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GEN. QUITIAN AND TIE GEORGIA AND SOUTH
CAROLINA DELEGATION TO KraPEIS.
On the 4th inst., when the steamer John Si
monds landed at Vicksburg on her voyage to
New Orleans, it became known to the passen
gers that Gen Quitman had come on board. The
Georgia and South Carolina delegation immedi
ately determined to testify their respect for his
distinguished military and politicl services. The
Hon. Solomon Cohen, on the part of the Geor
gians, and Gen. William E. Martin, on the part
of the Carolinians, were appointed to represent
their respective delegations.
Gen. Martin said:
General Quitman: We have on board a large
number of Georgians and Carolinians now re
turning homeward from the Memphis celebra
tion. This auspicious event, commemorating
the Union of the Atlantic and the Mississippi,
has been the occasion of many agreeable inci
dents, and has led to the formation of acquaint
ances, and freedom of intercourse. The usual
s'pectacle of so large a number from the Atlantic
States on one boat on this magnificent stream, is
at the same time the result and the illustration
of this union by iron bands. But of all the
aireeable incidents to which this excursion has
given rise, where many will be remembered with
pleasure, nothing has gratified us more than the
accession to our circle afforded by your presence.
The occasion and the hour (11:30 p. m.) will
not justify me in lengthened remarks ; nor would
they be suitable under any circumstances. This
demonstration is spontaneous on the part of your
fellow-citizens-we design a hearty and a heart.
felt offering. You could wish no more-we could
give no less. As Southerners wo greet you
the defender of the rights and the equality of the
South. Your utniform, consistent, fearless advo
cacv of our instittutions merits our admiration and
our' gratitude. We beg you to be assured that
otir sentiments nre those of the people whom
we repiresent. But sir, dear as you are to us as
a statesman, there is a still more tender tie that
binds Carolinians to you. We never. no. nev-er,
can forget that untder your leadership the Pal
metto-regiment marched to glory and the grave.
The-re was Butler demandin" for his regiment
" a place in the picture." Diec-inson, who wouldl
be "tiearer to the flashing of the guns," and
Gladden receiving the standard from his dying
commander and bearing it to victory. 'And
your friend, the lamented Brooks, and others
equally brave whose names time would fail us to
mention, led by the "Southern Chief," the epi
taph may well be that of Argyle
" There was glory in his eye,
And he never marched to battle
More proudly than to die."
Again, sir, on the part of the South Carolinians
here present I assure you that we are much
gratilied by the opportunity of extending to you
Mr.-Cohien ro-se and said : General Quitmnan,
we are now retutrning from the grand celebratiou
at Memp1his, which has just been concluded in
commemoration of the union of the mighty At
lantic with the majestic river on which we now
Mioat, and derive much pleasure in meeting with
one so closely allied to u~s in all things that bintd
man to nian. Ini thus meeting you, sir-a warm
advocate of Southern rights-on our return to
otur homes, it seems a happy coincidence, for I
look with pleasure and the miost happy anticipa
tions, upson this union of the Southe-rn Atlanitie
with the Valley of the Mississippi, not so much
for its commercial advantages-great though
they be'-as for the cementitng together States,
uni'ted by community of interests, of feelings,
and of institutions-inistitutionis against which
the whole civilized world are now madly arrayed.
But, sir, I may not oni this occasion, amplify, and
again express to you our heartfelt gratifications
at meeting with one so distinguished in the field
for calm bravery and noble daring, and in the
halls of legislation for a patriotism tliat must
ever command our respect and love.
(Gen. Quitmtan responded as follows:
Ladiek and Gentlemaen: I have just returned
from the swamps of Mississippi, and little ex
pected a demonstration so flattering 'as that which
has just taken place. I canniot but feel proud
at meeting so many of my fellow-citizenis from
the Atlantic seaboard. Until very lately, the cit
izens of nmy own State, have been better ae
quainted with those north and northwest of them
than with their brethren of South Carolina,
Gseorgia,-and Alabama. This has been alto
pether owing to the fact, that the great conniect
ing routes have led them necessardly in another
direction. This is now happily obviated by the
completion of the Memphis and Charleston Rail
road-which is very properly a fit subject of cona
gratulation, politically, as well as socially and
Since 1832 I have been more or less connected
with the leadinig men of South Carolina and
Georgia, anid have always acted with them in the
halls of public legislation for our commnon inter
ests aiid institutions, and can say frankly, that- I
have ever funad theni conservative, public spiri
ted. I have always acted with my party-, as far
as I could, lint have ever been ready to raise nmy
voice in behialf of the much-abused State of South
Carolina. [Chaeers.) I am peculiarly gratifiedl
in being spoken of in conniection with thec Pal
mnetto Regiment, whose daring and impetuosity
won for them an honorable position ont many a
hard-fought field in Mexico.
You have been pleased, gentlemen, to allude
in complimentary terms toumy public services. I
thank you for your appreciation of tbem. For
thirty years, it has been my aim and purpose to
maintain the equality of the Southern States of
this Union. I claim no greater merit than to
have expressed my sentiments freely, frankly,
boldly, without regard to consequences.
As'was remarked by the gentleman from Geor
gia (Mr. Cohen,) that the world is in arms against
us ont the subject of domestic slavery-but with
the cotton plant, a fertile country, and slave la
bor, we have but to be true to ourselves, to main
tain our position regardless of consequences;
and I say to you, gentlemen, that it is our duty
to maintain an equtality at any and everyhazard.
You have been pleased to refer to my public
services in Mexico. I see among you ani old
friend, a native of Georgia, a member of the
gallant Alabama Regiment, (Major Goode Bryan,
of Augusta, Ga.,) and if opportunity had been af
forded tothat gallant band from Georgia equal to
those enjoyed by others, they would have won as
many laurels, and worn them as gracefully as any
in the service. Of the South Carolina Regiment I
am in a condition to speak as of those under my
immedate command; and I have no hesitation
in savng that a braver set of men than the Pal
metto Regiment never faced an enemy in the
field.- There was Butler-ny friend-the imper
sonation of chivalry; and Dickinson, Gladden
and Brooks, than whom never did braver men
wear an epauletto; and .o was the Regiment.
One of you, gentlemen, has.. referred to me as
the Father of the Regiment. I desire no more
honorable title than that of the Southern Chief
tain. Identified with the South in my feelings,
hopes,naspirations, I link my destiny with her
now and forever. In conclusion, gentlemen,
allow me again to thank you for your kind and
ONE WEEK LATER 70K EUROP.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAVER ASIA.
NEw Yong, May 15.-The steamer Asia has
arrived with Liverpool dates of the 2d inst.
Cotton was dull, at j decline. Sales of the
week, 45,O000 bales, including 4,500 to specula
tors, and 5,000 to exporters. Fair Orleans Sid.;
Middling ifd.; Fair Upland 7d.; Middling
T'd. Sales on Saturday 6,000 bales, closing
The money market in London was generally
unchanged. The Bullion in the Batik of Eng
land had decreased 450,000.
Flour was generally steady at an advance of
Gd. Southern 29 a 30s.
Wheat active at an advance of 3d.; Red 8 to
sd. and White 81 to 9d.
Corn buoyant and improved 2d.; Mixed Corn
The former reported slaughter of two thou
sand Chinese has been confirmed.
Switzerland has accepted the propositions
about the Neufehatel difficulty.
The Tuscarora put back to Liverpool, having
had a collision with the Andrew Foster, which
was sunk. The captain was saved.
The Queen of Spain entertains the hope that
Mexico will apologize, otherwise hostilities will
HAnin TixMs IN EAST TENEssEE.-We learn
from the Knoxville Register, of the 7th inst.,
that everywhere in East Tennessee, the greatest
scarcity of provender and grain of every de.
scription prevails. The cattle are actually dying
by the thousand, and in some sections, the de.
pendence is to cut down trees, that the cattle
may eat buds. Nor is this alarming state of
affairs confined to cattle. In many sections of
the country, families that have been well provi
ded with not only the necessaries, but many of
the luxuries of life, are so straitened as to be
compelled to go forty or fifty miles to buy corn
or wheat. While this is the case with those who
have heretofore been comfortable and indepen
dent, the greater want prevails among the poor
r classes, and we yesterday learned from a
gentleman from one of the counties East of
Ynoxville, that some of his neighbours were
actually unable to have more than one meal a
CRoPs AT THE NoRTwEsT.-Accounts from
the northwestern part of Ohio state that the
crops are recovering from the severity of the
winter and the backward spring. The- wheat,
which looked yellow and sickly, has regained its
healthful color, and now promises an abundant
yield. Should nothing unfavorable occur, the
vield in that portion of the State, it is thought,
'will be very large, as an unusual breadth of land
was sown. The Springfield (Ill.) Journal gives
an account equally favorable respecting the con
dition of the wheat crop in that State. With
regard to Michigan, the Lansing .lournal says
the prospects have improved, and from present
indications the wheat crop will not be much
short of an average yield. The Iowa City Re.
publicaui says the wheat prosp~ects in that State
are gloomy. In uipper Canada the prospect of
a heavy crop is said never to have been more
Tum AnRM \\onx.-We were passing by a
lot of wheat a few evenings since, when our at
tention was directed to the myriads of black
vermin that moved be.neath our feet. Upon
looking over the fenice into thme wheat, we ds
covered legionsi apparently of what is called the
army worni infesta~g the wheat. In many pla
es they had stripped it of all signs of a bilade;
and having eateun what they could there find,
they had made their way across the fence in
search of fresh verdure.
If they infest other lalces as they have done
this, and continue their ravages, we may expect
an utter destitution of pasturage and provender
in the fall.- Wilkes~ ((A.) Rlepublicau, May 15.
LOUIsIANA CnoP IN'TE.mE IUaeE,.-The editor
of the Donaldsonville Journal, a few days since
took a trip down Bayou Lnfouche, as far as
Thibodaux. The effect of the recent cold weath
er upon the crops was clearly perceptible, but
he thinks that the daniage has been far less
than was anticipated. With favorable wveather
and skillful cultivation, he writes, the sugar
crop of '57, at least on the bayou, w'ill yet be
suficient to redeem in great umeasure the ills
that resulted from the short crops of '56.
A subscriber writing fromi Chunnenuggee,
Ala., under date of the 9th inst., says :-" The
wheat crop in this region looks well. The cot
toni is all up, but has rathuer a sickly appearance.
The corni was very much injured by the cold
rains which we have had during the last week,
and which havc caused it, even upon our black
prairie lands, to turn red. Most of our people
ha-e been compelled, before getting a stand, to
plant cotton twice and corn three times."
RAIN AND IIAIL SToRM.--Accounts from thme
lower part of Russ5ell, and from Barbour and
lenry counties, in Alabama, of the effects of
the hail and rain storm, which passed over that
region on Wednesday, the 6th instant, are any
thing but favorable. In Henry we learn that
vegetation was literally beaten into ribbons, and
the farms most terribly wvashed. Tihe planting
has to be done over.
The Star states that the farmiers in Marion
District complain of the backwardness of the
Spring. The stands of corn are bad, but since
the warn weather set in, good stands of cotton
have been made.
The BL-nno!.z Munuolt CAs.-The trial of Mrs.
Cuningham, for the murder of Dr. Harvecy
Burdell, in New York, which has been occupy
ing the public attention for a long time, is at
last closed. A despatch to the Baltimore S~un,
dated the 10th, says:
The trial of Mrs. Cunningham for the murder
of Dr. Burdell, is at length closed. The coun
sel both for the defence and the prosecution
occupied each two hours yesterday in summing
up, the attorney general closing the case at six
'clock. Judge Daivies then proceeded to charge
the jury in an able, clear and imipartial address,
lasting one hour, whien at seven the jury retired.
All eyes where~ directed towards thiem as they
proceeded to the jury room, and efforts were iiow
made to obtain a better view of the prisonier,
whose fate hunig so awfully in the balance. She,
however, avoided the pirying curiosity of the
crowd, as did also her daughters.
At twenty-five minutes of eight o'clock thieju
ry re-entered, when a profound stillness reigned,
aud the clerk took his position in the witness
chair and read over the names; after all the
jurors had answered, he put thme question, viz:
Gentlemeni of the jury, have you agreed upon a
verdict ? The foreman answered, we have.
The prisoner immediately thereuipon showed
signs of being deeply affected, and was munch
agitated, but the court ordered her to look to
wards the jurors, and also -requested the latter to
look upon the prisoner.
The Clerk then asked, " How say you, gentle
men, do you find Emma Augusta Cunnmngham,
otherwise called Bur-dell, guilty or not guilty ?"
The foreman responded, "Kout guilty!" Bunt
Mrs. Cunningham was so agitated that she heard
not the words the forenimn uttered, and did not
know the virdict till her counsel whispered to
her; then she sunk back overpowered by her
feelings. After recovering, the prisoner and her
daughters were conducted out of court into one
of the Judge's chambers, and there received the
congratulationis of her friends at the happy ter
mination of the prosecution. She then returned
to the fatal house ini Bond street.
It is reported that the authorities have ob
tained a clue that will bring to light the real maur
derers of Dr. Blurdell, and they are now engaged
in effecting arrests. The publlic are exceeding
ly anxious for some further development, as thusq
farthe ends of justice have been completely and
ARTHUR SiMKINS, EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 20,1857.
WE prefer keeping back the first part of " DAisy'S"
story until the other comes in. as It better accords
with our ideas, to give sketcher entire. It is not only
more pleasing to the reader but better for the effect of
- ---+ - -
We are requested by the young Ladies of the Elge
field Collegiate Institute to state that they intend giv
ing a Concert in the Odd Fellows' A Masonic Hall on
Thurslay evening. the 21st inst. The public are re
spectfully invited to attend.
The Rev. S. J. McMounls. Universalist, will preach
at Mr. T. N. LUNDY's. on Sunday evening next, the
24th inst., at 4 o'clock, P. M.
THE ARMY WORM.
WE regret to learn by a private letter from a friend
in Hamburg, that the army worm has made its ap
pearance in Beach Island, and is doing serious injury
to the wheat crop in that locality.
BALLOU'S DOLLAR MONTHLY.
Tux June number of this excellent monthly Maga
zine has been received, and has 100 pages crowded
with the very best kind of literary and miscellaneous
matter. Enclose $1 in a letter addressed to M. M.
BALLOU, Boston, Mass., and the Magazine will be sent
to you monthly for one whole year. Cheap-cheap
Lieut. Col. SzAw was on Friday lastelected Colonel
of the 7th Regiment, S. C. M., and Capt. Lzvi LY
BRAND, Major of the Upper Battalion of that Itgi
ment-no opposition to either of them.
MR. J. M. NEWBY.
Br reference to our advertising columns (says the
Augusta Constiiutionalit,) it will be seen that this
gentleman, long and favorably known in our commu
nity as a worthy and public spirited citizen, and an
extensive and enterprising clothing merchant, has as
sociated himself in business with Messrs. DzvLux a
Co., of New York, wholesalo and retail dealers in
ready-made clothing, at Nos. 258, 250 and 260 Broad
The kind wishes of hundreds of friends in this
city, and of thousands of business acquaintances
throughout the South, will follow him to his new
home. We wish him abundant success.
We have received a note from Col. ALelruus BAKER
explaining his failure to reach this village according
to aipointment on saturday last. le was detained by
sicknelpon his route so as to render it impossible for
him to reach Edgefield in due time. le still expects
to be here shortly, and will notify the public when he
shall have fixed the day. CoL. B's exertions have
been attended with no little success in his Southern
tour. In many districts of our State behas awakened
the people to action; and vigorous measures havebeen
taken in some of them to accomplish their full quota
of aid to our Kansas friends. In the midst of this,
we regret to see some Southern papers passing around
the prediction that Kansas is certainly to be a Free
State. It loeks to us like giving up the question
in advance,-giving it up too when practical men
and worthy gentlemen from that Territory tell us
that the prediction can be falsified by spirited action
on the part of Southern communitics. Hear what
Col BAxan says in the conclusion of his brief letter
of ex1planation. " The sky is lbrighatening erer-y day
for n~e in KAians, and a little moi-e e.rertiona eill seenre
un a fruvihful anad glorious rictory." Is not that high
ly eneouraging? We are aware thatsthe Soc'rn, and
other papsers which chime in with its unbopecful ex
petations, look to our period of defeat as likely to
come when a Constitution recogiiniig c#a rery shall
have been sent back by Congress for the ratification
of aneorher Convention. But why anticipate this evil
as an approaching certainty ? If the first Conven
tion shall adopt a Slavery Constitution ; if the major
ity in Kansas are now pro-dlavery ; may it not be so
again, when the second Convention shall be elocted ?
If there is no hope but that Congress will send back
thefrest Constitution, may there not grow out of that
very circumstance enough of excitement and of in
dignation to raise a storm of enthusiasm at the South,
the el'ect of which will be to return that Constitution
to Congress by a larger majority than before ? There
would indeed be something in this to struggle for; and
it cannot be that the South would fold her arms in
heedle's apathy with such an opportunity before her
to bring the great issue to a test. If the p~ro-sla~very
men rule the September Convention and form a pro.
slavery Constitution, it will be maiking our cause in
that territory a prominent one. If they go to Con
gress andl appily for admission into the Union under
that Constitution, our cause will have become still
more prominent. If' Congress shall thereupon refuse
to reconize their Constitution and shall send theum
ack to fight the field over again, ourecause in Kansas
will have reached an importance to which noSouthern
man wilt be insensible. What may be the result?
We may suc-eedt again-(there is no good reason why
we should not, unless indeeditis admitted that North
ern abolitionists will do more for a principle than
Southern slave-holders.) And if we do succeed again,
Kansas then comes knocking, once more to be admit
ted as a Slave State; and we bring the North to a test
which she cannot shirk. Is not this desirable ? If
so, why cease to hopec for Kansas ? why eanse to help
Kansas ? Besides presenting her noble territory to
our desires, she holds forth a principule for our patriot.
ism and an occasion for our energies.
THlE CHILLY 18th.
Day before yesterday was quito chilly again, after
the usual style and manner of the current season.
Fahrenheit again indicated 540 with a downward ten
deny. Fire was again decidedly comfortable, and
bird-ages had to be again hung on their winter hooks.
Shawls were re-shouldered, and a pair of white pants,
which actnally crossed the line of our vision, failed
entirely to convince us that the wearer was "not at
all a-cold." Hands involuntarily sought refuge in
breeches' pockets, and loafers (happy relief!) were
fain to seek less exposed situations than their wonted
benches and piazzas.-Now if 'humans' felt it so sen.
sibly, what do you reckon cotton did ? We fear the
sor-slin will mark its infancy, which is usually the
precursor of a stunted youth and a comparatively
unproductive maturity. It's an ill wind, however,
that blows no good ; and, accordingly, we find oats
rejoicing in an unexpected strength and a comely
tallness which, two weeks ago, no one could have
looked for. But this has been measurably attributa
ble to the rains which have accompanied the "chilly
18th." Wheat also now promises a fair if not a very
full turn-out. And gardens have improved amazing
ly. Corn is also doing well; and upon the whole we
imagine it is far best to he contented with such sea
sos as we have. tirumbling not only does no good,
but it is unquestionably violatory of the sacred law;
while quiet submission at once gratifies the soul with
a sense of virtue and leaves the man in a better con
dition quickly to repair the effects of what (at last)
often turns out to Ibe but a seeming evil.
Whether the " chilly 18th" aforesaid is in any way
associated with the coming Comet, we cannot stop to
jgtt' A conmedian, by way of puff for his approach
ing benefit, p~ublished the subjoined lines ; Can any
one, not even excepatinag the Couarier office, heat thenm:
Dear public, you and I, of late,
Have dealt so much in fun,
I'll crack you, now, a monstrous great
Quadruplicated pun !
Like a grate full of coals I'll glow,
A gr-eat full house to se;
And if I am not grateful too,
A great fool I mast be !
PEP " Millions for de fence," as the darkey said
-w... a bull .... ch..s.. him. throngh a Meld.
TAXATION OF DOGS.
A villager and a gentleman, who has been deprived
of many hours of sweet regose by the yelping curs of
this inland burgh, requests us to advocate a municipal
taxation of dogs, as a thing:that would be expedient
in itself, profitable in its results and honorable to our
Council. Of course we
It has been some months now-we believe years
since we lht slept in town: but that last time we well
remember. and we are free to say that we remember
it more from its association with dogs than from any
other cause or causes. We had spent a pleasant eve
ning, retired about 10, o'clock to a comfortable lied
and stretched out our legs for a comfortable nap. But
it so happened that the room in which we were plaRcl
by our host ndjoined that which used to le occupied
by Gaoncs: McDrrrup whei he practiced law in Edge
field, and which Is still known, and spoken of by some
old servants, as " Xr. XeDuF e's Romi." This set us
to thinking. and sleep came not as we first expected'
Indeed It was near mid.night, and dark silence had
settled down upon the place and the people before we
turned over to banish thought and proceed to snooz
ing. How vain the calculation ! It was at that muo
ment, that a dog fight, really startling in its sudden
ness and ferocity, came to pass in the back-yard of
the dwelling which domiciled us. There seemed to
be at least a half-dozen in the affair so continuous was
the indescribable "greeore-roicrme-grargle-graah'n
-groigron," that accompanied the melee. We learned
next morning that in reality there were only two dogs
engaged in the difficulty, oue of them being the yard
dog on the inside (if the fensee and the other a strange
dog on the outside, the engagement having been car
ried on through a crack. - Still it was a terrific fight,
ne ire heard it. Yet was it ut the beginning of the
end-of our sleep for that night. The fight had not
fully subsided before we perceived distinctly that
many, many other dogs had put their mouths into the
matter and were venting their lively interest in the
occurrence by an incongruous continuity of atrocious
canine cursing and aecarina.which made us wish the
whole pack, combatants and all, safely located within
the region whose entrance is said to bo guarded by an
elder brother of their's. The uproar continued some
half hour or more, and thea'gradually lowered Itself
into more and more rationa'bounds, until at length
all stopped but one infernal old hoarse-mouthed vil
lian who mcould go on, think as we pleased. The ear
was just becoming accust4*ied to his monotonous
bow-wowe, and again we ha~olled over and hugged
up one of our pillows for a social nap, when-" what
in the world is the matter ?" Such was the hurried
exclamation which we had uttered-on our feet, out
of bed, and at the window,-before we could in the
least comprehend the cause which had again forbid
den sleep to our eyelids. Gradually we saw into the
thing and it was this: Some unfortunate cow had re
mained out at grass the evening before to) late to
gain the protection of the cow-pen. So she strolled
up towards the village squareto enjoy the scene, " by
moonlight alone" as she fondly imagined. But the
canine marauders were out and poor old Sake must
be victimized. At it they went. Vitke stood her
ground for a while, we can wullimagine; but seeing
the enemy increase with every new flourish of her
horns, like a sensiible cow she cut dirt and run. Then
came the fusror-the intercommingle-ated barkings
and yelpings of all kinds of stray dogs and mean
dogs, while now and then ab e the row the despair
ing yet very audible bellowings of the ill-fated cow
pealed forth as if to crown the distracting confusion
of sounds. But after a while the route passed up a
somewhat distant street and directly we heard no more
of it. One will say-" well, now you did succeed in
getting to sleep."-Never more mistaken in all your
life. There were three or four more parts of this de
testable dog-opera yet to be performed, and each one
of them was introduced jusr before Morpheus had
claimed us for his own. We did sleep a little towards
day. but it was with an angered heart and a harrowed
mindl. S.o we got up early and releived ourself by
the emphatic resolve never to sleep in hearing of
those three hundred dogs again ; and thus far we have
been enabled to stick to it.
So of course, as we were saying, we are willing to
copily with our friend's request and advocate the
"Taxation of Dogs" in Edgefield Village. If we
had the space, we would do so forthwith. But we
hav'nt got the time eitherptn.4anust therefore close.
fS* Private letters received at New Orleans from
Havana, state that WALKER had evneuneted htivas,
and was safe on board a British war vessel on the
pa-JohN Taxvzs, who shot an orange from a boy's
head, in New Orleans, for a wager of $1,000, has
challenged the United States for a pistol shot. Jas.
W. Wales. of Louisville, and E. W. Paul, of St. Louis,
have taken up' the gauntlet.
*fr" Intelligence of a very reliable character has
reached Detroit, Mich., of the existence omf great des
titution in northern Illinois, andl many have perished
GP The revival of religion, of which we made
mention two weeks ago, (says the Spartanbiurg Spar
n) in the Methodist Church, in this lace, has been
singularly cheerinig to that Churche. We learn that
the accessions of white memblers amount to fifty-four
pa Wumas a gentleman presents a fan, a flouwer or
trinkets to a lady with the left handl, this on hi, part
is an overture of regard; should she receive it with
her left hand it is considered an neceptanlce of his esteem
aut it with her right hand it is refusal of the offer.
Thus by a few simple tokens explained by this rule
the passion of love is expressed.
pa Tun Jackso~n Mississippian contradlicts the
reiort so widely circulated, " that the laiws of Missis
sipp'i have been sent to Boston to be printed."
gr Tuns Londlon Tinees is trying to show that
Frace is declining ; while the Rleverend Dr. Cnhill
forcibly urges that France is this day the mistress of
Western Europe, England included.
3g As English authority say*"Anne is pro
nounced Anni not Annaic, the e at the end of the namne
gg DL'vs~ma it was, who gave the maxim:
F'or brer'ity is rery ynd
Wh'ether ire are, iar are not, under'stood.
The following specimens are not only goiid but
" To Genieral S'iaarnon.
" Sally has accepted me. Can I have her?
To which the general replied:
" Go ahead.
" Yours, SiltISON."
The next one is better :
" Dear Mother,-I am in prison.
To which she replied:
" Dear Sam,-So am I.
" ANN FoorE."
gg Is it true that there is an ice-manufactory in
Ohio, and what's become of the Virginia volcano ?
pa Tur. works of the exhibition building for the
Austrian Universal Exhibition of l$MU have been
pa- Wa observe the following going the rounds:
and we think there is as much truth as poetry in the
" The steed called Lightning (say the Fates)
Is owned in the United States ;
'Twas Franklin's hand that caught the horse ;
'Twas harnessed by Professor Morse."
p0" Faurr jellies may be preserved from mouldi
ness, by covering the surface one-fourth of an inch
deep with finely pulverized loaf sugar. Thus protect
ed, they will keep in good condition for years.
"rA gentleman in New Haven has caught in his
garden, since the 10th day of June, with twenty-four
wide-mouth bottles, partly filled with umolasses and
rinegar, over three bushels of flies, bugs, millers, Ac.
The bottles were hung upon his garden fence. During
the frst seven days the amount of flies, Ac., caught
was forty-two solid quarts.
-- - *ee
Hoor's Oamsatsn Or'r or A MAngaT.-The
Norfolk (Va.,) Argus states that on Saturday, a
mu mtlatto girl, went to the market of that city
with hoops so extensive that thme clerk ordered
her away from the place as an obstruction. In
the mean time, a noisy crowd had collected, and
he girl becoming frgtened, attempted to tear
er oops off, in whic ahe was succesafully aid
ed1 bym tw.o tmnre colored wmen present.
COM U NI CATIONS.
For the Advertiser.
REVISION OF KING AXES, VERSION, NO. 3.
There are some persons who seem not to know
that the Bible was written in languages different
from that in which we read it at the present day
supposing it to have been conveyed from heaven
to earth in some uiknown way and at some un
known time, printed and bound ready for use.
Such must he the views of the " Hard Shell "
Baptists who decry all human learning as useless,
if not pernicious-unonscious of the debt of grat
itude they owe to the patient labois of Christian
scholars who have spent their lives in exhuming
the word of God from the accumulated rubbish of
ages, and putting it in such form that " lie who
runs may read." It would doubtless astonish such
persons to have a copy of a Greek Testament put
into their hands with a request for them to read a
few passages. We hope the experiment will be
tried whenever an opportunity presents itself.
It would be useless to our present purpose to go
farther back with the history of translations than
to the begining of those relating to the Englih
tongue; neither do we deem it necessary to advert
to any modern versions besides the English. And
in respect to these we remark that there have been
discovered some translations of parts of the Holy
Scriptures as far back as A. D. 1290. But the
first which seems to have exerted any considerable
influence was the version of John Wicklife about
A. D. 1378. This was before the age of printing
an1 Wicklife's Bible was circulated in manuscript.
It was of course opposed by the ecclesiastical pow
ers, but they could not prevent its influence nor
stay its circulation. Numbers of copies were tran
scribed and scattered over the Kingdom and were
hailed with joy by the people. But although the
strong arm of power could not entirely suppress
the work, it yet hindered its circulation in every
possible way, and it was chiefly in secret that the
precious treasure was read.
The next and most important version, and that
which has served as the basis of all subsequent
translations was the one by William Tyndale about
one hundred and fifty years later. This nian was
one of the finest characters, whose name is recor
ded on the page of history.
Finding that lie could not effect his purpose in
England, Tyndale embarked for Hamburg in Ger
many, where having prepared his translation lie
repaired to Cologne for the purpose of having it
printed. When the work had considerably pro
gressed, lie was ousted by his enemies and fled to
Worms, where another and smaller edition was
printed and smuggled over into England.
Thu history of this transaction though exceed
ingly interesting is too long to write in the present
connection. Those desiring full imformation on
the subject can obtain it by consulting a recent
work called " Popular History of English Bible
Translation," by Mrs. Conant. We mention this
book as embodying much information scattered in
dil'erent works. Suffice it to say that Tyndale,
for his "labor of love" was finally honored with
a martyr's crown.
A number of other versions followed this-Cov
erdales, Cranmer's, the Genevan and the Bishops's
Bible according to the wants of the people, and
the shifting phases of priestly and kingly power,
each adopting itself to sonic existing emergency.
Last of all came the version now in use, made
in the reign and by the authority of the first gf the
Stuart Kings that occupied the English throne, and
thence called King James' version. For more
than two hundred years this has been the standard
version in the English tongue ; many scholars and
reformers have inveighed against it's imperfections,
but it has held out against all competitors and
still holds on with a tenacity which indicates the
nature of the struggle that will be required to di.
place it, (if ever donie,) and, in advocating the
great work of the " Bible Union,'' we desire to do
all possible justice to this venerable version,
around which have gathered many cherished asso
ciations-" nothing extenuate nor aught set down
in malice." Let us then in the fear of God and ini
dependence on His aid enter on a calm and impar
tial examination of the matter. Be it renmembered
theni, that the word of God is one thing-a tranis
lationi of that word is another thing. In the one
case, 4 holy men of God spoke as they were
moved by the Holy Spirit,"-in the other case,
men have used the laws of language to deternine
what that word is. One~ is infallibhe-, the other sub
ject to the infirmities of humanity. In short, one
is inspired, the other is not.
That which claims our attention first in this in
vestigation is the getting up of James' version;
what was its object and the circumstances under
which the work was donel
We have already stated that several versions
were extant ini King James' time, one of which,
the Genevan, was a great favorite with the people
and long disputed with the present version its
claims to p~re-eminence. Whence then the neces
sity for another version ? If the call hiad come
from the peopile and the wo'rk had been performedl
under their direction, we miighit supmpose it to have
been the result of imperfections in the versions al
rady in use, and a desire for a better one. But
tie muovement was wholly under the control of
those ini power, the lordis temporal and spiritual.
Sui nien would of course have a special care for
Royal and ecclesiastical prerogative. They would
also maintain " the Church " ais a distinct, visible,
consolidated politico-ecclesiastical organization to
which " conformity " is required, and to this dlay
the " dissenters " in England are compelled by law
to support the national establishment ;-Baptists,
Methodists, Quakers, Catholics and other " non
conformists," must be taxed to support a religiomus
system for which they have no0 sympathy.
The character of James 1st, has been dhifieremntly
delineated. By one party lie is represented as a
pious, christian King-by time othier as a hypo
crite, a tyrant, a profanely wicked man, whose
lifestudy consisted in inventing and maturing
measures to secure to himself the supremacy in
all things, civil anid religious ; and we are com
pelled from the evidence presented to our owni
mind to believe the latter statement. Born and
baptized a Romanist, lie becanie a Presbiyterian,
that being the ruling religion power in Scotland,
and vowed to support the " kirk." When lie came
to the English throne lie abandoned his Puritan
friends and adopted the principle of " no bishop,
no king," and determined on having conformity
to his Ch urch. The proceedings of the clebrated
" Hampton Court Conference," wve-e a disgrace to
the King and his haughty, worldly prelates, but
they were the legitimate fruits of Church and
State Union, which will ever be the samie whether
under Roumish, Protestant, or Mohomedan rule.
It. was from this man and his Episcopal associates
tha the present version issued. There were in
deed a few Non-Conformists, who were allowed
from motives of policy to have a hand in the
work, but especial care was taken to guard it
against their Influence. It was conducted under
the supervision of theo Bishops and the King him
self was the final reviser. Those who cry out so
lustily against the " Sectarianism " of the Bible
Union, would do well to consider the intensely
Sectarian influence under which the present ver
sion came into being.
But laying aside all this, and to conme at once
to the main issue, is the piresenit version correct, is
it faithful to the original ? We affirm it is not, and
that, not on our own knowledge of ancient lan
guages but en thme authority of the learned of
every generation and every sect, from the time of
its putting forth to this day. What theologian but
says this? What commentator but corrects the
era in the pulpit time and again do the same thing,
and what reader of the Bible does not find passa
ges that are often utterly unintelligible I We do
not speak of prophecy which may not be wder
stood because the time has iiut come when God
shall cause the seal to be broken and the interpre
tation to be known. We allude not to things
which may be difficult of apprehension from the
nature of the subject. But we allude to those pla,.
ces where the sense of the scripture is obscured,
either by leaving words untranslated, or by reason
of the words used having become obsolete. Take
an example or two under each of these heads.
Take the word baptize, about which there has
been and still is so much contention. What does
this word express to the Edglish reader 1 Noth
ing, absolutely nothing beyond what his spiritual
guide may tell him. Baptize is not a translated
word and It differs from the original only in its
termination. The Greek word is Baptizo, the
English Baptize, nothing more than a change in
the final letter. It is very true that there are oth
er words in our language which differ very little
from the languages from which they are derived,
but they are such words as admit of no ambiguity
in the mind of the reader; common usage has
fixed their meaning so that no one is at a loss
about them, simply because there is no dispute
about them. Immersion for instance comes from
the Latin word immersio and differs from its origi
nal only in its termination, having one letter ad
ded to it. But no body is at a loss to know the
meaning of immersion. So Rain comea from the
Greek Rainn, which means to sprinkle, and thus
we might mention many other derivatives which
are very similar to the words from which they
come; but these sufficiently illustrate the princi
ple. These words have a definite and clear mean
ing, as already intimated, because there has been
no inducement for " Doctors and Dictionaries," to
obscure them. And so Baptizo and Its cognates
shoul be translated by a word which would re
move -all obscurity from them. Take an example
under the other head. "We do give to wit of the
grace of God bestowed on thi Churches of Mace
What f'ea does this convey to the English rea
der 1 Might it not as well have remained untrans
lated 1 But when he reads, " we make known to
you the grace or favor of God," &c., lie has some
idea of the Apostle's meaning. Also "wot ye
not;" "I trow not," "winked at," to "sod pot
tage," &c., &c. Such words convey very indis
tinct, and in some cases, no meaning at all to the
mind of the reader. Time was when they were
in common use and were un:derstood by the com
mon people; but having become obsolete they are
intelligible only to the learned.
In our next we propose giving some examples
of words which have entirely changed their mean
ings that are nevertheless retained to the confu
sion of the reader, and to cite some instances in
which the word of God is perverted and words
translated wrong for the purpose of maintaining
secular authority, and sectarian theories and ordi
nances. E. L. W.
Erwinton, S. C.
For the Advertiser.
We're grieving thro' the dark, dark night,
Life's sorrow casts around our hearts,
Forgetting that sweet stars shine out
That gleam not when the gloom departs.
We're mourning thro' the wild, wild storm,
That leaves our hearts all desolate,
Ne'er dreaming then that whecn 'tis gone
A sunlight calm will bring us rest !
We're sighaing thro' the clouded day
That hides the bright sun from our iew,
Rem'bring not that then its ray,
Is shining on above us too!
And we see not thro' the cloudls,
A 11and that shapes our course along,
That guards us best when darkness shrouds
To know the right, and shun the wrong.
The wildest, dreariest night of woe,
That ever sett'ed 'round us here,
Is sent in mercy still to showv,
How much we need our Father's care !
Then if we present darkness mourn,
Let 's scatter wide all vain regret,
Distrust it not, and It will form,
A sunny past to cheer us yet !
So hoping, trusting thro' life's ill,
Our clouds let's all, with silver line,
Anti know there'll beam around us still,
The sun that lighted ' auld lang sync.'
For the Advertiser.
'THE IN(DIAN'S EEFUGE.
The Seminole stands in gloomy thought
And his gaze seems fixed on the dark blue sea;
With sorrow anid pain his mind is fraught
"Oh ! is there iio home for me 1"
" No-home I have noiie but the forest shade,
And here they will not- let me quietly be;
Though the spirit above, this forest has miade
As a hotmne for my brothers and me."
" White moan(, pray forbear ! why drive us away'1
Our children would render just homage to thee;
Must we go from our homes? our Savannahs so gay?
And the graves of our sires ?-must it be'?"
He thinks as he rests on his mossy bed
Of the place in the skios wvhere his fathers are
And lie sighs haalf-alond-" Oh, if I too were dead,
There too would a honme welcome me!
"Let ime die then, while yet ini my own native land,
Ilcan pillow my head at the foot of this tree;
Let my body here rest near my own loved strand
And my soul to the Good Spirit flee !"
So saying, lie buried the long dagger knife
Deep, deep in his wild-throbbing breast;
And lie eiided his hapless and hopeless life,
And sunk to his last long rest. ~ .G
For the Advertiser.
Ms. Enivoan:-l see that a corresponibent of
your paper under the signature of " E. L. WV." has
hiared considerably on that part of nmy piece
which refers to the North where the Revision of the
Scriptures commenced, and goes on to enumerate
quite an array of articles which we at the South
are totally dependant on the great North for ;
and he begins with this enquiry: does not the pa
per, inik, pen, table, candles, & c., come from the
North'? and gives us to uiiderstand in positive
terms, that wve are altogether dependant on the
North nearly for everything we have or get.
Well, Mr. EDITR, we are free to admit that s great
many things come fronm that part of the world;
but we do deny that we, as a people at the South,
are so totally dependant, on the Noarth. I would
ask " E. L. WV." whore does the great staples of
the entire world come from, namely, the Cotton,
Sugar, Molasses, Tobacco and Rice, if it is not
from thme South'? and again, Iron, Steel, Block-tin,
Tin-plate, best Sheet..iron, Coffee, Tea, and a num
ber of other articles of comfort and use, indispen
sable to our very existence, so far as they were de
sired by providence for our good come from, if it
is not from Europe, with the exception of Coffee
and Tea'? Well, " E. L. IV-" asked us if the Ta
ble, Chair, Carpet, Candle, Andirons and Poker,
did not come from the North1? we answer, no sir-ce,
they did not friend "IE. L. W." That Table was
.m.d. i. the Vilage of EdgaeMel by , Southern
man, and is superior to any that ever came from
the North, first, because it was made to serve well,
not merely to look at, as does all Yankee work
glued together only, but this was independant of
glue only to hold it. The Andirons were made by
a negro of ours, and we paid him two dollars and
a half for making them; he offered to give them to
us, but we thought the boy ought to be paid, if no
more but to encourage him to be industrious, hon
est, and good. Well, the Chair, friend " E. L. W.",
was made by a gentleman from Africa. and it cost
us fifty cents; that is what he asked, and said the
chair was a good one, and it has proven so, for
while this chair has lasted, and it has gone through
the rubbers as the old saying is, about one dozen
of your Northern glued up cltairs, made only to
-sell and deceive, have literally fallen to piecesstand
ing still, or from having turned over a few times by
accident; candle, our own make, moulds made
here too by our own tinner, poker made here too
by the same coloured man; so you see Mr. EDI
Ton, we think thatpur friend "E. L. W." willhave
to take back some things he said about our depen
dance on the North.
Why, Mr. EDIoR, it Is absurd to suppose for
one moment that we could not live without the
North. I hold we can do it better if we would.
I am no disunionist, if we can live In the Union in
peace, but If we cannot, I am like the methodist
denomination was when they held their conference
at the North, and refused Bishop Andrews an
opportunity of explaining how he 'eame to be a
slave holder, and to show that he had a right to be
one too. Why, the Southern Methodists seeing It
was impossible to live in peace and christian fellow
ship with the North, came right out and said, we
will not stay with you any longer, and struck a
line and went to themselves. The result has been,
from what I can gather, that the Church South
is doing much better and has accomplished more
within herself than when she was connected with
But Mr. EDITOR, we will stop this discussion
we have wandered from our text. We only throw
out these few hints in order to show that our friend
" E. L. W." is mistaken, not only with regard to his
nqtions that we are totally dependaut on the North,
but that we were using the word "North," as a
meansto prejudice the minds of our people against
the Revision of the Scriptures. It is true that is
one, but too small a consideration for " E. L. W."
to say so much about. The main object of our
writing against this Revision of the Scriptures
is to inform the people that it is a fearful underta
king, and we question very much the ability of
the men now engaged In it-whether their acquire
ments are equal to the task, or whether they are as
capable of performing this mighty work, as were a
the translator of King James' version.
We would like to know what " E. L. W." means
when he says. that it is a work of " Christian
scholarship." We think we know what is the
meaning of a " Christian "-it is one that follows
Christ; not one that is a forerunner. " Scholar
ship" is one of learning. By the te*rm "Chris
tian " do you mean a man or woman that will do
to call so only when at prayer meetings to pray
with you or raise your hymns and preach, but
when it comes to taking the sacrament of the Lord
lie is not a christian, simply because he has not
been put under the water, and that too by one that
has been immersed himself I Whatstrange inconsis
tancy, So it is with seine people, the old Bible
that has laid on the family table, that our good
old honoured Fathers use to read for us, arid tihe
family and the servants too, when we were chil
dren, is to be set aside and another that men may
make, better as they say, is to take its place; it-'is
calculated to make one sad; and when we go to
that old family Bible and look at our names regis
tered there, our birth, time when we were Baptisedl'
and all the sacred associations that circle around it,
we will have, I expect, the feelings that tihe Isral
ites had when they were asked and taunted to sing
the songs of Zion-we will have to answer as (lid
they, " how can we sing yiu the songs of Zion in
a strange land ;" and our harps will remain tuneless
on the willow's top. Conme friend " E. L. W."
make this thing a matter of fasting arnd earnest
prayer; and if the spirit of GOD directs von to.
continue in yo.rr way, why then wie will be obliged
Your "P. 8."' does rnot convince us that, be
ause a few "D. l)'s" at the North are against
the Revision question, that all arc so, or that it (lid
not commence there ; and as for its being a dernom
inational question, it is riot so, for I know men from
all denominations to be opposed to it, both ini thme
Ministry and Laity, and more especially Baptists
and Methodists. Yet neither of these facts praove
pro or con ini the nmtter at issue. We would be
glad, as we are so fur fronm a Rail Road and the
Telegraph wires, that " E. L. W." woiuld give us
in detail the names of tire Christian scholars that
a-e employed in the Rivision of the Scriptures andi
of what denomination in his next; and I would be
glad if a Convention could be called of all the
Christian Denominations ini the United States, or
even through the South to say by their vote,
whether this thing should be done or not, arid have
the entire voice of tire Orthodox Christian Denom
irations from North and South, so this thing might
go err understandingly, instead of any one or two
sectarians taking it on themselves to carry out
such a great undertaking. I m aintairi such should
be thre way to do this tiring, arnd the only way.
Ard Mr. EDrTOR, if this thing of Revision of tire
Scriptures is not done in this wany, it is certain to
be attended with ruinous consequences both tem
poral and spiritual. T HE BIBLE. .
DATHr oF JAMxas BoArwRGHT, Esq.-This
venerable citizen, who has long been considered
one of the patriarchal landmarks of Columbia,
has passed away. At a ripe and mellow age, ex
ceeding four score years, he has been gathered
to his fathers-bearing with him the respect arid
esteem of the whole community. Long ideniti
fled with the growing interests of Columbia, he
has lived to see her expansion into a city of
beautiful proportions and occupying a high posi
tion. Of every enterprise connected with her.
advancement, he has been a liberal advocate,
and ini business he has ever been ready to hellp
the industrious who needed assistance. A me
chanic of the first intellinence and much skill, he
early became prominrentiy known to the agri
cultural community by his valuable improve
ments on cotton gins, and other necessary
machinery for their practical use. His experi
ence anid knowledge of men early enrolled hinm
as a Bank Director in the Commercial Bank,
where he has, we believe, served efficiently since
the foundation of that institution. In all Iris re
lations he was much esteemed, and bears to the
gve the confidence of his fellow-citizens as an
norable and honest man.--Soutk Car'olia,
l.htk ial. .
As OUraAnEovs AFFAnR.-One of thre most
horrid occurrences that has ever come to or
notice waf brought to light last week in thre
town of Concord. General Means, whoe had
buried two children lately, was notified by sonie
of his black people that their grave had been
robbed. The idea was so horrid that he could
not believe it, but, to satisfy himself of itsi truth,
he had tire graves examined, when he found
that both of the bodies of hris children were
gone and one of the coffins. Suspicion was
fixed upon a man by the name of- Nugent,
who had been living in Conceord about six months,
aid was a watch maker, as well as a sort of'
doctor. He confessed the fact, not only of hav
ing taken up the children of Gen. Means, but
some fourteen others. This so exasperated the
citizens that they became perfectly trantic, and
may threats were made, arid tire determination
maifested by persons whose feelings had been
so grievously outraged, of using summary pun
ishment for the offence, that the miserable ob
ject, who had been somewhat unwell, died from
the effects of fright.
At first it was supposed he had poisoned him