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3ES5g8. COLTER k SCOOTER, Editors,
-Lst idleAmbition her baubles pursue,
While Wisdom looks down with disdain,
The home of the farmer has charms ever now,
- Wthere htealhI, peace and competence reign."
- For the Advertiser.
THE DTIES OF AN OVERSEER.
Mouwrais CaaEK; June 5th, 1856.
Masss EDITon:-As I have been work
ing in the harness as an Overseer for some
time, and as I anticipate quitting the profes
sion-for the purpose of going to Kansas to
fight the infernal Abolitionists, if necessary,
,and if not to try something that is more
proitable than overseeing, I have concluded
to give my views to my Bother Overseers
upon the duties of an Overseer, which they
can take for what they are worth.
It is here supposed that the Overseer is
not immediately under. his employers eye,
but is eft for days or weeks, perhaps months,
to the exercise of his own judgment in the
management of the plantation. To him
wo would say bear in mind, that you have
opgaged for a stated 'sum of money, to de.
vote your time and energies for an entire
year to one object, to carry out the orders
of your employer strictly and cheerfully,
and to the best of your ability, and in all
things to study his interests. This requires
. something more than your mere presence
upon the plantation, and that at such times
as suits your own pleasure and conveniency.
On entering upon your duties inform yourself
thouroughly of the condition of the plants.
tion, negroes, stock, implements, &c. Learn
the views of your employer as to the gen.
eral course of management he wishes pur.
sued, and make up your mind to carry out
those..views fully as far as in your power.
If any objections occur to you, state them
distinctly that. they may be yielded to or
svereome. Endeavour to take the same
interest in everything upon the place as if it
were your own-indeed, the responsibility
is greater than if it were all your own, hav.
- ing been entrusted to you by another. Un.
less you feel 'thus it is impossible that you
can do your employer justice.
The heslth of the negroes under your
charge is an important matter. Much of
the usual sickness among them is tlfe result
of carelessness and-mismagagement. Over.
-.worked or badly cooked food, and night
rambles are all fruitful causes of disease.
W~ell cooked food, including a plenty of
vegetables, should be supplied to them at
regular hours; that the sick be cheered.and
~eneouraged, and some extra comforts allow.
ed them, and the convalescent not exposed ;
- hat pregnesnt women be particular-eared for
- d~in a greatnieasure exempted from labor,
and certainly from exposure and undue ex
ertion for some time before confluement;
and that while nursing they bie kept as near
the nursery as possible, but at no time al
lowed to suckle their children when over
heated; that the infant be nursed three times
during the day in addition to the morning
a gd evening, until eight months old whon
twice a day may sutlice; that no whiskey
be allowed upon the place at any time or
under any circumstances; but that they have
whilst beated'and at work plenty good cool
water; that care be taken to prevent the
hands~from earying thei: liaskets full cl
cotton on their heads-a most injurous re
tice--and, in short, by usitng sucb means for
their comfort as every judicious humiane mant
will readily think of -yotf will iad the amount
of sickness greatly diinished.
Next to the negroes the stock on the place
will require your constatr attentiun. It is
a part of the duty in which Overseers are
generally most careless. The horse anid
mule stock are first in importance- unless
- these are kept in good order it is impossible
that the work can go on smoothly or your
crop be properly tended. Put your stabmles
and lot in good order and keep thetm under
*lock; and bave thenm littered amnd cleaned
out at proper intervals; to attend to sick or
mamed animals, to see that the gears are
always hung in their proper place, kept in
good order, and so on. It is an easy matter
to keep horses or mules fat with a full and
open cornerib and abundance of fodder, but
that.Overseer shows his good management,
.who can keep his teams fat at the leaat ex
pens. ofecorn and fodder. Hogs are generally
sadly mismanaged. Too many are kept
and kept badly. .One good brood sow for
every Sive hands. on a place is amply suffi
cient-indeed, more pork will be cured from
these than from a gre.iter number. Trhe
implements and tools require a Good deal of
looking after. By keeping a memorandum
of the distribution of any set of'tools, they
will be much more likely to be forth coming
at thse end of each month. Axes, hoes and
; other. small tools, of which every hand has
his own, should have his number marked
upon it with a steel punch. The strict eui
forcement of one single rule will keep every
thing strait-"have a place for everything,
and see that everything is in its place."
Of the provision crops there is Thost com
inonly enough made upon most plantations
-for their own supply. Rar~ely Low'ever is it
saved without great and inexcusable waste
ad fed out without still greater. And this,
to their lasting shame be it said, is too often
.the ease to a disgraceful exttnt when an
Overseer feela satisfied that he will not re
"malinanother year upon the place. ,His
- onduct should be the very opposite of this.
It is indispensable that'you 'exercise judg
ment aid housideration in tfie management
of the negroes under your charge. Be lirm
and stth.sies time gentle in your contro)l.
-Never dliplaj yourself before them in a
passion ;. and. even in inflicting the severest
punishment do so in a mild cool manner,
and it will produce a ienfoljeffect. When
you find it. necessary -to use the whip, (and
desirable as it would be to dispense with it
entirely it. is.. necessary at'times) apply it
slowly and deliberately, and to the extent
you are determined in your own mind to be
needful before you begin. The indiscrini
nate, constant and excessive use of the whip
is altogether unnecessary and inexcusable,
When it can be done without a too great
lo~of timno the stocks offer a means ol
pu nishment greatly to be preferred. Never
threaten a negro, but if you have occasion
to punish do it at once or say nothing until
ready to do so. A violent and passionate
threat will often scare the best disposed ne.
gro to the woo4s. Always keep your word
with them in punishments as well as rewards
Never forgive that in one that you would
punish in another, but treat all alike, show
ing no favouritism. Never be induced by a
course of good behaviour on the part of -the
negroes to relix the strictness of your dis.
cipline, but when you have, by judicious
management, brought them to that state keef
them so by the same means. The only way
to keep a negro honest is - not to trust him.
I his seams a harsh assertion but it is unfor
tunately too true.
In conclusion, bear in mind that a fine
crop consists, first, in an increase in the
number and a marked improvement in the
condition and value of the negroes; second,
an abundance of provision of all sorts for
marl and beast, carefully saved and properly
housed; third, both summer and winter
clothing made at home, also leather tanned
and shoes and harness made when practica
ble; fourth, an improvemept in the produc.
tive qualities of the land and in the general
condition of the plantation; fifth, the team
and stock generally, with the farmniqg imple.
ments and the buildings in fine order at the
close of the year; and young hogs more
than enough for next year's killing; then- as
heavy a crop of cotton as could possibly
be made under the circumstaices, sent go
market in good season and of prime quality.
The time has passed when the Overseer
was valued solely for the number of bales
of cotton he had made without reference to
his other qualifications.
TO MIKE PURE WINE OF APPLES.
Being aware that much wine sold for
genuine champaigne was manufactured froffi
cider, we informed a correspondent a short
time sine of this fact in answer to his inqui
ry. The following letter was elicited by
the reading of the answer referred:
MtESSRS. EDros.--I am well aware that
imitation winmes are now extensively made
in the State of New Jersey from the juice-el
the apple, and more from Harrison apples
than from any other variety, and the most
of it is made at Newark. Those knowin2
ones are correct with regard to its being a
mixture of poisonous drugs not- fit for the
human stomach. -
Having been in the horticultural business
for over forty years I have had an eve sin.
gle to those spurious wines from the juice
of the apple.
It is gradtfying to me to. think that when
you come to taste and test my wine-whsici
I send you accompanying tilis letter-you
will find a wine, a rsre article, free from all
drugs, and not an imitation. The sample I
send you is eighteen'months old, and mude
after the followinig process.
Take pure cider made from sound ripe
apples as it runis from the press. Put 60
pounds of common brown sugar into 15
gallons of the'cider and let it dissolve, then
put the mixture into a clean barrel, and fill
the barrel up to within two gallons of being
full wvith clean cider; put the cask in a cool
place, leaving the hung out for 48 hours,
then put in the hung. with a small vent, un
til fermentation wholly ceases, and lhung uj'
tight, and in one year the wine will be fit
for use. This wvine requires no racking, the
longer it stands upon the less the better.
- 8-rERNE BavNsos.
Elhart, Ind., A pril, 1856,.
It will be observed that our correspondeni
has, for the benefit of all concerned, describ.'
ed the method of making pure cide~r wine
and it is for us to-say something regarding
the sample he sent us. It is a gy~d cidem
wine, the best we ever tasted. If ii had any
fault, it consisted in being a very little tot.
sweet. This can be remedied by using less
sugar than the above named amount. A
harrel of cider contains 31 gallonis. WVine
from currants can be made in the sarm
manner exactly.-Seientific A mcrican.
G UAso.-" Have'you used guano, pou,
drette, tafeu, and with what results?"
We have used guano with good results
and when finel~y ground and treated witih
dilute sulphuric acid and then mixed with
carcoal dust or the divisore described imt
the early part of this article, it is a 'gool
manure, and only surpassed by the additiom
which convert .it into the Nitrogenized anmd
Improved Super-phosphates of Lime, whiet
may he done thus :-For the Improved Su.
per. phosphate, dissolve 100 lbs. caleined
bones ini 56 lbs. of sulphuric acid, add tc
this 36 lbs. of Peruvian Guano and 20 lbs
sulphat'e of ammonis, and it is worth, pound
for pound, more than any guano yet sent
to this country. For the Nitrogenized Su.
per-phosphate, add to 100 lbs. of the Im
proved an equal amount of dried blood, and
you have a manure surpassing all-others am
a general manure, and more likely to act
better on all soils, than any other concentra.
As to produce and tafeu, we would say
that human feces, when mixed with the
divisore before referred to, are among the
best of manures, as the food of man con.
tains all the constituents that plants require,
and in the proportion in which they exist iin
plants. But is this mixture fairly represen,
ted by the pondrette usually offerevd for sale,
and if so, should the farmer pny freight
cooperage, cartage etc., for long distances
on such a bulky article asdeeomnposed muck 1
If he can procure night-soil from the privies
of the towns and mixtit with muek at home,
he can have no better manure, hut the bulky
portion, the muck, should not be carted from
a distance, nor subject to a heavy freight.
*Muck, composted with lime and salt,
these two last previously mixed di propor.
tions to form chloride of lime.. [aD.
gg 'T'w California Farmer expresses the opinion
that hereafte coffee wilt be grown in that State, fom
.u..,.......auepdn and sbus for aponration.
; SPRING TRADE:
s , L, CUNNINGHAM &6 0,
"GROCERS ANDPROVISION MERCHANTS
it - AND, DMALRS MT
FOREIGN WiNES AND LIQUORS,
IrrArURG, S. .'
t E take this opportu-nity of'returning thank
to our patrons aildfrieds for the very libera
encourag.ment and favurs we have received fo
t several years past, and respectfully solicit a contimu
ance ol the samise. Our-higliest aims, and best en
t deavors will be to merit and deserve the patronag
e of our old customers, friends and the public gene
r rally, by conduating our-business as we have don
heretofore, and iigrasiwng our reputation for
' Low Prices and'Fair Dealing,
n And making it to thfe decided advantage of all wh
favor us with their.trade. .
y The increased patronage. we have received an
r, ae continually receivin'gthas induced us to BU)
g A LARGE andfWELL ASSORTEE
d Stock of in order topect the growing de
mands an ease of trade.
n THlE SUPERIOR QUAILITY
or all Goodsofiered. to th Public -At this establish
ment, is so well known thait very little need be sai
i upon this subject. BiSt with the unity of LOV
I PRICES, and the very best quality of GOODS
is the system of business the subscribers are dete:
n mined to carry out. This will be made applicabl
e to every branch of their bitsiness.
e Our Goods in all instances will be what they ar
represented to be-and when sold by sample, sha
always be in conformity with the sample.
We are constantly receiving and have in Store
e COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of
S . --consisting of
. LOAF, CRUSHED. CLAR[FIED, ST. CRO1]
e AND ORLEANS SUGARS, .
ORLEANS SYRUP &CUBA MOLASSES,
0 TENNESSEE AND -HALTIMORE IJACO
Y AND LARD,
I, SODA, STARCH,'SOAP,
WHITE WINE AND APPLE VINEGARS, &<
A large assorament of
WINES AND LIQUORS,
" Consisting of Pipes, Half Pipes and Quarter Casks<
I P1ORTED BRANDIES,
d Of the, following celebrated -Brands and - Vintagei
h Otard, Dupy &'Co., 1838, 1844, 1847.
o Alex. Signett, . 1852, 1855.
Martel & Co., 1847.
d Azarat Signett, 1849.
. J. J. Dupy, 1848.
it P. Signett, 1850.
OLD BORDEAUX, CHAMPAGVE BRANDIE
of MADEIRA, PORT AND SHERRY WINES,
JAMAICA AND ST. CROIX RUMS,
d GIBSON'S EAGLE W H I S K E Y. AND
r Domestic Liquors of all kinds!
If The Arrangements of our. Store are such as t
. make this Establishment in fact the substitute
the cellar of every consumer.
. HOTElB and persons wanting small assorte
lots of Choice Wines and Liquors for special occa
sions, can be supplied at thi shortest notice.,
COUNTRY TRADE supplied at the wholesal
- l A MII ES can command'the best Table -Wina
11 at very low prices, as also.the. c.heapest sorts <
Wines and Liquors for culinairy purposes.
PHYSICIANS requiring-fine Liquors for med!
0 cal purposes are particularly solicited to call and e;
e amine our Stoek.
e We keep constantly on hand a
- Of Saddles,
gales, Whsips Saddle
Blankets, Bed Blankets,
several Cases of fine Sewed and
Pegged Boots and Shoes, Ladies,
Misses and Children's Shoes, Water
p ~roof Hunting and Ditcher's Boots, Boys and
Men's- Brogans from No 1,.to 15. also. Fur,
* Wool and Silk Ihats, Cloth, Plush anud
Fancy Caps, Osnabturga, Sheet
sing.s, Shirtings, Stripes Geor
,r * gia Plains, Gunny and .
le Dundee Bagging,
rat e soicit Bale Rope, &e.
m elctCAStil ORDEROS from parties n<
eC visiting our Town, and wilLep.4/avor in, all instat
eces to satisfy ini every partiedlar, all who confit
e hieir orders to us.
IY Persons visiting this Starket arc earnestly salicite
- to give us a call before they make their purchaase
n We are determined to make it to their advantag
-by selling thenm their supplies LUWER than, the
can h~uv them elsewhlere,
n -We will give the market-prieds for Cottor
and every other kind of produce soill-red.
Ii. L. CUNN INGHIAM,
* H ENRY SOLO.\ON,
HamurgMay28G.'CJ. CLUNN INGIlA M.
Uabr a 81856 6m, 20
-R EIR OVA L
Of the Tin lManufactury,
t' NEA R On. R. T. MlMS' T AN YA R D~
rt II Su~bscariber would respectfully ianform til
c~. itiz. nts of' Edlgefield andl the eazmoundin~g Dit
I.ncts. tha:t he hsas re.move~l to, his residence, whet
he has recently erected a large and comnmodiot
SShop, atnd is naow prepared to carr y on the
2 N A LL ifS BI(A N(.li ES, suchl as Alanufacta
Sring Tin Ware for Mlerchants, ROOFiNG, GU'J
STERING, atnd all maner~ of JOB WORK.
. Always (in handl a general assortmnent of
n. TIN AND "JAPAN WA RE !
ID Merchants supplied at shortest nostice and c
y the most reasonable terms. Orders solicited.
- 'C. L. REFO.
m Oct 3 tf 37
at THE EDGEFIELD BOOT AN~D SH6J
MYA NUF ACTOR Y !
d, TIlE Subscriber most respect-'
.1fully informs his friends that
he is still at the same old Stand,
and makes to order,
- Boots and Shoes
OF THE BEST MATERIAL. AND WORKMANSHII
Alao, on handl, a very fino aissortmnent of
Dress, Double Soled "Water l'roof and Quilte
A nd, as usual, n -varietj of those FINE PUM
wc BOOTS, so much-and so justly admired.
s, All of which, in future, lie will sell alt the Loiw
a- st Prices roir CASil and CASli ONLI
, lie will strictly atdhere totiriarule in every imiatane<
-andl earnestly trusts that NONE will expect himn i
4 depart from it. WM. bicEVOY.
g sept25 tf 37
BOOTS AND SHOES.
T HE Subscriber having lo:,ated permanently
te Store next'door to Mr. IR. 11. SturLIVAN,
prepared to maike to order fine
BOOTS AND SHOES1
At the shourtest notice, and oflthe very BIl~T MA
He htopes by faithful.work and close attention.1
business to be able to-please all who may favor hit
s with their patronage. *
d I will refer to Mr. 8. F. GOODE, who is my gust
r, dian, in all matters of business.*
mJuly 18 tf 27
. DGEFIELLD. C. H., S. C.
13 IE Subscribers
continue to build
to order, and of the -
BEST MIATERIA L that can he procured,
C arriages, Buggles, &c.,
eC Or Evtr S-rYLE AND DxaarrrioN. They also kec
s constantly on hand a fine and varied rissaortment ol
*t Niw anid Secound-IBand Carrnag ei
grRtEPAR1NG neatly and prmuptly attend
h Thankful for past patronage, they hope by givin
'due attention to their business andjhe interests a
e their customers, to continmue to receive a liberal sham
eof public favo.C. McGRlEGOR,
Mar 28 tf 11
O upping Gases and Scarificators,
' A L kinds. Also, Laticets and a'great variet
L.of Surgical Instruments, for sale by
A.'G. & T. J. 'lFAGOUE, Driqapista
le - LA RGE varity-for stale by
A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE,-Druggists,
May. -n . - f 19
FIRsT YAlt's TREATMENT OF VIM.
When a grape vine is fiest procured from. th
nursery in sprisg, it is -usually furnishe
with several irregular shoots of the previou
suminer's growth. These should be a
closely pruned to the older wood, leavin
only the strongest, and this should he c
back so as to leave but two or three buds
these buds will grow, and, when nily a l'e
inches in length, the strongest shoot mu
he selected, aid the others rubbed off. Thi
single shoot is allowed to grow until abot
the first of a*mn. Affer this period tb
new leaves andwood that are formed e:mnnn
mature perfectly, and their growtl will L
in some degwree at the ex ense of tihe matte
forming in the previous portion of the shoo
Its growth shoulceherefore be stopped b
pinching off the ends, and this will assist i
matuiing and strengthening the vine. An
side.shlouts that appear during the snmme
or any snudler shoots that happen to sprin
up from the stumrop, should be kept rubbe
off as fast as they appear., as they withdrai
and divide the nourishment received froi
SOWING TURNIps.-Do not forget thi
about the last of July or forepart of Augui
is a good time to sow a patch of commn
turnips. The soil for turnips should b
moist, rich and mellow. Ground whei
corn has failed, or stands too thin will at
swer, if clear of weeds and well stirred. C
a piece of clean -wheat stubble may b
ploughed for the purpose; also patehes i
the garden where peas or early potato(
have been harvested. Turnip seed is pler
ty and cheap in most stores where seeds at
sold. It is best to buy enough at once t
re-sow with in case dry weather or the il
ihould destroy the first sowing. The see<
if fresh, will keep good for three or fa
FaUIr T HEEs.-Nearly all fruit trees ar
at their trunks or among their branche!
affected with moss, lice, and various kind
of insects. These can be effectually cleare
away by a wash of ley, made from pota.
or wood ashes, of a strength sufficient t
hear up an egg. It will kill every noxiot
thing, and will not hurt the bark. A pou
of potash to a pailful. of water will make
BURYING BEEs.-Enoch E. Kalb,
Lovettsville, Va., states that, having a swari
of bees last fall which had no honey, an
not knowing if they would live over winti
he buried them air-tight on the warm side
a hill, in a case sufficient to keep all dam
ness out, and, as soon as he uncovered thei
this spring they were full of life atd vigo
and instantly went to work, and are sti
To P vaEvNT MOTHlS FRoM GETTING U1
DER HivEs.-Pound a handful of peac
leaves and salt them well, and strew thei
over the bench and under the hive. In tw
or three days rEpeat the operation. Tli
flavor of the peach leave is offensive to ti
Patent M~etalic Burial Cases
r1 'lIE Subscriber has always on~ band, at his Fo
..niture Establishment, a large assortment
these valabhle aar-tight and indestructable Case
for preserving the Deadl for ordinary inutermemnt, il
vaults, for transportation, or for any other desirab
I have also on hand. an article of a diff~rent for
and fmnish from those 'heretofore furnished, for ti
purpose of meeting more fully the taste and desia
of those who are not altogether pleased witff ti
shape add apapearance of the former style. The'
are composed oif thme same IMIP~lSIIAIBL.E M/
TERI A LS, while the exterior shape and finish is
resemblance of the most beautiful and highly POJ
(SIIED) ROSE WOOD.
The assortment comprizing A LL SIZES, from
infant up to the largest size person, all of which w
be sotl on reasonable terms. J. M. W ITT.
Sept26 -tf 37
THE CELEBRATED STALICI
VIL stand the ensuring Spring Season
D lliarmmon Gallmnan's, andI nt Edlgefleld Cmu
louse, ait fifteen dolhars the seaison and twenty-fl
dollars insurance. II ENRY is a chmesnmut snrr,
about fifteen hands one inchm high.and most powerfu
lv formed both fur strength und speed. He. will I
ive years old next Alnmy. Hie ran more races in 1
three years old form thani any horse ever ran befor
among the rnummber were two fimar milues raees
both of which be lost the second bet in good tin
7 mn. 45 see. amid 7. 44 by katlr a neck only. ia ti
frst he was beaten by time renownmed Grinl' Edmond
son, ini thm. secondl by .\lary Ta) ler ouf >quaml renoiw
lie worn several races at two amnd three mites
H EN RY was by imported Glenco, his dam I
Medoe, G. Dam by Cosioseo. G. G. Dam by Met
zar, G. G. G. D)am by -Medley, G. G. G. 0. Dai
by Imported Diomed &c. llis pedigree eannot
excelled by any horse ini the world. Ile will be
Edgefield Court Ilouswe on MoindayM, Tuesdays nrt
Wednesdamys, time rem:nder of his time at Iliarmr
Galman's, all piersonms seniding ma~res to lIEN It
must say at the time how they are to be serve
otherwise theLy will be chanrged tis by the' season.
TIIO.\lAS G. BACON.
March 26 tf 11.
SA R RY & B AT T EY,
- --SUCC Kssoa8 vO
D'ANTIGN.W & BARRY,
Wholesale Druggists and Chemists,
BROAD STR EE T, AUGUST A, GA.,
RE now prepared to sell .\l EDlClNES of t1
[1 purest quality, Perfumery, Gla.s, Paints. Oil
Chemiens, Brumshes, Surgical and DenmtatlmIstri
mntto, and every article usually kept by D)rug::st
at the lowest market prices,' and thme most accomm<
g*' Please call and see us before purchasir
Augusta, Mar 1856. 1y3
W. S. L.AWTON & 00-,
Forwarding and General Commissio
No. 1 Exchange St. Rnd South A tlantic Wharf,
CH AR LESTON, S. C.,
ARE constantly receivinig for sale, Consignmen
'of Cotton, Corn, Wheat, Rice, Flour, am
Produce generally, Naval Stores, Tobacco, Pape
ET' Drafns collecd at moderate rates.
Our senior partner having been in the Gener
Commission Husiniess upwards of twenty years, s
hope by experienee and attenttion to merit the al
probation of our friends and patrons.
Charleston, Mar 185.ly3
T HIE Subscribers would respectfully inform tI
.public that they arp manufacturing, and ha1
pow on hand, mand are constantly making all kinm
o Car'riages and Buggies of the late
patrons and most fashionable styles and are also re
ceiving from the North from the best Factoriesa
kinds of CA R RIAG ES and BUGGIES, all whn
they will sell on as favorable tel ma for Cash -or al
proved Paper as any similar establishment in I
South. LEIGH & T UCKER.
N. B.-Repamiring done as usuaml on reasonabt
terms, at short notice.: L. & S.
The Subscriber returns his sincere thmanks to Il
Citizens of the'district for their patronage rm tI
last thre years and solicits a,.continuance for tI
New firm. .JODN LEIGH.
Apritl 23 1856. .tr 15
Inks, Inks I
BILACK, Blue, Indeliblo and Carmine, .for sa
.)by A. G. &T. J. TIEAGUE, Drugglsts.
May283 tf 19
AND SURGICAL INFIR]
T HE Undersigned would- respectfully call the
to their very complete and extensive Esfail
of NEGROES requiring SURGICAL OPEE
The Building is situated corner of Jackson i
the Savannah Rail Ro'ad Depots; and in sigh f
tion of patients from a distance. In its consle
view the special purpose to which it is applied
conduce to the CO3FORT OF THE SICK. It
baths-and has water.closets in each story to avi
also we'l ventilated and lighted with gas. Wii
and female nurses, tae patient will be saved mue
of unavoidable neglect in the treatment of NEGI
TERNlS-For Board, Lodging and Nursing
attendance, Surgical Operations, &c., the same i
Augusta, Jan 30, 1856.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
IN COM.1ON PLEAS.
Thomas U. Trent,
Tamback & Cooper.
il1 E Plaintiff in the above stated case, having
this day filed his Declaration in my Office,
and the Defendants having neither wife nor A ttor
ney known within the limits of this State, on whom
copies of said Declaration with rules to plead can
be served, On motion of Mr. STYLES, Plaintiff's
Attorney, Ordered that said Defendants appear and
plead to said declaration within a year and a day
from the date hereof, or final and absolute judgment
will be given against them.
TIlOS. G. BACON, C.C.E.D.
Oct 11. 1855 qly . 46
STATE OF SOU*TH CAROLINA,
IN COMMON PLEAS.
McGregor & Smith.
vs. Foreign Attachment.
S. P. Tompkins.
E s. Foreign Attachment.
S. P. Tompkins,
IE Plninitifs in the above stated case having this
iday filed thir Declarations in my office aid
the Defendant having neither wife nor Attorney,
known to reside within the limits of this State, on
whom copies of said Declaration's with rules to plead
enn be served. On motion or Messrs. Landrum &
Gary, Plaintiffs Attorney's orutered that said De
fendant appear and plead to said Declarations within
a year and a day from the date hereof, or final and
absolute judgment will be given against him.
THIO. G. BACC(N c. c. E. D.
March 26th 1856 191y - 12.
H AR VL EY & M AY S,
H AMBURG, S. C.
NEW FAMLY GROCERI
NEARLY OPPOSITE THlE AMERICAN HOTEL.
TilE Subseribers having entered
into a Co-Partnership for the tran
saction, of a
Solicitsthe pntronage of their friends and trae publie
generally. hhuying carefully selected a C[IOICE
STOCK OF GOODS. and at low- prices. we are
prep)ared and determined to sell as low as Goods or
the same quality can be bought in this or the Au
Our Stock eompr:scs nearly every article usually
kept in similar establishmewnt4. We purchased our
Goo.ds for Cash,. and cani affeted to sell at V t
-Our Stock consists in part of
SUGARS, COFFEE, N,~ 0, ANd' W,. I, M31.ASSES,
Bacon, Lard, Flour,
Candies, Raisins and Nuts, ofall deseaipaiuns,
TrOJACCO & SEGARS,
Piekhes, Pepiper, Allspice, Ilue Stone, Coperas.
A good assortment of Liquors,
Also, a line la ?,f Crockery and Glasqs Ware, Tin
and Wooden Ware, &c., &e.
JOltN B. IIA RVLEY,
Uiamburg, Nov '20, 6m ,45
Water Proof Ware-House,
HA3IBURG, S. C.
THEl Subscriber has taken thI -:
SPianter's Water Proof
rWare-Hlouse, formerly occupiedl by Mir. Jloa:.
tUsua.R, Sr., anad by sti-iet attention to business lie
hopes to merit a liberal share of the patroaenge of
the gene-rous public of thme upper and Ceitton-gruw
The Ware House isalsive high water marnk, ad
more secure from Fire than any oither Ware House
I will also trend to receiving and forwar.ling
Goods, &c., intrusted to mny care..
C. HI. KENNEY.
IUmiiburg, Sept 1st, 1855. tf 34,
Thaee .are Facts anad no Mis
I UAVE just received some of thne best Otard,
Dumpuy & Co. BR ANDY ever offered in this
market. Alro, one Cask of OLD) P EACil BlIAN
D) Y, fromn Guinett County, Georgia, wvarranted thne
pure article in every paaticular. Also, Iliighiland
.la!t W H lSK EY,--the pure Sctchl.
Haabur, ~b 8,S. E. 1E0WERS,Agat.'
Hamurg Fe 18 tf7
IA M daily receiving m~y Spriing Stoek conr-intina
o.if every article usually kept in our line of* l.usi
aess, whtich will be stold at Messrs. Lamne~ak &
Cocpers Casha prices. A maong amy Stock is the
Best Assorted Liliuors and Wines,
lEver offered ina hamburg, which will be sold ac
cordinag to quality ad ntot Branid.
S. E. 1OWERS, AGE.YT.
Jan 30 tf 3
A C A 'E 'D.
TJ JE Undersigned returns hais sincere thanks to
hbis friemls for thecir patronage whaile loicated in
Hamburg, and hereby informs them that lhe can be
found (after 1st September next,) at the Hou~tse of
W ARD), BURCH ARL D CO., opposite the Ma
sonic Hall, Augusta, Ga., where he would be happy
to see and serve them, and where a F ULL and
Complete Stock of Dry Go ods,
can always be found, wh~ieh will be sold as LOW
as from any House an the Caty.I.A AS
Jlamburg, Aug 13, af 31
NWanid improved Style.-Also. Nipple
N le, Breast Pipes and Pumps, Nipple
Sields, Teething Rings, &c. For sale by
A. G. & T. J. TEAGUE, Druggists.
May 23 . tf 19
O NEfirt rtesecond Hland CA RRIAGE for
0sale, by A. BUSHlNELL.
A pril 16 tf 14
LL persons indebted to.thae Estate of WVilliam
lVance deed. are earnestly re4uested to settle
without delay, and all those havin demands against
the saane will reader theam in leal attested~ "
S. BROAD WATER, Adar.
J.,T 7tf.- 52.
3. s NEWBY & CO.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
C L0T I
TRUNKS, CARPET BAGS, ke,
7 I. NEWBY & CO., under the U.
. S. Hotel. A UGUSTA. Ga., are loiw rceivinu
and opening the LAR(JRG ST, BEST and MOST
FASIl1O.NABLE ASSORTIENT of
- - A .. - - T
EVER offred in the City of A neusta. comprising
VERY VARIE TY of
For Gtntlemen and Youth's Wear, whiel for su.
periorQUALITY or MAANUFACTURE cannot
be surpassed in this or any other Market. In addi
tion to which, we will weekly receive
from our House in New York. We also keep con
- stantly on band a LARGE AND SPLENDIE
I Stek of
Youth's & Children's Clothing
WCountry Merchants ad ALL PERSONE
e visiting -A uguscta will certainly fnd it to their interes
to examine our Stock, as we are determined to ofl'ei
a our Goods to the trading public on the most reason.
I ble terms.
W Thankful for the-nast kind and liberal pat
x ronage that we have received from the citizens o
Edgefield and the adjoining Districts, we hope t<
merit a continuance of the same.
J. bl. NEWBY & CO.
Augusta, Sept 24, tr 36
T IIE Undersigned have associated with them it
the Ready-Made Clothing Business,.Mlr. C
B. DA'and W.M. S. WISE, and will continuo
the same under the name of J. M. NEwBY & Co.
HORA & NEWBY.
Aug 1, 1855. tf 37
MuN@T7 AID MSE tE-l,
f OPPOSITE MAsWNIC HALL,
1ROAD STRW, AUGUSA, GA.
Are receiving their flpl Stock of
BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS, VALISES,
CARPET BAGS, &c., &c.
Our Stock will comprise all the most fashionable ar
tieles, and those thatcan be recommended for dura
bility. Also, a large and superior lot of
Men's Rip BROGANS and Women's Leathe:
We reel confident that we can show one of 1
BEST ASSORTED Stock of Goods that has eve
been in our City, and request our customers an
,f friends to give us a call before purchasing.
Aug29 tf 33
EDGEFIELD MACIUNE SHOP,
- - JOHN M. WITT .e
takes pleasure in
calling the atten
tion of the citizens of Edgelield District, to hi
MACH IN S HOP,
Which is now in suecessful and complete operatior
and also solicits an examination of his
Where lie has on handl an extenm-ive variety of beau
tiful and well-finished FURNITURE, cotnsisting
Mlahogany, Walnut, Rosewood, Maple and Pine
BOOK CASES & WRITING DESKS
Wardrobes of various Qualities,
SOFAS, SOFA J1UNGES, &C.
t (tine variety.)
WASH STANDS, CRAULES, MATRASSES, &C.
d - . n a.
Always on hand a good supply of we'l-made
dSash, Blinds, Pannel Doors, &c., kc
e IInving secured the services o'r the 'most compe
tent workmen, I deo n't he.itte to say that I can ex
hlibit as 6ne and good work as wvill be found else
R EPAIRING neatly and promiptly attended to.
gg I will Fell the above articles on as reasonabl
terms as the times will allow. Those who pay Cas|
for their Furniture in A ugusta or Charleston wil
notit fitd -nuchz ditf-rence in our cash ebarges.
Og C all and inspect the above Furniture befor
Edlgetield C. HI., Sept 5 tf 34
.Carpenter's Sheet System
-1F Cuttig Ladies' Dressees aind Gentlemen'
e \.1Coats and Sneks,-also, Vests, Patntahonns an
a Gaiters, together with Youths, Boys anid Glirl
Garments of all kinds and styles, will be taught,
Latdies and Gentlenmen by a
SFew Plain, Easy and Simple Rules
So as to l-arn them to cut with EASE atnd SKILl
any of the above metntiotned Garments.
The Copyrighit of this State has hen assig'ned t
G E~o. S. lcNsE.1. & Co.; sif this phace.
n Persons wvishinig to aeiail themselves of this Sys
tem or wanting oft~trmation wi!l call oir leave thei
orders at Mrs. McNEIL's lihtner Esta.blishtment.
G;EO. S. McNEIL & CO.
Edr-fiehl C. TI., Mlay 30 ly 20
FOR TIlE L ADIES!I
X TE have on hita great variety of Coluogn..a
I anidkerchtief Extracts, Toilet Powdlers an
an assortmenst of Ftaney and Tiiet Soaps -,
Pomades. Pure Bears Oil, ilair Tonie.s, Iestorr
tives ad Ilair I ye;
P'testownsalts and A romatic Vinegar ;
Creatm of Beauty, Carnation Rouge, IIltir Des
pilaory&c., to all of whtich the auention of th
Ladies is respeetfelly invited. For sate by
d A. 0. & Tr.J. TEAiG UIE, Druggists.
May 23 tf 19
- -~ -.Notice.
- LL personts to whom the estate ol John r.. Misr
. Itis, deeasedl, is itndebted, will present thii
.claims ; and alt personas indebted tio the said Estat
o wvill make panymntts mt. the unidersignedl.
W. L,. ANl)EtdSN, Administrator.
Nov. 21.1855 tf 45
Caution to all0 th .usr
n. ALj brs, ithe individlually or collectively. ar
heorebsy fsire'warned to settle up at an early dlat
etherwise they will certainaly have to settle with al
.\Attorney. We have a harge atmount of moiney t
raise in a giveti time, and are necessarily compelle,
tio pursue this co~urse. Take hieed, thierefiore, all y
awihoaro interested. J. 11. J ENNINGS,
W. D. JENNINGS.
Septl t f 34
"' Ecounmy is Wealth 1"
fOOD clean Rags of every descrirtion will b
-.p urchased at the " Advertiser O'lic." Price
2 eta per pound. Now, hero's a chance for almos
every body, atnd old bachelor's too, to tma ke money
A pril 18 tf 14
Two Horse .Wagons.
- - OR Sa' e, three firstrate newv two Ilorse Wag
L one. I w, for Cash. R. T. M[MS.
A pril 30. tf 15
P edicine Chests and Travelling Cases
Nhand a few very fine family Medicine Chest
.and Travelling Cases. For sale by
A. 0. & T. J. TEA G UE, Druggists.
SMay 23 tf 19
Brushes, Brushes I
IN Store a in variety of Paint, Varnish, Grain
ng eders, Tanners, Whitewash, Crumb
Dusting and llair Brushes and Comobs-Flesl
Brushes and IHair Gloves-Nail, Tooth and Shiavin1
Brushes, &c. For wile by
~ My3 A. G. & T. J. TEAGUIE, Druggists.
..a 3tf 19.
Galvanic Batteriesk& MagnetoElectric
tJ A. G. & T. J. TS4MU, Druiggists.
1ARY FOR NEGR
attention of Planters and Slave-oereinfrally
ihment in Augusta, Ga., for thbieconinodatli
.ATIONS or TREATMENT 'iN CJiRO4IC
nd Fenwiek Streets,.between the Georgia and
both. It is therefore convnient for the reqep.
tion, throughout the entire -plan, was kept in
being 'furnished with everything -which can
i.*supplied with hot and cold baths and shower
)ld fatigue and exposure to .. the patients. It is
h the constant attendance of experienced male
h of the suffering which too often is the result
OES in ordinary private practice.
r, per month, 810. For all NECEESaARY edical
a in ordinary city practice.
H. F. CAMPBELL, Surgeon,
R. CAMPBELL, Attending Physician.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
DN COMMON PLEAS.
S. Christie, -Assignee,
Vs. Foreign Attachment.
S. P. Tompkins.
R. T. Mims,
V .u u
S. P. Tompkins.
B. C. Bryan,
S. P. Tompkins.
S. P. Tompkins.
r lH Plaintiffs in the above staed ease, ha g
this day filed a Declaration in my Offilc, and
the Defendants having neither wife nor Attorney
known to reside within the limits of this State,
on whom copies of said Deolaration" with rules-to
plead can be served, On motion of Mr. ADAK$,
Plaintiff's Attorney, Ordered thit said Defendants
appear and pleai to said Declaration within a year
and a day from the date hereof,,or fial andabsolute
judgment will be given against him.
THOS. G. BACON, c.-C. . D
March 11, 1856. 1qly - - . 10 -
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
IN COMMON E. S.
Dr. Flusn*y Carter,
Vs. Foreign Attaement.
Wm. 11. Ilovey.
Robert MeDonnald, I
vs. ~ .Foreign Attachn ment
.The Same. )
Bank of Ihamburg, -
'a. 3Foreign Attach~ment .
The Same. -
'fi 11E Plaintiffs in the above stated esses having
I this day tiled -their Declarations ha luy Offie, -
and the Defendant having neither wife nor.Attor
ney known to reside within the limits of this.State,.
'm whom copies of said D~eclarationswith rele's to
plead can be -served. On motion of Mr. 8vTrIhs,
Plaintiffs' A ttoirney, Ordered, that said Dlefendant
appear and plead to said -Deelarations within a year
and day frnmthe daite hereof, or fli -and absolut?
judgment will he given ag I.-.
.. .' '3'HiOS G. ON o. c s..
Clerk's Ofie, Sept 3,1855 yql "3&
ST AT E OF SOUT H CA ROLINA,
IN COMMON PLEkS,
M~.. Lebsehultz. tbeaier )
vs. ' Foreign Attach~ment.
.S. P. Tomn:-kin'e,)
James M. t..an
vs. Foreign Atlachmnent.
S. P. Tompkins
' IIJE Plinintilfs in the above stated eases, this day
.1 tiled their l.ocaration in ,mny oliee .and the
i)efendant having.nmeithemr wife nor A ttorney known
to, reside within the limits of this State, on wvhotn
copies of i-aid Deelaramtion with rules to plead ca be*
seved. On mioetion of Messrs..Carroll & Bacon -
i'laintiffs A tmoiney's ordered that said D~efendant
appear and pleadc to saidI Declarations within a year
nda day froim the date hereof, or final ad absolute
judgeiment wall be Civen against him.
Ti10. G. BACON, c. C. K. D
A priP 1,.1856. 191y 12.
STATE OF SOUTr H CAROLINA,
IN CO.1DON PLE AS.
Tyre. Ethsereuige, )
vs. 3Foreign Attachsment.
Morgzan bI. Grubbs.
'I I E Plaintiti ini the above stated case having.
I thgis day il.-d hiis Deelaration in. my Office,
mit the. De.fendnmtt having neither wrife nor Attor
nev. known to reside withiin the limits of this.State
.11 whomn copies of said DecLaration with. rules to
plad. can be serv.l. On motihm of Moragne, Plain
ii's Atti:ney, Ord.-red that said, Defenidant aip.
pear anda plead to said Declaration -within a year
ad a damy from the dlate hereof, or final and abso
!te ju.Igmnent will be given against him.
THXOS. G. BACON,.c.E.D.
Fob 14, IF.56. hyq -.
State of South Carolina -
EDG EFIE LD DISTRICT,
IN E QUITY.
[obt. 31eriwethmer and others. Bl o
J Tr rppearing to the Commissioner that the Defen
L.d;imts, Francees Uirimes, D. L.. Louis and :wife
.\artha, Caroline Mteriwether, Moody Meriwether,
. naustus Aleriwethmer, Mary .Jones and herkbus- -
anil Augustus .lones, Susan Meriwether,
\l riwelter, .Als. - Boone wife of --Boone,
.ii.ton .3ms ande his wife Matilda Mims, reside be
yud the limits of this State: On motion -by.Mr.
.\oSAcNE, &licitor, It is Ordered, that the-asia
defendants do plead, answer or demur to the~ BlR
of Conmplainit filed in this ease within three months
from the date of this publication or y~dgmentp1pro
confesso will be entered against them.
A. SIMK[ S, C.3.L. .
March 10, 1856. 3m - -.9 -
DR SA .G. B& T. J. TEA GE, respeet
ully inaform their friends -andspatrons $hat
they have just received their FRESH -Steek of
Pure and Genuine Drugs &c.
And will be pleased to wait upon all'who maytavor
aliem with their patronage.
Space will not allow us to give a Catale e in this '
place of our Stock of Drugs. Mediine, Sar
ie it to say, we have the F U~LT-]ST Ilin
MOST COMPLE TE Stock ever
offred in this place.
Edlgefield C. H., May-23. tf .19.
STATE~ OF SOUJTH CAROLIN,
SIN COMMO7N.PLEA A. r
George W. ,ones,
vs. . Foreign Attachmewt.
George Kelly. ) - *
'I 'HE Pliiintiff in:te-above stated case, having
.this day filed his .D~elaration. in my Office,
against the Defendant, who '(asit is said)~ isabeen
from ande withouit the limits of this(~State,:An'&8 has - -
neither wife nor attotney known *witliithe iami'
upon whom at copy of the said Declaratiaiilght
be served, It itherefote'ordered that thieaaide.
fendait do appear and pleaid-to the said Dd'clsatalon.
within a yeir and a day from the dlateltereof oilier
wise final and absolateojudgment will be given and
TfOS. G. BACONyo 0 0,,D
May 14, 'ly 19