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MESSRS. COLTER r SCOOTER, Editors.
" Let idle Ambition her baubles pursue,
While Wisdom looks down with diadain,
The home of the farmer has charms ever new,
Where health, peace and competence reign."
FEWER ACRES AND BETTER CULTIVATION.
THAT the farmer can realize more from
fewer.acres more thoroughly cultivated, is a
truth to which every sensible man will rea
dily Consent, and yet, strange to say, not one
in a thousand Southern farmers, will reduce
the theory to practice.
In urging this fact upon the attention of
our farmers you will seldom, if ever, meet
with one who will not assent to every asser
tion of its superior advantages; but you will
also hear the old fogy reply, that unless you
plant.largely in the spring, you will have but
little to gather in the fall. It seems to us
that we are so afraid of starvation, that we
can not trust so much to the result of labor
as to the yield of extensive fields not half
cultivated. It is hard to make one who is
accustomed to planting more than lie can
tend, believe that one acre with double the
manure and double the cultivation will yield
more than two acres with half the manure
and tillage. He may give his assent to the
theory; but his belief is a dead faith, which
will never be shown by his works.
It has been said by an eminent writer up
on this subject, " that although millions of
Hebrews inhabited the narrow and rocky
land of Judea, and though restricted by the
Agrarian law of Moses, under which, as the
population increased, the inalienable patri
mony of each family became smaller and
smaller, yet they made more and more."
Why was this? Because the cultivation was
of course better and better. But let us
come nearer home. In the populous North,
we are told that fifty acres constitute a very
extensive farm, and that few can boast of so
wide a domain.. We are also told that land
is not valued there as in the South. Here,
the older the land, the less valuable it is ra
ted. There it is the reverse ; the longer a
field (or we should say an acre) has been
cultivated, the more it produces; and conse
quently,. the more valuable it becomes.
But let us come still nearer home. Look
at your vegitab~le garden. (We here presume
that every good farmer has a good vegitable
gardeni. We wonder if weo are correct in
our suppjosition ?) How much does an one
acre garden yield when propierly cultiva
ted and manured ? It would surprise any
one to know how much it can be made to
produce under a system of thorough, scien
tific culture. -it ordinarily takes a farmer's
family a whlole year to gather and consume
what is produced upon the half. acre gardens,
whiebi are too often neglected, and more sel
dom appreciated by these rampant universal
In view" of these facts, let us examine
some of the advantages of planting fewer
acres and bestowing upnn them a more
thorough cultivation. Nut a few of our far
mers plar.t ten acres in corn, ten in cotton
and ten in small-grain, to the hand. This is
folly. With such a crop he has no time to
repair his fences, attend properly to his cat
tIe and hogs, make manure, cut ditches, or
do many other things necessary on a planta
tion, which in the end would be worth as
mouch to him as his whole crop. And how
is such a crop cultivated ? Scratched a lit
tle in dry weather, plastered in wet weather,
mangled and torn, and probably throughout
the whole year the growing crop does not
receive one good working at the proper sea
son. When gathering time comes, it is a
scanty yield barely sutlicient for the support
of the hands and stock employed. Mules
to buy, bacon to buy, negro clothes to buy,
shoes to buy and away go the proceeds of
the cotton crop, and the farmer is left with
his hands in his pockets, without a " conti
Now suppose- he had only planted eight
acres in corn, four in cotton and ten
in small grain. H-ow easy to prepare for
such a crop in the first place, by thoroughly
breaking the subsoil and pulverizing nicely
the top by a cross plowing. How easily
cultivated would such a crop be, by giving
it just the work it needed, exactly at the
proper season. He would then have time to
harvest his small grain, to raise his mules
and hogs, to repair fences, to build sheds
for his cattle (which is equal to half feed) and
to make more manure than he could haul
out. We noiv venture the assertion that the!
latter method would realize as great a yield
per hand as the former. We wvould have no
bacon to buy and need not buy mules. Our'
far ms would be increased in value. Our stock
would be. in finer condition. Our negroes
would lie more valuable in consequence of
not being worked so hard .
We need pursue the subject no farther, our
farmers have each and all set their pegs for
themselves, and all Russia and the Allies
combined cant pull them up.
G m. o.-D. Jay Browne, Esq., of the Pa
tent Otlice, submitted a paper oni the subject'
of guano at the recent session of theU..
A gricultural Society in Washington, in which
allusion is: made to the alledged new discove
ries in the Pacific, with reference to which
the " American Guano Company" wvas re
ce'ntly organized. The quantity of this fer
tilizer imported durinig the year, covered by
-the last annual census returns, exceeded 200,
000 tons, and was sold for not far from $60
per ton. In view of the possibility of a
m~atei-ial reduction in this price, ams a result
of the new discoveries, Mr. Browne remarks
tat the return of the expedition sent to the
Islands by the government, and which ha
no doubt already set forth, " will be looke
for with no little anxiety by all interested i
agriculture," and- adds:
"Should the expectations of this compan,
as to the quantity and quality of this guan
deposit be realized, they propose to sell it t
the American farmer at the rate of from $3
to $40 per ton, or at about two-thirds of th
present price of Peruvian guano.
" With such a reduction in the cost of al
article of prime necessity to the cultivator
of the soil, we may naturally look for a vas
increase in the production of grain and ii
the general melioration of the economy o
MESSRs. EuITous.-I f you think the foi
lowing views on the subject of -Overseeing
worthy of publication in your columns, the;
are at your service.
Whoever undertakes anothers busines!
makes it his own, that is proposes to emplo
upon it, the same care, attention and dill
gence, that he would were it actually hi
-own: all of which is expected by his em
ployer. The agent then is not at liberty t
ride and gad about the neighborhood, whib
there remains a possibility of benefiting hi
employer. If then, he directs all his ene
gies to the cares and business of his employ
er as suggested by his- best judgment an
study, which should be given to them wer
'they his own, he will have discharged hi
duty, while we think that it would be advan
tageous to overseers to obtain situations wit
practical and scientific. farmers as employeri
we would also think, that employers shoul<
select middle-aged men of experierived juda
ment, with as much science as can be con
manded and then give good wages. Thel
the calling of overseers would not be consid
ered as low, but on the contrary as honora
ble; for good wages will ever command th
intelligence and skill of our best men in th
field of Agriculture.
As reguards the management of negroei
if the Overseer does his duty, he will ne
need the assistance of bull dogs, pistols c
dirk knives, to render them entirely sul
missive to all reasonable regulations, whe
he shows himself by his general bearing t
be worthy of their confidence and respec
We do not believe that the hard driving an
all fuss and hurly-burly system will pay. I
is killing the goose to get the egg. It ma
be said that we cannot do this and mak
cotton but I know we can do right, an
make by the operation.
For fear of trespassing on your patienc
we close these remarks of one, who is n<c
ashamed of his calling of Overseer, wvhic
has been successful heretofore, and will eVe
cheer him amidst his duties in the
felCLOIElR AT THlE S0fTHI.
W felvery much inclined to keep thi
subject before our readers. That it wvi
flourish any where, and on all kinds of soi
without much artificial aid, wve shall not al
tempt to insist. liut that we have mtucha soi
and many places in which it will do wel
we cannot doubt, and wve are quite as sure
that with a little help it might be introduce
very extensively, and with how much benm
fit we can hardly attempt to estimate. Il
value for hogs and other stock, when it wa
made to succeed, would be a very ampi
compensation for all that it wvould cost. Bu
the largest bienefit, we imagine; wvould be t
the land. With such constant culture wit
the plow and hoe, as our crops demand,i
the cotton country, our lands must wear ou
and that very rapidly. Now, if we can fin
some friendly agent, which could build u
and restore our exhausted fields for us, whil
we were exhausting and wearing out anothe
portion with our cotton crop4, we should fei
that our case had been exactly met. All thi
could not perhaps be promised b~y the cloven
crop; but nothing else, we suppose, coal
conmc so near to it, and with its aid, and sue
additional help as good managers might pre
vide, we might expect to see our lands gros
no worse, and hope for improvement. Whil
at the State Fair at IMontgomery, it was ou
privliege to have a long conversation wit|
Col. Croome, whose experience on his farri
in Green county, Ala., has not been a ver;
short one in the use and cultivation of th<
Red Clover. lie reports his success as ai
form and complete. His experience is, tha
efore the introduction of Clover on li
farm, lhe w~as a meat buyer, but that now hi
has one hundred pounds of pork to the hand
for sale, after ample supplies for the negroe
on the farm, and that it costs him so little
that lie scarcely knows where it comes from
and besides this, he has corn for sale, an<
makes very full cotton crops. It is demon
strations like these, that make us urge it:
claims and insist on a fair trial. We learn
moreover, that after the land has been in co
ver a few years, that its productions are in
creased to an almost incredible extent. W,
do not ask that any body shall hurt thenm
selves by the trial, but we do insist that it i
worth the effort to make a small experiment
so that he who fails shall not suffer muel
loss, while he that succeeds shall have dis
covered a great prize. The first of Feb ruar;
is a good time for sowing. Black lime land;
are the best. The plowing for preparatio:
should be very deep, and the pulverizatio!
very complete, and the seed should be pa
in very light, with a brush or light harrow~
Milr. Editor : Trhis valuable little herb i
too much overlooked by farmers. Everj
one who plants a foot of ground shouhi
cherish it; were it more generally used
deaths wvould be less frequent, and sickness
maclh mitigated. The cat perhaps owes iti
longevity or plurality of lives to this plant
Every body knows how fond that animal i
or it; no doubt the name thus originated
Catnip is readily propagated from the seet
and thrives in almost any soil. Early in the
summer the leaves should be dried and kep
for winter use. In Colds, Pneumonias, ami
flammatory fevers, it is invaluable. Doc
tors may laugh and call us "granny" bu
this will not deter as from warmly recomn
mending the universal use of this excellen
herb. In diseases generally, especially oul
winter diseases, we know that the pores o
the skin are closed :get an action on the
surface anid the disease generally is soor
mastered. Catnip is a pon-erful sudorific
Give a little cailomnel, and catniip tea profuse
ly, and never allowv the approach of the Ian
cet, and nine cases otit of ten of that terri
ble disease, pneumoniia, will be cared.I
am iiot writing theoretically or riding a hob
by horse. I can speak of its salutary anm
life restoring qualities from having repeatedly
tried it on myself and from personally admin.
iearing it to oters. It works like a charm
The tea is made after the fashion of Iyson
I or other teas, either from the green or dried
i herb. Farmers try it; give it a fair trial.
Soil of the South.
THE FARKER'S MUGHTER.
. At the mention of one of these rural god.
) desses how many good things of which they
D are mistresses pop into our heads ? We
involuntarily think of butter rich and nice,
a chickens fat and nicely dressed with a dish
s of gravy close by, nice boiled hams, cab
L bages, pickels, strawberries jellies, citron,
i &., besides a host of fat pigs and turkeys for
f extra occasions.
There is always something refreshing to a
man, in the idea of a country life, especially
to one whose early dayr were spent on a
farm, and ho can fully appreciate what we
mean, when we say, that for real enjoyment,
solid happiness and domestic felicity, the
country life surpasses the city a thousand
fold. In the city, formality, that dull stupid
round of nonsensical, fashionable duties, must
Y be observed ; the hours for visiting are adopt.
ed, the time for social enjoyment is allotted
s and the amusements for the evening or morn-,
ing, in many instances, are prescribed. These
laws must be obeyed or the offender is con
9 sidered a "green'un" by the fashionables,
t and perhaps justly so, and the consequence
s is, a smart bit of gossip gets afloat, the bur.
den of which, is, to the effect that " such an
one called at such an unusual hour, staid at
such a place until such a late hour, introduced
such or such an unknown topic or amuse
Snient and by his unheard of rudeness gross
a ly insulted the daughter of such a Mr. B., or
. Lawyer C., or Dr. D.-Against the obser.
vance of such formalities in a city or' town
we urge no objection, nor do we murmur,
' that he who violates etiquette in the smallest
p particular, should be properly censured ; but
the point we had in view when commencing
this article was to draw a comparison be.
tween the advantages which a farmer's
daughter and a city lady have for social and
We have often heard farmers, in their
e great zeal for the enjoyment of theirs. say,
" well, it is so dull, so monotones in se
country, I'm almost determined to break up,
sell my farm and move to town, that ry
Is daughters may have the advantage of better
r What an error! Vhat an insult to the
. integrity, the industry and chastity of those
n living in the country ! " Better society !"
Where could there be found better society
0 than that which has raised up moral and
t. i religious people I True, the town might open
d a wider field of acquaintance, might afford
the " daughters" a wider sphere for making
suitable conquests, yet at the same time it
I would expose them to a thousand unthought
e of rices, (if the term may be applied here)
d: temptations and inconveniences. A new
mode of life must be adopted ; old and agree.
e able habits must be restrained, new habits
e formed, formalities adopted, expenditures in.
icurred, and a thousand little pleasures for.
h saken they once enjoyed.
r A farmer's daughter is, and has a right to
be, the happiest living. Free from those con
ventionali ties that prove so burdensome
where enforced and observed, their neat little
chamber is a palace, their home a kingdom,
and the society of friends and relations
around them an empire of loving, sympathi
sing hearts. Every day has its novelties,
~every hour its swveets. She is subject to no
studied expenditures to make a show for a
Istreet parade at 4 o,clock every afternoon,
nor to captivate the worthless, vaunting
beaux that call at half-past eight at night ;
but dressed as becometh the sphere in which
she is ready at a moment's warning to enter
stain her guests, in the parlor, churn the
sbutter, make *a bed or discuss politics or
religion as the case may require. If she has
been properly raised sihe will tnot be at a loss
iin doitng either of these things, and when
nthe hour for dinner arrives she modestly
nbegs leave of absence, only for a minute,
dand before you are aware of the departure
of even that minure, shte returns, and wvith a
"smile that tells you for her guest, site invites
eyou to dinner.
rAnd then what delicacies! what fruits!
what meats, and suchm puddings, jellies and
ssauces! You would immagine, if you kanew
no better, that these were the very best fix
ings from some French cookery
-WINTER BUTTER.-T'o prepare butter for
v winter, take two quarts of best salt; one
e ounce best sugar; and one ounce of saltpe
r tre-mix thtem well, and use one ounce of
thme composition for each pound of butter.
r The buttermilk should he entirely pressed
y out before saltinag; other wise, the salt will
a escape wvith the milk.
-| For immtediate use, salpetre should not be
t used; as its coldness can be perceived for
s some timte afterward. It all become entire.
lly blenaded in a month, and then theo butter
,will keep for years, if excluded front light,
s air, and heat.
.LAVENDER SCENT BAG.-Tlake of Laven
der flowers free from stalk 1-2 a pound ; dried
thtyme atnd mint, of each 1-2 an ounce ;
s grountd cloves and caraways, of each a 1-4
of an ounce ; common salt, dried, 1 ounce;
nmix thte wvhole well together, and put the pro.
duct into silk or camabric bags. In this way,
it will perfume the drawvers and linen very
lAE would call the attention of the public to
Your NEW and WELL SELECTED Stock of
tAt thte old stand,
tUNDER THE AUGUSTA HOTEL, BROAD STREET,
.Whtere we are prepared to supply all orders in our
line, at Reduced Prices, and
SWe would invite purchtasers to call before buying
elsewhere, for we WARItANT a
iLarge Deduction from Old Prices.
HENRY & SKINNER.
A UGUSTA, Sept. 7, 1855.
5P. S.-Havin g made arrangements for our Fall
.Supplies with the " Excelsior Manufaclory" of
New York. it enables us to sell at unprecedented
low rates. 11. & S.
Augusta, Sept 7 6m 35
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
E DGEFIELD DISTR[CT,
F.. N COMMON PLE AS.
r lh1E Plaintiff in the above stated ease, havinmg
t .th is day filed his Deelaration in may Oflice, and
the Defendant havinag teither wife nor Attorney
known to reside the within the limits of this Stato,
on whont copies of said Deolaration witht rules to
plead cant be served, Oat motion of ailr. AnAMS,
P laintiff''s Attorney, Orderced that siaidl Defendt~tt
appear and plead to said I eelaration within a year
and a day from the date hereof, or final anmd absoluto
judgment will be given agaitnst hinm.
THIOS. G. BA CON, c. a. a. a.
March 15', 1855. lqly ___ 10
"Econiomy is Wealth !'"
~OOD elean Rags of every descrip~tion will be
purchatsed at the" A dvertiser Q00i. Price,
2h ets per pound. Now, here's a chance for almos.
every bo'dy, and old bacheloer's too, to make money.
WARD, BURCHARD &CO.
A RE now opening their FALL and WINTER
supplies of C.HO I C E FAMILY D R Y
GOODS, selected with great care from recent Im
portations, and comprising an assortment which fur
RICHNESS, VARIETY AND EXTENT,
is not usually found in this market. As they now
hive the reputation of selling First Class
Goods upon a MUCH LOWER SCALE OF
PRICES than they have been usually brought here,
they beg to assuretheir friends in Edgefield District
that they intend to keep up this standard of
And to KEEP DOWN PRICES to a fair remu
0 To Cash and prompt paying customers, and
to none others, we shall offer great lpdoements to
visit our establishment. Our Stock consists in part
of the fllowing ress Goods.
RICH VELVET BROCADE SILKS;
Mario Antigue SILKS, in black and colors;
New and beautiful shades of Plain and Ripped
SILKS, very heavy and rich;
Plaid and Striped SILKS in great variety;
Black Italian and Taffita SILKS;
Silk Robes, Satin Turk, Cashmeres, DeLaines;
Ameline Cloths, Plaid Stuffs;
French and English MERINOS, all shades;
Plevin DeLaines, Persian Cloths;
English, French and American CALICOES and
GINGHAMS, Calico ROBES, &e.;
Black Bombazines, Canton Crapes;
Canton Cloths, Black Challies and Alpaccas;
EMBROIDERIES and LACE Goods of every
EVENING DRESS GOODS in every variety.
Mens' and Boys' Wear,
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, SATINETS, VEST.
INGS, TWEEDS, &c.
For Family Use.
BATH, WHITNEY and ROSE BLANKETS;
Linen and Cotton Sheetings;
Pillow Case Linens and Cottons;
Red, White, Grey, Green, Blue, Welsh, Saxony,
and Domestic FLANNELS;
Table Damask, Doylies, Napkins, Towelings;
Wine Cloths, Fruit Cloths;
Lace and Muslin Curtains, Curtain Materials;
Colored and White Dimities;
Ilucknback and Birds Eye Diapers, &c.
NEGRO BLANKETS, Georgia and Kentucky
Plains, Cotton Osnaburgs, Georgia Stripes, &c.
CS' Orders filled with the most careful attention
and all Goods Warranted.
WARD, BURCHARD & CO.
Augusta, Sept 18, tf 36
THE EDGEFIELD BOOT AND SHOE
r HE Subscriber most respect
fully informs his friends that
lie is still at the same old Stand,
and makes to order,
Boots and Shoes
OF THE BEST MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP
Also, on hand, a very fine assortment of
Drcss, Double Soled Water Proof and Quiltei
And, r~s usual, a variety of those FINE PUMI
BOTso much and so justly namired.
All of which, in future, he will sell at the Low
est Prices for CASHl and CASil ONLY
lie will strictly adhere to this rule in every instance
and earnestly trusts that NONE will expect him t
depart from it. WM. McEVOY.
Sept2-> tf __ 37
EDGEF] ELD C. HI., S. C.
r i HE Subscribers
..continue to build
to order, and of the
BEST MATERIA L that can be procured,
Carriages, Buggies, &c.,
OF EvERY SiiE. AND D~sCaRroN. They also kec]
constantlj on hand a tine nntd varied assurtme.nt of
New and Second-Iland Carriag es
gIREPAIRNG neatly and promptly attend
Thankful for past patronage, they hope by giving
due attention to their business and the interests
their custo.mers, to continue to receive a lib~eral share
of public favor. C. McGflEGORL,
F. L. S.\ITil.
Mar 28 tf 11
Water Proof Ware-House,
HIAMBURG, S. C.
STHlE Subscriber has taken the.
- PantrsWater P'roof
Ware-House, formerly occupied by Mr..Jon.:
UsnEm, Sr., and by strict attention to business h.
hopes to merit a liberal share of the patronage o
the generons public of the upper and Cotton-grow
The Ware House is above high water mark, an.
more secure from Fire than any other Ware Hous<
I will also attend to receiving and forwarding
Goods, &c., intrusted to my care.
C. HI. KENNEY.
Hamburg, Sept 1st, 1855. tf 34
I17 Independent Press will copy one month and
or ward account to C. 11. K.
Gum Elastic Hot Water Bags and
H OSPITA L CUSHIONS-for sale by
A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, Druggists.
May 23 _ _ _ tf 19
A tar go Lot of Glass Ware.
T INCTURE and Specie Stands from one ga.llom
to half pint, assorted ;
Vials and Bottles, all sizes. Also, a few Ther
mometers,-lor sale by
A. G. & T. J. TE AGUE, Druggists
Ma y233 f 19_
Cupping Cawus and scarificators,
A LL kinds. Also, Lanceta and a great varietl
L.of Surgical Instruments, for sale by
___A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, Druggists.
Inks, Inks !.
BLACK, Blue, Indelible and Carmine, for sal.
Bby A. G. & T. J. T EAGUE, Druggists.
May 23 tf 19_
ANEW and improved Style-Also. Nipple
Glasses, Breast Pipes and Pumps, Nipiple
Shields, Teething Rings, &o. For sale by
A. G. & T. J. TE AGUE, Druggists.
May 23 tf _ 19
A L ARGEvariety-for sale by
A AGG. & T. J. TEA GUE, Druggists.
May 23 tf 19
STATE OF SOUT[H CA RIOLINA,
IN COMMON PL EAS.
Dr. Flourney Carter, FrinAaket
Win. H. Hlovoy.
vs. Foreign Attachment.
The Same. )
Bank of Hamburg,
vs. Foreign Attachment.
The Same. )
T'HIE Plaintiffs in the above stated cases hanving
.this day filed their Declarations in my Oflic,
and the Defendant having neither wife nor Attor
ney knouwn to reside wvithin the limits of this State,
on whom copies of said D~eclarations with rules to
plad ean be served, On motioiv of Mr. SmaLs,
Plaintf' Attorney, Ordered, that said Defendant
apper anmd plead to said Declaratiomns withmin a year
and dlay fro.m the date hereof, or linal and abisolute
judgnent will lbe given against hinm.
THOS G. BA CON, c. c. a. n.
Clerk's Office, Sept 3,1855 lyq 35
A LPersons anywise indebted to the Subscri
ber, either by Note or Aocount, are requestedl
to pay up. ;a I am determined to close up moy bu.i
ness. All persons failing to comply with the above
notice had better lookout.
W IISON AlIIN.
T HE attention of the Planters of Ed
JUSTLY CELEBRATED and Vi
[ have purchased the right for Edgefield ]
Edgefield C. H., and also of Roeirsov &
From Certificates in my possession, I a
RIOR FOR ALL PURPOSES. Its dur
soiling our old worn out lands, makes it th
(7 Any person wishing to try them car
may return them without charge.
ED. FrtI.m) C. H., Sept. 12, 1855.
H. L. CUNNINGHAM & 00.,
GROCERS AD PU VISI0 MERCHANTS
AN) DEALERS IN
FOREIGN WINES & LIQUORS,
HAMsURG, S. C.
W E take this opportunity of returning thanli
to our patrons and friends for the very liber
encouragement and favors we have received fi
several years past, and respectfully solicit a contin
ance of the samne. Our highest aims, and best er
deavors will be to merit and deserve the patronag
of our old customers, friends and the public geno
rally, by conducting our business as we have don
heretofore, and increasing our reputation for
Low Prices and Fair Dealing,
And making it to the decided advantage of all wl
favor us with their tr-le.
The imcreased patronage we have received ar
are continually receiving has induced us to BUY
LA RG E and WELL ASSORTED Stock of Good
in order to meet the growing demands and inerea
The Superior quality
Of all Goods offered to the Public at this establisi
m rent, is so well known that very little need be sa
upon this subject. But with the unity of LOi
PRICEM. and the VE.RY BEST QUALITY C
GOODS, is the system of business the subscribe
pae tomied to carry out. This wvill be made a
piaetoevery branch of~ their business.
Our Goods in all instances will be what they a
represented to be-and when sold by sample, shi
always be in conformity with the sanmpl.
We are constantly receiving and have in 8to
a COMP'LlETE ASSORT.\lENT' of
G R OCE R I.ES,
LOAF, CRUSHED, CLA~tFIED, ST. CRoD)
AND ORLEANS SUGARS.
ORLEANS SYRUP & CUBA MIOLASSES,
TENNE~SSEE AND BALTI3IRE BACON, LAPl
SOD)A, STA RCH, SOAP,
WhITE WINE AND APPLE VINEGARS, &c
A large atssortment of
WINES AND LIQUJORS
Consisting of Pipes,Ilialf Pipes and Quarter Casks
Of the following celebrated Brands and Vintagt
Omard, Dupy & Co., 1838, 18-14, 1847.
A lex. Signett, 1852, 1855.
blartel & Co., 1847.
A xarat Signett, 1849.
.1. .1. Dupy, 184S.
P. Sianett. 1850.
OLD BORDEAUX & CIIA)PAGNE BRANDIE
IMADEIRA, PORT AND SHIERRY WVINES,
JAMAICA AND ST. CROIX RUnMS,
GIBSON'S EAGLE W H115 K E Y, AND
Domestic Liquors of all kinds!
TnEa AILRANGEMENTS of our Store are such as
make this Establishment in fact the substitute of t)
cellar of every consumer.
IlOTELS and persons wanting small assort<
:lots of Chosice Wines and Liquors for special oca
sions, can be supplied at the shortest notice.
COUNTRY TRA DE supplied at the wholesa
F AMIlLIES can conmmand the bcst Table Wini
at very low prices, as also the cheapest sorts
Wines and Liquors for culinary purposes.
PIIYSICIANS requiring fine Liquors for med
cal purposes are particularly solicited to eall and ej
amine our Stock.
We keep constantly on hand a
Of Saddles, Bridles, afartingales, Whips, Sadd1
Blankets, Bed Blankets, several Cases of fine
Sewed and Pegged Boots and Shoes, La
dies, Misses and Children's Shoes,
'Waterproof IHunting and Ditch
er's Boots, Boys and bMen's
Brogans from No I to 15,
Fur, Wool and Silk Hats,
Cloth, Plush and Fancy Caps,
Osnaburgs, Sheetings, Shirtinigs, Stripes,
IGeorgia Plains, Gunny and Dundee Bagging,
Bale Rope. Twine, &c., &e.
We soiieit CASII ORDERS from parties n(
visiting our Town, and will endeavor in all instar
cs to satisfy in every particular, all who conlid
their orders to us.
Persons visiting this Market are earnestly solicite
to give us a eall before they make their purchasel
We are determined to smake it to their advantag
by selling themi their supplies LOWER than the
ean buy them elsewhere.
[E We will give the market price for Cottom
and every other kind of produce offered.
IH. L CUNNINGHAM,
Hamburg, Sept 18 tf _ 36
STATlE OF SOUTH CA ROLINA,
ThmsIN COMMON PLE AS.
Thmas II. Trent,
7 1 1 laiutitr in the above stated ease, havin
Athis day filed his Declaration in amy Offici
and the Defendants htaving neither wife nor Attom
ney known within the limits of this State, on whor
copies of said Deelaration with rules to plead ea
be served, On miotion of Mr. SmYEs, Plaintiff
Attorney, Ordered that said Defeindants appear an
plead to said declaration within a year and a da
from the date hereof, or final and absolute judgmer
will be given against them.
TIIOS. 0. B ACON, c.c.s.n.
Ot 11,1855 gly 4ti
A LL4 Persons due the late Firmt of Brindley
Rosammond, by Note or Account, arc hereb
no:tiiedl that they will be placedl in the hands of as
Attorney for collection if not settled soon.
R. J. DELP11, for As.signee.
Ulnmburg, Jan 21 2t 2
WA L LIAMil SMEAR, AgsaGog
Vhas just received fronm New York a suppl
of English PRIN'TS, of new and beautiful styles
suitable for the Fall season. Also, superior Merri
-ack anid other Amterieatn PRINTS, of the lates
Aug.mta Oct '. If 3
IN PLOW STOCK!
WORN- OUT LANDS I1I
efield District is respectfully called to this
istrict, and they can be had at my SHOP at
JACKSON, Hamburg, S. C., at $5,50 per Stock.
m warranted in saying that it has NO SUPE
bility, together with its.peculiar fitness for sub.
PLOW NOW IN USE,
do so, and if they do not answer the purpose,
S. F. GOODE.
STARTLING, BUT TRVZ.
WARNING TO EVERY SENSIBLE WOMAN
Why Females Stuffer in Health.
No woman of delicacy is willing to disclose The peculiar
ailments incident to her sex, even to a most nltimate family
IPhan odesty and delicacy is implanted by nature, and
neither should nor need be subjected to the rude shooks in
evitable in making known to the other sex those aihmena.be
longing exclusively to the female.
- Exceptin extreme cases, her sensitiveness will sacrifie
-her h rather than her delicacy.
r The consequences are serious, lamentable, and life-long.
Thus what at first could have been easily renedled, or
perhaps better still, not incurred, becomes a complication of
disease, not only ruining the health of the mother, and em
e bittering her days by sickness and suffering, but entailing
broken constitutions upon her children, and embarrassing, if
not distressing, the business and pecuniary prospects of the
e husband. Let every sensible woman
TJgKR .RAIUW IN' T I*VR,
(as thousands have done) by the bitter experience and suffer
ings of others, of the dreadful consequences she entails upon
0 herself and those endeared to her, by her ignorance of te
simplest and plainest rules of health as connected with the
d marria e state, the violation of which entails disease, suffer.
tonw many are anffering from obstruction or irregularities
, peculiar to the female system which undermine the health,
the effects of which they are ignorant, and for which their
delicacy forbids seeking medical advice I How many suffer
fromp eut teri (failing of the womb,) or from fluor
albue(=wea ness, debility, &c.)! How many are In constant
agony for many months precedingeonfinementI How many
. have difficult, If not dangerous deliveries, and slow and un
dTo the question, how are these to be prevented? what
Y shalt be done ? the answer is simple.
F Let every woman ascertain for herself, without vlienee to
her delicacy,the nature and characterof the ailment(to which
rshe us a fetnale is ubjet)the eauses fromn which it ayarise,
- and the proper remnedies for its cure and future prevention.
Thi she can do b~y possessing a litte voilume (already
possessed b~y tthousattds) which tells her what is the matter,
eC anaditls her what to do for i, in simple but chaste words,
ill and such as she can understand.
This litile volum is etntitled
eo THE MARRIED WOMAN'S
PRIVATE MEDiCAL COMIPANION,
BY DR. A. M. MAURICEAU,
PROF~ssot O F D ISeEA SES BOF wo)IEN.
One Hundredth Edition, (500,000) 18 me.., p. 250.
[oN FINE PAPER, EXTRA BtNDlNO, *1,00.]
A standard work of establIshed reutatIon, found clarned
D in the Catalogues of the great Trae Sales in New-York
Phladeiphia, and other cities, and sold by the principa
bookseilers in thc United Stales. It was first publhe In
194t7, since which time
Five~ Hundred Thuousanud Copies
have been sold, of which there were upwards of
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SENT BY MAL,
', attesting the high estimation In which itis. held as a rellabie
g, popuiar medienl
BOOK. FOR EVERY FEMALE,
the author baring devoted lisa exclusive attention to the
a, treatment of complaints pseculiar to females. in respect to
which he is yearty consuited by th~ousantds, both, in person
und~ by letter,
h ere every wvoman eau discover, by comparing her own
symptomst) with those dlescribed, the nature, character, causes
of. and the prolier remedies for, her conmplais.
The wife about becoming a mother has olien need of in
struction and advice of the utmost importance to her future
healtih, will find such introduction and advice, and also ex
plain many symptoms whleh otherwIse would occasion anx
- lety or alarn, as alt the peeculiarities incIdent to her situation
nr i cuse impractieable to convey fully the vsrious
subjects treated of, as they are of a nature strity intended
for the married or those contemplating mrig.The reve
lations contained In it gs have proved a bsnto thou
sands, as thetnnumerablenters reeilved by the aubs(whleh
he is permitted by the winters to publish) will attest.
0 Retract of a Lettr fron a gentemnaa ia Deiytos, O l.
CDr. .4. X1. Xa~urie45au:DArMaI,1T
" My wifei has been perceptibly sinking for some three
d years or more, in: consequence of her great anguish and auf
fering some months before and during confinement; every
successive one more and mre debitlitated and prostrated
her, putting her life In imminent dangr and which was on
the'last occasIon desaparesd of. I suppsdthat this state of
things was inevitable, and resigne myself to meet the worst.
At this time (now about two months) I heard your book
s highly spoken of, as containing some matters reaching my
case. Units recei and perusal, I cannot express to you the
rellef It afforded nmy distressed mind, and the joy its pages
imparted to my wife, otn learning that the great discovery of
- M. Md. Desomeaux provided a remedy. It opened a pros
pect to me which I little coneived was possible. No pecu
niary consideration can ever repay the oblit nsJam under
to you, for having been the means of Impatng to us the
mauers contained in " The Married WomnsPrivaae-Medl
cal CompanIon." But for thIs, ere another yerwould have
passed over my head,in all human prbbltmwifewould
have been in her grave and my cldren lef mores"
e In consequneof the universal popularit er the work,s
videnced byits extraordinary ssle, various fupositions have
been attempte, as well on booksellers as on the ubl~c, by
imtatonso titte page, spurious editions, and surpttous
nfrIngements of copyright,and other dovices and deetos,
t has been found necceary therefore
TO CAUTION THE PUBLIC
o buy no book unless the words " Dr. A. Md. Maactcu,
29 Liberty Street, N. Y." is on (ad the entry in the Clerk's
Office on the back of) the title page; and buy only of respee
able and honorabie dealers, or send by ttl, and address to
.Dr. A. Md. Mdauriceau.
gB-Upon receipt of OxE DouAa "TIlE MARRIED
WOMANY'S PRIVATE MEDICAL COMPANION" is sent
(malted free) to any part of the United States, the Canadas
infBlsh Provinces. Ali letters must be pet-paid, and
addressed to Dr. A. M. MAURICEAU, box 12U, New York
- City. Publishing Office, No 129 Liberty Street, New York.
o WEFor sale on Agency In this Village by Mr. 0. L
- BOOTS AlND SHiOES.
e H1 E Subscriber having loeated permanently in
1'.1 the Store next door to Mr. R. IL. SuLLtvAN, is
prepared to make to order fine
SBOOTS AND SHOE8,
At the shortest notice, and of the very BEST MA
H[e hopes by fatithful work and close attention to
- business to be able to please all who may favor him
with their patronage.
I wilt refer to Mr. S. F. Goons, who is my guar
dian, in all matters of bsiitness.
July 18 tf 27
Caution to all,
' 1LL Persons in anywise indebted to theSubscri.
- bers, either individually or collectively,are I
hereby forewarned to settle up at an early date,
otherwise they will certainly have to settle with an
s A ttorney. We have a large amount of money to
arai mu a given time, and are necessarily compelled
to pursue this course. Take heed, therefore, all ye
t who are interested. J. H. JENNiNGS,
W. D1. JENNINGS.
Sept 6 tf __4
Lynwlpes eniladt~t~ltheir Notes
nnd connt asloner ndngene enno begiven.
Also, thoseo indebited to myself, ats Iitnm obliged
to have money to pay my debts. B. C. BRYAN.I
Nov27 10t 46
1N o t ice.
,ALL Persons indebted to the Estate of Jacob B.
rSmtith, are requested to tnake payment, and
il hatving demnands atgainst the same wvlll hand them
- i properly attested.
tBEN.IAMIN WALDO, ,xor'
AuO.A.ADDSO . aors
Fall Trade, 1855!
- MUm, %A*.
B EG to inform their friends and the public, that
they continue the DRY GOODS business in
ill its branches, at thefr old stand,
290 BROAD STREET,
Where they are iow receiving a full and complete
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods,
Purchased from the most eminent Importers and
Dealers, on such terms as will warrant as in gar
mnteeing those who may favor us with their trade, as
good Goods, at as fair prices, as can be obtained hi
Georgia or South Carolina.
Among our assortment will be found the richest -
or TiE SEaSoN, sUCN a"
Elegant Moir 'Antique Graduated SILKS:
Satin, Striped and Plaid Moir 'Antique SILKlf
Splendid Satin Plaid SILKS, new style;
Plaid Chene SILKS, elegant new styles;
Low priced colored SILKS,of every dwripumn
Black SILKS, in all widths, very cheap;
Bischoff's Red Letter bl'k SILI, best imported ;.
French MERINOS all colors, very low priced ; -
English CASHMABE, COBtOJ ', G kU
Rich Plaid WOOLEN GOODS,verydesirafe.
French Muslin DELAINES. solid colors;
Figured Muslin DELAINES and CASH
MERES, very cheap;
BOMBAZINES, Lupin's best make, full assort
Black AL'A CCAS, very ch ap, some extrafine;
do CHALLYS and DELAINES;
ao POPLINSand Watered SILKS;
CLOAKS of the very newest and most elegan
designs, in Cloth, Velvet and Moir 'Antiqu w
from the most popular.Amporinss of N. Y.
Embroidered and plain Crape SHAWLS
Long and Square Woolen SHAWLS;
Extra fine and large BLANKETS;
Low priced tine do
Negro BLANKETS and KERSEYS, of su
perior quality, and exceedingly low priced;
OSNABURGSand STRIPES, factory pr
Bleached HOMESPUNS, of the best water , ,
wiretwist factories -
Sea Island Brown HOXiiESPUNS;
HOSIERY of every description, for Ladies',
Gent's. Youths' and SMisses';
EMBROIDERIES. of the finest kind;
Fiue White FLANNELS, from low priced to
Heavy all wool Red FLANNELS, cheap;
Kentucky JEANS and SATINETS;
Fine French CASSIMERES;
CALICOES. GINGHAMS and CHECKS;
Damask NAPKINS and TOWELS;
Superior 10-4 Double DAMASK;
Heavy 8-4 White and Brown DAMASK, &e.
With a full and complete assortment of all Goods
nually kept in Dry Goods House., to which we
ould reopectfully invite the attention of the public.
Augusta, Oct t f 38
3. M NEWBY & 00.
WHOLESALE. AND RETAIL
0 L 0-T H I ,
TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS, ke.
J U. NEWBY & CO., under the U.
* S. Hotel, A UoUsTA. Ga., are now receiving
and opening the LARGEST, B3EST and MOST
FAShIIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
EVER off.ered in the City or Auuusta, comprising
EVE RY VARIE TY of
For Gentlemen and Youth's Wear, which for ma,
perior QUA LITY or MANUFACTURE cannot
be surpassed in this or any other Market. In addi
tion to which, we will weekly receive
from our House in New York. We also keep con,
tantly on hand a LARGE AND SPLENDID>
Youth's & Children's Clothin !g
gg Country Mierchants and A LL PERSONS.
visiting Augusta will certainly find it to their interest
to exanmine our Stock, as we are determined to of'er
our Goods to the trading public on the most reason
g' Thankful for the past kind and liberal pat-.
rnge that we have received from the citizens of'
Edgefeld and the adjoining Districts, we hope to.
merit a continuance of the same.
J. M. NEWBY & CO.
Augusta, Sept 24, tf 36
T H E Undersigned have associated with them in.
the Ready-Made Clothing Business, Mr. C.
B. DAY and WMt. 8. WlSE, and will continse.
he same under the name of J. M. Nawav & Co.
HORA & NEWBY.
Aug_1,1855. tf 37
FOR THE LADIES!
Whave on hand a great variety of Colognes,.
Handkercbief Extracts, Toilet Powders and.
an assortment of Fancy and Toilet Soaps;
Pomades, Pure Bears Oil, Hair Tonics, Restors-.
tives and Hair Dye;
Pa eston Salts and Aromatic Vinegar;
Cream of Beauty, Carnation Rouge, Hair Do
pilatory,&he., to all of which the attention of the.
Ladies is respectfclly invited. For sle by'
A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, Druggists.
May 23 if 19
A LL. Persons having demands against the Estate.
of B. R. Addison, d.'e'd., are reqested to
-esent thenm properly attested to the undersigned,.
o whom also those indebted to the Estate are re
1uired to make prompt payment.
G. L. PENN,
Adm'or with the Will annexed.
May 9 tf 17
WXILLAM SHEAR, Augusta, Ga., las just
Treceived from NewYork, a supply of NEW
EMBRODRIES. among which are
Ladies' Muslin COLLARS, of beautiful asyles;
Ladies' Muslin UNDE RSLE EVES, Worke4
Jaconet BANDS ;
French Seolloped COLLARS, a new and bear
tiful article for mourning ;
White Crape COLLARS, for mourning, of new
and beautiful styles ;
To all of which the attention of the Ladies in,
Augusta, Oct 2 tf 39
A L persons to whom the estate of John L. Mor-.
II ria, deceased, is indebted, will present their
ilaims ; and all persons indebted to the said Estate
nil make payments to the undersigned.
W. L. ANDERSON, Administrator.
Nov.21, 1855 tf .
ALIKELY YOUNG FELLOW. lie haa.
1worked two years at the Carpenter's trade..
'hose who need would do well to apply soon.
Jan 18 tf 1
LL Persons owing money into the Commas-.
sioner's Office for this District are hereby
ositivelv notified to make payment before the 10th,
if next 'month. I have been indulgent, until I
neurred the displeasure (perhaps justly) of many
uties interested; and I cannot submit to this
tate of things any longer. A Bond in a public
fice should be regarded cash when due; and he
rho utll to tmake payment, either by settlement
r otherwise, should be held to be in the same situ
itiont as one who fails in the commercial world.
A. SIMKINS, c.E.R.n.
Jant 22 4t -2
ALLJ persons indebted to the estate of Mary L'.
.Tutt, deceased, arc requested to make paymenlt.
utd those humvinig dewnla against the. said estate,
nil preseuxt themt proelyb MestS, Ex'o.
Jw 16 t f I.