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"We will cling to the Pillars of the I -s, and if it nust fall, e will Perish amidst the Ruins."
SIMKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIEL .TEMBER 2, 1857.
LOVE AND THEE.
Oh! would I had the wealth of worlds,
* The monarch's crown of gold
And all the gems in secret caves
This wondrous earth doth hold
The countless pearls that gleam unknown
Ieneath the deep, blue sea;
Oh! would I had such wealth, that I
Might scorn it all for thee.
Oh! would I were in courtly halls,
The bright and shining star
The glittering magnet for a world
To gaze on froe afar
That I might scorn the kingly throng,
The world on bended knee,
All for a simple ct ttai:e home,
N% ith nought but love and thee.
I care not for the golden wealth,
Nor sigh in courts to shine
I only care, I only sigh
To know thy heart is mine.
Far more to me than gem or gold,
Or jewel of the sea,
Would be that simple cottage home,
With nought but love and thee.
THREE WEEKS AFTER MARRIAGE.
My dearest, ai c yon going out?
Indeed, 'tis very cold,
Let me, sweet love, around your neck
This hankerchief enfold.
You know h-w anxious for your health,
aMy own dear George, am I,
One lovely kiss, before we part
Good-bye, sweet chuck, good-bye!
THREE YEARS AFTFR MARRIAGE.
You're coing out! why don't you go ?
I cannot help the rain;
You wonid'nt grieve me mightily,
To ne'er come back a:;ain !
Umbrella! I don't know where 'tis,
WhatIl you want next? I wonder,
Don't pester me about your cold,
Good gracious-go ti thunder!
GOING DOWN HILL.
BT soLOMON HOWETT.
"That looks bad," exclaimed farmer White
with an expressive shake of the head, as he
passed a neglected garden and broken down
fence, in one of his daily walks.
"Bad enough," was the reply of the con
panion to whom the remark was addre->sed.
"Neighbor Tnompson appears to be running
down hill pretty fast. I can rerieniber the
time when everything around his little place
was trimmed tidy."
4it is quite contrary now," returned the
farmer. " louse, out-buildings, and grounds,
all show the want of the naster's care. I an 1
afrmid Thompson is in the downward path."
ie always appeared to be a -teady, in1
trious man," rejoined the second speaker. "I
have a pair of boots on my feet at this moment
of his make, and they have done me good ser
"I have generally employed him for myself
and family," was the reply, ":and I must ce'.rrss
that he is a good workman ; but, nevert hele.",
I believe I shall step into Jack Smith's thi'
morning, and order a pair of boots that I need.
I always make it a rule never to pat ronmze
those who appear to be running behinid hand.
There is generally sonme risk ia helping those
who (10 not help themselves."
"Very true ; and as my wife desired mec to
see about a pair of shoes for her this morinmg,
I will f' dlow your example and call upon Smith.
lie is no great favorite of mine, however-an
idle, qtuarrelsomne fellow."
" And vet lie seems to be getting ahead in
the world," aniswered the former, " andl I am
willing to give him a lift. But 1 have an er
rand at the butcher's-step in with mec for a
moment, I will not detain you."
At the butcher's they met the neighbor who
had been the subject of their prevmuts conver
sation. Hie certainly presented rather a shabby
appearance, and in his choice of meat there was
a regard to economy which did nrot escape thre
notice of farmer White. After a few passing
remarks, the poor shoemaker took his departure,
aud the butcher opened his account book wvith
a somewhat anxious air, as he charged the bit
"I believe it is time that neighbor Thaompson
and I caine to a settlement. Short accounts
make long Iriends."
"No tiame to lose, I should say," remarked
"Indaed! have you heard of any trouble,
neiih br W hite ?"
-- t, I have heard nothing ; but a man has
the use orf his owmn eyer, you know ; and I
never trust any one witu my~ money whio is evi
dent!ly going dIown hill."
'Quite right ; andl I will send in my bill
this evening. I haive only delayed on acconit
of thre ickness the poo~r man has had ini hi.s
fiiliti all winter. I anipi're he rust have run
behinda hand a lit tie, but ,till I must take c:ire
of number one.'
Speakinrz of Thiompwrrn, are yon ?" orbscrv
er1 a h~v-.,anrder who ailreared to take an inter
c-I. -'- oing down hill, is lhe ? I imu.-t look
out for imyself then. lie owes mue quite a
.snug smun fur leather. I didl intend to give hintm
another month's credit, hut, ont the whloh-', I
guess the money would be as safe in my own
llere the four wvorthies separated, each wvith
his inid filled with the aifairs of ne'ghbor
Thonmpson, thre probability that lie was going
down hill, and thec best way of giving hin a
lin another part (of the little village similar
scenes were pai.--lii.
'I declare !" exclaimed Mr's. Butrinett, thre
dress imaker, to a favorite, as~ she hailiy with
drew her head from thre winr~ow wvhenrce ae
had been gazing oni the pa~sers bry, -if there
is nort Mr's. T1homipsron, the shone-mraker's wilte,
comiing tip the steps with a prarce~l in hrer hraind.
She wants to enga'ge me t) d o hier 4prmny work,
I suppose, but I t:iiink it wouild h~e a venture.
Every onec says they aire rrunning~ d!.rin hll, and
it is ai chance if I ever get mry pay.
"She alwvays ha~s paid ii. promtly,- wvas taeO
rerrue ; but that was in thre rdays of her prros
perity. I cannot attirrd to r un any ri-ks."
The enttranice of Mrs. Tompson prevented.
further conversation. Sire wa's evideintly stir
prised at the refu-al of Mrs. Burnett to do any
work for ther, but as a great pressure oif brisi
ing to be said, and she soon took leave. Another
application proved how busy the village dress
makers had suddenly become.
On her return home, the poor shoemaker's
wife met the teacher of a small school in the
neighborhood, where two of her children at
" Ah ! Mrs. Thompson, I am glad to see you,"
was the salutation. "I was about calling at
your house. Would it be convenient to settle
our little account this afternoon ?"
"Our account !P was the surprised reply.
"Surely the term has not yet expired."
" Only half of it ; but- my present rule is to
collect my money at that time. It is a plan
which many teachers have adoited of late."
"I was not aware that there had been any
change in your rules, and I have made arrange
ments to neet the bill at the usual time. I
fear it would not be in my power to do so
The countenance of the teacher showed great
disappointment, and as she paqed on in a dif
ferent direction, she muttered to herself:
"Just as I expected. I shall never get a
cent. Everybody says they are going down
hill. Perhaps I may get a pair of shoes or two
for the payment of the half quarter, if I man
age right; but it will never do to go on in this
A little discomposed by her interview with
the teacher, Mrs. Thompson tepped into a gro
cery to purchase some tritiang articles of flinily
"I have a little account against you. Will
it be convenient for Mrt. Thompson to settle it
this evening ?" atked the civil shop-keeper, as
lie produced the desired article.
Is it his usual time for settling ?" was again
the surprised inquiry.
Well not exactly, but money is very tight
just now, and I an anxious to get in all that is
due ie. In future I intend keeping short ac
counts. Here is your little bill, if you would
like to look at it. I will call around this even
ing. It's but a small atlir."
" Thirty dollars is no small sum to us just
now," thought Mrs. Thomupson, az she thought
fully pursued her way towards home.
" t seems strange that all tie-e payments
must be met just nw w, while we are -truggling
to recover from the heavy expenses of the win
ter. I cannot understand it."
I1er perplexity was increased by finding her
husband with two bills in his hand, with a
countenance of anxiety and concern.
" Look, Mary," he said as she entered. : IHere
are two unexpected calls for money ; one from
the doctor, and t he other from the dealer in
leather, from01 whom I purchased my last .stock.
They are both very urgent for immediate pay
ment, although they have always been willing
to wait a few inonths until f could make ar
ralgements to meet tleir claims. But misfor
tunes never come single, and if a man once gets
a little behind hand, trouble secms to pour in
"Just so," said his wife. " The neighbors
think we are guing down hill, and every one
is ready to give us a pus.i ; here .are twro mnore
bills for you-one from the grocer and the other
froin the teacher."
Reply was prevented by a knrok at the door,
anW tle appcar-iiace of a lIi Who I.reeltel a
neatlv folded laperi.1 awd disappeared.
"- Tie buitcuer's account, as I live!- exclim
ed the hinest shoelimaker. " What is to be
done, .\Lary 1 5o ma114 monyto be paid out.
autI very litle c.ininr in ; ii somme It ilny bet
castoniers have lelt me., althoi-.h imy work hIs
alvays given satisietion. It I cou'mld only have
as iniuch ellyineyllet as nnal, :id the u*i11:11
credit allowed me. I coil-. soon -i.1'4y the'ir
claim,; but to ivet theim now is nliplo.-ilh.',
and tue acknawlediut of mv inaliih wtil
send us still further 4nit the downwardI .
" We mu.,t dl ouir be.t :anl trci4t. in Provi
dence," was tle consoling remar.k of his wif e,
as a1 econed knock at t ie door arouiased the iaLr
that another claimant was about t- aippear
But the benevo eat coulteitmee of Incle
Joshua, a rare it ever w-lcome viitor rei5seinA
ted itself. Seating himsellf in the comi. rtable
chair which Mary hastened to hando him, he
said, in his somiewhat eccentric but friendly
"~ Well, good folks. I understand that t':e
world does noit go quite as well with yout as
ornerlv. What is the troulble ?
"'[There need be no trouble, sir," was the re
ply, "if man would not try to add to the atihic
tions which the Almighty sees to be inecessary
for us. Tihe winter was a trying one, wve miet
with sicknmess and umi.fortune, which we endeaiv
ored to bear with patience. All would now go
well, if those around were not determined to
push mue in the downiward path.)
" But there lies the dillieul ty, friend Thuomp
son. This is a seflfih worl; everybody, or~
at lea~st a great niajority, care only for numbier
one. If thev .,ee a poor- neighbor going down
hill, t heir irst thought is whether it will atteet
their own interests; anid provided they can
secure thiemselves, care nt how $eonf lie noesj
to the bottom. The onily way is to keep up:
appearances, show no sigrns of going behind
hand, all will go well wiilh you." . .
"Very tine. Uncle .lohiua ;butt how is this
to be done ? Bills which I did not expect to
be called upon to mneet thr the next three
mnthis are pouring in upon me, my bet cutlo
iners are leavimng ue foar a moie 1 ortunate rival ;
in :.rt, I am upon thle brink of ruin, and
naught taut a liuir.tele can saveme
"'A mirace which is very ea--il y wrought
then, I inagine., i good frientd. What is tue
tnimuit of the-.e debts tiimt prle-Ss o heavily upj
oni youi -0 and W howi:oo mi the comnlin course
of enit. coubit yos u diisciiarie t hern?
" Tier'do not'exceed one imudcred dollars,"
rehdiici thet sh~oviuaker ; " and with my usual
iun of work I could mnake all right in three or
" We will say six," wa the anlwer. "1
will advance vou one hundred and lilty dlollartS
fr ix monatths. Pay every cent that you owe,
and withI thle remainider of the money inake
sonic .,ight addition or implrovenment in your*
shop or house, and piut everything abotut the
grounds in its usual neat order. Try this plani
for a few weeks, andI see what eifeet it will have
upon our worthy neighibors. No, never mnind
thnking mae. I am onily trying a little expert
mzent of iuinan nature. I know you of' oldl,
and hamve no dloubt that my money is safe in
Weeks past bey. The advice of Uncle Joshua
had bceeni followeid an'd the change in the shoe
maker's probgheet5 was indeed wo..derfuil. lie
wa.- iarw spoe~ken oh as onue of tele inio4 thiriviing
men iO tihe village. aLii' Iuliuy iuavelous sttorms~
were told to account for the .sudelnc alteratin
ini his alairs. It was generally agreed that a
distanut relative hadl bequieathled to bita a legacy
whIical had entirely relheved him of his p~eennia
O!h! eus.tomuer and newv ones crowded ini upon
lime. Thiey hadi~ niever before realiz~ed the bauml
ty aind durabdiiy of his wirk. The polite
butcaier selected1 thle be:-t piece of beef~ for his
in,pect ion, ais lie entered, ant was totally imblif
erenmt as t o thec time of paytment. The teachler
atnelmpaied the children hiome to tea, anid
nouncimng t he~lm ninmng hier best schoilar~s. Thie
,n.umker suddenly found herself Iree .fromi
the great press of work, and in a friendy note
expressed her desire to oblige Mrs. Thomson in
any way in her power.
" Just as I expected," exclaimed Uncle Joshua,
rubbing his hands exultingly, as the grateful,
shoemaker called upon him, at the expiration of
six months, with the money which had been
loaned him in the hour of need. "just as I ex
peeted. A strange world ! they are ready to
push a man up hill if he seems to be ascending,
and just as ready to push him down if they
ftncy his face is turned that way. In future,
neighbor Thompson, let everything around
you wear an air of prosperity, and you will be
sure to prosper."
And, with a satisfied air, Uncle Joshua placed
his money in his pocket book, ready to meet
some other claim upon his benevolence, whilst
he whom he had thus befriended, with light
steps and cheerful countenance returned to his
CH.MPGNE TS. MUSIC.
On a recent trip to Niagara, Thalberg stop
ped at a Temperance Hotel in Albany, and up
on demanding soie champagne, what eyes
the Irish servant open in astonishment.
" I want some champagne," wildly reiterated
the great instruientalists.
"Faix! and is it champagne ye are after
asking fir ?" stammered forth the Ilibernian.
" By me sowl, then, ye can't have it."
And why ?" inquire Thalberg, in astonish
" The likes of it, ine'uding whiskey punch, is
not to be had in this hotel."
For a moment the thirsty musician was
" VIiat can I have then ?"
Whether, tay and colRfe."
" Go and senI ie t lie proprietor !" said Thal
berg; "I will speak with him."
" Ye may speak till the day of doom, put
ye'll find it no use," was Pat's muttered obser
vation as lie left the room.
Ii a few moments the laindloirid entered the
apartment. Ilis lips were closely sot together,
and a rw on his brow. Ile was evidently
astonished that the ioreigner should persist in
his wish to contravene the rules of the estab
eanwhile, Thalberg had ocenpied himself i
in openinz a piano that stood in the room. It
WaI- not the newest class, but was tolerably in
tone. As the proprietor of the Temperance
Hotel entered the chamber, he began to play.
First the frown gradually vanished froi the I
brow of the landl. rd-then his lips unelosed.
and flinallv relaxed im"o a smile. When the
airti't had conct'lded, he waited for a word. but
imINne came. Without turining round. he said
" Tieo main is ob.tinate. I itmu.t try hin with
somlet hing else."
Ile accor-dingly began his Tarentella.
Ere it wa.s hall' finishead he heard the ratling
f bottles an1d gla-ses on the table, and whee!ed
round. Pat had re entered with the bottle of I
"I thouIght it 'as not allowed," said Thal
Fath! and he'll give y a dozenm if ye like
it. lie says a mII:aii t hat can knock music outi
,r piano in ve-r way may ait drunk ever vnight1
if' he c e.tii- . to. So there it is for v. en. j
'IIar r or W .rr::I:. -ro: linnoo. -ul: R1y
'R AND int (hi:\N.-A i) rop of water, that
prkedl lke a jewel in the un, once !ell from
he (loud1s inl a li'lIt' imnintain stream, and ere
it lost it. identit v, ex'hlimid ill all the an;;uisl
>l deisolation, "Al.s ! wiat a caitat rophe. I
ml Swvallotwed tiy ml immilenl.'. The- streCali
:h..; it leap',ijfel,;wn t!:e mototiin .ide.
is a drop lo wt' Iar. awil Vain of it, ein-euienite,
-niued brawlinig. it.s cry-tal way wit : all the
,rid of onscencesupeioriy, util at ILength.
wi h a sudden plunge, it ltl iheadlimig into
i y ie. and like the drop of' water. Wa" t
I lt.., o w -ould I have tho -t a br.ok fk
ny 5ize c'oul he' swallowed so easily !'' Thie
i'i er murimuredl its cnitempi~t for thle little fooirl
h stream, ad co ntinuedl its course, gathering
itrenigthi and piden. andi breakinig Itogh mun
tning, tearimng rocks from thieir seats, andu~ coot'
sing in a tihomsand nmeandlers throngh flowery
niadows, until it found it< way to the vast andmu
neanholy ocean in whiose bountmdlcss waste it
o.t its being, like the mountain stream. " Is
t p~os:ible, exclaimed the mighty' river. that I
hae been thus collecting tribute f'romn half the
,orl!. only to becomne nothing at last ?" t
"'is th'us with t hiee man !" Thoui beginnmestt
n ianinireee, like thie drop of water; thiout
iecotest a laughinug, leapimg brawl'ing, thing!
ike the brook, thou waxest proud aiid great,
ike the mighty river ; ait ore thou canst say,
n the vanity of' thy heart, " what an industri- 1
ot:s mortal I amn," thou art in eternity.
Io ILL't osi'rru~ .rry.--." Will ye dine w~id mno
" Faix, andl I will, wil all my heart."
h!emiember it'.tis onily a family' dinner I'm
xin' ve to."1
"Amid what for not--.a founi!'y dinner's a
nigty pleawant thing. W~hat have ye got?"
SOch, nothing uncominn,--pst an illigant
piece of corn'd bare and potatoes."
"be t he piower's. that bates the wtorld--jis
ie own dinner', bai'riin' thle bae. I
A gentlemtani who recently put tup at a lo
tver ' in Wisconisin, wa'',s aw'akeined, by a young~
tnai, w~ho connnmeicedi a seiren'ade thius:- 1
" Oh, Saly li'ee,I
I've called y'iu m':wie,
And yet, you lie and snore !
I i.ray you't wak~e,
Anid ee younrJk,
Anid op~e ti o him the door, or winder,
I don't care noch which. tn'
it ma~kes but little dil'erenice
'T' ciuber youm or 1
fli.:~ pie, little fiem,
1toot, hog, or die!
Bc . Cui....--Sever'al antecdotes turn on
tht. inexhautible theme for merranentit the sot'
'ows of' mattrimony. In patn.ing through the
trets a bier was strmmek again... the corner of a:
hiote, and the cox'pee reaninmated by the shock.
Soie years afterwardls; wh~en the woman died
in geood earnie.,t, her husband called to the bear
er, '-Priay genitlenmen, be catrefulhl in turning
Tit;: iLver L,:au. Fai'.-A gentlentan in
Cicinati staite.s ihat. Nichohlas L.ongwoth, who
wa in his nttive State a shaoeina~ker, practiceid
law oin hii removal tot that city during lie years
be we.en 160m4 and 18:.!0. lie once r'eceived ats a
l'gl iee forit dem.fending a horse thief', two second
hand copper stills. The genitlemant whto had
thenm in p~o.sesi'n~ refused to give them up, bt
~ro.,ed~' to Mr'. Lotngwoi'th to give him a lot of
:3j aicres on1 Western'i lion, so called, in lieu of
them-a pr'oposal whicth the latter, whose sant
ginie opinions of' the valuie of sutch prtopertty
were ahead of his time, gladly accepted. This
trntinm formued. the ba-is of' ant itnniense Ior
tue, tue naked gr'oundi being now worth over
tw milions of' dollars.
PlC ON TE
Th. tuation to
eman, A oppres
sive a a yoke
hcavi, ithcrs to
hazar t1g and
nerve tiest na
tion i the pu
rest b -t of the
absen here by
slaves area of
the ni the best
watere 4 prcp.. ation of
man. ' , our cliii.. salubri
ous than Italy osiGreece, and our uctions,
for the wants,- comforts, and the t..:urics of
man, more abun7ant, excellent, and varied than
those of any oter clime under Heaven's high
canopy. Moreoe: we are the exclusive produ
cers of cotton-4ad cotton now rules the com
merce of the world, and commands and invests
the largest amo st of labor and capital of any
ther prodnctionkf the earth. The slaveholdingll
States this day' tand in a position from which
hey could wicli more real power over the na
ions, the Kingdims, the Republics, and the Em
ires, both of the New and Old World, than the
nightiest conqueror that ever strode upon the
eeks of mankind. Napoleon made thrones and
liadems his playthings, and held dukedois anl
rincilalities in'the palns of his hands, yet his
power, and the power of France, at the meridean
ight of his fanie and glory., never equalled the
rigantic stature jo which the cotton growing re.
ion could attain, without the shediling of a
rop of human blood, or without the violation of
L single duty, a single obligation, or a single prin
-iple of honor.
A few years g'o, the uses of cotton were un
miown to man,*and his clothing were was man
iletured of the skins of beasts and (Pf wool.
mnd flax and silk. iHowevr'. after the Lnitful
taies had act'ved her Independence, the en
erprise of So erners soon found in cotton, the
:heapest and t material of all others, with
Vihich to clot: the whole world of iankinil.
[he article w' oon adopted in other countrics.
mad the stapl' mply rewarded the cnltivation.
rom year to-jear as the quantity of it raise'
vas increasedts, trade was extcnded-a:d it
ended. on-Account 6f itscheapness, and the fa
-ility of its manufaeture into becoming and com
brtable wearing apparel, to make its own mar
:.ts. Now nothing can vie with it. It is sought
iv the whole world. It is becoming an aid to
iviiz-ition: for nations, that o11CCe0,ud not at
;rd to ibe clad, now find in cott'nl a cheap and
lgant attire that canl be obtained even by the
mtntle anld very destitute. There was once a
:i.l deficieny of raiment for mankind, and hal:
he! worbil ablpsolitelV went bar. That deficetiev
in longer exists, and there seems to be a landa
dL emulation anong all peaple to dress them
ti.!vesAwith netns,1ndn longe Ihoe lth
eni oilities ofi Le iiodest 'y glaring expos'Ire
Of couns2 the nu.ill"hetture ot ek-thin zr-cot
on cluthing- has kept pace with the deniarl r
t.The demnand ail tihe sup ply becomte larg-ir
.nd larger with each successive year : and at thti.
av, there ar-e h~iiundres of mill ions of' ~ eph al in
eted in the1 mianifhecture alon'e ; and millions co:
thbiiers employed~t therecin, even in the two oir
bree mo~st lpow1erful and ennmmercial ntationus o;
Euro'ipe, with which we have the direciu-st inter
ourse. Any disturbance of the cotton tr-ale.
uild cr-eate ihminie and' ruin, both in England
tnd France, in the space of a single ycar. I;
e slaveholdintg cotton-growing States were ce
d into an inidepiendetnt governmtent, thieir- ((m
on wouldl be an absolute security to them ageainst
mr, not only3 with England aind France, but with
heir own Northern brethren, and even wiO' the
hole world ; and by the immortal Gods, if' ihey
ould obtain at the first. twenty-five y-ears of1 pro-1
Lund peace, such wvould be their wealth, and
nehI thie sit-ength of their- :llia:nces, that they
'ould contend with the wvorld in armns. In a shiort
ie the iprosperi'y and riches of these States
vuld be~ absoh ...ely faibulus-surtpassing the
~randeur of Rome, in the days of' Augustus, of
ersia, when her Kings rode in gohlen chariots,
md sat on golen thrones, atnd of Great Britain
ow. whils~t she mionopolized the wveahh of half
he !. .' s. Beceausu'. it has bretn proved to de
nonlstratiio, that no region under the sutn can
opete with us la raisinig cotton ; and there is
eally tione other adapted to its growth. Its
-uhure has been triedl every where, and priineehy
-ews hiave been offered hv~ ruval hanuds, even
the E-gyptiant, the ]ndian, atid the wild Arab,
s the indu:cetments to success, and every san
;uine etrprise has resulted in :1othinig bunt dis
ippointment and miserable failure.
Sucht theit, are the advatntages enjoy-ed by the
outelrni Shtvehohinig States, and such are sotme
if the inducements, and secur-ities they have, f'or
treting to themselves ain independenit separate
Now, have we any othier powerful miotiv-e, andt
my other cogent incentries to sneh a course ?
[ave we any other reasons-nay, any other dire
accssity to impel us to a separationi? I would
wven wish not, for I love my whole country, and
[delight to contemplamte its glories uiidivided.
But no Southcn man whose sensibilities have
at been bluinted, by his tnumtberless insults atnd
>ppresionst:, ail y the long period of hisa servi
::ie, can be blin~ to the monstrous occnrrences
> every, day, atn to the most appalling facts in
vhich a chibil mn hlt read the future, anid deci
pher tie miserable doom of a free people.
Siiice the fo midation of the Republic ther-e has
becen a struggle for ascendency between the
orth anid the Sonth, which struggle has degen
rated itnto a ennitest for ollice, and for spoils, tund
plunder, andu the overflhowings of the treasury.
In a contest to lie decided by numbers, of' course,
w.. bm..e been fred to sucoumb. The conse-.
quence is, we have been taxed to fecd the North,
and to build up Northern manulhctories, and to
rear and support a stupendous system of inter
nal improvenient.s in the free States, unsurpassed
in the annals of the human race.
As the Northern States were the first to get
control of the commerce of the country and of
the carrying trade, and as some of their large
ports were best adapted for ports of entry, all or
nearly all the immigration into the country first
touches their shores. Hence they must always
overwhelm us in numbers, and conquer us by
votes. In addition, that foreign element, coming
from European countries where negro slavery is
unknown, and feeling an enthusiasm for freedom
in first experiencing its blessings, without the ex
ception of a moan, is sure to turn its whole force
upon the South. It is composed too, generally
of an ignorant prejudiced multitude, and there
is searcely one of them, even among their mechan.
ies and working men, that does not loathe the
siglit of a negro slave, as one with whom he is
to conic into competition, and who is employed
to perform the work, which lie deems it his proud
privilege to monopolize. It is vain to reason
with him about the vast amount of labor here
for every one, and the rich and boundless forests
o be converted to the uses of civilization and to
he supply of' the wants of the poor of all the
.orld. le heeds no argument, lie has the big
,ted prejudice of his caste in Europe, and the
abors perf'ormed . by the black slaves and the
.ages received by their masters, he deems his
right and property, fron which he is unjustly de'
>rived. Now this class of people, together with
A. SAt of sickly finatics, constitute a material up.
m which Northern Demagogues will forever op'
rate, in order to e!ieet their ambitious aims.
iteiv furnish fuel for that furnace of agitation,
rhich will continue to send forth flame and
uinoke, and burning cinders, until every band
Ind ligament of the Union lshall be utterly con
IL is possible that the more intelligent classes
,f the North, and especially the mercantile con
ninity, who have fCol our benefits, and who are
-ompetent to take a cormprehensivo and pliloso
,hical view of the subject, contain many (liscrect
L:I patriotic citizens who are content to let -s
dione, in the enjoyment of the rights gunran
-ied by the constitution. But the anti-slavery?
m1l especially the Freesoil party is so strong.
Init in all elosely contested elections, where oth
,r issues are involved. the side that appeals to
hat party will assuredly win the prize. This is
Iough to foster the spirit of incendiarism for
,Ter, nd to encourage its growth, until it shall
ecome a frigltfl monster, willing and power
'ul enough to devour our government, liberty,
ionor, glory, and all the sacred memorials of our
ist greatness and renown.
The evils, that are prcssing upon us in the di
rection of Kansas. I can vay, without vanity. do
:iot strike ine with surprise, but their whole train
was predicted to my friends, on numberless oc
-asions. when I had the honor to address them
ln regard to the admis.sion of California. - It
Nas clear to my mind then. that the alhission
even, one iore slaveholding State into the
nion, would almost le a miracle. How, in the
1.nic of common sense, can a number of sparse
yv inhabited States, like those holding slaves,
ompete in the colonization of new territories,
with a sectio-n of the Union full to over-flowing
vith a pauper population. and with a section,
hat annually receives addit ional tens andl hun
irds of thouisan~ls o1f emirants from the old
aorld. We are content with our condition, andi
.r people have no motives for leaving their
oecs for a perilotus settlement in the West.
oeoerw, slaveholders are absolutely afraid to
mizrate with their slaves, to those fertile ringions
fthe North West, to which such a current of
:,rigner's, and Northern abolitionists are tnow
lireting the-ir course ;because they have a cer
ii conviction, that they will b.e ensily out-ntum
nred. and that they will either be divested of'
heir slaves byv law, or lby the stratagems of' the
ilolitinists. Thme best opportunity we have had
or matny years of' making a new slave State, was
'rihedl in Kansas, on accotunt of its proximity
LO Mssouri. TIhe prospects were oncee ilattering
hat A tehison would succeed ini his patriotic ex
2rtions h ut every chance of snecess has now
anishd. And in my heart, I believe, that both
hei administrations5 of Pierce and~ Duchanant,
ive wielded the influence of Government to our
trient. Mr. Pierce deemed, that it would be
atal anid distracting to the Democratic party,
or Kansas to apply for admission as a State,
with a pro-slaver'y constitution, and to prolong
the contest, lie appointed a niutmber of inetlicient
governors there, who were absolutely of meaner
pceitis, than coinmon village Intendants.
Je of' them Col. Geary', I knew to be a perfect
Wis) of straw. While in command of a Penn
sylvania Regiment in Mexico, though he may
htave mianifested common courag a, lie exihited
ll the incapacity for government of it weak gar-.
rulous old womaon. Walker is a fit stuccessor of'
the immtortal Col. Geary'. TIc yields every thing.
Knowiig that the eff'orts of thme ablitionists of
New England are Continuous, and that those of
the South are pretty' well exhausted: he pro
claims a decree that though thte conventiont
sould adopt a constitution permitting slavery,
nevertheless it must be ratified by a vote of the
wlole people. Nothing coutld more effectually
determine the fate of the pro-slavery party.
A wrong system of conduct and territorial heg
slation has been acqtuiesced in. by the Soutth,
from the time of the aipplication of Californiia to
the present junctur'e, and our statesmen seem
p'ofoudly asleep ats to their rights and interests.
it is certninly right and pr'oper', that Contgress
should nt interfere one wny or another with
slavery in the territories. Neither in my opin
ion, has thme people of the territories, the power
0' inhibitinig slavery there until those territories
hh.ll becomec States. The territories are the com
mon property of' all the States of the Union, and
as the constitution of the United States, recog
nizes the rirhit of piroperty ini .ee.no territory
should lbe allowed to passltny law inivahilating
that right, or foi bidding a slave owner from
e-:igrati.g th,.e w.ith hi. slaves and from on.
joyilg there the fruits of their labor just as free
ly and unrestrained as be might do in South
Carolina. Let it be established firmly by pre
cedents, and long usage, that the few first set
tiers, and the floating population, (as in the case
of California,) shall hereafter forever be allowed
to fix the constitution of a territory against prop
erty in slaves, and slavery cannot extend an inch
further to the North, West, or South. The in
stitution, is crippled, circumscribed, inevitably
Southern men should have raised their voices
against the Kansas- Nebraska bill, unless it had
contained a higher qualification for the voters,
who, in the first instance were to fix the constitu
tions of those countries. The first settlers of
all new regions, are generally wandering men,
without fixed abodes, and without property, and
a great portion of them, especially in this coun
try, are foreigners, totally unacquainted with
our laws. The most of such settlers and emi
grants, have never beheld the face of a negro
slave. Nevertheless, those birds of passage, and
renegades, and ignorant foreigners, are permit
ted to vote for the laws and constitution of Kan
sas. simply, on their declaring, on oath, their in
tention to become citizens of the United States.
If this is not a violation of the rights and inter
ests of the South, calculated to rouse the spirit
of resistance in the bosom of every slaveliolder,
we are sunk into the profoundest indifference to
the obligations we owe to ourselves and to pros
perity, and we have forgotten all the hallowed
memories of the past, which animated our Sum
ters, and Marions, and Hammonds, to consecrate
as a single battle ground, our once gallant State,
from the shores of the sea to the pinnacle of the
I have seen with alarm and despair the dispo
sition of many of our leaders to commit us ir
revocably to the entanglements of party. Let
us once, place ourselves thoroughly in Demo
cratic harness, or Whig harness, and our liber
ties are not worth a fig. Why can we not stand
aloof, as we havo always done, proud and inde
pendent, engaged and pledged by no ties, but
love of country, and love of liberty, and devo
tion to principal, and then in the great Presiden
tial struggles, and strife for offices and honors,
support and sustain only the men, and the cause,
who have at heart, the liberty, the constitution,
and the safety of the Republic.
Ever since the death of Mr. Calhoun, I have
seen an itching in many of our great men, to
1etter the State by means of party organizations,
party afliliations, and party conventions. When
ever that is perfectly accomplished, and our
State shall learn to draw well in the harness, our
high position, and our indignant hatred of op
pression i.s, gone. Our citizens will learn to bid
as high for ollice as any timeservers.
Both the Whig and Democratic Conventions
are designed to supersede the Constitution ; and
are therefore against the Constitution. They
say that one of two ment must be elected Presi
dent, and one of two men, of their appointmi nt
must be elected Vice President, and their voice is
as potential as the decree of Omnipotence. The
people pretend to vote for a President and Vice
Preident ! A few trading politicians, who at
tend the Baltimore and Cincinnati Conventions,
elect these oficers ; and what is more, determine
what sh:ll be their course of conduct for the
four years of their administration, and only call
in the poor people, by shouts and hurras, and coon
skins, and cider barrels, and oceans of mean
liquor, to ratify their decrees.
There should he one conivention-a convention
for the Union of the South-a convention to
draw closer our ties of blood and fellow feeling
-a convention to wake up the slaveholders of
the country to a gallant, a persevering and an
undying etfort to vindicate their rights, and to
maintain their position in the Union which was
achieved by the blood of their fathers.
IHere my notes end, but I have only given a
slight impression of the zeal and eloquent pow
er of the speaker. S. S. K.
GOV. WALKER'S EXPLANATION.
Usuiltsc-ros, August 20.-Governor Walker
in his official dis.patcbes recently received, says
that in one point he has been grossly misrepre
setedl, namely: ats desiring that every mnan
should Vote who happened to be in the Terri
to:-y en the clay of the election for the ratifica
tion of the Constitution. This, lhe remarks,
wold be desirable if there were conclusice evi
dece that all such persons wecre actual bona
tide settler.s, but the only sudticient and usual
iroof of such a fact would be some previous
residence. On this point, which is one of de
tail, he had never proposed to make suggestions
to the convention, although, when asked his
opinion by the members of that body, he hadI
indicated a previous residence of three or six
months, and that the same qualifications should
be adopted in the convention in regard not only
to that, but to all futture elections ; and in his
judgment, one or other of these terms of resi
dence will be adopted by the convention, from
which lhe anticipates cordial co-operation. "It
is somew it extraordinary," lhe adlds, "that
w-hi: this accusation of letting every man vote
w-lo miay happen to be in the Territor-y on the
day of* the election, has been preferred in the
Soth as indicating a desire on my part to let~
in the Abolition vagrants and interlopers to
control the result, the Republicans of Kansas
have drawn an entirely different conclusion,
viz: That I designed in this manner to br-ing
many thousands of Missourians in the Territory
to decide the contest."
Asn SmTI Tumrv co.-Among the deaths
mentioned in the latest London papers, is that
of Charles Bonaparte, Prince of Canio, the
eldst son of Lucien Bonaparte, brother of the
first Emperor anid well known by his work on
the Birds of America, and by other contribu
tions to natural science. He was born in Paris
in 1804, and died there July 20th, at his resi
dence in the Rue de Sette at tne age of 54. He
hadl marr-ied Zenaide the only daughter of Joseph
loaparte, with whom he received a very large
dwery. She died in 1854. Eight children
weec the issue~ of this marriage of whom the.
oldest Joseph Lucien Charles Bonaparte serves:
in the army. The second Lucien Louis Joseph
has taken orders in the Catholic Church. He is
one of the Pope's chamberlains, and it is expec
ted, will soon lbe made a Cardinal. The deceased
P'rince of Canino was'a member of most of the
learned academies of Europe and America, and;
piossesed, a long with some of the genius of his
broher a good many of his amiable qualities
JOHN A. CHAPMAN, Es.-We notice with
great pleasure that John A. Chapman, Esq., has
become associated with Thomas P. Slider, in
the editorial management' of the Sun. This
copartnership cannot result in anything but
good for the readers of the Sun; and we mis
take us greatly if it do not rebound to the im
provement of the Sun itself. Mr. Chapman is
a man of sound ability, patient energy, faithful
devotion to letters, and withal modest. We
welcome him into the profession and entertain
the hope that he may be long and pleasantly
identified with the newspaper interests of the
South-an interest second to none in its noble
ness and importance, and requiring no little
faithfulness of labor to ensure success. At no
time has the South needed champions more
sadly ; although there are many throughout
the length and breadth of her territory who
are devoted to 'her best interests, and nobly
battling in her cause, still there are some who
have lost sight of her former glory and future
welfare, and every addition to the ranks of the
" faithful" should be hailed with gladness.
Messrs. Slider and Chapman are able to do no.
bli ; and we trust that it will be their princi
pal aim, in the language of the Richmond Whig,
to "make a constitutional opposition to the
Devil and the Black Republicans."-Newberry
SPARK CArCr.-There has just been ex
hibited to us an invention very properly denomi
nated a "Spark Catcher," and intended to be
used in steam mills. It is remarkably simple
in its construction, and its entire applicability,
so far as we are capable of judging of its mer
its, seems to be beyond doubt. The first trial
of it, we are informed by Messrs. Coe & Peal,
the inventors, will be 'made at an early day
with Gov. Allston's steam rice mill; and, if
successful, its importance as security against
fire, must very soon be generally appreciated.
Pee Dee Times.
"TEi IIrALTHIEsT COUNTRY IN CREATION."
-DeBow's morality statistics show that the
people of the United States are the healthiest on
the globe. The. The deaths are three hun
dred and twenty thousand per year, or one and
one-third per cent., of the population. In Eng
land the ratio is over two per cent., and in
France nearly three per cent. Virginia and
North Carolina are the healthiest of the States,
and have six hundred and thirty-eight inhabi
tants over one hundred years of age.
TiE CooLIE TRADE 1- NEw YoRE.-The
following appears in the New York Express of
last Wednesday's issue. It needs no comment :
" Among the charters at this port Monday,
we see, was the ship " Euterprise," from China
to Cuba, with Coolies at $70 per head. This
is better for the ship-owner than carrying corn
at 21d. per bushel, or flour at rates that will
hardly pay for loading and unloading.
"This Icoolie' business, it has been shown
-om time to time, is quite as bad as the African
s ave trade. The 'horrors' of the passage from
CLh.a to Cuba are said to be but a repetition,
i -...t an aggrevation, of the awful 'middle
passage' from Africa. Haven't black-republican
triends a word of 'sympathy' for the poor Asia
tic ? Or is it the Coolie's misfortune not to
have an ebon face and a wooly head ?"
CRUEL PUNISHMENT IN THE ARMY.-The
Lawrence (Kansas) correspondent of the St.
Louis Democrat narrates the following case of
excessive punishment in the Army:
"An incident occurred last year at Fort
Pierre, which possibly has never come before
the public. I have reliable information that a
private in the army at that place, some time
last summer, committed some trifling offence
against the military dignitaries, for which he
was court-martialed and sentenced to receive
fifty lashes. -The sentence was executed with
great severity, so much so that the soldier died
in the operation, or soon afterward. Another
member of the Army at that place, who had
been accustomed for years to write for South
en journals, made a note of the incident, in
hich he rather intimated that the officers were
culpable, for being so severe in the execution of
the law as to cau.<e death. For this, and this
only, the writer was arraigned before a court
martial, and sentenced to receive thirty (or
ifty) lashes-to have one-half of his head shav
ed~and to wvear the ball and chain one year;
and the poor man is now at Fort Riley suffer
ing the last part of the sentence. This is the
statement as I have it, and I believe it to be
orrect in all essentials. The names I could
furnish if necessary."
Ma. Bczitsds INDLesaR.-A Washington
orrepoident says that Pre.idenit Ruchanani at
ten,- to all important matters himself. During
his lung and active life lhe has been remarked
for a :-egular habit of increasing toil. Even in
his retirement at Wheatland, he was a close
student and an early riser. During his residence
at the British Com-t he performed the heaviest
duties himself. The number of letters and pa
1er lie writes without the aid of an amanuesis
now, is legion. Reading without spectacles, and
giving to every subject prompt and careful
aalyis, he is a wondler to his Cabinet, several
f hom knew very little of'him till thus thrown
into connection with him. Rising almost at
dawn, and toiling late, he gives to his office con
scientio.is fidelity and patience, which have
narked his career f rom the day when, nearly
forty years ago, ho took his seat in the national
councils.-The Democratic Wonder.
WASmIn-ros, August 15.
TnE. New Ressusx TIaIirr.--ticial des
patches received1 at the State Department speak
in ivorable terms of the~ameliorating influence
of the new Russian tariff, saying the coinmenee
et of its operaition affords evidence that the
prsnt Emperor entertainms views difterent from
his predecessor. aind affords hope that other im
p~rtnmt reformi~ may follow. Book~s in all lan
guages are diuty free, subject only to the usual
Russian subjects living in foreign countries
caan now travel for five years, with a reduction
in the passport fees.
SEDCTION AND) SUcD.--On Saturday list a
young lady named Anna Marshall, about twenty
two years of age, committed suicide at Newark
N. J., by taking arsenic. The deceased was of
a highly respectable family and a strict member
of church. She had been seduced, as she alleged,
by a prominent member of .her own church, and
to escape the disgrace put an end to her life.
The accused gentleman positively denies the
An itcE1 Co-rros Gos.-We learn that
tme Columbia Mills have advanced the price of
osnaburgs to 13 cents, and of yarns to 22 cents
per ponid. The high price of cotton has ren
dered this necessary ; most of the Georgia fac
tories, we learn, advanced their prices some time
back. A few days ago we published a notice of
the stoppage of near 6,000 looms in Massachu
setts, owing to the unremunerative .prices of
goods compared to the cost of cotton. The dis
proportion in prices is more severely felt in the
manufacture of heavy goods, where a large por
tion of the value of the goods is in the raw ma-.