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e~~aiic k rnd, Vatf to tye 5OW4 rntb uyern aits, joiijo;ttUuCtt~iv,~~ii,~npr~c~~iutu,
SVe will cling to the Pillars dl the Temple of our Liberties, and it it must fall, we will erish aridst the RtIns.
WE F. DURIt &!6 B19, Proprietors, ED NELIEDL S. C., APRIL ,56.
' GN'L TO TRY 0SBAND.
]Y MRS. B. r. ENOS.
- e gentle to thy husband,
Remembfr, all day long,
.gid the din and tumult,
He >attles with the throng.
io wonder that the' noble brow
Grows clouded with the care
,That presses on his heart and hands
While he is struggling there.
And when the night has gathered home
The loved one to his rest: e1
Be gentle-if no smile appears, at
There's sorrow in his breast. gi
iTis true, you miss the welcome voice.
Whose tones are always kind,
And long to raise the cloud that casts
A shadow on his mind.
Yet, never fear, that through it all te
Thy presenee is not blest;
For like the sunshine, through the storm,
It brings sweet thoughts of rest.
And many times, when labor-tossed, j
The gentle tones have come,
And made gh4 music in his heart,
"Thanks be for thee-and home."
Be sure, although lie speaks it not, h(
Thou art the star, whose ray to
Makes life, and love, and gildeth all
In life's dark, rugged way.
And so be ever gintle, th
Kind words and deeds from thee u:
Do more toward making labor light,
Than ever thou could'st see. th
A SKETCH FROM LIFE. 10
At 5 o'clock on thankagiving morning, deacon m
-Wilson arose as he was wont, no holiday making w
.any change in his hours. Yet now he no longer hi
sprang from his bed with the alacrity which
.changed duty into pleasure; he rose because
imperious necessity commanded it. There were la:
the cattle to be fed and watered, and the poultry ro
to' receive the same attontion, and there was se
moreover a fire to be made in the huge old w,
kitched fire-place, for the deacon had now no th
servant or helper, and in the gray winter of his jj
life, the whole burtnen of managing his place
had fanien on his 5houlders Fortunately they
were broad and stroug-fortunately, his consti
tution was good, his spirits elastic, and 'is piety b
sincere, for his burthens and tryis weie indeed
. Ji-.had been conpa kvely rich-he ha
was now in embarrassed circumstances. tie
-had looked forward to the time when a son to
should relieve him of the tist laborious of his
toils, while a daughter perfOrmned the samie"kind JO
offiee for his wife. Both had been disappointed a
.-and now the old cuuple were the solitary
tenants of that lone farmn-house.
The deacon went umehatinically about his
morning labors; he drove the cattle to the wa- bl
ter tank ; lie supplied them with fresh fodder, w
tnd after seeing that t1iey ivere comfortable, re.
turied to the old kitchen. By this time, the
good wife had prepared a breakfast., and a genial er
tire was diffusing its heat through the apartment.
The old couple sait down to breakhast, after P
a blessing by the old farmer, but the meal pas- w
ted by in silence. It was foillowed by a fervent
prayer and the reading oh. a portiuon of the
-icripture. After this they adjourned to the
siling room, where a good fire was burning,
.an1d where the dame resumed her knitting, one
those incomprehensible pieces of female Aidus- in
try, which seems to have neither beginning nor C
W',ell," said she with a sigh, " this is thanks- hI
giving day. It doesn't seem like old times at 0
all. We used to have a house full ofl comnpany, ri
frolicsomne young fo'ks, and cheerful old people; a
and now we are all alone, alone."
"Last thanksgiving day," said the old manj
" there was one wvith usi who seemed to my old ~
eyes like an angel of light, with her fairy,gold-I
en hair floating like a glory oni her shouldersi,
and her little toot making music as she moved a
-about the old house. But, even then there was '
a hectic flush upon her ebeuk, like the red upon v
the maple leaf in at'tumn. When the January ~
snows lay deep on '.he hills and in the hollows, t
we carried her to her last home-but God' I
will be done."
" You forget, we have another child alive."
"No, I do r'ot forget it," said the old moan,
bitterly. " There is one living somewhere, who
- has brought disgrace upon onr name, who has I
forgotten his parents and his God; who has I
drunk deep of the cup of iniquity, and who has
brought ruin upon his name atId tiamily."
" Do not speak harshly of poor William,"
pleaded the mother.
" Why should I not ? Was he not insensible
to kindness-steeled against affection ? Did he
Snot scatter my hard earnings to the wind? Is
it not to him that I owe the prospect of beggaryI
and destitution i Remember the first of Febru
* ary. That is the last day of grace. If the
money comes not then-and God knows whence
it is to come--we are houseless beggars. Who
* will eare for us then?"
--ggwill care for us," said the aged woman,
raising h'&ey'es'reverently to Heaven.
The old man made no reply, for his utterance
was choked. At that moment the old clock
'that stood tickingin the corner, struck the hour
. 'of nine. The deacon rose..
-"aIt is time to harness old Dobbin," said he,
" for we have a long way to ride to meeting.
and the roads are in a bad condition."
-Their preparations w~erg soon made, and the
old couple poorly but decenttly attired, sallied
forth to .heir puJ lie devotions. The services
~enp4, tpe' deacoi eng his 'wfe as they issued
'frcam'the" p'orel,'wei-6 kindly greeted by many
told friendsA'nd- neighbors, more than one of
whom presded them to come and partake of
t'thiksgiVinig cheer. But the deacon shook
" Man'y thanks, my friends," said he, "'but
ever since I have been a householder, ( have
)ept my thanksgiving at home, and shall contin
ue to do so, so long as I have a house remaining
*over my head."
- so 'they rode home together. While theI
eagon drove up to the barn to put up his horse,
he o14 lady opened the back docor, which was
etay n the latch, and entered the kitchen. As
sh'e'did so, she started back. A stranger was
seatied'b'y the kitchen tire, who rose on her en
trance.' gje was a stalwart man, dressed in a
- rough suit, with a broadleafed hat; his counte
nance 'einbrowned by exposure to the sun and
wind, atid" his upper lip almost conecealed by a
heavy and luxuriant moustache.
*"Good iMorning, ma'atm," he sid,- with some
embarraastsent. - Finding no one answered my
-knocks, I took the liberty of walking m.n. I
bev I owe von no apology, for I have ogficia
Ssi turnspit, and saved your thanksgiving
rkey from burning."
"1 am very much obliged to you, I am sure,"
swered the old lady, pulling off her mittens.
3ut did you want to see me or the deacon?"
"Both of you," answered the stranger. " You
d a sun, I believe I"
"Yes," replied Mrs. Wilson, with hesitation,
d casting down her eyes.
"I have seen him lately."
"Where ?" inquired the mother, with increas
" In California."
"Was he doing well 1"
"Admirably. Mother! mother l" he added
petuously, throwing back his hat, " don't you
row me-don't you know your William-l"
He ru-hed into his mother's arms, and was
tsped to her beating heart, while the tears
reamed from the eyes of both. After the first
eeting %%as over, the young man asked:
" Whefe ls sister Emmy ?"
Gone," answered the mother, as her tears
wed forth anew.
William sat.k into a seat, and hiding his face
his hands, wept bitterly. The mother did
it attempt to check him. She knew ihose
ars were precious.
"And my father?" asked the young man,
hen he regained his composure.
- He is well. But you had better retire for
rhile. Go to your old room, my son, it is
st as you left it, and wait till I summon you.'
It was with a fluttering hear* that the over
yed mother went about the preparations for
nner; and when the table was neatly set,
ery dieh In its place, and the turkey smoking
it, waiting to be carved, she summoned the
I man. He made his appearance at once, and
ok his seat. Glancing around the table, he
" What is this, wife, yot have set plates for
" I thought perhaps somebody might dtop In
" There is little danger-hope, I mean-of
at," answered the deacon sadly.
At this juncture, Mrs. Wilson, with a mysteri
is expression, rang the bell, with which, in
ppier days, she was wont to summon her
rdy children to their maqls.
It was answered by the appearance of the long
The deacon, who recognized him after a mo
mt, gazed upon him with a stern eye, but
ith p quivering lip that betrayed the force of
"So yo% have come back at last," he said.
"Yes, father, but not as I left you. Father,
it thanksgiving day I went into my lonely
nin, and there, kneeling down, addressing my.
If to Heaven, solemnly adjured the fatal cup
iih had brought ruin upon me, and woo.upon
is once happy family. From that day to this,
ave not touched a drop. Is my probation
ough ? Can you now welcome back your son
d bless him 7"
" Bless him I Yes, yes, bless you my dear, dear
y I" said the old deacon, placing his trembling
nd on the dark. lock L- ender1 ", Y .
.Otool Will i;oi, tho gt-yvu come ,on y
witness the downfall of our house."
Not so, father," answered the young man,
,ouly, " I have come t.ack to save you-to
ne fur my prodigality, for all my errors. It
s this hope that sustained me in the lone
art of Sierra Nevada, when I %as panting with
irst and dyinfg with hunger. Thoughts of
ne. of you and mother, and God's angel ena.
d me to conquer fortune. I have come back
ith a store of gold-you shall not be a beggar
your old age father, we shall keep the farin."
After this, it is untnecessary to add that joy
terd tne old homestead. It was a chastened
y, for the shadows of the past yet mingled
ith the sunshine of the present, but the felicity
rich attended the prodigald's return, was enough
compcnsate for many sorrows.
H.NS, TlE CRIPPLE.
A Soldier's widow lived in a litle hut near a
ountain village. Her only child was a poor
ipple. Hans was a kind-hearted boy. Hie
ved his mother anid would gladly have helped
r bear thre burthrens of poverty, but that fehle
ess forbade it. H~e could not even join in' the
ide sports of tihe younrg mnounta'noers. At the
se of ffteen years, lhe feslt kepoly the fact that
was useless to his mother and to the world.
It was the period that Napolean Bonarte
as making his po'wer felt throughout Europe.
he had decree..4 that Tyrol should belong to
avria, and not to Austria. and sent a French
id Bavarin army to accomplish his purpose.
ti Austrians retreated. The Tyrolese resisted
aliantly. Men, women and children of the
runtmir land were filled with zeal in defence of
ieir homes. On one occasion, ten thousand
'rench atnd Bavariain troops were destroyed int t
ingle mountain pass, by an imimense avalanchi
f rocks aind trees prepared and hurled upor
hem by an unseen foes.
A secret arrangement existed among the Ty
olese, by which tne aipproach of the enemy wa:
o be communiicated froma village to villago by
ignal fires, from one mnountain'height to anoth
r, and materials were ready to give an instan
The village wvhere Hans and his mother live'
vats in the direct line of the route the Frenet
army would take, and thme people were full o
mxiety anrd fearr. All were preparing fur th'e ex
ected struggle. The widow and her cripple<
ion alone seemed to harve no part but to sit stil
ad wait. "Ah, Hains," she said, one everunm
' it is well for us now that you can be of~ littI
use; they would else make a soldier of you.
Thiis struck a tender chord. The tears rolle
own his check. " Mother, I ama useless," erie
Hans in bitter grief. " Look round our villag
-al~l are busy, all ready to strive fur home an
atherland-1 am Useless."
"My boy, my kind, dear son, you are not usi
less to me."
" Yes, to you ; I cannot work for you, cannt
support you in old age. Why was I mad
" Hush, Hans," said his mother ; " these repim
ing thoughts are wrung. You will live to tin
thre truth of our old proverb:
" God has his plan
For every maun."
Little did 1-ans think that cre a few, weel
had pssed, tire truth wars to be verified in a r<
Easter holidays, the festive time of Switze
hand, came. The people lost their fears of inv
sion in the sports of the season. All were bi
sy in the merry-making--all but Hans. E
stood alone on the porcht of iris mountain hit
overlokinig the village.
In the evening of Easter, after his usual ev
ning prayer, in wich Ihe breathed the wish th
the Fathrer of mercies would, in his good tim
aflord imu some opportunity of being useful1
others, he fell into a deep sleep.
He awoke ini the night, as if from a drsc:
under a strung impres-ion that the French at
Bavarian zrmy was approaching. He could n
shake off' this irn'prssion; but with the' hope
being rid of it, ire rose, hastily dressed himse
and strolled up the mounrt.itl path. .The et
air did him goodrand ihe cohinued-his walk
he elimbed to the' ri nah pile.' Hanrs walk
roid the pile; biut w rere Wet-e the watcher
They w.ere nowhere to be seen ; perhaps th
were busied with the festivitives of the villag
Near the pile, was an old pine tree, and in ii
hollow stem the tinder was laid ready. Hari
paused by the hollow tree, and as he listened
singular sound caught his attention. He hear
a slow and stealthy tread, then the click of mui
kets, and two soldiers crept along the cliff. Set
ing no one, for Hans was hidden behind the ol
tree, they gave the signal to some comrades i
Hans saw instantly the plot and the dange
The secret of the signal pile had been reveale
to the enemy ; a party had been sent forward t
destroy it; the army was marching to attack th
village. With no thought of his own peril, an
perhaps recalling the proverb his mother ha
quoted, he seized the tinder, strUelt the ligh
and flung the blacing turpentine brand into ti
The two soldiers, whose backs were the1
turned to the pile, waiting the arrival of the
comrades, were seized with fear; but they soo
saw there were no foes. in ambush-none but
single youth running down the mountain patl
They fired, and lodged a bullet in the boy
shoulder. Yet the slgnal-fire was blazing higl
and the whole country would be roused. ]
was already aroused frott pountnin-top to moui
lain top. The plan of thei advancing army wr
defeatPd, and a hasty espape folhiwed.
Hans, faint and bleeding, made his way to tl
village, The people, with their arims, wei
mustering thick and fast. All was constern
tion. The pnquiry was everywhere heard, 'Wh
lighted the p~ilo I"
" It was I," said at last a faint, almost expil
in yoice. Poor crippled Hans tottered anion
them, saying, " The enemy-the French wei
there." He falteted, and sahk upon the.groun
" Take me to my mother," said he; "at last
have not been u'seless."
They stooped to lift him. " What is this
they cried ; " he has been shot. It is true; Har
the cripple has saved us." They carried fatl
to his mother, and laid him before her. As sh
bowed In anguish over his pale face, Hans oper
ed his eyes and said 1 It is not now, dear mott
er, you should not weep for me; I am happ
now. Yes, mother It is true,
" God has his plati
For every man."
You see lie had it for me, though .we did nt
know what it was."
Hans did not recover from his wound, but h
lived long enough to know that he had been c
use to his village and the country; he lived t
see grateful mothers embrace I* mother, to he.
that she could be considered a sacred and hor
ored bequest to the community which her so
had.preserved at the cost of his own life.
Great emergencies like those which met Hani
cannot exist in the history of all. To all, hoA
ever, the Tyrolese motto may speak, and all wi
experience its truth. None need stand useles
members of God's great, family. There is
work for every one to do, if he will but loo
out for it. So long as there is ignorance to in
struct, want to relieve, sorrow to soothe, le
there be no drones in the hive, no idlers in th
L- in-ntaMove nar~tiviie~1 i~ ~ i~
useful to his country, thf. poor crippled boy wh
lighted the fire on the mountain top,-r a pommo
ble-bodied solider ?
2. If any one feels very anxious to be useft
in some way, and labors very diligently for thi
object, may any one be successbl ? .
3. Shoild persons choose a useftil occupatio
because they love to be useful, or will it answa
just as well, to choose a useful employment bi
cause we can make more money in such an en
A COLORED DUEL
A duel between two colored gemmen-a reg
lar built affair, conducted according to the mo.
strict and ppnctillious provision - of the code <
honor-caum off last week. The ight too
place with pistols of the most improved fashion
at sunrisc, on a small branch of the' iltair
road. We do not know what the origin' of tI
difliulty'was, except thitt one of the parties, 1
use '~he phrase of one of the spectait(rs, " w
crossed in lub by the oder, and dat him hiol
must hab satistactioni."
We have learned from one w~ho was prese
at the combat, the paurticulars its tley transpire
They aire substantially-as l ollows:
After having taken their stands one thea
co'ds niotied that, owing to their positions, Il
suibeam set his principle to winking and rollil
his eyes. This was sullicient grounid for int.t
fring, and he calls out to the other second wi
-1 say, I puts my weto on dat posi,bum
agin de rules ob all de codes ob hona dat 1 si
De traction ob de sun shines rader too sewei
and makes my principal roll him eyes altogedd
too much," " Wy, wy, look here, didnit
huck up a dollar for de choice ob groun, a
didni' I get him myself ?
SYes, I kiiow you did; but den fair plawi
jule, anid l'se no notion ob seeing my fi
composed upon, and lose all de vantage."
SWell, I s no notion as you is, and -sists
settling de matter as we is-and-and-'
At thisjunetuire a friendly cloud settled
mtter at, once, by etepping in between the
and the bellugerents.
'The tirst two causes took their position, a
all the little preliminaries beinig settled, e:
one took his pistol, ready cocked, from his
-I cond. Both maifested a terrible degree
ispunk, although a sort of bluish paleniess spr
I itselt over their black cheeks.
, The second who was to give out fattal ori
.which might send them out'of this world, n
Stook his grounid. Rai.,ing his voice, he beg:
I " Gentlemen, your ttme am cum."
.1 Both aignified their assent.
e "Ils you ready I Fiahi I one-two-three.
I Bang, pop, went botn pistol. at once, one I
raising the dust in the mindle of the road, wi
-the other took a 'slanatindiculatr' course am.
the bystanders, fortunately without hitting
e It was now time to interpose, and one of
seconds set himself about it.
- After a little conversation the challen;
darkey stepped forward and said to his al
" Nigga, is you satisfied ?".
" I is."
es "So is I, and l's glad to get off so. 1
.time dey catches dis child out on such a foe
exhibition as dis, dey will have to fotch me,
-dey will do, for surtnin."
." Dem's my sentiments edzackly,' retorted
other. " When your onmoral instrument of
e wet off, I de'elared I thought 1 was a gon el
t, bit J's ap happy now--gosh, let's shake ha
and go back to our avocation."
.In five minutes time, all hands--enen
i blacki friends, white and all-were on the
e, home to work, perfectly satisfied with the sa
eo of the morning.
n A lady in the County of Goochland,Virg
ad recently gave birth to three living daughteri
at of whom, as well as the mother, were d<
of well at last accounts. It is said that du
If, Monroe's Adminisitrationi, a lady of Loui'
h gave birth to four sons, whom she named W~
ill ington, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe, al
~d whom li'ved to manhood. The same lady,
a? e ore...'' ridath; was the mother of thirt
S - IFE IN1SURANCE.
Having cotisidered tlie subject of Life Ina
rance in reference to it-nature and tendeney,NX
* now propose a few remarks tUpon its imebance
d ad ralue; and, indoing so, shall quote exteti.
sively from the very exepllent pamphlet put forth
by the - Manhattan Life Insarance Cotbpany, of
d New York," the *orth ,resident of which in
n stitution has made the sjbject so much his study.
Its importance has been so long recognised in
r- Europe, and they are so far ahead of us in this
d country in availing thesilselves of its benefits
0 1 that it must appeat sfirange to Europeans at this
e late day that It miay be considered necessary to
d discuss its claims in this view-a view so long
d estsblj.hed there-but the subject here is new
t, o many of our people, aind I confess my surprise
0 in finding so many intelligent people who do not
seetn to oinderstand its working. A system so
n beautiful and comprehensive, so productive of
ir good to the community as well as individuals,
n that it may well be reckon6d one of the great
a est benevolent projects of the age, although
L abounding in so mnny institutions for the amel
s ioration of the human rate.
4 In its personal relation to the Individual, it is
ttruly valuable. ie is asisted in forming habits,
of prudence, economy, sobriety and industry. It
s fits him for discharging aright the duties of fath
er, husband, brother and son, and inspires scnti
e ments of peace, contentment and security of
e mind. It even assis s to promote health of
body, and is instrumdtal in prolonging life it,
0 self. "Above all, it not frequently places him in
that most desirable position, the being able,
while he is endeavoring to advance his own well
being, to become a blesasng to others."
e "It is not merely. pers al important, buit It is
- relatively so. What is object contemplated
by the little wonderful i ment called ' A Life
Insurance Policy ?' Its *rimary and chief de
sign is to furnish a provision for the widow. the
" fatherless, and the destitute, It provides for
s them against poverty, dihtress, indigence or dis.
e appointsment; it protecttthem from the scorn
- of the thoughtless, the.iposition of the frau
dulent, the horrors of erty, the cruelties of
Y the purse.proud, the n ect of the heartless,
the humilIation of private charity, and the de
gredation of the public ijms house."
What are the advan ges of this principle
t and Its application to thk whu are to be pros
pectively benefitted ? 1t blesses the members
e of the insured person's.f atily in a variety of
f ways-the very knowledbof the fact produces
o upon their minds and heaW.its most salutary
r effects; it inspires the feei ogf gratitude and
. love; it cements more closely the ties of rela.
n tionship with confidence, injerest and gue sym.
,, Considered in a public 06int of view, its in
fluence is Aven more salutory. It Is a powerful
11 lever to raise from the lo*est depths of degra
a dation and vice to virtue; industry, economy,
a sobriety an'd self-dependence.
k "When age and infirmby, misfortune and dis
. appointment-when sick and death have re
t moved tojU li n'a pro nd the widdv's stay
e -then the sous f. aan wse Q ine
~ 1VitonIialmiries to
e 1tose wo might otherwise have been left desti
D tute, and thrown upon the public charity-roll,
ra victims saved from the ignoble prison of the alms
house-the halp and hearty snatched from the
i lanes and strepts, who would otherwise have
s swelled the pnotly ranks of the vile and vicious"
-tle 'young and thoughtless shielded from be.
n coming the rpady prey of the depraved and har
r dened in guilt. In a word, it relieves the poor
rates, protects honest industry from an aecumu
- lated taxation, already heavy 4nough ; lessons
the tenantry of our poorlio'ues and prisons, and
s:ves many a youth to be'an honor to his friends
aind his country, who might otherwise have gone
. down to the felon's doom. HOWARD.
,f IN DEBT AND OUT OF D2BT,
k Of what a hideous progency of ill is debt the
s' father! What meanness what invasidnsr self
i respect, what cais, whatdouble dealitig! How,
e in due sehson, it Wilfearvi the fralak,' op'en faTe
o into wrinkles ; how, likeaikgife',jt Will stab the
- honest heart ! How it biaseenI known to change
a a goodly face into a mask of brass; how, with
the " damne.a custom" of iebt., has the nman be.
nt come the callous trickstedl A freedom of debt
d, and what nourishinig sweeness may be found in
cold water ; what toothisaiaeness in dry crust ;
e -what ambrosial nourishmnt in a hard egg. Be
eC sure of it, he who dines et. of debt, thnogh his
g meal be: iscuit and an nion, dines in "the
r- Apollo." And then for rinient-what warmth
Ih- in a thread-bare coat, if tb tailor's receipt be in
15 your pocket! what Tyriarpurple in the faded
e- waistcoat, the vest not ond for! How glossy
5the well worn list if it coer not the aching of a
er debtor ! Next the home awgets, the out door
ve recrentiun of the free ma. The street door
uid falls not a knell on his hert ; the foot on the
staircase, though lie live n the third pair, sends
s a no spasms through his anmomy ; alt the rap of
nd his door he can crow fortl "come in,'- and his
pulse abill beat healthfull; his heatrt sink not in
an his bowels. See him abarud. How lie returns
look for look with any paaenger, how he saun
he ters; how, meetig an acualintance,..he stands
un and gossips!
But then, this man liowe not debt-debt
nd that casts a drug int.o La richest wine; that
chb makes the food of the gaw unwholesome, iandi
se- gestible ; thiat sprinkles ti banquet of a Lucul.
of les with ashes, and dropsoet inito the soup of
uad an Emnperor; debt, that ke the moth makes
valueless furs and velvet:-inel'osing the wearer
ier in a festering prisoni, (thehiirt of Nessus was a
iiw shirt not paid for;) debt ut writes upon free
In :coed walls the handwritirof the attorney; that
puts a voice of terror in i knocker ; that makes
the heart quake at the lunted fireside; debt,
'that inaviable demon th walks abroad with
>all apman, now quickening h steps, nuow makinag
iile ham look on all bides liki hunted beast, and
>ng now bringing to his facois ashy hue of death
my as this unconsciaous pasager looks glanciangly
upon him. Poverty is ali tter draught, yet may
the ..-and sometimes with -ivantage--be gulped
down. Though the' drier make wry faces,
ge there may after all, be aholesome bitterness
ita- in the cup. But debt, wever courteously it
be offered, is the cup of syren, and the wine,
spied and delicious thou it be,is poison. The
man out of debt, thoughmith a flaw in his jerk
ext iii, a prack in hist shoe ser, and a hole in his
lish ist, is still the son -of lilty, free as the sing
dat ing lark aboys him; byte debtor, clothed in
the utmost. bravery, wha' he but a serf out
the upon a holiday-a slave-o be reclaimed at any
def instant by his owner, thjreditor ? My son, if
ild ; poor, see the wine runnirsprinag, let thy mouth
ids, water at leaist a week's dhe, think a thireadbaire
coat the " only wear," amecllnowledge a white
ies, washed garrEt the fnest using plaice for a gen
v~ad tleman. Dao this, and fidebt. So shall thy
port heart be at peace and thoeriff be confounded.
mini, THE Mississippi Leplture have adopted
, all resolutions relntive to tire-opening of water
i ng communication betweethe Mississippi river
ring and the Gulf of Mexico;.way of Lake Pont
ina charion and Lake Borgrand have requested
ash- members of Congress tecure, if possible, an
I of appropriation for the obj, The old channel
be- was closed by Gen. Jaele as a military men
psix sure, designed to proteche city of New-Or.
lemt. against invain hab English in 1814-'15
AfRVAt 61 itfE RAtTIO.
The steamiship Baltic has arrived at this port
with Liverpool dates to the 2d inst
The conclusion of peace was formally an
nounced on Sunday the 30th ult. in Paris and
London by salvos of artillery. Paris was illu
minated, and in England the church belle pealed
throughout the day.
Four weeks. however, from the time of the
announcement will elapse before full ratifications
will be exchanged. The details of the adjust
ment have been referred to commissioners.
The Paris correspondent of the London Times
writes that a Ministerial Council was held at the
Tuilleries on Sunday, at half-past 11 o'clock,
which continued in in session till 12, the Empe
ror presiding, and giving his last instructions.
Count Walewski then returned to his official re
sidence to receive the Plenipotentiaries. They
tame at half-past 12, and the treaty was signed.
The British Parliament re-assembled on the
31st ult. Lord Palmerston, in reply to a ques
tion, said it had been determined that the terms
of the Treaty should not be made public till
ratifications had been exchanged ; and at the
same time, expressed the opinion that the terms
would be satisfactory to England and all Europe.
Lord Palmerston said it would be found that
the obects of the war had been fully accomplish
ed. The integrity and independence of the
Turkish Empiro had been secured by a treaty
honorable to all the contracting parties.
On Monday, the 31st ult., the Lord Mayor of
London made official proclamation of the peace
from the Mansion House and the Exchange
guns were fired, and flags generally displayed.
In other cities similar demonstrations occurred,
but not much enthusiasm was manifested.
LATESt If IAN NEws.-The following grati
tying intelligence was received at this place,
about seven o'clock, Monday evening;
On the afternoon of the 6th inst., the Indians
who attacked Dr. Braden's residence and planta.
tion, on the Manatee, (seven in number,) on the
evening of the 31st March, Were over taken by
a party of Florida volunteers. They were en
camped on the South bank of the Big Charley
Apopka Creek, and appeared to be confident of
safety. The party, it would appear from the
report received by Captain Hooker, which is
short and imperfect, crossed the Creek, and cov
ered by a dense hammock, which extended along
the bank, they Approached so near the enemy as
to overhear their conversation, and killed two
Indians on the spot. The remainder retreated
to the Creek; two were shot while in the act of
jumping into it, and fell corpses, their bodies
sinking immediately. The remaining three es
caped, wounded badly. They were pursued
some distance by the blood which plainly mark
ed their retreat, but were finally lost in a ham
mock. The surprise was complete, as the ene
my did not take time to fire a gun.
The Creek is said to have been entirely clear,
so that there was no chance for hiding. That
the two Indians wh in it were killed there
the negroes (eight) and the three mules were
re-captured, One Indian pony and several rides
The two Indians who were shot down at'the
first fire, were scalped. One sealp was sent to
Manatee with the party who conveyed the stolen
property to its owners, and the other was sent
to Capt. Hooker, at this place. The latter has
been exhibited to all pertions having the curiosity
to examine it.-Tampa Peninsular-Extra.
SALE OF SHARP's RFLES.-The agent of the
Sharp rifle nianufacturer in this city sold last
week three hundred Sharp'K rifles to bne firm in
St. Louis, ail for the" border ruffiiiis." Thus
we see that whilst on one silde the Recerend (?)
Mr. Beecher, and the Rev. Mr. Dutton are beg
ging ind i4king up collections for the purchase
of a dozen 'or two of Sharp's ritles to gice to
their poor dupes and tools, with orders to go to
Kansas and kill slaveholders, the people of Mis
ouri, on the other side, quietly, and without
noise or bluster send to the agent in New York
for three hundred. In this way, and at the in
stigation of these Recerend murderers, the peo
ple o1 this country are arming themnselvyes agamnst
each other and preparing for a civil and bloody
war. Verily, the contemplation of the fatct is
enough to rouse the indignation of every eon
servative and respectable man in the community.
When, Beeclber, Dutton & Co., get these mis
guided men well at work cutting each other's
throats, we suppose they will send them a hun
dred or two Bibles and religious books to study
the precepts and doctrines of~ the Savior of man.
We would, in concltision and as a matter of
kindness to Mr, Deeb.'er, inform him that mna
who buy their own rifles are a little more apt to
use them effectually thtan those who beg thetm
or have them given to them, for whilst the for.
mer can " plug" the bull's eye at a hundred yards,
the latter cannot hit a barn door.-N. Y. Day
.PoTsoY;NG ay STRYeHINs1E.-It is unfortunate
for the purpose of the murderer, but favorable
to the ends of justice, that strychnine should be
selected for the diabolical object or taking away
life. There is, perhaps, no poison which pro
duces such characteristic symptomns in the victim
while he yet lives, or which affords more deci
sive evidence of its presence after death. Delu
ded by imperfect knowledge, the murderer may,
perhatps, imagine he has purchased immunity for
his crime by the minuteness of the dose of the
poison-by its umysterious effects, resemnbling
those of natural disease, and by the supposed
difficulty of detection among, the lifeless tissues.
But the finger of science points to tle'defection
of his crime, and dissipates his visiottary hopes;
the grain of white powder, which lhe utnticipates
will carry his victim silently to the grave, excites
on the contrary, the most violent anud character
stic cohivulisions; a minute fraction of a grain,
liid ont the animal membranes after death, will
exhibit, under appropriate tests, a scrits of rcs
pfendent and iridescent rings of eni'di- to the
uhemist's view ; and a portion of fiuid'from the
intestineS introduced into the tissues of a living
unimal will again excite the identical convulsions
which followed the first administration 'of the
poison.-M~edical Times and Gazette.
LAGER BIER-LIQUID BRIEAD.-Lager Bier is
a great institution1- It is no longer motiopolized
by tihirty Germans, but has become the popular
und fashionable beverage of all classes, without
distinction of party or unatinlity. Between
the first and second acts of the " Don Giovannti,"
at the Acadeipy last tiight, as the bar.keeper of
the saloon informed us, rno less than three hun
dred and sixty glasses of Lager were dratik,
Nothing else is called for; and as this is a pure,
simple, healthful drink, all the fimnds of tenm
perance must rejoice to see it superseding the
use of " the villainous compounds" usually sold
in the dritnking saloons. It, is pleasantly bitter
to the taste, and slightly exhitlaratiug to the
" neryous system," but it neither fevers the flesh
nor infiames the imagination. And now that
we have no more " Prohibition'-not even an Ex
ise Law to check free trade in liquor-we thiink
it well tfor the friends of temperance to foster
the popular taste for Lager Bier, which will soon
drive rot-gum-rum, camphene brandy, and vitro
lie liquoth generally, entirely out of the market.
rew vYork Mrror.
SPECULATORS IN TROUBLE.-Under the gradu
ation law of 1854 vast quantities of public lands
were taken up by the speculstors at extremely
low prices, in some cases as low as twelve-and
a-half cents per acre. The law required that
the land should be sold only for purposes of
actual improvement and accupation; and it
made an oath that the applichnt at the land of
flee desired it for such purposes a part of the
process by which a title was obtained. Of
course, the greed of gain frequently stimulated
men to perjduty, and, by hook or by crook, hun
dreds of thousands of acres passed into hands
to be held for speculative purposes alone. The
intent of the law was measurably defeqte4; and
the good will of Congpss, instead of coinfeil
iing benefits upon the landless poor, only helped
to swell the riches of those who have enough
and to spare. The Commissioner of the Gene.
ral Land Offiee has, however, taken a step to
wards rectifying the wrong, and, in a circular to
the local land offices, directs that proof of ae;
tual settlement and cultivation of each traCt
shall be made at the office of the district where
it was entered for the perfection of title-actual
cultivation and settle'ment by the purchaser him
self and not by proxy. In cames where prodils
wanting the land reverts to government, and
will be again thrown into market, -of will be
come the property of the claimant upon the
payment of 81.25 per acre.
We are not in the habit of praising very high.
ly any thing that comes from the Administration
now in power; but this action of the Commis
sioner should have the - commendation of all
men who desire that justice should be done. He
seems to be supported init by the Attorney Gen
eral and the Secretary of the Interior.,-Chic
FOUR AT A BrTM.-We have often heard of
three, four and five children at a birth, and we
have as often doubted the truth of such state.
ments, but we lately received information which
be can relied on, that the wife of Mr. Washington
French, living in Attalla county, Mississippi, pre
sented her husbandi on the 1yth of June, 1855,
with four children-two boys and two girls-at
one birth, and are all doing well at this time.
The father of these ljtile responsibilities was
born in the southern pitt of Greenville District,
was the seventh son of Mr. John Peter French.
and the brother of our respected friends, George
and James French. He was 45 years old when
he married Miss Eleanor Henley, of Mississippi,
and had been married only one year when the
above occurrence transpired.
We can account for the unusual occurrence
from the fact that Mr. French was born in Green
ville district, where, according to the editor of
the Patriot, it is not uncommon for one man to
be the father of from fourteed to seventeen chil
dren. At the rate they have cotrimenced, and if
they live, we feel confident Mr. and Mfs. French
will sustain the reputation of the District, and
make up for lost time. We most cordially ex
tend our congratulations to'the happy parents,
and hope their prosperity in life will be commen
surate with their prolificacy.-Laurensville H
TRAITORS AT HoME.-We are not and we do
not wish to be regarded as alarmists, but we
consider it a duty we owe to the public to cau
tion them against being surprised.
We have been infgrmed recently by Influen
tial gentismeri that 'thdra was some ground for
the beliertliat thie exitt throughout the South
ern States, especially' or the 1ine' of Railroad
ommuniczation, a regularly'organized band of
negro emancipators, who are engaged in negro
stealing and furnishing means for thell' esdape
to free States. When we received this Infor
mation, we regarded it as mere conjecture, and
sul'ered it to pass. but the letter of our Sumter.
ville correspondent has removed every doubt, by
disclosing the fact that a merchant at Sumter
ville has been detected and apprehended for be
ing engaged in negro stealing. The disclosure
has created great excitement, and it is well cal
culated to arouse the people to look about
themselves, lest difficulties be forced upon them
before they are prepared to meet them as they
SHoOTiNG sTARs.--Thiere wvas a man in this
city, who of clear nigh ts. used to rig up a tele
scope wherewith to study astronomy at a aix
penen a squint.
Onc tnight as lie was getting under way I saw
two Irish gentlemeti taking an observation of
his movements. Both wsre policeanieh.:
Jamcy, said one, what in the wvurriid" 'is yon
fellow after with his machjinely !'
WVhist, ye spalpeen, whispered the other,
sure and can't ye see that it's an air gun cannon
that he's got. He's afther shooting stars, he is.
Hadn't we better be getting out of the way,
thini ? inquired his friend.
Sure, and it's not us, was the answer. Didn't
ye ever hear of shooting stars ?
By this time the telescope man had arranged
his instruments and squinted through it up- at
the stars. The policeman gazed up likewvise in
wonder. Just then by an odd chance a large
meteor shot down the sky.
]3edad, lie hit-he's leched It down ! cried
both of the paddis, ih a breath. Sure, and that's
the greatest shooting Nyer saw in all my life ?
But a sensb of ilpty prevailed, and one of them
at once'rudely acensted the man of science.
Ye'll jist stop that now~, mister, av ye plase.
The night is dark enough now, and an you go
on shooting stars 'at that rate, sorra the man'lh
find his way about the strate. And the teles
cope man laud to pick up and be off.
DEAD LETTERS.-The Washington corres
pondenti of the Baltimore Sun, under datf of
Mlarch 28, says: " The foreign dead letters mails
coumposed of correspondence from distant cotmn
tries, and not applied for by the person to whom
addressed, were to-day made up in due form at
the General Post Otlice, and returned as follows :
To Enga'lanid 26,000 letters; to Bremen 4,000 ;
to Co-logne 48,000; to Nova Scotia 500; to New
Brunswick 250 ; and 75,000 to Canada. These
letters had all been regularly advertised in news
papers haing the largest circulation. So rapid
is the emigration, however,' that enterprising
adopred citizens, many of them with their fairm
ing implemints, press thieir way from the West
to the fair WVest, and thence to the far, far WVest,
that seems almost impossible for the mails even
at railroad speed to keep pace with them."
TRADING WITH &LAvEs.-Trhe Gre'enville Pa
triot and Mlountaineer says that " trading with
slaves seemns to be a very common offence in
Spartanburg," and designates it as a "nuisance
anad a curse." Too much of this thing is permit
ted in all the districts, and so long as slaves are
allowed to hire their own time, become mfaster'
workmen and contractors, it1is wuirse than follj
to attempt tio carry the very wholesome laws'of
the State into effect. T1he fault lies iith the
slave' owner, and will never be correuted bntil
the'present system of allowhidg slaves 'to comi
pete with free white men in all' mechanicapur
suits is abrogated.-Carolina Times.'
IRELIGIOUS ToLER ATro.-A Protestant mianis
ter was lately arrested itir Spdtin for pronaulga
ting'doctrineai contrary to the established rehg
iona. A judge at Biarcelona, however, has since
decided thair the Spanish constitution establishtes
religioue toleration, and -the minister in ques
tion' tr ha discharged - -
A HUMAN HoRN.-Dr. Porcher, of rtkestaft
has in his possession a horn,~about'sevnn iidh
in length, and in diameter two inches iid ihreel
quarters, bearing a close resemblance to A ram's
horn, which he extracted from- the head of a
negress, aged about 52, born on a-plantation i#'
St. John's Berkeley, South Carolina. The' ty
mor'conimeneed forming some eight yearssned
with a swirelling and discharge, and, after a while,
a gtaddal increase' id size. During the four
months preceding its ienodval, it grew some t*o
inches, and having,in curving around, reached the
face in the temporal region, just to the left of
pne eye, and haying commen* to produd&kuj1
piration of the skin with'Which itbad e'mel
chtact, its immediate removal was necessitate.
Its removal, which was done in December, 185
in the presence of ]Dr. D. J. Cain, and seve
students of the Charleston Preparatory Medie
Behool, 4as accompanied' 'with comparitively
little pain. It was fodtdd, tipon" examinatid
aftetwards, that some femains 'of thh iigifaw -
growth remained, and there is some probabilit -
that it may Inctease in size and agair. require re.
moral.-Augusta Chronicle 4- &ntineL '
GRAIN It Omo.-A' corresiondent of -the
Cleveland flerald rites from the S6oto Vallef.
"The wieat crop on the ground lool.s finoly.
Having been odvered' *fth -di''-edp" 1 e, it
now looks as though it had just leen' t'aken
from a green house, and every appearance indi
cates a large crop the present season. Oats are
being sowed, and al through Scioto, Licking and
Muskingum valleys, farmers are plantin- pota.
toes. Every warehuse, bari, apid eVeA bdii
churches, are full of corn. At Columbus theiW
are 150,000 bushels in store ; Chillicothe 200,
000; Circleville 150,000 to 200,000 ; Winchester
150,000 to 200,000 bushels, ready for spring
shipment. Receipts at Cleveland will reach 1,
500,000 bushels, via canal. A large portion of,
the corn accumulated hits been purchased, based
on 55 to 60 at Cleveland.' Canal boats in de.:
mand-offers made at 10. to 12c. freight. One.:
half of last year's wheat ii stil in the hands of,
farmers, and will remain there until after seedind
is over, then will congi oti. At LAncaster anA
down Hocking valley a 'dut, about 20,000 bar .
rels flour are ready for'Al4fAed North on the
opening of the canal,'bealdes wheat and corn to
quite an amount.".'
THE INDIAN TROtsL' ix OREGON.-6Wase
ington, April 17.-Amiong the official'document
received from Oregob is the lettii reciveed froN
loel Palmer gehi-rintendent "of IndiiV f'airt
who, confirchig, tliistatements of Qo'v. Opijg
says " the'prFsent'tiiculty in'Sduthbhr (.regort -
is wholly attributale'td thett'( th6 i/lites -
adding, "Fcannot but feel that it is ou/dlity to
adopt such measures as will tend to seedie thd
lives of these Indians and maintain the guaran
tees secured by treaty stipulations.
The futute will prove that this war has been
forced upon these Indiansa)ainst their will;
that too by a set of reckless vagabonds, for pe.
cuniary and political objects, sanctloned ':
numerous population who regard the -Treasurys.
of the United States a legitimate object of plan.i
The Indians in that district have been driven
to -desperation by acts of cruelty committe(
against their people. Treaties have been viola.
ted and acts of barbarity committed by those
claiming tio be citlsize that-would disgrace th
most' barbroiis nations'of the''ehrth. If none
but those who perpetrated such ais were to be
affected by this war, we might look upon it with'
indifference, but unhappily this is not the case.",
A VERY NICE ARRANoEVENT.-Bimhop An.
drei,'of the Miethodist Episcopal Church Sou'tli;
(iho rd.an'tlv started on a trip to California.)'
writes froni Panaina, to the Sothern Christiad
Advocate, as foll6ws, eor1inrning the regulations
of the connecting steamers on the'Pacific side !
"No permanent arrangements enn be made
with the Southern passengers till those from'
New York arrive, who are always expected td
have precedence. I ventured to expostulate'
with one of the officers on the injustice of this
distinction. ' I pay just as much as these Neid
York passengers' 'I know i:,' said he, ' but we'
are obliged to make the distinction, as most of.
our passengers come from New York.' On this
same principle'otne of these Pacific steamers
would wvait t 6 three days for New Yorld
pa~grbut would scarcely wait twelve houri
fo? thiosefrdia New Orlean .Y
DECLINE IN FLourR.-The New York Journal,
of C2ommnerce, of the 16th inst. thus discourses
under the head of ' prices falling:'
" For the first time in many months, we see
that comimon to good New York State flour is
quoted by wholesale at a fraction under six dol.
lars a barrel. When the channels of communi.:
cation with the interior are fully open, an ava:
lanche of breadetuffs and provisions will be
down upon s, and'un the demand from abroa(
diminished; exceptat re'duced 'prices, there isd
fairchiance that consumers will yet reap aomnd
benefit from the immense crops of last yeari
The farmers, millers and dealers, have had their'
chance; the consumers will now have theirs.
Much however will depend upon the prospects
of the growing crops, which thus far, as we have
learned, are generally favorable."
RESUSCITA TION FROM APPAR EST DEATH.-'Ihe'
Rockport Register gives the pai'tien'lars of a sin.
gulair kase of resuoitit naftoi- supposed deathr
in that city:."
" A child had, to all appearance, died, and was
laid ont in its little winding sheet upon a board
in an upper room, while the ot her preparations
were going fo)rtard for the funeral. The sex.:
thn was notified, arid the gr'ate dug; 56me time
aiftet'the father 'weht j'ntd the rb'um 'Where thd
child was, and was astonished by its celling hini
by name and complaining that it did not lie goodi -
Of course the littlo sufferer was surplied with a.
better bed at once. It had evidently fallen into
a trance, from which it was awakened by a har -
bed and cold air."
RE~flIN.-Q(f all the amusements that cant
pos'sibly be imagined ?i- a" working man, afteb
daily toil, or in the intervalda, -there is nothiind
like reading a newspaper or a flook. It callig
for no bodily exertion, of whieh'thie mind has
had enough-perhaps too much. It relieves his
home of dullness and sameness. Nay, it accome
panics him to his next daty's work, an'd give-a him
something to think of besides the me mechanii
cal drudgery of his every day* - ocupation1
something he can enjoy while abser.t'''nd look -
forward to with pleasure 'If I~erb'to pray for
a taste afWhwahid 'Stind by' me under every
*ariel'y of 'circuntsne's, and be a sonurce of
happinese afia cllerfalness to me through life;
iind-h"shierd tgin't 'its ills, howeverthiag
might go'amiss, and the world frown upon me$
it would be a taste for reading.-Herschel. ,'
RaoLIFI.-A negre womani called Saly be.
longing'to Mr. Grider,day'Napoled,Aftanh,
gave birth a few days since ta fivb ehild'ren, thred
girls and two boys. -:'1.. r ~.
EXTRAoRDINARY.-A',egro girl in charge of
Col. John T. Sloan, on'yeste'dan gave bjth to.
three children, all of whonm ate alive, 1tcleipg,.
and doing well. The iother is also as wellas
eould be expected after this liugetpnt. -If wti
might be allowed to pun, it amounta b-sulz