Newspaper Page Text
* ~enw~ia 3onrnd, .~atfly, 5,mwf01Itb f atotf, Ciatzst Ilw5 Citctatne Ulii~~txnhv,&
W. F. DURISOE &SON, Proprietors. EDGEFLELD, --. 0., JUNE 4, 1856.
- "Solomon saith Mouy answ reth all things"
- ergo, get " the Pewter."-N 3wo.
- I own Miss B. is beautiful,
'IlI eyes how sweetly blue;
'1er waist is delicately madle,
11er step how lightsome too.
.*he talks in such a knowing style
That few wou:d dat e retuse her,
'e only ault she has on earth
Is-that she haint the pewter.
11 used to be heals-over-bead
1n luihe wvith 'Mary M.,
2 wrote her snnetts twice a week,
And even priated theml.
-But just when all aditted that
4 was the favored suitor,
;I quit the fl, ld-ror Bob exe!aimted,
6 Why, D:ek, she haint the pewter."
When from the country Finny came,
To spend the winter het e,
Where'er in putblie she appeared,
'There toll would I api-ear ;
In e'ty w::ys and si.hts I was
Her ony guide and tuor;
I think I'll coutit her yet-but no,
I learn-sh.e haint the pewter.
I called upon thw Mises White
Miss Enina's very fair,
Around her brow as white a snow,
Sweep braisN or gu'deni hair.
As for .i.s Nancy. al! ad:mit
Eeu Venus may nut hoot her
But what A: e all these can s w., 1' tile
Wheu t,>ld she haint the peter.
There's Lir.y G., w! om all deiare
Of city beliIes-the belle;
Shi's le:ted, flattered and adored
By cv'y dashirg swell.
Ili h eeii.s t.. admira: ion-ntone
Who know her nill dispute 1:er;
Y t who wouhl wed a hi:dy now
If sure-she ha.t the pewter.
[alinte Daily Registcr.
From the Chiar ir-ton Cosurier.
8 11 E E (1 11 () F
- 11O N. J AM E S L. 0 R R,
Delicered at the Democra!.c StIi!e C.,a:ention
S>u.th Caroina. in Colunbia, .May 6, IS8A6
M :aWiten it was
M - b; s :, f.-i -a 1 ii at I shotiid l-.Ihr i few I
na ark s Ily -a1 Lia tn m ter %% hiai: has called us i
gether, I did not supipose rli.tt the puble expt
taiion wovuld demanai of ie a leng-themit
exposition of the siews atad purpiseu of nijr
setmblage. I c.ame here simplldy as the de!e:i
(if my friends aid u m.,tit Ueles, -vu' h n Ie
account. of the deep' itaerest whi.h they knew
took in the Ciinveition qoestiont. I grea; II
respunded to that call, auad arm nappy Io Itnu
here so large and respectable an :.isembht
'1he numbers atil character of this tody coi
tute at suticietit answer to the tams aid s.0V
whih certaiin individuals aid pre-s- of I
State have heapted upotn those wlio favored 0
pro*eet. This, Mr. Ireident, is the intaugara
of a new erm, and the d.ay is not far di.a:
wheti the gentleuci who have scen fit to aIs,
us ws ill Chanige their tone. I'he argulent
with us, and the poeople also are with us, de
the effirts of ciique, aia e.tb.ds to C4ma11ri4l li
setitmen.:. I .oumnced my piliical carn
as a delegat e to the Democ'ratie State Conns
tion of* 1813, an!d heardi ..t that timel no' oabjecti
nrged, nor aussetiont maade, thi.lt we were sacr:
eineg anty timie-haonored pi inciple. 'That I'annV
tion selected delega; es to the Baltimno: e Coat
lion by ;i unaaiatmots vo:e. :a.d thetutb een
stanaces mnay havse asitce made such a .;resen
lion upon subsequenit occas~tit n tupdieni,
policy of our ae'.iona at that time has utver b
I am~ aware, Mr. Chairman thatt many ohaj
tionis ha:ve beeni urged to thae Conaventiont sy.te
but where is your remnedy ? I knowms thatt it
objeced thatt Mass ~ehusetts, which neve'r east:
Democratie vote, cant gise thirteen voles in
Convetion to eighat from Sonth Carohana ; aan
admit the force of the objection. Butt I repe
where in the remedy ? It wily the Staties al
Distriets liaving Deumeratuic Re.preentaives
Cotngress are to be represetaed ait Cinaciaan:1
we snaould have but sevenity-four delega:es the
whieb is the pre.,etnt Democ.rau.ie represnttati
ini Congress. ht would be equ.dlly unafair to ,
.mitt reprtesenitatives ontly froma tmse States th
. .i thm preceding Preasidenatial conttest hada v*it
-for 'he Demaocrat'ie noinmaee. Ini uhat ease
Conaventiont ohf 18.14 would havec beenm coulpo.
only of delegaties inrti the seven Statecs it
xoted for Mr Van Biuren in 181j, anad thae Co
.vemion of 1852 would have been coamps
. solely of rep~resetatives from the mtinoity
Stautes that sustuaned Getn. Cass ing 18-18. N~
would it be proper that tihe twenty-,event Stai
-which voted for Geun. Pierce in I852 should
3y be represented at Cincianati. becanse it i,
,impossible tha~t six or seven of the diaules i
.theu went for Pierce may~t it the neXL l'residlet
,conltest east their votes for the Blhack Rteptut
can candidate, while two) of thte four States it
voted for Scott-Ketucky ad Te.meassee-a
naearly certatin to sustat~tinthe ntoiniuee ofl.
D~emneratic Conveniion,. If by ainy oft thet
plains iajuastic2ecould be avoided it wouald be we
but injury would be ceertaina to re'ult ftrm
'of thiemt, and the C~omaetanu'n sy stem .,eems
me to be the onily onue emibod) amg .sale:.y a
feasibility. I know thaat it is easy to stalrt
jectionsa, and potir must be theainitd thtat ha&s t
ingenntity suflicienat to finid flawis in every sc
of humnan devisemenat, but we are lef't only1
choice of' evils, and muttt aelect tihe beht plan.
tl.aim not pertfectiona for the Comns itiona sysice
but great principles canntaot be carried out ssit
out party organiuzutat, antd that organlizati
catnuot be preserved save by the means which
The Cineiuniati Convention is of the highe
imp ortance, for it is certain that this State mu
sustain the noines of that body. It ia ii
possible for her toeat otherwise ; for it is certa
tjust the ntext P'residatinI contest will be la
tweeni the niominees of thedemwocratic and bla
republicaun parties, and this Stato could not bt
prefer the most fiahy dentocral to a black rept
iLiea. Ueaue or0g sle S.aie "I W.et., wi.ata iN III
dutry of .8outh1 Carotlina ? She has 8 voies. an,
149 cons'it ute a mojority of the whole nuubei
The two-thirds rule, that, safe and conservativ
rule whieb defeated Air. Van Buren in 1844, i
sure of adopaion. It way wturk badly in somi
~ instatces. but ,.hould never be' sacrificed. Sout
Carnlina can then cast 8 votes foer her cinies
but under the two-thirds rule, it will require I
voates to neutralize hter votes east against al
objectionable man. Ought not this power to i
exereued ? We are certaina. as I have showed
to vole for the nomitnee of the Cincinnati Cot
vention, and why should we wit be there to taIk
pairt 1i hi sele;iOAU. The prminent candidate
are, 1.1. Gen. Pierce, who has proved true to th
South and thie Constitauion. It is our duty t
-lst::in himit as (our first choice. Next to him i
Senior Daouglas. 31r. irueianan is the thir,
iaist pronliaeini candidtate, blit cantiot he ragar
deI by tihie Sautli as so acce:iab:e. for he bear
ipti his personi non-Ite of the sears of b.atth
Pre-ident Pierce and Senator Douglas are eo
ered all over witi ara-honarable se.:ra intlic
ted it their bat tIes with Northern rtiaticitm.
believe Mr. Buch!aaa:n, howevar. to) be a ira
m1:11. I believe he will carry out the princilek
aaf the Kansaa Nebraa-ka bii. lie -Lovd ou
witha the Souh in 1849, il favor of the extel
sion of tho 3lissuri tiac to the Pacifie, anl,
zeaausly sustained the Comproiise ueastule
of 1851. He ought to be satia.ctory, but thi
great i.,sues before the coutry is tle Kaaii*
and Nebraka issue, and Alem-rs. Pierwe ai
DouaiigIlas are the best expiiien s tot' the prineiple
ittinIhed in the K:::saa-Nera-kai ih.
Thtee At cannni reevit e tte vat-s (af thos
atnder-fteiad Denmiaera: s wntoa inclti ae to kniav,
im Oiii tlil aeal hioii.if iia..v d.'-:re I
retuir :o the p.iLy uasy mat do so by Leeedlio
to tour termts. mine y, iierieore, dema .d, ih.
we shod be ree. ited at : ini t:ai, as wi.
as every coniideraimn ta in ere.-t and gia:ud,
W e ltnet sllr-i:si tr :e wh.h:It I*.jn ut:i ah
tuli--red f I ts. 1:. 1 ,11L Vt. be :a:d :nal W
have und .\i P i.mee aid DonaLI.:-,
wheni thitr herticas were no longer n.eted i~iti
ed them offr
It is 1i.d by ia'.y (f thtose hit) oppn.,e tI
Casliveitiall t11aa they are aaaieaat Piele inllc
.hat -hey itit hall um inated hV a riiaae Cost
veiin and u,::.iaed b-y he dia.e, wheht
the U.ceinnainl Coive'.tio inaai:ies hhn r nt
- 1W. n i-ier seis!itt .rt 2 ure aao ath<
true men at the Norui b--ts le Getn Piuree
Sulppde ahe' ( .itanai (;ur, :ta raAl:.ia.
,-,Ige oldber idvi;Ias i.a.htiu; :i- il'h-ra
a iaatai ihe a'ati'i: *i 1. uppoari. i d.:' Ii t~
iina %wme t.r l'.erae:' w h he canint. chy!.t binl
-iin ther . c.ion a ina-mre the -eecess of tit
. epublianl ntd.dare \VouiCl i e-svtv
...L :.a as a t iena u e would huzz:a tfo.r ia
ad et riuse t go wi te pa W la toate tor i;
i, cau-e liqu .r w;. soh iicthere ill op Ii n
iw teaiprace i. vw. ? If me ane tuly aie;.d
o 'iitce lt us g - to Cineina.i. wi'iere w e ea
rLtnler himt e0.a eni.. wervice.--There we en
l clont rbiae unie to hi, a-utce-N thana by easii.
tUe Visie, of the -aSute for tu itnder trtm eetia
.antee, relented to. Wo can av a that the %it
I' Notiihi (.arieli.ia t Lv z1 t f a eetire lik ttiila:
v- %t ? W' v ta me ilis be:-t Iiinds, tloe whti
0 deaire to i.id lhim when their aid ctan be elfectua
e or tii-e Whta Witn the Staite t ite 6'r him i
SNovemaber, tiether ominated atL Cincinnati v
3a Mr. Chairnti. I :.n gratilled to knw th
ai Cu-h Carolinia nil be iveen-ed in the (it
I ci:niaai Cotiaiio, adll that her oici uai:t t
' o aird alaaiaaae oi Ahab.iama, Mi-isippi, Gei
elgiand n:hter ou-,hern S.,a es. Tnere -has hee
e. re talk uo vioilca; ing' our I tiiiC-ho;..t reiC p;0ie'
- wa the tiEat psac let us gi b.wk in 1IS. w he
rs awe had atqt.rt d aI large terri.Cry frni .Mexit i
he aid when tie Legislataiure gat ecery NaaliwI
i, - aaaate, exe,-pti l.va, tiad der;aared I'or the Wi.tnt
al it is-. Wten I Went, lirt ta Cionagress, i
ltl 1849, I fiund the North array d in a-o id lit
All !.ax inl favor of the Wi.aot Proviso, adi a ut
i, jaii.y in the li uoe in fa or i the w easar,
hu., was Ia a hgitul i uec pr"c.iit.latd. Ti
tir uh Oif-red as a coipriuinse to extend ti
'ir :dissoauri inea~ to tie l'.eitie bait this wais rej.,
n- .ead. Far. u.tag iy. thontic ir. h.ar tie ciryiit, ii
iaa (2--aaaprolatai-a. niea-ii'e of It80L, v-iat'r..ain.g 1i
I f'u. i t e tilavte la.t aiitt 1i.i .'vaae mL ie iiii-01..
ii- .a'r aeitioun hli a;ngress Ii aue ter't iesI'-, wel
't- .ioC~ ; i ti, atlia he iin.'.ail .l e fsit ey i i'aari tC
a-C Ci Jai is wd., :1e':1i neb.* .etili tti'itt, a|nelit
ena y vedt ihe uca.y liar ihte L..naaia and Net.rai
:1,winchr hai reso tred thei~ Southerien Saa .. I
'e- tiacir Ut iaamll'l n..tiay i ttie Uliiui. ItuO
1t. a he sternao atl ia ie'i h.auIas .a.t!te Illeat a-wet
i, aer Lte\ Nori h. we hiave erreyhinl~ g niow ini ta
t a f~tar. ' i e I're-idet is dlete' uihed tol execu,
hea alhe lhitvs of K miaeas, piroaetinig a-tave praperty
i I anay an td aut all natzard..
at' Wjait have we niow Io complain of. and' wh:
tad mre catn we a.,k oft our Nortien lriendsa-? T1I:
in i Ioth ccuptites it bee ter pi5I simtion w i ha:
ti. anly ltme N ince the aiopt.io oft ct'he Caonsatitui i
re', *The r'eaal iif Lii.- t1iisaouri Line ties ret rrai
alan a to u origfiinatl gnuiny in 'the Uiont. andii I.
d- tatat we .re inideb. ed toa the Neahernti Deamcer.
ait ey3, wht'to at--i edt u, tiantiully Int tis miaitte
ed though~l caarr3 inig ta'ir poltiitie.d claines utpin theii
ie t~aeks5. But lair Iiie Nomrtia-rta D).-ma. eracyv, Kan
e't .,a, wotual be tis day clotmseda atl.dutit the .aoua
lat IC a j us, thetn, that wstlluiti wh b iloiad a.tauri
at- iueince antd Nymptjat ty tfromu aitr Noarthi-rat I' ietd
.-d wii :re nomw strugainag aigtat Glack Rtej.ul
mat ileatisma ini Cur belalilI? b aaalt wte baselv aur
tar imur backs upaon thmm-tec whi aire btthing~ fair
e,- aainsltL suen! l'eatrful tadda?! Every conisideratia
'- every inidiueent tat cant inflluene genoermat
met tutnads, ittmpe tiN to tneet dr brethIreni .u Ciniaai
iat atti. We teedh haive nu feaar, Alr. Lha iinm ti t
at the platformi thtat wtitLl tere be tlaid downi.
ii- have atref'ully scannied thei re'solutin oaaa~af ill
a. Nuart ternt Democrat it Cutetauniman.un iuia hteaita
rc nomt to aVt that the areat marty taf Litfl air
lit e'mintently satiislaelary. I wilt gl fiurthe'r, anl
se saty that I beliece, i1. the mtackinag of a palari
'I,. ait Cininati i cere enitruteLd ti lte Narther
:01I D~emoii.icay ailane., thtat thiey wmaul d 'r.aite aoi
0 Ibaroad enioughI an ad haog entoueh fomr tthe whtia
elo ."cvti atto s'tand upon.a -lTh v hiave: conuiti I
b-. ai-ielves oi lhe dovearinaa elo non-i.je~rven;ioa
ii ~ad at. her ma.inares appatroved'Ciby a ine .'-utnt at
ilLe it is itnpes-iibcleiar themli to taake iather grianit
a i fktnow it is v'ery eaes for ce'raeia edti~tr to aabu-l
Spatllaeitmt, btut the tat ater are comiipetlledt, mii C
nlthct other meni, fraomu the publiciavy of thteir paa
h- litin anaot to neat incal'atent',Llyi wi,*h hir pr*
I 'The ebiarg~e whIch has fretquently bet-n miid
that the whole Nirilh is aboalitieized is fidse.
tat oeati Lhhought -to mayself, butt hiave seen rieasa
st tat chantge tmy views. I recetly visited ti
ni Stattes of' New H-atmpshire aind Coinnietieu
ila prior to3 the etectitis, utid I spaoke to the paaap
e- there as I would nere. I discus-ed iourt rigia
:k before them, anad I tieuitaite not to, say that ti
ut where have Southern setimuents met. with
b. hiar~tr rapnnen thn frnm the Daeonty
L t AoN irrmer i n. Ihe i.emcrl ey at tin
i North iave planted. themselves upon the Con.
sliutiiol and resist the combined assnult of
L KMow Nothingisan md Abolitionisto. I knew
i when this Kn;ow Nothing Pary was started
D that it would fie with the Abolition Party. If
a.nalyzed, it would be found to contain nine parts
of abeiitionism and one part of imn-tigitation.
3 When durinr lhe recent contest forSpeatier of the
ltlume of Representatives the plurahimy rule had
a been adoptel and the choice Ily between Gov
L Aiken and Banks, nit a solaitry Northern Know
Nothing voted for Aiken. They preferred the
'lm'ection of i Bhick Republican of the deepest
(dye to that of a Southern man. Yet thi<t is tihe
jparli, orgranized tim divide and distraut the South,
m which hits fiumd friends and supporters im South
i'The signs of the times are cieering: although
- we.hmve not carried New llampihire and Con
nee:kiet, we have greatly reduced the opposi
li-t majorit.y, td look foirward to an n witmte
triumphi. But whether we do or not, I canot
bilt: onglratuite you upon the happy condiion
ithat thea.' South noaw noccupies. Sit. is now uni
iemd ivwhilte time North is disided. Even if a BI:iek
Repuiblican should be elected Piesident, we
kill be united in any action that re.nht may
-urce upon u<, while the Norhm will be divided
t aaini, itself. We are now actiog solelv upon
time deftenive, sustainiiig principles conceded. by
- l- North ; anl if the Untiian i< ti be disrupted,
- e Ih-all t-ecnipy a anitagre ground we have hey.
ar h:.d beftore. This is an additional reiaon
why we .hniild S:rengtV 'n1 the hand of our
e' The- dctrime of qat ter Sve rig't ty," or
- tile rit-rhi of thme lat'mmiai X tile terrhiorie< to ler
111 4e1uponlih in-tiinuimn of* .sJavery. ik uole
'in:alie ti grui i at atac; nJ: the N irth-rn
De:m:raa;cy. ()m tLis po-int thire ik :k (iferemce
by, of opinion, IMrs. C:i, Stuari and oatlhr
-; olingint :h11 peojple. of thle territoir*es hawm
i thi, rgit. ::md .e-rs D.gts, Br1iht, and o.h
r r aa ina the apa -.ii' ' iiiw.
It .s been o tam the' K-maais Nebraska
Act. thtt it etm dili-d ihis 'rinciple ot' i qn.it.
:tr .,ovireignty ; but Ihasie %% its say this do niot
iil tei w.th'h ii Uuh-~Ihe priceiil.. Ii, left by the
K :, tnd Nehrs k:m Act Ii Ie determined by
the Courts. Mr. Cal".itt hiecva d mh:-t( 1.shaterv
w irotelced in the . erritorie, iunder tihe Cam
-.t iniio:n, :md -hith Kan.-:as Act .imijly gr.am;s
i power to the Lvai - *;tre to enact all l.ays of
A'.mi me:-ity coil-iien t wi'h the Con-it1tui-m
W'e h!J IhI a :he L'ibutie e:imint lrohibit.
-hivy ; 6,r 111r, not panssig that pow-.
.-I. i: i at d le.a1 1 i to Ihei, Terriitari:d Govern
-tIo. :uimm the ques:inm mu-t be left umtil the
--ple aome li'tvhcr to form a State Ciin-nitu.
.ima. The pr. ie:l re-uit of tis I*tqaitter
.vereijgntya" hi beae, that you have grot ioe:l
- ir.i ia ain favir -f siverv. which e:mmot be
ii-im b.-red in::il 18.7, and there is ninw every
parba::hiliia. it' the South eximerts lersel, Ihat
" ial.'a will lie a slave Stale. At :my rate, umn
a .ji.uas iesiria-tin has bealien removed, aid tie
cri Ter i lpened n tlernt emig -raitionm. We
IIan-,%- sanidi:nt :iid .dil men to Kansas, and it'
e e perI-veri.. W! cant buLid up there a shave.
- m.hiiing conmtimity.
It has been eh::rged upmn Mr. Duglas thit
ater time pas:ge ~at the Kaiisas-N. kra-ka bill
me had mme Imlne and declared that it was the
'ot a b'i im im teanrever p:ssetl. ThI:is is a b.
,nrd. I1 it he rte, whv is every abolidionist s.)
licrealy -plioced :o it ? It' Mr. );ouglaai pandered
, 'aalhiani.-m, why was he iot alinwed ta
pea' k in Cicag. a y which mir enterprite and
Ier..iity hiad coit i iba: ed to improve and adomr?
I have. kimwi .lr. DImmho is tor somie years. ain
lhave namirroiwly watcheil his publie coura.e, and
have .vt r set'-n amy man. eveept Mr. t'alhuni,
wh.I ol sit I'nilay aei I'a !-fipeaks out hi setmiiiuimtis
l1e intver eaades amn: i-"ue. iin meets it boldly
and batiles with and ,a:mughters his enem. lit
iever uttered mlie words a:iributited to him. and I
an msorry to see Soithien ueni prostitute them
evlves to fiar. or ailow thei'nmvems to be so fir
Sprma-iu ted by heir par.izan Ieeling,, as tit re
eiavt the calinmy. I .:ay it nupon an;hority that
He iage is hat--'ly', IImi I.htiedly toe.
TheI,'me w~.ere m~'n(.m iih, r p.is ihma lI mmde-hifned
a are.mt Upman. bt I h i:mae a. ao h-nig. ;re.J-piied man
ihle time i oin'h Cm.',iemlamn. I repeaa:a mhai I ;.1mm
-I.0 .:m -i'm befo'are.u -ma ! airge ;nai respemicIia
hr.!y.:aV d aim inniist nti lit s:dd~ that thais Cia.
'-a omn i-, :m t:.ire. 1f tihe a r uponi us, who'mi
:m;ee oe ti imlhis meci-ure, i,. tam be tcuotmned:
a a.e :m-a to be a rauced'i and Itiutmid down:; if
papo--i-t mi e iaid:ata:s in the diret di:trim'k
rae tam be' s'armedi. win are' ready tim tmeet Ithe is'.net
md gem befot~re iihe peiple uipona thea slmp~
ami hmm-tings. And .~ e a.:iyv tam maur appon~ents.
auem may opposea~ tid' Cnm~venit~in, baut vonaa
dare inoimt vamie apiatst our immamineae. Wie
liav.e hm'reitotiare enxerr'li-ed greaat moderitationt, taut
we are .ni.tow~. ren::dy fora the tigiht. If* w~.e hiaave
tcouie wrnmg, let the peoplea contdmn us ; it
maimerwi:.e, let gemtiemen'a aaudemr'tand thmat wn
camn ex'ri'ei om jndmgtmet'm dlespalIe Imejar detracionma
m:amda bmuse I iaahope i h:at tam day we n~.ill do ouri
day and om sust'ain~ ot air iand<. amnd thbait the f'ut ure
n. wieu. dmiwnt righmt anda w.ise imn uer aciona.
r. A)mLssro)x o. 'rut: Mousruxs INTO Tur.:
r No.- it is samid thtat ant eff'or t will hei
-ami.de by thme Nlarmonis to comme illto Ithe
UnionU a s a1 S ta te dmuring the priesenit se'ssion
mat Coi'ngrss. The Marmlotis arme dec'Lidedl y
imnl~ favor eaf tionl~, andt haive natted the. Ire
Squlisitei mnmer for: atdimissiont as at State in at
ver'y. short timea. Bitt the que'sti'n of their
iamissioni w.ill nt be withouit its diffientIfies.
'lhe religious uand pomlitical inistit utionis of
atah1t are mif such a in'armacter thiat even a
athi:eink liepulican Co'ngm'ess tmay lie expacat
Sed tam besi- ate biefore itnflictinmg such aim indeli.
lible staini upon thme civ.ilizatiton of' A mm ie
e tiad the jtgs its the atdmisionm oft a Mimomn
d S'tte imnam thme A ameriin confederacya.- Thme
tt Baltimor'e Amt~ericani thtinks thlat if' onr re
Srsn~ ivesi Cmamgiess muay lbe tken a
a'fair axponetl ofm time moal as w~.ell ais the
puhmi t icail:-ena e of' thme eoamry, they muast fieel
noaa i li repujagmanc to t sitiiing. ion. the saime
hflt'r, anid bonhn per~la'tsonial int Iercomurse withm
.mmen whm havi e igiiared thme mu'ist sacred oh'
e. socjaia Iie's, andam w hoame r'eligiaon etmracees thie
in verym' e.ssence'm of liinenl tiusneiss, invo'tlv.iing a de.
awree'f crimianidityv whtich in aim one mii fal time
lit v.o'm. Stateca ini the Unaion a~w'ould~ imncur
mim h ealty oin iampisontaimment for' le. Dothat.
hl':-s, the virtumous anmd e'xcnllent membhers oh
ma time Amm'eic Comgi'ess haiv a Iiee'tly seanse
e of the beininmtsiiess of' Mormmion ecocuintage,
h, but even1 it they hmamve taot, their ateuto senise
a- of responibility to thecir cnstituet s w,'ill
pretit thema froam inisulting all dtecencey and
civilizattiotn by votinig f'or the admtission of a
.~ Mnrmon State into the Union.-Renublican.
* Mkabesi tie C0aroin i'Tunes.
'TRE ELECTOMl QUESTION. t
We- ow proceed to consider the heads
indica im our preceding number, and to
show. at the popular election of the elec
tor 34ds to centralize all power in the Fed.
eral vernment, at the expense of the sov
ereign - and rights of the States.
lst; n any manner in which the Presi
dentil lection could be conducted, there
must -4 excitement; but it becomes intensi
fled tugh the popular mode of electing
the ert(ors, by the mere force of the nun
bers ti are parties to it.. There is no es.
cape fm it. The smallest minority is suf
ficieltto keep a great national party onl the
alert. .-The whole system of party tactics
is necessarily put into action. Inflnammato
ry pai hdts flood the country ; stump speak.
ers h irghe the people; the press feeds
he growing excitement. It runs from man
to man, from community to community, and
front Staite to State; pervading every class
and intbrests throughout the whole. It
leavensthe zeal of every caucus, and fires
entlhusijsm from the flres'de of the private
citizen to the great halls of the natioiPn.
In its rem rseless hunt for the appliances
of powir, no place is sacred. Suecess of
the pat. is the paramnoutit aim of every
iomei and f(t tht in its creed the test of fit- i
ness fir every office, from the Preiddency
itself to. that of a militia beat constable ;
anid why shall say that the ermine of the ju.
dieiauy 'slall itut be profated, when the
biadgeship of the partiian, or retirement, is the
role with every other appointment ? In this t
$late of things, as thie politicianis take their
ene froin the people ihe, legislatuire becomes
filied with partizatn demagiogues-of all detmi
gigues the most damge os anti contemptible;
and theihole entergy of the State legislation is
expeodeal in ittanufacturing tacties for a party
c;mtptign. Is it not palpiable that the whole
State paiLronage hecomes the property of a
1itiiontatparty ' Is it [lot true that the States
are tiorni of their glory, for the benefit of
ain overshadowing power, which consolidates
th:ir ow:n streigta amgiast tUenmselves ?
2.1. The vast area over mt hieh the Presi.
dential-election is held, prevents any iittelli
geait concert amonitg the people, tnd they are I
thus brought. under the ontrol of p:nty con- L
ventiaiis.,abd these, in turn, for the same
reason,.gder that of the great central cau
Tus. ie whole party is knit together as an I
unit 'Che htruggle for success obliterates
State lil ' .frem the minds of the people, I
nierts en1in'to one0 vast votiig Cominnsmlui.
ty, and reduces the State into su nmany pre
eiietb of one all-absorbing election. The
individuality of each State is thus complete
ly lost sight of; and that not fur the occa
sion mterely, but for all time ; for -no sotier
is une triu;.ph gained, or one defeat endured,
than the whole array is marshtaled under the
broad hannet of a natiord party for another
4-d. The immense patronage of the Fede
ral and State Govermnents, brought to bear
upon the election, maintaiits the unity of tle
party. The quarter of a maillioni of olliCes
in tie gift of tihe President, and the many
tmillions of bribes from the public treasury,
are but so many links ill a great chain,
which binds all in the indissoluble bond of
spoil. And who does not know that all the
holdings of the Federal Governnent, except
those Im this State, front thie Most spleldid
Gabinet uppoin'ment to the wayside post
ollice, are, after each election, instantlv filled
by the ining, and yielded ip by the losing
party ? It is nto sulie-ient answer to sayv,
that if all this flood of corruption wvere
turined tuponi the Legialatures of the States.
it would overwhen all their virtue and pa
tr iotism in utter ruin ; fur it is impossible
that the memib.ers of these respective bodies
cait holdt all these offices ; and theise are very
few of such at natureo as that they nmay be
tilled bty any but the people themselves. Bunt
let it be bornte int mmtd, that if a menmber of
the Legislature beconmes corrupt, the rememdy
is removal ; but ii the pieople lose thtetr vir
toe, the experiment of self-goverinent is
4th. It may be said of all parties that
they are corrupt. TIo keep themselves in
existenice, their initerpretattionts of the conisti
tuiiont must be broad entough to unite the
most discordant elemenits; " bile, on tall sides
iis conceded, that it is only a strict con
of the States. What hope, either for the
Contstittution or the rights of the States,
whent patrty platiforms ate built so wide that
free-soilet s anid slavehtolders may stanud- ini
amity uponi thiemi, as miay nuwt bie witntessed
at every election I Bit whent pow*er is re
duced, as itn this mode oh electiotn,.to its last
remove-thie people-there retmainis, as is
appam~renit in all the other States but out ownt,
nteit her r-espontsibilit y ini the voter nior check
uponit party3 excitemtent. Hie is buit a not-ice
in ob~servationi, and has learned ver-y little
from his ownt experienice, who will nomt readi
ly admtit that an itidivid ual may be wiser
tani his whole State Legislature, yet, in the
ultarismt of party spitit, will consent to thtat
which his cooler judgmtent will neverap
prove. Ever3ybody kntows thte strentgtht of
ellowship ini wr-ong, anid how easily a sense
of otdium is lost itt the tnmbers who shatre
it. Andt this is the key to that mysterious
fact that the Abolitiontist, Millard Fillnore,
received the vote of the people of Georgiai,
through their electors, for Vice Presidett;
though, hatd they stood aloof from the ex
eitement, they would never have suffered
their legislature to have elected the samte
electots. No better schemie could be devi
sedi to cover over the evil tdeeds of the great
demagogues than. to veil thteit up in somie
eding ntationial measure, anid to hatve thtem
emibraced by the rank and file, 'through the
never failintg medium of party.sptirit. How I
tmuch better, therefore, for our people to re
mnht alwao onerati;ve as noW; and
The Speaker decided the proposititn ;
-order. He said, substantially, that it v"::i
represented or charged that a member .
the House had assaulted a Senator t'i iX
in discharge of his offlcial duties. 'I
Senate could not interfere with a memb;-r i
the House, but it belonged to the Hon-;,
one of its members had virilated the priv:Il
of the Senate, to make an investigation it
being the proper tribunal for that puri.
The Senate being a co-ordinate brane.
Congress, and covered by some constitutis.
al privilege, was the duty of the Chair
receive Mr. Campbell's proposition a.,
question of privilege.
Mr. Clingman appealed from the decitio
of the Chair.
Mr. Craige was satisfied Mr. Keitt w,.
not concerned in the matter in any WA
Mr. Campbell replied that if it should L..
passed, certainly no wrong would be doae.
Mr. Keitt said he thought the dignity A
hle House required the investigation. 11,
-personal relations with the parties had a:
ways been those of friendship.
Mr. Paine inquired: Is this resolution th
result of precedent of action outside this
hall, or of cautens?
Mr. Campbell replied that not one word
had he heard passed by a member of an..
party as to such a course. He was influen
ved alono Ly the dictates of his own judg
nent and sense of public duty. As to w% ho
perpetrated the outrage, he only knew fro .
what he had heard, athough he saw N r.
Suiner lying in the unte-room adjoining
the Senate Chamber, with gashes on 16
head to the bone, and blood flowing over
Mr. Clingman repeated that lie wourd
leave the offender, ir. Brooks, to answer to
ir. Letcher said that several years age
Post Iaster General lubbard was tattacted
by George Briggs, a member of the House,
yet neither lie (Mir. Leteher) nor Mr. Can p.
hell thought it proper to bring the subject
to tie attention of the House.
The Speaker made a personal explanation,
He had not been a party to any deliberation
or consultation on this matter; and had no
knowledge of the proposition until it was
made from the cletk's desk.
. Mr. Brooks explained. I take the entire
responsibility on myself, and state on my
honor as a gentleman, no human being be
sides knew when or where the transaction
was intended to be made. -
Air. McQueen informed Mr. Campbell
that a process had been instituted against
his colleague, Mr. Brooks, who was amane
ble to the laws of the country.
Mr. Campbell said he had no purpose to
put any party inl false position, but he mere.
ly wished to ascertain the facts. there being
so many rumors prevalent.
Mr. flaven appealed to Mr. Campbell ta
omit the name of Mr. Keitt from the preamble.
Mr. Campbell assented.
Severnd gentlemen wanted him to strike
out the words " other members," but he re
fused, saying he had reasons for retainicg
Mr. Keitt remarked that as his name had
been withdrawn, lie would say that he di.l
not krow the time nor place where the act
would be committed, and when it was com.
mitted he was behind the chair of the Pred
dent of the Senate, with gentlemen from hij
own State; and he did not see the begin
ning of it. Therefore he had not the slight
est preconcert with his colleague.
Under the operation of the previous ques
tion, .Mr. Cam pbell's proposition was adepted
-v'ens 93; nays 08.
The Speaker appointed Mr. Campbell, <f
Ohio, Allis5on, Cobb, of Georgia, Greenwood
and Spinter, tho committee.
Mr. Allison was excused at his own re
Mr. Stanton ofi'ered a resolution directin
the arrest of Judge Lecompto and Marshi
Donaldson of Kansas, to be brought before
the bar of tho Hlouse, to answer for contemi t
and a breach of privilege and dignity, in is.
suing and serving process against ex-Gd
The Speaker decided this not a question
A VIOLENT BIsor.-T'he Franklin. county
(Vt.) Journal, of the l7th~ inst., has the follow
ing :-On Tuesday last, the Roman Catholic
Bisihop of Verumont, now residing at Burlington,
visited Highgate for the purpose, as it appears,
of obtmmmg title to the church- and lot recently
built at klighgate Falls. Four individuais,
who were lriilhmen and Roman Catholics, re
fused to deed the Bishop their right and interest
in said church-whmereupon the Bishop threaten
ed them with imedae excommuuniention and
did not overawe those who ventured to think
and ne.t independent of his Holiness-when the
Bi~hop at oince proceeded to Excommunicate
anmd a;dminister Ecclesiastie Denunciation upon
tefour persons who refused to obey hsholy
mandate. Bunt the mnattir did not rest here
His 11oliness sent for an axe and crow.bar, and
tore the t our pews up and threw them from the
We understand legal proceedings have been
commenced against Umi law violating Priest.
EIsIcomA CoNvENoN-The Marietta Geor
eiatn of the 10th says: " The annual-Convention
o f the Protestant Episcopal Church for the dio
ene of the State of Georgia, closed its sesjion
in this place Saturday last. On the Sabbath,
two gentlemen wvere ordained, one, Rev. Mr.
Pinkerton, formerly of Augusta, to the office of
Priest, and Rev. Wmz. McAuley to the office of
Deacon. Nine persons were confirmed at night,
and a larger audienice was present than has ever
before assembled in the Church. We learn that
the exercises were throughout Interesting and
harmonious. Sixteen ministers were present,
anid eighteen lay delegates. Bishop Elliott en
tered upon his ofies in 1840, when there we'te
only seven clergymen conne~cted with the Die
ese. Since that time the number has more
than doubled, and the increase in private men.
bershin has been enrreananding.
eaving this exciting and corrupting election
o theiriegislature, keep that body responsi
die, as they have hitherto done, to their so
ier judgment. UPPER COUNT2Y.
WASti-Nrox, May 23.
A message was received from the Presi.
lent, returning, with his objections, the-bill
naking, appropriations for the improvement
if St. Alary's river, Michigan.
Mr. Seward submitted a resolution that a
ommittee of ive members le appointed by
he President, pro tern , to inquire into the
:ircumstances attending the assault commit.
ed on (ie person of the lon. Charles Sum
ier, a member of the Senate, in the Senate
a.hamnber yesterday ; and that said commit
eo he instructed to report on the statement
if facts together with their opinions thereon
o the Senate.
At the suggestion of Mr. Mason, the res.
dution wa's amenIided so as to provide that
he committee be elected by the Senate,
rhereupon Messrs. Cass, Allen, Dodge,
?earce and Geyer were elected said com.
Mr. Wilson .said: The seat of my col
eague is vacant to-dav. For the first time
Lfter five years of public service, that seat is
'acant. Yesterday, after the touching tri
>ute of respect to the memory of u deceased
nember of the [louse of Represetitatives,
he Senlate adjourned. My colleague re
naimed in his seat enigaged in his p)ubliC du
ies, while thus (nigaged, with a p in his
mud, setting in a potition which rendered him
itterly incapable of protecting or defending
itir seif. Mr. Preston S. Brooks, a inember
if the house of LeiresetitLtives, approached
in unobserved, and abruptly addressed him.
n0oking up, and before he had time to utter
sinlgle word in reply, lie received a stun.
ing blow up on the head from a cane in the
ands of Mr. Broiks, which made him al.
nost senseless and unconscious. ,
Endeavo ill, however, to protect hiiself,
it riing from his chair desk was overthrown,
md while in that powerless position he was
leaten upon the iad and shoulders by re
walted blows, until he sunk upon the floor of
lie Sen:tte, exhausted, uncodscious, and cov
red with his own blood. He was raised
riom the floor by a few friends aid taken
to the ante-rioom, and had his wounds
ressed and then carried to his home and
)laced upon his bed. -He is now unable to
)> with as ta-day and to-.-parform the duties
, hich belong to him as a membier if thim
idy. To assail a member of the Senate
'r words spoken in the debate, and out ol
his chamber, is a great offence, not only
igainst the rights of a member. but the con
; itutional . ivileges of this body ; but sir,
:o come into this chaminber aid assault v
ateamber in his seat until 50 fils exhaustec
ipon the floor, is an oifence requiring thiv
proiit action of this body.
Sir, I submit no m otion. I leave it ti
dder Senators, whose character and positior
n this Senate, and before the country, emi
ently fit them to take .tho lead in measure
l redress the wrongs of a wember of thi
Imdv, and vindicate the ho nor and digi ity
Mr. Stewart gave notice that lie should
t an early day, ask leave to submit at
tieimlieint to the rules of the Senate, ue
LAing it out of order for any Senator it
.ebate to use laiguage reflectinig upon thI
onduct or motives of any oiher Senato
discourteously, or improperly reflecting 11po0
th action of a State other thiani the one re
resenited by the Senator speaking.
A large anmber of private nil were con
idered and passedi, after whuich the Senati
djournied untii Moniday next.
Mr. W~ashblurne', of Mdaine, from the comn
mittee onm Elections, reported a resolutiot
that James C. Allen, of lilinois, is nmot, and
Wiliam B. Archer i3 entitled to the seal
tow held by the foz ner. Mr. Stephens ha
prepared a minority report.
Tme consideration of the subject wa
postponied till the mothl of June.
Mr. Chamnpbell, of Ohio, riigt a ques
ion of plrivilege, otfered the following:
Whewreas oit the 2i2d of May the Hion
Preston S. Brooks, and lion. Ltarence Mt
Leitt, muemblers of this [louse from Soutd
arolina, aiid other memabers, either as priin
enpals .or accessories, perpetrated a vimlen
suton the sierson ol Hi on. Charles Sum
ier, Seantor of the Uniited States from Mas
abusetis, while remainiang in his seat in thm
Senate Chamber, anad v hile iii'the perlor
nunaace of the duties appertaining to his ofi
Resolccd, That a select committee a
ve members be appointed by the rspeake
toivsiaethe subject adreportthfat
ith suen resolution in referenice thereto a:
in their judgmeiit nmay be proper aiid neces
~arv for the vindicintioni of the character o
his [louse, anid thait said conmoittee lhavy
power to seiid foir persons and papiers, ani
itd employ a clerk and sit durinig the seissioi
f the House.
A debtato ensued upon a point of order.
Mr. Smith, of Virginia, suiggestedl to Mr
Campblhell the propriety of atiikiing out the
areamblle. It assumledI as fact that whichi
-oud onily be asceriaiiied as such on exam
nation. Mr. Champbell was willing t(
nodifyv the preamble, which lie did, to read
-"Whiereams, it is represented, &c."11I
vas, he satid, due to the H-ouse and all par
is, that facts should be presented in seme
uhen tic formi, aiid could only be done fully
mud fairly through the commiittee.
Mr. Clingmain said he was not satisfied
ithm the statement in the preamble, that i
sas a gross falsehood, but lie did not mean
hat MuIr. Campibell had intentionally madi
n untrue declaration. Tme gentleman mis