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cmeocratic 30urnal, D0t0 to ije Soutl au Soutyern Migljts poitics, Lateat Neus, Citeture, traih, semperanee, gritutur, &
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we Will Perish amidst the Ruins."
SIIIjINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., APRIL 15, 1857. - "-- 14.
ODE ON VICISSITUDE.
[TnE following is one of the prettiest odes in the
English language; and THOMAS GRi (its author)
is in our estimation the most finished of English
poets. Mark the purity of his thoughts and the
simplicity of his diction. Mark the precision of
his numbers and the easy flow of his versification.
Why is it, that Thomas Gray has no more .imita
tors ? Because it is easier to write fulsome rhymes
than poetry of the clear, crystalline kind. But to
the Ode-its evidently the inspiration of a bright
Spring morning and is appropriate to the season:]
Now the golden morn aloft
Waves her dew-bespangled wing,
With vermeil cheek and whisper soft
She woocs the tardy spring :
Till April starts,gpd calls around
The sleeping fragrance from the ground ;
And lightly o'er the living scene
Scatters his freshest, tenderest green.
New-born flocks, in rustic dance,
Frisking ply their feeble feet ;
Forgetful of their wintry trance
The birds his presence greet :
But chief, the sky-lark warbles high
His trembling thrilling ecstasy ;
And, lessening from the dazzled sight,
Melts into air and liquid light.
Rise, my soul! on wings of fire,
Rise the rapt'rous choir among;
Hark ! 'tis nature strikes the lyre,
And leads the gen'ral song:
Warm let the lyric transport flow,
" Wart as the ray that bids it glow ;
" And animates the vernal grove
With health, with harmony, and love."
Yesterday the sullen year
Saw the snowy whirlwind fIly ;
Mute was the music of the air,
The herd stood drooping by :
Their raptures now that wildly flow,
No yesterday, nor morrow know ;
'Tis man alone that joy descries
With forward and reverted eyes.
Smiles on past misfortunes's brow
Soft reflection's hand can trace ;
And o'er the cheek of sorrow throw
A melancholy gr. cc;
While hope prolongs our happier hour
Or deepest shades, that dimly lower,
And blacken round our weary way,
Gilds with a gleam of distant day.
Still, where rosy pleasure' ends,
See a kindred grief pursue;
Behind the steps that misery treads,
Approaching comfort view :
The hues of bliss more brightly glow,
Chastis'd by sabler tints of woe;
And blended form, with artful strife,
The strength and harmony of life.
See the wretch, that long has toss'd
On the thorny bed of pain,
At length repair his vigour lost,
And breathe and walk again:
The meanest flowret of the vale,
The simplest note that swells the gale,
The common sun, the air, the skies, y
To him are opening paradise.
Humble quiet builds her cell,
Near the source whence pleasure flows ;
She eyes the clear crystalline well,
And tastes it as it goes.
'While' far below the madding' crowdl
' RusL'h headllong to the dangerous flood,'
Where broad and turbulent it sweeps,
'Aed perish in the boundless deeps.
Mark where indolence, and paride,
'Sooth'd by flattery's tinkling sound,'
Go, softly rolling, side by side,
Their dull but daily round:
' To these if Hebe's self shoauld bring
The purest cup from pleasure's spring,
Say, can they taste the flavour high
Of sober, simple, genuine joy ?
' Mark amabition's march sublime
Up to power's wieredian heiaht;
While pile-eyed envy sees him clinmb,
And sickens at the sight.
Phantoms of danger, death, and dread,
Float hourly round ambition's head;
While spleen, within his rival's breast,
Sits brooding on her scorpion nest.
'Hlappier hec, the peasanlt far,
Fom tIe pangs of p~assion: free,
That h,:catlhes the heena ye whle~lsomfe air,
Of rugggedl penury.
Hie, when his morning task is done,
tan shimbaer in the noontide sun;
And hie him,, home, at ev'enin:.>'s eloe.
To sweet repast, and calnm repose.
'lie, uncon:scioaus whenice the bliss,
Feels, aund owvns in carols rude,
That all the circling jo) a are his,
(Of dear Vicissitude.
From toil he wvinas his spirits light,
From bu~y day thme peaceful night.;
Rtich,.froma the very' want oif wealtha,
In heaven's best treasures, peace and h~ealth.'
There is a moral in the following wvell consid
which should h~e often pondelredt:
" It was well said, by a very shrewd observer,
that there nre some things which every mun
has to learn for himself. 10, would seem as if
the folly of endorsing what is called accommo
dation paper was one of them. .Tens of thou
sands have been ruined in this way, yet tens of
thousands continue to practice it. Many' who
endorse paper with imnpunty foar years dh.cover,
at last, that they also, in -pite of their a.ser
tions that they would never be loser by it, are
brought to bankruptcy by it. Sir Walter Scott,
who had gone on from year to yeafr, adding
acre to acre, farm to farm, woke one muormnilg
to findl that lie wits ruined through h's endorse
mnents on Constable's paper; and the re.it of his
life-.a life shortened by caessive labor-had
to.b devoted. sot toanmIng ouat the favorite
dream of his ambition, but to liquidating the
debts thus contracted. Even Barnum, whose
name had become synonymous with shrewdness,
fell before this delusive habit.
A calm observer is almost led to believe that
there is an infatuation accompanying the prac
tice of endorsing notes, which lulls sagacity to
sleep, else how can we account for the fact that
so many able men have, so to speak, gambled
away their fortunes on this mercantile rnge at
noir. No man ought ever to endorse an accom
modation note. The financiering which raises
money in this way is radically wrong. Gene
rally regarded as the cheapest, it is really the
most dearest method; for the friend who en
dorses for you is sure, some time, to want an
e idorsement in return; and he who once be
gins to endorse for another, has put his fortune
at the risk of a hundred casualties beyond his
own control. It is a game of hazard, which,
once commenced, hardly ever can be stopped.
Money can be got so readily by endorsing, that
the temptation is great to enter on speculations
that would never otherwise be thought of, and
hence it requires the coolest of heads and the
most prudent of operators to resist, when a hab
it of exchanging endorsements has been fallen
into. Nine men out of ten, sooner or later, get
beyond their depth. Hard times come on, and
then insolvency follows as a matter of course.
It is always wiser to raise money on bona fide
securities; and if these cannot be had, then to
curtail one's business as fast as possible. Where
two men are in the habit of exchangingendorse
ments they are really in partneeship together,
but a partnership only of risks, not of profits;
and worse yet, a partnership in which neither
can control the other.
So far, we have been speaking of cases in
which there was a mutual consideration between
the parties-an exchange of endorsements; but
what shall we say of the man who endorses
From motives of private friendship, and not as a
business aflair at all ? Hundreds of such men
there are who endorse notes for social intimtes,
to whom they would scarcely sell a bill of goods
n credit, simply because they have not the
noral courage to say no. It would be wiser, in
much instances, to give the applicant at once
whatever you can afford to throw away-for
lhen you know where you are; because if you
ndorse for him, he may involve you for a larger
ount than you can pay ; and be sure of one
hing-when you pay, as most likely you will,
t will be at a time when the payment is espe
ially inconvenient. No private friendship, how
aver close, justifies one man in asking another
o endorse for him. He who takes otffence when
eft-ed an endorsement, is unworthy to be your
riend; for lie is ignorant whNereid true friend
hip consi-ts-that relation giving no man a
-ight to ruin another. Take advice in time, and
lo't give or exchange endorsements, if you
vould escape sleepless nights or avert probable
From the Charh s'on Mercury.
THE GRATE OF OCEOLA.
Mn. EDITon: It was on a bright morning in
ip to the warf at Sullivan's Island. It was the
irst tine we had ever visited this spot, so cele
,rated in the history of Carolina. Often when
eadin'g of the 1ierce conflict of the 28th of
Fune, 17711, had we pictured the little fort of
?almetto log-the white waves beating against
s foundation-tle Palmetto trees scattered
iround its walls; but it was in imagination on
v... The reality was now before us-the Pal
nettoes were waving gracefully in the soft sea
>reeze; and there, with its nmsive walls and
rowning guns bristling from each bastion, stood
ot the fort of logs but--the modern Fort Moul
rie. To one who has never visited this renown
'd hrtification, the sight is well calculated to
twaken the 1beholder's attention. Far out on
he ocean's lo-.anm the white sails of nerchlnt
nen ma:1 be ,ceen fluttering in the breeze, as
hey bear the rich products of our land to for
nig shores. On the opposite bide may be seen
he tall steples rising from Charleston, and re
ieting the dazzling sunlight from their gilded
ops. Mount Pleasant, in all its varied beauty,'
es to the right, whilst Castle Pinekney and t
Fort Smter rise as from the bosona of thei
Such was the scenery that greeted us on the
enorning of our first visit to Fort Moultrie.
With what deep emotions we entered the dark
irchway that led us within its walls ! Visions
of old Moultrie and his pipe-of Thompson with
huis smonted coolmness--of Jasper proudly catch
ing the ol Palmnetto Banner, aind amid the
hwer of grape-shot hissing around him, l irmuly
bining it to the broken staff--constantly float
ed before ums. But now the scene was indeed
changed. Iiistead of a few small guns mounted
an wooden ramnparts, huge grinning cannons
were seen firinly arranged in warlike array on
those massive walls. Soldiers and officers in
;ay uniforms were seen loungi'g around the
terrible engines of wvar, or drilling their respec
tive squads, forming a striking contrast with
the imagined appearance of those stern veterans
f '70, who knew no compan r drill, b~ut
knew so well how to dlefend the ights of their
We had spent some time in viewing thme
scenery from the ramiparts of the fort, when
oine of our party commnenced reviewing the
outer works, myself among thme latter number.
Om our first arrival we had noticed on the we.+
tern side of the fort a simple marble slab, bear
ing on its face some slight inscription, but nonc
then thought it wvorthy of notice, in contempla
tion of the more majestic scenery ; and now, as
we drew near that simple marble, what was
our surprise to find that it covered the last
resting place of one scarcely less brave than
tho.e who had bled there eighty y.ears before
it was thme grave of Osceola! Here, 'neath the
walls of Fort Moultrie, thme brave defender of
his country found his last resting place. The
simple nmarble slab, bearirg the name " Osceola,"
is all that is left to tell where the warrior sleeps.
True, some warm hearts, displayinig a humanity
qumite rare, had planted over the spot a weeping
willow, which sheltered from the night dew the
warrior's grave. But even this token of a sums
ceptible and~ generous soul was destined to fall
withering and crushed like the one o'er whom
it was planutedl. The ruthles.s storm had lain it
low over. Osceola's grave, and there it wit hered
and (lied, a fit emblem of that lkte which befell
the stern warrior.
Thle circumstances of thme capture, imprison
met and (death of the great chieftain are so
wel known, that they neced but a slight notice
here. Ilunted like a wild beasit by blood-houinds,
in his ,iativc swamips, lie for a long time dleliedl
capture. But. at last, when bravery coull not
vaqisih him, treachery was resortedl to in or
her to accomnpihh the desired end. lie was en
ticed into the camp ouf his foemnen, and in viola
tion of every law of humnanity, imprisoned and
brought to Charleston. But now, alas ! lie
stern andu haughty spirit of the warrimr was
crushed forever. Tryrannmy hiad inflicted its last
wound upon his proud soul. For sonic weeks
e lingered in ghlomy and heart-brokeni sorrow,
ref using all relief or consolation. The reed,
after receiving its death1 stroke, seldom lingerm
long, ere its leavts fall withered to the dlust
Thus it was with the Indian warrior. Aftem
remaining a short time in diagraceful captivityi
hi. prod soul left its earthly tenement, anl
fled to the happy hunting grounds of his fathers.
On that bright sandy shore his mortal remains
now sleep, forever free from the evil intrigues
of this cold and cruel world. Peace be to the
warrior's spirit. TRYON.
ORIGIN OF POPULAR PHRASES.
"I IosoN's CitocE."-This expression is pro
verbial both in Europe and America. The story
in its origin is thus stated :-Thomas Hobson
was a celebrated carrier in Cambridge, who to
his employment in that capacity added the pro
fession of supplying the students at the Univer
sity with horses. In doing this he made it an
unalterable rule that every horse should have
an equal portion of time in which to rest as
well as labour. Hence he always refused to
let a horse out of his turn, however desirous
the applicant might be of choosing for himself.
Thus the saying, " Hobson's choice, this or
"BA NKRt'PT."-Few words have so remarka
ble a history as the familiar word bankrupt.
The money-changers of Italy had, it is said,
benches, or stalls in the courts of exchange, in
former times, and at these they conducted their
ordinary business. When any of them fell back
in the world, or because insolvent, his bench
was broken, and the name broken-bench ben
cratto, was given to him. When the word was
adopted into English, it was nearer the Italian
than it now is, being bankrout instead of bank
ORwix OF TH: EmITHET "TraNcoAT."-The
opprobious term of "turncoat" took its rise
from one of the first Dukes of Savoy, whose do
minions lying open to the incursions of the two i
contending houses of Spain and France, he was
obliged to temporise and fall in with that power i
that was most likely to distress him, according
to the success of their arms against one another.
So, being frequently obliged to change sides, he t
humourously got a coat made that was blue onii
one side and white on the other, and might be t
indifferently worn either side out. While on
the Spanish interest lie wore the blue side out,
and the white side was the badge of the French.
From hence lie was called the turncoat, by way
of distinguishing him from other princes of the
A S.xintr.}.-'The words "saunter" and
"saunterer" arc singular records of mediteval
practices and feclngs. " Saunterer" derived
from "la sainterre," is one who visits the Holy
Land. At first a deep and earnest conviction
drew men thither, drew them to visit
"Those holy fields,
Over whose acres walked these blessed feet
Which, Fourteen hundred years ago, were nailed
For our advantnge to the bitter eros."
By degrees, however, the making of this pil
grimage degenerated into a mere worldly fash
ion, and every idle person that liked strolling i
about better than performing the duties of his r
calling, assumed the pilgrim's staff; and pro
claimed hiiself hound for the Holy Land: to a
which very often he never in earnest set out. s
And thus this word forfeited the more honoura
bly:t:lav.ce-have. U05sfd. :md
unprofitably wasti n7 h lo
and there, with no fixed purpose or aim.
1'rench, o. the ~tli/ n/ 1Vurbki.
Siis-rrins.-Aongs.t our industrious and
frugal forefathers, it was a maxim that a young t
woman should never be married until sI e had
spun for herself a complete set of domestic
linen. From this custom it was that they were
called spinsters, an appellation which they still
retain in all legal proceedings, although now-a
days it would be very dilficult to find a woman
etitled to the nme.
Few reader.: can be aware. until they have n
had occasion to teat the fact,'how much labor or
research is often saved by such a table as the
following, the work. o' one umw im his grave. t
- If Iisiorv is l'oetry," then h-re is " 'oetry
persoiiad. t- 1J
1607,l \'iirinia settled bty tile Enagls.'
1 14, New York settled lby thle D uth-h.
1620, .\nssnhusetts settledl by the P'uritans- 1
16i24, New Jersey settled lby the Djutch.'
1627, D1elaware settled by Swvedes and Fins.
I1(35, Mtirylaiid settled by Irish Catholies.
lu:it;, Conniectienot set tled by3 tile Puiritans. l.
1636, Rthode Islad settled by Roger Williams. I
1650O, North Carolina settled by the English.
1f670, South Carolina set tled by the Ilugne
los2, Peinsylvainia settled by Win. Penn.
1782, Georgia settled by Gen. OIglethorpe.
1791, Ve-riont admitted into the Union. 1
1792, K(entuicky admitted into the Union.
17911, Teinessee admnittedl into the Union.
1802, Ohlio arhinitted into the Union. i
1811, Louisiana admitted into the Union. t
1816. Indiana admitted into thme Union.
1817, M1issssippi admitted inito the Union. t
1818, Illinois admittcd into thme Union.
1819, Alabamia adimittedl into the Union.
1820, MIaine admitted into the Union.
1821, M1issouri adrmitted into the Union.
18:10, M1ichigan admnitted into the Uinion. i
1836i, Arkansas admitted into the Union.
1845, Florida.admtitted intoa the Union.
1845, Texas admitted into the Union.
184(6, Iowa admitted into the Union.
1848, Wisconsin admitted into the Unioii.
1850, California admitted into the Union.
Eiarria .A PAP'ER or'T W~s'.-Thei editor. of
a paper, pubillishedt a t Lake Superior, after having
been without a mail three weeks, says:
"Should the mail not arrive next week, we
shall make our reguhir issue iiext Tuesday ; for
this unmbler was made up from an old mnagaminie
and a religious almanae of last year, and so
long as tis mnater~ial holds out we shall lbe
Iindependent of the mais
Fisn.:aMANS Lre.-The following account
of an English fisherman, from the Knicker
boker, is a good ne: A friend, late on Satur
day afternoon, hamiled himi as he was skilfully
essaving the wily Iisherman's art for trout, with
"llelloa, thmere! Got anmythinig ?"
hr l We~dnesdaJ!/ " was the rely, as the pa
tient angleri once more cast his patent thy.
Them oather (lay a gentleman gave a coup le of
entS to a woaami who asked charity of him
" Two cents!I" exclaimed she ; " take them hack
sir ; I asked for chiarity ; I cani't do anything,
with twoa cents." " Mly dear madam," said the
gentlma, "I beg you'll keep,,the cents, and
give them to sonic .oor peson
"Mida- was so great a man that everything
le t ouche~d turned into gol. Thme case is alter
ed now ; touch a man with gold and he will
If eau want to kiss a pretty girl, why kissher
if yon can-lf a pretty girl wvants to kiss you,
wvhy let her-like a man.
'Teeaevarious keys,' said a young moan
to another, ' such as the sul-key, bulm-key, and
ris-key, but the only key to your heart is Su
keyIt-may be s,' replied the other, 'butI defy
-.mblmtor.- vo hear but whha-ke.
From the Charleston News.
THE PATRIOT AND THE COURIER-TAE RIGHT
The Greenville Patriot, edited by Maj. B. F.
Perry, and the Charleston Courier, which oc
casionally furnishes some of the lucubrations of
Mr. Richard Yeadon, have of late, for their mu
tual and edifying glorfication, indulged in poli
tical allusions, and iithe intimation of political
doctrines, which have been, again and again, re
pudiated by the inteligence and tone of South
Carolina. The Co' tier commences by a rehash
of the stale and exploded doctrines of the Whig
party on the Tariff; advocates partial legislation
in favor of manufacturing interests under the
name of incidental pistection ; attributes to the
resources and industry of the country, all its
prosperity; repudiates free trade in commerce;
and denounces direct:taxation-the only mode
under which the people can know how much
they are taxed, and how much swindled by the
Federal Government: The noted gentleman
from Greenville, the Pat-riot of Carolina politics,
the exponent of federal radicalism and consilida
ion combined, the opponent of State Rights
the cardinal points of the Republic's compass,
follows in a discreditable allusion to the Seces
sion party of 1851. The Comier re-echoes by
an apology for a single generous political emo
tion, struck by the aggression of the Federal
Government from even its stony neutrality and
ndifference, and prudently displayed in response
to a general sentiment, and assails the practical
ight of secession, announces to the world its de
termination to give its oracular opinion upon
that subject, and finally has proceeded to utter
We partake of the general indispositioi of the
,recs of the State, at this time, to enter upon
my discussion of topics which have divided and
excited our people, and knowing as we do, that
;he opinion of the above mentioned papers
either expresses, influences nor leads the polit
ical mind of our people, we should not give the
lightest attention to their ill-timed denonstra
ions on inopportune subjects, were it not that
he young of the State, probably not conversant
ith the settle: truths eliminated by the past,
re impressible by passing fallacies.
The extremes havenmet-the radical and the
ederalist. They assume to be of the triumphant,
md they imagine that they have met in the full
ather of power and success-actually leaders
-in the very camp of the Democracy of South
rohna-a State Rights Democracy which has, a
tar excellence, been the standard bearer of prin- r
iples, which have been embodied in leading ox
ositions from the-Virginia and Kentucky Reso- s
ations of 1798 and 179, down to the Conven- a
ion Ordinance of South Carolina in 1852, and t
he late decision of the Supreme Court. They
ake it that it is the triumph of national party. t'
mi in our midst, and these two consolidation- s
ts-so from opposite considerations, gleefully
ow each other into the fold of the strong side,
nd pretentiously sin; lto 'Triumphe over the
pposed success in tis State of Wliggery and "
s opposite, under the name of Unionism with u
" " * t is the conservatism of u
tate Rights, which alone can preserve, or has d
reserved, a constitutional Union. a
if the late decision of the Supreme Court, I
bat the Missouri Compromise was unconstitu- n
onal, and that Congress has no jurisdiction and .
an impart none in relation to slavery, and that p
he Southern citizen has the right to go, and be t
rotected, with his slavery property, into the o
erritories, has any import and scope. then all L
itation and aggressions from 1820 down to the fi
olitical fraud and outrages in the cases of Ure
on, California, Utah and New Mexico in the ti
,opromise of 18.50, constituted heinous and o
larming wrongs to the South. They were de- n
ounced by her truest and ablest Statesmen, r
nd protued two ominous Convenli''ins at C
ahville. The whole Union was convulsed by t
hem, and the spirit of Abolition overshadowed t
rith lurid portents the future. Blows were c
einug incessantlr aiimel at the very vitals of s
onthern institutions, citizens and States, and h
o arresting hanmd, even of constitutional au- a
hority, had intervenied or could then intervene. C
e wrongs wer consummated, and mmoe weret
breatened ; and the pos5itioni anid doctrines of
he Secession party at' 1851 in relation to themmn, I
save been triumpliantly vindicated by the Su
'reme Court. It has new, then, been settled C
hat there rux car.s : for secession-a cause ast
nflicint to justify, as it had been to iinjure anid
larmi, nl 'coming up to the ver basis anid I:
iight of' thme Couri. r'- argumient.
It was uder these circumstances, that a nob~len
ody of men, well kniown for talents, character1
md'spiril, and with nmo party' appliances but thmed
ustice of their cause, aroused theimselves to take a
n 1852 some positive action in defence of South
a'oinia andl the Sout h, and were ready to perilc
heir fortunes and their lives. A State is as to 1
itiensi their sovereign andi their protector ; andi
herefore the Secession party, andi ini the veryt
ruth of loyalty to South Carolina, through I
v-om alone they know any obligation to any
overnient, called upon her to throw her shield
n front of them, and take them from among herc
md thseir desp ,ilers. It is as'lo such men and
mh a party, that the Greenville Putriol, in.
rivolous badinage with the Courier, audaciously
ises the folowing language:
"how wvell and how painfully (10 we reiienm
yer, when in a short paragraph, in 1850, it (the
Courier') lowered its crest and dashed the glori
ma stars and stripes of the Union to the earth,I
:o be trampled in the mud and filth of secession
We commit that journal to the contempt,
hVhichi it deserves at their hands.
And it is as to such men, that the C'ourier, in
:omplacent assent to the allusion of the Patriot",
nd in apology for even one smile of approval
to thenm in that trying period, proceeds, in di
rect relation to their then proposed action, and
in mocking disregard of their present calm quie
tude, to assail and denounce the trutP of their
The issue thus heedlessly raised is not one
now of disunion; but it involves the fundamen
tal character and principles of the Confederacy,
upon which either Union or Disunion rests and
rimst rest, or our system become a consolidated
But the Courier goes further, and assails the
Ordinance of the constitutional Convention (su
preme) of South Carolina in 1852, which de
clares the RGT of the State to secede AT wiLL,
and for any cause deumed by her sufficient, with
out let, hindrance or molestation from any poiwer'
whatsoever. It is upon the truth of its position
(of the sePrFn~i I-Aw,) that the issue is now
mae. Standing upon the Ordinance, we will
proceed to defend, as against the Cow-ier, the
RivorO SacrssboN as deJfned by that Declara
tion of thme Sovereignty and right of South Car
olina as a State.
But lot certain material fact~s be here noted,
that the singular course of the Courier may
stand out in all its narrow isolation and preten-.
tious dogmatisms. T[he editor of this paper was
a member of the Secession party, anti a member
of that Convention, and he feels himself bound
to defend its Ordinance.
The Secession members of the Convention,
altou h in a ma'ority therein, in deference to
. -,o.. lar o in favor of the Oe-oper'ation
party, Lssentcd to follow the course of the lat
ter. The Ordinance was the result, and had
the overwhelming concurrence of both parties,
and of the people of the State. It was reported
from the Committee of Twenty-one, by its
Ciiairman, the venerable and able Langdon
Cheves, whose voice rung at Nashville, but who
has never yet advocated actual Disunion or the
Secession of a State. The Constituency of that
Committee, and its great ability, and acumen,
speak volumes. It was thus composed:
Hon. Langdon Chaves-Co-o rotionist.
Ex-Gov. J. P. Richardson-Secessionist.
Ex-Gov. W. B. Seabr.ok-Co-operationist.
Senator A. P. Butler-Co-operationist.
Judge D. E. Huger-Secessionist.
lion. Robert W. Barnwell-Co-operationist.
Judge J. J. Evans-Co-operationist.
Judge J. N. Whitner-Co-operationist.
Judge D. L. Wardlaw-Co-operationst.
Judge Edward Frost-Co-operationist.
Chancellor B. F. Dunkin-Co-oporationist.
Gen. J. Buchanan.-Secessionist.
Major B. F. Perry-Nationalist.
Col. Maxcy Gregg-Secessionist.
HIon. Edmund Bellinger-Secessionist.
lion. F. W. Pickens-Secessionist.
Hon. I. W. Ilayne-Co-operationist.
Gen. W. W. Harlce-Secessionist.
Mr. Henry Arthur-Secessionist.
Hon. Samuel McAlily-Co-operationist.
11 Co-operationists, 9 Secessionists, 1 Nation
onalist. It was appointed by Gen. Means, the
?resident of the Convention, a Secessionist.
Major B. F. Perry dissented from the Ordi
ance, and was the only Committee man who
oted against it. It was adopted by a vote of
.36 to 19. The large portion of the minority
rere Secessionists, who avowed a concurrent
pinion, but being discontented that no action
ras proposed, voted in the negative to indicate
heir disapproval of inaction. The Charleston
)eleation on the Ordinance stood-Ayes 18
Ion. Langdon Cheves, lion. A. P. Butler, Col.
;. G. Memminger, IIon. Edward Frost, IIon. C.
I. Furman, lion. Daniel E. Huger, lIon.
litchell King, Ion. R. W. Barnwell, Hon. B.
'. Dunkin, Col. W. P. Finley, Col. Thomas Le
re, Charles McBeth, Esq., lion. I. W. Hayne,
)r. John Bellinger, Ion. A. G. Magrath, Col.
oohn Cunningham, Gen. John Schuierle, Col.
'. 0. Elliot.
Nays 1. Edward McCrady, Esq.
The character of the sources from which the
ssault on this Ordinance comes, is now appa
et ; and also the motives which stimulate it.
kt there it stands, one of the great corner
tones of the State and the South, and Nation
lists and Whigs will dash themselves against it
The Courier has promised a se.ond article in
s argument against it. We will proceed to its
ipport, at the earliest convenient moment.
OUTRAGES OF BRIGIIAU YOUNG.
A correspondent of the San Francisco Herald:
ritiug from Salt Lake City on the 7th of-Jan
cle one of the most daring
the ~1nit ..t, z
irect care and control, and undetn
te order and direction of this man Young.
arly in January, and just in advance of the
esting of the Supreme Court, a party of the
lormos in high standing in the church, re
aired to the office of Ion. G. 1'. Stiles, one of
je United State District Judges, the law ofhie
f T. S. Williams, Esq., and the office of the
lerk of the Supreme Court, and taken there
om al the papers belonging to the Supreme
urt, consisting of records, dockhts, upiiawns
led asway, together with nine hundred volumes
f the laws furnished by the Federal Govern
ient fbr the use of the Territory of Utah. The
eason given for this treasonous, act was that
ngress would not admit them as a State, and
iat they would not allow the federal officers
> remain in the Territory ; and that what offi
ers were now in the 't'erritory nust leave as
i as grass grows or he will send themi to
ell across lots. Now, sir, can you find a par
lel to this act of treason since the org-amization
F the Amcaricani Colonies ? if so, Idlease note
he time and place.
it seems now to be a settled feet that the
twvs of Congress cannot be carried out or put
iforce in tis Territory-thle only law known
r obered is the law of~ the church, and that is
he will of Brighanm Young, who most clearly
athe most brutal tyrant now on earth, and in
oint of treasonouns designs, without an equal.
iftent hae the Courts~ decided againmst the en
etments of the Utah Statutes, but all in vain.
'he morons go on after their own order of
ing business, wholly disregardinig amnd setting
t defiance the opions andi decisons of the Su
reie Court of' the Territory, and openly de
hare that they will not oibey nor be governed
yy any one unless he is a Mormon, and that any
ne who thinks otherwise can loose his life by
rying the experimlenlt, which mnost emiphatical
r- will lie the case unless a strong unlitary aid
given by tile Uited States governmlenit. Ini
:iin may one try for justice where the mandate
f one man is the supreme law of the land,
then you have Mormnon .Jurors, witness~es, ofh
ers , &., 1al1 boundl by a seret oath of hlostility
ot only to all tile laws of Congress, but to
rard all the officers of tile United States Gov
rment, from President down to that of Mar
hal of the Territory of Utah.
At this time, Sir, there are five yoting men
ingering out a weary life of misery and wretch
dess groaning beneath heavy loads of iron,
nm the'damp and dismal cells of the U tah Pemt
entiary, for no crime known to the laws other
han expressing opinions of disapprobation of
lie doctrines of Morinonism, whichi here is the
,lackest crime a nman can commit.~ It is wortby
>f remark that these young men are not Mor
nons, but were passing on their way to Califor
tia, from Miissouri. Poor fellows! they are
loomed to a sickly and torturing death, and
ht soon, for it is not possible to survive such
rrutal treatment very long. Quite recently a
roung main by the name of Lewis was convicted
>f assault and battery amid sentenced to five
reeirs imprisonment in the Penitentiary; and
shile on their way to the prisou a band of
ruffians took himn away fromn the oficer, castra
ted him, and then put him into the prison to
die These things are too common to be en
Iured much longer ; and unless the Federal
Government speedily lends aid unto her officer
now in this Territory, the miserable ends c
both Mormons and officers of the Governmlet
can be better anticipated than told.
Anvic-' Ovgn viUT LEFT.'-When you en
ter a printing office, leave the door openi behind
you. Then gawk about ; read all the mnanuscript
you can get your hands on ; it is no difference
editors have no business with secrets-besides
o ht discover somne plot against the gov
annmnntcrsh it in the bud, and thus become
apblic benefactor!- lBe sure to ask the com
postorolet you look at the copy he is at work
on, of crse he won't be so impolite as to refuse
sonresoable a request ! Examine the types
-pickso thmulook at and throw them down
-pic ater up, which box ; what the duce d(
.-notenrsavesomany little boxes for ; if theJ
want folks to be so particular? Don't neglec
wan scatch hold of the handle-pull it round
ateolt It go...iot wuch damage done !
now seat yourself in the sanctum and after
whistling a favorite tune ask the editor for the
paper he is reading, or entertain him with some
long-winded harrangue on some subject which
interests you ! not him.
Follow these directions closely-or the spirit
of them-and you'll surely be popular with the
From the Charleston News.
TE BANKS AND THE USURY LAWS.
The second head 'which was proposed for con
sideration, upon the late returns of our Banks,
was: " The smallness of their convertible or
specie basis, in relation to their capitals, and to
their circulations respectively."
History, experience and reason have proven
that no system of or practice in banking is sound
or safe, which has not a specie basis sufficient for
every emergency which may occur from commer
cial, monetary or other convulsion, or from any
cause which may produce a sudden or large de
mand for it. The greatest practical difficulty in.
legislation upon the regulation of a paper cur
rency has been the contrivance of a judicious i
provision which would ever force the banks up l
to the standard of a complete specie liability, I
and to keeping supplies of coin proximate to it. I
This was the great feature of Sir Robert Peel's <
bill, re-organizing the. Bank of England, and t
compelling it to maintain an amount of bullion 1
equal to about a third of its cash liabilities, be- t
sides the guarantee of another third in the se
curities of the British Government.
A specie basis is not only necessary to safety i
in banking, and to public confidence therein-the a
only guarantee against monetary panic-but in
South Carolina it is specially necessary to en- t
able the banks to furnish a proper range of home I
Specie is the only portion of the means of the t
banks which is dead capital-a fund not paying
interest or direct profit. Their selfish policy d
of course aims at keeping as little on hand as a
possible. This may serve under propitious t
times;.but it is incessantly happening in our ii
midst, particularly with the city banks who are t
made by the country banks to furnish their p
specie, that current and essential operations are v
most annoyingly suspended by sudden and un- b
expected demands for coin. Such is the low range u
of the specie basis maintained by our banks, that t
very small demands produce these effects. n
The larger portion of the means of the Banks 5
of this State is, on account of the legal limita
tion on the price of money, employed in New i
York and the South Western States, where the p
price is higher. This diversion of their capital r
to these fields, is also stimulated, as has been n
shown. by the evasion of our usury laws, under S
the pretext and in the form of exchange.- t
Whenever the productions of the South and our sa
State sent forward, have turned a balance of a
credits in our favor as against Europe and the ii
North, and yet the demands for specie against ti
our banks still run through the bills with
which they flood the South West, a reaction h
takes place in the exchange business, exchange p
on the North will not serve to meet those de- a
mainds, and instant pressure takes place, until a o1
'ecan be brought on. These sud- tl
It is thus evident that South Carolina, while w
furnishing an annual proportion of banking it
means, does not have the full benefit of its use, 81
and is so low in currency, accommodations and t1
specie, that home property and enterprise are a
depreciated and crippled. r
It would be well for stockholders to consider t
the risks to which their capital is exposed by d
the Directors' keeping such large amounts of a
funds in the hands of mere agents in other States. el
It is a fiduciary arrangement with but little b
guarantee, and still less safety-.defaults on a R
largacale could be made with impunity. This
risk added to that of a low range of specie, ren- p
(ers precarions what for the benetit of stock- s
hollers and the public should be most secure- h
the capital and the circulation. t
But to facts. By the return for February b
1857, the specie of all the banks was only $1,- d
237,456.80, and the capitals $14,837,642.25-a
proportion. of ..ne-twelfth. The total liabilities n
were $40,067,707.14-to which the specie is a
even less than a thirty-second part. These dis- ta
proportions are as great as those which existed s
in the general bank suspension of 1837 and '39.
In June 1854, the specie was $1,621,973.00, the c
cpitals $13,383,195.00, and the toticd liabilitie.. L
As to the relation of specie and circulation c
(thec bank bills current,) the following table will a
show the proportions for February last.
City Pri rate Banks. Circulation. Specie. I
iailroad iank........ 24,45a1n ~ud $l,00 010 one 10th t
Planters & .\. Bank..24494 til 5,215ir til one 5th t
l'nion Banik...........1.i~9 no 6.380 one 6ih
sate Bank............4.5sI 00 912,938 00 one 5thm t
Bank of so. Ca..... ..'o 00 36.697 U0 (one &3.1
Biaunk oif Charleslon..1,5j9,64 (il 816.33. 10 one 4th
Farm. xc Ex. Bank..1i...-fla 1do 73,6iS8 Ui one 15tih
Penoiele's Bank.........91,491 00 74,7911 00 one 12th
Bank ofI ilamiburg..1,fl5.900 00 126.114 00 one 10th
com Bk. Or couIuIbLIL...4n.5 l00 7o.Tlu i0 one 6th~ I
Bank of Newberry... t.2,isl dO 42.341 noU one 2(th t
Pan. Bank lairlek....4S,5a0 00 1,%77 00l one 23rd
Ex. Bnnk Cohi~nlu.....9s.391 hi it .I.3 041 one. 26th
Mterch. Bank Cheraw...Ge,7'9 (00 16,1T ton cone 2t
Bnk ol Ches~ter.........00,iI IC 4"-.731 00 uneS 15thC
BHank,(Canllden..... 219.243 'Io 13.527 Oil one 1Cthi
Buank i-f Ucenrgeton n... .49.200) 014 17,0:17 ti0 one 26th
Jaust to think of a bank being allowed in S.
Carolina to keep only one dollar of coin in its
vault to thirty-nine dollars of paper in circula-I
The averagec for the above city banks of the
proportion of circulation to specie is less than 71
tol and for the country banks over 15 to 1.
The proportion of the total capital of the city
private banks to their circulation is $10,033,
275.00 to 5,155,482.00 or near 2 to 1; that of
the country banks $3,700,000.00 to 5,861,711.
00, or about 9-14 to 1.
Thei proportion of their capitals to specie is in
the city over 13 to 1, and in the country over
It is apparent that the chief danger is from
the country banks, as it was that the chief
shaving was by those banks.
A RR OW Escarr..-The American News gives
the following account of a narrow escape from
assassination in that place on Wednesday night
last. Col. Newnan McBain was walking down
one of the streets, when he met a person whom
he supposed to be a negro. Not a word was
spoken but the individual, without any notice
whatever, just as they passed, put a pistol to
Col. M.'s head and fired. The Col. was pros
trated and stunned by the concussion, for some
ten minutes. When he recovered, the assassin
was gone and he found he had received no seri
ous injury. The ball from the pistol had, how
ever, passed through his cap, and through a
sheet of paper lying folded in it. Upon this
paper were the marks of powder. The hole
through the cap shows the ball to have been a
large one. The escape seems almost miracu
lous.- Columbus Sun.
hMODESTY.-A simple and modest man lives
unknown until a moment, which he could not
have foreseen, reveals his estimable qualities and
generous actions. I compare him to the con
cealed flower springing from an humble stem,
which ascaped his view, and is discovered only
by its perfume. Pride quickly fixes the eye,
and he is always~his own eulogist, dispenses
every other person from the only obligation to
From the Albany (N. Y.) Statesman.
THE NE HUNDRED NILE RACE.
The exoitement manifested by all elasses of
our citizens as to the result of the race of one
hundred miles, and which seemed to pervade
the community, increased toward night, and
State street was thronged with people until
long after sundown. All kinds of rumors were
put in circulation, and from their contradictory
character, it was impossible to arrive at any
The match was made several weeks since be.
tween Andrew Dalton and Samuel H. Taylor
for $2,500, Mr. Dalton to use his own horse an
Mr. Taylor to have the privilege of selecting any
horse he should see fit. Mr. T. exercising the
privilege thus conceded to him, selected a horse
owned by the Hon. Andrew Sheehan, one of
the Representatives from New York in the pre
lent Assembly, and in due time' both horses
were put in training for thescontest.
Mr. Dilton's horse is between nine and ten
rears of age, and is valuable on account of his
ipeed, having shown 2.43 on the track. He is
n every respect a fine animal. The Taylor
iorse is seven years of age, and comes from
>lood stock-being sired by Eclipse from a
kfessenger mare. He was bred in Westchester
ounter, where his then owner used him to draw.
6 coal cart, and kept him at such service until
ie was purchased by Mr. Sheehan,'when, for
he first time he was driven to harness. His -
reatest speed is three minutes.
The horses started from Gallup's Hotel, Wash
ngton street, yesterday morning at fiveD'clock,
ecording to the Judge's time.
The start was good, both horses coming up at
he word nearly side by side. After leaving the
avement they increased their speedpthe horses
'ery much animated and manifesting a desire to
ravel. At 6L o'clock they passed through
chenectady, 15 miles from this city. Amster
lam, 30 miles from this city, was passed at 9
'clock and 20 minutes. Fonda, 43 miles from
his city was passed at 10 o'clock, both horses
a excellent condition, and neither appearing
ired from the task they had already accom
lished. Fort Plain, 60 miles from this city,
ras reached at 10 o'clock and 45 minutes, the
orses having travelled full 10 miles per hour
p to this point. Little Falls, 73 miles frogs
his city, was passed at 12 o'clock, and Herki.
ser, 80 miles from this city, at 12 o'clock and
The horses at this time although they showed
gns of being somewhat tired, were to all ap
earances in good condition to accomplish the
emaining twenty miles, and ped Illion, 821
diles from this city, at 1 o'clock and ten minutes.
oon after leaving this the Dalton horse, began
Sflag, and his driver noticing it, concluded to
tay his progress, and on reaching Frankfort,87
niles fromi t'is city, stopped and put his horse
r the stable, where he was given every atten
on that could possibly be rendered.
Mr. Taylor upon observing that Mr. Dalton
ad withdrawn checked the speed of his horse,
at on his blankets and walked along the road
distance of eleven miles, until reaching the
atskirts of Utica, when hereceivedinformation
at Mr; Dalton's horse, being very much r
ere removed from the Taylor horse, and hav
g been well rested he received the word with
irit and started off at a rapid pace, passing
rough Utica at 4 o'clock and forty-five minutes,
bout two miles ahead of the Dalton horse, and
,ached Whitesboro' at 5 o'clock and twenty
to minutes, having accomplished the entire
istance of one hundred miles in lwelre hours
ad twenty-two minutes! after hasing walked
even miles of the distance! - The Dalton horse
efore reaching Whitesboro' was checked and
'alked nearly a mile.
Both horses on reaching Whitesboro' were
roperly cared for, and were in good condition,
we being tired. They gave no indication of
aving sustained any injuries from the great
wsk they had accomplished, and we are assured
y their o*ners, are held as more valuable to
av than when they started upon the race.
The horses carried about 300 pounds each,
nd we are assured by one of the judges who
ecomnpanied themi that during the entire dis
mece neither of the horses werc touched with a
At all points along the route the greatest ex
tement was manifested. Crowds of men, wo
icen and children were on the road, and seemed
a partak~e of the interest which the contest had
reated. At Utica thousands of peeple had as
emnbled in the streets thn ough which the horses
rere to pass, and we are informed by a gentle
tan from that city he had never seen any thing
a equal it. So at Whitesboro', it appears as
bough the whole country around had "conte
e town" to see the horsies, and be present at
he termination of the race.
The statement that there was-an objection of
ered to the giving up of the stakes, is without
>undiation, as Mr. Dalton conceded that he had
,st the race, and the wining party was entitled
o the money.
GERMAN ANEcDOTEs.-The commander-in
hief at Inkerman, as some one said, "liked be
ng under a fire." He was sitting on horseback
ai the midst of a bittery of artillery, watching
ur men working the guns. A very heavy fire
ras being directed against this part of the field,
auth from the enemy's cannon and also from
mall arms. One of the staff suggest.ed the prc
riety of his not putting himself in quite so dan
~erous and conspicuous a place, especially as it
ppeared, from the number of bullets which
amne singing by us, that he was a mark for the
nemy's riflemen. Lord Raglan, however,
" Yes, they seem firing at us a little, but I
hink I get a better view here than in most
So there he centinued for some time, and
~hen, turning his horse, rode along the full
ength of the ridge at a foot's pace, and, conse
juently exposed himself as much as ever.
As a contrast, take this specimen of the cool
tess of a sergeant of the gallant seventh. It
was towards-the close of the battle, and Lord
Raglan was returning from taking leave of poor
Eieneral Stranways, and was going up towards
the ridge. A sergeant approached us, cry
:anteene of water, to take up for thewon ,
md, as Lord Raglan psd, he drew himself up
to make the usual saute, when a round shot
bounding over the hill, and knocked his forage
:ap off his head. The man calmly picked .phis
:ap, dusted it on his knee, placed it carefuy on
his head, and then made the militarysalute,and
.ll withouit moving a muscle of his countenance.
Lord Raglan was delighted with the man's cool
ness, and said to him:
" A near thing, that, my man."
" Yes, my lord," replied the man, with anoth
er salute ; " but a miss is as good as a mile."
SALE OF TnE WitEv SULPHUR SP'RI'os.--The
White Sulphur Springs, of Greenbrier, Va., have
been purchased by a company of Virginia capi
talists, for the sum of $750,000, and are to have
expended upon them, as speedily as possible
some $250,000 for extending the accomnodations
and beautifying the grounds. The puoninent
stock-holders are Messrs. CAPER~oN and RBx.
of Monror MACFARLAND, of Richmoda4.
WILLIAM UALWsLL, of Greenbrier.fr. Gp&wu&c
is to be continued a the uactv manae.