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For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, i
For Advertising Estray's Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
'a by the.Magistrate advertising.
S'uh.is the -inquiry made for tho article of
e;New Orleans Christian Advocate on the
roscriptive feature of the Philadelphia Know
othing Platform (says the. Jackson. Miss., Ga.
te) that we avail ourselves of the earliest op.
rtunity of laying it before our readers. Thi
fluential Protestant (Methodist) organ, ani
pjoser of Catholicism, presents obje.ctions tc
he clause, which cannot be refuted. We in.
ake, for it the careful reading of Protestants o
very denomination, Let them heed its earnest
rnings its they would preserve the Constitu
on or our Government from overthrow, ani
rotestantism itself from pollution:
" 'From the N. O. Christian Advocate.
.ELIGIOUS TESTS-=CATHOLIC DISA'IRJTY.
'he sphere of our disctissions is moral, religi
us and ecelesiastical. Beyond this we do not pur
ose to extend our remarks upon Eighth Arti
e of be "American Platform." Whilo pre
nting our readers with a summary of events
aking.up the current history of the day, an
hieh it behooves them to know; we have steadi
recgnized an implied covenant toward them
to meddle with their politics ; to cast not.
ather's weiglit oti either side of questions divi
ng them as citizens of the State. If on ou
rt this covenant has not been faithfully kept
is we can sa, with a good conscience, w
ve tried to keep it, and are ignorant of an
fraetibn. And we shall keep it to the end.
No mawkish sensitiveness, however, shal
event us from speaking out on a subject evel
ith a political complexion, falling within ou
The proceedings.of the convention lately as
mbled at Philadelphia, .whose platform is pub
hed in another column, were watehed by u
ith great interest. Ecclesiastical matters were
ly introduced. An attempt was made, princi
ly by Southern men, to throw them out
t the " Catholic test" was affirmed, and, final
rp-nflirmad. ' The Roinan Catholic Church
named distinctly. " Resistance" to it is pro
unded among the things credenda and th<
ings agenda. If we read correctly, evert
itholic is proscribed. He..may be an Ameri
n-native, good and patriotie; he may stoutly
d. practically deny the power of the Pope it
ii mat ters a's an inference from the eeelesi:'sti
.Yet, for his religion's sake, he is barret
dvancemcnt to all -politicnl stattions-execu
e, legislative, judicial or diplomatic." This is
est to which our religious principles and re
blicahz in-stincts, the spirit of. our institution:
the liberty'ofconzscience. as interpreted by tb.
e are all opposed. No part y.holding it howete:
celklen! be other principles held in combination
y e.cpect to pass before the conserratiae peopl
the United States, especially of the .South. 1
.not budge a step-4t cannot stand, with thiu
Istone about its neck..
There are thousands of the best men of the
parties who sympathise in the movement
an essential moudifientiotn of'our naturalizatior
s, who see danger in the immnieratio ..
sorntby voting in Teriitories, to sh'apeihe
racter of States; but they neither will pursue
ceept it upon conditions impairing religious
'rty. -If the two be disjoined, they go for the
ner: and in their ranks many of the naturali
.Former party attachments would be sacri
to't his cnd, but religious liberty nerer. . We
rlad it is so. We rejoice to believe this senti
is imbedde.l in the heart of the count ry: 1h
es our 'cicili::atibn a thoroughly Protestant
o one sus peet us of Popish affinities. Thle
rrupting tendencies" of the Roman Catholic
roh we take every occasion to expose and
nteract. Th oeis a king as wvell as a
st, havings his soldiers and his jails. H-is
inatls :re iinuisters of state, of war. of finance.
'organization haus ever shown a tendency
olhi,:al interference, and presented a diffienl
in the application of religious toleration.
.thle digieulty hias been solved, and this is
The maintenance of the right of every man
he full unrestrained :and peaceft enjoyment
iIown seligious opinions .and 'a jealous re
nee of -all attempts by any sect, denomina-.
or church to obtain ant aseendency over any
r in the State, by means of any special privi
s or exemptiop, by any political combinatioti
s members." --
'n open Bible. public schools and a free press
?pd defences against Catholics and Protes
s ; for all men love ascendency, though all de
inations have not equal instincts for it. If1
fe'thodist ever so far forget their high calling
itnder awcay from their foundation .as to
oue ~for special privileges, or form their
hers -into poLitical combinations, wce hope they
encounter " a jealous resistance."- So of
other sect, denomination or chuerch. If itn
ecelesiastient character they stand about
ballot box at the call of the highest bidder,
him that bids, and applj to the sect so
ituting its influence a moral and local
retofore the religious elenment of the order
doubtful ; in some places acknowledged, in
-s repudiated. Up to this authoritive decla
n of trie convention the case did not address
to us "Had the religious feature been
,ug Qf the platform' we shouild now have
ing-o say. .There are principles set forth
chaullenging respect and assent, and doing
r to thoe boldly avowinug. themas, the
-ation of a natiornal nd--American spirit, the
of compromise, reverential obedience to
ws, the Bible in commaon 'schools, and the
uivocal ground'taken upon the constitution
ht~s and institutions of the South..
yond the principle involved, 'there are grave
derations of eipedieney. Kraisfortune has
len the controversy-as between Catholies
?rotestants. Our opponents, aee suddenly
at immense advantage.
e sympathies of a powei-ful party -are una.
'ily witirthem. 'Public speakers mifd'jour
.are bieegme their apologists and etilogists.
'ous eoenparisons are drawn betweetilatho.
nd Prbtsetants, in disparagement. of~ the
;and bf those wh3 liave hitherto thought
:omparatively feeble sect has been elevated
ndue importance. According to the reppr.
tion of the census, 'm 1850, the &tonian
lia Chiuroh hasbut 1,112 churches, which
eommodato only 621,000 bearers! Not
venth of the number of churches belonging
Meth~odi.<tsa searcely more than one-eighth
ntumbter of the Baptists, 'not onefourth the
n of the Presbyterluins. It has not one
third of the whole number repiorted, while
dists hhve more than one-third, and the
is nearly one.fuurth. 9
this hanidful a p..rty aspiring to nationali.
,poses to resist f
he General <,f .esuits lhnself had been in
il he could ntot monre eliectually have devi..
:> weaken the~ Protestats and aggrandizre
old thiis platform succeed in the govern
we shall be put back wvhere Englands w~
the act of Catholic cemancipationl. This
.,. stnp ackwerd-back of oursaelves.
It gives Catholibs the tremendoba benefit of
persecution. That cry will. rallf! to any seet,
hosts of noble'spirifs, who.otherwise wo. d:.Nold
it. in religious abhorrence.
Many, who Were hangingloosely by the skirts
of Catholicism, and.being gradually but surely
disinterested from its communion, are fired with
new zeal and compacted.by-.the sense: of oppres
The weapons of this warfare are not carnal.
We arkeowledge the kind intentionsbut decline
the alliance of politicians. It is burdensome.
This controversy bdng to us-Protestant Chris
tians, Protestant churches, Protestant journals
and societies, as such. We want no direct or in
direct aid from Government in managing it, be.
lieving that if let alone, with truth, on our aide,
we can bring it forth to victory.
We copy the following interesting letter of
Rev. M. Y. Yates, from the last number of the
Home and Foreign Journal.
You will doubtless rejoice to know that Shang
hai is no longer a besieged city. The imperial
ists, by some means other than hard fighting,
got possession of the city last light. Some say
there was treachery on the part of some of the
rebels; others say that the rebels having exhaus
ted all their supplies within the city, attempted
to escape in the night. If it were an attempt to
evacuate, it was not very' successful, for several
hundred poor victims were caught, and have du.
ring to-day been beheaded. Those who.escaped
last night are being hunted down. like wild ani.
mals. I suppose more than half the rebels that
escaped from the city will be detected, and exe
Among the victims that were decapitated to
day were three foreigners, (a Dutchman, a Dane,
and a Malay.) The scene at the- camp this af.
ternoon beggars description. The heads of some
four hundred unfortunate beings were thrown in
- baskets or bags, to be taken to the six gates of
the city, where they are to be exposed to public
gaze for several days ; while their headless bodies
some of which having their hearts and longs ex
tracted, were thrown in wild confusion over the
execution ground. Whilst this work of death
was going on at the camp, the main body of the
imperial soldiers were pillaging the unfortunate
inhabitants of the city, who had been shut up
there during the entire siege.
The city of Shanghai is now a mere wreck.
The imperialists, when they got-within the walli
being, it would seem, determined to make sure
work of it this time, commenced setting fire to
the houses; and they did not stop this work 01
wanton destruction till nearly one half of the
best portion of the city was in flames. The fire
is not yet wholly extinguished. Al. the churches
within the wall escaped injury from fire, though
they narrowly escaped. It burned to within one
house of the Baptist Church ; to within a few
doors of the London Mission Church; quite up
to the Episcopal Church, and quite up to the
Sabbatarian Church dwelling on three sides.
r The Baptist Church has sustained very serious
damage from the French's attack upon the city
It has been pierced many times with round shot
and ten-inch shell. The tower is so much in
jured that It will have to be taken down; at least
one-half of it. We have not yet made a thor.
ough examination as to the extent of the injury
but we know enough to feel quite sure that it
will not be safe for the tower to remain in it
present state. The injury to the body of the
church is not such as to preclude our holding
services in it, and I hope soon to resume my old
March 6th.-About 1,200 rebels have been
behejaded. The leaders of the rebellion at this
place, it is said, have escaped. The masses that
fled from the city when it fell into the hands of
the rebels are returning to their homes in thme city.
Thoqsands of them have nothing left but the few
bricks of which their houses were built.
A person, who registered his name as N. S.
Pratt, a native of Gerona, near Barcelona, aged
27, arrived at the Mills House in this city on
Wednesday afternoon from Columbia, and shut
ting himself, up in the room on the fourth story,
tore up some $80 or $90, and then set fire to
the bed, &c. The smoke eaused an alarm, and
on the door being broken open about haltf past
6 o'clock, lhe precipitated himself out of the
window and fell to the ground, a distance of
about sixty feet, breaking his back and oth -
aey'to the City Hospital, where he receIved
every attention. HeI was alive yesterday after
noon, but the lower part of his body was inani
mate, and death was deemed inevitable. He
is a single man, and his father is alive in Spain,
but his mother is dead. He has been four years
in the United States, and' passed the last fwe
months in Columbia, where he worked at his
trade, that of a tailor, with Mr. H. C. Franek,
of That city. From all we can learn, we are
inclined to believe that he was subject to tempo
rary' aberations of mind.-Charleston Courier.
An AFFAIR OF Honon.-Two of our city
bloods-a distinguished member of the tele
graphic corps and an equally disntinguished mem
ber of the medical profession-met on the ten
ted field yesterday to cut, by bullets, the gordian
knot, which the amicable diplomacy of friends
could not untie. The parties having been pre
viously arrested and held to bail in this city,
took the cars yesterday morning for Osyka, and
on that classic spot settled thme point at issue.
The weapons were pistols, distance fourteen
-paces. At the first fire one of the combatants
got slightly winged, after ivhich the difficulty
was amicably and satisfactorily arranged. In
such-eases a lady is generally the disturbing
angel, but in the p resent one we uoderstand the
qufarrel originated in a diffennee of opinion in
relation to the strength of the Malakoff' arid
Reda towers at Sebastopol.-N. 0. Delta, 21st
DE ATH OF WESLEY .LEvEEr.-Wesley Lev
erett, extensively known as one of the first
Teachers in South Carolina, died at William
ston, in Anderson District,'on the 14th instant.
He was in the prime of manhood, and -in his
death a public benefactor has been lost 'to the
country. WAe see a call made upon all his for
mer pupils to meet at Anderson C. H., on sale
day in August, for 'the purpose -of making ar
rangements to erect:n monument to his memory.
We hope the idea may be carried- out. Such a
mark of esteem for departed worth could not'
be more fittingly bestowed.-Independent Press.
IAFFAIRS 1N THlE CRDIEA.-The Washington
Star coihtains the following, concernirig the pros
pects before the allied army in the Crimea:'
" Among the military men in Washington, it
ivery generally believed that the allies now
have bnt three' desperate alternatives left them.
First, to repeat, the assault of June 18, with even
more murderously disastrous consequences to
themselves, as the impregnable Redan and
- Malakoff batteries must be -taken before there
eitn be the slightest hope that they can carry
Sebastopol by assault.' Next, to retreat to their
shipping, which cannot be done without imidense
loss, unless the Russians choose- to permit them
to depart in peace.. Third, to essay to penetrate
into the interior, where they will find on all really
important pointoj lines of fortifications as com
plete, quite as complete for defence, as those in
and hround Sebastopol. That is, if they .make
that attempt 'they must reduce a new Sebastopol
everyfifty miles on their march into the interior
of the country, leaving their rear uncovered, too,
and'making the attempt with the knowledge-that
their return to the .coast cannot be effected ex
'.ept througli'thronughl seas of blood, as it were.
One has but to look plosely at a good military
map of thle seat of war to comprehend the truth
of these rewalm-that is, 'if he has carefully
stvdiud the history of the. campaign up, to this
DUEL IX NoaTu CAxorjz.A.The personal
.dffiulty between J. D. Hymian, Editor of the
Ashville Spectator, and W--LkHilliard, formerly
of this place, resulted in a hostile meig
After exchanging one round with riflesth a
lenging party expressed himelf'satisfied..
INQUEST.-The Coroner for Ribhland?9Datrlct,
B. B, Miller, Esq., held an incluest Inst evening
over the body of a .white female -named Jane.
Hassard,- swho- died suddenly on the eventag
previous:' Thie..thiy returned a verdict of 'acl
detntl'death ,the consequence .of inebriacy, the
deeased havi'ng sustained fatal injuries by
M ENGO1 THE BartnBT STATE CONVETION.
The B5th annual meeting of the Baptist Con.
yntion of. South Caonlina has jiitbein'hold in.
this place, and at the ane :time the Board of
Tristees of tie FurmanUniversity held its an
nual 'meeting. The Convention assembled on
Saturday at eleven o'clock, in the Baptist Church,
when the introductory'sermon was preached'by
Rev. R. Furman. After-the sermon, the Con
vention was organized by the election of officers
-Rev. James C. -Furman being chosen Presi
dent,;Rev. J. G. Landrum Vice President, and
Rev. J. J. Branily .Secretary. As each church,
according to the principles of th6 Baptist denom
ination, is independent in its government, the
Convention is not a legislative body, but a vol
untary organization, having for its only object
the promotion of Missionary Bible Publication
and Educational interests. Its proceedings,
therefore, relate entirely to such objects. On
Sunday the usual Missionary Sermon was
preached by Rev. James C. Furman in the morn
ing; in the afternoon the Rev. Mr. Dayton, Cor-.
responding Secretity of the Southern Baptist
Bible Board, established at Nashville, preached,
and at night the Rev. Mr.'Kendrick, of Charles
ton, to large and attentive congregations.
On Monday the Committee resumed its sit
tings. Reports of an interesting character were
read from the different' Boards of the Conven
tion, and in the morning Rev. Mr. Tustin, Cor
responding Secretary of the Southern Baptist
Publication Society, addressed the Convention
on the objects and' claims of the Society. At
night amass meeting was held, at which ad
dresses were delivered by Rev. Mr. Dayton and
Rev. Mr. Whilden, Agent of the. Foreign Mis
sion Board, and formerly Missionary to China..
The Convention appointed. delegates to attend a
general Convention of the Baptistdenomination
of the South, to be held in Augusta in May of
next year, to take into consideration the expedi
ency of establishing a general Theological Sem
inary for the South and West. On Monday
morning the Convention, after a short session,
adjourned, .to meet in July of next year, at
Greenville. The-Board of Trustees also closed
its session Monday, July 24-Newberry Mirror.
. BOg WASmmGTON
The correspondent of the New York Herald
of 20th July gives the following:
The principal menibers of the cabinet met
this morning at an early hour. It was chance
that brought them together' The President
had received a letter from the Czar of Russia,
in reply to one transmitted by' especial band
through our Minister at St. Petersburg, con
gratulatory upon his. succession. This letter,
like a previous one received by President Pierce
from his illustrious father, bore his own auto
graph, and is evidently not' intended for the
public gaze. The knowledge that' a letter of
this nature had been received, brought about
the meeting of an .inquiring cabinet a day be
fore the, usual time of meeting. Its sincerity
of sentiment, as far as I can learn, appears in
every line. The document is a singular one,
and, at the same time, somewhat important in
its congratulatory tone of the increasing great
ness of the United States. The dying father's
admonitory advice to the son, his successor, now
the~Emperor, was to study his papers-private,
which wouid be found in his escretoire-which
he had received from the most eminent men in'
the United States, among the names of which
are to be found those of Jackson, Clay, Web
ster and others.' The imperial potentate ack
nowledges all th'e value to these papers placed
upon them by his illustrious father, and received
with expressions of more than usual feeling the
strong national interest manifested by the Amer
ican people in the success of the war upon
whielh his~ great father had entered. He pro
poses the most lasting friendship between Rus
sia and the United States. This last Eur opean
diail has brought more important intelligence to
the United States that any arrival .since the es
tablishment of our steam connection with Eu
THrE Boston Traveller has some further par
ticulars of the explosion' of the bofiler of' the
locomotive on the Vermont Central Rafi Road,
on Thursday. The train.was going at the 11te
of 40 miles an hour at the time, the engineer
having put on all the steam in order to reach a
turn-out at a certain time. The water, unfortu
naey av ot an th elosion followed.
" The report was terrific, and 'seemed as if
half a~ oze'n cannonhad been discharged togethi
er. Te engine was thrown from the track. a
complete wreck, ahd loged' some distanee off
down an embankment. The cars were also both
thrown from the track, and so great was their
velocity that they proceeded over the sleepers
more than a hundred yards before their impetus
could be checked, which was oesasioned by the
forward wheels becoming deeply imbedded in
the ground. -"The explosion was heard for miles.
"The conductor who was killed was Riihard
Bush, of Burlington. He leaves a family. The
Engineer's name, was French.
" The fireman' was picked up with a leg ad
an arm broken, and otherwise shockingly bruised
and sealded. He was insensible, but still breath
ed, and on e~onsciousness returning he asked,
"What have you all been about?" It is thougt
he cannot survive. A boy ini the baggage car
had his face badly cut and bruised by portions
of the exploded boiler. No passengers were
injured, altough their consternation for a while
was great." -
Capt. David 'S. Young, of Staunton, Va., was
struck by lightning, during a thunder storm, last
Wednesday wveek', from the effects of which he
has nearly recovered. The Vindicator says:
." The fluid struck him first on the arm,; just
below the left shoulder, as he stood, on his back
porch, leaning with his left side against the north
east corner of his house. 'A raised -and- braised
indenture of 'about an inch and a quarter outside
and transverse the arm, something like a slight
burn marks the jlace-of its entry. At that point
a hole w'ls made' through his coat and shirt
sleeve, of about one'and a half inches dimension.
Thence the track of the electric fluid is plainly
visible by marks similar'to that on his arm,
around his back, down, to his right 'thigh, and
thence to the -outer side of his right leg to the
toes of his right foot.' In its course it burned
the hair from his right -limb and tore the shoe
from his right'foot, prostrating him on the floor
of his porch, whe're h.e lay helpless, buit perfect
ly in his senses, of which. he was not deprived
for a moment;-'indeed, he himself', with entire
presence of mind,; directed his family in the
administration of 'the' remedies by which he was
restored-such as pouring' over him cold water,
&. The course of the electricity around his
body he accounts for by the circumstance of his
having at the time keys and. 'other metallic sub
stances in the right pocket of 'his pantaloons.".
A BURGLAR SHOT BY A LAD.-M:-s. Linseys,
a lady residing in Eighth .avenue, New Yor.k,
administered a dose to a burglar, which, he will
find it hard 'to digest, and which may perhaps
stop .the fellow for awhile .from laying his
hands on other people's property. T'he Ex
At about two o'clock in' the morning she was.
aroused from' her sleep by. a' noise in an adjoin
ing room, and upon raising up she discovered a
coupleof highbinders in the act of carrying off'
a portion of her jewelry and her husband'a gold
watch. Seizing a revolver . which was under
one of the pillows of the bed, .she took- nim at
the chap that-had the plunder In his'hands, and
as geed huerk would have it, -hit him on the first
fire. The fellow dropsped 'the stolen property
an sprang-through the--door into the street.
exclaimed "My. God, Bill, i'm: hot."'On exam
ining the'preinises, after the burglars had 'escap
ed, it was discovered' that 'nearly every drawer
and chest had been broken or- f'orced open, but
nothing had been carried ofl. '
NATIVE ASnrsRICJLs.-On Saturday last some
half dozen Native Americans, with their little
'ones, a portion -'of the remnant of that noble
band of Revolutionary. hero'es known 'ai the
Catawba Indians,'visited Columbia on buisiness,
bringing with thers their uisual supply of earthen
vessels for sale. They attracted'-much atten
tion, and are entitled to the warmest sympathy
and friendly' greeting .of. every Carolinian, as
the representatives of a' faithful warrior band,
who nobly espoused the' American canse in the
Revolution,' and 'bravely ,battled side by side.
'with one progenitors for tihe blessings 'of civil
-nd religius -liberty which we, their children,
nor Enjoy.-C.roli.. 'Tiam.s
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
_ G3I LD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY,* 4gGUST 1,1855.
TNe peaches came, full gdimp and juicy as we ex
pected ! and from the place of all others in this vicini
ty where such delicacies are most apt to be found
the garden of our worthy fitendant ! The splendid
boquet of Roses and Dahlias; which accompanied the
Fruit Basket,.was as besuilful as the peaches and
green-gages were delicious. Many thanks, Mr.
BaooKS, for your kind remembrance of us.
Yxs, we have the very king beet of the season.
The fact is, itumay be said ib he the Czar of all beet
dom. Come and see, thcsq of you who doubt. We
keep it as a rosicurity. ..It grew, in the garden of our
friend, Mr. JAMEs Aatsirao*o, and comes nearer be
ing an arm-full than any weielze of the kind we ever
saw. It measures-(listen,: allthose of ye who have
been bragging on beets !) -it tmeasures 251 inches tn
circumference, and weighs4 pounds!! Nuused.
MR. SWEARE IRS'EILL.
WE take pleasure in calling attention to the adver
tisement of Mr. JAai s Swz.reirN in regard to his
Mill. We can bear testiminy to the excellence of his
flour; for we have just tried him with ten or twelve
bushels of wheat and aremore than satisfied. In truth,
we are delighted. Our ligh -bread rises.finely and
our biscuit is white enough ti'please the most scrupu
lous. We comma Mr. S's Mifilto all who like good,
clean, white flour. .
THE CONCERT OF THURSDAY LAST.
Wi are glad to learn that the Concert by Mrs. RAr
moND's pupils passed off in such fine style. The com
pany in attendance was unusuallylarge aid the per.
formances were more than ordinarily pleasing, as we
learn from several sources. The pride taken by Mrs.
RAYMUND in her department of the Institute deserves
much commendation, and we trust our people will
show their appreciation of her untiring efforts by some
thing more substantial than words. -
It is a source of regret tots that-an mR-timed headache
prevented our usual participation In the pleasures of
the occasion alluded to.
MR. ' W. B. .JOHNSTON, ill THE CAROLI
Wa regret to See that-this e andlhighly esteemed
journalist has-retired from higpst asg clief-editor of
the South Carolinian. He. taes leave of his readers
and eotemporaries in an impressive valedictory, the
reading of which las eaused as more sorrow than in
usual on such occasions. It out a deserved tribute
to Mr. JostwrroN, to say that be has, throughout his
editorial career, pursued a manlj and high-toned course
towards all whom he has had ocession to meet in the
feid of newspaper controversy; and that, by the
proper application of talents admirably suited to the
editorial vocation, he has taa A'Carolinian a favo
rite in every circle it has ent . We wish him hap
piness and success inwhatever busines he may here.
The Caroliaian is now undelthe sole control of Dr.
R. W. Gisaa, and its readers tnay;safely calculate
upon its being kept fully up to;,thte high-grade of jour
nalism upon which it at preset stands.
Tins excellent school is worthy the attention of all
who desire to have their daughters placed under the
charge of an amiable lady andin intelligent matron.
Such an one Mrs. M~wcCLtroa is well known to he;
and she deserves at the hands of this community the
most liberal encouragement. .
It will be seen that the exercises of her school are to
be resumed on Monday'next.
OUR MALE sCHOOLS.
IT affords us much satisfactioqio he able to point to
the several advertisements of ourVillage Schools.
Mr. LoGUE, it will be seen, dpens one on his own
premises, for the reception of studets in either the
English or the Classical departn ...Mr. L. is a gen
ti;.'uan of varied information ancolibkiate education.
Ted to his charg-D will be mosk tlfully cared for.
The Edgefield Academy-will'be re-opened on Mfon
day next. ir. McCAsLAN and. Mr. CaocoEtt have
" joined teams," and an overfowing school for the
Fall season is confidently antieipated. We hear of
many who intend fostering this insi.ittiont for the fu
ture. And we undertake to speak for thec Trustees and
Teachers,.and to say that the Edgefield gale Ac'ade
my shall be made a fit and proper mu-sery of the bud.
ding talent of our District.
In this connection we would mention that Dr. BENJ.
Waldo has been elected to supply the vacancy in the
Board of Trustees occasioned by the resignation of
W" .JouN MircNaL. is now residing on lhin fatin in
Tucaleeche, Knox ,county, Tentiessee. His health,
we are happy to learn, has greatly improved since heo
left the editorial profession, and adopted the more gen
ial one of an agriculturist.
2W Or twelve American surgeons who have,
within a few weeks, gone out to join the belligerent
armiqp in Europe, nine attached themselves to the
service of the Czar, and three had joined the Allies.
W' A MAN named Dugan died of yellow fever at
Pittsburg on Friday last. -The body was forctbly
seized and burned by the pollee, which came ntear
leading to a row, the relatives having strong objections
to theproceeding. The disease was introduced, it is
sai, by boats from New Orleans.
gg' DAras from Fort Laramie to the 27th of June
have been received at St. Louis. Robert Gison's
tralin had been attacked bj the Indians near the Platte
head, and Gilson was shot. Another train was at
tacked near the same'place, when two persons were
murdlered and sixteen horses stolen..
-3W THERE are five hundred troop. for die Cuimnea
at Halifax, awaiting a conveyance to England.
gg' Iv is mentioned as an unusual circumstance,
and an indication of the excellentocrop in Georgia, that
on the 20th instant the Keystone State brought to
Philadelphia 500sacks of superior red Georgian wheat.
3W' Fova hundred recruits, to fill vacanciesitn the
diferent regiments of the Texa military department,
arived at Corpus Christi on the 12th inst, from New
3W' AT a place called Rlattlesnake, Pike count y,
Pa., a man -has caught and "barrelled" thirty-six
- g' x-r is thought the Frersch Exhibition will be
far more successful than the one held in England in
-gg TE boat race at Springfield, Miass., between
rival clubs from Harvard and Yale colleges, resulted
in the former winning the prize in handsome style.
. 3Wg A PaorzsTANT lady in St. Louis, with seven
of her-childlren, has joined the Hebrew congregatio-n
3W (,EN. ALuoNTE, hle Mexican MIinister, is at
gg' A vouxo man named John Barnes, aged soy
enteen years, bled to death on the 15th instant in
Buffalo, from the effect of a tooth which had been ex
tracted some days previous.
3W LEONARD UNCAS, one of-the last of the Mlohe
gan Indians, was fined twebty dollars' and costs for
gtting drunk at Windham, Cont.a, last week.
3W' Tug Hon. I. D. Witherspoon'of York, and
B. F. Perry, Esq., of Greenville, have been nominated
a antdidates for the gubernatorial chair.
g~' Tu sdq of $40,000 has been subscribed In
the State of New York for a Universalist Tleologi
. $W' A younG gentleman often winters threatened
o whip his father because the old gentleman was an
Irishman. This isuativeism for you.
, gg Ox one of the rivers in Jo v, the only ferry is.
a sorrel horse. He crosses three at a tIme-two on hits
back and one fastened to his tail.
s~r IT is said that a colony of about two hundred
persons, from the neighborhood, of 1Rutlaild, Vt., pro
pose soon to einigrate to the.Southern portion of the
Stale of Illinois. They are fartme- and mechanics,
who go-out with their fatithii 'with ti view t# better
WHAT IS TO COME OF IT .
SOME such query as this suggests itself in view of
the present attemptiby the so-called American associ
ation, to pull dowp all pre-existing 'parties and build
up something new upon their ruins.
Let the people ask themselves,-first, what is to come
of this effort in a National point of view ? How is it
to attain the desideratum of unanimity. and good feel.
ing in our National Council' ? How i4 it to save the
country from wrangling and discord ? How is it to
quell the turbulence of party animosities and pour oil
upon the troubled waters of sectional strife I
Let us observe, in answering this sett of interrogato
vies, that Know Nothingism has placed itself before
the country in vaunting oppobition to a party which
has ever struggled to preserve the Constitution of the
United States in its original purity. Its object,' un
disguised and unmistakable, Is to crush that party out
of power. We allude of course to the-old Democracy
of the Union-a party, whose hold upon the affections
of Americans can only cease when the memory of
such men as JarrzasoN, JAcKSON and CALHOUN
shall have faded from the public heart. The upstart
of a year, with a motley banner of whose various de.
vices the uninitiated can indeed know nothing, with.
out antecedents and of unknown if not ignoble birth,
calls upon this old and faithful organization, whose
history is but the history of the true principles of our
Government, to ground its arms and bow before the
tinsel sceptre of an hour. What, let us ask, is to
come of this? Can unanimity spring from such a
source? Can good.feeling be engendered by such a
process ? Is the veteran of many fields to cringe be
fore the shabby volunteer of yesterday ? Imagine it
not for a moment. Even though this new order of
politicians had brought with them superior advantages
and real safety for our Republican institutions, yet
would the pride and obstinacy of an old and cherished
creed' resist its officious teachings with something of
disdain. But they bring no such advantages, no such
safety. Is the Democratic party divided upon- the
question of Slavery ? The Know Nothings are al
ready far more desperately so. Is the' policy of the
Democratic party 'unacceptable to a large portion of
the people of the United States? That of the Know
Nothings will assuredly prove infinitely more odious.
And so, for every defect that may be pointed out in
the Democracy, does a more exaggerated one exhibit
itself in Know Nothingism. Superadded to this fact,
let it be remembered that all the good'features of the
New Order are directly borrowed from the Democratic
platform. Their " free-trade," "state-rights," "anti
tariff," and "strict-construction," principles are copi
ed from the Democratic creed werbatim et literatim.
We mention the circumstance, not as an objection in
itself, but as showing to whom the Know Nothings
owe all the estimable parts of their political faith.
And is it to be expected that theold Democracy should
recognise a superior, or even an equal, in this newly
patched up scheme of Know Nothingism i? Is - the
great original to be' set aside for a flimsy and uncertain
copy ? It cannot be. He is infatuated indeed who
anticipates any sugh result. The effhct will rather be
to array the old party more firmly than ever. This
has been shown already in Virginia. It will soon be
shown more decidedly in Georgia.- And thus, instead
of unanimity and good feeling, the Know Nothings
are bringing nought but renewed animosity into the
midst of the land. The fight between Democrgcy and
Whiggery, kept up for so many years, was ausierce as
it was long. Yet there was a boldness in the position
of either party which commanded, for Whiggery as
well as Democracy, te admiration of the world
around. But there is no such admiration elicited by
the approaches of an enemy, who, while affecting sym
pathy on many grounds and trusting largely to the
armory of his opponent for success, would still thrust
that opponent into the dust of defeat and disgrace.
This contrast between Whiggery and Know Nothing.
ism is already felt and wilt be more and more felt by
the American people. It will be seen too that, even
should the New Order he so respectably successful as
to attain the power of the government, there will then
be less of peace and less of unanimity among Americans
than at any previous period of our history. Thus, as
between Know Nothingism and Democracy, the chan
es are many for inc reased bitterness of party dissen
sions in our future. But there are other elements
which mnst enter into these dissensions to make 'them
more terrible. They are, if we may so speak, the for
eign and the Catholic elements. However feeble these
--r em in their incipienc a rapid gjpowt may h
reckondugi under l: combin iluence of pros
scription and persecution. And, (to the Know Noth
ings be the praise all given !) the day may not now be
fr distant when these sources of spite and hatrbd shall
pour their dangerous influences with power into the
history of American polities. May the hlamec of open
ing up such fountains of fliischief attach where it pro
perly belongs !
But let us enquire for a moment, what is to come of
tis Know Nothing uprising in a Southern point of
Jf the order is to have any success, it must be as a
Nations)i party. This is boubtless the preference,may
we not say the ambition, of its entire membershaip.
Now, as a National Party, let us ask ourselves what
are the South and Southern interests to expect at its
handsi We answer the question by pointing to the
single fact that twco third~s otf the order North, (which
is ower- one Aalf of the whole order irn the Union,) are
given up. body and soul, to the A belitionists.-But,
even supposing that the late notion (we forget who
started it) of Southern Know Nothingism shall be
carried out, is it not clear that its' working must 1p
utterly abortive as to any good results for the South ?
And this, for the single reason that there can be no
afiliation with tI em, not only on the part of Demo
crats, but of thousands of others wh'iabhor their'intol
erant and proscriptive principles as making up (if pos
sible) a worse evil than sectional inequality. It would
seem indeed to be self-evident that a party, having its
beginnings but n twelve-month since, and that too in
the very hot-bed of Free-Soil fanaticism, cannotenlist
a union of Southern sentiment on any qluestion, espe
cially when it further appears that this party arrogantly
seeks to place itself in the lead, over the head of one
moreseled,certain and respectablesvix: the Southern
wing of the .democratic party. This wing is unques
tionably preparing to stand together upon the Georgia
platform as the very last point of retreat 'before the
unsparing injuries of the North. And, but for the un
timely introduction of Know Nothingism into our
scton of the Union, the Slave btatea might have.
been by this time almost in unbroken line. Howu far
this prospect has been interfered with by the New Or
der, we do not pretend to estimate. We tr-ust not ir
remediably. But, in vIew of the danger, we earnestly
hope that South Carolinians, and Southerners every
where, will bewae how they encourage by word or
deed this strange, unexpec'ted and unwelcome intruder
upon the arena of Southern politics. It is not only'
useles 'and impracticable for all purposes of Southern
scurity, but seems to have been conceived in illiberali
ty and is certainly based in error.
3|' A total of 50 patents was Issued from the Pa.
tent Office, at Washington, during the week ending
July 24. -
gR-Farry barrelsof peaches, costing *3 per barrel,
wee shipped from Norfolk oft Tuesdiy.
3"7 WATrHER, caors, Erc.-The Winnaboro'
Register has now in its ofie one hundred and forty
three pounds of squashes-and, thinshols weight 'is
made up by twn squathes, one of whic: .weighs sev
enty-five, the other sixty-eight pounds. -.
3W' WHEr In Brooms county, Kentucky, has
yielded 21 bushels to the acre,'where it never yielded
but 12 before. Just opposite Petersburg, in Indiana,.
a Mr. Reese raised three hundred bushels of wheat on
3:7 A ccoutwrs fromi Pennsylvania announce that
the crops in that State are most Ilourishing. The pro
mise for wheat, corn, oats, rye, potatoes, and grass is
gW' Tuzaw is an extremetty doubtful rumor of an
engagement neas San Diego,.- between a Russian fri
gate and a French corvette, and that the French blew
up their vessel rather than surrendei'.'
. S:' I-r is reported from Washington that the Cabit
net have come to no conclusion with regard to Mr.
Reeder-as to whether or not lie should be allowed to
ontinue Governor of Kansas.
3W' ADNrCUs received at Washington from Kansas,
state that Governor Reeder refused to recognize the
Legislature of Kansas as a legal body, because it has
adopted the Missouri code; and that meetings of the
people denounce the action of the legislature as illegat.
C:' Faoxs Mexico we are informed 'that 'Santa
Ana's father-in-lawis appointed Minister'to Washing
ton in place of Almonte, and that the family of; his
Supreme HIghness would jeave op the g6tul iii.i the
ar sta'me ittirbid-'
'COL. ORn'S POLITICS -
WE are indebted to an attentive -friend fra rough
sketch of the speech of Col. Osa, delivered' at the
dinner recently given to himat'Anderson C. H. The.
crowd is said to have been immense and the occasion
a highly interesting one. Besides the speech of Col.
Oua, W. GILLMoR: Starus, Hon. P. S. Baooas and
others, addressed the meeting. There seems to have
been a sprinkling attendance from varioublptiwters of
the State, and there is no doubt the talented Repre
mentative of our Fifth District made use-of the oppor
tunity to announce in full the present political feelings
and principles of himself and those with whom he is
acting. This announcement is the more interesting to
the people of South Carolina, inaanudlii s our Con
gressional Representation is suppiseditb be aunit upon
almost all the questions of importance now before the
country. Without further preface, we append- the
notes of our correspondent which were taken-down at
the moment and may be relied upon. They are of
course brief and disjointed as all such annotations of
necessity are. But we give them just as.tliey came to
us, believing they will be preferred in that fotd..
Col. Oza fully endorsed-the present Administration,
and passed a high eulogium upon Gan. Ptsacz'firn.
ness and consistent Democratic course, and particu
larly upon his veto messages. He said we were indebt.
to the union of the South, the President and the
Democratic Party North, for the-privilege of carrying
slaves to territory North of the Missouri compromise
In speaking of disunion, he sail the time had no
arrived yet for us to cut off, and could not be under
two years, or until after the expiration. of Prebiderii'
Ptzaci's administration,-" not," said he, ''ntil it
is ascertained that Fanaticism has full control of the
North-until Fanaticism has elected a Free Soil Presi
dent and Congress."
If Free Soilism prevails, the .South must take the
issue in her own hands.
Next, speaking of the Georgia Platform, he said
"If our Northern friends are defeated, the issue will
then be upon the Georgia Platform.' He had no
doubt that the Georgians would stand to their platform,
as all parties are pledged to sustain it-even the Know
Nothings. If Congress refuses to admit any more
slave States, then Georgia,according to her platform,
must make the issue. - He believed that South Caroli
na would joinsGeorgia on that platform, and he con
sidered it her duty to do so. If Congress repeals the
Kansas Nebraska bill, the whole South would unite
in opposition ;-the issue he contended would be very.
different in fighting for a. right, and for that which
was in the distance. The repeal of that law would
be taking a right from as that had been conceded by
Congress. He had no fear that Georgia would retreat
from that Platform, and believed that Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana and others were now looking to it,
as to the field where the issue was to be made.
He had faith, if the Democratic party, North, should
gain the ascendency, that they nould give the 'same
vote as before and things would remain as they are;
but confessed less hopes than formerly of their regain
ing their lost position.
But far the greater part of Col. Oax's speech was
particularly directed to Know Nothing'sm. Among
other things he said-" One year ago in Philadelphia
Square, when declaring the same pi-inciples -(denoun
cing the Know Nothings,) I little thoughtof ever hav
ing to raise my voice against them South of Mason's dr
Dixon's line; but I was mistaken."
He then asked the question, " What has Know
Nothingism done in the free States i Why, in New
York ithad placed an abolition Governdrwhere there
had been a Democrat-in- Pennsylvania the same
in Massachusetts it had elected an abolition Whig
Know Nothing Governor-in Vermont 'the same
Rhode Island the same,"-and he continued with
State' by State until hehbad named eight States having
elected Abolition Whig Know Nothing Governors, and
one Abolition Dem'ocratic Know Nothing Governor.
He said the Know Nothings had joined themselves to
every is,. of the day.
Maine had eleited FES5ZiDrNa to the U. S. Senate.
Massachusetts had elected Wn~sox to" "
New Hampshire had elected BELL, Aholitiona Know
Nothing, and HALE, a notiirions abolitionist.
Connecticut had elected FOSTra, Know Nothing,
she could not even swallow Tauxaa Smini, a noto
rioes aboliionist-she must even elect a worse man.
Illinois elected -TauMSavL-" Blue skin Yankee
Tanar.Bnr.. "..in ptanaeof the.- ga1an5 Simatms. S
was sacrificed for him by theinfernal spirit of Know
A. C. Doeca, of Iowa, a purer man he never knew,
has been" "sacrificed for a rousd-head Parson (K. N.)
by a combination of Know Nothingismn, Abolitionism,
Whiggeryand Free Soilism."
Pennsylvania was prostrated..
" In short," said he, " there has not, been a man
elected to Congress by the Know Nothings who is not
tinctured with Aboltionism, and who will not vole to
repeal the Kansas and Nebraska bill. Is this an or
ganization for Southern men to fall in with? I feelh
called upon to warn my constituents against such a
" The late Know Nothing assembly at Philadelphia
say they have adopted a National platform- suited to
the South. I hoped they would--I was anxious for it;
but their Platform is the most perfect mockery."
He asked the question, " whose Platformis it, adop$
cd by an assembly composed of the Southern wing of
that party-and one-third of the Northern wing? Two
thirds of the North left in disgust, produced a plat
form and published it to the world - as theirs. .The
rmainder of tho assembly, composed of the South
and 011-third of the North, produced what they call
the Nationg! platform, the Northern party~all the tie
voting against it though remaining with them.. It was
a fraud upon the people to call it a National Platform."
Hie next tresited of the pbject of Know Nothingisim.
It was to exclude Catholics and Foreigners from the
afiairs of Government-even front ;be elective fran
chise, and how did they proceed to exclude; foregners ?
By an alteration of a jaw of Congress t6 extend the
term of residence for naturalization from five to twer
ty-one years. It was not a fault of Congress that -for
eigners voted immediately when coming to this coun
try, but arose from the laws enacted by the Northern
and North Western States, which provide that foreignt
erg, being six months in the State, have the pirivilege
of voting. He said he was not willing to give Con
gress the power to say when or who were eligible to
vote~in the States. It was a power he never wished
to see conferred on Congress. If it were, Congress
might say our slaves were citizens and entitled to vote,
in defiance of our laws; and who in the South could
-Col. Oat asked the qnestion " where did the Unt
ed States' Marshals receive their aid when trying to
restore fugitive slaves to their ownersi In all cases
the hel p has been from th'~e strong arm of the foreign
ers, while the natives were trying to steal tlsem. In
he Barns' case,: the Irish In Boston protected -your
righrs,. when the natives tried to prevent them. .The
only man killed 'in 'the affair was the.rishman, Ber.
cuIELDEa, and his blo-od now cries from the ground-to
the South." -
CoL,. Oaa instan ced the working of the order-in'
nominations thus: There might he a lodge of one hun:
dred members; fifty-one are in favor of the nomination
of a certain person and forty-nine~against his nomina
tion. . The nomination takes place ;the forty-nine may
know the nominee to be a scoundrel and a base- inan.
Yet accordihg to the ir oath they are bomun~i to vote fo'r
hin.. Where-Is thesir freedopn and ,individuality?
-Regarding the Religious aspeet, "my adviceis If we
are in fear of the Catholics, let us tea'ch the encellency
and purity of our Religion-; perse'cution always assists
. "am opposed .to Know Nothingism still further'. It
condemns all the acts of thie administration,- and as
such, is against the Democratic Party'"
I~e said their greatest strength in the South was in
Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina. In. Tennes
see, where parties are- nearly equally divided, the
Know Nothing vote was calculated to bi 75,000stronig.
They have lashed -themselves into a perfect frenzy
about the Catholics, and'the wrongs they are goin'g
to-inflict upn the State; and yet in the whole State
of Tennessee there are but three Catholic Churches.
Mfr. RAYNEa, of North Carolina, a Know Nothing,
has openly declared against the Kansas and Nebraska
bill and in favor of restoring the..Missouri Compro
mise. Two Lodges op Counpits is .ientpeky have
done the same. In Congresti thee were ;but mi
Southern members who'voted-the Kansas and Ne
braska bill, save they been branded for it? No!
No? Piir of them are nowr the haominees of the Know
Nothings to be return'ed to Congress." If the Knoy
Nothings succeed to a majority in Congress,. the' MIs
mend itself tp-the peope of theSontfrr Surely not.
Turn and flee fronm it-4t wiN bring you no honor
-it is one-of the worst of isa.
Cubaa. . --
Jn order to sustain the view I last presented, In
the clos of my second artiele, I amju tlfied in
stating t the United States has a commerce next
to the greatest epjoyed lby any nation. Thi coms,
merce she is compelled to support and defend at any
price, even qt the sacrifice of her last dollar, and
her last drop of blood. But todo this, where is her
navy ? It would be totally incompetent, under r- -
diupry circusstanaes, in case of-war with a first
rate power, to perform the service that would be
indispensably. and surely required. - Though he
natural resources are beyond comparison greater,
than those of any other -people, yet the navy of
England and France combined, or of England -
France alone could annihilate our' doses- men of
War, and with them-destroy our-whole Cgamesee
and impoverish.millions of our wealthiest ant8 most
useful citizens in the space of a single twelve mnth.
The result of such- i.contest with one ul' thoe pow
ors would be. disastrous to a degree beyond the
power of language to express. 19 might induce a
discontent sufficient to rend the Union into frig'
'ments, tosow the seeds ofsnareby broaderttIogIs
the land, and to strike us from the catetgan. i'
great nations.- God forbid. that suoh an event should
occur. But our government Is sleeping'upon the '
dearest interests of her subjects; and if'ahe was
awake to the discharge.of the debt'she owe, with
the most trifling effort, and with the moat inewside-'
rable expeniditure of money, (which she is afraid to
make,) sIe could edon put-it beyond mortal prowess
to subane us, or evaui to disturib..our eqngnimity by'
the whole array that at this moment threatens the
demolition of Sevastopol, and'the aestruction of the
ltisfan Empire. -
Frane and England are how fighting aimuel -
for the establishment and preservition of their su
premacy on the high seas, as for the protietion and
salvation of the gallant race whose rause thiy hive'
espoused. See the immense elerrtions they are ma
king to defend the Bospb'orout aid the' Mediterra
nean from the ships of Russimf And I may say in
this connection, to-proteet tfilt Whle- comine:ie,
and their incalculable weaitsnrom-thit''all-coniquer- .
ing and all-absorbing despotism. They feel that they
are struggling for their own existence. dttssia had
skillfully and gradually iade every point, in a
struggle which has lasted for more than a c'entury,
for the occupation of a small sheet of water that
would hardly attract the eye of the navigator. Ins
that small sheet of water has been involved, and Is
yet perhaps involved, the destinies of Europe and
Asia, if not of the whole family of man.
Our situation, I confess, is'a little similar to that of
the Russian Empire, but with much more reason
and justice on our side. This accounts, in part, foar
the great interest felt in America for the success of
Russia. But how different has been the conducto( -
Russia from that of this Governmnt. To com
mand the Bosphorous, Peter the Great, even before
his Empire was established, In his incomparable
wisdom, and with his sleepless vigilaieeand'sagaeity
deemed it worthy of a mighty struggle, that made
his very throne to tremble and totter. under him,
and th'e rod of Empire to shake and quiver in his
ir-on grasp. In 'pursuance of the same policy, his
successors have spent countless mnillions of money,
and almost blood enough to float the remainingnavy
left to the Czar.
The State of Florida is 'amiost connected with
Cuba, and there is barely a passage for large-ships
between them. In faet, if we -emmanded .this Is
land, we could erect a system 'of defenees which,
with the aid of even our little navy, would prevent
a single vessel of the proudest natiomn from makhing
tlie dangeou'voyage of theGit Itytod giries
the command of'the whole Gulf of Itlexico, and
protect half of the Comnerce-oC je'%Jited States.
It as well known that with our intercourse with Cali
fornia, and with our grovwing .trade- *ith South
America, with Chingt, and with the whole East, we
should be bound to protet the liassago calludeil to,
if. it coat us half the wealth of -he nation. ,
Butt it may be required, that I shall. point out mi
nutely-the mode by which the .United States-would
mtakd the proposed-poissession so useful, and convtt
is-into sueh an impregnable .rampart of defence.
Though totally unskilled -In theart of engineeting,
as also iri the science of war, qtill [' have original,
though it may-be crude netlis, -of pirotecting'ouzr
commonwealth, upon which i myself would r'ely,
and which I think could ho presented to others writh
some show of reason. Tbe protection I dwell uipon -
refers miainly to assaults through th'dGulfof~eirico,
arid the most prominent :advantage considei'ed, is
the command of that Gulf, as well as th'e perfect,
seurity of. all our trade and navigation through'It.
The Gulf Stream or ohannel between the South...
ernoint of Floridanand Cuba is extremely ,naurewr
and dangerous-interspereed with Islande. and
shoals; So is the cha:Inel between the most Wieat-.
ern or South-Western portion of Cuba angthe
nearest points of Central America so narrow that it
might-be so.thoroughly obstructed and commanded
by a few ships of' war and gooid .'fortificationui, with
large supplies'eni the borders of-.Ouba, as to-render
them utterly impissible. In faet abridge could al
most be constructed. aecsthe Florida channel, if
-not- the other onai named,- making-. use of all the .
'oecs, shoals, and little Islands iuterveriing,,and ap
plying all the other ingenious inventions-of war.
Large and Dafe harbors could be built, and towers.
erected and filid with military stores and materials
of'ship builing, on the ecoasts both of'Cuba and
Florida, and so filled with armed men, that even our
little Navy could ride-triumnphant in the face of ten
times its strength. So'soon as one vessel should be
disabled she could run into port underthe guard of
a -thousand great guns, and could be, refited a
resupplied with men and munitins. perhapi.before
the aetion of her sistei's could be brouglhttoa elcse i
and if. the forces of her enemies were great enough,
we might possibly behold the extraordinary 'specta
cle of a never-ending -Sea fight. 'Whilst .ogtj -
other-hand every store of the-enetny woueld have,tofbe
transported, and having no- useans of. "'re-suapply, -
when they should be t'nee dyslroyeIl, the weg4 as
dectroyed forever. . - .
But it isizot-only in-a military point of view tfat
Lhis 'great question should ho examined.Imgn
ourselves t, bo'the ownersef al the Islands referred
to, and the Bahamas, 'and''the tirginIlands, bnt,
particularly of-Cuba, and-what an impulse would~be.
giveu toall oar trade by the most common and nat.'
ral causes. -- Our yearly income woula alnadet.be
douhled from their productions, and our transporta.
tion would .be ingrenisdto an extent,. to satouih
the most sanguine friends--of iduial.'geat5ess. .
Our ships would visit every poii n the w'rld,-oue
sailors would be trebled,'our.'shippingj would be,
quadrupled ; and even our inconsablenavyged
our very mockery' of angaro$ 14old reflidto
squadrons and battaliods .to equat Rlasis ont the.
firs't part, and proud Albion on the second.
New life would be 'Inajaited into our shimzberfbg
body-every nerre would be set inmotion,-thoc
pulsations. of this natural hearet would beat quicker
at the news of every suoeesgeaud our gtory andiu,
triumphs would-form a newera In the bistoyay$
in the improvstnent of mankind. - Th heathukn~e.
of -one member infuseu new life into'.anotho4 ad
b'a skillful culture, and extension of Amerita
power, I nay say by a'gr'adual .aeoretisq, aind aen.
miulation to the greatness of oisieouatrg we may
make the prowess of our gorernment, of bei'ahts, -
and her arms the hope orjae tirsoroCiisanom.
Da. MEzahsa neied the Presideuef 41t
Emory Collegeo& (r, Ga., and Ihe:.Hoti.. H.
o.Hllad oAla.,b bie te elected to tW1.ha