Newspaper Page Text
emocratic 3surniat, Orvste ofySW n attnM 4
- ~ e~n~r~dc 3ornd,~Iewte ~ Soutle au Sothern UigIbtsJ1 ii, LateMst enws, Citerature, 1*1ralitij ~enprance, Aiulture,&e
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple o Liberties, and It it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
SIMEINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD C., AUGUST 5, 1857. "O- -
From the Temperance Crusader.
"IT IS WELL."
- LAST WORDS OF WASHINGTON.
Thus the Father of his Country,
Who to tyrants ne'er did bow,
Spoke to those who stood around him,
While the death-damp chill'd his brow.
Calmly then his hands he folded,
For he felt the fatal spell,
Meekly raised his eyes to Heaven,
Then he murmured, "It is well."
Life's drear conflicts all were ending,
Cares, and joys alke were past,
He, the Father of his Country,
Spoke these simple words-his last!
Earthly glories then were fading
Heavenly visions who may tell
Surely angel pinions fanned him
- When he whispered, " It is well."
Yes ! tho mission then was ended,
s Wars and tumults all were o'er,
He who won his country's freedom
Ne'er would fight her battles more.
Yet, in Death, he taught a lesson
.Which, in every heart should dwell
Taught us meekness-resignation
In his last words, " It is well!"
-Aye, ' tas well-the life behind him
...left him nothing to regret,
But the life-the life before him,
-ife eternal-better yet!
Saw he then a smiling Saviour
'With him ever more to dwell,
SAl! -twas with a smile of'triumph
-That he murmured, "It is well."
80E4 F I UNIVRITTEXITRAGEDY.
NIGGER JOE'S SOLILOQUY.
[en re Cabin. Old Joe sitting in. one cor
ierIvn'i'ng his banjo-Dinah baking the hoc
11Master . Charley sopping the skillet,
ih th& mIeit had been fried for morning
-an Dinah fondly playing with his hair-the
- d eildren asleep- on. their bed-Joe, very
liappy sings and plays "Jim crack corn, I don't
care." Dinah nods.]
Charley.-(Geta in Joe's lap,) Uncle Joe,
would.you like to be free, and be sent to Af
Charley, why you ax dat ques
tioauOok-so serious? Any ting happen ?
OQhsar.---Yes Uncle Joe. Pa was reading
64 m t'le papers this evening that Congress bad
psd a law that all black folks should be set
e, and sent to Africa.
Joe.-Wheder dey want to or no, Massa
- Charley.-Yes, Uncle Joe you must go.
Joe.-(Much excited,) I wont go-I die right
here-.I wont go-I wont. I no want to be
free. I no *ant to leff old Massa and Missus,
and, you Massa Charley. Old Massa, sure.,
won't let e'm carry old Joe, and Dinah and der
children off fore he eyes; will he Massa Char
ley ? (Sobs.)
Dinah.-(Walking up,) Kie Joe why for you
cry? What ails you?-(Charley is called at
the great House and leaves.)
Joe.-Nuffin' Dinah! go to bed honey, and
wragup de children, and go to sleep.
Diiah.-Massa Charley a pretty little boy,
end so good; ain't he, Joe? (Goes to bed.)
. Joe.-(Tunes his banjo.) Yes, Massa Char
ley mighty good boy, and I lub Massa Charley
jes like him my own child. (Play, " Oh carry
my 'back to old Virginia's shore." Plays one
verse and stops.)
SoLI.6eU.-Did'nt old Massa .dat's dead
and burried on de bill dar, bring us from old
Vurginny out..here ? And when me and Massa
itas boys togeder didn't be used to bring Joe,
out ob de great house, biscuits and chicken, and
all sorts of good tings ? Didn't we used to go
possum huntin' nights, and steal oft' togedder.
Sundays-to go in-a swimming? Ah! and didn't
Massa, one Sunday, swim into de middle
of de ribber and catch his niggar when lie was
gwmne down do last time ? Hain't he told many
a stary to save Joe from the lash, and Joe neb
ber .care'for trufe, if lie sabe Massa anything.
And since me and Massa am grown up men,
*the~n did Massa whip old Joe, 'cept when Joe
get too big for he britches, and richly dlesarved
..it? .Joe get plenty to eat ; good clothes to
wear, good-house to lib in ; same for Dinah and
de ehildren. And dan's old nanmmy Lucy, who
can't do nuffin now: Massa and Missus no for
get'em in dey old age. . When Joe, or Dinah,
or de children sick, Massa and Missur, and
Massa Charley here quick, and bring ebery
ting good. And when our little Susey died
didn't Missus take her in de great house, and
~is and Massa and de Doctor, set by her
""umwi us all.night, till she lobs us ? Didn't do
uD.w~ n down- Missus' and Massa's face,
when dey see how- Dinah and mec take on
and Missus wid her own hands made little Su
sey sich a nice white frock, and Massa had a
fine coinmade, and dey buried her up dar by
old Masita and Daddy Billy, and all de rest
bat's died sence we comec from old Vurginny.
And then Dinah had little Billy, and like to
die- awvay,- didn't Missus set dar and cry like Ia
child, and; didn't Massa tell 'em not to spare
,horse flesh for do doctor ? And when the offi
cer nian come~ for sell old Joe for debt, ldi't
-Missu's give up her carriage and horses, didn't
Massa give up he fader's gold watch, and Massa
C harley lead out he pony to do officer man to
*sabe old Joe from the hammer ? (Cries.) And if
-ober Ilebeold Massa and Missus and Massa Char
- logtt iwdrk for deyselves in do hot sun ; it'll be to
gerufyder by de side ob Daddy Billy and little
Sue; so it will.
Dinai.-(Stirs up.) Kie, Joe, why you no
Joe.-(Tuning his banjo.) Go to sloop Di
.Joe continues.-Must go to Africa ! Dat's
dework oh de Bobolitioners; tink poor niggar
Sot no heart ; tink lib go one place as a nudder;
or'dey dont care if it broke he heart. What
~-~igger know 'bout Africa? Me got no kiinfolks
dar. All my kinfolks hero, and in old Vurgmn
y.I don't know Africa; I know ebery place
leMI .all<do paf, all de creek, all de folks; and
1debranch all de place where dis niggar go
j~imhuntin; go a fishing and swimming.
-466ildh.hunt him in Africa, and he soul wo'd
dpto coine back to de old place. I won't
got I w*on't ! And dar's old Daddy Billy's
.,aeidar,. and do grave ob little Sue; how
ha 6heart to go away and lebe 'em ? il
~die fr. (Cries.) And den to see Massa
stiain'dar', and Missus pale and in tears, and
~aCharley cryin' like be heart would break,
acfiah and de children crymn' and holdin'
o$asa and Misses -and pleadin' to stay,
--aainmtimewidy at right up in an
troat, 'bliged to say kood-bye, Massa! good-b3
Missus! good-bye Massa Charley! good-bye foi
eber! I couldn't! I couldn't! (Cries like i
child)-If Massa say de word, when dein Bobo.
litioners come, I'll help to kill 'em ; dat I will
THE PATCH ON MR. MARCY'S BREECHES.
Harper's Weekly relates the following anec
dotes of Mr. Marcy:
While he was Governor of New York, he was
visiting Newburgh on some public occasion, and,
with a party of gentlemen, Whigs and Demo
crats, was at the Orange Hotel. Good humor
was prevailing, and one story suggested another.
The Governor always enjoyed a story, and cold
tell one with excellent effect. A Whig lawyer
was present, and the Governor, recognizing him,
" Ali, yes, I'll tell you a good story of Spoo
ner. The other day he came up to Albany, on
his way to the Whig Convention at Utica, and
so he took it in his way to call on me to gcta par
don for a convict at Sing-Sing. I heard the
case, examined the documents, and being satis
fied that all was right, agreed to grant the re
quest. Spooner handed me the paper to en
dorse, and I wrote--" Let pardon be granted.
W. L. Marcy" when Spooner called out, " Hold,
hold, Governor! that's the wrong paper !" And,
sure enough, it was a Whig speech that he was
going to make at Utica, abusing me in the worst
possible way. But I had granted pardon in ad
vance, I suppose he committed the offence after
The story was received with great applause,
and Spooner. being looked to for a response, in
stantly went on with the fol!owing, which, for
an extempore story, certainly is capital:
" Yes, gentlemen-yes, I did. And when
the convention was over we went to Niagara
Falls, and as we were dragging on by stage
over miserable corduory roads, bangin: our
heads against the top of the coach. and then
coming down as if we were to go through the
'bottom, the stage came to a dead halt; the dri
ver dismounted. opened the door, and requested
us all to descend. We did so, supposing that
some accident had occurred. When we were
all out, standing on the ends of the logs of
which the road was made, the driver took off
his hat and s-Lid: " Gentlemen, we always stop
here out of respect for the Governor; this is
the identical spot where Marcy tore his panta
The story was heard with great jollification,
in which no one joined more heartily than the
That pantaloon incident deserves to be record
ed in every history of this great man. Ie was
sent out to hold special sessions of court to try
the anti-Masonic parties charged with murder.
He was to receive a salary and his expenses.
With that nice regard for details that belonged
to his steling character, he kept a minute ac
count of all his expenditures, and handed in
the list on his return, without thinking it ne
cessary or proper to revise and strike out those
items of a private nature, which others much
-dess scrupulous in great matters, might have
carefully suppressed. There stood the tailor's
charge fbr mending. The political foes of. the
Judge when he caine to be a candidate for Gov
ernor, found it, and paraded it before the world
in the newspapers; and making an effigy of Mr.
Marcy, suspended it in the streets of Albany,
with a great patch on the pantaloons and the
tailor's charge on the top of that.
But an observant people saw. through the
patch, and the charge into the heart of an lion
est man, and in that very deed of his they re
cogniscl a frankness and transparency of char
acter that commended him to their warm ap
probation. It is not probable that the panta
loon charge lost for him a single vote, while it
is doubtless true that it made him multitudes
of friends. Ile was never ashamed of it, and
never had reason to be.
"FIFTEEN YEARS IN BELL!"
As, with a stamp of the foot lie dashed on the
table the pen which had made him a bankrupt
and a beggar, wvas thme exclamation of a genitle
moan of sixty, whlo had been born and reared ini
luxury and wealth. This excellent man, in the
course of business, had become involved, but
was hoping and striving, as honor-able men do,
to "wor - ut of his embarrassments ;" and for
all that h ng time, lie did work, and worked
haid--allowed himself no indulgences, sacirifice-d
his large proper-ty freely, whenever necessary to
meet "engagements." But all would not do,
and closed the strife by saying, " I am old aiul
poor, (ad hare no hm.
Not long ago, a gentleman who had failed ini
busiiness but had subsequently paid all his debts,
and was now acting in a capacity which, wvhile
it involved no pecuniary responsibilityv, was suf
ficient to enabile him and his family to live com
fortably, said, "I am one of the happiest men
in New Yor-k, and no amount of money could
induce me to repeat my former career. I could
not (10 it. The eflorts to keep up the name of
our firm wvould now eat ont my mind."
Another gentleman, still in active business,
who lives in his own house, and who is addingp
to his fortune every year-, said with the seious
ness of a man who in a moment's retrospection
had lived over the strifes of a quarter of a cen
tury of business, '- Could I have known the day
I entered New York a boy, the cares and anx
ieties which I have had to encounter, Manhattan
Island and all that is upon it, would not have
presented the slightest inducement to undertake
Within a month a gentleman whose "house,'
in a single year, cleared six hundred thousand
dollars, has been sent to the lunatic assylum,
and has since died, at an age but little beyond
that at wvhichi men are fairly prepared to live to
Little does the careless and penniless light
heartedi passer-by of thme splendid palace of Fifth
Avenue, anid Union Square and Fourteenth
street, imagine wvhat storms of passion and of
fer, what wvrecks of heart -md hope, what with
eing of the sweet joys and anticipations of
youthi, what a drying-up of the better and purer
feeling of our nature, these stately mansions
have soumetiimes cost their owners.
" What did that house cost?7" is not an un
freuent inquiry. " I am ashamed to tell you ;~
or "moore than it is worth," is a vem-y common
response. The true answver in many instances
is, "it has cost me my soul !"
To maintain a good name at the bank, at the
exhange or on the " street," is an idolatory
with many New Yorkers; and to that idol,
rather than be sacrificed; men will offer heart,
conscience, independence, everything. A good
name, certainly, can never be overvalued ; it is
worth niore than millions to the man in busi
ness ; it is as mch his duty as his interest tc
maintain it at any pecuniary cost, at any perso
ial sacrifice; and it is highly creditable to our
business community that so honorable a feelinp
generally prevails. But the error consists in
men placing themselves in positions which pre
sent the strongest of all possible temptations to
sacrifice independence, and heart, and con
science, in order to maintain their standing in th(
business worlId. Beyond all question, the uni
versal error of the age in this country, is "hasting
to be rich;" anid this neglect brings with it, is
multitudes which we know of, the premature
decay of body and mind together, and in the
sw.eing' ruin carie with it down to deat..
truth, manliness, heart, conscience, all!-con
firming the saying: " They that will be rich
fall into temptation and a snare, and into many
foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in
destruction and perdition; which, while some
men coveted after, they have erred from the
faith, and pierced themselves through with many
sorrows." And again, " He that basteth to be
rich shall not be innocent." " He that hasteth
to be rich hath an evil eye, and considereth not
that poverty shall come upon him."
Hal's Journal of lealh.
A CIn.n's OFFERINXG TO MOUNT VERxON.-We
give place. with no ordinary satisfaction, to the
following letter from a little boy-a Charleston
boy, at school, in Georgetown, D. C.,-to the
Southern Matron. laying his free. will offering
the grateful incense of mind and heart-on the
shrine of Washington. It will be seen that this
good boy, this grateful boy, this sensible boy,has
not only i.iibe4d the lesson of truth and honor,
from a einorable incident in the boyhood of
Washington, but has made it practically the po.
lar star of his own conduct. There is at once a
beautiful and a touching propriety exhibited by
this young and promising scion of the Palmetto
city, in thus acknowledgimg and thus redeeming
his debt-a debt alike due by all the youth of
America-to the early example of the Vather.of
our Country. Let all the boys of Charleston,
'Who have the willing heart and the ready means,
go and do likewise, and, for that purpose, em
brace the opportunity, to be afforded by the next
spreading of the Mount Vernon Tent, under the
auspices of the Citadel Cadets.-Charleston Con
To THE SOUTH ERM MATRON.
- (JEoRGETowN, D. C., July 8, 1857.
Resp1ed Madam. :-You will, I hope, excuse
a little boy for writing to you, because I only
wish to send you one dollar for the great and
good purpose you are devoting your time to. I
hope, my goo lady, you may succeed in your
attempt. for I love to read the many anecdotes
about Washington, as I know he was a great
and good man. But one anecdote of Washing.
ton has been useful to Inc. You remember, I
hope, that, when Washington was very young,
on his birth-day, lie was ainde a present of a
new hatchet, and lie cut down his father's favor.
ite cherry tree. Well, his father blamed all the
servants for it; but lie, when he came home,
declared the truth to his father. Well, often
have I been in trouble, and could have come out
with a lie, but the memory of that anecdote was
ever before my mind'
I received some money, lately, frpm home,
and I send you a dollar of it.
I remain, your little friend,
E DWARD CHUPEIN.
THE art of visiting, says the Boston Post, is
well worth a special treatise. Whom to visit
when to visit-how long to visit-these would
form the staple of a useful essay, if any body
would take the trouble to write it,. and would
write it cleverly. Some people visit nearly all
the time, and so waste their own lives and-their
friends' sub.itanec; s6me ei V_ visit aidifan
so deny themselves and their neighbors one of
the greatest pleasures of social existence. Some
people make their visits so short that they are
not worth the trouble they cost; others stay so
long that the visit becomes a "visitation"-like
a fever or a famine. As use is always essential
to excellence in any art, only those who have a
certain amount of practice know how to visit
well, while those who visit too much, sin in an
other way, and become bad visitors from impu
dence and carelessness. But we are writing
the essay which we began by simply suggesting.
and will only add, in conclusion, that all rules
must vary more or less with the character of
the visitor. As the old epigram says
What smiles and welcomes would I give
Sonic friends to see each day I live;
And yet what treasures would I pay
If some would always stay away!
SnvrN DAnI.v SINs, AND NO SA.VATION.
There are some sins that not all the perfumes
of Arabija can render savory, and which pent
ance and holy water cannot remove. The fol
lowing are seven of them:
1. Refusing to take a newspaper.
2 Taking newvspapers and not paying for
3. Not advertising in a paper.
4. Smoking in and prying into the secrets of
5. Markingi the Printing Ojfice a loajing
(i. Reading the manuscript in the compositor's
y. Sending abusive letters to the editor.
For the first and second ofiences no aibsolu
tion can be granted. The fifth is death by law.
To the balance, especially the seventh, dispen
sation can be obtained by special agreement.
In Lynchburg, Vam., there is a lad proverbial
as being a bad speller. The school that lie at
tends has among its many rules and regulations
one that requires the scholars to spell a column
in the dictionary and "give the meanings," just
as the school opens; well, this lad wvas " foot"
of his class. The next day the first word wvas
admittance. This lad had been walking around
sighit-sceing, when his eyes fell upon a cius
bill which, among other inducements to draw a
crowd, had "admittance, twenty-five cents
niggers and children half price." Our young
friend spelt thme word, and learned it ' by heart.'
Next day, strange to say, the head boy missed,
anid thme next, aind the next, and so on, until it
caime to our particular friend, who was ini the
meantime all excitement with the hopes of his
getting "head," being sanguine that he was
right. Here's the result:
Teawcher-LBoy at the foot, spell admittance."
Boy-Ad-mit tance, admittance.
Teacher.-Give the d!efinition.
-Boy-Twenty-five cents--niggers and chil
dren half price!
AN 0nuJ E-r or IN-rEIns'.--The ph ilosophier,
Dr. Barwin, informs us that the reason why the
bosom of a beautiful woman is an object of such
peculiar delighut, arises from hence-that all our
irst pleasurable sensation of warmith, suistenance
aiid repose arc derived from this interesting
source. This theory is beautiful and ino doubt
to a certain extent, true, but our friendl Pilkinis
says in his case, at least, can b~e found ain excep
tioin. He was brought up on "spoon victuals,"
and says that even the sight of a whole table of
spoons produces oii him not the slightest raptu
Nevertheless there must be some truth in the
theory, for Fundles insists that the fondness for
which lie is so notorious, is solely attributable to
the fact that lie was brought up on a bottle, and
has derived " pleasurable sensations of warmth,
susteniance and repose," from it ever since.
Tun paers of Southwestern Georgia and
Midle nd estFlorida, report having received
ed, too late to revive the corn, which was suffer
ing from drought. From somne parts of Decatur
we hcear very flattering accounts, many planters
saying they never had finer prospects for abin
dant crops of corn, cotton, tobacco and sugar.
The croakers seem to have suddenly become si
~lent, and it is only at long intervals that we now
hear - aeqfBhort crops.-Savannah N~ews.
THE POISONING 4W* LD99N AT CINCINNATI.
The Cincinnati cial of July 25th, has
the following p t of the poisoning of a
number of childr efly mentioned in our
Yesterdag afte between the hours of
two and four, a coup of boys, apparently from
fourteen to sixteeiQ of age, were observed
sauntering up Buk street, a densely popu
lated German nei. rhood, scattering small
lozenges upon th walk about the size of
peppermint drops another part of the street
a rather robust oe man, dressed in a black
coat, white pants af' hite hat, with a box un
der his arm, was also served occasionally dis
tributing a similar deription of lozenges, only
in larger quantitieirAs is usual in German
localities, quite a ninlmer of children were play
ing upon the street, 4tnd they greedily seized
the tempting candiesttus gratuitously thrown
in their way. Occh onally the man would
give a package to p s he met, but in these
instances the parties lined tasting, suspecting
something wrong. ' so, however, with the
unsuspecting child ho greedily devoured
the to them dainty ~ and in a short time
afterwards they wer ken with violent vomi
and Drs. Smith, Dav and Fries were sum
moned, who speedily tected the action of poi
son, and upon a ehet& in the neighborhood,
Mr. Eckel, analyzing-a ozenge, it was found to
be composed of equal ts of arsenic, sugar and
flour. In the track ch the man, or rather
monster, had taken, -*any as one thousand
five hundred of these mth-dealing drops were
fouid in one pile, and another spot one-fourth
pound of arsenic iras nd tied in a couple of
The neighborhood bcome fearfully excited,
for at least twenty "chidren had more or less
partaken of the insidi- poison. The first vic
tim was a fine little named John Shultz,
aged nine years. H6. pired about six o'clock
in the evening. W6 ere present when the
coroner held his inqu i~and a more melanchol
ly sight it has hardly:an our lot to witness.
The mother of the d child, had a few days
previous been confined snd in the same room
her eldest babe lay a st&i afiM rigid corpse, while
the new born infait sobiht in!vain for nourish
ment from the mater41 breast, the fount of
which sudden grief and agony had dried. Her
two other childrelhadralsQ partaken of the
poisonous drops, and liasick in the same room,
but they were prQnouned-out of danger.
Immediately upon the other side of the street,
another promising childinamed Henry Schwarts,
about eleven o'clock last night is said to have
breathed its last; and ? the time ive visited the
poisoned district some- ror five other children,
male and female, wer'upposed to 'be in a very
critical condition. Wei eard also that several
similar ca'es had odcur idjn Fifteenth, between
Race and Elm streets. VA:-2
It is with heartfelt comlled
tor of the ve.fi-m ies- t iglitiel caue us
to rather claim kindied with the brute and for
swear our relationship with th'e human species.
It is to be hoped that no pains will be spared in
hunting the vampire to his lair.
A BOSTON COURT.
A Lady Arrested fur Obstructing the Side-walks
One of the most extraordinary cases ever
brought before a legal tribunal was witnessed
in the Police Court on Saturday. An officer
complained of a young and remarkably hand
some lady for obstructing the side-walks of
Washington street by too great a display of
crinoline. As it is understood that the lady is
highly connected, we will call her Mary Smith,
and not expose her true name.
Before the complaint was read, Judge Russell
inquired as to the whereabouts of the prisoner.
The officer replied that the lady was waiting in
the entry; that himself and two otheris had en
deavored to squeeze her through the door-ways,
but they were too narrow, and he wished the
Jnlge's advice in the premises.
Judge said that it wvas an extraordinary case
--the constitution gua-anteed to every one anI
open trial, and lie would not hold session in the
entry even to please a lady. Under-the circum
stances, he recomimenided that Miss Smith lbe
mnovedl from the entry to the front door, and he
thought that she maust spread considerable not
to be able to take her place in the prisoner's
The experiment was tried and found to ans
wer admirably-the dooer being sonme twenty
feet wide very little compressmng was needcd
and with a frown of indignation upon her pret
ty browv Miss Smith found herself face to face
with the Judge, and listened to the complaint
which was read to her.
'The officer .testified that half a dozen times
during the week he had been obliged to step
fromu the sidewalk to enable the defendant to
pass. Once he came very near being run over
by a passing carriage, and he inquired of the
J udge whether the city government would have
allowed a pension to his widow in case he had
The Judge said that lhe should reserve his
opinion until seine time next week on that poinit,
and inquired whether the circumference of the
lady was not produced by natural causes.
The police officer said that he was the father
of sixteen children, and if he was lucky, he ex
pected an addition to his family next month.
He had never known his wife to occupy half so
much space as Miss Smith, and he hoped she
never would, as he disliked twins.
The court rebuked the levity of the man, and
told him he must trust to Providence.
The oflicersaid thatheshouild, butif Prt~vidence
continued to favor him he meant to petition for
an increase of salary, and 'he thought he ought
to have it.
The Court intimated that his remarks were
irrelevant to the case, and inquired if he had
any further testimony to offer.
The officer said that hehad. H~e hadrequested
the prisoner two or three times not to stop on
the sidewalk, as people were. unable to pass
without going into the street, which at times
was inconvenient to ladies wearing paper-soled
shoes, owing to the outrageous manner in
which the thoroughfares were watered.
The Court, in summing up, said that the evil
was one of -great magnitude, and should be
checked by vigorous measures. There was no
statute under which too great a display of crino
line came, but he should take the responsibility
of inflicting a fine of $5 arid costs, and he hoped
that it would be a warning.
This fine was promptly paid'and Miss Smith
was dischargedl. Bst Herald, 20th.
" THE FInsT Ho!Ion."-Our Free Dirt Ex
changes are laying heavy emphasis on the fact
that " Charles Sumner .dined in- London with
theBenchies of the inner-temple," and that this
was the first instance of such an invitation to
a stranger. It may be so-altiough we doubt
it-but it is well to recollect that this also is
the first instance of a-White man having the ex
ternal marigs of a gentleman, who has coveted
notoriety abroad on the plea of having taken a
caning, and has appealed to eforeign syz~ie
by maligoing artiieof hinedfconty
COL. WIGFA'LLS SPEECl.
It is known to our readersthat since Houston
arrived in Eastern Texas, canvassing the State
for Governor, Col. Louis T. Wigfall, of Marshall,
has been meeting him at his appointments, and,
when permitted, discussing the principles of the
Democratic party, and exposing the tactics of
the party that has nominated and is supporting
Gen. Houston for for Governor of Texas.
Col. Wigfall has met and replied to Gen.
Houston every day, we believe (Sundays excep
ted), since the third of June. Col. Runnels,
the Democratic nominee, was, at the time Gen.
Houston passed through Eastern Texas, and is,
perhaps, yet confined to a bed of sickness.
Though not an orator or a demagogue, he has
that clear judgment, and fixed principles, and
good sense, that would have enabled him to
meet Gen. Houston on the stump. When he
was prevented from doing so, we were more
than gratified to hear that Col. Wigfall had
been induced to follow, meet and reply to the
General. There is not a man in the State in
whose hands we would more cheerfully have
confided the interests and fortunes of the Dem
ocratic party than he. High as was our esti
mate of his distinguished talents, his powers as
a political debater, and his nobleness of nture,
that estimate was surpassed by his speech, in
reply to Gen. Houston on Thursday last. We
have never heard a more clear, logical, eloquent
and effective defence and exposition of political
principles than that made by Col. Wigfall. We
have never heard a more skilful and powerful, but
at the same time temperateandrespectful, dissec
tions of the political record and principles of
any public man, than that which Col. Wigfall
presented of Gen. Houston.
Gen. Houston here, as at every other place at
which he has spoken, since Col. W. has been
following him, denounced him in advance in the
grossest terms of abuse-called him a fugitive
from justice, a man of infamous character-a
felon-hireling-hired slanderer, and many other
choice epithets of similar import. In reply,
Col. Wigfall declined to go into a war of vulgar
and abusive epithets, but on the other hand,
proposed to discuss the political principles and
antecedants of Gen. Houston, and those of the
Democratic party. He held up to public gaze
the extraordinary blunders and absurdities that
have characterized the last ten years of Gen.
Houston's life. He tried him by every test
that the General himself has proposed-weighed
him as " a Jackson Denocra," and found him ]
wanting-referred to his denunciation of con
ventions, and showed that he had been a sup
pliant before two democratic conventions for the
nomination for President; that becoming dis
gusted at his reception before those conventions,
he was next found knocking at the door of the
Philadelphia K. N. convention in 1855-dark
lantern in hand, for the same nomination-took
up his denunciation of "squaier sorereignty."
and showed that he had himself introduced into
the United States Senate, and fathered the most
odious-and repulsive squatter sovereignty, that
*d iA' A.t 't ~
tracted to California, .to vote in the elections
establishing its territorial government, and thus
shape the political institutions of that State, and
exclude the South from it. He defended the
convention system, and demonstrated the neces
sity of it, and showed that it was only those
who had nothing to hope and nothing to gain
from conventions, that were decrying and de
nouncing them. But it is impossible that we
could in the brief space allowed us even refer
to all the main points of Col. Wigfall's speech.
It was throughout, the ablest political argument,
to which we have ever listened, interspersed
with bursts of eloquence, and enlivened with
flashes of wit that delighted, warmed, and en
thused the audience. le was frequently inter
rupted by the warmest demonstrations of up
Col. Wigfall was prevailed upon again to ad
dress the people at night, at the court house.
We have not space for even a brief mention of
his speech on this lattei occasion. le confined
himself wholly to a discussion of the issues that
have heretofore divided the political parties of
the country- the theory. of our government,
andl to a defence of Statesi' Rights denmocracy.
It was a piowerful and mas~terly constitutional
argument. We may refer to it more fully
MH. UClu.\'N A.\l TImE SOU Ti.
Mr. Buchanan hus done for the Sonth upon
the Kansas question. all that be ever promnised
to do, all that his advoentes promised he would
do, and all that lie ought to (10. That he pre
frs that Kanusas should beta free State, we have
no doubt. We never did doubt it. If the
South has any cause of cmplaint against him,
it is that and that alone.
The Government does not of right belong
either to the South or to the North. Neither
Mr. Buchanan or his friends were promised any
thing more for him, than that he recognized thme
right of the people of Kansas to determine for
themselves, whether they would have Slavery
or not. He has done nothing in violation of
this promise, lie has not promised to do any
thing. The opinions or the wishes of the Presi
dent unsupported by any power to enforce
them, are not the power of~ the government.
Mr. Buchanan has no power to change or to
control the vote of a single man in Kansas. i~e
has no power to compel the convention to sub
mit the constitution to the vote of the people, 1
and none to determine who shall vote provided
it is submitted. lie has not power to compel
any man in Congress to vote either for or against
the admission of Kansas as a State; he has the
power to vote the bill admitting her, an dif he
were to do that on account of a pro Slavery
Constitution, that would be a violation of the
principle of Non-Intervention.
The Democracy of the South have run them.
selves into a most foolish and ridiculous position1
because Walker has told the people of K~ansas
what he thinks they ought to do, and what he
thinks will be done if they do not followv his
suggestions. If it can be shown that the pee
of Kansas are slaves who belong to Walker,
why this is intervention, but if they are free
men, having the right to act upon the dictates
of their own judgment, he has done nothing
to violate the principles of non-intervention.
The difficulty is this. The Democracy of the
South expected Walker to express his opinions
and use his influence in favor of Slavery in
Kansas, and if he had done it we should have
heard no complaint of intervention at the South,
but we should have heard howls long and loud
from the North.
But the American party is making itself even
more ridiculous than the Democrats. They are
raising a wvail over the loss of Kansas and de
nouncing Buchanan for his treachery, even be-1
fore Kansas is lost, when they opposed the re
peal of the Missouri Compromise, which cut us
off from all chance of getting it. They now
denounce the Kansas act a' an iniquitous scheme
by which we are deprived of our rights, when
without it we had no chance for Kansas or any
other territory north of 36 30.
We should just like to know what they ex- 1
pect or intend to make out of this thing-; if 1
there is evil or wrong in it, what remedy do
t~ey propose ? The Democrats say they will
nuid~]uchanan if he does not recall Walker, and
AhAm...nan.-... th -nnuzaunn quan a. .
Democrats whether Buchanan recalls Walker
Dr not. They say the Democrats'are responsi
ble for all the mischief because they elected
Buchanan. But the question arises, " what
remedy is proposed by either?" How is the
country to be benefitted if the Democrats aban
rIon Buchanan? How is cur condition to be
improved if the people abandon the Demo
WINE GROWING IN MISSOURI.
A wine company has been recently formed in
Missouri, for the manufacture of wine from the
grape vineyards of the region, and the product
)f this manufacture, appears in the market this
year for the firsttime. The enterprise promi
ses complete success, as good profits are realized,
md experienced connoisseurs do not hesitate to
leclare the American wine superior to many of
the choice foreign brands. Missouri seems pe
:uliarly well adapted to the grape culture; for,
ivbile blasting and mildew are said to have be
allen the grape crop in Ohio, the vineyards in
Viissouri are free from blight, and now promise
i rich harvest. The zealous cultivators expect
to displace all foreign brands, among discrimi
iating judges of the article. The St. Louis
Republican describes at much length the works
)f the Missouri Wine Company, the process of
nanufacture, &c. The main building is very
vide and 150 feet in depth, having three cellars
aeneath it, hewn out of a solid rock, the lowest
>f which is 33 feet below the surface of the
arth,.for the purpose of securing a low tempe
-ature. The Catawba grape is almost the only
)me cultivated for wine, though good success
ias been had in making sparkling wine from the
vild grape, which brings $9 per dozen. The
-hoicer varieties of Catawba rate at $12 to $13
ier dozen. The Republican says,
In the year 1856 the Company manufactured
)0,000 bottles, or 13,000 gallons of the three
orms of Catawba. The present year the amount
vill not exceed 40,000 bottles. The failure of
he crops last fall advanced the price of the un
nanufactured article twenty-five per cent., be
ides limiting the quantity, so that the Missouri
ine Company contracted their operations.
We understand that the business of wine
rowing is profitable. An acre of vines proper
y tended will yield 400 gallons of wine, which,
t one dollar per gallon, the usual rate, will
rield $400, or $350 net, as it costs not more
han $50 per acre to cultivate the grape and
ress out the wine. The first cost of procuring
;he vines and preparing the ground, we did not
earn. But the cost subsequently is not above
:he figures stated-fifty dollars per acre.-Balt.
TRANSPORTATION oF NEGROES FROM AFRICA
'O THE WEST INIEs.-Although the Earl of
J3arendon says he has no offiial information of
he fact, the London Daily News declares that it
s nevertheless quite true that the French gov
rument has entered i'nto a contract with a Mar
eilles house for the supply of 16,000 Africans I
o Guadaloupe and M The contract. -
no reign Affairs, and Messrs. Regis, the i
darseilles traders, on the 13th of March last.
[he negroes are to work under an engagement
or ten years, at a little over two dollars a month,
iut of which each negro so imported has to pay I
t the rate of 36 cents a month, the cost of his <
ransport, estimated at about thirty-six dollars. I
essrs. Regis are to receive a hundred dollars 4
or each adult immigrant.
So far as appears, not a word is said in the i
ontract binding Messrs. Regis to ship only ne- i
roes who voluntarily tender themselves for emi- i
ration, or not to pay money to induce negroes I
o come on board their vessels. The wages they
eceive being less for a month than the wages i
or a week in the adjoining British possessions, I
t is no wonder that the British statesmen are I
nuch exercised thereby, and that they propose I
o follow the example.-Richmond Dispatch.
THE JEw.-Lady Shell, the wife of the Brit
sh Ambassador to Persia, in a book entitled,
'Glimpies of Life and Manners in Persia," says
he Jew cannot "be taken under any form with
vhich we are acquainted with him-whether
si representedl on the monuments of Egypt or
~f Assyria, or in the purest stock still found,
ithier in Europe or in Asia-.as the type of phy;
ical beauty. In common with all the Semitic
-aces, he has a high development of the intellec
ual fatculties especially of the imagination. In
his respcct he yields to none. J)ut the well
miown characteristics of~ the race-the sharp,
iooked nose, the sensual lip, the peculiar form:
> the profile, are too prominent and defined for
>rfect bea'.ty of fe tures. And these peculi
rities are not to be attributed to any intermix
ure of blood, to variation of climate, to politi-i
al changes, or. to social condition. The Jew of
o-dlay id the Jew of the Captivity, the Jew of
he kingdom'i of~ David and Solomon. Even to
his hour the Shibboleth might still be his pass
voruihad he to cross to the other side of Jordon."i
Auvovrsznc.-Thec St. Louis Republican, in
oncluding a congratulatory notice of its pros
>erity and success, says of advertising:
The truth is, advertising has becomie a greati
cature in the business of the country. NoI
derchan t can better understand this than those
who engage in it most extensively. The promi
ent advertisements of our fancy good dealers,
.nd of our wholesale merchants, spread all over
hese pages, best attest the estimation in which
hey hold it. If they can in this way secure a
ending by tens of thousands of persons every
ay, this is just what they want. If they can
>y so easy a process and so cheap a cost attract
undreds of buyers to their counters every day,
that matters it to them that they pay a few
lollars for doing it. But the merchants are not
he only persons benefitted by advertising.
Every one who has anything to buy or sell
ivery one who wants anything or has lost any
hing-every one engaged in any business what
iver-now resorts to the newspapers to commta
icate with the public. As a matter of course,
tvery man in search of a particular object or
;hing, looks to the advertising columns of a
ewspaper to find it; and if there be any one
o stupid as not to read those columns, he will
ever keep up with his neighbors or the progress
af the age."
MoDERNX E LOQUEYCE.-A correspondent of the
3ston Courier gives the following extract from
Ssermon recently delivered by a Professor at
Earvard University, and asks if students are
safe when exposed to such language:a
Viewingr this sulject from the esoteric stand
>oint of Christian exegeteeial analysis and ag-.
~lutinating the polsynthetical eetoblasts of ho-.
nogeneous ascetism, we perceive at once the ab-.
olute individuality of this entity; while from
hat other stand-point of incredulous synthesie
rhich characterize the Xenoeratic hierarchy of
he Jews we are constantly impressed with the
recisely entineristatic quality thereof,.
A DEAT H STR UGGLE.---TWO men were drown
d in Whittemore, Lake Michigan on the 4th.]
n company with their wives and a little girl,
hey were sailing on the lake, when an alterca-a
ion ensued ; the men clinched, in the struggle 1
ipset the boat, and they fought* in the water I
mtil both sunk. The women and the littlea
p ,1 sav=1 ed byicinging to - the boat nm
From the Spartanburg Spartan.
U. S. RUM0N.
MESSRS. EDITORS: The U.S. Senatoria17Ble
tion is a matter of grave and great importance
to the good people of South Carolina. at'this
time. We want a gentleman of high cownmd
ing talents and statesmanship, upon whomve
can rely with confidence-whose interest is
identified with ours-who is prudent and cau
tious, and at the same time bold enough to
speak out the truth and sentiments of the State,
without "fear, favor or affection," and whose
general character is such as to aid in keeping
the South united; for all the Southeirini tes
are together in sentinient and feeling, for the
first time in thirty years.
We believe that Col. F. W. Pickens is the
manfor the crisis, and will be suported the ,
BACK COUNT l-.
AN ABoLITIoNIsT PREss REMOVED FRoM
TExA.-The citizens of Wood county, in the
northern part of Texas,' being disgusted with
the course *o a paper published in Quitman,
called the Free Press, held a meetingan
passed resolutions repudiating the reportsm cw
culation that they were abolitionists, and callin
, mass meeting to decide whether the Free
Press should continue to be published, or re
moved as a nuisance. They decided to destroy
the office, and gave Winston Baks, its editor,
md his friend, Mr. Lemon, twenty-four hours to
leave. The citizens carried out the resolution,
and Banks and Lemon left in less than the time
THE SMITH FAMILY OVER THE WATER..
rables have been published of the births, deaths
ind marriages, in a single year, in Enylan1 and
Wales, of some of the more numerous of those
English families whose surnames are derived
from occupation. It appears from these statis
ties, which are reliable, that every year ,
Smiths are born. 4,044 Smiths die, and 3,005
Smiths, determined to preserve the Smith fami
ly from extinction, do marry.
CoTToN IN CUBA.-The most crions specu
lative movements in which, since the days of.
jointstock companies, the Cubans have engaged,
(says the N. 0. Pidayane,) isthe org-mization
of a company for the purpose. of encoragin 4
the growth of cotton. The capital of the coin
pany is put down at eight millions, divided.inta
four shares of S2,000,000each. They proposeto ;
buy up all the cotton-growing lands of the is
Land, especially such as are unfit. by hatureor
ftherwise for the growth of sugar,, and put
them at once under cultivation. The company
also propose to engage in cotton manufact es
rhe movers speak with confidence of thaiSn
terprise, which they assure us has thiya a
nd encouragement of the Government
BALLOoN TRAVELING0 ENOLA
ftwohundred and fifty milea h
lie'jsipace of five hours b lpfs
he travelers 'crossed thesouthenli tt,
)ig village, and then.must have steered due west.
l'here was a fine moon shining, and as the day
ight broke on them, they heard the sound of the
,liannel serf, and found themselves in nautical
hraseology, hugging the coast, and going along
it considerable speed. i he river Exe was crosse
>ver Stareross Station, between Exeter. and Ex
nouth; Dartmoor was traversed near the prison,
when Mr. Gozwell, finding that a fresh wind pre
railed in the lower current, determined to avail
iimself of the sielter afforded by the hills, and
lescended, therefore, in a valley about three
niles from Tavistock, where a suitable meadow
)resented a good landing place. It' was some
ime before the particulars of the journey ob
ained credence. At Newton the balloon was
leelared to be the comet - but the railway guard
itopped the panic by declaring the erial visitor
:o be Mr. Coxwell's balloon.
----- -- -
SEIZURE oF PRoPERTY.-The Vineennes (Ind.)
iun presents the following:
On Friday a movement was made to levy on
he court-house, jail, court-house square, and
>ther public property of Knox county, at the
uit of~ the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad Corn
any, for the interest due on $200,000 of the
ounty bonds, for wvhich judgment was obtained
it the last United States Circuit Court. Th'e
,oor-hous~e and jail are to be sold; the court
iouse and grounds will be held from sale till the
ietion of the county authorities is known. To
ay the debt will double the present heavy taxes.
FAL.T FINDIN.-Having in my youth no
tions of severe piety, says a celebrated Persian
rriter, I used to rise in the night to watch,
pray,,and read the Koran. One night while I
wvas engaged in these exercises, my father, a
nan of practical virtue, awoke while I was
" Behold," said I to him, " thy other children
ire lost in irreligious slumber, while I alone
a'ake to praise God."
"Son of my soul," he answered," "it is better
:o sleep than to wake to mark the faults of thy
LENGTH OF A MILE IN VARIOUs COU'NTRIUL
rho English mile is 1,760 yards ; the Russian
L,100; the Italian, 1,467; the Irish and Scotch
2,200; the Polish 4,400, the Spanish 5,028; the
swedish and Danish 7,233; and the Hungarian
,830. The French measure by the mean league,
vlhich is 3,666 yards.
SHOCKING CATASTROPHE.--A romantiC father,
rhose name was Rose, called his daughter
' Wild," so that she grew up under the appella
;ion of " Wild Rose." But in a few years the.
;irl fell in love with, and married a man named
Bull, which sadly interfered with the romnance
>f the lady's name, " Wild Bull I"
It happened some years ago, in one of the
forthern counties of Vermont, that the then
3tate Attorney, though a man of great legal
ibility, was rather too fond of the "critter,"
mnd with a perversity of habit, which we have
>ften seen in others, was pretty sure to drink
oo deep at the very time when it was most ne
:essary that he should be sober. On one occa
lion an important criminal case8 was called on by
;he Clerk, but the Attorney, with owl-lik~e
;ravity, kept his chair, being, in fact, not fairly
ible to stand on his feet.
"Mr. Attorney, is theState ready toproceed!"
aid the Judge.
"Yes-hic--no, your honor," stammered the~
awyer, " the State--hic-is not ina state to ti~y
his case to day--the State, your honor- is
HON. W. W. Bovc.--The death of JTudge
lutler has brought forward a number of aapi
ants for the vacancy in the Senatorial re~sn
ation of South Carolina; and ainong ohr,
he Hon. William W. Boyce has beenco .
nented with a nomination for the offic r.
lyepbshsa card, in whinhki 1l fieldi
seohinae in connection with ti'&ao,
hip, avowing a-desire to remgin in the2H use f
lepresentatives, where his 'habit ofapba
uis unusual learning, andhisti'iuyct
mnd original intellec-,hadaledkj~ai