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From the Charleston Mercury. c
THE SOUTH UNITED.
We do not believe that, since the Union began, t]
there has been any question which has brought a
the South into more complete Union than the fl
proceedings of Governor Walker in Kansas.
Georgi, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Ar- C
kansas, Florida, and Texas, appear to be of but
one party on this question. In the States in
which elections have been or are being held
Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama-no party has d
ventured to support him. Candidates for Con- r
gress, or for the State Legislatures, or for Gover
noships, all denounce him. In the other South- c
ern States, the action of the people have not
been brought to bear immediately on the ques
tion, and therefore the Press is the only criterion
by which we can judge of the feelings of the
people. The Press is a far more uncertain index a
of the popular opinion than elections, because t
those who govern the Press often have interests t
and aims connected with the Federal Govern- C
ment, which the people do not possess. Judged
by this criterion, South Carolina is more divided, C
and lower in her Southern feelings, than any
other of the Cotton States. There are more t,
Presses in South Carolina, in proportion to the
number in the State, whichhave supported Walk
er, than in any other Cotton State. In Mississip- n
pi but one sinie Press ventures a feeble apology 5
for Walker; whilst. in South Carolina. the Green
ville Patriot, Edgefield Advertiser; Columbia
South Carolinian, and Fairfield Register, have
all, we believe, defended or supported him. The
Charleston Standard has not yet been able fairly r
to apprehend the subject, and is still silent, pon
dering on its dark abstrtusities 'in profound du
biety. Yet we do not think that the course ofr
these Presses prove that the people of South
Carolina are either indifferent to the fate of Kan
as, or approve of Walker's fiagitious proceed- a
ings to make her a Free State. If the elections o
far members of Congress or our State Legisla- tj
ture were about to take place, South Carolina t
would evince the same unanimity which charac
terizes the people of Georgia and Mississippi.
We do not bolieve that a single man, who sought
the suffiages of our people, would dare to defend
fo spport Walker's villainy in Kansas. To lay s
lpfre our people the arguments of Black Re- t;
publicans, to guide their counsels, and an affihia
t ion with Black Republicans as worthy of their ti
po~cy, would be a sort of enterprise that very si
few would undertake. We therefore do not con- (
saler South Carolina as an exception to the gen- si
erel union in the South on Kansas affairs. And
even in Virginia, we notice with sincere pleasure C
the proposition made by the Richmond .Whig, h
contained in our columns yesterday, to unite with 1a
the Enquirr, the Examiner and the South, and b.
" free from all party prejudices, above all section- a
al antipathies, and true to the Constitution and
practicai State Rigkts, make a constitutional op- a
position to the Devil and the Black Republicans.".
HIe can hardly expect the co-operation of' the o
Enquirer, for its nearest associates and allies ati
present, in supporting Walker in Kansas, to :l~
make Kansas a Free State, are the leading or- : t
gans of' the Black Republicans at the North.
Their cause is one-the proscription of slavery
A GREATr R~tex.-Porter's Spirit of the Times 1
Charleston, the super b Charleston, by Sove
reign, out of Millwood, is to meet the renowned
Nicho~las I, by (Glencoe, out of Nannie Rhodes, I
and we shall have what we may fairly call a race. C
This brilliant prospect has been brought about I
by Mr. John L. Cassiday, who has leased the
Fashion Course, made up a stake and secured S
for it the entrance of the two above named C
Mr. Cassidav does not expect, with the brief a
time now left him, and the nearness of' the fall 9
meeting in Virginia and Kentucky, to be able n
to organize an entire meeting on the Fashion n'
Course this season, but lie does the most within e
his power, by offering a stake, for four mile d
heats, $1,000 entrance, half forfeit, with an ad
dition of $2,000 if the race is run, and by secur-"
ing the entrance of the two horses which stand
foremost of all others in the country, and which n,
the public jnost anxiously wish to see contend.
We predict a great attendance on the day when L
Nicholas and Charleston meet, and from the fact.
that the horses were foaled in different sections, i
and belong respectively to a Northern and a:
Southern owner, we shall expect to see the same t
spirit of intense rivally exhibited, as character- 1
ized the great contests between Eclipse and Hien- Ii
ry, and most particularly that of Fashijn and
Yeytona. Of' the two present contestants, Char- s1
leston has the most gloriouts record of perfor- d
mnances, but there arc enough here who believe
that Nicholas I is the best horse who ever tt
stretched his limbs over an American track, to b
make the betting as spirited as any man may de
sire. The day selected for the race, is the 29thm S
of Septeniber next (good day and good track.) s:
- Th Ne OrlansCrescent, adverting to thee
poisonous adulteration of liqtiors now-a-days.
sensibly concludes: "Abstinence from so-called
liquors will soon become a necessity with those
who desire to live and enjoy health. The social
cup is, indeed, a poisonous one in these latter
days. With strychnine in whiskv, and (rugsr
an'd vitriol in brandy to give it 'bod'y, flavor,' and
'coloring,' the man' who quamfifs much of either
must be 'made of oak, and copper-fastened,' toa
CArAWnA Wim:.--We havebeen presented, by
Mr. Charles Axt, with sampIles of his "Still Ca
tawba, raised at Crnwfordsville, in 1856G," which, S
upon examination by a number of gentlemen,
was unanimously pronounced a most agreeable w
wine, with the promise that its merits would be g<
still further increased by age.
Samnples of this Wine were also presented by u]
Mr. Axt to the Agricurltural Society at their an- m~
niversary meeting at the Farm, on the 18th ini- to
stant, with a request that an expression of the
opinion of the me nbers should be declared on St
the subject, and we learn authoritatively that lc
"the Society deem Mr. Axt's success as highly uj
encouraging, and congratulate him on the pro- S<
duction of a wine from the pure juice of the of
grape, which, being more matured by time, el
promises to take the place of the manufactured N
compounds sold under thme name of wine." re
[6Charleston Mer-curU,. il
pm The next meeting of the Southern Commer- ro
dal Convention will take place at Montgomery, Ala. stu
- th...-an Monday in May, 1858. 1c
The wheat crop of Georgia and Tennessee is ing
it coming into market. On Monday of this wea
ek, fifty car loads arrived on the Macon and ron
estern Railroad. The receipts by that road ton
w are daily about nine thousand bushels, near- em
all of which is forwarded to Savannah and city
en to Northern markets. In July, 39,400 bush- -
i were received. In the first fourteen days in
e month, 103,490. Of this 2,728 were sent to
tr city mill. The weather has, for a few days,
en very favorable for its transportation, and it -
rives in good order. The supply of wheat on
ir railroad lines is now so great that they can
arcely furnish means for its transportation
id without their aid what would all this surplus
ain be worth to the producers? The prices -
e declining, but we are unable to give reliable T
sotations. Over one hundred car loads arrive
tily at Atlanta. j he receipts of one day was 0
s,600 bushels.-Macon Journal and Messenger. thi
WEATHER AND CRoPs iN ALABAMA.-The La- brie
6yette (Chambers county) Herald, of the 5th 1
istaut, says: 1l%
" For the last two weeks we have had copious ran
iowers every day, and the signs at present indi- at i
ite still more. The corn crop in this section it ,
as been vastly benefited, but the rains came too
6te to make a full crop."
The Montgomery Mfail, of the 10th inst., says: Te
-" Intelligent planters tell us, that with a favo. of
Lble fall, the crop of all this section of Alabama rar
ill be very large indeed. Somehow or other, f.
Ithough cotton got a poor start, and apparently of
very bad stand, yet it has 'caught up' amazilg- Ma
r. Even the long continued rains, usually very
ijurious, have so far proved to be highly advan- P*
igeous. The weed has got the size it needed, *"
nd the shedding, which usually follows wet hol
reather, seems likely to be missed. There is, the
re are told by one of our largest planters, an
nmensity of fruit on the weed, and a large is T
mount might be dropped, and leave more than of
n average crop. mi
"Taking the opinion and accounts of the most ;
itelligent cotton raisers, as the basis of our cal
ulations, we cannot avoid the belief that the t
rop is likely to exceed an average, considerably. *
ro part of the country was more affected by *ot
ie disasters of the spring than this, and yet we 4
re bound to admit prospects are now highly un
WEATHER AND CuoPs ix AREANsAS.-The a'
amden Herald, of the 6th inst., says: an
We have had rain in great abundance within Lu
ie last day or two, and from present appearances it i
e should judge that it will continue for several asi
ays to come. Taking everything into conside- of
ition, the crops are much more promising than ev
ould have been anticipated. We shall make it
orn enough to supply the present inhabitants, ger
nd have a considerable quantity left to meet roe
1e wants of emigrants. int
Illinois, this season, will produce two hundred tra
nd eighty millions bushels of grain-more than p'
-n bushels for every man, woman and child in
ie United States. This knocks the Corn Ex- agi
hange speculators into the middle of next year. a P
CRor CALCLATIo.-The New Orleans Cres- reo
ent of the 8th inst. says: ed
The sugar cane is doing well, very well, but lea,
ie high anticipations, and still higher figures ,
nt to the West-say a crop of 350,000 hogs
eads-will not be realized. The maximum is
ow is, with a good fall, 300,000 hogsheads. tha
fe desire to check the reports which have been th<
irculated for and near, that the crop this season it <
-ould be much larger than any ever before raised. 3in
hose persons who have been giving currency to See
uch figures or such views are altogether igno- Pr(
tnt of the case-in fact, they are like those Go
eracious writers in New York on cotton, who
retend to know more about the culture and the er
sults of the staple than the planter does himself. la
The tobacco crop in some parts of Marylandts
nd Virginia is said to be very poor, on account h.
f the wetness of the season. This has caused li
ie stalks to grow very rank, without a propor- an'
.onate growth of leaves. Pr
IATER FROM( EUROPE. in
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAXER ARABIA. anm
NEW Yong, August 19.- The Royal Mail pri
teamaship Arabia, Capt. J. Stone, has arrived at 'th
is port, with Liverpool dates to the 8th inst. vis
Cotton was dull and unch'anged. Theisales of- go,
e week amounted to 38,000 bales-closing so
eady. Middling Orleans 8), upland 8}. Man- al
best'er market dull. Money unchanged. Con-af
>ls 90? to 9J0.. Bulliron has'decreased ?370,000. a
Flour declined ls. Wheat 2 to 3d lower. C**
orn declined Od. to is. Provisions active. Rice W
as declined. Spirits of turp~entine was dull. pu
~osin was firm. with sales for the week of 5,000
arrels, the market closing active, with a slight oni
The Emperor and Emipress of France were on o.
visit to Queen Victoria.
The telegraphic cable was landed at Valencia
a the 5th, and on that (lay the expedition sailed.
The Italian conspirators against Napoleon have rei
een found guilty. One sentenced to transpor- co!
ition and the others to seven years implrison- thi
Bloomfield, Bishop of London, is dead. pol
it is rumored that a suspension of negotiations ten
a the Spanish-MAexican question, has taken sti
Spain continues her military preparations. the
There is nothing later from India.
Ex; r.isn.-Thle steamer Khersonese, has been ~
ithdrawn from the Canadian line. having been
hartered b'y the government to carry troops to ""
ndia. The steamer Crimea takes her place. S*i
in the House of Lords, Lord Campbell pre- Cat
eted a petition from the Queen and Princess cat
f Oude, residing in England, expressing their corn
egret, at the mutiny in India, and that suspicion p0!
[ould attach to the ex-king, stating that they ifa
ad assurance of his entire innocence, and pray. the
mg that the charges against him might be an- w
ounced so that they could establish his in no
ence. Objectionswere made and the bill was with- at
The bill authorizing the enrollment of militia, If
as read a second time. ani
Ledru Rollin hams commenced a prosecution d.-J
ainst the London Times, for charging him with haa
>mplicity in the recent conspiracy to assassinate ter
iouis Napoleon-. of
SexIX.-The Government is actively engaged ;st
imilitary preparations. The strength of thees
ry will soon be 120,000 men. It is also sta-et
d that the Royal Guard, dismissed under the
spartero administration, is soon to be re-estab- the
Teamsu.-The French Ambassador at Con- wit
antinople struck his flag on the 5th ult., but bre
i not leave his post for some days. der
1)ENMARK.-An English Company has ob
,inedl a comnmission to lay a telegraphic cable
fween England and Schileswi;;. ch
Russu.-A St. Petersburg dispatch says that nem
chamls troops had been beaten bmy the Rus
ans, and 400u killed.
Russia had applied to the Porte for a modifi
tion of the Paris treaty, so as to enable her toth
iarge the number of her vessels of war, for.
gerations along the coast, of Circassia. n
ITAr.Y.-There is trouble b~etwen England and
aples, in consequence of the unauthorized a
arch of an English steamer by Neapolitionde
icials. It is said England remonstrated, but l
eived no reply. Ia
The wheat harvest of Italy is secured, and alla
erages a crop and a half. There is a consid- as'
le increase also in the winc crop. an
Gousa NonTr.-The Pee Dee Herald fur.
shes the following sensible ideas in relation to
yuthern Merchants going North. e
" Our merchants are leaving for the North prei
bere they will purchase their winter stock of ra
>ods. What a pity it is that our own people, the
ill year after year, contribute to the buildin g
>of Northern' cities, when, in return, suec
ighty efforts arc making by Northern citizens 051
bring ruin andh desolation upon our homes I whi
Why (10 not South Carolinians, at least, be- tite
:>w their patronage upon their own city, Char- ben
ston? Why (10 they not lend their aid to build 'I
>that city anduu mnako it the Queen city of the fur
mth; that we may ever after be independent
the North ? 'T'is said by some that our mer-gl
ants cannot " do as well'' in Charleston as inan
ew York. 1f this be so, the reason is appa- t*"
nt; it is because by our own neglect we do
t give her the power to compete with her pam.i prol
red rival. If Southern mer-chants would pat
nize her, she would gladly prepare herself to .J
ppiy their demands and offer inducemenits at in I
et ealn to those of New YVrk. We woud 1.5r
ice to see our Southern merchants withdraw
their support from a people who use their J
Ith thus acquired, to the injury of their pat- c:
;, and we would also rejoice to see Charles- c
importing goods for the supply of the South- C
Market, and growing up into a magnificent
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, 8. C.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26, 1857.
FHE CHARLESTON MERCURY AGAIN. I
n another column may be found an article from
journal, to several points of which we would
A little more than a month ago, the Xercury was
ing notes of wailing over " the deplorable igno
te, vacillation, treachery, and division which roign
he South"-we quote its precise language. Now I
Dmes to us with the triumphal shout of "T Ae
t1 United," and provedly arrays Georgia, Alaba- i
, MississippI, Louisiana, Arkansas, Florida and I
:as, as presenting an unbroken line for the defenes
outhern Rights. We congratulate our eotempo.
y upon the celerity with which he has thus vaulted I
n the slough of despond up to this airy eminence :
lope. It is precisely the stand-point from which i
y others of us have been looking out upon the i
itical sea for months past; and now that the fer
y's telescope has boon mounted beside us, we shall <
>o to discover yet more of safety and happiness in
unfolding future of our beloved South.
. But the Mereury's way of reaching this position
eculiar. We are instructed that the proceedings 1
Governor WALKER in Kansas have effected this
hty result-, have given to our section light for
norance," firmness for "vacillation," devotion for
eachery," and union for "division." With pro
nd deference to the acumen and expertness of our
mporary, we submit that he is here placing the
t before the cause. It is the pre-established
on of sentiment throughout the South-it can be
hing elso-which must account for the general
ement the Mercury announces as subsisting
ong the people of " Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
Aisiana, Arkansas, Florida and Texas." Admitting
o be correct that this agreement does subsist, we
:, is it not the host evidence that the common heart
our section boats warmly, and in unison upon
ry question which touches our rights as connected
h our institution of domestic slavery i Could this
eral sensitivoness, this universal disposition to
el every thing like injury or insult, have sprung
existence with the occasion of Gov. WALKER'S
nsgression ? Is it not more creditable to our peo
, and far less superficial, to conclude that the
cement hero set forth is but the demonstration of
re-oxisting oneness of sentiment in the Southern
d, a ononess of sentiment which the Jfercury
ltely Ignored only a month since, but acknowl
es to-day,-with how much of consistency we
ro the reader to decide.
. Again, it is apprehended that " South Carolina
aore divided, and lower in her Southern feelings,
n any other of the Cotton States." Now, what is
character of the "division" here alluded to? Is
ne which involves a doubt as to the devotion of a
gle Carolinian to the best interests of his State and
tion ? No,-it is simply this: A portion of the
ss of the State led off in violent denunciation of
ernor WALKER. Another portion, equally South
in its tone, thought it best to use more moderate
guago in regard to that official's course. And
y? First because they did not consider it just
ards Mr. UCnAsA?, to create prejudices against
Administration on the score of certain speeches
I acts of its agent, and which it was believed the
~sident did not approve. Secondly, because there
e reasons for thinking that the pro-slavery party
Kansas were at least quiet as to WALKEa's policy,
that therefore it was but the dictate of ordinary
dece to awaiti developments in that territory.
is is the sum and substance of the so-called " di
on" in South Carolina; And when the Xercury
s on to speak 'of the State being "low'er In her
thern feclings than any other Cotton State," we
tintly and emphatically pronoune the conclusion
diacy, at least in so far as it has reference to our
*rso and the reasons we have assigned therefor.
point the Xekreury to those reasons as heretofore
lished, and dlefy its serutiny.
.The Mercury further says: " In Mississippi hut
single press ventures a feeble apology for WA!.
; whilst in South Carolina, the Greenville Pa.
t, Ed gefield Adrertiaer, Coluinia South Caurolini
and Fairfield tegister have all, we believe, defend
or supportedl hiim." To this we have simply to
ly, that the statement is erroneous. We have
demned WAu.ran's special acts of intermedling as
y have b~een reported through the country. We
o not " defended or supported" Walker. The
iv of the Administration in Kansas we have dle
dod so far as the propriety of submittiing the Con
ution to tho ratification of bonau Jde citizens is
siderd ; distinctly saying at the same time, with
Administration, that the Convention is the only
rer to determine who these bon fide citizens are.
have deprecated strife on this question ; hecauso
could not regard it as an issue upon which our
athorn cause was to be benefitted. We have also
neled against war upon the Admiinistration; be
so we believed, and still helieve, that it is a sound,
servativo Admiinistration, and one earnestly dis
ed to do equal justice to the whole country. From
>rmation before us we have reluctantly yielded to
opinion that Kansas never can he a Slave State;
have therefore thought and said that it was well
east to make it a sound Democratic State, with a
mug leaven of Southern syimpathy in its population.
n these positions the Mereury can find anything
-Soutern, let it be pointed out. If there is any
nee or support of Wailker in them, we wish to
'o it exhibited in our cotemaporary's most searching
us. If this cannot he dune, he stands convicted
nisrepresenting thle position of a brother journal
who has alays emdeavored to show him the high
respect and do him the fullest measure of justice.
n conclusion, we venture to predict that in less
n three months the Xefrcury will see, and perad
ture admit, that the position *of the Adecertiuer,
a respect to the Administration in this Kansas im
glio, hans been the correct and the really indepen
rJ' The absence of the Editor, who is gone to
rieston on business, will account for the meager
sof the Editorial matter this week.
here will be a protracted meeting to commence with
Pleasat Grove Baptist C'hurch on Saturday 29th
.Ministers are solicited to attend.
he are authorized to stato that Dr. WV~ruis will
ver a lecture on the Millennium, at Stevens' Creek
>tist Church on Sunday next. The citizens gener
arc cordially invited, mand will do well to attend
o feel confident the Doctor will furnish a rich and
GEN. McGOWAN'S SPEECII.
Ve take pleasure in acknowledging the receipt of
>py of the Address of Gen. SAxoUt. MctlowAw,
>re the Pahnaetto Association. To ay it is a good
duction dois not half express all its merits. It is
shied in thought, finished in style, and finished in
workmanship of the P'rinters.
o learn that there are several copies at the Post
e, for sale, iand we recommend all our readers,1
an relish a treat, that palls not upon thio appe
to spend each a inent3l-fire cents, for his own
he Pahinetto Association desires to raise a fund
the support of the sick, poor, anid infirm of that
ant bifnd, who sacrificed their time, and health
periled their live,, in the mainitenance of the
r and glory of their State and country ; and in
way alone, the sales of this speech are to be ap-1
SA sale of $18,000 worth of mules was made I
ynchburg, Virginia, Tuesday, at from $145 to r
piV Attention is directed to the Card of Tnos. G.
IAcoI. Esq., from which' it will.be seen that he de
ines a re-election at.the ensuing election. Maj. BA
oN has long and faithfully discharged the duties of
lerk, with credit to himself and honor to the Dis
riet. A hearty " well done, thou.good and faithful
ervant," is accorded him by'all. In his retirement
iay his health be permanently improved, and may
e be spared for lo! these many years is our prayer.
THE RISING SUN.
Joi '. CuApxAw, Esq., hr become associate Edi
or of this excellent Nowberry weekly, and will un
oubtedly make the Sun still more interesting to its
umerous readers. Mr. CnApxmi is a native of this
)istrict, is a graceful and fluent writer and an accom
lished gentleman. We cordially welcome him into
he Editorial fraternity, andwish him much success.
OUR ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS FOR THE
Perhaps our readers think we take peculiar delight
n boasting every week of the various presents we re
eive, and we are not less loth- to admit the fact
hat such is the case-yea, and who would not be ?
To begin, we return our thanks to Mr. G. L. Psx
md Mr. JAs. ArnsTaoso, for a few very lag and
Ina Tomatoes,-the largest, sent by Mr. Paxx, weigh.
ng neirly one pound.
To Mr. Joix HLwrr.vox we tender o'ur warmest ac
mowledgments for two splendid watermelons. Mr.
E's. Melons, as well as his Cabbage and Turnips, are
dways hard to equal, but this year his watermelons
ire extraordinary fine. The largest of these melons
weighed thirty pounds, and was as sweet as any we
iver oat. Mr. Swzauuxotn beat Mr. H. In size but
e rather think Mr. HmLUnox's stands ahead in
Mrs. DZLLAn PHILLIPS also contributes bountifully
towards making us happy-and that fine sugar-cured
Eam she sent us last week was, we assure her, proper.
Ly received and highly appreciated. God bless all
much friends as Mrs. P.
A quantity of spurious coin,0 (says the Augusta
Constitutionalist of the 21st inst.) purporting to be
live dollar gold pieces of Becker's North Carolina
mint, were offered at the office of F. 0.' Barber, Ex
Ahange Broker, yesterday- This spurious money
name from Edgefield District, S. C., where there is,
o doubt, a gang of coiners and counterfeiters In op
The same paper of the same date also furnishes
the following which is equally as discreditable to
our District. We sincerely hope this gang of
-ounterfeiters, thieves and robbers will ore long be
erretted out and moet with punishment to the full
3xtent of the law, which their felonious deeds so just.
We understand that Mr. Jackson Clark, of this
ity, was met by two men, on Tuesday afternoon last,
few miles from Hamburg, on the South Carolina
side of the river, who very socially approached him,
and while in the act of supplying one of them with
tobacco, they quickly seized Mr. Clark, and after
Dhoking him, succeeded in tying and gagging him;
and after carrying him a short distance in the woods,
robbed his pockets and left him. We learn that Mr.
Clark had in his possession about one thousand dol
ars, which he was carrying to his mother, who lives
hout a mile from where he was attacked.
pizr- LEE.-General Daniel S. Lee, of Missouri,
late consul of the United States at Basle, in Switzer
and, died in Washington at half-past one o'clock, on
Saturday afternoon last (the 15th Inst.,) of tetanus, or
ock-jaw, occasioned by a wound he had received in
the foot by the accidental discharge of a pistol in his
gg Mr. J. E. Bonn has been elected Ordinary~
of Spartanburg District by a majority of fifty votes.
firP lion. A. Bunr, of Abbeville, is nominated as
the proper man to fill the, vacant seat in the U. S.
p;& Eugene Sue, the celebrated French romanist,
died at Paris on the 3d inst. lie was born in 1808,
and was, consequently, not fifty years of age at the
time of his death.
p;& We learn that theret is a new counterfeit ten
dollar bill out on the B3ankerf Hamburg, S. C., of the
old issue. The 'Cashiemf of 'the Bank of Charles
ton says it almost defies detection. Look out for it,
fig Two hales new cotton were received in New
Orleans, on the 14th Inst., from Brazes Bottom, Texas,
3g' It has been decided in the General Land,
Office, that a colored man, whose ancestors were
brought into this country as slaves, is not entitled ti
preemption of the public lands. This is the firsi
case based on the decision in the Dred Scott ease.
7,D- To kill bed bugs-tie them by the hind legs
and then make mouths at them until you get then
into convulsions, after which crawl around on the
blind sido and stone them to death.
pe- Why is a mushroom like a dandy ? Because
it is rapid in its gzowth, slim in its trunk, an thiek ii
pi Vermont produces four staples, namely : men
w(Ien, inaple sugar and horses.
The first are strong, the last are fleet,
Tihe second and third are exceedingly sweet,
And all arc uncommonly hard to beat.
pg Punch says a man who goes to church to
chew tobacco, and spits upon the floor, ought to he
taken by the head and heels, and scrubed upon the
soiled spot until it is clean. This is no joke.
gr A terrible buriesne swept over the town of
Woodland, ini Wisconsin. Every house is destroyed,
telegraph lines prostrated, and railway stations and
other propeCrty damaged.
THE CHIARLESTON MERCUR~Y.-Thle .Peercury
has taken a glance over the Southern field of
fght, and is gratified to find such a unanimity
of sentiment on the subject of Gov. Walker's
course in Kansas-very good. When the South.
en patriot turns his eye upon the glorious spee.
tale of the United South, then shall he find rc
alized the fondest aspiration of his heart. Had
the Mer-cury stopped here, it would have been
well. But that hitherto high-toned member, of
the Charleston press goes further-makes an
odious comparison, and singles out several State
journals, ours among the number, for " scorn to
point his slow unmeaning finger at." If we
have not misunderstood the M3ercuiry, it has suf
(red itself to indulge in unworthy imputations,
and to insinunte that because this paper and
others have not rrsponded to its bugle call, and
joined in loud and deep curses of Walkeri, the
Administration, and tihe Democratic party, they
are therefore playing into the hands of the ene
my, and subserving the purposes of' Black Re.
publienism I An imputation like this shall be
passed unheeded by us. We would inform the
iercury that its classification will not avail any
thing. If it seeks to adopt a " whip-in" policy
as respects the press of the State, it has mista
ken us. The CJarolineian, in its advocacy of the
oase of the South, will follow its own convic
tions of duty and justice, and seek to be true to
ts nam.-South Carolinian.
NEW YoRK, August 18l.
Fox Cumsi.-The correspondent of the New
york Times, writing from Hong Kong, says
hat Captain Simnms, of the marine corps, at.
ached to the "San Jaciato," has been detailed
.o take formal possession of the Islands Formosa,
ts an indemnity to the United States for losses
mnstained by the United States during the pres
mt war. Also, that this step has given much
;at~isliation to the English authorities.
The Chinese rebels were generally successful
scar Shanghai. They had also captured two
mnportant cities in the interior.
The imperial forces in the vicinity of Sachan
sad revolted, driving the Governor of the pro
inc and his eflicers from the city, and captur
g the military chest.
MmI Roc-rE CHIANGED.-The mail heretofore
-unning from Calk's Ferry to Columbia has been
~hanged so as to run to kingsville and connect
rith the staee from Edgefield C. H. for Colm
,ia, every briday evening. The schedule we
melieve is as follows: Leaves Calk's Ferry every
'riday at 9 o'clock A Mi running via. Counts
ille and Pleasant Springs, arriving at Kings.
ille the same day at 5 P Mi, in time for thme con
Leetion with the Columbia stage. It remains at
inesville until Saturday morning after the ar
iva of the stage for Edgofield C. H. when it
e.t. ns t.1o Cak Frry by theasama route.
For the Edgelleld Advertiser.
TO THE CITIZENS OF EDGEFIELD DISTRICT:
FELLOW-CITIZENS: When my present term of
Office as Clerk of the Court for Edgefield District
expires, I will have served you sixteen years. If
I have faithfully discharged, or caused to be faith
fully discharged, the many perplexing and labori
ous duties incumbent upon said Office, it will be a
source of congratulation to my friends, and of
consolation to myself.
I feel under many lasting obligations to you,
for the kindness extended in having so repeatedly
elected me to this Office. I now deem It my duty
to announce through the columns of the Adverti
ser, my intention of declining to offer as a Candi
date for Clerk at the onsuing. election. Feeble
health, caused in a great measure by the many
trying labours I was compelled to undergo during
the first four years of my arduous administration,
(which I fear has riveted it chains upon pe,) is
one of the many causes which influence me In de
clining a re-election.
In thus taking leave of the citizens generally, I
cannot suffer the occasion to pass without a word
of friendship to the members of the Bar, the off
cone with whom I have served, and the young men
who have served under me. We have passed many
pleasant hours together, without any of those vexa
tious annoyances which must tend to make the office
unpleasant to the incumbent and a source of an
noyance to those with whom his duties associate
May my successor be as fortunale as I, in the
advice to aid and the lights to guide him, in the
discharge of his various duties. I promise my
weak and humble services in assisting him, when
ever called upon.
Your obedient servant,
THOS. G. BACON.
August 14, 1854.
FROX OUR OWN CORESPONDENT.
PIcKENs DisTRIcT, S. C., Aug. 20, 1857.
MR. EDITORn:-The growth of our country is a
wonder, a marvel and almost a miracle. The Ro
man Empire after an existence of three hundred
years, did not extend more than twenty miles be
yond the gates of the "Eternal City." (Even
Pickens or Edgefield is larger than that!) Less
than three hundred years ago, North America was
one vast wilderness. But now the United States
have an extent of territory, which is almost fabu
lous, and their rank as a first class power has al
ready been recognized by the whole family of na
tions. Some of the most important improvements
of this wonder-working age had their origin in this
country. For instance, the railway and the tele
graph. These means of annihilating time and
space are at the present more ample in the North
era section of our Confederacy, than In the South;
and some people, who never reflect aright, seem to
think that such will ever be the case. The Yan
kees, I grant, are very cute, restless and enterpri
sing-much given to money-making and money
saving; but they have neither the fire, the iron
will, nor the tremendous energies of the Southrons.
Internal improvements at the South really cost less
than in any other part of the world. Because any
considerable force abstracted from the cotton fields
diminishes the crop, and per consequence, enhan
ces the price of our staple commodity. -In this
way, it can be shown that the amount of money
realized by cotton planters in grading our Rail
Roads is a clear gain-to say nothing of the re
sources developed. Who then can object to the
policy of those, who would checker the sunny
plains of the South with a network of Rail Roads
The Blue Ridge Rail Road, when completed,
will be the crowning glory of our beloved Com
monwealth. We shall then have a direct indepen
dont communication with the Great West. It will
then lie demonstrated that thd Palbnettoes have ca
pacity for something else besides talking and fight
ing. The stream of commerce, which is to pass
through the Bllue Ridge opening will be certain to
overflow, either at Anderson or New Market,
(doubtless at both places in process of time,) and
run across Edgefelid in the direction of Hamburg
and the South Carolina Rail Road.
On a recent excursion to the miountains, I passed
along the line of the Blue Ridge Rail Road nearly
all the way from rendleton to the Rabun Gap.
Iaing takenu n:oes, I shall go somewhat inito de
tail respecting the contracts on this part of the
route, even at the risk of being a little tedious.
In my last letter, I made some mention of the
Rail Road Bridge at Seneca. In connection with
this, I ought to have stated that there is to be a
heavy embankment, forty feet in height, and six
or seven hundred yards long, extending eastward
fromi the end of said bridge across Mr. CHnnYv s
bottom to the gap in the first hill. Messrs. MlAX
WELL & SisPsoN are the contractors, and they
sent to have gotten fairly uinder way with an ex
cellent negro force. Nearly the whole of the gra
ding between Pendleton and Walhalla is comple
ted. In a short time, Messrs. ScOTT & PRATJIRn
will have finished grading the site for the Walhal
a Depot, which has been locaiced a little more than
a mile below tlje Corporation limits. The German
Company, however, own all the lar d around the
Depot, and will therefore be able to keep their
thriving Town in its present situation-a most
beattiful one-and at the same time, backmen and
omnibus drivers will have a chance of turning aii
honest penny. The road from the Depot to the
Ciy leads along a high and level road, which comn
mands a charming pirospect of the nmountains. I
have never known a place to implrove mote rapidly
than Walhalla. The citizens of the lhace are mttch
enaged in the manufacture of houses-the very
things which go to make up a Town. Most of the
other trades pertaining to civilized life are well
represented, and two good schools show that the
" young idea " is not neglected. One of the sharp
shooters of this District says that ten years ago, at
a point within the present boundaries of Walhalla.
thee was one of the best stands for (leer (has killed
several big bucks there,) he knew of in the coun
try. But now at the same spot, a ten-thousand
dollar Hotel stands ready for the reception and
entertainment of summer tourists, the weary trav
eller, or-bucks of the soap-iock order. So much
for the march of improvenient in Pickens.
Speaking of improvement reminds me of my
friend, Col. J. A. EAsLEY, Jr., with whom I spent
a night dttring my late ramble, and who has more
machinery in operation thtan any other man in
Pickens. The Colonel's Mills are about three miles
from the Court House village, and about the same
distance from the isolated mountain of Six Mile,
front the top of which you have a bird's eye view
of the surrounding country. A mineral spring,
not yet analyzed, has been discovered just above
the mill. The over-shot wheel at the mill is thirty
six feet in dianmeter, and it may be turned nearly
all the time by " the run of the creek." A circu
lar saw, a planing macline, a shingle machine, and
other labor-saving contrivances, as well as a blast
or fan coinected with an iron foundery, are all put
in motion by this big wheel. It seems to me that
a manufacturing conipany with such a financier at
its head as presides at Graniteville, might spin cot
ton here to great advantage. " The South Caro
lina Powder Mills " are not more than half a mile
from the Saw Mill. Col. EAsLEY expects to be
making powder before thc middle of September
next. JACOB HI. BEsE.NFELDun, and WV. HI. FoEsTR
of Germany, have charge of this new Powder
At Tunnell Hill your correspondent and his trav
elling compmanion had the pleasure of falling in
with several agreeable persons, who like them
#I.e. were bound n foth tatme of Babun."
"OLD OpEEB3 .
"Old Grimes ise tatoodold
We ne'er shall see him more -
But HoRa & Co's., Clothiig Hall -still ta ,.R
As it has stood before.
"Old Mrs. Grimesis living still
A widow still is she,".
And lately to Augusta-went -
This Clothing Hall to see..
Old Grimes, when he was In the flesh ,
A shabby garment wore;
It used to be an old grey coat,
All buttonod down before.
But many changes have been wrought
To taste and fashion true,
And if Old Grimes should now come back,
What would the poor man do?
Nay, do not laugh, for well you know
The purpose of my rhymes;
And what I write to raise the Dust
May raise the dust of Grimes. -
And if it should, I'm well aonvined
Yes, have no doubt at all,
The trst move made by Daddy Grlusu
Would be for Clothing EiL
And once within that grand Hassar,
Amid the garments line,
He soon would doff that long grey eoat,
The coat of "auld lang syne."
For, past a doubt, those salesmen there
Would suit him to a pin,
And Daddy Grimes, if well waked up,
For "lemons" would "go in."
'Twould be a treat to see Old Grimes
When he is hunting there
For breeches and for. "swallow tails,"
Such as they used to wear.
This much is sure-Old Grimes would And
That HonA & Co. are not asleep,
But has a place that beats the world,
And sells their clothing cheap.
And for this reason, good Old Grimes,
If living as of yore,
Would never wear that "old grey coat
All buttoned down before."
But "Old Grimes" aside, Messrs. J. E. HonA 2 .
f (formerly J. M. Newsy A Co.) Augusta, Ga.,, are
I now selling off their Splendid Stock of SPRINGAND
SUMMER CLOTHING very rapidly and at pricsto
suit each and every purchaser. They say they must
clear their shelves of every rag of Summer Goodsto
make room for a tremendous stock of Fall and Wlite
r supplies, and are therefore scattering bargains through
out the land to all who may have the foresight to cal;,
at their Clothing Emporium under the U. S. Hotel,
Augusta, Ga. Heed ye, what ye read, and act acrd
Augusta, Aug. 25.
DIED, on the 18th inst., Infant daughter of Mr. S.
W. and Mrs. SUSAx A. NicnoLsoN, aged six months.
f Fond parents, shed no bitters tears for thy sweet
little blossom of being! . She is an angel now, and
treads the sapphire floors of Paradise. Yes, thy .
little darling babe, but for a moment a joy to thy
idolising hearts, now mingles with the glad throng
of the forever blest in heaven, whither she has been
f called by Him " who doeth all things well." Bow
5 humbly to the chastening rod, and love thy Lord -
none the less for this mysterious affliction. Andall
~'will yet be well.
" As the sweet flower that scents the morn,
But withers in the rising day,
Thus lovely was this Infant's dawn,
uThus swiftly fled its lire away." R
DIED, in Cherokee Co., Ga,, on the 11t t
JEREMIA H COOK, Sr., aged 72 years. He ws~:
born in Tennessee, was a soldier in the war of'18l12
and had been a resident of Edgefleld front his youth s
until about four years ago, .when he 'emigrated toA
He was moat emphatically a good man in ev,ery
'relation or lire. A devoted husband and fatber4
> an indulgent master, and a most disintereisted friend.
.The poor and needy never left his door without sneht
. id and comfort as lhe was able to give. Around the
bed of suffering and sorrow lie was the sympathising
and faithf ul neighbor. And, frequently in the tron
fbles and afflictions which have fallen to the lot of
~the writer of~ this humble tribute to real worth and
Smerit, has the strong bosom heaved and the
gushing tears of the kind and good man fallen?
Sthough no ties of consanguinity existed. 'Twas but
*5 the outplourinir of a full and benevolent spirit-a
s generous and warm sympathy. And moreover this
aesteemed friend was a moat sincere Christian, as
sthe members of the Gilgal and neighboring Church
-es will unan imously testify.
"In his last moments he expressed his entire will
S ingness to die and be with the Saviour he had so
-long served ; while his family and neighbors - will
.long remember the earnest exhortations to live
faithfully and be ready when denth should claim
0them. " Blessed is lhe that considereth the pr.or
r the Lord will deliver him in time of trouble.?
DI ED, at her residence in this District, on the 8th
inst, ,IMrs. K ESI A CU LIR E ATLH, relict of John
CulbreathI, Sr., aged 80 years and 8 months.
The .ubject of this notice was born in Amherst
Co.unty, Virginia, on the 22d1 November 1776. 11er
father. .1.hn Whimley, emigrated to Edgefield, near
-Chappell's Ferry, in 1774. In Oct. 1809, she was
s baptized. In the following year the Church at
,Chent Hill was organized, and, among the little
band uf worshippers that gathered under the shad
Cdows of the dense forest to do honors to its Almigh
ty Architect, there remained hut two, Mrs. Cul- *
breath and her brother-in-law, Edward Culbreatli.
jShe has now gone, and he alone is left a solitary
light of the primeval band! !
The individual characteristics of this good woman,
Sand faithful disciple, can be summed up in a few
-words. She was verily a mother in Israel-a prop
and support to the Church, both In precept and est
-ample. She endeavored to inculcate the great prin
eiple of the religion of Jesus into her children and
grand-children anid friends. She practiced that,
that she professed, and has gone to receive the
Crown of Glory prepared before the foundation of
She died of a most agonizing disease, but her
faith in her Redeemer failed not. And when at
last the angels came on their glad mission to bear
thme redeemed spirit to the upper and better king
dom, she breathed her last sigh in full confidence
and hope. S. A.. L.
Thte next 5th Sabbath Union Meeting of the 4th
Division, Edgefield Association, will be held wift
the Bethleham Church, commencing on Friday.
before the 5th Sunday in August next. The meet
ing will be organized at 10 o'olock, A. M. The in
troductory sermon will be delivered by Elder D. D.
BturmseN. Elder J. S. MaruEws, alternate.
Query.-ls it according to Gospel order that the
Church should meet on Saturday or the Lord's day
for her duties. S. P. GETZEN, Mon'a.
Gzo. W. Ntxox, Clerk.
7* THE Frie'nds of JACKSON COVAR re
spectfully announce him as a Candidate for Clerk
of Edgefleld District at the ensuing election.
Concordia Lodge, No. 50, A. Fs ii
AN Extra Communication of this
SLodge will be held at their NEW
sonic Building, on Monday evening,
the 7th Sept., at 7 o'ock.
By order of
E. BLAND, W. M.
D. R. Duatmos, See'ry.
Aug 25 2t 33
EDGEFIELD MALE ACADEMY.
T HE Exercises of the Edgehleld Male Academy
were resumed on Monday the 24th inst., un
der the direction of WV. E. McCASLAN.
A. SIMKINS, Chair.
Au g226It '33 -
WINDOW SHADES & CARPETING.
A FINE supply of Window SHADES- sud
Fixtures. Also, a lot of CARPETlEGjust
reeeived and for tale by J1. M. WITT.
Aug 26 tf . 33 2
Nothing worthy of note, except the passing of two
beautiful farms on Whetstone, occurred until we
bad reached the rivulet, which separates Pickens
rrom Rabun. Arrived at Chattuga, we found its
waters turbid and swollen. But as the time allot
ted to our excursion was drawing to a close, we
letermined to "take no step backwards." A gen
tleman of our company, who was on horseback,
led the way, and my young frierd followed with
out faltering, although the rushing waters at times
would dash over the hinder wheels of the buggy.
As there were two ladies and one little girl of our
party, it required some management to get their
pretty fears dispelled. A shrewd mountaineer sug
gested that they had better shut their eyes whilst
crossing the river. This advice, I believe, was fol
lowed; and it acted like a charm, for I heard no
more exclamations of alarm from the ladies. Thus
it is, methinks, in life: we must close our eyes
against all imaginary evils. At length, after muel
toil, and some excitement, we all reached the Geor
gia bank in safety. And now as we wend our way
up the defile of the War Woman the scenery be
comes more wild and picturesque. There Is a tal
dark mountain with a lonely vale smiling in verduf
at Its foot; here are " the fairy water-breaks, thal
murmur on forever;" and a little farther on, asud
den turn In the road reveals such a profaslon ol
blue summits, as makes the heart dilate with grati
tude to the great Architect and Author of nature
But see! Art with her transforming power hal
touched these rugged slopes. On the hill-side, yot
may descry the excavations and embankments
which indicate the track of the Blue Ridge Rai
Road. And in very deed, this brawling War Wo
man affords a good pass for our great thorough
fare, considering the stern features of the surround
Ing country. In Rabun we passed two tunnels, th
only ones in the County. The firstis Dick's Creek
two thousand three hundred and fourteen feetlong
The former contractor took "French leave of thi
job," some time during the last winter. The con
tract was re-let a short time since, to Messrs
GRzNWooD & ALEXAFDRR, who were to resumi
the work about the middle of the present month
The Western approach cut is nearly done. At thi
East end, the heading (i. e. the excavation of thl
upper part of the opening) will be commenced I
five or six weeks. Between the head waters o
the War Woman and the Sticoa, there is a ridge 0
land about one hundred feet high, and seventeei
hundred and ninety-four feet wide.
And now I will close this long and prosy lettei
by telling how the name of the War Woman origi
nated. Directly after the close of our revolution
ary struggle it was but too common for "robbei
bands" of the Creek Indians to commit depreda
tions upon the white settlers on the Tugalo. It
one of these bloody tragedies, a thrifty pioneer an'
his whole family, excepting one daughter, wer
massacred by the wily foe. The red men to th
number of eight or ten, on returning to thei
mountain fastnesses, encamped with their boot,
and the fair captive on the banks of the stream ii
question. The young woman, whose case nov
seemed so desperate, was not only possessed o
transcendent and queenly beauty, but she had als,
the soul of a heroine. At midnight's lone and sol
emn hour, she manages to disengage herself fror
the manacles, by which she had been bound. Sh
seizes a tomahawk yet s-..ined with the blood c
her little brothers and sisters,-a death blow i
dealt to each of the sleeping murderers, save on<
who alone made his escape to tell his awe-stricke
tribe thre legend of the War Woman.
I have much more to write, but for fear the p:
tience of your readers may be exhausted, I wi
desist for the present. Truly yours, E. K.
For the Advertiser.
PLATTSnURO, July 36, 1857.
DEAR Sma:-I have just received yours of th
7th inst., informing mue that you have in hand sul
ject to my order $240, "collected after onec
Col. BAxER's eloquent appeals, to be applied I
the cause of Kansas," and in which you say fat
ther collections would have been made, but for m
letter of June 12th, to the Mayor of Columbia.
That letter was hastily written and without rc;
erence to its publication. As I kept no copy ofi
I doubt not but that it was published as writtel
If (as I am told,) it contains a suggestion, that
more mroney be raised in South Carolina, it wa
not intended thereby to repudiate Col. BAKER
authority or to revoke Ihis commission, maclh Ie.
to depreciate his services or the fidelity and abil
ty with which he is known to have discharged hi
trust; nor would the inference be true, that fund
were not needed and could not yet be advanrts
geously used in our cause in Kansas. On the cot
trary, our party at the present moment, feels th~
most urgent need of piecuniary aid, among othe
things to support our papers and to have the terri
tory thoroughly canvassed as it is intended to de
in reference to the pcuding~ Congressional canvas.
and vote upon thne Constitution, in the piossibl
event of its submrissioni; indeed our friends her
who have already aluost exhausted thenmselves
the causc, are now contributing flunds fur these ol
jeets, and one whom I saw to-day anid who ha
spenrt over ten thousand dollars in thre caus.', o:
yesterday contributed twenty-five dollars for th,
objects above mentioned.
No! we have not dispaired nor ceased our exer
tions, anid although we have been disapipointed and
mortified thrat our friends in the South have sus
taned us nio better, in a contest that indeed imore
cocerns them than ourselves, yet we are not ur
grateful to tihe few whoe have symapathrised wit1
and aided us, arid whatever they may yet corntrib
ute cheerfully, and Dot with the idea that they are
doing charity, but that they are serving themselves
arid tire common cause, we will thankfully accep
and faithifully apply. In my letter to thre Hion. Mt
TRADEwELL, I did not mean to say that Souti
Carolina had donea more than her duty, but only ir
reference to what others have done, shre has don'
far more than her part, b'esides the need of fund:
as above alluded to, thre events of last summer in.
duced such expenditures by sundry of our truest
ard most devoted Ipartizanrs as have left thenm in
very straiterned circumnstancees, and these advance
were made under whrat then seemed a well founded
expectation of re-embursement by subsequent
contributions, but which in poirnt of fact have not
been realized, and sound policy as well as justic<
and gratitude require that such obligations be dis.
charged if possible.
Thne party reorganization of last winter in then
territory, seems to have given otfence to some of
our friends as well as to have'afforded a pretext
for cavil by partizan Editors, who are but tocn
ready to sacrifice their section to their party. It
is needless to make air expose of mo'ti'ves to throse
who will not be convinced while it ought to le
sufficient for real friends (who are too remote to
see and appreciate all the circumstances,) to know
that this policy was after full consultation concur
red in alike by Whigs, Democrats, and Native
Americans, all of which political shrades wvere ful
ly and ably represented in the convention ; at least
such considlerations reconciled Rme, to the one by
my friends'of my name to the address, although~
I was not In 'the convention. In conclusion I have
to regret that the publication of my letter Ihas been
the source of embarrassment to our agent and
friend Col. BARn, in whose fidelity and ability
every member of our committee has unlimited
confidence, based not only on previous personal
knowledge of his character but sustained by nu
merous letters from meetings addressed by hrim
all testifying, to the extraordinary zeal and ability
with which he was discharging Iris duties, and I
must take this occasion,! personally to express my
very high appreciation, not only of his services as
our agent but his character as a man.
Your ob't serv't.
D. R. ATCHISON.
Guw. W. C. ManAno.