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HON. P. W. PICEENS.
Maj. PERY, the Editor of the Patriot and
Mountaineer, in alluding to the vacancy in the
United States Senate, says:
We have already expressed our preference of
the Hon. J. L. Orr and given our reasons for
such preference. But in case he declines to run,
we now nominate the Hon. F. W. Pickens as one
on whom the whole democracy of South Caro
lina might well concentrate. He is a patriot by
inheritance. Whilst a very young man he rank
ed with the very first men in Congress for talents,
ability and eloquence. He has had great expe
rience in the service of the State, and has shown
himself above all desire or ambition for office.
No man in the" Union has rejected more high of
fices than Col. Pickens. The mission to Eng
land was tendered him by President Polk. e
has had offered to him, the mission to Spain,
and more recently he was urged by President
Buchanan to accept the mission to Russia. But
he has declined all Federal offices, and is willing
only to serve his native State. He justly feels
an ancestral pride in South Carolina. No man
served her longer or more signally in the strug
gle for Independence, than his illustrious grand
father. His father filled most worthily the Exe
cutive chair of the State. He, unlike others,
who have sent off their property to increase their
fortunes in the West, has brought back into the
State a laige property inherited in the West.
At one tine the owner of more than five hun
dred slaves in South Carolina, he never thought
of carrying any of them out of the State. i ho
is there, by fortune and inheritance, more worthy
*of being trusted on the slave question, or who
can fee a deeper pride in the glor of the State ?
No one has been more thorouglyStates-rights
in all his political creed than Co.Pickens. And
yet, at the same time, he has had wisdom and
virtue and boldness enough to appreciate the
blessings of the Federal Constitution and the
Federal Government 'administered under that
Constitution. Like a brave man, he is ready to
meet danger when it comes, but is not disposed
to be scared at imaginary dangers.
We ha* something more to say on this sub
Seetnext week.if we.have time during the sit
'-p 'of the'State and 'United States Courts at
From the Patriot and Mountaineer.
It is with great difficulty we make room for
Dr. LaBorde's letter, and have no space or time
for a proper expla nation this week.
The Doctor thinks we are in gross error and
have done him great injustice. If. so we assure
him there is no one more disposed to make the
amende honorable. We know the Doctor stated
before the Board of Trustees that he never ad
vised the students not to attend President Mc
Cay's recitation, and we implicitly believe his
statement. And yet we have no doubt, at all,
that the students came very properly to the con
elusion, from all that passed between them and
the Professors, that their refusal to attend Presi
dent McCay's Lecture would not be offensive to
We set up no inquisition before Dr. LaBorde.
Nor did we catechise him. We simiply expressed
our opinion, which the Doctor hias not dirictly
met-that he did not think the boys ought to be
p unished. Does he think so ? The Doctor says
hethought it proper that if the President report
ed the class they should be tried. The President
did report them, and they were not tried ! In
stead of trying the young meni for rebellion
ag-ainst the College and their President, it is
th'ouoeht better to conv.ene the Boand of Trustees,
and Tet them tythe President on a charge of a
want of veracit brought by the students I This
is what the Fauty called referring "the whole
matter to the Board of Trustees I"
There were several Professors who did express
the belief that it was no combinationi for each
student to stay away from the recitation on his
own responsibility, although he knew that the
whole class were going to act in the same way.
We are called on to name the Professors. If
our memory serves us right, Messrs. Pelham,
Rivers and Barnwell expressed such opinion,
Dr. LaBorde'did not.
We have neither time nor space for further
COLUMA, July 27, 1857.
My Dear Sir: I am truly sorry to be forced
to write a line in reference to the College. Im
mediately upon the 'adjournment of the Board of
TruteesI deterined to take no part in thedis
cussion which I believed would take place, and
I have religiously adhered to this determination
up to the present moment. 'A sense of duty to
myself demands that I remain silent no longer;
I cannot suffer myself to be put in a false posi
tion~before the public. You are a Trustee, and
permit me to remind you, that as you are sup
posed to speak by authority, you should be doubly
careful in the statement of flacts. In the last
number of your paper arc to be found the fol
lowing words; "the young men said by way of
encouraaine their followers, in staying away from
Preside<Y !icCay's lectures, that Professors La
Board and Barnwell would not think that they
were made of the right kind of stuff if they at.
tended the lectures of the President." Now, sir,
this is a mosti serious charge against me, as an
officer of the College, and well calculated to do
me a mr.terial injury. Was this charge made by
"the young men" before the Board? No. The
Board refused to hear the students. I know that
"the young men"s acquit me entirely, and that
you must prove my guilt, if proved at all, by
other witnesses. I am the more surprised that
you shoald give currency to such an opinion,
when you know that on being asked before the
Board if I had ever advised a student not to at
tend Mr. McCay, or if it came within my knowl
-edge that any Professor had so advised, I ans
wered unheatatingly and unequivocally, No.
Am I to be discredited? In the face of my flat
denial, am I to be made the victim to a vague,
wild an$ irresponsible rumor ? So determined
do you appear tb fasten the charge upon me,
that you hesitate not to say, that if I was asked
the question, I would answer, that the students
were right in not atedn him, and that they
should not be punished for it. You have no right
to present me in this aspect before the public -
to mnatitute an inquisition into my personal, and
*private convictionsl; you should know me in this
-matter only as an officer. But though denying
30o1right to catechise me in this way, I hereby
declan ss nctl; that if an officeer of Cole~
woge go ask for isu puisment of a clau,
nonattendance, I-should feel myself compelled
by every consideration of duty to vote for it. In
the case of the Junior Class I made the motion
to summons it immediately before the Faculty,
but this motion was made to give way to another
which looked to the reference of the whole mat
ter to the Board of Trustees. I stated distinctly
that I would throw no obstacle in the way of the
President-that if he desired the class to be
brought before the Faculty, it must be done, let
consequences be what they may. - There was a
general acquiescence in this view on the part of
the Faculty. When the motion to refer the mat
ter to the Board was made, the President said
nothing in opposition, and it received the sup
port of those members of the Faculty who are
known more particularly as his personal friends.
I have given the facts to the best of my recol
lection, and refer to my colleagues in proof of
them. I will only remark further on this point, I
that I had fixed deliberately my line of con- s
duct; that before the meeting of the Faculty at t
which Mr. McCay made his report, I said to
Professor Rivers, that if he reported the class, I
would make the motion to summon it before us.
He said that I was right, and that he would sus
tain the motion. As Mr. Barnwell and myself
are the only Professors, I believe, mentioned by
name, the reader will very naturally conclude,
that we are particularly alluded to, when you t
make certain other complaints, against "several
Professors." You assert that ' several Profes
sors" admitted that at the Faculty meeting they
took the ground that there was no combination.
Fairness demands that you give the names of the
Professors; I deny it for myself. I took no such
ground, and made no such admission before the
oard. I perceive that you are grossly at fault
in reference to the history of our difficulties, and
thatin many particulars youhave misapprehended
the facts that were developed before the Board.
Nothing would be easier than for me to show
that you have erred. It is not my purpose, how
ever,'to discuss the proceedingy of the Board, or
to take part in the controversy (I hope a fniendlr
one) between you and "Andi Alteram, Partem.'
At a future time, and before a proper tribunal, I
may have something to say. 1 hope to be able
to show that I have done my duty to the Presi
dent- that whatever other errors I have commit
ted, f have not, as an officer, been false -to him ;
that I have, to the best of my ability, and with i
at least a fair measure of success, devoted my
energies to the good of the College. When that
time arrives, I shall look for you, as among the
first, to confess your many errors of judgment
and opinion, and to make that reparation which
every honorable mind feels to be due to those
whom he has unintentionally injured.
I am, most respectfylly, your most obedient,
COREESPONDENCE OF THE SOUTE CAROLIAN.
LExINGTON, (K. T.,) July 20.
Mu. EDoIvO: In a late Carolina paper, I see
a movement made to raise funds to reimburse
Col. J. J. Clarkson, for services rendered South
Carolinians. In the same paper it is stated that
Oslonel C. had assisted the " boys" to such an
extent that he was seriously crippled pecuniari
ly. Col. C. is still ensidered here as well to do
in the world. There is no doubt that Col. C.
did assist the " boys," Lut were it not as well to
look little nearer hone flrst. I should be glad I
to see Col. Clarkson paid what is due him, but,
Mr. Editor, many of those that contracted those
debts have lon~g since returned home, and are
able to settle their own debts, accounts made
recklessly and heedlessly. Would it not be just
to commencewith your own sons ? I have a case
in view now, that calls for some actions sooner
than the one referred to above-I allude to Ma
jor Bell. This gentleman's action in behalf of
Kansas have never vet be en duly appreciated at
home. In the month'of December, 18535, Mis
souri called on the South for aid ; Major Bell
was thefirst one to advertise for men and aid.
He was attacked through the papers of his own
district as endeavoring to make a speculation.
When the time came for him to start, $100 (from
Governor R. F. W. Al~ston) and a gold chain,
was the sum total of aid, and lie was compelled
to join Major Buford in Alabama. He was not
discouraged ; his reward was, he landed in Kan
sas with a company of forty-six men, as respec
table in looks, egent9manly in bearing, .and
as courageous as any company froni Carolina;
and I do not hesitate in saying that there are
more of his men in the Territory now than any
company from Carolina. I could give innumera
ble instances of their services, but I do not wish
to take up too much room; the members of
Major B.'s company can testify to his many acts
of kindness, his attention to the sick, and his
firmness and courage. I unhesitatingly say that
South Carolina never sent a braver man to Kan
sas; several of his men know that he has many
a time divided his last'dollar with them, and the
writer of this knows that he stood security for
seeral for board, boots, clothing, &c., and had
to pay. In every difficulty he has taken a lead
ing part, and nobly sustained the honor of the
Palmetto. At the battle of Ossawatomie, it wsas
acknowledged by all that his artillery saved the
day ; the ladies "of Clay County, Missouri, made
him a present of a handsome flag, and the citi
ens invited his company to a dinner. He came
here a poor man, and for nearly twelve months
he was occupied in behalf of Kansas ; this was
attended with expensos, and lie had no way to
make anything. When others pressed horses,
he refused. A fter things were quieted he went
out west of Fort Riley, a long distance, survey
ing, and was frozen uip for- sev-er-ah months, near
ly lost his life and made nothing. I have seen
him since doing all kinds of work, even diggingi
a well-showing a true spirit of industry and
perseverance. He has assisted every Southern
man as far as lie was able ; but enough.
Gentlemen! Ladies I "South Caroliniansl'"
would it not be an act of generosity to assist
such a man ? Remember, he owns no slaves, but
has acted through principle. Show him that
his principles are appreciated at home by sm
testimonial; remember, he is still at his post,
when many who reaped the benefits of the as
sociations in Carolina have long since returned.
ONE WHlO HAS iwEEN wmTH lix
Fuox Fins-r TO LAST.
RAII.IOAn CoNNEC-rioN AT A rvsi-a.-The ar
rangement between the South Carolina Raiilroad1
on the one hand, and the city of Augusta anid
the Georgia Railroad on the other, has at length
been happily completed. It provides that the roads
shall run parallel tracks in aspecified street, in the
city of Augusta, thus enabling their respective
trais to load from a common platform without
the use of dr-ayage. The value of this arrange
ment will soon be felt, as it goes into operation1
about the 15th of August. The coninection be
tween the two roads, always so imiportanit, has
gained additional interest from the bulk of grain
that now passes over them during the summer
mionths. One Railroad delivers ait its depot an
average of five thousand bushels of wheat dhaily,
and it is expected that in a short timie this aver
awe will be doubled. Thus the transportation
of wheat wmill soon be made to fill the gap in the
transportation of cotton. It is another evidence
of the benificent operation of Railroads upon
agricultural enterprise.-Charleston Mercury.
THE DECLINE~ IN Suu.ta.- The stock of sugar
on hand in New York yesterday, as we learn
from the New York Post. is not less than 100,
000 hhds., besides from 15,000 to 20,000 hhds.
Melado. The Post states that the decline in
price on this stock since the 1st instant, includ
ing reduction of duty, is at least two and a half
or three millions of dollars. The fall is fully 11
ent per pound on general qualities, and the
market remains depressed. Recent importa
tions from the West Indies, costing 111r cents,
have been sold in lots at 9} cents! As we
stated sonmc time since, the Eastern and Western
States have produced largely from the maple<
tree, and the decrease of demand on the INew
York market from that quarter is enough of it
elt to affect prices seriously. Every,table in
the West is supplied with maple syrup and sugar i
of home make. We think that the price of sugar,
has reached the highest point, and from the pre
sent time a rapid decline may be looked for.
SaRL&X WAT~.-A gentleman from Alabama
received from the Patent Office somne spring
wheat from the Holy Land, which he sowed last1
spring. It came to maturity in seven weeks,
producing a large, full head, with a berry in
every respect equal to the original. This wheat
is reputed to ri in Syria in sixty days from
sowa. It' ths beseenthat our climate 1
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, B. 0.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1857.
In the latter part of the 4th paragraph of the com
IuUication of "SALVDA PLANTER," in our last num
or, for " old grub" read "old grain."
THE SALUDA HOUSE.
We are requested to state that the Hotel kept by
[r. L. CoVAn, and heretoforeknownas the " Mansion
louse," has had its name changed to " The Saluda
[ouse." We furthermore speak knowingly when we
ay that itis a capital good House both as to boarding,
edding, and the comforts of life generally. The
overnor and his Aids, the Generals and their staf
ificers, have been sojourning there for some days,
nd fully concur in our estimate of Mr. CoVAR's eX
We are re4uested bly our Methodist friends to state
hat the annual Camp Meeting at Mt. Vernon - Camp
)round will be held there this week, commencing ov
-morrow (Thursday) evening.
THE GOVERNOR AND THE MILITARY.
Our military reviews are now in progress. His Ex
elloney Governor ALLSTON and Suite, Adjutant Gen.
ral DwiovAxT, and Major General SmiTH and Suite,
iro in attendance. Our town has had an unusual in
erest attached to it for the few past days by the pres
nee of these gentlemen. It is needless to say thal
hey are winning golden opinions in passing. RoM
ould it be otherwise, when affability, high tone, in.
elligence, and social warmth so manifestly character
ze them all.
Gov. ALLSTON, we regret to say, has been somewhai
ndisposed; but was improving when he left us yes
erday mornhtg. Besides the military duties of hi
our, his Excellency is assiduous in his inquiries as tc
natters of a civil nature, and especially In referenet
:o the working of our present Free School system,
rhich subject he evidently has much at heart. W4
,re more convinced than ever that our Legislature, it
electing him to the Chief Magistracy of the State,
nade an admirable choice. Let us say, that oh
Edgefield wishes him a pleasant summer and a sue
Our feelings are not less worm towards the severa
nembers of his present military cortege.
CAPT. BELL, OF KANSAS.
Attention is asked to a Kansas letter, which we
opy from the Carolinin, in relation to Capt. (noi
ajor) E. B. BELL of that territory. We have heari
ut one account of Capt. B's conduct, and it ip aliki
reditable to himself and honorable to the State hi
ns in parL represented throughout the Kansas diffi
sulties. Ilis case, as stated by the letter-writer, !
.rtainly one to enlist the sympathies of his friendi
n this District and State; and we suggest that somi
estimonial to his activity and zeal would be both op
portune and appropriato at this time. A well-fllei
purse for his present relief would perhaps form the
nost acceptable offering in his straitened circum
The letter-writer is wrong in saying that the paper,
>f Edgefield "attacked Capt. B. as a speculator.
he Informer may have done so. The Advecrtiee:
lid not, but on the contrary gave many indications o
riendliness towards him ; and he has been our occa,
nional correspondent from Kansas.
The Ninety Six and Augusta stage coach and pas
engers came near a serious accident on Friday las
pon the up trip. It seems that Stephens' Creeki
ine miles above this plae, had overflowed its banks
endering the approach to the bridge a little uncer
an. The driver however took a horse from his tear
ad aseertained that it was still quite easy to reach it
ie thereupon entered with his coach and one passen,
ger. Just at that moment a flood of water cami
ushing down from a mill'pond aove,the dasm
which had given way, and the horses were at onel
ubmerged. The water was 'quite deep in the coach
yet it fortunately remained stationary, the horses hav
ng been cut loose. A Mrs. McCULLrOUH, of Augun
ta, who was inside, succeeded in getting out at th
window and climbing with assistance to the top of th
oach. Some negroes who were upon the bank the
hrew in a rope by means of which she got ashor
safely. Eventually, the coach, horses, driver an
Unle Sam's mail bags were all extricated from thei
critical predicament, not however without a complet
uking of the whole party and a narrow escape frori
more fearful result.
MRI. MELTON, OF THE " ENQUIRER."
The last Yorkville Enuirer contains the valedicto
y of 31r. SAN'r.. W. MEL.TON, lately one of the edi
tors and proprietors of that handsome sheet. Othe
ngagements and other duties have led this gentlemna1
to bid adieu (at least for a time) to the editorial fra
ternity of South Carolina. W*e regret the fact ; for'i
ay most truthfully be said that Mir. MEL.TON was on
of the ornaments of our State press. Ever attentiv'
to the tastes of his readers, ever manly in the express
[on of his opinions, ever ready with the reasons of hi
rourse, he had helped to give the Engn.irer~ a promi
rent position among its compeers of the South. W
must be allo~wed to think, that much of that paper
sucess has been attributable to the refined taste, thc
the critical acumen, and the correct judgment of Mr
IETON; And, in parting with him, we most heartil
express the hope that it is but for a time. True knigl
of the qjuill that he is, we will not believe that he ha
left the profession except yith tho eainaus rererteindi
THlE CHARLESTON EVENING NEWS.
We hare just seen, upon the eve of going to press
the last remanrks of this paper in relation to the Ad
ari.r ; andI we seiz~e the occasion to express ou:
regrets ait not having republished the article of ou:
oteporary to, which we made allusion in our last
We hold that it is but right to give every one, whoa<
arguments or opinions we endeavor to rebut, as fai
and as full a shnowing us he gives us. Such Is oui
usual course. We cry "peccavi" in the present in
stance.-The complaint of the News seems to hav
reference mainly to our not having copied Its expla
nation reconciling its former adherence to American
lam with Its present attitude. We make the amend
by re-stating that explanation as we understand it
t is this : The editor of the News was a member o
the American party until he saw that it was becom
ug (at the North) but another name for Abolitionism
e then renounced it, and took the position of
State Rights Democrat, only retaining so much o
the American creed as conformed to his duties an
obligations as a Southerner. We arc free to say tha
this is an honorable position. The well-known in
lependence and purity of our cotemporary forbi
the idea that he could take a position which was no
so. And we much regret that different conviction
llace the Adrerriser~ and the Newcs on different stand.
points in the present juncture of affairs. We inus1
think that calmi investigation and the development:
f the next few mouths will bring us nearer together
t may be that we shall be brought to his views ; 01
t may (more probably) be that ho shallecome to ours
Just upon going to press, a gentleman drops in and
ith hasty earnestness begs us to lay before the pub
ic the following Recipe, as supplying the desidera
im of a " Cheap Sugar Mill :"
" Cut as mnuch Chinese sugar cane in the day as yeu
an chew up at night and spit in a- tub. Boil next
lay to a thick syrup. WVhen your teeth wear out, ge
o Dr. Parker and have more put in."
Now that is not tho nicest recipe in the world; but
a estimating it, we must remember what they tell us
Lbout expressing the real West Indian juice by the
rigger-foot operation. "At all events,", said our
!isitor when we suggested this objection to this re
ipe, " It will do for the Chinese cane and all the su
:ar it will ever yield."
Our visitor is of course an unbeliever on the Chi.
es Millet subject. Will no one take him up, or,
erhaps .we should say, take him down ? Where is
he gentleman who has that fine lot of the Chinese
ane down there under the hill? And where are
hose other gentlemen who wants to trade him otif
THE KANSAS STION.
Gov. WALKER'S intermed with affairs in this
territory has been of a kind:provoke the anger of
the South. The tone of hi..peal to .the Topeka i
rebels was petty to say the1i bilt; and his threat
to side with them against thJ d.order men, in
case the forthcoming Consti ifu o ld not be sub. I
mitted to the people of the toryfor ratineation,
had the appearance of swag 4ug foolishness. Such
has been the light in which personal course has
been regarded by us from ot of. his Kansas
career. But we have thou"' t proper, with many
others, to forbear any expreaon' of 'ensure towards
the Administration on that "iount, because we did
not appreciate the fairness :cshastily visiting upon
the Government the faults of-in agent, who was ne
cessarily entrusted with eulakod discretion as to the
mode and manner of his opiations in the difficult
field to which he was appointed. In the exercise of
that discretion, Governor WAiun has made speeches
and announced declarations.yll calculated to infiame
the pride of the Southern pople ; and, even admit
ting that this has been a pne . hypocritical seeming
for the purpose of throwin'gBlack Republicanism
more fully into the wrong before the country, yet
were his said' speeches and dplaratlons uncalled-for
and presumptuous, neither, reditable to his head as
a statesman nor to his hearas a Southerner. But,
as we have intimated, the i2inInistration was not
supposed to have advised orj ppioved these special
acts of its agent; nor does lt.4 appear that such is
the fact. On the contrary, fis it not been announced
from an authoritative quarte that the Kansas Gov
ernor's modua operandi exceeded . in its character
what the President expected' and desired. We
are no apologist for the' present Administration.
Yet, seeing that its rule has'ieen inaugurated mainly
by Southern advocacy and Southern votes; and
knowing that it has plantea "itself upon a political
code which has for its aim juttice to the South as well
as the North; we cannot discover the taste or the
wisdom of that advice whichwould have us abandon
it abruptly, at this early period of its labors, because
its agent has maneuvered offensively in the so-called
But perhaps we do not give the full weight of the
charge laid at President bucuANAN's door. That
charge is, generally, that be Is not true to the South
upon the Kansas issues. And bow does this appear?
1st. He sends an agent to that territory who uses
rash, and apparently anti-Southern, means to secure
the success of his mission. 2nd. He favors, through
that agent, the submittal of the Kansas 'Constitution
to the people of the territory, for ratification. 3rd.
He encourages, thereby, the formation of a Free State
out of Kansas.
We have spoken above to the first count in this in
dictment. In regard to the second, we submit to our
readers and our cotemporari's the following inquiries
by way of suggestion.
Is it not the true principledof popular sovereignty,
that the voice of the whole bona fide people of a ter
ritory be ascertained, upon all measures connected
with the important event of its becoming a sovereign
State? In the case of Kansas; has the Administration
sought anything more than:this? And has not its
accredited organ distinctly said that the pro-slavery
Conven tion is the only power to determine who compose
the DOxA FIDE peopl)of Kansas ?
Again, does it not now appear evident, to the sur
prize of Southerners, That the pro-slavery party is
after all in a slender minority in Kansas? And since
this has become evident, are there not statements
freely circulating to the effect that the climato of that
territory is unsuited to the nogro race, &c ? In short,
have not the pro-slavery men of Kansas themselves
given up all hopes of making it a'slave State ? Un
-der these circumstances, even supposing that the
Convention could fore throiigh a pro-slavery consti
tution, would it be advantageous to the Southern
cause ? Is it not evident thiat such a constitution
would speedily be abrogated as to its slavery features
by the people of the State of Kansas? And would
-not this ho a more demonstrative and a more danger
ous blow at our peculiar institution than the one now
likey t ur 'hp ~ydpto cf-te Consti
all-this -to be trde ? BIsia, hM ite 'we to adcount for
the fact that theyjare heartily with the Administra
tion in its Kansas policy ? They, upon the ground
and with their eyes open,. unite with WALKERn;-are
they not the best judges in their own case ? And
now, because the Administration with the honest de
sire of setling a vexed question has recommended that
the Constitution of Kansas he referred for ratification
to the bonafide citizens of the territory,-leaving the
proslavery Convention to designate who these bona
fide citizens are,-we ask, is It right, is it reasonable,
is it magnanimous, to urge the South,-for this offence,
no more,-to turn upon our aged and patriotic Chief
Magistrate, and take from him the true lever of his
power for good, the united friendship of the South ?
Would it not at least he politic to delay such advice,
until this whole Kansas question shall be unfolded in
all its bearings and results?
A word or two upon the third division of the charge
against the President. It contains the real political
sin complained of by a portion of the southern press;
and it is, that the Administration, by Its course, is en
couraging the formation of a Free State out of Kan
sas. To assume that this is the spirit and intent of
Governor WYALKcn's mission, is to believe that Mr.
BucHAN'An is capable of treachery towards that per
tion of the people of the United States who reposed
confdene in his high character for patriotism and
ability, and who, by their united support, elevated
him to the first office in the Union. In the language
of a Western exchange, " we are at a loss to conjec
tre any adequate motive to prompt the President to a
policy violative of the very issue upon which be was
elected." It will be said, that however strange and
incomprehensible this may appear, the facts of the
ase are nevertheless so. What then are the facts ?
One of them is, that the pro-slavery party were, upon
WALKER's arrival in the territory, hopel'ess of success.
Another is, that they readily united with WALKER in
his scheme of making Kansas a Democratic State. A
third is, that they made no 'sort of objection to sub
mitting their Constitution to the test of a populatr rati
fiation. Is it to be surmised, that these facts were
brought about by Washington influences ? The sup
position Is too grossly insulting to the gallant pro
slavery men of Kansas. The more natural and the
more liberal interpretation is, that these men saw their
weakness and were eager to grasp the only alternative
to ultimate defeat left them, vis: concerted action with
Walker in giving a flied Democratic complexion to
the future State of Kansas.
And to this point we ask the especial attention of
our readers. Kansas, not by thle fault of the Admin
istrtion' but hy the force of circumstances within her
own borders, is to become a Free State. But, by the
manactigement.of the Administrations's agent seconded
by the pro-slavery influence in the territory, she bids
fair also to become a staunch Democratic State, having
many pro-slavery Democrats within her borders, and
a large number of other Democrats who respect the
constitutional rights of the South. We are aware
that this accession to the Democracy will not he rel
ished by Southern Know Nothings, Southern Whigs,
-or any whose antecedents are adverse to the princi
ps of dhat party. Neither will it be acceptable in
the sight of those extremists who desire now to break
up the Democracy and ruthlessly to scatter Its ancient
glory to the winds. But in the estimation of those
c onservative patriots who believe that a triumph
awaits the South in the Union, and who feel that this
triumph is inseparably interwoven with the progress
of sound Democracy, it is an .accesioni of real impor
Is it not then a corrpet deduction from the foregoing
premises, that the Administration has not only done
us no wrong in Kansas, but is assisting to achieve all
the good that our party therd'can hope to gain ?
A BLAMED BIG BEET.
Here's the beet that beat the beet that beat the beater.
Where's the beet can beat the beet that Jzan Mon
rar rained ? --
It weighs seven pounds ne.eerly, and measures
round the waist about two feet and one inch.
Thanks, friend M., for this noble specimen of the
Beet family. We must add, that itis not only an un
'inmonlA beet,,but is also as red as beets greir to
be, and as sound in every respect as Governor Warn
COL. LOtuIS TRUZZVANT WIGUALL.
On our first page will be found an article from a
exas paper, having for its subject the talented and
pirited gentleman whose name is at the head of this
aragraph. Many friends of Col. WiarALL in South
'arolina will be gratified to learn that he is entering
ally upon the political arena of the Lone Star State.
1To wish him great success; nor can there be a doubt
hat our wish will be gratified if he shall put forth
is brilliant abilities actively and continuously. Of
he aspersion cast upon his good name by Gen. Hous.
o, when he speaks of him as "a fugitive from jus
ice in South Carolina," it is needless to say here that
tis as false as it is foul. In honor as well as in ge
ius, Col. WIOFALL is far more than a match for the
icro of San Jacinto. It is the consciousness of this
het, no doubt, which reduces the notorious General
o the extreme resort of fabricating false flings at the
haracter of his opponent. We send a voice from
)ld Edgefield, Col. WIrALL's native place, congratu.
ating his political friends in Texas upon possessing
o fearless, so honorable, so accomplished and so able
, READ the very interesting letter of our " E.
K." touching upon'matters in Greenville and up-coun
try topics in general.
pW" Tui rains still continue to fall profusely. The
earth is thoroughly soaked.
p9 WN had afair turn out of the people on Sale.
day, considering that the weather was so foul. No
ows of interest.
pO Tiu thermometer has latterly ranged with us
at or about 80". It has not, we think been above
900 ten days throughout the season.
flM As bricks on the Columbia road seem to sell
lowly at six dollars and fifty ets. per thousand, they
will be offered in future at $7.50.
fpg- A fresh edition of old Weems History of
BucK Corro-(a most remarkable narrative)-will
shortly be issued from the Advertiser Press in pam
phlet form. It is emphatically what an old friend
of ours used to denominate, "A love tale about mur
der." Speak quick for copies. Price, 15 cents.
p1 Tuznx is a feeling afloat in our community
favorable to the licensing of a deeent dram shop, or,
to write it down more elegantly, " an imbibing sa
pV During a late thunder storm at Greenville,
the lightning struck a mill, knocking over two negroes
who were at work in it. As soon as they regained
their feet, the first exclamation of one of them, in
great surprise, was, " liWhofire dat gun ?'"
W2 Williamston Springs is mentioned as thronged
with visitors, is easy of access, and its mineral water
Is inferior to none in the State.
0 Washington drew his last breath in the last
hour in the last day of the last week in the last month
of the year, and in the last year of the century. He
died Saturday night, 12 o'clock, Dec. 31, 1799.
IV That capital journal, Porter's Spirit of the
Times, has an excellant article in its last issue entitled
" English Fair Play," which we will endeavor to lay
before our readers next week.
tW' Hon. JAUEs L. Ona (says the Anderson
Gazette of the 29th ult.) arrived at home from his
Western tour on Saturday last. le appears to be in
_Z- The Spartanburg Erpreet of the 30th July,
BRys:-The contract for the erection of the building
at Cedar Springs for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb Asy
lum, was let out by the Commissioners, to the lowest
bidder on last Thursday. Mr. Woodward Allen ob
tained the contract, who is to put up the building for
32"0ur farmers, in view of the unusually fine
rops, are selling the growing crop Corn, at 75ets per
90' Mr. Samuel Reid, an esteemed citizens of A&b
beville District, and for many years an Elder in the
Upper Long Cane Church, died on Friday the 24th
ut., at the advanced age of sixty-nine years.
pigMr. Joux J. War.rza, a worthy and estimable
citisen and merchant of Columbia, S. C., died in that
place on Tuesday afternoon last.
32" Mr. Henry Muckenfuss, a worthy and aged
citizen of Charleston, died in that city, on the 28th ult.
PROE OUE OWN C0EEESPONDENT.
PIcKENs, S. C. July 27, 1857.
M. EDIrOon:-Horace, you know, says it is
sweet and glorious to die for ones country. But
isn't it much better to lire and to work for one's
country ? If the man who makes two blades of
grass spring up in a place where only one was pre
viously existing, is to be esteemed the benefactor
of his race, what meed of praise is to be accorded
to him, who causes two ideas to shoot, or two hou
ses to be built, where there was but one before ?
That portion of our citizens who are engaged in
building Rail Roads, either by subscribing stock,
or by the labor of their own hands and brains,
may, and ought to be considered, not only the true
patriots, but in some degree the educators of the
country. The shrill neighing of the iron horse
never fails to rouso the slumbering energies of the
people along the line of its track; a new stimulus
for industry is imparted to remote neighborhoods ;
towns and villages, with their inseparable concomi
tants of elegance and reninement, spring up in the
most secluded localities to cheer the gloomy wit
derness, whilst each of these hives of industrious
civilization forms the nucleus for a school or col
loge. When I see this country in a perfect ferment
of change and improvement, I can but speak en
thusiastically of Railroads.
Passing through the ancient village of P'endle
ton the other day, I was pleased to be informed
that a change had come over the spirit of its dream.
The people there are " setting their houses in or
der " to receive, in a becoming manner, the cars
and the travelling world. The good citizens of
that high-toned community expect the coming of
the locomotive before next Christmas. 'The coun
try around Pendleton is rich and well improved.
The handsome residences with their surroundings
of green-ward and forest trees present a picture
of ruril beauty, upon which the eye may rest with
delight. On Seneca river four or five miles West
of Pendleton, there are seven or eight plantations
comprising large bodies of the richest quality of
lowland. These tracts are all in Pickens, and con
stitute what might be termed the garden of the
District. "Fort Hill," the late residence of Mr
CC Luous, is in this group of plantations. I crossed
the Seneca just above the line of the Blue Ridge
Rail Road. The bridge over which the ears are to
pass, is to be nine hundred feet long, and sixty
feet above low-water mark. Messrs. Guxx & Co.,
arc the contractors for building the piers. They
have no inconsiderable portion of the materials on
the ground. On the river bank only half a mile
above, they have opened a quarry of the finest
granite, the workmen say, that is to be found on
the entire route. To bring the huge blucks of
granite down the river in a boat is but a light task.
The contractors expect to finish their work next
year. Out in the river bottom the piers ate thir
ty-five feet high-eighteen feet beneath the surface
and seventeen above. On the top of the piers a
frame work of wood twenty-three feet in height
is to be placed. So it will be almost impossible
for the freshets either to undermine or over-top
t Slab Town,tt I had thehappiness of spend
l a night with my last perceptor, the Rev. J.
LULAIID KENNEDY. This gentleman's reputation
as a Teacer, attracts a large number of students
to hi school every year, and it will never be other
wise so long as he may consent to teach. Than
Slab Town, how much soever its name may be
aacking in euphony, I know of no place more fa
vorable in every respect to "the acquisition of
knowledge ad virtue." The climateisalubriousl,
the tone of the neighborhood anoral -and refined,
SheM.. ua n~ h nouh, efmciumaand eleva.
I arrived at Greenville just in time to hear the
ddress of Hon. W. W. BoYcz. (Of this gentle
nan and his literary production, more anon.)
ireenville has certainly improved very much since
be advent of the Rail Road. Not that all the old
iouses have been either renovated or torn down to
uake way for new and better ones-(and yet a great
leal of this has been done;) but the enlargement
>f the Town on every side, the erection of the
University buildings, and of a new Court House
handsomely proportioned-these are the things
vh'ch smack of progress and material advance
nent: The W Baptist Church Is nearly comple
ted. Its esti4kea cost Is $25,000, and it will be an
rnament to the place. The plan of this edifice,
which will reflect credit upon the citizens of Green
ville, is simple and yet striking. There is no
'ginger-bread finery" about it-nothing grotesque;
all is chaste, convenient and substantial. I have
been informed that on every Sabbath morning there
assembles at this Church a Sunday School having
a Superintendant, between forty and fifty Teachers,
and about two hundred and sixty children. The
prospects of all the Baptist High Schools already
established, or about to be established in Green
ville, are very, Battering. In the Furman Univer
sity there are about two hundred and twenty stu
dents in attendance, and one hundred and seven
in the Baptist College for young Ladies. The
Baptist Theological Seminary, which Is, I believe,
to be central to all of the Southern States, will
certainly be located in Greenville.
IIon. W. W. Boycz's address before the literary
Societies of Furman University, was ornate, phi
losophical and-eloquent, and was listened to with the
profoundest attention by an appreciative audience.
Having read this gentleman's very luminous and
interesting speeches on the subject of the tariff, I
was prepared to hear something from him at once
recherche and impressive. Nor was I disappointed
in the least particular. The Honorable gentle
man's theme-" the heroic spirit-the influence of
man on society,"-was apposite to the occasion,
and to the times In which we live. He spoke of
the hero, the statesman, the orator, the reformer,
the inventor and the poet,-of their individual in
fluence upon the destiny of our race. Lessons of
encouragement and instruction were deduced, and
the importahee of noble aspirations inculcated. I
thought Mr. BoYcz drew a good portraiture of
Martin Luther. Among other things, be said that
it was boldness that rendered the name of Luther
illustriouswith him it was death or triumph-it
was this temper of mind, " which rent in twain
the Church whose origin Is lost in the shades of
antiquity." Mr. BoYcE thought the State ought
to produce its own Machinists, Engineers and Ar
chitects. And yet he was of the opinion that we
ought to guard against any thing like extremes in
that direction. "Materialism," said he, " is the
god of the age, and it threatens to crush out the
heroic spirit." Ho therefore exhorted the students
to stand oft upon the mountain heights and look
long and lovingly upon the glorious prospect there
revealed; to become star-gazers, to hold sweet and
close communion with the flowers of mother earth,
to wander frequently through the fancy realms of
poesy, and finally to hold the ideal superior to the
practical; for, said the eloquent speaker, as " the
skies are abovo tlig earth, so is the ideal above the
Mr. Bovc, as well as Professor FURMAN, en
deavored to impress upon the minds of thie gradu
ates the eital Importance of the famous maxim:
" A sound mind in a sound body." T he H onora
ble gentleman's political reflections were timely,
suggestive, and received with loud plaudits. .
On Thursday, the 23d inst., the speaking of the
graduates ini Furman University took place before
a brilliant throng in the large Hall of the new
Court House. First on the programme was RuFms
A. RonERTs, of Shelby, N. C., and in treating of
the " genius of American Institutions," he made a
capitai speech. His manner was graceful and self
posessed, and the intonations of his voice not un
pleasing. The idea in his speech which struck me
most was this: that our forefathers were attracted
to this country neither by love of gain, nor thirst
for dominion ; they came solely on account of their
religion. ioir different was this motive from that
which usually' actuated the adventurers of beth
ancient and kadrn times. As the founding of
this West.$ .spablic of ours was peculiar and
remarkable,. so have its growth and prosperity
been without a. parallel in the annals of nations.
Taking it all in all, this effort of the youthful ora
tor was of such a character as to reflect credit up
on himself and upon his Alma Mater.
Next upon the stage appeared 3. Er.vir' Exor's,
of Orangeburg, S. C. His "speculations on the
stars," were unique and interesting. Reasoning
from the analogies of nature, and conjecturing
from what the telescope had disclosed in regard to
the moon's surface, he came to the conclusion that
all the planets are inhabited by intelligent beings.
Mr. KZnoTTs' disquisitions upon the luminaries of
night evinced taste and ingenuity, as wa as men
E. II. Gganae, of Marlboro, S. C., was the next
speaker. " The works of Socrates as a philoso
pher," were the basis of his remarks. A ccording
to this young essayist, the philosophy of Socrates
was no myth, but had a name and a place in the
minds of men, although he himself never wrote a
book on the subject. The pupils and admirers of
Socrates had given the world an inkling of his
mode of reasoning. The antagonist was induced
to assent to the truth of a long series of plain
propositions until at length he was overwhelmed
by the mass of hifs own admissions. In fine, Mr.
GRiAhA showed considerable powers of analysis
in his views upon this rather abstruse subject.
Such a spechl as his could not have been w.ritten
without scholarship and quickness of perception.
When the young gentleman had concluded by say
ing that Soerates taught men how to die, as well
as to lire, it occurred to me that the applause,
which followed, was a little more rapturous than
3. F. MOnnALL, of Grahamville, S. C., concluded
the speechifying on the part of the students. " The
claims of Religion upon men of learning," were
enforced in a train of p~ertinent arguments, which
addressed themselves to the heart and to the un
derstanding. Mr. MoRnALL spoke with much
feeling, and with ease and dignity which spring
only from study and practice.
Professor FunMAN, In presenting a diploma to
3Mr. MORRALL, told him that he occupied a posi
tion peculiarly interesting: lhe was the last gradu
ate of the Furman Theological Seminary. Other
arrangements had been made, as the Students in
theology would for the future be instructed in
another School, and perhaps under different Pro
fessors. Prof. FUnXAN's remarks, on presenting
diplomas to the graduates, were brief, but pointed
and touching. He told the young gentlemen,
that heir eduication hadl just commenced-a
truth, I think, which ought to be impressed upon
the minds of all who are Teaving school for life.
I must not, forget to mention that the exercises
were Interspersed and enlivened by dulcet strains
from the Greenville band.
I missed the concert given on the evening of the
1st inst.,'by ti's Professors and Young Ladies of
the Baptist College. The entire affair, I under
stand, was esowned'with success. Every body It
seems was well pleased, and what was much bet
ter, the youzag ladies themselves appeared to have
as much enjoyment as any of the spectators.
I had the pleasure of meeting with many of my
Egefield friends. In fact, your District was more
fully represented in Greenville this summer than
uual. (Jonspicubasly, at every point of fashioma
bi.... pc%..hfeth as.ty, p.ni al eldvalry
f "old Edgefield "-'B- tia nou
fip. I shall write again in a .hor a
Yours, with mIdek)a
For he Adv.e4&
MR. EmoE --The course oursed
visionists to destroy conldencqetin e imedbteb .
the condemnation of all loversof,vrtuen goj - dd,
order. Hume, Voltaire, or Tom Palne never i
bored more to bring the Bible into'con
have these modem Revisionists. They hV ,
only villifled the characters of its vanerabletrans- -
lators, but have presumed to speakof-th
book itself, in language, which the advocatesiof C
bad cause only would use. Hear*hat yiOU;
said a few weeks ago through th oluni-oftW1
paper, in speaking of the translators ofKVg
James' Version. "Pe'sonal feeling,. party prja
dice, and sectarian bias so influenced them .as t
keep out principle, truth, and actual facts;"
worse charge was never preferred against any set
of men; it is worse than robbing, murer~or res
son. " E. L. W." endorses the opinion that Kn
James was a "hypocrite, a tyrantand a ]*ohne. y
wicked man, whose life-study consistde in invent
ing and maturing Measures to secure tohimself
the supremacy in all things civil and rdllg v" -
He denounces the proceedings of the " --
Court Conference," as a disgrace to the Klig
his haughty, worldly prelates. Here we are *om,
pelled to say, that "E. L. W." manifests aantz'
of reliable information, in regard to these sneuiK;
and the rules by which they and the transladra
were governed. The history. of this Confeencep'..
&c., has been given in its details by aMr. Christo
pher Anderson, a learned Englishman, a l y
member of the Baptist Church in Scotland, whose
opinion ought to pass with "E. L. W." Mr.
gives the-names of the men who composed th
Conference; among them was Dr. John Rainolds
a man according to this writer, of high andUt
blemished character, the most eminent individu&F
for learning and erudition in the kingdom ,and& -
who, by the way, was a Puritan, and not anj .is-. r
copallan. Again, James was not King at the e
of the session of this Conferened, nor was&
more than two months afterwards. jHepreid&t
only by courtesy. This Conference was
of no official body of men whatever; cO
was not vested with any civil or ecclesiastical-49
thority. The version dedicated to King I *
did not supersede the Geneva and otherversioi"
nor come into general use for Forty years3ftbfer
its completion; and that not by any proclamation
canon, or act of parliament, but alone by i -
These facts show the baselessness of the
preferred by " E. L. W." and before Le I
them, we hope he will refer to some unbiased.bi
tory of thesemen, and of the rules whichgovered
the translators. In regard to the King .hims *. -
whatever his character may have been, wi thinrZ!Z
he is entitled to the lasting gratitude of christen
dom, for-his influence in bringing out i f -
the scriptures, which, with all the' faults -
against it, has 1ought untold blessings
But notice further how the Revis
spoken of the blessed -Bible. Mr. Lee .he
work against Revision we are largely ndebted
tells us that in a Village in the West, one
ablest advocates of Revision in thatcory$4 '
address upon that subject, pointed to the -
version with supreme contempt, and'denoicit -
as containing " falsehood.-" Anotheradote4.
the movempnt in the same state, solemnly d~4
that "if he were on his dying bed, he -could not
call his child to his side and put thoe-common vor.
sion in his hand and tell him that-it wouIl 5wNmmL,
ude him to Heaven." Dr. Williams er~fen
the present version from such attacks,.lintroducW -.r
the following quotation:~ "Christians; while pro
fessing the most ardent love for the-truth, prefer
to circulate the most palpable falsehoods, under
the name of God's received word, rather than cor
rect them when in their power." Dr. eone in a .
public discussion called the word baptize, " a blind
dumb dog." Mr. Campbell said the word baptize
was a "lizard, crawling out of a papal swarmp.',
The translators, for using the word baptize, are
charged with resorting to the "popish artifce of
transfer." The phrase "God forbid," the'Revi
sionists declare to be "profane," and the term-.
Holy Ghost, they say is " manifest blasphemy."
This is the way the Bible and its translators are
treated by these very innocent Revisionists, .that
the way may be cleared for their immaculateVer
sion. That Book, upon which God has set the
mark of his approbation, and to the force of the
truth which It contains, all Christian sects owe
their purity and power ; which has been the bul
wark of our liberties ; the comforter of the dis
tressed, and the hope of the dying, is now de
nouncd as -containing "profanity," and "mani
fest blasphemy." The scoffer no longer need trem
ble at its teachings, and the Infidel may now go
on his way rejoicing.
Sch, we say,. is the course being pursued by
these modern Revisionists to disparage the present
version, and should they succed in destroying
conidence in It, we should solemnly ask, how will
they secure respect, or confidence in their own ?
Let them pause and consider.
But, wre will be told that it is only portions of'
the received version against which they inveigh~.
We reply: If the translators of the common ver
sion were bigoted Eectarlans, as "E. L. W." and
others affirm; if they were guilty of "making, mu
tilating, concealing, disguising, and wrapping up
in obscurity " only one word of God, as they are
charged with having done; no man can have the
least degree of respect for them, or for any pert
of their work from the beginning of Genesis, to
the end of Revelation. "If these translators
slayishly submitted to the manacles of an arbity- .
ry and wicked King ; were recreant tothi
and holy obligations to God and truth,solhl
consciences for a mess of pottage, or from base
cowardice or corrupt purpose abstracted a single
scruple from God's word, or added anything to its
sacred teachings,'t, never again, let "E. L- W.
touch this unclean thing, or recommend thgs t0l
Bible to his fellow men, as containing theunsarch
able riches of Christ, and the way to truth and
Heaven. "lie that is unjust in the least, Is unjust
also in much." CANDOR.
THOSE WE0 READ) TEE STA38
Say that the signs are right, and if any one
wants money before the arrival of the Comet, they
must order from SwAzN.& Co., - Atlanta, Georgia, -
tickets in their celebrated lotteries.
It is whispered that a gentleman of this cit?
(it is to be regre'ted that it was not the writer,
taking Time by the forelock, dashed into the
stream of fate and secured a prize of TwEN!?
TuoOrsAzw DOLLAnS, that was drifting ps on
Saturday, ready for some sensible mari to grasp it
--$20,000! why such a pile, at the coat of- only1
110 would make a hermit dance. Remembier, all.
you who want money, 8. Swan & Co., tas -
G ~eorgia!'-price of tickets $10! I halves $5 I
quarters $2,501!!!.--draw~ every Saturday 1itl H-.
N ~auhvile Gazette. . ~4
THE CoTroN Onor OF 1857J58Te-JMobB
Register says: "We sincerely believe, jfron~a
careful examination of the reports from alithe.
otton grwng sections tha the .preet go
A & MonxoN Ix TRoUBL.--Last weeJ. si*
hough warned by the-eitmenc, -
He was accordingly seized, Sear d
e d, er which he maede szarapd eziLC -