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-Oit-o Cat & ~f
- Webill el~~~ag te the'Pilla s e ~The Tea ur Liberties, and If it muut fall,wewlPrshaidtteRin
*. .,JNUthe RiYa 1 8 the "
E& c.0', Proprietors. F . C., JANUARY 14,
e PUBLIS13ED EVEaR WEDNESDAY MORNING.
A. sI1111S, D. . D8RISOE & TJAU REESE,
TERXS OF SUBS-CRIPTION.
Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
DOLLARS and Frry CENTS if not paid within six
months-.and Tax:: DOLLARS if not paid before the
expiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
lylimited atthe-time of subscrihing, will be con
tinged untiI aljajrrearages are paid, or at the option of
daubeoriptions out. of the' District4and from other
Statas'isit inariab1y be baid for in idvance.
- . ' 'TO CLUBS.
To CiRb of Teti the .(dertme will be farished -
one yeaf, r Fitee). Dollara6ne person bioming
- sponsi.,.dhyingfior.tih Clab In advande.
-It' 4. A D ERTISING.
- Al-idveitisemetu wilL b- eqrrectiy.and conspien.
osyieredt-Seventy-five 'Cents per Square.(12
.evieriaA es. IeS) for the first ipsertion, and Fifty
Cenirfortili.sObseggrentinsertioiI. When only i4b-.
ishe Mcnthl'y r Qnaiterly Opersqu rp Wil be.
chrge . . * --
EAehaand every 'ransienthydvertisemfen't. to secure
O pulicithiough our coblinhs inst invariably be
paid in advance. -
Adivrtisementsnot having'the desired number_
of insertions- marked on the riariswill be continued
until forbid aed charged acco'rdingly.
7itosedo dering to. advertipe bhh .year can do so
on Ite g'tliberal termI-it being distinctly under
nstood Titai -ontrata' for yearly aivertising are con
fined- the'immediatelegitimat business of the firm
or individui c'ontracting. . .'; .
All comntugIcations of a personal character will be
Obituary Notice -ecn-irig'on square in.length
will he'ciarged forl'ove ip teoo.eguiit'e.
-Annonncing a Candidate "riot .ierted until paid
for,) Five Dollars.'
For Adv..rtising'Estriys.Tolled T-o Dollars, to be
paid by the g'agitrate advertising.
- Tur. Frinuils Qf PhMi. STEPIEN SHAW
respectfully annone him as a Candidate for Sheriff
of Edigefiefld Distriotsat the. ext.election.
The friends of Co.. W-LLi.%X QUATTLEus res
pectfully. aunnounee him as a Candidate for SherWIf
of Edgenield at the epsuing election.
- !J0 We are authorized to announce-LEWIS
JONES, E-q. as a candidate, for re-eection for.
SherifTcf Edgefieid District.
gLr TiE Friends of Capt. I1. UOULWARE
T E Triends of Capt. LEWIS COVAR, rs-I
pectfully announce him as a candidate for Sherif.
of Edgefild District, at the ensuing election.
The many friends of W. W. SALE, Esq., ol
llan.burg, in the upper part of the District, respect
fully announee him as a candidate for Sherif of
Edgefield District at the next election.
97 TnE Friends of Mr. ROl.ERT D. BRYAN
respectfully announce him as a Candidate far Clerk
of Edgetie01 District at the next election.
0 j Tir. Fri nds of SIr. R. P. IIA1fISON,
respectfully annonnee him as a Candidat. for Tax
Collector of E1dF.eied D.istriet at the , nsuing elee
1lJThe fi ie:nt! of STARLING TURN ER, on
noaunce him a er-.didate for Tax Collector at tie
ILT The Frienrdt ofl Mr. Ml. W. LY T.E respa et
fully nionuncee himt as a Crandidate for Tax Collke
tor of Edgenieldl at the next election.
gg The l'rieunds of Capt. E. W. IIORN, re
rpetfully announce him as ai Candidate for Tax
Collector of Edgefield D~istrict, at the ensuing rlee
- 117 The Friends of Mir. CTIA RLES C A RTER
respectfully announlce him ans a Candidate for Tax
Collector of Edgefield D~istriet, at thec next electiont
i.? Thea Friends of SIr. CIIA S. SI. MA.Y, res
pi-etfully annonne him as a Caudidate far Tax C.A
eetcor of E dgfie 111 strit a t the next election.
T 1 i EUndersigned h~ave thias day farimied a piart
iershipa for the Practice of La:w andi~ Eqjuty,
in fEdgetield and the aj.ining Districts. Olfic at
Edgeafii C. H., whtere one or bothi irry at all times
be founid. - S. W. 1A BR Y,
JAS. A. DOZIER.
Dec. 31 18.~6, tf 51
1J T. W i~ilTir, Attorm y at Law, may
. he on rd n fthe Uttee innuezidiat.-y below
the. North idefa of the Court I louse, or in the Oflie
of tihe Ca~ommi siner int L:.pity.
D e 'a.1.i :s t r y
r llESubscrib.er ha.s aapem- d ain s
SiieatRyan'is I lotel, where hie -
tohi t;of-ion1. A lien'sPaetT-hCrhn
ear Gu adlilock Teeth, fromi
SigeTeeth to Entire Setts,
Put up in a style to please the most fa- tidious.
I lenitists wish'ntg teeth put up on Allen'sPte,
enn have it done by sending in their P'lat<.s at very
D~entisas' Golid and Silve~r PlIate. Cold Sivi-r id
Pltatina Wire, rounid, -har round an.I elndIrical
nmade tao order. II. -PA RLKEI.
N. ii.-A settlement always at tihe comidetioni 01
the wan k.
TO TH E AFF LICT ED.
-lR. T iliAY E 1, llomisopathic Phyuiciun, Sair
.i e". and Accouche~ur, late of P'hiladelphi.a,
tniw ;a.c.atedi No 217, liraead Street.. A ugue, Ga.
I'urricubtir attention pnad to the treatmnent orf
Chronie disease"- Vi~its made at a distance on the
most rt av'onable t erms. l'lease addresst,
-- 1l. R. TIIAY ER',M.D.
* A ril 2 tf 1
ANewV Year at Hand !
71 IiI s.,ason has agatin arrived whten every one
-5 is expected to settle up all arrents. I therefore
gve timely warning to all indebted tar me, eitiher by
EOte or open account, to came forward mi etieilqjJ
up without delay, as I do not intendl to be ridina air
sen.hi an ag. n. alil over the country, arid payymig
adlighr i-er cent for eo leetinig. I noaw ia ant my manley
~nd miu-t have it. No ixeUse for hatd crops.
a (gYou can settle with me until the first Feb
rura ter that time with may Attorney.
- . -nary'JOLLN COLGAN.
MY DEAR BLUE-EYED HALF-BROTHER.
BY SARAN J. C. wHITTLEsEY.
Fragrant and fair are the roses.rare,
Oh, now, in the home of our childhood;
Smiling and gay as the sweet spring ray
That silvers that dear old wildwood ;
Many and lone are the years that have fiowp
Since we garlanded each the other;
A little bright child, in the shady wild,
My dear, blue-eyed, half brother!
Sparkling and bight are the waters light,
That hum in -the hi'l-side shadow,
Hazy nnd dim P the deep green rim
Of the old sunsbiny meadow;
The wild-rose gleam (if that woodlantI stream
Will glitter foi many a other,
But.never for thee-for you and for me,
My dear; blue-eyed, half-brodier!
Tever again; for the golden chain
of. ehildhood-days is broken,
A nd si ndered wide from th:t trickling tide
nd tho dark brown shadows 5nken !
Ne'er may we stind in that far. loved land
The grave of thy fair.young mother
And list.to the trill of that rippling rill,
My dAar, blu..-eyed, half-brother!.
The ocean suige on the sounding verge
- Of'the olden time departed, -
Stil imoans the knell of thy lat farewell
To the lone an-l'weeping-beaited;
I was i lclihil, a will wee child,
Anl vou were.searcely other,
Bai thi. tears you shed on my infant head,
[ remeniberthiemn well, my brother!
Far-in the lan&i'here.a etrihed tjnd
Is eknsterin.,riglitly aruund thee,
Thine eyeswill rove o'er these.lines of love,
R-ailng tle.& ies that bound thee;
A-nd meinery lone, thro' the years ti:at have flown
ll wander the Past's dim vista,
&n&'tierei iiFways of'our iifant days,
1~ we,%rf: Cthy ony sister !
Weep For't e #ain tLat wi.l never again
Unite in that dear old wildwood,
Brilliant and bright with the shadowless hglht
Of pure and geaeeful chidhood;
Oh! but away whieretihe anL* stray
Each libk 'ay be wove ,her,
A b; eakless band. in a far end,
My dear, blue-eyed, limlf-bither !
:HRING .1 G1UiiLER-OR TIREE DIIYS T 110.1E.
"Thre. my dear, I brought you hiom
bhree quarts of berrie<," said 1hin Paley.
Ae black-mith1, as he 1ad th., basket upon
tile table. -
" What in the,- wvor'rl did you bring three
1uark for ! I can'i u-e 11t lhan tv. ." re
>lied Mrs-. Ptfley.
" Oh, w-elliu I thilk of i., Mrt-s. Thomip
on wants a quart. and wihcd Ine -e it I
Or her it th mnan came a!eg t-dy.
" lMph ,1 NoW I thinik of'i;. I want
hec m el:. nd-Mrs. Thornyon e; niot
.. Never nindM- : I left a ciiuart at the, shop,,
or1 11lucon to-no11rrow; shev can have the~m."
" You take goode care of Mr--. Thoempsoen!.
uede Mrs. Patley with at slight sneer.
-- Onl y take a qturt of ber-rics iir lw-r.
1b Tl't is iniore th:,m she woul- ao icr you
"Oh no I guess not.
"I asked her to ]end m te her wa'sh-ttub the
ther mo'.rninmi. and1 she wouldn't do it." r
ied Mrs. Paley. r-athert spitefnuly.
"~ Woubbi't dec it ~
"Wouldn't lend you a wash-! ub?"
Jolhn Paley was astonished and indlignant.
Mrs. HeiThompsont was a widow whoe lived in
Lhe next house, and lhe had freq'uexntly been
alled upon to performu sunditry little chores
or heri, wvhich heri lonely condjiton requiredl;
d now to have heri to r-efuse to lend his
riea wash-tub was the highest of ingrati.
:ude, and he resolIved that Mrs. Thompson
;hould not have the hcerieis.
" she isn't an angel," added Mrs. Paley.
"1 nevuer suppiosed the was. Wouldn't
a o; she would not."
"I am surtprised ; when wais iit
" Last Mond~h~i lay inrTng Yoiu didn' t go
"I dlid ; at what octher thaei shld!. I wanit
L tub "
- s; andi at w-hat other timhe shl~ she
vant a tub !'
"Well, I asked her- ihr; it. and it was mean
in her nost teo let me ha~ve it, after we have
done (o m ihinbfr her."
We ! John wvanted to say th~at we,.ik
ha eeditoeri:s singular. only menant hijmisetl
ict ho hadc no wishe to stir ump strfe.*
. She tolde tme sht. - hd the- elothies inl it.
"She d idn't seemi willing toe l-nd it to rue-;
so whe-n she ceilired to takle the-m out and let
i have the tube, I told her she needn't
'It wtas very wriong, Mariy, ihrt you to)
ak hier to lende youl lher tub on Monday
" 5spps so ; if any oe u as wron(l g, of
eourse I amn thle one," p~onted Mrs. Paley,
disgusted hey her husband's partiality and
Never mind, Mary ; is supper ready ?~
"No ; that wotod you got last i-s such mis
erelle stufi, it won't bin-n at all
SIt is the best that I could get, and the
1-t therem- is. for thait matter. I gave eight
dollars a cor-d for- it."
"A focol and his imoney are soon parted."
"A Ibol and heir hulsband --" but John
:ut the sentence short, thinking it too wicked
r. te oc&in. -
"-Just like you! 'f there- is a fool any
where, I am the ine."
"Never mind, Mary; let us have some
supper as soon as you can. I'm going to the'
caucus this evening."
" You are ? You never stay at home
" Why, my dear, I have not.been out of
the. house of an . evening but once for a
"Why need you go at all ?"
'' Because I am deeply interested in the
"More than you are. in your wife,"Er1
plied she petulantly, as she opened the stove
nven to see if .the biscuits were ready. "I
3s61are ! this is th6 meandet oven I ever saw.
It will-not -bake iorthka dent.!'
"Have' ybii j't foiuid that out ?"
"It n-ever.was good for an'yth'ing."
And so Mrs. %fley went on from one
thiig to another, regularly'and sysfemati
,ally condemning everfthing to which she.
put her J'and. She-.was 'rot suited-'-eveuy
hingcandeverybody~v dut ofjoint. Noth
gwent ight.;. nobbtcould do anything
John Paley was not. particularjy happy
in his domestic reltidu.' Mbe'~porcupine
temper 'of-his wife i o6pjtinuail annovy
mce to him.' 'it" . rtardi 'shis
best endeavors to 'ple-e her and'then fail.
fHe had tried to study her wishues, b4 they
weure mere caprices, d .ie s - ave
1p his attempts: No Ig ,tat f ild do.
souldl please her ;.n in g b ,U found
Fault with him.
John 1gley. was of. aneven teinpr. He
was.dispbq.to iake tlhe.hest of thigs as
ie found :tbut ihere was nQ such thing
s comprmising--.i en stant irrunlding..
unhk i n thtrs cont not be driven,
o the drain sOp, o ven tih usual hatints,
>f loafer. in co-untry- places. le Was ob.
,tinntely beton staying at -home in the cve
Ing. Ile wb- fongof reading, and iiie
vas the; centre oflus thoughts. Even tkA
perversity ofwis wife could not cradicat
3i.s deeply seated love of home. -
Still home'was'not a pleasant place -to
hinm-at leastnot half as pleasint as it Diniht
lie. Maryv loved hin--he coutld not dou bt
that. Dring ha bng ill'ie'ss the winter'he
re, sh hadl been unremitting in her devo.
ion. A pice of red hot ii w intohisi
,ye, so that the ball of--it had . run out(
Ie had suffered the mnost intensea ng
By day e roaned- ith.'a '
-1~ re - atnesse
iiFul.ering. By nigAh. wi le ti ..sed ill
gony. .e wan-bedhe. :de Iim. ini>mr suim.
lertid n1r ;. a a w k lis pain was
lejr.4 *id w. .hile. 1e 1'. u d Se nevier co I
'laine.d of the vatehinig aind privation that
iS ib never uSlqe II un.
er Itg he b e e testy an N111 11h atill
Swhe loved hii: sh. con!h saciies all herT
-0m1141 ., li:. 111n V wh .houll le nt hear
vith her infirinity ! Shld he. wi> laid
seen s-.e tendlericv wtlced exr wh hi', ha n
wir.i(i. l and chmlrsl-hel sil dev.-t:.l: b le - r.
1; i.4 t rue, her lIm:iby wa.- a grieWou-- 4nei;
ts; l:r-e.1i 11 hi( on inua eiea t14 kept
--I ! eur her." .Sid . '..n. :
-,sgi:homi~e one day, as a law idea je nl.
v!! hes enhier lto irle or tell sml!ii. I'' h!
r leam. "Co g.'.d1 or to'u hm'l. I will eurei her."
Mary did finde fault wit h t he real-it was
ou tht'aul to. hilrge. :md too). goodt1li ih per
os i their eIreuilustiatre. .But .1oli hld
ii; p1eace anid sat down to su~ ppe. -
W What sourt of~ tea is' this ?" said lh..as he
imshed the cuip petulanit: ly11 frmhiim.
SWhat lis thle muatt er withi it ?"* asketd his
,vife, astontiihed at such a dilhv of' "uiunk"
m1 his Ipart'.
" It. is teeo strong of hot water. I shoeuld
ike to' get a1 deICenit cup of tea Onct in mym
" Whlv. Johait?"
i's mibing but dI.,-water
"t it nver . uits me," he aebled, as lheroke
" No ;" anid at t he same m i oment lie thriew
he broien huiseuit upon th~e late. "'Sale
" What is the iiatter' with~ the heu-:euit,
lohn!"' a- ked Mrs. IPaley,. amsazed at the
,ilghir conductll(' 'f her huish:iul.
I'lTere ar'e !Zre:t juoks of saleratuI's iin it.
' there i;an m'inuss I dhet'est it is the ;:iste ofI
nedI ii.' There ik onuly a jigh- yelo a~ ;te~Ch
(I be (obsrved in it.
"T.'h're iso l tle ii ? ](4e; J wijl! eut it
.Joh~n did take *'nothier ;and breaik it open:
but peried another spueek of' t he tensiiivte
substNIancse, r(ear~eley 1higger' ,ym the head of'
IIJivi't youi any co~ b: read ?" he aCked.
is h~ thriew it b atlk upon thle plate.
-- Thiere is u non' in ithe house,"' rid iedI
por MaryieC . ready to bur.lit into) teari's with
-- ive meCk a pice of pie thien."
MaLSryC gavee himii a piecve.
--oh as sw~il! he exclaimi ed, as hie
pushle.1 his pllate froml him.
Mary brought a miineo pie.
SStrong enough of cloves to strangle a
fi Jw." sa:id he. '"St raniige t hat I can't getC
ay~thiengr thiat's lit to eat."
The poor ~if ~e conl hearui no more. 11er
yes iiled with tears and she sobbel)d aloud.
ohn was not disposed to carry the lesson
aty farther. Mar'y, as much as she found
fa~ult herself, wa1s e~xtrely3 seiisitive, and
could not, endure thes slightest censure.
" Mary, myi dhear, do not weep," said lie,
going to'her aiimd imprmintinig a kiss upon her
" What's the matter with you, John ?
You never behaved like this before"
a I was onnly hbidin~g u'p a mnirror' to yoiu.
You can tell I feel, wlwle you find fault
with everyflii I do."
"I never ' gain."
"M. own y ! Forgive me if I caused
" You are t. ad, John.'
"But no wvo thai you are almost every
M1:ary thoug.' I great deal tliatinight.
- -IvNmD DAY.
Tli battle been fought and the victo
ry won. Mr aley's heart was fidl of ten
Mierns and S ipatliy. She coid t ha-ve
iaiz2d hoy . chpn hvr ca-elss and
us-eles ,grumillse e f e~nt
hiusiband, or,sh never would have icdoa::ged
in.the habit. Pe Won1 1t itkeie hi tn
happyfor the rid, and now, when the les
son had open her eyes, she set a guard
upon her tod
Alniostaii an habitual grumbler is an
in.iolent perso A man or woman whose
minds. occup f has no time to be discon.
tented. Bi . ary Paley's was a kind of
mo'al indolen. She permitted her noble
factilties to s1 for the time, and discon
tient stole in w e the sentinel was off guard.
She had.chose . new course of action, but
sie had to w with ceaseless vigilance
jusk(i curb 't edisposition to complain.
To be-indolerit as to lose the battle, and to
lose the bdttle , perhaps, to alienate the
affections of h sband.
.But her bestI rts were not wholly sue
66ssful. She d forget herself and grurm
ble before shetl jght; but John persevered
in his attempt effect the cure.
I" There. mny ar, I have broughlt youl a
ic'ir h ens," said John one iiiglit
just bethr. T ksgiving, when lie came
home fibm. his ily labor.
, 1 ifW re ' ' they are very nice ones.
Johin," i -isdt ' . u dI you think we
can \a to e clickens ?-that is, of
Cou ' kn - best what we can allbrd."
n'a ile. my (ear: we haven't
Theyarae Y. ice.
" An cost n nly ten cents a poud.
Joh-i sat dow o tea. Unifrtuitely. the
biscuit were s diseased with saleratus.
Ind.eed they we e'as yellow as saffron.
That sa~r N yon gut yesterdaiy is mis
piable stiff. -I not fit to put into bread."
."'Iluingli ! f~ 4,ut in four timesas minuch
to ws 3giieesa '.4 replied John, resorting
to iiis foirme~~r t M. "Your ten, too. is 1.*
oig'e nie. .1lin
" ., I 'i .ay aouliither v ord. IMy dear," ad
ded .1 hn.witi a smi!: that turned it all into
"'I wi careless about the biscuit."
"1evr mind. 3larv : we ean make it do
very well. Acc:Aeuts will happen in the
" Ih:: !puts..ae iLe in the tea-poUt"
N; I 1'1 6 .d tha:t ;h tea It is very
Ali I ee hat voi miiea."
''.I I i- :11 - it *. yt l ave dolle nI, lY. Illy
L,-i - anP11.1ib-ll -y . o il h ge o
I iope so. .1,:ii.Ior yctir
.\rd evvento:dik.r dill overcome 11h"'
btbi he|d;l that hevart ofwna
ne.;l-l Io I.Ike her ppy-a gool lbn. a
-10t.| and ::Ahs an -.a t-t erlf
.ngit have b-.en r v i nd .unshine. if .-.he
Chu-eiU lillvi l o.
thg. :nal the will ovceome h vile.
W\ith hr the pahii of s 1 ii ry was di.-puted
had to, iell her i'he tea wa-,' di.-b w;atr aind
the cakes tastl oI f saleraitus. 'ir .inth iingr
LI' t!,- hin: but thie cure at brat w as thom
side. an.1 ignore the dark -ide.
'To Jhn P1aley beloj-ted the credlit of the~
cure. Anuother ight ha:ve b.ecome- disguistedi
with maitrimony~I. proniouncedi the v~hle thinig
a lulaitng, and gone- ifront lii.';oe to seek
soace in t he company of the abandone-d aind
disohtite. Toi him the remnembrance of his
witf..'s deLvol ison in his sicknha. w h ike ain
Osis in the desert. It is true it was her du
ty tm tak care of' himii ini his si'4;ness ; bitt
her devtiotn was not bou~nde-d byv the inan
ite of diit v-it watS the offing ofi' i love.
It . the Li'eart's tibuite, ail hir ginin bling
was only a lark :,-hidmvw that obscured the
brightniess of' her chiaracter,. and lie chased
thie cloud away.
A SAi FLIANCISCi) AlUCTIO3EElR.
he repoirter iof' the Sant Fratieisco News
furiiihes that papetr wiilh the followingi re
lhyt of a slieechl iiade ly a COdiformIa aue
" .:aieiLs and ge-nt.lemen, r nowv ha~ve the
honoi~r ot puttling up a fini. potcket hanidker
chief'; at yard wide, ai yaird lng, and a bnosot
a0 vard thick; one' halfC colltin and L'ot her
h.Ifi cotton. too ; beaiutiily:, printled with
strsan stipies oni onie shh-l andi the stri pes
anid stars on t'ot her. It ivill wipe dust from
tile eyes so comipletely as to be death to
demiagingue<, aind iinake phlit ies as had a
b usiness~ as piniting papi~ers; !s great
length, brem-aih, -and thlickniew, togethie
withI its dark c-olor. will eiiabie it to hide
dirit and not need waishing. Goin a~ t one
dollar-?-seventy.five ceints ?-ily cents ?
-twent y-five et uts ? one bit ? Nobody
wants it'-Oh~l ! thanuk you sir!
"Next, gentlemani-for the ladies won't
he pernditted to bid on this ar-ticle-is a
real, simnon-purei, tempered, highly po1lhed ,
keen-edged Shuellield razor, bran spankin
new ; nuever openmed~ before to sunlight,
nmoonlight, starlight. da~ylight or gas light;
sharpl eniouigh to shaove a lawyer or- cut a
di sagreeable acquiainitance or pour relaition;
handle of buck horn w ithi all the rivets but
the two at the ends of' pure gl. Who
will give two dollars ? W hy. ye long-beard
ed, dirtiy-Iaced repr-obates. with not room
oni your phizzes tfori a Chinese womian to
kissi, I'm oieria.-z you a bargain at half' a
do!!lar ! We-ll, I will tlu ow ini this str-op at
half a dollaor !-razor- and str-op-a recent
patent ; two rubs upono it will sharpen the
city attorney; all for four bits;*and a piece
or sen-entar than rds'ei lathers better
icarly the whole length before he could
xithdraw it, then by an unaccountable des
-iny his body fell across the log before the
law, and was served in the middle, most
iorribly mutilating it; in fact cutting the
body into numerous pieces, which were
;athered and decently interred. The de.
:eased left a wife and two children."
From the Clnrieston Mercury.
We are gratified at the indications, in
arious quarters of the South and South
vest, that the subject of direct trade with
breign ports is receiving the attention which
ts importance deserves. There are a varie
y of schemes proposed to effect the subject,
tnd we have hope that discussion will elicit
;uch information as will lead to the adop
ion of the correct one. Policy and inter
st alike demand that some system should
>e adopted to secure to the South the legiti
nate result of her industry, the accuinula
ion of which would give to her a prosperity
md power to which she has heretofore been
We are aware that the Government has
ent its aid and influence to divert the com
nerce of the South into Northern channels,
md that its present policy is in the same
lirection. But what reason can there pos.
ibly be, that the South should not make
ier own importations, even under the unfil
lorable circumstances she is placed in by
he action of the Federal Governmnt.
Our foreign importations are now made
)y the circuitous route of Northern cities,
vhere. in addition to the exactions of the
Federal Government, the most of which is
L bounty to Northern manufacturers, they
ire taxed w ith the costs of transportation,
irofits to importers and dealers. insurance,
ommissions, and itmnberless minor ebarges
-all paid at the North, and to the North.
mid all without justice or necessity, for all
re but abstractions from the returns of the
>rodu<tive industry of the South.
We will illustrate: Let one yard of
)roadeloth, costing 4.. Gd., say one dollar,
it London, be intercepted on on its way to
he South in New York, and almost every
-ard of' e!ith intended for the South is so
uteepted. The New York importer pays,
n dutios to) the Federal Government Und
4hari'ges of importation, 50 per cent., en
laneing the value of the cloth to $1 50 per
-ard. le sells to a jobber at 10 per cent.
rofit, and the yard of cloth stands him in
1 65. The jobber sell to the Southern
rierehant, Iay at 20 per cent. profit, and
he p'rice is now 8,18 per yard. This last
ays for transportation, &c., at least 5 per
ent., and the cloth, when it reaches him,
tands at Al 97 per yard. If he is satisfied
vith 40 per cent. profit on his outlay, then
he Southern Planter will pay $2.36 per
-ard tr an article for which he bartered
he product of his industry at one dollar.
it other words, lie is tnade to ):iy 42.36
Cnts, when he rieceived but one dollar. The
ndanee is ab.-orbed by the Federal Gov
rnment, principally as a hoinity to North.
ri in ani mturl.rs, and by Northern mer
hots and importer;, to build up Northern
ities. amd I) Le uSel as a meelans of agzes.
ion ;aint the vIVery people who. by their
bort-sight, d poicy. p'rmit it to be exacted
The're is no --eap fror the cons1a1teer. even
rl he barters with th' North, for Protection
hIS ~ placed himi there at a disadvatitage
gito tihe amtirOti of import duties on
1,;i cotr' lie. iald to the conitiniu
kee el' the ext raordin~ary tramde between th(e
inth id the Noth her foreign~f goods, the
turnse for Southerne exports, is the want of
hat intbirieationi of the condition of foreign
:trkets, or in the price otf the labor in the
eear::: of the worjld where we dispose of ourn
Ia G~reat Beritaiun the pr'ie of laebo~r, the
mipro vi.emcet- in ach~inery included, may
se saly estimoated at 50 per cent. below
hat ofl the Uneitedi Stattes; so that, it' we
vere free toe barter the peroducts of eur in
lutrv in that, cientrv toi the ammmnit of
,200t1, we shouhl reeive in return goods
hat wiould he wvorth e83000 in this country.
fhe Nor; I was noct in a condition to make
mehl hart er, :mdI this was ceuivalent to a
li~ eence in the vahie of the labhor of that
irtion oif thme Uneited States as comepang1l
vithi the Soeuth. Teo reedy this disadvan
age, protective Ta:riifs wer entacted, rnd
Lthwith the~ pr'ie - o labor at theC North
-'L.eeloh t hat at t he South, :mnd we were
huet out fro;;n our jn-:t adevantges abroad.
Andh no.v. ine whta, manner cdo we barter
2Q0 woerth of' otur lhehor with Great Bri
ain I or wiat is the equivalent we receive
or. liert y leis ot'f cotton ? The eot ton reach.
5 Li verpool, anmd is so'!d fr en '000. aned the
uOunit is itnvested ini gooeds; adapt ed to thle
vants ofi the South. Atnd it is invested in
heme goode~s by a Nor'ten importer, whio
>rng te ods toe.New York,whrte
lbeneteat bu 0per cent, in
luties. and 5 per' cent, hail been previously
iud in charges. The account, then, stands
hus: 5 per cent. ofi' 82000 leaves 81000;
10 per cent. elf 6'3l O0 (duties are levied oen
eet and chearges) is $S840. whicha taen froem
1 900. leaves 810O60. Next, the importer
ells thcse goeods to the jobbler in New York,
ed decides that 10) per cent. prohit over his
ommuissionu will c'omepetnsate him fior all his
roublde inl helpeing the Soutth to do that
hi~ch shei conthll very well do herse~lf. I~e
Iecrdingly sells the goods, adding his pro.
its, 10 peri cent. ont 82100. makigg 2310,
m which lie charges 5 per cent., N115. This
ms teo conmc oflf the $1I0005, atnd will leave
~945 as the nett proeduict which he sends
oui for your 8200 wvorth of cotton. And
ith this sumn yout must go back and buy
courm own goods at a lar'ge profit, or North
.rn goods at eq1ually high prices.
Thi4 is merely amiplifying the case of the
gard of cloth betire quoted, and it exemn
plifws the sort of advantages derived~ lby the
South f'rom the operatio~ns of' the Federal
G~overnmnent, and the manner in which
Southerners manage their commnerciael-trgns-.
The fact is unqnestionable that theSut
seds ab'road, in rounds figure's, *l2bOb
annually, and is compelled to take $60,000,
000 in return, simply by the operations -of
the Government forcing her into a position
which nature never intended she should
Let us, then, shake off this dependence
upon the North. as far as the partial policy
of the Federal Government will allow, and A
it will be an important step towards acquir
ing back our own import trade; and with
a just and reasonable reduction in the Tariff,
the South will find that the annual products
of her labor will be enhanced in value fifty
millions of dollars.
CONDITION OF WALKER's ARMY. -One of
Walker's men, who recently deserted and
arrived at San Francisco, tells a pitiable
story. le says
"There were about 100 persons in the
hospital when good fortune allowed me to
gtaway. The very recollecion of that
horrible time is enough to sicken me, how.
ever incapable I am of giving a full descrip
tion of its horrors. MarGy of the -soldiers
are ready to die before enteririg it, and ma
ny sick ones report themselves ft for duty
rather than go there. -Walker has now. no
natives in his army. Many of his..troop
have deserted and aone over to the Cham
rista party. His officers are-genea
drunk. lie himself is hardly ever seen. t;
will be necessary for him to do hard fight.
ing to get food, and the only way jn whiel#
he gets provisions now, if not by fighting;
is by taking it trom the natives au$ coin
pelling them to take cocoa, of which there
is plenty in the colntry. in return.
" No person is allowid to gg from place
to place without a passport. No pesorr,
either citizen or soldier, is allowed leal
Granada without one: and if a s eris
caught endeavoring to do so, he is tun as
a deserter and shot. Such is his)inevitable
fate. If a person escapes Walker, he runs
great risk of falling into the hands of the
Chamorristas, who would also shoot him.
"If he have the fever, he is carried to.
the hospital at Granada; he is put on a rawj.'
hide bed, without a mattress or blankets, .
unless he should be so fortunate as to have
these articles himself, which seldom happeni
It is frequently the case that the sick mak
is put on a bed from which some viretc
has just been caried off to be 'buried, who
has died of yellow fever, cholera. nr some
other contagious disease, and whose bed has I
aever been ceaned or -
ferer cannot' drihn water, becaus'e the doe
tors there say that it is "poison to a fever,"
ind the only drink allowed is orange-leaf
tea. Even this is not to be had, on account -
Df the negligence of the stewards and ser
vants, and the sick man is left to burni
md parch with heat and thirst. - I have
lain hours after hours and beged to get a
tablespoonful of wine from the doctors, and
could not get it. They had plenty, and
many of them were drunk on it most of
of the time."
"ILL CALL AHOrND AND PAY."-What a
world of woe is contained in fhese few
words to the poor artizan and mechanic!
"I'll call around and pay," says the rich
man, to avoid the trouble of going to his
desk to get the necessary funds, and the
poor mechanic is obliged to go home to dis.
appoint lis worknin and all who depend
upon him for their due. It is an easy mat
ter to work; the o:ily real glory 'in this
life is an independent idea of' being
ale to sustain yourself by the labor o~f
your owvn hands, and it may be easily in
tginecd what c'rushing force there is in "I'l
L'all round and pay," to the laboring man,
who depends upon that pay for subsistence.
If those who could pay wvould only pay at
once, it would pl1ace hundreds and thousands
in a condition to do likewise, and would
prevent much misery and distress.
EXcITElstENr IN TENNESSEE.-Exaggerated
reports of excitement in Tennessee regard
ing anticipated servile insurrections are cir
eulating in oilher States. The excitement
in' quiestion was limited 'to the Iron Works
on Cumbierland rnive'r and their vicinity, and
to Summer county'. It baa now almost en
tirely sublsided. In Sutmner county the plot
was limited to a conspiracy to kill t woor
three men. and has been thoroughly expos.
ed. 'I he vigila'nce committee turned the
leadeirs over to the law, and they will be
dealt with by3 the courts. At the iron
works there is no doubt that the negroes
had talked of an insurrection. The ploit
wvas utterly absuredl and impracticable, ex
eep~t so fart as it threatened the lives of a
few men at its fIrst oultbrealk. It has beein -
fully exposed and the leaders summarily
punished'. Thek excitement and alarnm ha.'
not been a tithe of what it ha~s been repre
sented to be3, el ,hee und slayeholders
have felt faru more app'rehension for their
slav'es than for themselves.. This may ap
pear strange to some of our Northern breth
ren, but it is certainly so.-Nashville Union.
THE CAYENNE GOL.D Dxscov'EIus.-The
Salem (Mass.) Register says, that C'apjtain
Laisscn, oif the brig George W. Jones, w~ho
nriv'ed ant that p~ort a few ,days since from
Cayenne, confirms the story in relation to
tihe discovery of gold in the vicinity of ..l'at
place, lie having himself seen and handled
the precioul m'tal. He states that he saw
a quantity, weighing auboutt twenty pounds.
in places varying from the size of a head of
a pin to that of from fifteen to twenty dol
lars in valun, which was 'represented to ho
more pure than that ob~tained in Californi::.
ANeIENTs AND MODERNS.-When the contro
versy arose, in the last century, as to the prefer
ence to be giten to the ancients or the moderns, .
BIoilean said the ancients had been moderns, bat
that it was by no means clear the moderns would
become ancients. The- advie of Sidonius was
excellent ; he said that we sbould read the an
cientswith respect, and the moderns witha~itenvy.
" HAVE you Goldsmith'g Grece!" asked. a
gentleman, on entering a books rae- " No, sir;
but they have some excellent Iear's oil in the -
nert do'ar," relie'd the o'anntme boa -
than a school-inaster, and strong enough to I
wash out all the stains from a California
politician's conscience, all for four bits! i
Why, you have only to put the razor strop
and soap under your pillow at night to
wake up in the morning clean shaed.
Won't anm body give two bits, then, for the
lot ! I knew I would sell 'em.
" Next, ladies and gentlemen, I ofTer three
pairs socks, hose, stockings, or half-hose,
just as you're a mind to call them, knit by
a machine made on purpose, out of cotton
wool. The man that buys these will be
enabled to walk till he gets tired; and, pro
vided his boots are high enough, need'nt
have any corns; the legs are as long as bills
against the corporation, and as thiek as the
heads of the mcnibers of the Legislature.
Who want's 'em at one half dollar? Thank
ec, madam, the money.
" Next, I olfer you a pair of boots; made
especially for San Francisco, heels long
enough to raise a man up to the Headley
grades, and nails to insure against being
carried over by a land slide; legs wide
enough to carry two revolvers and a bowie
knife, and the uppers of the very best horse
leather. A man in these boots can move
about as easy as the State Capitol. Who
says twenty dollars? All the tax-payers
ought to buy a pair to kick the Legislature
with; and they will be found of assistance
in kickinig the bucket, especially if some
bod V Should kick at being kicked. Ten
dollars for legt, uppers, and soles ! while
souls. and miserable souls at that, are bring
ing twenty thousand dollars in Saeraminicto! 2
Ten dollar3! ten dollars! Gone at ten
"Next is soneihing that you ought to
have. ZUtlemen, a lot of good gallowses
soimtines ealled susienders. I know that
someI.if vou wi'l after awhile be furnished
at the Sinte' expes but you can't tell
wich one, so buy wheni they're cheap. All
that deserve hanging are not supplied with
a gallows; if, so, th--re would be nobody to
maike lav, condemn 0riIinals; orlang cul.
prits, until a new election. Made of pure
gm-elastie-str'etch like 'a judgcs con
seience, and last as long as a Califlornia of- t
flee holder will steal buckles of pure iron,
and warranttl tol id so tight that no man's
Wit1. call rob) himi of the breeches . i
Short. as strong, as good, as perfect, as eflee
tual. and as. /jona fidr, as the ordinance I
aainst Chinese shons on Dupont street
nne": at twent v-five ceits."
A Ser.N: xr.At .IONM.-It was supposed
that with the intriduction of railroads, the t
trade of briganlisi oin the high road would
be at an end. It appears not to b the case.
however, in tle Papal States. as the follow
inr paragraph from the rflcial paper of
Rome f' the l1 Mih of Nuveinber last, will
We learn ihat the raihvy train between
Fra ati and liline was 'topped by a party
f itb Iriraids who, at nightno. imilatin" the sig
ial or the stophipage of the traii, IrougZht it
to a halt. Thev imimlediately secured the
en'nie.er :n1d tiriemn. an.d thei.i atier de
t:whling theao hmiti frolli e ears. pro
i eled witl pl.-eNt impju! it y to rifie tlw.
ickeLt and bagage of the passengers. A
bri~ui ws tatondIt chhejir vend of, thl
wr with loaded iinkets. while their f.l
wri. arm1 to tle teeth. threvie thl- pann
er- to e1i up the ir vIshl. A the
peopC of he I 1oman Sate1 :r0 nt n!M4 Owe'd
ti eraryi'~ arms. the are ~at t he mterev ('1 thbe
A *i*r tiI i' es ii to be: ht;eed the ov
with the i'ihwvy trins tair th~e pirutect ion of
Exnntro.' s orN~ W.u: -rO P::insu .a
(ii x- .- l-t cer from~ Pari- t:ates that the
news~ frimi St. 'ietersburnig. that tlw Rui'sian
Governmn t w'as about to scn.I 50.000 men
to t he *viettnce of t h Shaht of P'ersia. pr"o
idued con'~siuI'tderabl s: ettion thiere, andh will
natuira!!y. prode.' morel' in Eng!amd. But
anoth! ier e '-lition, is spo~- ofu I which wiil
ine,- paricuba-ily thei LUih States. mail
Ithat is an expedit;in 11n the part of' Englendl
aund~ F1r:mie(e :ain- t China. It is rnoredl
Ithait a very 'zc nute Ia f'oirmidabl~e fleiet is toI
leave inl the spr inlg tilr thei Ch li lorb:5. to
give av~:i'tance to m iiss'inaiesd' ini that eoim.ii
try, and at the: f.m ne timei to attedalyt thet
negotintio ot'more'ibera comerciial
~tais.- Te Cthli hciery (of F';nee
are in great jioy at thiS anlticiated project
and aIh ary numberl C) of issio.naries arte Iprec
paring to accomlpany thes expeditirg. The'
Iitut tf this irepor~tt, hoiwevert. is not.grn
Wi~ Ti. iu 4O3..-D .).-.~ i nt
IR .:en..a I utAo~v hsat vm ~rCanxe
wrrnphers to l'unnhsi25icsu75.-it uma tot e
bei ienerily kndw th any di on cani h e~
- om IVI0tiphiebys byi simply adingL t o,
tIpherawu s tt mutiicd.i stiosio iIt or nweI'0.Tersm be h
muiliedcni hnb dvdn y4
Tae. f'r example, o tand umuastifl it weye
i5: tw iphrsbngaded make 00, muthtu utihiel
wh.ichm ig divi ded y~ 4 gives the liiitipr.o
quoitipen, r anher 170. Te reasn thy
the :nountis tus obainedisha ntl-s
twihes bein add' to 68hs wha exac
multiie b 10, andhat give 1mu0;tip-d
bidvided by 4 c gives 170,eo fourth art,
a~ndte to ' 5. An s~um payias ben stb
notaltiplie from the rsame rue, invshe
following mear:-To~i i the sum to be mAd
tiplied, day , a Mw ir. , ich mufrda
mo00; ivribdeath at whink ives in00;odi
videry 4,uty whih givs 1700, ar art pawr
ind the new0 stammlla that part, aenduh
istte fromgac the eia0, avesh
ibolowingt byarahi the Nebrahch si hisle