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Whyc is thit? SIuabeamse a representatiw
a as responsible'fore gbod vote in 'an eliectio1
as he, is in legiilation. Perhaps more so ; as
bad goverainent duiiiiiitered y good officers i
be.ttrthqi* a good goveriment addinistered b
bed.ones, .jfany one still, doubts myassertio
thatian:olgaseyf rles South Carolina, let m
as* i,th ope -rule it, an put a case to hi
asetidbePoe of.the fact. -Suppose a large mi
jOrityudf the-peQple of South. Cavolina were t
desireanedso-express theselvs that m frie
from Abbeville, (Mr. CtGowaz,)should bele
ted their-Govemor or United States Senatoi
eould kte wBl of, the peo -e be carried out i
it eonflleted with the wishes, feelings,'or prit
cFles of a mejority of-thie Legislature? N
sr and this -House khds it. Talk of th
people of SduthCireIhi itin'thstsfe! The
hare nothigti.dbwithi b, but ii 4'dti, cu
ning..'tyra'ma Mist' rigtifng U oljaihf iule itc
Yes,-.an qli' gfo i noI disgrse th
Yeasfg .eam Qi.grh nritocra
w.a, ,espect a proper way.
If the wil of thei people of. Outh Calina ha
been.carried out in elections..by .. this. assenbl'
many areputed great man would have enjoye
his greatness in.- the- shades of private life, hi
merit unknown to any one but himself, whil
ether aueh. with, real genius, modesty, purit
and independnce of character would .have filli
the places, instead of being. shelved,-: or thur
auids, and attimes, having their fair fame blacker
ed by eslumnies and' falsehood, invented and ir
dustriously circulated to calm the popular minc
And ,it i3 thus. that our oligarchy,rule or rui
evIg-An who% tri*ts iiki'sek Oir''et fo
I have said that we he no newspapers whic
diese State plitie, and that It is the busines
of-the parishes to gag - them ; I will now ad
thatriWt.the: -business of the oligarchy to pre
leniudisoussiin on fundamental State measure
andliillleonsider the two propositions togethe1
I. beliee: it--was Harrison who said that th
edpleaI&.alwaysfe*l, though they can but sel
<foma -s 1sis isetphitically true of our peopi
Thef i'in a ferment now, a'nd have been -fo
i1"'e tiie, but they are wedded to their distrie
14gqlsa who sacrifice them to the gods of Colun:
lza.,rinie'iMd.again have- grve questionstc
14P policy, been., agitated in one, two, or thre
districts in the up.country, and controlled th
enal elections, under.the lead of good taen an
aus-;bat no fimuL.aneous movement; qan. qXI
be-mae throughout theup.country, until, th
paisplseam~ukma& -they ~-must do. While th
fire.of agitation' at burning in one district, th
cold aalnussi At death reigns, perhaps,- in,
neighboring district because its oligarchists itaea
iiirantp, F" &Nherry" epousetiv I con
aervatini a 4 iiunoe-ih 6of th
peote ab enagogues, anarchists, andeall then
by other inismouslnames, Hence only spasinodi
or dijoined efforts: have- been madei -fave
-6f-jfn refrmO The olfgachy - and the paper
for their own selish edv, are trying all the tim
to divert the miaQb4hepeople from their owi
6sinise-thelirwn uffuairs-their own instita
tions, tethodeop4he federal overnment Nov
tesalt beoant satisfactorily to myself, upoi
any oth-egrieind :than: the one I have stated
foneitsserfl desire of South Carolina, uin
der the-eadbftlb oligarchy, who are undir th
control of the pristies, to be eternally picking
quarrel with Uncle "Sam. They never let hit
reshinpeace., Wien'nliis right they suspec
hlng i e di's wrong they ibuse him.
[,uhtnr.J 'They "ar neve- contOtted wit
bn, and I cainot, for ny existenee, account fc
itas Ifefore said,.upon any ground than that
as~ prane:ple with smalL human nature to mali
a fuss. C~outinued laughter.] We are a
acquainted with that little animal, to which hth
jadis'are so partial, .and wihici. i' 'in'elini~d
.insto.make any amnount of fuss. [La'uchter.
And-tam afraid it is characteristic of littfe me
to-.do the samne thing.. They are afraid that the
imipirtance will 'not be .admitted-that the
manbood will not be recognised, and are evi
ready for a ght, or ah least for a quarrel, t
make good t~bueteloniUL~Ilughter.] 8t
at thme sametimes, you will alwaya find in regar
.to ,thein agrst-differeace - between talking an
doing, for they invariably exhibit their .peculit
chggler (s's ag - erer trying -occasion.-.
bes , anses re"onitinuially 'getting up
qarresumeeherei and 'I admit that they cal
ried ame off in thieir lasit one-secession. But, no
'wi hatending their great .pairtiality for quarre
ing 1whe.thie Mexican war came on, outc
elsevcan companies :in. the .Palmetto. Regimen
only -t,o-of.thea parish ,districts, Charleston an
Sumpter, sent an7 soldiera to fight our battle:
I-donotwish to impugn the courage of th
parrishesaby any means.: But I do~ moan to sa
that it is the nature of small communities, -asc
most'snialh-men, to be forever quarreling.
. I8 botblame the pafishes for holding on t
their .conservatisah.'-t' is 'our duty; to mak
flrimn jieW. ?6ddfiM 'swest."'It 'is' like rel
go,'pi-oerff,h 'jglpi fiset exchange, or an
qther Br,et prmce lehat moves 'men in taasse:
3Ve nmust conipel them to part with their absi
lute power over both the offiees and the legiska
ture of the inpg It isgherionsense then t
.opose .giving ,thie .election .of. electors .t9.th
peopf'e for fdai- that, it ivill'disiturb the section:
rpleiions p( the State,.and evon if it should,
ought to be done, because, as the parishes hav
held sway so. loig,'Itfi but right thait our se<
tin,'whicli isfn 'trhtli the Sbtate, sh'ould rul
awhile nowv. I haveutister hieard but four argi
.pentsradyagcedn ddfineo of the, parish systen
aadjj will ureet them in detail: 1st. It is allege
that th~e parishes 'have superior intelligence I
the districts. 2Ad. That they have more propert'
try Athug ticr ny ~ae e eom fo
befh fst'agument-lielf a century asIg e:
is ernyoe now, Bno tecon rry,
4'bbevifll hishofseiolleges and high school
* l-taallthe jairiplidi put: together, to say nothin
ofWoffoird -bo(ege,' of Fui-man Universik
The same may be said of the property<
the twab sections. - The parishes once ha
nio r'eidubtedly, liut' I have 'shown froi
the best data to be obtained, that now th
districts have above $353,000,000 more<
pfrbei'th ~an' the- parishes. And so also a
td slaWKs The distiiets now pay taxes fc
O1,6 v,more,.aauhe parishes.
eened ~a'W Ih'cburdij did once ow
*twse'Id matny alaves as the up ouantr
shisfly on acount ot~ bemng, an oldercom'
mmnity and nearer the s ea board,' while th
slave -'rade was- reopened between 180
and 1808. But thingh 'have now- changec
and althbugita's dadbtless ~right that th
parishes alhould havelh'ad A negative on Ieg
islation in INO8 : when our dearly belove
coniprdnrisea.sadopted, yet the leason
no longer~ exist. The districts" now -hav
slaves to proteet, as well as the -parishea
and all our lasoqt equally on slave
-wherev er found in the. State. Now for tb
allee antagon istiresa .oftb~e t'v
aectiorns. -Beth inections it must-be concede<
are excli2ain~ig eltera'in their-pursuiti
mn&d'ugI( 'dII lfuatd . c, .may diffe
slight .et what State- d~es iot "vary ii
of-Sa-Matine' varies greatly ian these ret
pets 'a dha ~~' promihent"-a'tefgon
isne.' ,i diided by' intelligpnt far
mers, into forgeographical 'divisions. I
The tide wawaibmdtbn, embracing sevei
districts onanooly sknown as the -lower di
-vision- efi the Statei, -2.The districts b'etweer
-the head4 of tide water add -the 'rails of oui
great' ri'e#. 3. Tlie $Istriett. betweent the
*falls if tfe riversandthd zonaotains. 4. The
monetain district. of Anderson., Piekens,
Greenville9 8partanberr -ade York where
our 'de'nse - white population, o' inputairi
democracy, as is is dubbed, resides. The
first or these'sd~dui. produces principally
ruieenarndSong-staple' aettern, The! aed
moe-.short staple notton ad lesse . ~,Tbd
third less shord staple cdtin and aforejiajn
.g- iei h rdu'les mostly grain and
hve stoi.. although it is relatively, the
poorast ~iln in the State now. yet a the
interior railroads are aliIng its people facili
ties of transportatio' fto market, it is quite
probable that the up country as- a !whole,
from this time forward will iake two:dol.
lars in wealth for everiy oie' the .pariihes
y may be able to accumulate. Now, why
n should the tide witsrditi-estnd long staple
e cotton section have aiiegative on the other
' three. Would there not.he. -astmuch justice
in giving each of 'the four sections a nega.
tive as any partictilair one -Ad if one only
must have it, which one shall, that be I the
, parishes of course I suppose. If the princi.
f ple of negatives holds good in* one case, it
holds good in,.aandtherefore why should
not our Senate consist- of say forty eight
e Senators, twelve, represUe'diinea'edh-of'the
four sections. Virg'inia 'orde hid three or
four negatives in her Senatei.opon a;similar
- principle, but the march of.rspubican insti
r,. tutions has swept it ai*ay. and witith all
- bickerings, all jealoities and what ilit he
I styled national antipathies; for the principle
of negativesboaiedwpon geographical lines
in the same government, virtually makes that.
government embrace, as many different 6a.
tions or governments as it has geographical
d negatives. South Carolina now has two
t distinct BSitesiaid pdoples: under. onelgov
erament, and,there are hearts burnings and,
stifes is 'ferce between the two sections as
L i (they spoke different languages, and -never
r metin.thesame legislature. We have no
legislature and no' legislation except what
the parishes choose to-grant us. They ad.
s here to old laws or :pass- new ones only
L, at their supreme 'will and pleasure. The
Missoui compromise -ag e geograph.ical
4 negative, ind'wifat iialbee its -rts,but
to make two nations .of the American peo.
ple t-I go. r. concqrgent negative, or
rather a ooncUrrent majoity in the language
r of Calhoun, if -1 understand what he means
t by it, an4' 1 think I do; but I can never coA.
sent to aiy ge'ograpical negative. All the
f southern Atlintic States had it just after the
a revolution, and they have all abandonel it
Virgiia, as I before said, has. done it, and
surelySouth Carolina can follow with safety
ih0ldadoftliState which gave birth toWash.
ing . ffeqen,.Iadison-ani 'onroe, atid
W auhicb.adoptea and has' adhered to the reso.
a lutions of. 1798-9. The parish or geogra
- phicilly negative system, had its origin in
- the union of church and state before the
" -evolution. Freemen every where in Ameri
ca denoune this union as an unholy alli.
r ance, and what does the word " parish" re
, call to the niind of every intelligent-man but
e the priest ridden people of England? Al
l though church and state are severed in theo.
ry with. us, yet in the continuance of parish
rprer an in; !he. Legislalre, .just- as it
was before the revolution, with only slight
modifcaions,..our; people are grpaning in
e might'y throes'under evils as oppressive as
a those they felt before the revolution, in 4he
a actual union of cherch and State. A geo
t graphical negative.cannot be defended upon
principle. The controling party necessarily
become insolent and domineering. They
I imagine the'nselves better than those over
e :whom tley hold sway, as is the case now
lI with out parishes.. They have saint this,
e and saiint that-and saint the other, until they
t really believe themselves saints, as we con
I Tindie tN submit to injustice. Fronm all this
" ( conclude that the very reasons which made
rthe compromise of 1803 perhaps right, now
r make it wrong. We should remodel' our
osystem of representation, or .at least expand
it and extend it to provide for the new circum.
d stances aro6n'a 6is~u and relieve the evils
d that press upon us. In short, the time has
r. arrived,.when State sectionalism should be
aefaced fom our government-when each
. cindistrict should have its legithnate
C. representation nd no more, andl according
1. to any basis rather than a georaphicail one.
f .Our-'peodple'ard~ as homogenmeousin interest,
t' tastes; habits and pursuits as any State on
d earth, and a. localized antipathy should no
'longer be permitted to exist.
e a.aware that Mr. Calhoun's great
ame isoften quoted, and especially 'hid fa
mous letter to. Col. Orr, in support of our
o parish system, and in opposition to giying
e the election of electors to the people. There
-is. no man whlose memory I reverence more
Y than!i do that of Mr. Calhoun. I am proud
' .that be was .my countryman, and promtder
.still, that I a'm' ai iistive of the isame' State
o which gave hini birth-whic~h loved to honor
e him, and which ho delighted to honor in
ci return. But sir, great as he was, ho was
tstill but a man, with some of the frailties
e incident to humanity; and I am greatly afraid
Sthat he wanted to cdntinue in the office of
SUnited States Senator. He knew that if
~he sided wholly with the parishes that the
d up country would oppose him, and that if
o he4 wgnt whoQly sitta the districts that the
"-pi Mhdeiopposb hini;an'd iserhaps for
a this reasoin, he pursued a medium* e~trse.
It may have been, too, that he - desiried to
Skeep Souiearoliia unitid, while he carried
7oi'tiis giantic :varfare in the assertion of
&Stafeg fs .wiith the federal governmnent.
s It woul have not benm wrong .in him as a
I wise -statesman to use pretexts even for stay
ring'the hand of discord' here under .the cir.
eumsances istorylis, ull . 9 fuch exam
f ples;ss-where..wise and great men have giv
d en only aw owmtes for .a mino- policy in
n order to effect a greater pupose. I confess,
e sir; thitrif that, letter enbodied' his real
f thoughts i~n'Thi'sulijeit, T einnut think that
a he- matured them well, and he adnriis. t|ht it
r was written hastily. That lettei- is in direct
I conflict with the principles of2 the man's
am whole life. No where else can I find, in his
, speeches or writings, any argument, prineci.
Sple, or :thought,t ie1.oonsgnance with that
e .letter.. I will give you t wo strangeinconsis
I tencesiuhis views of government, if he felt
Iwhat he wrote. We all recollect, that he
e denied to thelast'Benton's calumny that he
-hadbes fabfik'the' Missouri comipromise,
, anti thate based his ooposition to it as an
a American Patriot and Statesman, upon the*
B ground that it was a geographical line; and
, yet he, our imisi" illustrious man, could de..
s en ageograhialline~ intett' gbvorn
a .went.. heother inconsistancy to which I
>. allude is the~ stilking fact that he opposed
I the idea of giving the election of .electors
to the peoiple, almost etirely for the reason
r. that -the-State 'jvula' ultimately., adopt the
V"general ticket system." Yet' wlhen he
penned that objettoin, he knew that Presi
dontlal i.Etebs'had always been -instuete
foi hom't'o vote, see by South Car'olina,
-rn.the -very 'foundation .ofthe Gsotern
.went, and .that -this Legislature, consisting
Sof one hundred' and sixty-nine members,
-could by a be ioQrity of one, cast the
r whele vote of tlie wfiol. State. .Although
ve~y'rMiny orng, ydt, sir', he was lmot al-.
ways right, asalI of us must know. .Even
pSouth Carolina condemed him almost unani
mndbaly for thet principles of his Memphis
.repo.rt in favor, of internal improveinents,
and ths (whole 'Amneriean people are now.
convinced that he was wrong in~ his'speesli
on ther14dlhsionmno>Mish ln, when he
1dontended that Congressaand. not the tates
-bass'thel constitutional pbwerv'to rdulate
'dyfl~kb.- le was in'error hers &ndoub tedly,
leaqJs,.C'quares' can" regikiute'fuffrage,
an abolition majority at Washington might
me no pleasure to find fault with- Mr. Cal
houn, and I would not have said this much,
but for the abiding confidence with which
the people of Carolina received every thing
that came from him. They seem to vener
ate bis very faults, and prefer' to follow him
in the wrong, than others in the right. I
own it does credit to the hearts of our peo
ple but not:.co-their heads.. This blind obe
diencer this taking for granted, is a bad omen
in a republic.
A few more words and I have ended.
Something must be done In the way of pro.
gres as regards our parish system, as re
gards voting by ballot here, and towards
giving the election ofpresidential electors
to' the people. -They! will not listen to on
treitiis to" be conservative 64 tateaffairs
mpch. longer. ,Our Bystem is radically de:'
fective, and I verily believe that if a conven
tion of oebUndred men, such as Machis.
vlli; Talleyraz'd.and Martin Van Buren,
who is at the head. of American diplomacy,
could meet together for the purpose of fra
ming s goveriinment so that an oligarchy and
not ithe people might rule it, that no better
one could be.formed than ours, even if tun:
nin a<nmi shoild preside over its delib
erations. Gentlemen laughed, perhaps in
derision, a few' ioments ago, when I re.
marked that'the State was. married to the
Lunatic Aslum. But, sir, there is mere
truth than poetry in it, in regard to ear
views on the electoral question, at least.
Al lie other States have given this eleetion
to the people. and.they must have.had some
very convincing reasons for doing so. A
mad mtan isalways-pronounced such, when
ever his views materially differ from those of
the rest of mankind Judged by this stand
ard,- South -Carolina, is very like the .man
who was confined in an asylum for the in
sane. A friend 'of his happening t.o see him
through .'the grate, enquired, "What are
you doing hire 1" to which he replied, " The
cause of my confinement depends upon a
difference of opinion. The world say I
am mad, -bt I think they are mad; however,
as they have- the majority, they conAne me
here." In conclusion, I wish to say that of
the many bills upon the table, in relation to
giving this election to the people,:[. shall vote
for that of my friend from Greenville,.(Mr.
Perry.) His bill embodies, as I think, the
true principle which should govern, .in giv
ing this election to the people, namely-the
federal basis. It is a better plan; in my
judgment, than either the district or general
ticket system. I woult like to see the dis
trict system adopted i6 all the States. It
was, .beyond all question, the system con
templated by the framers of the constitution.
But the other Stetes have adopted the gen
eral.tricket, and perhaps wisely, partly to
keep the election out .of the llQuse, and
partly to preserve unity in States' rights
principles. I can assure the gentleman that
I will not only vote for this bill, but will ad
vocate this, and other refurmI before the
people. And from this time forward, he
will find in me a, devoted friend to State
reform. Although we are wide apart as
two men can be on federal politics, yet we
are near each other in regard to State affairs,
and especially against the parishes. (Laugh.
,ter.) l.have saidl thlat all thie powers of the
State are concentrated in the legislature
that. various institutions of the State are
married to the legislature and that we are
all married to the parishes; I now say to
my friend that he and I are married together
for an eternal warfare aginst tho parishes,
3J N NEWBY& C0.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIlL
TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS, &c.
J il.. NEWBY & CO., under the 'U.
e S. Hlote.l, A UGUSTA. Ga., are now receiving
and opening the LARGEST, B3EST and MOST
FASHrONABLE ASSORTMENT of
EYER oi~ red in the, City of Anieusta, comprising
EVE RY VARIE TY of
For Gentlemen and Youth's Wear. wich for au
perior QUA LITY or MA NUFA CT URE cnnnot
be imrpassed. in this or any other "Market. In addi
tion to lwh, we wills weekly receive.
from our House in New York. 'We -also keep eon
stantly pn hand a LARGE AND SPLENDID
Youth's & Children's Clothin !g
W Counit-y Merchants n'nd ALL PERSONS
visiting Augusta will certainly find it to their interest
to examine our Stoek, as we are determined to offer.
our Goods to the trading plublic on-th~e meat reasoa
ble terms. .
gg Thankful for the past kind and liberal pat-.
ronaige that *e'have received from the citizens of
Edgefield andthe adjoining Districts, we hope to
merit a continuance of the samec.
-J. M. 'EWBY & CO.
Augusta, Sept 24, tf . . 36
r H Undersigned have associated..with them in
the Ready-Made Clothing B~uuiness, Mr. C.
U.DAY and WM. S. WISE, and will continne
the same under the name of J. M. NaiwBY & C,,.
Aug 1, 1855. tf 87.
THE EDGEFIELD BOOT AND SHOE
MANUF A CT OR Y
'f HIE Subscriber most respect
1.fully inform his friends that
he is atill at the same old Stand,1
and makes to order,
Boots and Shoes
OF THE BEST MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP,
Also, on hand, a ver fine assortment of .
Dress, - Double Soled' Water -Proof and Quilted
A, s' .usual, .a variety of those FINE PUMP
- iBOOTS, so much and so justly admired.
All of which, in future, ho willisell at the Low
est Prices for CASH and CAS[1 ONLY.
He will strietly adhere to this rulein every instance,
and earnestly trusts that NONE wvill expect him to
deprt fromn It. -' WM. MlcEVOY.
'Sept25 . .tf , 37 ]
Of the Tin MHanufactury,
NE AR Da. R.:T. MIM S' T AN Y A RD!
T JIE SubscrIber would respectfully infornm the
citizens ofESdge6eld 'and the surrounding Dis
trts,tbat he has removed to his residence, where C
lhe haarecently erected a large and commodious I
hop, and is now prepared to carry on the .
[N ALL ITS BRANCHES, such as Mannfactu
ring Tin Ware for Merohants, ROOFING, G UT
ERING, and-al znann~er of JOB WORK.
Always on hand a general assortment of
TIN AND- JAPAN WARE! j
0? Mdeeelan~tg sup~site& at shortest notice and on ii
he most reasonable terms. Orders-solicited.
OctS3' tf ' . . 37
tavanie Batteriesk& Magneto Electrie
. UYST received, and for sale by2
P A. G. & T. J. T EAGPE1 Druggists. c
u..y2 t' f 19)
Pall Trade, 1855!
BEG to inform their-friends and the public, tint
they continue the DRY GOODS business in
Il- its branches, at-thefr old stand,
290 BROAD STREET,
Where they are liow reoceiving a full and complete
ssoitmenft of .
haple and Fancy Dry Goods,
lurchased from the most eminent importers and
)ealers, on such terms as will warrant u .ii guar
mteeing those who may favor us with their trade. as
ood Goods, at as fair prices, as can be obtained in
;eorgia or South Carollba.
Atmong our assoriment.will be found the riche't
OF THE SEAsOt, SUCH AS
Elegant Moir 'Antiqu. Graduated SILKS:
Satin,.Striped and PlaM Noir 'Antique SILKS;
Splendid Satin Plaid SILKS, new styles;
Plaid Chene SILKS, elegant new styles ; '
Low priced colored SILKS, of every description;
Black SILKS, in all widths, very cheap;
Bischoff's Red Letterlbl'k SILK, best importel
French MERINOS, ill colors, very low priceil:
English CASHMERES, COBURGS, PA U
. - METTOS;
Rich Plaid WOOLEN GOODS, very desirable:
French Muslin DELAINES. solid colors:
rigured Muslin DELAINES and CASH
MERES, very cheap;
BOMBAZINES, Lupin's best make, full assort
- ment -
Black ALPACCAS,very ch ap. some extra fine;
de CHALLYS and J1ELAINES; ,
do.; POPLINS and Watered SILKS;
CLOAKS of.the very newest and most ele-ant
daigns, in Cloth, Velvet and Moir 'Antique,
from the most popular Empotiums of N. Y.
Embroidered ind plain Crape SHA WLS -
Long and. Square Woolen SHA WLS;
Extra fine and large BLANKE TS;
Low priced tine do
Negro BLANKETS and KERSEYS, of su
perior qunlity, and exceedingly low priced:
OSNABURGS and STRIPES, factory p'iees:
Bleached HOMESPUNS, of the b, at water and
wiretwist factories :
Sea Island Brown HOMESPUNS;
HOSIERY of every description, for Ladies',
Gent's. Youths' and Miisses';
EMBROIDERJES.4 the finest kind;
Fine White PLANN, from low priced to
extra fine -
Heavy all wool Red PLANNELS. cheap;
Kentucky JEANS a n&SATINETS;
Fine French CASSIXIRES;
CALICOES. GINGHAMS and CH ECKS;
Damask NAPKINS and TOWE LS;
Superidr 10-4 )ouble DAMASK;
H eavy 8-4 White and Brown DAMASK, &e.
With a full and complete assortment of all Goods
Ibually kept in Dry Goods Houses, to whieb we
vould respectfully invite the attention of the public.
. GRAY BROTHERS.
Augusta, Oct I tf 38
EDGEFIELD C. II., S. C.
T HE Subscribers
continue to build
to order, and of the
BEST MATERIAL that can be procured,
Carriages, Buggies, &c.,
3r avskv S-rL. AND DgsoawrroN. They Aiso keep
3onstantly on hand a line nd varied assortment of
New amid Second-Hand Carriag es
giEPARING neatly and promptly attend
Thankful for past patronage, they hope by giving
lue attention to their business and the interests of
heir custoimers, to continue to receive a liberal share
f public favo.C. M1CG R EGOR,
SMar 28 tf ___ 11
Carpenter's Sheet System
O F Cutting Ladies' Drssesm and Gentlemecn,'s
Coats and Sacks,-also, Vests. Pantaloons :and
Gaiters, together with Youths, Boys mand (iirh~
garments of all kinds and styles, will 'be tanght to
Ladies and Gentlemen by'a'
IFew Plain,. Easy and Simple Rules,
oas to learn thenm to cut with EAS~E and SILL
my of the above mentioned Garments.
The Copyright of this State has been assigneod to
G~o. S. MCNEILL & Co.,4,f this lac~e.
Persons wishing to nail themnselves of this Sys
temt or wanting iinrmtion will call or leaive their
arders at Mlrs. MlcNEiL'S Milliner Estaibishtemn.
GE0. S. McN EIL & Co.
Edgelleld C. TT., May 30 ly 20J
T H1OSE of our citizeins, who desire to~ protect
.1their houses, barnsm, kc., fromt lizistningt, w ..n bl
to well to try Orls' 131PROVEi> PATEN'l
LIGH1TN1NG CONDUTCTORS. fly applic~ationt
to the subscri',er, Agent at this phi, they enmn pio
sure these rods and all necessary lixtutres. arnd,
what is more, have them well put tip, alt at umoder
ite charges. These Con~duetors ha:ve been la:edr
wver the Court llouse and Jail by the Conunoission
irs of Publie Huildings. They are the best, decided
y, yet invented.
S. S. DOYCE, ACES.\T
A pril 4 if 12.
-Ad mnisti rato's Notice.
A LL4 Persons anywvise in'1ebtedl to the Subsceri
b er, either by Note or Accont, are re.ritested
to pay up, as5 1 am deterined to' elose up tmy busi
mesa. Aiu persons failing to comply with the above
motice had better lookout.
20 WIL1SON ABN EY,
O N the Road between Edgefiehil Vilage ntod tmy
house on Saluda River. oin Tuesdayv last, a
small POCKET DIA RY, with a mnemoranodumt or
areaither, &c., and containing about One Ilundred
Dollars in hank Bills.
A liberal reward will be paid for the delivety oif
he same to me, or to Mir. W. P. Butler, at E'lge
ield Vilag.A. L. DEA RING.
(I UE Subscriber wishes to buy LA Ni) WAR
..R A NTS, and i ill give the huighesrt Catsh
priees for thema. R. II SUL LIV AN.
SKgust I tf 20.
*Caution to all,
A ""'"P'irons"n anwiseindeted' o th*S'i"eri
C1 ers, either individually or collectively.nare
sereby forewarned to settle tip at nn early dlate,
itherwise they will certainly have to settle with an
Attorney. We have a large amount of nmoney to
aise in a given time, and are necessaurily cotmpelledl
o pursue this course. Take heed, therefoire. all ye
eho are interested. J. 1I. J EN NINGS,
SSept 0 tf 34
DRUGS, MHEDICINES, &c.
[DRS. A. G. & T. J. T E AGUE, respect
fully intform their friends and patrons that
hey have just received their FRESH Stock of
Pure and Genuine Drugs, &c.
aend will be pleased to wait upon all who may favor
hem wvith their patronage.
Spaee will not allow us to give a Catalogue in th's
'lace of oar Stock of Drugs. Medicines. &e. Snf..
ice it to say, we have the F U L LEST nd1
ifOST COMPLETE Stock ever
&ifred in this place:
SEdgefield C. H., Miay 23 tf 19)
[W -=LLIAY SHEAR, Augusta, Georgia,
VThas just recived fromt New York a supply
f English PRINTS, of new and beauttiful styles,
nitable for the Fall season). Also, superior Mlerri
inck and other Amerioan PRINTS, of the latest
SAugusta, Oct 2 t f 38
R'O Horn's Creek Acadremny. The appliennt
Lmust be wellI versed in the Mldern arid Anciett
anguages. None need apply unless they can come
'oli recommended. WASil. WIlSE,
* JOIIN FAIR.
Oct 2 . tf 38 Trste:.
"Ecotomny Is Wealth !"
31 00D clean Ragsbof every description will be
I purchased at the" Advertiser 0'iiee." Prie,
eta per pound. Now, hero's a chaince for ablnes.
rery body, and o14 bjwhelor's too, to manke money.
April 1.8 tf 1.4
N PLOW STOCK!
WO RN -OUT, -LANDS *11.
-field District is respectfully cajied to this
triet, and theycan be had at my SHOP.at
casox, Hamiburg, S. C., at 85,50 pir Stock.
warranted, in saying that it has NO SUP&E
ility, together ivitir its peculiar fStuess for sub.
LOW NOW IN USE,
lo so, and if they do not ansver t1.6 prpose,
S. F. GOODE.
NEW FALL AND WINTER
T HE "Suberber, being now in receipt of his
Sghek' a' Goods for the
Fall and'Winter's Trade,
(A nd thankful for the very liberal patronage here
tofore extended to him) respectfully solicits a con
tinuance of that patronage and an examination of
LARGNAND GOOD SE.CTION,
In which nY be found a SUPERIOR ASSORT
BLACK AND COLORED SILkS;
French and English MERINOS;
Figured,Printed and Plain all wool D&LAINES;
Black and Colored CHALLIES;
Black and Colored GINGHAIS
A great variety of CALICOES and WORSTED
GOODS not here mentioned
Jaconet. Swiss, Diotted,'Ch'k'd and Mull Muslins;
Cambric and Swiss T RINIMINGS;
Chemisettes, Collars and Underalceves
Thread. Linen and Lisle Edgings, &c., &e.
Blaek CASSIMERES, SATINETS, TWEEDS
and Kentucky .lEANS:.
Bleached and Brown SHEETINGS ;
Georgia PL A TNS and STRIPES ;
Marlboro STR II'F.S for Servants;
Mlarseilles Q CILTS;
White and Red FL~ANKELS;
A fine variety of Colored do.
Bed, Cradle and Crib BLANKETS;.
A large supply of Negro do.
An unus.ually lnrge and exeellent assortment of.
Groceries, Hardware and Crockery I
A fine and beautiful selection of
BONNETS, HATS AND- CAPS.
A verj large and splendid Stock of Cents, Ladies,
Alisses and Children's
BOOTS AND SHOS,
with a full supply of well-ma~de
Together with muany -other articles which mighit
here be mentioned, but the Subscriber trusts that
the abuvo. as a general outline of his Stock, will
suffiee for the present.
Willing at all times to shsow his Goods to any
who may favor him with a call, the trading commpu
nity are easrnetly requested to step in and exatmlne
for thmselves. R. H. SULLIVAN.
Sept 26, if 37
NEW CA'iPET STORE!
(m T OPTnIS HtatoFLI&31LRT.)
DIRE CT IMPORTER OF ALL KINDS OF
RUGS, FLOOR OIL CLOTHS, &c., &c.
* LINEN GOODS,
Curtain Mater'ials and Trianumings,
.--&c.., &c., &c.
.234 KING sTEEET, CEABLEBTON, 5- C.
- 6S" P. S-AOrders promptly atilended to.
Anig8 .6m 30
IRISLA NDNNtN R#E RY
. * ES (lirefer Foa ill~ninter
IPlating,,(1855-'&56)~ the fullowing'desirable
A PPLES.-A'seleet list, of early, memlinik and
into varleties. including mnaity of the -newan
imperior Sout;hers seedlings, heretofore idenribed
isn Southern Cultivator=-25'een'ts each ;-$20 per
.EARS.-Dwarfs anad Standards, msany cly-ice
vafrieties,-50;eents each ; $40. per hundred. Etra
large trees, SI;.
PE ACIIRd.-A succession from June till Octo
ber, inceluding' amsmy native seedlings, 25ecents eackh;
$20 pet hundred..
.k-PRICOTS,'-NECTERINES, PLUMS and
CI1ERR[ES, of the best varieties, 50 cent s ech:
$40O per hun Ired.
FIGS--Several, choice varieties, - including thme
Celestial, Alicant, Black Gekoa, &o., &c., 59.
.enits each. - :
GRAPES-,.The genuine Cataawba, from Axt's
Vineyards ;,1% Welrs- upenn,&.5
cents eh;$4.0 per hundred.
QU INCE~S-The Orange varietf, :well rootd
and strong Plants, at 23 eents.
STRAW BERRIES-More than thirty choice
varieties, incluiling all the moat desirable. These
Strawberry Plants have been awarded the ,first
.Premniumn at the two last Fnirs of the " Southcrns
CenlraL Agricultusral Socety."' Pr'Ees, 50 centu
per dozen, or from $1 to $3 per hundred.
BL ACKBERRIES-The genuine new Rochelle
or "Seneor-'s Mammoth.". Berries of extra size
andi fue flavor. Well, rooted plants 50 cent, each.
POMEGRANATES-The Sub-acid, or Sweet
variety, at 25 and 50 cents. each, according to size.
OSAGE:ORANGE.PANTS, for Hedging
large quantity of vigorous Plants, of 1. and 2 year.
growth, at $5 to $8 per thousand.
OSIER,-OR BASKET: WLL4W--Cnttings of
the famous B--neridgii, at $10 pet -thousand, or $2
pe-r uiingle hundred. Also, the. Viminalis, at $5
per thousand, or $1 per hunds'ed. These Osiers
arc also very valuable for hooppoles, when two years
old from the cutting.
II Orders will also be received for choice RO.
SES. ORNA41ENTAL SHRURS and TREES,
EVERGRERNS, VINES and GREEN-HOUSE
UJ7 The vqrious. Railroas divergin in almost
every diredtil 'from Augusta, alord ample racilities
for shipping to any part of the South. 'hes will
be cnrefully packed and forwarded by Expres, or
otherwise,'with safety and.desipatch.
$7 Fronm'middle of. tabeor until first of Fe5w
ary~ ias.e pirac tinde fbtransplan'tng-the earlier
in5 rinter the better. Purchasers will be furnish
-ul with such'(printed) direeiions for the planting
amnd muanaement of Trees, &o, am will (if strictly
followed) insure success.
SAsidress-. D. REDMOND, A ugusta, Ga.
n,.t 31 3ma2m 42
W'Ewould call the atten a of the p tJ
oar NEW and WELLSFLECTEDIthockVe
UNDER THE AUGUSTA HOIEL ,RAD' STREET
Where we are pr4pared to suppiy orders inour
line, at Reduced Prices, .-: A .
UNSURPASSED QUALITY .
We would invite purehasersto cal biefote"bying
elsewhere, for we WARRANT a -
Large DeducUoi from Old Prices.
UE3tiv~ 4 IsI1~
Aour#A, Sept. 7,1855.
R m.-;-Havng made arrangments Fw,
Supplies with the- " Ec4isr - it'
New ,t enablesi lib! ented
low rates . S.
Agusta,%ept - 6m
IROAD sTRnrAUGUBTA tI
C0aA.RFLEEI aft ROT. EggZ
-Are receiving: their fall Stock d.
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS VAUISES,
CARPET BAGS, '&Crid' -
Oar Stock will comprise all the mat fashionable ar>
ticles, and those tbafenn bebi%6*n dsmd4for dern
bility. Also, a large and superior lot of.
Negro Brogans, -
Me's Rip BROGANS and Womens Lther'
We feet confdent that we.% 'w8e of the'
BEST ASSORTED Stocki al %bas ever
been in our City, -and request obr "iTeia '
friends to give s a-call before purchasing. - -,
Aug 29 - 3m -. . -7,3.
H AE eeird ber*FALL . AED WiI4R~x
SUPPLIES of the Latest 14ts1
would invito the attention of those who . the
best Goods to call and make seletions.
Clothing -- -..
OVER GARMENTS or all ths'-'nettMytee,
Dress Coats, Pantaloons and'Vesta; Office abd Ba
sines' Coats, Pants and* Vests, Wad a"Gensitl as
aortment.of Fashionable Clothing.
UNDER GARMENTS of all kindsf Dressing
for the-ieck, Scarfs, Stocks' Tisa Gloyee'id all
other articles useful for dress and convenience.
Augusta, Nov 6
H A R V L ET, MAY711
HAMBrJG, S. C.
NEARLY OPPOSITE TZF4AMERICAN JQTF.
THE Subscribers baving entered
into a Co-Partnership fok the trait0
G EtNERA L-0 0ERY9U-8T#9&1
Solicits the liitronage of their friendseni tibblie
nedIV, Having carefully selected's -OHOWIC
TOCKOF G6ODS, and'at low pricesm ' *ise
prepared-and determined to sell as low as G d
the siame quality can be bought In this or the Au
gusta M.arket. -
Our stock comprises nearly every attaleusually
kept in similar establishment.. We frdastd Our
Goods for Cash, and can afford to sel st"VBRY
LOW FiliURES. -'
Our Stock consists in ' of
SUGAS, COFFEE, N, 0, AN k. NN.AS8E8
Bacon, Lard, Pear, -
Candies, Raisins and Nuts, of all'dsznka
TOBAGGO & SEGARS ,- ''
'Piehles, Pepper, Allspice, Blue S
A good assontment of~Lqort
Also, a fine lot of Croekerr and Glade fVai fatn
and Wooden W~are, &c., &c.
JOHN D. HIA1%VLEY,
Hanpburg, Nov 20, .6 , 4
L oo k a t T hiui-1j
Buitgies, i ge,
&c., &o. &c. ,e,
'TMIE Subscriber still carries on the Carriage lu
-s 'ine,'s at the old 'stand or A.. Beueua and
would say to the' -people of the Distriiect th~iey
may at all times fmnd a good assortment't -of'
oC A RRAGES AND B'I$E'
ohtma, ofhi pmnufatcture, tawilbe's'old
tgood punctual eustomers on as resonta.eterms
athey can be bought in any Southern ninrket.
I have seenred thesprvices of Mr+ BesHssrLL,
for the present year, -dom' his ot'xperience
in the Carriage business, I think that purchasers
may expect satisfnction in their work.
N. B-Tamabso prepa'redfrall'tinmes to furnish
COFPINS and IIEAR E-fortay" partion' of the
Distriot at the ahorfest-notice.; '.f
Edgeid Ci., ai ' 1(1f 18
FOR TH*AJms t
WV E have on' handlagreat vTeiety 'e C j~es,
-Handkerchief Extracts, ToiTef: 'ewE and
am assiortment of-Faney andToilS.ep'N
Pomades. Pure Beak Oil, Hair Tonlele'- Rera
tives muil Hair Dye; ' -'
Pt eston Salt. and Aromatie Vinegor. 'i a 4
Cream of Bheuty, Carnation Ronde-Hah-De
pllstory, ho., to all st which .the -attentkasi 'etthe
Ladies is reimpeetfcily ibvited. For uateO --"d:
A. G. A T. J. TEAG UE, Daggists.
May 23 , .f . , 39
ofR .Addison, drec'd., are. rine~ustg$ to
present thema properly attested to thr, underiped,
to whom also those indebted to the Estae agre
quiredto makce ermt aet.
- -p --m '' .tf PENN,
.- Adm'or with the Will annuxed.
MayD 9 if4 . !- . .17
SATE OF SOUTH CARO/A,
. EDGEFIELD .DTSTRIC?. '
Martha Aran Mngruda- j~~le
'Elenor Thur,ond and others .
IThurmond, one of the Defe ''us N ess~ae.
reside beyond the limits of this Stat Oontion of.
Mr. Landrum,p5olicitor, it is Ordered ~s'~ said'
Georg' Thsmand,4~,'apeaansqwIdemur toi,
the allegatioqe of tlia -Bill,yrithistigzqe months froun
the date of thismoblication, or judgment pro een
fesse will bec entered against him.. ': .r
A. SIMKINS,c.ja. nm,
Oot 27, 1855. 3m 7 42'.
ST4iTE OF SOU1,'H OA ROLN
Johh'Parkttan and others~e, ts.
IT appearinte to miy aigisfagtion tha hl~Davis,
I.Melia Parleinn and.Marion Parktna ;reside
.without the limits of- the St*t, It .is theefowe gr
dered, Thatibhsy appearenfd objeot -to thte division
or sala of the reil estate of Mark Parkeman, dse'd.,
onor'before 'th'e 10th day of January next, 1856, or
their consent to the same will be entered of record.
Given under my had t(yoffice, th day
of O.'R55. R.,T WR , ..
Ordinary's Office, Oct 10 -3m 3fL
* For sale, -
1WO Grade Devon Bull Caltes.
1a few Grade Graise and Sd~bek Pigs.
Enquire at this 06tece.
Aug 29 tr
A LARGE variety-for sal by~::
May 23 ;. ti f
THE Subscriber wishes to buy S$0 good
iDryides R. HT. tiuLIVAN.
December 5 tf ' .-' 4
THE REMEDY FOR_
T HE attention of the Planters'of Edg
JUSTLY CELEBRATED and VE]
I have purchased the right for Edgefleld Dii
Edgefneld C. H., and niso of Rosasoa & J.
From Certificates in my possession, I as
RItOR FOR ALL PURPOSES. Its dural
soiling our old worn out lands, makes it the
(-31 Any person wvishiiig to try them can
may return thein without charge.
E1moFTlm) C. H., Sept. 12, 1855.
STARTLING, 3UT TRUE.
WARNING TO EVERY SENSIBLE WOMAN
Wihy T.cimawles Suffer in Health.
'No woman (f ielicavy ls willing to disclose Ch pecalar
ailmentiLs incideint tu hur sex, even to a moot intimate fanily
This moipdCresty anl delicacy Is implanted by nature, and
ueiier slitul il'r nieedl be z nljieele too the rude shncks in
evitable in naakilg known to the lother sex those ailueli.bu'
ilI)IIig exil.,ir ely to the fteniale.
Except in ex:rente cases. her sensitiveness will sacrilIe
her lcalth rather than her ielicacy.
The contsecuences are seri-bns, lamentable, anId life-long.
Thus what it irit cogild have .been easily remelied, 4r
perhaps buter .till, not inctirred, becomes a ciomipliitin ol
disease, not only.ruining ti hvalth (if the muoter, anid ul
biUering her days by sickness and sulfering, but entalcg
brioken e.Insiititutions upimi her chilirene. and dinarnelIng, it
Ilnt disre.ming. the businems and pecuulary prupects of Uth
husband. Let every senaible winti
(:ts thaw w: have ilone) by the hiter experience and'saffer'
in fo~ oh rs. the drenifd alnseqtuenuves shte entadis uplil
ierself and. those endeared t.p her, by her ignorance of the
siIllip!,-, anI pilainest rule, ofr health is connected with the
narriae 4late, the iol4ation lf which entails disonee, suffer
lipw Ilanly are, .uiering froiim rh.strudcion lir irregularitiet
pievnliar ii Mhe fentale solein, whicht under-mine the health,
iiie &mes or which the are ignirant. :ani for which theii
delleer frbid:-ee inv neical olvice ! low nllany slcl
trinl jlI4A/4p4 --I fuiaiin. for the wtnh.) or tralin fjluoi
/ weaknevi'.I ~..bili1:y.&e.): 11.1w nitny tre in coinstaI
nig-ny (.or nvmany h prelngcnienu owitman)
h:ave'd ,illiiil. If wit ngetiigriouS ieliveries, lnd sliw and un
Tio the iIt.i'.n. hmt ar.-he to be prevented? whal
i.'i every w4nn1 n i n for her1111, n1 ilh0ouwt 1'iolencet to
he-gr dien 11.'. he inature an. chii arneteiir sIt tile aliileZ (ill wiil
an .l ih.- proloe'r rentedI~ies i .r ilsIenre anell lututre prevention4
THE MARRIED WOMAN'S
PRIVATE DMEDIOAL C0mPANl01,
BY DR. A. M. MAUTRICEAU,
r'::or:sson O P D1i 4.. !.$ -1sO F WoME.N.
OneC iiiandlr(Odh Edition, (500.000) i8 mIe., p. 250.
[os m r.1-c a.1:. i ni ms, $1 ,00.]
Plin4-p. lianl (:ber eil-.er,.o by the pIJ~rinciparl~l'
h'Irt1e4hr I 1". nt:16ns twa ie ulsidb
h-)'..bee :.ibl.' f"whichIthsvre wereyuInrd o
ate-in: h hi " etinto ist wh.'Iich it k1is hidl asnl a ireb
rwhih 1I . Ii 4. uri y': consltr'e 1 1 y 1 the iland th11 inl pers~o.
I'I aml the prI.- :m .d44i1 lL-r. i her :14 rm Ilit. 111d' i
Th n ''~I ill' .I.h'u )t vni -.:: n11 Inther ha-l l ttl n eell of in'
sm-lo 1 1d n11 r.'e-il If th nnIust Dhml1Al: rne e MAI'tuI'
!..M h, w;; tin. I Auch: iniiALo :end aice, " and aso'e.i
I".Iy I.r :hr:4.'a l iset IeenlilarIitil ineident, ther Cituatio:
hre de cribn4.
pr;' otLir-eiuree:l to ennvey fully the varllu'
At hc r:4tet ot c tteni'a tahe trty ITende
ilnl lt:ine.p0 in' itthu p: 'oik hanjrd CICa1Lengton ton
hell init L e dy te wine tulih wnilly art u
EIrtra::icei' t.) llr. pu. . (r wh:m is gn. ho
11>.. .ill all . att'rs e :fb ,i".i
--.\ly wIeh. npr.tbl ikn tf r 27tethe
.eu4 .. Ilnore 'E.t. ofn'ehIn: Mf her;'ren antehad. aufil
111 l .'lt'I:.. In- ' 1:.s h h l O 'ni 1 d iri e-ililtntei o* tev r
the'ro het ovenio' n d.pr1re haf. 1I'x (lmse t5'I)int thisae ri
liIngl vIa lieta: bh-. and resigned. in.e 'tosuee thdebwt,
.\il ti..ema (ike p1Iow 11414t 11wo1 n1nth)1 1licad our'ilillfd
.-lif;:.. lr--e dan y itee ;inccin ond the wyil bae
M1'~~l'. M..M.i.n' poie aWes. It pene a~ prl'.+
nir 1.11 iderat ion ten el 1epay th Anbi toa .oidi
enl.opain. wl!.iil t' i 1r 1 thi 'tt..: i~ the i r woulsnv
havet Aceniill: in r g r andlt gany chidrnnoet boteriens.'
elvi. le i; by iglhtI txr ordinary. l': ::. aai ms irstonbigae
ito:''.'gn oIli)i.. p~ .~Ym dpL'rs. ~l. :Cn lurpttin.
iN h. he~ -n7 i-r herlre4
(u n'e.n h a.' ?I'cte itep a nd hyonluiyfrpe
Physici.a hns'r Buggenyr r n un and Pocetl
nirewdtoJ r A. & 1. . TillEAl'. , box 1.i York
MDe 1 i ' 41