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Onmocratic .3burnat Orvett to II " outf) a 5-0MItru dig )ts, V.0 s Catestp News, itaue drdt epd utr
.&,We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of ourlberties, and if it must fall, weinilPrsamdtheR n.
W. F. DUltISOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, SIP C., NOVEMBER 2118.
"HAVE YOU SEEN SAX."
I floated'down the river
On the schooner Polly Ann;
I landed on York Island,
A very verdant man;
I gather'd up my baggage
In a shocking crowd and jam,
When a fellow jumped before me
Saying " Have you seen Sam?"
CHoaus.-I don't know Sam,
I don't know Sam,
Confound this noise and bother
Who is this fellow Sam?
I thought the fellow crazy,
And fled before the wind:
The Astor rose before .me,
My coat tail stream'd behind:
Soon up the steps I scrambled,
And shouted -'Here I am,"
Another fellow tapp'd me
And ask'd "Have you seen Sam ?"
Caonus.-I dont know Sam. &c.
I then went straight to Barnum's
To see the mighty show :
Tha Shanghais and the Babies,
How loudly they did crow!
I stood and gaz'd about me,
To see if 'twas a sham: .
I smooth'd the bearded lady's cheek,
She sigh'd " Have you seen Sam ?"
CHoRus.-I don't know Sam, &c.
I hunted through each corner,
Till nearly out of breath:
I ask'd about the wooly horse,
The mcrmaid and Joice Heth;
Men laugh'd, the Shanghais cackled,
I left old Captain Sham:
*And as I turn'd to leave the place,
The monkeys chatter'd Sam !
CuoRus.-1 don't know Sam, &c.
I went up to Albany,
To see the wires at play :
'Twas pulling here, 'twas bawling there
Has Sam been here to-day ?
To Washington I went to see,
The Senatorial jam:
I told them of the war in York,
They ask'd if I'd seen Sam ?
Caonus.-I dnt know Sam, &c.
I told them horns and bugles blew
A fearful, warlike blast:
That croteket.s, quavers, fiddles flew
In bloodless conflict past:
The fifers screan'd their piercing notes,
The drummer's beat their flam:
While high above the noise and din,
The cry was " Where is Sam ?"
Cuonus.-! don't know Sam, &c.
I'm going up the river,
My purse is running down:
No matter whom I chance to meet,
They ask'd if Sam's in town:
It's Sam around above me,
In Croton or in dram:
With luck, I'm off to-morrow,
Who is this fellow Sam?'
CHoKus.-I don't know Sam, &c.
AN ARKANSAS LEGISLATOR.
A member elect of the lower chamber of the
Legislature of Arkansas was persuaded by some
wag of his neighborhood that if he did not
reach the State House at ten o'clock on the day
of assembling lie could not be sworn, and would
lose his seat. He immediately mounted with
hunting-i.roek, rifle and bowie-knife, and spurred
till he got to the door of the capitol, where in
the chamber of the lower house, on the ground
floor, all were walking about with their hats on,
smoking cigars. Thoue he passed, ran upstairs
into the Senate C.hnaber, set his rifle ligainst
the wall, and balled out.
" Strangers, whars the man that, swars me
in?" at the same tidie taking out hisecredentials.
" Walk this way," said the Clerk, who was at
the moment igniting a real principe, and he was
sworn without inquiry.
When the teller came to count noses he found
that there was one Senator too many present.
The mistake was soon discovered, and the hust
man was informed that lie did not, belong there.
"Fool who! with your corn bread?" he*
roard, "you can't flunk this child, no how you
can fix it-P'm elected to this Legislature, and
I'll go again all banks and eternal improvements,
and if there's any of your oratory gentlemen
wants to get skinned, just say the word, and I'll
light upon you like a nigger on a woodchuck.
My constituents sent me here, and if you want
to floor this two legged animal, hop on, just as
soon as you like, for though I'm from the back
conastry, I'm a little smarter than any other
quadruped you can turn out of this drove.
After this admirable harrangue, he put his
bowie-knife between his teeth, and took up his
rifle with " Come here, old Suke, stand by me !
at the same time pointing it at, the chairman,
who, however, had seen such people before.
After some expostulation, the man was persua
ded that he belonged to the lower chamber, up
on which he sheathed his knife, flung his gun
on his shoulder and with a profound congee,
remarked, "Gentlemen, I beg your pardon. Bnut,
if I didn't think that lower room was a grogge
ry, mlay I be abot."
" WHERE is your house ?" asked a traveller of
a man he met in the depths of the " old solemn
wilderness" of the great West.
" House! ain't got no house."
" Well, where do you live ?".
" I live in the woods-sleep on the great gov
enent purchase, eat raw deer meat and wild
turkey, anid drink out of the Mississippi." " And,"
he added, "it is getting too thiek with folks
about here. You're the second man l've seen
within the last month, and I hear there is a
whole family cominw out shout fifty miles down
the river. I'm goin? to the woods agin."
FATHERL OLeary and -Curran were crocking
their jests at a dinner party one evening, as was
their wont, when the celebrated advocate turned
abruptly to the good father, saying
" I wish O'Leary, .that you had the keys of
" Why Curran ?" asked the divine.
"Becntise you could let mc in," said the
" It would be much better, for you, Curran,"
said Father O'Leary, "that I had the keys of THE
OTHEn PL.ACE, BEAUSEn I COiULD L.ET YOUt OUT."
TILE CINCINNATTI CONENTION..
THE Montgomery "Advertiser 4. Gazelle,"
decidedly the leading political paper of Alabami,
thus notices our suggestion in reference to our
sending Delegates to the National Convention.
It is understood that the next National Con
vention of the Democratic party is to meet in
Cincinnatti some time next summer. Hereto.
fore, every Mtate has been represented in the
National Conventions of our party, South Caro
lina excepted. The proposition to send dele
gates to the Convention of 1856 is now being
warmly discussed by the presses and politicians
of that State. Col. Orr, a distingnished member
of Congress, is a decided advocate of the pro
position. Colonel Keitt, another member, is
warmly opposed to it. Mr. Brooks, also a mem
ber, is in flavor of sending delegates if the other
Southern States require it, but will not co-oper.
ate in any movement which is likely to distract
the State. The Edgefield Advertiser makes
the following suggestion, in the way of a com
"Suppose (says the Advertiser) Mr. Keitt
and those who think with him agree to go into
the National Democratic Convention as an ex
periment, with the stipulation (on the part of
Mr. Orr and his friends) that if our principles
are compromitted in the least for the purpose of
securing the election of any given candidate: our
delegation shall instantly leave the body.! Sup
pose we unitedly offer to Virginia, Georgia, and
the other Southern States, or any of them, our
faithful co-operation in this business. upon a
like stipulation to be observed by them with
like promptitude. Could, or could not, our
State, thus guarded and thus fore-armed, go
into the Cincinnatti meeting without infringing
her consistency, or in reality lowering her tone ?"
With the Columbus Times, we hope that the
compromise of the Edgefield paper will be ac
cepted. The Times says that the Georgi- dele
gates will be instructed to insist upon an en
dorsement of the Nebraska-Kansas net and of
the Fugitive Slave lac as a preliminary to co
operation on their part with the National Demo
racy. We feel assured that our political friends
in every Southern State will require such en
orsement as an indispensable condition of their
lo-opration with the Democracy of the free
States. No delegate from our section, wi'h a
proper appreciation of the rights and interests
of his constituents, would go into council with
Freesnilers of the Buffalo stamp. Nor do we
believe that Any National Democrat of the North
would expect him do so. Van Buren and his
riends, were ruled out of the National Conven
tion of 1848 when they ran counter to the princi
ples of the party. They were admitted in 1852
Mn giving in their adhesion to the National Demo
:ratie platform. Having returned to their posi
tion of 1848, their exclusion from the Conven.
Lion of 1856 may be set down as a fixed fact.
We think, therefore, that South Carolina may
'end delegates to the Convention consistently
with her principles and her honor. We are de
:idedly of opinion, indeed, that it is her duty to
io so, that the voice of the South may be fully
ieard in the nomination of the candidate of the
miy National party in the Union.
"THa LAZY MAM'S BEDSTEAD," Is the title
riven to an article of furniture which attracts
iuch agentian at the fair of the American insti
ute in New York. It is described as a newly
nvented bedstead, attached to the head of which
is a small alarm clock, so connected with thie
bed that. at a given moment the alarm bell will
ing, and, in five minutes thereafter. if the sleeper
foes not arise, the m:tt.ress upsets, and lie is
traightway, and without any ceremony, tumbled
)ut of bed. The difieulty will be in getting
he article into practical use. Will a lazy man
A MUSICAL PRoDIGY.-There is, in this vicini
ty, a blind negro boy, only six .years old, the
property of James N. Bethune, of the Corner
Stone, who exhibits the most wonderful eapacity
for music, and is able to play almost any piece,
even the most difficult, upon the piano forte,
fter hearing it once or twice. He has never
been instructed in music; his knowledge of the
science is, therefore, instinctive. He has the
most intense passion for music, and exhibits the
greatest emotion during hiA performances. We
have never seen so wonderful a musical prodigy
before.-Col umbus Times.
ARTIFICIAL ICE.-Mix two oncees of nitrate
of ammnonia with two ounces of washinag qoda,
dissolve in two ounces of water, in a tin vessel;
in a short time the mixture will produce ice.
Lro-,TNING RoDs wvill not protect a building at
adios of four the height of the rod above the
building-a radius of twice the height is safe.
If the rod is teii feet high above the building, it
will, if properly constructed, protect all parts of
the house at a distance of twenty feet from the
rod. These facts are important to be kept in
WHY are the females of the present day like
he lilies of scriptures? Because they toil not,
neither do they spin; yet Solomon in all his
glory was not arrayed like one of them.
WE overheard, the other day, a dialogue be
tween two little boys, which amu'ed us:
" What do you think, my father, the other day
shot nine hundred and ninety-nine pigeons with
ones barrel of his gun."
" Indeed ! But why didn't he say a thousand
(Reply, reproving'ly.) "Do you think my
ather would tell a lie for one pigeon?"
SPORTING LADIEs.-A match game of billiards
For 3,000 is to be plaiyed in New Orleans soon,
between two Creole ladies of the "first respee
tability." These ladies are said to have few
equhi at the game, even among gentlemen, in
the United States.
THrE Council in Angusta have passed an ordi.
nance, we learn, declaring tihat in future all
corn, in the ear. sold in that city, shall he estima
ted at sixty-eight pounds to the bushel, instead
A DocToR once returned a coat to a tailor,
because it tiid not fit him. The tailor afterwards
seeing the Doctor at the funeral of one of his
patients remarked to him-.
" Ah, Doctor, you are a happy man."
" Why so?"~
" Because when you do a bad job you stick it
under the ground."
IT rs said that when a Russian, husband neg
lets to beat his wife for a month or two, she
begins to be alarmed at his indifference. A
good thrashing is a striking proof of affection.
" HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION," exclaimed Mrs.
Partington, throwing down the paper; "it's
come to a pretty pass, indoe~i, that men are go
ing to exempt themselves from home just when
they please without any proviso for cold nights."
SINocLa Tzs~Imuosr.-In a recent breach of
promise ease tried at Springfiold, Mass., in
which a man by the name of Dwight was the de
fendant, the mother of the plaintiff gave the fol
lwineg very atisfatfory testimony:
TME EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
1s PUDLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY HORNING BY
W. F. DU RISOE & SON.
'wo DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
boLLARS and FIFTY CENTS if not paid within six
hu.nths-and THREE DOLLARS if not paid before the
tlration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
limited at the time of subscribing, will be consider
as made for an indefinite period, and will be con
tinued until all arretrages are paid, or at the option of
the Publisher. Subscrptinns from other States must
INYARIAsLY be accompanied with the cAstr.
AVEatISEMENTS will be conspicuously inserted at
75 cents-per Square (12 lines or less) for the first in
sertion, and 371 cents for each subsequent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Quarterly $1 per
square will be charged. All Advertisements not having
the desired number of insertions marked on the mar
gin, will be continued until forbid and charged accor
se desiring to advertise by the year can do so on
liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that con
tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme
'diate, legitimate business of the firm or individual
'contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, IN
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
gpaid by the Magistrate advertising.
THE SOUTHERN LIGHT.
A RELIGIOUS JOURNAL,
E. L. WHATLEY.
INDEFENDENT IN EvEaYTHING--EEUTRAL IN NOTH
INo, AND SET FoR TILE DEFENCE OF WnATEVER
WILL STAND TILE TEST OF REASON, SCIENCE
AND TUE HOLY SeaCRTUaEs.
"Prove all things, hold fast that which is good."
Terms, $2,00 per annum, in advance.
W. F. DURISOE & SON, PUBLISHERS,
EDGEFIELD C. N., S. C.
S UCII is the name and style of a Moqthly Peri
odical, the publication of which we purpose, the
Lord willing, to commence on the first Monday in
January next. The main design of this Journal is
for the diseassion of all subjects pertaining to Chris
stian faith and'practice. Additional to this, we shall
ipresent such articles of a literary character, original
:and selected, as will have a tendency to refine the
?taste and elevate the sentiment of the reading pub
ie. Politics also, considered as a science, and as
affecting the principles of Law and Government,
and more espeeially the mighty movements of the
:nations, as they work out the designs of God, will
-claim due and proper attention. But Politics de
-graded to the squabbles of demagogues and factions,
will be utterly eschewed and repudliated.
As respectis atters purely religious, we shall, of
coarse, advocate the principles of the Baptist Com
inunity, as derived from the Scriptures, and repub
lish from standard and other respectable works, ar
ticles pertaining to our own Literature; but our
columns will be
Open to all of Every Name,
For the defence and advocacy of their principles,
elaitming only the.right.to judge of the suitableness
of all articles for insertion, and to make such criti
cism on them as may be deemed expedient.
In this undertaking we have the satisfaction o
announcing that several gentlemen of eminent abili
ty and attainments have kindly engaged to render
ow occasional assistance.
The Journal will contain FORTY PAGES of
Teading matter, and such advertisements as our
friends may favor us with, not inconsistent with the
character of the work,-making at the end of the
year a neat volume of 480 pages, suitable for bind
ing in book form.
With regard to the mechanical execution of the
work, we deem the announcement, that this will be
under the direction of the Messrs. DualsoE, a suffi
cient guaranty for its faithful and tasteful perform
ance-and without further words, encouraged by
the expressions of good will and promises of sub
stantial aid from many friends, we throw the mat
ter before the people with an nssurantce of every
effort to render satisfaction for the support that may
he extended to us, and respectfully ask them to let
the " LIGHT" shine.
W Our terms of subscription arc Two DOLLAS
per year, in adrance, on receipt of the first nuam
ber. Ministers of the Gospel, of every denomina
tion, who tmay be unatble to complIJy with the terms,
will be supplied with one copy each, on application.
Ey A list for the signatures of all who wish to
encourage the work, may be found at the Post Office,
and also at the " A dvertiser" Office.
g All letters or communications adidressed to
Undersigned will ree..-ive prompt attention.
E. L. WH A TLEY,
Editor and Proprietor.
Edgefleld, S. C., Oct. 1't, 1_855.
T HE MA LE DEPA RtTMENT of these Acade
mies is under the supervision of Mr. J. L.
LESLY, Assisted by Mr. UASS.
The Female Department will be supervised by
Mr. A. P. BUTLER, assisted by competent Mu
ical and other 1nstrurctoress.
Rates of Tuition.
First Class, Primary D epartment, per Sess'on 89,00
2nd " ordinary English branches-... 2,00
Sud " higher English branches-...50
4th " Greek and Roman Literature with
Music......... ..-....... ......-... $20,00
Pupils are charged from tihe titme of entering un
til the end of the Session. Tuition in advance.
The year is divided into two Session of five
IW Good board can be had in the neighborhood
at from $8 to $10 dollats per month.
Chair'n Board of Trustees.
Feb 14 - if 5
Edgefld Male Academy,
VE HIE Exercises sf this Institution are now in
kprogress for the Fall Term under the control of
"Mr. W. E. MCCASLAN, as Principal, and Mr.
'T. B. CROOKER, as Assistant.
The regulations of the Academy are being re
arranged by the Teachers conjointly, and will soon
The Village of Edgefleld offers many inducements
to parents in an educational point of view. It is
perfectly healthy as a general rule. It is free from
the evil influences of grog-shops. It is a religious
.community. And it car justly boast of an enlight
Over the Male A cademy the Trustees exercise a
.dircct supervision and are consulted in all cases of
extreme punishment. They propose to give more
of their attention in future to the weekly reviews of
the scholars, that an additional stimulus may be
imparted to the classes.
The present Teachers are capable and energetic.
young gentlemen in their respective departments.
Their School numbers about 40 at this tiume, leaving
abundant room for 20 more, It is htoped that parents
and guardians within reach of us will immediately
enmbrace the opportunity.
'ferms as per last Session.
A. SIMKINS, ; l
G. A. ADDISON, -.
JBENJ. WA LDO. -"~
Sept 19 tf 36.
paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs,
PUnrA in Bladders, WINDOW GLASS, any
3.siae out to order. For sale by
A. 0. & T. JT. T EA G U E, Druggis'ts.
May 23 If 1
EXPLANATION OF THE REPULSE AT THE RE
To the Editor of the Edingburg Courant.
Sg,--When I returned. to Paris from a visit
to London about a week ago I hardly felt cour
age to face my Frenchefriends. Sebastopol had
been taken; the -English had failed In -their
assault upon'the Redan, 'ohile the French had
captured and retained-tlif.Malakoff; the posses
sion of which by the Alhies had forced the Rus
sians to abandon the toi.
Such beiig the.state'of -things 1, of course,
expected that my Frenchacquaintances, with the
good humoured raillery of their character,
would chuckle over oar failure and their sue.
cees. But, to my agreeable surprise, I found
that everywhere in Paris the highest praise was
not only given to the determination and bravery
of our soldiers, but that the French public at
tributed to the heroic resistance of our soldiers
the success of the day ai 'much as to those em
ployed directly in the taking of the Malakof.
In France, such are the number of old officers
and soldiers spread everywhere over the soil,
and such is the military turn given to the milita
ry mind, by the constant perusal of the Cam.
paigns of the Empire, that strategid operations
are better understood in Paris by all classes,
even to the lowest, than by the generality of
well-informed people is -Lndon. And when
the Times and the other journals, and their cor
respondents, go blundering on, blaming this
person and that, and throwing chill upon our
poor soldiers, the French people, with a justness
of view, and a frank generosity, allow to our
troops as much merit aa'their own.
I have the advantige of a pretty numerous
acquaintance in Paris, amongst whom are a num
her of military men. A4.a matter of course,
the cgnversation since the capture of Sebasto
pol has been almost exclusively upon that sub
ject. I have heard the question discussed over
and over again, and I Will now give you the
almost universal opinion- of Frenchmen as to
that action. This will becertainly more inter
esting to your readers than any opinion of my
The Malakoff was the key of Sebastopol.
When that was taken the town was ours. It
was, therefore, necessary that everything else
should be directed to this end, And that every
thing else should be subordinate to the capture
of that fort. But in order to reduce the Mala.
koff, it was absolutely necessary to make diver.
sions in other places; because, if the Malakoff
was attacked alone, the whole Russian army
would be concentrated for its defence, and all
the men the allies could bring against it would
not be saufficient to secureits capture.
Hence the besieging of the Redan and the
other forts, all important It is true, but of which
the capture could not take place until the Mala.
koff was in possession of the allies, the attack
of which, however, forced-the Russians to with
draw a considerable part of their force from the
defence of the Malakoff.
On the 8th of September the approaches to
the Malakoff were quit .,iufficiently close to
warrant the assault. The rencb were at less
than twenty-five -yards m thi fortification,
nearly every gun was silenced, the walls around
the fort had been nearly levelled by the play of
the artillery, and the french had nothing to do
but to walk into the fortification, fighting their
way, of course, but without the necessity of an
But the Great Redan was not In any way
prepared for an assault. The English trenches
were at more than two hundred yards' distance
from the walls. The batteries or the fort, both
in front and in flank, were in full activity; and
the taking and retention of the Redan under
these cirenmstances was physically impossible,
supposing the Russians comported themselves
with their usual obstinacy and courage.
Such was the state of things on the 8th Sep
tember. The Allied Generals thought that the
propitious moment was arrived for taking Sebas
topol. General Pelissier said to General Simp
son, "I can easily, from the position I oedupy,
take the Malakoff; but the difficulty is to hold
it, before 1 can bring my reserves and artillery
into actiqn, and prepare it for defence. If I sur
prise the RIussians, which I hope to do, and take
the fort by a coup de main, they will return in
such force that the small nutnber of men who
mount to the assault will be overwhelmed and
driven back as on the 18th of June. I do not
expect that the Redan can be taken by you.
You are not in a condition to do so; but it iin
absolutely necessary that a diversion should be
made in our favour after our first success, to
give us time to breathe, and to bring up our ar
tillery and reserves. All I ask for this is one
hour, and I will undertake to keep possession
of the Mlazkoff. Make your assault, and give
us, if possible, that length of respite. Throw
away as few men as existing circumstances will
admit of, but engage the Russians for at least
an hour, and Sebastopol is ours." Such is
the conversation supposed to have taken place
betwixt Pelissier and Simpson; and I am in
formed upon good authority that private letters
from Fretnch officeers in the Crimea fully confirm
that the purport of what I have stated was real
ly said by General Pelissier..
Such was the plan adopted. It was exactly
in accordance with the tactics of the great Na
poleon, who was in the habit of sacrifiung a cer
tain number of rmen, in order to secure the ob
ject in view. Napoleon was in the habit of say
ing to a colenel of a regiment, without mincing
the matter, " Allex sous faire tuer, sous et votre
regiment," when tie sent a devoed corps to the
attack of a redoubt or a position, whichr, he was
well aware, there werenot the slightest chance
of taking, and that in order to facilitate the sud
es of another part of the army. And the
corps of General de Salles, who attacked the
Central Bastion, and was repulsed, was placed
in the same position as the English, except that
the work it had to do was not quite so desper
ate. This is the real state of the case fully ad
mitted at Paris, but which, of course, could not
be openly declared in the despatehes, although
it Is hinted at suffielently . elear to military men
in the report of General Niel. The devoted
band which attacked the Redan, as well as the
French under de Salle, were in a manner sacrifi
ced to the success of the great object in view,
the retention of the Malakoff. They were the
forlorn hope-les enfans perelus-of the, allied
armies. This the blundering correspondent of
the Times has not had the sagacity to discover,
and lhe has expressed1:imself as if the sole ob
jet of the English had been to take the Redan.
Nor has the Times itself, with all its thundering
articles against General Simpson, seen clearer.
The explanation whiech I have just given, and
which is recognised liy everybody in Paris, is
the real one, and clears up thie apparently inex
plicable conduct of General Simpson. Why, it
is said, did not he sand reinforcements? Be
cause he knew that no reinforcement which tire
English army could have sent could have secur
ed the capture of the fort, and would have been
an additional and useless loss of life. His ob
jet was merely to occupy a great portion of
the Russian army for a certain time, and to give
Peissier time to fortify himself in the Malakoff,
in order to be able to resist the tremendous at
tak of the Russian army to retake the fort, to
which he was sure to be'exposed in the after
part of the day. Another question is also put
by th. Times corespnondents-" Why d1d not
General Simpson send his best troops to the
assault?" Because (the anns er is evident) ht
wished to preserve his best soldiers for an at.
tack which really would sticeed, and thoughl
the young recruits fit enough food for po*er
Such is wpr !
Let ti'return to the narrative. The Malakofi
is taken by-the French almost without the loss
of a man ; their great loss was in the detente
soine hours afterwards. Instantly the flag is
hoisted for the .English to commence. About
2,000 poor soldiers, who of course believe that
the attack is a serious and not a false attack, are
sent across a space of 200 yards, exposed both
in front and in flank to batteries of 68.pounders.
They arrive at the foot of the wall out of breath,
after losing by the discharges of grape about a
third of their number. The rampart is scaled,
notwithstanding the Russians on the other side,
who are driven back, and the British obtain a
footing in the salient angle of the Redan. But,
as a natural and inevitable consequence after
going through such tremendous risks, there is a
certain degree of confusion among the survi
vors. One regiment is mixed up with another,
and there is not the same order, arrangement
and discipline as there would have been had
there been nothing but fair open fighting. Not.
withstanding this our poor fellows occupied the
place, and held the Russians in cheek-not for
an hour, as stated by Pellissier, obut for nearly
double that time-and that against immense
masses of the enemy ; for we are informed that,
after the surprise of the Malakoff, the greater
part of the Russians engaged there rushed to
the Redan, to share in the repulse of this hand.
ful of English. After a desperate and heroic
defence against such immense odds, the devoted
band of Britsi were pushed almost by physical
pressure out of the Redan, and the greater part
Such was the behaviour of the English col
umn of attack, as detailed in the despatches of
Pelissier. Neil and Marmora, and the French,
one and all agree in saying that no troops could
have behave with more courage. A aieile
moustache said to me the other day, " what sol
diers but the English would .have marched 200
yards against such a tremendous enfilading fire
of artillery, would have mounled the breach
after being decimated by grape, and that, when
opposed by a much- superior force on the other
side; and, finally, who would have retained their
position inthe fort for two hours against over
The Times' special correspondent (like an ill
bird that files its own nest) attacks the poor
soldiers, because, he says, they were in bonfu
sion and did not obey the order of their officers
to jump into the traverses into cerfain destruc
tion. But how does he know that the soldiers
refused to obey this order, or that such a foolish
order was ever given by the officers? The cor
respondent was not there himself to see. He
must, therefore, have taken his report from
soume one of the officers who had wished to
exalt himself and his class at the expense of
the poor soldiers. And yet this writer, in order
that he may send to his paper a long pompous
letter, does not hesitate to calumniate and vilify
our Boor soldiers in the face of Europe, and
that upon hearsay evidence, the vcry day after
the action, without leaving himself the time of
verifying his strictures. His letters, as well as
the articles of the Times upon the same subject,
have been translated into the French papers, and
there is but one opinion in Paris as to the con
duct of the Times and his correspondent-that
of disgust and in-ignation. The general say
ing here is, that the correspondent is a preten
tious blockhead, who does not in the slightest
degree understand military affairs, and who has
not hesitated, in order to send a long detailed
account to his employers, to attack not only
the General in Chief, but to caluminate the
While the English troops were devoting them
selves in the manner I have described, the French
in the Malakoff were comparatively free from
attack, for the great assaults of the Russians to
retake the fortifications only commenced about
half-past two. Pelissier had then -double the
time of respite he asked from General Simpson,
and during this time the French had made the
most of their time. The approaches on the
French side were levelled so as to allow the en.
trance of artillery and the rapid advance of the
reserves. A number of field pieces by this
means were brought up and placed in battery,
and the Imperinl Gunrd were entered for the de
fence, in addition to the troops employed in the
assault. The cannon of the Russians were
turned against the enemy, and the place in a
manner fortified againrt the Russians themselves.
After this, as Pelissier said, the Malakoff was
secure, and could not be retaken. It is true,
after the Russians had finally repulsed the Eng
lish, but not ti I then, they returned to the as
sault of the French in the Malakoff; and they
brought their whole army to this operation.
But it was too late. This attack was desperate
and courageous in the extreme ; but they failed,
after immense slaughter on their part, as well
as that of the French. Such, however, was the
desperate and powerful nature of their attack,
that all the French with whom I have conversed
admit, with the greattat frankness, that had the
asault of the Russians been made immediaaely
after the first French success, before they had
time to fortify themselves, the French would
ave been certain to have been driven out of
the Malakoff, and the affair would have ended
as it did on the 18th of June. The French are,
therefore, right in saying that the English,-by
their heroic resistance in the Redan, are entitled
to as much credit and honor ror the final reduc
tion of Sebastopol as are those who were em
ployed directly in the capture of the Malak6ff.
Such, Mr. Editor, is the opinion of all milita
ry men in Paris, and, indeed, of all classes; for
ur generous allies do us full credit. It is only
the ignorant, carping, and conceited correspon
ents, with the Times at their head, who talk
of the blood of the English soldiers being shed
ingloriously and uselessly on the 8th of Sep..
tember.-f remain, &e.,
Paris, Octaber 1, 1855.
Wa like mischievous children, and for this
reason: they are apt to make good men. Good
boys generally die in their fifth year; not be
ause they are good, but because their quiet
habits make them strangers to mud puddles and
oxygen, dirt pies and out door exercise. When
a frien~d tells us he has a little baby who never
" wants to leave his books," the knobof his
front door immediately becomes an object of
intense interest to us; we-know, as if we were
blest with fore-knowledge, that in less than a
year a strip of black craps will be throwing a
shade across his path, that time will never eradi
THE ToBAco CRo.-The Frederickburg
(Va.) Herald says " The yield of tobacco in the
northern and western prarts of our country is
unprecedented in point of quantity. We hear.
of growers who have been compelled to enlarge
the capacity of their drying and curing houses,
on account of the large returns of their tobacco
THERE are men in whose presence we can
feel no pleasure. If they speak, we are dis.
gusted; and, even if they say nothing they an
. STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
The menlbers and delegates met at 10 a. m ,
in the City Hall. The President took the chair
and addressed the meeting in a practical, sug.
gestive and eloquent manner on the aims, objects
and probable results of the organization of the
On motion, Col. A. G. Summer was appoin
The minutes were read. -
Delegates and members were then'ealled for,
and enrolled" their names from- the- following
Abbeville.-J. F. Marshall, Jas. Gillam, S. V.
Craine,'M. D., C. W. Sprowl, Allen Vance, J.
S. Parks, J. Cresswell, T. B. Byrd, John Cowan,
Jas. Magill, ;S. f. Mathis, Wm. Smith, J. P.
Barratt, John Mathis.
Anderson.-Geo. Seaborn, M. D., R. F. Simp
son, R. A. Maxwell, John Maxwell, Rev.. J. .
Charleston.-R. S. Porcher, J. DuBose Por
cher, J. H. Means.
Chesterfeld-T. E. Powe, M. D., -S. W.
Darlington.-Hon. J. J. Evans.
Edgefield.-A, Simpkins,.Hon. P. S. Brooks,
H. Brooks, G. D. Mims.
Fairfield.-J. H. Means, J. N. Shedd, J. Book-.
man, H. C. Davis, E. G. Palmer, J. D. Strother,
S. R. Black, J. W. Rabb, F. Guillard, 0. Wood
ward, W. R. Robertson, Theo. S. DuBose.
Greenville.-A. B. Crook, M1. D., J. R. Gos
sett, H. S. Irvine.
.Lancaster.-Geo. MeC. Witherspoon, Jos. A.
Lexington.-J. Nunnamaker, A. G. Summer,
J. C. Hope.
Laurens.-John D. Williams,!. W.'Simpson,
John W. Metts, B. T. Watts, J. S. Williams,
L J. Young, R. M. Stokes.
Marlboro.-W. T. Ellerbe, H. W. Harrington.
Newberry.-J. M. Henderson.
. Orangeburg.-Jacob Stroman, A. D. Good .
wyn, 0. M. Dantzler.
Pickens.-J. C. Miller, A. P. Calhoun.
- Richland-V. Wallace, R. W. Gibbes,-J. M.
Allen,!. U. Adams,-Jss. S. Scott, W. A. ILrris,
T. J. Goodwyn, M. D.. C. Bookter. E. J. Arthur,
L. Levy, J. Stark, T. Davis, A. F. Dubard,.His
Excellency J. H. Adams, John Waties, A. Wal
lace, J. H. Boatwright, M. D., R. L. Bryan, C.
R. Bryce, J. B. Ewart, T. R. Center, M. D., S.
C. Chambers, W. B. Johnston, Jolin Lever, J.
Spartanburg.-J. Stobo Farrow, Jas. A. An
Union.-A. W. Thomson, BaH. Rice, T. B.
York.-A. 8. Springs, R. A. Spring, A. E.
Hutchinsop, J. L. Miller. . - ;:
Winyawe and All Saints' Agricultural Society.
R. F. W. Allston.
The reports of subcommittees were then
called for, and several made their reports.
Col. J. F. Marshall, from Abbeville, reported
one hundred and eighty members, one of whom
was a lady.
On motion, it was resolved that her name be
read out-Mrs. Mary Hunter-and she was
elected an honorary member, in addition to her
Reports being now in order, the following
gentlemen presented them from their respective
Col. J. F. Marshall, for Abbeville.
Capt. J. U. Adams, for Richland.
M1r. R. F. Simpson, for the Pendleton Farmer's
Dlr. S. C. Muller, for Piekens-the Society at
Dr. A. B. Crook, for the Greenville Agricul
J. W. Simpson, for Laurens District Agricul
Ex-Governor Means, for the South Carolina
The President presented the following letter
from the City Council of Columbia:
COUNCIL CHAMBER, Nov. 13, 1855.
To the President of the
State Agricaltural Society :
DEAR SIR : In pursuence of the instructions
of the City Conncil of Columbia, I herewith en
close to you a copy of resolutions adopted at a
meeting of Council, held this morning.
I trust, sir, that the City Council, under the
advice of your Executive Committee, will select
such grounds and erect such buildings as will
not only amply serve the purposes of your So.
ciety, but reflect credit upon the liberality of the
citizens of Columbia.
With my best wishes for the success of the
enterprise, in which you are engag.:d,
I am, dear sir, very respect fully yours, &c.,
E. J. ARTHUR, Mayor.
Resolzed, That the City Council of Columbia,
through the Mayor, do.tender to the State Agri
cultural Society of South Carolina the use of
suitable grounds and buildings, in or near the
city of Columbia, for the purpose of holding the
annual fairs or other exhibitions of said Society.
Resolied, That said grounds he selected, and
said buildings be erected by the City Council,
under the ad'vice of the Executive Committee of
the State Agricultural Society, and that said
grounds and buildings be appropriated to the
use of the said Society so long as they may con
tinue to hold their annual meetings and fairs in
Col. J. F. Marshall moved the following reso
lution, which was adopted.
Resolved, That we accept with gratitude the
munificent offer of the City Council of Columbia,
and that the Society be permanently located.
*The President presented a communicationi
from the Rev. J. Bachman on Fish Breeding,
whichl was referred to the Executive Committee.
Mr. Rt. F. Simpson moved that the words<
after membership, in the third clause of the 1
Constitution, be stricken out, which was agreed
to, when Gov. Means moved the insertion of the
following, which was carried: " And that each
local society, which shall pay $75 into the treas
ury, shall be entitled to three permanent dele
gates; or shall be entitled to two annual dele
gates by paying the sum of four dollars into the
Mr. Palmer then offerred the following resolu
tion, whiah was adopted:*
Resolaved, That the proposition of the Fisihing
Creek Agricultural Society, of Chebter District,
to pay $75 into the Strate -Agricultural Soeiet7,
and to sehd three delegates annually to said
Society, be accepted and entered on our journals.
Mr. Palmer submitted the following yeyot
from the Executive Committee, which was or- 1
dared to be printed, and made the subject of
consideration on to-morrow:
The Executive Committee, who were appoin-.
ted at the late meeting of the State Agricultural
Society of South Carolina, held at Columbis,
beg leave to report, that at an early date after
1,he adjournmnent of the Society, they met and
addressed a circular to the different District So
cieties, and to the citizetis of the State, urging
upon them the propriety of procuring life mem-t
bers to the State Agricultural Society, and or
raising such a sum by individual subscription,
and by State aid, as would place that institution
upon a permanent basis, and ensure its mose ex
tended usefulness. Your Committee are grati
tied in being abl, tn iae that 'although they
have not been able.to ais. ,the sum of $25,000
,as.proposed; yet.they:haveaide -go near an ap
proximation tWit, in theshort timeellowed, that
they cannot entertain- -a..doubt that -a :larger
amount will be' raised during the ensuing-year,.
From the imperfect returns which have 'assyat.
been made totitemt, it is evident that anamoauolj
of-fonds; at least equivalent,.to:$20000, .bavea
been realized. . -. ';-I a
The citizens of Colombis'at heir.rssetbt
meeting, Resolved, "Thaothe Cit.Couamil of
Columbia be -requested and- a-thenzed to far-.
nish suitable grounds and -buildings for thejanet
of the-State Agriculturat.Soeiety, for the-pre:.
pose of holding their' annual. meetinga"'-and
thus, by their zeal and liberality in;the.eauseof"
agriculture, have met the just expectations of -
the Society, and illustrated the propriety of their ?
city being selected 'as the locatidh of our.State
Fairs. The aid of the Council may be fairly.
estimated at about $12,000. The itiogns .of.
the city and of the district have .manifested- .a -
like commendable spirit and raised the'fuher
sum of 62,500. Among the other portions of ,'
the State that have taken a liely interet;Iithe
cause, Abbeville occupies the-most pr6minent. t
position, her citizens having subscribed tie- 1
amount of $4,600, which justly entities her toll.
ranked as the banner- district. From other dlW.,
tricta, as far as:-returns have been made tlie'
farther sum of I) has; been-received, which,
make an aggre te-of available meansamounting
to $22.600. our Committed have mentioned.
these facts for no purpose of invidious distine.
tion. But with the hope that they may prove.a
wholesome stimulus to other districts. andto
excite an honorable ambition to see which can
to most to advance the prosperity of their-State.
Having said thus much in relation to individual
subscription, we feel that we 'should have dis
harged our duties but imperfectly- did we-not
advert briefly to the subject of State aid.. Your
Committee are fully satisfied that to give: that-,
importance and'extensive usefulnesa to a. State
Agricultiural Society, which ouritidis have a
right to expect, that our Legislature will have to
subscribe a permanent sum to that institutionr
the asnnal interest of which will amount to
3,000; and. we feel assured that thise body,
with its characteristic liberalityrf'ill-raket the
nst expectations octhe publie. We 'would,
therefore,. most earnestly recommend to the
members and delegates df thia Societyseho-are
ere present, to increase thet exertions ip pro
wring additional members, and to enlist, the
services of their Representatives to. theLegisla
tore in behalf of this-important object.,:.
A I of which is respectfully suhmitted.,:. -
E. G. PAIpEaMR, Chairmas.
Col;' J..F. MarshaU . pres igdtheirfolitrig w
resohtion,-which Wtasagreed4.-: . .: r:
Resolved, That a committeeof .nine' b
pointed by the. President, whose-. duty itaall; .
be to memorialize the Legislature of S -
lia for aid to- credse th perinanent - *f e'
the State Agricultural Society..A. - -. ,ha
- v sysu sEssION.- -
The Society -met pursuant to Adjouinment '
The Presideqt called the Socity 'to orde
on motion of Mr. Marshall from Abbeville,.R-*
M. Stokes was requested'f4Wt-as Seeretary, klr&
consequence of the indisposibooiof Col.Semmer.
Mr. James S. Scott, -of Rimhiand; offecedithe
following amendment to the Constitution, which
was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That all funds received by this
Society, either from life membership or from
the State, shall be invested in stocks or boudh
of the State of South Carolina, beating not less
than six per cent, interest; and, in the event of
the dissolution of this Society, the funds so in
vested shall be returned to the original owners.
On motion of Dr. R. W. Gibbes, Mr. Peter
A. Brown, of Philadelphia, well known. from: his.
microscopical researches on Wool and Hair,
was tendered a seat on the floor.
On motion, the Society adjourned to meet
gain at 11 a. m. to-morrow.
R. P. CALHOUN, President:.
R.'M. STOKES, Secretary.
SECOND DAYIS PROCEEDiNGSE.
The Stato Agricultural Society of South.Gor.
alina again met in the City Hall yesterdays at
11 o'clock A. M. The Presidient took' the chair.
The following gentlemen enrolled'their names
Ed'fld-Hon. A. P'..Bltler.
Abe ville--Rev. W. R1. HemphilL
Fairfield-Hon. W. W. Boyce, Hon. J. A.
The minutes of the previous'day's proceedings
ere read- andr approved.
The President announced this following gen
lenmen as members of the oommitteeto' memo
ialize the Legislature: Col. Ji FC barshall, A
B. Crook, J. W. Harrington,G0: eWitherspoon,
P'. Stobo Farrow. I. D. Williams, A. B. Springs,
P. E, Powe, A. McFarlane.
The report of the Executive Committee, whielt
as ordered for consideration at this meetin,.
as taken up, and on motion of R1. F: Simpson,
ras accepted and adopted.
On motion of Jtas. S. Scott, the follbwing'
gentlemen were appointed a committee to-nomsi.
ite an Orator for the next anniver~sry meeting::
SoL B. T. Watts, 0. Woodward, R. F. Simpson.'
The Committee on nomination of Orator re
sorted the nnie of Gen. Jaunison. Concucred&
On motion of Mr. Strother, the Executive
ommittee was empowered to select an Orator,,
hould Gen. Jamison decline his appointment.
Maj. William Wallace presented the followihg'
Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Socie-v
y that the Executive Committee should take
roper measures to proeure, at Washington, a
drtion of such seeds or plants, as may fromi
me to time be in possession'of any department
f the General Government, for general'distri
ution, so as to distrib6te such seeds or plants
mong the members of this Society for experi
On motion of Gen. Gilam, ,the Society pro-.
eeded to the special order, which was, to hbaa
On motion of Js. S. Scott, thre thank. of' the
society were tendered to Col. Simbins, and a
ommittee of three was appointed to' wait uporr
ur and request a copy of his address for pub
On motion .of Dr. R. W. Gibbs, Mr. Peter A.
rown was requested to make certain stafementa
if his microscopic discoveries of hair and wool.
r. Brown addressed the Society la explanation
>f his discoveries.
It was moved that the thanks of the- Seety
e tendered to Mr. Brown for. his seientifie, in
strutive and abli lecture on wool and hair, and
he 'raising of each by different breeds of sheep.
On motion the Society adjourned'sine dfert
neet again on the second Tuesday of Novembers
SECRET FREE SOn, OGNeATaro.-The-'t.
ous Republican' publshes a communistin
rom Mr. P. Laughlin, a citizen of Kansas, a
ing the discovery of the .existence of a secret
nilitary organization is Kansas, designed to
iontrol the affasire of that-territoy and to resist
.he execution of any law passed bythe Territo
-iai Legislature. One Rev. 0. W. Hutehainsons,
preacher,is said to be the Grand Genrnl e