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"6We ilciitoteilasoth eupOO Liberties, andIf it must fall, 'viiPrsimdtteRis". ~~
~~m~mU~ D~RIL D. . EDIF LD ,31,4186
*~ Hoops oopn.
Hoops on* iribkes-ana p
B otsyeoiip aiy.'pifrot woman's dress,
Mking theoa s o-dionless,
kiopiiU. bq turdy jen e
-oaka-the ri nPi~ -
B-hoops as pttf woman's baggage,
.Jike the *oopsof a painted savage,
isi .i~serul, peitty toys,
For aetive little girls and boys,
But hoops on woman gbntle
- tlingtonee at and to SeO
Anid l~e.thewhoop of a whooping-cough,
-Neitheriseful nor'ornamental - -
Fora ea o'man 60. boer skirts,
Ad- with a skelbton flaunts and flirts,
-asow siiehto ait'y
Man fldsigard with ber to talk,
n1 harderstitositor, alk -
~- ~s'liiaest of-all to marry.,
- For hen A inittn wreteh has-seen,
Am ii-th -lost in-iCinoline,
Th o-.isleait-bolds/dearer -
0! what ai chilliordent pjaioi
To-fee that th h'olIo hon
Beie'ver han benear*er
.That iitead yh zimidly ili'ing near.
nd ousting'into. the thrilling-ear
Ilie lood-of-his souPs devd
- chesalr5 ag sere skits and boute
At if halia shi n.th e -
11And ifify h
hlialtJatyWSherilOVC ve e,
1y icaptures'a inu . ph sa rings,
.Skeletonigboges asnd thdihing5,
.ihus lovely wdmanjoopsto'folly
Aud drives poor man to melancholy
By her gest 'fifzones -
Then let ter heardiiOn -
e ie h PSg an 'hAp;
h er bones
AN INDIAN LEGEND,
We paused on the margin of a lake in
the valley of thg Mississippi. It was near
the hour of sunset, and a bright golden tinge
fell.upon the waters, gilding the glossy sur
" Look across in that direction," said my
"I see a precipice of imposing height," I
" There is a singular legend connected
with the history of yon pile of jagged rocks;
every foot of this soil was once trodden by
red men; the original and just owneis of
this wide and fertile valley," returned my
friend: " Yonder was an Indian village, but
no mementoes remain to tell us that this
romantic place was formerly the home of a
powerful tribe. The children- of Wapesha
sported on these verdant banks, and the
maidens bjathed in these waters,.and listened
to love-tales beneath these sylvan shades.
" It chanced that a young bunter became
enamored of one of the fairest of the daugh-.
ters of his tribe. He was brave and hand
some. Trhere was none swifter in the chase
or more cunning en the war-path. He was
successful with the maiden,. but not with
-her parents, for lhe was without rank; while
a notable chief was his rival. Unfortunate
Jy, the red men, like the pale faces, have re
gard to earthly distinctions, and titles have
charms for their ears. The untitled suitor
wias bidden to go his way, and treated with
marked harshness and contempthby the rela
tions of the lndiiini damsel. She wvas close
*ly watched to prevent stolen interviews, and
every artifice was used to keep the lovers
" One day the hunter had the good luck
to meet her in the forest, when he again
repeated the oft-told tale of devotion, and
she renewed her promise to wed him, or
never become'the wife of wvarrior or chief.
The shairp eyes of the bunter detecte-d a
form gliding from tree to tree, and presently
lie heard the click of a lock, admonishing
him of his peril. A timely change of posi
tion savedl his life ; a ball cut the air close
to his he.ad, striking an oak beyond.
" You do wvell !" cried the hunter, calling
the young man by name, " to come forth to
-shoot a neighbor as you wvould kill a pale
face. What is my crime, ffiat I deserve to
1hunted like a buck ?"
"You have lbeen told that my sister is
promised to a powerful chief, and that you
mlust have no more love-talk with her. You
deserve to die for your audacity!" replied
the gi'll's brother.
"The hgjter had his gun in his hand,
andl his knif'e anid tomahawk at his belt.
" You are in my power !" ho proudly re
p~lied. " I can kill you in a moment, bu~t I
scorn such wickedness. Besides, your deanth
wonkd distress the. maiden I love ; depart in
safety, unpunished for your treaebery, and
re~nmmber I have given you your~ife."
"Iwill go, but my sister .shall go with
pme, and you can go to your lodgp anid weep
like a squawv;" retorted the young man..
"'Come, foolish one, your future husband
'awaits you at the lodge," added her brother.
-"My future husband is before you, if I
am destined to have one on the earth !" she
exclaimed. "1I despise the man you name 1"
"11er brother -laughed contemptuously,
= and taking her bj the -arm, led her toward
.his father's lodge. When she- was taken
before her relatives, they covered her with
reproaches, ae'eusing her of unmaidenly con
duct. All her spirit. was aroused by their
"1 see plaiiily," she said, "that you are
not my parents. My -father and mother and
brothers must have died when I was an in.
faqt- leaving me to the care and affection of
strangersl -I will go to skeek -my relations
in the land of 'shadows. They will- be glad
to Isene, aid c6n'sole ie fr' the misery I
" She ha45ned from- the lodge, stepped
into a cano, and paddled swiftly fo'r yon
der cliff. Her frie.nids watched .hdr move,
ments with 'sileint terror, untit tbo saw-he.'
toncli the shore and climb the jagged height*
then they'cried'out in. renorse, and ran-to
arrest-her purpose. :ut they were too late
to reach the spot 'They saw her upoif the
summit, and . the w ords of her death: song
wresborne mouirnfoli to their oars. They
sh6uted iheir sorrowvtheyaromisedin.vain;
if she heard thei wild a.jurations, she heed.
edthem not, but seorqed their late-repen
'tince.' She chan'ted he-wrotigs, called. on
the- Great Spirit tosse4 her arms in tle air,
and leaped from the.dazzy height. rho wa
ters of the lake closed. over her, and her
.conscience-stricken*: 'relatives sai -her no
- AMES 'BUCHANAN lIt YOUTH.
rbhe effort to liipresitbe public with the
4elief that- th Hon As R 'CA AI the
President elect, possesses a cold and selfish
temperament, from, the fact tlat he isfa
bachelor, is defeated by the" eneral knovl
edge of the high socialqiahlities and genial
disposition of that acconip1isWed and' dlstin
guished statesman,:and.by iie sadly roman-'
ti,-and touching circumstances which closed
to him the joys of 'connubial-life. These
ate related in a late iumber o( Harper's
Alagaziie; and-from which re copy tbe fol.
' e 'years ago. a member-of the United
StatetsSenate,-distinguished not only for his
tatents bbt.for his fine -personal appearance,
was eated ig * .riohly-furifished parlor in
the cfil Washin~gtoni, engaged in a lively.
conirstion with: one of jhe most amfable
and acedmplished married ladies that ever
.hin'orider'national capitil'with their pres.
eode. 1he aubje.ct was the comion and
-ioit. gi-eeble n'"o f marriage; arfd th
I~dy. witha bpautiful inthus/iasm natura
-hereh4rAeter,: was pressingjupon the.n ce
-5 e, --. 1 1
liberal education, eminently rendlered er fit
to be the wife of a distinguished statesman,
who had seemingly already spetit too many
years without a proper companion to divido
is honors and bear with him the ills of life
The gentleman, who had for a long time
entered with hearty good.will into the half
serious and half playful conversation, sud
denly became excited, and remarked, ihat
he coulld on such a subject bear all that gas
said in jest, but when serious arguments
were brought to urge him io change his con.
dition, then his reply must be that sugh a
thing could never be-that to love he could
not, for his affections were in the grave.
The lady was struck with the Senator's
manner, and surprised that throughout her
long acquaintance with him'she had never
suspected that he had found time, amidst
the struggles of a biborious profession and
a high political position, to " fall in love."
With the blandishments only known to the
sex, and wvith a curiosity prompted by the
kindest of hearts, she asked for an explana
tioni of this seeming mystery, and the gen
teman, for the moment overcome by the
eloquence of his interlocutor, explained as
" It was my good fortune, soon after I
entered upon the active duties of my pro
fession, to engage the affections of a lovely
girl, alike graced wvith beauty of person and
high social position. Hler mother, her only
living parent, was ambitious; and, in the
thoughtless desire to make an alliance of
fashion, opposed the union of her- child with
one who bad only his talents and the future
to give in return for so much beauty and
wealth. The young lady howeveri was
more disinterested ; mutual vows of Rtach
mnt wveie exchanged, a correspondence andl
frequent personal interviews succeeded, and
the future seemed to p~roisO a most happy
consummation of all our wishes. At that
time I had just commenced, under favorable
circumstances, my pro'fession ini my native
ton.; and, making a. me character, wias
finally engaged as counsel in a suit of im.
portance before one of the courts holden in
the city of Philadelphia. *The opportunity
was favorable to make an impression if I
possessed the ability to do so: and I gladly
accepted the position, and( bent my whole
energies to accomplish my amibition. Ar
ragn to write frequently to one who di
vided moy heart w ith my business duties, and
to receive frequent epi:stles in return, I set
out for Philadelphia, exnecting to beabsent
at most not more than two weeks. The
la's delays, however, detained me a month
beyond the anticipated time ; and, although
I succeeded eyond my most sanguine ex
petations, and established myself in a po
sition before the highest court of my native
State, my triumphs were dashed that in all
the time thus engaged I had not received a
line from Lancaster, instead of wvhich, the
atmosphere was failled with rumors that the
perso.m upon whom I had set my affections
h:.d been seduced imto the ambitions of her
thoughtless parent, and that I had been dis
carded--a thing I could not believe, and yet
which ihe dreadful silence seemed to in
" .t last, released from my engagement,
I took the usual, and, in those days, the
o y conveyance to Lancaster-the stage.
The idleness~consequent upon traveling gave
time for consuming thoughts, and my sus
pense became painful to the last degree ;
an, unable to bear the slow pace of my
conveyance, I determined to anticipate the
usal time of my jourley, by making the
last miles on horseback. In carrying out
this determiination, I~ mounted a fleet steed;
but just as I reached the suburbs of my na
epae- th kanimal, frn rsnme nnacconta
be -c'ause, sprang from-e - road, 0 m.e
with force, brealing my arm and ;otherwise
injuring - my person.- Picked up by my
friends, I was convayed .helpless and frll of
physical and 'mental aony, to my home.
Scarcely -bid tbe su~eons performed the
necessary duties; than one, whoin I esteem
ed a friend, annoiupeed to me, the, gossip of
the village, and, among other things,. de.
tailed the particulars of the c6urtship and
engagement of the young lady in.,whom I
.Oas so interested iith a well knownperson
f a neighboring city a.peron ..whose
~claiz~sto regard . no one,, could dispitte.
Thise-'things,.. stated with' such apparent
good faith, connected with that fearful silence
of six long. weeks, had no other efect'tha.
to increase my anxiety tounaravel the mys
tery; and'i;n ihe following: morning; con
cealing myivouiided limb.under a cloak,
probabjy paliand hagard, I presented myi
self. at the mansion opmy mistress. I was
received iftne presence of lhe mother. She
confirmed a .sUOPIions. The-young lady
stoad by-th " tuie of despair, yet silsnt
as-thegray perate atwhat seemed
thi P.ad- * urned to ayhouse; wrote
a hasty let manding my correspotidence,
.and.returning at the same time, eve'y..once
cherished'token of iffectionI 'eI'drecale
I sent f6r,- -save, perhaps,. some forgotten
"mThat night the young lady, accompani
ed by a female servant left for Philadelphia..
Arriving at her uncle's house she complain
ed-of being fitigued. with her journey, and
retired to her room. Complaining of some
serious pain, only soothed by narcotics, she
sent her' faithful but unsuspecting s'ervant
and friend to a- peighboring drng st0e. for
lauddinum, received it, expressed the wishito
be alone, and 'seemingly retired to sleep.
The following morning, not making- her ap.
pearance,. th' family became alarmed,: broke
open the door,. and found- the young.lady
dead-in her hand the little keepsake re.
tained from my correspodence. 'heiincle,
as if comprefending the particulars which
led to this dreadfil tragedy, hadithe. :body.
enoffi ned: and with' it returned. to Lancas
ter.' -Placing all-that remained of this one
lovely bein" in th rlor, he.-- b
he* o- aS
p sed' hrwork.e'
I fas'sent.for, ahna arrived to witness
the eloquent agony: of that mothsr' heart.
Over the cold .remains- of the daughter sh4
reiealedthe particulars that led to the awful
dustry', 6 c'mrM nd of large resodrces, and I
paid agents, had been all intercepted. The
reason of my prolonged absence in Phila.
delphia had been. explained as the result of
the fascinating charms of city belles; even
an,engagement had been pronounced. All
this whilethe victim had been full of hope.
She had heid' of my arrival in Lancaster,
but not of my accident; for long weary i
hours she sat in the parlor waiting my pres- I
nce, but doomed to disappointment. Here I
was seeming indifference, a confirmation of
all that she had heard. On the other side,
I was made the dupe of thd mother's arts,
and the fiend who had poisoned my ear was
merely the agent to carry forward the great I
wrong. The last interview I have described,
which resulted in the return 'of correspond
ence, was enshrouded in the consequences
of all these plans. The result was death to
one party, and the burial of the heart of
the other, in the same grave that closed over
one who could not survive the wyreck of her1
Many years have passed away since the
inidents detailed in the above sketch trans-4
p)ired ; many years since they were revived
by the accidental conversation in a family
cirle of W ashington society ; but the coun
try strangely becomes interested iii the event,
from the fact that the WVhite House will
positively have a bachelor for its occupant ;
but one, not so because of indifference to
woman, but really from the highest appre
iation of one of the loveliest of the sex.
SONG OF TEE AXERICAN EDITOR.
I'm of the Press ! I'm of the Press !
My throne, a simpale chair:
I ask no other majesty
Than strikes the gazer the-re.
The horse of fire obeys my rod,
My courii-rs take th'e sea;
The lightning leaves the charmed cloud
At Art's conmmand for me.
Pin of the Press! P'm of the ZPres!
Let monusrelbs wear a crown ;
1 wave miy pen across the pagde
A aid crowns have tumbled down. .
The world rolls on, the millions stride;
Without, the tempest rolls
Within, 1 brood :a quiet thought
That changes alt the souls.
- Pm of the Press ! I'm of the Press!
My host emnbattled typta;
With dhem I quell the tyrant's borde
And rear the stars and stripes.
-'I give my hand to all the race,
My alter Freedom's sod ;
I say my say and bend my knee
Alone, alone to God.
A funny story is told of a man who stole a
five dollar bill out in Indiana. His counsel tried
to prove that the note wans not worth five dollar.,
it being at a discount, in order to lesson tl.c
crime. The prosecutor said lie knew the pri o
nr was the meatnest man in the Statec, b~ut he
did not think he was so all-fired mean as not to
be wilmng to steal indiana money at par.
A sweet countr-y home, with roses and honey
suckles trained 'to climb over ; with good taste,
intelligence, and beauty within; toil enough to
insure health, and leisure enough to court ac
quaintance with books and the flowers aind the
loveliness of nature ; wit)) peace, 'plenty, and
love; is surely one of the _Paradises which hea
ven has left for the attainment of man.
A G~hEN RosE.-At an exhibition of flowers
which took place at Manheim, Germany, a prize
was awarded for a very extraordinary floral ca
riosity-thie most notale item in the exhibition
-a green rose. The petals of the flower were
green,. .ad ha somawhiat the form af leave.
- AI :'1ADDRESS
DELIVER EM4EER SOUTH CAROLINA PaES
ASSOCr 'TUESDAY EVENING,
(Pubished -of the AssociationL.).
I dare not ho ' worthy. co-laborer
aid friends; th ' .the brief' address m
li.rite ine ks mitted. ne pto prepare,
caio Jusilee t. Assoiatiori or-o th
ibject saa nate' t-o. the occasion
UntiLrecentl e that, i. c'onsbquene
of ani ayiflWt m ads wo-7ears since
diur worthy .re eypected- an addresi
t hii tine, 1, Iidier the impression oui
idganiziion h. n abandoned. The du
ties and. reslf [ties of an independen
preis its use ,comprehendld at
mifany'suggesti fts for deep and ma5tur
t61oughti u such high literary qui
ifications todis them properly, that'!
approaci the C t with diffidence, an'
reel thatT .can perfectly discharge.th
;kfr ai M egulated press- is ti
ebiefgound upport or politica
lierty. Wed b reas n to be grateful
that nowh'ee ear ire. its blessing
more fulljdal an'in the Unit'ed States
There itno a tion in the land where
its lin'ings .'~ot be enjoyed. Th
strok6 of theri fs. axe scarcely eeasei
to be heaidhii - P rearqd in the wilder
nea, er 'virgi il received the first seedi
fronm his.hinda e printer, with his types,
begins toa telligence: around him
Frci thedatli 6the Pacific, all ovei
this ,ide-spia mdain' of- liberty, there i
not A spo.t that ot -gladdened with the
genial influip i an qnfettered press
livery theie, irsy'mart or in the re
tiremefihe ny, will we dispovei
thereiide reo high estimation whiel
the Amiriacr place on this mighty
iiinent c tion and enlightenment.
But whilwe good. cause .t.exult ii
nd apprecia st- imprtanl '
nanifold. be -aig.press, it becomes
hasetof niotediitlitaq 4
careflly,' honestly' and
a 11~ fef ~ rivileges and responsi
lties-to ee ut and become familidr
with-the detail s ry to the fulfilment
f 'itsstruo.missi tat we may...guide and
,ntrol it rdi .in erests of our coun
:ry and sociel e mnfly wield its
wihty ineiue a'iff.'f virtue and
t;andl in1 se onttutionl
h' defence of our rights against all en
troachments from designing or ambitious
ioliticans, and the fanatical assaults of mis
uided or knavish philanthropy.
Gentlemen, we are called to a high and
esponsible station when ie undertake to
onduct. the free press or free people. While
he only restrictifis on this mighty engine
ire those designed to prevent. its licentious
lss, yet it behooves us to guard well its pu.
ity and fidelity-to keep it strictly within
ts legitimate sphere. We conceive the first
luty of a press, under a government like
ours, to'be. the inculcation 'of a reverence
or.the Constitution and a strict obedience
o the laws of the country. So long as the
irovisions of the coiipact which associates
he States in political union are jealously
bserved, so long, and so long only, will our
ights or liberties be sare. That masterly
rodudtion of pure patriots has withstood
nany a shock ; and although it may have
>een deviated rromn in somle instanlces, yet
haks to the indomnitable patriotism of the
american people, it still survives-the f~ea.
onlight to the people of every nation, kin.
Ired and tongue who ask ror liberty. Trough.
iut. the political history of the United States,
am gratified to say, the reader will discov.
r that the people or the South have been:
ver found among its warmest supporters
nd most vigilant conservators. South Ca.
oina among the faithrul, wvll be found pre.
minently devoted to the-preservation of the
Hecr public men have been distinguished
or their strict adherence to, and ardent de
'nee of, that magna chamrta or our rights
md liberties. TVhe name of Calhoun is
dentified with it, and the whole labor~ of his
nilliant career-the highest aspiration of
mis mighty intellect-was to preserve 'it in
is original-strength, beauty and -vitality.
3hinging to it with a devotion wvhiich stamped
us public career with the living, impress ol
genuine patriotism, lie stood amiong his-corn
eers the champion of the Republic, and
;truggled for its perpetuation, in the only
say it can be perpetuated, by a rigid con
itruction or its requirements, and an iunva
ying adherence to its wise provisions
[)own to his latest breath, breathed, as i
Aere, in the Senate Chamber, that Consti
ution was his guiding star.
Nia is South Carolina now without her
-opresintatives in this fidelity. That vene
able Senator, whose patriotism and devo
ion to the constitutinnal rights of the South
o recently aroused the hate of tire aboli
ion horde, and furnished a plretext rur tht
irulent denunciation of a shameless slande
orr--that statesman wvho bears a name indeli
uly written on the historic page of Carolina':
patriotism and valor, whose locks have be
ome snowy-white in the service of his State
s known at Washington by " the honorable
listinction of the guardian or the Constitu
ion." He has justly won the title, anc
vears it deservedly. Before closing this di
gression I may remark, and it is with prid
nd pleasure i do so, that fidelity to the Con
stitution and unwavering loyalty to th<
South and their own State ini these days o
wild fanaticism and fury, have characterize<
the public conduct of all the representativei
of Carolina in the concils of the Confede
Why is the Constitution so -carefull,
guarded by our public meni Because the:
know that itis alone under its saving influ
enees the rights apd liberties of their con
stituents can be secure. This is especiall;
true with regard to the political interests c
the South ; without the Constitution, its re
strictions and limitations, they would be a
the mercy of an irresponsible majority,
rajority, too, whose aim and purpose
whetaher Inspied h7, fanaticism, or dictate
.by more unworthy and unpatriotic motives,
s is their prostration and ruin. It behooves
the Southern press, then, to the battle for
the..Constitution, to be ever among its de
fenders; and to cling to it with unwavering
devotion, so that-in the day of the finalstrug
3 glewhich I believe from present indications
r must.arrive, the people of the South may
I come out of the contest "with their honor
A untarnished, their rights and.institutions main
tained and vindicated, and that in the forma
3 tion of a new Confederacy, they may still
, claim: aA their own that unering chart of
i republica 'iberty.
r -Thee other duties devolvirrg upon the
conductors of the press which more imme
t .diately relate to the welfare, virtue and bap
piness of the community. Editors, by all
s means, should jealously .watch over their
columns, lest the slightest taint of immorali.
ty or impuiity should be found there.. The
Iiewspapers once a luxury has become a
necessity to every .family, and no matter how
attractive may be the garb in which wrong
3 teachings are clothed, they should be rigidly
I excluded from. its pages. Flash novellettees,
highly colored descriptions of fashionable
5 vices, thnlling accounts of murders, robbery
and other crimes, constant publications of
the foibles and failings of human nature, all
tend to the demoralization of the taste, es.
pecially of the young reader, If-we desire
to see our children grow up virtuous, the
purity of our magazine and newspaper lite
rature must be assiduously watched over and
cultivated. Aod this must be done, for the
reason that it counts its thousand of readers
among the young, while works of a higher
standard of literature are totally neglected
by them.. In this respect, then, the conduc
tors of the press have a responsibility rest.
ing upon them which cannot be measured.
It is reasonablo to suppose that in this
day of universal reading the peace and hap
piness of very many must be aff.ected and
edspeby~at may be called their dai
ly mental food. It is much easier to pull
down than build. up, and all history teaches
*Wthat-among the people who have.passed
a'ay, theie&aaof decay first germinated.
in the corruption 6fMilentiousniess, and that
the first steps towardstho destruction and
.downfall of ruined nations'fere those taken
from the paths of religion ia pimorality.
Then, as a brotherhood of teachers, e whose
nfluence penetrates into the. domesticcircle
of every fii-eside in the land; as patrigts,
who desire to transmit to those who come
Min_% ovit heritage-of librty-;- as men;s
fathers, and as brothers, we cannot be held
justifiable in the sight of God or man if we
fail to discharge our duty in this respect
with the utmost fidelity. Happily for the
South, and it speaks volumes in Yer favor,
the style and matter of some flash licentious
prints we have seen emanate from Boston
and New York, are not imitated in her lati.
tude. They could not exist, because within
her borders they would find neither patron
age nor encouragerment.
A very offensive feature of the journalism
of the day is tho system of universal and
indiscriminate " pulling" of every person and
thing for which sorge slight equivalent may
have been given. The public are fast losing
confidence in editors' notices of exhibitions,
books, quack medicines, charlatans and hui
bugs; and, un:il the press shakes off the
habit, and abandons the idea that every
thing, good, bad or indifferent, has to be
commended, for a notice of which they
have been slightly complimented, the rea
ders or journals will thiink the sptace deo
tedl to such notices very poorly occupied,
and will v'ery properly give up paying any
attention to them.
-Another unfortunate characteristic of
modern political journalism is a growing
tendency to personalities, invective and
abuse of those who diller from us. This is
really injnrious, not perhaps so much to the
pnblic, as to journalists themselves. Our
own experience,-and that of others we have
been racquaintcd with, teach us that, after
cool reflection, departures from the true
mission of journalism bring nothing but re
gret to) the party who permits himself so to
deviate. In saying this, however, I must
not be understood as favoring any restric
tion on the just and b~eneficial criticism-the
free expression of opinion, whether of praise
or censure, on the public acts of public men.
If eternal vigilance be the price of liberty,
it is-niot only ithin the legitimate proince
of the press, but it is one of its highest and
most sacred duties, to arrest the triumphant
demagogue in his career-to expose his hiol
low-heartedness and selfishness--and to point
put the danger to public liberty by the ele
vation of such uip one to any office of trust
within the gift of the people. From this
duty, fortunately for us connected withi the
press of this State,. we are comparatively
exempt. * There appears to be a noble gui.
ding and ruling principle in the nature and
composition of the men whom the people of
Carolina hen or with their confidence, that
prevents theni from becoming amenable to
the strictures of a free but conservative press.
Theo-public records of the State and of the
country wiill hear me out in this eulogihm
Ion the genieral rectitude and fidelity of the
public officers and statesmen of South Caro
I But if a man'fpublic acts, or the manner
-in which he discharges the duties lie as
Isunmes, be legitimate subjects of editorial su
-perversion, we niust never forget that his
private character and reputation are exclu
sively his own. They cannot be made the
theme of newspaper gossip, or 'be dragged
f forth to serve political purposes, without the
I prostitution of that great instrumentality
Splaced under our control. The publication
- that makes its columns the medium through
which the prejudices, spleen, or revengeful
Sfeelings of its conductor may be gratified,
i must soon become a wholesale slanderer.
-Such a print should be stricken from the
-roll of journalism as unworthy of recogni
tion by its compeers or ecotemporaries.
( It is true that editors are men of like pas
-sions and feelings as others around them,
t but those of us who have had any enperi
ence, know that one of the highest and most
,essential qualifications for the profession is
I th abilitey tn control them when truth, han.
or or virtue are to be sactficed. The mar
who caqnot absolutely govern himself it
this respect, is always liable to desdcrate
one of the highest and noblest vocations
and should never undertake to conduct z
journal in a civilized community. The in.
dividual who recklessly enters this profession
most wofully 'mistakes his calling, and-w'ill
eventually be compelled to retire from a field
of labor for which lie is neither mentally-oi
morally fitted or qualified.
There is another .duty devolving upon
those who conduct the press, which should
justly -claim our attention. In -endeavoring
to discharge it properly we should be gov.
erned by the same general rule already men;
tioned, viz: that the public good and wel.
fare of society should be placed above all
other considerations. The duty to which I
refer is the exercise of a wise discrimina.
tion in the publication of articles from an
onymo'us correspondents. Indeed co cor
respondent should be unknown to the editor.
I do not regard a public journal as a sort of
oninibus, where all who pay or contribute to
its support have a right to jump in and ride,
without any reference whatever to the wel.
fare, comfort or happiness of others. I
hold that no correspondent, even should he
be my staunchest personal and p'olitical
friend, and subscriber for hundreds of do.
pies of my paper,'has thereby any pre-emp.
tion claim to tLe use of its columns for the
indulgence of private animosity or personal
abuse, and I cannot think that one who
thoroughly understands the duties and re
sponsibilities of his position, as the manager
of-a publis journal, would ever consent to
sell his columns, be the price what it may,
to any writer who has no higher object in
view than those just mentioned.
In times of high- political -excitement this
evil in the management of -a paper. creeps in
unawares, escaping the vigilan6e of the most
experienced editor; but whinthbe boisterous
claims-of party do not dim his usual clear
iiightedness, and when the public, good can
not be subsprved by the free use of.the pen
and pungency, -satire, or' ridicule, he ought
ntever to permit a writer to. wantonly assai
an opponent, or-to tear him from theretire
ment and endearments of social and domes
tic life-to hold' up to the rude gaze of a
censorious orld his foibles and' weaknesses,
that private taalice may be gratified, or tb
petty triumph of-a party. or clique secured.
It is proper to 'remarkk however,'that a
just discrimination between- theaddacy of
'political prinzci le.in-thie ieebraingfor
party ascendency, 'should always be exer
cised. The public good is involved. in the
legitimate discussion of principles; but the
disputes of party have seldon any higher
aim than the elevtion of its' members to
office or power-they are generally mere
squabblers for the spoils. Principles can be
freely, firmly and thoroughly discussed with
out affecting the private character or repu
tation of those whole hold theni, while the
wrangling over the trumpery issues of mere
party soon degenerate into personal abuse
and scurrility between the opposing fac
tions or dliques. No press that has any
respect for its own character, or which fully
appreciates the dignity of' its high position,
can lend its influence, at the expense of
truth and decency, to aid in the elevation of
any man or set of inen who can thus prosti
tute principle and talent.
There are many bright spots, and there
are very mnany pleasant associations, found
in editorial life, and we could earnestly de
sire that it was all made up of friendly cour
tesies. and kind reciprocations, both among
its conductors and their readers. But we
regret to say it is not always thus. A few
les written in haste, or during an excited
political campaign, have too often separated
best friends and brought trouble and sorrow
to many a happy household. W~hat is writ
ten, arid printed and distributed car.not be
erased : It is not like a word spoken in anger
or haste-roon forgotten and forgiven7
The printing' machuine haas'given it such a
permanency aind currency that time itsell
can scarcely effect the one, nor extent of
coutry limit the other. It n ay be written
as pleasantly, or be deemed justifiable re
tort, yet that sentence may wvound an afflic
ted spirit or goad to anger a proud and scn.
sitive nature. Its consequences may be
such as were never dreamed of by the wvri
ter, an'd may return to himself with such an
accumulation of evil as he never imagined
he would be called upon to suffer. It was a
principle of an eminent statesman of Ireland
that no political advantage was worth a
crime, and this priinciple applies with as
much force to ihe conductor of a public
journal as to the statesman. We may pro
perly labor for political victor$', and the
best feeling of our nature will induce us to
seek the approbation of those around us, but
both will ho dearly purchased if acquired by~
dishoorble means, or~if they bring with
thim the knowledge thuit they have been
gained at the expense of other's peace, haps
piness or reputation. Th.yt knowledge will
assuredly 'throwv a blighting influence over
ourselves, even in the 'brightest hours of our
tri~uph and rejouicing.
It is true that the stand point from which
an editor looks out on the busy world, and
the actors on that stage, affords him many
advantages, and supplies him wvith peculiar
facilities to be of service to his fellow-men ;
but at the same time it invests him with a
responsibility which requires a souud judge.
ment, and a living active moral principle to
rightly discharge the duties under its con~
trol. We may not be able to say wvhen we
come to lay down our penus that we never
wvrote a line we would wish to see erasedi
for that perfection can scarcely be expectid
amid the cares and labors of a newpapem
office: but we may have the satisfaction el
knowing; when we come to-lay aside these
cares and labors, that honesty of purposE
and purity of motive 'have ever guided out
pens and dictated our compositions. 'If we
can say this conscientiously, we must havi
'-been .instrumental in' effecting 'much good
Ad if all who have nogw the charge of 'the
public journalsof the country were to cleavE
to this rule-of conduct, who dare not believe
that we would be more successful in accom
p.ishiogthe gr'eat mimsa of die press? Whc
-can measure %. etent esutPo~ne
cieij-ind the.countr e 6"
purged ofijver uyoith .
trolled& qnaly , - h
moral- firqAness,w atida
Whetbatday in tbesPal is
aryives,.thd counr ad
make more ap rg
of secung the. s 4 r
tutions than she had
years of heoiad p
A few wo .
odical itead, -
that of the Sduth be-66 a r
and much money expende, pa
lish:Southern literary pape ridJperisdials,
but where, throughout the reioMd to d fat
be found en e did T
Southern NQ"teryRevie lb ts t e
publishes a soaaap
and.the public frti ,support'it.sar
ly deirves. The Sout ir r
thi best conducted iorihlies&1 "ll
ceives, a very'naqui tng'a' orL Ltera
paperi. have been atrted-r.mC' W
Augusta and Columbiagbat they hadi% -
brief and .poverty.st'icken zseuc4us0,
now dead ind forgotten. 0therbrtWOW
still being made to bhiillup a Wpri louiasH
ature of 'our ow
time alone can deterane.a Not
this condition of 'iffairs our pope
reading. people.. Harpe* 3
Grahan'is" 3Mazineaidai hst t11
and so.'ealled "family5IW~;
the North; coun! ir ousau ngo*tli
sands of readers. in. the Soithet Stea'ti .
Indeed it would appen' that--thsAi-WC1&r
"Soither'isibed ouiitheAttlt1pg) of-a
perio'dical 'oriOeO j~Iaioffijent to essif
its' failure- bWheaui 'A fste '
whi-exlaijhyis sytaged an aisteny 1I
is not beauaishh ale ii4itingor. the
that-comoditfit the th. a th
of one- cauief r
our periodicilublicatio a' if is
is that talent is-not fre en
iifstA i tieefforits "of-t tiW er;
It may be said tiletit i
it the' Notth than he th i
pay better.thn Ao
fin th thianterprising, t stiuyli
publisher, and relibve him tosome .extert
from the necessity of going toother sources
to procure litdrary matteoror hiipuicIilon.
Let our native -talent arouse'from IAs cnpa
triotic indifference,. dnd give a hearty co-op.
eration to every deserving effort put forth to
build up a literature of 'our own. Let that
literature bear the impress ..of Southem ge.
nius, thus giving it, aye, a sectional tone and
character, and we'will then be relieved from
an entire dependence on - that of. a secilon,
whose press, as a whole, is inimical. to;us,
g nd whose voice as a people has so recently
dnd so emphatically pronounced against us
and our institutons.
But literary contributions alone will not
insure success. The brightest. intellects of
the daf may' enrich the columns of our
periodical press; but if the means to secure
such talent, or to give, the literary effokits
now being made, a fair trial to' atain per
manent vitality be wanting, then 'vill all'be
in vain. Where a literary journal"'of tlie
South has one subscriber it oughj to have a
hundred ; and instead of a Southern' Rievs
or Periodical counting 'its subscribers' by
hundreds, it should npmber themn by thoui
sands. With proper fort .it can be done.
Let the duty of extepnding the circulation of
these publications. be felt by all,. and. sere
many years elapse we can. point to a periodi
cal literature which wvill equal, if not exceed
that for which we have been so long paying
tribute to New England and the North.
Let those who have the means contribte
out of their abundance to .tbe good,. w~ork,
and they will do as much, for their sectio'n,
for their children, and, their familycirclea-as
they could do ini any other servioe Ghich
patriotismp may claim at their hands.
I do not deem it inapprdpriate ln the' pr -
sent occasion to linger a few 'moments at
the t6mb of a rriend and worthyco.laboier.
'Tho brilliant intellect and distinguishied' tal
ents of one of 'the most gifted of! 'our corps
no longer illuige the jouzrnlisIin of Souhh
Carolina-they are quenehed' in the 'tomb.
He 'has fallen in the strength oL early-mi.n-.
hood-but he fell, with the harness on. In
his death the South has lost an table, earnest,
and eloquent advocate, arnd the press of this
State one of themiost brillint stars in the
gallaxy of its contributors. ;fossy has al
ready wvoven . many .beautiful garlands.,to
adorn his tomb; but let his memory be en-i.
shritied in ouir affections apd perpetuated by
some testimonial of our appreciation. ofliis
lofty talents and his unwavering devotiaon to
Southern Rights and Southern Institutions.
In conclusion, my co-laborers,, ' would.
say that it was not my mntestion in prepar
ing this address to awrite. a .hiomij or in de
livering it, tapreach you' a sermon., Those
with whom, tam~more nearly connected
the members of this Association, the editors
of South Carolina-need. no.lectures 'fro~m
me; 'but it behooves us allato-a ustain, the
well-earned reputati'n of'the South Caroline -
press.:': Let truth, honor and. integrity, be
our watchword and motto-let the..promo
tion of virtue and the suppression 'of vice be
our highest aim-let strict fidelity to the
best interests of our State, and niot loyalty
to party. or faction, be the rule of our coil
duct. -We will then--hbave fuliled' our mis
sion 'with honor'to nurselves 'and with advan
tage' to' our country and commonwdalthi. A
press so conducted is' one of..the greatost
blessings under Heaven -aspeopleecan enjoy;
and, in the language of 'an orator and states
man, it T' will shake down;lrom'.-its height
corruption, anid bury~fbeneath the ruinis-of'"
the abuses it usammeant toshelter."
alg- DoMsrdTOhSrr-Mayren orL40eeu nd
the slanders against you beereral eeithout ~