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- pabuthe Maisttatdvertising .
*. -'-? S~dytI~ OelambiaR~aminer.
em';to aqS1~Gii SI THEBIAIh.
- &Yefeidete tavaw'ttatwe'have Advoeated
a fair representatiopttble people of South
CArpi atk the Ddno ati e onvention, to be
hetl'5i 1nMhfi1Qhiti'Jbne- *text. We -Are still
C "nila "tiit polif, #nttriotisin, and a more
-p ct-ihif'ior ie6States'of the South,
'fth bi'Aiti fatt %drendy anppbinted
t fireli 'o'a Convention to be held in
. theistTl first 'Monday in 'Mty. We
. h th i tifiif9 Itiitga f those rAho hatve as yet
tAM Yi b'q'thi ibatter,- W*i, on sale-day
9n ;tk'fi pf 'tei to b represented
atN t.tiettiT. - o .nbwapaper -writers in
'StMe ha%*bdhdicil't'P: denon. e this move
mnt'isst-bf fulrat office seeker.and have
-uiwmp tingThtnd'idout. theii annthemas
aiMfilt1se WfoThtk -it their diuy 'o difilinte
uef4 teloely,' dti fiialpartienatz juncture, with
th*lbreltin bf the-South' in their politiehi
mot~hfith. - They la ti mhvers are national,
net~hteigh beigeri' eB.t what authori
Ip'fio tlieie jo*riais 'en'oinoe Carolinians as
nd iAtt1UgttnA4 V ho 'politica movement
bdVe0iMtedir initiatkd -By-oh.porton of our
citke tthbbt haitig 6her' Iihtve4 -mpugned
or'thA4* itiies-,efeW st Certainly' this is
al~onginigodisi, and' w'e'truit thit, al.
tift Awe'Vtay-dff lid hpinion in relation to
tiWf*illy.4 n drng'elegates to Cincinnati,
we will be iosisd the anguage' of bitter invee.
ti Ibi a quesidinihe'e' men -may honestly
dMr-.ithokt ariy sneriflee of priniiple.
.-.We believe tie- present position of afflrs re
.q nhi6gtroWge -bionr at home-at the
- seeth;'ne- Whil's eW or~oeth Carolina have
heftabe enaprtiret-Mn-our politietl action
i(*feetiet butrightA 'aid- institutions, It is
n4wadidty -WW owe to our co-Statee of the
Sehrhto tid present Administration-, and to
oftsetfev, to'prove-our idevotion-to'our avowed
-principles and repeated declarations, by exhibit.
ingsyhdine,'t6'work eheerfully with those
~weere'alking"f fthe sulprt and protection
o40tliese rights and inititutions.
-W4 tu'greiteeednrrgly 'that there should be
at1rdivibsorfamong our people on this qvoiti,
segdeV IMiineift it-was exathled calmly and
dipanatlyR , (hero would be great unanistity
iddebrt sit mnting-with a large representalian
ot'es -siter'tte. of the South. Unfortun
*alely, however;- some -of the- people think thmt
althddglt'we are'id the 'Union we ought to'be
otse of-it; that wn shoutditake no part whatever
ji(%fderai poltie, and thant South Carolina pa.
tiha cotnssts in - ontinued -polit ical isolation
ffetnfe'eitzensof their ,tister Stated, and that
Sied-Rights jgbut arnothlere termfor utter Slate
eglsiivenelm..: This position is not faunaed in
wbedom,:patrotisiin,+i-policy. ~TheStatein her
setereign inpadeybit-a' few years since, denied
thec teyefseparte political act ion, and
afiwa'eatons' cantaaw'.etending throughout
her erteieita,'lecinred against it, and resolv
ed to wait foir: co-operation from her co-States.
Nor is it founded on patriotism. South Car.
...lin being a member 6of the Confederacy
ialie(her willinyl' or utn'willitigly it mat ters not
--thi high't d'uty of ttafriotiatn, nn'd the stern.
etk sobligati~ofo honor, oh the part of iler citi
zyi.*i dem'n'thattiey'.shoulii siistain the gov
e~fiinnfwith whihshein eoun'eeted, and aid in
e . tfd.hiit ott ihat is taeasonnble therein. bhe
einoie' bratnitlas -if false notions of State
ifrlde '' veept her from co-operating heartily
witti t osi *hp'~mave the' satme intei-ests at stake
-.thimuime tights and instit'ntions to defenid. If
entire ifiliTn. ie -wh tt is aimed at by these
ndio~'dent-State'Rigrits politicians and editors,
t6 'Be dotsi-ient they otught to ret'all our dennt
* tora atid Ruepresentatives from Was'-ing.on,an
*let South 'Carolinat become an appendatge to the
Buat, inre'ality,-what position do we~ h'oldl
* fate RigfhtC an7 ~ethocrfiek in politics; fierce
if'risoltftions andl denuncidtions against the op.
p'6hnis o'ii tihitions and the assailants of
~ioursostitutionarirh's; reatdy, to take the field
afiir~tth' tfid t fnaties who would bring de
sirtielidn upoii'us'n'nd .dr hone, we yet would
IbId oiir uteers and kue'k on, while oth~erA work
ftir'Ite ccofingliu.nient' of the great end we
*profess to' icu're-independencie and equality in
the. Union or qut of it.
"NSi;targe'prsportion of' ;he people of the
sivel'idiiig states, affiliittedl in poltitical prinei
Jboe4 *ith others frotu the Noriterni States, re
sbtleffdi'itein !Convetttion to rilminate at Presi
dent tpd to declare upon what grounds they will
makland anatin'nnehta nomination. Our next
JSneelhbrmy h'alingpceisely' the snme hopes
. - W.'fei, the-sarie interests and rights to be
lrfctefd 'the'same 'ind- 'to be accomplished,
fe'e it toabe their dtity' to' be there, and invite
dM to nhet titm, ani! we refuse. We say to
them, there will be some anti-Southtern men in
tut coneifve-.there may be some abolitionists
e'ven there.'and we'ennnot be contaminated by
titeir.p~t ieh b this' thei '.nya to treatt friends
ahtd aftiels'in the great cause ? Is this tihe way
:to beOt that sjmpenthy so necessary to close
.p'olitient tinion? We ask 'arty man, however
'inleEff Catroli'ninn he may be in reeling and.
ifbjdie' it under tita present aspect of politi.
-- eal affairs in fIlls eobntry, tfta Commonwealth
of South C~trolina enn rceoive detriment in repu
..gin ,'ono',pr grincibl~e, by s8ttiiig in genleratl
.cconeilif Virgii, Nrth Carolinas Georgia,
.KAiA~nid, MIiesisisipipi arnd her other sister States?
-'~tl~reseni-expression of popular, feeling in
thift'aesho~Ws a divided people; Ut'not se
ultp~i so a* tO' irevenit a ~ representation in Cin
d 'nati.' It may '&partial,.but as there is still
h'r et before rde-Enoy'in April to reflect on
4 u ' "d a it' would be highly desirable
to' a' .rejeseffati6 is 'possible, we
. . f'tiM h't 'et'Iomth- will show a large neces
Aboit .td'ifoAd bitrictR whkelh have already sent
Nileg'atei 'to'ohd State C~onvention in May. We
. b'2iveif lodto th~;enerai unbiassed action of
d peopfe, fouraiths 'of them wouid wjllingly
unite with their bretbrani in siding to select a
woper nominee ns thle standard bearer of State
aghts- au4 ,Jemnematie, principles. We hope
tetyiehlang! Dist det. will .take some steps to
be retpfesented, at Ieastb in the May. Convention
TIhe following letter fromt President Pieree
wvas, reeived by the Mercantile Association of
lioston, to responise to an invitation to attend,
and, participat, in the selebralion, in that city, of
thie birthday of -Wash'ington'.We have never
rgai a nobler or more truthful and eloquent trib
ute.to1,...aIther ,of his Country,. expressed int
sofe'w and, pimple words. . President Pierce, in
the powvrtP move44he .petriotic heads. of his
countrymen,. eithier, ley .spoken or written ian
g~xage, hlas certainly few equals:
WVAsiGro;,,Feb. 18, 1856.
*G~trt.$f: I dr receive'd your letter of
the yult:,Inting -ue,:i 'the name, of the
mt'bers'f'Ml Ifferkaitleo.Library Association
bf Boston, t'~ join :Mith them in celebrating the
Itp6aefingiih'.dy of Wbshington. It would
be'tatefoi-o are to 'listen to the instrue
tive tfribgts and eloiquent words which will, on
this o*dioh, be addressed to the association,
. Bo ttii, of 'eourtd, wfil not be in miy power.
. I hdi6r ihe' phrase' of rendering the tribute
of your aff'eedonate reverence to the miemry
-.'h =qn of $he revointiona-the foremost
aIing t e underi o0114 American Unidh1
le lived'the- leder and the Iguido for 'our
4tbera; ,he'dieA to become the 'type of great
ness to rs and to our - posterity.) It is no fabu
lots glory which surrounds his sname; his are
no doubtful lineaments, delusively magnified to
thi e ~e in the dim *bscurity' of .ntiquity. jHe
;nd befwrests in'-w-eler ligbt of histoay,
with all his faultless proportions of mind as of
person distinctly visible.
Whether in war at the head of armies, or
.ip. eee aq thpt.offeabinets-whether in the'ex.
aieL ortbuUlic iatl)(orityg pr in tha alm conts
of coveted retirement-his entire life military
and civil, public and private, is one long lesson
-6f'b iidom-and of instruetion to his country.
His career possesses a completeness, his charac.
ter a dignity of style, hi-a fame a noble -ymme.
try, which will caus. him in all time to stand
fort' :as tie'repreaentaiive man of this Republic,
and the model patriot of the world.
If the people of every State and Territory
jtr.Con4eration.-fathers and mothers, sons
and daughters-woapld -assenble annually on
the 22d 'of Februnvyr, in their iespective cities,
towni'and h niets,,-and~listen to the Farewell
Address of the Father of his Country, it would,
in my judgment, neodiplish more in the way of
awakening a deep sense of constitutional duty,
of settling qutestionsi of- inral obligation in re.
lation thereto, of eradicating sectional prejudice,
of dissignting errors of sentiment and opinion,
and of insuring security and perpetuity to the
blessings which we enjoy, than any other instru
mentality which man's wisdom can devise.
In .psusing for a day, as You propose, to dwell
upon the great- life o Washington, and to call
to mind all the patriotism which, by act and by
speech, he incule-ted, you cannot fail to refresh
the love of country in your breasta, and to feel
y6ur own- hearts swell ae his, through life, -never
cesed to do, with a devotion to the common
weal, not narrowly confined to place or section,
but eo-extensive with lite broad limits of tihe
Union. - - - -
With my best wishes for tIhe usefulness and
enjoyihent-of your gathering, I am, gentlemen,
your ob'iged friend and servant,
Messrs. Charles G. Chase, and others.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR._
EDGRFIELD, . C.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1856.
ZVWs have ioauthorized Collector out at present,
therefore all indebted to us will do well not to pay any
lsp"e comuwaunication of the Rev. J. M Cntxs,
is received, but unavoidable crowed out. It shtall ap
pear in our next.
Wa propose to be absent on a short.visit to Flori
da for the next two or three weeks. If it be possible,
we shall transmit dottings taken down as we go.
The Commisioner's Office will be kept regu
larly open during our absence, in charge of HI.. T.
"The last few days, says the Yorkville Citizen of the
24th inst., have been disagreeably cold ; last Tuesday
morning we ha'd a small sprinkle of snow, and again
on Thursday morning we had a considerable snow
storm. We lhavs been informed by a gentleman that
there is some of the snow yet upon the ground in this
District, that'felt in January, making about nine weeks
that enew has been on the ground ; something very
uncommon for this country.
" As we are going to press, every thing is shrouded in
a mantle of white, aad the snow is still falling."
The amount subscribed in Charleston for Kansas
aid teached, at last occounts,some 4000 dollars. Ac
tive preparations were making to increase the sum.
Twenty emigrants had departed and it wan hoped a
good many more would be ready to set out at an early
-"4Positon of the State."
A-rTENTrON is invited to a sensible article upon
another column taken from the Columbia Examiner
and under the above caption.
The Newbserry Mirror.
Tas paper is out in tri-weekly form and presents quite
a taking appearance. Its conductors exhibit the true
sprt of progress in this improvement and deserve to
be encouraged. Termns: three dollars per annum, in
advance. Subscribers should address-Rzae and Noa
ats, Mirror O6icc, Newherry C. HI.
"THE GOLD FIELDS OF CHESTER."
How rich that sounds! There's the Chester Stand
ard giving marvellous hints about the captivating
prospects of certain gol diggings over in his country,
mixed up with such expressiuns as "Lbrighat spe-cimens,"
" koaey-comb guart:" and the like. We dare say
evry word our brother of the Standard writes is true.
But we know something .about gold in Edgefield.
Weve sea the Elephaat; and feel qualified to give
the Clessier people a little advice upon this subject
Take care how -you dabble in these nndertakings.
We have had many gold diggers in Edgefield since
BILLYv Doaw c'ommenced pulling out the precious
lumpe from his celebrated vein; but, of th~em all, not
one hils made a sti'ver except the aforesaid Doaxi him
self-no, not one. And nearly all have come to the
colusion that their best gold prospects are to be
found in a well-manured and well-cultivated cotton
The Hoen. W. W. Boyee.
Tate gentleman is rapiudly distinguishaing hitaself by
his powerful efforts In congressional debate. lie has
recently delivered a speech upon Kansas matters which
ispoken of on all sides in glowing terms. His bril
liat successes precisely accord with what we knew
and espected of the man. A Washaington correspon
dent of the Charleston Mercury thus writes of Mar.
Boyce's last speech
" The debate in the House upon this snhject has
been a very able one. Mr. Boyce, of souath Carolina,
made a superb speech. He is one of the very best
and clearest constitutlional lawyers in the Hlouase. His
opinions alwaysi carry great weighat with them-t. His
discussion of the man 'grave questions connected
with this subjeor, was luminous and profound. He
commanded, throughout his argumrent, thae unflagging
attention of the-House. This is thes best test of a
member's standing in the. Ilouse-. Mar. Boyce is regar
ded hecre as having exhanusted the important points in
the controversy. So far as the friends of Whitfield
are concerned, alaey may safely leave their case with
Mr. Boyce's argument... His constituents may well be
proud of him.'"
- Por the Young Ones.
Have you all finished sepper, boys and girls ? If so,
come draw up around thme table, take your slates and
pencils;, and let's fall to work upon the following puzzte:
A lady went into a shop to make a purchase, but
found that she had niot sufficient money; she therefore
applied to a friend to lend her as mauch more as she
already had; she then paid away one shilling; they
proceeded to a secound shotp, again the lhtdy borro'ved
a sum of money egual to what she had left, and paid
away another sahlhng; they proceeded tasa thaird shop,
and again she borrowed as much as site still possessed,
and paid away a-third shilling, whaen site found that
she haad not any money left. What was the amount
of money the lady had first, and what were the sums
she borrowed? I
Whoever gets the best answer, shall have something
better than a gingereake.
STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
Wa take great pleasure in complying with the re
quest to publish thes subjoined advertisement of the
Seretary and Treasurer of the State Agricultural
The State Agricultural Society.
The Secretary is ready to receive the subscriptions
of Life Membership, due on the 1st of .January, 1856,
at the society Rooms, Columbia, S. C. Books finr
subscription to Life Membership. Annual Maemnber
shIp1 and thte" South Carolina Agriculturalist, are
opened for the reception of names.
For a Life Membership of $25 the'subscribers will
receive script, whaich will entitle them to the freedom
of theSociety as Members and Exhibitors,and a copy
of the paper. If the Socie-ty should ever be discon
iued, the original fee will be returned, as the inter
est only wilt be used.
Annual Membership of $2 entitles the Member to a
ticket of admission to the Fair during the week, and
the privilege of exhibiting without charge.
The subscription to " The South Carolina Agricul
turist" is S1 per annum, in advatnce.
Gentlemen in various parts of the State will be de
sigated hereafter, who will receive subscriptions of
Life Membership, and deliver script for th' sname.
S~cr..---endm Trunsurer. Culumbia. S. C.
THE TAT" AND TaIgmr SOUTa.
Noihing has yet occurred q induee us to.inodify oflr
lately,,expressed conviction :-that thi State of South
Carollha is (at heart) in favor of uniting in any eflort
that may be-made, at Citioinnati or elsewbere, for the
good of our whole country -and especially for the
security of SoIuthern rights., It is hara to believe that
a pej.pl, wliprofess(ased 'to be b verned in our
policy hy an enlarged patriotism, shmilfturn a deaf
ear to the call for help against the enemies of conytitu
tional liberty, which is now sounded along the whole
line of American States.' It is yet more difficult to
realise the assertion, so cQnfident,ly vaunted bya few
members of the Carolina press, that the people of gur
State have no sympathy with a movement whose main
objects -as far-as we are to be implicated) are.the up.
holding of the broad rights of our section and the fur
therance of southern affliliation. To credit either of
these. propositions, would be to aspege the character
of our fellow-citizens for patriotism and commvn sense;
And this we shall not do. until the facts of -the case
compel us to that conclnsion. As matters stand at
present, thesefacts largely preponderate on the side of
propriety and expediency or at least what we consider
such.. Let it be remembered that, in. what has been
done in South Carolina towards preparing for a rep.
resentation in the aporoaching Democratic convention,
theweight of ngre political leadership has been largely
adverse to any participation. The most -influential
journal in the State too (so, because of its age, ability
and extensive circulation) has exerted itself to the ut
most in the suppression of all uprisings of popular sen
timent in favor of joining our southern brethren at
Cincinnati. Another Charleston paper of high reputa
tion and wide circtilation-a paper which, besides ex
ercising considerable control by the usual reasonable
ness and force of its suggestions, his also the complete
direction of whatever Know Nothfig feeling exists in
different parts of the State-unites iith its metropuli
tan neighbor in this dampening rrocess. The papers
of next largest and most general scope are probably
those of Columbia; and of these, one has been bitterly
hostile to a representation while another (we are sor
ry to say) seems to have been chiefly engaged in ad
jtsting its sails to the weather-gauge. Add to this,
that the movement to effect a representation was
awkardly begun and has not been systematically pro.
secuted in any part of our State. Then consider the
fact, that much has been done by the people in favor
of, and little or nothing in opposition to, the measure
under consideration ; And the concldsion seems ob.
vious enough, that the State will go, an-l go legiti.
mately, into the great meeting of Democrats which is
to come off at Cincinnati in June next.
For one, %e have based our position in this matter.
from first to last, mainly upon southern grounds. At
the same time we hold that, by going intothe Conver
tion, South Carolina will be giving up none of her
ancient independence. .She will not be endangering
her state's-rights code of political ethics. She )vill
not be pandering to ultra-national sentiments. She
will not become more a scrambler for place and pro.
fits than she is at present. No-she will go to fight
the battle of the Constitution and of the South. She
will go at the call of her sister Georgia. She will go
to meet the hopes of all the other southern States.
She will go to prove to them that she is ready in good
faith to enact her part ingthle last act of the great drama
that now approximates its consummation. In doing
this, she scorns the false imputation of unworthy mo
tives. She hears with suspicion the syren voice that
lures her back with the tale of a so-called "time
honored policy." She.will not be longer with-held
from tike common fight. The camp itself is in danger,
and none may now stand aloof from the thickening
Looking at the question from this sotuthern stand
point, we are tunable (be it hoanestly confessed) to con
sider with patience the arguments of the opposition.
Honestly conceiving that our State stands pledged to
all manner of righteous co-operation with hersaitthern
allies, and fir-mly believing that the occasion at Cin
cinnati will be one at which the united South may be
instrumental in shaping (and perhaps in fixIng) the
future destiny of our section and of our country, wec
can see no sufficient reason why South Carolina shouldl
not lie there as well as Virginia, Alabama, Mississippi
and the rest. The "time-honorcd-policy" argument
might have had some little weight antecedent te the
year 1852. Since then, it has become but the hollow
semblance of an excuse for getting around the decision
of that memorable year, a decision markedly and
emphatically conclusive as to South Carolina isola
tion. But even supposing that the decision of '52 hail
never transpired, the "timne.htonored-polie)" argument
is a pitiful thing when confronted with the present
commanding necessity fur close, constant, perfect, in
genuous concert of action in all sout ierna efforts that
have for their end the vindication of southern rights
and the triumph of constitutional republicanism. Our
Whigs and Know Nothings may object that by har
monizing with southern Democrats we do not achieve
effectual concerted action. All reasonable Democrats,
however, know this objection to be mere gammotn,
seeIng that to unite the power of the democracy at the
South is equivalent to uniting the South.-Thec argu
ment adduced from thie possibility of contamination,
by mingling with northern democrats at Cincinnati, is
too superficial to merit attention. It is a poor estimate
of the integrity and firmness o'f the Carolina character,
that would pronounce it endangered by such contiguity.
Weak indeed is our virtue antd tutnworthy the protec
tion of any safeguards, if we are to be demoralized by
so simple a circumstanc.--Hut it is apprehended that
we are also to be de-Carolina-ized by this step. If to
act in accordance with the demands of the times, to
shape our course according to the changing difliculties
that beset us, and to bend to the wishes of our spirited
southern confederates, is to de-Carolina-ize ourselves,
thn let the innovation come-the sooner the better.
Used at this time, and with reference to the proposi
tion to work with our best, our only friends, in the
coming convention, the word "de-Carolina-ize" is but
"sounding brass and a tinkling cymbal."
The real cause of opposition to this movement in our
State may not after all have been fairly sgt forth. It
may possibly be found in the fears of ultra-conserva
tives, that a hew course of affasirs wotild thereby be
instituted and a new line of policy established amongst
us, wthich would speedily result in givinig the election
of Presidential electors to the people. Some sttch
fears have been expressed. Without questioning the
probability of such an event, we would respectfully.
indite a word of caution to any who may be influenced
in their feelings towards the present conven'ion move
ment by an appre henuion of this kind. Beware how
you place your State conservatIsm in the way of south
rn redemption, lest haply you incur the curses of an
incensed people, and you and your conservatism be
swept into a common political grave.
NOBLE OLD FAIRFIELD
The "banner district of fifty-iwo" has not only taken
the correct and only wise stand upon the question of
representation in the Democratic Convention, hut is
nobly illustrating the reputation of her citizens for
disinterested patr otism by prompt action In the cause
of Kansas emigration. Can we not do likewise in
Edgefield ? We shall see.
Read the following and go to wyork:
An informal meeting of the committee was heal on~
Monday of last week, at which the subjoined inforina
tion was received:
Gov. Means reported having enllected within the
District 9280; having receivedf from the Hon'a. Rt. F.
W. Alston, of Georgietown, $100, and from Mr. Tra
pier, of Charleston, 2(0; making a total of $580.
Mir. Henry C. Davis reported having collected
$180. Mr. 3. M. Rutland reporredl $50 from our Rep
resentative W. Wi. Boyce, and $30 as his individual
Mr. J. D. Strother reportid $50. Mr. R. C. John
stn reported 50. Mr. Win. Biratton reported personal
Mr. R. B. Boyleton reported personal subscription,
$25. Mr. H. H1. Clarke reported from Long Town
$150. Mr. W. J. Ahaton reported having received
100 front Mr. David Blake, of Buncombe, N. C.;
also, $100 as him own subscription, and $50 for Mr. S.
The above amount added to fifty sub'scribed by the
Chairman make-s a total thus fair for thte Fairfiel
Company of $1,430. The Coimmittee are regiiested
to be ready to report finally on thme first day in A pril,
when it is'hoped at least $3000 cash in hand will be
at the disposal of the company.
The Kansas MIeetng In Charlest on.
We see, by the Charlesto'n papers, that a nmeeting
of considerable enthusiasm has been held in that city
to take into consideration the business of atading emi
grants to Kansas. A suitable -address was in reaudi
ness, prepared hy a committee appointed for that pur
pose. The address, together with the following reso
utions,received the sanction of the meeting.
. Rceolved, That our citizens have the right to em
irate to and abide in Kansas or aiiy othe1r Federal
:.......y an.. ... ,tke with tem sueh prnnerty as is
recognized by the Constiutions of this State and o
2..Resolved, ,That the slave institution is one of Lte
political constituencies of this Confederacy, and an
elemerit under the sovreignty of eada slave 'tate, and
that, atiy attempt to destroy it, other than by the con
sent.and through the leglitmate action of those who
havd its legal control, is -alike moral and political
treachery to the system of this Union.
3. Resotced,'Tierefore, in view of these cardinal
truths, thatit-is our right and duty as a people, " to
promote the emtration of'such citizens as will go to
Kansas, with a bona fde purpose of becoming inhahi
anits thereof, and ailing the constituted authorities in
maintaining ite Government and Laws now in force
in said Territory, or such other laws as may be pas
sed for the preservation of -slave institutions."
4. Resolved, That while we do not claim that either
the State., or any subordinate authority, or any armed
military organization. should as such intervene in the
domestic afftirs of Kansas, we shall voluntarily as
private individuails, furnish all necessary material aid,
iithfn our lawful spheres of action, which tnay be
needed by or useful to those of our felow-citizens,
who are proper persons and may desire to emigrate to
Kansas, with or without, property..
WE are very glad to observe that our village pump
is all right again. And we must add, in justice to
Council, that it would have been fixed long before
this but for the sickness of the pump-builder.
Tit difficulties which have recently occurreI in
the South Carolina college are deeply to he deplored.
If, as has been asserted, these difficulties are to be
accounted for by the fact of discontent among the
students with the faculty as at present constituted, it
is certainly cause of mort'ficat ion to the State at large.
When it comes to this' that the pupils and beneficia
ries of a college are to attimpt controll over its organ
ization and management, it is high time for both trus
tees and professors to put forth their power resolutely
in the enforcement of subjection to proper authority.
Firmness and independence should then, If ever, char.
acterize their conduct, even though the result be the
temporary disruption of the Institution. Otherwise,
confidence in its management islost, its popularity and
standing are gone, and It ceases to rank as the great
centre of State education which its founders designed
it to be.
But we have no further fears now as to the young
men of our College. Their ebullition of temper is
past. The majority of them are returning to the Cam
pits; and it is to be hoped that all of them will do so.
With that high-souled sense of honor ana propriety
commoi to the intelligent youth of Carolina, they are
already, we doubt not, prepared to acknowledge their
error'and to bow reverently to the action of their se
niors and superiors. It is earnestly hoped that there
will be but few exceptions to this line of conduct.
As to the.course the trustees are to pursue, we are
clearly of opinion that there should not be the slight
est giving way on their part. Especially in the case
of President McCAT should they stand firm. To de
pose a good and able gentleman from a high trust for
no better reason than that the students desired it done,
would be a fatal precedent. It would moreover be
utter injustice to the officer. Give him at least a full
and fair trial before decapitation ! Ani if we do not
read incorrectly the following publication, he will yet
show himself worthy his honorable and responsible
We copy a card by President MCCAY, published
in the Carolinian of the 13th inst:
Sou'u CAROLINA COLL.GE,
- TUEsDAY Ev .st.
Mn. EDITOR: My first feeling alter reading the
aburive and inflammatory personal attack on me in
your paper this morning, was to reply to its charges,
anI to attack the enemies who have been directing
their fierce fire against me. On consultation with
some wise frienals of the College, I have decided dif
ferently. Andh it is the ohject of this card simply to
annonnetie my firm dletermination not to lie drawno, by
arty amnoutit of misrepresentation or calumny,iitto any
defence in the public prints of my caondauct or quailifi
'catiotis fair mty presetat office. The appaeal to public
opinion throtughm ie coluimits oaf a newspaper is often
the only remuedv thait is left to thle slandelaredl; bitt in
tmy case thaere is another tribunal toi which I can apply.
The high character of~ onr Board of rustees will se
cttre tao their decision, whatever it may be, ithe full
measure oaf public contfidence. To that tribunal I make
my appeal. Nature adejoands a dillerent course, but
the interests of the Collecer are panrmtuns toa my own.
However much I may snifer by the injustice dane tme,
1 can affird to await the decision of our Trustees, be
fore whom it shall be may care to bring all matters
coniected with my brief but inauspicaonas administra
tion. Aly accusers will he there to speak nad to vote,
and my case will be fgly heard.
Conscio'us of my own mocaence of every unworthy
accusation, confident in the ahidity that Gaid las giv
en tme tia serve the cause oaf scienice anal eaducatlian,
trnsting tao the sense of justice inial fir play whichl is
instinct in every American heart. knoiiwim; my oawn
loyalty to the Santhl anda to the sonithi tnraalina College,
demaradinag the fullest atnd motst "earching inivestiga
tiaon of toy whtole conaduct und talu~ahfic.ations'' hy our
Tlro'tees,'I dea-y the stiarm which prejudice anal cabin
ny have raisedh against me, aiad await the. verdlict oif
our Board with calm andI perfect reliance that rijght
and justice will triumiph. C. F. MlcCA1.
Ancient anti Modern Poet ry.
Ihere is an etratct ihiat briefly expareses n hat we
have been thinking fur the last twenty years:
Who dones not aadmirc the clear sense anal easy flow
of Poapc. thle mnajesi ic imaginiation aif 1alitn, t he fire
tand passioan olf Hyraon. anda the unaivaersal extcllenries
of Shiakspaeare ? lBut with these, as with most oilier
classic English poets, the paaetic. element co-exasted
with siuch a clearneas- anad directness of expression,
that the dullest miinds readily perceive the meaning,
though they might nut appreciate fte beauty. Thec
same simplicity appears to hasve been considered a
merit in the great poets of antiquity. But whent I ant
called upon to admaire die poets of the present age
Teinnyson. hraawning anal at hers-i find that the adifliciul
ty of understandling their meaning destroys the pleasure
i might uotherwisae derive frotm their beatuties. Why -
are noat poets tnow required to obaserve what has always
heretiafmue been coansidleredl necessary to excellence
clearne~ss and simipliety ?
E"Ttuc Londlon Ateniznm exclaims: "a War
with the Unaited States? The idea of such a war is
incredible. If there be, in the catalogne of moral
calamities, a ' worse than civil war,' it is such a con
flict as might arise between America and England.
The " Ptlns of Kansas."
AN unknown contributor, who seems to hanve
faciedl himself something of a poet, transmits the fol
lowing exquisite verses accompanied with the permis
siont to publish clhem, if we like. It so happens that
we do like to pubalishi them, if fair nothing else than to
Eow this ambitiotas wonner of the blase thu full com
pass and altitudae of his first flight, lie shotuhla have
profited by the fate of Icarus atid not have satared so
near the sun at first.
Yoaungz tien, to Kainsas you shouhl ga ;
Take with you thecre tin axe, anad htoe;
Twv'll serave yoau, to erect a hut,
Thei doiar aaf atbolitiaon shot
Up in the lains of Kansas
Your ch:mttee it gona, to matke thec dime's;
Altbave all atther fireignt ehimes,t
The l~taad is gaoad, the coutry news,
There is the pic~k, thet first for you,C
Upon the plainsi of Kans is.
Ilinil ! all ye southueranmatraots fair,
. You all must give, a liberal share;
Sell oly all your finger rings-t
])ispetnse with all such usoless things ;
To sentd yaoung men to Kansas.
Ye gray haired sires, awake, awake; I
Bae libetal for yottr counatrys sake.
If its but oneu daollar give,
That these yoaung ni mny onte year live,
While lfar away ini Kantsas.
Young ladies, if you have a beau, I
-Just tell him, where lie ought to go, e
If lhe refuses, take a stick
Anal on the. head hil him a lick,
Atnd duive him oly to Kanisas.
A Ramoil KANSAs MIAN.
Rloughi enough, in all caonsciesnce !
Bable Belt, or the Poens of a Little LIfe that
wvas but three Aprita tong.
Stuct is thec title of a paaetic caintrnbution to the
Southern Literary Mussenager, by TV. BI. ALD~nRcu Esaqr
of Barriwella,8.C. It is one aaf the sweetest productions ,
we have noticed for years, evincing thue fact beyond all a
controversy, that we have amonigst us a gifted and
accoplishted poet. Whether or not Ala. AL~natotu s
has written any other poetry, we are unable to say. c
But this we dlo say very earnestly : that lie both cani
and shouldl write more, much mtore. It is a duty lie
owes to himself, to his. talents andi to his country. No 1
man couldl compose the poem which follows, wvidianit f
such enidowmenits as qualify him to write many other i
pieces of eqnal anal perhaips sutperiaoramerit. The mel
oiy, the grace and the puathios of "latbie Bell" ate
carce. surpas-.e, anywhere, nlessa i t ie in Moore 's
' atadise and the -L Let the reader awdan elovely
owever and decidi for hi:Eelf.- -
I lave you not heard the Poet'tell
How came the dainty babie Bell T
Into this world of ours ?.
The Gates of I leaven were left ajar.
With foliled hands and dreamy eyes
She wandered out or Paradise!
She saw this planet, liki a star,
iung in the depths of piitere even
Its bridges running to and fro,
O'er which the white-winged Seraphas go,
Bearing the holy Diend to IeI ave ! a
She touched a bridge of flowers-those feet, D.
So light they did not bepd the .elli o
Of the celestial asphodels
They fell like dew upon the flowers! :f
And all the ai- grew strangely sweet!
And thus came dainty babie Bell
Into this world of ours!
Slhe eame and bronaht delicious May !n
The swnllows built beneatl'the eaves;
Like suhenms in and out the leaves,
The robins went. the live-long day; a
The I ly swung its noiseless bell,
A nd o'er the porch the trembling vine
Seemed bursting with its veins of wine!
0. earth was full of pleasant smell,
When came the dainty babie Bell
Intu this world of (ours!
0 hibie, dainty habie Bell!
I how fair she grew from day to day!
What wamani nature filled her eyeb. a
What poetry within them lay.!
Thise deep andl tender twiight eyes,
So full of tneaninga pure, and bright
As if she yet stood in the light
Of those oped gates-of Paradise!
And we loved babie more and more: V
' 0 never in our hearts before -
Such holy love was born: .
We felt we had a link between
This4 real world and that unseen
The land of deathless morn !
And for the love of those dear eyes.
For love of her whom God led forth
The mother's being coised on earth
When babie came fromt Par.iadise!
Fair love of him who smote our lives,
And woke the chords of joy and pain ;
We sai., Sweet Christ !-our huarts beat down
Like violets after rain!
And now the orchards which were onee
All white and rosy in their bloom
Filling the crystal heart of air
With gentle pulses of perfume.- t
Were thick with yellow juicy fruit,
The plums were globes of honey rare,
Anal soft cheeked peeches blushed and fell:
The grapes were purpling in the grange ;
Anal Time wrought just as rich a change .
In little habie Hell !
Her petit form more perfect grew,
And in her features we could trace,
In softened curves, her mother's face;
Her angel nature ripened too.
We thought her lovely when tshe came,
But she was holy, snintly now
Around her pale and lofly brow
We thought we saw a ring of flame!
Sometines she said a few strange wordst
Whioe me-aning lay beyond our reach:
Gol's hand had taken away the seal
Which held the portals of her speech!
She never was a chil.1 to us;
We never ield her being's key
We could not teach her holy things;
She was Christ's self in purity!
It came upon its by degrees;
We itad its shaAow ere it fell,
The knowledge that ur God had sent
Ths messeniger faor babie Bell!
We shuddered with unlangunged pain,
And all aaur thoughats ran into teatrs!
A ad all our hoapes were changed to fe;rs- a
The sunashine iaato dinmal rain
Abutd we criedl in our belief
0,smuif- us gt-atly, genatly, Gad !
Teach us tao benad and kis~ the road,
A tad perfect groiw thtro' grief !"a
Alh, how we loved her, God enn tell;:
H er little heart was cased in ours
They're broken enskets-babie Piel1! a
A t Tla hecatme, the messenger,
The messenger from unsceen bands ;
And wh~at did daitnty habie fiell ?
She only criossed hoer little handle
She ontly loakedl men meek anal fair !
We partedl hnaek her silken hair ! il
We laid somel buads upon hoer braow
D)e:aah's bridhe narrayed.* itn lowers -
A ntal thus wenat daitnry lhable Dell
Out of thoi< world oaf ouars !
"7 'lTax gambiling rooms in Washington city are
safial o he koept tap in a style of oriental tmagnificence.
ome letter-writer remnarks that "~ almost every other
room otn the seconadflaoor itn Pennsylvania Avenue is
isedl fur this putrpose," ~ tich of coutrae is a slight exag
[*FY Tair State Ifaanse itn Coilumb~us, Ohio, will bea
wten coampheel, onte of th:: most magnuificent strulc
aires of the kind itn the Unioan, anda will cost one mil
ion fiove hutndred andl eighty-ahree thousand eight
annredh anad eighaty-six dollars.-carcely less may be
te cost oaf one~ new State House at Columbia by the
ime it is completed.
gg5 Tte Iotme Journal (N. Y.) gives currency to J
e erronaeous statement thoat one student and three
>olice ifficers were killed in thes recent diffienthy be-.
ween the town marshtals and certain students of the I
ouha Caroalina College. Whereas in truth, they are
11 alive and kickinig.
[7' A s Artesian well is to be bored in Green street,
g7iar H American portion of General Wialker's
army in Nicaragata numbers twelve hundred maen.
gg Peni, speaking of the cradle-gift to the Em
reas of the French, "0 would preier to see in France
another sort of cradle--nam:ly, the cradle of liberty !''
!27 A submarine telegraph has been laid between -
lie two shnres of the hBosphiorus.
27i Tue Sparnanhurg Exrpress states that corr, is
elling at 55 cents in that district and will probably
aperiance a still further deel ine.
E" LaATE Yiriginian papers report the death of an
Id ad much respectead colored woman, familiarly
nown as "0 OlaldtAint Nannie," near Powhatan Court
loise, in that State. She waso said to be one hundred
nd twenty-seven years of age, retaining aclear memo
y to the day of her death.
gg Tine plantinag of corn in Edgeiield district was h
ever mnore backward thian at present. a
27 Yesterday, says thte Columabla Carulinian of eC
tie 3t inst., the solemn sentenice of the law was fr
rnnaneedsa b~y Judge W'ardlaw, on James McCombat V
nvictedl of the mtaer of William T. Cross, a mar- u1
tad oaf ourw city. 'rThe sad duty was performed in a
eeply impressive maonner by the Judge, and the ec
,retched convict was u' ed nitha much feeling to give ye
is few remamning day' .e has on earth to prepare for ec
a judgnent ofeternity. The day fixed for the penal. of
of the law is Friday, th-0"5th April next. -pi
?g During thec last ten years $99,000 have paisseal"
arong thea hands~ of Dr. Tyng, oaf New Yoark, col- 0
reed foam his congregation for religioaus puirposes- Ii
rh aichi would tmake an average of nearly $?.00 per week. "
gg Tate uteamer Gov. Graham, Capt. Yongea, left a
fortht Atlatic wharf this morning for Colaumbia, says n
te Carlestoan Evenaing Neaos of the 14th inst., being
ae frst trip on the new line. Messrs. Wardlaw & P
lllker are the agents faor Charleston. (Bound for the
Id port of Granby ?)
3g ' Ta entertaInments given by Governor aiken, ~
South Carolina, are saiad to suarpass, in elegance and
ospitality, all otliers in Washington.
gg Commnissaoners have been appointed to build of
a Agrieitural College in Maryland, for which the b
,gislature have appropariated $6000 annually,.p
LEAP YEAn.-A corrospondlent of the London
isatch ha~s endleavuored to shtowv the connection
hieb exists buetween scarlet aind leap year. Hek
'tys. that by ancient custom, a maiden wearing
scarlet petticoat in leap year, may propose to a
ahlar to matrry her; aind if he declines to do ~
n, and she shownivta a part of her'red petti. P'
oat, he is botund ho present to her a' new silk s
ress to cover it, and assuage her wounded feel. al
giga. Anad ho atvers thtat under-garments of' this Y0
enttiful color have jwst been brought into ha
auiatin with a v-iew to carring out thelaw in se
tae c~ourse of the v-enr. Bitehtulors must lie ex- el
eaedingy cattionts, there-fore, howv thtey give the mr
.:ait eeo':ur~iaementt to the " p'pping~f of the sn
For the Adrvi ler.
0 THE EDITORILL CORPS OF 119 13&
,GzmrLEM Eytt In the :very.commencenitnt. of tbe
kl enterainamint, % hich I have been oligring yo$,
iall hutoility, I'was fearful of subjecting *pyself i
ifntfaI charg&jouihave.brquglit againaue.. It
rain, in me, I humbly confes, to attempt to impress
wholesome lesson on personages so di tinguished
j you are fur all that adorns in public station ,and so
ir removed in a bilities, from the narrow-sphere oflny
wn atainments and the impotent 5'asp of my fetbIe
Dmprehension. When you saw how 1 felt the dilemma
i which I was placed, it would have been kind in
ut, not to have exposed my ViUnity, ts it was cruel iM
uu to emblazon it tu the public. 'he sagacity of the
euple would surely have detected my unhappy infir.
ity soun enough, and then you sluld have enjoyed
ie ihotnor of being as generous as you are now great.
You have miscunccived any purpoises every wherf,
lid in every way. It is not possible, that a distrust
i poor old man like myself, could- oppress you as an
ncubus, even if ho were dispused to such hazard and
vickedness. No! No! Gentlemen, sleep quietly
leep soundly I shall have use for you hereafter. I
ave nmeant to do nothing towards you$ but good oWi
es. The horrible weight you have mistaken for ili
ight-mare, was only at little ballast, I have been try
nag to put into your' flst.-stiling craft. Does it feel
trange atd cumbersom-s 1 Perhaps, there was ito
lace for its Ldgement. Make room for it, my friends,
will do you guod on un other day, when the seash.dil
e rough, and the tempests shall beat agatinst your
ark. It will enable her to vsent the waves, when the
vinds shall howl through her rigg ng, and with masts
rect, when the ocean shall be lasited into fury, "To
valk the waters like a thing of life."
I am one of the people, gentlemen-Editors of the
uformer, and whether a Baptist or an Infidet, I have
right to speak; because, from your own-oft repeated
itimattuns, you have the destinies of us all on board
our ship. Shall I then, not cry to t.he helmsman to
Leer clear of tihe breakers, and tell the watch %%hen
Ie storm is gathering above us? If the billows are
aging, and the pilot is deal to reason, and the captain
incapable of managing the vessel, they must be
splaced from command, or we shall all be engulfed
a tile briny deep.
You, have constituted yourselves, by your reiterated
.vowals, the guardians of the rights and interests of
he petople. Your capability fur -the performance of
he duties thus devolving upemn you is seriously ques
ionrd and doubted by maniy good citizens. lit tAeir
mes then, and in my own, (for I am a party in in
erest, luowever unimportant in other respects,) I call
pon you to give a boid for the faithful discharge of
our trust. Sureties are required, and they must be
iven, or your functions shall cease, so far as they af
ect my interests. It is because, I am a party likely
a sufer from your mismanagemen', that I have tite
udacity to call you to account; and not because I
ave the immodest desire of entering into such a hate.
ul contest, or of even beholding my name arrayed in
he very respectable colinins of the Edgefield Informer.
asure you gentlemen, ihat I am not actuated, in
vhat I iow do, by tihe ambition of exhibiting a little
ruwess in the discomritare of an adversary. If I were
>rompted by sich a motive, I should seek for other
lme. linambiaious as I am, in my preten,.ions, if
ither your obtinacy or your transgressions, should,
,t any time, provoke me to a conflict with you of
eason and argument, the palm of victory, and the
houts of triumph would scarcely be awarded to you,
ven by your "Saluda L-gion," or your most ardent
4mirers in Barnwell district.
You alledge in substance arnd several times repeat
n ynur paper, thtat thre people havre turned their backs
Iptit mae,'and that I am, at this moment, the writha
-ictim of their intdignatiaon fair past political offen
es. You say in fact, that I am vi.<ited, with thae
biding wrath of an outraged people. if so, I am in'
eed, sorry to learn it, antI your generons nature
bould hia've made that the last secret, in all your
pysng, to be disclosed to thae commuinity. It always
ztxctes the compassiaon of a chtivalrmus crombatant, to
c his struggling antagonist laid prostrate in thiedust.
Jut gentlemen, I have the proud conisciousness te
now, thaat if the peaaplc have turned thecir backs utIn
i, I hatve not turned mine ulpon theim, iair upjon tlae
allant P'halamnx that stomsl shaoulder to shaoulader wit hi
ne, ina ahe wvar of 1i?. I shall never desert the
ine of any frieinds, ni hen assailed lay greater iinmhers
if the enemy, or ablanadointmy laithaful flag, w lien vic
ory las declared fur the standard of tmy f..e. Can, at
est, uric of yon say as much? %lWho atow attempts to
ublickly ridicule Secasiuan and Nullification, as crimi.
at abaartions, but the Jupiaer cumn febliie of the
.dgfield Informer ? Whon attemupts to diatturb, ini
heir new-made grave, the ashes of John C. Calhoun,
he pride and glory oaf South Catolitna, amal of all
americ-anid to detract froma thte clustering laurels
f the man, who living aind strugglinag to the
ist for his country-died' with hisi war-hiarness still
eeking on his back? One of thle repaited editors of
he Informer. Who hiad the redloubtable mnahood to
tab thu denad Percy of Shrewsbury ? but Sir Johtn
alstaiIl:-Anad who stow has thec boldntess to kick the
ead lion of Suth Caraolina, b~ut an editor of te
,edgefield Informeri Who lias the htaailiod to stand
ip before an antdience of Ealgefield, and denaunnee MIr.
eflrson, the father of American Liberty, as a bad and
iprinipled man!i Otne or the editors of the Edgefield
nformer. WVho had the unabunshing face to rise in
is plnce in the Legislataire, andr amridl te suppressed
ittersof thsat ta hole Assembly (hi appily unperceived by
tim int his oblivious and dreatmy d.alliatnce of love) Lu
olemnize his maritage with lienjamuin F. Perry--the
indisguised Champion of Whiggery and Federalism
m South Carolina, and she only sons of hers, that never
ras her friend in any rdreaadful exigency!i One or the
ditors of the Edgefield Informer. I pray Gad to blast
hat unhallowed munion with sterility. Deliver my
untry from the monstrous offapringof their lascivious
mbraces-."Mlon.-truma horrendiuam, insforme, ingens
But gentlemen, lay not thec sweet consolation to your
ouus, that I amn dead, or even sleeping, or that I liar.
mecome an object of dizadairn or of indifIereance to my
rlowcitizens of the Dist-ict and State. Ishialinever
c before my time. I shall lant mnyself upotn a rock,
nd wholly unmovead by the turbiulent ont-cries of the
eiagogmue, shall defy the waves of faction, and the
rhole kennel of subservient levellers and agrarian.
isat may be let loose to worry me. When all the
tan positions you niow advocate stiall have beetn at
srly demolished--and whten you atnd your party shall
ave suffered a total and dizagrac-efuil rout-nay, when
i memory of yottr ranscatdenit effiarts, arnd of the
[orts rof your worthy co-adjmitors shall be blotted
on the minds of mecn, the principles I have espoused
ill stand firm, because they are written on the heart
rian, and fixed in the inmutalhe laws of God.
I can already see the'ean:ire wreck and rtuin of your
use, alhich an early day is to bring forth. I see
aur disastrous cotnfusion, and htear youe agonizing
>mplainta. The. deep-tmoned voice of your goodmaa
7the mountains resounds even amotng the hills and
ne-barrens of Edgefiehrl, calling for help upon his
ouse "a Nancy ! Nancy"-whilst she, good soul, can
ly faintly and despaeringly respond-'-"Haste, my
e, and come to me." Your union was unnuatmural,
tthiti the prohibited degrees, like thtat of the Devil
id Sin, and it shsall he blessed arid consecrated by
lhing, no fruit but death, nn abhorred arid ugly
odigy entailing dareful woes, and tortures inexpres
ble upon the parents whto begot it.
You, getntlemen, have yourselves acknowledged
mr insufficiency, and thae hopelessness of your cause
every line yoti have wrItten in response to my
mmunications. Why did you alltide to any disap
aintments I may have met with hefore the people!i
!as that your only source of comfort in your conduct
'this controversy ? You certainly could not have
ten actuated by so grovelling a feeling as malice or
tty spite-for thsat was inconisistenit with your char
Tere is one portion, though, of the remarks of the
former, which I wuldl be imst happy to pass by in
ence, but that it might prodluce some misconception
the minds of the people. I mean, that portioan In
hich the quiotatism of Johnson is employed, ma that
triotism is the last refuge of a scoundrel." I am
re, gentlemen, that you have too much chivalry to
ply to me, indirectly, so opprobious an epithet. If
i designed to brand r~e witht an instult, you woitld
ve the conrage to wtrite it in a single,disconniectedh
nence, at I wouldl wisl; it done. Then I could
ter submit or resent, as my .nature might prompt
e. Ilhat since, in your article, yona mike mnentiomn of
mec professionl of patriotism, lby me, andr in te same
pers aight not place you in the same category
wit mysf, and might give to ti; words you quota
more pith than they were intended to have: I de
clare then,haif yoti'pnrposed any deituneidflon of
me, it applies..ith more tlhr."eqil force to yodrf'
.elves, - and consequently I am led to infer, that no
offence whatever was aimed at any one.
Ypur unwarranted insinuation, thehnfidoking to
the egisaI4for office, I shall not dwell upon since
it is easy to perceive, that you appreciate in your
argumentation no good act, which does- not spring
from s'n interested and selfi-h motive. But I could
retort upon.you your posyects before the Dgisaita
egais),thi, bep f (hg ' "opldI' a pigb . the s
legitimately draw some most astounding and convine
ng deductions, if my feelings did .not revo't fAomuthoe
bandying of course and vu'gar personalities. Inste'd,
of engaging in a pastime so loathsome, I invite your'
attention to an extract from the dignified and inde
pendant presensment of the Grand Jury,to the Marci'
term of th: Court at Edgefield, for 1856, as a fitting
response to your tiraeeabout new Celia Hdses,i costly
and commodious jails, and ornamental Jail yards:
"The-Grand Juty; respectfany'reient, that they
have examined the Public - Buldn, .and find the
Court House and-all rujxoblje- Ofrecic good order
and conditjon.. They suggesdt,ta theCopmisioners
of Ppblic Buildings bp insteucted to have an opening
properly grated in the rearef:f each of the cells of the
Jail opposite to tihe windows in the outsid wall of
the Jail, for the purpoas of ventilating 'and giving
light %%ithin the cells.
They furthe.r present, that they have 'xamined the'
front ynd of the Jail lot, and approv 'f the improvq.
ments now in progress 'under the supervl1sion of the'
Cdmmissioners of Public Buildings.
I am exceeding'y sorry, gendenen of'the hferners
that I have been compelled to impart to this Commu.
iacation a tone of severity unworped, in me.: Is has
been do labor of love, The exposure or bare recital of.
your desultory harrangues "ad captandwu pungis" ne
essarily induces sarcasmand satre. Any reply to your
effusions jimit taste of gall and wormwood. But yo 6
are secure against 'i'ssaulti. Your tender suscepti.
bilities are so shielded by a l[appy self-confidence thas
all thIe shafts of ridicale, the envenomed darts of wit,.
and the terrible projectiles of logic must fall harmless,
at your feet. You should sever provoke opposition to
your schemes efseform or ambition. -They ean never
stand the test of judicious scrutiny. Neither should
you attempt wit orj repartee, for you ae ",ineompe.
lent to the task." In a word, the fewer of your say
ings and arguments you put upon jecord, thi better it
will he for your surcess and reputtatioi ; uniss, like
time Ephesian who burnt the temple of Diana, you are
so bent upon immorality, that you have resolvedlio
eternize your name, byleaving to posterity a t6wering
and unsightly monument of absurdities and contradic
JOHN OF TuS Pzorts.
For the Advertiser.
To " Independence" of the" former" :
Sta-You have niidertaken at my expense, to.
throw light upon a subject which you ire entirely
ignorant of. The surmises which you have heard
from many that " Bufiord proposes to equip, trans
port and support a certain number of men for the
likst year in Kansas free of all charge, on their
signing his pledges, is nothing mbre thin a grand;
speculation, having for its object &a.
I had imagined thIt all personsidisposed to u-.
certain Buford's objects would have iven his Letter
a careful perusal, but as it appears many have
only hastily glanced at it and misinformed themset--.
ves of its contents, I will' enlighten them on its.
main features. A s regards Mnj. B~ufords intention to.
support his men one year it Wsno such thing. Ag.
regards pledge. thtere is not dne to higtn. AS regards.
his speculations, his character is too well known
eve itt South Carolina to require a 'denia.1 of that
charge, Ile is known as a gentleman'of high stan
ding, above any petty lanad spec.ulations, his objects.
are oef a higher atnd a nobler birth ; his principles amnd..
patriotismn are of that order that he would sooner
buckl.- on has arm -i and go to the battle field thman.
stay at htome indlulgitng in hine.displatys of eloquence.
zanda great ra.solutionms uf what ought to be done.
Mlen who' wish to gom, meni .f nao means, will real
thmis Extract of Bufurds. To renumnerate me.
fur thte ~Irivitlege of jaoining my p arty, for subsistene
an~d tr~amsportations to Kansas, atnd for furnishing.
means to enter h:s 'pre-emnption, ea'ch enmigrant
aogrees tom acquire a pre-empti.,m, arpl to pamy me,.
wchena his titles ;are perfeic, a suam equal to thte.
value of one half his pre-e~mption which obligation
he umy discharge in money, or property at a fair.
valn ti.'n, at his own option. -
Inm explaationm I will adid tett tio man can take tip.
150 acres of Land withtout the certainity of having.
to pay Sl,25 per acre for it. It amay possibly be oneo.
Imotnth after his arrivaml as there will be a land sa!e
of over 20,100 acres on or before the !st. June. If
a poot mani goes with Buford he will bsppecured by -
titles 1080 acres. If Bufurd flails to give titles, ho.
is under no obligations to psy him one cent; If with
the certainty of titles to 80 acres, their prospects.
"grow benatifully less," methinks the 'prospects.
of thmose who. go expecting laud for nsthing will be
roawn in the perspective beyond recovery.
Wekor f over fifty vigorous, stauncha, hard
stokig mnpoor men who have determined to.
accept Mlj. liufords terms and go to Kansas for the.
purpose of bettering their condition, and opposing.
abolitionists. I have heard thamtsome o'ne has asser-.
ted that their votes could be bought after they arri-.
ved in Kansas, by any party that showed the.
"biggest pile," As a poor man identified with a ceom-.
p:amy of poor men, as Carolinians we huil back the .
insult upon those that propagate it. We go to take up .
Lands live heanestly, and by the sweat of our brow..
we will earn our bread.
As thec object of your communication appears to .
be a warnaiug to men proposing to join me, I will
simuply state to those of Edlgefield District that would
ratlher giee a bond for double the amount advanced
them, anad pledge themseloes to settle -and remain
in Kansas for one year, they are free to do so.
iorinig correeted your errors, I would beg you in
future to be better asstured on a subject before yeu
under take to give infortmation to the injury of a
e.mu.<e dcar to) all Southerners. If I can find Ono
lalundred Mcen willing to accept my terms and go
witha me, it dos not concern you, if there is a Land
speculationin view or not, it is between my company
and myself. If on my representationi they are in
duced to go, and on their arrival theyfiand those
representation false on me, an'd me only, falls their
wrathm. To time citizens of Edgefleld I would siae
that I do not wish to interfere with their aid society,
I started the Ball near two mouths ago of my own,
free will and I expect au I anm taking metn from every.
pamrt of the State, to receive my aid in the same,
matiner. But ats we are nll fighting for one common
cause, I see no reason aby my company should not
receive, at any rate be entitled to some of the:
"1'.laterial A iei" raised in the District. Ihowever with
or without aid, I shall go, and a 'aplace in the~
picture" we v-ill have and that near " the flashing,
of the Guns." E?. D. BELl4.
For thet Advertimes.
hia. EDrroa : lloping that these odd conceits may
afford a amoment's amusementto someofyour readers,
I haave semnt thema to you for publication. Please run
your pen tharougha those which appear Incorrigibly
dull, even thmougha the whole .batch abould he'
A young' gentlemnan just beginning to htave ha~is
moustache examined wIt the microscope is a led,
bait a hiod-carrier's stairs is ladder.
A liying aimal withtout feathers is a bat, but a,
mela'nge of latir, eggs, salt, &e, beaten together
with some kind of liquid, is batter.
Whenever a' anyhbodie" stammers and ap,tatters in
in attempting to call hard namnes, you may know "
thaat they are mad, but a certain poywd.r. used in
dyimng red or blue, is madder.
Mlmize, a specie inf grain indigonous to Amerieca,
is corn, but the lanst whecre, two convergingin'