound and good, while
the meat in my meat house, raised here and baconed
here, will coampare favorably with that cured in the
mountains of Carolina. The weavil does sometimes
injure the corn hero, but, they can easily be prevented
by. gathering thme crops at the proper season and by
properly eribbing it. Ilogs do well here without
ever tasting a grain of corn, and we generally have
coldl weather enough during the winter to save the
meat. At any rate it costs nothing to raise the hogs,
and as that price we might afford to lose some of-he
meat as is customary with you in Carolina. Our
Cattle are line. We have excellent beef and it only
costs the time weo spend in getting it ready for the
table. We have numerous prairies well covered
witht grass and the cattle are nowv as fat as even corn
could maky thenm. In the winter the dense ham
mocks altordh thenm shelter from the little cold we
may have, whlile the huxuriamnt growthm of cane af
f..d, .t... ..n in.lu.. antpel of f.,1. They fee on
the prairies from nine to ten months in the year and.
sometimes even longer in, consequence of our short,.
Before concluding I must say something concern
ing present prospects for a crop this year.. The corn
is now so far advanced that we can form a pretty
accurate estimate of the probable quantity that will
be-gathered. I hive long been accustomed to raising
corn and cotton, and from my experience in that busi
ness, 1 feel safe in saying that the present corn crops
in this section of country will not fall short of an
average yield of twenty five bushels per-acre, and
the quantity planted is unusually large. There are
many fields which I am satisfied must yield from
thirty-five to forty bushels per-acre. Corn will ne
cessarily be quite cheap here for the next twelve
The Cotton crop looks very well and promises a
heavy yield. The Cotton is from three toseven feet
in height and very well formed. I am credibly in
formed that a thousad pounds to the acre is fre
quently gathered from good hammock fields and also
from some of the pine land fields. The prospect now
is as fair as it has ever been in this section of country.
Perhaps some of your readers may think that a thou
sand pounds is by no means a heavy yield. They
must bear in mind that I speak' of long Cotton (or
Sea Island) only, and that one pound of that Cotton
usually commands about four times the price of a
pound of short Cotton. I now ask what would a
plantation sell for in Carolina which would yield one
thousand pounds of short Cotton to the acre? Such
a place can be had here for eight dollars per-acre.
Lands are not so high here as it is with you and we
can make three or four times as much on it. They
are.steadily advancing in value howevir, and the op
portunity for getting cheap plantations in Florida will
soon be numbered among the things that were.
Those who contemplate moving to our State had bet
ter do so without delay, especially as Corn will be
unusually cheap next year. Come at once, and you
can readily be accommodated with good wpter, good
health, good .society, cheap corn, and good planta
tions at reasonable prices. A. L. 0.
FOR TILE ADVERTISER.
A GREAT ENTERPISE AE AD-ARD A GLORI
OUS MIGHTY COUNTRY IN PROSPECT.
In the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Ca
ribbean Sea lie scattered between the latitude of 12
and 23 North, a large number of the most fertile
and salubrious Islands in the world. Nature has
lavished her richest stores upon them; and Provi
dence has blessed them with an eternal sunshine and
a never-ending Spring. The sugar cane, the melon,
the orange, the lime, lemon, pine apple, cocoa nut,
and all the choice fruits and productions of the earth
are yielded by them in the utmost profusion. If
their pro'ducts tended only to delight the palate or
to satisfy the cravings of the fastidious epicure, even
then they might furnish rare fruits for commerce
almost sufficient to supply one half of this. Conti
nent, and to bring themselves unaccountable wealth,
opulence and splendor. These delicate tropical
fruits are so much sought after, I urge, that without
any other exports, these Islands could become in a
short time, by industry and attention, the richest
portion of the habitable Globe, as well as the most
beautiful and happy.
But this fairest region of God's domain, abounds
not only in the delicious, the ornmental and the
pleasing, but it raises every thing needful for the
support of man; arid might subsist prosperous, in
dependent and contented, if it had no intereourse
whatever with the rest of the world. The innume
rable little Islets of which it is composed afford and
raise to ordinary strength and size nearly all the
useful animals of which the Continent of Europe
can boast.-such, as the horse, the hog, the cow, the
sheep, the deer, and in a word, every anlma~l upon
whos'lesh man gratifies his appetite in response
to the calls of nature, or by whose power and endu
rance lhe lightens the burdens of his labors in the
field. Add to this, that nearly all the breadatuffs in
abundance, besides nuts, nutricious roots, and sugar
and coffee, upon whieb alone man might live and be
merry, grow in these Islands to greater perfection
than in any other place under the sun, and you
have hardly yet had the slightest conception of the
inestionble advantages they enjoy over any other
quarter cf our terrestrial sphere.
Saying nothing more of their fertility and pro
ductiveness, which all will admit-they arc so ad
mirably situated, that they can suffer no excess
either of heat or cold, because, if they do happen to be
in a Southern latitule, their temperature. is forever
modified by the influence and the breezes of the
ocean. What hinders them then from becoming
the very Paradise of the earth ? What hinders them
from becoming th'o resort for the sick and affl~cted
of all patrtu of this creation ? What hinders them
from raising and sustainling the best race of men
that ever figured upon God's footsool ? What lhin
ders them from forming a Government (for their
ctent of territory and resources beyond question
are amply 'ufieient.) freer than Great -Britain or,
the United Staies, and nmore powerful than Ancient
Rome, or modern Russia, or gallant, dashing, war
ring France ? The response is, they want men
they want occupants worthy of the soil-they want
instruments to develope the exhaustless stores of
" What though the spicy breezes,
Blow soft o'er Ceylon's isle,
Though every prospect pleases,
And only man is vile;
In vain, with lavish kindness,
The gifts of God are strewn ;
*The heathen in his blindness,
* Bows down to wood and stone."1
For non, can deny the inferiorty of the aborigines
of this section, or that the Spanish race has either
wofully degenerated or vastly failed to keep pace
wvith the improvenmenta of modern ages. It has.
slowly but continually declined ever since the dis
covery of this Continent; and every colony that the
Spanish have planted here, and every Government
they have ereeted during the period of near four
hundred years, has been almost r n entire failure, or
a perfect abortion. -It may be that a defective gov
ernment makes a weak and'deficient people. But
it appears to me that every race of men have their
culminating point, and the Spanish and Portugese
'have long ago reached that, and passed it, in their
declination.'-I do not ascribe this melancholy ohange
altogether to any such adventitious eireumstanees
a the accumulation of wealth, and hardly to their
government or religion, though I owna that-the char
acter of a nntinn is more affected by their religion
and government than by all other causes combined,
except by such as enter into the designs of Provi
dence and constitute the irresistible laws of nature ;
but it really seems apparent that certain people, and
certain kinds of people have been crested at every
era to fulfil the high behest' of Jehovah, and when
they have accomplished their mission, their task has
been completed, and. their course .has been run.
They have sunk into insignificance, become amal
gamated with the rest of mankind,.and their identity
has ben totalty destroyed. Where are theoancient
Carthagenians, the Egyptians, and I may even ask,
the andient Grecians, for the modern brigand,ealled
a Greek, is a very poor specimen of the countrymen
of Demosthenes, of Plato, of Aristides,' of Socra
tesof Phocion, and of Solon, and of all the illustrious
men who made Athens, which was hut a-little strip
of this earth, the mistress, not only in arms, but in
the arts and sciencees, of the whole worldi They
have disappeared from among men. And except
their towering pyramids, and mausoleums, their
moulding tombs and. crumbling temples, there re
mains no vestige of the mighty Pharoabs, whose
prinely forms have become common earth ; and all
of their kindred, with the invincible legions they
enmanded, have shared the sanme oommon destiny.
Why this mutation among mankind is by uno means'
peculiar to his species, for-it is equally as obseryable
Geologists discover daily theremains eofflintes of
huge dimension., which, by no possib3!ty, could
exist at 'the present day. IBook at- tIe bones
of the masterdom, and of' other- nmelelh beasts,
which have been exhumed ly tie asidky of phi
losophcrs and men of science, &W no man ca ven
taro to say, that they belong to a deseription'of ani
mals that now live, or that are referred to in the
oldest authentic histories.
They had their day and J(parIbdj to give place
to a new order more adapted to the progress of the
world. It is so with man, pnd the vaius raaesof
man. Perhaps the genui'ne negre lIairImde'les
change than any other of the different divisionsof the
human family. "Can the Ethiopea ebsage bis
skin ?" Africa itself (I mean the heart and iterlor
of it,) has undergone less alteration than any other'
part of the globe; and.consequently its inha bits'
have the same complexion, And have the samo
marks of inferiority 'that they did teo thouand'
My principal aim though is to show that'llese
Islands, called the West Indies, and others inprox
imity. with them, should be under tnother idliarnd
should belong to a people differing v.ith those wl
now own and tyransise over them, and smother
every seed of enlightment,' religion and liberty be
fore it can take root in a soil- better adapted for its
culture than any which was ever bessed by tJhe
hand of nature, or verified and awaked by the fos
tering care of Heaven; and in:my-saceedingeom
munications, I shall proceed to give:my rejsons for
this position, more in detail, and al'o .piovethat the
duty of aecomplishing the high'object in contempla
tion devolves essentially upon the valorous citizeas
of the United States. CRITTENDEN.
DArrox, July 8.-The wheat .harvest in the
Miami valley has been progressing. throughout
the past week, and the weather has been remar
kably favorable for the gathering, of the crop.
Its abundance has far exceeded expectations,
and the grain is of superior quality. In oats,
flax and barley a heavy crop is also anticipated.
PRicE oF FLouR.-We learn that nbw'lor
of good quality sold in our Town on Monday
the 9th inst. at three cents per pound, being six
dollars per barrel.-Spartanburg Express.
ExEcurjoN.-The two negroes (spother and
son) that have been in our jail some time past
under the sentence of death for the b1arder or
their master, .Mr. Holman 'Smith, wer hanged
on last Friday near the place where the deed
was committed.-Spartanburg Express. .
TILE CHARLESTON ELEcnoIN.-The election
for Sheriff in Charleston was quite an excite
affairs. Col. John E. Carew has been .el
over his opponent, C. E. Kanapaur,- by neely
900 majority. The vote was .the largest ever
polled in the city. -
The election of Col. Carew is claimed 'as a
Know Nothing triumph; but the remarks.of the
city papers do not justify this assumption. The
" We share in the gratification'n't the result.
Although the issue of Know Nothingism was
made among certain classes of our citizens, yet
it never took the form of a distinct and general
issue in the community, and thus Col. Carew
was warmly supported by very many who were
.able.to gratify their preferences and friendships
for the man, without any sacrige- of polities1
The &andard is more particular, and thus
comments on the result:
" The political force of this remnIt will hardly
be estimated properly. It will doubtless be re-'
arded as a triumph of the American order; but
it would be hardly safe. to say that .thej alone
had carried the election.. There were nearly
1,000 more votes cast for Carew than is claimed
by that party. But it may be taken as an evi
dence of the fact, that with thie Know Notindgs
on one side, and the foreign vote .upon-theother
the conservative vote of the city is :at present
with the'Ilitter; .and to this exten.,a&Jeast.it e
may be taTlen as a test of the -Americni seti
ment of the distrioL.
We also subjoin the comments of the organ
of the party, the Evening News:
We do not claim the triumph of Col. Carew
to be strictly a Know Nothing victory--a triumpih
of the Order proper. But we do claim that it is
a triumph of the American party, of.'American
principles, of American order. 'Dtere was an
open and direct issue made agaidist CoL Carew
on these points, by a combination of the foreign
and Catholic vote, aided by many others who
oppose the Know Nothings."
A LARGE BEET.--We acknowledged last
week the receipt from Mr. McMaster of a very
large beet. Mr. W. S. Rabb hae brought us
one weighing nine pounds and measuring twen
ty.four in circumferenee-this bent. Mr. McMas
ter's two pounds and a half ini weight and three
inches in circumference. Gentlemen fix up
our Agricultural Association, give a big State
'air, and see how Fairfield horticulture will take
CA BBAG EIwITH ConN.-Mr. Brooks, of Prince
ton, Masi~achusetts, at the last Legislature Agri
ultural Meeting in Boston, alluded to the prac
Itiee of planting catbbages among Indian e~n.
He knew an instance where cabbages. were
planted in alternate rdirs with corn, and.the
cbbages sold fi' $150 per acre.
THE REDAN AND THE MAr.AKOFF.-These
now famous towers, that may. be said to guard
the gates of Sebastopol, arc already celebrated
for deeds of valor, on t'he part both of besieged,
that almost rival those which .old Homer tells
of, before .the .walls. of .Troy,.thousands of
on t years since..
1 he first of these toiwers,' the Redan, is a
huge semi-circular earth-work, .forming, in fact,
a part of the main fortifications on the handside
of the city just outside the walls. it was orig
inally of stone, but since the investment of the
city by the French and English, immense earth
works have been added to it...
The Malakoff Tower is next north and east
of the Redan; between them are the Ochakos
ravine and earth-works. The Malakoff stands
upon low ground, near th4 head of Careening
By, but on .the southern and western side. The
Mamelon stands 400 yarde in front of:It, In a
more commanding position; and when it was
taken by the French, the RussianM hanled thieir
ships out of the bay,' as they were exposed to
the guns of the Nameglon in the -bands 9f the
French. These thiree works were in fact all
outworks, and have bien thrown up ince'the
commencement of -the siege, almost In the
presence of the F'rench and English, but still
they may be considered as forming a piart of
themain defence of the city; whilst the Manme
ln,aithough importatnt from'its Aommanding
position, was nevtertheless at detached work,
separate and distinct from the Russian'main
line of defence.
It is a noteworthy faht, that the.unsecessful
assault on the part of the allies was made on
the 18th of ~June, the anniversary o'f the 'Battle
of Waterido. Possibly- the purpose swas to
cement still closer the union of ngland and
Frnce, by sinking the memories of that memo
rable day in the 'storming and riduction 'of
Sebastopol. A happy thought' perhaps-but
terminating in a melanchol dusppintment.
- [New Fap xjress.
.. -- 411. - .
."S~amno,.I went a gunning t'oder day.. I
seed four cOOns, anid shot the biggest' one out
o do lot. How many was dereef(2." -
"Vy, dree,. oh course."
"No, Pomp-dare was only one left."
" How's dat, Sambol"
"Kaze, after I shot him, do rest all rund away.
".Now, Sambo, as vou' be so 6ery' elebber,
can you tell me which' side ob dat eoda ha de
most hair on't --
" No, Pomp, can't tell dat, nor.yonedef.
"But I can though. Vy, doan't' yos-see, it
was de outside, you tai bladk'idgger,'-y4U1
Yah!yah! yah!'"_ .
Ir is an'interesting tac that fret-nse
to which thie disppyery Qf .E . priting
was anliedu~, was ,ode ithe4a
Mentx. between.:h ga iIid) e
Gottinbur'wasth i e1tor..tth~.t and
,Faujst, golsmmb, fgrs ,edtbiaues
f..d.. The work enne .25 pagea.