Newspaper Page Text
OUR EDGEPMLD AGRICULTURAL COUYCIL, iI,
Present: Major Ironplow, Chairman;
and Messrs' Colter, Scooter Subsoil and Sir- e
THE CHAIR. Gentlemen of. our Agricul
tural Council, I am glad to see you present, Y
and sorry to notice the absence of Messrs F
HARROW, BOOKFARMER, GL'ARD-DRAIN and q
others. I will enter against the absentees f
our established fine of a half-bushel of
wheat, and then proceed to hear your views
and consider any information you may
have obtained bearing upon the business of i
this very important month. (Chair enters E
fnes and then goes on:) Dr. COLTER, I will
be obliged to you if y;ou will speak first;
and let me as usual urge upon you and any
others who may say anything this morning t
the great merit of brevity. Come. to the
point without circuinlocution, for Iemts 3
fugit and the crops need work.
DR. COLT;R. Mr. Chairman, I will en- t
deavor to profit by your hint and jump in t
The unusual backwardness of the present
season, sir, is very trying to our cotton
planters. The auspicious appearances in
February induced many to plant early, and
they are in danger of getting very -bad
stands of cotton as a consequence. .My
opinion, sir, is, that where this is seen to be t
the case our planters should ship their cut- I
ton-fields down in corn right away. It is v
better to make a beautiful field of corn than
an ugl) dne of cottop, any .year. And
this crop of 'corn, it is more than probable,
will command very high prices from the t
fact that planters are everywhere turning I
their energies towards a big cotton crop.
Such is the case with us, and such is the
news the papers bring us from all parts of
the cotton region. A very sensible writer i
has surmised " that the man who this year
makes a good corn crop will make his Jack,"
and I would add, sir, will also save his ba.
con. I have no doubt of it ; and hence I 1
urge planters, who have really bad stand <
of eotton, to plow it up and plant corn as t
early as practicable in the present month. .
M11. SURFACE. But Mr. Chairman, how
would the gentleman do if he had manured
all his cotton in the drill? throw it away I
DR. CoLTER. By no manner of means.
How in faet could it be thrown away I It
is there in the ground, and whether you hit
it exactly with your corn-hills or not, it.
will still be in the earth to support the lat
eral roots of the growing plant, and, espe
cially in case of a long drouth, will proba
lbly do more good than lby any other mode
SL'RFAiCE. Thank you, Sir, I only made
the suggestion at random-I see now how
THE Cn.UR. I will ask CAPr. SUsoIL if
he has done as he was requested to do in
preparing hin'ts in general as to the work of'
the current month.
CAr-r. Senson.. I was beginning the task
only yesterday, Mr. CILAxAS, and had
pretty well made out the skeleton of such
an article to be read here to-day, when, hap.
pening to call at..the Post Office, I received
my American C7otton Planter ; and upon
ope'ninig it' discovereid the vecry thing I was
upon, done in better style than I could hope
to do it. 1 therefore, sir, beg to read what
Dr. CL~Orn says, as containing some most
useful suggest ions. (Reads:)
The regular work for the growing crop has
now fairly commenced, and every planter
and manager, governed by the seasons and
and the peculiar circiunstances of locality
and plantation, wiill use all tI.e means att
command to promote the prosperous growth.
of the crop, and to keep back the weeds "
and grass. There is no season of the year,
perhaps, at which the samec object so univer
sally affcts the planting interest. All ther
preparation for the crop is now over-if it
has been well done, the fruit, bountifully, is
very certain-if not, all is uncertainty, and e
it is now too late to amend, in the way of
preparation, for the present crop.
While there is no one rule .or mode of
operation that will apply equally well in all
localities, there is, nevertheless, one gener-al
principle that must be observed throughout e
the entire operation of cultivating the grow- I
ing crop, in ordei- to secure the surest and r
greatest production, under the circumstances
of seasons; &e.: That universal principle is,
to avoid as'mnuch as possible, in the cultiva- e
tion of the, crop, the cutting or wounding 1
the roots of the growing corn or cotton
producing at the same time the most perfect;
pulverization of the surface soil. To every (
man admitting the principle, the indications
are plain and obvious, and will suggest at
once the proper implements with which to t
effect that object most successfully. e
Your corn land may, and indeed should be I,
plowed once more very thoroughly and deeply e
if possible, with scooter plows,after the young
corn is up, while it is yet young, and before
the lateral roots have spread out from the
immediate vicinity of the stalk. ' This cant
be done without injury to the land or teams, e
as the sun has not yet become oppressively ,
warm; it is also a valuable means of per.
fecting and deepening the pulverization of
the soil, tommenced in the preparation of
the land for plantinig. This work properlyC
done, not only destroys all grass and weeds
that may be at the time standing with the ~
. young corn, but it leaves the soil once more
loosened up deeply, in a light and friable 1
condition, into which the young and grow- ~
ing corn, thinned out to a standc, seiids out t
it~s roots in all directions after its proper
nourishment in the soil.
Now, can any reflecting planter- or mana
ger' believe, for a moment, that lie can aigain,
after this, when his corn is knee high or m
more, drive a plow into this soil, every
square inch of which is perrmeated by the.c
radicals of the growiug corni, without cut
ting loose and destroying these roots, and '
thereby preventing that supply of nourish
ment necessary to the prLeent prosperousn
growth of the crop? We thiink not. It is ic
not' necessary under any circumustanices.
Another plowing, under such circumstances,
all other things equal, will not only cut a
short the production from ten to fifteen per e
cent. in qluantity per acre, butt it will affect
the rea~l value of the produce to the extent
of at least five pounds weight less per bushel. c
vaon- cotton will ndxt reaulre your atten
un. - You have takeu 4 great deal of pains
> bed up your land well for the reception
f the seed. This you may have done for
our oorn also, and in low, dampish land, it
i quito nocessary, but In the - cultivation of
io ootton plant, you must proceed upon
lfferent prinipleis entirely. You may
take cotton, and frequently will make fine
rops, on this new, rich, maiden soil of ours.
y working the plant just as you do corn.
is, however, or should be, at least. the ob.
ct of every planter to operate in all his
lantation economy to the very hest advan
igo. The cotton plant difliers very materi
Ily in its natural history, habits and growth,
com the cereals, of' which family the corn
lant stands prominent. The cotton plant,
ke the noble oak of your forest, compara
ively, requires a rich. firi and compact
ied and when this bed is once thrown up
a the winter or early spring, as it should
lways be, it is wasteful economy for any
urpose to plow it down. If you desire
our cotton to set its young bolls and bear
ill ofafruit, preserve serupulonsly in all
our subsequent work. after the plant is up,
he bed unhroken. Xark this! The first
rork then is to scrape. instead of har doen
our beds. The Mississippi scraper is said
o be a fine impleinent for this work-we
are not tried one. We rely mainly on
he hoe, though we have used for the last
Cw years a very good instrument made by
uggles. Nourse & Mason, of Boston, which
lues the work very well, and preserves the
ed unbroken. The prolific source of all
lie difficulty in making cotton, is this con.
tantly plowing down and bedidinig u1p your
otton ridges after the cotton plant has com
nencod growing. And we again reiterate
he fact, that though the boll-worm may de
troy his thousands or millions if you please,
lie plow-share destroys its tens of millions!
n all your work then, pulverize the surface
nd preserve, at the peril of great loss, your
Towards the close of this mouth, peas
hould.be planted. The best and surest
Ian for a'crop on rich or improving land, is
o sow them broadcast, at the rate of a half
>ushel per aure, and cover them by running
wice in the row with a barrow-we use in.
-ariably a side harrow for this purpose. Do
Lot neglect this crop under the apprehien
ion that "peas will kill hogs." Our opin
n is, that many more die for the want of
Do not neglect your sweet potatoes-it is
lificult to supply the place of this crop,
eglected. Look well also to your vegeta
lie garden; all vegetables should now he
ut and growing, and a little additional at
etion will bring them to maturity. Noth
ig so healthy for working men as good
TuE CH.i. Have gentlemen any views
o present, either ly way of comment upon,
r addition to, the article of the CoTros
Alit. ScooTER. (Rising uith a eery <le.
ermined air.) Mr. CmuARIM.N I have listen
d to the article of Dr. CLOrD and must
ay that in so far as it treats of- corn culture
tis admirably conceived and expressed.
lut I must be allowed to have my~ doubts
a respect to his notions of' cotton culture
mean as to keeping the beds of' cotton un
roken by the plow. What harm, I ask, is
ikelv to result from our usual Carolina
ode of 'siding' cotton closely the first
vorking with a tw ister shovel, lbar side to
he cotton? If it takes the dirt awvay from
he plant for the time, thme very next plow~
ng throws it all back. And I do not think,
r, it can lbe sail with any correctness that
he brief disphicinent of the soil thius ef
heted is at all injurious to thme plant. The
oots are then too young to feedl more than
wo inches distanit. Before they extendl
n inch ihrther, the eatrth is all back again
a its original place auid tihe bed once more
ound and smiooth. I have heard more
han one pratctical fhrmuer mai~intain that this
artial exposure of the roots of thme cotton
slant to the sun's warming influence wvas a
al advantage to it, giving mocre vigor to
ts early growth ; I do not however answer
'r the truth of' this notion. One adIvan
age though I will uphold as appertaining to
ur miode: I mean the ef'eetumality and case
ith which-wve thus cover uip (and kill) all
he grass between thme cotton by twvo fur
ovs. I speak of three foot rows of course.
But, Mr. CHAuusus, the Corros PLANTERI
oes on to say wvith strong emphasis, that
re should scrupulously preserve, in all sub.
equent work, after the plant is upl, tie bed
nbroken ; and lie bid s us "411arkA tis !
fow sir, I am awvare that Dr. CLOrD has
xperim ented very successfully in cotton.
Ie raised one year, or at least it was so
eported, sonic 4000 lbs. upon a single acre.
Vil he tell us that lie then used this top
ulture only ? If so his land must have
en a rich deep mould, kept porous by the
santity of maure throughout its every cubic
ne. Many of our cotton fields in South
arolina would become as hard as a floor,
sir, under this treatment. 'We are obliged
a break thce bed to admit the skyey influen
es. And, cotton having a tap root without
mg lateral feeders, I do not see how judi
ious plowing can do harm. " Scraping,"
any suffice for the alluvial bottoms of the
Vest but it will not here, Sir. We have
o plow our cotton generally three times,
nd of course it is better to plow shmallowecr
ach time. But to adopt' the plan of never
>reaking our beds after the cotton comes
p, would (with all respect to Dr. CLOUD's
pinion) prove disastrous to the upland
'lanters of this State." I therefore move,
ir, that this portion of the C2or'rox PLAN.
E s "hIints for May," 1)e pronounced in
pplicable, in its extreme lengthI, to our see
THEs CURm. You have heard. gentle
Ien, thme motion of Mir. SCOOTER, prefatced
s it has been with some very sensible
iews. Will you agree to the motion ?
(The motion was here seconded, put amid
arried, Mr. Sur face only voting in the neg
tire " because," as lie remarked, "ihe did'nt
ike to put his opin ion against thut of ac
wu who had mwde four thousandi pounds of
>ton onL one acre.")
TIlE CHAIR. That 1being disposed of; we
wait any desultory niatter members may
ink it worth while to iring up.
Dni. Com.rEn. -There is a topic which oe
rs. to me, Sir, and which although seem
to the oultivation of the turnip. This es.
SvRFac.E (inter'upting the Doctor)
Why, Mr. CHIARMAN, this is entirely out of
order. We dont sow turnips until July or
August, Sir; and I should like to know
what business we have talking about It in
DR. COLTER. Some men, Mr. CHAIRMAN,
are content with looking no further ahead
than present necessities compel them to do;
and this is the reason why there are so ma
ny indifferent farmers. To be truly provi.
dent, the farmer must not only consider
in one week what he is to do the next, but
in one season how he shall improve the sub
sequent one-aye, Sir, and in one year what
are to be the operations of the year follow
ing. Otherwise how can he rightly and
fully prepare for success.
MR. SURFACE. Oh, I beg pardon, I-I
I only meant to-I see how it is now, and
hope the DOcTOR will proceed without any
more reasons on the subject.
TnE CHAIR. Proceed, Doctor.
Da. COLTER. My reason for mooting
this subject at this time is the fact that it is
the very period now to begin preparing oUr
turnip patehes. In a number of the now
extinct " South Carolina Agriculturist" of
the past year, I find a sensible article on
"Turnip Culture" by the editor. Witi
your permission, Sir, I will here read a few
prominent extracts from this article:
"We commence by breaking ourland well
with a two-horse turning plow, and, as soot
as we can do so, we turn round and break
it better. We then plow it a third time.
and subsoil it to a depth of fifteen inches,
If it is rough and cloddy, we harrow at eacli
plowing, so as to thoroughly pulverize every
particle of the soil. To prepare clay soil
for the turnip crop requires a great amount
of labor. Nine hundred and ninety-nine
turnip fields, out of each thousand, on the
clay lands of our State, do not receive the
proper preparation, whilst good, honesi
plowing, on sandy and loamy alluvial soils
usually effect this thorough preparation witl
but little labor. When the soil is tho
roughly and deeply plowed, it is best to in
corporate rough manure by again tuining
over the soil. The turnip is a gross feeder
and if the soil is deeply plowed, the coar
sest and roughest manure is as good as thal
in more minute division."
"The sooner then in spring that the turnil
land is broken up, and made ready to re
ceive the rough manure, te better. It F
bad policy to leave off preparing the land
until it is dried up by the summer's heat
for then it is next to an impossibility tc
make the proper preparation without favo
rable rains. We do not admire the practice
of cow-penning clay soils, which becoin
impacted by the treading of the hoofs oi
animals, because it renders the preparatior
in the most faivorable seasons exceedingly
difficult. On light sandy lands, readily abt
sorbing the aimmonia from the urine of ani
mals, this treading is highly beneficial. and
it gives consistence and a retentive quality
to soils, otherwise too porous."
" We use about two pounds of seed to the
acre. Having our land prepared, readly tc
put in the seed, wve select a season to plan
themt, when the earth is thoroughly damp.
and, if' the weather is showvery, so nmech the
better. lIn such weather we inv-ariably se
cure a good stand of healthy vigorouis plants
wh*lichl grow out of the way of insects in ter
" We have ap)plied guano at the rate o1
three hund red pounds to the acre, broad-cast,
and in lesser cquantities in the drill, wit!:
greatell'ect on the turnip crop). We thin!
this fertilizer intdispenusable to the prodluc
tion ol' fine turnips."
Dau. Comrmrn. It will be seen. from thesc
extracts that it is not conisid'.red too early
to conniflenee l~~Pri'aing fur~ this I usilltess evell
in the Spring. It will take but little timeu
to select an acre or t wo, broadcast it witli
manure and plow it in. As broken days
occtur from time to time, this obper'ationt cat
be repeatedl until the patch is ready-not
only ready to plant, but ready to yield
cropJ that will give master and servant.a
plenty of turnips and turnip greens, amtl.
what is better still, that will make the cow:
givec an abundanice of milk, thus realizingt
thr farmers large goldeni halls of but tetr amd
(as a secondary consequence) smiling andt
satisfied wives. And I leave it to every
gentleman who hears Ine to say whether
this last circumstnce is not almost the ve.
r'y first desideratum in life.
MR. Seanson.. I would suggest, Mr.
CuAIRnAN, that thme .ly/riculturist goes toc
far in speaking of 300 lbs. of' Guano to the
acre. It was but the other day that I hmeard
Dr. H AnwoomJ BL'n-r, of this District-, talking~
on this same subject; and if' I am not mwis.
taken he mentioned half that qunantity as
entough. lie further reumarked that he
knew it tried Iast year on a poor sandy old
field, and, without any other imnure, i
acted like a charm. I am of opinion how.
ever, Sir, that a just proportion of vegeta
ble nmanure, properly incorporated wvith the
soil (as Col. SL'MMERL recommends) would
improve both the ground and its itrmmediate
productiveness very materiallyv.
Mit. SCOOTER. I feel obliged to my~
friend, the Doctor, for his tinmely mnention
of the turnip crop. Ihis allusion to Guanz(
and Dr. Brnr, leads me to suggest the pro
priety of obtaining from this gentlemuan,
who is well known to be the most skilful
applier of this anid other like fertilizers in
our District, his modus operandi in the pre.
maises. To this end, Sir', I propose5 thata
Conumnittee of two be app~ointed to ask of
Dr. H. Ban- this favor. It will be a faivor
not only to us but to the District anid State.
Mu. SCYISOI.. I second the motion. (Ft
w"as p~ut and carried. Messr's Scoonnu and
SenIsoI. werme appointed to act, thme Chairmnan
of' the present meeting being atdded (0
TnE CnAIn. [las Mr. Si'Ri'mS aiyting
ready upon the topic enmtr'usted to his care
at our initiatory meeting of last week, viz
the value of soapsuds% as'a manure?
Ma. SUR'~ACE. Really, Mr. Chairmanm, I
have not. I-I-I-int faict I lre' been
thinking over the subject vetr har'd, but I
could'nt find out anything particular to say
about it. Soap-suds, we all know, are-are
very-lieni !-very - light things we also
know. It is maintained by writers of au
thority !kat they are--that is, that they con
tain manure of some sort, while others
others-others, Sii, thiow
Tun CHAIR. (inilile loUcr to cobhf I 1' l.9
sides) Throw "soap-suds over the fence."
[The Council came very near breaking
up in a langhing chorus at this point. Mr.
SU F A eE (le'.snot a Sillrfzce man on all s.llb
jects) giggled more hearLily even than the
rest, interspersing his cachinnations with
such remarks as " D-u- the subject-le,
he, he-it would burst into thin air-he, he.
he,-before Lucis NAPOLEON even-lie, he
he-could mlake anything out of it." At
length order .was restored, arrangements
were made for thd next meeting, and the
Council, satisfiedivith their first public per
formance, adjourned to dine at Squire
WFrTLLFF.'s The reporter for this paper is
glad to state that the next inecting is like
ly to lie a larger one; also. that. Major
[RoNPLow will then he upon the floor, who
is thought to be'able to run as clean a row
as any of thein. We shall see.]
IIE Subseribet is now CLOSING the old bu
siness of J. F. B3URCIIARD & Co, and offers
Great Inducements to Cash Buyers,
To make their purclpes from him.
The Stock is LARGE and WILL be sold.
SAVIUEL J. BOYCE.
Augusta, March 16, 1857.
M A. RANSOM would be happy to see
his Friends at the old Stand of J. F. Bua
Cn&D 4 Co., now S. S. BOYCE, and assures
them that he can save them
Twenty-Five per Cent.,
On their Spring -and Summer purchases. The
Stock is equal to any in Augusta, and is to be
SOLD REGARDLESS OF PRICES, to wind up the old
Augusta, March 16, 3m* 10
CLARK & Co
OW oft'er for sale their splendid new stock of
SILVER WARE, of all kinds-Tea Sets,
Pitchers, Castors, Waiters, Goblets, Tumblers, Cups,
Forks, Spoons, Ladles, Pastry, Cake, Dessert and
Sheffield PLATED WARE-first quality of
goods in Castors, Cake Baskets, Waiters, Candle
Birmingham and American PLATED WARE,
very showy. and at low prices.
GOLD WATCHES, of all good makers-Cooper,
Dent, robins, Burley & Johnson, English makers ;
r Brietting. Matile, Swiss nakers ; and Jules Jur
gensen, of Copenhagen.
SILVER W A'TCt11ESin great variety:; quick
beat R ailroad W atches, large size.
Rich Diamond, Coral. Cameo and Mosaic .JRW
ELRY. all the~ newest styles, with a large stoek of
Staple and Faney GOOI)S, at their storeo, Post
Oflice Corner. opposite the Railroad Bank.
A ugusta, Feb. 4 1857 tf' 4
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, &C,
Broad Street, Augusta, Ga.
T OITN & TIIOMAS A. BONES, invite the at
ti tention of thte Planters of South Carolinta, to
their stock of SwedeM Iron imported by them
direct from Sweden-A LSO-refined English and
Sheet Iron SMill Irobs, Lead, Copper, Zine, Carpen
ters and Smniths Troots, Cast, Blister untd P'low stell.
race, Wagon, Log and Coil Chains, lron Axels,
Ihoes, llames, Axes, Nails and a full assortment ol
A Lso-A large assortment of the most approved
Such as Self-sharpening Straw Cutters. Corn SIh. I
is, Whenit Fans. Pows. Ilarrow,,, Ox Ytoke-s. 6:e.
.\ n,! te largest anid best ass'ortmenct or Re .1ers &
Sons. CUTLERY, ever oil red in this Zlarket.
IA ugustai, Dec. 2, 1856, tf 47
IRON AND BRASS FOUlNDRY,
HIGIIT & MYACMYURPIIY. continue
IIthe above b~usinmess, in all its branches, at the
A alERICAN FOUINLDRY, atid will be th~ankful
for orders for all ksinds
IRON AND BRASS CUTTINGS,
For Gold linecs, Mills, Rail Roads, Bridges, and
M~acinuery of all Descriptios.
A ugusta, Dee 30) tim 51
T IIO S. P. ST OV A LL & C o.
EE P constantly on hand a fuill supply of A -
S CON, FLOUR, &c., whtilh they w ill >ell at
the Mlarket price--in large quantities only.
Aungusta, Feb 24, 'im 7
DAWSON kSKINN ER,
FINE TEAS, WINES, UiQUORS, &C.
H A VA NA S E G A RS,
-Every description of
Constantly on han d, and all for sale on goomd terms.
Augusta a b 8 3m t
Georgia Saniapar-illa Ccmpound,
FOR DISE.\SES.0F TIlE LIVER AND TOI
r hI sPURIFY TIlE BLOOD.
r1lisi the best preparationu of Sat parilla that
is made. All of its itngredients grow in lmIsc
field Djistriet, and is better adapted to, the. diseasess
in Edge-field District than any of the Northmernm
preparations of the kind. hat o1siis
In Liver Complaints or Blilliousness it removes
unnatural yellow tinge about the eyes anud tuponi
the skin,, and improves thelth npiis
In eases of Blotches, Pmmpes, &c., it temoves
the blotches aind greatly iniproVes thLesoplexion.
As a diet drink It keeps the Bowels free and the
It has such a tendency to prevei'nt sickness that
every planter in Edgetield District would save
money by makig free tise of it in their families
and on their plantations.
From Rev. J. A. PORT ER, who lives among us,
and is well known inm this Village.
EDGiEmLD, S. C., Feb 9th, 1857.
Da. DENNIs,-Dear Sir: Your Sarsapiarilla Com
pound or AlIterative haid it very line eff'ect, both
upon my wife and litle boy--wheneve'r it was gtvent
as a laxative, &c., it ne.ver failed. I give it a de
cided preference over a I othetr pills atnd medicines
I-have ever used for that purpose. * * **
I renmain very respect rully, Yours, &c..
,JOIIN A. PORTER.
D., Chatrleston, S. C.; Gen. d AMES .loxes, Comi
missioter of Ne w State ilouse, Columabia, S. C.;
.JOin CA LDwer.L, Esq., President of the S. C. Rail
gfFor sale in this Village, by Dr. A . G. &
April 22 ' - t -15__
Physicians' Buggy Trunks and Pocket
M ,EDICINE CASES--for sale byDr
IA. G. A T. J. TEAGUE, Drggists.
M..33 If I
JACKSO0N, ST RE
AND SURGICAL INFIRM
T HE Uilersigned would rsapectfully er.:i then
to their very complete and exteniisive Establi
of NEGROES requiring SURGICAL OPEII
The Building is situated corner of Jackson a
the Savannah Rail Road Depots; and in sight of
tion of patients from a distance. In its construel
view the spec:il prlpose to whieh it is npplied
conduce to '.x COMOILrT OF TH1E SICK. It
baths-ar has water-closets in eAch story to are
also we:l sentiiated and lighted with gas. Wit
and female nurses, twe patient will be saved muel
of unavoidable neglect in the treatment of NEGJ
TERMS-For Board, Lodging and Nursing
attendance, Surgical Operations, &c.-, the same a
Augusta, Jan 30, 1856.
SPE 4AL ANNOUNCEN ENT 1
W E WOU LD informi the citizens of Edgefill
and the adjoining Diitricts that our con
statitly increaing business has compelled our re
moval from " 3 BROA D ST RErET," to the mag
fuient and spacious BROWN STONE BU LDING,I
S "E1.Oa" STEET.
The acenimmodations and arrangements of this
NEW DEPOT," are uisurpassed by any similar
establishment in the United States ; and whilst it
will allord facilities for keeping our usual LARGE
MISCE LLANEOUS BOOKS,
CHEAP PUBLICATIONS, &C.,
We Also propose atdding large largely to our present
STOCK of STATIONERY: And those in wantZ of
LEDGERS JOURNALS,'CASH BOOKS,
LETT'1ER, NOTE AND) CAP P'A PER, &c., &e.
will find it to theair adlvantace to visit us.
S. G. COUR TE NAY & Co.,
Booksellers and Stationers,
"Sign of the Newms Boy."
Charleston, Dec 16 m 491
NOTICE OF CO-PARTNERlSiP.
01 Ei Undersignedl have as
5(iociate'd theloaselves to
geher, under the unmne of
SallII & .JONES, faor thme
purpose of carrying on the
Coach miaking and Repairing Business
In all its various buranches. IThey expect to keepa
coistntly on hantl a L'aina assortilent of
CARIA GES, BUGGIES, ROCKA WA YS, &C.
--Of the later-t sty.h -
rg AlIl sorts oif IlsrAl Itt NG dont. in the hest
manner, :and with the greatest disath.
A Uiberal share of patronage isrespectfully sali
LE WIS .lONIES.
Edgeti:d, Febh 20, 18'>7.. tf 7
DRUGS, MEDICINES, &C,
I R S. A. G. &,T.J.T EA G UE, rspect
J folly informri their trieinds anal patronis thai
they ljmve just received their IFRESHI Stock of
Pure anid Geanune Dr'ugs, &c.
And will be plasCed to wait upon all who may favo:
thema with their patron~age.
Spaaae wtill not allow us to give a Catalogue in this
pae of our Stoek of IDrucs. Meiies. &e. Suf
ie it to say, we have the 1? U l[ L E ST and
XI1OST COMNIPL E TE Stock ever
olfred int this place.
Edgefield C. II., May 23 tf 19
VEGETABLE LIVER DIGIINES,
A MAFE' AND) EFFECTUAl1 REMEDY
Fir ail kinds of Liver disenses, antd :ill dis
ease's anid imidispaositions that origitnate
frm a dis, aised state or ino-etivity
of thle i ver-snieh as ehroniic
and neuote indara,nation of the
Liver. dyspepasia, sick head
anehe,i. inrntas aof stoachel
loss of' u;p heill, C boi.alie,
iistjieneSs, ke., &c.
100 Pa cha p4s just receivedl andl foar sale by
G. L. PENN, Agent.
.1milr I if 25
. 7E have oni htand and for sale cheap.-les
y t han half the oti'linni Icost-a tirst, r:ate hl
of (1l AM ES, of all sizecs, andi as goid ns new
Twetty hair oif CASES, with a few .1(0B('ASES,
all ini good e .tmiition.I
Alsio, a lot of flra~as (GA LLEYS, Slice atnd PIin
wood (IA L.LEYS, comtpoasinar S~il'ES. STANDS.
a No. I lt0L L Ett M(LU LI), & e., all aof whieb'l are
fn, sale retinarkable chap. Apply it this ,allie.
COL UlYIB US,
rlIF imtedlca Spiai-'h~ JACK Columblmis,
.sad to be equal if noct supjeriaor tao :any Jack
ver brainthit into the piart of Chiarlestont, will stand
the Sprinig seatson at Eadgetield C. II.
S. F. GOODE.
Mach -1 tf S
A LL Persons indebtead to the Estate of Nathan
Iel Cairley, dee'd., are reijpmested toi settle the
sate withouat. dlhay, atnd those haaving~ dematnds
aaainst said Estate are h~erebiy no~tifiedl to render
themm i properIy attestced, lay the 5th day of May
next., otherwise their claitms will positively be de
barred.3B. CORLEY, Adm'or.
Feb 9 3m 5
CA L HOUN WJIISKEY !'
J UST Tieceivali Ten Cases oif Supe'rior CA L
IIOUIN WIIIsKEY, which is guaranteed
by the Agent to be a piure unadulterated article.
Put up int Cases of one dozen Bottles exparessly for
S. E. BOWERS, Agent.
Hamburg, A pril 8 tf 13
A LL Persons having deimalis agitnst the Es
tnte of Elijah Lanigly, decal., are requested
to presenit tem to the undersignted properly attest
teal on or before the 16th day of Maiy next, or their
said clims will be excluaded, as a final settlemtent
will be made in the Ordinary's Offtce ent that day.
THIEODIORE FIShlER, Adr
HIEZELKIAH BURKETT. A '
Api 1 5 5 1 *m .4
ET H OSPITAL
ARY -FOR NEGROES)
Itention (f PInters and .Slive-ownera generally
ainua in Angu'ta, Ga., for the nccommodatiLon
ATIONS or TREATMENT IN CHRONIC
nd Fenwick Streets, between the Georgia and
both. It is therefoie coh'venient for the recep
ion, throughout the entire plan, was kept in
being 'urnished with everything which can
is sutpplied with hot and cold baths and shower
'id fatigue an&esposure to the patients. It is
It the constant attendance of experienced male
i of the sutfering which too often is the' result
LOES in ordinary private practice.
, per month, 810. For all NECESSAItY Medical
a in ordinary city practice.
H. F. CAMPBELL, Surgeon,
R. CAMPBELL, Attending Physician.
THE PRINCETON PRESS.
T iJlEl. desgn of the inventor was to get up a
i Press which would answer every requirement
of the ofler niale by George Bruce, of New York,
in 1851. viz: CHEAP, LIGHT, EASIYMAN
AGED, and capahle of- throwing off at least 500
sheets per hour.
This PRESS will throw off from 500 to 800
sheets pei hour. doing the work equal to any Cylin
der Press. rhe bed stands about thirty inches
from the loor, and is the most convenient of all
Presses to make ready the form on. It is adapted
to jobbing or hook work, as well as newspaper, and
will register as well as any other Cyuinler Press.
It reqluires to wdrk it, a man to turn the fly wheel,
ad at boy to feed the sheets.
The Inking Appanatus is very complete, and
differs from the apparatus used in Cylinder Presses
generally, being more like that used in the Power
Platen Presses. Two rollers pass over the form
twiev to each impression, taking ink for each sheet.
A Press of this description for newspapr-r and
jobbing, bed 44 by 28J inches, with roler mould,
roller stocks, blanket, flying and registering appa
ratus, &c., complete, will be furnished for $500. If
intended for book work chiefly, an extra ink foun
tain will be furnished for $20.
The Press, fly wheel, &c., will weigh about 2000
pounds. The sides, &c., are iron. Length of frame,
seven feet; height to front edge of feed-board, three
feet six inches. Any size made to order.
The following is a list of the sizes and prices, as
far as tstablished:
Bed 28 by 20 ...................$400
36 " 24 ................... 450
" 44 " 281 ............ ..... 500
" 46 30 ................... 540
" 48 " 31 ........... ....... 580
" 50 "32 ................... 600
" 52 32 ................. 625
" 5ti"36 ................... 800
Boxing and Carthage, $13.
The beds will take chases lteir full breath, and
within two inches of the length.
TERMS.-One half cash; one half note, four
months, with approved security; or 2j per cent.
discount for cash.
For more than four years the inventor of the
above Press has een improving it, working it all
the while, and ascertaining with great care and
expense. the best mode of carrying out all the de
tails, and ie now flatters himself he has succeeded
in perfecting it. Within the past year important
inprovenitts have been made.
No Press will leave his premises without being
thoroiuglily tested, and without it performs to the
entire satis'action of the purchaser.
JOHN T. ROBINSON.
Princeton, N. J., Feb. 1S57. 9
S, E, BOWERS, Agent.
Ilamuburg, S. C.
F EELS thank'uh for the very liberal patronage
of his Friends and the Public generally, and
still solicits a share of their patronage. He is now
Sugars, CiciTees, Cheese, Goshe~n Butter, Piekles,
Preserves, Spices, Ra'isins, Crackers, Candcles,
Snps, Mlackerell, Famnily Flour, Buckwheat
Flour, Brooms, Buckets. Tobaccos,
Segars, Mlacarouni, WVines and,.
lIramnlies of aill qiualities, Su
pierior Wheat Whiskey,
Rye and Bourbon
aind atll other kinds that
are kept in this Mlarket or A ugusta,
or any other Stlarket this side of Jordasn.
[5 .\lt GOODtS pui up by himell' are warrant
edl to be of the beit of articles.
llamnbiurr, Novs. 2'>, 185, tf -10
PURIFY THE BLOODI
1YOFFATT'S LIFE PILLS
FisEE FROM ALL MIINEIIAL. POISONS.
T11E erenta p opulairtly wichei AfOFFAT'S LI1FE l'lTLS~
zanal Pile .NI~X UiTTf-lts havre allati in con.seqpienee
of hce exira..erctinncry enlre- etieee ic y t1heir nse, renie~ir~it
lunnIeessary tar lhe~ prcltrictocr t. e-nter intoc a pairtieitinr
tua ips of thiir imecclb:inal virtues ocr pr.me~riie... 1 taiing
liern~ nacre thani twentv ers bet' re thei piabtie.na in hntvinag
the niniisc testimn oi*.. nre than rilft: -:. Sir.ttONs of
pireern. who. ha;ive bee resitr.i tio lihe enijoynleni ofr lwr
feet hlth by 1 then. Ii is biteli ee thit their reputatl i s
the Be'st Vege table 3fedicinae now befoi~re the pcubtic,
niiltnita. of no. cTispute.. in anicosi every city anici viiaige ie
th t'nited States. thierea are many whii acre reacty to teactify
ico theireniicacy in removcinig etisesnse. und giving to the
wholue scystein renerwecl Vigccr ainet henith.
In eases i Sei'ltuJUA, ULtc~;is.sCt'ltvy rnr ElJtiP
TiONS of the sk in, the opeiraticn ofthe 1.1FE~ 3fEDi10XNES
Is trulty acstunishcing, crten rceling hIt a tew ct:ays, every
vestige ofl these tiojithseolne ulhsenste'. t.1 their pcuri int:
ecffeels ont lice bltcile. Fl:V Eli unit A~ U E, Il)Y5I-:P.ala,
U)ltA PSY, PI1.E-S, nn- in, shocrt ost a!t diaense.se..cn
yield tio tie ir curantive pcroperiies. No f'ameyshlle iitlt be
withoucit thieme acs by tiarir timely use mchl sntermg and
expense aiy be savred.
Prepareed by WIT.IAM B. MOFFAT, Si. D., New
York, :nd focr sate by TL cTT & PELL1TI EI, Sule Agents,
ltambucirg. S. U.
Auguast 6 t y 30
-Sinte of iohut~h Carolina,
EDlGKFhiE LD DIST RICT.'
William White atal wife, Applicants,
George W. Thma an th at
IT ap~pea~rinto myi tifctota Atidromeda
Tho acias. Attienst TII. JTomnas, Sarah U. Thomtas
antd Lanedon T. 'ITomas, chtildren of George WV.
Thomnias-Thoma I. O/en, Martha (Oden, Elias
(Odent, George WV. talen. Esthter ldcent, Mary Odent,
Sarah Odetn, Natncy Iietn, .1olim en andti Patience
(Icen, tichiieeI Mary Anit (Jdeni, wvife of John
II. Oden.,-Sarah IThomans, d1oeh Thomas, Mary
'Thloma~.. ar thIa Thomas. Etmelinte Thiomas, John
Thomcas ande Cathl rie Thjomnas, children of Jane
TI. Thomtias, Defendican ts in the ahacve caise, reside
withotu, the limits of this Staie, it. is therefore
Orered thant they dO appeaar and ccldect to the dli
vicsin or sute of the htal Estate of Sarah Thomas,
dec'd. on* lr efcre the 2:hd dlay of' May next, or
lteir contcert to thesaeti will lie entered of tecordl.
W. F. DURtISOE, o.E.D.
Feb 21, 18561. 1:t 7
FOR TIlE LADIE'S?
W E have on hand a great variety of Colognes,
H and kercief Extracts, Toilet Powders and
tn assortment of Fancy and Toilet Soaps ;
Pomaides, Pare B~eatrs Oil, Hair Tonics, Restora
ivese and Hair D)ye ;
Pi eston Salts and Aromatic Vinegar ;
Cream of Beauty, Carnation Rtouge, Hair De
cilatory, &c., to all of which the attention of the
Uaidies is respectfully invited. For sale by
.A. G. & T. J. TE AG UE, Druggists.
May 23 tf 19
Cupping Cases and Scarificators,
A LL kinds. hso, Lanects and a great vari..ty
of Surg'ical lustruments, for sale by
A. G. & T. .1. T EG UE. D~rugaists
A LL, Persons indebted to the estate of Jesse
Limnbecker, dee'd., are earnestly requested to
make immediate payment. arnd those having de
mands against the said Estate, wvill plresent them
properly attested. G. W. LANDRUM,
Adma'or. de bonis non.
Aug 27 tf 33
TI HOSE wishing FINE FISH, inspected and
..packed where they are caught, of all sizes and
numbers, call on S. E. BOWERS, Agent.
Hambkr, Jan. 6th 1857, - tf 52
Masonic Eemujale Cbl.e giate
T HE Trustees of this INSTITUTION desirous
X of pleilng it upon a permanent basis and of
extending its benefits, propose to sell SCHOLAR
SHIPS upon the following plan:
Twenty Years in the Literary Department, $150,00
Fifteen - " " 125,00
Ten " " 4 .t - 80,00
Six " " - . " 50,00
Any persoft purchasing a'Scholarship for a num
ber of years lesn'than twenty will be permitted to
use it at any time during twenty years.
D. W. McCANTS, Esq., a worthy brother and
a gentleman of the highest respectability, is our
agent for the sale of the above, and is authorized
to reepive donations. Confidently relying upon the
liberality of our Order and an intelligent public,
we commend him and his thissiop to their confi
dence and support.
K. VANCE, P. B. T.
Mar.24 tf 11
W E invite the attention of thi pabibed the fol
lowing arrangements for tbe ensuing year:
The Male Academy -
Will continue under the controlof Mr. JA MES L.
LESLY, whose long experience and untiring efforts
for the advancement of his pupils ought to comm'and
a liberal share of patronage.
Tuition per Session.................$20.00
The Female Academy,
In which small Boys will be admitted, will be eon
duated by Mr. J. H. MORRIS, with competent
This gentleman has had -six or eight years expe
rience in teaching, has always given entire satisrac
tion, and from his aekihowledged ability. and'ehergy,
he deserves the patronage of the public. The
Trustees at Cross 1ll, where he has been teaching
-all gentlemen of intelligence-recomment him as
" eminently qualified to give instruction in all 'the
branches of a'thorough education." We may add
that Mr. LEsLY fully endorses this favorable opoin
RATES OF TUITION PER SESSION.
First Class, Primary Department..........$9.00
Second " Ordinary English Branches.....12.00
Third " Higher " " ...15.00
Fourth " Greek,.Latin and French...:...18.00
The Scholastic year will be divided into two ses
sions of fve months each. Pupils will be charged
from the time of entering to the end of the session.
The exercises will commence on the first Monday
Board can be had in the village at from $8 to $10
S. P. GETZEN,
A. J. HAMMOND, I
S. W. GARDNER,
J. C. PORTER, 8
A. P. BUTLER,
H. A. SHAW,
Nov. 5 tf 43
State of South Carolina.
William G. Mood and, I
WilliamG. Walker, Billfor Foreclosure.,
Hamilton A. Kenrick.
appearing to me that Iamliton A. Kenriek
. the Defendant, resides beyond the limits of the
State of South Carolina, on motion, It is ordered
that the said flamilton A. Kenrick do appear and
plead, answer or demur to the bill fled in this case,
within three months from the date hereof, or a de
cree pro confesso will be entered against him.
A. SIMIKINS, C.E.E.D.
Feb 26, 157. 13t 8
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
Wmn. L. Anderson, AJ'or. )
vs 'x Bill for Foreclosure.
Council Weathersby et al. S
I T appearing to mte that Geornd Weathiersby, one
oif the D)efendatS resides beyond the limits of
the State of South Carolina, On motion, It is~ or
dered that the said George Weathersby do appear
anid plead, answer or demur to the aid Bill within
three mths from the dateliereof, or a decree pro
confesso will be entered against him.
A. SaKINS, C E E 0.
Feb 26, _ _ 13t 8
TllE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Mary D. Dut lap and J. B. S. IHarris,
William A. I [urris an.i othier.
IT appearing to nmy sntisfaction that Geuorge W.
Di unlap. ('le of the ])etnda'nts, resides b,-y.'1
thle liamits of the State, It is the're'ore u'r'!eredt that
the said George W. l)nnal~sp do :lpllwnr. l1.1.a-', an
swer~i or demulr to this Bill withini thfr' e aoniihs
from, this ilaite, and on bis: failure oa to do, tla; ihie
same he taken pro confcssol against lhim.
A. 8l1:Kl S, c e e P.
Feb 2(i, 3
State of' South Caroliuna.
I3 E QUI TY.
R. M. Fuller,1
S. S. Boyce and |
ITI appearing to my satisfactiona that llenjamiin
G. GJallmaan, Thomas II. Gailmant, Frances B.
Gallmtan, 'l iddlteton Mlosek-y andI his wife Eli7.abetha,
andl W illiamt G. Gallhnan, Defe~ndants, reside be
yond ite limits of th~e 8tat~e, It is therefo~re ordered
iliat the said lienijamin G. Gallan, Thomas B.
t 'l~an~, Frances V. Gallaman, Middleton Mosely
an.l wife lizhvibeth, andI William G. Gaillmnn, do
::ppevar, plead. answer or demur to this Bill within
three imith!s from this dlate, and on their filiure so
to doi that the same be taken pro confesso against
the.A. SIMKINS,c E.E D.
Fe b 20 3m 8
STATE OF SOUTH' CA ROLINA,
Coster & Coxe, and:1
Abraim Martin, Bill in ttature of bill of
vs. (reviror and supplement, 4-c.
Lydia W. Crabtree.J
I N Pursuance of the order pronounced by Chan
el'r .Johnston, in this case, on 7th June, 1855,
all and singular, the creditors of Stephen Garrett,
Jn'r. deceased, ai-e htereby required to come in be
fore the Commissioner and make proof of their re
spective debts before the said Commissioner in his
Office at Edgetield Court hlouse, on or before Mont
day the 18th of May next. And such of the said
creditors as fail to come in and prove their respect
ive demands before the Commissioner, within the
time above mentioned, will be excluded from the
benefit of the decree to be pronounced in this cause.
A. SlMKINS, C E.E.D.
Oommissioner's Office, Jan. 13, 1857, 4me 1
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
A NDREW G. LA TASTE and wife Mary, and
Felina Nappier, vs. Tillman D. Nappier, Ma
tilda Radford and others.
It appearing to may satisfaction that Elizabeth
Williams, Lucinda Radford, Martha Nappier, Eliza
Nappier, John Nappier, Abisalom Nappier and John
Nappier, Defendants, resirde without this State, it
is therefore ordered, that they do appear and ob
ject to division or sale of thme real Estate of Na
than Nappier, deceased, on or before the 9th day
of May next, or their consent to the same will b~e
entered of record.
W. F. DURISOE, O.E.D.
Ordinary's Office, Feb.~10th 1857, 12te 6
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
Sarah E. Cunningham, A pplicant, 1Pt~o o
us Ptto o
George C. C unningham and others Partition.
I T appearing to my satisfaction that Nancy Caun
ninghamm, Sr., Samuel Wurson and wife~ Louisa,
Lawton Cunningham, Henry Cunninghamn, Rebec
ca Cunningham,- Mary Cunninigham, Stella Cun
ningham, D)raton Cnninghanm, Anita Cunningham,
Nancy Cunningham, Taimana Brown and wife Flo
rilla, Robert Parris, Margaret II. Parris, William S.
Parris atnd Sally Pargis, minors, Denleudants in the
above stited case, raide bevond the limits of this
State, It is therefore ordered that they do appear
and object to the division or sale of the Real ~'l
tate of Robert F. Cunningham, 'ee'd.. on or before
thme 8th day of June next, or~ their conanit to the
same will be entcrcd of ra erd. -
W. F. DURISOE, o. a. D.
Mar 16, 1957_ -.3m . i0