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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our sad if it _ustPra th n"
W& . DUXUSOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD . T E 10, 15 -.
EdgefeId: Collegiate Institute
T HE next Session wi;l commence on Monday
the 17th Sept., and continue fourteen weeks.
The system of Instruction, uider which this Insti
ettion bus retained its- popularity for the last.four
years, will be continued, with such improvements as
an enlarged experience has suggested. The same
Teachers who have proved so popular during the
past year will be continued in the several depart
ments. Whatever %nn be gained by a most thorough
systein,'combined with lnithfulness, competency and
industry on-the part of-the Teachers-aided by a
splendi /:Apparatus for illustrating the different
braiteli f study-ced be rafely promised to those
who wish for their daughters an enlarged and liberal
We consider the accomplishments of the past as
the suecst guaran:ee of success fur the future, and
rely-upoh these, and oui contimued efforts during the
comiug year, for the eontinuance of that -liberal
panwivee.which has always been so cheerfully ac
corded to this Institution.
It is of importance to the Pupils that they be
present as early as possible after the commencement.
The Rates of Tuition in the different departments
will'reamin unchanged. They are as follows:
Colfegi'ate Department, per session, - $15 00
Academical - -. " " - 12 00
Primary - " " " - 7 00
Foa WICH -rE CIIAaGE 15 ETRa.
Music Department- ------ $18 00
French - - - - - - - 10 00
Drawing " - - -- - 10 00
Pupils using the Chemical and Philosophical Ap
paratus are charged each $2 a Session for breakage,
&c. And those practicing upon the Pianos at the
Institute pay each $tCa Session fur keeping them in
There is also a charge up. n all the Pupils of 50
Bents a Session for contingencies.
M7 All bills arc payable at the cl,se or each Ses
sion. CHAS. A. RAYMOND, PaiM.
August 29 tf 33
T HE 11 A LE )EPAlRTMlENT of these Acade
mies -is under thu supervision of Mr. J. L.
LESLY. Assisted by Mr. BASS.
The Female Depar-tment will be supervised by
Mr. A.-P. BUTLER, assisted by competent Mu
sical and ot'ter Instructoress.
Rates of Tuition.
First Class, Primary.Lepartneut, per Sess'on $9,00
2nd o rdinary English branches......12,00
Snd " higher Engli'.h branches........15,00
4th " Greek and Roman Literature with
Music.... .... ........... .... $.0,00
Pupils are charged from the time of entering Mn
.til the end of the session. Tuition in advance.
The year is divi.ed into two Session of five
CV Good board can be had in the neighborhood
at from $8 to $10 dollars per month.
Chair'n Board of Trustees.
Feb 14 tf 5
Edgefield Male Academy.
/ ItE Ex-reises sf this Institution are now in
TUprogress for the F.ll Term under the control of
Mr. W. I. McvASL.tN, as Principal, and Mr.
T. B. CR()O(ER, us Assistant.
The regulations of the Academy are being re
arranged by the Teachers conjointly, and will soon
be pet f.-eted.
Th., Village of Edgefield offers many inducements
to parents in an educational point of view. It is
perfeetTy healthy as a gen-ral rule. It is free front
the evil influences of grg-shops. It is a religious
cumenauiity. And it car justly boast of an enlight
Over theMale Academy the Trustees exercise a
direet supiervision and are conulted in all cases of
eptreme punishment. They propose to give more
of their attention in future to the weekly reviews of
the scholars, that an additional stimulus may be
imparted to the. classes. .
The present Teachers are capable and energetic
young gentlemen in their respective departments.
Their School nunobers about 40 at this time, leaving
abundant root. for 2 more. It is hopied that parents
ud'guardians within reach of us will itmmediately
embrauce the opportunity.
. Terns as per last Session.
- R. T.MlIIMS, -4
A. SIMKINS, I .
LEWIS JONES, I
-BENJ. WALDO. '
T115E Subscriber respectfully informs the citizens
of Edgefield and vicinity that he intends open
* ng a School upon his premises in Edgefield Vil
,.uge, on the first alonday in August next, wherein
Will be taughbt the higher branches of.
:English and! Classical Literature.
)No pains will be spared to render ample satisraction
to parents whto may intrust their children to his enre
both as to lerrning and discipline. Charges the
sittie as-at the ViILtge Academy, and in variably in
grHe will also attend to the practice of L AW
and EQUITY, for the Distrit-and may be found
on Saturdays mid a portion of sale days at his Office,
over Mr. B.. C. Brvan's Store.
July.30, if -29
- ' A C A 24. Z,
jT HIE Undersigned reiturnms' hs sincere thanks to
-J. hs friends for their patronage whtlc located in
Hammborg, and hti-reby iiforms thtem that he can be
Ibund (after let Septeiniber-next,) at thet *Iouse of
W A R I), BURCH A RI) & CO., opposite the Ma
sonic Hall, A ugusta, Ga., where he would be happy
to see and serve them, and where a FULL and
Oomplete Stock of Dry Go ods,
can always be foun.l, whch will be sold as LOW
as from-any House in the City.
M. A. RANSOM.
Hamburg, A ug 13, if 31
NOTICE 10 COTTON PLANTERS !
TI'HE subscriber, -livtng near Bethel Church,
J.below--the URidge, would inform the Cotton
ri'anters of Edgefield anid the surrounding District,
* hat he is meanufacturing
OO~ T TV O NJ G-r I B,
Of a very sUPtERIOR QUA LITY-warranted to
give satisfac-tma- I am a. prepare~d to
*REPAIR OLD GiNS,
At very mo.dera-e prices. Fo.r itrnation in regard
to may capacity to dat the absee work, I would refer
joMr. B,.T. Boatwright an.I M\r. W'tde Hlolstemn.
* . sPpcse addrieas thie subscribecr, as well as the gen
laanen referred'in,~at the~ (idge P. 0., S. C.
Slept 5 .- . _____l1 34
Merinos and DeLaines,
AT VERY LOW PBICES!
9UH E Sutbscriber will sell his present large Stoek
-3 f 14no and English MERINOS -and all
JuIA IN ES. at very Lowe Price.. The assortament
embrmes-a great variety of styles, for Lsdie-s amnd
(jftkr-n'u irresses. Also, superior -Welch, Gauze
,ti, si.k Warp Flannels.
* WILLIAM SHEAR.
A It,.ly 30, tfr 29
c't Egesessmy is Wealth !"
f~ y,1 ek-a R.g of every description will be
It1t.hse a t Me~Adertiser Office." Pries,
~ on. N'wt her/a ahance for almost
everybody .f od bachekor's too, to muake money.
- "I'K OLD TO-DAY."
An aged man, on reaching his seventieth birth day,
like one surprised, paced his hquse, exclaiming,-"I
am an old'man! I am an old man."
I wake at last; I've dreamed too long.
Where are my three-score years and ten!
My eyes are keen, my limbs am strong;
I well might vis with younger men.
The world, its passions and its strife,
1s passing from my g rasp away,
And though this pulse seems full of life,
"I'm old to-day-I'm old to-day !"
Strange, that I never felt before
That I had almost reached my goal,
My bark is nearing death's dark shore;
Life's waters far behind me roll;
And yet I love their murmuring swell,
Their distant breakers' proud array,
And mast I,-n-wI say " Farewell?"
" I'm old to-day-I'm old to-day." -
This house is. mine, and those b.oad lands
That slumber 'neath yon fervid sky;
Yon brooklet, leaping o'er the sands,
Hath often met my boyish eye.
I loved those mountain when a child ;
They still look young in green array;
Ye rocky cliffs, ye summits wild,
"I'm old today,-I'm old to-day !" -
'Twixt yesterday's short hours and me,
A mighty gulf bath intervened.
A man with men I seemed to be
But now, 'tis meet I should be weaned
From all my kind ; from kindred dear;
From those deep skies,-that landscape gay-;
From hopes and joys I've cherished here;
" I'm old to-day,-I'm old to-day !"
O man of years, while earth recedes,
Lookforuward, upwaord, not behind !
Why dust thou lean on broken reads I
Why still w ith earthly fetters bind
Thti:ae ardent soul ? Goc give it wings,
'Mid higher, purer joys to stray!
In heaven, no happy spirit sings -
"I'm old to-day,--I'n old to-day."
[BY ESPECIAL. aEQUEsT.)'
From the Augusta Constitutionalist.
JUDGE BERRIEN AND REV. 10H WESLEY.
When a learned jurist and a distinguished ex
Senator gives the sanction of his high name and
character to the spirit of lersecutuon, agaittnt a
weak and unobstrusive religious sect, it becomes
hin, in proper regard 'for his own repu:ation,.to
examine well the position he takes of himself
or indorses in another, in seeking to achieve his
judge Berrien has throir -himaself, 'and the -
influence of his name. into the political arena,
on the side of Catholic proscrription. He should t
carefully examine his ground, and take heed
that he m:.intain the charges which he volunta
rily brings torward against the Church he as
sils; and that he doer not misrepresent the
religious opinions of those whom he would pre
scribe and degrade.
He has exhumed from the musty past, a let
ter of the celebrated John Wesley, written
amidst the controversial heats of the last cen
tury, in which the Ro.man Catholic Church is
arraigned as holding grievous errors of doctrine,
and seeks to stir up sectarian bigotry and intol
erance in this, our enlightened day, and in this
our free and tolerant country, with a view to
bring down the heavy hand of oppression,
through the bal.ot box, upon the heads of our
Catholie fellaw citizens.
Let us examine the specifications presented,
by Mr. Wesley, and indorsed by Judge Berrien
lat. That the Roman Catholic Church, .by1
he council of Constance, proclaimed the doc
rine, "No faith is to be kept- with heretics."
2d. "These who ackntowledge the spiritual
ower of the Pope, cnn give no security for
heir alegiance to any government."
3d. That Catholics - believe the Pope can
ardon rebellions, high treasons, and all other
4. That they believe " hpower of dispena
ng with any promise, oath, or vow, is another
ranech of the power of the Pop.," and that
:oneently the Catholic can give no security
for his allegine.
The extraordinary circumstarnce, that a politi
al organization has made proscraption of a re
ligions denomination, a part of its creed, and
f ita- policy, has entailed on the secular press
he novel duty of exploring theological libraries
o defend the Constitution of the country and
he rights of citizens under it, who profess the
fath thus dragged into the arena.
This. is our apology for serving up to our
eders, this morning, portions of the answer of
aleadinig Roman Catholic Divine, to the bill of
nditment of the Rev. Mr. Wesley, drawn up
n 1780, and notw preferred by .Judge Berrien as
rosecutor, before the bar of public opiniott in
We quote fromo Father O'Leary,~ one of Ire
and's beat and brightest intellects. He an
swered the letter- of Mir. Wesley in a series of
etters to thte Dublin Free Press, parta of whiTh
we will quote in each of the specified points.
And first, as to that celebrated and much, mis
rpresented declaration of the Council of Con
tnce, which eat on the case of John Hues, in
the year 1414.
"o FA3TH. ToBE KEPT WITH HERETICS."
" At a time, then, when ambition, that insatia
ble desire of elevation, that tnorm which stings
the heart, and never heaves it at rest, presenated
the universe with the extr.aorditnary aight of
three prelates reviving the restless spirit of theI
Romatn triumviate, and disturbing the peace of*
ankind as tmuch with their spiritual weapons,
as Octaivius, Anthony, and Lepidus had disturb-.
ed it with their armed legions-at, a time when
the broachera of new doctrines were kindling
up the fires of sedition, and after shaking the
fundttons of what was then the established
rligion, were shakintg the foundations of thrones
and empires-at that critical time, in 1414,.was
eld the Council of -Constance, with a design,.
as the fathers of that, Council .express them
selves, to reform the church in her head and
embers; and put an end to the ottlamities
which the restless pride of three bishops, as
sming the titles of Popes by the ntames of'
Gregory the. Twelfth, Benedict the thlrteentth,
ad John the Twenty-thaird, had brought on
Europe, split into three grand fnctions by the
ambition of the above-mentioned competitors."
* 'h * * * * *
" To the Council of Constance was eited
hent John Muss, a Bohemiazn, famous for propa
gating errors tending to tear the mitre from' the
eads of bishops, and wrest the scepre from thei
hands of kings; in a word, he was obnoxiona to.
hurch and State; and if Mr. Wesley and 1
reached uap his doctrine in the namse of Ged, we
woudbecoaidemned in te namie of the Kimg.
Natoaats and Catholic divines would banish
us from their universities, and the judges e
assize would exterminate us from civil society.
* * * * * -* *
"Now, that uustom has rendered Mr. Wes
ley's meeting-houses and mode of worship .fat
miliar, and that all denominatiuns enjoy a-shar
of that religious liberty, whereof he would fair
deprive his Roman Catholicneighbor. has ittil
hymns give no uneasiness either to- the magic
trate, or his neighbors. But had Mr. - Wesle;
raised his notes on the high key of civil discor
dance-had he attempted by his sermons, hi
writings and exhortations, to deprive the Bicn
ops of the established religion, of their croziers
kings of their thrones; and magistrates of-th
sword of justice; long ere now would his pion
labors have been crowned with martyrdom, and
his name registered in the calendar of'Fox'
Saints. Such, unfortunately, was the case o
John Huss. Not satisfied with - overthrowini
what was then the istablished religion, ani
levelling the fences of ecclesiastical jnrisdic'ion
he strikes at the rood of; all temporal. power, am
civil authoriry. He boldly asserts that "prince
magistrates. 4ec., in the state - of mortal sin. anu
deprived ipso facto of all power and jurisdiction
In this doctrine was envelhped the seeds o
anarchy and sedition, which subsequent preach
era unfolded toathe destruction of -peace-an
tranquility, -lmost all over Europe; and whiel
Sir William Blackstone deseribes as follows
"The dreadful effects of such a religious bigot
ry, when actuated by erroneousPriiples, even
of the Protestant kind, are sufficiently evident
from the history of the Anabaptists in Germany
the Covenanters in Scotlatid, and the deluge o
seotaries in England, who -murdered their sov.
ereign, overturned the Church and monarchy
shook every pillar of law, justice, and private
property, and most devoutly established a king
daps of saints in their stead."
John Huss, then, after broaching the above
mentioned doctrines, and making Bohemia the
theatre of intestine war, is summoned to appear
before the Council. He obtains a safe conduc
from the Emperor Sigismund, commanding guy
ernors of provinces, &c., not to molest him or
his journey to, or return from Constance; but
to afford him every aid and assistance. In a!
the provinces ani cities through which ho pas.
se, he gives public notice of his intention to
ppear before the Council and stand his trial.
But instead of standing his trial, and retracting
is errors, he attempts to make his escape, in
rder to disseminate, and make then take deep
r root. He is arrested and confined, in Order
that lie should take his trial, after having viola.
ted his promise, and abused a safe conduct gran
!ed him for the purpose of exculpating himself or
retracting his errors, if proved against him be.
fore his competent judges. It is here to be
remarked, that John Huss was an ecclesiastic;
and that in spiritual cases the bishops were his
inly and competent judges. The boundaries eg
he two powers, I mean the Church and State,
>eing kept distinct ; the censer left to the pon.
iff, and the sword to the magistrate; the Church
!unfitted to her spiritual weapons; privation of
ife and limb, a'nd corporeal punishments being
uite of the province of the State one should
swt Interlero wvith iriet-.aw-tirrbody'-of
he criminal is under the control of the magis.
rate, to,, jealous of his privilege to permit the
,hurch to interfere with his power-so, errone.
>s doctrines are under the control of spiritual
edges. too jealous of their prerogatives to per.
nit the civil magistrates to interfire with their
-ights. Hence, when the partizans of Huss
wised clamors about his confinement. and plead
td his safe-conduct the Council published the
;imus decree which has given rise to so many
:avile, for the space of four hundred years,
hough thousands of laws of a more iniportant
ature. and of which we now think but little,
ave been published sir.ce that time. The Coon.
il declares, "that every safe conduct granted by
he Emperor, Kings, and other temporal princes,
,o heretics, or persons accused of heresy, ought
wt to be of any prjudice to the Catholic faith, or
o the ecclesiastical jurisdiction; nor to hinder
hat such persons may and ought to be examin
rd, judged and punished, according as justice
hall require, if those heretics refuse to revoke
heir errors; and the person wcho shall hace
romised them security, shall not, in this case, be
bliged to keep his promise, by whatever tie lie
nay be engaged, because he has done all that ta
n his pow, r to do." I appeal to the impartial
>blic, whether that declaration of the Council
loes not regard the peculiar case of safe-conducta
~ranted by tempornl princes, to persons who
re liable to be tried by competent and indepen.
lent tribunals? And, whether it ba not an
nault to candor and common sense, to give it
mech a latitude as to extend it to every lawful
>romise, contract, or engagement between mari
md man? As if the Cauncil of Constance
eant to author-ize mie to buy my neighbor's
~oodsa and after a solemn promise to pay hinm
mtill to keesp his substance, and break my word.
'he church and State are two distinict and inde.
yendent powers, each in its peculiar line. A
nan is to be tried by the Church for erroneous
lotrines; a temporal prince grants thia man a
mfe conduct, to guard his person from any vio.
lence which may 1e offered him on his journey
nd to procure him a inir anid canidid trial on his
ppearance before his lawful judges. Has not
his prince done all that is in his power to dol
Doth his promise to such a man authorise him Ic
ntefere with a foreign and iudependent jurisdic.
ion, or to usurp the rights <f another ? Do not
he very word~s of the Counacil, " because be
as done all that is in his power to do," prove
hat lawful promises are to be fullfilled ?"
* * * * * * .
" Thus we see, that this superannuated charge
f violation of fahth with heretics, resembles
hose nightly spectres which vaniisha upon a near.
r approach. We find ntothinig in this Council
-ative to such a charge, but a dispute about a
ass granted to a man who goes, to take his
il before judges whose jurisdiction could not
e superseded. Or if we intend to do justice tc
nen with the same eagerness that we are disposea
o injure them, we must acknowledge that the
athers of that Council condemned lies, frauds
aejury, and those horrors which Mr. Wesleg
ould fain j~x upon the Roman Catholics. T he
oudations, then, on which Mir. Wesley ham
reted his wrial fatbric, being once mapped, the
epertructutre must fall, of course; and hi!
og train of false and unchristian assertio~nh are
'wept-away as a spider's web, before the wina
i logical rules. From absurd premises folleo
u absurd conclusion.
Whiat preater absurdity than Mr. Wesley'a
naisting 'upon a generi Council's diselmimning
~dotrine, it never taught? [ f air. Wesley be
to credulo~us as to bell -ye that the Pope hai
orna- we must convene a general Connil tc
:leears that his forehead is smooth? Is it not
fitimient to disclaim the truth of the odious
mputation, when the falsa~ creed is fixed or
as? * * * * * *
In-reply to the second and third points:
THE sPRIJTKIAL POWER OF THE POPES.
" The history of Europe proebtimts aloud, thai
die Roman Catholics are iiot passive engines is
the hands of Popes, and that they confine him
sower within the narrow limits of his. spiritual
rovinee. They have often taken his cities, and
:pposed Pant's sword to Peter's koys. and si.
ened the thunders of the vatican with the noise
>f the cannon. ~They know that Peter was at
.she.... w.h. kin,..saye the sepntre, and
f that the susequent grundes ais successor,
could never authorize him ta alter the .primitive
institution that commands s rs to-obey their
rulers, and to give Cas3h :t
aWith regrd to bio spirf -o r,-yottwill
r be surpriped, gentlemen; w Aidl..you that,
i frapi Ludowie Muggleton Join Weslef,
t those who have instituted seets. awongdt
the Christians,-.have assm more jowarlan
rthe Pope dare ahsume. over Witholieta
They may add or -diminislrjbut, withr ert r
to the Pope, the landmarkerf lreted,4nd we
wohl.never permit him to ,"oe them. 4f
auempted to prea-h, up five . . .. s .jVateaa|f
seren, we would immediatel hint. Mr.
Wesley may altar his faith is ea as he.pleases;
1- and prevail on others to do ije same;,btt the
i Pope ein never alter ours; we kaewl5dgliim,
r indeed, as head of the Chun! .forevery socfety
must have a link of union, to ria rgainst.egn
fusion and.anarehy; and, Wi ut atuating-any
intidlibiliij'o is person,.: ck' fd e . his
title t.precedencueand pr nen.Jo nt, in.
acknowledgiing him as the pilo io.iteer the
vessel, we acknowledge a ,. by.which lie
is to direct his course. :;. preserve.tbe
vessel, but never-o ox -to, shipwreck.
Any deviation from the law God, the righis
of nature, or the faith of . hers, wo.uld be
the fatal rock on whicei the himself would
split. 1ha'word; the-Pop ur frstPastor;
he iay feed, but cannot pot ; we acknowl
edge no power in him, eithe alter -our'faith,
or to corrupt our morals.". * *
As to the power of dispe r'ascatbs and
promises : .
-oLeti s not travel 'in:C States where
perjury is punished writh' des and every argu
ment tending to prove that pe can absolve
subjects from oaths, and gra ispensaion to
commit all kinds of crimes, afuted with i
halter. Let us look nearer and compare
what we see on one hand, w hat is supposed
on Lte other.
We see a million and a Roman Catho
lics smarting under the mu ressive laws
that tne human heart could.e e'ise. When
they were enacted, our ine .had the lands
of their fathers and the.reli' of their eduea
tion. If perjury had been' cle of their be
lief, they could have seeu . eir iiaihritance
by takitg an oath of abjura if papal dis
pensations were. in their opi' lenitives to an
ulcerated conscience, when, _ ere could-the
have been more seasonably' Led, than at that
time and place, where thep ties of millions
depended on the application.
if oaths against convicnow pensations with
perjury, and anticipated al tonas from future
crimes, were articles of the lief.lahey would
have prevented the blazing eta, which aoirch
the living, and spread their enee to the dor
mitories of the dead, from fling in their na
tive air; and hinered cruelty, h in-disarmed in
the tyrant's breast at sight m the expiring vie
tim, from pursui'g t" h.:
their ashes wi.
"The Churt -
yet one oath to -
all the penal I
use his delica!
which speaks 1
are intereste: . .. . o,; for, by en
tering into a colluniun with their flocks, and
using their magic powers.to forgive all sins, past,
present, and to come, they could permit them to
graze on the commons orlega, indulgence ; and
by turing them into a richer pasture, expect
more milk and wool." .-*. * * *
" In ethics, as in mathematics, there are self
evident demonstrations, no proposition in Eu
clid is more clear than ti~o.following: " A per
son who does not think perjury a crime, " would
not forfeit a guinea from reluctance to an oath."
The Roman Catholics forfeit every pricilege rath
cr than take an oath against their conscience,"
The letter of the Rev. John Wesley was
written in January, 1780. The r.niwer of Rev.
Arthur O'Leary was written the following month.
The British channel tonly divided them. They
lived in the samne day, and addressed the surme
generation. We leave our readers to judge be
We are divided from both by a lapse of threo
quarters tof a century, and occupy a stanad on
the soil of our ownt glorious America, beneath
the protection shadow of a Constitution, framed
in that day, which recognaises in its largest sense,
Mr. O'Leary was a contemporary and a coun
tryman of the great Burke, that noble champion
of religious toleration. Like Burke, he was a
man of lofty genius, and great learninig-a bril
liant writer, and a zealous enemy of~ religious
bigotry and fanaticism. He was the bosom
friend and companion of Curran, tlte renowned
Irish orator. T1hougth Curtfan was a Protestant
and O'Leary was a Roman Catholic Priest, their
friendship was that of brothers. The enlight
ened philanthropy and chariiy of the latter cnn
best be seen, through his- own liberal setntiment
contained in the dediention oif his miscellaneous
tracts. " I plead for the Protestant in Frantce,
and for the Jew in Lisbon,as well as for the
Catholic int Ireland."
In addition to the above, we have quoted and
referred to, time and agaoin, the langunage of the
highest dignitaries o~f the Catholic Chiurch of this
country-we have given the answers of the Ro
man Catholic Colleges of Europe, to the Coom
mittee of the British Parliam~ent, tas reported by
that Commnittee. in wvhich is denied that Catho
lies hold any such dnetritnes as to the power of
the Puope, as is ascribed to them. The evidence
on this subject is overwhelming.
- *T'he penal laws' < fred the maost galling instalt no
the Roman Cathodic gentry, at the time of their beingr
enacted. Their hurt in~ places were- in th - ruins of
old abbe~yu, rfounded by iheirancesotors. A lawt waf
enacted, prohibiting to ,ury it those dreary haute of
cati' and woea, and a fine of ten .hillings was to be
levied on every person who assisted at the funteral.
A i' entleman, speaking of a friend who
was prosttated by illnteas, remarked that, he
cotuld hardly recnver, aince his constitution was
all gonte." ''- f his constittiotn is all gone," said
ahystatnder, " I do not see how hoe lives at all."
"Oh," responded the wag, "the lives on the by
ITHE individual, who tried to clear his con
hisenseiritiran egr, is ntow endeavoring to raise
hi s irit i yeast. If lhe falatin thtis, it is
his deliberais intetioni to blowv nut his brains
with a bellows, and sink calmly Into the arms
of-a young lady !
IT has been recorded by snme anti.coannunbial
wag, that when two widowers were once con
dolding together on the recent berenvement of
their wives, one of them exclaithied with a sigh:
"Well may [ bewail my loss, for I had so
few differenes with the dsinr deceased, thait the
last day of my marriage lifec was as happy as the
" There s surpass you," said his friend, 00 for
thie last day of mine was happier."
THEN STRONGEsT KIND OF A HznT.-A young
lady asking a gentleman to see if one of her
,4n== wnllti on n his little fingerP
-t From the Carolina Times.
TO Ti1' PEOPIE OF COLUMBIA
-A sudeietime hanig elapsed to alliy any
iry feeiings whioli may have been excited in
the. mindk of Dr.'#1'bes and his friends* by the
eeming i iignity' whicli has bleen put upon him,
by hit.ejection~ fromithi Coui-il Chamber, the
unddelened deemit due to the peoile of Colum
bia, n:d&just to themselves, to present to the
pubihc a canm and dispassionitte statement of the
e'iegmstances attending ag affair out of which
Dr; Gibibes, acting asiwe hope and believe in
,de'r the*txeitsment and irritation of the moment,
lias 'ndeavored td-create in -the public mind a
fAling of hoiitilitg towardi us. From a recent
editorialet his, hsiwever, we are happy to perceive
'hat hejs- now able to take a wore rational and
propercView of the subject, and -is willing to re
gqrrd hiloirmal ejection from the Council Chadt
be merIis.-i a mode. of testing a novel and :n.
teresting.hrgal~question, and not as designed to
cast indignity or insult upon him, or as.a.proper
and just cause for personal animo.sity towards
the.membere of tfie City Council. Relying con
fidetly up.oin Dr. Gibbes's seii o of justice and
propriety, we cannot but believe. that, upon a
more dispassionate.review of the afftir, heill
be convinced that on this occasion he has, ft.r a
time at least; permitted his feelings to get the
better of his judgment, and has given to this
matter s character and direction which, we are
confident, he - never deliberately intended it
should take. We do not design reeapitulating
the hist'ry of.Dr. Gibbes's hostili:y towards the
ipresiet Cliy Council, nor do we intend to speen.
late as to its probable origin. What we desire
is, to present as briefly as possible the reasons
which influenced us in-refusing that gentleman's
application for leave to attend our meetings and
report our proceedings for his newsp:pec.
For many years past the printing for the 'or
poration has been die by an officer annually
elected at a stated salary. Such is still the prac
tice. This contract is not te .o the lowest bid
der, as is the case with some others. No report.
er ever has been admitted to report the pr.ceed
ings of the Council. The present tity Printers
do not repdrt our proceedings, and have never
applied for permission to du so. Had they ap.
plied,'their application would h.ave been reject.ed
as Dr. Gibbes's was, for reasons which will
hereafter be given. The proceedings of the
Council are kept by the' Clerk, and his minutes
are reviewed and corrected (if necessary) after
each meeting of Council; after which they are
hinded to the City Printers for publiestion, and
are usually published on the morning next after
adjournment of the Council.
For some years past the nnntal salary of the
City Printers has been one hundred and fifty
dollars. The sum is well known to be an innd
equate compensation fur thu amount of printing
required to be done; still, the office is sought
for.and is desirable, because- of the advantage
:h the City Printer' enjoys in publishing the
eedings of the Council in advance ofother
papers. .Thus, this advantage constitutes
. portai,'if not the most importaut, part.of
- nnsideratiyn,given for the public frinting
. ar'. been enj9y-ed by all prevyiu prnter;;
bbes himnself. Under these circumstances
'on thesw terms Messrs. Britton & Giles
nanimously elected City Printers, gave
nd seenrity for the proper performance of
...car unty, and up to the present mometnt have
faithfully and honestly discharged the duties of
that office. When Dr. Gibbes applied for per
mission to report the - proceedings of the City
Couneil, we uniainimously decided that we could
not grant his request. without grossly violating
our obligation to the City Printers; and it is
manife.t that had we done so, those gentlemen
would no long.-r have been bound by the ir obli
gation to us. Dr. Gibbes himself would never
have willingly consented to yield this privilege,
whilst he was the P:inter for the town. We
thought and so determined that if it was proper
that reporters for newspapers should be admitted
to our meetings, such admission should be post.
poned, at least, until our present contract with
Messrs. Britton & Giles should have expired,
and a printer shoutd have been elected with a
fair and proper understa'nding of his rights anid
privileges, sand of the consider~ation he. was to re
eive for the labor he would be required to per
fom. We believed thiat justice and honesty
demanded this much of us, and were surprised
that Dr. Gibbes should have expected or requir
ed us to do otherwise. We are willing to abide'
the judgment of our fel;ow ettizens as to the
rectitudeso! our motives and the propriety ofI
- It is proper to say that there were other con
sidertions which influenced us im refusing Dr.
Gibbes's applictiotn. Unalike larger cities, we
have no separate police court or police depart
mett. At our meetings we discuss freely all
mat ters concerning the police of the city; ;.s
well measures for preventing as for detecting
violations of our laws. Itis manifest, if all ourt
deliberations on these subjects were reported
and published, detection would, int most ceases,
be imossible. and in imany cenes greatinjnstice
mghtt and would be donec to innuocent but sus
pe~ted p~erson~s. If. we aire forced, under the
coercion of the Ilaw, or through the powerful in
dluence of the press (which has been bronght to
bear upon us as we believe from a misatpprehen
sioni of the faicts of the ease) to yield tne privi
lege of conducting our police investigations in
private-we cati no longer guarantee the efficiency
of thait departm nt of our city government.
Heretofore, the question as to the pu blicity of
the meetings of the City Council, has never been
coisidered, because (except whe~n thte Counicil
hss sat as a court for the trial of offenders
against City Ordinanoces) the public have, not
regarded it as at mll important for the preserva
totn of their liberties, that. they should attend
our ineetines; and for the very sufficient reason
that by the~6th section of the charter of the city
no ordinance, by.'aw, rule or regulation which
may be psased 'by the Council enno be operative
unil it is "~ duly 'promulgnted "This prov~ision
our citizents seem .heretoforei to hauve regarded as
a sufficient check upon sany unuwarrasnted as.
aimpt ion of power on the paurt of the Coeuncil.
What influenee the presence of one (ir more re
porters coiuld have uaponi the leg..Jautive acts of
tte Council except to gtive them publicity, we
are nit a loss lto conIceIVe; antd as aill such nects
must be parblished to give them validity, we enmn
not concieve how the pnblie can he injured, or
th-nuse of liberty suffer by the exeln-ion of
reprers. Besides, as we tare required by law
to publish 11ll ordinineces, laws unad regultions
affectig the public, ntad as we arc respo.nsible
for oneh -puhliheaiti, it seems to us butt right
otd proper thait we should. hatve the conatrol of
the same. Various matters relating to the
pollet., to the solvency of sureties aun oficini and
other bonds, it sees to us both unnecessary1
aid iamproper to publish in the newspapers of
the city. No cood cnn be effected by such pub-.
linutins, and 'much harm way be done. We!
have thus presentted as bri..fy as possible the
reasons which indfuenceed us in the reftn-al to ah. 1
low Dr. Gibbmes tat report our proceedinigs fotri
hais news~tpaer. hf 'we have erred in our eotalu'
skin, and have de.nied to Dr. Gibbes anty right to
which he is legially or moralIly entitled, we are
willing to abide biy the decision of the legal tri
bunals of thec coiuntry, and by the calm and de
liberate verdict of our -fellow citizens of Colum.-1
la. nfe corresponndence .whileh subsequently
took plaee between"Dr. Gibbes and the Mayor,
and of their personal interviews,,as well pe of
the formal ejection of Dr. G. from the Council
Chamber, arid his subsequent course toeards
the Council, the public are already fully inform.
ed. Had Dr. Gibbes, :after the refusal by the
Council to admit him as I reporter, and without
having any correspondence or interview with the
Mayor, presented himself at our meeting and re
fused to.aoswer whether- he intended to report
our proceedings or no, we would have consider
ed him as setting our authority at defiance, and
as intending a contempt and indignity upon o.tr.
body, and might well have felt and expresadd in
dignation. But after his correspondence and in
terviews with the Mayor and also with another
member of our body, -we. fully acquitted him of
any such motives or feeliiand ceoid not, and
did not, expect that he intended, that his formal
ejection should give rise to any personal ill feel
ig or that it should be made the foundation for
a charge of outrage and oppression, or of any
ctioln for .damages, or a criminal prosecution.
2ir the contrary, we thought and still believe
that Dr. Gibbes in good faith intended, by sub
vecting himself to this"roceeding, (under the
tdvice of his lawyer) to make a proper case for
esting the legal question which had been made
between himself and the Council, and that he
fully believed he could go through with his part
)f the prescribed ceremonv, more philosophically
han upon trial he found himself able to do.
We are willing to attribute much of his subse
luent conduct to 1tie very natural irritation
*vhilh he must have felt from the unusual (and
is we thought unnecessary) oeremonrto which
te .ubjected himself. We hauvsulways been
nd still are' desirous of having the legal ques
ions involved fairly- tested,.and had hoped that
his might be done without excitement or per
tonal ill will. We are glad to perceive that Dr.
3ibbes is now willing to occupy this position
owards us. Much vituperation and personal
buse have been directed against us by several
,f the newspapers of this State and elsewhere,
nfluenced, we sincerely hope and believe, by a
nisapprehension of the facts of the case ; and
anch of this has been copied into Dr. Gibbes'%
ewspaper.: Frtm himself and from such Edi
;ors as have commented haishly on our proceed
aigs, common ju lice demands the publication of
.tis, our plain, and, we hope, unbiased statement
f the facts of the case. To you fellow citizens,
;o whom we hold ourselves responsible for the
proper exrrcistuf the powers which you have
mnttsted to us, we tmake this statement of our
motives and our conduct, fully assured, that al
though some of you may differ with us as to the
egal questions. involved, not one of you will be.
ieve, after a cslm and unprejudiced review of
ur course,-that we have been ifluenved by any
ther motives than a wish to .do justice,. and a'
sincere desire to discharge air dufy.
E. J ARTHUR,
T. W. RADCLtFFE,
n appetiteand you will no '
titting down without one.
Anger may continue with you fc: .:; -u%.
but it ought nout to repose with y---m I.' a
A good office done harshly is a stoney piece
He who gets a good husband for his daughter,
rains a son ; and he who gets a bad one, loses a
He who would have his business well done,
must either do it himself, or see it done.
Those who put off repentance till another day,
iave a day more to repent of, and a day lees to
REVIVAL !-Religious meetings have been
ild for several evenings in the Methodist Church.
ii der the direction of the Hev's S. B. Jones and
Lucius Bellinsger. These gentlemen have labor
d cbly and earnestly for the salvation of souls,
nd tihe Lord has' blesSed their efforts. On Mon
ay night, several attnehed themselves to the
hurch, and mourners thronged the altar. A
eeling of solemnity pervades our town, anad we
iope that all will receive a blessing, ere the
feeting closes. There " ill be preaching to
iight.-Anders.on Gazette, 28th it.
Jots FoJSTH, Esq.: the able editor ot the
Hobile Register, at plresent on a visit North,
arites to his paper from New York: What I
ave seen here has all been calculated to make
ne calm, thoughtful and serious. I find all par
ies (especially thte'Knowr Nothings, or rather
hat is left of it,) thoroughly Abolitionized,
md the only living element of fidelity to the
.onstitution and to the South residing in the
Demoernecy. If the Demnocratic prinaciple oaf
ath does'not save the Union, it will not, be
uaved. entre not for names, and when I say
D~emocratie, I mean the Domocratic principle of
:tnst ruction of constitutional obligations be.
ween the Utnited States atnd the States,
VIRGINIANs FOR KANsAs.-A party of about
ifty emierunts, from Rappnhannock and Cul
epper counties, Virginia, left Washington, in
he former county, on the 24th uIt., bound for
K~ansas T'erritory. They are said to embrace a
umiber of families, but it is not stared whethaer
lhey webe accompanied by slaves, or wherther
he fifty were alt whites.
CAr nny one-say why it is considered impo
ite fo~r getntlemen to .go in-the presence of la
lies ina their shirt sleeves, while it is considered
:orrect for ladies themselves to appear befoare
~etlemtn without any sleeves at all ? We
nerely ask fur information.-Exchange.
SLANDERING A WHOLE YILLAGE.-Know No.
hingismn has gut to so low atn ebb, even in New
fork, that among decent, intelligent people, it
aregarded as a term of reproach It is, there
ore, with pleasure that, we make room for the
olowing emphatic contradiction to a totally
ifounded entumnnv, which appenis in a late
itmaber of the Hanmilton (New York) Journal:
" Certain malicious persons in other parts of:
he country, who desire to injure the good
sae of our villaie, are endeavoring to spread
Sreport that there-are Knoaw Nothings amtong
s. This is a base calumny. There wats a
'council" here, but now it is utterly broken up,
and scattered like chaff before thu. wind. No,
meetinags are held-none have beeni since last
aping -and none ever will be again. There
en not sufficient titality in the concern to
ippoint a delegate to the Binghamipton Conven
,ion. Don't let us hear any more about this man
r that man being a Hindoo."
.SOLoaton RoruseCHILD, whose recent death in
art has been annouticed, left to his two eons
he enortmotus sum of otne hutndred and twenty
ilions of francs, or more thtan twenty millions
IT is said that Boston dealers are compHining
if duill times, lack of Southerta eustomeira.ete.
ight glad tare we to hear it. They will ha- e
he more-time to meddle with matters that do
aot -cansatente.itnmate business..
THE war in Europe 'ffatady two yearaids.
The Russian ambialsa Constantinople-on th .
the 22d of May, 1853, W'oh tho 14th'of 'Jyna
the English aid Ffe tei'ireceivs
approach the Dhrdanelea,'ind'they aidhor -
Besika Bay. On the .26th of June, the Enpa% .
ror of Russia, ordered hia.srmy..to o- -upytI "
Principalities..$0a the.I4th of Meptembe o
Fren.h and two English..wsr aters,frp
the Beet at Besika Bay, went o Constantinopl%
On the 27th, the Porte declared against. uwid
and invited the- English and French: fee 40
Conataeinople. On the 2d of November, th
Emperor of Russia declared war against. ' puey.
The French declaration of war was.. -inadetz
COOEY-EFFECTS oF HEAT U"PO'MEtT.
A well cooked piece of meat .houtdjb-filof
its own juice. or natural gravy. - In' oasting;
thereof, it should be exposed to a quick fie, that
the external surface may be made ti contraet'at
once, and the albumen to coagulate,-before th
juice has had time to escape from within. And
so in boiling. When a piece of beef or motton
is plunged into boiling water, the outer part'con;
tracts, the albumen which is near the surface
coagulates, and the internal juice is p ed
either from escaping into the wat'er by
i6surrounded, or from being diluted orw -
ed by the admisxion of w ater among It. it
cut up, therefore, the meat yields much gavy,
and is rich in flavor. ~Hence a beefteak er a
mutton chop is done guickly, and oveia'quli
fire, thaLthe na elos may be retained. Oui
the other hand, if -meat be exposed to a sloir
fire its pores remain open, the juice continaeis to
flow from within, as it has dried frim tiesur
face, and the flesh pines and becomes dry, herd,
and unsavory. Or if it bept into cold or tepid
water, which is afterwards gradually brought to
a boil. much of the albtimen Is extracted befot6
it coagulates, the natural juices for the_ "ost
part flow out. and the meat is served in a nearly
tasteless state. Hence to prepare good boile4
meat, it should be put at once into-waieralrea.
dy'brought' to a boil. But to'nake1 ef-te,
mutton-broth, and 'other meat soups, . " esb
should be put into cold water, and thin' s.
wards very slowly' warmed, and finally boiled.
The advantage derived from simmering-a teiri
not unfrequent In cookery 'books, depends very
much upon the eifects of slow bojling as abod
explained.-i'iofessor Johnston's Chmistry of
AUNT HETTY's ADvICE.-O, girls! setyour
affection on catst poodles, parrots or lap og,
but let-matrimony alone. I's the hardest witg
on earth of getting a living-you never know
when your work is done up. Think of, ca,'ry(
Ing eight or mtile children throupig the weasels,
chicken pock,smumps, thrush,, and scarls f',
sotie' of-'hIem twice ovet-it, makes uat
ache tdothihk of it. 0, you' may sei-i ."ti
save, and twist and .turn, and dig and dei4,
econondizc dnid die, and. .ydunebiband wrill ta "' 4.
ry a t ske- all-vou hava'iiia anddarI
,sor ni 1 ifs with ; .iil u.-e your jportre.te
-b ad nd.-but whalt'r he us1e Of ,liking;tth ;i
a load of bear skins, noop poles, shingles, oak
bark and pikled catfish, which he had taken for
" ALwAYS be prepared.for death."-This was
the admonition of a Missouri elder, as he placed
in his son's belt two Bowie knives and a pair of
WHEAT is so aboundant at the West as to
periously embarrass the railroads in that region
to find adequate freight equipage for its convey
ance. On- the Illinois Central Road it has been
found necessary to order three hundred more
cars. This road has already'trinsported a large
amount of grain to Chicago from the Southern
division of the line, and it is estimated that one
station Jonesburg, wilt give the road this ye.ar
no less than three hundred thousatnd bushels of
WE once heard of a rich man. who was run
over and badly injured. "It isn't the accident
that I mind," said he; "that isn't tihe thing:
but the idea of~being run over by an infernal
swilceart makes me mad."
JEAN PAuL. says: " Courage when ,s
is never cruel. IL is not fierce. It I
Its trepidation's Ucome either before or afta da
ger. In the midst of peril it is calm and cool.
It is generous, especially to the fallen. 'It is
"HussAN, I don't know where the boy Cot
his bad temper-not from me, I am sure." " No,
my dear, I don't perceive that you have .lest
A NIER OF TEE P'aEss.-We understand
that a. young gentleman of this city, who was
employed in a Feed Store of this city, is regu
larly entered on the free lists of the theatre's on
the strengvth of. his' "being attacled to .the
press." On being closely questioned, he frankly
acknowledges that the p-es's to' whiich he is
attached-is his master's hay-presa!
VaaDANT.-Anybody who suppose. th t lock
ing a girl in a hack room, will prevent her from
knowing what love means, might as well under
take to keep strawberries from blushing in June
by whispering in their ears about the snow we
DANTE. in his lowest hell, has placed those
who have .betrayed women; and in the lowest
deep of the Ioweste deep, those who have be
trayed trust. Guess some public characters
whom we wet of would be apt to decline such
a position. ''.~
LEGAL QUEsTno.--Tie following .erinnt ,
quest ion was addressed to a lawyer i~gh
boring village: "If distance lense enchantment
to the view," Mud the view refuses to matogsiti .~
can distance receive any legal'edress?ie.'
lawyer refuses to 'answer; until he recetvys
" THEY don't make as gtmod mirrors as they
used to," remakned an old maid, av she obser'vod
sunken eyes, a wrihkled' face and livid complex
ion in a glass tha't she usuhlly looked intd.
THEa Counceli'Bluffs Chronotype informne us
that in Iowa whole sections of corn may be
seen standing at the height- of fifteten t,'and
particular stalks may be culled therefroi, that
have reached the alttunde of from eighteen to
TzE name of Teetotahituit is said to. have
originated irn the stammering of 'a speakter tat a
temperance meeting, who declared that nothing
would satisfy him but t-total abutiietaed The
audience' eagerly caught up the pung ad& thme
nme was adopted by'thochtampionsif the'etuse