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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of berties, and if it must fall, w ill Perish amidst the Ru'ins."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. - DOEFIELD, S. ]DECEMBER 3, 1
.Columbia, S. C., Nov. 24, 1856.
and House of Representatices:
The object for which you were recently con
vened in extra session has been determined.
The popular voice has declared in favor of the
party of our prefereq. The past admonishes
us to reserve the full asure of our rejoicing
to the day when the avowed policy of the party
shall have been honestly carried out; when
justice shall be re-established, and tranquility
be restored to the country. Then, indeed, will
the victory be one worthy of the strongest de
monstration which patriotism can indulge. So
' far as the result may be. regarded. as a rebuke
to that Northern party, whose principle of cho
hesion is hatred to the South, we share in the
general sntisfaction. Considered in reference
to the vital issue between the North and the
South, I fear that it will be a barren triumph
that it will prove to be, at best, but a brief re
spite of feverish,, exhausting excitement, des
tined to end in embittered feeling and distrac
ted counsel among ourselves. Slavery and
Freesoilism can never be reconciled. Our ene
mies have been defeated-not vanquished. A
majority of the free States have declared against
ther South, upon a purely sectional Issue, and
in the remainder of them, formidable minorities
fiercely contended for victory under the same
banner. The triumph of this geographical par
ty must dissolve the confederacy, unless we are
prepared to sink down into a state of acknowl
edged inferiority. We will act as wisely to em,
ploy the interval of repose afforded by the late
election, in earnest preparation for the inevitable
conflict. The Southern States have never de.
nanded more than equality and security. They
can not submit to less, and remain in the Union,
without dishonor and ultimate ruin.
The internal state of the commonwealth,
over whose affairs you are called to deliberate,
exhibits a gratifving condition of general pros
perity and contertment. The State has been
mercifully spared the scourge of the " pestitence
which wasteth," and our people have sown and
reaped in peace, Impressed with a sense of our
mutual obligations, and with hearts full of grati
tude to God, we enter on the work of duty be
In the performance of the part assigned to
me, I proceed to lay before you such informit
tion of the condition of the State, and to re
comnaenid to your consideration auch measures
as I "judge necessary or expedient."
The profits of the bank of the State for the
last year, amount to- $280,469.40, exceeding
those of the previous.year by $7,418.48.
During the fiscal year the public debt charged
on the bank has been reduced $64,340.78. The
President of the bank informed me that he ex
pected to make a further reduction of about
$35,000, the arrangements for which could not
--ow' be& a die-l--a- t-le -i&0
i refer you to the- report of the Comptroller
General for a detailed statement of the finan
cial condition 6f the State. Since the first of
October, 1855, the public debt has been increas
as follows: By issue of bonds to construct
New State House, $250.000; by subscription
to Blue Ridge Railroad, $200,000.
The folfowing table exhibits the debt, liabili
ty, and assets of the State: -
3 and 5 per cent. State stock... 123,407 69
Fire loan bonds...............1,669.868 91
Bonds new State House........... 500,000 00
Bonds Blue Ridge Railroad....... 400,000 00
U. S. treasury surplus fund .......1,051,422 09
Guarantor South Carolina
Railroad.... ...... .......2,000,000 00
Debt-and liability............5,744,698 G9
Capital of Bank.... .... ......2,770,802 53
Sinking fund................I ,490,386 55
Shares in railroads,-per value...1,742,300 00
Cash on 1st October.... .... ... 139,625 66
The amount of $10,000 appropriated at the
last session to defray the contin guent expenses
of the executive department, I have had no oe
casion to draw from thu Treasury. With the
unexpended balance of last year, and a balatnce
of $2,594 91, transferftd to my credit by my
predecessor, I have been able to 'meet the ordi
nary drafts on the depaitment. As my term of
office is about to expire. I feel no delicacy in
making certain recommendations in relation to
the department. The salary of the Governor
is wholly inadequate to the maintainnee of the
p roper respectability and dignity of the station.
1 have avoided all unnecessary expense ; I have
. indulged in no display whatever; and from my
experien~ce, I haye no hesitation in saying, that
no man can dispense the ordinaryv hospitality
expected of him, nor maintain that style which
- our people very properly associate with the
station, wuithotit drawing largely on his private
income. The first oilice in the gift of the peo
ple shou~d not be one which the wealthy only
can afford to accept. It. is no answer to say,
there is no want of aspirants foar the position.
Willing public servants are not generally the
most efieient. The republican standard of
compensation for all public service, is that wvhich
will command the talent that is able to serve
the commnonwealth. It too often happens that
he who has given his life to the public, entails
upon his famzily the incidents of a wasted for.
tune. I recomimend th'at the salary of the Gov
*ernor be increased to five thousand dollars; and
that he be required to reside at the capital. On
this latter point, I invite your attention to the
following extract from the message of the late
Gov. Johnson: "The office is itinerant, and
fellows the pe.rson ot' the Executive wherever
his nee~ssities or convenience may compel him
to reside. Thie is utterly inconsistent with the
necessary order and uniformity in the conduct
of the business of. the offiee. Ho cannot carry
with him alI,the books, documents, and vouchers,
nor his Secretary. Hie must either dispense
with himn, or subject him to an expense which
would swallow tip his small salary. T1he citi
zens, too, are interested to know where the
Executive may be found, and if he has no fixed
residence, are obliged to go in pursuit through
highways ar~d by.paths. They may cbance to
-case of 'actuial occurrence.) The, true remedy
is to provide him ai residence at the seat of govr
ern~ment, ar d re quire him to reside there per
Thme r'ep<.rt of General James Jones, Com
missioner of New State House, wi'l give you
full informaiion of the progress of the work,
and his plan of future operations. I constitutted
him agent to sell the bonds aunthorized to be
issuied by the last LdgIslatture. There has been
little or no demand for 6 per cent. bonds, and
but few of the w have been disposed of. The
Act forbids the pale of thes~e bonds below par.
Had not the R~ak advanced the requisite funds,
tihe Commisioner would havebeen ecupelled to
suspend all enerations on the building.
I herewith transmit a communication from
the Hon. W. F. Colcook, enclosing a copy of a
letter from the Secretary of the Treasury to
the Light-House Board, and also a copy of the
opinion of the Atoruey General of the United
States, in relation to the provisions - of an act
of the Leislature'of South Carolina granting
sites for Light-Houses. Om reference to these
communications, It will be seen that the Gen
eral Gevernment declines to proceed, on the
ground " that the consent given by South Caro
lina to the purchase is coupled with the condi
tion that South Carolina retains the jurisdiction."
Further legislation is asked. I think when the
,Southern States surrendered to the General
Government the power to regulate commerce,
they committed a great blunder. but that is no
longer a debateable question. If the necessities
of commerce require the erection of the pro
posed Light-House, I can see no good reason
for declining to make the cession upon the same
terms as other States have done. Whenever the
people of South Carolina determine to dissolve
their connection with the General Governmert,
the possession of a few Light-Houses will in.
terpose but feeble barriers t# the execution of
such a purpose.
Accompanying this message vill be found a
report of Mr. Oscar M. Leiber, appointed, under
a joint resolution of the last Legislature, " Geo
logieal.Mineralogical, and Agricultural Surveyor
of the State." The Joint Committees of Agri
culture and Internal Improvements of the last
General Assembly unanimoustly selected Mr.
Leiber for the situation, and I did not hesitate
to confirm the appointment. I have not had
time to examine his report, and therefore can
express no opinion of its merits.
I lay before you a letter addressed to me by
Dr. Parker, Superintendent of the Lunatic Asy
lum, in relation to the condition and wants of
the institution. lis opportunities entitle his
opinions to great weight. He is decidedly op
posed to the policy of removing the institution
from its present location. Additional accommo
dation is indispensible to enable the Institution
to fulfil the humane end of its establishment.
I am sure that no appeal is neeessary, to secure
for it the full measure of your bounty.
I also lay before you a report of the Military
Commission, raised in compliance with a resolu
tion of the last Legislature. The resolution
required me to appoint ten commissioners to
consider the militia and patrol law of the State,
and to recommend such alteration of the same
as they might deem advisable. Nine of the
comnissioners appointed discharged 'the duty
assigned them-the tenth was unavoidably ab
sent. They have unanimously agreed o a re
port, urging tho importance of preserving the
system as it now stands; and I beg leave re
spectfully to add my concurrence in the views
which brought them to their conclusion.
The last Legislature anthorized the Boar.i of
Commissioners for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind,
of which I am chairman ex-officio, to purchase
rangemects therein for the unflortunate inmates.
I am happy to inform you that the purchase has
been completed on terws which are satisfactory
to the whole Voard, and that such further air
rangements as are required by this change will
be ituly submitted for your consideration in a
report from the Board, more in detail.
The Trustees of the South Carolina College,
at their annual meeting in December last, elect
ed Professor C. F. Mceay. President of the in
stitution. His ability and attainments are con
idered by those who know him to be of tite
highest order; and when the prejudices which
he eneonmered at the very threshold of his ad
miinistr.tion Lave been dispelled (if they have
not already been) there will be but one opinion
as to his fitness for the position to which he
wn:, called by a very decided ni:ority of the
Doard, and tlit, too, without the slightest so
liritation on hi, ;art. 2Ir. Rivers, of Charles
ton, whose iife has been successfully devoted ti
lasical pursuits, has been elected Professor of
Greek Literature, in place of Dr. lenrv, dedeas
ed; and Dr. LeConte, of Georgia, a gentlemn:m
ef well established scientific attainments, has1'
been elected Professor of Natural and Mechani
al Philosophy. Both these appointmnts, I
believe, are admitted on all hands to haive been
judicious ard most fortunate for the institution.
In the death of Dr. Henry, the College
mourns the departure of an old, table, and fa'ith
ful professor. Hie was a ripe scholar-a man
full of learning-who, without ostentation, de
lighted in throwing open the abundant store
house of his knowledge, and inviting~ the stu
dent to partake freely of its riches. It will be
long before it will .have the g.od fortune to
rejoice in his equal.
The conduct of the students is reported to
in to be quiet and orderly. The Faculty are
tsiduous in their several departments, and the
ruture of the institution is as encouraging as
st any previous period oIf its existence. Though
[ was not educated at the College, 1.have seen
id realized its bencfits to the State. socitIly.
inorally and politically. It is rare, indeed, that
[ts graduates have failed in after life~, by exam
ple and conduct, t'o vindicate the policy whieb
nourishes and sustains it. In my judgment, it
has done more for the St-ato than mill her other
institutions put .together. It is greatly to bes
regretted that there is a disposition to cripple
it usefulness, if not to destroy it. The charge
that it is the rich man's college, is the cry of the
lemgogue. Its catalogue shows that a matjori
ty of its gnaduates are the sons of fathers who
were not able to educate themselves, aind no
oung man has ever had its doors elusedl uponi
him because of his poverty.
It is urged, through entire nmisronception,
that it is time to mnakeit a- self-sustaining insti
tution, and the examnple of various college4 is
eld up for our imitation. Take taway from them
their various endowments, and there is not.
strictly speaking, a selt~sustaining college in the
Union. While it'is the duty of~ the State, as
flar as lies in her power, to instruet the destitute.
it is no loss Imperatively her dut~y to provide for
those who are able to pay for it. the very high
mt standard of edueation. As a tax-payer, I
protes' against the withholding fromt the South
Caroiina College whatever proportion of my
wnual taxes goes to its support, if I am at the
same time to be taxed for the support of free
schols'. Ignorance amsong the masises is incom
patible with the true idea of republican govern
ment, but without superior intelligence to con
t rol and direct it, the education whaich contents
itself with the mere ability to read and write.
will prove a curse rather th an a blessinag.
The Military Academies continue nndbatrn
sively, but net the hless satisfactorily, to pursue
their even tenor of usefulness and success. No
equal amount of the publlic expenditure yields a
beiter return. The discipline here is severe, te
mental training trying in the extreme, but the
cdet who survives the test. finds himaelfnaud
fort the labor of life before him. I emane4tly
commend the College nmnd these Acamdemnies to
your fostering care. Both nre developing the
intellect and adding to the strenpth of the sitrite,
and both merit your conntenance and support.
On the subjiect of Free Schools, I have bit
little Io add to whlat I had thme honor to submit
to your predrecessors. I then expressed the
opinio:' that -'it was unfortunate that the end;
which was evidently contemplated by the act of
1,bad beekan abandn, and that what was in
tended to introduce gradually a general system
of common schools, has been perverted to the
exclusive education of paupers; that, in my
judgment, we should return to the policy of
1811, and seek to inaugurate a system, which, in
its ultimate development, should bring the
means of education within the reach of every
family in the State." Since the last session,
of the Coinmissioners of Free Schools in the
city of Charleston, with similar views as to the
best mode of improving education, have opened
a common school in that city, and, without
abridging the opportunities of the poor, they
offer to the tax-payers a participation an the ben
efit from which heretofore they have been ex
cluded. About seven hundred children are now
receivingleducation at this -school school, and
even this large number, I am informed, would
be increased, if the school accommodations
would permit. The complete success which
would attend this well-timed and judicious ef
fort, is checked only by the difficulty of obtain.
ing proper teachers. This difficulty is also ful
ly brought to the notice of your predecessors,
and I would respectfully renew my recommen
dation that you would earnestly seek to provide
an appropriate remedy.
In connection with the general subject of ed
ucation, it has occurred to me that some en
couragement should be held out, to induce the
citizen sto supply his family with the means of
instructive reading, family books,or libraries. I
*uggest that such encouragement might arise
from exempting family books and libraries, in
actual use by the owner, from legal process un
der contracts to be hereafter entered into; and
that they should also be exempt from sale by
excentors and administrators, and that instead
they should be delivered over to those to whom
they are bequeathed, and in the absence of tes
tamentary disposition, that they be alfotted
among the family, or next of kin, as in cases of
I begeleave to ask of you a favorable consid
Pration of a recommendation of ~the late Gov.
Seabrook, on the subject of drainag(. His ree
ommendation was the appointment of commlis
sioliers to digest and report a systerm or scheine
on that subject. No) possible objection can
exist to the appointment of such a comminssion ,
and much good may result. When the report
is made, it will still be in 'your power to adopt,
jnodily, or reject it altogether. Large bodies
or the very best land in the State lie wholly un
productive, for the want of a law establishing
the right and defining the manner of draining
them. No man, through. obstinacy, or a worse
teeling, bhould be alliwed to use his own to
tie injury of' his neighbor. The public good
deniands a general laiv which shall mecure to
every hindholder the unobstructei use of the
natural draining of his land.
I submit to you the necessity of some special
legi,lation in relation to l'unds in the Court of
Equity. It not unfrequently hippens that, from
sale for partition. some of' the parties living out
of the State, and others being minors' without
~inhiiTtir-'i t-t BsaiTe oia'-irtis nW
and no snitable investment offering at the lime;
or from a fund being in cuurt as a stake, the suit
proecediig betwee'n contendingy parties. in.order
to dejermiiie which of them011 is the rightful'l ow
ner, the fund lies dead and unproductive to these
eventually entitlted to it. I am infoirntd thatin
lanlanid, in such cases, tile find is paid ino the
fla:k of England. to lie credit of' tile Acdount
ant General. wIho cheeks it out tu the parties as
their rigts aecrne; and in the Die:;imine the bank
is charnable with toir peri'ent. interest. If that
rate of interest can be safo-lv paid by the biik
there. I do not perceive why the Bank of' the
St:ate coild not par i le siae rate on similar
dpoit-e' he're. The widows and orphan inter
ested are int itled to protection, and shoubl not
be allowed to suil'r loss, while their funds -rt,
in couirt. Shonaht you' concur with Inc as to thiie
propriety of' legi.,li ing tin the tlject, I siuggest
that voonc legisilation shiould also emnbrace fund.,
in co'nieuitisa iln the roun',s ot law; and I el
%c no.reason, why it iright not be Wteinhi-d to
nmoney raiietd lv sheri.l's. Why shi.'nhil hevy re
n;liin it. and the real owner l d'prive-l of' alli
ii fit. It expose them :o a tetiiptattion toi
iieclte .Wtlhib I fear is not alway;s re'i-.ted.
'hel legitimate fi-es of' 1hit ollige canniioL ;ide
iinately' atcounit f'or the large stums too ofteni r'e
Th'le ouitward p'ressure agaie-! the ilet i iition
f sliveryV should protypj! t n to do all we erai to
bril\- it within. Difi'usioii is st rength-con
~etraon, weaknes~s. Our trute potlicy' is to dif
ue the slav'e poptulation ais much as possible,
nd thtus secure in the whole community the
notives of self' interest for its support. I have
o doubt, of the inherent ability of the institu
tion to maint:lin itself' arainist all assauls. It
thle basis of iuni p)ob'tieal organism, and it
~vold not be ditlieult to show that the p~oorest
ehite iian amiong us is directly concerned in its
reervation : but the arguimient of self-interest
s e:-v of' coinprehension amtl sure oh' acti'.n. I
ecoilmendh the passge (of a law e xemp ltintg
'roin sale (under contraicts to be hecreaflter cin
cred intoa) at least one slave. Sicih an init
ity would stimiuhht~e every one to exert hiimnself
ci'possess his famii atlat of' a property ini
5031me degreeabnve'thiCe astalities of' debt. As
.oi luultiply the tnumber' who:m ' iegnre the prop-.
~rty. so wall you video and deepen the dlete'ri
tation to sustain the inst itultion.
Th'ie conumptin oh' cotton has st eadity iin
re:tsm'J, an.!h will in a f'ew years excmed Ihc suip'
1 -tao. t'rotm waiit, on o)ur part. of land oii
vih to grow it, but fr'om wanit of' opeirators to
oltivate it. The deinmn:1 f'or the article being
reit er bait the .supply, the priemuth go tip,
a the abasenlce of' atl dist urbing cauises. A.s
Iong as t his continutes to be lie cage, we must
,no-per ;but the certain effeet of high pmrices
will be to stimhulate the' girowth of' it ini foreign
-outi ;rics. andl in time to destroy the monopoly
,hh we have so long enjoyeud. The pbo'w-~io
f this ilO~monopoly ii the ic -he leimenit of' South
rn pros~periy an''td tat hehi ependene ofi then man-10
ifact urinig intteres't on us for a supply of theis
article willI contiue to pirovei to lbe oine of oulr
str,ntest saife-guards. T he amount of' cotton
ow grown ini th tim.ast Indites shouild open our
.yeit our true. policy. ITie idea that Africami
taves on1) :ly an necesfuillyV grow cotton, is an0
ntire misatake. Under British domiataion. free
Slarts are now prodtuciitg ini the Elst, mor'
hman lie entir'e cropm of' the United States iin
1821.. From ii report of' the Hion. W. L. Miar
i ertr ofState, in answter :o a resolution
>Ciogress, it, apears thtduring the year
-85 h hipmnents of' cotton to Great Britain,
were, f'rom the Uiiited Stamtes, .in round num
hers. 679 toil lioiis of ponds, and fromn the East
ndies, Egy pt, and Brazil, 202 millions of pounds.
Wheever Einghand and the Cotntinent can pro
cure their supply)I of' the raw material else-whiere
thnji from us, and the eotton States aro limited
o the hotne markect, then will our doom be
ald. Destr'oy the va;ltie of slav'e labor, and
emani tcipaItionl folIlow~s inevitably. This, Eng.
h|lnd, our commercial rival, clearly sees, tand
hence tier systematie efforts to stimulate the pro
ltuet ion of cotton ini the East. The success
wicht thas thus fatrsnitended those efforts, will
inite hecr to redouble .them. The East Indies
abound in fertile laund atid cheap labor. France
too, is encouraiging anud stilnulating its growvth
in Algeria, wtitha like advantages of soil tand lan
b.r. To maiintain our present position, we must
have cheap labor also. This can be obtained in
ut one way--by re-nnnning the African slave
trade. Until Providen interposes and changes
his organism, the Africa ust continue to be a
"hewer of wood and a wer of water." It is
a diseased sentimentl ,which starts back at
the idea of legalizing . I ave trade, and at the
same time contemp .ithout emotion the
cruel servitude which ;;Il exacts of labor, all
world the over. There-t*'i itime when canting
philanthropists had int j -Ito us a belief that
slavery was wrong. .tigation has entirely
hanged the once com n .sentiment on this
point. The South no leves that a myste
rious Providence has-W At the two races to
gether on this contine wise puposes, and
that the existing rea s been mutually
beneficial. Southern -y has elevated the
Africa to a degree oilization which the
black race has never at ied in any other age
or country. " We see i in its true light, and
regard it as the most ,s d stable basis for
free institutions in the d." HId the slave
trade never been closela, the equilibrium be.
tween the North and tli oath would not have
been destroyed. The.,' h has had the Old
World from which her supply of labor,
and hence the ra ment' of the North.
west. Snce 1808, t th has supplied her
own labsr, and has, n sarily made slower
progress in settling up' South-west. If the
trae were open now,!. persmded that the
South would mnot co t to clo It; and this
is, perhaps, the beat a to the argument de
rived from the mere' ent that is arrayed
against the proposition. iIs apprehended that
the opening of this trad Ill lesson the value
of slaves, and ultimatel estroy the Institution.
It is a sufficient answer olt to the fact that
unrestricted immigrati a not diminished the
value of labor in the" -western section of
the Confederacy. -The there is, want of la
bor, notwithstanding e9 I has the pauperism
of the Old World top p jnto its grinding ser
vice. If we. cannot aply the demand for
slave labor, then we mI pect to be supplied
with a species of labort do not want, and
which is, from the very. ure of things, antag
onistic to our instituti It is much better
that our drays should 'riven by slaves-that
our factories should be: irked by slaves-that
our hotels shouid be s el by slaves--that our
locomotive should be uned by slaves, than
ihat we should be exp to the introduction,
from any quarter, of a lation alien to us by
birdi, training and edue , and which, in' the
process of time, must :o thateonflict be
tween capital and labo hich make it so dif
ticult to maintain free i utions in all wealthy
and tighly civilized nat where such institu
tions as ours do not e in all slaveholdintg
States, true policy d that the superior
race should direct, and nferior performs all
menial service. Com on between the white
ad black man for thl 'ce, may not disturb
Northern sensibility, b 'does not exactly suit
our latitude. Irrespe -however, of interest,
the act of Congress cring the slave trade
acy, i a brand u on- which I think it im-.
slave must be plunder; and no ingenuity can
avoid the logicalnnecesity of such conclusion.
My hopes and fortunes are indissolubly associa
ed with this form of society. I feel that I
would be wanting in duty, if I did not urge yon
to withdraw your assent to an act, which is
itself a direct condemnation of your Institutions.
But we have interests to enforco a course of
sif-respect. I believe, as- I have already stated,
hat more slavgs are necessary to a continuance
of our monopoly in planta:ion products. I be.
ieve that they are necessary to the full develop.
et of our whole round of agricultural and
nwelanical resources; that they are necessary to
the restoration of the South,to an equality of
>o)wer in the General Government, perhap4 to
e very integrity of slave society, disturbed as
it has bvei bv causes which have indneed an
md1ee proportion of the rulinig race. To us
11ave been committed the fort unes of this pec-I
Har iima of society renlting fron the union of
ineqil races. It has vindicated its claim to
bie approbation of' an enlighteied hunanity. It
as civilized and christiaized the Aftican. It
Iis exalhed the wite race it-,elf to highewr hop les
al lpnrposes, anud IL is perhaps of thle most
ered oblig.ttion, t hat we s'utd gile it the
ne:Ins of ,expl~lision).and:( that we shidh press
t fosrward tm a pe'rpetnoily o.f p.rogress.
I have received ' Resolutio'ns of the Legisla
u're of New lamnpshiire in reclat ion to 'lhel I~e
cts of violenice anid bloo~lheid perpet,:rated by
le slaive powe.I.r, ini the Tier'ritoiry oft Kansat-:s.
d at the National Capital." Ini the exercIie
f a dileretion which [ think righitfullv aupper
:is to the Excetive dlepartnmnt, I decline to
ay these resolutions before your honorable
ndies. I care not what may be the theory of
tate intercommuniicationi, I will not submit to
ie made the medinm of transmiitting from'imny
mariter, an insult to my own State. The COn-.
tittion imposes no sueh duty op ,he Exent
ive. The usage of the better da.-s of the R..
mhlie, commantds my respect, lhnt it cannot ree
meih-: mec to aets of courtesy to those who
a':tM gloat in seeinig the torch applied to iiar
hveliigs anid thme knife to our throats.
I cnnot close this my last regular comnmuni
a:tin, withiout a public ackniowledgment of
zratitude for thie opportunity which hats beeni
itrorded .me of serving the State in may present
apaity. On retiring I fe but one regret
ihat amy ability to serve her, has not beena equal
to the love I bear her. Whatever may lie may
o, in the future, I shdil nesver cease to take a
lep interest in whatever concerns her welfare
md her honor. I invoke now, and for all time
to come, Heaven's choicest blessing on her and
ir people. 3. H. Annis.
A Hav.FmISn.-That is a good story, whaich
nay have been heard ini mtore than one Yankee
tayield this summer. We hetird it one dayv'
hen on a visit in the counatry. We went out.
to show sonme mnia how to '- pitch." WVe had
haild, and wilted down .under a haycock, :aad
a fluehed, :and ftnninlg the glow and sweat of'
air fetue iti a comfortablle position, wheun
ue of the jolly haymakers relbated the :mecdote
if the old man who was always braggimg how
olks used to work in his younger days, and
:a;dlenged his two sons together to pitch on a
oed of hay as fast as he could load it.
"The challenge was accepted, and the hay.
vagon driven rotmnd, anid the trial commenced.
For some timie the man held his ownl very credi
tably, calling out, tauntingly !." More hay ! more
Tfhicker and faster it came, wvhole haaycocks
t a time. eloud after cloud, overwhelming.
The old man was nearly covered up; still he
kept cryIng, "More lay !'mo ha!" until,
strggliig to keep on top of the disordered and
ll-arranged heap, It began first to roll, them to
slide, and at last off It went from the wagon,
:r.d the old man with it.
"What are you down hero for?" cried the
I came down after hay I" answered the old
Which was a literal fact; he had come down
after ha:lf a s'agon load, wvhichlihad to be pitched
again rather more deliberately.
g' Wura tEsculapius applauded Philip,
king of Macedon, as a jovinl man who would
drik freely, Demosthienes replied, " that it was
.. goo.nd qait in ..,nnn. hnt t 1in a king."
For the Advertiser.
SHADOWS OF "LONG AGO."
When the shades of evening lower
O'er this earth of light and love,
Stealing with their solemn power
Thro' our hearts where 'er we rove,
Shadows of the past eopie creeping
As the gloom shuts out the glow;
And our souls are sadly weeping
At the grave of Long Ago.
Long A go, bright flowers %era springing,
In my path of golden light;
Now their faded bloom is bringing
Mem'ries of lost love's delight,
Then was there a voice to greet me,
Full of melody and low
A father's arms onoe oped to meet me
Fondly, but 'twas Long Ago!
Now that voice is dumb forever
In the grave for aye 'tis hushed
Death palsied those dear arms, and ever
From his true heart, life's love chrushed.
What wonder then the shadow lingers
Ever round life's pathway now,
When mem'ry with its mystic fingers
Still traces forms of Long Ago?
Then, life seemed a fairy day-dream,
Sunbright morns, with dewy eves
Now along my troubled life-stream
Lonely glide the withered leaves;
And we're dreaming, thro' the twilight,
Of the past, its joy and woe;
And the calm and peaceul star-light
Finds us still with Long Ago! DAISY.
From the Savannah Daily Morning News.
RUNNIMG A SAW;
Or., loW INCLE JOSH DOLES BARKED UP TIE
Old uncle Josiah Boles was an inveterate
joker, so fond of indulging his mi.,chievous hu
ulr that ho ofteu run imminent risks of unplea
ant and even seriotus consequences,.rather than
forego the enjoyment of a joke or a quiz. le
was no respwect of persons, times or place, and
if tempted by opportunity, would be as upt to
perpetrate his fun in a prayer-meetimg as at a
orn uiucking upon a stranger as readily as
on -ir~ tinnerqeeeo
he came near paying dearly fur the indulgence
of his mischievous propensity.
He had been on a journey to Mississippi to
lok after some business matters, and was re
urning home through Alabama. One evening
he stopped at the tavern of a country village.
After supper he entered the bar.room. and took
seat by the fire, aid, like a food old-fashioned
ountry gentleman, as lie wav, smoked his pipe.
His attention was soon attracted by a singular
ly looking, half-witted, dwarish young man.
who was lounging about the door. The fellow
was not more than four feet high, with an im
nense head. covered with long, shaggy hair,
which stood ont in every direction-the separate
loks seeming to have no attinity to each other.
A very short neck connected this head with'
r-e, square shoulders, from which the body
sld down, wedge-shaped, to his feet, which
.re large, bare and unwashed.
Uncle Josh, as he was familiarly called, was
not lon in making the acquaint:tnee of the cbap
Mith the big head, whom lie found to be vey
simyle, talkative and inquisitive.
Unele J.. h :ieeted to tike a wonderlu liking
tois new ;initantice, who gave his name as
njamtin Dlunich. Den was muoch llattere~d by
Uele .lesht's estimate of his parts, especially by
hi la vislh praises of his head and shouldiers, aind
i likitig soon be-came mntual. The result was
it a bargain was struck, in pursuance ot whieb,
.aL' was to go with Uncle Josh to Georgia in
li nmoring. for .a twenty dnolbirs a month and
Ben wa del ightled, andI immuediaitely set about
omiake lprepairations for the journey. Goinig
mote he told his people that lie w'as olf to
.orgia. where he was to have twenty dollare a
moih and. a esy siuuntion.
The m:nlter V5aisoon nioised over the village.
int lBen Bnineb was g.oinug to Geor..lia with a
nrtlem:mn who hadi hired hinm for twenty doliars
nithI, atnd in a short time a n utmber of bi%
Innituinnue hand gathered in the bar-room to
-ertin w hat they.3 conhl. in regard to the mat.
r. lien had oilhy be-oi :abh- to te-lI thlemi what
monstrons nice mant," 31r. Bole-s was, the
:ges- lie wvas to rece'ive'-twenty dollars a
,th and fouind-nd that his sillu.'tiun wa:s to
ean easy onte.
One or two hiadn ventured to open a coanversa
in with the old gentleman from Georgia, were
xious to knowv to what use lie was going to
t Ben Bunch, who, they said, was too lazy to
iep the flies off or himself in wanrm weather,
td adni't sense enough to get under thne shel
- out of the rain.
"So mttch the bettor for thi.it," said Uncle
Jsh, in his slow, distinct manner of speaking,
e's jest the man for mue. I've got a situationi
ht will suit himt exactly."
The questioners begani to despair of getting
v~ further satisfaction, when Ben came in with
ii best sttit on, and a buindle in lisk hand rendy
tostart early in the morning for Georgia.
"Beni," enoquired one of his acquaintances,
what in creation is you gwine to do down in
"Oh, you tnever mind," replied Ben, " I'm
wine. in te morning with that ere gentleman.
eati tail you whitt i'm gwine for."
Then Benm saw some one outside to whom lie
anted to communiento his good fortune, and
ewas soon surrounded by a crowd itbout thme
dor, some of whom cautioned him, telling him
ht he did'nt know but what the man he was
oing with wait a kidtnpper, or perhaps he would
ork hiit to death in a two-hand saw-mill.
Ben began to feel a little curious, and the
prty agreed with him that he should know
what was to be his employment before he wvent
ay further in the business. The crowd went
itto .the bar-room, wvhere Uncle Josh wats enjoy
ig his second pe by the fire, determitned to be
mtisfied about ie matter. After keeping them
Insuspense some time, Uncle Josh rose up,
knocked the ashes from his pipe. and said
"Wel, gentlemen, the fact is my old wvoman
isgetting ratther poorly, and I want him to set
inthe fire corner for her to break bark over his
Ben, who had been silting Onl a bench, sprana-'
tohis feet as if he had been shot. A loui
lugh burst from the party, but above all could
o heard Ben's cuirses, na lhe sprang into the
widdle of the floor, threw down his bundle, and
began rearing and prancing like an enraged eata
rolled up-and -but for the interference of the
crowd, he woula have had Uncle Josh by the
"goozle" in a twinkling. -
"Dad fetch yer everlaslin' picter to dingna
tion !" exclaimed Ben, striking his brawny fists
and making the palms of his feet crack togethez
as he sprung at least two feet from the floor
" your wife break bark over my head ! you oli
drated cuss! I'd like to see you or ary othei
woman in Georgia do it. Jest lest me at him
boys, and I'll shuck him out o' his skin quicker'r
lightnin', you see if I don't."
Uncle Josh was talken by surprise, when he
saw so much life in tlhe dwarf, and began to fee
apprehensive for his safety when he found il
took three of the best men in the room to holk
him. It was several minutes, and not ur,til the
proprietor of the house had interferred, that
Ben's rage was at all appeased. After be had
become a little calm, Uncle Josh made a rathei
awkward explanation of what he meant only
for a little fun, and by treating the whole party
to peach and honey, and asking Ben's pardon
the matter was amicably settled. But it was
more than any Ben Bunch's friends ever dared
to do to ask him about that easy situation down
in Georgia, at " twenty dollars a month and
THE SURE ROAD TO IARE AND FORTUIE
We take it to be s demonstrable fact that no
discovery or invention worth advertising at all
can be advertised too extensively. The man
whose mental vision Is darkened by miserly in.
stincts, whose soul lies in his breeches pocket,
cannot understand this; and If such an one In
his mole-like gropings, should chance upon some
new and useful truth, he would be afraid to take
the sure road to celebrity, which lies through
the columns of the press, lest he should be ru
ined by the tolls. What a contrast does the
brilliant and beneficial career of Prof. Holloway
present to the blind stupidity of such a man.
Having perfected, after many years of laborious
research and experiment, two remedies which lie
knew. with positive certainty, were absolute
specifics for nearly every internal and external
malady incident to tinmanity, he determined at
once to give them a wider publicity than any
other medicine had ever attained. His motive
was noble and benevolent. He felt that he pos
sessed the power of miiga-ing suffering and
waging successful war.with diseases heretofore
unconquerable, and like a good champion he
fearlessly entered the lints. Had lie been moved
by avarieu instead of philanthropy he could not
have taken a surer or shorter path to wealth.
Tht plan of advertining preparations, which ae
tually accomplished all that empiricism had ever
proinisecor medical orthodoxy attempted, of
course proved self remunerative. He flooded
every nation with his advertisements, he perva
ded the wbole world -with his medicines, and
the world repaid him with a shower of gold.
We verily believe that Lhere is no possible
means of disseminating information among men
that lie has not adopted in giving notoriety.te
The Hon. Mahlo Dickenson, 'of w Atisey
once satirically likened the poles to 'big fag.
stuffs, and we have little doubt that if they were
flagstaffs lolloway would contrive to have a bit
of bunting nailed to each with his name and
address inscribed upon iL In fact, such is the
enterprise and irrepressible energy of the man,
that we should scarcely be surprised to hear of
the virtues of his medicines being inscribed on
the desert sands of mid Africa or traced in the
eternal snow that caps the peaks of the Andes.
His central office tbr this hemisphere (he maps
out his advertising ground by hemispheres) 80
Maiden Line, has only been established about
two years, and yet ,probably there are not five
hundred adults out of our poptnlation of thirty
millions who have not heard of Holloway's Pills
and Ointment. Be this as it may, it is a statis
tical fact, verified by the books of the establish.
ment, that more than half a million of persons
have within that time purchased the'preparationa
at the New York Office and its Country Agen
cies. Could the amount of good they have
efected in that period, in the United States
alone, be computed and placed on record, it
would of itself form one of the proudest monu
ments of success to which zealous philanthropy
on thme one hand and popular appreciation on
the other, have ever contributed.-N. Y. Day
SALE OF A FoRGER's HORSES AND CARRIAGES.
-The horses and carriages of Huntington, the
forger, were sold at auction in New York a few
days since, A great crowd was present. A
pair of long-tailed bay mares which cost $1000,
and are considered the finest in New York, were
bonght by Mr. French, of French's Hotel, for
$1400U. Another pair brought $550. The car
riges and olher articles sold for prices consid
erably above their value. -
Ricr.-An 1snglialb journal refering toi the
boasted wealilh of Cape Cod farmers aind the~
prolille quailities of~ their crops touchies up mh,
cod (ish) aristocracy atfler thme following fashion:
"to the vicinity of Cape Cod, two apple trees
and a gooseberry bush, are called ani orchard,
Capt?. linreas ownms five plum trees, and is looked
Uon as an aristocrat. Ono year they don'l
bear, and the next year they can't-the school
boys using the fruit, or bules to kill owls
with. Great country. that Cape Cod."
in Coirk, a short time ago, the crier endhv
ored to disperse the crowd by exclaiming, " all
ye blackguards that isn't lawyers, quit the
TaUE PIT.-The force of language .is apt
to be much injured by the multitnde of words.
A rcspectabhlc farmer in Berkshire County has
the singular happy talent of not saying a wvord
too much. A younmg-man wishing to obtain his
consent to marry his daughter, called upon him
one day when he happened to be in the field
plowing with his oxen. ft was, past all doubt,
a fearful matter for a diffident man to broach,
and the hesitating lover, after running a parallel
with the fuirow several times round the field,
and essaying with all his courage to utter the
important question, at last stammered out-"1I
-I-'ve been thinking, Mr.--, that-that
-as bow I---.- should be gl-el-glad to
to-m--m-marry-marry your aughter."
Farmer-" Take her and use her well-whoa
MUsic not only improves a man's tastes but
his morals. . II gives him a taste for home that
improves his, habits wonderfully. The man
who spends liis evening with a piano is seldom
seen in dram shops, and never with nIght braw
lers. We believe in music, and candidly think
that one flute will do as much towsrds driving
rowdyism out of a neighborhood as four police
men and a bull-dog.
if WHAT possessed you to marry that
dowdy ?" said a mother to her son. " Because
you always told me to pick a wife like my
nother," was the dutiful reply. .
I@'" LET S woman once think yenu ncon
querable, and, unless she is unlike all othei
women, she will still want to conquer you,
if IT is decidedly provoking to have a flj
Ilight on your no"' just as the dagerreotyp.io
pulls ang hi. waish and aya " Noam
For the Advertiser.
IB. uzr'S8 noPOSWoMN.
Isee that Mr. Rum-r is out in a long potieale
letter, and from the two extracts ;wiieh 'o
seen, I do not think his views will meet with sear
ty response Other in South Carolina'or in. the-ote
Southern States. I have less nafidence in ME
RnErr's judgment than in his patlriotism.
eis letter has caused regre( among our friends
North and South. It is looked upon as. a 10e6. P
South Carolina instead of the vio*s of a-ighud'
vidual. I do not think it a true .expneuto
views even of South Carolina, much lesa of the the
Southern States. With the result of the contest of
1851 still staring us in the fase, we should be oppo-4
sed at this time to all agitation of the question f
disunion. In that contest South. Carolina decided
ahe would wait the co-operation of her SisterSouth.
ern States. Now, if it be desirable to bring about
co-operation and combined notion onrtho- part of
the Southern States, we in South Carolina must so
shape our course as not to bring our prudence in r
question, and thereby throw away our Inluee *no.
We must acquaint ourselves with the views and.,,
feelings of the people of the other Southern States.
We must see ourselves as they see us. And to di
this we must go beyond thelimitsof South Carolipa;
and minple and converse not. with the leaders~nly,
but with. the masses. We shall find that we are
farinadvance. Ifearthiny beginto regard us.as
some-what ultra. In some places Thave heard the
question whether, in the event of Famuores- elee
tion, Southern men should accept 'office under him,
and the answer was: The best men in the country
should go into office. To the credit of the country
we have been saved the disgrace of FaiaxoNT's
elevation.: Our friends at the North stood by us
and the tide of wild finaticism has been hurled back
and the South and the Constitution have tiumphed.
The election of Mr. BUCHANAN bas restored coilia
dence to the country. Will the South, aft,-r. ek'C_
ting him, refun'e to stand by him? Wiil she in
the face of victory,, suffer her counselsi to be dii-,
tracted by the question of disun on? I trust not.
She relies upon his wisdom; his integrity will need
our entire support. Let us give him our whoAl in
fluence. Let us have nothing to divide us. When
united, we have nothing to fear. Wemieit to our
friends North, to the Constitution and to ounselves
to remain united. It is sound poliyawhether or'
the perpetuation of the present' Union or the frman
tion of a new one, or whatever may be our ulterior..
Let uscesse for the present all agitation in South
Caroina. Let us unite oordllly with gur Sister
For the Advertiser:
TIAT UM BOlOIITiO.
Mr. EDIToR: I see in youir'isseof Ira 9th inst.,
the following paragraph;
W. W. CHEvua proposes.to6exhange rich lands
in Southwestern Georgia for "'worn out' fie'ds in a.
higherlatitude. What does that mean, we wonder?
Can Col. S. C., throw any light upon this queer.
Now, sir, the light I would attemp(to throw upon
the subject is this: q0l. W. W. Cusvaa owns
many thousands of acres of rich and very productive
lands in South Western Georgia, improved and un
improved; and now that various railroads are
finding their way through that section, he (I suppose)
wishes to avail himself of the opportunity of chang
ging his investment and making his capital more
active. He proposes to take old and worn out
lands, as you say, in Alabama or Georgia, and will
no doubt take them in good localities. For these he
will allow, in the exchange a reasonable valuation
receiving the restgihis pay in cash. This dif'erence
you will see, gives him the advantage of operating,
with cash, in Railroad stocks or any other enter
prize .that presents itself. I hope this cxplana'ion
will do you.
And now, Mr. Enrron, if you will sell your poor
but very pretty pine land place, with all your hand
some imnprovenmens (for which you could perhaps.
get $20 an acre) Col. Cnsuvaa would sell your a
plantation for $8 or $10 per acre, one aero of
which would produce more than any three that you'
plant, in corn, cotton, or anything else even should
it be Sugar-cane. S. C
A WITHERING REHUE.-To the charge. cf
the Cleveinsnd Her:dld, that Mr Buchanan owes
:is electioni in pnrt to --a drove of nhject slaves
I, the pre-tly 'lie; i in" of 'te Romanz
i:aholic Church. the Cleveland Plaindealer re
-- Where has been the 'priestly dictation' du
ring the campaign ? What -priests have been.
openly in the field of politics i Was it not
during the Congressional session of '54, when
thirty-Jve hundred Protestant Clergymen of Newo
E nd demanded 'in the name of Almighty
God the defeat of the Nebraska bill? W ho else.
have pounded their pulpits to pieces preaching
puolihies but Protestant clergyman ? Where is
Beecher? Wvhere is Bittinger ? Where are-all
the Bauptist, Methodist and Presbyterian clergy.
men wbo have been compassing sea and land to
mauke proselytee, and, when successful made
them tenfold more the children of hell thian be
fore? Not a Catholic priest in the land has
lifted a finger, or opened his mouth, to babble
in this Babel of politics. It has all been Jeftto
these rifle religioniste, notoriously carried: on
by them, and now the Herald has the impudence
to talk about 'abjeit slaves to priestly 4ieta
W THnaE is firm in New York, the name.
of which is Lay, Hatch & Cluck. The clerks '
are presumed to be all Shanghais.
3W* A nfodern. writer thus defines honor:
"Standing fire well,ang shooting a friend whom.
yon love, in order to gain the praise of a few *
others whom you despise.
W "PoNPEY, why is a journey rouhd the
world like a cat's tail 1" " Well, i doesn't id
Eseiv see any semblance 'twixt the two caqes."
"Well, den I spose I'll have to tell you--be
cause it. am fur to the end ob it!"
)7 Tur arms of a pretty girl wound -tight.'
around the neck, has been discovered to be :mn
infallible remedy in case of sore throat. It bezits
pepper tea all hollow..
W* THEY are particular-in Schenectady. A
boy was arre-ted on Monday for spitting into.
the canal. - - - . -
tW'Amtatan has to do in these daY .
pass for a Renius; a to button his coat be hin .
and wear hi-hat wrong side out.
* W A dstignihedwritereaoys " Tihere~i
btnepssage in the Bible where the gir --i
are commanded to kisas the men, and fbL1
men would io nth ies, do soat