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[From the Carolina Times, 30th Augrust.]
ARRITAL 0r TEE ON. PIBETON 8. BRO00E.
On Thursday afternoon, the Hon. Preston S.
Brooks being expected by the afternoon train on
the Charlotte Road, a large number of citizens
of Columbia assembled around the DepQt to
greet him on his arrival; but unfortunately for
hem, notwithstanding extensive preparations
had been made and a very handsome coach and
four with neatly decorated horses was in wait.
ing, he did not reach the city until 4 o'clock, A.
M., yesterday morning, having been detained by
his friends and admirers in the upper Districts.
At an early hour on Thursday morning, the
arrival of Mr. Brooks being known, many of his
friends called at his quarters, and a committee
of citizens waited upon him, especially to urge
the propriety of his remaining oven one day.
notwithstanding his anxiety to reach home at as
early a period as possible. The annexed cor
respondence will show the result of the action
of the committee through their Chairman, the
Hon Mayor Arthur.
CoLuMBiA, Aug. 29, 1856.
Hon. Preston 8. Brooks.-Dear Sir-On be.
half of a Committee of the citizens of Columbia,
I am instructed to request that you will desig
nate some hour at which it will suit your con.
venience to meet your fellow-citizens of Colum
bia at the City Hall, for the purpose of receiv
ing some testimonials of their appreciation of
your gallant conduct in defending the honor of
I take the liberty of suggesting 8 o'clock this
evening as a suitable time, provided it suits your
I have the honor to be, dear air,
Very sincerely, your friend,
E. J. AETauR, Chairman.
CoLLEGE, 29 August.
My Dear Sir:-It will give me pleasure to
meet the citizens of Columbia, at the City Hall
to-night, at 8 o'clock.
I have the honor to be, most truly,
Your friend and servant,
P. S. Baooxs.
Hon. Edward J. Arthur, .Chairman.
At 8 o'clock, the City Hall was so densely
crowded that it was found necessary to move an
&djournment to the street in front of the Court
House, upon the balcony of which Mayor Arthur
presented to Mr. Brooks ini presence of the as
sembled mass of citizena, a handsome Silver
Pitcher, a Goblet and ones of Mr. Peckham'a
finest Hockory Cane's with a handsome gold
head. Each article was selected with great care,
without regard to cost, by the citizens of Colum.
bia, intended as a present to Mr. Brooks as so
evidence of their unqualified approval of his
course as a Representati"e, and especially for
the prompt and appropriate manner in which he
chastised the notorious Charles Sumner, for-his
wanton abuse and cowardly assault upon the
fame of his State.
The Pitcher and Goblet are beautiful speci
mens of the skill and taste of Messrs. Radeliffe
d4 Guignard, at whose establishment they were
Mayor Arthur, on making the presentation,
delivered a very handsome and appropriate
speech, as follows:
a CoL Brooks :-On behalf of the citizens of
Columbia, it becomes my pleasing duty to pro.
sent to you this pitcher, goblet and cane, as
testimonials of our high appreciation of your re
cent conduct at Washington City. They were
prepared some time since for presentation, but
supposing it would be more agreeable to you
to receive them here in the . midst of your own
fellow-citizens, they have been withheld for this
occasion. 1 trust, sir, that I may be permitted
to add that it is not alone, that you have visited
with merited castigation the vile slanderer of
the State which gave you birth, that we delight
to honor you, but because your conduct through
out the trying scenes through which you have
since passed, has been such as to win the ap
plause of all honorable men, and to justify our
pride in claiming you as one of Carolina's.
noblest sons. It is needless for me to allude
more particularly to your noble bearing and gal.
lant conduct in maintaining the honor and inter
ests of your Slate, for let me assure you air.
they need no other record than the hearts of
* your countrymen, where now they are already
inscribed in characters which time cannot effaice.
" Allow me sir, on behalf of the citizens, Lo
welcome you to Columbia, and to tender to you
our warm congratulations on your triumph over
the malignant slanderers of your State and race.
and to assure you of our cordial sympathy and
A fter the conclusion of Mayor Arthur's re
tuarks, Colonel Brooka advaiced to the front of
the portico, amid the cheers and applause of the
multitude and delivered a speech of nearly ani
hour in length, a brief, meagre, and very inade.
quate synopsis of which we give. He thanked
the citizens for the compliment paid him on this
occasion, and for the sympathy which his course
hias received. It waa the spirit which actuated
him to do the deed, more than the deed itself,
which deserved their commendation. It was a
deed which was the result of a high sense of
duty, and any man who held his honor above
reproach would have acted, under similar cir
cumstances, precisely as he did.
An ordinary castigation was nothing to excite
a people as had this act of his excited the North.
Abolitionists, seek excuses for their vile elan
dors, had made it a pretext for more fanaticism.
It was curious that the castigation of a Black
Republican should beget so extraordinary an
excitement. But they had used this act of his
--executed under the highest sense of duty-as
an instrument to kindle more fire of fanaticism.
Their motive was political powver; they wished
to enjoy the patronage and the emoluments of
Every foot of the way from Washington to
this City, he had met, with kindness from the
people of the South, and it gratified him to be
ieve that were he to travel to the extremest
verge of the South, he should meet with the
same hearty welcome as he had experienced here
He. would not say there was no honor or
moral courage at the North; he knew there
were some men of as true courage at the North
as elsewhere. But what he ihdto s was
that the moral tone of mind which would iead a
man to beenme a Black Republican would make
him inca pable of courage, and would involve a
loss of all honor and moral principle whatever.
It was plain that the defeat of the army bill
was the act of a Black Republicnn majority in
the House of Representatives. He was almost
glad of it, though he had voted for the originsl
bil1, he was of opinion it ought to fall. He
voted for It from a sense of duty, not liking to
do evil that good mih follow. The loss of
the army appropra would not injure the
South, because althe money nearly was expend
ed at the North.
jirater wished thane annronefattan bill
and on"v the people of the South free to 1o
there and cut the throats of Lane and hi% abo
lition comrades. We know the Black Repub
lican platform: it U our duty either to counter
act them, or meet them boldly, face to face, and
battle for our rights.
Their principles were, the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia. the prohibition of
the inner-State Slave trade, no more slave terri
tory, &a. Will they carry out these principles?
The election of Banks a" Speaker of the Hoise
of Representatives, and the defeat of the army
bill, teach us that we should meet and prepare
to defend ourselves. With right upon our side,
we should meet and conquer them.
All of us agreed that if we could not live in
eqnality in the Union our only course was to
d- a lve it. He was a co-operation disunionist
the maine as he was in 1851. He felt convinced
that South Carolina would respond to his posi
When he maid lately in the House of Repre
sentatives that he had it in his power to raime a
revolution, it was no eg-otistic boast. He felt
that he had done as much as any one man to
concentrate the feeling of the South; and when
he spoke of revolution, he knew that had he
stepped forward and smote one of their abolition
crew in the House, their enmity to him would
have precipitated them against him, and then
his friends would have covered the floor of the
House of Representatives with human blood.
He now came to a deliente question-the
Presidencv. The only hope for the South was
toi support Mr. Buchanan. His opponents w.re
Fremont and Filmore-the former a soldier who
had never won a battle. a politician who had
never made a speech; his birth-place, too, was
as hard to fix upon satisfactorily, as was the
identity of his father. Fillmore was a man of
unexceptionable moral virtue; but between Fre
mont and Fi~lmore lie would prefer the former.
becauseaihe great issue would be precipitated,
although the latter wa as much an abolitionist,
having voted to abolish slavery in the District
of Columbia, against the admission of Texas,
and had opposed the administration of Franklin
Pierce for its course on tne Missouri Compro.
Buchanan, the speaker frankly admitted, was
not his first, second, or third choice, but bis last.
Hiis first choice was Franklin Pierce, because he
had manifested a disposition to give the South
her constitutional rights. After Pierce, he was
in favor of Doughs-a true friend, who had
perilled his life by his position on the Nebraska
bill, and who had the smoke and scars of the
battle upon him.
There must be compromise every where-in
society, in law and in politics. Buchanan was
the standard bearer in the coming contest, and
the platflurtn upon which he stood was the right
one for the South. If its principled were carried
out, the government would be restored to the
condition of a constitutional administration.
Why should we refuse to take a part in the bat
tle 1 If we are bound to have civil war, and if
we must disolve the Union, we must do it with
a full appreciation of the consequences. Ha
thought there would be no child's play when
the conflict did come.
On the second Monday in November next,
the great question would be decided. For his
part, if Fremon:, the traitor to his section,
should be successful, it was hie deliberate opin
ion that on the fourth of March next, the people
of the bouth should rise in their might, march
to Washington, and seize the archives and the
treasury cf the government. We should anti
cipate them, and force them to attack us.
In conclusion, ir. Brooks said he felt it to be
an obligation upon him to devote all the ener
gies of hi- life to repay the generous sympathy
with which he had been met by his fellow-citi
zens of the South and South Carolina; and that
whenever an occasion offered he would be
ready to stand up in defence of his State. In
the language of a distinguished citizeii (f our
State, he would say, that thropgh good and evil
report, for weal or for wo, he would stand by
At the the conclusion of these remarks, (which
were frequently interrupted by hearty applause)
one general shout arose from the assemblea
crowd and they quietly dispersed, but soon after
re-assembled with a band of musicians, and re
pired to the temporary residence of Cot. Brooks
Richiand serenade, which wan admirably sustain
ed by the Baud of the Richland Volunteer Rifle
Company, interspersed with a display of fire
works in front of the Congaree House.
The whole affair reflected credit upon the
From the independent Press.
TE SAVA~NNAH VALLJT RATLEOAD.
M~ssas. EDTORs :-How comes on the Sa
vannah Rail Road? I make this inquiry of
you, so that those having knowledge in the
premises may answer through the same chan
nel. The. information sought is very desirable
-not only for the immediate stockholders, but
for the interested public at large. I make it.
also, that those disposed to throw cold water
upon the enterprise, may be estopped from that
sort of work, by seeing how the matter stands.
and by seeing also that those having it in hand
are in good earnest, and mean nothing else than
to carry it through in due time.
Has anything, favorable or unfavorable, turn.
ed up yet in Augusta, since tho meeting of the
stockholders at Calhoun's Mitts? It is time that
something had been done by that city, one way
or the other. If those living on the route were
to double, it could be carried through by Hanm
burg, independently of Augusta. Would it
not be well to learn this truth in time? But
have sufcienat efforts been made in the districts
of Anderson, Abbeville and Edgdeed to get
stock ? Many all over these di,trits-not only
those living immediately on the track, but in
those sections most remote from it, would, no
doubt, subscribe, and subscribe liberally, if pra*.
perly approached; because the enterprise in
contemptation is calculated to confer vast bene
fits upon those entire districts as well as the
whole $tate, so that every one is interested,
and, when made to believe and see this, will
exert themselves accordingly towards its com
The way to build railroads, taking the expe
rience of the past as a guide, is to keep the ad
vantiges they are calculated to create and dif.
fuse, constantly before the people ; and, further,
to cause erery one, rich and poor, tofeel that he
-that they-that all must give something, must
gice liberally. One of the gratest drawbacks to
the advance of cicilization eiver known. is the in
disposition of the wealthy to contribute of their
substance to the promotion of great public enter
pries; and this is the more remarkable, be
ause it proceeds upon "the penny wise and
pound foolish" principle. I think it susceptable
of demonstration, so far as things moral may
be said to be demonstrable, that the real estate
within ten miles of any railway, leading to the
chief market, is increased in value from ten to
fifty per cent, immediately upoti its construe.
tion, atid that. the advantages to accrue in all
other respects peculiar to an tagricultural people
are made therely to advance in the same ratio;
so that the subscription of this minch stock by
those living within this distance of the road, is
not a protanto subtraction from their means, but,
on the contrary, a pro rata addition thereto, and
this independently of the reasonable expects
tions to be predicated upon the increase of the
Let all, therefore, living within that distance
of the magnificent eniterprise in contemplation,
be moved by such considerations, and act ac
cordingly, and we will soon have the road.
August 28, 1856.
No minister likes to see a person in his con
gregation asleep. He cannot avoid the unpleas
ant refleetion that to such a one his sermotn is
lost. But thete is another thing which is even
more unpleasant and annoying than this, it is to
see persons whispering while he is preaching.
We candidly confess that we would rather see
ten persons asleep than two whispering. There
may be times when It is almost impossible for
a person to keep awake, but tor whispering there
can be no apology.
THE N. Y. TR IzUuE.--On the 12th inst., the
Grand Jury of Shinneton, (Va.) found a true bill
against the postmaster of that city for circula
ting, by delivery to subsriberm, copies of the
New York Tribune. A Mr. George Slocum
~ a a a t, tht h
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
ZDGZPIZLD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1856
The indisposition of the Editor for the last few days
will account for the non-appearance of editorial mat
ter in this issue.
Owing to the storm of Sunday last, which rendered
the roads impassable, there was not a full meeting of
the enmmittee for the Buoors Dinner. A majority,
however, met and resolved to proceed forthwith to
make preparation; for the dinner. A committee was
appointed to meet at Ninety-Sir. nn Thursday the
11th inst, to meet the committees from the other Dis
trirts nf the Congressional District, to appoint suitable
committees for the occasion.
Snpscriptinn lists are in circulation and every one
wishint to subscribe can now have an opportunity of
On Sunday and Sunday night last. onr DistrictBas
visited by as severe a rain-storm as we have witness
ed for many years. It commenced failing about 10
n'cluck, A. u., and entinued Incessantly throughout
the dly and night. Great damage has been done to
the cotton and other crops. Numerous mill. mill
dams, and bridges have been washed away. We are
not prepared to give the particulars now, but hope to
do so in ournert.
By a private letter from Hamburg, dated Monday
morning last, we learn that great fears were entertain
ed of a tremendous freshet in the Savannah River,
and an overflow of Hamburg and Augttsta. The
River was rising very rapidly.
ELECTION IN HAMBURG.
A friend writing from Hamburg informs us that an
election was held in that Town on Saturday lest for
Warden to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resigna
tion of Mr. R. M. OwiNos, which resulted In the elee
tion of CArr. W. SItras.
IVA ball will be given at the Mansion House,
Greenville, S. C., on the 11th Sept., to the Hon. P. S.
312The State Fair of Georgia, will be held in
Atlanta on the 20th, 21st and 23d of October next.
22' The Trustees of Erskine College have con
ferred the degree of D. D. on the Rev. The. L. Me'
Bride, of Pendleton.
U2'John W. Wolfe, Esq., Editor of the Albany
(Ga.) Patriot, died on the 28th August.
SVThs Yellow Fever is still in Charleston, but
not considered as an epidemic. From one to two
deaths are reported daily-not more than that number.
31'The late elections in Pickens District, resulted
thus: J. E. Haygood, elected Clerk of the Court
Mr. Craig, Sheriff, and Parsons, Ordinary.
g0'R. C. Woodward, Esq., was on the 25th Inst.,
elected Sheriff of Fairfield District, by a majority of
g1Three prisoners, L. R. Parker, Edward Wal
lace and Joseph Donbon, made their escape from the
Columbus jail, on Monday afternoon. They were
confined for burglary and negro stealing.
gg'John Stetson, Jr., is performing the feat on
Boston Common. under a mammoth tent, of running
or walking, as he may please, 60 miles per day, In
twelve hours, for six successive days, on a wager of
g1The Boston Courier contains a card signed by
the Hon. Edward Everett, Hon. Win. Appleton, Hdn.
R. C. Winthrope, and a large number of other Whigs
of that city, expressing themselves in favor of the
election or Mr. Fillmore for the Presidency.
ggWOnly 400 bales of new cotton have been receiv
ad mn New Orleans, on the 27thf-ult., against 10,000
bales at same time last year.
31'John Duberry has been arrested at Columbus,
Mlina-- ..i..us.L~5 iA5 io Senators
uimner ind Seward among slayes. The punishment
on conviction, Is ten years in the penitentiary.
3gCharity covereth a multitude of sins. So does
calico-(says Mr. What-you-call him.)
g1'Veteran damsels should remember that Naomi,
the daughter of Enoch, was five hundred and eighty
years of age when she got married, and cheer up at
g57As the Ivy twines around the oak, so dos
misery and misfortune more or less encompess the
happiness of man. Felicity, pure and, unalloyed, is
not a plant of earthly growth-her gardens are in the
g1'Somebody has been drumming up visitors to a
Northern Watering Place, by reporting in advance,
the arrival at it, of the Hon. Preston S. Brooks.
31'A men recently hanged in a neIghboring State,
confes ned upon the gallows that his first commence
ment in crime and villainy wan stopping his paper
withou* paying for it. We are not surprised at the
31'The Hon Win. Aiken declines being again a
condidate for Congress to represent Charleston Dis
trict, and expresses his intention in the Charleston
papers to retire from public lire.
The Western Herald says: "Brooksville is the
name of the county seat of the new county of Calhoun
-so called in honor of Preston S. Brooks, of South
Carolina. It Is situated on tihe waters of Little Kana
wha, and is said to be a beautiful place.
I1The best kind of rum for social festivals is
g3 Advices from NIcaragua to the 9:h Inst., rep
resent Gen. Walker's prospects as gloomy, and it seems
impossible for him to hold out unless speedily assisted.
ETThe Louisia::a Baptist contains the following
hyenial notice : " Married, on 22d July, 1856, Mr.
Joseph Ratclifl'of Bienvlle parish, La. to Mrs. Mary
A. Benson of Union Co., Ark. gg The Bridegroom
has sixteen children and the bride nine, (though she
is only 36 years old)-TWENTY-FIVE in one
I1'CGen. Lewis M. Ayres with his party of twenty
volunteers from Barnweli District, S. C., has arrived
at Atchison, K. T.
THE GREEN 1EYED MoNsTR.-A newly mnar
ried couple arrived ini our city recently. and Look
rooms ait one of our fas~hionable hotels, to pass
away that propitious season-alaa, too brief
known as the honeymoon. Their happiness
was the cnuse of envy among many, for not a
cloud appeared to overshadow the eujoyment of
the passing htours, until a doctor wats sent for
in great haste to relieve the lady of a dose of
laudanum which threatened to terminate her
life. The skill of the doctor saved the wife,
and after the bride returne-d to consciousness
she was asked what motive co~uld have induced
her to commit such a wicked act. She re-plied,
" saw a lady wink at my husband at the table,
and I didn't wvant to live.'
No PAY NO PIsEAc.-A Columbus (Ohio)
paper instances the following its an evidence of
a clergyman of the right pluck:
"Yesterday, 8th instant, at Urbana, thme bell
of the Preahyterian Church rang the second
time-the congregation sat waiting and waiting,
but no minister came. After the lapse of half
an hour, a note was handed to one of the elders,
who arose and rend it to the congregation. It
was from the minister, who said he would not
preach for them any moro till his salary was
EREE SOIL MEECANTs.-OneO of the latn at,
and propably best paying tricks of the free soil
merchants of the Northern cities, is to invent a
report that somebody in the South refuses to
trade with them because of their abolitionism.
The aggrieved firn of course publishes a card
full of virtuous indignation, protestingr very
bravely that they do not " sell their principles
with their goods ;" and that they would starve
before thus debasing themselves. The thing
takes of course. The abolition and free soil
presses proclaim their names, and worth and
martyrdom far and wide. Trade pours in from
the North and Northwest, and altogether the
principles which were not for sale, are found to
a....a....,..a. tlo., of th ap.ital In
The . ' " ludes to Gen. Jones, transfer
f the Citadel to Columbia as " a sud
den suspension 'he State Military Academy"
-yielding to " dl.i and needless panic"-" a
eneral sampedeo tyouth," &c.; and mike.
out a serious ease of injustice to Charleston,
from the injudicious act of the President of the
Board of Visltort"'
This is all a uiMRtake. There has been no
pnic-no stam e-no suspension of the
Academy but fo& day. The presence of a
single case of. Ai ease so serious as yellow fe
ver was enough t'ocreate anxiety in parents for
their sons, and the. Courier very properly ex
plains the ease:
As usual, on any report or alarm of any -fe
ver in the.city, many and urgent requests were
made for leave of absence to cadets, or for a
upension of the ixerelses of the Citadel'Acad
emy. The visitors of the institution have nev
er regarded it neegasry or proper to yield in the
firmt instance to such requests, nor is there now,
so far as-we are informed. any imperative occa.
sion for the step taken. The whole number of
cadets now enrolledat the Citadel is seventy
six, and of these fourteen are continued. The
removal of the othira has been induced by a de
ire to keep the classes fully organized, and to
avoid any pretext o;. occasion for withdrawals,
or for importunate'appeals, on the part of the
few who are more peculiarly liable to apprehen
The cadets have been, without any excite
ment, transferred if the Arsenal at Columbia,
where they underwent their usual drill yester
day. and to-day *viltresume their ordinary re
We commend Jones' prudence and care
ful considerationdfAthe anxiety of parents. as
well as placing te..adeta beyond any risk of
health or exciteiife of mind, and where no in
terruption to their ltudies will occur.
HEALTH.-We published in the Enquirer of last
week a statement '& regard to the health f
Yorkville.-We h" it has allayed all fear on
the subject, and A! stop to the exaggerated
reports about thi th of what we consider
our very healthy lit Town. There is not a
more beautiful, aINapparently more healtly
loction, to be fodnd.anywhere in the State. It
matters not what sidness may prevail here, it
is very certain there is no local cause for it. It
strikes us very forcibly, though we would not
like to make the chatge against any one, that
there is some desikriiiAhese false rumors;
at least it has an "ayiful squint" that way. We
have two very flourising schools, the Female
College and the Military Academy, and ever
since their establishment, we have heard te
most woful accounts-of the health of Yorkville
-whenever there is any danger, we will be as
ready to sound the alarm as any one else, and
we take the responsibily of saying as much for
the Principals of oun schools.-Yorkville En
ST. Lours, Aug. 26.
Kansas advices state that 2,600 men from
Missouri would enter Kansas on the 22d. Four
hundred o;f Lane's men were posted on the Kan
eas River to intercept all relief to Lecompton.
Gen. Rieliardson at the head of a large body of
Territorial Militia had^gone to the North-wes
tern part of Kansas to intercept Lane's retreat.
At Lexington, Missouri, five hundred men were
under arms, and Gov. Price expected orders from
the President to take the field. Gen. Smith de
c~lines interfering witgthe Missourians while
they confine operations-to Lane's forces.
.CHICAGO, August 28.
Advices from Kansas state that eighteen Mis
sourians attacked Tucker's Mission, and demand
'd persons there to deliver up their horses and
leave the Territory.. TIhe demand being refused,
the assailants were too 4weak to execute their
threats. The Missouris were concentrating
at Leavenworth, Westport and Kansas. Quaker
City had been sacked l'y the Georgians en Fri
day, but the inhabitants escaped.
YANraE SENTtmENT The'people of Connec
to sen' spet b
tendrheartednes-s in regar to the destruction
of their leafy monach, the famous Charter Oak,
worthy of the most romantic community of Ger
many. The Hartford papers yesterday were
put in mourning, and we are itnformed that thte
bells of the city were tolled, at sundown, and
that a dirge was performed at noon, by Colt's
band over the prostrate tree. This touch of na
ture in our Connecticut neighbors is most credi
table to their refinement, and will astonish many
who probabty think that tbe Charter Oak would
be immediately . manufactured into clocks and
nutmegs. But we presume that its precious
wood will be religiously preserved and made up
into anuff boxes, canes, fans, and other objects
that can be. kept as mementoes of the venerable
tree.-N. Y. Times, Aug. 22.
A mother of five generations, named Kato
r'h Cleveland. widow of lkhabod Cleveland, a
Revolutionary soldier, died at Hackensack on
Monday, aged 92 years. She had 10 children,
55 grandchildren, 106 great grand children, 10
great great grand-children, making a total of
165 offspring, 110 of which number were living
at the time of her deaccaso. She had a son
taged '71, a grand daughter aged 50 years, a great
grand daugtetr aged 26, and a great great grand
daughter aged 7 years-all living at her death.
THE ARMY BILL.-It is stated that of the
eleven or twelve millions of dollars applropria
.ed by this bill oinly about three millions wonld
be expended in the slaveholding States. .If,
therefore, in the event of the bill not pasting,
the mechanies, artisans and laborers employed
in the various armories, arsenals, &c., are to be
all discharged, the effeet must be felt, far more
g.retly at the North thatt at the South especial
ly when it is remembered thatt the North gene.
rtll furni~hes nine.ten.hs of all deweriptionas of
supplies for the military service.-BalioreC Sun.
FATAL AcctDNT.-We are sorry to record
that on Monday last, as Mr. Elisha South was
preparing to leatve the cauapmeceting ground, in
the upper part of this District, whtile gearing up
his team one of his mules kicked him in the
side, which so injured him that he died the next
ay. Mr. South was an estimable cittzen, and
leaves a devoted wife to mourn his sudde~n
A YANKEE's IDEA OF THE CoTTON PLANT.
A writer in the Augusta Croniele 4- Sentinel
of a late date, says: A brace of red.tmotthed
Yankees, just arrived, were goinag around town
the other day seeing the sights, when they
stepped intto a cotton warehouse to look at the
great Southern staple, and after being shown
several tiers of bales, they expressed a deaire to
see it growing. The polite warehtouseman
called their attetttion to a patch of luxuriant
ord vines, telling thtem that was the stuff.
ie Yankee's gazed with mingled delight and
disappoint ment. as they inhaled the fragrant
utmes. and were astonished to hear that the
plant died every year.
Yankee No. 1 said: "I alwatys thought it grew
Yankee No. 2, (conscions of his superior
knowledge,) replied: "1I knew it grew upon a
vine, but guessed it was an ever-green."
These two Yankees represent a large portion
of the Nor~hern people in their knowledge of
'Southern itnstitutions"- forming their optrmon
rom their guesses.
DECIDEDLY CooL..-The latest specimen of
the coolest impudence we have seen, is the fol
owitg from the New York Herald:
" The New York Herald has not joined the
Black Republicans, which it has heretofore so
earnestly condemned. They have abandoned
Leir late abominable aoti-slavery programme,
and have come over to us and our popular con
stitutional bouthern born and Southern raised
'andidate, Jcnh C. Fremont."
Or CouEE NOT.-" We have no desire," says
the New London Chronicle, "to injute the mo
lasse trade., but we simply state the fact that,
d1r. Richards, who keeps a store on the Hartford
road, a few days since, found in one of his emp
ty molasses hogsheadu- a human skeleton, the
remains, no doubt, of a negro, who was proba
ly asleep in tha.hogeheud when it was ftiled
ha 1is pantadi.
From the Albany (Ga.) Patriot.
- In reference to the recent caning of Mr. Sum
ner, I see that a writer in your paper under the
Nom de Plume of Ricochet, thinks it was a dis
honorable act in Mr. Brooks. Now the truth of
the matter is, that after Mr. Sumner'a speech
of the 19th and 20:h May, Mr. Brooks tried two
days to find Sumner outside of the Capitol, and
not succeeding, was forced to apply the thing
needful in the Senate Chamber, after its having
been publicly reported in Washington that -on
this occasion Sumner was prepared to defend
himself A charge like this against Mr. Brooks
where he is personally known, would be justly
treated with contempt, and throughout the South
should be stigmatized as a falsehood proceeding
from a Northern Abolitionist, or what is worse,
a Southern man with Northern feelings.
JAMES C. BROOKS.
Albany, Ga., July 7th, 1856.
ALBANY, July 30th, 1856.
MR. WoLr-Dear Sir;-The above Card
was intended for the South-Western News
but was respectfully declined-I therefore re
quest you to publish it in the Patriot.
Truly yours, &c. J. C. BROOKS.
And in a late number of the South Western
News, appears the following;
[For the Suuth Western Baptist New..)
Under such a state of the facts, as appears in
the Card (which has just met my eye,) of Mr. J
C. Brooks, published in the Albany Patriot of
the 31st ult., to wit: that, "Mr. Brooks tried
two days to find Sumner outside the Capitol,
and noi succeeding, was forced to apply the
thing needful in the Senate Chamber, after its
having been publickly reported in Washingto..
that on this occasion Sumner was prepared to
defend himself," it is freely admitted, that the
assault of Brooks on Sumner was not dishon.
These cards will sufficiently explain them
selves when it is stated that Col. James C.
Brooks, of Dougherty county, Ga.. is a brother
of the Hon. Mr. Brooks of South Caroina.
He is a gentleman of intelligence and refinement,
mild, amiable, and courteous in his deportment.
The history of his family from the days of the
Re% olution-through the Mexican war-and
down to more recent events, renders it unne.
cessary to inform any one but " a Northern Abo.
litionist or a Southern man with Northern feel
ings," that he is a man of true and genuine
courage.-Macon (Ga.) Telegraph.
Hwr.ous NEWS -The Calcutta Englishman i6
determined to frighten us out of our senses. It
" At Sreekond some 4,000 or 5,000 Santhals
have collected for a re-adjustment of their jum
mahe, and the amuhs, to the detriment of all
other business, are busy writing cut new pot.
In utter terror and despair, we ask. what is to
be done I What can we get, what shall we
send, what can we do? What's a jummah, what
are amlihs, what are pottaha? Would the hang
ing of Mr. Vernon Smith be any use as a pre
liminary measure ? Do the people want fire en
gines, or subscription.,or tracts? Let us know
what to do-it is a shame to send such messages
without a hint of their meaning.
MELANCHOLr ACClDENT.-Yesterday after.
noon, between three and four o'clock. a most
melancholy accident occured at -Ion Win. Izard
Bull's reside-ce, foot of Tradd street. resulting
in the death by drowning of that gentleman.
youngest son, a fine sprightly little boy about
three or four years of age. It appears that the
tide when full gets into the yard, and the young
lad while amusing himself fell into the water
and was not perceived by the servant until too
late. When taken out of the watter, the body
was quite warm, und the family physician and
several other medical gentlemen were enlled in.
but their persevering efforts at resuscitation were
without success-the young spirit had flown to
Him who said "suffer little children to come
unto me."-Charleson Standard.
We cli the following from the New York
hropists who are continually sighing and shed
ding tears over the fate of the poor negro at
the South, while they are totally insensible to
the poverty, distress and starvation among the
whites at their own doors. When did suc-h
ever occur south of Mason and Dixon's line I
" MELANCHOLY AFFAIR.-SUICIDE-MOTH ER
AND CNILD DaowNE.D.-A melancholy occurrence
took plnce on Tuesday rnorning, about 3 o'clock,
which resulted in the loss of two lives.
" Elten McGuire, an Irish woman, some 23
years of age, who resided with her husband at
No. 10 State atreet. while in a state of partial
derangement of mind arose from her bed anad
l.ft the house, taking with her her infant child.
only three weeks old. Proceeding rapidly to
the Battery with the child in her arms the unfor
tunate woman, without hesitation, jumped over
board into the river. Both mother and child
were drowned before assistance could be pro
-ured. Mrs. blcGuire's remnins were recovered.
but the body of her infant hats not yet beet'
found. Extreme destitution is said to have
been the cause of her insanity and subsequenit
death. An inquest will be held."
IN the House of Representatives of Congress,
on the 25th inst., Mr. Clingman, of North Caro
lina, asked leave to offer a resolutiont that the.
sergeant-at-arms be directed to arrest and bring
before the Hiouse all such me-mbers as nre afloat
from the city. and thtat the clerk cause a copy of
this resoltutio'n to be telegraphed to to the capi
tol of each State, and published in two' papers
of the' largest circulation, paying the expenses
for the same out of the contingent fund.
KANSAS E.ilGR ANTs.-Col Henry D. Claytona.
and his company of Kansas emigrants. number
ing one hundred in all, left Nashrille.'l enn., on
Monday. 25th instant, foar Kansas, by way of
the Cutmberland river. The -ompany were all
well and happy, and extorted universal praise
by their orderly ceonduct on tI'e route.
Caors IN KANsAs.--A late letter frotn Eas.t
Douglas. Katnsas, sa-ys: The crops are not s
extensive, as they would have been had there
been less rain at planting time; but what :m,
been planted does well. Wheat is harveste-d.
and the ground is being prepared for antother,
rop. Some of the farmers are euttitnghayoa,
the prairie ; others will not ctut till Xep.tembher
as the grass holds good till frost comes.
KANsAs CoazRESroNENTs.--ly1 Moore a gen
teman formerly ~well known ini New-York.
writes concerning the informuation pubtlishted ini
the abolition papers of New-York city :
The truth is, neither the Times, nor Tribteo
has any correspondent in this plee. This I
know to be so. The correspondents of those
papers live in the city of New-York, aind un
doubtedly are attached to those respective
Mr. CHARLES SUHtNER wrote a very Geciting
letter to the Fitchbutrg Convention, which is
published in the Boston Telegraph of yesterday.
The man who writes such a letter cannot be
suffering under physical disability, inasmuch as
he is full of political impulse, atnd all people
know what Mr. Stumner is. If he is playing
invalid on one side and politiciain on the other,
it may be as well to understand it, for the pa
tience of the people may be worn out in his
double theatrical representation.-Boston Cou
rier, Aug. 25th.
GRISWOtD Crrr DEsThOyED.-Mike town of
Griswold City, boented on the Missouri River,
one hundred miles from St. Louis, was destroy
ed by fire on the night of the 20th. The fire
commenced on Water street, and continued its
course to Washington st. The City Hotel,
owned by John Summers, was consumed. The
loss of properly is unknown-there was no in
surnce on any of It. The fire is supposed to
have been committed by an incetndiary.
VALUAULE SLAVE PztonT.-It is stated
hat the value of slave property at the South is
not less than two thousand millions of dollars,
a sum equal to one-fourth the value of all the
other property in the United States, as sho~n
by the last census.-Do the abolitionists expect
to ..niat.,bs. ........ of ......... ...t....
From the Winnsboro Register.
A TRAGICO PABCICAL COGITATION.
ACT I5T' Scene 1s:-Washinfrtoa City; A'private
Appartment; Mr. Bullygame; Solus.
Mr. Bullygame. Now is our Sumner
Of vanity and malice, made our Sumner
Of woe and sorrow. Now has his elaborate speech
Made a well belabor'd man of him. Now
Has his venom, with which he Idly dream'd
To taint the Senatorial Hall, brought down
Upon his scented head dread Brooks' gutta percha
Whilst coal black Sambo held the light,
Beside the polish'd mirror's frame, night
After night, did Massachusetts' Sumner
Work, and con, and practice o'er that speech,
Which has fructified our shame. 'Tie true!
'Tie passing true! That Mfassachusetts'abolition crew,
And all the Black Republicans, both far
And wide, were well prepar'd with their
Applause, to make the welkin ring.
But alack a day! That Southern Brooks
Did break the spell, when he did bruise
Our Sumner's head. 'Tio true the speech was
Full of smut. Was rank with poison
Distilled as coldly as a serpent's is. 'Tis true
It fairly reek'd with foul abuse of some
Most learned Senators ; and slandered hasely
A gallant and right noble sovereign State.
Yet still our crewl filled with dark envenom'd hate,
Would have applauded and would have sworn
That black was white, that day was night,
Thrt dark was light, that wrong was right,
That Sumner %as Demosthenes revived,
And truth and right alee with us survived,
But then that Brooks! that Brooks! that Southern
With his light cane broke down our hopes,
Destroy'd our plot, and bruised our Sumner's head.
Why in thunder did'nt Sumner fight I
Dread Brooks is tall and strong. But our Sumner
Is taller, stouter, and knows how to box.
Why didn't he seize the inkstand 1 Fill Brooks'
Eyes with ink, and with his Senatorial chair
Bestow on him Cyclnpian knocks?
Was our Sumner scared, that in the
August Senate Chamber he should sprawl,
And tamely groan and squeal and bawl ?
Ah, that Brooks! that Brooks! that Southern Brooks!
Vote to expel him! They'll not do it! And
if they do, he'll not care. Censure him!
All wise men know that censure undeserv'd,
Harms not him on whom it falls; but
With treble force recoils on ihose who give it.
Censure on Brooks and Keitt, true to themselves,
Their country, and her cause, will fall as lightly,
As a nestling's down upon a warrior's steel.
No! I'll to the House and there I'll speak
My wrath, my hate, on dread Brooks I'll wreak,
And if he calls me out, there's Bladenburgh,
The usual place-but sixteen miles away
We can tide there in three hours-any day.
No! I rather think I'll not go there! But I'll
Appoint to meet him-at Se-bas-to-pol!!
Or near the cataract's deafening sound,
Niagara, of Canada on Great Britain's ground,
'Tim only seven hundred miles away,
True! Gorsuch, a Southern man, was foully slain
By a wolfish Abolition pack. If Brooks
Goes there, 'twill be a course he'll run,
Through seven hundred miles of abolition mobs!!!
But I'll to Dromedary, of Ohio, and I'll say,
As the trusty camel doth his rider bear
O'er the desert plains of Araby.
So I'll be borne throughout this quarrel,
By thee my much lov'd Dromedary!!!
And then on Dromedary, tuneful name !
Or Se-bastopl !! !
I'll trot to dazzling, blindilng :ame,
And wthen--no bloodyfight-takes place, we can tell,
At least, how I went through " the motions welL"
Yes ! I'll to the House and there i'll speak
My wrath ! my hate ! on dread Brooks I'll wreak.
MURDER OF A NORTa CAROLINA MAN IN KAN
sAs-A Kanas correspotndent of the Boston
,.Ahorribaif e taogeu in Lawrence abosIu
te dy ago, retsulting n the death of a Mir.
Georg Wisn of Nrth Carolina, a wvorthy
.dinoffensive man. The whoule affair was the
result of a quarrel about a single dollar! It
appears that Mir. Wilson, who was travelling
with his datughter, hired of a Mr. Chapman,
keeper of a livery stable in Lawrence, a convey.
ince to take himself atnd daugnter to Lecomp
tn, and on his return a dispute arose between
them ab..ut the price to be paid. Mr. Wilson,
it seem", refused to pay a dollar which Mr.
Chapman claitmed as due him. Mr. Chapman
then remarked that he would make him pay it,
and that he should not allow l.itm to leave with.
.ut it. Mr. Wilson denied owing it, and told
r. Chapman to let him aloune. After these
words Mr. Wilson proceeded to get into the
~tage to go on his jourtney, wvhen Mir. Chapmatn,
who had a large club prepared, rushed up be.
hind him antd struck him over the head, fractur
ing his skull and causing his death in a few
hours. Mir. Chapman endeav'ored to make his
escape, but was arrested and taken to Le~comp
tn, where he is now held in custody.
It is said that Mr. Wilson was partially de
ranged, ocena-ioned by excessive gr~ief over the
recent loss of his wife, and that his daughter
was travelling with him in the hope of reviving
his depressed spirits. They were on their way
sack home, when, on arriving at Lawrence. Mr.
Wilson met with thte unfortunate difficulty
which resulted in his death, leaving Miss Wit
son bereft of both father atnd mother.
HARTFURD, CoNN., Aug. 21.
The "Charter Oak" fell this morning, at a
quarter before one o'clock, withI a tremendous
rash, and but six f~et of the stump tnow re
mains. This famous tree was far past its prime
when the charter was concealed in it on lthe 9th
of May, 1689, and was probably an old tree
when Columbus discovered the New World. It
stood upon the old Wyllin estate, now owned
by Hon. J. W. Stuart. Crowds of citizens aro
visitinig the ruins, and each one bears away a
portion of thte venerahle tree.
WHAT A PRETTY MAN !-Bigelow, in his Fre
mnt romance, .says:
" His eyes (Fretmont's) are blue and very
arge, his no'se aquilitne, htis forehead, over which
sis brown curling huir is parted at the centre, is
nigh and enpacinus."
HeI neither stmukes nor chews, atnd seldom
-takes a dropi." He, was so pio~us whlen a boy
tt lhe used to fatigne people by reciting Bible
verses to themi, and all his folks thought he
would certainlhy be a minister, lHe never at
tempted to lighlt a duel except itt defence of
smebody he loved better than he did himself,
and uses no tnughtty words. Hie is kind to
Jessie and her children, snd goes to the Episco
pal church. Who~ cnn deny that these charac
teristics qualify John C. Fremont for the office
of chief magistrate of the Utuited States of
North America? Certninly not such a smooth
poet as Mr. Bigelow.-Bnste'n Post.
MINISTER T203I ENGI.AND.-A Washuington
correspondent of the New York Herald says;
"I learn this morning, from tno oficeial source.
however, but yet from a reliable and generally
well informed quarter, that Lord Howden baa
received the appointment of Mini.-ter to the
United States, in place of Mr. Crampton, dis
missed. His Lordship, rumor atsserts, is a tried
and fast friend to this country, as well as being
an able and experienced diploait."
NZEw ORLEANS, Aug. 23.
The recent storm is now a.scertained to have
extended largely over thme cotton region of the
Gulf, but a very little of the cotton was open
for picking, no serious damn:'ge is apprehetdded,
providing the weather remains fine for a.couple
of weeks. The maturity of the growing plant,
however, has been retarded by the storm at
least ten days.
WJDow.-Thety are the very mischief. 'There's
nothing like 'em. If they make up their minds
to marry, it's done. I knew one that was terri- I
ble afraid of thunder and lightning, and every I
time a storm came on she would run into Mr.<
Smith's house, (he was a widower,) and clasp<
her little hands, and fiy around, till the man was 4
half distracted for fear she would be killed ; and 4
the consequence was, she wan Mrs. John Smithj
before three thunderstorms rattled over her head,i
From the Charleston Standard.
WASINGToN, August 27, 1856.
There are yet no signs of an agreement be
ween the two houses of Congress, on the sub
eet of the Army Appropriation Bill, and a great
ariety of opinion exists as to the probable re
u.t if the dispute. Yesterday', like Monday,
pased without any thing practkeal being done.
dr. Weller clled up his bill for annulling the
bnoxious laws of Kansas Territory, and'an
nieresting debaie followed, which exhibited the
act that the Democratie side of the Senate
vere much divided among themselves as to what
teps should be taken to secure the bill and
>rotect the general welfare. Mr.Bayard express.
d a willingness to support Mr. Weller's bill as
sort of an amendment to the organic law-in
he nature of a " bill of rights," which every
3tate has embodied in her Constitution; and us
Kansas had as yet no Constitution, he would
ipport-the bill propsed-as he believed the
?eople there entitled to just s h a declaration
Af great natural rights; but hrwas opposed to
he revision of any particular .laws of Kansas,
is such a revision would be at war with the
spirit of the Kansas and Nebraska act, which
guarantied to the citizens the right to adopt
inst such laws as they deelned proper for their
own government, not in conflict with the Con.
titution or laws of the United States. If they
were in conflict with the Constitution, it would
be the exclusive province of the judiciary to de.
ermine that fact. He (Mr. Bayard) would,
therefore, oppose any such revision in this view
)f the subject. Gov. Brown, of Mississippi,
)ne of the ablest and most influential Senators
)n the floor, fully coincided, but would oppose
he bill, and any and all legislation touching the
laws of Kansas. Senators Butler, Mason and
)thers, took the same-view of the case; while
Senator Weller thought that all unconstitution.
il legislation shouLd be wiped from the statute
books without waiting for the action of the Ju
liciary. Senator Cass thought that Congress
:ould and should revise any improper legislation
by the legislative assembly of a Territory, and
defended his views, for the one hundredth time,
on the question of ,squatter sovereignty. Durlig
tbe pending of the question of Weller's bill,
the Senate adjourned.
Mr. Crittenden gave notice, yesterday, of his
intention to introduce a bill changing the terri.
torial organization of Kansas, and assimulate it
to all the old territories, by withdrawing all leg.
islative functions from the assembly, and vesting
them solelv in the Governor and Judges. Such
was the organization of all the old territories
and after repealing all the obnoxious laws, he
thinks his bill will be a panacea for all the bor.
der difficulties. Mr. C. contemplates making a
great speech on his proposition to-day if it came
up for ac ion.
The House did literally nothing yesterday, if
not worse than nothing. The Special Committee
on twe fight between Gen. McMullen, of Virgi.
nia, and Mr. Granger of Nest York, made their
reports, (majority and minority) yesterday, much
to the amusement of the House and galleries.
From the facts it appeared that Gen. M. was the
asp-aulted party, but Mr. Simmons, of New York,
the Black Republican Chairman of the Commit
tee, labored hard to prove otherwise, and in the
attempt, rendered himself an tobject of contempt
and ridicule. The reports will be printed.
No move was made in the House yesterday
on the Army Bill. To-day the general docket
is in order, and the business of the regular ses
sion will likely be resumed. IvANHoE.
From th. Chicago Journal, Aug.20.
THE CaoPs IN THE NoaTH-WEsT.-Wm.
Jones, jr., d Co., of the Commercial Agency,
continue to receive advics from various pasrts of
the North-west, relative to the condition and
prospects of the gathering and growing crops.
The followinag are taken from their books:
FUz.TON Co. IL., Aug. 19.-The wheat and
oat harvest is finished, and never has the farmer
been better paid for his labor. It was thosught
that th~e wheat crop, by the early drought, would
be short, but a more abundant crop of winter
wheat was never harvested in this county. The
farmers from all parts of this county are loud in
praises of it. The spring wheat is- not so good, r
and is not motre thap half a good e~..Oats
the saamu. Corn eoopwill be uanpiJ~4A
LAsALLD~ Co., 11.-The crop of whtand
ats is very good in this county. Corn is good,
sand will be a large crop.
WAUPAcca Co., Ws.-The wheat erop is first
rate in thils country, both as to quality and quan
tty. Corn was injured by the drought, but it
will be an average crop, better than usual.
WASHINGTON Co., loWA.-Our merchants arc,
in general, doing a good business. Money
tight, owing to the. demand for buildiug and
speculation. The wheat crop is good. Oats
and corn are average.
THE DRnUGHT IN SOUTHERN KENTCCKY.
The Hopkinsville Patriot, of the 12th inst., says :
"'rThe drought is doing a fatal work in this
section of the State, and farmers begin to fear
a recurrence of the season of 1854. Late corn
is worth nothing att all, tobacco is little better,
antd everything like pasturntge is literally burn.
ing up. Corn is now selling at $1.50 per bar.
r in Logan, and will be much higher still."
A GOOD Or.D AG E.-We learn from a reliable
source that there resides in JIohnsontville, Wil.
liamburg district, a lady b~y the n:ime of Single.
Lun, who is 130 years of age. Shte is a native
of Ge rgetown dis.triet, was a grown young
lady at the time of Braddock's defeat, and cn
r~cunt mansy ineident. of the revolutionary
war. Shse has been perrectly blind for thirty
vp-ar-, but cast walk about the house and yard
with no othier assistanee than a walking sticek.
Marion (S. C.) Star.
A man named William Gibbons died of by.
drophohina in Philadelphia on Saturday. He
had been bitten nine weeks ago by a dog, and
the wosund, which was on the thumb, having
henled up and to all appearances well, when, on
the morning of the 18th instant, the pain was
renewed in the lacerated part. Up to the 20th
the deceased entertained no thought of the
dreadful death so near at hand.
Here is what the London Chronicle, one of
ueen Victoria's organs, has to say in reference
o our Presidential struggle: " We should b9
orry to see Mr. Buchanan elected, because he
a in favor of preserving the obnoxious institu
~ions as they exist, and the unity of the States.
rhere is no safety for European Monarchical
iovernments if the progressive spirit of the
Democracy of the United States is allowed to
mceed. Elect Freemont, and the first blow to
the.separation of the United States is effected I"
NEGRO STEALtNG.-Some few days ago a
roung man by the name of Buford, who was
cting as clerk for Mr. Gamble, of the Winns
boro Hotel, disappeared, and at the same time
lso a negro boy. Suspicions were aroused
hat there was some concert of action between
them. Mr. Gamble wrote immediately to some
f his friend. in Greensboro, N. C., requested
them to be on the look out. A day or two ago
e received a letter informing him of the appre
ension of both Buford and the negro at Greens
oro. They have both been brought back and
odged in the jail, where Buford will await trial
or life.-Winnsboro Register.
ONE of the agricultural papers has a picture
>f a milking machine, and suggests an improve.
" The attachment of a mnusic box, to be op.
~rated by the main shaft, in such a way' as to
liscourse sweet melody during the delivery of
he milk. Few animals are insetnsible to the
harms of music, and even insects are said to
end a willing ear. Under its fascin.ating insfu
nee the old cow may be expected to stasnd per
eetly still, while the flies, forgetting to bite,
vill buzz around with joy."
NORTHERN METHoDIsTS.-The first number
if the"- Northern Independent," the publication
af which originates with the Methodists oif Cuin
ral New York, who were offended because Mr.
lomer was removed from the editorship of the
~ortern Advocate by the General Conference,
as been issued. The nsew editor of the Advo
ate says: " This new paper movement is i rev.
ulutionary movement. It is the clearest instance,
f open, well-defined resistance to law and or.
ler that has ever arisen in Methodist Church
instory. Its triumph is the downfall of consti