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ADDITIONAL BY TE CANADA.
I-i said. that orders have been sent to the
British Baltic squadron not to engage in hostil.
The Austrian army has been further reduced.
A despatch from Berlin says that Count
Orioff made known at St. Petersburg that the
fifth point was arranged and pence was nssured.
- It was said that Prussia had been invited to
take a part in the Conferences, and that Baron
Manteufell would act as first, and the Prussinn
31inister in Pari-a as to - the second PIer.ipotenti-'
ary. ' Her admission was said to have been ba
sed on the ground that the discussed respecting
the Treaty of 1841, by which the Dardanelles
was close'd to ships of war, was ti, begin forth.
with. - Lord Palmerston, however, rfsed in
the British House of Coantuons, to answer Mr.
D'israeli A% hether Prussia had been invited. or
whether Italian affairs would occupy the atten
lion of the Conference.
The Paris correspondent of the London Times
says that Russia has agreed upon the neutrali.
zation of the Black Sea and the dismanting of
the fortresses. .
NoN-ARRIVAL OF THE WEBsTEE.
NEW OHLEANs, March 28.-The stc.amer Dan
iel Webster, due on blooday last, has not arri
ved ; and it is believed she ha% been seized by
Walker, which has produced much cxcitement.
- Naw YORK MARET.
SATURDAY, Mlarch 29.-The cotton market is
active, and prices ha've' advanced 1.8 cent under
the Canida's. advices. . Sales of the day 4,500
31..ddlipag.10&; Middling Orleans .10 58; Fair
Srom the Chronicle & Sentinel.
FRANCE Ii 185.
Thie grande vation ts too much nveloped un.
der a clond bearing the name of Louis Napoleon.
France, the land of noble, getlerous Learts, is
worthy of the esteem of the world. Her sons
.have played a gallant part; and the history of
eiviliz-ation would be incomplete if Fruice were
blotted from its pages. When 'Lafayette and
his brother warriors fought by the side of Wash
ington, there was a universal sympathy felt for
the cause of freedom throughout France; and
whea her great revolution Caine, and there was
an end to her hereditary monarchy and nobility,
* sho sought to emulate America. The crimes
that sullied that period were rather the fruits of
tyrannf her Bourbon rulers, thana the natural
instincts of the people; and shte proved oat a
hundred fields of battle that she was willing to
-atone by deeds of heroic datrinag, for the errors
of the past.
-Unde'r thf8'onatulate and the emipire of Napo.
ion, france-w&ntihe admiration or every e~n
tehud~ 'tinad. The battje that shte. waged
wai the battle of right against the foul oppres
sion of ages. What lighat she threw inuto the
chambers of the [nquiaition; what spirit she dis
- - 3Nasij s~ he s .em yod imen , or Youn
- Europe, ri!.ing itt armas against, the worshaippers
of the obsolete and the ertiel, and proilaniing
that uallta was great and noble should no lonu
-'ger-be considered contraband.
Power corrupted Napoleon, and the Unholy
~Alanooehedked the progress of civilizationa:
butt France,-.true tt humanaity and to herself',
still lived on,'echerishing great thoughts and re
isolving yet toa continlue the good work. The
w-rorgs of the exile *obliterated the errors of
the Emiperor and the memory oaf Napoleon be
came endeared to Fratnce. With thaat memorv
was allied a dretam of liberty, that the priests
and bavyonets tar the Beaurbonis, anal the politi
einns n'nd chatrlatatns of the Orlenasi alnd not
disturb. The aeceptianee of Louis Napoleon by
France was an intevitatble sequence tea the reign
of the anarchists, wvhose personal vantity destroy-.
ed the Republ'c of 1848. Louis Napoleon was
chosen as the inheritor of hais uncle's greatness,
and as the tavenger of his wvrungs.
France is very pattient tand forbearing wi'.h
haim. .She has tnot yet decided wheeher he'is
the truie~or thec fialse heir. She tapplinads htim
foar having revived the martial spirit of her sons,
but she tememabersa that Naapaleon the Great led
his warriors to vietory and retnained notaat homue
a. revel in the vices of thie Court like hisi sue
~eesiar. She praises him for havitng extorted
obesianee front the despotic and oligarchic gov
ernments of Eturope, but she latmes himt for as
sociating with gamblers and reprobates. .She
watches closely his every aetion, atad if he prove
false to his name and his countryv, and court an
.alli~ance with tyrants, shc will arise in her might
and hurl him forlh. France hats great faith in
her future destinies, anid she will not be the
victim of a nme. WVe recognaize her greatness
even whtile Louis Napoleon riots in the Tuille
rie~s atnd daw-like struts in borrowed plumage.
We-appreciate her patriotismn and fortitude, and
we look forward to the glad day when she will
again stand int theo advance guard of Enrope,
and the cry of Vire la France will once more
thrill the souls of her sons.
'A MorsE.-We have in our midst a promdigy
of wickedness. In company with the Rev. B. I.
Ives of this city, we lately patid a visit to te
cell of one of the most hardened villnins and
reckleass murderers thte world ever knew. Johln
Fiuzgera~ld wait arrested last Fall and brotnglit
hetre on a charge of murder. He had killed his
father and mother and a brother. Such a mur
der the naonaals of crime can scarcely parallel.
He did this in cold blood, and w ithiout any spe
cial provocation. He came to the bed where
his parents slept and killed them both with sit
ax, after wvhich be went to a bed whtero his
youngest brother was sleeping a.nd killed him.
'Of his actual guilt, thtere has not at any time been
the slightest doubt, though he has not confessed
tho crime. At the last term of the Snpreme
Court he was round guilty, and sentenced to be
hung on the 28th of this manth. There is not
a particle of doubt he will be executed, unless
hte happeis to m-ake way with hiuself before the
lime arrives. When lie first came to the jail he
manifesated somte signs of repentance; but it soon
wvore ofl, and he is now by many degrees the most
hardened culprit we ever saw. During theo time
we were present in his cell he repeatedly ex-,
pressed a wish to kill his reinaining brothaer;I
he said he would willingly he hung, if he could
only kill his brother and a few others who had!
testified against him, lie 1s a murderer through
nut, soul and body ; and. with a heart steeped in
Laurder, he will probaably be ushered into the
presence of his God.-Auburn Advocate, March 19.
To show to what extent Engle~nd Is indebted
to the United States for the Cotton ahe con
sumes, we copy from nn official source the fol
lowing exhtbit of the total qttantity of raw Cot.
ton imported into the United Kingdon of Great
Britain in 1854:
From Brazil.. ,.. . ,...... 9,908,600
From clinres of the Mediterranean....3.50003
Front British India...,.., ... 119,839.009
JFrom West Indies and Gyann.... .400,19
*From other countries,,.,....,.......1,730,081
- Total.........,.... 887,335.913
One-sixth only of the consnmption of Great
erttiirJ prndneed in the Britisah possssion.s.'
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGRIELD, 8. C.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 1856,
KAN4AS MEETING 3
A publcueeting will-be he!d ati'Watery Bratih,
on the Ridge, on Saturday the 5th of April, to raise i
men and money for Kansas. Messrs. G. D. TILLMAN I
and M. W. GAay, will address the meeting. The t
public are respectfully invited to attend.
W. H. NORRIS, ChMim 'of Com.
TO THE KANSAS AID COMMITTEES.
The central committee desires a full report from
each of the sub-committees on Monday next-the,
amount of money subscribed and the numberof names
,eroilled. . And.it is .earnestly .hoped. that those who
feel an interest in the matter will come prepared to t
do their whole duty in affording substantial aid to the
pro-slavery cause in Kansas. A meeting will he held
in the Court House at 12 M., when -definite action
will probably be had, and when it will be determined C
whether Edgefield is or is not to be represented in the I
The Central Committee are requested to meet in
the office of the chairman at 11 A. M., on Monday.
C. W. STYLES, Chairman C. C.
E. SEztILs, Secretary.
OWING to the absence of ths Editor, our readers
will be kind enough to excuss the scarcity of Editoral 4
matter in this issue. He will no doubt make amends 4
to us all upon his return by giving us a graphic as
well as an instructive discription, of-matters and things
that may meet his observation in his Southern tour.
WE would call the attention of our readcrs to seve
ral important advertisements mn this issue; especially
that of B. C. BRTAN,and R. H. SU.LtVAtN. of ar vil- II
le.m, W. SumXAR, LALLPtaSTDT & Dr.NiNo, and I
Baoox & NoatRRLL, Augusta, Ga.. who are now re- I
ceiving at at their old stands, a new and. select stock
of the most fashionable Spring and Sumomer Goods, ofr
every description In their line, and from the known I
character of those gentlemen, it is needless to say, i
that all who may favor them with a call will never
have cause to say they did not receive he worth of
- THE WEATHER.
- Tim weather 'since our last issue has assumed a
wintry eit andin our opiniun the old adage has been
truly fulfilled, that if Mari-h cones in like a' lamb he
goes out like a lion, at least we wouldI think so from
the roaring of the pines around our dwelling the other
Devastating fires have swept our neighborhood with
considerable damage. Several heavy freezes.have
chilled the prospects of our thrifty gardeners and hor.
ticulturalists, andi heavy rains have filled our water
courses and rendered our roads almost impassible, but
our hopes brighten with the prospect of Summer days
on the entrance of April.
. IT is a matter of considerable regret, to ts, that we
-are compelled, through necessity, to call upon those
who write communications fr our paper, to ahridge
their articles, and that considerably, as it is our pur
pose not to shut tp our paper from the insertion of
other matter, by filling our whole at eat % ith such con.
tributions. And, above all, we most earnestly re
quest that they will he written in a more legible
hand, as they occupy -so much time in deciphering
them. We are also compelled to say to t hose of our
cnntributors who are wagitng a war of' quib-. th~rough
our columns, thmat as their comnmunications are be
ginninmg to assume a shape cnntrary to thmat fur whIch
our paper was estahjihed, (I. e. to disserminate useful
knowledge, withmout woundmng time feelings of our
friends) we will bet constrained, when thmey descend
to personalities, to reftuse thmeir punblication. We say
this not through any hmarshm feelitngs to either party,
but~for thme mutual benefit of all concerned.
IN~ our iae presented our readers wusimh tim
admirable pr on at length. To us it reads well
--not from any personal bias we have towards our
distinguished Senator, bat because time speech con
forms, in a degree, to our standard of what such an
efort, delivered for thme hearing of the greatest nationm
on earth, shottld be. It comes adorneud with none of,
the tinsel rhetoric that destroys the effect of most all
American eloquence. The Senator speaks like anm I
honest man, declaring thme firm convictionsi of a mind
devoted to time good of his country. lie annmonntmes hisi
views like a first minister of State, because It. is tn
earnest-not like a schnolbmy spoutinig flowers and
folly in thme attitude of a danicing master.
We have observed this in thme later effor.ts of Judge
BTRtm. He directs his arguments entirely of thme
innumerable adjectives aridl epithets that so mutch mar
the style and force of all our oratory. Thme man who
is alway exaggerating is never credited. Thmere is no
terror in tihe curses of tihe man who is an habitual
blasphemer, but the strung are made to tremble at thme
awaked wrath and imprecautiomns of tihe good tempered,
unobtrusive Citizen. Thme Judge always means to say
a good deal, and not by epithets, time commmonm tools ofI
all vulgar orators, bumt by substantive sentenmces, ar d
expressions often more suggestive than would first
appear froim thme plain import .of the words. Some
times, it is true, or In some sentences, we shoruld
rather say, his meaning seems a little obscure from
his exceeding anxiety to avoid adjectives, butt when I
his ashota do take effect, and they seldom miss thmeir a
aim, they hit to destroy.
We are truly gratified, to see in thmis speech, that I
wilst ouar Senator repels with manliness and Roman
dignity the attacks of Mr. HIuLR upon time Southmernm
caracter, lhe wholly ahstains' from every tiing like
retailatory abuse. The victory I e gains is won by
none of thme petty strategems of the bush fighlter, but by
the skill and combinations, mf a commander capablea
of plucking laurels on a great and glorious field.
Govern or REEDER, even, is nmot able to extort from
the speaker a remark unbecomnintg the highmeut 'epre-I
sentative station in thme Unmionm. It is not true, that a
great character may not crush time reptiles that would
sting him, witaout becomimg contaminated by time
venom wmth which they infect the air, and thmis is
evirced by the late discussion to which we have hmad
We never before saw so clearly thme bject of tihe
late Proclamation of thme Presidenmt, until we were
made acquainted with it by time disclosure of Judge t
BUTEra's speech. In is true, that whdmlt time A boli
ionists were crying treasoni against the Border Ruffi
an's, to direct attention from Sharp's Rifles, it was
they, themselves, that were aiming time deadly stab,t
and preparing to give the fatal blow.t
But the Judge has given u' a noble vindication of I
te character of hins friend, Mr. ATCutsoN-one thmat
will descend to posterity-one that will be read by e
the children of that matn.-a name worthy to be clas- -1
med with the heroes and Imaw-gives of Anmiqity. We e
confess, that we are In love with the character dt'awn il
of Mr. AvcmtsoN ; an d whilst he can claim on the ~
loor of the Senate, an advocate and defender, so able 1
and so disinterested as Judge BTrt, he has nothmmng i
to fear from the assaults, detraction, and vituperation
of all time Abolitionists, Freesoilers, and Black Repub- ~
licans in the United States." His fame is placed upon
a poiud pedestal, that only tile wing of the eagle can
Time South owes Mr. ArctsoN a debt of eternal y
gratitude-the country owes it to hbm-aU good amen t
owe it to him, whether his eilorts in Kansas succeed ti
gg Tint Columbia Caronnimia of time 25th silt,.
says, The prisoner, James McCombs, under sentence C
of death for the murder of WV. Tr. Cross, made an
ineffectual attempt to .escape from jail on Saturday t
ngt. He got from his cell into thme corridor, but p
failf'l in further efforts. il
i' Tint Washingtnn Star mentions a report thmat
the Senate, confirmed the nomination of ex-Gorernor
Bigler, of California, to be United States Minister, rsi
eot at Stockholm,
gg' Govanoa ADAMS will commence his " gen
eral reviews,'' at Walterboro', on time 16th of A pril'.
gg' Ex-Goveroor Reeder and Gen. Wimitfield, it is t
said, will aernspany the *Congressional Cowgnittee tot
g|7A French gentleman, of ample tneans, propo-4
es to establish salt worlb near Savannah, an# sell
ilt at fivescents per bushel.
: Titr City Council of Mfdntgnmery, Ala., lims
rdained that hotel keeiiers may be allowed, nn Sun
ays, to furnish liquor tol-he traveling public stopping
'O|P A plaghe ha' broki out at Chin Kiang-foo;+
i China, and earned off upwards of 100,000 persons.
i is called the black tongue from its peculiar symp.
7 CA1LQr;OFoau.--The Detroit Tribune states
Nat the wife of Horace Wilson, o'f Quincy, Branch
olunty, Mich., died Sun-ay last, from the eflrcts of
sking chloroform, administered to her by Dr. Berry,
ior the purpose of extracting a tooth.
w" PAT," who were your ancesturs ?"
"My aunt's sisters Z be jabers, and it's pretty hard
SW' A rich old spinster, who died at Newton, N.
I., lately left $38,418. She was all her lire getting
sady to be 'intirried; aid stored up 182 sheets, 63
overlids. 50 blankets; 27 beds, with 1,120 lbt. of
athers, 54 towels, 25 table covers, and 43 iandker
hiefs, while- the whole amount of tier wearing ap
arel did not exceed ten dollars in valne.
ag" A private of the 1i:b regiment of Hluzzars,
amed John Dryden, who received thirty-one wounds
n one clay at the storming of ebasiopol, is entirely
ecovered, and again doing duty.
27' Timr average quantity of meat of all kinds,
ionsumed in France, is about one-rixth of a pound per
l1em to each person.
EW P4VERTr wants some, luxury 'many, and
ivarice all things.
J|| Tue proprietor of thei Yorkville Cili:en offers
or ale one half or the entire establishment known as
he Yorkville Citizen.
ETP THr. ice crop in New York is much greater
his season than ever known before,'and the retail
rice, it is reported, will be a fraction less than last
t7F Tar Butfalo (N. Y.) Republic says there are
iver 600,000 bushels of wheat, and more than 60,000
drrels of flour now in thiat city; a qnantity larger
han ever before known at this reason of the year.
CO M N UN IC A TI ON S.
For the Advertiser.
THE SABBATH SCHOOL CAUSE.
CoL. Szxxtss--Dear Sir: Believing you to be n
'riend to youth, an4 ever willing tonid in the promo
ion of their interest, I presume upon your well
tiown kindness, for a place in the columns of your
>nper, for the purpose of calling the attention of the
riends of religion, and especially of the Baptists of
he Edgefield Assoc:ation, to the importance of the
5abbath School cause. I prefer doing this in the
olumns of your paper, because it lias, I believe a
reater circulation, within the bounds of the Associa
ion, than any other, religious or political. I have
)een pleased to see that the nttention of said As
tocition has recently been called to this sulject hy
er Moderator. I hope the eall will mct be in vain :
ind that the motives there urged will lead to such
-.onsiderations as will result in efficient action. The
irst step in a good work is ennsiderati,, the second
a Resolution, the third Action. We may coisider
md resolve a thuiusand times, hmt wvithout actio'n it
v ill'ava.il itothitng. I pups writing somnething in
rgard to this subj.et, ini addlition to what my brother
ta said, but touching points different fromt these
ioticed by him.
My motive is none other thtan the hope of doitg
tood, a duly which wve are commanded not to forget.
And coipseittus that neither variety nor ambitioin
rompt gm pen, I shatll receive an ample rewnrd,
md the-only one I aspire to, in the sweet conscious
tes of having m-ade in effort fos tho promotiomn of a
tible eause-a catuse-intimately botnnected with the
erk'tiottf-jown'hinterest' but thit L f others-as I
iead not my own cnuse, but thatt (of the noble youth
four land. As I do not tmatrk out the road to
realith atnd honour, but the road to kampittess and
leaven ; I do insist that the Chitia~n reader will
ot look at the captin, gnd thyn at the hiumble sig
inture, andh throw it 'idly by as a theme unworthy
heir attentioni. It is well worthy the proude.st ini
elleet and most exalted tuletits that htave ever
doited our world. Our miost pro'ound heiol. gianis
ave ever regarded the early traitning of yoiuth cas
in'objet of patramounit imtportance. Ent n A bra
am uinder his dark dispensatioin, v~ ithm the gjlimminer
tg rays of the po(spel shining through the datt k
ista of nineteen centurties, "commnanded lhis chtil
Iren anud his. househoild after him," and oc said
'they shall keep the way of the [Lord to do ju-tice
md judgmgent. &c." The leartned antd eloquent Paul,
93(1 years after, urged the Ephesian brethren to
ring up) their chilren in "the nurture and nidamoni
ion of the Lordh." When Luther desireul to teair
lownl the stronghold oif ditrkness, which hadu fort
ges spireadl the pa 1 of moral' death over Euruope,--I
hein lie desired that the doctrine Elf salvitioun by
~race, ini op~position2 to sialttioni hby penanltce, works,
tnd well rewarded priestly intereession, should be
rocaimed throughiout the length and breadth of the
'id, how did lie set about the neccomphisltitent of
his mighty undertaking? Bly the religious instrue
oi of youth. Ia the University of Wittenmbury
le expo'undecd the gospel to his claisses, datily. I
ight aldduce thte testntcony of Eingluntd's brightest
tar, or oif Anterietin divines, bunt I nteed not, I coul
efer to. Washington's wordis in regarcd to the youth
f the coutntry. I could say that one of the P'resi
ents of the Utnited States went fromi the lead of a
labbath School to the Presidential chair. To sup
oe there that the Sabbath School is not imtportat
ai iidubitable piroof that wec are uniworithy of the
fty them~ne, and itienpable of appreciating 'thie
ighth of this great argument."
1. The imnportance of thea subject. W ise men
ave said that the prospierity of the Chiurch,and the
aubility of guoveritnents depend upon the momal
-nining of youth. If this be true, then tile sabbatht
rehoot cause is important and comtmends itself to
le christian atnd the patriot. If it be true, as some
iour' Judges have stated, thtg nine out ouf ten of
ose tried for capital cofenees, commenced their
areer of crime by a violaticon of the Sabbathi, thetn
I Sabbath Schotol is important and comnmenidu
self to the Philantthropist. But nmore thtan this.
-it be true that the youth are inclined to follow the
saple of those called great, and if it tbe trite that
e example of most of our prominenit men, whether
pon the bench, at the bar, in th~e state legislature,
the halls of Contgress, or in other positions, are
ih as not conly to1 corrupt their murals, but to de
ide their souls to thiechambers of everlasting d e;ttht;
nd if a high standard of morality is the ontly safe
uard aga.inist stuch examp~lle, then the Sabbath
choot eause is imaportatnt. If the minds of the young
re capable of inideliiblo impressions, and if theuir
iture course depends upon the ineiiation given ini
outh, and if they, like the tender twvig, may receive
s inclination at that agec, but not aftertward., then
te Sabbath School cause is important. For we
my make an impjression upon wocid, brass aind
tarble, and the mouldering hand of time wvill soon
~ice it, but n .impressin nmade upon hte iunmor
il mind will endure forever ! J it be true that
iose vho pass the bright hours of youth in sinifut
heasures, very rarely return to the Saviour ; andl
it be true that to taste the pleasure of piety are
eeseary to fortify us against the evils of the wotIld,
dn the Sabbath School cause is imiportact. If
hilden have a propensity for amusement upion the
abbatht, and in bad company love to wander over
ue fields, upon the creeks and in the highways, anid
'under these circumstances thety are liable to con
ract habits corrupting to the morals andi ruinous to
he soul. then thte eniuwe for wh'icha I p'end is imnpor-.
mnt. If God told Eli that hec would "juge :his
not "restraning Iis sons'when they made themselves s
vile."-If God comnieided Abraham for "coin.
manding his eliildrenl?.-if lie makes the parent the F
uardian of their children and holds them nceounta
ble for their early trinin, then the S. S. cause is
important. jf pnrents are to go before their chil
dren into eternity, and itthey are to leave them be
hind in n' world of slim and if they enn leave them
no safegnard ngainit error hnt. moral priniple,-if r
early piety will fit theimi.for usnfulnis< for God and I
for ieavei, then .hot'144 every father and every
mother lend -it hlping nd to the Sabbath School
cause. Who thenein e so'lost to his duty to the I
youth, to Society to theChurch. to the eountry and
to God, as tile withh d his ai froim a cause so
noble-as this? llavbig Fhown its imiportance, I
close this number, expecting next week to furnish
another hturt artie!e onthe same subject.
Very respectfully, B. F. CORLEY.
For the 'Advertiser.
TO THE CONDUCTORS OF THE ADVERTIBER.
Sins: Every number of your paper for the last five
or six weeks, has teemed with all sorts of commoica
tions, over all sortkif signatures, designed unmnistaka
bly to point libeloin'inuendoes and indirect thrusts at
me persirnally, or as one of the Editors of the " Edge
field Infcrmer." In accordance with my own convic
tions of propriety and at the suggestion of judicious
friends, I determined frrut the first, to preserve an
unbroken silence toward the crew of anonymous tra
ducers, who find a place in your Columns. But it
seems that my reserve, only served to inflame their
malignity, which could il) brook, the contempt implied
by my refusal to notice, their puny effhrts at nit and
vulgar personalities. This is especially true of one of
your corresponding Editors, signing himself . Jonn oF
THE PEoP.E," who has exhibited toward me, in all
his productions, a pitiful meanness and an envenomed
malice that excite my compassion. What I have said
or done, to arouse so mightily the impotent rage of the
writer in que-tion I am wholly at a loss to conjecture.
But as it appears that he will expire in a fit of wrath,
if I persist in refusing to answer his oft repeated and
energetic request of " ClifTord why dont you spenk
to me" I will for once and very briefly respond to him,
the more so, as lie ha so foully aspersed my politicali
conduct and principles in your issue of 19th of Marchl,
that I am compelled in self defence to vindicate the
ru th lest my continued silence, be construed into a
plea of guilty.
. The writer to w!jio refer as nell as the whole
coterie of yoursecret Scriblers, have assumed , at I
am one of the Editors of4he " Edgefield Informer,"
the new paper lately estah ed in this Village. Such
is not the fact. I am not-have never been and never
expect to be an Editor, either of the "Informer," or
of any other News-paper, althie 'gh future cirenmstan
ces may alter my present determin on in that regaid.
Bnt gXhile I say this, I am free to remark that the
" Informer" has my whole sympathy for its success,
because of the hold osition, which its Editor has
taker. in favor of giving the election of Presidential I
Electors to the people and in behalf of the movement
to divide the District, that our people may have more
administrative facilities and ire power in the Senate.
The Advertiser is either opposed to both these projects,
or refuses to indicate any opinion whatever in regard
to them and for this reason I shall not hesitate now,
or hereafter lo.encourage the Informer with all tile
little aid that I can give it. The Editor of the Infor
mer is my private and political friend, and I shall re
juice at any so cess, which lie may attain in life. It
is amtsing to note how jealously, my connection, with
News-papers in Edge.ield is suspected, or alleged.
Previuus to the adlvent of the Informer, it was asser
ted in various quarters, of this commnnity, that I hod
more control over the Advcer1iser titan its titlented Edi
tor, but since the appearance-cfr the New-coiner, it is
now declared aginit and again, that I am the manger
of thtat also. In thtus assigning me editorial duties atid
crowdling the Advertiser with coveit attacks upton me,
moy enemies are giving me a prnninience itt politics
whlich I never claimed,.nor desired.
"oNOF TitE lPsorLE" furtiher says, that I am
atiemptinig, ' to dismurb, ini their newv made grave, the
ashes of JotnN C, CaLIItoUN, th:~ uride and glory of
struggting to the' last fur hsis cotnotry, diedl n iih Ihis
wrharttess still reeking on his back." This is simn
ply fulso andi thte athtor of the charge kmows it to
he utifotunded, I defy htim and his clubhtf lradnieers, to
show one single instance, wherein,. hlave iattemptted
"to dis~nrh the ashes of 3lr Casr.ttouu," or " to de
tract from his elustering inntrels."
" Jotts OP TnlE PEIrLE''tnext broceetds to say that
Iliad " the hardihtoodi to stand up hefoire an anitentce
of Edgefied aitd deinotice 11r. JEF.FEttsoN, the ftather
of American lierty as a badl antd untpriincild mttt."
I suppose thte wvriter most allude to the remarks whtich
I madle in the Couit Ilontse on Sale day ini 31trcht last,
relative ti the propriety of havinag South Carolitta rep
resented irn the Cincinntati Conivention. I -iever ut
tern'1 anty sulh remsark against Mr. Jvrs.tsoN in the
unqualiiied tenns, stated by- youtr verarious correspon
dent. I endeavored to c'onvittce the peolet oif tihe
greatt imin~rtance antd neces ity of producing concert
nong thte several States of thte lnioin in nomn tinlg
ad stppiirting a commton ranididlate tor thte P'residen
cy to prevetnt the corruiption which woutld ensue fioma
he chisice of chiuef Magisti ate devuling tupii the Fede.
rl Ilouse of Representatives anid in the course of the
argmnt I did assert thtat the most shuamelul bribery
had attensdetd the electioni of .JEFFEsoN4 antd the
youtger ADAuts by thte Hlous of Repiresentatives
that the former althtough a truly great mant was yet a
very amblitio'us one and to gratify his amibitioti that hte
ad boughul thte vote of several States in his contest
with Butta, by direct antd openi bribes. Does Jottz or
THE PHorP.E deny thtim l He sorely cianntot uniless lie
ii wholly ignorantt of his ciountry's history. If to speak
the truth of Mr. JEFFRvasoN, be to denounce him as
" a bad and nnprincipled tant," I readily acknowledge
ttat I ha've denoutnced him and shttll cintiniueto doso
Ytour veraciutts contrIbutor caps the climax of his .
chitrges agamtst me by allegittg that " I had ite n
blushing face to rise from my placee in time Legislatture
and amid thte suppressed titters of that whole Assem
lly (ttappily inps rceil by nme in my oblivious atnd
dreamy dahiance of love) to solemttize my marriage
with B~tNJAarN F. Psatty-thte undtisguisedl Chammpti
on df Whiuggery nn.1 Fedleridismi tn Sonth Carolira
atiI the orily son iif hers, that never swas her friend in
ay dredlul exgerncy." I p-osume thie writer must
refer to the closing part iof the speechi that I itelivered '
t lte last sesstiont of them Legislature itt support of Mat
so PraRY's Bill to give the Election of Electors to
the peopb upon the Federal basis which Bill passed
the House of Representatives, bitt was defeateii ini the
Senate, where the Low Counttry htave the mnajority
without being entitletd to it except by prescription. I
will quote ini full that portioni of my remarks solemni-.
zing the political marriage wvith Masjon PEsR, just
as they were taken down by the official Reporter oif thte
llouiie sand published in the oflitcial organ-" the Leg- ~
"I can assutre tihe gen:leman (Ma Joa PsaRY) that.e
I will not only vote fur tis Bill bitt Mill advocnte this
rd other reform.s before the peropie. And fronm thisr
ime forward, lie will find In me a devotedl friend to
State refnrm. Ailhousgh we are teepart as too men
nea can be enfederal politics, ye't we are ner each
othear in regard to Stlate fafirse and especially
gstns the Pauriulhes fLanlghiter) I have said that all
ihe powers of the State are ciuncentrated in the Legis
latur-thtat various institutions of the State are mar
ied to the Legislaitre and that we are all married to
he Parishes: I ntow say to my frientd thtat lie and I
tre married together for an eterntal wvarfare against,
le Parishes (laughter.)" The reader will please mark
le passage in italics, where it is expressly stid itat
aoa Prnayv and myself " are wide apart as two
ren can he on .federal politics" Btit that " we are
Sear each other ini regard to Slate aftsirs and especial
ly against the Parheibes." Yet troth telling "In rit NoF
rmE P~r.EL," enideavores to create. ihte impression
iliat I htave uit ed politically heart and htanid with
the tudisguisedl Champion of Whiiggery and cuinsoli
jation in Southt Carulina" as lie is pleased to designate
lasoa Paaav. B-eause Mr. P'Em~Y and I concur
ii a common wish to reduce the powser of time Parishtes I
and give epral Representation to every section of the
State, ait I thterefore to lie egarded as concturing in
all hin political doctrines against mnyexpress disavowvali I
t the conitrary ?
There are but two schools of politics in the United Il
States and we never have haul but ivo, since thte '
adoptisin of the Constitintioin. The one believe in
strengthening the Federal Givernmtent in every possi- I
trengthen the State Governments. MasslarntettI
as always lead, the Federal, Consolidation, or: Whig
arty as it has been indifferently called, while. Virgi.
is and Kentucky first took command of the State
ights party but yielded it to South Carolina. who has
een as ultra State rights for thirty years past as she
ad previously been ultra conselidation in her views.
'lie leader of any party is generally in advance of it
nd the reasonable presdiiiption is that South Caroli
a holds as extreme doctrines of State rights on some"
insas Massac-husetts does of consolidation. A me
ritn is therefore perhaps the golden rule in this case,
Ls it is said t) be in all others. At least a large ma
irity of the States in this Union have always thought
o. Iyield to no man inajust devotinntoStaterighits,
mnd acknowledge the constitmional power of a State
o ,ecede. I have never " ridiculed Secession and
Nulification. as Criminal nbeirtions," except sn far as
o declare it as my belief that they were both " Parish
uarrels." I said on Sale Day in March, that frOm
he struclure of oni State Government, which gives'
le Parishes an excessively larger share of Represen
tiotin, than ihoiy can claim upon any principle of jus
ice, that the people of the State, (as nearly fourffths
if them reside in the Di-tricts proper) were never Con
ulted hi the enactment of laws, so as to reflect pub.
lic opinion-that as a ronsequence every time an ap
pe.: I had been taken from tie L-gislature to the people,
lie latter invariably decided against the former. Does
" JoHN OF THlE Pror'.E" deny this ? Does lie eleny
that Edgefielc has as much w hite population asfifteen
f the Parisho', or that our District has but one Sena
Ler, while. those Parishes have fifteen Senators, which
n the basis of ptopulation, gives one Parish voter as
much political power as any tairly voters in Edgefield 1
Dies lie eleny lint E-lgefield has as many slaves as
ight of tihe Parishes, or that our District has but one
senator, while theise Paiishes have eight Senators,
which on the basis Of Slaves gives one Parish voter
as much power, as any sixteen voters in Edgeflield ?
Does he deny that Edgefield pays an much in taxation
m nine of the Parishes, which have each a Senator,
r that she has as much land as eight senatoral Par.
ishes? Does lie deny but thai Charleston has several
Representatives in the lower House of the Legislature
for taxes paid by the consumer in the int-rior 1 Does
lie deny but that the lower country have many more
tepresentatives than they ought on account of the
iigher taxes which they pay upon their land ? Does
ue deny but that the Parishes get representatioen for a
ree school fund which they do nOt need and which
aoes tI educate the rich of the low country I Does lie
leny but that at least five Parishes have a Represen
jaive in the popular branch of the Legislature solely
upon the principle that each election Distrfct shall
ave at least one Representative ? Or does lie deny
but that the Districts get no representation for the large
olice tax which they are forced to pay, while the
Parishes pay little, qr no such tax aud therefore ought
not to have any representation for it. If he do not
leny these things arid lie shiould be careful to examine
efre lie ventures to gainsay them lie must admit the
irnth of my preoposition that our Legislature is not or
Tanized so as to reflect public opinion and that there
feore whenever an appeal is taken from the Legislature
to the people, the latter have always decided against
I had been taught, from my youth, to regard Major
PERaRy as a Consolidationit-as a Whig-or, in other
words, as inclining too much toward tihe Government
at WashingtOn, and, remembering my early preju
dice, I was camutious to inform him, ihiat " we were
wide Apart, as two men could be, on federal politics."
I even charged him with being a Whig in the debate
on the Eigelfield Rail Road Bill. Tos whieb he re
ried in these words: " I never was suspected Of
Wiiggery by any one in my life, w. knew me, but
from my youthm to this time, J have always beena re
gardedl as a thorough Democrat anel a free tirde man."~
Having pernsed rmany of the discussions un Secession,
Nullifiuation, and kindredl snhjects, in which Mlajor
PERRaY participateid, lims not hesitate to express mny
elief that lhe spoke the wahole truth in the words
aove riuotede when he declared inmnself "a Demo
crat and a free trade man." IHe has oftentimes stated
that lie diff-red with Secessioenists and Nullifiers only
in thie necessity iir expediency of the remedy which
they proprosedl. Ir lie was wrong in opposing NdLli
eaa.c cc: hens:e fot fifths ofjhe people ini all the otherh
tatis4r 1the nin-teeig - '- -a~sJ asmiLLaii
the wreing piositiuon against Sece-ss:ont a very 1arige
mjeriiy even oaf So~uth Casrolilians en.cinciufed with
him. No otie can doubt .Najor PERtRT's honesty of
purose in oappisitig Secepsio~n and Neillilication. But
fron a since.rc ceinviclion aef dutty lie never would
have thrown himself feorwvard against those measures,
ard yet coaiinne to reside in South Carolina, where
there is so much hitter andl bliiicl pre-jidice aginst
him, iin acc'outit of the hildness, ahility and success
waith whaich. he has sut'tainede himself. I believe that
lie lieves tiis native State as inteiisely as - JotaN oP
vnti Ptxor,.e," or any one else, and that tie would
shed the last drop of his looicd in tier defence foir a
righeicns ranmse as quickly as any man within her
orers. Neo one shouceld claiim a moneopeily of patriot
win for himscelf or his party andl, therefore, it smarks
miuchi ofplresompition for "JOHN~ OF TilE lEor.,"
or any oiler m.,n it Sicuth Carolina, to assert, that
Maijr P'caar is "the otily son of hers, that never
was ien frienmd in any'dreiadfiil exigency." Pre-jndice
and noithiing bitt prejudice has caused the name of
lsttnY to be 5'o fiercely assaileid ini the midldle anit
ower Districts oif South Carolina. But thte day is
at hand when justice will he done him. The pri.
aie citizeni whie wants tie office, alwnys arnd on all
mc~aeiotis goes fur the gooed of his ciinntry only. i~e
nay lhe deceivedl fir a time by initeresied peliticians,
mnt, ini the end, lie alone is ever ready to deal fairly
ay public men. Our Stute is beginning to slide into
er true picaii n-mnidway between the extreme of
tate-Rights, en the onie hand, and consiilidatieon on
he other. She will go into the National Democratic
ovetion, and she will, ere long, give alma election
f lectoirs to thme peoephe. The Parisoes see it--feel
-know ie, and hence the desperation with which
hey are appealing to " Conservatism" and popular
r-juice agaist Majeir PEaRYa.
I am not the oiily man iin the State who is ready to
ive 31ij.,r Pvaav a qualified endorsement. There
re tliese high in the confidence of South Carolina,
who iare " perfectly williing to trust the honor of the
itate ine his keeping." Judge BUTLEa in his late
etter on the Ciicinniati Ceonvention after proposing
ie namtes of several distinguished genthemetn as suita
de Delegaates to represcent the State proceeds as ful
inws. l But thmere are many others, that I might naimn'
til there is one gentleman, whose name, on this
Iccasiden, I ought not teo omait, for while he has some
otions in which I cannot agree yet lie is a gentleman
ur whom I have always enitertaiinetd an unfeigned
speet-l allude to Cot. PERaf, who has been promi
cnt in the Convention movement. I would be per
ety ai'llhing to trust the honor of the State mn his
eeping." Juadge BUTLER will also peihaps receive
lecture from "JouN or TilE PEoPLE" for this timi
d compliment to Mir. PERRY. Bait the Judge is
ighit, thie peoaple are with hiim whatever a few maal
eotents may say to the co-atrary. South Carolina is
a state oif trantsition ande in niy judgmnent the tnext
anvass fur thme Legislature will raise a storm oaf ex
itemeit thiroiughiout the tip country in favor of Stale
eform, that ' parish coanservatism" shall no loniger
is able to withstand.
"JoitN aF Tiaw PaoPLEr" finally adlmonishes me in
his strami" I catn atlreadhy see the entire wreck and
uini of your cause, whaich an early day is to bring
urthi. I see your disastrous confusion and hear your
gotiing cicmplamnta." Now let me tell taint that it
Snot usual to preatch a man's funeral before his death
nd that I am not disposeed to prove an exception to
ie genearal rule. WVhat he mneatis by my "cause"
ust be thie divisiomn of Edcgefield, reduction of parish
ower anal giving the Electini atf Electors to the pan
he. Thaese mieasures must excita conisiderabte alarm,
Ise why do "iJonN OV THtE Pzoz'LE" arid his co.
jutors ill te coilumne' of a news-paper, week after
verk, in persevering etforts to overthrow them andl to
xite p'rejnd ice against me. But I heaare my enemies
continue their tiriades and indulge in the delihtful
nticipatioln of my "c disastrous contfusion."
G. D. TI LL31AN.
Looar OUT Folt TH'E~it.-The C~iadn Joural
f the 25th tilt., says, We are iniformeid by a
entlamin thatt a sett of feore'ign peintars are
rowlingr abouit the coeutry, underi raither sutspi
ions ciracumtstanes. TI'ary seem tam have a great
arhiaity for kitchens atnd negr houses, atnd
here are renisains to believe that tlhey :are aef no
dantttae to thtathltss aif aour jptulating. iome,
ft hem nre' aned w ih ittoil anid einhe, and it
ight be we)'I f'or our c.iizens~ to lie omp the looak
For the Advertiser.
Mr. EIm-TO.-i Will now proceed to siow, that
hiwye'rainstend of being iorse than other people,
mand at this'period.-and ever have stood a'monk the
foremost .of mankind, not ordy for their intelligence
wisdom and vasi attinmeits, but fur'their probity,
their courage, their patriotisn, and for their unn'a m
bered, benef ections bestowed upon the 'human race.
In times of trouble nnd disony they have been.the
bulwarks of law and order, and amisidst revo'ution
anarchy, atid confusion, they have sustained gav
ernments tottering to their rall ; and they have built
-up nsqw Ones out of the wreeks anid frgments of nn
timAn. Lawyers have'leeen the filenids and clam
pions of freedom, in all ages, nwl wlhean that engle
bird has taken her everl.stiig fl:ght from at falin
empire her last sad scream of dip-ir has rung fr..m
the Bar or the forum nnd restounled from the lips
of some ehaquent atn of the luw..
Demosthenes was a plender of oau.,es, and lie it
was, that relumed the dying embers of Liberty in
Athens, and roused his e.ountrymuen, to nwike a last
effort against Phillip worthy of the better days oif
Atheninn glory. Cicero cou!d plead the law of
Clients as well .1s that of Rome. By lia eloquence
vigilance and fidel'y, lie saved the city from con
flagiation, preserved for a space the safety of the
commonweahlt, expired amid Its decaying grandeur,
and was crushed beneath, the noblest fabriek ever.
reared to liberty a d indelpendence on earth. Whose
voice rolled through the nation as a mngic spell to
rouse our fathers to arms on the eve of the revolu
tion, animated the despairing to hope and nerved the
arm of the her-? to battle? It was the voice of a
lawyer-it was the voice of the man who flingin.
deianiee in the faee ofKing George, raised that war
cry which reverberated through a whole continent,
"GIVE ME LI.tDEtTY, OR GIVE ME DEATH j'-It was the
voice of Patrick Henry, a name become as immortal
as the country he redeemed by his eloquence. Whd
wrote the I )cc!aration of Aner'can Independance;
who really conceived tho, sublime principles of gov
ernnent, which, in a singh, life time have produced,
the pnrest, the most powerful, the most happy, and
the niot warlike nation in the universe ?-It was
Thomas Jefferson, a inwyer. Who a!most, made
the constitution of the United States ? It was James
Madison a lawyer. Who stoond by Washington firm
alike in battle, ani in bivouac, anti guided his great
counsels through the most perilous crisis of our in
fant Republic? It was Alexander Hatniltona Law
yer, Jackson, the patriot, the soldier and Statesman
was a lawyer. Calhoun was a lawyer, and so was
Clay, and Webster, and Otis and Lowndes.
Nearly all our Presidents have been lawyers All
our .lulew, of course, have been lawyers, and
hatwyers have delivered to us such a system of
fre; government a.s never before eomrn:nded the
namiration of the worlil. In fine, the men of the
legal profession have beeti the parents and conserva
tives, of law and of liberty. and of government in
all tinmes and among a!l people who have attracted
the attention of mankind.
Let us suppoise for a moment, that the whole corps
of t.lges, as we!l of the several States, as of the
United States, shou'd ce-ase to be. and that their
offices, and functions s-oull be totally abolished.
What a seenec of siot and disorder, would the coun
try soon preaent. Lawlessness, crime and murder,
would stalk ntebuked through the l.nd. All the
licenitious, and malevolent passions of man's nature
would gain the ascendaint peculation, unsustained last
niidlnight masaere and high way robbery, would
satiate themselves, on all that is enterprising, fair
anda innocent, nd luvely anid beseoming an the most
blessed portion of the gloube; andl the pure, the weak
the he!itless, the inol~ensive, and the unresisting,
would perish in' one common grave, by the rudle
eennter of brutal violencee, and pheysical might.
Any sane ntanitigtee, that the chief end of gov
er eti ~r'it oit by the estabbshmient
just:ee to litigants, by sa tt:ing the disputes of partaes,
by pres.nting ad punishing misdlemenneoars and
er-m', aind by defendineg the paeeble ngainst the
wvorthlebs attat'ks of their overheatrineg, powerful, anal
vindictve neighbors. To thtus carry an the admin
istration aof justice, we are enlled upon to paty the
largest porton aof otur taxes, courts are insatitutedl
amnd aard:ined, and judges are electesi to preside thiere
in. Why, the .Judiciatl tribunuals aof thte country is
thea onily power, that enn interpo~se .against the ini
vasioni aif our most snered cansitutional,nand politen
anal so.'ial righnte, by rabid, reckless amnd sensel-s
le'gislationt. They alone, tare the true expounidersa.
and interpreters, law, andte the surest, antd mest
steaidfast chaimpionis antd adefenlers of the great cha~r
ter of our liberties. The .Judges in all age. have
rorumead the last as well as firmnest and noebiest ramt
pa: ts, behinud which the friendls aof civil liberty have
ral:ied, to, make thier oralions, to their country, its
indlepenmdence tad its most chserishted institutions.
Theair psower is less imposing atnd terrific than that
of the mtilitary, bitt it is aof infincitely more utility and~
it is absolutely iudispen~sable. to a free peopele. It is
imtpostible then, either for a governtnent or ror nn
orgatnizedl society to exist without .1 atlges, and it is
equally impossible to uobtain comutpetent .Judgre from
any eother profession than that of the law. Lawyers,
thieref.are aire as necessary to the vell-being of a
sate, as farmeers mnechaniies, merehants, soldiers. or
any other elass of the people--nnd nione but fools or
or knaves wosuldl be ililinag to dlispensae with them in
a Iepuab!ie constituted like ours. But lawyers are
a neces~ity from aour state of society, anal from the
ernil;eting pursuits and occupations, and variatus
tempers of men: assemtbled toigether itt one communi
ty. We will imnteginie that all lawyers are banished
the realm, or as many a mtiserly or disappsinte~d
litigant would lhave it put toe death. Would theere
fore, the passionis of tmen, be ebanged, and their
evil propevnsities and adispoesitiaons be banished too or
eradicated fromt the ina and heart ? Would dis
putes, and strife, and contention al.-o cease among
us ? Would our lanad becatme a paradise, w..nide the
millennium therefore appear, aned woul.l maun there
fre at once b.e perfected in the image ad likeness
of lhis God ? Oh no ! We have vet to see even the
approachinig shadow of milletnnial Glory : the devil
still roars like a lion, and seeks in every corner of
the castle foer Ii a tremtblmtg victims, the furies of
Hell still rage in the hnttman breast, tad mian stamap
edl with original sin, still strives for the overthrow
ead destrution of his fellem en. In our preset
State there, hough lawyers meighit, faor a wtheense
ta plea l causes, yet eauses aof dtif'rence and conflict
themselves would not cease among the pople
Lawsuits of some kind wont!d still occur. And as
all men are not equally wise and intelligentt, when
contestants shoutld become inflamed with a desire to
gain the mastery over their opponenab, or wrout
up by the magnitude aef the' interest involved, they
wuld be suse to catnsult withe somie man or mien
found for ther learning, or for their bettee under
standing of thse laws, thtan the rest of their fs Ilow.
citiens. These mren in the course of'time, beconm
ing more anal more dastinaguishe.d for their peculiar
kinde of knowledge, and for their profound judg
menat as to the event of suits, would receive so
many visits fromo disputants and so miany applica
tionee far their opinions, (for mna in difficulty' will
resrt to the best souvoe of information they know)
as to monoplize their wholhe, time, ail consequently
comnpel themn to charge for their services, in order to
gain a livintg. The censs of mnen, therefore. denominat
ed lawyers, springs up, from the advanced state o'
society and government in the world, and is one of
the most useful andl imapartant elements of that state.
le therefore who sails at it, is either ignorant of the
ways of Providetnce or wickedly opposes the inevi
tible laws anal aomiscient designs of [leaven. Lawyer
and client were wvell etnown in ancient ltomn,atnd the
distinction between them groso ned .increased with
the advance of that natioen just as I have deserib d.
At first the .elient was merely a frienm, or filower
.2 theman.. verse.d in te ltvn. *A ftr. n a hile -ie
became a kind of retainer, and then began to per.
formpiftteular servics to him for the constant and
iiefutadvice lie receivbd. until their relations assum
ed pre.isely the same form they now bear between
lawyer'andl elient in-this day-the lawyer giving to
the-ient., the best ervice and instruction he could,
bestow, and the claiment, in turn, making'the la-w
yer, a -suffielent petmiary compensation, for his
.diigepeg,Odelity. lab. r,-and loss of time.
In concluding these remarks, it may be well to
have ialusion to sone of' the objvaetions. most fre
quently urgted against the legal prefessipn, n; by
the virtuous and initelligent, I own, 6ut'by tl on
infirmed-,-and by the shallo2 w hidd iimgvgies,
who are continually prowling among the. people,
Oike hungry wolves, to disorder the flack, andtus
be enabled to consunmate their vile schemes of
luw-minded ambition. It is said, that the oppor.
taities and-iudueements offered twoawysmpfse4b'e'
conitnission of fraus and falseh6odip rdf* ap- t.
corrupt theiir mindsandl ten ptith't4i into tliese
crimes. This is a fake assumption.. They have-'
no such chances tand facilities. Every impottant4
case, that passes through the handi oF a lawyer, is -
recorded'in the 'offiees of co't ad 14here is the'
hook forever ready to convict him of corruption ore
to acquit him of rusure and blame. Besides, he is
confronted in court by'the Judge, and by anolher'
lawyer equally h-arned anid expert with himself,.
whoise duty it is to detect all his falsehoods, anda
expose all his knavery. The idea that lawyers'
have a private agreement and' coliunion with each
other is simply absurd. Murder -Will 'out; and so
.will secret rascality, and as the'ja'go himself was.
oice a lawyer, I am sure he would have discern-.
ment enough to perceive the tricks obis trade, and
boldness enough, in the discharge .f his duty, to.
expose and punish them. The truth is almnost any
other occupation afords a wider field for cheating
and speculation than that of the practice of the law..
The merchant's especially, if he isa dishoeift man,
inv:tes him to any kind of. thievery. for he can.
charge his customers with any amouls be flesses,.
and collect them by the evidence furnished in' his.
own books, and-in his 41e oath. Still the Lawyer
is made the seapegoat of 'the sins of all the pro
fessions. lie generalty" works harder for less
thanks, and dies poorer than the man of any other
respectable calling. A rich lawyer is almost a euri,
osity in America, and if the Attorney, is so avarici
ous as to grasp from hiselienti what is not his due,
he nust then be so liberal, on the otherhand, aa
to give it away to objects of charity (frjit would not
comp'ort with his sagacity to idly. spend-it);, but the
two prinpiplies of human natureare inconsistant, and
irreconcilnble, and the.man of briefs stands adquited
of roguislness, as he may feel acquitted in regard to
most all the charges as. bounteously heapd upon
But farmers! farmers !-Dfictors! dnev:l, and
all shouid be elected to the Legislature-not the
lawyers, the uptart eandidate for office, and this is
the enchantoas wand by which an enlightened chasa
of the cummunity is rendered obnoxious and odious
to the people, and cheated of positions, which it
would be an honor and a benefit to the peopte them.,
selves, for them to confer. *lt is truly sayils Oy
liule for the rest of the Legislature,. to conteh $
lawyers can shape the acts of the Asembl *
own benefit without exposure. Surely th ,k.
centrated duaas enough amonig :the ohtem.
bers to see a fact which would be so. apipat-se
perfectly manifest on the Stature Book, if the al,.
ready detested and condemned lawyers weie, only
once, detected in subserving their own ends, I
pledge my life, that they would :Deve6 again have
the honor of representing their out-rage d constitu
ency. if they even had selfish objects to accom
plish and int'erlas to advatfeeeiieomnpitable with the
interests of thosethey.repg~ted, they would be.
deterred from folhfng ther own inclineions, and
eterna'! wrath of .their co'nstituents, which ,they -
would most eertainly, encounter.
It is-easy to talk, but I defy any nauetopoint-o
a sinigle instance, whore the lawyers of th evis
latrce; ats a body separate fronm thk oth~r 'miembers
ever bet'-ayed' their-ttusfs 6o frn h to 'par -ne
simuple tact to be passed exclusively for their own ad
vantage. They hatve had no- in'eilnion to du so.
The truth is, we have only one great intereit, ira
common, to advance and uphold in.Sputh Carolina,
and that is the farminig interest. South Carolina is
peculiarly an agricultural State, with no othetr per
snait to contieit with the main calling 'of the people,
Nearly every lawyer too, who has. been able to make
a little money, has inivested it in a smnall farm, wbich
constitutes his so.le wealth, and his only hopo for
the support of his, deelitiing age, when his iind and
body shia~l be weakened and exhausted by the cop
ten'ions and turmoils of the forum. - iene. hi's
very selfishzness would prompt him in his'-Legisha
tion, to guard the interewsts with which his own are
inseparable, and to doi no act to compromise tlje
farmner, because it would ineritably compromis#
I shall say nothing of the qualifeloo of the
lawyer for office-nothing - of his energies and
abilities, f..r they are admitted-nothing of his in,
diustry and vast attainments, for -they too are ugl
mitted-nothing of his -habitual watchulg,
and readiness in business, ror'they,.arise front
his daly occupation, and are.also, admitted-,
and nothaing of the necessity -for a 1aw-miakerfs
knowing the $pw, and making the study of' its' prin
ciples anid practical operation, the chief'etapldy
mient of his life. But, in the end of this chapter,
I will dec are to miy Fellow-Citizens and Farmers,
thatz I would never be induced, either by may pre
judice, or by the slanders and lies of the baeious
anud umbitious, to refuse my suffrage to lawyers he
each : but in my selection of men for office, withtout
regard to their occupations, I should look solely for
these qual.fneations-wisdom and Iesantng, azqd
honor, virtue and truth.
HAMBURG, Mar. 31,
Cor-ro.-Our market for the past week has beaus
quite br iek and prices have advanced (c. The re
ceipts are light. We quote as Estremues 84 to 104
But a stritly fine article would bring 104.ets.
No quotable charge in prices of Groceries.
Maanian, in this village on the k9th uitL, by the
Ilev. .1. i. Timnermnan, Mir. Joux 1I. Busar. to .
Miss EDNET E. W'aL..ia-ox, all of this District.
~acasa, on Thursday the 20th: Mareh, a;
" Woodlawn," St. Peter's Parish, South Carolinas
by the Rev. W. B. Carson, Dr. J. F. Gaume, ree
mierly el Edgefleld,and MisJaxa M. Bucwrsa
0OBI TU A RY. --
Diso, in Russell Co., Ala.. on Feb. 16th, abne.
HI. Vann, formerly of Edgefleld District, S.C.,asgbi
39 years. lie was an acceptabl, member o( tha
Baptist Church, of which he had beens anember ep
a namber of year.. In h'islife'and desth be tesingd
that the religion which he professed was nota eon:
ningly deviused fable. In all the relations of liei
was exemplary-as a son, dutiful, as at husbatand 44
parent, kind and affectionate, and a a maaget ip~
dulgent. In his last -moments he was enabled tot
praIse God aloud for the evidencesof'his love. Tbe
esteem In which he was held in the community, was
manifested by the large number of reat've an4
friends who tollowed him to the grave. " Le'j1n
die the death of the righteous and let qs~y lst end
be like his."J..W N.
Land Warrants Wy t
H E~ highest ntrket price givenafori uty ,
IWarrans by -
-1ACi Q l'ilUTAR &VEelDER(Y.