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wortby of note, the number whose will is
thus carried into effect, is much greater than
it would be, if the change be made; for now
the State votes with something like unanim.
ity of sentiment, at least by a large majority
of her citizens; while under the plans pro.
posed there would exist two rival parties in
the State, pretty nearly balanced, as in most
Statesof the Uiion ; and hence the State,
would be forced to take her position in the
Presidential election by a bare majority of
votes. The~ will of a large and respectable
minority would be wholly unheeded. And
what is worse-the whole conduct of these
parties would be regulated by the wire-work
ings of factious cliques and of deigning
politicians, the people having only a nominal
voice. in the election of President, while in
reality they would be forced, by the irresis
tible impulses of party spirit, to adopt the
candidate of their particular party. Thus
while the- people would seem to play as
chiefs in a grand political drama, they would
in truth be performing only as third rate
actors in a-miserablefarce.
While to. my mind no public good can re
sult from this change many reasons suggest
themselves against it. J the first place, the
present plan has achieved all its friends could
have desired.- It has'always represented the
true sentiments and interests of the people.
To abandon- it, therefore, would be the mere
wanton exercise of it dangerous spirit of in
novation. It would be a change merely for
the sake of change.
More than this: it is the only plan that is
likely to work equally and fairly upon all
parts of the State. In South Carolina we
have a peculiar state of things, which renders
our position different from that of most, or
all of the other States. In one region the
slave population greatly exceeds the white;
in another the white exceeds the slave. This
arises, in a great measure, from geographi
cal causes, or rather from soil, climate and
production. In what are called the Parish
Districts, much of the Territory is adapted
only to the culture of rice and cotton, and
uninhabitable by the white race: hence the
white population must continue to be small;
and in the middle Districts, including Barn
well, Edgefield, Abbeville, Newberry, &c., so
long ar cotton shall continue to be our chief
staple, the slaves will outnumber the whites.
In the mountain Districts on the contrary,
every portion of which is habitable by the
white race, being chiefly a grain growing
region, the whites greatly exceed in number
the slaves. In the middle and low Districts,
therefore, wealth or taxable property is
large, and white population small: and in
the mountain Districts white population is
numerous, and taxable property comparative
ly small. Hence any two great political
parties that may be formed in the State
,would be' almost wholly sectional, with pri
vate antagonistic interests to foment and
hightem party zeal. It is dreadful to con
template the turmoil -ad strife, the tyranny
and proscription that must follow under such
*a state of things.
Now rut in operation either of thme two
plans proposed for electing Electors at the!
general ballot-box. The first is that upon
the federal basis; according to which, each
judicial District shall elect eight Electors,
whose names shall be transmnitted to the
*Governor of the State, who shall ascertain
the federal vote of the respective .Districts,
(by couniting the wvhites and three-fifths of
the slaves) atnd declare the eight candidates
in the State, having the largest federal vote,
to. be duly elected Electors. Under this
* dan only .a very-small portion~ of'the people
of. the State may have a voice in' the elee-.
tion of. electors. Let me illustrate. The
agtgregate federal v'ote of the State is about
*514,500. OQf this a-majority will be 257,500.
Nowv the five Parish Districts, Charleston,
Colleton, Beaufort, Georgetown anid Oran
geburg, and thie Districts lying near to, and
identified with them in interest, viz: Barn
wvell, Richland, Sumter, Clarendon, Marion,
I lory, Williamsburg, Marlbhornugh, Fairfield
anid Kershawv (baeing only fourteen out of the
thirty Distriets in thme State) have a federal
vote of 258.000-being sufficient to elect
the whole Electoral ticket. But these Dis
tricts have an aggregate white population of
only 113,056; and supposing the ticket of
each D'istrict, 57,000 white population might
absolutely control the Presidential vote over
the other wvhite population ..of the State,
amounting to 217,503. But more than this:
Suppose each District in thme State should
have a different list of candidates for Elec
tors-then, the District, having the largest
federal vote, might elect the wvhole electoral:
tickat of the State. Thus Charleston Dis
trict alone might set up her voice in the vote
for President as the voice of the whole State,
to the exclusion of all the other Districts.
This, it is true, is an extreme case ; but ex
tremnes test a theory. Is inch a scheme en.
tit),ed to the confidence and support of our
Take now the other plan offered, which
proposes to give the election of Electors to
..the people according to white population.
'Would thishetter secure the entire interests
of tho Statei More than one fourth of our,
white population live in the five Northern
Districts, York, Spartanburg, Greenville,
Anderson and Pickens; anmd more than one
half (138,568) live in thirteen adjoining Dis
tricts, including tihe above, to wit: Chester,
Chesterfield, Lancaster, Laurens, A bbeville,
Union, Newberry and Lexington. These
Districts could therefore elect the eight Elec
tors against the wishes of the other aeventeen
Distr'icts. Did nothing exist to array these
sections one against the other, the vote of
the State might be so split up aniong the,
Districts as to produce no unhappy or in
jurious results; but the wvhites in the upper
Districts named, greatly exceeding the slaves,
and in the lowver Districts the slaves greatly
outnumbering the whites, antagonistic inter
ests will be at work, which will cause per
petual struggles for the mastery between
these sections, not only in relation to federal
matters, but also in regard to the ordinary
legislation of the State: in regard to taxation,
appropriations, and all the general oficeers.
In no great length of time yea would have
the controlling legislative power in one sec
tion, and much the largest portion of tax
able property in the other. Does it require
the spirit .of 'prophecy to foretell the heated
strife, .the bitter sectional animosity that must
perpetually -agitate our little State under
such an arrangement!? With a continuance
of our present plan wve are likely to be freed:
from these bitter sectional party organiza
tionis, that so blind the eye of patriotism and
so rashly proscribe all who dmo not conform
to their rigid exactions. Up to this time
and at present the whole people of our State,
in harmony anid good feeling oahal~y and:
dlispassionately inform themselves, and mlake
tip their minds, as to federal matters, and on
the Presidential election ; and the .'egisla
ture is but a ealmn, deliberative agency to
carry out the cool, wise judgments of the
people on those 'matters.
W. C. MOR AGNE.
THE entire nutmber of mecn ki'led by tihe wars~
,. ! wf.e -e timated at thn-e .undrerrd th~ou'and,
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1856.
We Must Have Money.
MiR. W. W. WHITE is our authorized Agent to t
collect, and receipt for the samnc, all unpaid accounts
due this Office, either for Subscription, Advertising
or Job Work. We hope all indebted wi!l hold
themselves prepared when he calls on them, and
pay up readily.
0 Mr. W. willpniso receive subscriptions for the
Southern Light," and receipt for the anie.
Capt. Bell's Letter. -
I-r will be seen, by reference to a letter received
from Capt. BELL, that progress is making in the busi
ness of Kansas settlers.
TO " G. W. J."
OF course send us the letter you speak of in your
postscript. We shall be very glad to hear from you on
the subject indicated. In your journeyings write us
WE heardy second the call of " Many Citizens" for
the formation of a " Kansas Aid Society." It is an I
admirable suggestion, and we trust will be carried a
out in the right spirit. Upon thin subject, see also the
capital letter of our immediate Representative, lion.
P. S. BaooKs.
Coronera Inquests. P
ContoNrtt HUiE.T has held two inquests in this I
village within the last week; one upon the body of
JoHN SEIGLER, who was thrown from his buggy and
instanit'y killed, some half mile out of town, on Wed
nesday last; the other upon that of Wm. D. Tiiu.a
moND, who died Thursday the 14th inst., from a
wound received in an affray which occurred at this
place on the sale-day for this month, between himself e
and Wu. P. JoN ES.
Both these unfortunate individua's were young men
of family and of good standing in their respective
neighborhoods. Their sad fate is truly to be de
Covered up in a Well.
DAY before yesterday, late in the afternoon, W .
IAZLING was covered up by the caving in of a well
he was digging at 411r. JAM ES SWEAR INGEN's, some I
eight miles below this place on the Aiken road. At
last accounts lie had not been reached, although there
had been a number of hands engaged for a day
or so in taking out time super-incumbent earth.
There is every probability that the unfortunate man f
P. S.-Snce the above was written Mr. i1. hasi
been taken out of the well. It is supposed that he V
was killed immediately.
Halcyon Grove School.
Taits School has been opened under the auspices of
Mins BRaTl P. Gaimvix, a young lady of fine talents
and excellent attainments. It will be seen, front the
letters of Chan. JoB JoHsoN and Professor DunaE,
that those who know her well esteem her capaci' y
very highly. We trust she will receive that liberal
support which her abilities and energy deserve. See
the advertisement ejoewhere.- -
New and Improving.
The " Tre Carolinian," published at Ar.derson C.
Ii., is just out. The first number lies upon our tabile,
presenting a very handeunie appearance. Mr. Joinx
. MlOORE Is editor and proprietor, to whom we beg 1
to express the customary greetings.
The " Lancaster Ledger" has been enlarged and
otherwise improved. We miss thme Ledger's daguer
etype, but in its place find a gallant barque rocking
n the waves. " Let her rock," andI, avoidinig all
breakers, may shte dash on ;n the gull-stream of
MR. MORAGNE'S RESPONSE. 1
TnE reader will of Course give Mr. M10aAGNE's
response on the Electoral Question a carcful exami
nation. It is written in his usual chaste and forc ible
uyle, and! dispays his side ,of the question with much1
power. The discussion will be continued for several
DR. MtOILEY'S REPLY.
TilE reply of Dr. WVx. S. 310st.Ey to thme call of
'3Iany PEOrP.E" is arrived, bumt too la'e fot inser
tion thisweek. It shall certainly appear in our next.I
A PRETTY PLACE FOR SALE.
kr-rENTION is invited to MIr. A .. SMyLEY's ad
vertisement of land for sale. Iiis place is prettily
situated on the Columbia road, about four miles fromI
this village. it is as healthy as the~ ioutitains, and
'hesirable in several points 'of view. Mir. S. has al
ready improved it very considerably, and withs but
ittle more cost or trouble it could be made a remark
ably comfortable location. We knmow what we say,i
iving on an adjoining tract.
THE SPEAKER'S ELECTION.
Faux all accotints, the new speaker (I.Axxs) promi
ses to make a very decent presiditng ufficer. ie is rep
resented by every Washington letter-writer, both for
Southern and Northern papers, as being a man of
quickness and decision, and quite a gentleman in his
demeanor. It is admitted already, by some who were
opposed to his election, that lie will in all probability
prove himself " a firm and conscientious supporter of
tie Constitution and of the Union." If now in -the
appointment of committees he shall exhibit a spirit of,
airness and impartiality, it may be that after all no
very heinous practical wrong has been done the South
by his election. The triumph of abolitionism, as indi
cated by that result, is this real ground of alarm. Yet;
even in this aspect, we do not see that any great harm
can come of thme tmatter. It is but hastening the day
(long since pronounced inevitable) when thme Amern
can people are to be dividled into two great sectional
parties contending for tihe mastery. It is a palpable
demonstration, welt calculated to awaken the most
torpid and indifferent portion of the Southern people
to a full sense of the pressing necessity for unanimity
among themselves. The note of preparation is now
fairly sounded to either side of the Conif:deracy. The1
work of marshalling the 1lireling and the Slave-hold
ing States into opposing battalions is begun. And,
unless prevented by some great intervening change, it
must now go on rapidly to consummation. Seeing
that our country is certain to run into this estreme
phase of internal division, we cannot feel that any
ting is to be regretted the effect of which must be to
enkindle a sp~irit of united resistance among the whole
Southern people. The deed of " black Saturday"
was an indication of Northmern sentiment, glaring andI
uimistakeabhe. As such, it may prove to be a god
send for thme eradication of all diffeirences at thme South
and the blending of our ranks into one solid column.'
We grert the occurrences of that day especially, in
view of the approaching Cincinnati convention. The
Southern material in this body will be full of high re
solve. Indignant at the success of blatant abolition
ism in the Halls of Congress, Southern delegations
will go up to its meeting prepared to demand thme ab
solute, unequivocal recognition of the full rights of
their section as a sine gua noR to any action in the
Presidential nomaination. " Remtember black Saturday"
may well be their watch-word ; and fired by its asso
ciations, they may well determine to make the Cincin
nati convention a scene of Southern triumph or else to
leave its deliberations ' en masse.' So smote it be!
Has any one of our fair readers anmy thing to say
why the following sentiment should not be aflirmed
and made the decree of the Court of Love in all such
cases ? If so, they must plead, answer or deimur withi-1
in a fortnight, or judgment pro confesso will be en
tered against them. Hear the declaration. tapeakingi
of thme habit ladies have of kissitig one another, a
novel-writer says :
"'There is not the slightest need to kiss at all, but
they do it, and in a wooden, mer- hanical way ; as the
pople on the old Cthinese porcelain might. witho.ut
te slightest unction, and with time tips of their Iip~s,
thinking, perhaps, the while, of the trimming of a
gown, or the arranging a party."
.-' Dictuos integro
Sicci mane die, dicimnus uividi,
Cum Sol Oceano subest.'
Which some fellow translates:
'PTnts is the tale we tell,
At. morning, when we'er sober: this is thme talcjwe iell,
, PUBLIC MEETING.
WE observe that our neighbor, the " Informcr," ha!
teen authorit-ed liy many citizens to announce a pub
ic meeting at this place forsale-day next, the purpose
f which is to adopt measures towards a representatior
if the State in the Democratic Convention of June
[t is to be hoped that our citizen% will take the matter
n hand with spirit and promptitode. Similar meethigh
ire called in many other districts; and the strong
robability is, that the preliminary State Conventior
it Columbia will be very largely attended. Edgefiek
hould be properly represented there along with the
est. The time lias come when we must act out on1
wolitical creed and vindicate our profession of Demo
ratic principles, or else incur the reproaches and ill
reling of our Southern compatriots. It is no occasior
or hesitancy or indecisinn. The circumstances tha
urround usi call for a change in the reserved polic)
which has for many years marked the course of South
,arolina. The security of our hearth-stones demands
hat we unite with our Southern allies in the struggle
mw pending. Let the people see to it, that their
nterests be committed into faithful and able hands
P'o this end, let all attend the meeting of sale-day ir
THE SOUTHERN LIGHT.
LXT 11s take a rapid glance at this second number
f Ma. WIVATL.r's new publication. We may prem.
se generally that it is one of considerable merit.
1. First appears an extract on the subject of " Men:
0l Delusions," giving some curious instances of per
ons laboring under these strange maladies of the in
ellect. The case which strikes us as being at once
he most amusing and the most pitiable is that of poor
irxoN SouTtwooD, the miller. Here it is:
In 1810, Simon Southwood, a miller, died in Hor.
ham gaol, after a confinement of forty-three years
le fancied himself Earl of Derby and King-of Man
e is described as having a commanding appearance
a being af affable manners and polite bearing, bul
pt to be wrath when any doubt was expressed as tc
is dignity. le was addressed by his fellow.prisoners
s well rts by the governor of the goal, as " ily Lsord,'
nd would answer to no other address even to stran
ers. Ile was supported by a stipend from the parish
f Boigrove, which lie managed with the greatesi
conomy, but supposed hiimvelf a sate prisoner, and
vould never accept of any favor, not even of a meal
r of clothes, under any form but that of Us. coming
rom his cousin the king.
2. The editor next introduces, with a remark oi
wo of commendation, ene of a series of articles, non
sblishing in the New York Kraminer, by the cele
rated Da. WAYLAND, late president of Brown's Uni
7ersity, author of a work on Moral Science &c &c.
rhese articles are upon tie "Baptist Churches" and
inve already reached the number of 16 or 17. They
vill probably run on until there is enough fora volume
Owen the whole will doubtless be bound and become
valuable denominational work.
There is one point however made in the article be
re as, w hich we are not exactly prepared to recog
tise. It is where the learned Divine says:
We believe that the ordinance of baptism is to be
Ldministered by the immersion (if the body in water
>aptizing the candidate "into the name of the Father
lie Son, and the Holy Ghost."
If this be the correct view, every Baptist preacher
e h-ve ever known to administer the ordinance o
aptism has blundered in his phraseology; for every
me of them said "is the name of the Father &c.'
lnd yet, if the original really calls for this reading, as
)Ir. WAYLAwasserts, the sooner the change iseffectec
he better. Nevertheless, the usual rendering of the
>hrase appears to our unenlightened view the bette:
if the two. What says our friend of tihe Southern
Light on the subject 1
3. Selection No. 3. embodies some very good advic<
o parents about allowing their boys to run out at night
4. Selection No. 4. is from the Sumter Watchman
t is art article, by a Georgia Lady, on that greates
f the three great virtues, Charity-a very puinted:
vritten and well expres-ed composition. We hteartil:
gree withi the fair writer when she remarks " if timere
a one name above another which wvill stand furemos
n the chtronticles of eternity as a type and symbol o
noral corruption, we do believe it will be the suande
er's-for of all the assassins that skulk and all tht
hieves that plunder, lhe .as still and will ever b
without a parallel."
5. A fter a pretty set of verses and a " Doctor's stor
>fa Broken Heart." thme editoir next presents his rea
hrs with one of T. S. Aiaviruit's practical tales, il
usrative of thme danger of contracting store accounti
rhe moral is an excellent onnc; and the story whmici
~onveys it is in Antrtra's usimal style, respectahl.
ut by no means brilliant. We are no great admire
f this Aurtoat's producotionts. All his stories seer1
o be made after the same model, with only a littl,
iflrence in the trimmings. Yjet his aim is always ti
nucate sonme useful lesson,atnd it may be that lie ha
tfected as umuchi good in hiis way as any oilier A meri
un writer of the same school. Place his tales itoug
eside theose of MRs. Sitxawvoon in her " L~ady c
he Manor"-(the purpose of which was the same a
hat attemptted by AleTiua, viz: the illustrattitn, m,
greeable ntarrativeis, of the virtues and vices of life
-and they certainly sink low in the cnmparison.
6. We pass by two medical articles whichf conm
iex, merely suggesting that they might be regarde.
ysome readers out of place in a work of this kind]
nd here we find a long piece of versification on whs
called " TiE WATERY WARa." Itis an " excerpt,
ays the editor, " front thme Ba ptist Library." It hai
eference to the long disputes between Baptists an
Pedo Baptists as to immtiersion, sprintkhng, pouring &c
)ur cotemporary of the " Light" remarks that iti
riten in "IHudibrastic style." We cannot thmnksc
'he measure is that of Hudlibras certainly, but withi
>t a spark of Butler's wit andI satire. The lines hav
~enerally the same number of feet, but the comman
f language is very widely dissimilar. There is howe
tver enough of interest in this " WATFaY WAa" I
nduce the reader who begins it to go on to the end]
which cannot be said of every poetic rigmarole.
7. After the WATERY WAIa, we observe three o
our admirable prose selections, and then we reacd
ome " Original Artidles" by the editor. The first o
hese, upon the subject of thme proposed "Centra
Soutern Theologieal Institution," is in many respect
ensible and well pitt. We agree entirely in the opin
on that the Baptists of South Carolina will be doin,
ell enough for ste present if they ftully sustain an'
horoughly perfect their " Furman University." L~e
hat be their concern for at least the next tiwenity years
ood conscience can ask for nothing more at thii
ands in this line of operations.-he secontledisoria
one of complaint at the scarcity of Baptist minis
ers in the Edgefield Association. It is certainly
uity (and we have always so regarded it) that ever
:hurh in the country, of whatever denomination,i
tot supplied from sabsbath to sabbath throughout tla
ear with tie stated ministry of the Word. Thte rui
>lan, as it occurs to uts, is for each congregation to re
tolve that their place of worship shall be opened fo
livine service every Lord's day. To secure the la
>ors of a preacher who shall regularly occupy fth
acred desk, it is only necessary that members shouli
se liberal in his support as becometh thtem. Perhap
here is not a single congregation In Edgefield the
old not pay five hundred dollars a year with ease
Why is this not done!? Answer that question,and wv
mink it will solve the enquiry made by our neighbe
whern he asks, " why is it that the curse of ministe
'ial destitution is coming upon our people!?" Eithe
ie Methodist system of ilineracy must be adopted, c
he people of God must be more generous before th
uvil can bes cured.-Thtere are several other article
prom the editor's pen which we have not room to spea
>f, and among them a verny truthful one upon the seh
ct of "Gentlemanly Liquor Drinking," portrayin
its dangers In a brief bitt feeling manner.
8. A fter these original pieces, some dozen or soc
hort selections are introduced, proving the capaci
y of the editor for catering to the general taste
here is one thing however to which we most rem
ectfully demur: we allude to the introduction of
recipe for scalda in such close proximity with the
pretty piece of poetry on page 06. Would it tnt b
better to have an entirely separate corner fur all sue
ique:tionably useful bitt certainly unpoetical cli1
9. Under th,e head of "Communications" we se
othing of especial interest. There is a long lettet
republietd as the request of " An Episcopalian," upo
the rosestaat Episcopal Church. The readimem
with which the Southern Light accedes to this retite
is an evidence of the fairness and courtesy whlich at
to mark its condtuct throughout.
10. Lastly we turn to the " Editor's Table," a de
partment which with many readers is ths most acce;
table iortion of periodicals like this. The spicy toni
tf the little paragraphs we finud here huas please'd
much. 'Tat fluig ai fierce yard-dogs is capital. WVor
her if the editor had in his inud's eye a specimen<
.c.t h0..1l s.i. s:eualiv , eit n to iihit i tifrnli niii72
of a cottage some three and a half miles from town
on the Columbia road? We remember the occasion
when ne ertain reverend gentleman called a sudden
halt about half-way up the walk to that cottage porch,
and the cause was the apparition of this name thick-set
animal. Now the proprietor of the cottage authori
zes US to say, that if the reverent] gentleman will stip
ulate to make his callp (at least one a montl) upon
fixed days, those days shall not only be marked with
white but the bull-dog shall he ecorely chained up
in tite hAck-yard from morning till night. For the
rest, he asserts that he cannot debar the dog his free
dom of the front piazza further than this.
We close this cursory glance at the second number of
the journal under consideration with an earnest re
commendation of it to the patronage of a generous and
enlightened public. With such support, it will grow
into a woik of great usefulness.
Wr observe an arttele, thus headed, in a late num
her of the Charleston Mercury. It is in reply to cer
tain speculations of the Charleston Standard as to the
inutility of making Kansas a slave State. We agree
most cordially with the Mercury in its emphatic dis
sent from the Standard's dangerous promulgation of
sentiment. It is certainly a most remarkable depar
ture from the common-sense view of the matter, to
assert that the institution of slavery is to be weakened
by the creation of more slave-holding States. The
position is not only boldly defiant of past experience,
but rides over the plainest suggestions of policy. The
formation of every new slave State is but the addi
tion of another sovreignty to the power of our section.
In the Union or out of the Union, this is a palpable
increase of our political influence. If Kansas for
instance becrme a slave State, we have not only two
more votes in the Senate of the United States as long
as the Confederacy lasts; but, in case of a disruption,
we have one more independent government to stand
by our side in any quarrel that may ensue. And we
hold it to be undeniable, that the strengthening of the
political power of the Slave States is one and the same
thing with establishing our peculiar institution upon a
more secure and permanent basis.
But untenable as are the Standard's anti-difrusion
sentiments, they might he excused were it not for the
coloring given to them by that unfortunate representa
tion of the spirit likely to actuate non-slaveowners in
the slave States, should the necessity arise to defend
the institution of slavery at the point of the bayonet.
We hold the views here announced to be at once un
called-for and untrue. There.happens to lie before us at
this moment an extract from DEBow's Review which
estimates the number of non-Slaveowners in the
Southern States at two thirds of our whole white popti.
lation. Holding thin statement in one hand, and in
the other the announcement of a prominent Southern
journal-that these two-thirdsof our people are neitltr
"directly interested in keeping the negro in tite con
dition of a slave," nor "are inclined to peril their
lives to protect" such property-we confess toa feeling
of surprise and mortification. If it were true as the
Standard holds, is it for a Southern print to expose
the rottenness of our population at a time when ram
pant Fanaticism seems ready to dare every thing in its
orse of frenzied hostility to our section! But we
maintain that the Standard's promulgation is utterly
erroneotis. Assume that DaBow's statistics are cor
rect and that two thirds of our white population do
not own slaves. Of these two-thirds, the one half may
be fairly set down a. the kith and kin of slave holders,
themselves slave-owners in expectancy and as ready
to lay down their lives for the institution as if they
were in actual possession ; while the other half may
he regarded as working men struggltng to support their
families, hut the greater portion of whotm are carefully
saving thte overplus of their earnings front year to yeas
for the express pturpose of investing it In negro proper
ty as soon as the num shall htave grown large enought.
Trtne, thtere are a few citizens in almost every part of
Ithe Sooth who teithr own nor expect to own negro
propery'~ - But even thtese, we believe, wvotuld repel
the Stantdard's itmputation with acorn. It is indeed a
serious chtarge, in any condition of things, to accuse a
large portiotn of one's own fellow citizens of gross in
diference to the rights and itnterests of titeir brother.
freemen oft the same commyanity and the same common
wealtht. Antd it beconicamore so, when the grounds
for this accusation (as in the present case) are purely
imginary. . .
0 0O N0[ATIO NS.
Aid to Kansas !
Ma. Earroa : A meeting of the citizents of Edge
ild District is cadled for the lirst Mondaty in March,.
to send 1Dlgutes to Columtbia for thte purpose of
oniating Rlepresettives to the Cincinatti Con
vention itt Jutne, thten andl thtere to tintminate a Dem
eratic Candidate fotr the Presidency.
Ahh~ought thtere are matny who are opposed to
sendinge Delegntes to the- said Convention, we pre.
sume thecre will be ino opposition, and the business
of the meetitng will soon be over ; atnd then we htope
ttat all will meet and formo a " Kansas A id Socit-ty.'
Surely thtere is nto ditieretnce of opitniont on thtat
Every matn who owns a slave is deeply interested
-and let atll cotme prepare-d to subscribe one dollat
Ifor every slave they own. Let officers be appointted~
ad an Executive Comnmittee to direct the atlhir's a'
the Society ; anid when we get the right sort of
men let us send a Conmpany that will do honor tc
the District tand Statte. Kansas is to be ite battle
grotnd, and shall we not be reprcsentedl there
We htave twenty-two thtousand (22,000) Slaves in
Edgefield, worth now near fifteen miilliots ($ 15,000,
600) dollars, If the Free Snilers and A bolitionists
prevail, whatt will be thteir wurth I " A word tc
rthe wise is suflceit."
For te Adlvertiscr.
aR. Enoa:-Ilaving received many commul
nieationis in regard to Kansa and our Etmigratittg
Compaty, atnd not having time to tanswer each by
letter, I respectfully refuir all applicantts for admids
sioi itnto my Conmpany to Matj. tUrottn's IEetter,
publised itt your journal somett few weeks sitce,
It contaitns the ittfornmation solicitedl.
To thtose disposed to subscribe, I would stato that
Lwe stand itn need of contsiderable mtottey, antd any
amoutt subscribed by our friends attd well-wishers
will be thankfully received nttd duly appreciated.
We will leave about thte 25tht N.areb, atnd thtoe
who have so liberally subscribed may rest asured
that twe eilL go.
I have received letters frotm ninny gentlemen in
difretit patt oIf the State offering to go, anti I
a satisfied that by the first of Mart-h, whten I an
ticipte closing nty hooks, I will htave a Cottmpatny
of s brave antd htonorable mten as any State can
0T All commnticaeitionis ad'dressedl to our Treasu
-rer, Mr. SAMUEL 11. CoLcocK, Grattiteville, S. C.
will be acknowledged thr-ough the A dnertiser.
r Respectfully, E. B. UELI.
Graniteville, Feb IS, 1856.
For tite A dvertiser.
A LARGE and respectable assembly of the friends
of te Division of Edge~tcld and Barnwell Districts,
m tet at Shady Grove Aentdemy, E-dgefield District,
ott the 16th Feb. inst., according to appointmtont.
-It was moved and seconded thait Josrern GatPFvTn,
-Esq., be called to the Clumir. 'rTe motion 'being
satictioned he accordingly took htis sedtt. Mr. J.
C. McCu.vur was atppoitted Secretary.
A fer thte objet of the tmeetittg was stattedh in 1
frtcibe tmannter by the Chtairmtatn, thte follo'wint
-Resluttions were uinanimtously- adotptcd.
Rezrded, Tthat a Comnmittee b'e appointed for
tme purpose of cortrespotndittg with thte friendis ('
~ivisiont int ditieront sectionts o'f thIoe )istrict, atnd
also fotr the'. p'urpose of so'licitittg suitabhle persotts to
beeoe Cantdidattes to represent thtetm in the ntext
Reond That theo following gentlemen comsti
tute the Committee, viz: Col. 1). 1Denny, Williatm
Ctlreatt, J. P. Mickler, DIr. G. M. Yarborought
Maj. G. 11. llttiet, J1. C. M-celvey, Wtm. Dorzier
-Cap't. TI. II. Ct'lezn.n W1m. Crouch, D~r. D. Shep
Ipard, Ca pt. .1. Wise. Col. M. W. Clary. lBenjamtir
aPerry, itsq , Cap't. D). Colematn, Wm. Kobb, and d.
Ott t it,'ldman.f
On 't to tion( a ' Col u t .Anu t t heCh ir a w s.
here Is scarcely one man out of five in Edgefield spi
istrict that ever pretends to vote for the Commis- iithe
mners of the poor. The privilege, in that case. is n
ic that is seareely ever exerciseda duty seldom per- Mo
rmed. There is a total indifference to it. So shn
ould it be in regard to all the other Commission- ted
s exceit those of Equity. Why clamor then, for thal
right whieh we would decline to enjoy ? It is the
rt or the-seditious only. But, in fact, the monies so
led by. tihe Commissioners of Free-.wehools are
anted by the LeAgislature, and it has the right to
,point the agents to disburse them. So with the tihe
iblic buildings, they are erected at the expense of if
e whole State, and the whole State has the right per
rough officers appointed by herself to superintend i"
ieir erection. Roads, bridges, and ferries are also Ab
sartered and granted and constructed directly by a..
ie Legislature, or by the power emenating there. pol
om, and their cost is, in part, defrayed by fines lan
id forfeitures due the State of South Carolina. dia
ence South Carolina exercises a more immediate
risdiction over theim likewi.e. fre
But, the Commissioners of Equity, I own, are tht
Beers of great consideration in the State, and their cina
ection is given to the Legislature rather than to In r.
c people. So ought it to be. The office of Commis- fat
Dner is so intimately connected with the Judicary, balt
the Court of Equity in South Carolina, that it are
ould never be interfered with by the common ,ec
ectioneering scrambles of a District. Neither a nat
udge nor a Commissioner should ever depend for in 1
is election upon the votes and influence of those de
hose rights lie may be compelled to adjudicate. mi
he gratitude of his nature would compel him to abc
an, in some measure, to the side of his patrons, Mla
id his resentment would prompt him to depress ]
e cause of his adversaries. The Commissioner per
Equity should be independent of the suffrages of the
e District in which he is called upon to exercise,
mediate and constant jurisdiction, so that as few wr
the improper motives, as few of the infirmities of ins
ir nature as possible, may enter into his decision. of
will be admitted that a Commissioner should eve
ther be a lawyer or a very highly educated gentle- I eu
n, and that alone would constitute a good reason lie
r reposing his election in the General Assembly Ab
the State. It is a melancholy fact, that the people wl
their primary assemblies, often fail to elect to I
lice tMe wisest, best, or most learned and capable the
the candidates before them. Their purpose is ret
)od and true, but family influence and intrigue, teri
id scandal, and public clamor, are frequent- So
brought to bear on the eve of their elections, and I
ey are induced, by what they deem good causes, fig.
a make bad selections before the knavery by which Of
ey are influenced, can be exposed. Any such
ickery can be immediately detected in a Legis- tria
tive body, and it generally works its own confu- cor
I beg pardon, gentlemen of the " Informer," for an(
aving thus imposed some of my views upon your
recious attention, if indeed they can claim it. Your ry
ierits may be rendered more conspicuous by your
asy triumph in the encounter. I am an old man,
d I have thought that my experience might be isa
nickened by the vivacity of your youth, or your the
rratic sallies, tempered by some of the fear and 011
esitation of my age. I really wish you well, and of
!ish well to all your laudable enterprises. Your fu
yurnal, though, Las an ominous, a portentous bil
amne. Informer is na word which hsas desenided to thn
s burthsened with the curases of ages. It hs a con- no
,ieuous place in the darkest pages of Enaglisha, Irish
nd Scoatisha history. If you do not mean in truth to aC
et as a spy upon those with whom you associate- a
.sen it really smacks a little of presumption, for tw 0 e
ucla youang mn, to set yourselves up for the teach- "LI
rs of us, the peoplle. Besides, you declare your w
riendshaip and love fur us too often, and in language pu
little too plain and gross. It were better done by P
et. An honest man seldom finds it necessary to me
eseverate his integrity ; and I am apt to doubt the lik
hastity of the woman who is always making pro- wae
lamation of her virtue.
.ogsN OF TnEF FEorLE. ini(
LETTER JFB0M HON. P. S. B1100ES. pha
lIO00,E oF REPRESE.NTATIVES. tai
February, 7, 1856. pe
My DEAR Sin: Last winter Gen. Stringfel- an
sw ndtdressed at letter to myself sand others, giv
oga description of the soil of K~ansas, and the wI
verage products .of agricultural labor. That pra
tter was publisheud isa the newspapers of otir
tate, and every aadditional testimonsy confirms y
ho truth of the statements therein contained.
Gen. Whsitfield is now at may side, and in re
ily to the question relsative to the demands and
awards of mechanical labor, bids me say that
be minimum of wyages fair bsabor ii Kansas is
slly double the price in Charleston. N:
But higher considerations than peeuniary profit Ni
re now presenited to the young men of our gni
taes; and they are just the eonsiderations mi
~hieh soonest reach, and most excite the heart sei
f young Carolinia. They are the considera. HI
ons oif patriodism and honor. Civil war has. "a
irtually begun in Kansas. The lives of s uch pel
riends of the inutittitions of tihe South and of on
lie Constitution, ias have gone tos Kansas to
iisseminate our princisplesi, strengthen our insti- on
uions amnd protect your rights, my rights, and shi
he rights of every slave owner, are in peril. nu
hy thefiai of - Aboliti'on Aid Societies," money fyi
nd mess are- pouring into Kansas. The spirit jot
f popular sovereignty is being crushed, and
lie principle of nuon-intervention circumvented Tt
iv lawless fanaticism. Fm
'With the permission of Gen. Whitfleld, I ry
make thus following extracts from a letter dated thn
Lecompton, January 23," and written by a i
ntleman an high position, anid of intelligence
nd integrity, whose name (foir reatsons which Pr
ou would concur with me in regarding satisfac- .we
ry) is withheld: mng
" Abouat aix days ago, six men wcre sent to
swa to conduct 500 fighting men, who are to
e here by the last of February. Thaey will be as
r without doubt. Yesterdaiy, wsagonis were
emt to meet a train with two cannon sand five Oh
undred Sharpe's rifles from Illinois,- which are M:
eing senat to Lawrence. Ph
" These things go to show that the traitors are syl
idustrious and arc working. By the 1st of an4
nreh they will have 1100' or 1200 men more mi
an Lhey have now, and be better provided with -
rms and munitions. Ne
"On the 4th of March next, they put their L
overnsment into operation, and if we are anot of
trong enough to put downa them and their mili- msi
ary organization, we will be driven from the in
"For myself, I think that no man, in or out lass
f the Territory, is willing to risk more of eve
ything that is dear or valuable, according to his v
ireumstances, thaan I will, if the cause is appre-. Pu
inted by the South, and they show their appre- jof
ition by Heading men and money to help.I As
it if the slave owners of the South content for
iemselves with temporary luxury and ease, ana
aid make no effort to save their institutions, they
say tak.ecare of themselves in their own way, A.
nd I will of mayself in mine. If there is a man of
,hao is enlisted more deeply in the cause of the Oli
outh than myself, I don't know where he is to W
e found. I am fortified in my position by Oh
riniple and feeling. I hate the adverse eause,
d love to war upon it. I have risked my life
id my property, which are now in daily peril.
" The South must act with energy and prompt. rel
cs. They must do thme entlire thing, or give it [I.
p,-neknowledge thenmselves whipped. tio
"Our friends must be here on the 28th of St
'ebruary, or the few pro-slavery mnen in this ed
art of the Territory will be burned out and
riven off as refugees. Itf the Soauth cannot Ks
end fifteen haundred men by the 28th of Febru- co,
rv next, and double that snmber by fsall, and At
time for the elections, thmey maeed not send a tor
Such is thie state of .affairs in Kansas, as rep. cht
esented by one who is on Lthe gound.
The admission of Kansas into the Union as a an
lave State, is now a point of honor with the Sh
bouth. Every assistamnce which legislationm can lih
ender, was given by the last Conoress. wvhenW
h Missomnri prohibitioni was repen ed. What hit
iore can Southern chivalry sak of Congress? i
u open field sand a fair fighst was all that our tre
.-in~sor evr sked of :an enscme. lia ithe Ri
Resolved, That nine of the abve Committee T
cnstitute a quotrun. And further Resolved, That 1
the said Committee meet at Edgefield C. 11. on the ,
first Monday in Mlarch for the purpose of confering .
with persons Wom different portions (of the District, 0
on the propriety of nominating suitable Candidates fi
to represent them in the Legislature.
Resolved, That-the proceedings of this meeting el
be puimlished in the Edgeflield Adeertiser and Edge- a
On motion of Col. )ENv, the meeting adjourn- P
ed to meet again at Shaly Grove Academy, on the u
fourth Saturday in alarch next. g
JOS I1 G IFFITI, Chair. al
J. C. MIcCELvEY, See'ry. p
--- - --.--- ti
For the Advertiser.
Ala. ERDITO: In the editorial columns of the tl
last " Informer," under the caption of " Election*," el
I noticed an article abounding in many queer asser- tl
tions, if not random statements, among which was ft
this strange proposition: " It is a stubborn fact, that
while South Carolina is professedly a Democratic
or Republican Government, that yet she has all the
ear-marks and leading characteristics of the most
odious aristocracies that have ever existed."
Now, he who addresses you is but an unpre- el
tending individual, wholly unable to combat with t,
the science and ability of the learned gentlemen ,
who stand sponsors for the new bantling just ,
come into this " breathing world," to edify us by sI
its kicks and squalls, and to defend the " people's el
rights" from the iron heels of an oppressive Oli- j
garchy. lie is unable, I say, to compete with so h
much research and profound erudition, when grave
political and constitutional questions are brought on
the arena for debate. But bring him down to his
level, and give him the whole truth on his side, a
whether it be the " people's side" or not, and he
promises to break a lance, even with the Magnus
Apollo himself of the Editorial corps of the " In
To drop the third person and to speak like an un
lettered man, as I am, I ihink, that at least my own
plainness may be a little varnished, my education
improved, and my knowledge greatly increased by e
bathing a little in the Pierian Springs, flowing from
the intellects which guide the " Informer." Suffer
me then, in great good temper (for I shall bring to
this discussion moderation, if not wisdom-wisdom it
is what I am trying to gain) to deny that South
Carolina is an Oligarchy, an Aristocaacy, or any 0
thing else than one of the kindest and most protect- 9
ing mothers t. her children. The first time I ever a
heard her called a tyrant, or a step-mother, the 1]
words fell from the lips, I think, of Mr. GIDDINGS, t
of Ohio. the next time from Mr. SEwARD, of New
York, then from Mr. IIAL., then from Major
IPRaaR, of Greenville, ana now, " Oh, tell it not in
Gath," from two of the most hopeful sons of Edge- ]
field. Our State and her institutions are the ad
miration of her sons abtroad ; the idol of her sons
at home, and fit models of imitation for all the
States abroad. I would not denounce my native
State, though all the world should cry out against 11
her. The feeling of patriotism in my bosom would e
only impel me to love her the more dearly the more
she vere reviled, and if necessary, to consecrate
my life to her service. It is the home of all I most
love and devoutly cherish, and I will uphold her
" while the ebbing sands of life shall run."
But the main position and all the principal state- j,
menats of the gentlemen are erroneous, and the facts
set forth would lead to a conclusion oppousite from t
theirs. South Carolina is a free Rtepubilican, rep
resentative government, fashioned as nearly after a
the great design of the achievers ef otnr revolution a
as it was possible for the human mind to reach. ]tt
was never inutenaded that the United States, or any a
of its menmbers, should be made a vulgar Demo- e
cracy like Athens once was, when the people as- f
sembled together in huge headless masses, to make a
mob-laws, to elect rulers without merit, and to de- a
pose them without crime, and when every good a
citizen was pot in peril of death or banishment for e
the very excellencies that adorned his character. c
Neiher was it contemplated by our fathers that
their beloved State should become what Rlome was
when the despicable creature of a bawd by her
command over the rabble, cotuld fill the highest
office in the State, could int lhis own person exercise
all the functions of government, elect consuls, and.
exile them, and could nmake laws the most odious,
aid repeal those the most sacred at his sovereignI
will and pleasure. Such was pure Democracy in
A thens, snch was it in Rome. That was not A nglo-.
axon freedom. We believe that liberty cannot
exist withtout thte just restraints of law, and without I
the oflices and distinctions and ordinances neces
sary to enforee the law with dignity, certainty, and
effect. An anarchy or a state of ungoverned equal
ity is worse than all the despotisms that ever exis
ted. A mob is without heart, as wecll as without
head, and is unappeased by thte blood of mna, wo
men and children, by the cries of outraged inno
eense, or the agonies of exp iring humanity.
Ottr systenm of Govern nment was; never imeant tof
be any thing buat the representative system, diffe.r
ing from the old democracies, in this, that the peo
ple, instead of incurring the inconvenience of meet-t
ing together and passing all laws, and electing all ]
their officers, and rulers, have voluntarily delegated
a portion of their power to certain reptresentatives,
termed Le'gislative Assemblies when met together,
who being fewer in numbers atnd better organized,
at act with more promptness, more intelligence
and inore decision. Yet these representatives are
entirely responsible to thteir constituents, the people,
for thmeir conduct, and they seldom disobey the I
people's will. Whenever they do happen to do so,
they are most invariably dismissed from their trust.
In fact, their term of office is so short, that they I
could do but litule imischief, if they were most foully I
bent upon it.
I maintain, though, that the whole operation of
our State govertninent is carried on by the people
themselves, if not always directly, yet indirectly
and as effect ually as if they were ever present and i
acting. Who adopted and ratilled the constitu- Il
tion*? The people, by meeting and sending dele
gates for that express purpose. The people, then,
made the constitution. The people, then, instituted ~
the rep~resen~tative system in South Carolina-they a
carry it on-and the whole government, therefore, is
their hatndiwork, and liable to be altered at their i]
owt will anid desire. No man is a slave-and no
teople arc oppressed whio have the meas of right
ig th~emselves and redressing their grievances in eC
their own hands.
If the " Informer" had made a ease, I might C
meet it by argument. But after his whole Jereminid
about Oligarchy, after profuse denunciation, of
existing order, (the weapon, I had thought, was 6it ,
to be used only by petty aspirants, and those meanly a
craving thte positions which should be occupied by
the more worthy) he whittles down hispoints to these,
tme Commissioners of Public Buildings, the Coin
missioners of Roads, Bridges and Ferries, and the
Commissioners in Equity are not elected by the a
people: but are elected by the people's delegates
in the Legislature. What a thundering in the in
dx was there, for so small a chapter of nmisfortutes
and oppressionis. IIe admits that thte people chose
biennially andl gna~drenniatlly thatt potent body, which
Iwiels the chief power in the State. le admits, I
that the decar people, I will not use the Oligarchic
e sorereiagn*, elect all thteir principal dlistrict
uhlicrs-such as Clerks, Shmerifir, Ordinaries, and
Commxissiners of the poor, and the officers of the
Military ; butt urgently complains that they do not
elect the Com~missiotners of Public Buildings, te
Comissioers of F'ree-shoomls, and the Commis- a
sionera ini Equity.
INw, let any honest man see what attention the
pole give to their election of Commissioners of the
poo,~ and he wvill at once understand why the most
at-~ ..th.m clir.nmt nc not rrivenu to them. a
it of the sires departed from the bosoms of'
r sons? Shall the page of South Carolina
ory, which records the lofty sentiments and
rious deeds of Gadsden, of Hayne, and of
ultric. grown pale when rending of us? And
I1 it be written that their blood was transmit
without their virtues? and of their spirit,
t the "grace of the fashion of it perisheth 1"
'he last Congress gave to the people of the
ith a fair field, and the Abolitionists have
iwn down the glove upon it. Who in all the
ith will take it up?
t 's my deliberate conviction that the fate dF
South is to be decided with the Kanusas issue.
iansas becomes a bireling State, slave pro
ty will decline to half its present valne'!h
I niri as soon na the facet is deterniined. Then
Dnltionism will become the prevailing senti
it. So with Arkanas-so with Upper Tex
While we are thus decreasing in politieaP
rer, the North will increane. War with Eng.
i is now desired by Seward, who is the-mnot
gerous man in Ameriea. And why? Trex.
at the South of men and money, and .with
blood and our treasure to acquire Canada as
soil territory; and. then with freesoil power"
s augmented, to reduce the South. to provifl
dependence. And this war. would be popn.
The West is always ready for war. They
en upon it and are out of danger. War en.
ices the value of all their products-grain,.
on, horses, beef. Their womem'and children'
so far in the inferior as to be at. all.times
ured, and their young men are warlike by'
ure! Nor would its advocates be few even"
he South Atlantic States which woutd be
astated by the enemy. Popular orators
it be heard at every Court House in our~
to raising the cry, "to arms!" who mope
ut now, as if they never heard of K.msas.
r they not hear of it when it is too kite.
f our State had imposed a tax of one dollar'
head on each negro in the State, and applied&
amount to the trnsportation of armed emi
nts to Kansas, the people would hav sus
ied the Delegates, and the funds would have
mught more good towards strengthening our
itutions if thus applied, than if the harborr
"harleston was crowded with steamship.s and;'
ry village in the State had its armory with x.
ila on the ton.
['he election of Mr. Banks as Speaker of nure
use will precipitate the Kansas issue. The
olitionists are emboldened here and every.
venture this prediction-that in thirty days
re will be a Proclamation by the President
tive to Kansas; and that in sixty days af.
vards there will also be a Proclanmation per
iing to the same matter, by tha Governor or
tell you that the battle of the Constitution
inst Fanaticism is to be fought on the soil
et our young men wake from their lethargy.
them organize in companies in every Dis.
:. A regiment of a thousand men, under the
amand of Maxey Gregg. ir now in Kansas,
uld bear triumphant the flag of State equality
I of constitutional liberty.
f our institutionsobtain in Kansas, the slave.
question is settled and the rights of the
th are safe. If fanaticism prevail, we may
our house in order to die by inches.
Let our people but understand the Kansas
sue, and they will meet it with alacrity. Let
m bat see that every dollar expended'in Kan
, and every blow there struck, is in defence
their homes and firesides. and they will come
to the mark like men. They have been con.
ed by the thrusts at the Kansas Nebraska
1, indiscreetly made in our own State, and
taunts of squatter sbvereignty. The bill is
as I wonld have had it in every respect, but
s a good bill for the South; for under it we
go withs otur property, where be.fore we could;
Sgo. Let the theorizers forget their theories
i practise what is practicable. Every dollar
ended in this cause by our people, is as
read cast upon the waters." Those of you
o 50 see the points of the ease should at once
the ball in motion. If you cannot act with
ch concert at first, go to work individually.
~sent a subscription list to every man you
et who owns a single slave. Let others do
wiise. A hong step will be thuns taken to.
rds performing our part in Kansas.
301. J. D. Wilson or our State arrived tis
ring, and tells me that the people in his
ion are becoming alive to the issue. He has
dgd himself' to arm and transport five deter.
rued yonng fellows to Kainsas at lisa own ex
ie. The examp~le is wvorthiy of imitation,
the sentiment whic'h produced it patriotic.
rh route to Kansas is via Nashville, from
ichi point it is but six daiys journey to the
la, wvith wnrmest personal regard. and lively
npathy, with you in - Border Rutlianism."
Truly yours, P. S. BROOKS.
WAsHisGToN, February 12.
Sr. Douglas, in presenting a petition from a
val Officer, complaining of the action of the
val Board, proposed the passage of a law
inting a Court Martial, where charges are
d, to test their truth, thtus doing justice, by
arating the worthy from the unworthy. Mr.
I introduced a bill to repeal an net, entitled
a act to promnoto eticiency ini the Navy." The
ition and bill were ref'erred to the Committee
Sr. WVilson, of Maissaehuset ts, made a speech
Central Amerienn Affairs, and said "we
id at once declare the Claiyton-Bnl wer treaty
1 and void, the course of Great Britain justs
ng the abrogation." Trhe Senate then ad
'he House proceeded to vote for Printer.
e first ballot stood: Follett 65, Wendell 60,
ralam 9, Sargent, 6, seattering 15. Necesa
to a choice 83. Two more ballots were had ;
last stood: Follett.65, Wendell 69, scatter.
30; necessary to a choice 83.
resolution was submitted authorizing the
nter of the last Congress to execute the
rk, until a Printer should be elected. -Pend
which the House adjourned. Fbur 3
['he Speaker to-day aimnouncd the Commitee
SAYS AND MEANs.-Lewis D. Campbell of
io, o~well Cobb of Georgia. H. W. Davis of
ryland, Russell Sage of New York, John S,
sIps of Missouri, James H. Campbell of Penn
vania, Alexander Ds~Vitt of Massachusetts,
I one vacancy. The majority of the Coin.
tee are in favor of a protective tariff.
~oREtGN AFFAIRS-A. C. M. Penningtoa of
w .ersey, T1. H. Bayley of Virginia, Thoras
Clingman of North Carolina, Williata Aiken
South Carolina, H. M. Fuller of Pennsylva
, Or,.. B. Matteson of New York, .Johin Sher
n of Ohio, Asson Burlingame of' MassnehtL
Is, and Benjamin B. Thurston of Rhode Is
'ER RVoREs.-Galusha A. Grow of Pennsyh.
ia, Joshua R. Giddings of Ohio, Samuel A.
rvianee of' Pt.unsyivania. \V. A. Richardson
Illinois, George S. Houston of Alabama,
tos P. Granger of New York. F. K. '4ullicof.
of Tennessee, Justin S. Morrill of Vermont,
John J. Perry of Haine.
ALeToNS.-Israel Washiburne, yr., of lIaines
H. Stephens of Georgia. Coon K. Watson
Ohio, F. E. Spinner of New tork, Mordeent
ver of Missouri, Schuyler Colfax of Indianna,
,R. Smith of Alabama, and J. A. Bingham of
lh. House to-day elected Wendell Printer
The Senate discussed to-day the question in
tion to the action of the Naval Board. The
use referred the President's Message, in rela
r to Kansas affairs, to the Committee on the
ste of the Union. Both Houses have adjourn,.
n the House the seats of WVhitfield, fromt
usas, Allen, from Illinois, Gallego, from Mcxi
and Eustis, from Louisiana, were contested.
thony Kennedy has been ekt eted U. S. Sena
, fro Maryland. in place of T. G. Pratt. A
ty of amity and commerce has been con
dd between the United States and Chili.
ov. Shannon wvill leave for Kansas to-day,
I will immediately remove Isis ofliee from the
awnee Mission to Lecompton, .the centre of
difficulties. Orders will be issued by the
ar Department tot Col. Summer, authorizing
a to aid in suppressing disturbances by force,
necessary. If circumstances require it 800
ops5 at Fort Leavenwvorth, and 400 at Fort
lt-., nwill le a tlld onL.