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EDO-EIELD S.-O CO, JJNE 24,1857.'OL,
THE DENTIST'S CHAIE.
I dread it! I dread it! and who shall dare
To chide me for dreading the dentist's chair I
I would pass it by with averted eyes,
Bedewed with tears and embalmed with sighs;
For a thousand nerves in agony start,
And'its very name will appeal my heart.
Would ye know the spell ? I've often sat there,
A mfttyr t'o pain in the dentist's chair.
'Tis a fearful thing for the liening ear,
Its ominous, rising squeak to hear
To see come forth-from the littledrawer,
The weapons of torture you've bargained for;
He scrapes and he cuts, and bores awhile,
Then renews the attack with the horrid file
No one, though ever so vile, could dare
-" To wish his wos foe in the dentist's chair.
Those dreadful hours I remember yet,
And who that has known them can ever forget
'The thrill of dread, and the heit's quick beat,
When " appointed" to mount that fearful seat ?
Though covered with crimson and soft to view,
No beauty or softness, can hope renew,
When the head lies back with the mouth stretched
And the dentist stands by with his tongs beside.
'Tis past, 'tin past-the pain of to-day,
But its memory still will my spirit sway;
And when age succeeds to the days of youth,
I shall still remember that dreadful tooth;
It may be folly-I may be weak
But though folly it is, -from the heart I speak:
They are many and painful the hours spent there
And who chides me for dreading the denist's
- LOVEOIO MAN.
Abu Ben Adehm-may his tribe increase
Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace
And saw within the twilight in his room,
Making it rich and like a lily in bloom,
An angel writing in a book of gold.
Exceeding peace had made Ben Adehm bold,
And to the presence in the room he said,
What writest thou'1 The vision raised its head,
And with a look made all of sweet accord,
Answered, The names of those who love the Lord.
And is mine one 1 Ben Adehm asked. Not so,
The angel said. Ben Adehm spoke more low,
But cheerily, still, and said I pray thee then,
Write mine as one who loves his fellow men.
The angel wrote and vanished. . The next night
He came agaig, with a great weakening light,
And- showed the names whom love of. God had
Ana lo! Ben Adehmi's name led all-the rest.
OASTA 919W A.
" Heigh ho !" sighs Mr. Parten, " what a for
lorn thing it is to live alone!" and he drew his
-easy chair to the 'fire and esconced himself
thereiA, wrapping his tri-colored dressing-gown
"I wish I were married . I know a lady
boards in-the same house, too-and I believe
she'd have me if I were to ask-her. I meau
the pretty music, teacher. She is young, deli
cate and amiable; only there seems to be some
thing melancholly about her, as though she had
known sorrow; besides she is a widow. I like
her though, and I believe she likes me. Il
think this over. I have a plenty of money and
nobody to spend it upon. Yes, I think I will
ask the pretty and amiable Madame Victor to
Rap, tap, tap!
" Come in-who's there '1"
" Please, sir, it's your clean clothes."
" My clean clothes! and pray who are you,
you little cherub,. and where do you come
"I amn Lauretta, sir ; and I live with Btid
get, who washes, and she sent me here to
'.Yes,.I. should. think she had, you little
duckling; and the basket is bigger than your
self ! . Come and sit down in this chair by the
fire, and warm your toes-there now, I want
to talk-with you.' Are you Bridget's child ?"
" Oh, Uo, sir ?" and a look of care passed
over her little face.,.
" NoL.thought not.. Washwomon's.children
don't have~such eyes, nor such broad foreheads,
nor such 'soft hair. Well, birdie, howv.came
youl with lriget I Have yrou no pareiits ?"
"I-dont knowy, si-; I only dream I hare.
And Bridget lets' me 'stay with her-because I
cnsing." - - '
ca Singl: And~what.hnls that got to do with it."
"aOhdsir I~sing my sqngsain the.great. houses,
and heygiv- mesixpences forf.ridget."
*Ab! you pay your . board .then'? . Well,
Laurettri,'.ill you sing for me now ?1"
"-Yes, -indeed," and the little one stands up,
and opening her rose bud mouth, sinags Castit
" Bless my stars wvhat a voice ! I linow
something of music, myself; at least, enough
to know that such a voice should be a fortune
to its piossessor. Little one, where did you
learn that ?"
" Nurse taught me."
" Who is nurse '?"
"Nurse is dead." The dark eyes fill up
with tears~at this, and the ruby lip are quiv
Mr. Parton walks up and down thec room.
His curiosity is excited as well as his pity.
"Please, sir, shall I have m"y basket ? Brid
get will scold me if I stay long."
"Ho, little one, I will carry the basket ; I
amn ing home with you."
"t's up five flights of stairs, sir, aindthiere
is no ight in the passage-")
"-The more reason I should'go with. ou.
Now I am ready. Come, iy'little singer, you
and I1 will be better acquainted bef',rt king:
Don't fall down these stone steps; keep hold
of spy hand ; here we are, in Broadway..; Now
-where do we turn ! Down Prince street, hey,
and imv down Crosby. What ! do you live
in this alley ? 0, never fear, littly Casta'Diva,
1 shiall tread safely enough while this little
hand leads me. So, is this the 'door ?"
O~ch, d is it you sir, that would be after
'5 contingto see a poor womans at this hour ?
Will you. be seated, sir T' said Bridget, wiping
a woqmien chair with her apron. - " Your shirts
were not to suit ye may be ?"
- "aShirts all right, Bridget. Icame home to
-'Ldi your-littIlesirs. and isk voisemsthind
about her. She has been singing to.me. Will
you tell me where she came from 7"
"Ye take a deal o' trouble for a lone bit of a
childer, indeed, sir; but her story is not so
very long. She lived with a.furrin woman in
the room below, named Theresa. The woman
said she was waiting maid in Lauretta's family,
in Itally, somewhere, and while she was out
with the child, then only two years old, for the
sake of the air, there came a big row in the
city, and the father was in the middle of it,
and got kilt; and when she reached the house
all in a fright, sure it was on fire, and the moth
er of it gone, and never was she able to find
her at all. So he kept the child and comes to
America with it; for she heard tell how the
streets here was paved with gold; and when
she came and found nary gold nor food but for
the working, she had to go to work as all we
poor creathers do; but niver. a bit would she
let the poor child do for itself,: bqt waited on it
like a slave, and only taught it to sing "as its
mother did before it," she saiS. -And last year
Theresa died. This poor little creature took
on so bad that I took her meself, only I'll be
bringing her up differently intirely. I'd tache
her to earn her bread at any rate; and so I
sends her out every -day to sing to the great
folks, and makes her help me to carry round
the clothes; anol that is all, sir."
"It was very good in you 'Bridget, to take
the little orphan. You have saved her from a
sad fate. You will be rewarded-depend on it."
Bridget raised her eyebrows and dropped a
courtesy, while little." Casta Diva," as Mr. Par
ton -then, and ever since has called her, -hid her
face in the.bed, and sobbed to heat her own
story related. The kind gentleman looked at
her tenderly, and then continued:
"I have a plan for the poor chi!d, whicli. will
at once relieve you of your charge, and repay
you for your generosity. Good night, little
one, I'll come to-morrow. Dry your. tears,, for
I will make you happy. Here, bridget, is
some money for you, and be sure you do not
send her out to' sing again. - I have something
very much better for het to do.? --
An hour later, and-Mr. Parton is again seat.
ed in his dressing-gown.oncemore folded around
him. The only difference is that he smilesin
stead'of sighing as he did before.
"Ah, yes," he says, "I see my way clear.
I. can now, without hesitation, call on Madame
Victor in her room, to interest her about my
little Casta Diva. I will tell her the story, and
engage her to cultivate the voice of my little
protege. I will see her to-morrow morning,
and perhaps she will accompany me to Bridget's
lodging. Not a very romantic walk to imvite
the lady of my heart to share, but the circum
stances are petuliar."
"Noi I think of it, I must engage of-my
landlady the little bedroom next to mine... .1,
am determined to adopt that singing chierub 1
for nmy own. I'will change-er nanie to Casta
Diva Par.on. If sweet Madame Victor only
sees in her what I do,- -we shall be an amazing
ly happy family. I feel like a husband and
Ikther already.. I am quite sure to find use
enough for my money, after all."
And .so he goes to bed and dreams of his
future joys till he fairly laughs aloud in his
Now it is morning; and if you will put your
head out of your door, you can see him going
along the hall. le stops at No. G-knocks gent
ly ; but the rich toned piano, touched by a,
thrilling hand, does not allow so love like a tall
to be heard. This time he knocks louder; the
music stops, 'aia'd the door is opened by a beau
tiful woman *ho smilingly invites him to enter.
Mr. Parton has stayed. in there a great while,
and didn't ask.her to play or sing once during
, Now the door opens again, and they come
out together; he in his overcoat and hit';she
in her cloak and velyetlbonnet. He looks very
much excited, and shi looks pale and trembles
so she can scarcely talk. -She takes his offered
arm, and goes down stairs and out: the street
door. I believe they are going to Bridget's.
And so they were.
Good Mr. Parton walks slowly with the
sweet lady, for she has every reason to treim
ble; she believes she is little Lauretta's main
ma for she has been telliug her friend how her
husband was a great politician, and when they
burned his house they threw her into prison,
where she remained a full year, and only es
caped when in sunny .Italy the prison doors
were unbarred to all..
She had sought frantidally 'for her child, but
in vain; and believing that both Lauretta and
her nurse were crushed in the same mob that
killed her husband, she scame,..to America to
earn a livelihood among hospital . straogers byI
her musical education.1
Madame Victor believes that Lauretta is herI
child, because their two stories are so stringe
ly alike. Five years have passed since she left
italy ; but she knows her eyes will uot deceive
her. Her lbaby's features -are most indelibly
'engraved upon her'-heart.
Hecr friend supports. her up the five flights of
stairs, and there she stops to take breath, and
to nerve herself for either intense happiness or
They are about to enter the room, when a
ittle voice gtreets her ear singing, with wonder
rul power find expression, a melody which she
herself used to bing in her own sunny laud.
She grasps the arm of her friend.
" Oh- wait," she whispers, "let me try ;" and.
with a great effort, she completes the yet un
tiisecd strain in .a voice..scarce surpassed by
IIe opens the door. --
Lauretta stands- in the centre -of the room,
with. emotion' long repressed. 'Her mother's
voice has reached a spot in - her little 'heart
which vibrates on her memory brightly...
Madame Viet-r sinks into a chair,.and gazes
long and earnestly upon the little motionless
figure ; then she stretches out hei- arms, and
whispers iun a tremulous toire, " come he-e." -
Lauretta slowly advances ; and when' she is
close to the beautiful lady, she~nestles her head
upon. her, bosom, and draws a deep sigh.
" Tell me your whole name, my sweet litile
The lady presses th'e little form still ~closer. --
" Darling, I am your mother.!
"I know it," sighed the child.
." Yom know it, my angel 7"
" Apd bow ?")' .
"[Ihave seen you iis my freams and I I~alled
you mother, and when ydii sang just now it
brought it all back'."
Good Mr. Pa'rton went-to the window and
wiped his eyes.
Once ad we see: him sitting in his easy
chaf before the bright coal fire. By his side
sits a beautiful lady ; one hand lies in has, 'and
th other is tenderly stroking his hair; but her.
eye. are resting upon a little fairy who sits at
the piano,.silently dreaming over some of Han
del's music, which her "papa has brought home
The lady is his wire.
- The fairy-is his " Casta Diva."
si Some descendant of Solomon has wisely
:remarked that those who go to .law for damages
ame'arit get thani.
IECDOTES OF THE REVOLUION.
GEN. MARION'S ADDIESS TO HIS SOLDIERS.
After the destruction of the American army
it Camden, Col. Marion; with his little band of
rolunteer troops, being in the immediate neigh
yorhocd, were in imminent danger. When he
ieard the dreadful tidings of defeat, heretreated
nto the woods, ordering his company to halt
md form, he addressed them asfollows: " Gen
lemen, ou aware of our situation-so widely
lifferen from what it once was. Once we were
happy peogle! Liberty shone upon our land,
>right as t he sun that gilds our fields; and we
md our lathers rejoiced in its beams, as gay as
he birt. t1at enliven our forests.
" But, alas! those golden days have fled; and
he clouds of war hang dark and lowering above
ur heads. Our onxe peaceful lind is filled with
iproar and death. Foreign ruffians invade our
rcry firewi'le., and altars, and leaves 'us no al
ernative but.slavery or- death. Two gallant
trmies have marched- to our assistance but both
Lre lost. That under - General Lincoln, duped
md butchered at. Savannah; and that under
len. Gates, imprudently overmarched, is now
,ut -up at Camden.. Thus all our hopes <rom
he north are at au .end, and - poor., Carolina is
eft to fight for herseIf. A sad alternative in
leed, wieni her own children are madly uniting
rit li i ie enemy,and not one in a thiusand will
-i it take her part.
" y count rymen'! I wish to know your minds
> thi ;mncitons subject. As for myself, I
-mneirler my life as but a moment; and to fill
hat miomit with duty is my all. To gbard
his country from the evils of slavery, seems
ny greatest duty; and I am therefore deter
iined that while I .liye she shall never. be en
laved. She may come to that wretched state;
>ut these eyes shall never.behold it. . She shall
toter clank her chains in my eyes, and pointing
b the ignominious badge exclaim, 'It was your
:wardice that brought me to this.'
One and all, they answered, " we will con
L"uer for.out~ coatry-ere die -witli you!
"Then, my brave. friends," :said he, " drae
vur-swords.. .Now 'for: a circle,' emblematical'
if our eternal Tnion ; and pointing.your blades
6 Heaven, the.bright throne of Him, who made.
is ree, swear you.will never be - the slaves of
3ritain i!" Tt was devoutly done.
The reader will be pleased to hear that this
>rave man rose to a high rank in the-army, and
ived to enjoy the peace and prosperity of the
.outry he so ably def3nded. - His wife survived
din; and as long as she-was able td ride, thd
>oor people of Carolina used to press. around
ier carriage, and bless her, as they exclaimed:
That is the widow of our glorious old Marion !"
GRANDEUR OF MAN.
How great the solemnity and dignity of the
4dividual life! Granted, -the littleness of man,
he.br'dIVlg of his plersonal so'ourn the limita
fo'ns bof bth lis s'plierem knowledge'; get
here is a stupendous larieness' impressed upon
tim. He opens his bosom to the influence.,
liat are coming down from generations past;
d hardly has he received them, ere he. steps
ato the stream, adding his own power, and
loating onward into the boundless future-a
ecipient of what has preceded him-an agent
f what follows-a transition point, where ef
xets acquire the properties of a cause. Thus
.11 humanity is linked to the past. and linked
o the future-so linkod that no one lives to
diself, and no one dies to himself. The past
s ours as we sliall shape it, and the present,.
he great moral eddy where these two ideas
aeet, deriving its main significance from what
ks been and what will be.
The incumbent of duty; -the friend of God
nd man, the philanthropist and the Christian.
ay regale-his soul with the pleasing thought
f being so bound to his species, that inlivin
no life he will live a thousand,. 'and that his
xistence in its benign effect will be deposited
a the- bosoin of- unborn generations. Who
rould not be a man, especially' one rising to
he' enviable privilege of making a good and
;reat impression upon his species? When we
hink of them in their true relations, they seem
o be tutored angels sent to earth to touch mor
a notes, the melody of which will last forever.
L'o be a man, gifted with a sphere for virtuous
ction allied with the totality of the race,
earin~ the stamp of immortality, and floating
n a'stream of eternal consequences-this 'in
I!e is a lofty eminence of being. Let rit
utch a creature mak6 hiinself less than lie:is.
he can write to the profit of mankirid, leti
im soumid out the word of the Lord: if great
lans are projected for '.the world's conversion,
hen let him be their -earnest patron : let him
>ut himself in earnest harmony .with .God, and
h best interest of his species, and he will not
ae lived in vain. A prolonged effect, devel
ping for ages, and rising in significance to tiii
id of time, when its history is minutely -traced,
rill catalogue him among its honored agents.
QUrE A MIsTAKI.-The Baltimore Republi
:an tells a story of a young man who fell in love
rith a young lady residing in one of the, resi
kenes in Upper Tenidom. The lover, fearing a
epulse from tle head of the family, condiintud
xis courtship in a clandestine iamer. The up
hot of the 'matter was, that an eldbement oc
unired, and the party were married. After
he marriage the bridegroom proposed that they
huld reur home, and procure the father's
ardon. Judge, then, of his dismay when, with
tembling voice, shme informed. him that, al
;hough she possessed thename of the gentleman
question, she was not related to him in the
hiightest degree,, and was'employed in his dwel
ing in the capacity or' a seamstress., Thus all
gvisions of a secured' fortune were scattered'
o the winds; and the 'scen of recrimination
illich ensued was terribly out -of charadfei for
inewly married couple. --
QUMER BU- Dr eckarmi~n, -writes:
iost g rdeners are very much annoyed by' these
ugs; which piy alike' upon the cucumber,
nelon, pumpkin hnd squash-the latter beimg
tsifavorite. - Various plans have been devised
or their-protection, such as soot, &c. A method
vhiich I have practiced with nearly entire suc
e4, is to form a mixture of equal parts of flue
t ground black pepper. and wheat flour, and
:lust the plants whylile the.dew is upon them with
this mixture, using an ordinary flour or pepper
box. It is a fact generally known, that black
pepper is so obnoxious to most insects, that few
will approach or stay in. its presence. The ob
ject of thme flour is to combine with the pepper.,
and with the water '-r dew to form a paste,
which will adhere to the leaves for many days
unless washed off by heavy rains;' in which
case the' application should be renewed.
Mr. Lawrence Oliphant, of Oriental memory,
ia a' very intei-esting and vivid sketch of his
Deited Ameiricamn travels in the May number of
Blacl- --ood, in the coursd of which he' thus de
mcribes'the 'gray-ejed men" 'of Nicaragua:i
"In stature, U-en. Walker is but little over
re feet four. His features are described as
roarse and impassible; his -square chin and long
jaw denote character, but his lips are fall and
mis mouth is, not well formed; his eyes. are uni
ersally spoken of as the most strikin~g feature
in has ace-of a singularly lirmht gray3 hey are
so Marge ind'fixed that in a, eauerreotyge the
Some time back-perh two or three
weeks ago, we received a lete requesting us as
publishers of a certain newspper, to insert
within our columns, a Sto -mutilated catch
penny tale, entitled, " The d Princess.'
The New York Leiger offe'rs' -pay for this at
the rate--of-three cents per:4ine; the whole
would probably amount to UP dollars. This
story conclude* with the fo'lling interesting
puff of that interesting paper:r
"The above islall of this beitiful and highly.
interesting story that will be jpublished in our
c-lumns. We.give this as a sapple. The con
tinuation of it can be found qly in the New
York Ledger, the great famil ~wekly paper,
for which the most-popular wjltersin the ebuff
try c6ntribute, and which cal~r be found at all
stores throigLout the'city an untry,' where
papers are sold. Remember Uk forthe New
York Ledger of May, 30, and ' it'you will get
the continuation of the stori from where it
leaves of here. If you cann , get , copy at
any news'office, the publisher of the Ledger
will mail you a copy on thereipt of five cents.
Fanny Fern writes only forathe New' York
Ledger; Sylvanus Cobb, Jr.,writes only'for it"
This same tale, we presume as been sent to
niany of ,our Southern cotemn p es and 'they
have given'publicity to it foi't'rifling sum of
some ten or twelve dollars 'ow gentlemen,
we contend'that you are- takig the bread out
of your own mouths. These !hmge -mammoth
Eastern eeklies, depend 'gpon'- Southern and
Western circulation for -. pport. This very
same mutilated tale of. " ai.'Zand Princess,"
will get thousands ol "moon-wick. issos and
",mustached young gents" tpn- er .with some
clever people to subscribe. . C*t.- you respect
yourselves ? Why will younqt aid An spread
ing the fame and circulation ofpur own papers
-of your own home paper.4,1 n tbus.suicidal
ly work for papers, foreign,Sofi'tiiijtinking
in the nostrils, and-in the'-ier&highest ddgree
aftagonistic to our institutiioni
Gentlemen of the South -we are sur
ptised.at you. We admit the tight you have of
doing asyou please in this respt, but isit not
idionsisteint, ruinous to. yourselves, thus ,to.be
aiding.and. abetting the circulaion of journals
whose only support is base u~n the patronage
of humbugged citizens. -
. If, geitlemen, you' oald ie our S'uthf
ern readers ~ ''ptto'nize ho i- papdrs, then
might you see' i adanh ootIe&rn sheets, ibly
conduted,'isiued,forth tathd 6ublic Aflarge,
'but as long as matters stand. - thy' do, we
must be tributary to-the Nortg.
We hope such of our South"* brethren. will
see their position and never. sib again. to be
made tools of. As for our -we are poor,
like money and all that s hing-.-yes we
do, but Pentingall, & Uo.wi eNew .Trk
Ledger and the Island Prir
We coincide with 'frierid SianE and "his
sentiment' in' the above 'article. ..The same
unfinished story with the same fulsome puff of
the New:York Ledger was sent to us to. publish,
but it didaot meet with our -approbation, and
conequntly was laid under the table, from-the
fact that we did' not consider 'it- w6rthy of a
more prominet position.~-ED. ADm.
THE TURN OF LIFE.
Between the years of forty and sixty, a man
who has properly regulated himself may be
considered as-in the prime of life.- His matured
strength of constitution renders him almost im
pervioii-th the-attacks 'of disease, and experi
ence has given soundness to his judgment. His
mind is resolute, firm and equal;- all--his fune
tions- are in the-highest order; the..assumes the
mastery over business:;. builds upa,.competence
on the foundation he has.formed in,.early man-.
hood, and passes through a period of ,lif'e atten
ded by many gratifications. Having gone a
year or two past sixty-, 'e - arrivds a a' c'itical'
period in'the road of existence ;"the river of
death flows before him, and he remains at a
stand still. But athwart the river is a viaduct,
called ."eThe Turn of Life," which, if crossed
in safety,.leads.to the valley of " old age," round
which the river winds, and thea flows beyond
without a boat or causeway to effect its passage.
he bridge is, however, constructed of fm'agile
materials, and' it depends upon how it' is trod
den whe'ther it bend or break.s Gout, apoplexy,
nd other bad characters are also in the vicinity
to waylay the traveler;: and thrust him from
the pass ; but let him gird up his loins, and pro
vide himself with a fitting staff, and .he may
trudge on in safety .with perfect composure.
To quit metaphor. " The .Turn of Life" 'is a
turn either in to a prolonged. 'walk, or into the
grave. The system and powers having reached
their utmost expansion, now begin' 'either to
lose like flowers at sunset, or break d.ownl at
once. One inijudicious stimulant,' a single fatal'
excitement, may force it beyond its strength;
whilst a careful supply of props,- and the with
drawalof all that tends to. force a plant,. will
sustain it in: beauty and vigor- until night has
4ntirely set .in..
-"I Minga oxiLY vT Houas -ruArST E"
'he above if we rightly rememlier, is the inscrip
tioi upon a sun dial in Italy. It- inculcates a
be~utiful lesson which we may be proned to diu
reard. : It would teach us to renmember the
lhiht-days of life, and not to forget the blessings
Go!-l has' given us.' Life, it is' true is not all
bright adhbeautiful.. But-as~ill it has -its lights~
as 'well as its shades, and it is neither wise nor
grateful to dwell too much upon the darker por
tions of the picture.. 1e, nwhooalooks upon the
bright side of life, and makes the best of.every
thiig will, we thin~k, other thiings being equal, be
a better and a happier man tha~n those who as
Franklin says, "are always' looking at the ugly
log," and find occasion for comnplaint and ceni
sur in aldost every' thing they meet with.
FEEMfAsoNs 1N THlE CXDINET.-The Freemna
'ns' Magazine says: " It is probably..known to
most of our readers that Gen.. Cass is a Post
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Michigan,
and is, therefore, well qualfied - to speak of the
character and tendencies of the institution and
principles. President Buchanan is also a Past
kaser of a lodge at Lancaster city, Pennsylvania.
The Vice President, Hion.'Mr. Breckinridge, is a
member, we -think, of Webb Encampment of
Knight Templars, at Lexington Kentucky ; and
th'ecretary of the TIreasury, Hon. Howell
Cobb, is a member of the Order in Georgia. We
a-e not informed, iin this particulars, as to the
other members of the Cainet."-Wasington
TESILn, TonMNIxSPTTsYLV.ANIA.-The haill
storm i Spottsylfania county, Va., on Tuesday,
caused great damage.~ Mr. C. II. Harris lost a
crop of wheaf valued at $1,000. His fruit crop wa's
also dlestroyed. B3. L. Carson lost half 'of- his
wheat' crop, and Messrs. Gale, and Samuel Alsop
'were also sufferers.' The Fredericksburg News
say : -
The corn is beat 'into the- 'ground and .can
never recover..Chickens and geese were killed
barl was knocked off the,.trees-shingles on the
top of the houses were split, and.marks on the
sides were left is if a broadside of 'g e shot
ad ee fitd8gins tem
TIlE BENEFITS -OF RAIL ROADS.
We take the following from the Editorial
Correspondence of the Patriot 4- Mountaineer:
Last Wednesday morning I' started to Co
lumbia with my family, and as we passed rapid
ly on, I could but notice the new impetus given
to labor and capital all along the Greenville
Railroad. There were old fields, grown up in
pine, cleared again to make wood for the engine.
Great quantities of timber were to be seen
every where for the use of the Road. Nei
houses have been built along the line-steam
saw mills have been put up-lands have' in
creased in value two, three and five fold, since
the Road was projected--villages and towns
haie sprung up, as if by magic between -Colum
bia-and Greenville. That tide: of emigration
which once.ialniost depopulated the upper Dis
tricts of youth Carolina, has ceased, and.our
people now love to live where. their falhers liv
ed before them. All -this change, progtess and
improvement, we owe . to the system of Rail
roads in South Carolina. A few patriotic and
enterprising men have *generously e*pended
their money for the good of theil country. In
this 'State it is a badge of patriotism to own
Railroad stock, and every man of wealth or
means should be ashamed to confess that he is
not the holder of such stock.
COMPLIMENT TO "JOUR. PRINTERS.
John C. Rives, in a recently published letter,
on the subject of public printing, has a word of
suggestion to, writers for the press and of com
*pligent to the "jour,". whose duty it not un
frequently is. to make sense out of very sense
less chirography.. None but a writer for the
daily press can comprehend how much truth
there is in the veteran printer's remark. Many
members of Congress,: and eke not a few grea
ter men, musf have: been surprised at the re
spectable figure they cut in print, without tlink
ing of the toilsome labor ad pxercise of
bettei taleiit thin their own, whi had'been
expended by the " jour." printer in licking into
shape the message; report or speech furnishe4
py them. ' Mr. Rives says: - -
I'have seen the manuscript .writing of most
greatmen of the country during the past twen
ty .earp, and-I. think, I may say that no twenty
of them could stand the testrof the scrutiuyo
'ne-half of the journeymen printers eniployed
in my office.. .-., P- :. - -
i ,'Udhis:fagt will.lae- vouched by every, editor ina
the, Union. To. the poor. "jour." many :a
." rat man" owes his reputation for.. sclpolar
pii, and' were the humble type-stickers to
resolve ,'y cohcert, to ,et' up manuscript in
their ha for even-one .little week, precisely
as itis "itten bytheauthors, there would be
more reputations.slaightered than their devils
'could shake a stick at in twenty-four 'hours.
Statesmen would become ".snall by- degrees
and beautiful'ly les.^ Many an ass would have
the -wvprld "haild writcrs, w~duld orak 0u
mornn aid find themselves.:-famous as mere
TiLE SIGNS oF TAE TiMms.-The' late bloody
scenes in ;Washington-says the Richmond Dis
patch-the civil far which, if not more flagrant,
may, at any moment, be resumed in Kansas.;
the treason and rebellion in Utah; the audicious
and successful triumph of Nullification in the
great albolition States, Ohio, are all ominous of
evil to the patriot's eye, and will give unalloy
ed satisfaction to despots throughout the world.
We may as well dismiss 'the flattering and fa
vorite delusion that this'is a country in which
treason and -ebellion are impos'ible, 'and that
because the people govern, they will never rise
against their owna'uthority.
The -rebellions in Ohio, Utah and Kansas,
prove that in Ameria, as in -Euiope, the law
must be:upheld:by the- bayonet.- Rebellion in.
this country.is tenfold more-disgraceful and in
excsable than in the old world, because there
despotism leaves men no other remedy,'iwhilst
here there are peaceable and constitutional
modes of redressing every political wrong and
inequality. Men who resist the laws which they
themselves have made, are unfit for any govern
ment which the capacity of man is capable of
framing, and bring discredit 'on the very name
COMFORT Fun TEA DRINKEas.--Tho -export
of tea from China to the United States for the
nine months ending with March last, shows a
decline of over twelve millions of pounds. The
advance in the price. has been fifteen cents per
pound on black tens since December, and of
lower grades a hundred pcr cent, over last
year's closing ~prices. Teas bought in New
Yorkat auction for four cents, have been re
sold at twenty-five cents per pound, the -Post'
of that city say and a dealer has alretdy
cleared betweerf: 0,000 and .$200,000 by his
opeations in tea during thie present season. As
soon as the war gets'in fall operation, the block
ade -would stop all exports, and prices, 'it is her
lieved, wrill go higher,~ Tea drinkers; therefore
'run the risk of. losing their refreshing beverage,
if the war should lust long. T ihe civilized world
is engaged in the philanthi'opic work of carry
ing "Christiaity and civilization" into China,
and they must be prepared to make some sacri
fices for so great an object. A cup of tea more,
or less is but a trifle, compared with the success
of this great work.. Besides, if thydrink less
tea, they wouild not require so mu~h sugar, and
diminished consumlition will reduce the price
of the latter article:-PilaelphiaLedger.
THE MAso~s.-After many -years of strife,
there is at last a prospect of a union of the an
tagonistic Masonic bodies in..the State of New
York. The Grand Lodge of Free and Accep
ted Masonis, under the Grand Mastership.of
Mordeai Myers, commenced its annual session
in 'the city of New York on Tuesday last, and
has continued .its sessions daily. Among the
subjects of interest that have been discussed
and acted upon were the "articles of union,"
as reported by the committee of conference.
After a full and free discussion of thenz, they
were urianimbsly accepted as the basis of a set
tlement of the unhappy -'difficulties that have
existed in the Masonic fraternity since 1849.
The Grand Lodge under the Grand Mastership
of John M. Lewis, jr., has also had the " arti
cles of union" un~Ier consideration, and, they
were adopted on Thursday. So says the New
A FRIENcH VIaw oF Exoisn Atn AMlERucAN
FRIENsnliP.-TheO 'aris Constitutionnel, allm
di to Lord Napier's speech in New Yark, says
all this extraordinary fiendshippreeeds not from
coimercial interests. England cannot do with
out Americau produce. A serious quarrel with
the United States would ruin British commerce
for a time. The'bands of friendslip that are be
ing celebrated are not 'chains of flowers, but
simple twists of-cotton which supply the Man
chester- market." Well' the friendships, which
arise from interests is likel to he binding us long
as those interests last, and letween England and
the United States they are -every year growing
more extended 'and necessary. It is more effec.
tual for pre-serving'peace between the two
nation- than a friendship- purl sentimental, foi
it is not so- eapricious, and wil .be more concilia
try in its' character when so much dpends
PARTICUMUIB 0F TIE ECUTION UF Wh
- I ND M8 PUIT,..
The San Diego Herald of May 9th, contains
an account of the horrible scenes attending the
massacre of Henry A. Crabb and his entirepar
ty. The following statement, furnished by agen
tieman who received it from an eye witness, is
minute and reliable:
Late in March, Crabb's party left Sonoita,
Sonora, and marched to Cavores, a small Mexi
can town near Point Lobos, and on the Gulf of
California; The first- intention-was to have pro
ceeded to Altar, but the news of its partial for
tification and susceptibility -of ; strong defence
caused the diversion on Cavorea. On the morn
ing of the first of: April,the party of -Americans;
entered the suburbs- of the tow . They-:were
met by a body of Mexicans troops, commanded
It is iaid' Rodriguez - advanced to spek ltt
Crabb when the Americans opened fife, and
killed the Mexicancommanderandseveralothers.
The Mexicans immediately retreated-some to
the mountains, but the majority to the church,
which had been placed in 'astate of defence, and
had at the time Crabb entered the town a num
ber of beeves roasting whole, in front of it, to
feed the Mexican troops.
It appears that here occurred Crabb's first and
fatal mistake. . Instead of at once charging and
taking the church, which would have given him
the town, he occupied several houses on the
corner of the Plaza, in front of the church.
The Mexicans at first deserted the most of the
town, butgradually being emboldened, returned
and gradually hemmed the Americans in., Fight
ing continued eight days, with a loss td the
Americans of 25 killed.
The Mexican loss is reported by themselves
to have-been 25, but is supposed to have been
much greater, as high as 200. On the eighth
day an attempt was made by two of Crab'A.
men to blow up the church, byplacing Akeg of
powder iinder the portic, and. fiing it.. The'
devoted men who attempe d .tia ,were botll
lilled aid Crabb is said to heev'besn w'otyed.
in imperintending it.Itirilaid an off wa
knade by Crabb'to retire, iftheMieicans wiuld
allow'it.. 'H had refused toretiii wien the
offer was made hii-aferh Ith 'ting had' Con.
tinued two days and bor the Mexians, cinft
dent of his wealmess and their tiump uf mp
The Americans were g3auvally b s helf t
in A snare, from wich they sa* no
By breaking through the walls'of 6omg
houses the Mexicans forced Crabb'and hi ,moez
into the corner building, which they repeatedly
set on fire, but which the Americans is oftei
extinguished. At last, a Papago ,Indisp.
into the roof of the main building occupied .
the unhappy fillibusters, a lighted arrow.. ..e
flames caught the roof, and in a. few moments,
the fire was dropping in great flakes uppn the
heads t doomed .men *n. W
famish by probable days o itakva 4 ,
thirst, ad withoutamm'nition, Henry A. Cnbb6
and fifty-eight men, marched out of the burn
ing house,. with a white. flag before them,.laid
down their. arms. and, surrendered-it is sup
posed, unconditionably. .....
This was in the night or towards morning.
They were. immediately tied, their hands behind
them, taken to a corral near the Alcade'sisffice,
where they weie kept until morning, when they,
were taken out in squads of.five and .tepeach,
and shot. In the first execution$ it was, fpuioi
that the calmness of the Aiericans discomposed
the executioner, and they shot too - high.or tooi
low, in many cases only.woundingtheirvicipns.
The backs of the fated men :were the turned.
to the troops, an4 thenthey -succeeded.ini aim
ing with better effect. .
McCoun, owing to his greatstature, wassaved
this tQrture, a.ball struck him full in the breast
at the first fire, and he fell- dead. Crabb alone
was reserved fer a solitary death. He was taken
t the Alcade's office, questioned, alloired to
write to his wife, and to. have an interview with
a Dr. Evans, a-prisoner. in the hands of the
Mexicans, who had been in confinement some
weeks, on suspicion? The hour for his execution
having arrived, he was. led out, his hands
stretched above his head and tied to a post in
front of the building he had occupied, his face
to the post, and his .back to his executioners.
At the command fire, at least an hundred
balls were fixed into his body, and all that was
mortal of -Henry A. Crabb hung dead, swinging
by his' tied hands. A Mexican stepped forwag,
and with a large knife, severed his head from
his body--the warm blood spirting half way
across te street. The head was placed on a
table in front, or in the office of the Juez, ex
posed to the jeers of the poulace. It was' af
terwards placed in a jar of eclfor preserva
Two, of the Ainsas (brothers-in-law of Crabb1)
are said 'to be killed, and' also Rasey Biven. M y
informant, an intelligent man 'and eye-witiiess
of these horrors,'says (Jrabb died as a gentleman
should, as quietly and calmly as if he were going
to a pleasant home.
Four men, sick, had been left at Sonorita by
Crabb. They occupied the house owned by E.
E. Dunbar, Esq., on the American side of the
line. On the 18th-of April, at night, a party'
of twenty-five Mexicans came up from San Juan,
pwent to Dunbar's house, took these poorsik
men out of bed, tied them, and at dawn of day
carried them to' the foot of the hill, shot'them
like dogs on American-soil, and left themi td rot.
A party of Papago Indians, more nierciful; bu
ried them and four solitary mounds now; np
peal, lo.ne witnesses of a beastly crime, to the
American Government for revenge. Will such
an appeal go unheard? .
Mr. Dunbar just escaped massacre, having
left Senorita on the afternoon previous. The
Mexicans were furious at his escape, although
he had nothing to do with the party except to
offer shelter, on American soil, to four sit~k men
in his own house.
A party of about 30 recruits, under Capt.
'Grant Orey, started from Tueson to join4prabb
at Cavorea.- When witlhin 15 miles of the -lat
ter place they were attacked by abou.t 200
Mexicans. Capt. Orey retreated fighting, and
regained the American line, with a loss of only
four killed. The Mexican loss was about 40.
Capt. Orey deserves great credit for his skill.
At every watering place the Mexicans attempted
'to check him and subdue him by thirst, but he
routed them on every occasion.
The last eight miles was a continued running
fight, and his fourth man lost was killed just at
the line. Another party, of the same strength,
wiich left Tubac, has not yet been heard of. It
is believed if Grant Orey had been with-Crabb,
a different result might have been anticipated.
All was bad management, want of experience,
and a clear rushing upon a~ deadly fate.
Crabb entered Csoorea with 84 men. Al]
these were killed except the youngest, said to
hae been spared by the Mexican commander,
Garcia. The name of the survivor is unknown.
but he is said to be a boy of .sixteen or seven
'Major Bob Wood and Major Tozer are safe.
They were with Captain Orey's party. Col. R
N. Wood, Fillmore elector, is among the dead.
The Alta California says: The excitemeni
throughout the State consequent on the rece
tion of this news, has been intense, and a vera
.....iralu felngo revene seems to actuat4
the State have almost unanimously cpudemppu t
thecourse purue he iainyading
Americ,.$erritory, andt hurryng~tosauntim
ly and ignominious deiitizens a.. oun
who had never set foot on theiroilor44ola
in the - s~ot degreethe'li'?'o iitipns.
t1 tj 4 -Per y r e n
reparatiOn for this outragews and Vi able '
Moln oV C n's fEN SnoT.-Ad eso A::
ceived at Vera Cruz on the-23d statiethat in
Caborea sixteen more filibesters had bEen take4
and immediately shot. These new. victims had
comedTown with supplies r>abbs foreesra
DRscamomenaA: P omgab.ew
ork correspondentd &7
of Baltimore:oigin ,4,ef *e.1d~'of.the
"idller," i pXiadelphn shol' "
ot New York, 7,Voix'av -40.hint
which xt:allasmb tr
the short boy. -The. %pu? or ."plug, a be
is sometime d c vshis namenot from
anything;exp ed. in!his, own ,ph y -
but from the effects which. ie.. neosW -
the countenance of an .adversary.' Every
he strikes he. "plugs ugly,". and asceas
quence, an "ugly pug" follow,. Heiaofilirnit
ed stature, has a face, close.ero
hair, abd is generallyfirm- built..: rAlon ili,
a coward; but, Iike abullies kbye
tdera iak 'crowd'Attisback
vgzgar when dec ople are wr
aid.alwiya hasaruffianly epithetat hAM
end..He'cmn be enliuted in any caue f~i
wikich he.prizes only -as a means.ofgratifing
e.mosbrutish .apetites. Heis.uualyto
found.in the-neighborhood of-anengine or,.
prter--house, and he understands' the merst'
wu- - - ;
b Irn on ham emment. ei
y h .cod th1n.1
ci the ~ b reietho A" b~nw~,ad
era irable instutionsii rtCH -
rteisined the ix mpletion of i tour. in-the;.
edu'thern and.western Sitts, ta. ex pa@
sdme,opinions whi'ch, from s8ch a .swcej an4.
alatizg as thej d, to subjeits which he-per
febtly'ugderstands, areetitleo to considerable 4
IThis gentleman finds the~Utetp
dition ofgga l r erity of mA. -0
ud adequate co p utio% bmt, a w Iief
rsthesot era aso -
,uc wem'a aiissVtei'~ ,
naked .n- tnrthirnStiseshei -
prselts of men are. lible to great e 4r-orc
changes. The form.and itheeharacter ofudfnuL
fatured articles, the course oftrads,thednand2
for shippiug, nd the price of flour are a ,mat
tesof fretupand dangerous fluctuation; but
A impulse of an inergasing de
aabasi on yllck its .prodners Pinay
so 'dly ap4 upfearfully repose.-Ne Jer* HE.
c-r ABon RsIDEN
'CnahLinatters -c q~ ~t Witsi&6
deIti "TFe of thefirsseveniere
inia. TwOof the same nami 4arf fro .
sahusetts, and the seventhwas frodTn'neiae "
All but Que was 66years'old on leaing' ofic,
haig served two terms; but one- o' them-'u
wlio had served but one term would have been'
66yeirs of age't the end a! another-. -'hree
of the seven died on the 4th of July, find two
of them'were on the sub-committee of thr.
that drafted the Deglaration :of Indepihden*e
and just half a'century from the day'ef-Decla
ration. The names of three of the secn'endied
in' son,- yet neither of these 'transmitted ahis
names to'a~son. ' Inarespect to the -nameof~all
it may be said, in conclusion, the inifialsof'two-*
of .the seven were the same. :,The remaining
one, who stands alone in this fatticular, stands -
'alone ; alsh, in the love and admiration- of Iis'a
countrymen~And the civilized wear41-Washing.n
ton I" Of thie first five only one had a sou n, -
tht soheiras-also Presiderit.-- .''.*'
S NGULaa CpSEzor.uo@m.~IUrsi Jlun* last,
when, Prince Albert openedthe'newbnilding..of
the Royal Orthopiedic Hospital in-,0xfoditreef~..
a patient was admitted with his .legs-doubled up
under him, and his heels twisted-inwards awaras'
the ankle.. He was 'fted -up before his Royala .
Highness-and an et was made to move the-.
limbs, but thegeontraction was too firm and u'g ..
The Prince appeared to feel much interest i h
case, and desired to be informed of the,result.of
the treatment-of the hospital.:.On Saturday last
the medical officers were enabled to make the
gratifyinu eport that. the case- was a complete
cure.. T'iegite ned tendons of~ the hips,les
and feet hadben operated upon so successfull
thathepatientcoul not only stand but was walk
ing about. the wards of the -hospital without the
id'of stiekor crutch. A photograph of the pa
tienit ina stai.ding position has been taken for
his'Royal.Highness; and as a case of the original
deforniity is-imeluded in the pite, it gives a
vivid.idea of the cure- effce -~dn Times.
PAST AND PRESENT CONDITION OF THE NEGRO.
-The New York Observer, a religious paper, in
the course of an able article on." The .Past and
Present Condition of the N IO," thus shows .
up " Northern philanthrpy:
Before the ancestors of those negroes were.
torn from their homes in Africa, by the slave.
traders of New England, and placed under the
infence of Christianity at the South, . they
were among the most degraded and miserable
of the human species-slaves of cruel masters,
and victims of bloody superstitions, believers in
witchcraft and worshippers of th9 devil. ,And
now, what is the condition of their descendants?
Several years ago, more that 300;000 of them
were members of the Protestant Evangelical
churches in the slaveholding States. ine&
tenths of t.he negroes of the South are still'
slaves, but is slavery under Christian masters in
America, the same as under heathen tyrants in'
Africa? Degraded as these slaves may still bp,
compared with the sons of the pilgrims of N~ir,
England or even with the mass of the laborers'
in some of' the enlightened ibountries in Europe,
can 3,000,000 or 1,000,000 negroes, bond or free,
be found in any part of the world, who can
compare for goodeondition, physical, intellectual
or moral, with the 3,000,000 slaves of the Sonth ?
Has Christianity, aided by .all the wealth of
Christians, done as much during the last twenty
years for the elevation of the 800,000 emnanci
pated negroes in the West Indies'? British
philantropists themselves being the judges of
what it. has done during the same period forthe
elevation 'of our 3,000,000 American slaves!
- " Tommy, my son, what are you-doing'
ihere with your feet:- dangling in the water'?
"Tringsto catch i-celd, ma, so ast I-en have IN -