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will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Llbertles. and If it must fall, we will Perish antdst tlhe fdfait.'
W. F. DURIS@E ; "OS, Proprietors. EDGE IE S APRI11
For the %dvv.rtis-sr.
ARoDYroN "TO Ion YET PEEL NO PAIN."
To sigh with endless puin,
To weep o'er joys long fled,
!'o weave said n.-'ry's c, press cain,
Round hope-s laid with the dead I
"To kneel at one dear shrine,
Where love lies buried low,
o mourn our fortune's sun decline,
In one long night of wo
This is sorrow',. starless night,
Such as knows no mtrrow's light;
This i sorrow's starless, cheerless night
That knows no morning bright I
To see our sun arise,
In cloudless radiance bright,
Gilding o'er our uight of sighs
With Heaven's own blessed light
To feel that we have done
With fortune's storms for aye,
That misery's course at last is run,
And ended in glad day !
This is joy, matchless joy
Unmixed with earth alloy
This is joy, pure rapturous joy,
That grief cannot destroy.- DA ISY
PoETIcAL CURIOSITY -A cnrions perfoormiince
is given in% the following poem oil different bibhi.
Cling to the Mighty One, Ps. lxxxix. 19
Clig in thy grief. Heb. An i1.
Cling to the Holy One, Heb. 1. 12.
He gives relief. Ps- Cxvi. 9.
Cling to the Gracious One, Ps. exvi. 5.
Ciing in thy pain. Ps. Iv. 4.
Cling too the Faithful One, I Thess v. 24.
He will sustain. P1. xxviii. 8.
Cling to the living One, Heb vii 25.
Cling in thy woe, s. lxXxvi. 7.
Cling to the Loving One, I J.-hn iv. 16.
Through all below. Ron. viii. 28. 3.
Cling to the Pardoniig One, Is. iv. 7.
He speaketh peace; John xiv. 27.
Cling to the Healing One, Exod. xv. 26.
Anguish shall eeiNe, Ps. cxlvii. 3.
Cling to the Bleeding One, 1 Jahn 1. 7.
4'ling to His side; John -x. 27.
Cling 1i the- Rien One, Rnom. vi. 9
In Min atidle. John xv. 4.
Cling to the Coming One, Rev. xxii 20.
Hopo hall nirise ; Titus li. 13.
Cling to the Reigning One, P. xc.i. 1.
Joy lights thine eved. Ps. xvi. II.
For 'he A dvern-er..
THE SAllATH SCROOL CAUSE.
- claim .. our atteitisi. .xpediencyiay be regnrIl
in two lights; 1st. Fitness under the particular
cirtumstances. 2nd. Fit ness to accomplish a
good e.d. I shall notice both these points.
1. The expediency of Sabobath Schools in the
country. Sonie will s:ay-" Were we in a village
or town. where tenchers and pupils could be
brought together at a certain hour by the ring
ing of a bell. it wo.uld be expedient; but in our
country churches, the children are so uidelv
scattered over the neighbourhoood. that we c.ould
se r ely get them there at the right time. Be.
sides it mnight interfere with our preaehiig hour
on our meeting days; and as to other days, we
wish to go to other churches, and theii it would
be inconveiient for the parent to go to one
place and the children to anlther." These ehjec.
tions are not based upon refl--ciion. It i nt
uncommon in these days for men to object to an
enterprise, and attempt to frown it dawn. noi
.. because they lave looked into it, baut simiply be-.
cause they do not wi-ah to have any thing to do
with it;: and because they do not, thoy ihiink oth
ers should not. In noticing these islhjection-,~ I
thinak 1 shall establish the expedieuncy of Sab
bath Schools. In our country churches the u-nnd
hour for preaching on the Sabbath is 11 o'cloek.
One hour is ample time ror th,- devotional exer
cises and the recitations of a Sailbbath School, if
it be properly orgaiied (i. e. eatch chaos havitng
its own teacher, so that all may recite at the snme
time). The Sabbath School, then would, meet
at, 10 o'clock. Now thecre would be very rew
scholars, even in the country. who would have,
to come a greater distance than four miles, (the'
greater number a less distantce). We could ride
this distance in an hour, or walk it in sit hour
and a half. Tiaey leave home thetn att half past
eight. This would give them, even in April, two
and a half hoursto get ready : and in July tbree
and a half hours. Now children are g.-ner..lly
in weekly Schoolu by seven o'clock in the sum
uter, always before eight. Anid if they meet in
school by seven,ecould they not meet in Church by
ten I ltf we can netid them to weekly schools fo~r
the sake of knowledge by eigtnt, could we not
send them to church for that "wisdom which is
from above" by 10 o'clock? I f we catn, in the
week, be in our farms about the ri.'ing of the
sun, and have our childrent and our servants with
us there, could we nut by 8 o'clock begin to at.
. end to the Lord's businssi, (and ours too) on
the Lords day ? Was there ever a greater i'con
.sistency thana for a christian parent to frame ex
.euses against taking his own: chiildrent to his own
*church, on the very day God has gi.en for spiritta.
improvemenit, in order that these children uay be
prepared for usefulness in life anid happiness in
:eternity I Shall a man who can breakfast before
day-light, in the week, for the purpose of going
to'th~e pourl Hiouse, or to market, say that hie has
not time on Sabbath muorninig to take his chil
dren to churchi Would not such a decluration
be equivalent to saying that be did nOt desire thu
spiritual interest of his phildryni suffituienatly to
,trouble himself in any wise abuat, it ? Is it ps
sible that the Sabbath affords tiene for iisiting,
and t~he transaction of wordly business, but no
time fur religious instruction I As to S,abbath
Behools interfering with the preaching hour, it is
p oliyecion unworthy of notice ; for if it did so, it
0o5j4 ks on aecount of wilful negleart, on the
prt of tamphers and ptupiliu, and we have no fight
e attributa .,beir errors to the Sabbath School.
tat suppose it did infringe upon the htour for
peohing. Jsait snesasona~e to- auppose .hbat
fre4leet and pointe instructions and appeal of
gtpp half dozen teachers wiruld be of more real
bespilt than the aerufddaW 'er sermons are not
' ... w na mao-,~ ,,,inne, maO vle.a,
ters oflen deal in generalk, and speak of men; a
instead of dealing imore in particnlars. and peiak- 1
ing to men. But I am far ro'm depreciating our y
hetven.appointed mi-istry. IL i< important i t1
sterving the end deoigned by It. But our minis. a!
ters, with acarcely an exco ption. are evangelists, it
and Good has never made the prospority of a V
church to depend upon the labor of an evan. a
gelist. Our preachers preach one sermOn it every 1
30 days' tit their coingreg ations, (for onrchttrches Ir
ats churches do not meet on Saturday. beine too h
buy it htome) and will any (tne say that an hour's n:
prenching, once in the month. will secure to the c
church that mensure or pro-perity, wl.ich Christ
designed in her organization ? And what does e
it avail to the cau-e of Chri.'t for mo-inhers to f
hear preaching one hour in the month, if they do w
nothing inore? t
The propenAity for attending other churches
than our own. I .ar, does not secure to us spir. i
itual advancaement. It often has its fioun dation r
in a love of noavely. Our town church is nearest g
to us. It is, then. not only most convenient, but li
most profitable f or ut to attend it. There our cl
gifts should be exercised-there our benevolence
should be bestowed. and als we ari at home there,
we cnn more cheerfully and cordially co-operate -
with her members in every giod word and work. 0
than willh aulother body. If there is nit meeting
at cur own church, we had better attend another
thani pass the Sabbath tat home. if then the
Sabhaih Schooibl draaxe us to oaur own church, it
draws us to our duty. nod is an advantage.
2. is the Sabbath School cose adapted to the A
aecoempl'shmaent ofgooid eend. ? Sabbath Schoools, in
held each Sabbatl, in our churches, would ur. .t
nish us wiit favorable opportuaities for carrying t
ont those principles', whi,-h Christ in the organ. thl
izat ion of churches lesigna'd leir their properity. tit
These are diversities of gifis in our churches. hi
There gifts are to be developed in their exercise. t'
What a delighotful oeasiotn would'the Sabbath a
Schooil furni.h faor the exercise of these gifio! e
Praver, singing, exhortatioin. advice, counsel and ol
ins'rncioen are all called for. Hiw delightful to
far church members to exercise their g'fts in Ilb fu
instruction of youth. To) train up those who th
tre to be their successors inl the church, when m
they shall piass away.
"Be osurs the blis in wisdom's way
To u:de untutored %outh.
A ndi a.t the min-I that went astray .
Too v.rtue aml to truth. wi
Deilttul work. yo.un souls to Win,
And turn the ti-ai ruaee ga
Ag;ain. the Sabb ath eh ool would end -ar the
lmaouse (of Good to tihe riing~ race. It would unie
he churel in a noble wrk, and fro-m this unlity ric
weould vrise strength, concert in acti.,n. atnd I
brotherly affectiont. It would diftuse religious 144
ktowledge throughout. the neighborhood. A
desire for reading religrisus books woauld spring Cool
lp, and parents, eoildiren nod neighbours, would
all eel the advatmages arisitir from it. It would thi
incretse our colgregaV- tions -snd prepare them for
the receptiir, of the truth. Tane ministers would Al
lie encoarnoged in his work. haavaaag the cio-oipern- tih
isn of the chaurcn, and the material requisite;
brighter prmspects would open befotre hiut, and e'
a holy zeal wiould cnarinteerize Ii- elffoirts. But .
o say nito ore, !e tme ak wl:o tan tell the ad amim
antizntges hi.-i would reult fooi the S ,bbats tos
chtool in the etera-il salvntion of 8o1u? BY h
the religious inistrnetiin of the y-ouah of the P1
resent a ge., we mway he. indirectly the afgenta in
he salvation eof thou 4 toad< yet unborn whto shall
rejaice throuagh eiernily for relicious traitning.
Te cords wve toeh in the youtful breaost. wil! vi-W
brte in eternity. An impor.-siont m~ade upon the
iamortal mind will enadaure foareever. We maey thi
pu infianeae. a in operrat iotn which will never eense oc
to act. Anad who will tnot henad a helpinag hand 'i
to) put ahese infiatences in an 'ion, thaat soni<
m ay be fiu tedt for haeave'n after the presenat geate- en
ration shall aoeuber ian te grinve I fo
Chrisaiaan Re..der ! iTte Sabbatha dehool eause
is oeithevr righat or w~oang; it it is right, it is yoaur
duty to aid in it, tand if it ise your datay yoaa mnmy
atet neglect iL, witnboota ain. ButI, wilt yo~u say p'
it is a guood thing, yet wait for othere to meave. .s
Noaw, WY brother, while your eye is upon these ol
iaen ma~ke up your at;tad tot be the htiatte to
binag tis matter before yoaar brethrena. D-nt
wait tior thter.'. Brimng it befoare your chtauch at ti
youm next mee'aitig. i'usha esn the amible cause.
Go3d will bless yoau atnd give yout sucess. is
sijes will rest upon you. iTae yuu will bles
you, atad fromt mu..ny of thaeir dyitng bedls will be
nerd t :a soumaais oaf praise hoar your lambor of love.
Brehrena uise ministry ! We' knaow tat the
eegy and zeni in uir enmurchaes will never rise
aigher th,.an it as ilmustrated in ourselves. GoadI
de*igons us teo lead the way jot everyguood word
ad work. Have uu presenated thmisatitern to
your chaurchae, havie you preacede amol prayed anad
toed foi the advancement of is eause ? Do yoau It
not believe that you catn do matre foar Charist inm
tias wamy thana jam tlhe pulpit ? Cain you expect I
churcbes to moave ir yeu remoain indilfereint
Weuld taut a large anid flourishting Sabbath
Sebooal itt your elairrch give it new life ? Woculd 3
it be hluboour in vaina to labosur lfar thais eause ? d
We have deploared the follies of the yuuthftul
geeration. We knoiw the dangers to whicht e
thecy are exposed. Shall we nmot endeaveaur Lu E
throw nrountd them the safeguards of moral
pritciple, to shlield tem from thte sints and Ltmp.
titionfs of the world ? Yotur chaurchesc may waia a
fr you to move,sad amany will do thtia. They will
say that, if yeou fatil Lta urge this muiter, anad there- a
ty disregard alme recommndation of our last
4sarita at, surely it is of nto importanca: nnd,
they will tase lisense fromt your courate to re
main iamtive. If sea, the frowns oaf God mumy *
rest, upon you for a bado exatmple, and all the
evils which noow from it will hs thlrown at your I
own :iour. But, brethren, I doa not thmins thtus of I
eny eaf you. I knowv you too well. I have seen
too amtch of your zeal ad devotion to the casjs
of Christ. Let us all unite in this work, and
whether we live or die, if this work is commenped
by tim, we will haye In ten yeats 'm happy state
of things throumghotut our Assneiaetioni.
Chridian Parente! I have beetn pleaiding a I
pna whtich shouild be pear orhearts. While I
eeking the heneflt of your children shall 1
>ok to you In vain for help ? God has ma
ou th .ir guar ian. When you slumber in t
'mh. they will be left behind in a world of p
nid temptatl-in. Have you prepared them I
.? Have they ever heard you pray for then
Vhere are they ,n the Sabbath, when you a
t church I? Are they in lhad company, ca
aciiig bad iabits? Are they. who have nev
-arned a childs prayer. skilled in the dialect.
4ll? Can they blaspheme, and not praive il
ate f God ? Act na Abraham did and I
*ne. of E-au will not fall upon you.
Opponentsef our ceanse! If you do un I
Mid, he atilefied to do us no harm! Do n
own is down. D.o not friwn upon that cau
hieh has had, and now ha4, the prayerd of tho
mail for its succeas! Be coontet to let us alon
I have written, MR. ED[TOR, beyond my fir
itention. I fear I have wearied you and yoi
'aders, anad yet this number is ob.!cure on it
,Un of my brevity. I thank you fur the pul
untion %of these I narily written articles.
ose. hoping they wili do good, which will I
e reward I desire.
Yours Respectfully B. F. CORLEY.
TAKING IN A NATIVE.
A FISH STORY.
A ludicrous scene oiceurred the other day i
nthony street, nour where the new theatre I
c ioure of constructioan, which. if a briefdt
riptiaen may convey an adequate impression I
,Is well worth ithe telingr.
One of ihe liborers growing thirsty benent
e influence fif a io: muis, went hastily over t
e nearest itydrat, for a drink, asit elaippif.,
s mouth to the spout, imbibed the Croton as i
me. inI the m1e,t foercible sntuu pleieous manne
agin ible. Hardly had poor P.Addy, howevel
-led te g fu-hing ibod that distended hi
ekt, when t, bolied upright, and with a hool
agonized, h.orror, comniaaiaiced a series or pan
ititni contertions whicah were absuluiely pain
I too witness.
'Ow-nw-neh!' he gronm-d convulsively, n
a same time elawinlg at his throat in a frenizieo
mmer, while lte spurted the water out agaii
tih the energy of a wouided ahale-ten sud
nMy recaiveritag tle Use of his sapereh, he shout
LOch, murther! but he's gone; it's all ove
I ile uttii'W
What's goine r exclaimed the crowd that hat
Atd what, the devce i,L that ye've swol
A tnke, a murthering anake! Oh, holy Pat
k prierk iae!'
- Suw, .hin. ye've made a stvin' o' yer dinner
t at tellow-laborer, more alive to fun tha
iipathy. while a shmut of mingled ineretititit
4 laughter followed, in which tile pour ituffere
aid hardly refraita from jointinge.
Bit, was it alive. mtn ' enquired a sympi
zing individui, wheni thle exei-emenrt subhisided
Ali% e, did you say 1 By the bl-ssed power
dialt't think I'd be safter uinig him dead
ive, is it 1 Ad didn't lie jump down n
':t ins spite of my teethl T
Then clapping his hands to his stomach h,
a (ci htne. lie's squirming now. Oh. holy Si
tri. k! O waY didn't. ye do yer work eiiiirely
d kill the sntaken in& this murtherintr cotntry
.? Help. he'l bue the itn-ities of t,. 0i,
wly M.,ues, help!-murther-fire! and pao
t, distractel lay fear. ent ui) more etpers thai
.:m.mea. woauld at a war dance.
*"Tu. tot, tot ! be quiet man,' returned tnothei
-H..w dto you kntow it was a suanke ?
* ..w do i ' ctin.w i< it! Didn't I fale hir
rigglinig hi., taile ? Ont, tioly St. Patrick, delit
A bae~nevolenit looikingj gentilemen herei suyge'
at. Ia igh~t paauibaly a e sa ti..h. or phtapifs il
I ! and retmaritert there uiugrhta tc he nfilter ni
tend toa every hydrat itt theu city, as te wate
as full aof all sorts of iaimalenahm.
*Ii's ain ail, it's an cit !' .aod a hidmasi
thing~ at the ide'a.- Mike. it's a ni al.-Rni
r a flter.antd yet'al cates t he racal pri'anttly
* A ilter, a filter!l' was the general cry, ' tui
rua fitter. Miike!'
Withti panttintg to ingnire into the raaibili
oif using tle :artic itt goae-tion fo~r thte pni
>se~ depiredi. i ti pooar diatraeted on~u tar Eri
ried with the speed oaf a raee hoarae for tth
lee in Biroadway, where the ligurc of Heabi
,mdlatg ini the winidow, ' por her never ce;
*A whtat dy'e call eml I' eried he ruahinig fru
-aly ito the acstabalishm-t.. -
'A snaake calchaer, hfir the love iof
uinke eatiher ! I it, hoawly St. Patrick !' he ciii
tued, <:~atehinag up a flter and applyinag it ei
g.icalty to iii- lips.
komaue out widl ye, ye thiafe of the world.'
' My gatud teltlow.' stid the zistoiihed hera' <
ilaphragmn,-' what is ine mlatter Wit h yout r'
'Matuer, is it? Iitn't ev'eryiningl the matter I
ake ii the matter ! I've gott an ail in my be
! Oia-ullabno. huisaboo.'
' Ai eel ! How canto an cael in your istomnech
*Atnd dtidni't the Varmint, jumtp in nmy moul
ithiaut antyiing' by yer leave,' ,siid the b~ewika
ed sufferer, endaeevormng to screw the filter ini
But tmy man, thit won't. do you any got
iw. It abiold hay beetn attached to the h;
rant, anad thetn you might have drank with Pt
' And won't it entch him flowI' asked poi
like ini a pitei'us ltne, torlaing nglhast sas I
rappted the intrumentt in despair.
'0t course tnt--hotaW should Itl'
Och, muttriter! what will beciame "f me
il.dm~ed Mike, witui an laony truly painful
* Get, anoeduilger iishb hotak,' said a wag fro
* Run far a ditelor,' said another, eand get
The suggestion was immedIately faillowa
nd ho st arted for a drug stire near. The aipil
cry, ,.owever, applied an emetic iinstead aaf
,up, atnd the potor fellow, after violent retc.hin
jeted a lively black eel, tabout six inchtes ki
-O haowly St. Psatrick!' nle exelaimed, expe
teig Immnediate relier, 'why didna't. ye ma
Iait work Elf It iand kill the ails as well-t
re, thbey are first cotisina to the ogly sitrpent
)ieil sa drotp aif water will I drank again in tl
'ested cotuntry.' -
Anad, witth sundry other resolutions, whil
ould have shocked the ears of a temperan
ua, Mike, patle ud trembling with exhaustit
ttred to his work.
Ifowesry is staid to be the best policy, 1I
mr opiniotn is, that it is no policy at
onetyt is sitle haonei~y, and licyFflI
,tt ,nne nor Iae
ve INCREISE OF UIE, DECINE OF RENIO
le IND TI, CIUSE THEREOF.
he It is undaub-edly true that crime hia incren
in ed at least two frid, in nearly all the State4 i
hr he last five y- . During the name periot
Christianity, int W t of.the sold States. has bee
Lt n pr.1eetstandlill. In the city tof New Y'sr
re we are relinbly iarmed, there are not so man
is- Chrisin, co m jants outside of the Cathioli
er church, as therua in ten yearm na ; and almos
every where el riame (or seitilar results sir
shown by undPutJd 'statistics. and admitted b
thei highlea4 authuhy in the churches.
le SesImeltihmg Ia 'frodueed these results; an
there eais be no I rm, we think, in inquirin
0 wh.st it is. If CO iinity rently pos-exe. th
beauries and viri'lea, that are attributed to it
' and vice is really he hideons monster the moor
4e alisis and poets. -e painted it-how comes i
a. that Christiaaity declining and vice Increna
e. ing? As cisze ir not as Christians, we havi
a rita to aik th pestisn; for the coommunity
and'the ta e a ik - interested i, it. It ii
our right to an.at, usB., if we are willing 1(
i submit our ati-w -to the scruiiv &.:.d criticisn
of tAh thu polit" and the religious communi
We any, the the exercise of this righi
that the prep-ent lrable state of things, call
be attributed, wit perfect justice, to tlise sinigle
fact, that fur thei ten years the cons ant ten.
dency in thle mv6 Id religious world has been
to an abandonin or ithose instruuennitie,
pointed out in this cred Scriptures as affsording
remedies and re itts for the vices oof the
wtorld; and a relie, inl their stead. upon ae.
eicive ennctfmemf u be enforced by severe and
sometimes abhor" L penalhies. in other wordr.
the tendency, h is to afandon the effi-etive
n ilifluenceo ot ot.iine", and resor, to the u.
Sclinery 4,f golverf nt to accomplish whatever
iseemed deairable e matter of moral improve
The time was, ur we can recollect it,.-when
i the Christian .\iin spoke sccasionally off the
, beauies and stend I pleaures elf Christianity
-when he told it the eny of the transgres.
sor wivas hard, -te way of the believer
was pleasata and rIul-when he warned his
hearers fram th ares and pitfalls or the
world, against I a that most easily beset
Stiem, against ini nee imd bigotry, against
. Oppressionls of the jr, against lying and cheim
. ng, uno against and extor.it.t when he
called 1un al, to virauous and Ieave viriu.
(11u examples- out intt tile highways and
by ways in -the dtown troddet-to
preach cefol.ohti aiaficted, repentiance to
the wrong-doer h to ile feeble-to at
tend to the si.-* ha e in prison, feed the
hunigry, mid clW naked-to be kind, gen.
r tle and -iee tdie inen, rather tihan
drive them, a figs to remember that
I all were tile -1:om11n1 Father. Ii
and ther in 'it~ ut'~powerfuI, was
frit everywnere-in every city and villnge, in
every nleiglborhoold, in every dwelling. Thei,
every cmuatn nity, every famlily,-nny, the Stale
it5elr-.cowed at debt tof gratitude to thease barriers
LHow is it now? The temperance societtes.
,and nearly all their cotemporary torganizatiois
inl the we"rk of re-foarm, iire dead, and their old
supporters lire weary and wiorn with a five years
crnande against intelperallce antd its acemnp any
ing vices through the political ch.annels. They
hnave4 been tryitig the macinery or giovernmen
-he laineLaw battle-nxe-shouting for diii.
reens, and bolts and bars-learning tP hate and
curse their enemies-and w..nderi .g, s'omeeiaaes
we suppoease, why God did not anniiiiiate etvery
body and everyshiig which did not yield penca
bly tea their m1l.iadales.
And tIti- new mAnessi has gone into the
chrch. The ni:.ter has beeani a politician,
and iold us whop and what to vole folr. li tihe
t'mrinllg we had the Sinte ILAw ; ill tile alter
isnon, niti-Nebr.ska and the Wilmot Provisu;
.nd itt tie e'vlilng, Know-N tingism. 'T)is,
we admit, ha. lot been true of every chnrch und
every iiister. Sealle deniomtinatioens have kept
iiemtl.lves5 out taf the wuci'lpeasl ; aind in wahlers,.
there have be en many ntobie insatanIces of ai re.
rusal tea excheange religion fear poliities. Never
- hielesat eiaough nais beent witnessed to siekeni
aneid disgu'.t the commititliy, tnnd io prodnee Ihe
-reallnts tea wiact we el.eve alrensdy referred. Thle
r parec.ets of Ctiriattinnity has been vested obsolete.
W'a wesnders that crimne hiaincrensed ? Whle
wianasre thant vice fiuirisheis? Who wisnders
hIttat tmutrder foallows murder? Heaw far thintk
yesu, render, wosuld thte haums anid intfintence oh
SChlris'li:miity hiave- reached, if its folunder hail
Jpeit hsis I me in Kunow Nthing ltodges. and im
exhlertinlg the petapte to vtote Itor this or that
p,,stitical parly I Is i reasuinable to expect that
thue worled iiill graw better .O ioig as the psotiiwa
-rostrutm, atnd Ihe reforma-r a me-re advostae 0t
chais atnd dungeosns?--roV. (Rt. I.) Post.
- The weather, by cotmnll cons~ent is a legi imate
tsspi for e livtdersl Ordiniaritya It is eunerc
toe lir4 tor last sutbject intreadneed and in its
.place it certuissly serves a very useflul purposie
.attle petlple would hiad it a great deprivation
were alhey not permitted to allude to the -very
le d.ey." prospect oh rumii etc., anld might be
put to their witgs end to knouw how to begm Ot
ensd their daicy gs'ip. Acid mure-over mi suei
A a limate ats ours the weatheer is a manter of le.
I cideti imiporhamee-. For she lnst tu tOamImthIS, fi
insteace, our ctty has baeena virauailly wlthlout at
' harbear, anid ra.r~oatds scarcely able to transfe
h te isnais-.in factt, the trade~i aind bus'i:ess of il.
1. motst thet enltire coulntry hias beet! paralyzed, and
i a Cort eof a sep..raiti ,t uf tile Union brought abot
itn conullenc-e of Ills state of the weataher. B~u
d thae weataher, in view of its effeeas uponst thte ptopu
y. lar healtha assumes anl a-g'ect of acihi greater 11u4.
r- tmenit. If half the atssertion.l of English travel
era asbout, us' be true, our tutuonai ruii is not La
>r result from " di-unioan," or causes imtcilar ti
I thtose which overthtrew the republies of anoioni
reniown, but from the terrible effects of our li
mat--, which thas alre.ady redaneed us to a cada
' verouls looskieig raee of conisumupuves an
011e peculittr feature, and, we add. grand defi
m it of the territeory of thle United stat. a ts tka
it tils ne great lateral cihainls of mtatlinsM like
a thtess wich-I serve to brt-atk tile lorce af th
tlerees gales that sweep fromt thet North. By re
d. erinlg to the tmp we fin~d IHindstanl shield
i. by thie lanty Huimmelahs; ihe celestial etmplre b
as Atai ranges; Alighanitstanl by thie Kindoo-.Koosl
, rainge; Persia by Elibirz; Asiatuc Turkey b
g. tile tinat--ianl chiss the Alps protect Europen
ri Turkey. Greece, Italy anad a part, of Germ~ny
k antd this Scottish highlands, Englanod. Anid a
Id t hasve Portugnti, Spam,~l Fritmee, Sweeden, an
is. Falad their meountamtoUs ranges intlerptosin
c betweetn their territories unld northern wind.
From this it would Jappear .hat, the Eastern ceal
lh tiltent, CO far as elitale is ooncerned, is bettt
ue adapled thant the western, to the greswth of grea
a nations. The great empire of Riussia howevel
forms an exception; the Arctic blast. have fre
course over nearly the whole of Its vaut expanna
Yet it is' toa be noted that the Ruesien peoples
ut phtsical develtipulent, are far supierioar to lb
d niieans leacated directly South tof them in eithec
h- Europie or Aetmn. However deficient they ma
ae in Qtltpr rae~cts it cannfot be doubted ti
N they enjy hter health and have more vigor.
ons bodiec than cnn be claimed by the European
nations whose lerritory. is never chilled by the
- icy breath cof the frigid North.
n1 The pomition of a greater part of the United
, Stat :s is verv similar to that of Rusmt. As re
n gards the Ailantie State,. they are rs equally
destitute of thome mountain barriers that temper
the climate of other enountries. The icy invaders
in their narch agiainst uq have no Alpm to cross ;
t their ciour-e im free from the Aretic circle cleaf
down to the gulf of Mexico. and from the mea
V board t far be'yond the prairies. Hence the
mudden and remntrkable changes in our tempera
ture which are brought h-,me so mewothly te thmie
s who come to our shesrem from more gemniam elimes,
a and who imgingin that their effct. must be even.
tualy to) dwarf the Americanm people to a race of
- pigmieos 'tad their span of life to the brief perid
( of a summer'so oistice. If there was any reli.
anuce sot he poicoed upon the asserted pr"domi
nance of ctlitmtical influence,-if.in short, the
henhlh and phy-ient strength ~f at peoiple win be
favoralbly develope*d only in a mild and regular
o temperaure, the prospect for this nation is nny.
thio but a cheering one. But much i6 not tLhe
teaching of the paist nor the prement. Rum a,
as we have seen. affords a stro'nf practical refu
tolinto of the theory. The atrucrture (of the hu
man organl-m is such a to admit of an acom.
modation to, a most any sort of climate. Tie
dwellero above the Sahara and the Arabian de.
oerts would doubtless prefer the heat of their
glowing mantd to the balmy breezem of Spain
ned inoly. Man is found stalwart and hardy
even in the dsiolate regions of the far North
within the empire of eeroa snowe. But time
is required for she proceoss (if acclimation. It is
not to be expected that tuch a climate as ours
would not uct unfaviorably upon the people who
eto!ed here, and their de-cendants for severn
generations, but both reason and history furnish
the strorgest grounds for the- presumption that
the natives (of the United Slaiec will in time lee
come entirely exempt fromin the fatality of their
From the Chroile & Sentinel.
A PEACE PROBLM,
PEACE i once, more dawnitg on Europe, and,
as at the close of tile last great, war, finanucial
embarrassments are beitg felt. 'Nrway and
i'urkey are suffering from monoetury crises, und
commetio4rcial men in France luok forward t4o the
nunouncement of peace as the forerunoer of
disotress. It seems strange that a return top in.
du-trial pursuits liould bring with it misery uend
want, and yet such is thought ly some to be
undoubtedly the prompect, it Europe. France.
fromi the reckless speculati.m carried on there
under tle wanction of the gaovernieit, is pecu
linrly suscejmible to a panic, and tell that her
tinancial mil can do is to retard the evil day as
01ng an imoceble. They clnnomt avert it. 'he
attendanir or pence, we shall keep tle present,
cotdition of France frum (our viow.
Whien peace was proclaiued in Europe, after
the downtfall of Napoleon, there was r jateiing
tor at day, but soon consternaiono seized lthe
miniod. of commercial mes in Eaigland,and trade.
which had flourished for moany years, beenitme
almes. stagnant. Contidenoce was destroyed.
.uod the rumoor that the goveronetot int-ended to
retur) to it specie curreney, paralyzed i he natiol.
Tihe threat Was stortly enrried out, nnd bank
rupicies became getoeral. D-rieg thte 141g sea
con of distress that enmued ito Emglaid, It is
thought tot too mooch to pty, that am I.mly lives
were destr.yed am durinig the whole of toe.,wars
tof N.aopoleon. Pence has it<s Victims Its well a
war ; bu; while the latter frequetly die to save
their county's hon..r, the forner to often per.
imh soely itn conse-quetnce of the calle umess or
ignorantce or stawes.moenl.
The hiniog reign otf police and poverty in Eng.
land, ioters a striking inst.toc tof tie truth of
tile Swedi-h Cionincellores wiord.4, You ksow
not wilts how little wislomi tlie wirld is gioveri.
ed." Witit war, England eijoyed prom-peoi y, be
cause i-he had :oon expan.ive eurrecy; with peace,
-he sul red dire want, beause ine had a cotn
traocted curreiney. At the time whoetn it wos
natur:l to supoose that paopulaotion atnd comt
metrce would incrnease, her moinisers pcassed ai
m.-auo<tre thtat caoumed her peaple tim atarce atnd
hter trade to agn~iate. Theo grmes blunder int
o hoe mini--ts committettd, origintat e.d itono uppomming
that witht the clome of the war theo. expetns min
thme war would cease, and t hat a re-t rices. cur
renocy wvomud serve the puorpmse omf ant inoereneing
poopihsulat iond ant expens~ive commotieree.
A' thme waor in 'he Ea.st loas bet-n wnged att an
imtmen-o out lay of omonety anud tt intcrease to
the inodebtiedness oh noaiions, co mumO peamce bring
with it miiserv, unoless time msoneinory l.mwa toe
ehormonged. Waor im, ito fact, a timbe for loman-', andm
penmee a time fomr settletmetnt, anti whether oa
country aigree to pay the capital, or merely the
inoteresct thereont, it must enntse distress if ius
tmeans atre ioiill as restricted aoe befuore Th'lis
resuolt is believed to be inevitutble antd will i-nli.
eimently explain why Euorompe isi drenodinog the
dotleultie that peace will bring in it:. Irolia.
The remedy tor tii evil would be a revisatl
of* the -urrenocy laysm; for so long uos gold is
adoe the basic of all wenilth, so lonog will it be
the aote omt the millionse tom be ct.-ped ino pooverty
antd wretheidness. Montey must expotmd willh the
irowth oft a peoiple, anod this it enna neuver safely
dat whtile it is dependent ion thte yield oft a pare
cioum metal. Onie wouhl thitnk fromo thoe blindt
re-verene ofifered to gitid thaot slhe Supreme Pow
er had cottomoanded to to woorship it, instead oh
seltlct tmet itn the darkest agies or theu world's
hi.totry haoving contverted it to a use for whicho
it was never adapted.
Tus HIsToRY OF SOUTH CA~toLINA.-We are
- ratihied to learnt that the Histoorical Society oft
the State how l~ately aptplied -o the Colonunl'Of.
-lice of Etngland. foor pemso tomcompy fromn the
a Staote Poalper Office, m'uch doemen-ts as relonte to
a the early Colomnial H-i-to y of Sout h Caorolina.
tBy a letter which we have had thme privilege ot
- eein~g. addressed to the S-craitary by oour .\linuis
-Lter, thme Hoon. Jatmes Buchanan. enelosing~ one to
I him froam the Colomnial Secre-tary, the Hion. Mr.
Laob'ouchieret it apgpearc thou M r. Buchanotan lhas
-bee-i successfull ito procuring the desiraoble privi
t lege fotr the Soaciety.
s Every effort to udivance thin knmowledige of our
-history is a1 load.oble one, oand we are pleatsed to
- ind that the entterpri-se of the Hlistorical Somciety
I is doig whoot the State ant hority should long
f '-inoe have effeeted.-Columbia Caoroliotion.
V A SOLUTtON OF THE CUBA QUETIoN.-CoI.
I Bavioor, ion a recent, letoer to the New Orleans
;Delta. m-akee the folkoswing ctuggestion :
" Way not maoke a Cub.o I By thoeconostructiono
I oaf an onmple shoip eatnal over Floridoa, we will be.
forming a great highway for all na~tions betwe-en
the Gulf omf Mexico and thoe Atlantic ;ad aleso
-. betweent the Pacitic and ohe Aloantc. via Flornida.
r It, would be a highway resorted to by the caom.
t me-re ofn the woarld, anod weithin the juriudiction
r, f the United States. Instead, therefotre, of ex
o pending time and mooney In attempting to acquire
-. Cuba, why not expend th said time and money
nt ,n a chip cantal acrouss Florida ? It wouhld give us
11 sot indepeoodenot Atl innoie outlet for the Gulf and
er PaocIlie trade ; includinog the Mississippi-shorten
Y the route to Etrope.-redutce the rate of htistr
Sance. .ad b....t ..e.. mnant"
CHoICE OF PURSUIT II LFE -There in a gen.
nine gomid senme and right feeling expressed in
the following paragraph, from a late work by
Mrs. Sedgwick. The sentiments expressed are
in hat mumny with just views of our republican
'I shaUl be governed by circumstances; I do
,rot intend or wish, Ant:mon, to crowd my boys
into the learned professions. If any among
them have partiular talent or taste f.,r them,
they naf fiolltoW theft. They thest decide for
them-elves in a mater more important to theAY
than tny one else. But my boya know that I
should be mortified if they selected these pro.
fes-lits from thie vulgar notion that they were
moere genteel-a vulgar word that ought be
b.anished freom the Amerienn vocabular--more
genteel th'an- agriculture or the mechanic arts.
I have lalto'fed hard to convince my boys there
is nol hig vulgar in the mecha'nie's pr. fession;
Io pa'tielar reaon for envying the lawyer or I
the doctor. Thf, as uiuclh as the farmer and
methanic. nre working men. And ' should like I
to know what there is elevating in sitting over
a table writing prescribed faorms, or in imnquiring :
intio the piriiemlars of disease and doling out I
physic for them.
" It isi cerainly a false notion in a democratic
republic, thit a lawyer hai any higher cleim to- i
respectability-gentility, ir you please-than a
tanner, a hlnecksmith, a paitter, or a builder. It
is the fault of the mechanie, if he takes tha
place not nas.igned to him by ti government I
mnd insitutions of his coutry. He is of the I
lower orders only when he is self-degraded by I
the ignorant, and course m:nmnets which are as. c
so41ciaied with manual tbor in conles where a
society is divided into easies, and hmve, there.
foire, come to be considered imseparable fro* it. c
Rely upmn it, it is not so. The old luirrielfs arie 7
down. The time hats come when being meitelirr.
ies, we may appear (in inboring days, as well as a
hidays, without the sign of our profession. I
Tulent and worth are the only eternal gronds
of distinceimen. To these the Almighty has affix- I
ed his everltintig patenmt of nobility, and these a
it is which makes bright the immortal name to t
which our children may aspire as well an others.
It will be our own fault, Anthon, if, in our land,
society as well as government, is nw organized
upson a new foundation. But we must secure,
by our efforts, the elevations that are now me.
cessible tim all." .
THE GooD FELow.-Proverbs have been a
called "the current coin of wisdm'm among m'en- d
kind ;" and of these asayimngs, which has been e
roined in the mint of modern eve-ry-day anociely.
runs a follows: -A g-od felleow means goeo
fir not ing." Who is tlte gtied fellow? By
obsrving a number of the individuals who iav'
received this label in their daily intercourse, we
hiave concluded that lie may be characterized as
flltws: Hr is very democratic in his tastes
2nd hla hits. He~ n~vrr reftagalp, ~~
ake nid inagh-with lmfer anad knave. iqually
with thise. pterons of posiiomn who will cone-.
-Cend to ecept him in spite of his associations.
Hu will spend his last Cent with a pot compan.
imn of the m,-anet stump, while his family may
ack some ordinary cmfomlrta ait home. The
idea ofmi alleowinig I group of li< associates tit
want for any;hiig while he can command a six
pence, would be prepmterious. But to deny his
ehildren some little trifle for their amuisement isd
4imply it matter of economy. He can't afford it. b
He would be a me-an fellow too leave his maso
uintes before two and tIree o'clock in the morn
in...-a smrvight land, saber sided home sick
nmuny. But to keep) a wife waitilng ti.p till hose
ihourrs-to rob her of her nat ural rest, is an affair
It joke over when the next boitile io uncorked.
'o squander hundreds in disesip-tihan among the
low amnd vile is iob..ral and generous. To cheat 9
the bAker. mite tailor mnd the shoemaaker out of
their hard earninz, i- simply smar-a standina
joke with the go,,d fellow. In short, the golA Is
rfllow is render d a nui'neice tim society by be
ing always genermus before le is jmst-i!%w;ys I
limiral in; di-sip-ition and mi.erly where mioney I
i- really waited-always atten'ive to plt com-4
tim'~tS to the n,-glect uif id famnily ; and linally, ,
bease his career geamcrally enad'e by his going~
to tihe almaheouse to be muppaorted at the pubtice
THE MOSQUITO Kmzno.-ini hain lecture on Nien- 1
ragu.&, t limi Lycum Haeli, on blondasy tnight,'
Dar. Mcliennt gave ate aumu-eg niceot of an m-i t
tervieni te omece tamd wnth ihe yaoung Musqit,
Kinig, wheo waLS dressed it thte ful1 .cotume of F
mil counitry, to w' it : a straw bat anad a cigar. The I
yeaunmg suveregnm said that his tathmer, the old r
Ktmtg tiob, was very drunik when lie staid his I
Lemmitm to Capt. $mueppard, ci Greytown, ande that
tmerefore theL granit or sale was niot valid. Tii
in Lmoe yrnorm wthienm Coloiet Kmmnney nas purceted, I
amid unader wihicha tne eiima a vast region of' ter
reteory la is atbout as valid as the Enmgti.-,h claim
to Greytown anmd thle Muoquito cuast, antd itenh.
er par.y uppemers to hiace coeaukied the Oivern
menmt ci blicaragua, time real amid uudoubted
This old King Bob, bcy the way, was a curiosi
ty. lHe was exces..ively founid ot' rum amna to.
baccu, itt whtich tie was supplied by the English
rom Jamtaica. AbottI tieiu the latter first
begean tu turn their serius aetiona to the nec
,pnmaition of territory len Centrael Ahwerica, Kitg
George the Third setnt tils e.tble brother a richly
ornamen'mted general's coat anmd ciecked h.,t. Kinmg
Bob was excessively deligheed witta his presetnt,
anad took every oceassioni to exhibit, hi.aeif in
etsa new, dress. 'IThe eapialin oft' he Eniglish war
vessel which conveyed the presenat, winning to
do tionor to time recipient of his sovereign's
boumnty, gave a granad enatertimfent on board,
amid invte'd Kinag Blob attd his court to be pre
setnt. The latter catme, amid as they approaened
teoe cemsel, thme emptiin was gratified to pterceive1
inat Kitig Bob was dressed itt thme comat anid hat
he timd just received. Bitt whmat was the anton.
tmismet anid conasterniatiun of all to perceive,
whenm he bimarded the vessel, thait hie had noitming
else onm. T'he ludierous appearanece whmichm the
old Itmdiani must have presenited, dressed in a
richly 'aeed red coat, watt the taila. haniging
down, beinmd, amid a tull plummed cociknd lhat, send
noi oilier tarticle whaatever, eain bo better imagined
thin de-cribed. ils court, of course, wore only
thme usual straw hat.--New Orleaus Pickayune.
EMBEZZI.EMENT.--Mr. J. L Egleaton, Trans.
fer Clerk m thec state B.trk of this city, was
commaitmed to jail yesterday, otn a cit rge of em
b.-zzlinmg funds of' the Bank to thec ameount of
$3'2,O00. Subsequenmt to male commnitmemnt, about,
62,000 in montey, amid other valuables, were re
el..iumed by the Banek, which, with thme surety, will
necarly ctmver the defaleation. Tle loss of the
Batik, at the utmost, will net amtount to more
ehane four or five thousand dolsars.-Charlemton
DETERMHWED TO Go.-Our friend and towns.
mein Mr. Cimmrles K. McMorrica has joined the
company in Abbteville, aned will leave for' Kansas
about the loth InaL. Sir. MuMuarriales hs been
engaged in merchandiutig in this pities, and by
his gentlemanly ianners ad business habits has
madec many friends who will regret his depart mre.
We comgratulate the Abbeville coimpany otn the
acquisition of so valuable a member to their
Ceorps. We regra t that Newberry has nuot at
leant one hunadredi ea noble and willing sols
"An'Toofo xAis P-teinvie the lovrsr
of fun to join as in the hearty laugh. *e are
just now having ovef the ato, fold7 bf I'mm of
our Northern contemporariep, of a tall, gawky
looking countrfijian, who, during the height of
the businesa seiiftw last fal1 *aile jat&
of the largest wholesale dry good hoae on
Broadway, and entirely disegarding the Invita.
tions of the numerous saleanten t Ispuet.the
latest patteriu. strode Into the pountingroom,
where the hende of the estal&#himt wee sk'
ring iW Close conversation. After taking a cr.
sNory glanee of the room, and surveying atten.
tisely th faces of the occupants he asked with
im uneituon Yankee nasal twang:
Say, ve-ta-got any naila'
'Naila, sir, nails.!" repeted the dest efgn.
d Durbey of the firm. "No, sir, what should
Ne do with nails 1"
IWal, I doinno-thoughimay be you mought
laint you got no nails, eh 1"
uNo, sir," ro-9led hoiftbeypMga, with 41'.,
>h.is, motioning to the door.
The individal in search of nails took his ti~ee
boOt it, and then left the coutingrgam.o'l In
urn. he asked every clerk he.ap," psetlon,
nd received the Inforaiation tW1
itails" formed no part of the ob ti-i1
" Well" said he, few ,t 111doW,
don't keeP naits here, no how I" -
The principal salesman, whose dignity was
ait by the idea that any one should euppoea
hat an establishment where he had a prominent
lace, should keep nail.., headed the countryman
off its he was preceeding towards the entramee
nd asked him abruptly what he wanted,
" Want" said the countryman as cool as a
ucumber, "I want torknow if you've got *a1
"Nails, no air. You iav. Jen told algat
ad ugain that we've got no nail--so- you'd
"AIn't lot any n di, eh Wpllhen, jt
Dok a heYf, mistetg:iyou ain't g o nails, what
It awful fi f6Vd be in if you'd happen to havq
LEAP YEA .--The Iao year originaled with
he astronmers of Julida Cgar 45 B.C. TheY
zaed te solar year at 365 daya 6 bour., coms
risng, as they thought, the period from one
ernal equinoi to aneathef 9 the sit bopra were
t aside, and at the end of four yearsi farming
day, the 'ourth year was made to consist ofS,
aye. The day thus added was called intl.
dary. This almost perfect arrangement was
enuminated the Juian style, and -e ialled
iroughout the Christian world till the tind 4f,
ope Gregory X114 in 15682 when the baleadaf
as alered to its present stie.
The diffierence blt ween 365 days, 5 houriwd4
itiites. 31 seconds and 6 decimal, Ihich-iinit
te true len~p h'othe trueadowhksi
The Julian Cilendar was defective, an'd tAV
regorian was substituted for it in 1582. it sas
troduced into the Catholic States of Kurope
1701, and adopted in Enagland, by act of Par.
sment, in 1752. when eleven days were left out
r the caletdar-the 3d of September, 1752,
eini reckoned as the 14th.
In the year 200 there was no differences of
,yleg, but there had arimen a difference of eleven
sys between the old anti new styles-the latter
aing so much beforehand with the former; so
int wlhe:n a person. uiinr the old sty!e, dates
'om the first of May, those who employ the
aw reckoin the 12th. From this variation irr
ie comiputatlon, we may easily account for the'
ifference of many dates concerning historical
lets antd biographical notices.
We have drawn the substances of the fore
aing paragr.,phs from "Putnams's World's
rogress," a mine of ficts and dates, to show to
tr readers who had any doubts on the subject
DW the leap year is accounted for.
BACKING DowN in KansAs.-Gnv. Robinson,
it- sent a second message to the Free State
i-giolature of Kanmns stainr that in him previ.
us communieation he intettded to recommet,
o course to be taken int opinsaition to the Gen.
ral Governmet. oir to the Territorial Govern.
tenit; while it slhall retnain with the, sanetin of
inress, collision with either is to be avo~ided,
a e..tfortiy with these su~rgentions of the
Free State" Governor, both houses have adop,
ed the folloawing resolution:
" Resofred. By .the Senate and House of Re,
resentatisves of the State of Kansas. That the
wsw enacted by the presne: Legislatture afsl
ot, have effect until an act be passed by the
>resent or some future Legislature declrng
bern in fore.."
it is awed that Judge Lecompte. of Kansas
IS er.wd the indici ment of the uesobers of'
he, Free State Legislature, nd that tuaveral of
hem had been arrested, and others had left the
THE INTzatoa BANK AT GauFwt.--A state'
ment hias been going the rounds of the press,
hat, the interioir Bank is wrinding up Its affairs.
['his is no.t the fact, nor is there any authority
or the report.-Will our cotemporaries da thte
ni'stiitin justice by correethtig thc error?
WE have published the statement, which we
ound in some of our exchanges, and hoped it
ras trte. We regret to hear that ittnt ;for
ve desire to see the State rid of ali the Wild
3at Batiks, because we lbelieve them unworthy
>f coinfidence. We shall contitnne to warn the
seople against receiving their bills in cireulation,
-Augusta Chronicle &e Sentinel.
WE extract the following fromr Harper'.
lfagazinie. for April:
" An ex-postmaster of Georgia, gave us also
be foillowing eperweription of a letter which
ne copied with his own hand, and then sent thre
etter acc,.rding to the direction. Eteept the
tames, which are altered, the copy is given re.
ialim eJ leratim et punctuatm:
" Slait off grogy, jeflison poast often, jaxsmr
county to Mr. Jones who lives about seven ot
ie mile from Mr. ard, or did abeut fear or fire
r'ear ago-as i doant noe your given nairn the
postmnaster at franklin plense. forrered the ai
mad mediuntly if not, sener an the poatmaster
.t jitison kounry the same to mr Jones as sans
is the male gitta that.
A NEW Morox.-We learn hum the Seiwu
(Ala.) Reporter that the stream of wate? from
in artesian well in that city hau. been turne)
upon a lnrge wheel at the Centrut Wariehoame,
to draw up thte freight ear from the rivet to the
tosp of the bluf. The power was soblent to
draw up the loaded ear, and the Reporer antis. s
pates that the giropuietors viii find te experi.
ment entirely successful.. This enterpriwe of
going five or six hundred feet Into "mother
earth" to tap and bring up one of hier taatal
elements wherewkth to work maehhiiery, Is a
uiuikling instance of the power of human geuasm
A 8uousT RAC.--John Graves;a.Ktmw
Nothing. was eleuted t.heirssipp1uh.
tare. Hegeo a cmrtike :of- "' a
duly signed, an pued Ii W
saned seven ,handmed,
faulter to the 8iata, fie.