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From the Charleston Mercury.
THE SOUTH UNITED.
We do not believe that, since the Union began,
there has been any question which has brought
the South into more complete Union than the
proceedings of Governor Walker in Kansas.
Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Ar
kansas, Florida, and Texas, appear to be of but
one party on this question. In the States in
which elections have been or are being held
Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama-no party has
ventured to support him. Candidates for Con
gress, or for the State Legislatures, or for Gover
nwahips, all denounce him. In the other South
ern States, the action of the people have not
been brought to bear immediately on the ques
tion, and therefore the Press is the only criterion
by which we can judge of the feelings of the
people. The Press is a far more uncertain index
of the popular opinion than elections, because
those who govern the Press often have interests
and aims connected with the Federal Govern
ment, which the people do not possess. Judged
by this criterion, South Carolina is more divided,
and lower in her Southern feelings, than any
ether of the Cotton States. There are more
Presses in South Carolina, in proportion to the
number in the State, whichhave supported Walk
er, than in any other Cotton State. In Mississip
pi but one single Press ventures a feeble apology
for Walker; whilst in South Carolina. the Green
ville Patriot, Edgefield Advertiser; Columbia
South Carolinian, and Fairfield Register, have
all, we believe, defended or supported him. The
Charleston Standard has not yet been able fairly
to apprehend the subject, and is still silent, pon
dering on its dark abstrtusities in profound du
biety. Yet we do not think that the course of
these Presses prove that the people of South
Carolina are either indifferent to the fate of Kan
sas, or approve of Walker's fiagitious proceed
iugs to make her a Free State. If the elections
far members of Congress or our State Legisla
tate were about to take place, South Carolina
would evince the same unanimity which charac
terizes the people of Georgia and Mississippi.
We do not believe that a single man, who sought
the suffuages of our people, would dare to defend
or support Walker's villainy in Kansas. To lay
*ynfre our people the arguments of Black Re
publicans, to guide their counsels, and an affilia
vtion with Black Republicans as worthy of their
e y, would be a sort of enter prise that very
*wwould undertake. We therefore do not con
sler South Carolina as an exception to the gen
erel union in the South on Kansas affairs. And
even in Virginia, we notice with sincere pleasure
the proposition made by the Richmond Whig,
contained in ourcolumnns yesterday, to unite with
the Enquiror, the Examiner and the South, and
" free from all party prejudices, above all section
al antipathies, and true to the Constitution and
practical State Rights, make a constitutional op
position to the Dev-il and the Black Republicans."
He can hardly expect the co-operation of the
Enquirer, for its nearest associates and allies at
present, in supporting Walker in Kansas, to
make Kansas a Free State, are the leading or
gans of the Black Republicans at the North.
Theiir cause is one-the proscription1 of slavery
A Gaunir RAic.-Porter's Spirit of the Times
Charleston, the superib Charleston, by Sove
reign, out of Millwood, is to meet the renowned
Nicholas I, by Glenece, out of Nannie Rhodes,
and we shall have what we may fairly call a race.
This brilliant prospect has been brought about
by Mr. John L. Cassiday, who has leased the
Fashion Course, made up a stake and secured
for it the entrance of the two above named
Mr. Cassiday does not expect, with the brief
time now left him, and the nearness of the fall
meeting in Virginia and Kentucky, to be able
to organize an entire meeting on the Fashion
Course this season, but he does the most within
his power, by offering a stake, for four mile
heats, $1,000 entrance, half forfeit, with an ad
dition of $2,000 if the race is run, and by secur
ing the entrance of the two horses which stand
foremost of all others in the country, and whicht
the public ynost anxiously wish to see contend.
Wte predict a great attendance on thte day when
Nicholas and Charleston meet, and from the fact
that the horses were foaled in differeut sections,
and belong respectively to a Northern and
Southern owner, we shall expect to see the same
spirit of intense rivally exhibited, as chanracter
ized the great contests between Eclipse and Hen
ry, and most particularly that of Fashian and
Peytona. 0Of thme two present contestants, Char
leston has the most gloriouts record of perfor
mances, but there arc enough here who believe
that Nicholas I is the best horse who ever
stretched his limbs over an American track, to
make the betting as spirited as any man may de
sire. The day selected for the race, is the :19th
of September next (good day and good track.)
- The New Orleans Crescent, adverting to the
poisonous adulteration of liquors now-a-days.
sensibly concludes: "Abstinence from so-called
liquors will soon become a necessity with those
who desire to live and enjoy health. The social
cup is, indeed, a poisonous one in these latter
days. With strvehnine in whisky, and drugs
and vitriol in branmdy to give it 'bod'y, flavor,' and
'coloring,' the man who qutalis much of either
must be 'made of oak, anud copper-fastened,' to
CxrAWBa Wix.--We have been p~resentedl, by
Mr. Charles Axt, with samples of hmis "Still Ca
tawba, raised at Crawfordsville, in 1856," which,
upon examination by a number of gentlemen,
was unanimously pronounced a mosit agreeable
wine, with the promise thatt its merits would be
still further increased by age.
Samples of this Wine were also presented by1
Mr. Axt to the Agricultuiral Society at their an
niversary meeting at the Farm, on the 18th in-1
stant, with a request that an expression of the
opinion of the me ubers should be declared on
the subject, and we learn authoritatively that
"the Society deem Mr. Axt's stuccess as highly
encouraging, and congratulate him on thme pro
duction of a wine from the pure jtmiee of the
grape, which, being more matured by time,
promises to take the place of the manuthetured
compounds sold under thme nme of wine.'
[ Charlcston Mrcury.
pi The next meeting of the Southern Commer
ial Convention will take place at Montgomery, Ala. s
en theai.cn Monday in May, 1858.1
The wheat crop of Georgia and Tennessee is ii
fast coming into market. On Monday of this v
week, fifty car loads arrived on the Macon and r
Western Railroad. The receipts by that road t,
now are daily about nine thousand bushels, near- e
ly all of which is forwarded to Savannah and !
then to Northern markets. In July, 39,400 bush- .
els were received. In the first fourteen days in
the month, 103,490. Of this 2,728 were sent to
our city mill. The weather has, for a few days,
been very favorable for its transportation, and it
arrives iii good order. The supply of wheat on
our railroad lines is now so great that they can
scarcely furnish means for its transportation
and without their aid what would all this surplus
grain be worth to the producers? The prices
are declining, but we are unable to give reliable
quotations. Over one hundred car loads arrive
daily at Atlanta. j he receipts of one day was
35,600 bushels.-Macon Journal and Messenger. t
WLEATHER AND CRoPs ix ALBAmA.-The La
fayette (Chambers county) Herald, of the 5th
" For the last two weeks we have had copious r
showers every day, and the signs at present indi- a
cate still more. e corn crop in this section
has been vastly benefited, but the rains came too
late to make a full crop."
The Montgomery Mail, of the 10th inst., says:
-"Intelligent planters tell us, that with a favo- c
rable fall, the crop of all this section of Alabama
will be very large indeed. Somehow or other,
although cotton got a poor start, and apparently
a very bad stand, yet it has ' caught up' amazing
ly. lven the long continued rains, usually very
inujurious, have so far proved to be highly advan
tageous. The weed has got the size it needed,
and the shedding, which usually follows wet
weather, seems likely to be missed. There is,
we are told by one of our largest planters, an
immensity of fruit on the weed, and a large
amount might be dropped, and leave more than
an average crop.
"Taking the opinion and accounts of the most
intelligent cotton raisers, as the basis of our cal
culations, we cannot avoid the belief that the
crop is likely to exceed an average, considerably.
No part of the country was more affected by
the disasters of the spring than this, and yet we
are bound to admit prospects are now highly
WATHER AND CRoPs ix ARKANsis.-The
Camden Herald, of the 6th inst., says:
We have had rain in great abundance within
the last day or two, and from present appearances
we should judge that it will continue for several o
days to come. Taking everything into conside- c
ration, the crops are much more promising than c
could have been anticipated. We shall make ,
corn enough to supply the present inhabitants,
and have a considerable quantity left to meet
the wants of emigrants.
Illinois, this season, will produce two hundred t
and eighty millions bushels of grain-more than
ten bushels for every inan, woman and child in
the United States. This knocks the Corn Ex
change speculators into the middle of next year.
CROP CALCVLATIox.-The New Orleans Cres- r
cent of the 8th inst. says:
The sugar cane is doing well, very well, but
the high anticipations, and still higher figures
sent to the West-say a crop of 350,000 hogs
heads-will not be realized. The maximum
now is, with a good fall, 300,000 hogsheads. t
We desire to check the reports which have been t
circulated for and near, that the crop this season i
would be much larger than any ever before raised.
Those persons who have been giving currency to
such figures or such views are altogether igno
rant of the case-in fact, they are like those
veracious writers in New York on cotton, who
pretend to know more about the culture and the
results of the staple than the planter does himself.
The tobacco crop in some parts of Maryland
and Virginia is said to be very poor, on accout
of the wetness of the season. This has caused
the stalks to grow very rank, without a propor
tionate growth of leaves.
LATER PROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF TILE STEAMER ARABIA. a
Nawv YoR, August 19.- The Royal Mail I
Steamship Arabia, Capt. J. Stone, has arrived atJ
this port, with Liverpool dates to the 8th inst.
Cotton was dull and unchanged. Thessales of- -~
the week amounted to 38,000 bales-closing
steady. Middling Orleans 8S, uplund 81. Man
chester market dull. Money unchanged. Con
sols 90? to 90.)}. Bullibon has'decreased ?370,000.
Flour declined Is. Wheat 2 to 3d lower.
Corn declined Gd. to Is. Provisions active. Rice
has declined. Spirits of turpentine was dull. I
Rosin was firm, with sales for the week of 5,000
barrels, the mnarke-t closing active, with a slighto
The Emperor and Empress of France were on
a visit to Quen Victoria.
The telegraphic cable wans landed at Valencia
on the 5th. and on that day the expedition sailed.
The Italian conspirators'against Napoleon have
been found gilty. One sentenced to transpor
tation and the others to seven years imprison.i
Bloomfield, Bishop of London, is dead.
it is rumored that a suspcision of negotiations
on the Spanish-Mexican question, has taken
Spaini continues her military preparations. e
There is nothing later from Inidia.
Exm; rx.--The steamer Khersonese, has been r
withdrawn from the Canadian line., having been:
chartered by the government to carry troops to
India. TI:e steamer Crimea takes her place.
In the H-ouse of Lords, Lord Campbe-ll pr~e- C
sented a petition from the Queen and Princess e
of Oude, residing ini England, expressing their e
regret, at the mutiny in India, and that suspicion p
should attach to the ex-ki::g, .itating that they
had assurance of his e- .cire in>.onence, and pray. t:
ing that the charges --a~ him might be an
nouniced so that they ev.dd( e..:.biiish his inno
cence. Objections were m :de and the bill was wvith- a
The bill authorizing i e enrollment of militia, I
was read a second time. ai
Ledru Rolliu has con..menced a prosecution d
against the Luondon Time::, for charging him with hi
complicity in the recent conispiracy to assassinate te
Sr'Aux.-The Government is actively engaged .,
in military preparations. The strength of thee
army will soon be 120,000 men. It is also sta
ted that thme Royal Guard, dismissed under the
Espartero administration, is soon to be re-estab- t]
'itaRKEY.-Thie French Ambassador at Con
stantinople struck his flag oii the 5th uilt., but bh
lid not leave his post for sonme days. d
DmxMxi.-An English Company has oh
tainied a commiission to lay a telegraphic cable
between England and Scleswvig. c
Rrssu.-A St. Petersburg dlispatchi says that
Schaml's troops had been beaten biy the Rtus
sians, and -400. killed.
Russia had applied to the Porte for a modifi
eationi of the Paris treaty, so as to enab~le her to
inlarge the number of her vessels of war, for.
aperations along the coast, of Circassia.
I-rAT..-There is trouble betwen England and
Naples, in consequence of the unauthorized
earch of an English steamer by Neapolition
afficials. It is said England remonstrated, but 1
received no reply.
The wheat harvest of Italy is secured, and al
iverages a crop and a half. There is a consid- as
tble increase also in the winc crop. ar
GOING Nonrr.-The Pee Dee Hecrault fur
iishes the f'ollowving sensible ideas in relation to
louthern Merchants going North.
"Our merchants are leaving for the North
s-here they wvill purchase their winter stock of g
roods. What a pity it is that our own people, t
vill year after year, contribute to the building
ip of Northern cities, when, in return, sc
nighty efforts arc making by Northern citizens 0
o bring ruin amid desolation upon our homes I w
Why do not South Carolinians, at least, be- tit
tow thieir patroiiage upon their own city, Char- be
eston? Why do they not lend their aid to build
ip that city and mnako it the Queen city of thme j,
bouth; that we may ever after be independent ,
if the North ? "'is said by some that our mer- a
hants cannot " do as well" in Charleston as inia
~ew York. If this be so, thme reason is appa-.
ent ; it is because hby our own neglect we dot
LOt give her the power to comp~ete with her pami. p
ered rival. If Southern nierchants would pat
onize her, she would gladly prepare herself to
upply their deniands and of-er inducements at in
emst ealn to those of New Vor..t We would.1.e
ejoice to see our Southern merchants withdraw
ig their support from ~a people who use theii
realth thus acquired, to the injury of their pat
ans, and we would also rejoice to see Charles
)n importing goods for the supply of the South
rn Market, and growing up into a magnificen
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
EDGEPIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26, 1867.
THE CHARLESTON MERCURY AGAIN.
On another column may be found an article from
his journal, to several points of which we woul
1. A little more than a month ago, the Xercury wm
nauing notes of wailing over " the deplorable ign
ance, vacillation, treachery, and division which reig
,t the South"-wo quoto its precise language. Noi
t oomes to us with the triumphal shout of "T A
i'outh United," and provedly arrays Georgia, Alab
na, Mississippi, Louislana, Arkansas, Florida an
Pexas, as presenting an unbroken line for the defenc
if Southern Rights. We congratulate our ootempi
ary upon the celerity with which he has thus vaulta
roma the slough of despond up to this airy eminen
if hope. It is precisely the stand-point from whic
nany others of us have been looking out upon t
iolitical sea for months past; and now that the Me,
ury's telescope has been mounted beside us, we she
iope to discover yet more of safety and happiness i
he unfolding future of our beloved South.
2. But the Mercury's way of reaching this positio
s peculiar. We are instructed that the proceeding
>f Governor WAKRan in Kansas have effected th
nighty result-, have given to our section light f(
'ignorance," firmness for "vacillation," devotion f<
'treachery," and union for "division." With pr<
ound deference to the acumen and expertness of o
otemporary, we submit that he is here placing't
ffect before the cause. It is the pre-establishe
mion of sentiment throughout the South-it can I
othing elso-which must account for the generi
greement the Xercury announces as subsistin
mong the people of " Georgia, Alabama, Mississipp
uisiana, Arkansas, Florida and Texas." Admittin
t to be correct that this agreement does subsist, ii
sk, is it not the best evidence that the common hew
f our section beats warmly, and in unison upo
very question which touches our rights as connecte
rith our institution of domestic slavery? Could thl
encral sensitivenosa, this universal disposition I
opel every thing like injury or insult, have sprun
nto existence with the occasion of Gov. WALEn'
ransgression ? Is it not more creditable to our pe
le, and far less superficial, to conclude that t
greement here set forth is but the demonstration <
pro-existing oneness of sentiment in the Souther
aind, a oneness of sentiment which the Xercur
csolutely ignored only a month since, but acknowl
dges to-day,-with how much of consistency v
mave the reader to decide.
3. Again, it is apprehended that " South Carolin
s more divided, and lower in her Southern feeling
ban any other of the Cotton States." Now, what I
ho character of tho "division" here alluded to? I
t one which involves a doubt as to the devotion of
ingle Carolinian to the best interests of his State an
;etion ? No,-it is simply this: A portion of tb
ross of the State led off in violent denunciation 4
overnor WALKER. Anuther portion, equally Souti
rn in its tone, thought it best to use more moderan
anguago in regard to that ofiecial's course. An
rhv? First because they did not consider it ju:
owards Mr. BucUAXANr, to create prejudices agains
tis Administration on the score of certain speecha
nad acts of its agent, and which it was believed tl
iresident did not approve. Secondly, because then
rere reasons for thinking that the pro-slavery part
a Kansas were at least quiet as to WALacaa's polic2
ndl that therefore it was but the dictate of ordinar
rudence to awaiti developments in that territor:
~his is the sum and substance of the so-called " d
ision" in South Carolina; And when the JJereurv
oes on to speak -of the State being "low'er irn he
outhern feelings thnn any other Cotton State," u
istinetty andl emphatically pronounce the conclusio
fallacy, at least in so fur as it has reference to os
ourse and the reasons we have assigned therefoi
Ve point thu 3I'er'cury to those reasons as heretofor
uhlished, and defy Its scrutiny.
4. The Xfereury~ further says: "In Mississippi ht
no single press ventures a feeble up~ology for War
ER whilst in South Carolina, the Greenville J'
eint, Edgefield Adrertiser, Columb'ia South Caarolin~
n and Fairfieldl 1tgse have all, we believe, defezii
fi or supportedl him." To this we have simply I
iply, that the statement is erroneous. We hav
ondemned WA LKER'S apeci(a' acte of intermedlinga
icy have b~een reported through the country. WY
ave not "defended or supported" lke'r. Th
olicy of the Adlministration in Kansas we have ale
mdod so far as the propriety of submitting the Cor1
itution to the ratification of bonua fide citizensi
,nsidered ; distinctly saying at the same time, wit
so Adlministration, that the Convention is the onl
ower to determine who these bona fide citizens a
re have deprecatedl strife on this question ; becnus
e could not regard it as an issue upon which oul
outhern cause was to be benefitted. We have als
mnseled against war upon the Administration; be
mss we believed, and still believe, thut it is a sound
mneervative Administration, and one earnestly dii
osed to da equal justice to the whole country. Fros
formation before us we have reluctantly yieldedt
e opinion that Kansas never can be a Slave State
o have therefore thought and said that it was we]
tleast to mnake it a sound Democratic State, with
ronmg leaven of Southern sympathy in its populatior
in these positions the Mereiury can fmnd anythina
tiSouthern, let it be pointed out. If there is an;
fence or support of Walker in them, we wish t
ve it exhibited in our cotusnporary's most searchin,
rms. If this cannot he done, ho stands convicte<
misrepresenuing thle position of a brother journal
twho has :always4 endeavored to show him the high
t respect and do him the fullest mneassure of justice
In conclusion, we venture to predict that in les
an three months the XfereurV will see, and perad
sture adnmit, that the position -of the Auldeerter
ith respsect to the Administration in this Kansas im
rogio, has been the correct and the really indepen
7r The abssence of the Editor, wrho is gone ti
hareston on businiess, will account for thu meager
ass of the Editorial matter this week.
There will beoa protracted nmeeting to conmence witl
e Pleasant Grove Baptist Chuirch on Saturday 20th
t. Ministers are solicited to attend.
We are authorized to state that Dr. WILLIAO$s wil
diver a lecture on the Millennium, at Stevens' Creels
aptist Church on Sunday next. The citizens gener
ly are cordially invited, and will do well to attent
we feel confident the Doctor will furnish a rich and
GEN. McGOWAN'S SPEECH.
We take pleasure in acknowledging the receipt o
copy of the Address of Gen. SAMUP. MctiowAN
fore the Palnetto Association. To say it is a good
oduction does not lan// express all its merits. It ii
ished in thought, finished in stylb, and finishead is
le workmanship of the P'rintere.
Wo learn that there are several copies at the Post
fle, for sale, and we recommend all our readers,
so can relish a treat, that palls not upon the appe
e, to spend each a trenty..fire cents, for his-own
The Palmnetto Association desires to raise a fund
the support of the sick, poor, and infirm of that
ilant bifnd, who sacrificed their time, andl health
d periled their lives, in the maintenane of the
nor and glory of their State anda country ; and in
at way alone, the sales of this speech are to be ap
ffD' A sale of $18,000 worth of mules was made
Lynchburg, Virginia, Tuesday, at fromn $145 to
.-$V Attention is directed to the Card of Thos. G.
BAco. Esq., froin which it willbe -seen that ho de
clines a re-election at the ensuing election. -MaI. -BA
cox has long and faithfully discharged the duties of
Clerk, with credit to himself and - honor to-the Dis
t trict. A hearty "well done, thou.good and faithful
servant," is accorded him by all. In his retirement
may his health be permanently improved, and may
he be spared for lo! these many years is our prayer.
THE RISING SUN.
Joux A CuApxAx, Esq., has become associate Edi
tor of this excellent Newberry weekly, and will un
doubtedly make the Sun still more interesting to its
numerous readers. Mr. CuApxAII is a iative of this
District, is a graceful and Auent writer and an accom
plished gentleman. We corilially welcome him Into
the Editorial fraternity, and-wish him much success.
OUR ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FOR THE
8 Perhaps our readers think we take peculiar delight
- in boasting every week of the various presents we re
a ceive, and we are not less loth. to admit the fact
r that such is the case-yea, and who would not be?
I To begin, we return our thanks to Mr. G. L. Psix
- and Mr. Jas. Aisuosno, for a few very large and
I fine Tomatoes,-the largest, sent by Mr. Pax, weigh.
e ing nearly one pound.
. To Mr. Joax HAUrr.Tox we Nender oar warmest ge
i knowledgments for two splendid watermelons. Mr.
e H's. Melons, as well as his Cabbage and Turnips, are
i always hard to equal, but this year his watermelons
e are extraordinary fine. The largest of these melons
weighed thirty pounds, and was as sweet as any we
l ver eat. Mr. SwEAnAxUx beat Mr. H. In size but
n we rather think Mr. HIamrLow's stands ahead in
a Mrs. DXLTLAR PrILL'r also contributes bountifully
a towards making us happy-and that fine sugar-cured
a Ham sho sent us last week was, we assure her, proper
r ly received and highly appreciated. God bless all
r such friends a-s Mrs. P.
A quantity of spurious coin, (says the Augusta
a Constitutionalist of the 21st inst.) purporting to be
efive dollar gold pieces of Becker's North Carolina
mint, were offered at the ofice of R. C. Barber, Ex
change Broker, yesterday)- This spurious money
came from Edgefleld District, S. C., where there is,
g no doubt, a gang of coiners and counterfeiters in op
t The same paper of the same date also furnishes
a the following which is equally as discreditable to
our District. We sincerely hope this gang of
counterfeiters, thieves and robbers will ore long be
0 ferrotted out and meet with punishment to the full
extent of the law, which their felonious deeds so just
3 ly merit.
We understand that Mr. Jackson Clark, of this
city, was mot by two men, on Tuesday afternoon last,
0 a few miles from Hamburg, on the South Carolina
f side of the river, who very socially approached him,
e and while in the act of supplying one of them with
tobacco, they quickly seized Mr. Clark, and after
V choking him, succeeded in tying and gagging him;
and after carrying him a short distance in the woods,
o robbed his pockets and left him. We learn that Mr.
Clark had in his possession about one thousand dol
lars, which lie was carrying to his mother, who lives
"- about a mile from where he was attacked.
it . 4 i
3 MSICELLANEOUS ITEMS.
s 2DLEE.-Gcneral Daniel S. Lee, of Missouri,
s late consul of the United States at Basle, in Switzer
land, died in Washington at half-past one o'clock, on
e Saturday afternoon last (the 15th inst.,) of tetanus, or
f lock-jaw, occasioned by a wound he had received in
- the foot by the accidental discharge of a pistol in his
d 87 Mr. J. E. Bonn has been elected Ordinary
it of Spartanburg District by a majority of fifty votes.
t ggP' Hon. A. Burn', of Abbeville, is nominated as
s the proper man to fill the .vacant scat in the U. S.
e * Eugene Sue, the celebrated French romansist,
I died at Paris on the 3d inst. He was born in 1808,
and was, consequently, not fifty years of age at the
~time of his death.
*i0 We learn that theret is a new counterfeit ten
Vdollar bill out on the Bankeof Hamburg, S. C., of the
,old issue. The 'Cashie:A*of tbhe Bank of Charles
ton says it almost defies detection. Look out for it.
a pj- Two bales new cotton were received In New
r Orleans, on the 14th inst., from Brazeos Bottom, Texas,
-. g It has been decided in the General Land,
e Office, that a colored man, whose anicestors were
brought into this country as slaves, is not entitled to
t pre-emption of the public lands. This is the first
c ase based on the deision in the Dred Scott case.
- g -To kill bed hugs-tie them by the hind legs
-and then make mouths at them until you get them
into convulsione, after which crawl around on the
0 blind side and stone them to death.
e pa- Why is a mushroom like a dandy ? Because
it is rapid in its growth, slim in its trunk, an thick in
e its head.
e p7-Vermont produces four staples, namely: men
womnen, maple sugar and horses.
The first are strong, the last are fleet,
The second and third are exceedingly sweet,
And all arc uncoinmonly baird to beat.
pe- Punch says a man who goes to church to
e che w tobacco, and spits upon the floor, ought to be
r taken by the head and heels, and scrubed upon the
Ssoiled spot until it is clean. This is no joke.
- g|g A terrible hurienane swept over the town of
,Woodland, in Wisconsin. Every house is destroyed,
- telegraph lines prostrated, and railway stations and
Sother property damaged.
;Tuta C11ARL.s'rON MunU.-The Hercury
1 has taken a glance over the Southern field of
fight, and is gratified to find such a unauimity
of sentiment on the subject of Goev. Walker's
course in Kansas-very good. When the South.
ern patriot turns his eye upon the glorious s pee.
taele of the United South, thens shall he find re
alized the fontdest aspiration of his heart. Had
the Mercury stopped here, it would have been
well. But that hitherto high-toned member, of
the Charleston press goes further-makes an
-odious comparison, and singles out several State
journals, ours amnong the number, for " scorn to
point his slow unmeaning finger at." If we
have not misunderstood the Mercury, it has suf
fcred itself to indulge in unworthy imputations,
and to insinuate that because this paper and
others have not rr-sponded to its bugle call, and
joined in loud and deep curses of Walker, the
Administration, and thte Democratic party, they
arc therefore playing into the hands of the ene
my, and subserving the purposes of Black Re
-publicanism I An imputation like this shall be
passed unheeded by us. We would inform the
Mercury that its classification will not avail any
thing. If it seeks to adopt a " whip-in" policy
as respects the press of the State, it has mista
ken us. T1he Caoiiai its advocacy of the
cause of the South, will follow its own convic
tions of duty and justice, and seek to be true to
its name.-South Carolinian.
FansCuYA-ThoNay YonK, August 18.
FnoxCmn.Thecorrespondent of the New
York Times, writing from Hong Kong, says
that Captain Simams, of the marine corps, at
tached to the "San .Jacinto," has beeni detailed
to take formal possession of the Islands Formosa,
as an indemnity to the United States for losses
sustained by the United States during the pres
ent war. Also, that this step has given much
satisiihetion to the English authorities.
The Chinese rebels were generally successful
near Shanghai. They had also capture.d two
important cities in the interior.
The imperial forces in the vicinity of Sachman
had revolted, driving the Governor of the pro
vince and his eflicers from the city, and captur
ing the military chest.
M. RoUTE CHroED.-The mail herciofore
running from Calk's Ferry to Columbia has been
changed so as to run to JAingsville and conneet
with the staee from Edgefield C. H. for Colum
bia, every briday evening. The schedule we
believe is as follows : Leaves Calk's Ferry every
Friday at 9 o'clock A M running via. Counts-.
ville and Pleasant Springs, arriving at Kings
ville the same day at 5i P M, in time for the con
nection with the Columbia stage. It remains at
Kingsville until Saturday morning after tho ar
rival of the stare for Edgefield C. H. when it
COM MUNICATIONS. No
For the Edgefield Advertiser. ha4
TO THE CITIZENS OF EDGEFIELD DISTRCT: fro
FELLOW-CITIZENS: When my present term of wa
Office as Clerk of the Court for Edgefield District ted
expires, I will have served you sixteen years. If del
I have faithfully discharged, or caused to be faith- tle
fully discharged, the many perplexing and labori- led
ous duties incumbent upon said Office, it will be a oul
source of congratulation to my friends, and of wo
consolation to myself. As
I feel under many lasting obligations to you, pa
for the kindness extended in having so repeatedly pro
elected me to this Office. I now deem It my duty 4e
to announce through the columns of the Adverti- er
ser, my intention of declining to offer as a Candi- lm
date for Clerk at the ensuing. election. Feeble m4
health, caused in a great measure by the many it
trying labours I was compelled to undergo during ag
the first four years of my arduous administration, to]
(which I fear has riveted it chains upon ye,) is gil
one of the many causes which influence me in de- ui
clining a re-election. co
In thus taking leave of the citizens generally, I da
cannot suffer the occasion to pass without a word at
of friendship to the members of the Bar, the offi- ml
eers with whom I have served, and the young men dI
who have served under me. We have passed many bli
pleasant hours together, without any of those vexa- tu
tious annoyances which must tend to make the office B,
unpleasant to the incumbent and a source of an- to
noyance to those with whom his duties associate m
May my successor be as fortunate as T, in the
advice to aid and the lights to guide him, in the m
discharge of his various duties. I promise my fa
weak and humble services in assisting him, when- in
ever called upon. or
Your obedient servant, tM
THOS. G. BACON- TI
August 14, 1854. jo
FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. tr
PicEEws DIsTRIcT, S. C., Aug. 20, 1857. G
Ma. EDITOR:-The growth of our country is a th
wonder, a marvel and almost a miracle. The Ro- TI
man Empire after an existence of three hundred E
years, did not extend more than twenty miles be- uI
yond the gates of the "Eternal City." (Even 11'
Pickens or Edgefield is larger than that !) Less th
than three hundred years ago, North America was lal
one vast wilderness. But now the United States hi
have an extent of territory, which is almost fabu
lous, and their rank as a first class power has al b
ready been recognized by the whole family of na- 1
tions. Some of the most important improvements ar
of this wonder-working age had their origin in this bo
country. For instance, the railway and the tele- ti
graph. These means of annihilating time and or
space are at the present more ample in the North- hi
era section of our Confederacy, than in the South; m
and some people, who never reflect aright, seem to ni
think that such will ever be the case. The Yan- m
kees, I grant, are very cute, restless and enterpri- ar
sing-much given to money-making and money
saving; but they have neither the fire, the iron se
will, nor the tremendous energies of the Southrons. tr
Internal improvements at the South really cost less th
than in any other part of the world. Because any er
considerable force abstracted from the cotton fields tl
diminishes the crop, and per consequence, enhan- se
ces the price of our staple commodity. -In this h(
way, it can be shown that the amount of money dc
realized by cotton planters in grading our Rail *
Roads is a clear gain-to say nothing of the re- t
sources developed. Who then can object to the,
policy of those, who would checker the sunny i
plains of the South with a network of Rail Roads dc
The Blue Ridge Rail Road, wvhen completed,
will be the crownaing glory of our beloved Com
monwealth. We shall then have a direct indepen- it
dnt communication with the Great West. It will je<
then lie demonstrated that the Palinettoes have ca- Ci
paity for something else besides talking and fight- thi
ing. The stream of commerce, which is to pass th
through the Blue Ridge opening wvill be certain to Cel
overflow, either at Anderson or New Market,
(doubtless at both places in process of time,) and er
run across Edgelcd in the direction of Hamburg I
and the South Carolina Rail Road. If
On a recent excursion to the mountains, I passed ml
along the line of the Blue Ridge Rail Road nearly nl
all tile way from renidieton to the Rahun Gap. ai
Having taken notes, I shall go somewhat into de- to
tail respecting the contracts on this part of the ty
route, even at the risk of being a little tedious. Lr
[n my last letter, I made some mention of tihe iv
laii Read Bridge at Seneca. In connection with ge
this, I ought to have stated that there is to be a tr:
heavy embankment, forty feet in height, and six m
or seven hundred yards long, extending eastward th
from tihe end of said bridge neross Mr. CHERRY's te
bottom to the gap in the first hill. Messrs. MAx- m~
wLL & SiMP'SON are the contractors, and they a
seem to have gotten fairly under way with an cx. cv
cellenlt negro force. Nearly the whole of tile gra- it
ding between Pendleton and Walhalla is compie- Lh
ted. In a short time, Messrs. Sco-r- & PRA'rH En JC
wil have finished grading tile site for the Waihal- "P
a Depot, whlichI has been located a little more tihan ye
a mile below thje Corporation limits. The German ot
Company, however, own all the lar.d around the.
Depot, and will therefore he able to keep their tc
thriving Town in its present situationl-a nmost mi
heautiful one-and at tile same time, hackmeni and tal
omnibus drivers wvill hlave a chance oif turning an co
honest penny. The road from tile Depot to the gr
City leads along a highl and level road, wichl comn- an
mands a charming prospect oIf the nmountainls. I tt
have never known a place to improve mo: e rapidly AL
than Waihalla. The citizens of tihe plaice are much all
enaged in tile manufacture of houses-4he very an
things whlich go to make up a Town. Most of tihe
other trades pertaiznig to civilized life are well Cn
represented, and two good schools show that the ret
" young idea " is not neglected. One of the sharpI- fai
shooters of this District says that ten years ago, nt as
apouit within the preent boundaries of Walhalla. d
there was one of the best stands for dleer (hias killed an
several big bucke there,) lhe knew of in the conn- ve
try. But now at the samne spot, a ten-thousand- we
dollar Hotel stands ready for the reception and CXJ
ntertainment of summer tourists, the weary tray- co'
oler, or-bucks of the soapa-lock order. So nmuch hei
for the march of improvenment ill Pickens. ani
Speaking of improvement reminds me of my ,
friend, Col. J. A. EASL EY, Jr., with whom I spent
anigt during my late ramble, and wile has moreo
ulachinery in operation thlan any other man info
Pickens. The Colonel's Mills are about three miles fr
rom the Court House village, and about the same is
listace from tihe isolated mountain of Six Mile,as
rol the top of which you hlave a bird's eye view
af the surrounding country. A mineral spring,
ot yet analyzed, has been discovered just above C
he mill. The over-shot wheel at the mill is thlirty
ix feet in diameter, and it may be turned ncarly e
.ll the time by "tile run of the creek." A circu
ar saw, a planling machine, a shingle mlachine. and ly
)ther labor-saving contrivances, as well as a~ blast sue
r fan connected withm an iron foundery, are all put my
motion by this big whieel. It seems to me that I w
.m lanufacturing company withl such a financier at t
s head as presides at Graniteville, might spin cot- fie
on here to great advantage. "Tile South Caro- fi
ma Powder Mills " are net more thlan half a mile eve
~om the Saw Mill. Col. EASLEY expects to he con
naking powder before the middle of September kno
text. JACOB II. BEsENFELDnRE, and WV. II. FoEsTa all
if Germany, have chlarge of this new Powder ai~
At Tunnell Hill yeur cerrespondent and his tray-- vera
fling companion had the pleasure of falling in our
vith several agreeable persons, who like them
el.e. .wo.e bound for " the ate of Rtahun." 0
fhing worthy of note, except the passing of two
utiful farms on Whetstone, occurred until we
reached the rivulet, which separates Pickens
u Rabun. Arrived at Chattuga, we found its
ters turbid and swollen. But as the time allot
to our excursion was drawing to a close, we
ermined to "take no step backwards." A gen
nan of our company, who was on horseback,
the way, and my young friend followed with
faltering, although the rushing waters at times
uld dash over the hinder wheels of the buggy.
there were two ladies and one little girl of our
-iy, it required some management to get their
tty fears dispelled. A shrewd mountaineer sug
ted that they had better shut their eyes whilst
using the river. This advice, I believe, was fol
red; and it acted like a charm, for I heard no
re exclamations of alarm from the ladies. Thus
s, methinks, in life: we must close our eye.
sinst all imaginary evils. At length, after much
1, and some excitement, we all reached the Geor
bank in safety. And now as we wend our way
the defile of the War Woman the scenery be
nes more wild and picturesque. There Is a tall
rk mountain with a lonely vale smiling in verdue
its foot; here are " the fairy water-breaks, that
armur on forever;" and a little farther on, a aud.
a turn in the road reveals such a profawion of
ie summits, as makes the heart dilate with grati
le to the great Architect and Author of nature.
it see! Art with her transforming power has
iched these rugged slopes. On the hill-side, you
ty descry the excavations and embankments,
icli indicate the track of the Blue Ridge Rail
ad. And in very deed, this brawling War We
mn affords a good pass for our great thorough
-e, considering the stern features of the surround
; country. In Rabun we passed two tunnels, the
ly ones in the County. The firstis Dick's Creek;
o thousand three hundred and fourteen feetlong.
te former contractor took "French leave of this
>," some time during the last winter. The con
tct was re-let a short time since, to Messrs.
MEENWOOD & ALIXAVDER, who were to resume
b work about the middle of the present month.
io Western approach cut is nearly done. At the
st end, the heading (i. e. the excavation of the
per part of the opening) will be commenced in
e or six weeks. Between the head waters of
D War Woman and the Sticoa, there is a ridge of
id about one hundred feet high, and seventeen r
udred and ninety-four feet wide. .
And now I will close this long and prosy letter s
telling how the name of the War Woman origi- c
ted. Directly after the close of our revolution- I
r struggle it was but too common for " robber
ds " of the Creek Indians to commit depreda
>ns upon the white settlers on the Tugalo. In
c of these bloody tragedies, a thrifty pioneer and
i whole family, excepting one daughter, were
issacrod by the wily foe. The red men to the
mber of eight or ten, on returning to their
luntain fastnesses, encamped with their booty
d the fair captive on the banks of the stream in
testion. The young woman, whose case now
3med so desperate, was not only possessed of
mscendent and queenly beauty, but she had also
a soul of a heroine. At midnight's lone and sol
in hour, she manages to disengage herself from ,
L manacles, by which she had been bound. She c
izes a tomahawk yet stained with the blood of C
r little brothers and sisters,-a death blow is
alt to each of the sleeping murderers, save onc,
io alone made his escape to tell his awe-stricken
be the legend of the War Woman.
I have much more to write, but for fear the pa
nee of your readers may be exhausted, I will
sist for the present. Truly yours, E. K.
For the Advertiser.
PLATTsBUaa, July 36, 18'5. a
DEAn Sra :-I have just received yours of the
iinst., informing mec that you have in hand sub
t to my order $240, "collected after one ofr
.. BAKER's eloquient appeals, to be applied to
e cause of Kansas," and in which you say far- '
er collections would have been made, but for my*
ter of June 12th, to the Mayor of Columbia.
That letter was hastily written and without ref.
nce to its publication. As I kept no copy of it, 1
loubt not but that it was published as written.
(as I ani told,) it contains a suggestion, that no
>re money be raised in South Carolina, it was
intended thereby to repudiate Col. BAKER's
thority or to revoke his commission, much less
dcpreciate his services or the fidelity andI abili
with which lhe is known to have discharged his
ist; ,,or would the inference be true, that funds i
~re not needed and could not yet be advanta- l'
ously used in our cause in Kansas. On the con
try, our party at the present moment, feels thet
st urgent necd of pecuniary aid, among othert
igs to support our papers and to have the terrn
sy thoroughly canvassed as it is intended to d ,
reference to the peudinu Congressional canvass,
d vote upon the Constitution, in the p~ossible
Lelt of its submaission ; indeed our friends here
i have already almost exhausted themselves in
Scause, are now contributing funds fur these ob-(
s, andi one whom I saw to-day and who has I
at over ten thousand dollars in the cause', oni
sterday contributed twenty-five dollars for the
lects above mentioned.
No! we have not dispaired nor ceased our exen-b
ns, and although we have been disappointed and
rtified that our friends in the South have sus
ned us no better, in a contest that indeed more
icerns them than ourselves, yet we are not un
iteful to the few who have sympathised with a
I aided us, and whatever they may yet contrib
cheerfully, and not with the idea that they are
rg charity, but that they are serving themselves ti
the common cause, we will thankfully accept C
1 faithfully app~ly. In my letter to the lion. Mr.t
AEWKLL, I did not mean to say that South
rolina had doiie more than her duty, but only in
eence to what others have done, she has done ti
more than hcr part, besides the need of funds d
above alluded to, the events of last summer in- mi
~ed such expenditures by sundry of our truest rn
I most devoted partizanis as have left them in
y straitened circumstances, and these advances
re madle under what then seemed a wvell founded
iectation of re-embursement by subsequent
tibutionsq, but which in point of fact have not t
i realized, and sound policy as well as justice
lgratitude require that such obligations be dis- "
rged if possible. ti
hle party reorganization of last winter in the
itory, seems to have given offence to some of
friends as well as to have'afforded a pretext
cavil by panrtizan Editors, who are but to
cy to sacrifice their section to their party. It
edless to make an expose of mioti'ves to those
awill not be convinced while it ought to bo
icent for real friends (who are too remote to 0
and appreciate all the circumstances,) to know
this policy was after full consultation concur-c
in alike by Whigs, Democrats, and Native
eicans, all of which political shades were ful
nd ably represented in the convention ; at least
i considerations reconciled nee, to the one by
friends' of my name to the address, although
u not in'thie convention. In conclusion I have
egret that the publication of my letter has been
source of embarrassment to our agent and
ad Col. BAKER, in whose fidelity and ability _
- member of our committee has unlimited
idence, based not only on previous personal
viedge of his character but sustained by n
us letters from meetinas addressed by him de
estifying, to the extraordinary zeal and ability
Swhich he was discharging his duties, and I
t take this occasion,i personally to express my -
-high appreciation, not only of his services as
agent hut his character as a man.
Your ob't serv't.
D. R. ATCHISON. re
BN,. W. C. MoxAoNN.
"Old Grimes isdead,'thit good old
We ne'er shall sehim more," - r
But HoA a Co's., ClothiQ Hall stf Y,
As it has stood before.
"Old irs. Grimesis living still,
A widow still is she,"
And lately to Augustarwent
This Clothing Hallto see.' , ,
Old Grimes, when he was in the fesh -
A shabby garment wore;
It used to be an old grey coat,
All buttoned down before.
But many changes have been wrought
To taste and fashion true, -
And if Old Grimes should now come bac
What would the poor man do?
Nay, do not laugh, for wall you know
The purpose of my rhymes;
And what I write to raise the Dust
May raise the dust of Grimes. - -
Ani if it should, I'm well envineedi
Yes, have no doubt at all,
The Srat move mad, by Daddy rlmaee
Would be for Clothing MaIL
And once within that grand Basa,
Amid the garments ine,
He soon would doff that long grey coat,
The coat of "auld laug syne."
For, past a doubt, those salesmen there'
Would suit him to a pin,
And Daddy Grimes, If well waked up,
For "lemons" would "go n."
'Twould be a treat to see Old Grimes
When he is hunting there
For breeches and for. "swallow tails,"
Such as they used to wea.
This much is sure-Old Grimes would And
That HORA. & Co. are not asleep,.
But has a place that beats the world,.
And sells their clothing cheap.
And for this reason, good Old Grimes,
If living as of yore,
Would never wear that "old griy coat,
All buttoned down before."
But "Old Grimes" aside, Messrs. J. L Honiu.;o
formerly J. AL. NEwny & Co.) Augusta, Ga.. are
iow soiling off their Splendid Stock of SPRINGAND
;UMMER CLOTHING very rapidly and.at lidio .
uit each and every purchaser. They say they must
lear their shelves of every rag of Summer Goodsto";"
nako room for a tremendous stock of all and Wiite,
upplies, andarotherefore scattering bargains through
ut the land to all who may have the foresight to pa .
t their Clothing Emporium under the U. S. Hotelr
Lugusta, Ga. Heed ye, what ye read, and act accoi-d
Augusta, Aug. 25.
O B IT U AR Y.
DIED, on the 18th inst., Infant daughter of Mr.S.
N. and Mrs. SusaN A. Ncnor.son, eged six months."
Fond parents, shed no bitters tears for thy sweet
ittle blossom of being! . She is an angel now, anl -
reads the sapphire floors of Paradise. Yea, thy.::
ittle darling babe, but for a moment a joy to thy.
dousing hearts, now mingles with the glad throng.
if the forever blest in heaven, whither she has been
alled by Uim " who doeth all thing well." - Bow
tumbly to the chastening rod, and love thy Lord,
tone the less for this mysterious afliction. And al
vill yet be well.
" As the sweet flower that scents the morn,
But withers in the rising day,
Thus lovely wvas this Infaint's dawn,
Thus swiftly fled its lire away."D
DIED, in Cherokee Co., Ga., on the 11th men,
FERECMIAH COOK, Sr., aged 72 years. Hewas
morn in Tennessee, was a soldier in the war of l512:'
Ld had been a resident of Edgeflold fros; his youth ~
mntil about four years ago, when he emigrated jto
Hie was most emphatically a good man in.Qv,ery.
elation of lire. A devoted husband and faqier,.
n indulgent master, and a most disinterested friend.
'he p.dor and needy never left his door without such
id and comfort as lie was able to give. Around thme
ed or suffering and sorrow he was the sympathining
ud faithlul neighbor. And, frequently in the trou
eles and affictions which have fallen to the lot of
he writer of this humble tribute to real worth andi
nerit, has the stronig bosom heaved and the
rushing tears of the kind and good man fallen,
bough no ties of consanguinity existed. 'Twas but
he outpourine of a full and benevolent spirit-a
~enerous and warm sympathy. And moreover this
esteemed friend was a most sincere Christinn, as
he mnembers of the Gilgal and neighboring Church
a wvill unanimously testify.
In his last moments he expressed his entire will
ngness to die and be with the Saviour he had so
mng served ; while his family and neighbors -will
ng remember the earnest exhortations to live
sthfully and be ready when death should claim
hem. " Blessed is he that considereth the pr.or
lie Lord will deliver hiim in time of trouble."
DIED, at her residence in this District, on thme 8th
net., M~rs. KliSIA CULBIREATH, relict of John
lulbreath, Sr., aged 80 years and 8 months.
The s.uhject of~ this notice was born in Amherst
3..unty, Virgiuia, on the 22d November 1776. Her
ithier.'.J'hni Whicley, emigrated to Edgefleld, near
happell's Ferry, in 1774. In Oct. 1809, she was
>aptized. In the following year the Church at
heanint Hill was organized, and, among the little
ind of worshippers that gathered under the shad
lows of thme dense forest to do honors to its Almigh
y Arabitect, there remained but two, Mrs. Cal-a
reath and her brotherin-law, Edward Culbreathi.
ihe has now gone, and lhe alone is left a solitary
ight of the primeval band !
Thme individual characteristics of this good womant,
ad faithful disciple. can be summed up in a few
rords. She was verily a mother in Israel--a props
nd support to the Church, both in precept and er
maple. She endeavored to ineuleate the greet prin- -
ipe of the religion of Jesus into her children and
rand-children and friends. She practiced that,
ait shte professed, and has gone to receive the ~
rowvn of Glory prepared before the foundation of
She died of a most agonizing disease, but her
ith in her Redeemer failed not. And when at
at the angels came on their glad mission to hear
e redeemed spirit to the upper and better king
im, she breathed her last sigh in full confidence
ad hope. S. A.. L.
The next 5th Sabbath Union Meeting of the 4th
livision, Edgefield Association, will be held wi~th
ie Bethleham Church, commencing on Friday
fore the 5th Sunday in August next. The meet
g will be organized at 10 o'olock, A. M. The in
oductory sermon will be delivered by Elder D. D.
RUNsoN. Elder J. S. MATHEws, alternate.
Query.--Is it according to Gospel order that the
lurch should meet on Saturday or the Lord's day
r her duties. S. P. GETZEN, Mlo'a.
Gao. W. Nzxoa, Clerk.
g- THE Frie'nds of JACKSON COVAR re
eetfully announce him as a Candidate for'Clerk
Edgefleld District at the ensuing election.
ocordia Lodge, No. 50, 1e Fe I
AN Extra Communication of this
SLodge will be held at their NEW
H ALL, in the Odd Fellows & t'la
sonic Building, on Monday evening,
the 7th Sept., at 7 o'clock.
By order of
E. BLAND, W. M.
D. R. DUateos, See'ry. 3
Aug 25 2t
EDGEFIELD MALE ACADEMY.
'lIE Exercises of the Edgefleld Mule Academy
.were resumed on Monday the 24th inst., an- -
r thme direction of W. E. McCASL AN.
A. SIMKINS, Chair.
Aug 26 It '33 -
FINDOW SIA.DES & CARPETING.
FINE supily of Window SHfADES' end
Fixtures. Also, a lot of CARPETlEG3nst
eeived 'and for tale by d1. M. Wll
Aug 26 . f..
-4 LI.. A~-~ ~