Newspaper Page Text
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. - t iA1 d a- WS ina~for
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- "We will cling to the Pillars of tire, Temple of' bertics, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins -
W. F. DURISOE do SON, Proprietors. '.SEPTEMBERI~I~~k VL leiN* L
Edgefield Collegiate Institute
FOR YOUJiA ES I
T HE next Session will commenee on Monday
the 17th Sept., and continue fourteen weeks.,
The system of Insttuction, nider which.thii Insti
'tution has retained its popularity for the last four
:years, wilt bb c nutnued, with such improvements as
an enlarged experience has suggested. The same
Teachers who- have proved so populir during the
Spast year will be continued in the a'e*ral depart
'ments. Whatever can be 'ained by-a mostthorough
-system, compined with faithfulness, competency and
industry on the part. of the Teachers-aided by a
splendid Apparatus-for ilustrating the different
branches ofstudy-ea e promsed to those
who wish. fortheir daughters an enlarged and liberal
'mental e tufe.
VWeis- r the accomplishments of the past as
the surest guarantee of success for the future, and
rely upon these, and our continued efforts during the
.eoming year; for the continuance of that liberal
patronage which has always been.so cheerfully ac
oorded to this Institution.
It is of importance to the Pupils that they be
present as early as possible after the commencement.
The Rates of Tuition in the different departments
will remain unchanged. They areas'follows:
Collegiate Department,. per session, - $15 00
Academical "- :. " . " - 12 00
Primary _ " " - 7 00
- Foa wmtcu -a cuanos is EXTRA.
Music Department - - - -- -- - $18 00
French '" - - - - - . 10 00
Drawing " - - - - - - 10 90
Papils using the Chemical and 'Philosophical Ap
'aratus are charged each $2 a Session for breakage,
.&. And those practicing upon the Pianos at the
Insdtitte'pt .ayeaeh $t a Session tor keeping them in.
There iio:a charge upon all, the Pupils of 50
Dents a.Session for contingeneies.
gy All bills are payable at the close of each See
-o1. CHAS. A. RAYMOND, PRIN.
,August 29 tf 33
HE 'MALli DEPARTMENT of these Acade
- niies is -under tho ipervision of Mr. J. L.
tESLY. Assisted by Mr. BASS.
The Female Department will be supervised by
,Mr. .A .,BUTLEtassisted by competent Mu
;Aial and other Instructoress.
Rates of Tuition.
'irsid.Class, Primary Eepartment, per Scss-on $9,00
-nd " ordinary English branches......12,00
ind " ~ higher English branches........15,00
-4th " Greek and Roman Literature with
Pupils are charged from the time of entering on
til the end of'the Session. Tuition in advance.
The year is divided into two Session of Sve
- Good board can be had in the neighborhood
;at from $8 to $10 dollars per.month.
Chair'n Board of Trustees.
Feb14 tf , 5
Edgefleld Male Academy!
4 ki Exercises sf'this Institution- are now in
1 progress for the Fail Turin under the sontrol of
Mr. W. K. McCASLAN, as Principal, and Sir.
T. B.CROOKER, us Assistant. a
The regulations of the Academy are beig re
arranged by the Teachers conjointly, and will soon
be pet fected.
The Village of Edgefield oilers. many inducements
to parents in an. educational point of view. It is
perfectly heahby as a~general rule. It is free from
this evil inllue'nees of grog.-shops. It is a religious
domnimtity. - And it'car justly boast of an enlight
Over-the Mak. Academy the Trustees exercise a
dhir-t supervision and are consulted in all eases of
extreme .punishmeut. They propose to give more
of their attention in future to the weekly reviews of
thescholars, that an additional stimulus may be
Imparted to the classes.
The present Teachers are capable and energetic
dug gentlemen in their respective departments.
ieir School numbers about 40 at this time, leaving
abundant roorn for 201 more. It is hoped that parents
and guardians within reach of us will immediately
embrace the opportunity.
Terms as per last Session.
., R. T. M~IMS, ..g
A. SIMKINS, i;
-G. A.. ADDISON, .
-LEWIS JONES, 12
BENJ. WALDO. *J"
Sept,19 if .36
T* IESubscriber respectfully informs the citizens
..of Edgefield anad vicinity that- he intends open
a gSchao upon his premises in Edgefield Vii
Iaeon-the first Monday in Augrust next, wherein
wil be-taught the higher branches of
English and Classical Literature,
-Norpains will he-spared to render ample satisfaction
,td parents who may intrust their childrento his care
.boths as to her roing and discipline. Charges the
same aat the Village Academy, and invariably in
' - F le will also attend to te practice of LAW
.and KiQUITY, for the D~istr.t-nnd may be found
.a&i Baturddys-and -a poi'tion iof-sale days at his Office,
.64vri-. B. C. Bryan's Store.
-- -- ~WILLIAM LOGUE.
iJuly 30, - tf - 29"
- - AO A"E.Z3.
TrHE Undersigned returns his sincere thanks to
-- his friends for their patronage while located in
Hamburg. and he~reby informs them that he can be
foUnad (after 1st September next,) at the 'Aouse of
'WA-R&, BURCH ARD & CO., opposite the Ma
soen Hall, Augusta, Ga., where he would be happy
.tidiesad serve them, and where a FULL and
Complte Stock of Dry Go ods,
,eal4Ik foeiud,.which wrill be sold as LOW
.sfrom ay Hods in the City. A ASM
Hamnburg Aug 13, if 31
-NOTICE- TO: COTTON PLANTERS !
HE Subseriber, living near Bethel Church,
Ibelow the Ridge, would inform the Cotton
rifabters-of Edgefield and the surrounding Districts,
that he is maanufaoturing
af very SUPERIOR QUA LiTY--warranted to
giveqatisfaction. I am also prepared to *
- .REPAIR OLD GiNS,
- u ery-ineerate ices. For ineormation in regr
to my eseity to dothe abeve work, I would refer
ksMreB. T. Beatwright and Mr. Wide Holstein.
clehse address the subscriber, as well as the gen
.t~iemrefered te, at the Ridge P. 0.,S. C.
-.Pept S - l. .t0 34
Merinos and DeLaines .
.ATVERY' LOW PlifCES!
vuiH E Subscriber-will sell his ~ ptse large Stock
S.of Frenchb and English 42R OSand all
paDzLiE, htWsey Ista Prie. The assortment
embraces a great variet of styles, for Ladles and -
Children's Dresses. As, superior Welch, Gause
- and Si.k Warp Flannels.
Agusta, July 30, if ..2
*'Enoflay is Wealth ?"
(OOD elean Rasof every description will be
X purehaeed at *h" Advertiser Office." Price,
2j e yopr xund. Now, hero's a chance for almost
e~e body oz3 d bachelor's too, to makce money.
INLlIUCE OF .IXAMPLE,
Maj. Perry in noticing the Bali given td Gov.
Adams, last week, says the Anderson Gazette, at
Greenville, makes 'the following remark:
"In order to show the rising generation that
there was.no -harm in to innocent amusement as
that of dancing, his Excellency Gov. Adams
opened the Ball with the graceful and accom
plished Belle of the Great Peedee. In Thatch
er's Journal, during the Rvolutionary War, we
frequently -see -a memorandum to this effect:
" General Washington opened the dance with
bMrs. General Knox as his partner." We do not
believe there Is Anything wrong in what Wrsli
Now Major, we protest against.the doctrine in.
volved in that editorial; that the man justifies
and sanctifies the deed. If the rising generation
are to be governed and guided by the example
of our public men, then heaten have mercy upon .
them we pray. You know as well as I do, that
a decided'. majority of them are men of loose
habits; that they attend church merely as a mat
ter of form, and not from any great concern
about religion, that they are addicted to swear
ing and immoderate drinking, and too often to
gambling and knowing this, how can you say to
the young men of the country, follow these men
for whatsoever they do is right I Your editori
al amounts to this: Gov. Adams and. Gen.
Washington dance; there can be nothing wrong
in what they do, therefore there is no wrong in
dancing. The same species of logic would
prove drunkenness and other pernicious vices to
be right, and commendable in our young men.
You perceive that such teaching will not do.
Now the principles of right and wrong are set
ted from all eternity by a righteous God ; nor
can you vary the nature of a given action, by
the example -of any man great or humble ; and it
is wrung so to teach. The church maintains
from the word of God that dancing, drunken
ness, gambling, &c., are wrong, and Gov. Adams
or Washington, could not make them right,
though they were to practice and you to preach
from now. until the end of time. .Our young
men will soon go to ripif . they.. will only fol
low the adyice,and example of our public men.
"I'LL "CALL Atoulb SLID PAY."-What a
world of woe is contained in these few *ords to
the poor %artizan and. mechanic ! " I'll call
around and pay," says the rich man, to avoid the
trouble of going to his desk to get the necessa
rv funds, and the poor mechanic is obliged to
go home, to. disappoint his workmen and all
ho depend upon him for their due. .It is an
asy matter to w6tk--the only real glory in this
life is an independent idea of being able to us.
ain yourself by the labor of your own hand,
and it may be easily imagined what crushing
force there is in "I'll call around and pay" to
the laboring man who depends upon that pay
or subsistence. If'those who could pay would
only pay at once, it would place hundreds and
thousands in a condition to do likewise and,
prevent much misery and distress.
SINGING THE TExT.-I knew a case once of a
very diffident young minister who had an-sppoint
went to preach at a church in the country, at
which one of the members, an old gentleman,
whether a deacon or not I forget, was in the
habit of raising the tunes, the hymns being sung
y giving out two lines at a time, the custom
f a great many such churches. He generally
mat on a short bench before the pulpit, wfith ISis
back to it. The hymn had been sung, the pray
r made, and the minister read his text. But as
twas the custom sometimes to sing a hymn
fer prayer, and before preaching, the old gen
tleiani mistook the text for another hymn, and
n his capacity of raising tunes, actually sung it !
'he confusion and embarrassment of the young
preacher is easier imagined than described, in
hus havlng his text sung away from him.
TOUCHING HIs SOFT SroT.-A young gentle
an, not remarkable' for talent or experience,
was in the habit of visiting a family in which
there were, among others, two ladies anid a lit
tle girl. The ladies were once discussing his
equirementa, in the presence of the child, and
moof. them observed that " Mr. -- had a
oft place'in 1his head." This was treasured up
y the child, and at a- subsequent visit the young
hrenologist commenced an examination of the
entleman's cranium, for the purpose-of ascer
taining where this new-organ was situated. - Un
fortunately, she imsagined she found it, and,
othe discomfiture of the ladies, exclaimed,
'Oh, sister! Mr. --- really haa, au-you said,
a soft place in his head, for here it is under my
IT Is a bitter -thing when a guileless woman
first learns to regard any mianly character, no
matter where she finds it, with contempt, -it
eakens that better estimate of humanity which
gives sunshine to life ; it breaks down womanly
faith, where womanly faith ought to be strong.
SILENCE OF THE NZGET.-How absolute and
muiptent is the silence ol the night! - And
en he stillness seems almost audible! P rom
all the. measureless~ depths of sir around as
omes ahalf-sounld a half-whisper, as if we could
hear the crumbling and falling away of the
earth and all created things in the great miracle
of nature; decay and, reproduction ever begin.
ing, never ending-the gradual laps and run
ning- ofthe sand in the great hour-glass of time !
A STra is told of an old Dutchman, for many
years the keeper of the ferry at Oil Creek, who
was one day crossing with a large load of pas
sengers, who, with one exception, address
each other as Colonel, Major, Captain, Judge,
ete. When the fare came to be paid, he charged
the titled men one shilling each. " What is my
fare I" said the gentleman who had no title, af
ter the rest had alt paid.' "'iour fare r" said the
dutchman, "jouer fare Is chust nothing-you ish
d first high private Yankee ever I carried.
this cre.k, .a n you s.1..o.. I"
We take the liberty of publishing the follow
ing letter from Col. Memminger, for the purpose
of attracting pablic attention to his scheme of
improving our present free .school system in
South Carolina. I: is a subject which tlie-nem
bers of 'the' Legislature should well consider
before going. to .fpolusabia. We know that his
Excellency Governor Adams is collecting infor
mation in regard to our free schools, and will
make some recommendation in his annual mes
sage, with a view of improving the existing sys
tem. We will say. more on this subject here
FL-r .oca, Aug 14.
MY DEA SIR: I have given much 'considera
tion-to the subject of improving public educ'a
tion in our State, in - connection with the free
schools, and it seems to me that if some of us
in'tlie Legislature, representing different see
lions,-coulddigest some plan, public opinion is.
ready'to carry it out. It seems to me that the
fundamental error of. most of the schemes. here
tofore proposed, has been in attempting toa
mueh at once; and we should.avoid this by lay.
ing foundations and then raising the superstruc
ture. If, instead of attempting to edncicte at
once every part of every district, we were to
commence with the most populous part of each,
and there establish- good schools, we would
gradually extend the field of improvement from
these centres. We would thus raise up teach
era for each neighborho-d, who could be em
ployedIn the more sparse and destitute - neigh
borhoods. Suppose, for- instance, there were
good schools at Greenville-and Spartanburg, at
which every child within an area of three miles
could be taught. Such schools would not only
prove centres of light in each of these districts,
but would enable each of these villages to fur
nishi teachers for the whole, or-part of the -year,
to every part of.the district, at cheaper rates,
and with more certainty than when teachers
were drawn from a distance. The benefits of
such schools would become so apparent, that
every portion of the district which could com
bine for the same purpose would soon follow
In order to enable the sebools to succeed, I
think they should be common schools, taking in
rich an'd poor upon one common bawds. I wou! .
make them so good that the rich would prefer
them to any. other school. That this can be
done, has been fully demenstrated at the North,
particularly in the city of New York. The
plan I would suggest would be, that each village,
ineluding thecountry withita--suffient range
to attend school, be permitted to tax the inhabi
tants, to a certain extent, annually, to build
school houses and to pay for the' support of
teachers; that the State furnish, say one-third
of any sum so taxed for school houses, and so
much per scholar in proportion to the amount
taxed on the village; that there be elected, in
every such precinct, a board, to have charged of
the schools and carry out the scheme, and that
every child in the precinct be free to enter the
school under regulations to be, adopted; that, as
the state is to take part in the matter, the
Legislature elect a board of education, who
shall prescribe the forms of the buildings to be
erected. and make general regulations for the
schools, and appoint a Secretary to go round
and see that these regulations are complied with
and furnish proper information for - each local
In connection with all this, I would require
the board of' educntion, to establish, at Charles
Lon or.Columbia, a Normal Sehool, for the edit
tin of teachers, so as ensure a supply for the
schools, aud put this school under the charge of
the State, as under the Prussian system, each
teacher eduented to be subject to strict exami
ation, and to be bound to serve for so many
years in the district schools after their education.
Please consider this outline and write me
your views, and whether you think any such
scheme would be desirable or practicnble.
Very truly, yours, C. G. MEMMINGER.
Col. B. F. PERRY, Greenville, S. C.
AIR'T GOT lNoTING.-We were visiting at a
house the other evening, where there was a
number of young .children. One of them hid
the measles, one the whbooping-cough, and ano
ther was afflicted with young poultry-pox. They
were -all receiving the greatest sympathy and
attenion, while one little girl abotut five years
old, sat in the corner crying bitter-ly. . We asked
her what wits the matter I She replied, bursting
out into a heart-breaking gush of tears:
"Every one of th. other children's got the
measles and whooping.cough, and I ain't got
nothing-hoo! hoo! hoo l"
For such a misfortune ,there was no sympa
PARson D----,an orthodox clergyman
loved a good joke occasionally; so did Parson
C-, a Baptist. The latter being near the
the house of the former one day, when a shower
of rain camie up, called on Parson D. for the loan
of an, umbrella.
- I thought," said Parson D)., " that you Bap
lists liked water."
"So we do," said the Baptist brother, " but I
do this to avoid sprinkling."
" Wmazu," " What, sir I" "Got any green
peas, aw l" " Yes, sir ; have some I" " Yaas,
bring me three." " Anything else, sir ?" "Yaas,
a slice or two of a strawberry, cut thin." "Cer
tainly, sir; anything more ?" " Moore, saw I
wat do you take me fori a~ dem hog, aw ?"
Exit, waiter with a clean towel and a silver plai
Ir a man will reap " whatsoever he sorweili"
what a harvest of coats and .breeches the tailor
will have one of these days.
As indignation meeting of the passengers of
the Gloucester branch of the Eastern Railroad
has been held at Beverley, Mass., to remonstrate
against the railroad trip! nonsuming ,so much
time. They want to go fasnter, If they do not,
From the uhon & Sentinel.
Ma. EDIToza:Hn = shown in previous
communications,-thatr hi uliberty was never
established in Marylanc : roceed to notice the
assertion often made, practical toleration
existed in that colony that she principle of
legally liberty was ree ed by the people,
alhoghitw-snot rae :rated into their laws.
r.lthough it was nt ne
If by this, it is ant _ t-hen opposite par.
ties.are mutually afraid h other, they. de
termine for the time to let edch other
alone, with the reserw tension of rendwing
hostilities as soon as. ont, then perhaps
there may be some shad f claim to the cove
ted distinction. Bdt i ractical toleration,
it is meant that one prtm "vng all the power,
grunts to others pefect. lity of ri.ht, then
no such practical tolera 'wa ever known in
Toleration, implies be the right and the
power, to permit oralow Power to permit im
plies power to restraip orl hibit. thme Catho
lics in Maryland lind ""=r nob power; conse
quentlytbey cain. claim noedit in this instance
for toleration. The wea n ever tolerate ihe
strong. The charter o nd was thorough
' Protestant, and this d lvedthe Catholics of
of legal power. 'The r nt population was
almost or quite all the- .largely in the ma
jority, and thus therCsho g.had not d the phyui
cal power, either to-permi r prohibit the exer
cise of the Protestant rehpibp:ita.y other. So
all the grandiloqele. woitar about the cle
mency of the Catholice o a n score of practical
toleration iTh Maryland, t inently rediculous.
An Instance'of tl1 it woitifal magnanimity~in
this behalf, is found In the fct, that on one of
casion, when the Hows: t prisses consisted
of 14 members, of wbomj wereCatholis and
8 Protestants, the 6 Catri r perited the 8
Protestants to elect a Pitsut speaker! The
practical toleration exhibd in this instance, is
a fair sample of what ws pcised in Maryland
from irst to last.
So far as there wvas; gnt .'oleration at' all, it
was granted to.Ca~hoi tVby them. Mchla
on himself, Lord Baltim great friend, speak
ing of opportuniy to e te fr conscience
sake, says: . .4p
"The proprietary' doiillo (Lord B.'s) had
never knwn that houro lpethere was oppor- I
tuny to persecute.) laecrotestant religion [
Pros'te established religi n' fthe otler eoun
try, and auy effrt owa'ths of the Proprietary,
(Lord B.) to oppress its 1 tewers, vwould have
drawn down destructib government.
Lhefrpt body f4h 1 re ' teinaelves
Protestants and by their: -mb and their par.
tici tion in the government, they were fully
equal to their own.I protection, and .too powerful
for the Proprietaries in the ~vent of an open
But it may 'be id that although the Catholics
had nt the. power to tolerate, in any proper -
snse of tie term they at least showed d posi
trin, and lived with their Protestant neighbors
in harmony. Even if they did, they are entitled
only to the credit of those who make a virtue
of necessity. But it is not the fact, that there
was harmony between the opposing sects. 5o
high did their altercations rise that the Gover-'
nor, im order to preserve the colony from de
struction, was obliged to issue a Proclamaion,
prohibiting "all further disputes on religious sub- I
jets tending to the epening of faction, and the
disturbance of public peace.". Nor is the Gover-"i
nor, tit ld to ay priserv f thi fon if he had
otdton, thslas hobeliged to iueaPoamthen
tribtigafuter speisput oe on religious broi
es tendined or eolaing ofi pcacation,th
dsrays Ti etnce ofpuli p ape led te asver
evdenite tany olraisefor thiseforbiishe hadv
ote ony; uth reutyapeso, as ebne ro-h
he aieabrtyight ofv ben t tfor hm-f
steete onaigo oeo h religious sujcbuieaohroifs
hei wandfort1 Gvolatingt's proclamatiton,
rvecst toleraon wil he estoblshow tat!
othe colonyc;ubt atoritey apprensolnt ipro
e samayion tonsuppes ame reiips (p.scussis
Frong the rcaofto byLweotewisaoerfre ofn
other tailbe haofme itoi evidnto them-h
relaation reldgio subj-esire equit anthat I
the enfrrcengt rnn of Go. haler' proclsast.I
slights tolerane Ot onl e ocasion to rotha
thet Masahlcoloitt, aThois Gereordan inae
re smi a nd on th ae protcincie. ovenmet,)
dFrgeti the poer of th aoe refrtetnt, at
tehmrtethat wievebetnameniteistevidenf thateth
oroclyamainihdno the reigred bookst and tht
e fther apel Thegin offene parties de
higty dredtraoned.Onfoe omplainaprmi
Fort aholecoors, Theas erarduabywarme
weein n the ttecttion of Kth Governdent,
aud forgenent;e o the rest hc ans,t
tempte tho prvng of ongdisedatin orde Pro
Lonsrom bltie worihim byeeping upenace,
aiblet dhetaininglthei rentlosbsand .The,
hey oiof the ast named dffendedy as dbe
anded faiiar wuihhmensit, ond thoe ties, inmust
knwtho ardt t fefusevete pa ie a
Fore nonyeas theter ye wat peraetuaewartye
went Prote tandth oeter ofaet oland, Thei
llofelin B.scouldrnoet bu thae e xoawhcerwaed
ya theing eeperland mritte antiit oe the
andet the relo. Knt tisan aoe ChreI,
theomselliond ChaleItr, whtever may whoave
enoiiwt the oririt of ueithos ery e mus
kbefor tsaos the ssuee ah relis casi
he protestanelnd te oppthe Cts. Indeir
isingl not ut theae been eactere
Fsrabullcout of reiio.ll tme ifilCuales, I
ieCromriindl soarles, byatevr Eay Ale
rsethesii of arl histy itfa verylaertain
the yarie 1660.ge -H poit et. Tudeed,
iLa range orgial Au.e, byR.E.Aen
, f alior, ndetile "Mryand oertin
From the Friend of China Match 14.
EXECUITION OF REBELS AT CANTON.
In our remarks on the retirement of the rebels
from Sunchow, it is stated that the 'thousands
of men.brought to Canton as prisoners, are now
being decapitated at the rate of one hundred
and fifty a day. That was tlie number, we are
told, executed on Saturday last, a spectacle to
which we were witness. The Canton execution
ground has before beeui described in this jouinal.
and for all-our readers it is not, necessary to re
peat that it is situated about 106 yards from the
river at a distance of two miles or so below the
factories. The ground is oblong, about 150
feet in length, the entrance '6n. the side nearest
the river being about six feet. This is closed
with bars daring practical operations. At the
grand entrance the ground is about '20 feet
wide. On the right hand, doorways opened to
several oven and tile manufactories.
As we approached the execution ground many
were niet with hands to their nostrils, or with
their tails tied round their faces, for the purpose
of avoiding'the horrid strench, which could lit
erally be " felt" at a considerable distance. The
ground was -covered with partially dried gore,
the result of the past diy's work. There are
no drains to take the -blood away, nor is any
substance used to slate.it. One Ivan was found
digging holes for two crosses on which he said
four were to be tied and cut in pieces.
The execution had been fixed for noon. At
11 half a dozen men arrived with the knives,
preceded by bearers of rough deal wood boxes,
decorated with bloody sides. These were the
coffins. Unconcern was the general appearance
of the soldiers and spectators, of whom, aito
gether, there may have been one hundred and
fity. The day was dull, a fresh breeze from
the eastward carrying the stench away from
foreigners, who, to the number-of a dozen, had
obtained admittance to the top of one of tho
houses on the far side of the street passing the
entrance of 'this " field of 'blood." At 11 3.4
the first batch of ten prisoners arrived,.speedily
followed.by the rest in similar quantities. Each
prisoner (having his bands tied behind his back,
and labeled on the tail) appeared to have been
thrust dawn in a wicker-basket, over which his
chained legs dangled losely, the body riding un
omfortably, and marked with a long paper tally
basted on a slip of bamboo thrust between the
prisoner's jacket and his back. These "mian
baskets," slung with small curds were carried
on bamboos on the shoulders of two men. As
the prisoners arrived, each was mader to .kneel
with his face io the South. 1.i a space of about
20 feet by 12 we counted as many as 70, ranged
in half a dozen rows.
At 5 minutes to twelve, a white-buttoned
manidarin arrived, and the two to be first cut in
pieces were tied to the crosses. While looking
at this frightening process tle executioner com
menced, and 20 or 30 must have been headless
before we were aware of it. The only sound
to be heard was a horrid cheep-cheep-cheep,
as the knives fell. One blow was seficicnt for
each-the head tumbling betwon the legs of
the victim before it. As the sword falls, the
blood gushing trunk springs forward, falls on
the breast, and is still forever.
In fem' minutes the decapitation was complete;
and then on the other victims commenced the
barbarity which to think of only is sufficiently
arbaric. With'a short. sharp knife a slice was
cut out from under each arm. A low suppres
med fearful groan from each followed the opera
tion of the weapon. Dexterous as butchers, a
slie was taken successively by the operators
from thre calves, the thighs, and thten from each
breast. We may suppose, we maty hope, that
y this time thie sufferers were insensible to
pain; buy they were not, dead..
'The kgnife was then stuck into the abdomen,
which iras ripped up to the breast-bone, aud
the blade twisted round and round as the heart
was separated from its.holding. Up to this mo
ment, having once set eyes on the victim under
tortre, they had become fixed as by fascination ;
but they 'could be rivited there no longer. .A
whirling sensation ran through the braini, and it
was with difficulty we could keep our.<eives
from falling. But this was not' all; the lastings
were then cut, 'and the head, being tied.by the
tail to a limb of the cross, was severed from the
body, which was "then dismembered of hands
and arms, feel and le'gs separately. After this
the maundaritns left the ground, to return, how
ever with a man and woman ; the latter, it was
said, the wife of one of the-,rebel chiefs-the
'man a leader of some rank. The woman was
cut tup in the way we have deacribed; for the
man a more horrible punishment .was decreed.
He was flayed alive. We did not see this, but
it was witnessed by the Sergeant of AMarines of
the United States, J. P. Kennedy-.the cry at
the first insertion of the katife across the fore
head, and- the pulling of the flesh over the eyes
being most horrible.
WHEAT AT CHATTAooGA.-The Aerrtiscr
of the 13th .inst., says: The actlbities itn the
Wheat market .stilt keeps its briskness. The
James Williams arrived last, even~ing with 2,000
bushels and-the Black Hawk with something
over a thousand. When wve remember that
tlys boats are making two and three trips a
week and equally as heavy laden,.some idea sc
be hd'otf the quantihies up the river. Life at
the Depot is active in storing what comes'in by
wagon.. This day there are fromu 75 to 100 cat
loads of Wheat wvaiting.to be shipped over the
IState road. There are not sufficient, Engitnes tc
do the amount of business accumulating fron
the grain crop.
RvIvAs-We learn that within the last fey
weeks-there have been large accessions to thi
Baptist Churches in Laurens county, and num
ers have also joined the Metliodist Churches it
TnEz militia system has been revived in Nev
York, ani every suitaible, man must now di
- ORTHEN WATERING PLACES.
We are not sure 'but our people de serve the
rebuke administered in the subjoined artiole from
the,Richmonad Dispatch: .
We observe .by the Northern press - that the
arrivals in.New York- from South Carolina, 'of
families en route for the Northern watering,
places, is quite-as large as at any former period.
The varioasistteamboats bring full loads of the
chivalry', and the anmal tribute inoney of the
pleasure seekers begins to flow freely into North
On the whole, the South is a good customer
for the North. Considering what an -eagle
South Carolina is in chivalry, 'she seems to be
plucked and eaten, with reverence be it spoken,
as easily as a fat goose. The whole.commerce
of the South is in. Northern hands ;. her. great
staple makes a London of New York ; while in
her own cities grass grows in the streets; all her
manufadtures are purchased North, her sonsgo
to Northern schools, and even her invalidi and
pleasure seekers seek health and recreation it
Northern waters. Such provincial dependence
would be objectionable enough to a high spirited
people, even if the relations between the two
'sections were of the most fraternal character;
but, in the present state of affairs it is suicidal.
The North was never guilty of such folly.
She has grown rich, and great by encouraging
her own industry, and refrusing to purchase
aught abroad that-she could manufacture or pro
cure at home. If the South would rigidly prac
tice this lesson, she would have no reason to fear
Of all.the fashionable follies, that of patroni
zing the nauseous waters and more disgusting
society of Saratogu,.in preference to the mag
nificent springs and refined society of the South,
is the most monstrous. 'There is no spot in the
whole North which combines such advantages
for health, comfort and social enjoyment. as the
watering places of Virginia and other Southern
States. Where such' mountains, such bracing
air, such magnificent scenery, such a variety of
medicinal waters, as in our own glorious State?
It will be useless for the South to ho'd con
ventions, pass resolutions and enact retaliatory
laws, until it begins to practice the principle
vital to the success of every community,, of sel,
A SLAVE CONSPIRACY DISCOVERED IN MISSIS
The Marion (Miss.) Republican gives an ac'
count of the discovery of a slave conspiracy at
Garlandsville, Jasper county. It says:
" A trustworthy negro'on a neigiboring plan
tation, after having received ple3ges of secresy
revealed tne existence of conspiracy, to an over
seer, and requested him to' repair to a certain
place, in tho. midst of a dart, unfrequented
swamp, and see for himself. The overeeer did
not go, but the next morning he took with him
some friends and went to the spot designated
by the tithful tic gro. There they saw every
indication of a large crowd having been assem
bled ; horses had been tied up, fires kindled, and,
from apearances they calculated that upwards
of one hundred negroes had there assembled on
the preceding r.ight. They left the spot, and
the neighborhood was quickly alarmed. Saver
al negroes were taken up, and among-them the
leader. The greatest excitement was prevailing
in the country; council was held, and it was
decided that the negroes should be hung imme
ditely ; ropes were procured, and the sentence
of the conneil was about to be ereented, when
the crowd relented, fearing lest the innocent
hould perish with the guilty.
"-The negroes were then severely whipised,
and then. confessed that the conspirracy extended
throuhoutla large section of country, that there
existedl sei-eral other organizations,' which they
called " schools," in the neighborhood. and that,
their object was to 'organize in sufficient force,
and march, increasing their force as they went,
to a free State. No arms or ammunition of
any kind could be discovered ; but the negroes
confessed that they were to meet at Garlands
ville next Satturday night to make a start.
When asked why they selected tihat place as a
rendezvous, they could give no reason, and the
presumption is that they intended to sack the
place and murder the inhabitants. Two white
men, they say, have been amongst them, but
theii names were net knjown to the negroes, nor
was anything developed which coud identify
them. - Arms and ammunition are probably. con
ealed somew here, as such a scheme would
never have been attempted without them.'"
NEWsP'APER BoR RoWEs.--There is too much
truth ina the followmng article from the Reading,
(Pa.) Gazeule, to let it pass unnoticed--besides,
it has a degree of pertineney, in almost every
place. " The man who makes a yractice of
.borrowing newspapera, is the meanest of all
created beings. - In our opinion, to be regularly
in the habit of gaining entertainment and infor
mation, without paying fur it, from the papser
which it costs the printer no little time, money
and hard labor to prepare, is little, if any, short
of downright ethealing. And who but the
very meanest 6f the mean, would be guilty, of
such conduct for the trifling expense of five
cents a week ? Reader, is the paper now in
your hainda your own ?' Or are you steal
ing the product'of our toil to save the pal
try five pennies weekly-a dozen of which you
threw away almost daily in tobacco, drink, or
some other mere animal' gratification? If so,
blush for sha-me!" -
A MAnalori Squis.-Mr..John T. Mathews:
who. resides in Chester district, assures us that
he~ has a squash in his garden wiche mesa.
7feet and 1 inch in circumferehce, and weigh:
98 lbs. A hog wont into his garden and eat
out a portion of the squash, or it sould- have
weighed over one hundred lbs. Mr. Mathewi
is a manm of vernetiy, and he assures us that ha
weighed the squash himself. If any' one cat
beat this, let us hear froni him.-Lagoaste.
- Awof a superir quality, is being manufa.
-turedl by sor e.vaporatibA, in. the viosit~y a
(CopusChrisik' . ':
F11 FISK d~...
We receive, through private :e-hamme iU
from a quhirter entitled to con'de a.' ii.
taut runroin tegardo b $nancdroarte of
It is stated that-.lte bastried. i e'ite soDi
in Berlin acid failed tbat tien tried.4'
raise a loan from the 41toischld.i, and the nego.
tiatiod lingered for two months; bltevetalty
These, her only resources In Etroapdf, .
failed, it is stated that the Riilan Cabiet
it In contemplation to raise a loan in the
States, where thi sympathy of'he masa go.
lied upon to cause it to be readily oakn
proposed to issue the stock in smali.autoat
somewhat on the plan of the recent oaskit
Russian agents, It is'a'ad are 6it i i'
their way to the United. States, to iieqtrito
the feasibility of the plan proposed. " .
Whether.this is actually so or not, istd. -
sidered crfain ,by bur .correspodedlii
rumor has .reached the English sqd . 'o L
Governments, and been-a subject of considera.: Pj,
tion with- them.
We have reports direct from Rdta aia
Among the passengersby the Atlantis was a -
American lady, (Mrs. $odisco)eit .rot
Petersburg, 'where -she is conneteri(x
highest official and social circlestedwhers.aj
has been spending the past-year,-being, from,
her alliance; as much" at-bom( thefis ina.he
United States. We tunderstand tht i rer
sentations of the condition of-aida i. .usia,
and especially in St. Petersburg, are.itetoy.-ia
conflict .with the statements -ontdined ianhe '
English papers, which arrive by every stii
Instead of the financial Ans-iori rl l +y
tress of which we lhave read so uci, soi
quent upon the war, ihe says that bosjinesaswer
its usual aspect and is quite as brisk as -evere -
that money is abundant,-the. people oontdii --
and in excellent spirits about the -at-aftid at
no one living in the capitol would su'piect;fti
anything that'met his notice, t.hattheio" Ia
anything unusual in .the conditidnf t.. '
try. It is not believed that the Atlies-wUlIfpp1
ceed in gaining possession of Sebastopot The '
protracted and successful defenee hitherti main.
tamed is regarded as establishing the .fautthat,
to any force which the -Allies- can brig against
it, the place is-absolutely; impregnable.
large reserve- 'fo ce'aaitorerst -
-burg; and noSfenit s e
ing recruits or supplies of proviuons and money
for the war.
The same authority states that the repotetd
capture and'destruction of Sweabnrg iaso enun.
mously exaggerated in importance as :to pans
for a.hoax. No-part of the fortifications of the
place have been destroyed or seriously injured.
-N. Y. Times.
PROTESTANT SIsTEas OF CaaRirr.-We copy
the following from the New York Day. Book'
" Attached to one of the Episcopal Ciurches
up town there is an establishment, 'some of
whose peculiarities are unusual in Protestant
institutions. A number of sinigle .ladies resia,
in a house near the church, at which prayers.aro
read twice a day. There they attend regularly;
and in addition to this, religious services are
held in the house, at whichthey are also present.
The remainder of their'time 'is occuyied ina he
instruction of poor children, visiting the'sick,
making garments for the needy1 and other good -
"While they remain In the house, they,-6f
coursecomi with its regulations, wifleh a5
few and simple; but they take no sNowa,-an ae
at liberty! at any time .to leove the eutablishment.
They do not mingle in general society, but they
are at liberty to receive'visite, thouah we believe
they actually see but little, if any,$'impny.
No peculiar diess is worn, anid they are got anx.
lotns in any. rayto become conspicuous."
PLUNDERING TUE SLAI.-The account of
the field of battle on-the Tehernaya, after-the
recent contest,-given' by the correspondentdf
the London News, is not very complimentig ti,
.the Freh soldiers-the farntous Zouaves.'J
" The Zonaves had made a general collectjon
of crosses, relics and medals, and retailed thein
to visitors; iia addition to which pickings from
the dead bodies, they made stnall collectionsof
money from the persons of ,the wounded, mah
aging dexterously to extract .it from the inside
of the trousers close to the knee, .where -the
Russian soldiers generally carry -their .money,
while pretending to- examine Into the nature of
-their wounds, thus avoiding giving auf~ ntil
pain to the 'suffetrers."
THE OLDEsT FARMER IN THE WoRI.D.--.r
Rogers Biigley haks purcbmeed orne hundred'zand
sixty acres of. land in. Minnesota Territory,
which he intends settling upon and improving.
Mir. Bagley is one hundred and seven pesrs old,
and is still an active and indust'rous pionepr., in
the enjoyment of' excellent health. A patent
will shortly be issued to him from the-General
Laud Offiee. .
THE corner stone of an immense granite
monument, comnmemorative of the ineding of
-the'Pilgrims, is to~hs laid atilymouth on the
1st of-Auguie, 1856. Thir teg:cars Wsthe
mimnum of time allbwed for Ita.coustlucetn,
aedit is expected 4o be onee of the most mag.
nificent monueta~l struetures In the world.
-Sos of the.New Jersey .Whig Journeais~ar.
out in favor of Mr. FrelinghtgaebfoctbtePsui..
.Ts objet ol'all trua einestion I. t( '
knowledge.. Some-teacher intrut hirahoI.
erA very-thoroughly, wbo.astr- edneste them at
all. They teaek them, to .omimit t eidd of.
th'eIr arithmetio orgfamlist by heirt,-hunisver.
lead thoni to. onprbhad a aidigle idlileiple,
rnike thg W' hsdnts'f ::nes9)jbes,