Newspaper Page Text
PUDUi.HED EVZRY WEDNESDAr MORNING.
A. SIhuNS, D. B. DURISOE & ELIAH KEESE,
TZEKS OF 83SCRIPTION.
Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
DOLLARS and FtrrY CErTs if not paid within six
months-and THRaEE DOLLARS if not paid before the
expiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
ly limited at the time of subscribing, will be con
tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
Subscriptions out of the District and from other
States must invariably be paid for in advance.
To Clubs of Ten the Advertiser will he furnished
one year. for Fifteen Do!lars-ons person becomina
responsible and saying for the C'ob in advance.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
All advertisements will be correctly and conspicu
ously inserted at Seventy-five Cents per Square (12
Breviselines or ,.as for the first insertion. and Fifty
Cents for each subsequent insertion. When only puh.
lished Monthly or Quarterly Si per square will be
Each and every Transient Advertisement, to secure
publicity through our columns, must invariably be
paid in advance.
All Advertisements not having the desired number
of insertions marked on the margin, will be continued
until forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so
on the most liberal terms-it being distinctly under
stood that contracts for yearly advertising are con
fined to the immediate, legitimate business of the firm
or individual contracting.
All coinmtnicatinons of a personal character will be
charged as advertisements.
Obituary Notices exce"ding one square in length
will be charged for the overplus, at regular rates.
Announcing a Candidate (not inserted until paid
for,) Five Dollars.
For Adv.ertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE U. STATES.
MARCH 4, 1857.
Fellow Cilizems : I appear before you this day
to take the solemn oath " that I will faithfully
execute the office of President of the United
States, and will, to the best of my ability, pre
serve, protect, ant defend the constitution of
the United States."
In cutering upon this great office, I must hum
bly invoke the God of our fathers for wisdom
aid firmness to execute its high and responsible
duties in such a manner as to restore harmony
and ancient friendship among the people of the
several States, and to preserve our free institu
tions throughout many generations. Convinced
that I owe my election to the inherent love for
the constitution and the Union which still ani
mates the hearts of the American people, let me
earnestly ask their powerful support in sustain
ing all just measures calculated to perpetuate
these, the richest political blessings which Heav
en has ever bestowed upon ant nation. Having
determined not to become a candidate for re
election, I shall have no motive to influence my
conduct in administering the government, ex
cept the desire ably and faithfully to serve my
country, and live in the gratefurmewory of my
We have recently passed through a presiden
tial contest in which the passions of our fellow
citizens were excited to their highest degree by
questions of deep and vital importance; but
when the people proclaimed their will, the temp
est at once subsided, and all was calm.
The voice of the majority, speaking in the
manner prescribed by the conistittmin, was heard,
and instant submission followed. Our own coun
try could alone have exhibited sogrand and stri
king a spectacle of the capacity of~ man for self
What a happy- conception, thena, was it for Con
gress to apply this simple rule-that the will of
the mnjority shall govern--to the settlement of
the question of' domestic slavery in the Territo
ries I Congress is neither "to legislate slavery
into any Territory or- State, nor to exclude it
therefrom; btut to leave the people thereof per
fectly free to form and regulate their domestic
institutions in their own way, subject only to the
constitution of the United States." As a ntul
ral consequence, Congress has, also, prescribed
that wheni the Territory of Kansas shall be ad
mitted as a State, it "shall be received into the
Union, with or without slavery, as their constitu
tion may prescribe at the time of their admis
A difference of opinion has arisen in regard to
thme poitnt of time wvhen the people of a Territory
shatll decide this question for themselves.
This is, happily, a matter of but little practi
cal importance. Besides, it is a jutdicial qiues
tiotn, which legitimately belotigs to the Supreme
Court of the United States, before whom it is
now penidin~g, and 'will, it is understood, be speed
ily and finally settled. To their decision, in com
nion with all'good citizens, I shall cheerfully sub
mit, whatever this may be, though it has ever
been my individual opinion that, under the Ne
braska-Kanisas act, the appropriate period wvill
b~e when the number of actual residents in the
Territory shall justify the formation of a consti
tuttion with a view to its admission as a State in
to the Union. Butt be this as it may-, it is the
imnperattive and indispensable duty of the guy
ernent of the United States to secure to every
resident inhab itant the free- and independent e.
-pression of his~ opinion by his vote. Thi-s sacrci
right of each individn'al must be preset-ved.
That being accomplished, nothing can be fairer
than to leave the people of a Territory, free tfrom
all foreign interference. to decdide their own des
tiny for themselves, subject only to the Constitu
tion of the United States.
The whole terr-itorial question being thus set
tied upon the principle oft popular sovereignty-.
a principle as ancient as free governoment itself
-everything of a practical nature has been dec
eided.' No other question remains fot- adjust
ment; becaulse all agree that. under the consti
tution, slavery in the States is beyond the reach
of any humnan power, except thatt of the respect
ive States themselves wherein it exists. May
we not, then, hope that the long agitation on this
subict i4 ap~proiachinig its eml, that the geog h
ical partie~s toi whit-h it huts given birth, son
dr-eadedt byv thme Father ofC his Country, will spceU
ihv bcomi- e ,xtinc-t 'l Most htappyv will it lie for
thie cotuntry whmenu thei pulici mind shall be di
ver-ted: fromt this * mist ion to others of more pres
sing and pracvticaa impoutrtancde. TIhroughout the
whole prgrs of this agitation, which has
scarcely knowvn any intermission for more thant
twenty years. whilst it has beeti produtdtive of no
positiv-e goodt to any human being, it has been
the prolitie source of great evils to the master, to
the slave, and to the whole country. It has alieni
ated and estranged the people of'tbe sister States
from each other, and has even seriously endan
gered the vecry existence of the Union. Nor has
the danger yet entirely ceased. Under our sys
tem, there is a remedy for all mere political evils
in the sound sense and sober judgment of the
people. Time is a great correctiv-e. Political
subjects which but a feiw years ago excited and
exasperated the public mitnd have passed away
and are now nearly forgotten. But this question
of domestic slavery is of far greater importance
than any mere political qutestion, becatuse, shotiuld
the agitation continue, it may eventually endan
ger the personal safety of a large portion of our
cotuntry-men where the instittution exists. Jn
that event, no form of government, however ad
mnirabie int itself, and however productive of ma
terial benefits, can compensate for the loss of
peace and domestic security around the family
altar. Let every Union-louing man, therefore.
exert his best i'nfluence to supjpress this agita
tion, which, since the recent legislation of Con
gress, is without any legitimate objlect.
It is an evil omen of the times that men have
unaertaken to calculate the mere material valtue
of the Utnion. Reasoned estimnate-s haveo been
presented of the pecuniary profits and local ad
vantages which would result to different States
and sections from its dissolution, and of the coni
arative injuries which such an event wotild in
Iict on other States and sections. Even descend
ng to this low and narrow view of the mighty
uesionms, all such calculations are at fault. T~he
uteif~ etot a single en SopD~po wgl.be
cmicta aV on this noint. We at p*esent enjoy a
free trade throughout our extensive and expand
ing country, such as the world has never witnes
sed. This trade is egnducted on railroads and
canals--on noble rivers and arms of the sea
which bind together the North and the South,
the East and the West of our confederacy. An
nihilate this trade, arrest its free progress by the
geographical lines of jealous and hostile States,
and you destroy the prosperity and onward march
of the whole and every part, and involve all in
one eommon ruin. But such considerations, im
portant as they are in themselves, sink into in
significance when we reflect on the terrific evils
which would result from disunion to every por
tion of the confederacy-to the North not more
than to the South, to the East not more than to
the West. These I shall not attempt to portray;
because I feel an humble confidence that the
kind Providence which inspired our fathers with
wisdom to frame the most perfect form of gov
ernment and Union ever devised by man will not
suffer it to perish until it shall have been peace
fully instrumental, by its example, in the exten
sion of civil and religious liberty throughout the
Next in importance to the maintenance of the
constitution and the Union is the duty of preserv
ing the Government free from the taint, or even
the suspicion of corruption. Public virtue is the
vital spirit of republics, and history proves that
when this has decayed, and the love of money
has usurped its place, although the forms of free
government may remain for a season, the sub
stance has departed forever.
Our present financial condition is without a
parallel in history. No nation has ever before
been embarrassed from too large a surplus in its
treasury. This almost necessarily gives birth
to extravagant legislation. It produces wild
schemes of expenditure, and begets a race of
speenlators and jobbers, whose ingenuity is ex
erted in contriving and promoting expedients to
obtain public money. The purity of official
agents, whether rightfully or wrongfully is sus
pected, and the character of the government suf
fers in the estimation of the people. This is in
itself a very great evil.
The natural mode of relief from this embar
rassment is to appropriate the surplus in the
treasury to great national objects, for which a
clear warrant can be found in the constitution.
Among these I might mention the extinguish
ment of the public debt, a reasonable increase of
the navy, which is at present inadequate to the
protecti'on of our vatst tonnage afloat, now grea
ter than that of any other nation, as well as to
the defence of our extended sea-coast.
It is beyond all question the trite principle
that no more revenue ought to be collected from
the people than tie amount necessary to defray
the expenses of a wise, economical, atnd efficient
administration of the government. To reach
this point it was ne0essarv to resort to a mediti
ceation of the tarit, and this has, I trust, been
accomplished in such a manner as to do as li tle
injury as may have been practicable to our do.
mestic manuf ettires, especially those necessary
for the defeneu of the country. Any discrimi
nation ngainst a particular branch, for the pur.
pose of henefiting favored corporations, indi
viduals or interests, would have been unjist to
ghe rest of the community, and inconsistent
with that spirit of fairness and equality which
ought to govern in the adjustment of a revenue
et the squandering of the public money
sinks into compccrtive insignifience as a temp
tation to corruption when compared with the
squ::ndering of the public lands.
No nation in the tide of time has ever been
blessed with so rich and noble an inheritance as
we enjoy in the public lands. In acdministering
tiis important trust, whilst it may be wise to
,raint portions of them for the improvement of
the remainder, yet we should never forget that
it is ouir cardinal policy to reserve these lantds.
as much as may be. for nct uali settlers, and tik
at moderate prices. We shazll thues not only best
promote the prosperity of the new States and
T'erritoeries by furneishing them a hardy andI in
dependent race of honest aned industrious citi
zens, but shall secure heounes for our claildren
and for our childrene's childretn, as wvell as for
those extes from foreign shores who macy seek
in this cotuntry to improve their -onedit ion, aend
tee enjecy the blessinegs oft civil and religiceus lib
erty. Such emigrants lhave done much to pro
mote the growth and prosperity oef tiee cocuntry.
They leave proved feaithful both in peace and ine
war. After becomineg citizens, they aere entitled.
cinder the constitution antd laws, to be placoed on
perfect equality with native-born citizens; aned
in this character they should ever be kindly re
Thie federal constitution is a grant from the
States to Conigress of certain specific power<;
and (he question .whether this granct shnculd he
liberally or strictly construed, has, more or less.
divided puolitiecal paerties from the beginninge.
Without entering~ into tin- argumcent, I desirento
state, att thte commec-ncemetit of my aedministrae
tion, that long experienece and eeh-ervactione have
conevineced me that it strict c-cnsituetione of the
poivers oif the gov-enment is the only trute, :cs
wei.l as the only saefe, theory- oc tice cnstitutijen
Whecneve-r, ine our patst history, deoubcful powers
hae& lie-n exercised by Congress, these hazve
never failed to producce injurimus anod unhacppy
ecsequences. Many such instances migiht he
adduced, if this were thce preop.r oeccasitone
Neither is it neeressary foar tile puolic service tee
,traein the lancguaege oef the constituio cn ; leev;uw.e
all' he great and c-eel powe~ers requcired fe r at
neicesful acdministratiomn of the goevercnment,
heth in peace antd ini war, have been granetted,
i~her itn express terms (or by the plaitnest imipli
WVhil-t deeply coenvinced of these trnths. I,
ye-C ceeniider it cleacr t hat. undeer t he wacr-makineg
.owe-r, Congiress mayt acpproepriace~ mieeir to
wards thle cones-ruetion eof :c mcilitary rocel. when~e
thii is ab~eelute-ly ne-ces-cery foer the d eece oef
cmy Ntate or Terriccery of the Uneioen agl~ame f'or
eign invaesione. Uncde-r the constic ititen Coengresse
ihes peewer " to declare wacr," " to raise :endl supe
port aermie-s," --to provide anid muaicntain a naevy."'
aned to call foerth the milIitine to " re pel inevasioncs."
Thtus encdewe-d, icc an amccple maenne-r. withi the
war in eking peower, the coerre-sponingtc duty is
rquire-d that ' tie Uneited States sth:Jl proe c-c
ech of theti [the Statec] neg cinst. invas'ion."
Nowe~. how~ is it leossihe'e tee ztford t his preetee iuin
to Caclifoerniac antd eccr Paecifiw peesession<, e-xcept
by mfeanis of a military road thruigh the Te-rri
tories of the Uneiced Stactes. oeve-r whicht menc
antd imutnitionus of waer en y lee speedily traces
ceorted freom the. Atleantie Staetes to mieet, acid
repel the invader? In thce ecent of a war with
a ecaval power much stroneger thanet our oewn. we
seould t heun have neo othler avacilable ::cee-s to
he Pacific coasct, becacuse such a poewer would
instntly close the route acernos the i.thcmus cef
Cenirnl Amnerica. It is itpncsible to coenceive
itht, whilst thce coenstitcion has e-xpcressl y re
anired Conegress tee defende the States, it shoeu'dI
deny to theme, by any feir conetructioen, the eonly
possible me-an< by which one oef these Staetes
-n he defen-tded.' Besides. the eevernement, ever
inre its originc, hacs be-een ice thle concstacnt perae
tice of cocnstructineg milliary roiads. It. might
;c'o be wise to censider whcether the love forj
hec Uni which ncow animates our felloeiti- i
re-ts on the Pacifie c'ast mucy tnot he impacired i
by neeglecet or refusal tro provide for thema ince
heir remote and isolated condicion. lice oniy
mn,-nns by wichI thce power or the Stact-s. on this i
se thce Recky Moucnlacins.enmn rech C tem in ,eeelei
ciient time to "lproteetL" the -- egaine--t inevasion."
I foba for tice present fromn expressineg acn
epiione as to ithe wisest and most e-concmical I
enoce ine wichl the governmnent cani lened its cid
In nceemplishcincg this great cende necesseery wvork.
I belie-ve that macny eof the ditliceubies ice tice an~y.
which now appear formiidahle, will, in a greact
'eeree, vanrishe as soont as the neaerest aned be-st
mucte shall haeve bcetc satisfetctorihy ascertacined.
It may be preeper thaet, on this occasion, I
shotld mnke socme lbrief remarks icc regaerd to
ur rights and duetices as a member of the great
raily of natione. In otur intercourse wich them
here'are seeme plain princciple-sapprecd by our'
,wn expeiience, from which we should never
eprt. We ought to enltivate pecace.Lcmmere-e,
mtd friend.lship wicth all nactioens; and this noet
unerenly acs thte best mean<- of proemetineg our own
ntriael intercesis, but icc ni spirit of Cheristiain I
ieevoence 'oewards our fellow-men, wvhe-reve-r
their lot mayv be easet. Our diploecy should *
e direct andi franck, iceicher se-ekincg to obtacin e
ore noer accept ing less thn is our due. We t
cught to cheerishe a saered regard for tho inde
edence of all nations, and never attempt to I
interfere in the domestie concerns of amfy, un
less ti. .slhallb lmnci.ivaly reaieda by the )
great law of self preservation. To avoid en.
tangling alliances has been a maxim of our
policy ever since the days of Wea-.hington, and
its w'isdom no one will attempt to dispute. In
short, wa rought. to do justice. in a kindly spirit.
to all nations, and require justice from t! em in
It is nur glory that. whilst other nations have
extended their dnminion by the sweord.we have
never acquired any territory except by fair~pur
chase. or. as in the .cae of Texas. by the volun.
tarv deternination of i brave. kindred and in
dependent pc'ople to blend their destinies with
slur own. Even our :eqni-i'lons from M. xico
form no exception. Utwilling to take adran
tnae of the fortune of war against a sister re
pithlie. we purchased these possessions, uider
,he 'reaty of pe'nce fir a sum which was eon.
-idered at the time- a fair equivnlent. Cur past
history forbids that we -hall in the fattre ne
puire territory. unless this b.- sanetioned by the
I.ws of justice and honor. AntinL on this
principle, no nation will have a right to interfere
or to complain if. in the progress of events. we
shall still further extend our possessions. Hith
erto, in nil our nequi-ition-, the peceple under
the protection of the Ame'ri'en flag. have en
joved ci i1 and religizius liberty, as well as eqnnl
and just laws. and have be it contented. pros.
pernts and happy. Their trade with the rest of
the world has rapidly increased ; and thus every
commercial nation has shared largely in their
I shall now proceed to fake the oath pre
scribed by the constitution. whilst htmbly in
voking the bleesing of Divine Providence on
this great people.
Washington City. 4th Mar. 185'.
ARTHUR SIMKINSJ EDITOR.
EDGEPIELD, S. C.
WE1)NESfl AY: MA RCH 11. 1857
T. J. Wit!TTAKER is our authorised Agent to re
reive subscrptions and collect all monies due this
The Cash System adopted.
A"t.-r the ticst of January we will adopt the Cash
system and intend str:otly to adhere to it in each
and every instance.. It is certainly the best sy-tem
f.r all, espeeialy newspaper publishers, and as .'ur
bills are generally small it will be no inconvenience
to any one to pay up in advance.
Alt :dv-rti.-nts. to secure publicity through
our e~slumns, must he paid for when handed in
ftse who hove at a distance wishing to advertise,
can enelose the amount for which they desire to ad
teitise. Those' adv..rtiinir by c'ontrnet, by the
year. will tie expected to :.ettle up quarterly.
A few fresh advertisements are over there, inviting
the reader's attention.
The Spring Term of our Law Court is now in the
second week of its session, his Honor, Judge Muso,
presiding. We have the gratiitatien to state that the
busine's of the Term will he easily completed so far
as in readtiness.. Our extra Courts are considered at
an en-d, uless several years of unusual litigation
Judge Mtusao has dirercted the btsiness of the term
without parade but with great efftciency.
A telegraphic disr-atche to the Augutsta papers an
noncese the following as President Buchtanane's Cabi
Secretary of State-L~wia CASS. of Micheigan.
Treasury--HowELt: ( esa, tef Geoergia.
War-Joncs 1. FLOYD. of Virginiai.
Postmaster General-A anos V. BtnowN, of Ten'
Interinr-JACOni TucoaesoN, ocf Micssissippi.
Navy-sAAC Touca'r, eof Cotnnectir'-nt.
Attorntey General-SAMUEL W. BLAcr, of Penn.
Thtis is perhaps authecntic; although it is not yet
OUR PRINCETON PRESS
Is now in fine order, havitng been muc'h improevedl
by ain agent or Mr. RoBIsixNe, lice manufeturer. We
are now able to thcrowi off' the " map of busy life"
by thoucsaned ; andt feel metre andel more desirons of
mre and more work. With a fine supply eof tnew
type,-aund more otn the wvay-a superiir pre'.s, aclever
set of coempetstners, a leet of geoid paper (and better
cmig)-we feel egntal to the duties of ottr businese
nde are resolved tnpon success. Once mitre we ask
eache and every one of one friends to h.-Ip tna witht a
new subscriber. Tnat nleone w~ill plnce the Advertiser
far above the lev'el oef an eordlinary pros:eerity. And
as a cocese'.-qece we will strive to make it the chteap
est 82 paper in the South.
TIRE "JULLIEN MINSTRELS."
Th'lis troeupe of thieopea~n .itoiscs perfeermed in the
3asncic H ell of theis place en last evenineg (we w ite
on Tuesday) befoire a v.-ry fair and a dec'iedly tappre
ciative asueienice. They apepear again to night,. atud
we heespeak tor tem a hetmnper. Th'le entesrtalinment
af lest tnighit was extremtely rich. " Ohel Bob Reedley'
aid the -- Rail Roadl Smeash-up" wvere abutndantily
amusing. ~Mr. Buvc.Ev, in " The Grave cef Utncle
T erue," dIed admnirablvc'; andI BI.L PAanow wias geood
in every thintg. Old Je. Swss'.Nv withe his Banejo was,
as usnaz~l, perfectly in tiewnc. Indeeed the entire perfttr
macee's were nuceitemienly fme, aced deserve to b.
ecardl by every onie. Wa onee air two excep.I.ieens thce
evecceg was mtarkedl by goodl rder; aned the aeting
w'as ine good tiste itt every respect. lioi! fur the .Jul
The latest it.telligetnce freime abrond repioree a small
deliee int Cietten.
Sometheing appiears about the destruction of Cantotn,
but it is very inedefinit--.
Mloney is saidt to be easier.
France peropses teo open the Neufchatel Conferettce
Cerc had slighttly adv'anced.
The Persian n.-geeiatiocns wer'- tess amica:ble.
Aheotgh cotton seems to lhave tdecline.t 1-8.1, it is
abservabte that spe'culatiorse are purchcasicng pretty
IMPORTANT NEWS FOR COLUMBIA.
By a despatch y.esterdlay (says the Carolintian of the
iht inst..) fravec Senateor Evans, we learcn with mucch
leasure that ettr hightly esteemed andte attenttive Rep.
esentaive, Mir. BoYCE, htas surceded itt getticng an
eppropriatti oef tifey thoteern ed dollars freeme Concgress,
o bild a Federal Court Hoeuse and Post Otlfice at
CORRUPTION IN CONGRE.SS.
Messrs. EDwVAR DC, GILBRaT ccntd MA-rTESONe con
icious of their geedt, re.-igne<| !he'ir seats toi e cape the
ulgent of the House. Mr. WF.LctI, relying cupon
ci peers, escaped cocnviction on acceeunt eof the inesnf
iciency of the eviedece againest thim, theoughe hiskirts
ire not free from all taint of corrupiaen.
MEDICA L COLLE( E OF GEORGIA.
The antenal coimmenucenment exerci-es of isc callege
ok place on elhe 3rd inst., in thce Macone' Hlall, Au
u-ta Ga. The Address toi thme Gradueting Class wets
leivered by Dr. C. R; WAL.ToN, aned the Valedtctury
iy Dr. M. J. Josas.
The fotltinitg is a list cf the graduates from Scuth
arolina: GEo. Ml. ETtcRIDGE, W. W. LowMAN, W.
P. PITTV, JAMVs WIL-ON, JAMEs K. PatcE, W. H.
('ENRY, L. B. BotUCH ELIE, ISAA c N. LA wSRENcE, G.
1. Coxsa, J. A. S. TroDD, andt Tuos. E. WooD.
THE CHARLESTON TRADE
Along East Bay and Hayne streets, says the Even
ng Neos, there are the evidences of a large oepening
sprincg trade. Upon ingneiry we finch that the Char
eaton woelesals Merchants leave neever lead at this
erio1 a more ausplieitns business or better preaspects.
Vith full aned well selected stocks, with ample moe.ey
d and commercial facilities, with low 'ctes aced a mod'
rate per centags, and the country preasperoucs tunder
be high prices brouaght by its aetaplu .products, they
re preared,. on tie one handcc, to coempete ameeng thce
outhern retail merchants with Northern cities, and
rn the. oher, to taaintain acnd advance theo commner
PROVIDENCE AND POLITICS.
No irreverence is meant by the conjunction of these
two totally dissimilar if not actually repugnant terms.
They are coupled. neither its the way of oddity. nor
of mere alliteration, but as formin the stinjet of a
few reflectione upon the one as influenced by the
other in Amertean affairs. Snme pen has rather wag
giehlr written it drevn that " a special Providence
watches over children. drnnkards and the United
Sintes ;" and. at least as regards the last. there is cer.
tainly mrh of, trnth in the aeseveration. The Jews
were not more disainetly marked out among the nn.
eients as the egided and protect.-d sut'.ets of an
Ov-rrntine Beneficence. than are tih.- nonpte of these
United States among the moderne. It was Power
from on Righ that impelled -the fathere rf this Gov.
er.ment to the hold assertion.of th..ir righto and the
daring declaration of th.ir independence in 1776i. It
was Wisdom from on High that inspired Wnshington
and his en-ahnrers. in the directi,-n tend maintenance
of the Inn, anr! glaonmv contest whih-f..llowed ; And
it wnos Help from on High that enabled them to achis've
success in thesend. and to lift up the hanner of Free.
drm hifore the world. For how. except under the
impnls of that Power, ennui even the determired
spirits of the patrint.enlnnists have conceived the
miehty undertaking of resistance to the over-shadow
one rule of the Mother Country? How, except by
the direct illumination of that Wisdom, could the
Hernes of the Revolution have controlled the chancey
of an unequal war, and have preserved the country
from a chaos of despair and distraction? Or how.
except by the interpositin of that Help.-sowing di
visions and lnithis amidst the Home Government.
calling their thoughts away to other and more threat
ening dangers on their own side of the Atlantic, and
blinding their understandings to the reality of Ameri
can rehellion.-entrld the little armies of 'he embryo
Republic have fought on to final victory? As in the
assertion ani achievqment of our own indepenAence.
roin the formation of Our Fedesal Constitution and
the perfecting of our F. deral Union was.the hand of
Providence discern'ble. If we come to the war of
181', it cannot be denied that Great Brittain's
strength was even then gigantic compared with that
of the American Union; and. but for the fact that
Providence tempered the force of that'coiflict accord
ing to our alsility to meet it, the result would have
been nour defeat and overthrow. Even in the separate
actions of that brief struggle, a higher hand than
man's seemed to diplay itself from time to time. The
almost invariable success of our ships against the
proed-fltating Men-of-war, of the best apnointed Navy
on earth, makes tip one of the brightest chapters of
historical romance on r-cord, and can only be fully
accounted for by the supposition of some supernatural
agency in their behalf. The very crowning glory of
that war.-when PACKENitAM, with the flower of
English chivalry, fell prostrater before JACKSON and
his .hunters of Kenttucky'-affords proof of the belief
that the God of Battles was (as ever before) upon our
side. It was skill and bravery, sharp-shooting and
catton-bags. that carried the day. But who led that
array of tenl thousand soldiet into the hands of an
enemy nutmhering less by at least a half? Call it the
ctnfid'nce of well-drilled troops, or the infatuation
of an ambitionus general counting too hastily upon the
ineftiency and weakness of his adversary,-it was
after all Providence that stood our friend, to decide
both the fate of that engagement and the result of
that war. Indeed our successes upon the battle-field
everywhere have been almost unvaried. Our worst
reverses perhaps hive beetn in the hammocks and
everglades of Florida against the poor Seminole, in a
war the result of which could in no wise affect ine
position of our country among the nations of the
earth. It would almost seen that here too was the
working of a great Providence,-ihesame Providence
that gu:iaanteed our success on all other occasions.
taking this isolated opportnnity of impressing upon
tihe American heart the futility of humani wisdlom
where Godl does nrot rsanction anti assist. With this
exceptin,-we say, our battle-fields everywhere are
'proof- piled up' t hat we are a favored people in the
sighat of Henrven anti designed by thse Almighty for
the establishmenat and illustration of some one of his
great ends with the race of A dam.
But it is not otuly in our onitward difficulties that
this trnth has been rendered apparent. We find it
egntally so in our internal dissentions. Once or twice
hsas tin- danger arisen, ini startlitng magtnitude, of a
disrup'iaan .f our Contfedleracy~ 'nd thre institutiona of
some new order of things ins it,- stead as the conse
qnterce of heaated initestitie quarrels. These dangers
htave beers escaped at their darkest stages by thre up
rising of a spirit of caoncession atnd coimpromise. Thtus,
the oppression resultinag from an eniormonis prrtective
system laid well- nigh bronght on a violent array of
hsostil.- parties. The supp..rtere of thtat system yieldedl
by degrees, and asre ctantitnuinrg to yield until the
haven of Free Trade andI Direct Taxation is noew al
most dlescriedi in the distance. The Wilmot Prtovisa.
again, was fast enied upon territory south of tire Mis
sautri Comsapromise line; arnd the peoaple of the. Southb
arn side oaf this Urtion were once more upton the point
of resorting to the extreme measure of dissorlving the
thonds of liae Caanfederacy. Metn refletd and paused.
Tihe Soth adopted hrer ultimatum of concssion and
resnlved tea recede no further. Thle tide changed. Tha
Missori Compromise was itself sunn abroagatedl, and
terri-ory hrath North anid South of that line is now'
salers tra rhe paeopte and property oaf our section. We
ala not say thsas juritice is yet doane or that either end
rf tire Conifederacy is yet satisfied. We point to the
facts as they statid out in I ia.tery, to chow that there
is some great poawer moivitng 'ipon thre affairs of the
American peorple to stay .;very tendeancy to impair the
integrity or diminish the fair proportions of osr re
markabile political fabric. But yesterday, as it wvere,
Black Re-pthli.canismi vaintted itself mighrty and ready
ts. crush ont oner Souterts institutians at tire peril or
thia Utsian arnd everytinrg else that was sacred itn our
lieapublican rystem. Tire country trettbledl to its
centre, and for a while the hurast was regarded by
many as near its accoampisrhmnent. Bait the Saiuths
went tip to tihe contest wtvlh firmness anal xeai; and
a-tought aof coanservatism was 'set left at the Naorth tra
give ius tire vic-tory. To-day JAMtE- BitChANAN is
Prsidenrt by Sotuthiern and North.-rn conrservsative
votes. Dlarck Reptublicarnism lies vanqurishied at iris
feet; butt gnatses its teeth, yet swearing to rise in its
dark r-trength anid trample the Constitution anti
h.- IRights saf tire South undser its unhllowed feet.
Will it sin sos! Looak over the conse.rvtiismt sf tihe
past, thae Prsovideti ial protection thierein manifested,
rnd arnswetl for yaourseif.
We will next speak of the Prorvidential manifetsta
ions whsichi have hoveredl over the rsiuth ir. especial.
antd which are more remarkable (if psssible) than
anythaing in our hitstory as a Confederacy.
THEC FARMtER AND PLANTER-.--GRUM-.
'The last numbher of our veanerabale agricultaural brothr
er lies open befasre tus. It is handsomely and usefully
ll.-d with a vatiety of original and selected articles.
Majoa SEABOUx well tunderstandi the business of
atering for Ihis readlers. Hit jouarnaal has toro the ad- a
antge saf heiag thre quasi srgan of the State Agri
ultural Soc-iety, and will be by consequence the mc
iams sf ptublicartion for ariiles ematnating from that
hdy.-By the way we observe tat the staunch old
Maljor lues takern up Judlge O'NF.Lt. upon one of his in-c
viious comparisons between tihe Newberry and the
State Airs' ultural Socteties. Tihe Judge is certainlyr
wrotng in insaiturinrg arny sort of comparision betweenr
n na.tr whetch has been tar exitence a number of
ears anal onre that is but just commenced. " Fair play
s a jewel ;" anti we joitn wIth the Fuarmer and Planter
n depre-atinrg alt disapproving slurs upon our State
Agricultural Sociecty util it shall hrave hrad time to
flehte itself, if not to spread its wings. ina its career
f usefulness. But there wil; be grumblers, Manjor,
against every niew undertaking. Some grunmble to be
ecliar ; Somse, front pique ; Some, because they am
ginse thenmselves a little wiser thtan any beady else;
Seme, froam a naturally inhrerent love of it. We've
kiiwn men to grumble at the very bestecheme imagi
riablt-, if it so hrappenred that they were left out ti the
:onuatiosn huich iniatiated it. Ws've known others
o curse and swesaar at a thing as a hnembug, bec 'use
didl r.ot chsance to accord with their peculiar testes
nd predilectionis. So true is it. that numbers af men
ew. etery matter frsom the narrow, contracted stand i
oin.nf their own petty prejudicies. Of such Is the I
rihe oaf grumbler,. Te-ey are a pestiferatus set eof ver-c
it, uear, it is'true ; but the less you notice them,
e better fur the coring of their self conceit. You
righrt as well talk thre priaverbaof Soamon to asqual
ig baiby as administer rerof to grumblers.
IAnian recentied in Teznnsee wiho -
a rer r -2'1
HON. F. W. PICKENS.
Tuz " Winnsboro Register," in commenting upon
he probable Cabinet of Mr. BUCHANAN, uses the fol.
lowing language in reference to Hon. F. W. PICK
Mr. Pickens maev not he appointed, this we regret;
Nut still were not unprepared for it, however anxiotts
ly his appointment m'v have been hoped for. .He
had taken an active part in favor of the Convention.
laid been elected the presiding officer of the State
('ntivention. had been sent a'nne of the delegates from
The State at large. and was far from being in favor
with the anti-Conveniinnists of the State. If he- he
th-f.-sted in a enhinet appnitment. we have not the
sligltest doubt that this horn'rf disaffection in the pre.
pnnd.-rating -ane: thus defeating one of the practi
rat r-snilts of the Convention movement.
This is significant language on the part of the Reg.
islter. nand. comin.g na it does from one who generally
xpresn.s himself ,, ith caution ai d precision, it food
flr thought. We have been long aware that there
was a set of men in Sonth Carolina utterly inimical
to every approacrh of Mr. Picgvs to the leadership
of the State. These men have set themselves up
(how truly we will not nay) as the mouldera and fash
loners of public opinion in South Carolina. They
hav- exercised a control over certain (apparently)
prominent prints. and by instrnmentality over other
prints of a similar grade : and this influence has been
at all times unfriendly to any public man outside of
its own favonrites, but to none more so than to Mr.
Picities We think we can date the incipiency of
this hostility. It had its origin in a public and
hold expression of opinion upon the Mexican War
question by Mr. PIcKEtNa. in which lie differed from
Mr. CALHOUN, with a distinctness that could not be
doubted, but without the bitterness of language that
was incorrectly attributed to him. The speech in
which these expressions occurred was made at Edge
field Court House. We heard it onrself, and, with
hundreds of others, confidently remember that there
was naught of disrespect. or contempt, or of anger,
manifested towards Mr. CALIIoUN on that occasion by
the distinguished speaker. It was neither moire nor
less than the frank avowal of thp honest sentiments
of a freeman upon a great question of political expe
diency. Mr. CALtnouN's name was brought in, it is
true; but it was mainly to illustrate tihe idea that even
the very greatest of names should not be allowed to
weigh against the achievement of so great an end as
was then contemplated by our government. This was
all, and yet for this extent in the freedom of speech
(no more) Mr. PicKeNs was studious'y rep:esented
by a certain clique before the State as an almost
seriligeous political offender. le, the relative and
friend of CAt.HOUN, who drew his lessons of inde
pendent thought from Mr. CALHOUN himself, to be
charged with political delinquency and infidelity by
the then r olitical schemers of South Carolina, because
forsooth! lie had dared to give expression to the con
vitions of his heart. And, what is really to be re
gretted, the very family of our great lamented states
man seem to have yielded an assent to this r.presen
tation of matters a..d to have thrown their influence
against Mr. PIcKENs. Yet, under these most adverse
circumstances, he has still stood forth aming the peo
ple of South Carolina in the light of a dgvoted patriot
and most capable statesman. Indifferent to public
life, except in so far as duty constrained him, he
sought not a publicity of position at at y time or on
any question; neither did he avoid his full share of
responsibility whenever occasion demanded. It was
in this condition of mind that the question presented
itself to him of South Carolina's going into the great
Democratic Convention which assembled at Cincin
natti. He saw that it was the true policy of the
State, in the then existent condition of Federal poli
tics, to go into that Convention promptly and heartily.
He acted upon that view, went to our State Conven
tion, was President of that body (which represented
a decided majority of the people of South Carolina)
and was a delegate from the State at large to the
Cincinnatti Convention which eventually nominated
JAMtES BUCiANAN for the Presidetncy.
Arid we are told now, that it is the Anti-conven
tinists of South Carolina, atnd their sympathizers,
who have been instrumenital in preventing the ap
pointment of Col PICEENs to a place in Mr. Buct:
ANaN'S Cabinxt. Sonie utiworthty emmisaries front
their ranks (it may be) have been engaged in poison
tug the stream of intelligence that has been pouring
ini upon the ears of the new President:; and the wishes
of the majority in biouth Carolina have thaus beeni
defeated. We un~dertake to say to these malcontents,
that they are welcome to the success of their politi
cl trickery. We believe that Col. Pscanrs is tod$
high-bred a statesman and too genuine a Carolinian
to care fur this restilt. Mlany of those who oppose
him feel themselves to be rar beneath his calibre ; antI
it may be this feelinig (more thtan anything else) that
prompts them to tine their exertions in keeping hint
out of the samte orbit with themselves. They are
stars nuw, but fear they might be but satellites in a
contrast wi ith his really eminent abilities.
BISHOP PIERCE AND THE BORDER
Rev. Gzo. F. Ptzacz, Bishtop of theMA. E. Church.
South, has been to Kansas on a tour of duty. Hie
writes to the- Southern Christian Advocate a long and
interestinig account of liis experience in that territory.
Among other thiin, lie se'-ms to have met with atny
umber of the so-called " Border Ruffians." The
Bishiop speaka of them as a quiet, polite, orderly sort
of people. lie saw them en a boat whiere there was
every opporttunity of dissipation. " There was," says
he, " no drunkentness, rnoobscetnity, rio ribald sung, no
profanity amuong themn." lie adids, in regard to these
mi-represented c-itizeni' " If Mfissouri needed an adlvo
ate 'before the country, I would volunteer in her de
February and Mlarch hi ave changeid places this year ;
for whereas February resembled the opening of
Spring, March tihus far is certainily a fair representa
tion of Witer's lat ter-ettd. Gardeni vegetation, which
wa-a putting furth fast atnd floutrishing unider Februa
ry's getnial influences, has heeni sadly nipped by the
luhhting trusts of March. We live in a changeful
lime, upon which in reality titers is no safe reckoning.
An enithutniast garde ner said to tin the other day, as h.
looked in dismay upon his shrivelled pea-vitnes antI
ripled cahbage-plants: "' Confound my skin if 1ev
ur boiter myself again ahbaut this extra early gardlen
ting. I'll prepare my ground w.-Ili-yes, firstrate--andl
len I'll wait patiently for Spring to come ailong be
ritre I strike another lick."-We thought it a rather
gg WiruntN the space of a few weeks there hive
een forty-five thousand copies of Dr. Kane's last
ork on thue Arctic regions sold.
3W Paor. Hu tyccocK of Amherst College has
ust opented a large cullectioni from olhi Ninevahi. It
ontains some fine things, amotig which is a kitig
even feet high, leaning oin his sword anid offerinig
gg7OxNtoNs is like country--it is something we
joy in commoon; we are brothers in its support and
3g E~ta-arisos wvere anciently badges of slave
y and were solidered so that they could tnot be re
noved from the ear. Their form indicated the owner
if the slave.
ggP Masspechusetta has legislated the 22d of Feb
uary into a legal holiday. The same course is recoin
tended to the Legislature of Southt Carolina by a
:orrespondent of the Charleston Courier.
gg A NEW PLAT~oaf.-At a political meetingin
ortland, a few days ago, an orator montnted a brandy
ask and opened his speech by exclaiming, " I stand
ipun the platform of my party."
9g Friim some of the monasteries of Asia Minor,
very thing femitine is so rIgorously excluded that
here are many gray headed monks there who never
ehield th,: phenomenon, woman. Happy mortals!
Vonder if they are as cuirious to see women as women
re to see them.
AN Oin Ltn'r.-Mrs. Crouit who died in
his District on the 23d February (says the Lex
ngton Flag) had attnined the remarkable age
f 94 ycars, lacking but six of a century. We
re toldi that she was a very active oldlady,eould
bread the finest needle without the aid of spec
acls--in fact never used them-and evinced in
ronversation mutch sprightliness of intellect-and
very agreeable manner. Another remarkable
act in the life of this lady is, that she lived and
lied within thtree miles of the spot where she
tas born. She had a distinct recollection of the
lvolution, being at that time a good sized girl.
Eow feroftuswill go as far as she did beyond
Je ahnAle +1e~ ubdA and ta1
For the Advertiser.
THE USURY LAWS.
We now propose to state our reasons for pro
nouncing the Usury Laws a nuisance to our State;
and to showr that they have an injurious influence
on any country.
In a former article we'confined ourselves to the
immoral tendency of Legislative interference, and
in noticing the arguments upon which this inter
position is based; which, though apparently for,
are found when thoroughly examined to be against
any restriction whatever. We except the case be
fore stated when no specified rate of interest exists,
that is, when the per cent is not stipulated.
It is our object as far as practicable to disentan
gle and separate the arguments, in order that the
force of each may be the more easily appreciated,
and consequently the conclusion to be arrived at
In the first place, let it be supposed that the
profits arising from trade are such as justify bor
rowing at ten per cent ; but he who loans cannot
receive but seven. There being no inducement to
lend, the supply ce--ses, and with it the equilibrium
which Supply and Demand have a tendency to cre
ate. Thus the power to regulate itself being ta
ken away, very disastrous results may ensue; for
even suppose the profits arising from capital con
tinue to increase, common sense teaches that the
rate of interest should increase, pari passu, also.
But here is an interdict to prevent this, and so no
adequate compensation can be had for the use of
money, and nothing to attract it from foreign mar
kets-soon the most serious effects are felt. The
plain and simple remedy is, to throw down the un
wise restrictions. and place money upon the sound,
broad, and simple principles of Demand and Sup
ply, and immediately springs up s, safe guard
against the great fluctuations between the profits
of money loaned, and those arising from operations
It is evident then, that there are laws regulating
trade, which are as immutable as those governing
the physical universe; and likewise, that a viola
tion of the former is as surely followed by retri
bution, as in the latter-neither can be disregarded
Again, it seems quite strange that a fixedness
should be given to the profits arising from the use
of money, when, of all other commodities interest
possesses the greater number of contingences for
its basis. If it is impolitic (as most persons will
admit) to fix the market value of any commodity,
a fortiori, we should beware of placing a restric
tion upon money. To this real usurpation of the
right of property no man would tamely submit; if
exercised over him in a palpable way ; for instance,
if farmers were prohibited from receiving anything
above a fixed price for their cotton.
This oppression would be so evident, that this
class of men, (the bone and sinew of our land)
would evince their opposition by open defiance;
it is plain that the authors of any such measure as
this would have-quite an unpleasant storm raised
about their ears-perhaps be looked upon with coin
passion, as mad men. What justification is there
to be found for a 'aw prohibiting a person from
getting the maket value of money in opposition to
every thing else 1-where exists the difference up
on which the distinction is founded 1-why allow
him to sell his cotton for so much as the market
will afford, or for so much as another is disposed
to, give, and at the same time refuse him the privi
lege of selling the use of his money '1 If this dis
tinction is not without a difference, or in other
words, if there exists any reason for this invidious
exception of money, we acknowledgo our obtuse
ness-it lies beyond our intellectual ken.
One of the suppositions upon which usurious re
striction is based, seems passing strange; namely,
that every one is not the best judge of his own
businessa -subversion of an old and much respected
maxim. If there are occasional exception to this
god old saying, the principle we are compelled' to
recognize. Ilowvever kind the intentions (and how
often have we seen bad events peep out of the tail
of good purposes) that dictated this interference,
there are but few who would not most respectfully
decline the proffered assistance. It is an assump
tion of foresighat on the plart of its originators, that
is scarcely pardonabe-arrogating to themselves
a knowledge of all the circumstances which should
surround each man, his straits and emergencies,
the sudden and unexpected drafts upon his credit,
and the opportunities for driving an advantageous
bargain. But yet more strange, ini suppusing that
all men are possessed of the same business capaci
ties, the same inclinations, and an eqlual skill in
turning over capital. How many are there, who
can borrow at ten per cent, and realize tifteen
how many who realize ten per cent by investing
their capita' in business operations, but still
would-prefer to lend if the pronits were the same;
examples illustrative of this are numerous.
This sub modo guardianship over private eon
tracts is in opposition to one of the principles
which all Republican governments are desirous of
promoting-self-developsment, a reliance upon one's
own facuklies and energies, without the interfer
ence of the government pro or con. This has for
its found.,tion our recognized Law of permitting
each citizen to do what he pleases, so it does not
interfere with the rights of others-as near abso
ite freedom of action to every muau, as can exist
conistent with a due regard for the same privi
lege granted to eve- y other person.
Who is there to tell the injury thus inflicted up
on the skilful and energetic of every community ;
the amount of capital lost to the general wealth of
a country, for wvhat are skill and industry, but the
geerattor's of wealkh-the elements of prosperity.
Thy see occasionis when with money in hand the~y
couhi realize ten, fifteen, twenty, andi perhaps fifty
per cent-but the Law forbids lending above seven,
so they are disarmed, doomed to look on in iniac
tion, as oapporttunities fur making a competency or
a fortune glide from their grasp ; they turn away
in silence, with a deep but just indignation at the
injury they have sustained.
We wili now conclude-hoping that our Usury
Las will soon be erased1 from the Statutes; that
it may be seen that the pleasing idea of self-gov
ernment may be illustrated in matters of private
contracts. Then will cease that hue and cry which
some are ever ready to raise against money lenders
-in most instances (we wish we were justified in
saying all en.ses) the resort of the improvident and
vicious, as an easy way of ridding their consciences
from self accusation. For with wvhat grace can he
who is a party to a violation of the law raise his
voice of denunciation when the act was commit
ted, not only at his suggestion, but at his solicita
ion. As to third persons (outsiders) we rule their
slamourous testimony incompetent.
Then will the poor and embarrassed be placed
beyond the grinding exactions of petty tyranny
they will no longer be compelled to submit to the
appression of sonme one monied man in the comniu
mity-they will have thme glorious privilege of dri
ving the best bargain that jge market will afford.
So we see that this Legislative Restriction cannot
be defended on the plea of policy, and much less
n the score of humanity.; X. Y. Z.
THE PaxeE oP NEGROFS.-At an AdminiStr
ors sale of SMITH BRaIHevs estate near this
place Inst week, a small negro mant, twenty-four
years old, nothing but a good field hand, br'ought
the round sum of fifteen hundred dollars. We
snderstand the women and children sold, went
t price in proportion to thlis man I Truly we
are run mad as to the value of slaves. How can
ny one expect to realize a profit ont such pur.
ch'ases ?--Greenvjille Patriot.
Muscir..-Beig aed an infuriated ball
Onyb SAeVJgrckm M Vi0Ia
From the Milton (Fla.) Phenix.
At a meeting of the Citizens of Santa Rosa
County, hold at the Baptist Church in the town
of Milton, to take into consideration the recent
death of the Hon. PREsvoN S. Brooks, late Rep
resentative in Congress, from the fourth Con
gressional District of South Carolina, the Rev.
Joseph Mitchell was called to the chair, and W.
B. Amos was requested to act as Secretary. The
Chairman stated the object of -the meeting in a
brief but-feeling and impressive manner, entire
ly in accordance with the solemnity of the occa
The following gentlemen were appointed a
committee to draft Resolutions expressive of the
sense of the meeting: - H. R. Rugeley, J. D.
Leigh and J. M. Landrum, who retired, and af
ter an absence of some time, returned and re
ported the following Preamble and Resolutions,
which were received and unanimously adopted.
The Committee who was appointed to draft
Res lutions expressive of the deep sense of- the ..
feeling of this meeting, beg leave to report the
following Preamble and resolutions :
For-asmuch as it has pleased our - Heavenlys -
Father in the exercise of his holy will, to strike
down by the hand of death, the distinguished
Representative in Congress, from . the .Fourth
Congressional District of South Carolina; the
Hon. PREsroN S. BRooKs, an event well calcu
lated to cast a gloom, not only over his native
State, but upon every portion of this Confedera
cy, where human character can be appreciated
in its true nobility; And inasmuch aswe believe -
that it is not inconsistent with our duty to the
Great Giver of all good, from whom this heavy
blow has fallen, to drop a tear over the tomb of
the distinguished Brooks, and to express with
his immediate constituents, in common, our re
gret at his loss; Therefore,
Be it Resolved, 1st. That theintelligenceof the
death of the representative'in Congress from the
Fourth District of South Carolina, the Hon.
Preston S. Brooks, one of Carolina's most gifted
and devoted sons, has been recieved by this com
munity with deep and poignant regret.
Res.'lred 2, That in his demise the Fourth
Congressional District of South Carolina has not
only lost a repres.entative worthy of its fullest
confidence, but the State one whom she was
proud to claim as a son, and the entire South a
bold and gallant defender.
Resol-ed, 3rd. That our sincere sympathies
are with his immediate constituents, and more
particularly with his afflicted family in this their
It was moved and. seconded that the Milton
Phrenix be requested to publish the proceedings
of this meeting, and the Edgefleld Advertiser be
requested to copy.
JOS. MITCHELL, Chairman,
W. B. AMOS, Sec.
Milton, Feb. 24., 1857.
TEE NEW ADMINSTRATION.
James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, is now in
possession of the Chair of State of this great
Confederacy-a public man who has served his
country in many and important trusts, with sat
isfaction to his constituents, and with eminent
success to his own fair fame. Elected by the
conservative influence of the people, he stands
forth as the embodiment of that element of our
political fabric. Placed in the highest position
to which a citizen can be advanced by his coun
trymen, he may well feel proud of the opportu
nity he enjoys of exerting a great power to pre
serve the liberties of his country. A politician
of the old school, acting in the arena with Cal
houn and Webster and Clay, and the prominent
men of the age for forty years, he comes into
his high station, with a mature intellect, a ripe
experience, and an ability that has adorned eve
ry office which he has heretofore been called to
In every position in which the Federa'l ov
ernent has placed him - he has done his d'uty -
acceptably, and we have every confidence' that
he will nect as a patriot should, and devote him
self to work out the mission confided to him of
administering the Government so as to strength
en it by preserving the rights of the States.
This can only be done by a strict adherence
to constitutionail obligations and- the determina
tion to exercise a wise discretion in appointing
to oflice men of consistent principles, and able
and willing to look to the Constitution as their
gid.South ever 'aslied notin4mrettiis"
devotion to strict construction, and .with thee
ahundant evidence she has furnished in the
councils of the confederacy to adheretto uueh
views, we think she should be satisfied with
what Mr. Buchanan has done at the start in
giving a preponderating influence in his Cabinet
to her constitutional advocates. The Cabinet
is a fair one for the South, and we have every
confidence that we will have a fair showving in
THE INAUGURAL ADDRESS.
-. WAsHiNGTON, March 4.
The Inaugural address pronounced b~y Presi
dent Buchanan, refers first to the importance
of a thorough restoration of harmony and jus
tice among the several States, as necessary to a
continuance of our free institutions. Th'e late
political agitation is referred to as ended, and
the Kansas-Nebraska Act is approved.
It is contended that the surplus revenue
.hould be ajplied to strictly national objects,
and that no more revenue should accrue than is
necessary for an economtical administration of
the government. For this end a modification of
the tarifr will be necessary.
It is also urged as a cardinal rule of policy
and prac-tice that the public lands should be
presierved for the use of actual settlers and oc
eupants, whether natives or immigrants. The
evils of disunion and the necessity of due re
.4pect for the rights of States are strongly urged.
Th le importance of a road to the Pacific is in
sisted on, with the belief that all difficulties will
disappear with the discoi-ery of the best route.
In reference to external relations, the inaugu
ral urges peace and friendly intercourse with all
nations, without intervention or interference, un
ess under the immediate necessity of self-de
We have never extended or acquired any ter
ritory but by fair purchase, or voluntary acces
sion, and this priniciple must be acted on. No
other nation can or should complain, if in self
dfence we arc compelled to extend our posses
The ceremonies of the Inauguration were
conducted as usual and the oath administered
by Chief' Justice Taney, before a vast concourse.
SzaioRUs SHOOTING AFFRAY iN KAN5As.-OnI
the 30th ultimo, an -affray occured at Tecumieh
Knsas, betwaeen Judge Elmore and a corres
pondent of the Kansas Tribune named Kagy,
in consequence of a publication by the letter
which the former 'con- idered personally often.
sive. A correspondent of the New York Times
I learn that Judge Elmore met Kagy on the
steps of the court house, and after some harsh
language between them he struck Cagy with a
sane, whereupon the hatter drew his revolver and
ired, woiundintg the judge very seriously, if not
mortally, in his hip and thigh. Judge Elmore
immeutditely drew hisi revolver and fired upon
Kagy, aind a general shooting affair theninsued.
Kagy, being slightly wounded, took refuge in
he house of a mant Named Omiborn, and
Elmore being carried into the country clerk's
The whole affair is considered a personal one,
itd no disposition was manifested by either'
prty to make political maitter of it. 1 am not
-quaited with Kaugy, but if lie was asamulted
u reported of course his friends will condemn the
judge. The latter I ant well ac-quainted with,
md for his own sake, as well as on account of
lii, estimable wife and children, I der-phy regret
de circumstance. He is a native of. Alabama.
The late Senator Ehnuore, of South Czirelina,
eas his brother, and the present.Senator Fitzps.
rick is his brother-in-law. AMrs. E. is a rels
tive of Senator Butler, of South Carolina. Al.
though a strong pro-slatiere mans, Judga Ehlenore
has hitherto been quite conservatte in his views,
nd was generally respected by the free-State.
men as a fair kind of a main.
MORE PL.AIN THAN PLE.AsANT.-A lady play
ing on the piano forte, on being called upon for
a dead march, asked Mr. H., the celebrated pro
fessor of music, what dead march she should
play, to which he replied
" Any march that younmay play milbe a dd
one fr =ou ar. same tamfirder it." .