Newspaper Page Text
EDGE ELD D VR TS
ni AUwnzi rLtnfL oIi~d otje~ofj~ ui~yrn Uhtit, oL YAK) /oe~ JlYeuvs .Ve~ue fI4dtr ~me~c~ itt~e
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our rties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
WW F. DIRISOE & soN, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. ., AUGUST 27, 1856. V-L - - -
-ALLADS POE THE YOUNG SOUTH.
BY JOSEPH BRENNAN.
Men of the South ! our foes are up
In fierce and grim array ;
Their sable banner laps the air
An insult to the day !
The Saints of Cromwell rise again
In sanctimonious hordes,
Biding beneath the garb of peace
A million ruthless swords.
From North, from East and West, they seek
The same disastrous goal,
With Christ upon the lying lip,
And Satan in the soul;
Mocking, with ancient Shibboleth,
All wise and just restraints
"To the Saints of Heaven was Empire given,
And we alone are Saints!"
Men of the South I look up-behold
The deep and sullen gloom
Which darkens o'er your sunny land
With thunder in its womb!
Are ye so blind ye cannot see
The omens in the sky?
Are ye so deaf ye cannot hear
The tramp of foemen nigh?
Are ye so dull ye will enlure
The whips and scorns of men
Who hide the heart of Titus Oates
Beneath the words of Penn?
Are you so base, that, foot to foot,
Ye will not gladly stand
For land and life, for child and wife,
With naked steel in hand?
Sons of the brave ! the time has come
To bow the haughty erest,
Or stand alone, despite the threats,
Of North, or East, or West !
The hour has come for manly deeds,
And not for pulling words
The hour is passed for platform prate,
It is the time for swords'.
And by the fame of John Calhoun,
To honest truth be true,
And by old Jackson's iron will,
Now do what ye can do'!
By all ye love and all ye hope,
Be resolute and proud,
And make your flag a symbol high
Of triumph-or a shroud !
iL UceUa1tz~n5 twaill.
HILtMTY TRUE TO ITSELF.
The human race, however battered and per
verted, has still much in it that is lovely, and
which serves to indicate its high origin and im
mortal destiny. If we look on society with a
fault-finding disposition, we can discover enough
to deprecate. We shall find seltistness, jeal
ousy, anger and malice; but if we look candidly
we shall see far more that will make us love
*ur race. The child, following the guidance of
its native instincts, the very warp of its being,
rushes into the sunshine, and hunts, not for
poisonous weeds, but for fragrant flowers. The
tear that nature bids him weep, is irradiated
with a smile before it leaves his cheek ; and when
he turns his trusting face upwards, it is to ad
mire the glories of the gorgeous day or the
brilliant beauty of the starry night, not to frown
on clouds or to search for approaching storms.
In like manner he looks trustingly into the face
of humatilty, expecting to find truth, purity and
affection. Nature teaches him to expect that
which belongs there, and if he finds it not, how
keen the disappointment.
We, who arc children of larger grow th should
imitate his example. We should look for suin
shine, for flowers and smiles-for truth, benev
olence and justice in our fellow-men ; and treat
all, however rough and uncouth the exterior, as
if we were dealing with those who have a yearn
ing for lore, righteousness, and immortal bles
The dirty urchin, barefooted and ragged, that
hails us for a penny on the street corner at
night, when the chill wind whistles or the pelt
ing storm rages, may be a noble boy struggling
heroically to save a sick mother and starvimg
sisters-or he may have been sent there hungry
and cold by a drunken father, to beg for money
to buy rum, under the penalty of a flogging if
he goes back empty-handed. Spurn not the
little fellow rudely ; an angelic nature is his-a
diamond in the rough it may be and needs only
to be polished to shine lustrously. Give him a
bath, a dintner and a smile, and the good and the
beautiful of his nature will be brought to the
surface, appreciable by all. Human Nature, aif
ter all, is a kindly thing. a-id capable of all sorts
of virtues. The very fact that we blame error
and sin, shows that we appreciate virtue and
goodness, anid expect them troum our fellow-man.
As we stroll thtrongh the mamrts of trade wvhere
:dll that is .A~ellish in mant is suppo.sed to prevail,
or wander through ilhose precincts of the great
city where the poor anid the ubanidoned are
pac~ked into mean and filthy abodes, we are of
teni remiinded that thle spirit of groodnetss still
lives in man, hiowLNur much it may be obscured
fronm genieral observation. We saw a wretched.
dirty, ram-rumned loafer wanderiiig. to find it
frind to treat him. or a six in-oniy jutb that he
might treat himself-we saw this mian passing at
lit tle. sickly, half-elad beggar child as shte sat
crouched by a haithiway. WVell-dressedl men
had sco'rned her platintive suplicalion. :ind re
pe-lled her little skinny hand ; but this vaga bond
gazed a moment at the child, and whiile his eyes
mioistenedl and his lips5 quivered, hunted through
the empty pockets of his tattered ga-iments and
at last found a solitary penny, which he placed
in the child's hand, saying: "-there,. take that;
it is all l've got, I wish it was more." lie pas.
sed on, and we thought of the good Samaritan
and the widow's two mites.
We saw a lady rich and fashionable enough,
one would suppose, to be heartless, imnperious
and utterly selfish, waiting to cross Broa:dwauy
through the crowd of carts and stages, whena
laboring man who was passing with his little
daughter, kindly ofFered iio escort her over: she
accepted his assistance, but while protecting the
lady he ree-ived a blow friom a paing vehicle
which injured his irim and -ruined his coat. T1hie
lady, seeing hi'w much he had risked anid snr.
fered on her account, and the utter dismaiy with
which he and his little girl regarded the ruined
gavmett, tuld him to come to her house. No. -,
..--street, and she would not only gIve him
another coat or the means to buy one, butt also
an entire muit for his little daughter, together
with an order for a years tuition in one of the
best select schools in the city. We turned away
wIth swImming eyea, and left the little group ex
pressing to each other mutual thanks, assured
by these little lneidents. which a single stroll
had brought us to witness, that human nature,
whether in rags and wretchedness, or fluttering
in silks and laces, is, after all, God's own handi
work, and capable of goodness and happiness.
Let us, then, give it the smile of recognition
-a word of hope and encouragement; and,
whenever we can, a strong hand to help and
protect it. God bless humanity, and lead it to
a due sense of its powers and its worth, of its
duty and high destiny.
"OIL WhAT A BAD REPORT."
A young man has fallen ! Not amid the glo
ries of the battle field, or under the wasting
hand of disease. Such falls produce sorrow,
but never bring the burning blush of shame.
He has yielded to the tempting wiles of the Ruin
fiend, and fallen from that high estate which
virtue had given him. What a fall was that!
In an evil hour he sought the companionship
of the wicked and vicious. He learned to min
gle familiarly in their obscene and unhallowed
revels-he tasted the wine-cup, and the bright
visions which nope had created o ere destroyed.
With a rude hand he broke the golden cords
which bound him to friendship and happiness,
and pushed madly along the road which takes
hold on hell.
Is that young man your friend? Spread not
the report, if you joyed in proclaiming his dis
grace. Run. fly to him, and strive with kind
words to win him from his fatal course. Lift
him from the polluting mires into which he has
fallen, point him to the bright path of virtue
and peace; whisper in his ear sweet promises of
forgiveness, and bid him hope again. Pass not
on the other side with Levite indifference, nor
raise the boastful cry of the Pharisee, "I am
not as thou art." You may encouimier the temp
er in an unprepared moment and fall before his
wily arts. It is your duty--it should be your
pleasure, to lift your fellow morial from the pit
of despair, and direct his erring footsteps in the
pathway of virtue and hope. Do not, by a rigid
code of morality, pass upon him a too hasty
sentence of condemnation. Strive with him
long and patiently, remembering that it is a
sight at which the angels gaze with intease de
light to see the prodigal returning from his ways
and bowing in humble contrition before the
Throne of Heaven.-Crusader.
Who the author of the following is we know
not. It was found in an old newspaper th:t
looked as if it was printed when Adam was a
Sambo was a slave to a master who was con
siderably addicted to lying. Sambo being strong
ly devoted to his master, had by dint of long
practice made himself an adept in giving plausi
bility to his master's largest stories.
One day, when the master was entertaiing
his guests in the usual manner, among other
marvellous facts he related an incident which
took place in one of his hunting excursions.,
I tired at a buck," said he, " at one hundred
yards distance, and the ball passed through hi
left hind foot, and through his head, just back
of his ear."
This evidently produced some little doubt in
the minds of his guests; he called upon Sambo
to corroborate him.
" Yes. massa,' said the almost confounded
slave, after a moment's hesitation,-I see do ball
hit 'i. Jes as massa lif up de gun to he eye,
de bock lit' up him hine foot to ,erarch him ear,
and imassa's b.dl g> clear through him foot an'
head at de same time.'
The guests were satisfied with the explana
tion, and swallowed the whole withont further
hesitation; but when his guests were gone,
Sambo ventured upon his master's good humor
so far as to remonstrate.
For Gor a mighty sake, massat, when you
tell :nudder such a bid lie, don't put um so
far apart; me lab debblish hard work f.r get
Ta. SHADows OF CiuLDtooD.-God bless
the little children ! We like their bright eyes,
their happy faces. their winining ways, their rosy
dreams! Nothing seems to weigh down their
buoyant spirits long; mnisfortunte way fall to their
lot, but the shadows it casts upon their life-path
are fleeting as the clouds that come and go ini
an April sky. Their futurc may, perchance, ap
petr dark to others, but to their fearless gaze
it bouts up brilliatnt and beautiful as the watlls
of a fairy palacc. There is ito tear whlich a
mother's gentle hand cannot wipe away, no
wound that at mother's kiss ennnot heal, no an
guish which the sweet mutrmuring of her soft,
low voice canitot soot he. 'lThe warm, generous
impulses of their nature have not been fettered
and cramped by the cold formalities of the
world ; they have not yet learned to veil a hol
low heart with false smiles, or hide the basest
purpose beneath Ihoney ed words.-Neither are
they constantly on the alert to search out our
faults and faibles with Argus eyes; on the con
trary, they exercise that blessed charity which
" thinkcth no evil."
HF.LTH AMD LONG LtrC.-Socrates used to
s.y that it was pleasant to grow old with good
health and a good friend; and he might have
reason; a tman may be content to live while he
is ito trouble to himself or his friends; but after
that, it is hard if'Ite be niot content to diii. I
knew and esteemed a person abroad, who used
to) say, a man must be a wean wretch who de
sied to live after three-score years old. But so
mucht, I doubt, i-s certaiti, that in life, as in wine,
he that will drink it good must not draw it to
the dregs. Where this happens, one comfort of
age mtay be, that whereas younger nmen are usti
illy in p:iiin whenever they aire not in pleasure.
1)ld memi find a sort of pleasure when they arc
out of pain; anid as yotung mten often lose or
imtair their presetnt eiijoymnents by craving after
wait is to ecomte, by vain htopes, or fruitless fea:rs,
so old men releive the wanits of thteir age by
plasn reflections upon what is past. There
tore, mien in the heatlth atnd vigor of' their age
should erndeavor to fill their lives with readinig,
with tratvel, with the be~st cotnversatiotn, and the
worthiest acttions5, either in public or private
stmtionis; that they may have something agreea
be left to feed Ott when they are .ld, by pleas
itg rememsbrantces.-Sir W. Tempijle.
TH. CoUWTFEstEs OF BUSINEsS LIF..-Buni
tess men who layv in a fair stock of civility, will
fid it ais good an inuvestment to dratw, please and
retaini e-tonm as they canl make. Theli small
civitieis and courtesies of life aure too oflteni neg.
lueted by themt. We haive been tautnted as at
n:.t ion of shiopke'epers, who, in our haste to b~e
rich, forget not only proprieties, but mnuralities;
we have been, charged with idolatry, wo.rship
ping the almighiy dollar, atnd the8 conduct of
sme amnong us has given color to the chbtrge.
Let not. the repro'ach lontger remain. A niationi
Iimmersed in trade need niot, necessarily, be for
g~tful of the requirements of honor, uprightttnes,
atd truth. A man in trade nteed not be poor,
nor is lie. itn anywise, exonerated from extend
ng toward-. bik customera the samte sutavities he
would extend t o a gitest in his house. to a stran
ger lie is introdutced' to in company. He need
tot iindulge in formal etiquette and pompous
civilities, f'or there is no heart in such a manner;
but in the easy genIal habIts which speak a kind.
by feeling arnd reciprocate respect .-Huts Mer
ANECDOTE OF JAMES BUChANAN.
Aside from his superior statesmanship and
his admitted competency for the Presidency, it
is not exaggerated praise to affirm, that no pub
lie man in the United States enjoys a more un
sullied personal reputation than James Bucha.
nan. When vipers assail him, they gnaw a file.
Before his unspotted personal excellence, the
grizzly form of calumny shrinks abashed into
her gloomy caverns. In proof of the eminent
personal uprightnes of James Buchanan many
interesting facts might be stated. For the pres
ent a single one will suffice.
When Mr. Buchanan first entered Congress,
it was the universal custom for Senators and
Representatives, not only to frank their own
correspondence, but to grant their frank freely
to friends, whenever requested. The rates of
postage then being miclh higher than at present,
a large amount of revenue was thus kept (utof
the coffers of Uncle Sam. On a certain occasion
a leading friend of Mr. Buchanan approached
him, handing him a large letter, or 'package, re
questing his frank as a Representative in Con
"Is the letter on public business, asked Mr.
Buchanan, turning it in his hand.
"'The letter is on private business," said the
other, a letter containing an enclosure to my
wife. As the postage will amount to full one
dollar, I am anxious to save it."
"Sir," said Mr. Buchanan, with marked em
phasis, "If you are poor, I will give you a dol
lar-but so long as I am connected with Gov
ernment, by no act of mine will I ever consent
to defrau.t the National Treasury out of one
cent of its honest revenue. Never, sir, never,
WILL SOUTHERN MEs NOTE TIE FACT ?--A
few weeks since Preston S. Brooks, of Smnth
Carolina, very justly chastised one Charles Sum
ner, an abolitionist, for slandering his native
State and for makin an unprovoked attack upon
Senator 1utler, a rel.uive of Mr. Brooks-fur
which .Mr Brooks was arraigned, fined $300 and
$85 costs. After getting what uoney they
could out of Mr. iiro''ks, tho lilaek Republican's
ecweived the great idea of expelling Mr. Brooks
from his seat in Congress. They spent days
and days in preparing reports, naking speeebes.
creating buncomb and thu like-and the day
comes up on which the votes is to be taken, and
how stands the vote of the Fillmore men and
the Democracy on the expulsion of Mr. Brooks?
For expulsion there were 121, against 95-all
the Fillmore men North, except one, voting for
expelling, including Mr. Haven, the righthand
man of Mr. Fillmore, while the Northern Demo
crats vote ag:uinst the expulsion. Will South
ern men look upon this vote and see who are the
men at the North who are standing up to their
Miss SAYEn's MAltalAG E.-The following de
..sription of Duetress Sayer's marriage was writ.
'fen by an eye witness:
"We were among the few assembled at the
residence of the bride's father. in Warwick,
Otange county, July 27th, to witness the mar
ruige or Dlr. John V. Ilasbrouck, editor of the
Whig Press, Middletown, New York, tsith Dr.
Lydia Sayer, editor of the Sybil, of the same
plhce. The bride was dressed in the reform
costume ; skirt of white India book with pants
of white satin, a basque of brocade silk. (color
ashes of roses.) trimmed with deep lace. No
ornaments except sinple breast.pin. The cere
mony was perfumed by themselves. The bride
ignored that part of the aceu.somed m:arriage
ceremony which demands of women undue
subjection and obedienee, yet promised equally
with the groom to stard true to his side in all
the duties of life ; each appealing to the other
for their approval, and each consenting to the
terms adopted by thetmselves. A short and ev.
cry :pprolriate prayer was offered by the elder
brother of the bride.
DRESS OF THE Q.UEEN.-Queen Victoria lately
received the returned Crimean regiments. tier
dross is thus described
"lie Majesty was equipped more a la mili
Iraire than ever we rememtber to hatve seen her.
Over her riding habit was the short scarlet coa
tee, smaller, yet embroidered in the same sty le
as that of a field marshatl. Crossing the I eti
shuoulder was a general's sash and thte ribbon of
the Order of the Garter:; and she wore a smuatl
elegantly-shaped riding htat, ornamented with a
geueral's plumte of red and white featthers. Shec
rode her favorite datrk grey charger, which was
superbly eaparisoned ; antd her whole appearance
was both striking and beautiful."
TIIE GREATEsT WVoNDERt YET.-Calvin Ed.
son, and all the fat wojmen, dwarfs and giants,
are eclipsed by a man now on exhibition at
Havana, who was borni without either legs or
arms, but who, htaving tenaciously set himself to
work to conquer the inconveniences naturally
consequent upon such deprivation, has made
himself a wouder by the variety of his fejats.
Among other things, he annonnces that, he is
able to spin a top with such perfection that it
will hit any spot named, to spint a dollar over a
table, to throw a sling, to take a sirpenee from
a table and put it in his left ettr and take it out
again, to make a knot with a halter, to thread a
needle, to aseend and descend a ladder, to un
cork a bottle with a cork screw, to load a fowl
ing piece and kill anything designated, or put
out a candle with a simple wad-quite wonders
enough for a man without either legs or arms.
Pooa WITHs.--During the witchcraft time
the English burned atbout 30,000 women, gene
rally poor, retired females who had no man to
defend themt. The victitms were bound hand
atnd foot, and thrown into deep water. If they
floated, that wa~s evidene of a gntilty mnagiial
power, and they were taken out and burnted at
the stake, while the " rigidly righteons" sang
plsalms. If the accu.sed wmnk an~d were drowned
that was evidence tha~t they were inocent., anid
it was a pity they were drowned!
Cxors --The cornt and cot tont crops in this re
gion are untquestionably bad as a general thitng.
Ocea~ional ly au good crop of bo0th tnay he foun d;
but for a good crop mantry batd ones ecan be seen.
The new vcotton which has already found its
way to market, is no evidence that the crop is
eitlIter an early one or a large one. Because it. is
a known fact, that this new cotton has beeni
gathered from stalks which have quit growing
or bearing, in conseqnence of dry weal her, rust,
or some other disaster. The late dry weather
has dune iumense damage. And even if rain
should now come, the planters think it will per.
haps do fully as mtuch htarmn as good. Beyontd
doubt, the presenit crop of citton mnst fallifar
short of the last.--Montgoer (Ala.) Mail
CROPS IN EAsT BATON RoGU.--The Baton
Rouge Comet, of the 18th inst, says:
The prospect for a full crop of cotton and
corn in this parish was never better at this time
of the year. There will be very little stugar
made in East Baton Rogue this season not hatlf
a crop. Owing to the severe weather, most of,
our sngar planters abandoned the idea of culti
vatlng more than enough for seed, and have now
their planatattions in cotton and corn.
The crops in Texas are reported to be unu
sually fine-cott on, corn, wheat, and even mast
L will be in abnndanco.
PAY OF ERS.
The following is the :batitute for Judge
Butler's bill passed by ii enate:
Mr. Hunter, from the mittee on Finance,
to which was referred the ill to regulate the
compensation of member f Congress, reported
it back with an umendme striking out all the
enacting clause and subst ting a new bill.
[This amendment pro a that the compen
sation of each member a delegate shall be
$2,500, to commence fro nd after the adjourn
ment of the present sessio ; and monthly during
the session until its close The pay at each
future Congress shall c ence the 4th March
of each year, whether m bers be elected be
fore or after that time, an they shall receive the
pro rata amount, together th the mileage, which
may be due at the comm cement of the ses
sion, and the residue in m thly payments until
the close of the session. f a member die du
ring the recess the said p rata pay may go to
his heirs until the comm cement of the next
session, after which it ma be paid on proper
requisition, and if during e session, then the
pay to cease on the day f the choice of his
successor, who shall recei his mileage and res
idue of pay to which h' predecessor would
have been entitled. Eachinember and delegate
shall also he allowed at oath annual session of
Congress eight dollars for every twenty miles of
the estimated distance by t)ie most usual :cute
from his place of residence to the seat of gov
ernment, at the commencement and end of eve
ry such session, when the.estimated distance
does not exceed 1,350 mile, and where it ex
ceeds that distance the allowance is six dollars
for every twenty miles.
The President of the Senate, when there is
no Vice President, or when the Vice Pre sident
shall receive the office of the President of the
United Stales, and the Speaker of the house of
Representatives shall be entitled to receive such
addition to the annual comiensation and mileage
allowed by the first section of this act as will in
the aggregate equal the pay of the Vice Pri-d.
dent: and in case of the temporary absence of
the Vice President, the President of the Senate
pro ton. shall be entitled to receive ten dollars
ter dicta in addition to the annual compensation.
If any books shall be hereafter distributed to
members of Congress, by resolution of either
or ho hi houses of Congress, the price given for
the same shall be deducted from the eompen'a
tion herein provided by law ; provided that this
shall not extend to books ordered to be printed
during the Congress for which said members
shall have been elected.]
TIlE TRUE MEN OF THE NORTH.
The South should not permit itself, in its nat
ural excitement at the ijustice and wrongs
which it suffers from Freesoilers, to do injus ice
to that large and conservative portion of the
Northern'comnunity which has always been
true to the Constitution and to the r~ghts of the
States. It is a grave mistake to suppose that
the whole North is enlisted in an anti-slavery
crusade. The best portion of the Northern so.
ciety never were and are not now tainted wi'h
Abolition. It may be th-Uiey are unable to
arrest th mad tide of sectionalism and fana'i
cism. but iet us at least give them credit for their
good intentions and their moral courage.
It is also a conmton mis!ake that all of the
religious organizations of the North are actively
engaged in the anti-slavery movement. This is
rot so. The t 'ongrcgation:ttists, genuine inher
iter. of the doctrine and blood o:' the old Puri
tans are the chief eecelesiastie.al agitators of inti
slavery in the North. They have the support of
some fragments of other Denominai'ns, but
they forum the main body of the spiritnal nulli
tiers.-The majority of them arte Uniiarians.
though not uut requeitly, as in the cases of Par
ker. Bleecher, and others. they are semi-inhidets.
On the other hand, the Episcopal Church of the
North have ever at ood in a solid phalanx in oppo
sition to Abolitionism, even in those portions of
the country which are the hut beds of' that pes
tilent faaa:tiaisa.-So thoroughly from its high
est to its lowest orders, is that church :arrayed
against Atholitioin. that in New Y'ork, a negro
inister oft a Blhack Episcopal t.hurch refused to
read a not ice which had been s'o'IL to him'j. i nvi
I inii his congregation to aitteniu an antti-lngitive
slave law mieeting.
The Old school Presbyterins occupy like
conservative grounds, anid in a public atdidress ini
New York, tihe venueral Dr. Sprigs~ decla'red
that if by at single prayer lhe to uld free thei sh te.,
of the South, lie wouldI not olier th:.t prasyer.
The Roman Cath''lic Church .stan ds on the same
patriotic platfotrm, and among the three thou
sand singers of the remtonstrance agatist the
Nebraska bill, there was not the namie of a sin-.
gle Roman Catholic clergyman. The New
School Presbyterians have not embarked in this
crusade, and <derlined, at their late General A
sembly, to emb trk in the anti-slavery agiattioni.
When we cnisider the vast amount of wealth
intelligence and unmbers represented by these
denuominations, we~ must be conv~iiced that amiong
the most influential classes ot Northiern society
there is a strong leaven of patriotism and com
mon sense which, posibly. may yet pervade the
whold mass.-ichmond Despatch.
CLASSIFICATION OF Hoors.-A correspondent
of the Petersburg Inutelligeneer at the Alleghiany
(Va.) Springs, thus classihies the ladies' hoops:
"There is the hoop shy, fitted to the size of a
very leetle keg-then comes the hoop modest,
adapted to a quarter barrel-next we hare tho
I oop confident, which would suit a half barrel
anon, our attention is claimed by the hoop pine
tentions, whose circumference would b~arely
-keep tight" the staves of a barrel ; and, lastly,
transtixed in mute amazement, with eyes glaring
atnd mnothtl agage, we gaze on tihe hIoop pomptous
and bombhastie, witht circumference suffieient to
gird about a 1,500 lbs. tobacco hogshiead."
A WITTY RE'JoilNDt.-" Pete," a comienl
son of the Emerald Isla, who earries wood and
water, builds ires, &e., for the " boys" at Hlam
ihton college, is as odd a speciman of the genus
Hliberntian as ever toddled in a brogan. One of
the stipdents having occasion to reprove him
asked where he explectedl to go when, he died.
" Expect t) go to the hot place," said Pete
wit hout wincing.,
" And what do you suppose will be your por
tioni there ?" asked the Soph, solemnly.
"Oht !" growled the old follow, as he brushed
his ear lazily with his coat tail, " brinig wood and
water for the boys !"
'ITHE NAME OF A DISTRICT IN 8. CAROLINA To
BiE CHIAZIED.-We understand that the Northern
A bolitionists are about to petition the Legisla
ture of South Carolina for the change of the
name of Edgelield District to that of Catnaan.
They eonsider it a land lowing with milk and
honey-they have tasted of its Brooks, and its
sugar cnne-and, judging by these specimens of
its productions, they think it must be a modern
GnoWING YoUNiGEa.-Last Monday. " Tom,
Thumb," being' examined as a witness in court
at Cincinnati, Ohio, declnred, under oath, that
he is now nineteen years of age. Many years
ago the show bills announced him as beitng
twenty-one, so that, unlike the generality of
mortals, the "General" is constantly growing.
From the Newberry Mirror.
W AAsxtGTON CITY, D. C.,
August, 7th 1856.
MR. EDITOR :-Yesterdav our immediate Rep
resentative in Congress, Hon. P. S. Brook:
completed his 37th year, and it was my goo
fortune to be one of a pleasant party of hi
friends, assembled to dine with him on the oc
casion. The party consisted of Judge Butlet
Gen. Lane, Gen. Quitman, Col. Davis, Secrets
ry of War, Judge Douglas, Mr. Edmondson
Mr. Bucock, Clingham and' myself. Colonel
Brooks, Orr and Keitt mess together, and liv
very handsomely. I do not remember when
passed a few hours of more pleasure, and whil
at the table an incident unexpectedly occurred
which to relate is the object of this communica
tion. Towards the close of the feast Genera
Quitman rose, and in behalf of the citizens o
Holmes County, Mississippi, presented Colone
Brooks a beautiful cane, and uttered at the tim
a few remarks with which all present were sc
pleasingly impressed, that I appealed to him tc
furnish inc with an abstract of what he had sait
for publication, where the constituents of Col
Brooks may read the judgment of a veterar
warrior of the man who bears in honor the flat
of the old "96" District.
Gen. Quitman rose and Spoke in substance of
follows: "I ask permission of the gentiemer
present to avail myself of this opportunity t
perform a duty with which I have been charged
by the citizens of Holmes County, Mississippi
it is to present my friend who sits at the head
of the table this beautiful cane, with the ap.
proving resolutions which accompany their gift
Capt. Brooks (for I prefer the title which bring
back to memory my association with you in the
service of our country,) this cane has been for.
warded to me by a committee of citizens o!
Holmes County, Mississippi, as a token of res,
peet and approval, accompanied by the following
LESxtGToo:, Miss., July 4.-At a meeting of
the citizens of Holmes county, held in Social
Hall, on motion Col. Otho V. Bealle was called
to the chair and F. C. Adams requested to act
as Secretary. The chairman requested Jas. M
Haynes, Esq., to explain the object of the meet.
ing; Mr. Haynes, arose and said that the meet.
ing according to previous notice, had been callec
to take into consideration the propriety of pre,
senting to the Hon. Preston S. Brooks, of South
Carolina, a walking cane with appropriate in,
scription for caning that vile abolitionist, and
foul-mouthed slanderer, Sumner, of Massachu.
setts, in the Senate Chamber on the 22nd May
On motion of James M. Haynes, Eaq., a corn
mittee of three were appointed, consisting of
James H. Haynes, John M. West and Fleet C
Mercer, to report suitable resolutions expressive
of the sense of this meeting. The committee
after a few minutes reported the following
which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, 1. That we approve of and fully
endorse the conduct of Hon. P. S. Brooks, of
South Carolina, in inflicting the well merited
chasisement upon Chas. Sumner, a Senator it
Congress from the State of Massachusetts.
Resolved, 2. That as a tsetim:.nial of our re
gard for the Hon. P. 5. Brooks, we present to
him a cane with suitable inscriptions.
Resolved, 3. That a committee of three be
appohited to forward the cane to our distin
gui.hed Representatives, the lion. John A. Quit
man, to be presented in our name to the Hon
P. 5. Brooks.
Resolved, 4. That a copy of these resolution:
be furw:arded to Gen. Quitman, to be presented
with the cane.
On motion a committee of three, consistinV
of the Hon. V. Thomas, J. D. Meh'rland and
.e-se Broadaway were appointed to receive eon.
tributions to pay for said walking cane.
On motion, John M. West, the Hon. Madisnr
McAfee, James W. Grace, and Jas. M. Haynes
were appointed a committee to carry out the
objects of the 3J and 4th resolutions. On mu.
Resolved, Tha:t we tender to the Hion. Madi.
son MleAfee our sincere thanks for his prompti.
tudle in having a suitable cane prepared to be
presented to the lion. P.S5. Brooks, and thmi
great credit is due haim for the tast e he has dim.
played in the inscription upon the cane.
On motion the meeting adjourned sine die.
OT HO0 W. BE~ALLE&, Pre't.
F. C. Aremis, Sect'y.
[ Lexingion Adcertiser.
Sir, the approval of such men should be:a
full comp~ensation for the abuse which has froui
certain quarters been heaped on your head. Ii
point of character, intelligence, and high and
refined sense of honuor, the gentlemen whose
names are associated with these resolutions have
no superiors. You many jus'ly be proud of theil
approval of your conduct. They have honored
me by selecting me as the organ oft ti preven
tation to yourself. I know that their gift is be.
stowed upon one who is worthy of it. O-u
who is incapa:ble of' a . dishonora ble aet. I re.
call to mind the young and almost beardlesi
otlieer, who was Captain in the gallant Palmet.
to Regimentin Mexico, wvhile under my corn
mand, was remarkable for his gallanty and toi
the performance of every duty in the camp an'
in thme field, sharing with his-men the privation,
of both spheres-nor ean I forget, sir, that in
the last bloody lields of that campaign the blood
of four of your kinsmen flowed to secure the
brilliant victor ies of' our airmns: or that in the
last terrible charge on the Garita-de-Belin, youi
Inearest survivingr kinamnan gallantly fell withini
tue fortiftcntions of the enemy. I will not, now,
dwell upon the sad rccollections of those events.
I will onily add that I unito~ with my friends of
hiolmes County in their high estimate of you
personally, and also in their approval of the
honorable and proper setntiments which actuated
you in vindienting the honor of your State and
the ebaracter of vour venerable relative, upon
the occasioni to which they refer.
Col. Brooks accepting the gift said that hit
feelings would not permit him then to respond
to what had been addressed to him, but lie would
reply by letter, when he could better command
his thoughts. His3 reply to Gen. Quittnan, (al
copy of which was kindly furnished me,) is as
HousE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
August "7, 1856.
Mr DEAR GEN. :-I could not trust mysell
yesterday to reply to your kind and complimen.
tary retnarks upon presenting to me the beauti.
ful cane which my friends of (Hlmes County,
Mississippi, had commissioned you to present
in their name.
Under ordinary circumnstanesa I would have
replied on the instant to your address. ButI
was not ordinarily situated.
Yesterday was my birth day. The muorning
hiad been devoted to a successful effort to res.
tore amicable relations between two gentlemen,
each of whom have quatilies which endear them
to their friends and make them valuaible citixens
of any communjty.
My heart was full with the feeling that in
connection with others 1 had contributed to d&
good on a day so interestin" to i'nyielf. Thiu
was the mood in which you ?ound me, and whet
"my old commander," under whose eye I had
served in a foreign land, p:esented a testimnonial
I o .aproal from siara nn nand xpeAe marA.
STATE TEMPERANCE CONVENTION.
At the Convention of the friends of Temper
anee and the various Orders of Temperance, at
Greenville, S. C., on the 6th and 7th August, the
State Temperance Society of South Carolina
was reorganized by appointment of the follow
HoN. JOIN BELTON O'NEAL.
A. WALLACE, Esq., of Richland.
Hon. J. N. VH;TNER, of Anderson.
Rev. Dr. J. BAcHwIAN, of Charleston.
Col. VEsT CAUGIIMAN. of Lexington.
Col. W. C. BEATTY, of York.
Rev. Dr. E. E. PREsSLY, of Abbeville.
SinrsoN Bono, Esq., of Spartanburg.
Maj. B. D. ToWNSEND, of Marlboro'.
Col. B. H Baows, of Barnwell.
Maj. HENRY SUMNER, of Newberry.
SIMEoN CoaRLEY, Esq., of Lexington.
ROBERT BRYCE, of Columbia.
The Rev. E. E. Pressly, D. D., on behalf of
the Committee appointed to prepare business for
the Convention and Society, presented the fol
lowing report which was unanimously adopted :
The Committee appointed to prepare business
for the meeting, would beg leave to report:
1. That this meeting consider the propriety
of urging the friends of temperance throughout
the State to re-organize the old temperance so
cieties on the basis of total abstinence; to hold
meetings in their respective neighborhoods for
the purpose of discussing the great question of
temperance in all its bearings, and that strenu
ous and persevering efforts be made to give the
State Temperance Society, the prominence and
efficiency whi.-h it formerly enjoyed.
2. We wonul suggest to the meeting the pro
priety of calling together the friends of temper
ance in the state Temperance Society in the city
of Columbia, on the 'Tuesday after the 4th
Monday in Novembaer next.
3. That prohibition be held up before the
public mind, as affording the only sure hope of
tinal snecess in the glorious cause.
4. We recommend that this meeting consider
the propriety of appointing an individual to pre
pare an address presenting the claims of temper
ance, earnestly and urgently upon the citizens of
our beloved State.
5. That we consider the propriety of estab.
lishing a temperance paper in the city of Colum
bia as the organ of this Society, and that a com
mittee, consisting of Rev. J. I. junner, V. P.
Price, Esq., and G. E. Elford, prepare a pros
pectus of said paper, and to distribute them
throughout the State, that the friends of the
cause may procure subscribers as et.rly as may
7. We recnmmend the meeting to consider
the propriety of appointing one man in each Dis
trict to exert himself in promoting the good
cause, and that he report to the President of the
Society all the information he may be able to
procure respecting its progress in his District.
8. That a committee be appointed to solicit
the services of Gen. Gary, pressing him to visit
the State as early as the middle of October,
and remain until the close of the year.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
E. E. PREs=LY, Chairman.
The following are the persons nominated un
der the seventh resolution:
Charleston-Rev. W. B. Yates,
Beautrt-R. V. Barnwell, Esq.
Culleren--l)niel J. Henderson, Esq.
Barnwell-Col. B. H. Brown.
Edgelield-Dr. Rienard T. Mime.
Abberville-Iec. 'l'hotnson II. Sloan.
Anderson-A. 13. Towers, .
Pickens-Joseph G. Norton, Esq.
Greenville-Dr. W\. L4. al. Anstin.
Spar:anbnrg-Simpson ]obo, Esq.
Union-Dr. Josepuh II. Dugan.
Laurens-Dr. John W. Simpson.
Necw berry-3l :j. llenry Sumner.
Fairlield-Dr. 11. Neal.
Chester-Dr. Jo. A Walker.
York- Rev. Rt. A. Ross.
La:ncaster-Rev. D. P'. Robinson.
Kersh:uw-W. Tthurlow Custon, Esq.
Sumer-Rev. Wmu. Lewis.
Willimsburg-Dr. John Williams.
Geo(crgetown-Rev. Wiliim T. Capers.
llurry-John LUeattiie, Esq.
~blriuo-John S. AleCall, Esq.
M:rlboro'-Rev. P. E. Bishop.
Chiesterfield-George WV. Mlver, Esq.
Dirlington--Dr. John B. Zimmterman.
Ridiland-51nj. S. 8. MleCully.
O)rangeburg--Dr. J. A. Elliott.
Lexinigton-Joasephn Wingard, Esq.
[his honor Johno lelton O'Nenil was aippointed
by the Convention to prepare the addlress under
the fonth resolution.
Rev. Ebenezer E. Pressly, D. D., Rev. WVm.
Martin and tleory Suommcr, Esq., were appoint
ed unmder the last resolution, a committee to cor.
respond with Gen. Gary, of Ohio.
AT the recent Dentists' Convention, Dr. Har
ris, of Bahimore., exhibited an instrunmnt invent
ed by Dr. P'utnam, for producing anasthesia,
very usefnl for extracting teeth without pain.
-Dr. Putnam stated that lie had extracted
three or four thousand teeth with the aid of this
instrument. The agent used was ice and salt.
and the instrument was so contrived that the
aplhication could be made to the smallest por
tion of' any external part of the body. I was a
singular fact lie remarked, that when applied to
the gums it produced no pain, as it did to the
Outer surfauce of the body. The guns were fro
zen by the appliention, aind the teeth extracted
without the slightest pain, and with no bad con
sequenuces. 1I, required but two minutes to ef
feet, the purpose-at most three or four."
Pnn.osornY.-First class in Oriental Phil oso
phiy will stanad up. Tibbles, what is life ?
Lifo consists of' moiney, a 2:-40 horse, and a
Good I Next--.what is death?
A paymaster who settles everybody's debts,
and gives them a tomibstoine as receipts in full
of all demands.
What is poverty?
The raward of merit genius generally receives
from a discriminating public.
What is religion ?
Doing unto others just as you please, without
allosving them a return of the compliment.
Whiat is fame?
A six line puff in a newspaper while living,
and your fortune to your enemies when deaid.
Next and last. Which is the quickest and
easiest method fur you to reach heaven ?
Ask the Camden and Amboy Railroad Com-.
A BULL FiGHTER GoRtED TO DEATH.-A bull
fighter was gored to death before thes eyes of
the p)ublic at Deaucaire, Spain, on the 24th. Two
men armed with their triple spears entered the
circus and began to provoke the bull in the usual
manner. The animal rushed at them with such
fury that he was not stopped by the prick of
the spear adroitly pointed to his hostrils. which
is generally the case. His horns entered deeply
into the body of one of the men, who was car
ried off1 and brathod bis last in a few hnner.
of compliment to me as a man, as a soldier and
a representative, I could find no lords t.speak
in the tumult of feeling which..poasesed ma,
I now request you to tender my .gratefu ac
knowledgements to those you represeat as spr
- cept yourself assurances of -my profountest s
teem and affectionate regard.
P. S. BROOK8.,
Gen. Quitman, Present. .
His calm, dignified and chivalric bearing
throughout the whole excitement, growing; out
of the chastisement of Senator Sumner JM
won for Col. Brooks "golden opinions froarall
classes of people," but to retain the -good opi's
ion of his gallant chief in other days, who has
closejy watched his erry step under these most
trying circumstances is the highest possible.tea
timonial of the correctness of his course.
His constituents have reason to feel proud of
their Representative. C. H. S.
The adjournment took place on Monday, sine
die; but the President has ordered an extra iehs
sion to eommenee on Thursday. The article
from the Union which we publish, is calculated
to exhibit glaringly to the country the reckless
ness of the faction., majority now predominant
in the House of Representatives. supported as
it is by Seward, Wilson & Co., in the Senate.
The tendency to the sectional Issue has been
for some time steadily progressive, and every day
gives evidence of the certainty of its approach.
We did not, however, believethat the Black-Re
publicans would shoulder the responsibility of
withholding the appropriations for the army,
but the attempt has been made. Whether it is
only a ruse to get constructive mileage for an
extra session, knowing that the President would
immediately cull an extra session, will soon be
known. As matters now stand, it is more than
possible that this incendiary party would piofer
to destroy the government to promote their hei
nous ends, than allow the constitutional proted.
tion of the rights of the citizens. With the
views and acts of such a party, exhibited as has
been the case during a few weeks past, we-haVe
only to call upon our Southern brethren to pre
pare for the great conflict.
The pending election will probably solve the
question of union, and decide the fate of the
Republic. Fremont and his party are preparing
I the torches, with which to kindle the fires de
structive of Southern rights and Southern exis
tence ; that they will over be allowed to apply
them, we do not for a moment believe. His
election will be the knell of the departing Union,
and before the period arrives for him to enter
upon the duties of the Presidency he will find
himself the chief magistrate of only those who
With such a prospect before us, it becomes
us to use all endeavors to avoid divisions among
ourselves; there are no serious questions of 'lo
cal policy now to Ball for excitement, and we
should set aside all minor differences, and look
to the great issue coming upon us with aproxi.
maty that should awaken'all our'energies
Our people should-look well to the- election
of Representatives, as grave questioi of-vital
concern will probably come before-them daiug
the next term.
The election of Governor will be one of more
serious importance than has ever been submitted
to thetm, and a wise and prudent and firm states.
man will be needed for the exigency. Not only
will he have executive functions of the weighti
est character to his own State, but he will most
likely be called upon to co-operate with others
in the formation of a new confederacy. Happy
are we of South Carolina, that on this great
qestion we will be an united people.
Whatever differences there may hase been on
sep:irnte secession by a single State, we will be
as one man when co-operation of other South
ern States is proposed for the defence and pre
servation of Southern rights.-South Carolinian.
DEATH oF lIoN. JouN W.ILLSON.-We have
received (says the Charleston Standard of the
20th inst.) the sad intelligence of the death of
Dr. Jlhn Willson, State Senator from the Parish
of St. James' Goose Creek. tie died of county
rever, on Monday evening, at his pine land set
tlement in that Parish. Hie was a useful citizen,
prominent and infiuential in lisa Parish, and ac
tivelv useful as a Christain in connection with
the Methodist Church, of which he was a mem
ber for many years. He served his Parish in the
State Senate for eight, years, and retained to the
last the confidence and esteem of his constitu
ents and fellow-members of the Legislature.
Hei leaves a wvidow and several childreni,. well
provided for as to property, but his best legacy
to them is his well merited good reputation.
NORTHERN PREACHERS IN THE SouiTH.-Tie
Rev. Mr. Bloardmnan, pastor of the Baptist
Church at Barnwell C. H., South Carolina, has
recently been obliged to resign his position and
return North, because of his approval of Sena
tor Sumner's course and his expressed opposi
tion to Southern institutions. This is only one
of the many instances in which Northern preach
e rs have been compelled to leave the South on
account of their hostility to Southern principles.
The editor of the North Carolina Christian
Advocate advises them to stay at home until
both preachier, and people at the North get a
betuer temper and learn more of the principles
and spirit of Cthrist. and His Apostles. It is not
aleged that Mr. B., acted imprudently, but his
known political opinions rendered him unfit for
the ministerial work among the people of Barn
GRAIN AT THE WEST.-The receipts of grain
at Chicago, Ill., for August, promise to be
amiong, if not the largest ever known. From
all parts of the Wecst but one account, it is stated,
is received and that an exceedintgly favorable
one for grain. The quantity and quality are
alike good, and the addition to the wealth of
the couuary by the harvest of 1856 can be esti
mated only by millions of dollars.
FATAL EPIDEHe.-A letter in the Richmond
Dispatch, from Green county, Va., says:
" For the past two weeks our county has been
visited with a malignant epidemic, which the doc
tor. call typhoid flux. It has proven .fatal in a
great many eases-some thirty or forty'have
died with it. It is still raging, though supposed
to be on the decrease."
TRAGEDY Ia FLoilDA.-At Ocala, Fla., on
the 3d inst., Dr. WV. J. C. Rogers, proprietor-of
a drugstore, while quarreling with his .wife at
the dintier, table, jumped from his seat and
seizing a loaded gurn discharged its contents
into he~r side, causing death in tw'o -hour.: He
was immediately arrested. The unfortunate
act is attributable to the too free use:g of Lgpr
by her husban
G@" A writer in the Charleston M~ercury
britngs forward the nsme of, Gen.. Daniel Wal
Lace, of Union District, asi candidate- for. the
gubernatorial chair of South Carolina; and.sy
" that as an honest, able acd fearleas mamie
has not his superior in the State, ,tyneet any
emergency the gerils of our condition. muaydu.
EXTRAvAGAINCE.-AL. a-o ~
Ia few evenings since, ay
leans,I.La., wore abouqietola d
and npreionnatofnesaa4i ta me fy tj