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(ADemtocratic 3munaln, 'Devo~it to dje SouIy anbI~ Soutljeru ajig)ts, polities, Cattet flens, Cit erature, fNorl~vit, ~emperanee, arieutuire, &et
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if It must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruin.
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors.. EDGEFIELD, S. C. FEB UARY 11, 857. VOL. - -
DEATH OF RON. P. S. BROOKS.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 1857.
Mr. RvsK observed that, in view of the sol
emn ceremonies in which they were about to en
gage, it would not, perhaps, be delicate to pro
ceed to the consideratlon of legislative business,
and he would therefore move that the Chair be
vacated until a communication was received
from the other House.
This suggestion met with unanimous response.
The PRESIDENT of the Senate (Mr. .N ASoN)
announced that the Chair would be considered
vacant until the communication was received
from the House.
At about half past 12 a message was received
from the House of Representatives announcing
the death of Mr. Baooss and the proceedings
had thereon; when
Mr. EvANs, of South Carolina, addressed the
Senate as follows:
The relation in which I stand to the deceased
seems to require that I should say something on
this melancholy occasionl. I have known him
for many years ; and the more that I have
known and the more that I have seen of him
the higher has he risen in my regard, and the
deeper, the deeper is the distress and affliction
which I feel for his early death. Mr. President,
I would that this tribute to his memory could
be paid by my worthy colleague, who could do
it so much better than I can hope to do. But
his grief for the loss of a dear friend and rela
tive is too overwhelming to allow him to give
utterance to his feelings on this sad evient.
When those who have lived out their time
are gathered to their fathers, it is an event in
the history of man which makes but little im
pression; but when a man, in the prime of life,
in the midst of his hopes, is suddenly cut down,
surrounded by all the endearments of domestic
life, with the prospect of great public utility be
fore him, it is an event which strikes deep into
the human heart. It teaches us painfully the
uncertainty of human life, which has been aptly
compared to the grass of the field, which shoots
forth and flourishes to-day, but to morrow is
cut down and withers in the evening sun.
Sir, my sympathy is painfully excited. My
heart bleeds when I think of the maddening
grief, the desolation of all the cherished hopes
of the future, which the news of his death will
carry to his widow-mother, his devoted wife,
and his little children. All that we can do is
to mingle our grief with theirs, and testify our
respect for the many noble qualities of the de
ceased son, husband and father, and patriot.
Time, it has been said, will wear out the tracts
of the deepest sorrow. God grant it may be so
PRESTON S. BROOKS was descended from a
stock which did good service in the trying times
of the Revolutionary war. His father, Whit
field Brooks, was a man of science, of hberal
education, and polished manners. His mother,
who is still alive, is-one of the most estimable
ladies within the-circle ot my acquaintance. ..
Their son, Preston S. Brooks, was born in
1819, and was a little over thirty-seven at the
time of his death. lie received -a liberal edu
cation at the South Carolina College, and was
admitted to the practice of law in 1843. In
1846 a call was made for volunteers for the
Mexican war. In his native district of Edge
field he maised a company of one hundre'd men,
of which he.was unanimously elected captain.
He was mustered into the service of the United
States and marched to Mexico, where the Pal
netto regiment, of which his company was a
part, was distinguished throughout the war for
its bravery, and for all those qualities which en
noble and dignify the soldier's life.
When the war was ended he return to his na
tive district and devoted himself to the planting
interest. By the introduction of that order and
system which is best learned in the discipline
of the camp, he became a successful planter.
Colonel Brooks was elected in 18>3, on Mr.
Burt's declining a re-election, to the Ihouse of
Representatives for the Thirty-third Congress,
by a constituency who had never been otherwise
represented than by a man of note among his
fellows. Among these may be named Rt. Good
loe Harper, John C. Calhoun, and George Mc
D)uffie. I select these as most distinguished,
without mention of others who in their day
bore a high reputation for usefulness and states
The man who succeeded such men had an
ardous duty to perform to fulfil the expectations
of those who sent him. In the dischiarge of the
duties of his station he was miodest amid unob
trusive ; yet, when the occasion required, lhe
spoke his sentiments wvith eloquence, openness,
candor, and sincerity, which wvon him the res
pect of all, even of those who were not con
vinced by his argument. The manliness of his
character, the urbanity of'his manners, that
true politeness which is the offspring of benev
olence, had made him a general favorite, and
many warm personial friends even among his po
litical opponent5 at a time of unusual party bit
But I will say no more. Other Senators, I
presume, desigui to pay their tribute of respect
to the memory of the deceased. Nothing which
we can do can restore him to his family, his
friends, and his country. We must bow in sub
inissioni to the will of our Almighty Father,
who, we are taught to believe, does not aflict
Ihis children in vain.
I beg heave, .in conichusion, to offer the follow
Resolved, That the Senate has received with
deep sensibility the imessamge from the Hlouse of'
Rep~resenitatives announcing the death of the
lion. P'reston S. Br-ooks, a Rtepresenitative from
the State of South Carolina.
Resolved, That, in tokeni of respect for the
memory of the deceased, the Senate will at tend
his funeral at thme hour appointed by the Ihouse
of Representatives, and will wear the usual
badge of mourning for~ thirty days.
Mr. IIUNTER, of, Virginia, said : I rise to se
cond, with all my heart, the resolutions which
the Senator fromn South Carolina has offered as
a token of respect to his deceased colleamguc,
whose character anid high qualities lie has por
trayed with so umuch of truth and fe~elinmg. As
we gather around the grave of a departed broth
er, not only is friendship eager to present the
tribute of its affection, but eveni eniity, if it be
the enmity of a generous mind, is ready to bury
with hiim its bitter recollectionis and aiiniosities
as an offering to the comnman brother-hood of
humainity. Who of us does inot feel that when
onie has "paid the last debt of nature lie has set
tid his accounts with man ? Who, too, could
stanid by thme last resting place of a fellow-being,
and deepeni its gloom by casting upon it the
darker shadows of his mortal hate ? hlere, sir,
at thme threshold, as it were, of t hese portals
through which the spirit of a brother has just
pissed fromi time to eteriiity, we bury the rec
ollections of the past in our contemplations of
the future, whlose dark curtain hides from our
eager scrutiny the way whiichm we ourselves so
soon must tread. it is upon such an occasioni
as this, and in contemplation of suchi a journey,
that wve would divest ourselves of all those feel
ings which might prove evil companions by the
Mr. President, Preston S. Brooks has gone
to his log home, where no human voice can
reach him. Detraction has no shaft that can
touch him now, nor can even flattery's vcice
" soothe the dull cold ear of death." Life's fit
ful fever is o'er. Its passions lie hushed and
still in slumbers long and deep, nor can the
storms of this world, or its cares, or its sorrows,
ever disturb them again. May a kindly spirit
watch over and preserve the quiet of his deep
repose; for his must have been a kindly spirit
to have drawn to him, as with links of steel, so
large a circle of affectionate friends. His love
of his dependants, the devotion of*his family,
and the warm attachment of his friends, are ev
idences of his high and generous qualities and
of his genial and attractive nature. Ie has
served his country in war and in peace, and in
all capacities he has won and retained the con
fidence of his constituents.
But, Mr. President, it is not my purpose to
deal in the language of mere idle eulogy. Every
human life is a history. The events of his have
been told by another. Let that history speak for
itself. Still less do I mean to intrude upon the
sacred privacy of domestic grief. Alas, sir, what
consolation could any man (ier to a bereaved
mother, who survives to mourn a much-loved
son, buried in an untimely grave? or to the
wife, upon whom the unexpected message fell
from the telegraph wires as a thunderbolt from
Heaven? or to those children, somae of whom
may be old enough to understand and appreci
ate their loss ? He alone who dealt the blow
can heal the wound.
Nor do I intend to pursue the dead with vain
regrets. It is true that death's blow is most
startling when it strikes down the young
in the flash and prime of manhood and in mid
career. We feel as if the book of life had been
closed whilst half its tale was yet untold. The
order of nature appears to be reversed when those
who, inl its usual course, ought to have led the
war, follow him to the tomnh. It has been said
that in the death of the young life's year is rob
bed of- its spring. And yet, sir, had that year
rolled on, who can say how weary might have
been its summer, or how much sadder still its
autun and its close'7 Who knows that such
might not have been the case in which
4 The wiser mind
Mourns less for what Time takes away
Than what it leaves behind ?"
We may estimate. in part at least, what is
lost by the death of a friend; but none camn tell
what is saved to himself unless lie can read the
secrets of human destiny, whose book is sealed
and put away from our view.
But, whilst I will not presume to question
the purposes of Providence, the heart may find
relief in performing the last offices of friendship,
and we may feel that to respect the dead is to
honor humanity itself. We, too, may gather
front the thrilling event which has occured in
our midst, some lesson of useful instruction to
ourselves. We may be thus admonished of the
slender thread by which we hold to life-so
slender that even the winds of heaven may
snap it should they visit it too roughly. We
may lie more impressed, too, with the necessity
of turning to the best account those. golden op
portunities which are-measured.by-the wasting
sands of life-sands which cannot be many, and
may be very few, according to the will of Himi
whose purposes are unknown to us. I commend,
then, that custom of the Senate, honored alike
by time and experience, by which, upon such
occasions as this, it suspends its usual business
to afford a season to its nembers in which they
may turn aside fromi their daily pursuits, their
wOdly schemes and machinations, to pause bi
the grave of a brother and take to heart the
sad lesson of mortality which his 'eath may
teach us. Happier it will be for us all should
we return front such contemplations with a
kindlier spirit to each other and a deeper sense
Of the duties which we owe to the great broth
erhood of humanity, and to Hiim who rules the
issues of tur destiny.
Mr. Toonyrs, of Georgia, said: Mr,. President,
in this allicting diispensation of Divine Provi
dence we are reminded " what shadows are, and
what shadows we pursue." Deatht has conic in
our midst and claimed a victim. The victimi
was not selected fronm those who, after a long
career of usefuliiess and honor, after drinking
life's cup to the dregs, in the course of a kindly
nature, are ripened for the grave: here death
in the midst of its griefs is not without its con
solations. Nor was he selected from those who
had beeni warned by disease, pain, and long suf
fering, and shattered constitutionis, of the ap
proach of the great enemy of miankipd: here,
too. lie is of ten disarmied, and inflicts no pang
upon the dying, except in the tempered sorrows
of surviving friends. Nor yet, front those who,
having passed life's meridian withi firm and tun
fltering step, and undiminished faculties, are
still treading the downward road to the grave.
But it ha~s gathered nmanhiood in its early vigor,
alost lingering in the lap of youth. IHere he
is truly the King of Terrors, strewing his pathi
way. with mnourings, which will not be coin
forted, with blasted hopas, with broken hearts.
It is ntot for tie to enter thc hallowed pre
cincts of domestic grief, not etin at this mo
ment, devoted to the menmory and frienid of the
dead. It is not itn the endearing relations of
domestic life, over which our friend cast joy
and gladness, that I feel privileged to enter. in
hint imany of us have lost a friend, the country
a patriot statesmtan-a pa~triOt havitng high he
reditary claims upoti the gratitude of that
cntry, dloubly fortified by his own too brief
yet faithiful service to her, both itn her legisla
tive balls and oii her battle fields. It is as the
true tman, the patriot statesimn, that 1 would
contemplate him. As a mian, lie possessed those
high qualities of head andi heart which surely
wiim and keep confidetnce,cesteent and friendship.
Truth, sincerityr, kitndntess, courage and courtesy,
wereu stamitped 'upont his moral nature. Though
quick to) resent an insult, he was genieronis, kind,
and even genitle in his nature; anid iL gave himt
more pleasure to repair a wrong done by him
el than to right onte inflicted oni himt by anothi
e. Ile wais (distiniguished by vigor amid spright
liiess of intellect, which was cultivated, strength
etned tad adorned, by large educational attain
At an early age lie entered the legal proafes
skin, where hiis protmisitng success was sootn ii
terrupted byv a call fronm his counttry to thte battle
fields of Me~xico. A cnaptaini in thme Palnetto
regitent, it is suticeietnt tier his fihme to sayv that
he shared ina the pecrils and honors of that dis
tinuished corps. H1aving returned from Mexi
cut, he resumed thle pursuits of~ piv~ate life, but
was sootn cialel bythe people ofi the Nimety-six
hisrict to represetut thtemt in thec Coingress of thme
Untited States. It was the hiome of htimtself amid
of his ancestor4, and the fathiers of thtose who
called hint into their service had served shoulder
to shoulder with those anmcesto~rs ini our Revoin
tionry srugge, ad had given onte of thiemt the
sameevidnceof their eonlidencee and regar~d.
Co this district, with its miany oilier historic
chias to distinictiona, besidcs the other true pa.
triots and stattestment whom it hadl givent to thec
public counicils, both livinig and dead. the country
is indebted for those distinigutished stat esmen
aad patriots, Harper, Calhotun, atnd Mclilhie,
now ito gaore, but who arc already entrolled
atog those " few immitortal ntames that were
not born to die."
Mr. Birooks caime amotng tis in troublesome
ties. The getnius of discord brooded over our
National Couiicils. Sectional strife had driven
co..or and fraternity from our legislative halls
and reigned supreme. States, statesmen, and
principles, loved, honored, and revered, garn
ered up in the heart of hearts of one portion of'
the people, were objects of the bitterest vitupera
tion and invective by the representatives of
another. Entering Congress in this crisis, he
threw himself into the conflict with characteris
tic decision and firmness, on the side of duty, of
his convictions, of his country, and with distin
guished ability and eloquence sustained the rights
and honor of that constituency who had so ma
iny claims upon his affectionate devotion.
He retained, what he justly merited, the undi
minished confidence of his constituents, who had
returned him with singular unanimity to the next
Congress and but few men of his years gave
better promise of a long and useful and honora
ble career. But the fiat of an overruling Provi
dence is issued, and he is numbered with the
early dead, leaving to friendship to mitigate its
sorrows with the pleasant memory of his many
virtues, and tihe yet sterner consolation that it
may truthfully write upon his tomb, "This was
The resolutions were unanimously ado pted.
The Senate then proceeded to the House of
Representatives to attend the funeral services,
and having returned to the Senate chamber,
On niotiou of Mr. Toombs, the Senate ad
HOUSE OF REPRESETATIVES.
Rev. DANIL WALDO, chaplain to the House,
offered an appropriate prayer, when the Journal
of yesterday w-as read.
Mr. K-rr, of South Carolina, then rose and
addressed the House as follows:
Mr. Speaker, it is my mournful duty to offi
cially announce to the House the death of the
Hon. Preston S. Brooks, one of its members
from the State of South Carolina.
Mr. Brooks died at his residence, in this city,
on Tuesday evening, the 27th instant, at 7
o'clock. His disease was acute inflammation of
the throat; and so swiftly fatal was it, that not
even his niedical advisers believed him to be in
danger, until within the briefest possible period
before his decease. Science availed not; skill
availed not ; delicate, assiduous attentions avail
ed not. Yonder vacant seat, badges of mnour
ning, and sorrowing friends, attest that he is
gone from among us.
Mr. Brooks was born in Edgefield .district,
South Carolina, in August, 1819. His father
was Whitfield Brooks, a son of Z. S. Brooks,
who had gone through the sufelbrings, and gath
ered some of the honors, of our Revolutionary
struggle. His mother was Mary P. Carroll.
le was educated at the South Carolina Col
lege, which he left in 1839, receiving one of its
distinctions. In May, 1843, he was admitted
to its ba-, and in November, 1841, was elected
to the General Assembly of the State. In
1846, when troops were called for by the Fed
cral Government to repel the invasion of Mexico
upon our soil, his native district (Edgefield)
furnished a company to the Palnetto regient,
of which he was untanimously elected captain,
and was mustered into the service in December
of that ear. Ie shared the earlier and later
event th' canipaign bdtween Vera Cruz and
the city of Mexico, having in the mean time
been recalled home by a sever3 and exhausting
attack of illness.
After the close of the war be withdrew from
the bar, and devoted himself diligently to the
pursuits of agriculture. As a planter he was
eminenthy successful. While engaged on his
plantation. Mr. Burt, the then Representative
of the "Ninety-six district,'' voluntarily retired
from the trust, and Mr. Brooks was elected his
successor in February, 1853.
Ile cane here the Repr.-entative of a proud
and gallaimt constit uency- constituency whose
histury had been illustrated by the virtues, the
statesmnanship, and the eloquence of Robert
Goodloe Ifarlier, John C. Calhoun, and Geo.
I will not speak of his services here. In the
archives of the country are the monuments of
his reputation; in the hearts of those who
servedl wuith him upon this -floor, are the testi
monies to his chatineter.
In facy, Mi-. Brooks was chaste, and in
judgmenit solid and discrinminating ; in dictioni
he was simple, and ini taste refinted. No in
direction tuarked him either mentally or mor
In his bceaing hie was mnaitly, and in inter
course generous ; in dispute he was sinacere, atid
in friendship tenacious. Failings hte had. for
they are the allotnmetnt of humanity; but long
may the country mourn ere it mourn a better
patriot or a ubler spirit.
Mr. Speaker, had he tidlen in the evening of
life, oir had hte even suitk down under the gradu
a inroads of disease, I could have realized his
extinction in deatht. But for his sun to set
while in its noonday blaze, it is htard to feel
that it will rise no mor-e. For- year-s we have
been on tertms of exteme intimacy, and lie is
still to mec a presence. Even now the living
mal, ina thme glory of his intellect and manhood,
and the dead man in his dreary shroud, strug
gle for the mastery. Alas! thme struggle can
be but a brief one; for death has its victims,
and, though its stings may be taken away, on
earth it has 110 conqueror.
Sharp, howvever, as may be our pangs, sharper
far will be the panags in yonder sheltered home.
.There a strickeni wife andl four orphatin children
will b~e smitten with the awful tidings to-day
announced. Within the sanctities of that homie
I will not intrudle, but I supplicate Hleavenm for
ban to their crushed and bleeding hearts.
Ailr. Speaker, let there be reverence to the
menory and pecace to thme ashes of the dead,
ad let us tmingle our tributes with the funeral
ofe~rings wrhich others will pour around his
rave. A confiding constituency- will sob over it,
and a State which hontored haim will be choked
wvitht sorrow, for earth hams nievet lpilfowved upon
her bosom au truer son, nor Heaven opened wide
its gates to receivO a nmanlieir spirit.
Ini conclusion, Mr. KEirr submit ted the fol
lesolved, That this Honse htas received wvitht
deep sensibility thme announcement of the death
of the Hion. Preston S. Brooks, a member of
this Ho(use from the State of South Carolina.
Riesolved, That this House tender to the
faily of the deceased the expression of its
.ympathay on this affecting event ; and, as a
tLstimony of respect for htis memory, the mcm
ets anid officers of this House will wear the
usual badge of nmurnitng for thirty days.
lesolved, Thaimt thme Senate be invited to at
tend thme ftineral of the deceased this day, at
oneC ('clock, P. M.
Resolved, That the Clerk of the House be
directed to communicate a copy of these pro
ceedings to the family of thme deceased.
Mr. QeITMA s, of Mississippi, said: I cantnot
permit this sad occasion to pass without adding
a few words to the eloquent, just, and appro
priate tribute whlich has been paid to thme memo
y of thme lamented deceased by his friend and
He whose sudden and untimely death we
itow mourn, wvas also my friend. Years ago,
wheu thte first dawn of manhood w'as upon his
cheeks, I knew him. I had seen htm at Vera
Cruz, sharing with I is nmen the privations, thec
dangers, and the triumphs of that famous smege.
Whether marching through the scorching sands
,c a tropical shore, or traversing the frosty
mountain passes, he ever exbibited the serene,
cheerful, and determined iaring of the soldier
and gentleman. In sunshine and in rain, by
day and by night, when pinched by hunger and
thirst, as well as when surrounded with plenty,
he well performed his duty.
He was an officer of thNt gallant Palmetto
regiment,. which, on a ba'ght day in March,
formed its line of one thousand men on the
beach at Vera Cruz;- an which, when, six
months afterwards, its flag soiled by the smoke
of battle, was planted on T'he gates of Mexico,
could muster but three hundred men fit for
duty. Its brave and ac plished commander,
Col. Pierce Butler, who 11 on the gory field
of Churubusco, was the boa kinsman of the
deceased. Its second fiel officer, Lieut. Col.
Dickinson, having fallen i the same field, and
its Major, Gladden, seTly wounded at the
Belen Gate, the commn'd devolved on Capt.
Dunovant, the brother-in'(aw of the deceased.
On every battle field o*0 which the standard
of that regiment fioated- though bathed in
Carolina's best blood, it gas ever borne to vic
ory. Such was my confSence in the officers
and men of that reginaent that, had it ever
been my lot to see that proud flag laid low upon
the bloody field, I would:have looked to find
beneath its tattered folds the corpse of the last
survivor of that gallant b d.
Five of the relatives of [_he late Capt. Pres
ton S. Brooks fell in the laist battles of the val
ley of Mexico. lie himseg had been compelled,
by severe illness, to returi home, and did not
rejoin his regiment until ader the capture of the
At the commencement 4 this Congress, after
years of separation, T non met my former
comrade on this floor, an& received daily evi
dences of his gentle and lud manner towards
his friends. His soul wasAte abode of integri
tv and honor. His intercnrse with his fellow
nen was distinguished fo simplicity, candor,
and truth ; and all will adiit that lie has left,
short as his career has bee'', upon our records
repeated evidences of his ,talents and abilities.
31r. CAMPBF.,of Ohio,sgid: Mr. Speaker, the
dispensation which.has depived a State of one of
its members, makes this aeost solemn meeting
of the House of Representives. Tbe circum
stances surrounding this sand sudden decease
of a fellow member, whe' i'n the prime of life
and vigor of manhood, w justify the remark
that " Ile who doeth all ings well" has agai
repeated to us with emphdsis his warning, "In
the midst of life ye are in'Peath."
Preston S. Brooks was ected three tines a
member of this House by le people of South
Carolina. lie merited th confidence, because
lie was the faithful adv of their political
sentiients, and the jealox guardian of their
rights, thuir interests, a4. their honor. 31y
personal relations with Mir rooks here were
of such a nature as to. en le nie to kiow and
ap1rleiale his virtues. H was a man,111 Of kind
heart amd the most tende ceptibilities. Iis
ulleague (31. Keitt) ell said that his
friedsxhip was of extra Iry tenacity. I
these elements, which a mong the highest
characteri.tics of true od, ever led him
to actk wlrich'our3 .1ould-lecie.to.
be wrong let us remeniber, that "to err is hu
man, to forgive divii."
D)uring his Congressional career, Mr. Brooks
always connanded friends and admirers in so
cial life. Ile stood by the bedside of his sick
fellow-member from your State, Mr. Speaker,
ministering to his wants through the weary
hours of night. Again, lie was ready to peril
his life in defence of a imember fron Ohio,
whom lie regarded as in personal danger. InI
cidents such as these within imy own knowl
edge, the records of the War Department,
showing that lie responded promptly to t-all of
our comimon country, and the statements .just
made by the gallant gentleman froim Mississippi,
(.Mr. Quitiman.) as to his valor oi the battle
field, are facts'which will vindicate the state
ment that Preston S. Brooks was both generous
I will only add, 3Mr. Speaker, that for these
reasons, and cherishing a sympathy for thme
family and friends thus terribly smfitteni, which
I have no words to express, I support cordially
Mr. C.Is;cIns, of North Carolina, said: Mfr.
Speaker, comning as 1 (10 from thme saune section
of country to which M~r. Brooks belonged, I
hope the Hlouse will indulge mec for au few mu
mnts. As his State and miine are contiguous,
our districts were so near each other, aimd such
wvas the intercourse between our constituemits.
that lie was well known aiid highly honored
among thaose whom I represent. Of the imii
dents of his life, both political anid military,
the gentlemen wvho preceded nie have so appro
priately spoken that nothing is left for mie to
My personal acquaintance with him began
with the commencemenit of his service ii thus
Haunse; and the fact that we represented ad
joining States and those who were united by
many ties, both in the past and the present,
together with great similarity in our political
feelinys and views, at once made us intinate
friends. Even now, while I attemplt to speak,
so many recollections crowd on me of imcidenmts
that were interesting and tom~chmixg in our per
sonal intercourse, thiat it is difficult for me to
avoid the expression of feelings that unight seemI
out of place here.
The presence of deathm, ah~vays painful, is
doubly appalling when it conies suddenly and
falls ain one ini the vigor of manhood, with
bright prospects before him. No one among us,
si*, can look to the future with more confidence
than le might well have done. With his ow~n
mnmediate constituents his popularity was uin
bounded. lie had, too, the confidence of his
native State--a State eminently distinguished
for the generosity with which she appreciates
nerit in her sans. H~e had already likewise
acquired distinction in the national councils. If
to ensure success gin statesmanship it were in
deed necesa'ry, as some have supposed, that
one hould be an adept in the arts of deception
and hypocrisy, then only would lhe have beenm
uifitted for such a theatre ; for 'he wa pr'e
enminetly frank, open, and nmanly. SoonerI
than harbor a thought requiring concealment,
he would have thrown it away, as somethiing
unworthy to be retained.
lie usually followed his impulses, because lie
never doubted their innocence and propriety.
W hile prompt to meet what lie regarded as an
injury or an insult, lie was ever niore promupt to
make ameinds for any uimitentionmal wrong to
another. His generosity in this respect was
tisurpassed. Ho carried it sometimes to the
extent of jeoparding his own rights rather than
fall short of all that wvas due to another. Pos
sessed of the highest order of courage, lie re
taned with it all the kindness and amiability
of childhood. So endowed, it is not strange
that le had a large circie of wvarm and ardenit
personal friends. Favoi ite as he was of SouthI
Carolina, the sudden termination of his career
will produce a profound melancholy throughout
her entire length and breadth. The ,truthful
nmess and directniess of his character, not less
than his intellectual qualities, have endeared
him to thousands inaS State whose citizens are
ditinguished for the ardor of their attachments
and the generosity of their emotions. It will be
without calling up sensatibns of the deepest
These painful and saddening occurrences are
resting places in the struggles of life ; but all
of us have duties, and some have hopes to carry
the mind forward, and we should ever have
present the idea that while life itself fade, the
recollection of great and noble octs gives it
even here upon earth a sort of immortality.
Mr. SAVAGE, of Tennessee, said: Mr. Speaker,
I do not approve of much talk at any time,
yet I should not well represent my constituen
cy or do justice to my own feelings, by remain
ing wholly silent on this sad occasion. The
mighty has fallen in the bright days of his glo
ry; but it is not in accordance with my tenets
to lament any man's deat4 because his life has
been short. Few men live or die as they de
sire. To live long is of but little importance
to the true man; to die nobly is life's chief
concern. History records but one Thernopylm;
there ought to have been another,'and that one
for Preston S. Brooks. Biave, patriotic, and
unselfish, if he had been permitted to choose
his own death, I feel confident he would have
fallen in some great battle for the public weal.
But that mighty Power which controls and
governs all things, from an atom to the universe,
has decided otherwise, and it is not my will
nor habit to question the will or ways of Om
I was his friend; that I should speak as such
is to be expected; but throughout this broad
'land the bosom of manhood will heave with
sorrow and the eye of beauty be wet with tears
for the departure of this gallant spirit. Yet
all these things are powerless to bring him
back again. Death heeds not the voice of
friends, the weeping of nations, the shouts of
battle, the trumpet's clangor, nor the cannon's
The question was then taken on the resolu'
tions, and they were unanimously agreed to.
And, on motion of Mr. Oan, of South Caro
lina, a recess was taken for three-quarters of
The House re-assembled at a quarter to two
O'clock. -oon after which the Honi. Jamnies u
chanan, President elect, entere4 the hall, and
was conducted to a seat by the proper- officer.
The Supreme Court of the United States was
then announced, and shortly after the Commit
tee of Arrangements appeared with the body.
The Doorkeener next announced the Presi
ient of the Un'ited States and the Heads of
Departments, and, after a brief interval, the
Senate of the United States entered, preceded
by its officers.
The Rev. Daniel Waldo then addressed the
Vhrone of Grace in pi-ayer, and delivered an
appropriate and impressive discourse from the
words, "' o-dav shalt thou be with ic in Para
ise."-Lukc, 23d chap., 43d vs.
After prayer by the Rev. Stephen P. Hill,
Chaplain to the Senate, the funeral cortege
noved from the Hall of the House of Repre
sentatives to the Congressional Cemetery, ac
ording to the order of proceedings as publish
At the conclusion of the funeral ceremonies
the House returned to its chiamberand adjourned
FUNERA OF MR. BROOKS.
WASINxTON, Jan. 29.-The funeral of Mr. P.
S. Brooks of South Carolina, took place to-day,
and was attended by a large concourse of mieii
hers of hoth houses of Coigress, the President,
heads of Departiments, &e. The procession was
ery imposing. The remains of the deceased
neiencber were deposited in the Congressioiial
At one o'clock, the Coinmmittee of Arrange
nllenlts, pall bearers and mourners, atteiided at
Brown's Hotel, and111 the corpse was remtoved, ill
charge of the Cnuittee of arrangieie2ts, at
tended by the Sergeaut-at-ans of the House, to
the Hall of the hlumse of Re4-presenut atives, where
ivine service was perfirimmed.
The funeral then moved from the Hall of the
Hlouse to the Congressional Cemetary, in the fol
The Chaplains of both Houses of Congress.
Physicians who attended tie deceased.
Mi. JTohn 3eQecin, Mr. T.A B.foeciek,
Mir. Alex. DecWitt, 3Mr. W. H1. .Sneed,
Mr. Johni Wheeler, 3Mr. .J. F. D)owdell,
M~r. Daniel .Vae, .\r. Jr. W. D)enver,
Mr. J. C. Allen,
Mi. 11. A. Ednmundson, 31r. .J. Glancy J[ones,
Mr. Alex. Hf. Stephlens, 3Mr. W. W. \'alk,
Mr. A. K. Mlarshlall, Mlr. A. Rust,
Mr. B. B. Thuriton, 3Mr. .J. Sceott Harriso~n.
TIhe lainuilt and~ the~ friends of the deceased.
The .Senaitors and Represenltatives from the
State of South Coarolinma as Imournlers.
The Sergeanlt-at-Armls of time House of Repre
The House of Representatives of thea United
States, plroeeed~ by their Speaker anid Clerk.
The other ollicers of the House of Riepresenta
The Sergeant-at-armas of thle Senate.
The Senate, precededl by thleir P'rsidenit and
The other oficers of thec Senate.
The Presidecnt of tile I.nited ~States.
Cif Thg Headls of D epartumnts.
CifJustice and Associate Justices of Supreme
Co~nrt of United States and its ollicers.
Tile Judiciary of thle District of Colnnbia.
Th'ie Diplomatic Corps.
Tle Comlptrollers, Auditors, an~d other Heads of
Burecaus of the several Departments of
Governmlent, with tlieir ohlicers.
Oficers of thme Armly and Navy at the seat of
Thie Mayer of W'asingtonl.
The Boards of Aliermen and Commlon Council.
Citizens and Strangers.
MRETING AT CLINTON..
Cr.ms-rox, S. C. Jan. 20th 1857.
At 3.4 o'clock to-day we received the mourn
fuml intelligence of the death of thme Hion. P. S.
Brooks, onie of Carolina's noblest Sons; and
a belovea Representative of the 4th Conlgres
bionl District, whoe died suddenly ant the city
of Wahington on the 2ith inst., at 7 o'clock
After a brief but brilliant career in Congress,
le has been called from our midst by an all
And as a mark of respect to the memory of
the lamented deceased, all business wvas mecas
urably suspended and a meeting of the citizens
of Cinton was caled. Th~os. Craig, Esq., was
called to the chair, and Jas. A. Deenl, requested
to act as Secresary.
The meetinlg was called to order by the chlair
man, with a few applropriate remarks, expres
slg tile object of the meeting.
A committee of live was appoinited to report
a )reamble and Resolutions, expressive of the
sentien~lts of those assembled, consisting of N.
S. Harris Esqj., W. F. Metts, G. P. Cop~elan~d,
J. McCravy and Maj. E. Bearden.
Through thmeir chairmian tile committee after
a short absence reported thme following preamble
Whereas it lhas pleased thle Alnighty God iln
the dispensation of his Providence, to cut oil
il the mnidst of his usefulness, one1 of Carolina's
most gifted and most mioble sonis,, one whose
'toerngitlet and noble chivalrous bearing
has endeared him to every citizen of the South
ern States, and made him respected everywhere,
and beloved by his constituents. Therefore be it
Ist. Resolved, That in the deathof Preston
S. Brooks, South Carolina has sustained an ir
reparable loss, the fourth Congressional district
deprived of a Representative of whom she was
justly proud and a sincere friend and neighbor,
whose kind and noble nature could only be ap
preciated by those who knew him best.
2nd. Resolred, That we cannot find language
to express the deep heart-rendering grief we feel
in the loss of one we so much loved and ad
3rd. Resolved, That while we meekly submit
to the dispensatiqns of an all-wise Providence,
we cannot but feel, and our hearts would say
" would that any one had died but thee."
4th. Resolved, That we offer our condolence
to the family of the deceased in their afflictions,
and that a copy of these proceedings be sent to
the family of the deceased.
6th. Resolved, That we wear the usual badge
of mourning on the left arm for thirty days.
6th. Resolved, That the proceedings of this
meeting be published in the papers of this Con
gressional District, and in the Carolina Times.
Mr. N. S. Harris, in presenting the report of
the Committee, made an able and impressive
Thos. H. Pitts, Esq., followed Mr. Harris in a
brief but beautiful address, which was well re
ceived by the audience.
TuoMAs Ca.u, Chairman.
JAMEs A. Dun, Secretary.
To the Memory of Hon. Preston S. Brooks of
BY MART J. wINDLE.
In all the pride of manhood's noblest prime,
Untamed by sorrow, and untired by time,
Life's pulses throbbing in his cager breast,
Glad, active, vigorous -all are now at rest.
Short was the course this noble spirit run
How hard it is to say, " Thy will be done!"
But shall we, murmuring against u= God,
Question the justice of His chastening rod I
Better die thus-before his holy trust,
In human kindness, crumbled into dust;
Before the withering touch of fearful change
Made some familiar face look cold and strange,
Or some dear heart, close-knitted to his own,
By perishing, had left him sad and lone I
Oh! many a kindly, generous deed he's done
Which leaves no record underneath the sun;
By holier light th' recording angel's reads
The unseen tablet of those modest deeds:
The balm his kindness mingled here below,
To mitigate the cup of earthly woe;
His timely help in hours of sorest need;
His gentle lifting of the bruised reed;
Th' indulgent hour of converse stol'n away
From the scant leisure of a well spent day,
For some poor struggling son of genius, bent
Under the weight of heart-sick.discontentL ~
In the dark grave when men like these are crushed;
But o'er our feelings sadder thoughts prevail
We hear the orphan's sob, the widow's wail:
In that dread hour when worldly hopes subside,
-When throbs the latest pulse of wordly pride
In that last hour the dying father sees
Ills southern home, its flowers and waving trees,
More sweetly pictured to his longing view
In the dim past than were the vision true
The verdant valley and the dark-brown hill
The orange garden, and its tinkling rill,
The winding path, the dwelling in the grove,
The glance of welcome, and the kiss of love;
And a fair form before his gazing sight s
Glides like a noise!ess phantom of the night;
And rosy inf.nt lips, which fondly press
To snatch the willing yet delayed caress.
Vain dream! No tender look to meet his gaze,
No tone of fondlness heard in by-gone days,
TIo soothe the terrors of hisi spirit's flight,
And speak of mercy and of hope,to night ;
No more those dull and rayles.s orbs may rest
On those sweet vines that gem the S~uth's warm
They shall no more those sunset clouds behold,
Phoating like bright transparent thrones of gold;
Nor that loved form they niever more will see,
Save in the visions of eternity.
Alh, No! Th~ose scenes no more his sight shall
Which fill his heart, and on his momory press.
God's wvhite robed angels now around him stand,
And waft his spir-it to " the Better Land."
There shall the generous heart regamn its own;
There the abusedl shall stand before God's Throne;
There, when the tangled web is all explained
Wrong suffer':ed. pain inilicted, truth disdained
M1an's mnisrepresentations and false scorn
Shall melt like mist before uprising morn,
And holy truth standl forth serenely bright,
In the rich flood of God's eternal light.
W A$I11NGT"N, January 29, 1857
From the lti.,ing Sun.
PNBMC MEETING A T NEWBERRY.
A meeting was held on sale day in the Court
House to give expression to the feelings of our
district in the death of our representative the
Hion. Patns-rox 5. Baoous.
Upon motion of Col. Fair. Col. Moormnan was
called to the chair and Mr. McLemnore appointed
Mr. C. H. Snber, then with a few appropriate
prefatory remarks in which lhe touchinglyall uded
to Col. IluooKs as our representative, and his
friendh, introduced the following preamble and
The death of our immediate Representative in
Congress has bueen announced to us; and we
have met to claim our place as chief mourners
over an event, which fillIs the whole South with
We know thait no tribute to his memory can
express the admiration of him which beats so
strong in the hearts of all of us; and that no
offering~s of honor can testify the grateful sense
in whichm we hold his signal services ; but we es
teem it a privilege to unite in a testimonial of
the affe'ction we bore him, to recall the single
ness of his virtues, and to mingle oursynmpathies
with those, who likeonrselves have been bereaved
by his loss.
He needs no eulogy-wherever patriotism and
chivalry are esteemed as virtues, his deeds will
praise him. And his manly character, his gener
ous imipulses, his frank and loyal nature, his no
ble intellectual endowments-all animated by -
high-heating spirit which knew no aspiration bui
honor-will be made memorable to future gene
rations, by that last crowning act of his life
which has won haim a place in history.
It is not among those whom lie ser-ed so faith
fully, that there need be recounted the details o
his public life and services. His career is a fa
,,m- inir strern the period when heAdeoted hi
earliest manlaod to his country on the fields of
Mexico, to his last gallant defence of'hia State,
which has covered him with glory. But we may
recall with pride the enthusiasm which the last
memorable act excited and recognize in the
calm admiration which it now awakens, an au
gury it will long be cherished as a rich legaby by
our Southern people.
It is, perhaps, not ours to appropriate to our
selves the glory of his short but brilliant career.
The whole commonwealth will rise up to do him
honor; and, with one voice, assign him a place
among its illustrious dead. But we may indulge
the remembrance, that the man,. whom all de
light to honor, was our own Representative; we
may dwell with increasing affection upon every
act of his eminent public services; and we may
join in the united testimony of the whole South,
that he comes worthily back, to the last resting
place of his fathers.
All that is mortal of our lamented Brooks will
soon rest in the bosom of the State he loved so
It is left to us to discharge the melancholy du
ty of expressing, however feebly, our respect for
his memory, and the deep sense of our bereave
ment in his loss. Be it therefore
Resolved, That in the death of the Honorable
Preston S. Brooks, the fourth Congressional Dis
trict has lost a faithful public servant, the State
one of the most illustrious of her citizens, and
the South the most gallant of its defenders.
Resolved, That we will cherish with pride the
memory of his eminent services; and ipdulge as
a fond recollection that he was our immediate
Resolved, That we contemplate with melan.
choly interest the manifestations of sorro~r in our
sister States; and accept them as testimonials
of their sympathy with us in our bereavement.
Resolved, That we mourn with his family in
the bitter affliction which has removed their
stay and support; and with our Delegation in
Congress over the heavy calamity which has be
fallen the public service in the loss of their faith
'Resolved, That the Secretary of this meeting
be instructed to send a copy of these Resolutions
to the fanmily of our lamented Representative,
and to our Delegation in Congress, and that a
copy of our proceedings be published in the pa
pers of our town.
They were seconded by Gen. Garlington, who.
paid a handsome tribute to the dead, testifying
to his frank nature, his noble intellect and his
chivalrous bearing. The resolutions were then
put and unanimously adopted. On motion of
Dr. Moon the meeting adjourned.
JOHN C. McLEMORE, See'y.
Immediately after the adjournment of the ,
above meeting, the citizens were re-assembled -
by Mr. Suber in consequence of a letter received
by him from br. M. LaBorde. The meetin wasi
organized as before. The . letter stated t a
dispatch received from General McQueen re
quested the appointment of a.Committee
this District to meet similai1Iappointid-C
mittees from the other Districtasat?ji Ue .
Thursday afternoon., The reqUest wJq
mously ag d to,:and the folloun
a - ~act~n4e?
tonin . 'R t. nno on
JOHN C. McLEMORE, See'y
PUBLIC MEETING IN COLUMBIA.
CoLUxnA, February 3, 1857.
In pursuance of notice from his Honor the
Mayor, a very large meeting'of the citizens of
Columbia and of Richland DistriCt, was held at
the City Hall, to-day.
On motion, the Hon. E. J. Arthur, Mayor of
the city, was called to the Chair, and Mr. Wnr.
B. Johnston appointed Seeretary.
The Chairman, in some feeling remarks, sta
ted the objects of the meeting, paying a very ap.
propite tribute to the late 'Hon P. S. Brooks.
The Hon. W. F. DeSaussure (Ex. U. S. Sena
tor) in introducing the annexed resolutions, pre
faced them with a glowing and eloquent eulogy
on the public services of our lamented young
statesman. He offered the followingresolutions,
which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the citizens of Columbia are
penetrated with profound emotion at the sad ti
dings of the death of their distinguished coun
trymnan, the Hon. Preston S. Brooks. The State
has lost a true citizen and a faithful' representa
tive. The child of honorable impulse hadgrown
to a nmanhood which was fast realizing the fond
est hopes of his friends and his country. Full
of patriotic ardor, he never stopped to calculate
consequences ; and we all remember the gene
rous zeal with which, in December, 1844, he
lie sought and was eharnged by the Executive of
the State with the duty of enforeing the behest
of the General Asseumbly to expel the emissary
sent by a foreign State to disturb our peace
promptly froni our territory. His generous heart
and amiable disposition won for him true friends,
wbh' his public conduct has commanded the- es
tee .. of Ins countrymen. Bowingr with profound
sut' .iission to the inserutable dispensations of
Pro :idence, the citizens of the Capital of the
Swe ' claim the sad privilege of mingling their
grief with that of his immediate constituentre
a,.l casting the wreath of cypress and of laura!
up n the bier of one so loved, so honored and so.
Resolved, That a committee of seven he ap
pointed to proceed to Washington, and in con
cert with such committees of his countrymen as
may be elsewhere appointed, receive his remains,
and restore them to hiis native Carolina.
Resolced, That we tender to the family of our
lamented fellow-eitizen our heartfelt condolence
at their deplorable loss.
JTames 1). Tradewell, Esq., in seconding the
resolutions, addressed the meeting, and delivered
an eloquent tribute to the merits and worth of
his school-mate, our late distinguished Represen.
Oni motion of'Dr. WV. Reynolds, the Chairman
of this meeting was added to the Committee.
On motion of W. B. Johnston, it was ordered
that the proceedings of this meeting be published
in the papers of Columbia, and that the papr
in the Congrressional District of the late Hon.P
S. Brooks be requested to copy.
E. J. ARTHUR, Chairman.
W. B. JOHsstoY, Secretary.
The Chairman of the meeting, in pursuanee
of the second resolution, has appointed the fol
lowing gentlenien as the Committee to proceed
Col. B. T. Watts, Col. Win. S. Goodwyn, iz S.
Keitt, Esq., Win. B. Johnston, Esqi., John aties,
Esq., Dr. Win. Reynolds, and Win.K. Bachmnan
SAD HusmoT.-The Troy Times tells a sad
story of the destruction of a young, and lovely
woman, by intemperance. A few fhonthasine,
a young lady of one of the first families .of that
city was married to a New York merchant, un
der circumstances most auspicious for the happi
ness of both. Lately she returned to her home.
in Troy discarded by her husband on accoant of
her mania for intoxicating drinks, and i*se
weeks she died of brain fever, indu-e
habits. The father of the foung1ld~asbe
called upon, within three months, to momrn the9
F death of a wife and dauhte yinfoxicatiot
and a son, once noble and wa e hie n ia.
nature hma been perverted by te same canmse.