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ly limited at the time of sub.crihine. sill he cnn
tinned until all arrearages are paid, er at the option of
Subscriptions out of the District and from other
States must invariably be paid for in advance.
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To Clubs of Ten the Advertiser will he furnished
one year, for Fifteen Dollars-one person bacnmine
responsible and Paying for the Club in advance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
All advertisements will he correctly and conspicu
ously inserted at Seventy-five Cents per Square (12
Brevier lines or less) for the first insertion, and Fifty
Cents forrach subsequent inertion. When only pub
lished Mon.thly or Quarterly $1 per square will be
Each and every Transient Advertisement. to secure
publicity through our columns, must Invariably be
paid in advance.
All Advertisements not having the desired number
of Insertions marked on the margin, will be continued
until forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to adverise by the year can do so
on the most liberal terms-it being distinctly under
stood that contracts for yearly advertiaing are con
fined to the immediate, legitimate business of the firm
or individual contracting.
All communications of a personal character will he
charged as advertisements.
Obituary Notices exce-ding one square in length
will be charged for the overplus, at regular rates.
Announcing a Candidate (not inserted until paid
for,) Five Dollars.
For Adv -ruising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising. -
The Investigating Committee on the charges
of corruption brought against members of the
House of Representatives is a very voluminou
document. We have not room for even a sum
mary of the evidence, and must content our
selves by giving the general conclusions of the
Committee which will be found quite interesting.
OENERAL REcOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE.
All the committee join in a general report, in
which they say that the delay in making the re
port was beyond their control. They did not
feel at liberty to notice in any manner the imt -
merous anonymous communications received b
them, and no proceeding or inquiry has bee.
instituted upon any such communications; bu.
in every case where a respectable person ha.
requested an inquiry, or pointed to a witues..
who could probably prove a material fact, th..
investigation has been made as full and thorough
as it was in the power of the committee to make
it. They say that no such general combination:,
as have been charged are proved to exist. Four
cases came to their knowledge in which indi
vidual members are implicated. The committee
give the questions and answers in the examina
tion of James W. Simonton, at different times,
and state that his last answer was directly con
tradictionary of his previous testimony.
It appears, they remark, from his testimony,
that, while occupying a sent as a reporter on
the floor of the House, he pesonally, aided in
the passage of the Wisconsin Land bill, un let
the promise of receiving certain compensation
if the bill passed. He also aided an old frienu
of his in passing a private bill through the Sen
ate, for which service he accepted a small com
pensation. They say that from the testinmon)
taken, it appears that the general charges o.
corrupt combinations in Congress originate from
men who expect to make montey by creating thet
belief that such combinations exist. it' they
can cause it to be generally believed that it is
necessary to use large sum-s of money to carry
measures through Congress, it follows that some
body must be employed to apply it, and the man
whoknow most anout the corrupt combinationsi
would be the one naturally sought for, and e:u
poyed as broker to buy np the votes of mnem.
brs who had entered into such combinations.
'the broker in Congressional corruption wouk
receive the money to buy up the combination,
and whether he puts the money in his own pocket
or pays it to somebody else, can never be known
by the parties who furnish the action, in whtichi
thie broker has a decided advantatge. His em
ployers must be satisfied without any account or
wit'h any account of his -agcey that lhe may
choose to render, and the probability is that, in.
addition to his own stipulated compensation, he
will pocket the whole corruption fund. They
proceed to attribute much of this evil to the
avidity with which newspaper correspondents
catch up every flying report and send it to their
respective journals to appear in print.
The~ report in the case of Mr. Welch conclude-'
with the following resolutions:
Rlesolrcd, That William Welch did corruptly
combine with William A. Gilbert, a member o.
this House from New York, to procure the pias.
sage of a resolution or bill through this Ihouse
for the purchase of certain copies of the works
of F. F. C. Triplett on the pension and bounty
land laws, for money to be paid to the saiu
William A. Gilbert on its passage.
Resolved, That William W. Welch did attempt
to procure money from James R. Sweeney foir
repiorting favorably on the claim of Boxatam
Kimball from the Committee on Invalid Pen
sions at this Congress.
Resolved, That William W. Welch, member
of this House from Connecticut, be forthwith
expelled from this House.
The report in the case of Mr. Edwards ac
com panie. by the following resoltution:
Resolved,~'fhat Francis B. Edwards a member
of this House from the State of New-York, did
on the 23d dlay of December last, attempt to en
tiee Robert T. Paine, a member of this House
from the State of North Carolina, to vote con
trary to the dictates of his judgment and con
seienie on a bill makinig a grant of lands to aid
in the constructiun of a railroad in the Territo
ry of Minnesota, by holding out pecuniary con
sideration to the said Paine for his support o:
the said bill.
Resolved, That the said Frtancis S. Edwards
be anid be is hereby expelled from this Hotuse.
The report in the case of Mr. Matteson con
cludes with the following resolutions:
Resolved, That Orsamus 1B. Matteson, a mom
ber of this House from the State oef New-York.
did incite parties deeply interested in the passage
of a joint resolution for construing the Des
Moines grant to have here and in use a larg-'
sum of money and other valuable considerations
corruptly, for the purpose of procuring the pas
sage of said joint re-solution through this House.
Resolved, That Orsamus B. Matteson, in de
claring that a large number of the members ol
this House had associated themselves together
and pledged themselves each to the oilier not to
vote for any law or resolutioni granting mnou'-y
or lands unless they were paid for it, has false-ly
and wilfully defamed the character of this House.
and has proved himself unworthy to be a menm
Resolved, That Orsamus B. Matteson, a memt
ber of this House, from the State of New-York,
be and is hereby expelled therefrom.
The general and final report is accompanied
by a resolution to expel James W. Simionton
from the floor of the House as a re-porter, and
concludes as followes:
" To meet and remedy, or at least to investi
ate these evils, the committee have uinnnimous
Iyordered the following bill to lbe reported, with
a request that it be printed and referred to the~
Committee of the Whole on the sitate of the
Union. 'They do not ask itts en-oran -
matter of privilego, because (4: the .a-.
period of'the session ; but they s-re r.nilling
close their investigation withtr t !.: -
the consideration of the House nm r: . - -.
a measure whtich the next Cotr'-;: r . -.
bled to perfect and enact into a law'. -..n
the law of 1853 and the inw tord( - - U
witneses of this session, throws a1 Le ;guanrs~
around the Government against oorrupio thatl
* mn be aOtee by any ria:
" A bill t protect the people against corrupt
and secret influence in ntters of legislation.
"Be it enacted &c., That no person shall, di- I
rectly or indirectly, offer or agree to give any
money or other valuable thing, or security for
any money or other valuable thing, to any per-,
son for the service of such person, or of any
other person, in aiding or advocating or procu.
ring the passage or defeat of any measure be
fore either House of Congress or any committee
of either House, to be paid or delivered on the
contingency of the passage or defeat of any
measure before either Hou of Congress or
before any committee of either House; and that
no person shall agree to accept or receive, or
shall accept or receive any money or other valua
ble thing for aiding or advocating or procuring
the passage or defeat of any measure before
either House of Congress or before any commit
tee of either House; and that every bargain,
contract, or security for any such compensation
or any such contingency, and all shifts and con
trivances to cover or conceal such bargains are
hereby declared nul and void; and the parties
to any such bargain; contract or agreement, or
unde-standing, as well the party to pay as the
party to receive the money or other valuable
thing, or accurity therefor, on any such contin
gency as is above indicated, are hereby declared
guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction
thereof before any Court of the United States
having jurisdiction of the said offence, shall
suffer imprisonment in the common jail for not
less than six months nor more than one year,
and be subject to a fine of not less than one
hundred dollars nor more than one thousand
"Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no
person having any interest in the passage or de
teat of any measure before either h ouse of
Congress, and no agent or person acting for or
representing any other person as agent or attor
:ey in law or in fact procuring, aiding, or advo
cating the passage or defeat of any measure be
:ore either House of Congress, or before any
committee of either House, sha I approach, con
verse with, or explain to or in any manner at
tempt to infuence any member of either House
relative to such measure without first distinctly
disclosing to such member whether he is inter
ested personally in his own right or agent for
mny other person in the passage or defeat of
such measure ; and any persons who shall violate
.he provisions of this section are hereby declar
ed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction
hereof before any court of the United States,
shall be punished by imprisonment for not less
.ean one month nor more than one year, and by
. fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor
.nore than one thousand dollars."
THE Tawr.-The Charleston Evening News
It will be observed that the Tariff Bill, repor
ted by Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, from the Com
.nittee of Ways and Means, has passed the Sen
ate as well as the House. This bill does no
core than exempt from duty, and place on the
ree list, numerous articles especially used by
.,orthern manuftctures. It dues not reduce the
:eneral rates of duties, which are now high and
,nerous. It discriminates in favor of the North
is against the South. It is a contrivance to en
uance protection and evade the Constitution,
equality of taxation, and general tree trade. It
seeks to fasten upon agricultural industry and
Southern productions, except sugar, the entire
ourdens of the government. The sugar and
.ron interests, no doubt, combined with the manu
.acturing for this purpose. This great question
of duties and taxation must be again sent to
:he people. Corporations, monopolies and indi
rcet bounties, in the form of protection, are ru
ling and ruining our land. Up with the banner
of free trade, and of equal and direct taxation.
DEvcru or Dr. K.YE.-The telegraph announ
ees the arrival at New Orleans of the rem~ains
of. the distinguished Arctic Explorer Dr. Kane,
who died in 11avana on the luthi instant.
Thins has passed away one of nature's noble
men, who had gained a world-renmown by his
--il'ort~s in the cause ,tf philanthropy and science.
fhe medical profession has furmished the world
wihsome of' its br'ighitest and most shining
hights, amoug whom none shone niore conspicu
oUbly than the lamented Kane. A victim to his
.mble exertions in the cause of humanity, he
will ever be reimembered with affectionate in
terest, and his memory cherished with the high
est rispect.-Souith Carolinian.
.borm:n FAtTAut'eer..-Wve regret t') record
:h1e repetition of an occu.;rence by which our
community was so much shocked but a week
ago. Another hostitle meeting took place yes
,.erday, at Scriven's Ferry, near this city, in
.vhiel' the parties were U. S. Kimblrough anti
Jacob P. Hendrick, both citizens of' Columbus,
in this State. The weapons used were rifles,
and they fought at forty paces distance. Upon
the second fire Mir. Hoeudrick telh, mortally
wounded, the ball having entcred his side just
above the hip, and passedI, it is thought, through
the smaller intestines, lie was brought to this
city, and was alive at a late hour last night,
though his condition is conisidered hopeless. His
antagonist escaped unhurt, and left for Columi
bus by the evening tr ain.-Savanniah Republi
Mr. J~reon P. IIENDmt~cK, the gentlenman refe~r
red to in the above, was a native of' this city,
and hi. mother, sister and brother reside in
Ulmtburg. A telegraphie despateh fr'om Savan
.alh states that lie died f'romi the effect of' his
wound yesterday morning, about 6 o'clock.
Augusta Constitutionalist, 25th.
HomtRmnm.E CRULT.-Mlilano, who attempted
to kill the anointed 'king otf Naples, sulhered
such horrid ptunishmnent ini this worl that hec
deserves at least as pleasant a hereafter a~s his
royal tormentor :
"lie was stripped, hound hand and foot, and
bung to a beam with his head downwards; lie
was tornmented in this position for two hours,
burning wisps of straw being held under his
head. lie was also bound anud hutng up by
the cars, causing him thme most ngonmzmng pain's
mI the head and car.4; and the ground be'neath
him was covered with burning coals, so that
with his bare t'eet he could not stand. He was
aslso tortured with alternate application of cold
anid boiling water, anid his shoulder bones were
pulled out of' joint with ropes tied to his arms.
Lastly, he was scourged ; amnd those who saw
his naked body dleclare that the skin was black
eued, 'with green and yellow marks upon it,
hideous to behold."
A gentleman ,ust from Lawremnce, K. T., (satys
the Columbia 7:imes) repoi'ts that a few day~s
since thme ladies of that city turned out en mse
resolved upon the destruetion ot' all the liquor
inm the city, and the breaking up of' all rum
shops. Seven places where the urdent has been
sold, was entered, and the contents of several
barrels, bottles, etc., spilled upon the ground.
It is said the women were armed with axes.
hatchets, and hammers, which were effectively
used in the attack.
THE DntED Scor' CASE.-A Washington cor
respondent of the Cincinnati Enguiirr says:
tireat interest and sonic impatience are felt
in regard to the deccision of' the Supreme Cout'
in the tUred Scott case. Th'e delay in dieliverinig
thme judgment has been caused by7 thme aflliction
ofm Jiudge Daniel, who lost his wife in a very
melancholy mannmer, and has not been able to
r.:s.ime his position anud diuties on the bench. It
is well undherstood that six of the ninet Judges
have dlecided that the Mlissouri Comnpiomnise is
unconsituioal ; that Judge (.rier concurs ini
thme general conclusion, but raises some side
isues., which prevent his genteral acqjuiesenice ini
the. doision. Judlge Curtis nmoderately and
Judge McLean very decidedly, dissent. Trhe
judgnment will be rendered b'y Chief Justic
atney. It will be his Inst written decision ; anid,
it is said, lie will resign shortly after the instal
a~tion 'f Sir. Buchanan.
Siu\a 1l XAr.r.tY RAItrunoAn.-At time anntual
necting of the stockhole'rs of'this road, held
.*1-::.-, I19:h ist., iat Caliasi.n ;m1111ill,
an, m ths Sr. J1. A. Calhoutn declined a re
.ti.i.'i ti. u odico; of Pre.ident, amid that Mtr.
. I .'-an, *f A ndersoni, was elected by thu
e i a-, - .. m."9. :. ith:t they will ai, - h
loude ~ae:.ded ch~ai'4'Lr by wi i.: it wats pro-i
posed to mako Augusta tho toramia of the
nrie*nte subscritions, and they Propose to rise
91 0.000 more. making $600.000, and then they
will have the State subscrintion of $250.000 of
the Greenville railroad stock. which, at its real
value. would he worth $1.50.000; these items
would make tli available stnlk of thA Company
$7Sf.0nl0. This is sunnosedi to he half as much
as will be rentired: the estimated cost of the
rond haine $1.500,000.
The Company now proposes to build the road
to amherq. as c-mtemnlated by the oriinal
chartor. and hnve. he resolution, instructed the
President and Directors to let out the contracts
for bridging and grading the road from Ham
hur" to Anderson. as soon as they can raise
$150.000 additional stock. It is supposod that
by raisine this $150,000, they will then have
enough to grade and pronare the road for the
laving down the iron. When the track is pre
Pared for the iron. they hope to procure the en
dorsement of the State upon their honds for the
nnrchase of the iron, &c.-Abbeville Banner,
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEPIELD. S. C.
WE)NESDAY. MARCIl 4. 1R57.
T. J. WHTrrAKR ie our authorised Agent to re
ceive subscriptions and collect all monies due this
The Cash System adopted.
A't--r the fi-st of.Tannarv we wit a.ot the Cash
sestem and intendI str'etly to udh,.re'to it in eaeh
and every inetanc-'. It is ce-rtainv the he.t sy-tem
f.r all, esse--i-clv newspan.-r pii'cieihers, and as c ur
bills are generally small it will be no inconvenience
tie any one to pay up in advance.
All ndvertiwm--its. to secure publicity throuch
our c-lu'nns, most h.- paid rar when hndced in.
Those who live at a distance w;shing to nmertise,
c:tn encnae the amoaunt for which they desire to nd
tertise. Thos.- adv rtiing liv '*ontrncet, by the
year. will be expecte'l to ,.ettle up quarterly.
ANOTHEtR, CONEV FROM AMONGST US.
WR are paineil. d.-etply pained, in announcing the
death of Mr. DciOnso F. HOL.ING5WORtH, a he
loved g--ntleman and a neeful memher of our commin
rity. The sad event o.cecrred on Thursday last. and.
we regret to thick, was the termination of a disease
contracted on the late trip of onr eommitiee to Wash
ington for th- purposs of taking chare of the remains
of Hon. P. S. Bnoors. Mr. HauLt.INSWOtTIt having
been one of that committee. The deceas-t-d was ac
exemplary citizen and a highly esteemed man. He
was hospitble, enniderate aned generous. Of ample
means, and possessing an unecommonly correct appre
ciation of the civilities of life, he- was alre-ady among
the nn t valued props of his social circle, and many
warm friet.dslhips were yet clustering around his
hearihstone. Bit smadlenty the relentless hand of
Deal has been stretched out to take him from hi'
happy earthly honme. and heart-felt tears are falling at
the reflectio, . May his spirit have found a happier
hlme on high, there to await in bliss thie coming of
those he leld dear on earth !
gg See first page for two or three well written
APPOINTMENT BY THE GOVERNOR.
Mr. Join C. Po-TER hIts beet appinted by his
Excelleccy. Governor ALL..TON, a Nutity Public for
PHOTOG RAPII OF HON. P. S. BROOKS.
Ml-scirs LEtcit & CHActuts, cof August, have
kindely forwcanm--ato u es a phietographe lke-te-ss of tine
lamenmctedl Baoixe, for wichi we retulrn them thantiks.
It is jiut te tiing we were endeiavoring to procure
andi is a miis!ticceptab e cift. Thle likeniess is strnkinig
awtl the exsecione execelle-nt. As tere nre very many
eiz-s of Edgefield wh io wemblt be glad to have am
faithful portrait of their late beloved re-presentative.
we woei suggest to thmem that, tier itnly S4, they cami
prienre c-ech man ons frcom 31esrn Letrsn & CtAst tus.
3r. L~tGH hricughet upj a hundmmredl cjies the ethimr day,
ut thecy are geitng off-~ very rapidly. Thouse whio
have ecngaegedl ithem ih-.mid uepply early ;acid thosme
whit leave tnot dontee so, enn tnow macke the amrrancgemeet
wich .3r. L., nhoti is am thite phtce for the ptresenct.
FIREa AlT CUJRtRYTON.
We learn thmat W. R. H1Von5o' istore andm (siomtiet
were enttirely de.troyedl by fir.- ite Friday nigmiht int.
et wceetn 10 antd Ii ei'clcck. It i< hot k, iown hoew tihe
fire eorigintated. Mr. HensmoN hadi left thme store nebeut
a ha~ if hmiur bef.,re thte flotmes were dliscoivere I. Loss
mitt knocwne. Insutredl imi ie zEta Incsurancoe Cumpiany
of Hartford, C:., foir ltwo ithous-and ditliars.
ANOTHER TERRIBLE TRAGEDY.
On Moicimay last, a man namedi Jocier it.~tLia~is
kiedm onie servanit. lttce an. tby ihotintg hi' brain
nted' with a pistol. Tme sin fui iccrurre-tce totok piae
em a blanekmmith' itiho-ip in tis viiingce. 'iThe potir fe-i.
it.ow lingeredm (insenciible) unit! 3 o'chtick, Tuiei-dny
mornig, where life herc~nmse vincet. Rsisexsc wias
no't ontly a fecvorite int our family, bint a ge-teral faveor.
ite whlerever knnwnc. We~ hnd rais-el him fromn a
chl, had lrillhi-mn ire time dnties ocf a resmpe-ci (ij a-rd
bemidistnt hitiy.servaent for yeatre-. IIe- was just futll3
growni, amid hade nto s..periior ino'tg those ofi i claw.
andm -tamieo. Whtent we cihink cci ii melan1eily endm.
or hea-cru is fml, andm we. coulmd say miteh. Butt, lihock
ed,. griev.ed. hcijuredm as we acid etnr- are he the e-vent.
this is not the ilme nor time place four a dmonmitstremart
inc time matter. Th.- mciuntry andl tic' countttry's inni
hld cogngizancce omf thce case sand wci vinidicate- time
supremncy .in thce once anid mime chtrremerc ef the oter.
neciording to lihe facts as they may lee- praven.
"STUDY OF THNE FEDRItAL CONSTITr
Sneh-I is tics subhjcct ti n :nhiriess deliverede. diuringi
hi- atet Winter, befire- thme Poalytechntic andi Caipieanu
Societ iss ofi e it adttiei Ai-adlemy. Cit.-riesheen. 8. C..
by JAM as D). TRAUKnwFE1.L. Ecq., mit Columbnia. We
hve readtt I his proncio fceee our rasteemed mnd re-pt-ct
eel friced, ithm gre-ac itere-t It is worty or- bhcem
lhis head andh is hmert. e-vinceing. as it des, thme earie
et tie-sire acid the ei mplece ability of ims athoimr tic im
press thte retinds oft his yoitmbfttc bitt intelIligenit aiwliteiry
with the impirtantc- of hcis iiibject. It i - tic the stnet
tf thme Feeral Cicnst i~tu tn ties nommt cnly Younttg, hoc
Old Acmrica, wcii havce spedily tie cme if the citunctry
is o ice sav-dc. We~ cnit wih tat thcere we-re ten
thouisandt snch~i lectntrers iover the Unitec Stacte-s as
JAsiles D. Ta AnIwV.t., ecf Sethil Carulina. that tics
ageel as well as e. yeutiei cnind, the Nuarthmern as
well a4 the Siccmherun underscundincg, mighm hi- prieper.
ly 'titeuulaemd tee the direce antd prccper cstdy oft onr
Federal Cinielitine It is the only name giveni unc
tier he-avenc. n hieremby the cenuctry enni he saved. We
lay by this caqucett athmire- for further enye.
SUNDAY, THlE 1ST OF MULRCH.
Trume tic his nocter-.dents, time month has cipenced with
mis custiimary hhinsteri g. Gust after gust arcses,
swells, decreases acid dies away in the depths ccf the
rirest. each iine searcely accnicing ice edeath c-f its pre
nrsor beftore rcmhinitg cupect tic scene tic putff ecnt its .
can brief exii-tece~. Btyannt to thce cotrnery, n-e ef
ten fancy these datys of ti e in-ceminig Spring "tics
cadmest cof tics year."i There is somethcing ini the mel
inichoily moancing of tihe inds among teheefty pine
rees, as if -irnging the regnci.m ofi Winte-r, cliat fills tile
nind cit the lisceener wcith a t hion.-d a dt bcl ut still
dleasrable remineiscenoces. Tme-re is an inltenationi
bccnt mc, that prn.mpts the fancy to recnll tie atmeit
rgtien me-lodiles met etherdatys, armundm each cit whmiche
eme precious gacritand of fmnded aflfectionus at once en
wieem itself. We listen. ande see iei lear hiarmonue
ecres in the air. We listen on--il is noct miuic', beun
emeting c-e like it that the ear readily receives ii a5
urhl. tend ctheccoul calls up cviii piermes- of the past
ielmr its weird inspiratim. We view again time hcetne
if our chntdhocd.nas it then siti-di; the. village ofomcr
eyhodc, as it had then preogressede; the good faehers
nl mnochers of sotcie'iy, as th,.-y Ihern ap~peacred te'us.
tic'iiude. " ih its 1ir htm and ihndolewe. ice jeeys sou
carriws, its see-t at d tenrs, arises cc) che mitid's e-ye
di-tineit icmehines, andt wei icanhze thmat all is vanitty
-net tict- smun
--'Bitt ocur scing. crqmwing tua-!der a nil inadder.
'a, ..enj-ets to, sccl cem ie-sensihmy c c as.'
iian. ghi-it ts !%ping. Th.- fi. wi. rineg knu~cr-e aur. s
cccii. Ti-- ttait ting ae-nsicn m2 upo ntiit. Thie ts re-r
te mhis fiel amtile earl1 dan.c. Every onte is at
ork. Go ahead, is thme commen wctchtword. Who
.alWa m. 7t.-.&r, PM.M E d e" ..
THE NEW ADMINISTRATION
Tn-day w-t the indction tm office of nour new e
Administrat in. Washingt. n is at this mem'nt crowd- t
Pe to overflowing with strangers of every quality, and
from every State in the Unien. who have gone ip to p
the Governmental City to gez.- npon the Inangnrann t
ceremonial, to dance at the Inanenretion hall. to take s
notes of inaugruration incident", and to catch lip su it
hopes of preferment and advantage as the Inanei- t
lion atmosphere may chance to sueest. From the t
President's House to the Capitol. all the way down
Pennsylvania Avenne. we see in imaginatinn an exci. ji
ted. reetlee, eager, thronging multitnde, with hacke,
stages, nmnihursss. landats. phaetnns and t-ficiecl
chariots in their midst. pressine on. like a storm. for
the great scene of the day which is onn to tranepire
at the famnnre nid Sonthern Portico. Presently, the
venerable JAMR BUCtTANAN wil he pronunced Pre
ident of these United States f'r the four years next to
ensue; and, witle-lhie frneteel head hare. he will stand t
before and above the vast assemblage, arid announce
the principles that shall gutide the conduct and en
stamp the history. of his administratiofn. Preently.
the ten thotsand voices of that assemblage will swell
a mighty choru of applause and gratulation over the
now-realized consummation of the strugele of '56;
and the heattiful grounds that but a moment before
echoed only to th teady tones and granite declara
tinns of the new resident, will have become a Behel
of cenfused rejoicings. To-dav too, the one hundred
varied conjecturesnalinut the new Cabinet will he
cleared ttp and conchlded by the President's own
'cast of the characters,' directly promulgated by him
self as President.
And in-night.-what greetings, and feastines, and
health-drinkng. among the bona fide " in's !" what
plottings. ant threateinings, and drownings-of-regret
in-punch amon the tnomitakeeble "nncs!" what
witchery, and flummery, and jewelry, and bed izenry
in general, among the ball-room belles! what bowing
and snirking, and poiking and languishing, among the
hall-ronm heaux! and what shouting, and processinni
zinte. and powder-hurning, among the out-of doors
But som-where after midnight (perhaps among the
' wee sm .11 hotrs') th- God of Sleep, with the God of
Silence at his back, will assert his power; and the
motley host of actors in the scenes of the passing day
and night will have yielded one by one to the Mor
phean sway, untifSilence shall have spread his mys
terious pall of moonlight gauze over the city and the
people, President and all. Then, James Buchanan !
upon thy pillow, refl ct! A statesman of the .i1
schoiol and imbued with that reverential devotion to
the Constituion which chiracterized thy giant corm
neers of a past day, it is to thee that a great'country
looks for the reformation of republican ahnses and the
preservation of republican privileges. Elected to the
Chief Magistracy of the Union by the conservative
element.- of ['-at Union, it is for thee to use the power
of thy position, to crush out the foes of the Constitu
tion in whatever garb they may appear. Confided in
by the State Rights and Strict-Constructionist party
of the country, it is for thee to use the mighty infin
erce o.f your name and office to bring hack the Gov.
errment to the true conception of its immer tal foun
dere. Relied upon by the South and elevated to the
Presidential chair by her united support, it is now to
JA. CS BUCIANAN rhe will look fur the defence of her
Cuostitnaional rights, of whatever kind.
And such, we donbt not, will be the reflections of
the President a he rests upon his quiet bed after the
excitement and display of this important occasi n.
.lay his repose he that of a patriot fully bent upon
good, of ar statesman conscientioesly resolved upon an
independant lie e of policy in the discharge of the high
tCuties of h:s office. And may ie arise on the morrow,
and on every succeeding morning of his term, fortified
and protected by the panoply of Truth and the Con
sitntion. The respesihilities that hang over his ad
trinistration reqmtre, ito be met aright, great wisdom
aind brotldtess. We trsi he wall so comenbat aned con
que-r tihe dijflicutties an his path as to deserve the aip
peliation of time .Second Saviour of his Country. A
ipronder wreathr of gloery ware never won by man, than
that wh~ uih tnow hrangs withain tihe possil grasp of
TIlE L ATEST.
A mong the last itemas of inelelige-nce from Wahinig
rein, ire tire istatement (matde wii h mutch of peosiriveness.)
that luii. .FAaNcts W. SrcKKN.., oif South Car ina
n ill he Secretary of tire Navy in Ma. BUcrANAN's
DEAiTI OF N. A. PEAY, E~SQ.
We regret tom learni (says tire Carolinian,) oif tire
dethl on Thumrrsday, oef Cioi. N. A. PCAY, State Sena
terr feor Fairfield. The deceased weas a wealhby plan
ern amid influential citizen, and an estimabtle man.
lie heaves' several children to meourrnc iss.
DEIJICATE, FORSOOTH I
Mr. N. P'. W ILLISt would seem to be ramherna privil
edgedn character amonig ihe New York ladies. lie
sentu onre a puni of garters Chrnistmar day, worked in
tire re-wmblaete rof a wrerathr if flrmwae, arid srecaim
pani-d tie gift with te folowing well-put but imopn
Whien night with merreing lingers,
A wmnke nd mtirioe he.;.
And wiet ynr ipretty fingrd
Clasp this erbeut ycour knee.
Wen dlay itih eve re-roses,
Andl stars lie-in to see)
Unclesp this hand ref roses,
Armd, dearest, think eof me.
We have kneowrr chirps tee catche a thmrashring for a
less rdegr.-e oif aeesirrance than that. Yet ii ta very
pret ty, tihere's net denyinrg. Aged, poor Nat ! Ire is rmow
anm initerevtiirL coemtive acid meust be borne with inr
[7 W~tA ii tire lw hioee creation hueterre great Ii
mrry ! every volumne ref whichi, acnd every page irr
eachl vielumne is imnpressued withm rdiant chmaratcteri oet
mi ieite Wisdeo, and all the perfec-tionts of tire ani
verse are conetracted. witht reichi ininnttable art in nman,
tat ire needs nee oilher beeok but hims~elf, to make him
a comieplete l.ihiasophe..
g~jf Experience keeps a dear schmool, but forris will
ilem imi no eother.
gW Cash Is properly a chest, but ii now uigrmifies
307 A counsellor dyineg muchr in debtI, iris credlitms
seizetd i< goeed. Iemr the puarpose of preying themselves
Thie proeperty hoewe-ver neit being stufficiernt to satisfy
ti- heieri ed, oe cf tiremr expressedi griat seirprize
that a lawyer shtourld leave sor few effects. " It ceruld he
mOnt eetherwXise" reptlieid tanothrer, "seeinig he hrad so few
g: A Untiterd States custom hietuse is tio be built
at Si. Pan's, Slinresotta, to cirsi $100,000, with rooms
fer time Uniitedi States coulrts arid post-iefhice.
gg 'rie Kasas judgeship qurestione was warmly
debted fear nmere anm three hoeuirs by tire Seniate, in
ex nttive sessinno ore Moiay. A momion teo postpeine
tie nmemiration of Hiarrison unrtil afaer the4th of .rcarchr,
failed by rne majority.
Egp rThe Inianamtiepolis Journal says there were six
thonusandre nppiicar.ts for the peel oif messenger to carry
the electorral vole of indiana tct Washington.
27 Johrn Birewn, oef Kansas, the man that was
killed, several times, has been lecturing at Spring
fie. Metrs., soil recrumitirng for Kansas.
37 Johnrm Givener lately sold iris farm, on Michlle
River, Augursta corunty, Va., cinltining two hundred
ieres. toe S B. Feiniey, Eseq., at $55.50 per acre.
57 The Hon. Hnwell Coebb passed thmroengh Anr
guta, Saturrday tnight last, on his isay to Washtington.
3g. Bitnbes often manifest modesty, sometie.:
ihame. Examine thne Scriptures daily and carefully,
md set act exanyple ref goeod atorks.
I7 Positive arrangements are on foot. unrder the
are rof tire lirame Governamenmt, to perfect a systemn of
R~ailwnys in Atastralia.
87 ' Ihumonte est errcare," as the hunter said of
tii pointer wh len at fault, and more correctly as she
Londonr Timesa often says of tire Manistry.
g' Onr youang inudies--there being no girls new
xc. pt Trih-ere erducaeed to' play the piano seeme
tw, Iio weeck sundry articee in emubreidery err othter.
i~e, whiiche we couldii not safely naeme t bu the-iredui
-ntirn feer the manarge mer.t ande overeighi eel a houtset
reid is sadely ne-g-ered. Thieese hei rdeploirrbhe truths ; I
ware rnet s-o ini the ilays of ceur granretmters, and
moit be eehierwise in te drcyseef euer cteildren.
27 It is a fne, hant ilhe eenstiv jppla'innt of Hin
urermic does neot a'.ersge sntpence a year for clothing.
t is probarbhy in that country that a strad of hti d
17"A journeyman pastry conk named Gales I--'
nntriving to elude the vigilance of tw o or three sen
ries, by brushing past them when their backs were
irned, got into the palace of the Tuileries and was
roceding tip stairs. The servants ran after the in
ruder, who became very violent, and insisted upon
eing his cousin. On being asked who his cousin
ran, he replied, " the Emperor." It turned out that
he man had only left the hospital of the Hotel Dien
wo hours bef..re. after having been treated fira seri
uns illness, and no donbt is entertained that he is not
n a sound state of mind. lie was taken to a lunatic
'* Fatangi s's indomitable good humour did as
nneh for his ennntry in the old Congress as ADAMS'
ire er JrrFRanso's wisdom.
p';r' Snrh was the known 'xactn'ss and veracity
,f Walingsnn in hnu'iness matters. that every barrel
if floor which hore the brand of "George Washine
on. Mount Vernon." was exemnted from the other
al-e uniform inspection in the West Indian ports.
*7 Some one writing from Hoston says that coehs
Ire so prevalent there, that upon the meeting of ac
unintanc'c in the street. instead of the nsual greeting.
hey invariably say " Flow is votr cough 1" and the
eply invariably is, " Ahnwt the same."
t'r Poets may know the pleasure of " poetic pains,"
sutt it remains for the render to experience the agony
if them ! So says ci Knick.
B' A new definition for the word " STRAINt?
!OttWARD:" Brssie. my love, will you be mine ?
Yes. dearest Fred. I will be thine.
Ir 4nother; the word to ha defined being " Re
anOACIt :" A dog's caress on the hand which has just
3S' A thid, for the word "DUPITerrY :" The
,pendthrift's heir wishing his elderly relative many
happy new years.
CT' Come here, little ones, and guess this riddle :
" Behold in me, when all complete,
A fish that many hnve to eat,
But if veti take away my head.
A clam'roua crewed appears instead ;
Behold ones more-I make no doubt,
But you wilt quickly find me out."
IV And our very deter. good housewives would
in well to cut out this receipe for removing grease
This receipt I received of an intimate friend.
Which, well knowing its merits, I've thought fit to
In a versified form, fer the ladies to use,
Shnuld occasin require, that 's, if they choose.
I have tried it myself with su -cess on a hok.
On a glove, on a ceat, and a dress whiih eur cook
Wore for months--the best thing I could try on
Anal cleaned them with ease in the following way :
I procured a large piece of fnelannel, quite new,
And souked it in sr.nztt. until twoas wet through.
I then took tae artie les mtenti' netd above
One by en--that I might he enabled to prove
The effect of a method submitted to me ;
And, after twice ruthing, was happy to see
The sp.ts disappear, plainly speakcng, like fun
And as such, I contend, it is secend to none.
3g A woman cowhided a schoolmaster named
William Martin, at Greensburg, Pa., last week, for
arutally beating her sun with a knotted club.
m' It is said that the island of Japan is the only
,oucntry into which the hooped petticat has not forced
its way. The Japanese have tolerated no change in
dress for two thtansand five hundred years.
W 'e learn that, during the thunder storm this
ftertoon (says the Augusta Dispntch, of the 28th
1it,.), the dwelling-house of Mr. Derry, on R-ynolds
street, was struck by lightning andi considerably dam
17 The closing exercises of the present session
>f the Medical College of Georgia took place on Ttes
' The Alexandria Gazette says that this spring
I considerable emigration from that section of Virginia
a the West and North-.western States and Territories
will take place.
gg Four mndlions of dollar., it is said, have been
pemn tin the r-earch fur the unfortunate navigator, Sir
CO0MN IU N I C A T I ON 8,
THE USURY LAWS.
It has bec eme an indisputale fact that mnonopo
ens in the hatnds of any class, injure a,comimunity
~enerally speaking ; and hience any law that lins a
endency diretly or itndirectly to place any branch
f trade under the control of a set of meni, should
b viewed with a jealous eye, atnd cvery departure~
rom~ the 'Laissesr faire' (Iet alone) peritnciple,
hould have peceuliar circumstances of State policy
or jusetification. Pray, what plea is advanced to
ar or ptalliate the charge above advanced. We
mve ino doubt but that the intentions of the au
.hors of otur Usury Laws were good, so fatr, sen
~ood-anid hell itself is paved with good inten
inns, is an old Porttugtuese proverb, but in neither
~ase does the animnus diminish the consequences.
Who are to be held re~spotnsible for virtually ta
~ing from the borrower, the privilege of jewning
le market and thereby main th bsbargait
ossible for himself; nny, the very market itseli
s destroyedl, aned with it, tie best sare gutard for
)rtectinig the poor: in its stead is erected a ruin
mts m.,nolvt, having for its ba.-i the straits and
:m,. rgetncies of the wretched, anid supported at the
:pense of obedient andh conuscitiotus meni. In-.
ited of appealinga from one to another, as itn pur
:hasing ant other article, this odious restricticor
mdt dire necessity often foarces a man, however re
muananit to lisa feelings, to knock with suppalient
iand anmd a throbbitng hcart, for admittance at the
looar of him lie 0onCe hatte hut tinow conmpelled
:o call 1benefactor, to alleviate his ptressing wants.
Fu' great moral cor.sequetnces flowing legzitima tely
ronm this leaislative interposition are much to be
regretted ; and from what has been said, it may be
anked as a dead letter law ; osnly ntow atnd thiet
here hapipents an instancee of a mian so forgetful o;
isef, as to trample utnder foot the private con
idetce repIosed in him.
Now the secret tem'ency of laws evaded or in
:apable of being cnforced, is to sap the very foun
lations of our political fabric, by introducing a
isregard for the most solemn Acts ; a spirit o
isubordination and contempt for sonie, ani a die
'esct for all Laws generally-the fn~al conse
uences of wrhich, no otne can properly estimate.
Agaitn, stern necessity having forced the pont
md unfortunnite man to borrow aboeve the legi'
rate recognized by our Courts, or see his enttire
stock of worldly goods sacrificed tin aet exactint
reitor, he ch~ooses the former alternative; atna
seeks some monied man to whom hte othrers a pme
ium. to vioate the l.aw, by way of an illegal
>er cent, in order to relieve him fronm his preset
tmbarrassnment. This being done, the Law holdi
>ut enticligly a bribe to the borrower, to induce
tim to refase payment, come into Court, and plead
Usury. (But be it said to the honour of this comn
unity, that th~ere ha' e been but fewv among u>.
vho have ensconced themselves behind the Staitute;
tnd in those instances there were, we hope, ptailia
ing circunmstances; of such cases we could give
xampls.) This is nothitag more nor lees titan
mtronizing inifractions of private co~nfidlence, en
:ouraging broaches of trust, and promotineg a spir
t of suspicion and disbelief in all matters of con
ract; which are anmong the greatest drawbacks
hat can befall any community, and the greatest ol'
il calamities to a commercial people. It Is evi
ent then, that the gienter solicitude sbewr in leg.
slating for this particular class of men (poor and
mfortunate) the worse is their condition; and tbe
ooner it is dispensed with, and the admirable prin
:ipe of let-alone Is acted upon, the better for all.
Unfetter the money market by pulling down its un
atural and impolitic barriers (Legislative re
trictiona); tl:e pressure b'eing removed, it floats like
very otl.er cc mmodity, upotn the grand principile
if Demand and Supply above mentioned, fluntua
ing aes.ording to circumstances.
Suppose, for insetance, that the rate of initerest
ree to rise above a hat it is at preectitthe cn*
lusin would bee that investmntts in Staick have
een more prcfitable~ th.an loaning; but as Inter
st rieu, to does the induemet lbr conIvertn
tdueiB ..Um&5Smn af aR3E UE'eR$u
agement for it to come from abroad ; these co-ope
rating soon supply the Demand, and do not cease
until competition reduces the per cent on loans t(
its proper standard in the scale of commodities,
when some will prefer stock, others to place theit
capital at interest. Hence it is quite plain that
the beautiful and harmonious Laws of trade only
need non-intervention, as exhibited in the above
article of exchange, to recommend themselves tc
all true and good men: for like the ceaseless agi
ation of the ocemn, they carry within themselves
the power of restoration.
The last argumen' that I shall notice In this con
nection, is indeed a silly one; instituting a kind of
ruardianship for the protection of the prodigal.
This is the introduction of quite a novel theory
both in Ethics and gev-rnment, since it proposes
to assist those that will not help themselves, and
that, at the expense of every one else. Se
condiv, it holds out a protecting hand to those
who are worse than useless to a State. as their only
ncupation is to destroy the productive wealth, and
of consequence, injurious to national prosperity
To foster such a class by depressing all the provi
dential and industrious of a country is a most sui
cidsl policy, and he who would favour t, would be
liable to one or the other of the following charges
viz: a proclivity for oppressive legislation, or a to.
tal ign orence of the connection between cause and
After all, we see that the boasted protection of
the poor and necessitous. and the check upon prodi
gality, considered as arguments in favour of 'FsurN
Laws,' are quite droll ideas. " with no more foun
dation than the baseless fabric of a vision.
X. Y. Z.
From the Advertiser.
FILIAL LOVE AND MODEST BENEVOLENCE.
ANI'CDOTES OF MOSTESRrIEN.
One Sunday evening a youngman named Ron.
RT, was sitting in his boat near the quay in th<
harbor of Marseilles, waiting for a fare. A per
son stepped in, but observing the genteel appear
ance of the'youth, and the neatness of his boat
was about to retire, thinking it was a pleasure boas
of some private person. Robert however called t<
him, saying. "Sir, my boat is for hire; where di
you wish to go 1"-" I only wish," r-,plied thi
stranger, " to sail about in the harbour to enjoy thi
fre-hness of the breeze this fine evening-but ]
cannot believe you are a waterman." " Indeed I
am not," said Robert; " but on Sundays and othet
holidays, I ply here with this boat, because I an
very anxious to save a sum of money." " What.'
said the gentleman, "are the seeds of avarice al
ready sown in your mind 1" "Alas! sir," replied
the humiliated Robert, " did you know for whal
purpose I wish to save money, I am sure yot
would not blame me." " Well, perhaps I am mis.
taken ; come row me about the port, and relate m
your story." They left the quay and Robert tiu
commenced his little history. ' My lather, sir
now groans in slavery at Canton ; he was a brok
er here, and by his honest industry mainiaincd hi:
family in respectability. Unfo tunately he em
barked for Smyrna to superintend the delivery o
a cargo in which he was concerned; the vessel wa:
taken by a Barbary corsair, and my poor fathei
must remain a slave, till I can obtain a sum suffi
cient to pay his ransom which the Barbarians havt
fixed at 2000 crowns, a sum that far surpasses our
scanty means; however we do our best, and trus
that providence will second our exertions. M;
mother and sister wvork nIght and day at embroid
ery ; I am a journeyman jeweller, and put by ever;
sou I possibly can out of my wages. I intende<
to go over and offer myself as a slave instead o
my father; but my mother suppilicates me not t<
abandon 1her, fearing the Moors would keep u:
both ; and besides that, she requests all the capi
tains to refuse taking nwe on hoard. I have thecre
fore no other means left but saving money as fas
as I Can, in order to aCquire the stipulated sumr
8ch is my unfortunate story, sir, and I think yoi
will not now accuse me of avarice."
" Pray," said the stranger, '"do you ever hea
from your father ?1 What is his name I Whoi
his master ? " His master," replied the youn;
man, " is overseer of the palace garden at Fe:
and my fathe's name is Robert **.'
Having heard the story, and it beginningt
grow dlark, the passenger desired to land. As hi
stepped out of the boat, he put in Robert's hand
purse containing eight double louis d'or and te
crowns in silver.
A bout six weeks after this adventure, Rohert
his mother and sister were takinig their frugal supj
per of biread and fruit talking of the geneous strar
aer and thinking how long it woul : before the;
shoulud he a ble to release the father, when suddel:
the door opened, and to their inexpressible '.u
prise and joy, he entered the apartment. Alft
tenderly embracing his family, lie entiuired b:
what mn'ans they had beeun able to procure thb
monecy in so short a time, as well as the sum wvhiel
had been remitted to hira to sup~ply his immiediate
wants, and to pay his passage to France.
They looked at each other with mutual aston
isment; the father becamie alarmed and turnin
Li Robert, said, " unfo~rtunate boy, ut have yoi
lone 1 Have I purchased my freedom at the ex
ense of your integrity ? Better hiad you left, m
n slavery to the end of my days."-" Calm you
apprehensions, my dear father," said Robert, emi
bracing himz. " 1 anm not your deliverer, but I thin
I know who is." He then related the story of tI
strnger, who had enquired with so much interes
the siuiation of his father, and declared he wvoul
never discontinue his search till he had discovere
their generous benefactor.
One day lie met him on the quay; be immedi
tey accosted him, calling him the guardian-ange
of their family, and entreating him to go and cotn
epllate the happiness he had bestowed. Thi
sranger appeared to followv the young manm, but i
passing near the exchange, he disappeare d in th
erowd, and Robert could never afterward find him
tie learned however sub~sequently that this gener
ous manm was no other than alo.TusJcErs.
S-r. Lotts, Feb. 25.-Th'le Jeffersoni (Mo.) cor
respondent of the Democrat learns from passen
~ers from Kansas that a ditlicullty between Gov
Jearv and Win. Sherrard, formerly of Winches
ter, fa., had taken pilace, growing out of th<
refusal of the Governor to appoint the latter t
tme office of Sheriff, as desired by the hegislatur,
of the territory.
Sherrard avowed his purpose of killing Geary
and upon meeting him in the .street spat in hi
face. The Governor did not resent it, but hi
friends got up an indignation meeting on tb
19th instant. Sheriff Janes, Sherrard and other
attempted to interrupt the meeting, and in th
affray Sherrard shot Mr. Sheppard, one of Gen
ry's friends four times, and wounded two others
Mr. Jones, Secretary to the Governor, shot Sher
rard through the head, killinig hinm instantly.
There was great excitement at Lccomnptonm
and a general fight was anticipated that night
Governor Geary's residence was guarded b;
U. S. troops.
WILLIAM GREGG's SI'EECH.-We are in receip
of a copy of this able speech on the Blue Ridge
Rail Road. It is neatly printed in pammphle
form. Mr. Gregg is an able man, and throw
light on everything he touches, but in his oppc
sition to this Rail Road, he is in opposition t<
the whole character of his life. Fecr lhe ha:
been a man eminent for his progress anid im
provmeont, public and, private.-P~atriot.
THE GREENvILLE COLLEG Es.-The Furmari
Universiuiy and thei B. pri.. Fmnnlie College. snt
ie Patriot arid Montoinir. have opened thi:
sm'ioin uder te most flatter' ig circumsta~nces
we. unrderstanud ihe. firt l'niaution has a pr's,
piet of three hured sntudents, and the latei
noe. hundued and fli y. Thet Professors in botll
Colleges have, by their talents, attainments and
devotion to their schools, sidhlymehed the ano
RESULTS OF EMrsCIPATIO Ws JAMAICA.-Mr.
Robert Campbell, an old resident of the Island,
has recently delivered a lecture in Philadelphia,
on "The negro in Jamaica." In it he gave the
following picture of the condition of the Island
-the result of the emamcipation of its negroes:
" The present condition of the island was not
calculated to give it a high rank in the eyes of
the world. The negroes having ascertained that
by culture of small portions of ground they can
support themselves, are satisfied to do so, with
out the exercise of energy. As a natural con
sequence, a traveller through Jamaica will find
large estates, once rich and fertile, now lying
absolutely waste, and overgrown with grass.
Although cattle can be raised, yet beef is im
ported; although Indian corn would flourish ex
tensively, yet meal is procured from America;
although the coasts of the island abound in fish,
yet Halifax supplies the article; and number.
less other commodities are imported that with.
out difficulty could be produced at home."
WILD CAT BAns.-For the information of
the public, and to protect them against fraud
and loss, (says the Augusta Chronicle & Senti
nel) we subjoin a list of the Wild Cat Banks in
Georgia, not one of which we deem worthy of
confidence or credit. Let the people therefore,
beware of the bills of these Banks:
Merchants' Bank, of Macon.
Interior Bank, Griffin.
LaGrange Bank, LaGrange.
Bank of Greensboro', Greensboro'.
Southern Bank, Bainbridge.
Cherokee Insurance & Banking Company,
Planters' & Mechanics' Bank, Dalton.
Manufacturers' & Mechanics' Bank, Columbus.
Ma. Garo's SPEr.-We are indebted to an
esteemed friend for a pamplet copy of the speech
delivered by Mr. Wm. Gregg. of Elgefield, in
opposition to the Blue Ridge Railroad, during
the session of the Legislature. It is a peculiar,
and perhaps we might say original speech in
more respects than one. We are perhaps doing
Mr. Gregg injustice when we class him with the
opponents of this enterprise, but we are at a
loss in what other company to place hin. How
ever, we only intended when we set out to ack
nowledge the favor of our friend, and not to take
issue with Mr. Gr.Ec. When we have space
and leisure we may do so.-Keowee Courier.
JA'NEY's Hom:..-Our friend Janney (says.
the Columbia South Carolinian,) is againte
proprietor of the Congaree House, and ready to .r_
welcome his old friends, and to provide for as
many new ones as possible.
With such -a reputation as a host as lie has, it
is a work of supererogation to do more than call
attention to his notice.
THE Rochester Times says: " We could never
understand the reason why the man who sells a
yard of cloth, or a hoe, or an axe, or a pair of
shoes, is regarded by the community as a better,
or a more respectable man than he who made
it-nor he who sells a barrel of flour, or ships it
s Off to another country, than he who raised the
wheat from which it was manufactured."
FANNY FERN ON loUSTACHEs.-Fnnny -writes
o the New York Mirror, from Newport :
" I have never known fashion:ible ladies to set
I thtir faces against w:ti.kers. I for one rather
like the feeling of them; and I think a ha-'dsome
mouth, fringed with a soft, silky moustache,
mins a moss rosey look that is rather inviting. If I
was a man I would never have my face scraped.
It is a barber-ous business altogether."
Like the generality of kings and conquerors,
Frederie the Great had a most phiilosophic in
.difference to death-in others. In one of his
hattle' a battalion (if veterans haviir taken to
their heels, he gallopped after them bawling o nt
-.-'Why do you run awany, yost blacekguntrda
fDo you want to live forever 1"
A RELIC OF THE PAsT.-Mr . R ichlard Yendon
editor of the Ch~arleston C.ouri er, hust in his poas
session 'he original commrission of 3Merion, as
Lieutenant Colonel of thme United States Army.
It beairs the signature of' Johna Hansam. then
.Presidenit of Coangress, and a member of the
ei ditiguished Mlaryland faimily of thdt name.
r A LITTLE MIII(ARE.-The fact that Joshua
Sears. ol IlBositn, left his soym. three yeairs old
.S1.56'1.000, has been published. The Boston
On the dav lhe reac-hes the age of twenly-one
he is to receive $30,000 in cash, from that PC
n ricid unmtil lbe is twenty-fivec years od lie is to re
e eecive* 84.000 annually tfron tw'enty.flve years of
a:age till lie reaches the age of thirty years lie is to
be lpaid $6.000 pter annumi in cash, aind after thatn
pteriod lhe is to receive $ 10.000 annually. during~
:hme remai~inder tof his natural life., for his supp rt.
hlouild this son die, leavit nra issue. the p~roper
lyV goe~s lt the bloiod he-irs oif thle te.stator. When
hi4 youtn gst er a ttnins his mnajoerity. his rerty',
if juuditcou..y it,.-ehd, shioud :'egre'gne sonme
whaere herween four -ind fire millionts. -
H YDIE N IAL.
AtimnaL'. o'n the 5th February. by Ml. al. Pal
~ett, I.,q.. Sir.. 'ANKs P. TuoursoN an'l ali.-s LAL'aA
ANN, dlaughter of .Mr. Wi:liam Irolgers, Sr., n'd of
Bly the same, on '21st January last. .\r. l A AC
- ')RsinCa and Miiss .MARITIIA W1ACQs,-all of this
fi Disr et.
Si'y the Samie, on the 12th .laniuary last, Mir.
- Ez xrti P'Ana-r-r anda Alisse A~R, dau. hter o~f Mr
iib.,ert .l'.nes. all of' this IDistrict.
Dmnnat his resideince near thcis viilage, of Erysip.
eins, on Thursday the 27th of February last, at 10
o'&clock, ImoMEDE F. H~oLttrxswonrn, son of John
H ollingswor th. dec'dI , anid Beeri'heba his wife, ini
I the thirty-eighth year of his age, after a brief but
llis disease was of that mialignanit type, that baf
- tled the best medical skill, the kitid offices of
I friends amid relations, and the never ceasing ar~d
untliring aitteint on of a devoated wife.
Death at all times is regarded as a sad calamiity,
but if its bitter pang can be cotnsidered more poig
natit at one titme thtan another, it must be so in thme
e presetnt instatice, for he was stirroutided by every
.thing that could possibly endear one to this life.
Sooii after attaining his miajority, lie intermarried
with ELIzA A. G RIFFIN. H e had two Children, but
those pledges of their love were early taken from
them. They had gone before him. lis beautiful
little daughter, and loved son, stood upon the por
.tals of paradise, and joyfully welcomed their fath
.er to his ntew homie in heaven.
.In the year .1843, lie united himself with the
.Baptist Chiurce. at Anitioch, in this District, and
from that time untilhlis demise, lived a meek, mod
est and consistent christian. He gave evidence of
his pure piety, not by the observance of studied
and conventional formalities, bat in performing
charitable and religious acts. His ear was ever at
tentive to the complaints of the affieted, and his
a hand ready to relieve the waints of the distressed.
He died a's became a man and a true christian,
calmly and perfectly resigned to lhir fate, and he
I has left behinid him the brightest assurances of a
- ut a few days ago he visited the City of Wash
. ington, to pay a beautiful tribute to the much Is
- mented Brookls. H e' there receivedl, it is suppsed,
the fainishnia, that hias numbered him amconig the dend.
We can scarrely realirze that the form thatinuioveda
conspicuously among " The Ct mmitttee of Escort''
is now cold and motionless in death; that the hand
that lowered his. coffin to its s~ilent griave, is l:ower
less; that the eye that n~oistened his bier with a
t tar is dim and spiritless. .He to,,, in thme prime of
manhood, in the midst of usefulness, las sunk into
the grave ; his body has returned to the dust from
whieh it was created and his spit it to God, who
In his death the District has lost one of her most
prominent and best citizenis; society one of its
most attractIve ornaments. His aflable anid en
gaging manners woii th~e respeo.-t of all and drew
areound him a multitude of admiring friends. 'Even
urnder his severe and exactinga sickmness, he preser
ved thme taseinating courtesies of' the polished getn
tleman. He was a kind anid affectiotnte hiusbanid,
a good master, an agreeable cornupantiona, a pleasant
neighbour, and a sincere and eet--d f jeend. If
he had a fault, it was Invisible to the partial eyes
of his numerous friends. May he rest peacefully
and pk .asantly
" In the deep stilhaess of that dreamless state
.f nr)1 .ia ai aa Da was ..n