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Dm raiaaitir, Catest Ueus, iterature, aR16orait1, ffprnee pirouture, &et
WWe will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our LiCerties, and If it must fall,6 I
4, OCTOBER 89 86
GIVE AIDI0 XANBAS.
Hush! hear ye not the distant sound
of martial music blending ?
As loudly on the southern storm
Its voice for aid 'tis sending ?
Hear ye,amid the martial strains,
Tonesof the bold and brave,
Proclaiming there, with patriot's cheer,
Their -1 Southern Rights" to save ?
List, asit skims the swelling tide,
Of Carolina's sea,
Still cheering on, thro' strife and storm,
To limes of Liberty;
And as it floats upon the breeze
Of Georgia's spotless land,
It askealoud, its tones all proud,
Her aid, for the Kansas baud.
Hark! to the sweeping notes, that tell
Of Glory to be won;
To wrest'our right, from Northern might
The honor of our sons:
Come to the standard, now unfurled;
Launch bodly on the sea,
And let its wave bear ye, all brave,
To shores of Victory.
Fly to.the "-Border. Ruffian's" aid,
Fly to the swelling tide;
And fiercely in, 'mid battle's din,
Practice your Southern pride;
Cast off your coats of cloth, an don
Those of the crimson cst
Let that proclaim your sours just aim,
And struggle to the last.
I GIVE THEE ALL, DEAREST.
BY 9. F. t'CLURE.
I give thee all, my dearest!
All that I have on earth;
'Tie better far than riches,
Than fortune's pride of birth.
For riches, love, may fly us,
And pride but cause a smart;
Then take the gift I offer
A pure and loving heart!
The world may look-on coldly;
Well let it look and frown!
The sun that ruse enclouded'
as gone in lustre down!
Then say you truly love me,
'And never from me part,
And take the gift I ofrer
A true and loving heart.
The lords of earth may revel
In wealth and idle ease;
And thousands worship Mamnion,
pon te beae ~
But we, though poor and needy,
Will bear each others smarts,
And go through life together
With true and trusting hearts
"AND TUEY WENT AND TOLD JE SUS."
Most persons will recall the circumstances to
which these words relate. The disciples of
John had been deprived of their Master. To
the malice and hatred of Herod, he had fallen a
victim. They saw themselves bereft of their
dear comforter and friend; cast out upon the
world like sheep without a shepherd, comfort
less and alone, broken-hearted and dismayed.
Overwhelmed with grief, they take up the body,
as it is said, bury it, and then go and tell Jesus.
There is one consideration connected with
the Saviour's life upon earth-his trials, his
temptations and his sorrows, which the Chris
tian is too apt to overlook. It is this. Through
these trials and temptations,-the very same
which the Christian experiences at the present
time-he has been made for us a more perfect
intercessor and sympathiser. To this the apos
tie alludes, when he declares, " We have not an
high.priest which cannot be touched with the
feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points
tempted like as we nre, yet without sin."
In trouble and afflietion, the desire of sympa
thy is one of the most natural feelings of the
human heart. If the soul can but unburden
itself to another, and as the little hymn so
sweetly and so emphatically expresses it
" Fill our fellow creatures' ear
With the sad tale of all our care,"
it seems a most wondrous alleviation to the
burden pressing upon our heart.
We see it exemplified in the little child, when,
with its little heart throbbing with grief, it runs
to its mother, and burying its face in her bosom,
tells her all its little sorrows and troubles.
We see it in sterner manhood, when to our
bosom friend we unhesitatingly pour out our
whole soul; not that he hatht it in his power to
remove the source-the occasion of the trouble
-but simply that w~e may experience his sym
pathy, which we feel to be a panacea for our
grief, alleviation to our deepest sorrow.
And oh, how is this alleviation heightened,
when we kntow that that friend has been through
the same furnance of aiffliction-has~ experienced
the same trials, and safely outrode them all.
Oh, then with what freedom does the soul throw
open all its secret chnmbers-unburdening itself
most fully, that a full flood-tide of this alleviai
ting sympathy may flow through it.
But. let us suppose that our friend has not
only experienced the same trouble and trials.
but possesses that within himself, wvhich can
entirely obliterate the source of an afflietion
the flood of sympathy gushing from his benevo
lent soul, entirely washing away the seeds of
all our misery and distress. With what earnest
ness would such a sympathiser-so benevolent,
so powerful, be cherished and loved by us.
IHow we would flee to him at all times! How
continually would his image be impressed upon
our heart. In his society, how greatly would
Now look at Jesus Christ. Is not all this
temptations, that he might become a more per
fect sympathiser in those very trials and temp
tations. He knew the human heart. Heo knew
its fondness for sympathy, H~e knew what a
comfort, what a powerful and cheerinig instiga
tion in all his trials, the thought of a powerful
sympathiser would be to the Christian, and He
prepared himself accordingly. Ho honored the
feeling. He had respect to it. He adapted
himself to it, and for it; and those that take
away a sympathizing, all-powerful Christ from
our religion, think not that they are violating
one of the strongest demands of our nature.
We appedl to every Christian, if the want-the
desire of- a sympthiser-all benevolent, all
powerful, in a work so momentous as the salva
tio of i soul-opposed as he is by trials,
and temptations, and spiritual enemies innumera
ble he does not feel to be the very first demon
of his spiritual nature.
" Being tempted in all points, like as we nr<
yet without sin." Oh, then with what free
dom at all times, in all our wants and trials, maj
we go and tell Jesus.
My Christian brother, are you in poverty and
want? Go and tell Jesus. He knew not wherc
to lay his head.
Do you mourn departed friends? Go and
tell Jesus. He wept at Lazarus' tomb.
Are you tempted and buffeted by Satan? Gc
and tell Jesus. le will remember the wilder
ness. the pinnacle and the mount.
Do you mourn the absence of God's love 1
Go and tell Jesus. He will recall Calvary and
Do you bewail the ingratitude and coldness
of friends? Go and tell Jesus. All once for.
sook him and fled.
Do you earnestly desire and for the salvation
of those you love? Go and tell Jesus. He
wept for the salvation of Jerusalem, and would
have gathered her children together as a het
gathereth her chickens under her wings.-Chris
A NEW UsE FOR OLD BooT.-A correspon
dent of the Charleston Courier, writing from
Saratoga, tells the following amusing anecdote:
At the great ball of the season, which came
off at the United States Hotel a few nights since,
a millionaire widow of Boston, with Southern
blood in her veins, and with several responsibili.
ties at home, figured with, some say, $10,000,
and others $25,000 worth of jewelry, on her
richly attired person. Free and easy in her
manners, and accustomed to accost any gentle
man she pleases, whether introduced or not, and
seeing one of the masculino gender of very ele
gant presence near her, with looks expressive of
admiration of either herself or her costly~apparel,
she said to him, " Don't you admire this brooch 1"
pointing to the rich jewel, which adorned her
bust. " Yes," lie replied, "I admire it much,
and still more the wearer." " Don't you think,"
said she, " that I am an adventurous person to
travel unattended as I am, with $35,000 in
jewels about my person, [or in my possession ?"]
The gentleman assented, and she added, "I'll
tell you how I manage it. When I go to bed,
at night, I put dear old dead D****n's boots
outside of my chamber door, and they protect
me from robbery or intrusion."
MODEL CERr.IFICATE.-The following certifi
cate speaks for itself. It is going the rounds,
and we should like to have it "located," in or
der to advise the owner to take out a " patent":
Dear Doctor:-I will be one hundred and
seventy-live years old next October. For nine
ty-four years I have been an invalid, unable to
move, except when stirred with a lever; but a
year ago last Thursday, I heard of the Granicu
lar Syrup. I bought a bottle, smelt of the cork,
and found myself a new man. I can now run
twelve and a half miles an hour, and throw
nineteen double-suumnersets without stopping.
P. S.-A little of your Alicumstoutum Salve
applied to a wooden leg reduced a compound
fracture in fifteen minutes, and is now covering
the litab with a fresh cuticle of white gum pino
HArry STATE OF EXISTE.CE.-Il the prcsent
exciting timies the following picture of an old
main, re.iding near the Castle Spring, Pa., as
given by the correspondent of the Philadelphia
Ledger, is peculia.rly refreshing:
" In one of our rambles we came across a
hanilet on the foot of the mountain. An old
man was sitting on a rude bench at the door;
the place was bo quiet, secluded, and the pros
pect over the valley so enchanting that we con
cluded to rest a few minutes. Entering into
conversation with the old man, we ascertained
that lie was in his ninety-first year, and had lived
nearly all his lit'e within sight of the spot. Her
mit, like, as his life had been away from town
and cities, and partaking in none of the advan
tages as well :s troubles and foibels of society.
we could not resist the curisity of drawing him
out on some of the leading topics of the day.
We found, ais is the case with most very old
people, that his recollection of events which oc
curred more than half a century :igo, was very
good, but of the present and more recent affairs
he was almost entirely oblivious.
"He recollected whfen Washington was Presi
dent, and had some faint, glimmering of remote
events in thme political wvorld. Of the present in
cumbent he had no knowledge and did not knowv
his name. ie had not even heard of the Brooks
and Sumner amiair, and lie supposed it was noth
ing more than a common fight, like scores ho
had seen at shooting matches and other gather
ings in his time. Steamships erossing the ocean
he had never heard of, and the telegraph was a
wonder too iincredible for belief. His habit had
been to go to bed at dark, as it saved light, and
lie rose at day break. He said the fowls did it,
and lhe supposed nature taught them so. H~e
enjoyed good health, and seemed to be wearing
gradually away with old age, sinking into the
listless, dreamy state, which makes the passage
from life to death scarcely pierceptible.
THE CORN OF EGvPT.--The St. Louis papers
mention that a Mr. Davis has raised a quantity
of the veritable " Corn of Egypt," fromi a seed
taken from the hand of a mummy,:mnd next year
he expects to make a quantily of flour from the
grain. WVe shall then know wvhat sort of bread
Joseph and the rest of those old fellows used
to eat. Query: WVonder whether th~eir loimves
were a~s smaill for five cenits as they are in New
Orleans ?-N. 0. Bulletin.
UNrARALLELED FEAT.-Maine street waS
jammed full on Friday, betwveen Eagle and
Cliiton streets, with thousaiids of hadies and
gentlemien, to witness the feat of walking on r
wire from the balcony of the American Hotel
to the top of the pole of Jim Myer's great Cir
ens, by Madame Louise. The daring feat was
penformed easily and gracefully, to the aston.
ishmient and fear oif every one that witnessed
BELLEs AND DAHUrAs.-" Dahlias are like the
most boautiful women without intellectuality;
they strike you with astonishment by their exte.
rior splendor, but are miserably destitute of
those properties which distinguish and render
agreeable less imposing flowers. Had nature
given the fragrance of the rose or lily to the dah
ia, it would have been the most magnificent gemr
of the gardeii-but, wanting scent, it is like a
fine woman without mind."
ACCESsloN To THE FRIEIONT RANKs.-The
Rev. M 1r. Anderson, a big black negro, is canvas
sim'g Indiana for Fremont. He made a speech
at Rising Sun, omi Sunday of last week. Hie first
sung a song, and then commenced as follows:
I have been making Fremont speeches, ane
this is the fourth otie I have made to-day. I ans
for Fremont, free speech, free soil, free negroes,
and free white men-when theyj beharethemnselves,
WVHAT THE YOUNG CADETs OF. WEsT Ponn
TmNKi.-A quiet vote for the -Presidency wam
taken by the twvo or three hundred Cadets, a fetw
days ago, which resulted as follows: For Fre
m'ont, 7; for Fillmore, 40; Buchanan all the
remainder. This shows the opinion the yonna
soliers have of Col Fremont.
From the Charleston Standard.
THE CRISIS OF 1856.
"To do that," (that is, to resist the anti-slavery ag
gression of a fixed majority of non-slaveholding States,)
" concert of action must be necessary-not to save
the Union, for it would be then too late-but to save
[ ourselves. Thus, is my view, concert is the one thing
needful."--J. C. Calhoun.
I have ventured, in my last number, to depre.
cate the indulgence, on the present occasion, of
that spirit of intolerance and proscription-as
mischievous in politics as in religion-which, I
fear, is rather a besetting sin with many, even
among the most honest and pure of South Ca
rolina patriots. For myself, I do not admire the
Pharisee, though he may be no hypocrite; I
have no taste for the mouthing of Sempronius,
even if he had not proved a traitor; I do not
like a bully, though as an exception to the gene
ral rule, he may be brave; and, in my opinion,
true wisdom, if not always modest, will at least
forbear to express contempt for those whom she
desires to win.
I propose now to show that in South Caro.
lina unanimity, in the impending perils, is not
hopeless-nay, that by a reasonable course of
moderation and forbearance, it may be relied on
In recurring to the past. though I shall go no
further back than 1847, and shall advert to noth
ing which was not familiar but recently, the rea
der, I think, will find many things which will
appear new, and which he may find worth pon
The sentiment in South Carolina on the sub
jiet of the Wilmot Proviso, in 1847, was, per
haps, as nearly unanimous as was ever exhibited
among any i.eople in any age. When, in March
of that year, Mr. Calhoun appeared at the gyreat
meeting, in the Theatre, in Charleston, Whigs
and Democrats, Union men and Nullifiers, met
fraternally, and expressed in common a spirit of
stern defiance. The same feeling was exhibited
from the seabord to the mountains, from Pick
ens to IHorry. The State was a unit.
In December, 1848, with :n excitement more
intense, the unanimity was still the same. The
Legislature at its session passed, by acclama
tion, the following resolution, adopted as a firm
resolve. and from which the State has never
" Resnl red, unaninmusl, That tho time for
discussion by the slaveholding States, as to their
exclusion from the territory recently acquired
from Mexico, has passed, and that this general
Assembly, representing the feelings of the State
of South Cal olina, is prepared to co-operate with
her sister Staes in resisting the applications of
the principles of the Wilmot Proviso t. sucn
territory, at any and every hazard."
In December, 1849, wi(h an unanimity still
unimpaired, the following joint resolution was
"Resolred, That in the event of the passage
by Congress of the Wilmot Proviso, or any
kindred measure, his Excellency the Governor be
reqnested forthwith to convene the Legislature,
in order to take such steps as the. rights, inter
ests and honer of this. State, and of the whole
South, sha'l temand."
This, in twe Senate, was accompanied by the
"In the Senate, December 13, 1849. The
Committee on Federal Relations, to whom was
relerred so much of the message of his Excel
lency the Governor as relates to the recommen
diation of the people of the StatU of Mississippi,
for a convention of the people of the Southern
States, to he held in Nashville, in June next, and
also so much of the message as relates to tihe
convening of tie Legislature of this State, in
the event of the passage by Congress of the
Wilmot. Proviso, or any kindred measure, beg
leave to report: That they cordially concur with
the views e.xpressed by his Excellency the Gov..
ernor ;is to the necessity on the part of the Soth.
crn people W a united action again:,t the eneroach
ments upon their douestic institutions, and their
condition of equality in this conlfederaev, by the
people of the Nort i, and by Lie Congress of the
United States, and rejoicing wit hlimi in the
lofty and dignitied positi-nm assumed by the peo
ple of the State oh Mississippi, :gainst anyii
such infractions of the comnpronmises of thme Con.
stitution ; and the appeal which she ha:s made to
her sister States of the South to unite with her
in comnmon counsel against commflonl aggfression.
The Committee are of the opinion expressed by
this Legislature at its last session, thatt thme pe
riod of decisive action h:,s arrived, and that tile
atuthorities of South Carolina should be prepared
promptly to take such steps as the other States
of the South shall rccommend and her own posi
tion demnands. The committee, therefore, in
conformity with their own opinions, and, as they
believe, with the expressed and understood wish
es of the Legislature and of the p~eople of the
whole State, recommend for adoption the fol
lowing resolutions," &e.
And in the House of Representatives, was
adopted on the same subject, the report following:
"i]n thme H-ouse cf Representatives,December
18, 1849. TIhe Committee on Federal Relations,
to whom wvas referred so much of the Gover
nor's Message, as relates to the recommenda
tion to the Southern States, by a Convention
of the people of Mississippi to send delegates
to meet at Nashville, to consult in common, uponL
common rig-hts, tith a siew to unity of action.
" And, also, so much of the message as re
lates to the convening of the Legislature upon
the Wilmot Proviso, or any kindred measure be
coming a lamw of Congress, report, that thea peo
plc of this Staec entertain an ardent desire and
tixed determination to resist the lawless and un
just encroachments of Congress, on the rights
of the South, and have pledged themselves,
through their Legislators, to co-opcrate with the
other southern states, in opposition to all such
measures. Thley therefore concur with his Ex
cellency in the belief, thamt South Carolina hails
with delight thme proffer of the people of Missis
sippi, or meeting by delegates in common coun
sel, at Nashville, and will heatrtily and promptly
send delegates there to represent them. That
they concur also wvith his Excellency ini the pro
priety of calling together the Legislature, should
any such contingency occur, as is alluded to by
his Excelleney, and~ therefore recommend the
adoption of the following resolutions," &c.
In 1850, though the issue was changed by the
adoption in Congress of the celebrated Com
promise measures, it cannot be forgotten how
smaill was the falling off in South Carolina;
though in other parts of the South the cheat
had operated but two successfully in producing
division tad disunion. Can any Charlestonian
fail to remember the outburst of indignation
with which a disappointed public visited a mod
est attempt at conciliation, from the pen of a
respected and favorite citizen, then the Collec
tor of the port? I use language none too
strong, when I say that his position, though skill
ftully and eloquently as well as courteously sus
tained, was execrated by- a community almost
unanimous. Two replies were published, one
attributed to our fellow-citizen, the Hon. A. G.
Magrath, and the other to Ben. C. Pressley, Esq.;
and I shall conclude my present number by an
extract from the first. I propose for my next
nlumber an extract from the second, and such re
marks upon the two as may serve to give them
application. - .
" But net for a moment," says the writer of
the frsnt reply, "Mbay I been shaken by the ex
pression of your doub in the opinion I have
formed, that, in a separate cofederacy alone will
we find our safety. No sepaote and indepen
dent States ever possessed soqmany concurring
circumstances to unite them apd keep them uni
ted as these Southern .Statess They are each
identified withan institutione aliar to them.
selves. Of all the eliments hich operate to
continue political society and ocial order, none
can be found more potential thn domestic sla
very as it exists in these StaT. While it ope
rate, on the'one hand, to devel.pe to its highest
perfection civil liberty, it removes from the com
munity in which- it is found,:all possible ten
dency to licentiousness and dgrarianism. The
superiority which it gives to; the white class
makes them jealous of any arbitrary assumption
of power, while the slaves ociupy that position
in labor that supplies the pial *of that lawless
population who overturn go ernments at one
time for mischief, at anoLhe t'me for bread.
Without antagonism in inte there can be no
partial or unjust legislation. iWith the world
for a market, the only emula can be in the
value of their productions. Aiking the same
political privileges-needing 4e same political
protection-their communiti, resting on the
same basis, their laws the sam , -their language,
tastes, sympathies, the samebhomogenous in
everything that pertains to th4r political, civil
or social relations, they wool almost seem to
have been marked out by.Proifdeneo as a people
created for an union amongV themselves, and
with no one else. Possessink the most superi
or advantages in the cultivatioc of those staples
which regulate the commerce f the world, the
preservation of peaceful rel4ions with these
States would be asimportan1 the commercial
nations of Europe as presre g quiet within
their own dominions. Bette 'would it be for
England that the Chartists u Id march unmo
lested tlirdugli her land, than at these cotton
growing States should refus 'r the supply slie
demands for those factori "from which her
thousands of a pauper popul on are supported
in life. Naturally thus secur in the continu
ance of a commerce of whie e carrying trade
has poured out its rich returi into the lps of
the Northern States of this federaey, on its
wings would come back to u at wealth which
once was ours, and out of w we have been
cheated. Thus introduced the pathway in
which national wealth would ow in to reward
individual enterprize and lab we should soon
find ourselves advancing to possession of
all that enriches and adorns ized life. The
tribute we pay to a govern t whose aim is
but to oppress us, would, by ' expenditure at
home, develope zamong us hose arts which
are bron with as only perish, from
want, in the crnidle. While in all the gen
tie walklof life, we would destined to a
state of improved existence, rganization of
our society would ever make. 'ind keep us, as
a people, more thn .~ -
our t -
whil - - -
wou - -
one. ....., says. Utit we must re
member that there are degrees ii nobility. The
highest nobility is the nobility of beneficence.
An honest mnai, says the poet, is the noblest
work of God. We have no hesitation in ex
tending thu apothegeum. The noblest work of
God ii the man who is not only honest, but who
does the greatest good. The greatest of' all
temporal blessings is Health. And, as the men
tal condition is controlled by the physical, the
effects of Health can hardly be regarded as ter
minating with a mere temporal benefit.
Trhen who is the greatest of all human bene
factors? He obviously who enables us to re
store healih that has been deleriorated, and to
preserve Health that is gnod. The secret of
restoring and preserving Health has been the
great aim of the modern philanthropist as it
was the philosopher's stone of the ancient, al
The secret has been discovered, its discove
rer proving himself thereby not only the greal
test philosopher but the greatest philanthropist
the world ever sa:w. Tihe question, " Who is
he ?" has been asked by millions and answered
to them; and they have rejoiced. Professor
Iolloway has conferred more blessings on hu
manity than: have all the " soi-disant" social re
formers, and pseudo-phi lanthropists the world
ever saw. The Iame of hisPills and Ointment
has penetrated to the remotest confines of the
earth, and their use has diffused health and all
the happiness thait follows health over count less
thousands. From the icc bound capes of Lap-.
land to the sunny shores of the Mediterranean,
from the hoary summit of the Ural Motnntains
to the eastern shores of the Atlantic, there is
not a city, town, or village of any note, in which
they arc not met with. Trhe missionary takes
little else in his medicine chest; the sailor never
needs a more varied supply for his. They arc
peculiarly adapted to the diseases incidental to
the American climate. They have never failed
here or elsewhere. Friends we indulge in no
exaggeration; we defy contradiction, because
we state what we know to be true. If you are
ill try these Medicines, and then say whether
our statements are baseless. WVe are confident
of your decision.-New Orleans Picauyune.
VALUATION OF BOSToN.-The Assessor's val
uation of Boston this year, presents an aggre
gate of 8248,000.000. The grain of valuation
in the city since 1846, ten years ago, has been
one hundred million dollars, an increase which
shows most conclusively the onward progress
of Boston. This vast sum of 8100,000,000,
says the Traveller, is more than [lhe entire valu
ation o f either Maine, New Hampshire or Ver
THE Mobile Register recommends that in the
event of Fremont's election, the Souitherni mem
bers of Congress, instead of going to Wash
ingt on, shouldl repair to their respective State
Capitols, and take counsel with the State Exe
utives and Legislatures as to what is best to
Siuwr KILLTED.-The Greenville Enterprise
of the 25th ult., says:
" Tho only circumstance of note that has
transpired in our quiet village since our last
issue was the killing of a polecat in the cellar
of a dry goods firm on Main street. It survived
the lick of a shingle only a very few minutes.
But in those few moments, oh I horrows. The
neighborhood will long remember the death of
(what we hope may be the case) the last of his
"You may beat, you may kill a skunk if-you will,
But a terrible scent will hang round it still."
STAnTLING DEATh.-At a revival at McGee's
Meeting House, Sampson county, N. C., a few
dyagalady joined In a prayer offered up.
When the congregation arose, she was discov
ered remaining on her knees with her hands
lenched to the back of her seat, and on examni
nt ion wan fond t6 be entirely dead.
of the 26th inst., by the hands of Mr. Conner.
Accompanying this, you will receive a note from
Mr. Taber, to which I refer you as my answer.
Your obedient servant,
Mr. Heart, accompained by his friends, at the
time agreed upon, appeared upon the ground,
and, after the fall of Mr. Taber, Mr. S. Champ
lin, the acting second of Mr. Heart, notified Mr.
Conner of his presence, and his readiness to
answer the demand of E. Magrath, Esq., for
satisfaction; whereupon Mr. Conner replied that
they had no further demand to make. Mr. Con
ner then, in company with his principal, retired
from the field.
On the part of E. MAGRATH.
On the part of Mr. HEART.
TO THE PUBLIC.
On Saturday, the 27th of September, Mr.
Edmund Rhett, Jr., while residing on Sullivan's
Island, was informed that a challenge had been
sent by Edward Magrath, Esq., to Messrs. Heart
and Taber, of the Charleston Mercury, based
upon the publication in that paper of certain
communications signed "A Nullifier," and ad.
dressed to Hon. A. G. Magrath.
Mr. Rhett immediately addressed the follow
ing note to,the Hon. A. G. Magrath:
CHARLESTON, Sept. 27,1856.
SiR:-It has just come to my knowledge,
that your brother, E. Magrath, Esq., has sent a
challenge to the Editors of the Mercury, on ae.
count of the publication in that paper of the ar
ticles singned " A Nullifier." With a view of
preventing a collision between our mutual
friends, I hereby avow myselfthe author of
those articles. I trust, sir, that you will see the
propriety of relieving others from the probable
and painful consequences of vindicating your
honor, by vindicating it yourself.
Mv friend, Dr. Furman, will make the neces
sary'arrangements. Your obedient servant,
EDMUND RHETT, Ja.
To the I-Ion. A. G. AlAonATK, Charleston.
This note was entrusted to me for delivery.
When I reached Charleston I found that Mr. A.
G. Magrath was in Aiken. I took the morning
train on Sunday, the 28th, and reached Aiken
at half-past one o' lock. About half-past two
o'clock I saw Mr. Magrath, and delivered the
note in person. Mr. MAagrath said he would re
ply to it. I told him that I felt it my duty to
suggest, what Woul probably occur to himself
-that, for the object of the note, time was very
important. He replied: "I understand you,
sir." I then informed him that I would be at
the Hotel until eleven o'clock at night, at which
hour I intended to leave for the city. Mr. 31a
grath then said that he would reply in Charles
publication of certain artice.s, of wnicn )uu
have avowed yourself the author.
I took the most effectual means, circumstanced
as I was, to put a stop to the proceedings of
which you notified me.
I had hoped that these means would have
proved successful; that they were not eitirely
beyond my control. 1 came to the city the day
after the receipt of your note in Aiketi. I then
for the first time learned that definite arrange
ments had been made for a duel between Mr.
Taber and my brother, the time for their meet
ing having been fixed at an hour prior to the ar
rival of the car..
Your declaration of being the author of the
articles wvhieb have appeared in the Mercury,
addressed to myself, is of no interest or conse
quence to mue. Should 1 deem it, requisite to
take any step for mecetinig the unprovoked charges
and aspeLrsions, I shall follow the dictates of my
own sense of duty and propriety, aided therein
by the counsel of friends, and not regarding the
suggestions of my assnilant. To the public, as
well as myself, it is due that this correspondence
should be known. Your obedient servant,
A. G. MAGRATHT.
Mr. EnnJUND RIHETT, Jr.
The above statement I have felt it my duty to
make. 1. K. FURMAN.
RUSSTA has not suffered much in her trade
from the late war. Commerce and manufactures
are entered into an extent never before manifes
ted, and agriculture is everywhere flourishing
under a bountiful harvest. The custom house
at St. Petersburg is ovorwhelmed with business.
The official journal at St. Petersburg says the
number of travellers from that city to Moscow,
in June, was a hundred and fifty thousand, in
July. There were many British, German an d
French visitors in Russia, from the curiosity to
witness her real internal condition. Public im
provements and free trade aire the principal top
is discussed in thme newspapers.
BANKTNG INe AUsrnALTA.-There are eight
chartered banks in Australia, having an nggre
gate capital of $23,000,000. Their profits have
been enormous, some of them having paid divi
dends as high as 30 per cent. last year, and
most of them as high as 20 per cent.
VALUABILE Cnor.-The crop of blackberries
on Long Island was sold in New York, for
about $5,000. The groceries paid 6A cents per
quart, and, at this price, some persons received,
for blackberries sold from their land, more than
the land itself would fetch if put up for sale.
PR OLIFIe CoTTo.-The Selma (Ala.) Sentinel
thns descr ibes a stalk of a variety lately exhibited:.
'- This stalk contained over one hundred full
grown bol, and quite a number of squares and
small bolls, and judging from its~ appearance, it
would have yielded at least two pounds of the
best quality of seed cotton. It was what is
termed the "Boyd Cotton," and was grown on
the plantation of 3Mr. Dillard, near this city.
We should think cotton planters would find it
quite profitable to plant this kind of cotton al
together. Mir. Dillard informed us he had about
eighty acres planted of this cotton, and that
almost every atalk in the field would yield equal
to the one shown us. We should think . ir.
Dillard would do a great favor to the cotton
planters generally, by saving his seed and pla
ing a few of them in market this winter."
DEA TH FROM1 THE BUasTING OF A SODA WA TER
DOTTLE.--AnI Inquest was held on Thursday at
the Mianchester Royal Infirmary on the body of
John Day of Goulden street. *Henry Cheetham
stated that he and the deceased were working for
Mir. John Skerratt, ginger beer manufacturer.
As lie was filling a gass bottle with soda water
from a machine which fills the bottle and corks
it, It broke, and a piece of the glass struck Day
on the side of his face. He bled very much,and
was taken to the Royal Infirmary, where lie died.
r(.Ma ..ese a~~..
THE AFFML OF HONOR BETWEEN EDWARD M
GRATIT, ESQ., AND WILLIMI R. TABER, JR., ESq.
The undersigned deem it their duty to lay be.
fore the community, through the press of the
city, with a view to a just understanding of the
late hostile difficulty between Mr. Edward Ma.
grath and Mr. William R. Taber, Jr., the follow.
ing correspondence and statements:
The annexed communication was handed to
Mr. Taber on Saturday forenoon, the 27th in.
stant, Mr. James Conner, who bore it, not having
met him the day previous:
36 BROAD-STREET, Sept. 26, 1856.
To John Heart, Esq., and W. R. Taber, Jr.,
Esq., Editors Charleston Mercury:
GENTLEMEN: You have, after repeated threa.
tenings and with deliberation, published and
circulated insulting and libellious attacks upon
my brother, Judge Magrath. To effect this,
you have put aside the habitual propriety of a
Charleston newspaper; and, disregarding the
taste and sentiment of the community, have
emulated the corruption and licentiousness of a
venal press elsewhere.
You have done this without provocation, or
the excuse of excitement, and in the face of re
lations with Judge Magrath, proving upon both
of you personal estimates of him in private ex
actly the reverse of those you have endorsed and
published. Herein is the proof of your delin
quiney, either in your private intercourse or in
your public conduct. You have, it is true, at
tempted to interpose the protection and veil of
an anonymous correspondent: this could not
serve you in any event. In your seeming anxi
ety to secure it, you have, by an apologetic para
graph, in your own names as Editors, endorsed
the libel. I am thus relieved of all question as
to whom I should address myself. You knew,
in attacking one exercising judicial functions,
that, as to him, you would be exempt from the
personal accountability I claim at your hands.
You will not doubt my right to do so. How
far your supposed security may have sharpened
the malice and stimulated the audacity of the
attack, I will not now surmise, because the in
tent of this communication is to afford you the
opportunity of proving whether you did or did
not calculate upon such immunity, and to de
mand the satisfaction recognisedin such cases.
I invite you severally to a meeting, and refer
you for the necessary arrangements, to my
friend, James Conner, Esq., who will hand you
I am, your obedient servant,
CHARLESToN, Sept. 27th, 1856.
SIn: I have received by the hands of Mr.
Conner, your note of the 26th inst. I repel your
assertion, that I have made "repeated threaten
ings" to publish and circulate "insulting and li
bellous attacks upon" your "brother. Jndrrm m.
aside froui the avowed responsiuie aumur U1 we
disquisition upon the merits of your brother, as
a candidate, to the. conductors of a public jour
nal, who would give a chance to truth, and to
the discussion of the qualifications and character
of condidates for the highest public trusts.
You assume to represent the honor and man
hood of your brother, an avowed candidate for
the highest office in our gift, and by your inter
ference, to reduce his honor and manhood to a
vicarious existence. I do not admit, that, when
a candidate by his own consent, he can avoid
the proper, necessary responsibilities of his posi
tion as a candidate. if a Judge, he is no less a
candidate. He cannot legitimuately put his char
cter in commision, an~d umaintain his honor by
proxy. It he can resign his seat to go into
Congress, he can resign it (if necessary) to vini.
:icte his honor. H~e ha~s no right to be a candi
ate, if he is to cease to be a manm. The shelter
f his Judgeship is without the countenance of
principite. It is a refoge without manhood and
without charaeter. But t ruth shall not be
inuzzled, though he be a Judge, and tho " liberty
of thme press" shall be mnaintained, even against
the vicarious champions of his mainhood, and
the instructive representatives of his honor.
Thus much for your warrant to insult me, and
to represent your brother. But you have in
sulted mae, and you shall not do so with imupun
Protesting, therefore, against your right to
call upoin mie, either ams man or editor, your right
to assume your birothmers proper responsibility,
your attempt, to stifle by the pistol the freedom
of discussion, I nevertheless waive all this, and
consent to meet you. My friend, Mr. B3urnet,
will make the necessary arrangements.
Your obedient servant,
WV. R. TABER, Jr.
E. MAGRATH!, Esq.
In pursuance of thme above correspondence,
and by the arrangement of the respective friends
named in it, the parties met near the city on
Monday, th~e 29th inst., at half past 4 o'clock,
p. m. On the field, Mr. James Conner acted for
Mr. Magrath, and Col. John Cunningham for
Mr. Taber. After an exchange of shots between
the principals, without effect, and their acting
friends being unable to agree upon terms of
adjustment, forthwith a second exchange of
shots took place, without effect. An earnest
conference between the seconds then ensued,
looking to an adjustment. They being unable
to agree, Dr. .Bellenger asked leave to intervene
as a disinterested gentleman. His suggestions
were at once respectfully received. After much
discussion and mnegotiation, in which disagree
ment still prevailed, Col. Cunningham offered in
writing the following settlement:
" The followimng are the terms of adjustment
between Mr. E. Magrath and W. R. Taber, Jr.,
after an exchange of two shots:
" Mr. Taber disclaims, as an Editor of the
Mercury, that in publishing the articles signed
"A Nullifier," he intended any attac upon the
character of Judge A. G. Magrath."
" Mr. Edward Mcgrath disclaims that in his
note of challenge to Mr. Taber, he designed to
use offensive and derogatory language to him."
Mr. Conner assented to their adoption if the
following would be admitted in addition: "That
Mr. Tamber regrets the publication in the Mer
cury of whatever in those articles is personal."
Also, " Mr. Mcgrath regrets any thing in the
artel that is offensive."
Col. Cunningham declined the additional re
quisition upon Mr. Taber; wherenpon a third
exchange of shots ensued. Tr. Taber fell, mor
tally wounded in the upper part of the head.
A. W. BURNET,
JA MES CONNER,
Mr. JOHN HEA RT, in reply to Mr. EDwaRD
MARATH's note returned the following:
CHARLESTON, Sept. 27, 1856.
Sia- I nattnnwlede the receipt of ya nolE
PACIFICATION OF 1A18.
The St. Louis papers of the 22d instant coi
tain later intelligence from Kansas, by whill it
appears that the people of all parties in th't
Territory acknowledge the authority of -the.,
new Governor, and that. the. armed companies
from Missouri are disbanding and returning to
their homes. We extract the following items:
From the St. Louis Republican.
The steamer David Tatum arrived here yes.
terday afternoon from St. Joseph. She left-'
that port on Wednesday last. At Kansas&she'
took on board about 350 citizens of Missouri
who in obedience to the proclamation of Gov.
Geary, had given up their military organisation
and returned to Missouri. They were priheipal
ly from the counties of Howard, Boone, Saline,
Cooper, and Franklin. Lawrence was in pos
session of the United States troops, by whom
ninety of Lane's men had been made prisoners.
Lane fled from Lawrence with the remainder of
his men, and was in Nebraska.
The train from Jefferson City last evening
brought down several gentlemen direct from
Kansas. They were passengers on the Aubry,
and bring the latest news. From one of them
we !earn that the whole of Gen. Reid's force
had been disbanded, and had returned to their
homes. Gov. Geary was at Lecompton with
1000 United States troops, and determined to
maintain the peace and execute the laws. Un
der his orders ninety men had been taken pris
oners at Lawrence. The report of Lane and
his band having fled to Nebraska is confirmed.
It is very gratifying to hear these tidings, and
to know that the violence which has so long pre
vailed in Kansas is at an end. Gov. Geary be-.
gan right, and a like firm purpose to preseve
law and order, and to punish all offenders against
it, will soon make life and property as secure in
Kansas as in any State of the Union.
SERVICE AT THE NoaT.-The following is
an extract of a letter from a gentleman of Mem
phis, who has recently returned from a Northern
tour, with his family:
You ask me with much solicitude about Ma
rion. It was a risk, I acknowledge, to take her
on; but my wife had confidence in her, and in
sisted that she should be trusted. She was ap
proached at every place we made a stop at, with
offers of freedom, plenty of money, a white
husband, and other temptations; but she inva
riably replied that she was well treated and
happy; that she had a kind master and mistress,
whose children she loved as her own; and that
she wished nothing better than to spend the rest
of her life with such protectors.
At Niagara, New York, Long Branch, Cape
May, Philadelphia, Newport, and other places,
she was tempted in every way possible by
white girls and free negroes, but she invariably
communicated to her m
who pays the doctor then? Now," says Marion,
to the white girls, " I prefer -to return to the
South, and live with my tpaster. When I am
sick, he pays the doctor to attend me; he gives
me clothes and board that comes to much mote
than six dollars per month; and if you wish me
to leave my master and mistiess, you must offer
better inducements than I have yet seen-for,
to tell the truth, I never knew what real hafd
laborious work was, till I saw it amoug the free
persons of the North during my short trip here."
The consequence of all this, as you have al
ready conjectured, is that Marion is now with ue,
delighted to place her feet again upon slave ter.
ritory, and happy that she is not a white serrant
girl of the North..'
INTERESTING ExTnacT.-The following~ is an
extract from a letter wvritten by W. R. Figures,
Esq., to the Editor of the Huntsville (Ala.)
Democrat. The Editor vouches for the high
respectability and integrity of the writer. Speak.
ing of an interview with Str. Buchanan, ho says:
I give you almost his very words. He said
if he should be elected, he felt satisfied the slave
ry question would be finally settled, provided*
he could carry a portion of the Nenw England
States or the State of New York. In other
words, if he were elected by a national vote,
what he would do in the premises if he had a.
national support, and the strength of Freesoil
ism, which is sectional, would be dispersed. The
truth is Mr. Buchanan is as sound on this que!
tion as was Mr. Calhoun, and the Northern
Democracy are better Southern -men to-day,
than many Democrats even at the South.
WVhatever they may have done heretofore,
now they meet the question boldly, and defend
the institutions of slavery with a fearlessness.
that we might do well to imitate. They do not
even apologize for it on the ground that it is
recognized in the Constitution; but they say it
is right. That God himself established it, and
that it has the Bible for its foundation. If we
do not sustain these men in defence of our in
stitutions, wve deserve eternal infamy. The con
test is obviously between Buchanan and -Fre
mont. Fillmore is not in the race. No man
here pretends to say that he is.
On the whole, therefore,. I consider his ekee
tion beyond peradventure-and what I regret is.
that there can be found in the whole South a
single man who will not vote for him. If they
could see him, and hear him talk, I fimly be
lieve he would get every Southern vote.
PITCHING THlE AnoLITzozrsTs INTO HELL, AND
ROLLING BUNKJER HILL MONUMENT AGAINST THE
GA TE.-The following toast was given by one
of the Boston Marshals at a collation given them
by Mr. Potter, the owner of the fugitive Sims,.
at his plantation, during their stay in Savannah..
T he North and South.-May 1he links of the
chain that binds their union be -stronger than.
ever-the Abolitionists pitched into-h-ll,an&.
Bunker Hill Monument rolled against'the gate!.
WHILE MR. DOUGLAS was, on Thursday-laity
at Joliet, Ill., holding the audience, alt we.
entranced, a heavy shower of rain came on. Not
a man, woman or child moved-still it' rainef,
and there they stood as if immovatble; -Mr.t
Douglas paused, and in a burst of feeling w'hicir
sent a thrill to every heart, exclaimed-." Whew;
I see my own fellow-citizens and the: womens
and children willing and continuing to sitthroughd
a drenching torrent of water~ from th#.beaveuSs
to hear mue tell them of the dangerofmir-glo.w
rinna Union, I feel new eduragestogfforth tes
battle for our common -safety&.Suehhaef he.
spoke, the cloud passed away .and ae bright r44
of sunshine fell upon the -speaker..'fH pased
again, and raising hi.-hand -toward thelnu; -er
claimed-" See nuy fiends, the iilozd~kiM~fseada
away and heavens smile. once moreupen as and
our cause." The ffeetwsle tan
.* Tp tell our ownfs ets r1Jk
vuigt the-seerets e thr