Newspaper Page Text
"e will eling to the Pillars of the Temple et on-r; ies, and MfA~us ewl.Peih-sis h mn
W . k. DMR I OE 17, Jtn.E G E I L
EDC., JANUARY 2, 186 -*
9, tU ~ -Lb. -L
ThE EDGEFINID ADVERTISER,.
1 PUtLIsHED EVERY WDNESDAY MORRING 9V
W. F. DURISE & SON.
: 'Iwo DOLLiRs per yepr, if paid in advance-Two.
Wi.as and FiTrr i -rs if not paid within six
u-n'le--and Tiaz' DOLL..AIS if not paid bemose the
iibflam of tie year.' All obseiiptions'not distine
- k isited at tune of sus ribing, will be ceensider
ds ade for'an indefinis lerol, and will be con
1 'intil all arreasa' are pjad, or at the option of
ti. Nbrlishrt. Sebcerspions from other States must
WNTtxU Lry be aetompanled with the CASH.
* Asysr~iiaxisv will be conspicuouslyinserted at
g r (121'ne or less) for the fi'rut in
sqrtkon;, ndreniito for each subsequent ikiserti*
qp o-l pgblished .PInthly or: Quarter.y. 31.per
' 1 r we l bcharged. A'ITAdvertisementi nobpg
thedp4ire4 pumber of insertions marked on the mar
U nued until forbid and chaed acbor
ledldesring to advertise by the year can do so on
litfrfg s.^p'' being distinctiv understooi thit''eb
traetiN freally advertisiing articonfied to tle imInd
diate, imate business of th'e firm or iidividual
didtraAng.. Transient' Advertisemunst be paid
rinouiig a e Candidate, Three Dollars i
nsogFieubecr eodg mpae fo isuLoz
or Adoetising Etronys olled, Two Dollars to be
byhe thel c ioa vertisin
- t4a4e. u.power.. And n s btesry 4in th
Ksaste ribrprposes, on thethrst.Thursdacy
J--in Februay-next, if safficiently~eneouragedt
to; n. h riaeto, a-Editor el buraise
Weese vea on all redbjetsk that 'nmajina ie
ihet.e-pape or a e r ght . totherm
and.Progress will be the distinguishing feares-Of I!
the "1.woaui lAand while its oins shaWfur
nish the usuals otof gener imformatiErt-rel- -4
ti-vr to Cotamfree, -Agriculture and- P61liis'
Seiune .LitepAmtr and the A .rts; most prominlent
imong the iubjects, contemnplatedi for discussion , arv
Eg isl.D gEdgrfield and Banwell
so as to establish two new Distriets ;. a thoroug-h re
form in our Stat iity,; and the, people's side of
'the Eletoral question. And also refrein in the ni
fitia syste' of this Stite.
In his departeat, the Editor will be assisted by
able and iTar writers ;,.and no touble, labor or
expense wl bespared to make ith " 1.NroR.A Mr
what a Newspaper ought to be'
Sube 'on priev $2 a year. itr advanece--opayable
-lty" Address the Subscriber at Edgefield G.
., S. C.
.aC W. ST YL ES.
Edgefield, Deember 20, 1855.
N. ~B.-Post -MaWters mad others, who will act.as
Agents, for the "ioen eta. upon se'nding in ten
nameershall reeive on copy freo. c. W.-S.
Dec 26 tf 50
BB0AD sTanr= AUGUSTA, GA.
-Cl '' .A.m' E.'M 3M: = t3 C)OV A -2
Ae receiving their full aiwokof c
BOOTS, SHOES, T sUNS, VAIuSES,
e. CARPET BAG , &c., &c. 41
-Our tock will compritS ofall th s wst es shinable ar
Diles, and those thatean be reomtended f1r dura- 1
.lity. Aso, a large and suptriord ut.uf
Wen's tip BIOGANSa nd :tWomen's Leather
we feet nGe that, we can show one of the t
REST A SSORTED Stock of Coods that has everl
bees-in Cityu and request ou custome n.
friends to give us a call before purchiasing.
Avg 29 3m - 33
-W , 0,- PR I E & C O.,
A .usa, Novu63m 4-a.
.AVree rPe heir FI1Aa 1AN WNTEL.
aSUPPL~fIESo h ~ts mottos n
Sale it the atentonof 'thefriendsan the pbi
best-Good toaei nd ael selectns a CHOC
DSs COs PaGOOS and aets;o pricee i
.snssrCoa; Paeterind Vetsl asdo a Goodsa o
thertsnt oFaicnbeCbouthin. i o heA'
Oure eek comariStss ie eve, artd usal
o.artisiclestabefulsdes. and convee ou
NEBAS,Y COPPOLT WH Altli :ASSOEL,
. in AC-Parershi foIiLSe tran'
gden ,y Rasing maullys f h seleea CHiOnCE
:TOK O G O , and aloraeS, wear
.pesserdn Peer Alie, toue astoe aC oodrso
.gsA godarkreen L.-rs
Alsap ine mlato roetackheyts. Glas areae Tiur
Gi ooden ae, dcn &fordt. el tVR
Oam ur, oc consist, in iar of
BOA O %TS A.NDpo SHOEySSES
prearede, sind t ode neo l ecito
BOT ANDO SERS,
A h gortds asotaient of vy Lnors,
.Also ahinpe bot' ofnuhu orok' and Glaos.re,iu Tin
I wll cfe toMr.S.F Go .e wh MYS.a
ofH Subsrgibe ruavn o se pemaenl i
A.et Gr net doo Jo. R. ILG urE~, Lr is
prIepae toSake t rer ie ohy*OUp
Br Hides. 8 R S H0. SJVN
Iecibreer to Mr*.F.GoE!woi 7m ur
.Ill THE LIFE OF A WOR13DNG.
OONTENTMENT IS BE'TERTEANWEALTE.
"f .s 'vain to urge me, brother. Robert.
Out ito hDe word I.mustoe-The impulse
is .on me.. . I should -ie of inaction here."
- You need not -b& inaetive. There -1i
much to do., - shall never be idle?
".And sufi w6H"! Dleving i and gr4aje
ling cloe 4ie very g!uoa.-And ror
a~tf .'Oh no,. RoLert. My anmbition soar#
be3 ond.your "quiot cottage in- a sheltered
rale." My appetite rvwes something more
than simple herbs and water from the brook.
I havePset my heart on obtaining wealth;
and O hdre theri Is' will, there is aiwqs A
Contemen is bet tanwea
"A provesh foe drpnes." -
"-No, William; iLtis a pooverb for the
w Be it for the wise-or-simple, as common.
ly inderstood,*t is no iorerb or iue. 'A
rppo plodder'&ong the' way of lire,it were
IrMposae.'rIr me to knovw. content. So
.rge f rther, Robert.. 1,am.going out
nto the world a wealthbseeker, and not until
Neah iigalned dbo [ propose tb- return."
The 'oung mnn turned quickly towards'
iibrother, visibly distbrbed', and fixed.his.i
yes upon liim with an earnest expression. .
"I love her as my. life," he said, with a
trong emphasis on his words.
SIDo yon love wealth more than life,
"If you love Ellen as your life, and leave
er for the sake of getting riches, then yo
aust love money more than li'e."
" Don't talke to ne after this fashion. I
annot- bear it. I love Ellen tenderly and
ruly. I am going forth as well for her sake
s my own. In all the good fortane that
omes as the need. if effort, she will be a
" ou .will see her before you leave us ?"
"No.. I will -neither pain her nor myself I
y a parting interview. Send her this letter
nd this ring;"
A few hours later, and the brothers stood
-ith tightly grasped hands, gazing into each
"-Farewell, William.- Think of the old
omestead as still your home.-Though it is
ine, in the division of our patrimony, let
our heart come back to it as.yours. Think
f it as home; and,. should fortune cheat
u with the apples of Sodom, return to it
gin. Its doors will ever be open and its
varth fire bright for you as of old. Farewell."
And they turned from each-other, one go
g out into the restless world, an eager
eker for its wealth and honors; the-other
linger among the pleasant places, dear to
im by every association of childhood, there
o fill up the measure of his days-not idly,
or he was no drone in-the social hive.
On the evening of that day two maidens
at alone, each in thosanctuary of her own
hamber. There. was a warm glow on the
heeks of one, and a glad light in her eyes.
'ale was the other's-face, and wet her droop.
ig-ases. And she thint sorrowed held an
pen lettef in her hand. It wvas full of ten
:rt words; but the writer loved wealth more
han the maiden, aend had gone forth to seekt
he niistre~ss of his soul.. Hie would." come
sack :" but when ? Ah, -what a veil of un
~ertainty was up on the future ! Poor strick-~
n heart!l The other inaiden--sbe of the
~lowig cheeks and dancing eyea-.held also
letter in her band. It was from the brother
tf the. wealth-seeker ; and it was also full of
oving words; and it said that, on -the mor
ow, he would corn. to bear her as a bride
o his' pleasant borne. 'Happy maiden!
Ten years "have' pass'el 'And what of
he wealth.seeker i Has he won the glitter
ng prize ? What of'the paLe-faced maiden
e left ini.tears ?-Has herreturned to her te
oes shte share now his wealth. and bonor I.
ot.since the day he wvent forth from the
aome of his childhood baa a word of intelli
once from the~ wanderer been received; and,
o those he left behind himi, he is now as
m who has passed the final bourne. Yet
lie still dwells among the .living.
In afar..elime, stands a stately mansion.
We will not. linger t6y deseribe the elegant
'terio', to hld up before the .reader's ini
gnatn1Apigture of 'ro'r'a beauty, exqwus
te~y beighteney art:~but enter its spacious
hll, and pass~up~ to one of its most luxuri
>s . ohambres. flew, hushed and solemn
tho prevaiding atmosphere! The. inmates
ew in ntumber, are groupell around one on
whoe .white, foe.head, .Time's .remibling.
ig~IsbtWriftten the WOm i eatb.-- Over
her hends a in'ably- fbri-' The'real-hs face
is towards you. Ah! you recognize. 'the~
wanderer-the wealth.seeker. What does be
here ? *What to hirm is the dying onelI His
wife .. And has he,.then, forgotten the mai
den whose dark lashes lay wet on her pale
heeks for many heura after ..she. road his
pnrting words?'fHebhiinkforgotten, but
been falser to her; Eagerly sought he the
prize, to~ contend- for which he went forth.
Yeas came and departed;, yet. still hope
rmocked him -with ever attractive and ever
tding illusions. To-day he stood with his
nd just reddy to seize-the object ofehis
wishes, to-mnorrowv a, shado~w mocked him.
A t last, in an evil hour,lh6 bowed down his
raihod prostrate even to the dust in man-~
mon worship, and took to himself a bride,
rich in golden attractions, but poorer, as a
woman, than even the begger at her father's
gate. What a thorn in his side she proved !
A thorn ever sharp ever, piercing. The closer
be-attepted.to draw her to his.bosom,-the
deeper went 0he- points into his own, untill,
in te anguish of Ihis s6al, again- he flung her
Five years of such a life ! Oh, what is
th.ere .. of arhl goo toopnsnto there
afterUK But in this last desperate throw, di
the wdlihg gain the wealth, station, and
honor he coveted t He had wedded the only
child of a niin whose treasure might be
counted by hundred of thousands; but, in
doing so, he had .ailed to secure the father'a
approvalor vonfdence. The stern- old man
regarded him as a mercenary interloper and
ever treated hieras-such. For five yeas
thereforeihe fretred and chafed in the narrow
prison gliose. gilded bars his own hands had
forged. Hpw often, durisg that time, had
his heart wondered back to the dear old
home; andthe beloved ones.wkb wbom -he
had pased.his-early years? And ah how
many, many times came between him and
the almost hated -omiinance of his wife,
the gen'o.loing face-of that one to' whome
herafbien false ! How often her soft blue
eyes rested on liis own! flow often he
stirted and looked up- suddenly, as if her
sweetvoice came floating ou the air. -
And so the-ears moved on,. the chain
galting.moe deeply, and a bitter sense of
humiliation as well as bondage robbing him
of all pleasure in life. -
Thus it is with him when, after ten years,
we find him waiting in the chamber of death
for the stroke that is.to break the fetters that
so logg bound him. It has fallen. He is
free again. In dying, the sufferer made no
sign. Sullenly she plunged into the dark
profound,: se impenetrable to mortal eyes,
and as the turbid waves closed, sigbio over
her,. lie- who had-called her wife turn-ed from
the couch on which her frail body remained,
with an rnward " thank God! I am a man
One more bitter drag yet remained for his
cp.. Not a, week had gone before the.fath
er of his wife spoke to him these cutting
"You were nothing to me while my
daiighterfived-you are less than nothing
now.. It was my wealth, not my child, that
you loved. She has passed away. What
affection would have. giyen to her, dislike,
will-never bestow on you. Henceforth we
are strangers." th.
When next the sun went down on that
stately mansion, which the wealth-seeker
had coveted, he was a wanderer again: poor,
humiliated, broken in spirit.
How bitter had been the inockery of all
his earthly hopes! How terrible the pun
ishment he had suffered!
with aQlii'jGg roinie, In which the worlding
cane near steeping his soul in crime, and
then fruitless ambition died in his bosom.
" My brother said well," he murmured as
a ray of light fell suddenly on the darkness
of his spirit; " Contentment is better than
wealth. Dear. brother! Dear old home!
Sweet Ellen! Ab, why did I leave you?
Too late! too late I A cup, full of the wine
of life, was at my lips; but I turned my
head away, asking for a more fiery draught.
How vividly comes before me now that par
ting scene! I am looking into my brother's
face. I feel the tight grasp of his hand.
His voice is in my ears. Dear brother!
And his parting words, I hear them now,
even more earnestly than when they were
first spoken "Should fortune cheat you with
the apples of Sodom, returned to your home
again. - Its doors will ever be open, and its
hearth.fires bright for you as of old." Ah
do- the Ares sti brn! How many years
have passed since I went forth! And Ellen!
Bast 1 dare not think of her. It is too late
too late ! .Even it she be .living and un
changed in her affections, I. can never lay
this false heart at her feet. Her look of
love would smite me as with a whip of scor
The step -of time bad fallen so lightly on
the Sowery path of those to whom content.
ment was a higher boon than wealth, that
few footmarks were visible. Yet there had
been changes in the old homestead. As the
smiling years went by, each, as it looked in
at the cottage window, saw the lhome circle
widening, or new beauty crowning the an
gel -brows of happy children. No thorn in
his side had Robert's gentle wife proved.
As' time passed on closer and closer was
she drawn to his bosom; yet never a point
had pierced bim. Their home was a type
It is near tihe close of a summer day.
The evening meal is spread, and they are
about gathering around the table, when a
stranger enters. His words are vague and
brief, his manner singular, his air slightly
mysterious. Furtive, yet eager glances go
from face to face.
" Are these all your children I' he asks,
with min'gled surprise and admiration.
" All ours. And, thank God ! the little
flock is yet unbroken."'
The stranger averts his face. He is disturb.
ed by emotions that it is impossible to con
" Contentment is better ithan weoalth," he
murmurs. "-Oh! :tbat [ had earlier compre
Iiended this truth!"
Tlhe words were not meant for others;
but the utterance has been too distint.
They have reached the ears of Robert, who
instantly recognizes in the stranger his long
The stranger is on his feet. A moment
or two the brothers stand gazing at each
other, thenm tcndprly embrace.
How the, stranger starts and trembles!
He had not seen, in the quiet maiden, mov
ing among and ministering to the children
so unpbstrusively, the one he had parted
from years before-the one to whom lhe had
been so false. But her voice has startled
;his ears with the familiar tones of yesterday.
"Ellen !" Ilero is an instant oblivion of
all the intervening years. He has leaped
~ack over the gloomy gulf; and stands now
as he stood ero ambition and lust of gold
lured him away from the, side of his first and
only love. 1t ia-.well both for' him and the
faithful maiden that he can so forget the
pastas'to take her in his arms and, clasp
her almost wildly to his heart. But for this,
conscious shame would have betrayed his
deniy renented nerfidy.
And here we leave .,Jadir., ..-cd
tentment is better 'ealth." .-Bq A
woriding proved, aftr litter e ~rienti
which may you bes ! - - f et
to realize a truth ye vely, and thet
make it a rule* of atio than~ to provt ti
variety in a lire of h agong. But ho
few are able to rise' h a-raraiion I
Godoy's Lady's Book: Z
MTi8s . .
WE select, the fol g notice ofLD
LAnons's new book the correspor
dence of the York' airer:..
Tlh. preas has just * d Dr. Laborde
admirable little book. Physiology. '
would be a point well ed,-if every -Prc
fessor would supply I departnient 'rit
text-books of-hia.own .itten ith .,a fu
knowledge -of the requir ta of their clai
mse, and' publisbef at e."a . Th'm Sout
needs such efforts, wh' well pertormec
would be the beginning he end-a nobl
endeavor by Southern ds in behalf c
.Southern Literture. ling in fator c
home-education.is now Iroughly aroused
and let no effort be to render Pi
home-institutions and ho dvantages equa
to the emergency.,..t
Of course, I wenistra t the ok
store and purchased a co of Dr. Laborde'
new " introduction to Ph logy," tohiel
the reader will remembe alluded durin
my summer travels. U- a curtoryt ex
amination I am gratifiedl find it all I U1
anticipated. It is publis in good style
and contains about 400 odecimo pageS
replete with sound practioi lessons and I
fund of useful hints upos this importan
branch of learning. Wile it is not tot
popular in its style and tents, it is ye
entirely free from the set . scientific ton
which has heretofore red this stadi
irksome to the College sto t and a " seal,
ed book" to the general e er. It supplie
a want, and must serve in the College
and Academy, and.in th ibrary, a masi
valuable purpose. If Dr.~ .. rde succeedi
in arousing the public att rin to the vital
importance of a thorough .'uaintance wih
the laws of health, he will iave done out
.ittle world an essential se e.
It is not the time, and not prepared,
to do ample justice to thi rk. A friend,
who bears the reputation . ne of the best
physicians in Columbia,. who speaks
well of the merits of Dr. rde's book,
ME a'eiiciiirii~ iif~~ unt of-it
will proceed from a source f'iu'lry cdni.
petent to the task, and beyond the influences,
which play sad havoc with the impartiality
of my own judgment. I must quit the sub
ject now, after having expressed the hope
that our friend Mr. Anderson, will give the
task a thorough examination, and see if it
be not in every respect the best that can be
procured for the use of his classes.
We also present the following excellent
extract from the Doctor's book alluded to
above. The author thus speaks of climate:
Besides those general influences which
bear upon the salubrity of a country, there
are local causes, affecting particular situa.
tious, which deserve special attention. It is
a fact familiar to all, that in the same coun.
try, and in the same neighborhood, some
places are very sickly, while others enjoy a
remarkable exemption. The cause in thii
case, is not to be found in the.general char,
acter of the country, but in the particulai
circumstances of the locality.. Trhe follow.
ing enumeration is designed to embrace the
leading particulars under this head; the na
ture of the soil, and its particular state ir
respect to cultivation ; the character of th<
vegetation, with its amount and condition
contiguity to low ground or other marsh
es, or stagnant water; the surface and eleva
tion ; the rapidity of the water-conrses
adjacent hills and valleys; and the partiona
lar exposure to the prevailing wind.. Her
is presented matter for much discussion, bu
I will call attention briefly to a few of thi
particulars only, and in no determinate or
der; but rather in special reference to on
Southern country. As we advance, th~
reader will perceive that the subject, in som
respects, is not relieved of doubt and per
plexity, but yet wve conceive, upon the whot
we will be able to arrive at conclusions o
great practical value.
There are few persons, if any, in ou
Southern country, who have not heard. o
the great agent of disease know as malaria
bad air, or miasmo. The particulars- enu
merated above are to be received in connee
tion with it, as they are all more or less con
cerned in its generation, or -diffusion, Iti
believed to abound in the neighborhood c
marshes, and is therefore generally knowi
as marsh miasma. The common- doctrine ii
that it is an emanation from vegetably mas
sea, when in the process of decompositial
by the agency of heat and mositure. I ar
aware of the many difficulties with whici
the subject is surrounded, and the perplex
ing discussions to which they have give
rise. What is this mighty destructive agen
-this terrific powver which so completel;
transforms an atmosphere of health and life
into one of disease and death? . The variou
speculations as to its nature are scarcel
worthy of mention, as, after all, we ar
compelled to confess that we knowv nothin
of-it, though we are acquainted with som
of its laws and modes of operation. It i
simply absurd to suppose that all malaria
springs from marshes, or decaying vegetabl
matter. The facts are abundant, I conceive
to prove that disease is generated also b
animal substances in a state of decomposi
tion. The kinds of malaria are probably a
various as disease itself, and each is distir
guished by its own specilic individual chari
teter. Eudemics are found in every cour
try and locality, and pestilences take u
their march over the broad face of the work
and slay millions in their course. Whpon
epidemic prevails this year, and another of
totally different nature the next, we knoi
not. Ifeit be siid that there is a species
" epidemic constitution of the atmosphere,
it explains nothing. In what consists thi
epidemic constitution, and in what partici
Ian. doea the epidemic constitution of th
1.- ~one jear difer rrom that :of the 9ther
le T.'se.. are. puzzling queAtions. whieh ba
ne been answered.. It can .not be that
v are- produced.--because of -the . differei
is condition ofahe system.- -The - truth is, thj
M it is the. particulaii atmospherio or - epidemi
- cause, which produces a timitarity of cond
.iwomgad gmnerate the specific disease 1h a
who atebrdught wfthiw 'the -sphere of-its i
Aence.' ltirpbabe thethe-aecfet Igent
whfeb produce chdlera, 'infoenfs, yello%
"f~Vewe lihi fin fever, 'etc. 1ir exat"pi
ae diffei-e'n'" in their naturei and tiaracte
a CheniiiuisY~ia failedwths far. to detet t
slightst difffeigc. in tie atmosphere, (
tI.presengeofr. a'ny noxious agent,. durin
th ipreyalece of the most, fatal and .wide
,I spread epidemic.. The. speculations as t
its real.nature may -be. regarded as fancifu
j Whetber,.we regard-. epidemies, or endemici
our ignorance is 'equally- great. . These in
* visible atmospheric agents appear with feat
'fal -power not only -on marshy lands- wher
, vegetation abounds, but on the driest serfs
ces, where little or no Vegetation exist.
-The-British -ary writers -give us exam
ps of ipidemits under eircurn.siances whic]
prelndb ill posbibf connection with vegeta
bie decomposition. What ,hen. aro we t
-donclsde?. Notk I conceive, that there i
no such.thingas.a nalarial'infuence ; ther
moat be something, for suct striking. effect
can not take.place without a cause,; and of
'every ground we are carried -to othe ,belie
that-the -medium is the air. -'Though w4
know not the -naturer of malaria; nor -th
nimber of forms or vhvieties under which il
may exIst, yet we do Enow certain localitie.
id whicrit abounds; and the particular eon,
ditioniin these 6asesthich are favorable tc
its eliminaodd. Heat ind cold, drynes'and
mpisture, different electrical conditions ol
the 'atinosphiere, .hese. and many others haye
allbeen used to account for it.. Thereim
onp source of malaria. in which -the inhabi
tiits .of the Sonith-are'more deeply interested
than. all others-; I. mean stagnant water,
.marshes, or low alluvial grounds. .No one
who has had any observation among us car
doubt the fast of the greater. liability to dis.
ease in-persons' whose residence is in the
vicinity of such places, and especially in our
warm season. It is a fact not to be ques
tioned I here is such a thing then as
marsh miasma, and it is the prolific source
of a great deal of our sum m I
disease. In the .-~.-t6ildiign rar
a-p&Tyn -.otnshy or. swampy lands,
or stagnant water. If one, however, feels
himself obliged to fix his residence in the
neighborhood of such sources of disease, it
is safer to get upon the south side, as the
prevailing winds during our summer and
autumn are generally from the south. rhere
seems to be no doubt that malaria may be
carried a considerable distance by the wind.
I have in my own.observation had proof of
the value of this suggestion. There is more
danger of attack at night than during the
day, and more danger late in the afternoon,
or at sunset and little after, than at any
other-period of the day. This is accounted
for by the notion that, the malaria is dissi
pated by the heat, and diffused in the higbei
regions of the atmosphere, and descends
with the more.humid air at the decline of
the sun. Whatever may be the value of
the explanation, of the fact itself there can
be no doubt. Not to insist upon the testi.
mony of Johnson, in his work on Tropica
Climates, and the equally striking testimony
of many other writers of highest authority
the most melancholy proofs of' its truth are
exhibited every season in the malarial re
gions of' the South. It is well known that
the swamps of the low country of the Care
linas and Georgia, where the malaria exists
in the highest degree of concentration, cat
be visited with perfect. impunity in the day
-during the summer and fall seasons, when a
single night spent upon them at such a timi
is almost certainly followed by a malignan
fever, and in too many instances by speed)
.death. Before the connection of Charlestor
and the up-country by railroad, fever was
Sfrequently contracted by the traveler to thal
, city, as several days were necessary to ac
.complish the journey, and some nights has
,consequently to be spent in the swamps
r Now it is completed in a day, and is as safe
as a journey to the mountains. When one
ris compelled to pass a night in a malaria
f regions he should scrupulously avoid the
,night air, exclude it from his chamber, ani
.kindle afire for the purpose of -drying it
.A distinguished author remarks that with the
.advantage of a sufficient fire a person migh
a 'safely spend the night in tfle midst of thi
f Pontine marshes. It is a common practie<
Son the plantations of the- low country t<
, make a fire every night throughout the sea
.son. In passing through a malarial regiol
at night it is a common injunction to kecj
Sawako~. ~The affinity of malar-ia and mois
ture is wvell established, and the Ifact that it i
. ranzsported'on, fogs-. seems unquestionable
,It is not to be supposed, however, thatfog,
t are necessarily productive of disease. T[hi:
Sis disproved by the fact of -their daily ap
,pearanee in many- of the healthiest localitiel
s of our mountain regions, and it is easy t
,v guard against any injurious influences wvhiec
a they might produce, by proper attention t<
, clothing, and by making a fire in the house
SOn the French Broad in North Carolina, thi
a fogs are as common andl as dense as possi
bin, and it is tihe habit of the settlers on tha
s river to atdopt the precaution which I havi
, suggested. During my last visit to that re
y gion, Colonel A., who keeps a well-know
. hous'e below Ashville immediately on thi
s banks of the river, informed me that hi
.lairgo family enjoyed the most perfect hiealth
h ut that every night and morning throughou
.the year lie made a large fire.
p A body of woods intervening betwveen th<
l, dwelling and the source of malaria, afford
e great protection ; and it is well knowvn than
L many healthy residences have beens mad,
v uninhabitable by enuing doren the tree.1
.1l[How the woods give protection, though
question of deep interest, is yet one of conm
a paratively subordinate importance. Thas
|they frequently protect entirely against ms
i more or ei- securliy, -1a0 eie'd'oo 'o
-e gr6ved tadilit ofrdobbt. 'Whe r f't he
it thbinefanicil linpedimeaf WlIA".~tl
. offer to the passage of malaria, to the
it lsorption-of the atmospheriomuisture'an
it malaria-which -clings- to it-,- Jo a -neatrili
4 tionof--the pison by -thbsehation's Tr
I. -the tree-whether glOr -ai brib
It mode safe epis' -I" ll not discs
:ail frequently gieiw.perfietg
teetion.- Epidemics 1ve been- known
, prevail with -great severity o on Mie 6
r; stredr attacking' eie'yleousehold, -*idi,
9 inhabitant* orr the other side escaped 'entii
rl.- -A reskaen intfe 4ihinity 6T a swar
g or low grouiid, may not safer li the
as long as the.geuads-- areL eovered by
o heavygrowth,- and-ar. thm protected agai
i The lnfluence of a hot sun. --The felliq
i, the~trees'may convert it into-a-hotbed
- the generation of the most poisonousi mi
ma, which will cary disease and'death ii
ea considerable distance. it' is'.neyera s
experiment to.Gt..down Aa, body of. he.
growth near a residence in our warmass
or stit.comiemeaunt. --Suh borsho
I always' be:.performed at'ihe- beginning
winter. .- --
.At the. commeucement exeveise: of I
'South Carolio College, just closed, I
Thornwell, in-a- feeling-manner, ir his i
F dress toithe graduating - class, after alludi
to bleseparation from the institution toi
vote- himself - to' theological''teachings, 'i
Piunded the'lbllowing mature and pateri
counsels to the ydang men about to eW
upon-the-business oflife. IThe exh6rittyi
are simple and dighi6ed -frl.,a *pade
odr-journal- that no -subjett cobldb6 wortil
of. It-is his -iatAi'd' preciaos lbegA
those,(and thbir imbef.is1 egioi)' bOd
ring so manf yaars have p.rofited .by*
teachiigs, and will be affectionatelj1recei
The world is open before yoi, and.y<
are padntmg with eager hearts to enter.ap
its conflicts and its cares. It is to you-a
rayed in colors of gold,. and, although
thousand tongues should at once proclai
that Its realities are the reverse of the pi
tures of the fancy, you could not in yoi
delusive enchantment listen to thevoice,
experience. You have to leain woI
recont the story ofy3our lit ytou duiril
you as absolutely incredible that the drean
of youth should be so different from the fac
of maturity ; that the world gilded with hoi
should be in such contrast with the wor:
reflected in the light of experience. You si
now the splendid decorations of the pupp
show, but then you would find, having be(
behind the scenes, you had seen the fild
interior. As it is hopeless, however, l
think of imparting to youth the experien
of age, and to impress upon youth the wi
dom which is dear bought fruit of experienc
the next to be done is to inculcate tho
principles of morality and religion, whit
will enable a man to act his part in the u
expected contingencies and the most tryir
circumstances of life.
There mbst be to every man some prow
nent rule of life-some law to which he r
fers all his interior axioms and wh*ich coita
tutes. his standard of duty and of actic
The character will be. formed upon this rul
.and it is a matter of vast consequence
. every young man, about to step into tl
world, to ask himself seriously what is 1
principle 'which in his heart has practic
supremacy. It is possible, gentlemen,
have one law speculative, and another pra
tical, and therefore let him not ask what
the false and imaginary principle of his lit
but as himel what, on a triul-in which I
character is at stake, would he the real a
tual rule by which he would be guided.
wvhat is the rule' which is sub-ordinatii
everything tisefhs purposes, his reu
lutions and his conduct.
I know the people of this commonweal
with great intimacy, if you were asked t
question, what is the sentiment which is
mnost with instinct the ruling sentiment wi
-the young men of South Carolina, you woc
answer at once that honor is the pervadii
principle of your hearts. The very word
associated in your minds with what is nob
generous, manly dnd dignified. You u
ready to exclaim " Honor is the sacred
or law of kings. It is the nobleman's d
tinguishing characteristic. It strengthe
virtue wherever it finds it, and extends la
influence where she is not. Honor oug
not to be disputed."
*TIhis priciple, gentlemen, may he good
- bad according to the notion which you ha
of honor. With many it is nothing bui
blind impulse prepared to resent an inst
- -This is rashness. With some honor isi
Sstricted for the most part to a single point,
-being quick and*Implacable'-under resei
iments. TIo be a man of honor is to .sta
Salways with drawn sword,'ready to fi3
upon the least provocation. True coura
a is made to take thm-place of charity, r
> only in covering a multitude of sins, but
' being the substitute for every other virti
This is the honor which undirlies this fe
-ing in many in our State. By what prin
a ple have you, gentlemen, . adopted yc
- notions of honori We are all men of hc
t or.' With some a man -may defile anoti
v ire, get drunk, sell his vote, refuse to-p
- his business debts, without tainting his h(
1' or ; but gentlemen are obliged to pay " del
e of honor"-all such as are contracted
a play. Is ho not a man of honor who
' ready to resent affronts and ready to dema
t and to give a gentleman satisfaction up
all proper occasionsi Assuming this as
s rule, a manscan ruin a tradesman, break fa
s with one's'Wtvn wife, cheat the public,<
t a man's throat, if he in all points sustain tl
e character of honor and gallantry. Hori
t.among infidels is like honesty among piral
5 -something confined to themselves, to th
-own* fraternity, while they may . fght ott
t meni. The young man must be constan
-on his guard against this fictitious principi
I naainst these mistaken notions of honar.
ren latoeneuui theeas th at'a:4km ~eosided
WE haj ro 1 4 tla* thdSI 4UO ift
Ih fi reig
tsn' 'thae. rneoitpalmthei aldtinu
kd l eedt in~F
e-. men..pf honea. wha weld he- sedw'e
P kill a man who disarees with themp in ophW
not mey te k
to a great extent the measute of de ,
the-liand-iov* nseon -sai An 2
14 fiaLoed'ti Doperai4~ .
y~~ tinoer --
nited 0ied 7",
bld it ato vegg, ,'"6 to 0Veelep
sense of d*.- Itnside ;A1
yw b riap--eshek e
gioundA~b~v, 1~4 "
he .tisgs a pl ui 0. Mies
td.': ~ ~ jqo4 iO~~km
gpd I t 4 k pi ncip..whck-nsieJ
Sthe s eeleedoft virtu,.s-.a senbeef A'
- orresponds to the redtitude of it. -In -
vie*e it, Is gainsMpfrsble lifY fdedesii
T11 irt fad di
gywiIha:OpQp U e p.wa. that 2'
66' 44 ke3 4 ~ h " r1 v a ~ &
'. ed coscience.
~dWIMeSI4'GE teenis* 10ub #1414 W'
d P PP- 0 p ' en a : fi
tbority of'the consced~e' to
the good opinioi o aceet,
It pesreves that hop0r..doeaJpotfimt4p.
r- plase; .jaa Ithe pro oei esetitP: zgt
aims at bejg; praiseworthy.i. s.4t
Sgratitude, when it knows4that t
esteem- whether;it-reeive- it
highest lionor mauifdsts t - -
criterion of virtne iseisted of ihiA,
the senses of hope andted; signalizesi
d life upon the infijede hiclh the proper
e objects of hope and fear iave upon the mind
A It is no baseless deceiL The hope of God's
nsmile,and fear, of God'* frown, an the-only -
Y hope and fear known to the more generouk
and exalted spirits-that are- apable ofr'siiit.
excellence. Hono-r according to tIs qon
ception of its nature is the .onor I would
have you cnltivatE ardd cherish.. Abd yoa::
ecan cultivate and cherish these esl :el.
ments of your minds in proportion as-you
bring yourrelves into a spirit of devotion and
connection with -the mind-of Deity. C6n
* sider over these things as you stand confem'.
. plating the doing of any evil deed, 'th-i
* following of any .evil habit, that. is degradin
-to your yrth. Ia- proie 4 S:. .
the decency of virtue and-become subject to
its influence, in the same proportion do yoi
e, become truly honorable -adid truly prie
*o wor-thy. The man who sacriflees'any' duty
ietowards a reasonable cretiture to a preditin$1
ie mode of flahion, who looks' upon atytang.
at thing as honorable, that' "displeasing to'his
to Maker or destructive to. so.d ety, and? this
'*himself obligedl by this .prjn ei. to practie
asome virtues and-not others, is -y-no mess~e
'to be reckoned among true men ef-honor."
"s Settle it then, my' yoiug frids, en' your -
0- minds that conscience 'is 1ki. mnesr'e~ e6
~' honor, and'the' will of God isthe masur f- .
ig conscience. Any. teiinent'wbich Jos sot,.
*recognise the, absolute siupremsacy of sightLi*
a false sentinmentof the mindand will only
th betray into mischieft A man .who-deals
10 honestly does not justify murder, ernelty 6t?'
II- rebellion. No-man feels his characet tar'
th nished, unles he does wvhat his co''id
Id deems 'wrong; or what Go'd's 'law disap..
sg proves. True, the censures of the worldl will
is sometimes fall on those who are honorablo
l, hut whatever may- he the reproaches med
re criticism of .others;-we shall reinember that
tie a man's real worth is the lofliest praish, ad
is- wvhere there is dishonor it is still the aamse.
naS The highest test of principle is.a maqs
er deavor to deserve, rather than receive graise,
ht It is-a perverted public sentim'ent, wieA .
mnds not virtue as a constituent of-lionoer:
or In the view which a man takes of honor,.
~emay be-seen the distinction between a wise
man and a fool. He who can afford'to paue
I.honor in' Its integrity, and to praise worth -
more than mere talent without-'l, deserves.
ofmore of man, lie will shine when others
who..sgek only. th~e proriistionof *he fool will .'
~d be despisea:f.
'ht Young men, I want youzto play a noblo
r'e part in the world. I want to see you act like
" men who'comprehend what is and ought to
ig constitute .the true dignity of ypur nature. I
4.want to see no blusterers nor boasters. None
el. who rely upon ferocity rather than virtue-to -
.. maintain a position in society. I want to
ur see none of' you ashamed of. your morality,'
I or jour responsibility or of your religion?-.'
r' Go forth with the banner of truth,virfue and
y, intelligence. Be ashamed of nothing bat sin, .~
n. and glory in nothing but.righteousness, and
ts your career onear-th shall be blessed, and.
in your destiny hereafter glorious. Be mens
is true to your selves, true to your contry; --
ad your fellows and to your God, and 'may 'the"
on blessing of heaven attend you! --
th.. IVWZAT is MARIRIAGE.-.It is a Mutgui
*Lite Insurance Society, for nothin tendas to a
Utbreviate etistence so much as unblse 'nl~
us iess. It -is a Temperance Society for It tsd
o.r to keep men sober. It is an Emplynent8K -
:e ciety, for It makes all hands IndOea u.--l~ a
eir Saving's Bank, for it'makes'.ien IhI1j is -'
er one of " Twenty ways to make a fortune." It is
a speclice for many ill's, far superior to Iin
Vegeta~ble Preprtn.-Ifetmarrfage is an
e, fnens apindls pooing out stitutsion hc