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aiacafr 3Ijt ft tz, J~jtie, Cte t fe~,ctttrI ri~ eprne ~idue
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temnple of o ibertles, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Rains."
W. F. DURISOE & SON, Propretors. EDGEFIELD C., NOVEMBER 28, 1855. - ,--- -
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"THE SQBUTHERN LIGHT.
A RELIGIOUS JOURNAL,
E. L. WHATLEY.
INDErNDEXT IN EVEaTHING-? EUTRAL IN NOTN
31N, AND OET Foa THtE DEFENCE OF WHIATEVER
WILL STAND THE TEST OF REAsos, ScIENCE
AND -rHE hoLY ScatrruREs.
-" Prose all things, hold fast that which is good."
Terms, $2,00 per annum, in advance.
W. F. DURISOE & SON, PUBLISIJERS,
3DGEFIELD C. It., P. C.
- UCII is the name and ityle of a Monthly Peri
odical, the publication of which we purpose, the
Lord willing, to eommence on the first Monday in
January next. The main design of this Journal is
forcShe discussion of all subjects pertaining to Chris
lian fiith and practice. Additional to this, we shall
present such articles of a literary character, original
and selected, as will have a tendency to refine the
1asie and elevate the sentiment of the reading pub
lie.r Polities aheo, considered as a science, and as
affecting the- principles of Law and Government,
and more especially the mighty movements of the
nations, as they work. out the designs of God, will
clain due and' proper attention. But Politics de
graded to the squabbles of demagogues and factions,
will be utterly eschewed and repudiated.
As respects matters purely religious, we shall, of
course, advocate the principles of the Baptist Com
munity. as derived from the Scriptures, Gand repub
lish from standard and other respectable works, ar
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cusmns will be
im= to all of. Every Nane,
For the defence and advocacy of. their principles,
claiming only the right to judge of the suitableness
of all articles for insertion, and to make such criti
cism on them as may be deemed expe&ent.
In this undertaking we have the satisfaction o
announcing that several gentlemen of eminent abili
ty and attainments have kindly engaged to render
-us occasional assi<tance.
The Journal will contain FORTY PAGES of
reading matter, and such advertisements as our
friends may favor us with, not inconsistent with the
character of the work.-making at the end of the
year a neat volume of 480 pages, suitable for bind
i1g in book form.
With regard to the mechanical execution of the
work, we deem the announcement, that this will be
under the direction of the Messrs. 1)uaisoE, a suffi
cient guaranty for its faithful and tasteful perform
ance-and without further words, encouraged by
the expressions of good will and promises of sub
stantial aid from many friends. we throw the mat
ter before the people with an assurance of every
effort to render satisfaction for the support that may
he extended to us, and respectfully ask them to let
the " LIGilT" shinec.
gr Our tenrmsof subscription are Two Doa.as
per year, in advance, on receipt of thte iirst naum
ber. Ministers of thec Oospel, of every dlenomina
tion, whoi may be unntble to comply with the terms,
will be supplied with one copy iea, on application.
E* ~A list fo'r thte signatures of all who wisha to
ercourage the work, may be found tat the Post Offie,
and also at the " A dvertiser" Office.
g3 All letters or communicationis aldressed to
Undersigned will reeive prompt attentiotn.
E. L WH ATLEY,
Editor and Proprietor.
- Edgefiehl, S. C.. Oct. 15th, 1855.
T H E MA LE DEPA ftTMENT of these A cade
mies Is under tho supervision of Mr. J. L.
LESLY, Assisted by Mr. BASS.'
The Female Dlepartntent will be supervised by
Mr. A. P. IIUTLE~R, assisted by comnpetent Mu
sical and ot'n Instructoress.
Rates of Tuition,
First Class, Primary Eepartmnent, per Sess'on $9,00
2nd "a ordinary Englisht branchecs,..12,00
Snd " higher English branches...1,00
4th "a Greek and tRoman Literature with
Pupils are charged from thte time of entering un
il the end of the Session. Tuition in advance.
The year is divided into two Session of five
t' Good board enn be htad in the neighborhood
.at from $8 to $10 dollars per month.
Chair'n Board of Trustees.
Feb1 4tf 5
Edgefield Male Academy.
THEI Exercises af this Institution are now in
progress for the Fall Term under the control of
Mr. W. E. McCASLAN, as Principal, and Mr.
T. B. CROOKER, ss Assistant.
The regulations of the Academy arc being re
arranged by the Teachers conjointly, and will soon
boe pec fceted.
The Village of Edgefield offers many inducements
1to parents in an educational point of view. It is
iperfectly healthy as a general rule. It is free from
tihe evil influences of grog-shops. It is a religious
.community. And it can justly boast of an enlight
Over thec Male Academy the Trustees exercise a
.direct supervision and are consulted in all eases of
exteme punishmenat. Thtey propose to give more
of their attention in future to the weekly reviews of
the scholars, that an additional stimulus may be
imparted to the elae.
The present Teachers are capable and entergetie
young gentlemen in their respective departments.
- Their School numbers about 40 at this time, leaving
abundant room for 20 more. It is hoped that parents
and guardians within reach of us will immnediately
embraee the opportunity.
Terms as per last Session.
Rt. T. MIMS, .
A. SIMKINS, -e
G. A. ADDISON, ~
Sept19 BENJ. WALDO.
Paints, Oils, Dye Stuf's,
P UTI'A in Bladders, WINDOW GLASS, any
size out to order. For sale hy
4. 1?. &?J. .T. TEAGUtE, Druggists.
ay23n tf 19
BIDDY MALONEY'S CAT.
Mathew Alalony, better known by the boys
at the will r.s "Father Mat" on returning from
work one evening, was met at the gate by Biddy,
his better half, in a high state of excitement.
" Mat," says she, " there's a str:ange cat in the
" Cast her out, thin, an' eon't be botherin' me
about the baste."
"Faix, an' I've been athrivia' to do that same
for the matther of tin mnits.past, but ahe's just
beyond my rache, behint the big red chist in the
corner. Will yez be after helpin' me to dhrivo
her out, mat y'
"To be sure I will; bad luck to the consate
she has for my houcse, show her to me, Biddy,
till I Cache her the rispict that's due a man in
his own house-to be takin' possession widout
as much as by yer lave, the thafe o' the hull
Now Mat had a special antipathy for eats, and
never let pas an opportunity to kill one. This
he resolved to do in the present case, and in
stantly formed a plan for the purpose. Perceiv
ing but one mode of egress for the animal, he
says to Biddy
i" Have ye iver a male bag in the house, mo
"Divil a wan is there, Mat. Yez tuk it to the
smill wid yez to bring home chips wid, this
"Faix, an' I did, an' there it is yit thin. Wet
have yez nothing at all in the house that will
tie-up like a bag, Biddy ?"
"'Toth, an' I have, Mat; there's me Sunday
petticoat-ye can dhrw the strings close at the
top, an' sure it will do betther nor lettin' the cat
be lavin' yez."
" Biddy, darlint, yez a jewel to be thinkin' o'
that same; be after bringint it to me."
Biddy brought the girment, and when the
stringy were drawn close It made a very good
substitute for the meal bag, and Mat declared it
was " illegant."
So holding it close against the edge of the
chest, he took a look behind, and saw a pair of
bright eyes glaring at him.
"An' is it there ye are, ye devil? Be out o'
that now, bad luck to all yer kin, ye thavin'
vagabone ye. Bedad, an' ye won't lave my
house at all wid perlite axin? Yer self-will
bates a pig's intirely. Biddy, have yez any hot
water in the house?"
" Yis; I've a plinty, Mat; the tay kettle's full
uv it." .1
"Be afther castin' the matther of i. quart thin
behint the chist till I say how the shay divil
"Hould him close, Mat; here goes the wa
Dash went the water, and out jumped the
animal into Mat's trap.
"Arrah, be the holy poker, I have him in, Bid.
dy," says Mat, drawing close the folds of the
garment; "now-bad cessa to- yez, ye thafe, it's
nine lives ye have is it! Be after axin me for
giveness for the thavin' ye have been doin' in
mhe house, for l'm thinkin' the nine lives ye have
won't save ye now any way. Biddy, seize hoult
of the poker, an' whin I'll shoulder the haythen,
ye'll beat the daylights out of him."
Mat threw the bundle over his shoulder, and
told Biddy to play "St. Patrick's day in the
morning" on it. Biddy struck about three notes
of that popular Irish air, and suddenly stopped,
"What smills so quare, Mat ? It's takin' me
brith away wid the power uv it. Och, murther,
Mat, shure an' ye have the divil in the sack."
"Bate the old haythen, then; yez 'ill niver
have a betther chance. Bate the horns off 'im;
lather in like blazes, me darlint!"
" Augh," says Biddy, " I'm fainting' wid the
power uv 'im. Cast'im off yez, Mat."
" How ly St. P'athrie!" says Mat, throwing
down the sack. "Biddy, the baste is a polecat!
Lave the house, or ye: 'ill be kilt intirely. Mar
ther and turf, how the haythen smills. Och,
IBidd; Maloney, a purty kittle uv fish yez made
uv it, to be mistaking that little divil for a harm
" Mat, fur the love ur God, if yez be conra
nient to the door, be afther opening it, for I'm
nearly ekoked syid 'im. Och, Biddy Maloney,
bad luck to yez for lavin' ould Ireland, to be
murthered in this way! Howly alary ,purtiet
me! Mat, I'm elane kilt intirely ; take me (out
Mat drew her out of doors, and then broke
for the pump like a quarter-horse, closely fol
lowed by Biddy.
"Shure. that little villain bates the divil in.
tirely ; he's ruined me house an' kilt Biddy, an'
put me out o' consate wid meself for a month
to come. Och, the desaivin' vngabons, bad
luck to 'im," and Miat plunged his head into the
horse-trough Utp to his shoulders.
" Get out o' that ant, I'm nearly blind," and
Biddy went under water. ' Oeh, the murtherin
braste," says Biddy, sputtering the water out of
her mouth, " me best petticoat is spoilt intirely.
Mat M1aloney, divil a trap will I iver help you
to sit for a cat agin."
"Don't throuble yourself, Mistress Maloney,
ye're played the devil as it is. Niver fear me
axin' :a ha'porth o' yer assestance. It's a nath'ral
fool ye are to be takin' a baste uv a polecat for
a house eat."
Mat and Biddy went .cautiously back to the
cabin from which the offensive quadruped had
takin his departure. Things were turned out
of doors, Biddy's petticoat buried, the bud, which
fortunately escaped, moved to a near neighbor's
the stove moved outside, and for a week they
kept Jiouse out of doors, by which time, by
dint of scrubbing, washing and airing, the hous.e
was rendered once more habitable, but neither
Mat or Biddy ha~e forgotten the " strange cat."
"MORE'N YOU'LL KEEP."--Some years ago,
an old sign-painter, who was very cross, very
gruff, rind a little deaf, was engaged to paint the
Ten Commandments on some tablets in a church
not five miles from Buffalo. Hie worked two
days at it, and at the close of the second day
the pastor of the church came in to see how the
work progressed. The old man stood by, smok
ing a ahort pipe, as the reverend gentlemen ran
his eye over the tablets.
" Eh !" said the pastor as his familiar eye
detected something wrong in the wording of the
holy precepts; " why, you cnreless old person,
you left a part of one of the commandments
entirely out; don't you see?"
"No; no such thing," said the old man, put.
ting on his spectacles; "no, nothing left out ;
" Why, there," persisted the pa'stor ; "here,
look at them in the Bible; you hare left some
of the commandments out."
" Well, what if I have ?" said old obstinacy,
as he ran his eye complacently over his work ;
" what if I have ? There's a blessed sight more
there now than you'll keep!"
Another and more correct artist was employed
Ax expeditions mode of getting up a row is
to carry a long ladder on your shoulders in a
crowded thoroughfare, and every few minutes
turn round to see if any one is making faces at
KIND BUT SIMPLE.-TWO sailors, one Ini,
and the other English, agreed reciprocally 1
take care of each other, in ease either- beir
wounded in a action about to commence.
was not long before the Englisman's l-g wt
shot off by a cannon ball ; and on his cdlin
to Paddy to carry him to the doctor, aecordin
to the agreement, the other very readily compl
ed; but he had searcely got his wounded con
panion on his back,-when a sebond ball struc
of the poor fellow's head. Paddy, who throng
the noise and disturbance commonin a sea ei
gagement, had not perceived his friend's in
misfortune, continued to make the best of I
way to the surgeon. :-An oficer, observing hit
with a headless trunk upon his shoulders, asks
where he was going.
w To the doctors," says Paddy.
" The doctor?" says the officer, " why, yo
blockhead, the man has lost his head."
On hearing this, he flung the body from h
shoulders, and looking at it very attentivel
" By me sowl," says he, "he told me it was h
A Goon ANECDOTE.-We are told that ti
following conversation was heard among, th
I volunteers of the Rio Grande. Scene, nigh
Two volunteers wrapped in blarkets, and hul
buried in the mud.
Volunteer 1st.-" Jim, how came you to vo
Volunteer 2d.-" Why, Bob, you see, I hav
no wife to care a red cent for me, and so I vol
unteered-anud besides 1 like tear! Now tell m
how you came here?"
Volunteer Is.--r Why, the fact is, you knol
I-I-I have got a wife, and I came out her
because I like peace!"
Hereupon both the volunteers turned ore
in their blankets, got a new plastering of mut
and went to sleep.
APPLCAPLE TO THE TIMEsS.-Two gentleme
stood candidates for a certain office in the cit
of New York, whom we chall name Mr. D. an
Mr. L. They were- violently opposed to ea
other. By some artifice Mr. D. gained his elec
tion. When he was returning home muel
I elated with success. lie met an acquaintance.
" Well," said D. " I have got the election. I
was no match for me. I'd tell you how 1 flun
him. If there happened any Dutch voters,
could talk Dutch with them, and there I had th
advantage of him. If there were any French
men, I could talk French with them, and there
had the advantage of him. But as to L., h
was a clever, honest, sensible little fellow."" Yee
sir," replied the gentleman, "and there lie ha
the advantage of you."
To PREVENT BLOOMERs.-Thle pitent petti
coat lifter is a great centre of attraction at th
Crystal Palace.- It is thus described:
There are four smuall pulleys attached to the
waist, underneath the dress, over which an
ove small cord, one end of which is attached
with diaper pins, severally to the front, rear, ant
sides of the skirt, aet about the height of tht
knee. The other ends terminate in loops, whic
are led into the pockets on either side.. If s
lady wishes to go up stairs, she pulls loop Nu
I in the right pocket, and instantly the dres
rises in front, so that the ascent is made will
perfct grace. No. 2 in the left hand pocke
elevates the rear in the same manner, and al
pulled at once lifts the skirt knee high!
A negro preacher was holding forth to hi;
congregation upon the. subject of obeying th
command of God. Says he, " Bredren, what
ever God tells me to do in dis book, (holdin
up the Bible,) datt I'm gwine to do. If I see ii
it dat I must jump troo a stone wall, I'm gwini
to jump at it. Going troo it 'longs to God
junpin at it longs to me."
SULIM:TY.-'Twas night; the wind howler
fearfully among the deserted places of ancien
Rome, now sweeping with a dirge.like eadene<
o'er some mouldering monument, and ano
rushing with awful majesty through the realm
of space, scattering destruction on every side
An old and sorrow stricken man, bending ':1eatl
the weight of years nnd miseiry, opposed hi
bosom to the pitiless storm; no son to aid, ni
friend to succor him. Lecaning is aged frami
upon his staff, and in a voice inarticulate fror
emotion, he ejaculated-" By gosh! howv m2
boots leak !"
A BLESSING TO THE COUNTY.-A lady not
on a visit to Paris, Tennessee, has written to
friend hete some particulars of a remarkable ani
most exemplary matron of that vicinity, whiei
particulars have been committed to us as worth2
of a plice in our columns. The matron in ques
lion is a Mrs. D.--, now eighty-seven year;
old. S'e ha:d twenty-three living children, an<
prayed to the good Lord to give her one more
to usake the round atnd goodly number of twcn
dozen. Besides these, she hits raised fourteei
orphan children. She has educated thirty chit
dren-her own, and a portion of the orphans
for many years sent nineteen to school in Pari,
and their dinners with them. She says tha:
none of those she has reared and educated, eve
disgratced her or themselves. The girls have at
married well, and are :ieh. The boys have at
done well-one of her orphan proteges has bee:
in Congress, several otliers in thle State legisla
tare; there are sundry colonels, &c., amonj
them, and all are highly respectable.-Indianapo
"At one time Dwight saw Euniee moppinj
the floor. He asked her to come to the door and
see a big hawk that was there. She went out
and in a moment, I followed to see the lyaw]
too. I did not see any hawk, but I did ace
Dwight with his arm around Eunice's waist.
saw him kiss her, and tell her he didn't wan
her to mop floors. She said she could doi
better than mother.".
This evidence was considered so conclusive
that the jary gave the fair plaintiff twenty-fly'
hundred itolltars datmages. He, however, is si
unreasonable that he has appealed to the Su
NOTIeE FOR A Se~oorauAsTE.-The follow
ing advertisement in the " Bangor Jeffersonian,
speaks well for the "eddecation" in Holeston,
town on the border of Maine, celebrated as thi
residence of a distinguished school director o
Notice !!! !-Teachir Wantid.-T he scule ii
Holeston bein out of proceptor (the larat on<
havin been discharged fur want of ineompetive
ness.) Noe wan nede aply without tha havr
the follerin kwailiferkasun, to whit:-Tha mas
not be agin the modereight ace of licker, ko:
zum of the skowlers air eddycated to be hicke
dealer. Naw we dont warnt, nobodi wvitch be
longs to no church seen as how that wood pre
gerdis teh mines of the children as menny uj
hear dont beleeve no such thing. 1Ie must pro
duee satisfacturre evidens that he is .ag.n al
fannytie aberlishernests wich: hey see oftin des
troyed and dizzolve ower glorious unun. Rytil
must, be tort, and outher hyer branchiz.
IPose Skript.-It is expected that the tenche
wil git his health inehoored, in ordtice that ther
me bee noe interupshans ov the skule.
MONEY is so scarce in the West, that whe1
two dollatrs meet they are such strangers to eael
other that ite onersn~ av to i ntProuce thiff,
From the . . eston Courier.
o DIVISION OVEMENT.
At a public meetin old in Aiken on Tues.
dav, the 13th of Nov her, to take into conaid.
s eration the propriet" prasticability of diti
ding Barnwell and o large Difstrieti, n mo-.
tion of Jas. Pervis,. Dr..J. G. e., was
' called to the Chair, .' J. C. Wood, .B". B.
k Rodrigues and F. .alker, were appouted ,
The Chairman the explained the object of
the meeting in a few l lf and pertinent remarks,
when on motion o Captain Gideon vans, t
it it was
T soed', mmittee oT entj.one
sie apsisted by the-643ir to pr: pare and-report
business for the eons dertion of the meeting.
Whereupon the an named the following
ngentlemen, as cotfsIttD the said Comnmittee :
:Captrain S. S. Fven4JonGr-en,- [r2 E,
* Toole, J. 1'. Wise, J. C.'W. McDonald, Col.
J. Marsh, Milledge nhrson, Abner W. At.
s kinson, Benj. Ha ',Woodard, M. T. Mar
shall, Gen. Robinso theney, A18 Frank.
e lin, A. Hatcher, . D unkett, Drayton Gantt,
L R. bteedman, John .rtney, F. Kennedy and
L James Kitchen.
f The Committee t retired, and after.a brief
absence made the fo wing report through their, t
.Chairman. . -
e Your committee :'ld 0ail the attention of
the meeting, to dies s prportionate
e representation of t iistes and the Districts
proper; or in the co ion 'j:Hance of the day
v of tha Low and the . ntry; and would call
s attention to a few stitis facts drawn from
recent official returns
r - The Parish Distrieth ore sir in -number, viz; t
, Beaufort, Colleton, harlestonv(ineluding the a
city,) Georgetown, umter, and Orangeburg. t
The remaining 23 j,: icial districts, constitute o
1 what is generally caled the -p.country or Dis.
r tirets proper. .- ti
i The whole tax-paying territory of the Parish t
b Districts is only 8,132 square miles: while that h
of the Up-Country isp8.528 square miles; or j
t more than twice as much as that of the parishes. e
The white population of the parish districts fi
. in 1850, was but 58,641; whilst that of the Up
c country was 221,834.
I Basing the calculation as to the property of
the two sections,-upon the last federal census, E
and the last annual report of -the Comptroller. r
I General, and with refeqence to the five items of li
lands, implements ald- machinery, live stock, (
, slaves and town lots, including the city of Char- d
I leston, and estimating slaves at 8500 per head, tl
the wealth of the two' ections stands as follows : a
Parishes........... ....$132,044.762 a
Up-country.............. 186,013,688 b
The number of slaves upon which taxes were
paid last year is as follows: f
Up.country.....:............ 221,847 a
The six Parish Dis ricts above named have a
twenty-three Senatorain the Legislature, while I
the Up-country, have but the same number; ii
therefore every 3531U Asaqulles of tax-paying t
territory in the'Pa es-5 ' Sentor W'rea '1
only one Senator is allowed to every 805 square ii
miles of such territory in the Up.country. Again, v
every 2550 white inhabitants of the Parishes 5
have q Senator; whereas only one Senator is lI
assigned to every 9640 white inhabitants of the s
Districts proper. Furthermore. every $5,741,- t<
076 of property in the Parishes is represented to
by a Senator; whereas only one Senator is per. b
mitted to every $8,087,551 of the Districts. So
likewise every 6989 slaaves in the Parishes have A
a Senator; whereas only one Senator is given to
every 9645 slaves of the Up-country.
Edgefield and Barnwell have more than 3100 t
square miles of tax-paying territory, and allow- o
ing a proper margin for vacant lands, for defec- ri
tive surveys, for under returns by some free
holders, and for no returns at all by others, to it
avoid payment of taxes, it is believed that these B
Districts contain at least 3,500 square miles of d
The white population of Edgefield and Barn. A
well, was 28,512 in the year 1850 ; and the ag.
gregate property of the two Districts is 829,- I
828,075, according to the last federal Census,
and the last annual report of the Comptroller ti
General of this State, estimated upon the basis 01
before indicated. Edgefield and Barnwell like- it
wise paid taxes in the year 1854, for 36,002 ft
These two districts could be divided. so as to al
form two new districts, and give either of the d
four districts over 800 square miles of territory ; el
over 7,000 white inhabitants; and over 87,000,- ei
000 of property ; which is more territory, more n
. white population and more wealth than each r:
Sof half the present Judicial Districts in the
I Stats contain. .
,Edgefid and Barnweli then, have far tnnre ir
Sthan sufficient territory, wealth, population or u
slaves, than would entitle them to four Senators C
-according to the ratio of Senatorial representa- E
.tion in the Parishes, ai
,There may be some slight errors in these esti. ti
Smates, but your committee feel confident that,
rthey will not materially change the result; and ir
your committee insist that the five items embra. V
ced in the above calculation, are the only legiti- ir
mate indices of the relative wealth of the two el
Your committee are thus partieular in the ti
. matter of Senatorial Representation, because 0:
they are advised and believe, that the proposed
division of Edgefield and Barnwell, is resisted by U
,the Parishes, uponm the express ground that the a
[two districts named, have neither sufficient fi
wealth nor slaves to claim two more Senators; U
but this is shlown by figures that cannot lie, to 5,
be an erroneous impression. al
As every 6,989 slaves of the parishes have a
Senator, and as Edgefield and .Barnweil have 01
36,002 slaves, it follows that if the senatorial re. ti
presentation of these two Districts were base d I!
upon the number of slaves they contain, these vi
Districts would be entitled, according to the et
parish ritio, to five Senators, instead of the two si
. they now have, or the four that they claim. t<
Again as every $5,741,637 of parish proprety is ti
represented by a Senator, and as Edgefield and le
.Barnwell have 629,828,075 of property, it like- ti
'wise follows that they should be entitled to more Ii
than five Senators.
SThere is one point of view, that should be n
rtaken, which has been generally overlooked in a
regard to this subject, that your Committee
awould call to the especial attention of the meet
Sing. It is this: As the parishes have an equal a
-representation in the Senate with the Districts
aand have 61,094 slaves less than the Districts, it y
t is clear, that they have senatorial representatton e<
for 61,094 slaves more than they possess, and ti
r that the Districts proper have senatorial repre- ,
- sentation for 81,094 slaves less thtan they possess, ai
- which would be equivalent to the parishes own- a
Sing 160,753 slaves plus 61,094 equaling 221,847 f:
-slaves, and the Districts owning 221,847, minus la
I 61,094 ,laves equaling 160,753 slaves, which any ai
-school boy will prove is equal to the parishes fi
ihaving a senatorial representation for 122,188 ti
slaves more than they shoutld have and that the fi
r Districts have senatorial representation for 122, ft
i 188 less than they ought to have. That is to |d
say. The djfference in the present representation -ae
of the parishes and Districts must be multiplied n
iby two to show what would give the two sections si
i equal representation, which might be illustrated ti
in this manner.
A and B enter into a Commercial Partnership
mneh putting in $4,000 capital, by some chicnne.
yB manage'. to propriate the profits on 1000
.fA's.capital; it is plain that B derives profit
rom 5000, whilst A would receive profit from
inly 8000, which would be $2000 less than B.
Tuking the above data, it will he seen that
he Distrlea-would be antitled to 31 Senators,
f the Senatorial representation was based on
laves. and to give them them the present propor.
ional representation of the Parishes it would
"ius also,'it could be showtbat if the Seg'.
ouial representation raa based on wealth, the
lisi wueluikeiwii .e eisedte:9-Bena.
ors, and according to the " present proportional
epresentation of the Parishes" the Districts
ingit to have 41 Senators. Again, if based
ipon territory, the Dstricts would have 52
lenators; and, if according to the " present pro.
ortional representation of the Parishes" they
rould hars 81 Senators.
And lastly, if the Senatorial representation
vas based upon white population, the Districts
rould be entitled to 87 Senators ; and if, accor
ing to the present proportional representation
f tne Parishes, the Districts should have 151
Edgefield, Barnwell and Sumter are the only
hree rural districts, whose great extent popu.
ition and wealth, require them to have a two
eek's court, which is a nuisance that should
ot longer be born by a free people. And apart
rom the matter of litigation, a voluntary obser
once of the law, in these three districts, is a
rievious oppression, to guardians, executors,
dministrators, trustees, jurors, witnesses, com
issioners, and citizens generally. Your com
ittee have neither time nor space to present all
he arguments, in support of dividing Edgefield
nd Barnwell, so as to form the two new dis.
riets proposed. Inasmuch as the Courthouse
f Edgefield District is situated in a non.central
osition, so as seriously to incommode that por.
ion of the people of that district, residing on
he Saluda side of it, and inasmtch as Edgefield
as about 4000 more white inhabitants than
larnwell, and inasmuch as we believe, that
very section of both districts would be bene.
tted by the establishment of two new districts,
re recommend the following boundaries of the
roposrd districts to your consideration.
Beginning at the point where the line between
dgetleld and Abbeville intersects the Salada
iver, thence down the said river to the Lexington
ne, thence along the said line to where McTver
reek intersects it-thence across Edgefield
irect to where Beaver Dam Creek intersects
lie line dividing'Edgefield and Abbeville-thence
long the said line to the starting point. The
rea included, to constitute one new District to
e elled " Butler District."
The other new District to be bounded as
allows: beginning at the mouth of the Upper
'hree Runs in Barnwell; thence up the said
tream along the Tinker Creek tributary to its
ource; thence across to the head of Pond
ranch, down said branch to where it empties
Ito South Edisto, at Davis or Guignard's bridge;
lence along the road from said bridge to where
intersects-the Charlebton andlinety.six. Road
i Orange parish ; thence up said road to Saw.
er's Post Office in Lexington; thence to where
cTyer creek intersects the Lexington and
dgefield line; thence across Edgefield to the
aurce of Foxe's Creek; thence down said creek
> Savannah River; thence down the said river
the initial point. The area included to em
race the other new district, to be called the
District of Calhoun," with a Court House at
As embodying the views of your Committee,
ith reference to the object of this meeting and
ie best policy to be pursued for effecting that
bject, we respectfully submit the following
1. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meet
ig the time has arrived when Edgefield and
arnwell should be both politically and judicially
ivided, so as to form two new, separate, and
idepondent Districts, with a Court House at
iken, and another at or near the centre of the
aluda Regiment, with boundaries as indicated
2. Resolved, That in all future elections for
1 Legislature or Congress, for oficees of honor
rproht, or for olfices civil or military, we will
ivariably vote for that man or set of men, most
ivorable to the division of maid Districts.
3. Resolved, That we will never cease to
gitte this question until our wrongs are re
ressed, and that we eatrnestly entreat all the
tizecns of both Districts, but particularly those
ubraced within the boundaries of the proposed
ew Districts, to unite with us in enforcing our
ghts at the ballot box.
4. Resolved, That we exhort the divisionists
F Sumter and those of the other large Districts
the State, as well as the inhabitants of the
pcountry, who are blessed with convenient
curt Houses, and not over populous election
listricts, to stand by us in their District elections
id to instruct their representatives to aid us in
5. gesolved, That in the opinion of this meet.
ig the parishes have neither the territory, the
roperty, the white population, the antagonistic
tersta,nor the superior intelligence which they
aim, to entitle them, as a section, to the con.
oh of the Senate of South Carolina, and that
e time has arrived when a fresh understanding
the compromise bargain should be had.
6. Resolved, That the whole up country should
ite its forces on every joint ballot in the Leg
lature, to exclude all citizens of the Parishes
'om officee, until they shall have consented to a
ore exquitable adjustment of our representative
sta and a reorganization of our over large
aover populous judicial and electoral districts.
'7. Resolved, That in case our fellow citizens
the up-country differ from us in the policy of
e 6th resolution, that then the compromise of
08 should be extended, so as to meet the
es of both the up and low country, by
tablihing new districts of convenient dimen
ons in the former, and giving each a new sea
ir, and by forming new senatorial districts in
es larger parishes of the latter, so as still to
4 Charleston and the other parish districts have
e control of the Senate, or, in other words, the
ne 36 30 might be extended.
8. Resolved, That the proceedings of this
eeting be published in the Charleston Courier
d all the other papers in the State be reques
d to copy.
Mr. G. D. Tillman being called for, appeared,
id advocated the report of the committee.
He began by enumerating the many evils
hich all large Judicial districts suffered ; he
ntended that such districts promote crime, and
mat the great extent of Edgefield and Barnwotl
naw the prolific cause of the many homicides and
yrys that occurred within their borders; that
two week's court frequently induced parties to
arego an adjudication of their ,ditlioulties by
w, and to settle them by their own strong
rin; that the difficulty of inducing witnesses
-om a distance to attend court, often obstructed
e proper administration of justice; that the
erce struggles among candidates and aspirants
r the excessively lucrative offies of the large
istrits, caused suspicion to take the place or
onfidence; haughty reserve that of open frank
se, and solita~ry individualit y that of generous
ciality, which as a natural result contributed
> the promotion of crime.
. d.,ounaratet the atdvantagea flowing from
the efficient discharge of the duties of the police
I of the smaller districts, by a parallel drawn be
tween several of them.
After urging a number of other arguments,
pertinent to the subject, he proceed to nay
that the friends of Division had two enemies to
conquer and two victories to win-one at home
and the other at the Legislature-that we had
petli:ionod and prayed for division long enough
-that if we would succeed, that discussion and
the ballot: box -were the weapons which we
sbould.use--that truth,justice, and right argu.
ments were on our side, and he referred to the
federal anji state statistics to sustain our posi
He said that, at'iom, alfTneumbenta, candi
dates-and aspirants for the district offices of
profit, as well as their friends and relatives, would
oppose division, because it would diminish the
profits of their fat incumbencies-that the citi
zens residing at or near the Court Houses would
oppose the measure from self-interest ; and that
the lawyers would oppose it from the fact that
large districts increased litigation, ani that in.
stead of seeking business themselves, business
was brought to them; and because as a body
they were competetors for offices in the gift of the
Legislature, which was under the control of the
In the Legislature we would have to contend
with the party in power, which is the Parishes.
Power is sweet-and as the Parishes have the
lion's share, they are as unwilling to give-it up,
as an individual would he to part with property
that he had obtained unjustly.
He then alluded to the fact that the people are
permitted to amuse themselves with the sem
blance of sovereignty by- electing their petty
I militia officers, District police, members of Leg
islature and of Congress; whilst the Legislature
had the election and appointment to more than
ONE HUNDRED of the most honorable, important
and lucrative offices in the State.
That as the Districts have nearly four times
as many white inhabitants as the Parishes, they
must necessarily have four times as many aspi
rants and candidates for offices in the gift of the
Legislature; that these candidates and aspirants,
fearful of offending the party in power, were de
terred from advocating many measures which
their judgment approved, for the good of the
people. In this way the leading men of the up.
country were bribed to silence and the same
influences were generally brought to bear upon
the controllers of our newspapers.
He next commented with great everity on
the vote by ballot in the election of %iicers by
the Legislature-said that most of the other
States had given all elections to the people, ex
cept that of Judges and a few other officers, who
as far as he had been enabled to examine the
constitution of the several States, where chosen
viva voce and in all elections by the people by
ballot. That this was right-that the people
could then see how their representatives voted
in elections, as well as in matters of legislation
-that a representative was as responsible for a
good vote in the one case as in the other-that
in primary elections,.the people are responsible
only to themselves-that by this ballot system
in the:Legislatwrete pegglcquld not have any
officer of their choice whatever, provided their
choice did not coincide with that of the repre
sentatives-that the ballot covered a mul
titude of sins in Columbia-that the votes of
up-country Representatives in matters of legis.
lation, were frequently controlled by the hope or
promise of reward in a fat or honorable office in
the gift of the parishes. This he said explained
why Edgefield and Barnwel had not, long ago
been divided ; why the election of Presidential
electors, had not been given to the people, and
other wholesome reforms made-that the parish
es and their organs were eternally preaching
conservatism, and well they might afford to do
it, since they control the State as things now
stand-that their conservatism was selfskness.
not the conviction of enlightened judgment and
equal justice to all. He then refuted many ob
jections that are urged against small' judicial
Districts, and ended his remarks by exhorting
the people to adopt the report of the committee
and firmly adhere to it in all future elections.
The Resolutions were then read and adopted
seriatim, without a dissenting voice. Several
letters were thetn read from the friends of the
cause, bidding it God speed.
After which the meeting adjourned to a
neighboring grove, to discuss the merits of nu
merous carcasses, well adapted to tempt the
hungry appetites of 8 or 900 voters, the yeoman.
ry of the proposed Districts.
J. G. ROWE, Chairman.
E. J. C. WooD,
B, A. R oDBRIGUEs, Secretaries.
F. L WALKER,)
CAMtELS FOR THE UNITED STATEs-A corres
pondent of the New York Tribune in a lktter
dated the 15th ult. at Constantinople, says:
The American storeship Supply, commanded
by Lieut. comdt. David D. Porter, son of the
first minister to Turkey, the late commander
Uavid Porter, arrived here some days ago. In
her arrived also Mlajor Wayne of the United
States army. You are aware that the Supply
has been attached to the War Departmenut by
the Secretary of the Navy, for the purpose of
conveying a number of camels to the United
States. In pursuit of this object, she has visi
ted Tunis, Smyrna and Salonica. At the former
place she took on board three camels, one pre
sented to the United States government by the
Bey, and two purchased. These have already
been on board some sixty-five days, and from
their excellent appearance clearly show that an
ordinary voyage across the Atlantic would not
affect their health In the least. They are grow
ing quite fat under the diet and idle life which
they lead-on shipboard. ' 1 hear that the Sultan
designs offering Captain Porter, for his Gov
ernment, a number of the best camels to be
had at this piace. Every person is quite well
on board of the Supply. Capt. Porter, Major
Wayne, and M. Heap, have gone to the Crimea
to examine the Bactrian camels with two humps,
in use there. They will also be able to visit
the ruins of Sebastopol.
Ma. WEBsTER's EsTAT.-The executors for
the estate or!Daniel Webster, have sent printed
circuiare to persons having claims against the
same, in which it is stated that the net amount
of assets in their hands is 635.180 89, and the
amount of claims is about .115,000. The exe
cutors are now making a distribution among the
creditors. They divide twenty and three-quar
ters per centum, retaining In hand about one
per centum to defray expenses and charges in
the suit against the city of New Orleans for a
claim of $25,000 for oounsel fees in the Gaines'
A CAsNw WRrEsS.-A person who was
recently called in Court, for the purpose of prov
ing the correctness of a doctor's bill, was asked
by the lawyer, whether lithe doctor did not
tmake several visits after the patient was out of
danger?1" "No," replied the witness, "I consid
ered the patient in danger as long as the doctor
continued his visits!"
GAM#E AnoLIsnED.--The annual game of
football, which for tinie immemorial has taken
place between the Sophomores and Freshmen at
Yale College, has been discontinued. The rea
son given is, that it is a gauto beneatit the digni
ty of grentlemn
For the Advertiser.._
THE PIOUS GO'D
(I have seen this anecdote is prose and hasp at.
tempted to write ;t in'verse.)
. A certait Rajah,'as we're told,.
Wanted a Kriahnu of pure gold,
Idol of virtues manifold,
For e'ena'as now, in ihbes of old;
The age, by poets styled, of gold'
Trusting the metal to the mould
Was easier than regaining it.
So pondering long on measures best
To put the goldsmiths to the test,
His mind was long deprived of rest,
Ere he could well mature one.
At length a plan was so arranged
- 'le precious ore could not be changed;.
No particle could be estranged
The scheme was such a sure one..
The Rajah his intentions told
To all the goldsmiths young and old,.
* That he to one would trust the'gold.
On one or two conditions.
"Not," added he, " that I suspect,.
Duplic.ty or e'en neglect;
But sland'rous tongues will thus be shekt
'Twili banish al suspicions."
" The terms are these, they're far from hard
You'll be lock'd up and under guard;.
TriBes, compar'd with the reward
Of those who live in story:
You'll also, when your work you quit,.
At noon, your clothes to guards remit;.
'Tis all to which you need submit
To gain immortal glory."
Now whether lack of pious zeal,
Which worldly men are slow to feel,.
Or interest, which spring and wheel
Of smiths since Vulcan's day is,
Did operate on old and young,
'Tis said that no one found a tongue,. -
Nor asked to be extolled and sung,
Tho' sweet the voice of praise is..
At length howe'er the spirit moved.
A youth who:glory, int'rest lov'd,.
And having in his mind resolved,.
Thoughtdlhey might be united,
"Great Prince," said he, " be mine-lhe task;
Glory, not interest I ask;.
These egotists have dropped the mask."
The Rajah was delighted:.
The gold was weighed, the modellshown,.
The youth lock'd up to work alone,.
That is with guards from morn.till noon;.
'Twas all the time required.
. Then home returned to fabricato.
A brae rishnt*
The same as that he made the State,.
Against the day desired.
He worked with ardor morn and n'ght;.
Each piece was so exact to sight,.
That which the false or wh::h.the-right,.
'Twould puzzle to discover;:
For having filled, with pond'rous lead,.
The fete div'ne like mortal headi
Of bras, that it might serve insteadi
Of gold, was gilded over.
The work complete, the Rajah.vowedi
Some great reward should he allowed;
Our pions youth most humbly bowed,
And said, " Your approbation,.
Great prince, to this my ardent pray't,.
That I may be allowed to bear
To Ganges this our God so fair,.
The day of consecration."
" Be Is," the Rajah said : the day
Arrived, behold the long array',.
The youth, the gayest of the ga,
The~num'rous guards surroonding",
Advancing to the sacred stream,
The shore with multitudes did teem,
The banners shining in the beam,
With shouts the air resounding.
The flood is gain'd, the youth itumersed
To play the part be had rehearsed,
Prepared to quench his pIous thirst
With water of the Gang..;
And plunging with the God in hand,
Amid the shouts of those on land,
Leaves the pure Krishnu in the s:d,
And for the brass one changes.
You ask how came brass Krishnu theme;
The youth had ta'en especial care
All things in order to prepare
For his great transmutation.
Ha-therefore wisely thought Is goei&
To place brass Krishnu in the flood,
To wait until the gold one would
B - pleased to sake his station. IRA.
A PLAN SPOEEN WITNEss.-" Facts, are
stubborn things," said a lawyer to a female wit
ness under examination. The lady replied:
" Yes, sir.ree; and so arc women, and if you
get anything out of me, just let me know k."
" You'll be comwitted for contempL." U Very
well, Ill suffer justly, for I feel the utmost eon.
tempt for every lawyer Dresent."
CARTRDGES Fos Tua CRuIa.-The Mon
treal Chronicle or the 16th instant states that
the comnmissarlat advertises for a vessel to con
vey six thousand barrels of cartridges from
Quebec to England. The large consumption of
ammunition in the present war not only exhausts
all that the mills can make, but will case the
larger Dart of the contents of the provincial
magazine. to be called out of their slumbers
into actual service.
AN auctioneer in Detroit, a few days ago,
while in the act of knookinig down ant arIIle to
a purchaser, let the hammer slip from hle hand,
and thus most usnexpeotedly struck a lady in the
crowd, knooking her down. He was arrested
and fined 35. thre Justice not allowing an auc
tioneer to knock down purchasers as well as the
things they purchase.
A person out, West is offering for tale gras
sed gathered from the "path of reethoude A
religious professor foarm that the path most be
badly overgrown with gras, as it is so ittle
traveled now-a days.
THE very monumenta men raise to perpetuate
their names, consume and miould eway them
selves, and prolaim their own me hlly,,as well
as testify thlat of others.
RATanI. Suat.r..-We onee hoerd a Vermon
tor express his opinion of a porsoa irn the fol
lowing style of classes:
" I could take," said he," the. little end of
nothing, whittle it douto a point, punch out
the pith of a horse har,put in forty thousand
such souls as his, shak, them up, and they'd