Newspaper Page Text
Ormtraic30una1rsra o f Soutf) auv$uia ilt ,Cta oCtraue NrltEmaue g
"'e will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of 'or- beles, and it it must fall, WeWlveihRmdtteEI~
. DURI*SOE SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD,. S:., OCTOBER 15,91856
THE lATER 18 CONING
BY NARY HOWITT
The clock is on the strike of six,
The father's work is done;
Sweep up the hearth and mend the fire,
And put the kettle on !
The wild night-wind is blowing cold,
Tis dreary crossing o'er the world.
He's crossing o'er the world apace,
He's stronger than the storm;
He does not feel the cold, not lie,
His heart, it is so warm,
For father's heart is stout and true,
As ever human bosom knew.
He makes all toil, all hardship light;
Would al men were the same,
So ready to be pleased, so kind,
So very slow to blarne!
Folks need not be unkind, austere,
For love hath readier will than fear!
And we'll do all that father likes,
IHis wishes are so few;
Would they were more! that every hour,
Some wish of his I knew!
I'm sure it makes a happy day
When I can please him any way!
I know he's coming, by this sign,
That baby's almost wild;
See how he laughs, and crows, and stares,
Heaven bless the n.erry child!
Ilis father's self in face and limb,
And father's heart is strung in him.
Hark ! hark ! I hear his footsteps now;
ie's through the garden gate;
Rui, little Bess, and ope' the door,
A nd do not let him wait!
Shout, baby, shout, and elap thy hands,
For father on the threshold stands
WHAT WOULD I BE 1
DY W. C. 1o1.631R.
What would I be ? Not rich in gold,
And with a narrow heart;
Or misanthropie, stern and coid,
Dwell from my kind apart.
I would not be a man of war,
Who looks on death unmoved,
Give me a title dearer far
"1 The well beloved."
I would not wear a laurel erc
Its leaves conceal a thorn:
Too oft the children of reno'
Are f1iendless and forlorr
6 .Q!ajgt.jeda bla"e
By young and old apprc
Called, in a world of sin an .
"The well beloved."
God g ant mue power to guard the w ak,
Anl sorrow's inonning lhb,
And never feel upon my ehieck
.)ark shame's betraying blush;
And when, at my Creat -i's call,
Frem earth I am removed,
Let friendship 'bruider on imy pa1,
"The well beloved."
For the Advertiser.
"HOLD NOT TUE CUP TO TRY BROTHER S LIP."
By ELuJan KEEsE.
THEa subsequent story may not be altogethier i
uselebs in the moral world, though it lc the b
spice and the racy perfumes, with which genius e
is ever wont to embalm its productions. Shtonld
the moral, intended to be conveyed, be instru
mental in doing good, in oven one solitary in.
stance, the unpretending author will feel that
he has not written in vain..
Reader mine, wilt thou lend me thine ears i
whilst I tell thee a tale of " solemn woes ?" Ed- d
ward DeDonaugh, the only child of his parents,
was a native of Scotland, and graduated at one ti
of her time-honored institutions with the high. o
est distinctions, when twenty-one years had b
just vested in him the prerogatives of a freeman.
In consequence of some unhappy family dissen-f
sions, Edward's father determined to alienatea
the ancestral domain, and seek quietude and a
home on Columbia's thrice happy shore. In aa
few weeks our Scottish friends were ready fora
emigrn.tion. 'With tearful eyes and sad hearts .
they saw the receding clifi'z of the glorious old
fatherland grow dim and indistinet in the haze
of distance, as the vessel bore them swiftly on I
over " the waste of waters." But night, and the
mild splendors of the mioons throwing a " veil of 1
silver bright" over the bo.-oma of the deep, soun
gae cheerful turn to their thoutghits, and al
layed the excess otf sorrow ;thongh it seemed
tihat trouble was never to ho absent f'romn the
breast of the elder McDonough. It so happened
thait he hand been hannted by a t'ecling of super
stition from his early youth. When lie wais
abroamd in the army his father, mother and a
loved and only sister hadis all died within the
space of two weeks. And whilst death was
stalking through the piaternal mansion, dreamrs
of woful import, conjoined with a strange tinde
finablo sense of' coming e'il, made him wish and
yet dread to hear fromi home. Thu immediate
intelligence of his irreparable loss, not only
struck a pang of grief to his heart, but enntiirm
ed forever the superstitious bias of his mind.
What wonder is it ahen. that he began to regamrd
Edward'fauture as :aready d:ila ned anid blast.
ed, when, for three con~secuive nights, after em
barking for Amieriena, lie should dream that lhe
saw lhim with clothes all tatteredl and torn. rav
ing like a maniac and brandishing at /'r!//e over
the head of a pale womaun, her form bending like
"some lfrail iloweret before the wintry blastI
Daring his collegiate career, Edward's ardent
'and excitable temperament had more Ihan once
drawn him into thie maddening vortex or inebri
ation. His father remembered this circumstanice
and thought of his own nightly visions, with a
feeling bordering on despair, With the "iron
purpose" of true heroism, however, he resolved
to banish those gloomy bodemenis of. evil from
hope. Yet at times the old superstitious awe
would creep over him, and freeze the very life
blood in his heart!
The favoring gales Roon wafted the noble
vessel to the land of liberty. Colonel McDon
ough fixed his abode in the "sunny South,"
where flourish the orange, the palm and the
magnolia. Edward straightway applied himself
to the study of our Constitution, our laws, and
our pcculiar Southern institutions. Afler much
intenge study and close observation, he was con
vinced that their certain and legitimate tendency
was to develop all the elements of national
Zreatness. Before applying for admission to the
Bar, he spent a whole Summer in rambling 'mid
the Southern peaks and spurs of the Blue Ridge.
He saw mountains, crags, vales, wooded steeps
ind waterfalls, presenting every feature and
image of the sublime and the beautiful. He
was enraptured wiih the scenery; the paradisean
beauty of Tocoa. the sublimity of Tallulah, and
the magnificence of White-water were mirrored
in the chambers of his soul, thence to be sketch
ad and reproduced in miniature by his own
pencil. His social susceptibilities were most
ravorably educed by the chivalrous tone and
:-ourteous demcanor of (hli Southrons. In fine,
ic was enamored of his adopted country, and
uis mind at once brilliant and profound, was
soon threading the mazes of polities, as a step.
ng stone to preferment. He was among the
umber of those who, by their eloquence, assist
d in elevating General Jackson to the Presiden.
ial chair, in 1828. After the election he was
idmitted. by special permission, to the practice
f law. In a fiew years he was leading his cir
wit, for legal lore and his profession, because
iis " pabulum rioe," the matters about which his
lioughts were solely and intensely occupied.
Jis speeches were dist' nguished for argtintic
lose metaphysical reasoning. His logic, how.
ver, was illumined and softened by the Belles.
etters of both Continents. Fame and success
vere always his. But, in the very nature of
hings. it was impossible that the law should
dways remai:; inistress of his hear!. There is
;uch a dreary waste of apathy in the life of a
achelor, and the heart is so borne down by a
'eling of utter loneliness, that existence itself
eeus well-nigh a care, instead of a blessing.
- -n son
>y the bril- h .It
t mnl remarik, that love, in ios most extensive
ignifieatioll. is undying, essentially immortal,
or it i.i not only an eimanationi from Deity, but
lie very spiritual existenc:( of the great I A31,
God is v ." 1i mn: love i. ever existent;
Snuy, thirough stern nmecessity. shift, from ob.
-et to o).js 0e, :a;dl ve! continue Ii esse, as the
ior.a in f111 tininrom that whieb i, disagree
ble or repnr.nant, .-nd still r; tain I leir originil
ower of h :z' rowig (he i:nages of, beauty and
ve!ie.',S pon ' lie retiin.i 4, the son!!"
One evening, while E-dward was particularly
t home ii his ofliee amongz his books, the' fI-.
>wiig lines, from some unknown poet, arrested
is attention, as his eyes fell noon the columns
f the newspaper :
I ask not for honor, I ask r.ot for famec,
ask but the true hear t, tlmt knouweth love's flame !"
He half sighed as he read and thought that
it was not good that man should be ailonc.''
tflecting that fame itself would be the sweeter,
shared with one he loved, our young aspirant
etermined to make an eflfor1 matrimionial.
Vith this purpose he repaired to the city where
ere was to be an assemblage of the youth,
ealth, beauty and fashion of the State. At a
all on the 22d of February, in Savannah, Ed
'ard Mcflonoughi first saw Julia Stanley. Be.
are the presentation, which took phace directly
fier his entree, Edwvard said to a friend standing1
ear him, " I have just had a glimpse of para
is-have, at last, found the ideal of my heart,
ndi the realization of my fondest dreams."
ulia was indeed a " rare and radiant" creature.
Angelic was her form; her voice, lie thought,
ore than human accents upon the ear."
er wit and intelligence gave to the enchmanling0
eauty of tier persoin a cha~rmi of perennial fresh
es and spirituCI inmmortality. In conlversinug
*iih h~er, Edwaird felt that, wvith such a woman
ishe for a wilfe, the decay of bea uty wuld not
ec the death of admirautionz and luac. But ais to
Bdard's appearancee, of which, till now, I have
~glected to speak :it was truly noble and im
osiig. lie was tall in statue, and his form was
fa fine Grecian mould. The dignity of thiought
;t enthironed upon his brow, and in his eye
,one tile light of sou! and refinled sensibility.
ter the ball, Edward abandoned every thing
2151e for the dear society of Julia. Was it pos
ibe for such spirits to be indifl'erent to each
ther'~ if any of my readers (if indeed Ishiould
ive any) ha~d been present oii the bridal eve
md seen Juliia's chieeks, rosy with the "ecelestial
abalui of iove"---had observed also the look of
un utterable tenderness with which Edward re
rardtai her, a negative answer to the question
onidt not have bmeeni given. E~dward anid Julia
were happy, ~id they thbought their happiness
could terminate only with life itself. But the
bright skies are oft obscured by the darkest
Edward's doom was fixed. Dark inexorable
Fate had iinterwoven gloom and shadow, murder
and su;cide in the web of his destiny. Another
P'residentoi eiection wa's beginning to interest
and excite the popular mind. Edward again
tok a conspicuous part in the ecanvass, and ad.
vocated the claims of' thme hero of New Orleans,
with distinguished ability and signal success.
But what was most remarkable in .his conduct
r tho.u times. he neither drank himself nor in
duced others to gulp the liquid fire; though a
tempter was at hand, in the person of his brother. qi
in-law, Dr. Dunlap, who had married Julia's sis- c
ter. This sapient disciple of Esculapius was w
one of those contemptible self-annoying crea
tures, in whose breast enrs had a place and a
lodgement. It has often occured to the writer,
that if one feeling or passion bearing the sem- m
blance of evil. be more hateful and more unac
countably strange that another, it is envy.
" Base en vy. that withers at another's jov.
And hates that excellence, it cannot reach." tc
The Doctor, envious of Edward's fame and in
distinction, by which his own consequence in
the family of the wealthy and reputed father-in- 1
law was Pensibly diminished, had 'vowed in hii a
base heart,' that this bright luminary of the k<
family and of the State, should suffier an eclipse. y(
He cared but little for the means or the end, so 0
his own neck was kept out of the halter. Hav- g1
ing heard of Edward's early tendency to drink m
to excess, and knowing old Mr. Stanley's fond- Pi
ness for his morning dram, his plans were
quickly and artfully formed. m
Ie determined to make Edward a drunkard, la
and that their common father-in-law should be ti
the sub-agent in the consummation of the crime. w
He resmirted to the most ingenious sophisms to s
convince the old gentleman that Edward's popu- e
larity, and consequently his usefulness depended ve
upon the judicious and moderate use of ardent he
spirits, both in drinking and " treating." Nor od
was an opportunity, favorable to the accomplish. la
ment of his nefarious designs, long in presenting wi
itself. After a keen and exciting debate before "
a large concourse of people, Edward and the se
other candidates mingled with the crowd; but ca
it was evident to all that his opponents were si,
getting the advantage of him, inasmuch as he pt
stood aloof from the " whiskey barrels." Ed- all
ward was r.ot only thirsty and greatly excited,
but chagrined at the march his competitors had
stolen on him by their peculiar system of elee- de
tionecring. ' The demons were swooping' and "C
whirling about his fated head. Whilst he was hi:
lost in a painful reverie, Dr. Dunlap came tip Fr
with his blandest smile, and urged him to go and im:
" treat the crowd." Ile refused to do so, but w.
with, apparently, some slight hesitation. At this I
juncture, old Mr. Stanley approached the two,
Andrew Jackson was again duly elected Presi
dent of* the Uni:ed States. The re-action con- sh
Feine-nt ip"In all ii dtIile excJiillent, fell u1pol
Edward's spirits withI a leaden weight. Life
1i:11 10.,t its ti ural mid simpli- charns. " ThI' fat
steep (df Famie" now stemed rugged and thorny. wl,
T'he oneOi noble Edvarl was a coiirned drunk- we(
m-it -.anlsh, ernel ;:ban! 'The 111mes of
the intuxicaling dr::nght has drivei from his ,
ninory yong otuve'si witchtin''g dreamn. The ho
IItite ,.MnV of his strieCtin u ifle. w:as tnhlit1elued. col
His tilher was in despair. The very furies
tion. lit it were bo.tles1 to atte.pt de- tu
ieting all the dark scenes enacted along the gh
twnward roaid to rnin. Let it siutilee to saiy,,
hat in less than thir'e yeair.. fortune, he::lth'a,
-puttion were aill wrecke~d and gone forever. wa
'1hle catastrophe of his life wa awful in the ex- set
" It was the wild mnidni:.tt:
A storm was in the sky, rat
The lightening gave its light, tem
Arid the thunder echoed by." to
Chieating ganmsters were chtckling with fien- an
ish glee over the proceeds of their craft and o
fraud. Dunlap was tile man wvho won Edward yo
MDonoughi's last thousatnd dollars in bank wi
stock. Heated .with brandy and maddened by
the losses lie had sustatined, Edward was stung an
to madness by some tatinting expres'sion that asi
ell from the lips of Dunlap. Seizing an iron he
bar that lay ini the roonm, lie cleft thu head of the
tempter in twain. The terror-stricken man
rushes from the horrible scene. The murder
us pistol is applied to his own iaching, feverish
head-a sullen crash and the pale ghost, with mn
a shriek, takes its flight fromi earth. Colonel be
letDonough satnk into the tomb desolate end in
broken.hearted, refuising to be comforted. The
loey-ui never spoke nor smiled again.
Upon the soul of Stanley there rested a sha~dow. 01
He sawv that his influence had beeni on the side d
vif the infernzal powers, and his soul shrunk from sum
the contenmplation or the mischief it had wrought. thi
From that time till the day of hisi death, one to
holy religion and temperance-total abstinaence te~
-received his most earnest and undivided atten
tion. In the meantime lie retired to the country,
and built a fine mansion, whither lie invited the su
pious anid the intelligent. He wats publie-spirit
ed and charitable ; lie wats much given to hospi- th
t aity. Buat the social glass weas banlished from de
his board; and over the door of the principal re
entrance to his princely abode were written, in
large capitals, these significant words: " HOLD th
NOT T'lE CUP TO THY BIROTIIER'S LiP- in
" Jurs, whiy is de gettin out ob bed on the is
31st of August. like one of Moore's iMelodies'i? y<
Des yo giv up miy, spected culled frienid ?
I ncorsc I does. Why ?"
"llecense it's de last rose ob summer." s
" Look hear nigger, if' you perambulate any a
more sicha nonsense about dis chile, I'll cabe ni
your head in widi a door mat.'
A wvag in New York, seeing a man driving a s<
tack into a card, through the letter of the word tI
" Bcston," printed on it, seized the latter and oi
exlaimed: " Why, what are you about? Don't a
you kntow that laying tax on tea in Boston once ft
raised a thunderinig nmtss there I" di
PATENTS.-Nearly 10,000 patents have been
issued in Washington since the 1st of January li
-a greater number than ever before issued in a
QuEEE GRATITUD.-4 a Captain-- was
alking one afternoon in 6ompany with the Mar.
fis of Anglesey, along Picadilly, he was ae
sted by a fellow-haluoldier, half-beggar,
ith a most reverential.military salute
"God bless your honorland long life to you,"
id the fellow, with an -a8ent which betrayed
e strong Irish brogue. ,
"low do you know mel" said the military
"An' is it how do I knw. yer honor," said
it. " faix, good right sur.I have to know the
tleman who spared my.litfe in battle."
The Captain, highly gra tied at this tribute
his vigor in such hearin slid half a crown'
to his hand, and asked h where?
" God bless yer honor Im' long life to ye,'
id the grateful veteran, ! an' sure it was at
ew Orleans, when, seeing. yer honor run away
hard as yer legs could carry ye from the Yan
es, I followed ye hard and fast, and ran after
out uv the way, whereby I saved my life.
.h! good luck to yer houor, I never will for.
t it, sure." "
The gallant Captain didnt wish to hear any
ore of such history, andgaved his hand for
it to vamoose. -
CAN DO THEIR OWN Krss-G.-Not a thousand
iles from this village Pres a very exacting
idholder. He makes his tenants " come to
ne" on the very day the -ent comes due, and
il only relax his stern decrees when a hand
me woman is in questiom- Not long since, he
lied for his rent of a ve - worthy mechanic,
io, by the way, rejoiees i-tle possession of a
ry pretty little wife. T . husband was not at
me when Shylock called,'and he was enchant
with the pretty little wifei.of the tenant. She
uld not linquidate the :nount due, but the
idlord becoming really gtnmored, told her he
>uld give her a receipt in.ull for just one kiss.
ir," said she, boiling with indignation, " my
If and husband are ver.poor; perhaps we
nnot pay our rent; butitell you, sir, we're
t so poor but that we can do our own kis.
ig !" Ain't that a glorious consolation for
or folks ? The hardened creditor may take
their property, but he ean't deprive them of
a privilege of kissing.-'Elmira Gazette.
A DUTCHMAN'S IDEA OF .EAUTY.-In Phila
phia, the other day, a Fremont man was
lectionioneering" with a sturdy but verdant
tchman, anu nmongothr reasons urged upon
consideration that he should vote for Mr.
emont, from the fact that.Mrs. F. was a wo
in of rare personal beauty, while old Buck
5s a bachelor, and Fillmotea widower. Dutchy
)ked reflective at this reirark. " Den you say
-S. Fremont ish a butivool woomans, eh ?"
)h, yes," was the repljdshe is as beautiful
, uuesn't vote for no man mit such a wife
d at. I goes jr a wtomans like a bed mit a
ring tied arounsdt der middle."
A PuNNI-M MINIsTER.-Some of the most
tinguished clergymen in the days of our
hers were iioted for quick, sharp wit, and
ich they used without scruple in the pulpit as
il as in social lite. Of this number was Dr.
les, who could scarcely utter a sentence % ith
L a pun.
rhere w:is a slough opposite the Doctor's
ise, in which, on a certain wet day, a chase
naining two of' the Town Council sitck fast.
Vue ducior came to his dior and saluted the
ials with the renark: " Gentlemen, I have
eni comiplaine.d to you of this nuisance, with
any attention being paiid to it, and I am very
d to see you stirring in this matter now."
il'n Qwizzisa Grass.-The Rev'. Mr. M-,
beeoteh iniuster of some note, was one day
king through the streets of Edinigburg, d res
I in hib roug h country clothes, when a young
y, the leader of~ the troop of fashionnble
les, surveyed him thirough her quizzing glass
her more curiously than he thought consis
it with female delicacy. S eeuming suddenly
recognize her, he walked up to her briskly,
1 seizing her by the haydi, with the familiarisy
old acquintaunce, accosted her wvith:
'My dear Maria, how do you do? how left
a your worihy father and venerable mother,
en disi you come to town ?"
A~ll this was expressed with the rapidity and
argy of an old and familiar friend, and with
air of equality savoring of superiority. The
onished fair one had not time to withdraw
rhand, and saijl..with some alarm:
' You arc mistaken sir!"
a What !" he replied, " is it possible, my dear,
Lt you do not know me?"
Indeed, I do niot sir."
"Neiiher do i you," said the parson. " Good
rning madame." And making a ceremonious
w, he wvalked away.
She was perfectly cured of quizzing strangers
the street.-Salem Register.
SLOUDER !"-A man lately went to the Post
lie, and putting his mouth close np to the
livery box, cried out " Louder!" The clerk
pposing the man to be deaf, and that he was
king a reqnest of him to speak louder, so
it he could hear, asked him in a very loud
e, the name of the peson for whom lie wan
I tihe letter.
"Sonder !" cried the man.
" What naume ?" yelled the clerk.
" Louder !" again bawled tihe man, who now
pposed the clerk to be deaf.
The clerk took a long breath, and with all
;might again bellowed out in the mia's face
same question, "what namle?" This was
ne in so lonld a tone that the echo seemed to
urn from the far off~ hills.
The man started back in alarm, shouting to
e vry top of bis big lungs.
" Louder, sir, Louder ! I told you Louder !
y mem is nothing cise !"
" Oh. abm! oh, ho !" said the clerk, " your name
Louder, eh? Didn't think of that; here's
>r letter i Mr. Louder, here's your letter."
GOOD IlUzo.-lt is the clear blue sky of the
ul, on wyhicha every star of talent will shiine
ore clearly, and the sun of genius encounter
>vapors in his passage. It is the most ex
aisit beauty of -a fine;face; a redeeming grace
a homely one. It is like the green in a land
ape, hlarmnonizing in every color, mellowing
s light, and softening the hues of the dark;.
like a flute in a full concert of mnstruments,
sound, not at first discovered by the ear, yet
ling up the breaks in the concord with its
TnERE are three thousand and fifty.five pub.
shers in the United States, two thousand book
ilers, fifteen thousamid printers, anid three thou
mad fiv handred haakhinderu.
From the Charleston Standard.
TIM CRISIS OF l186.
" To do that," (that Is, to resist the anti-slavery ag
gression ofa fixed majority of non-slaveholding States,)
"concert of action must be necessary-not to save
the Union, for it would be then too late-but to save
ourselves. Thus, is my view, concert is the one thing
needful."-J. C. Calhoun.
From the second reply to Mr. Grayson, I give
the following paragraph. This pamphlet was
published, let it be remembered, in 1850-none
but the little corporal's guard sympathizing with
the Collector, thinking that it went too far, and
not one at that time (this was long before the
May Convention of 1851) rebuking it as not
going far enough:
" In conclusion, I desire to explain more fully
my views of our true remedy. By present im
mediate, urgent action, I do not mean separate
State action. - I consider the dissolution of the
Union necessary to our safety, and a matter de
sirable in itself. I would, therefore, avoid all
measures leading merely to a compromise. The
North never has kept, never will keep to its en
gagements, and, if its character in this respect
were better, that would not alter the case, for
:ompromises are not what we seek, we desire
peace, safety, freedom from aggression and lia
bility to insult. Any compromise of this ques
tion would itself be an insult, and would still
leave in full action all the machinery of the
government already in motion for our ruin.
Nothing can stop this action, and put us in a po
ition of safety, but a Southern Confederacy.
Believing this, I deprecate any movement which
might prevent or retard the Union of the South.
rhat Union should be one of a people roused
to the same feeling, and joined together by a
:mmon interest. They should feel that they
iave joined willingly and as equals, and that the
:ause of each is the cause of all. This result
!ould not be accomplished, if a single State
were to precipitate measures, without due con
Ference with her sister States. It becomes us,
therefore, first to exhaust all the measures which
may promise to bring about this unanimity of
ietion. It becomes us to make sure work in
the present movement, for the opportunity once
host, may never again be reasonably expected.
3ur acti'on should be decided and prompt, but
ts purpose and aini should be to bring the other
Rtates up to our position. We should make
ue allowance for their present situation. We
iave been united whilst they have been divided
an the old party grounds. They are now strug.
'ling to break from their former ranks, and take
QOSItion in the new organization. This must
)e a work of time. The people must be taught
hat their old party leaders are deceiving them.
'hose leaders, themselves, may, in many instan
es. be brought to a sense of their folly. If,
athiot thia ctrnmala iq rinr on. and a spirited
aw o6u.. L $ ciuau W U. -
ow us Ihe necessity of our position would force
is into another compromise, which would serve
is it mere patch to cover and conceal the wounds
t could never heal."
At the time of the publication of these pam
hlets there existed in Charleston a " Conmittee
>f Safe/y," of which Colonel Isaae W. Hayno
ws the Chairman, and and of which Colonel
lacob Bond l'On, Mr. James Rose, Mr. A. G.
ilagrath, and others, were active miemnhers, and
t was well understood that the views, in the
nain, of a majority of the committee were ex
Pressed in the extracts I have given. At this
ime there was not a cloud an hlg as a man's
and indicating the tenipest of distraction and
livision, which afterwards burst on our people
nd rent into fragmients tho Southern Rights
'arty, which, until then, was emphatically the
tate. To all outward appcaraince the party
vas unanimous, and the voice opposition was
till small and impotent. In December, 1850,
he ause- of~ division began to be manifested at
he session of the Legislature in Columbia.
Thoi'se in the Legislature who entertained the
aie general views with~ the "Committee of
afety" in Charleston, favored the policy, which,
appears from a letter of Gov. Troupe's since
mblished, received his warm approval. This
vas to arm and organize the State, in prepara
ion foar a conflict of force, and thus to wait un
il our siiter States of the South were ready
r a movement. Others deaired to take steps
nore dcisive, which wvould commit the State to
eesion in any event, even though no other
state should join or sustain her. The first car
ied their object of organizing and arming, and
he recommendation contained in a memorial
rom the " Committee of Safety," ini Charleston,
repared by Mr. Magrath, were substantially
idopted. This, however, was not without op.
>osition from many among the most extreme of
he resistance nien. To prevent a division in
he ranks at that time, a compromise was efe
d in the matter of the call of a Convention of
lie people. It was, after mtneh parley, agreed
hat the election of the members should take
>laco in the February following, but the time of
neeting left to be fixed by the Legislature at its
iext session, the preamb'e to the bill being in
he terms following:
" Whereas, the Convention of the slavehold
fig States, lately assembled at Nashville, have
-ecommended to the said States to meet in Con
'ress or Convention, to be held at such time
nd place as the States, desiring to be represen
:ed may designate, to be composed of double
,he number of their Senators and Representa
:ives in the Congress of the United States, en
;rusted with full power and authority to delib
3rate with the view and intention of presenting
Further aggressions, and, if possible, of restor
ng this constitutional rights of the South, and
hf not, to recommend due provision for their
Future safety and independence."
And the 5th section of the Act ordains a Con
vention to assemble " for the purpose, in thejrst
place, of taking into consideration the proceed.
ins and recommendations of a Congress of the
slaveholding States, if the same shall meet and
be held ; and for thes further purpose of taking
into consieration-)theO general welfare of thi~s
State, in view of her relation to the laws and
government of the United States, and, thereupon,
to take care that the commonwealth of South
Carolina shall suffer no detriment."
The differences which began to appear soon
after became more and more manifest, until the
meeting of the Convention of the States Rights
Ass'inionis in Charleston, wvhen the irreconcila
ble conflict was developed in a form which per
mitted of no further parley. An overwhelming
majority of that convention decided -to instrnet
the convention of the people to pass an Orda
nane of separate seecasion for South Carolina,
and abide the hazards w'hatevor they miget be.
This was resisted by Messrs. Butler, Barnwell,
Orr, and a few others. Issue was joined. Bitter
parties formed, and with the usual injustice of
parties, the position of parties and conduet of
umat;dan.1 was grnonly miarmaated. Timre
ought to have restored to us cool judgments,
right reason, and the disposition to deal fairly
with each other. If time has failed to effect
this happ result, the necessities of our condi.
tion should enforce a reconciliation; not feigned
and grudgingly and ungraciously rendered but
genuine and cordial. How else can any more be
effected at this time than was in 1851 and '521
Without the aid of the Co-operationists of that
period the secessionists are powerless now as
they were then. If the Co-operationists are in.
deed all cowards, and traitors, then all talk of
resistance should cease. It is mere " sound and
fur signifying nothing."
I have undertaken, however, to show that
without inconsistency or change all parties may
unite in the present crisis.
Secessionists would consider it a waste of
time to argue that they may be relied on. They
have only to respect others to secure respect
themselves. Let them relinquish their exclusive
claim to patriotism and manhood, and they may
be counted for good service.
As to Co-operationists, do not the two ex
tracts taken from the pamphleta of Messrs.
Magrath and Pressley in 1850, meet the pres
ent issue? If so, has the party ever shrunk
from these positions? What number of the
" Committee of Safety" was there who failed
in sustaining what was their propositions? But
for the most satisfactory exposition of the views
and precise position of the Co-operationists we
must look to the platform selected by them
when they organized as a patty.
I conclude the present number with an extract
from the resolutions adopted at the meeting in
Charleston when they organized as a party, at
which Messrs. Butler and Barnwell were present,
and letters were read from Judge Cheves, Cols.
Orr and Chesnut, and others. This meeting
was attended by all the prominent Co-opera
tionists of Charleston, who selected as their
organ Mr. W. Peronean Finley, a man without
guile, who never spoke in a double sense, or
was ever known to shrink from a pledge once
"Resolved, That the aggressive measures of
the Federal Government, in eonnection with
various exhibitions of public sentiment by the
people of the North, through their State gov.
ernment and otherwise, for series of years, in
dicate, in our opinion, a deep.rooted hostility to
the interests of the South, and a settled purpose
te deprive the Southern States, on account of
their peculiar institutions, of their original rank
as sovereigns and equals in this confederacy,
and that the Inevitable result of such proceed
ings, if allowed to take their course, must ine
vitably be the entire abolition of negro slavery
in the South, and the erection, in the place of
our Federal Union, of a consolidated govern.
ment, alike despotic and irresponsible.
"Resolved, That in view of the humiliating
South may propose, for re-Instating us in the
possession of our Equal Rights, and providing
as with adequate g'uarantees of our future se..
" Resolred, That as the subject of controver
sy in whieb we are enigaged is not peculiar to
South Carolina, but equally concerns the other
sveholdingr States of this Union, our only
true policy and most proper mode of procedure
is, in our opinion, to make common cause wnth
our aggrieved Thateerates, and unite with them
in couhsel and action to obtain redress for our
commo wrongs, " euch concert of action," ae.
eording to the views of ournown Calhoun, being
is the one thing needful, whether to save the
Union, or if (as we believe) that be now too
late, then 'to save ourselves.'"
A SOUTHERN MANJ.
GOVERNMENT RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITUREs.
-The receipts and expenditures of the United
States Government for the fiscal year ending
June 30th, 1856, are said to have been as fol
Receipts......... . .......$13,918,141.46
The expenditures on account of public debt
Payment of Texan creditors..6,820,016.77
The revenues were derived from the follow
A Western newvspaper publishes the follow
"'I know an old man who believed that " what
was to be, would be." He lived in Missouri,
and was one day going out several miles through
a region infested in early times by very savage
Indians. He always took his gun with him,
but this time he found that some of the family
had taken it out. As he would not go without
it, his friends tantalized him, saying there was
no danger of the Indians; that he would not
die until his time coine, ninyhow.
" Yes," says the old fellow, " but suppose I
was to meet an Indian, and his time was come
it would not do not to have my gun 1"
" Sambo, what animal hazs the greatest quanti
v of brains?"
'" Don't know, Cuff, 'cept it be the be wvite
" No, Sambo, guess agin."
" Dent it must be de black nigger animal,
Cuff', you and me."
" You know noffin, Sambo. It is de hog, you
block nigger ; for do you see he carries a hogs
head full. Yahi, yaa, you nigger I"
"Julius, was you ever in business?"-" In
course I was." " What sort of business ?"
" A sugar planter." " When was dat, my. col
ored friend ?" " Der day I buried dat old sweet
heart ob mine."
A DISCONSOL.ATE HUSAND.-The Marshal of
Cincinnati, a few day. since, received the follow.
ing telegraphic despatch from Dayton. We
hope for the sake of the " paby" the frow may
Mister Marshal, mine frow runned away mit
one d-d Dutchman dis mornin ; she has but
von eye, vich is black-t'other eye is black, too,
but she lost him. She ish ash big ash a hogs.
head. I vonts you to ketch her mit do delegrsph,
and send her home to her paby, for if she ton't
cooms, I vips her like de debil.,
Exceedinely modest young lady " Isn't this a
very pretty aby, Mr. B?"
Brown-" Yes, miy dear ; is itsa boy or girl?"
Young lady-" It belongs to the female per
I sftip, sir."
THE EPEAl SD Ta E TAIJI WIL iI Am
If we were allowed. to. purchasteall of our
goods, where we would get them cheapest, we
should get a much higher price for oursotten.
We are aware, that a great many peoplI-icon
tend that the Tariff is of great advantage to-as
because it gives us a home market -forlonrot
ton, and produces a competition bitwe~v e6
land and the North. Let'us see.
If there were no duties on goods,?Enqtli
would not only supply us, with a greSt inny
more than she does, but, she would sell a great
deal more to the North, she would consequent.
ly want a great deal more of our cottonisid
would pay a much better price for it.
It would be very easy to show the reason for
this; and when we have more leisure weslall
perhaps attempt it. For the present, wasbeli
content ourselves by showing, - from factsf that
the state of the tariff is a thermomsteffr meas.
uring the state of the prices of6ottW. The
prices of cotton have now failed to .dee46ioan
the increase of the tariff-never failed'totg up
with its decrease.
In 1828, we believe it was, that the tarif 'ct
known as the " bill of abominations" waspi0ed.
The average price of cotton, for the five pieced.
ing years, was 141 cents; for the' uxtufive.
years, up to 1833, the average price- as 9-14
cents; in 1838, what was called the eompro'mise
was passed, the tariff reduced, and tiWietdon
to go on prospectively, until it should1W6dio.
ed to twenty percent advalorem for the iext five
years, including 1837, the average price w s14
3-10 cents. In 1842, the whig tarif was pa'sed,
and for the four years during its existence, the
average price was 78-10 cents. This too, it
will be remembered, was during a tim'of, pro.
found peace and prosperity all over the-world.
For the five years preceeding, the passage of
this tariff the average price was 1 1610 cents.
In 1846, that tariff was repealed, and theDemo.
cratic tariff passed, for the next fivetyearsthe
average price was 87-10 cents. This periodit
will be remembered, included our wart with
Mexico and the French revolution. Thielnt
five years, includes from begining-to end of4lie
war between the three greatest, powers ofEn.
rope, and the average price was 96-10;eents.
Thus it will be seen that - the difference b.
tween the price of cotton, for the five years pre.
ceding the passage of the tariff of. 1828 and
the five years after, it was nearly five cents per
pound; the difference for. the fve years, while
it was in force and the five years afterit was
reduced, the difference was nearly five enls
The fivo years-prededing the passage of the
tariff of '42, from 1837 to 1841 incluife,sem
braced the most disastros commerelu ev.
sions that the world ever saw;-and:yedridg
that time the average price of cottonwawithin
afraetka eof fem eaEzi nr uThighe ih:- i
3urilt Lhu fon- yes of lii ex.ALer.ce. Vor tho
- -rs ;Jter ts repeal, although there
a.d rt 1-.ne Fn.c.. o . -
i!.;(~ A.'.u Sitia,4#.. -;o
(Ga.) Corner Stone.
TuE PRnrrER.-The printer, in his folio, he
raldeth the world. Now comes tidings of wed
fires, inundations, thefts, murders, massacrei,
meteors, comets, spectrums, prodigies, ship
wrecks, piracies, sea-fights, law.suits, pleasproc.
lamations, embassies, trophies, triumphs, revels,
sports, plays; then again as in a new shifted
scene, treasons, cheating, tricks, robberies, enor.
mous villanles of all kinds, funerals, bafmals,
new discoveries, expeditions; now comical, then
tragical matters. To-day we hear of new ofli.
ces created, to-morrow of great men deposed,
and then again of fresh honors conferred: one
is set loose, another imprisoned; he thrives, his
neighbor turneth bankrupt; now plenty, then
again dearth and famine: one runs, another rides,
wrangles, laughs, weeps, and so forth. Thus we
do hear such like ; both public and private news.
Memory, who can escape it i No sorrow, or
sigh or bitter heart-wound can be forgotten er
entirely healed. We may seem to forget for a
time, and our lives may glide on in apparent
tranquility, but in some unexpected moment, a
word or look may stir the long silent chord of
memory, bringing back each painful event and
even thoughts to the mind, and causing a dull
leaden pain, as difficult to bear as the first iharp
agony. " A wounded spirit, who can bear 1"
"'Tis hard, yet howv many of earth's children are
suffering in silent, uncomplaining sorrow from
an inward woundl
R EVOLUTWoNARY SOLDIER GoNE.-Rho Wood.
stock (Va.) Tenth Legion publishes the death
of Christian Dellinger at tihe advanced. agp of
92 years. He served in the revolutionary war
at the age of 17 years, and was present at the
siege of York town.
LAwN WARanTs.-I& has been decided by
Judge Parker, in the Hampshire (Vs.) Cireuit
Court, that a bounty land warrant issued under
the act of March 3, 1855, was not liable for, nor
could it be " in any wise affected by, or ch'argjid
with, or subject to, the payment of any bill dr
claim incurred by the soldier prior to the lesa
ing of the patent."
MIAoa BUFoRD.-This -gentleman, says the
Alabama Banner, passed through Clayton, Ala.,
on Wednesday last, en route for his home in
E~ufauia. He returns home to devote a brief
intermission.from his labors, to busineas, rest
A ToAsT.-" Newspaper borrowers."-may
theirs be a life of single blessedness; and miay
their paths be carpeted with cross eyed snakes;
and, may their nights be haunted with .k'nock
kneed tom cats, provided they do not live 'next
door to a subscriber who has paid for his paper,
A'wise man will speak well of his neigbor,
love his wife, and pay for his newspaper.
WHAT man is there wito, had he a indown
his breast, would not speedily clode the brinds.
" I say, friend, is there anything .to aaoot
about here l" asked a Kentucky sportsman of a
little boy. Boy-" Wall, nothing )det 4Aout
here, stranger, but the schoolmaster is'dovn'de
hill, yonder-you mought pop him over."M
CAUSES AND EFFECTs.-It was .obserted~of a
deceased lawyer that he had but fewefihets.
"No wonder," said a wag, "he had but asfew
causes." - .w
Kindnesses are stowed away in~thsesarkike
bags of lavender In a drawer, and sweeten every
object around them. n
He that knows his own heart bqt'a sds
his own life mothnst yad , lJgs
truly'as wrell asebutal will theet to