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"4We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of o berties, and if It must fall, v
SIENKINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELDM. V
H L CUNNINGHAM & CO,
GROCERS AND PROVISION MERCHANT
AND DEALERS IN
FOREIGN WINES & LIQUORS,
HAMBURG, S. 0.
W E take this opportunity of returning than)
to our patrons and ft iends for the very liber
encouragementand favors we have rceived for sei
eral years past, and respectfully'solicit a continuam
of the same. Our highest aims, and best endea,
ors will be to merit and deserve the patronage,
our old customers, friepds and the public generall:
by conducting our business as we have done heret<
fore, and increasing our reputation for
Low Prices and Fair Dealing,
And making it to the decided advantage of all wI
favor us with their trade.
The inerensed patronuge we have received at
are continually receiving has induced us to BUY -
LARGE and WELL ASSORTED Stock of Good
in order to meet the growing demands and increa:
The Superior Quality
Of all Goods ofrered to the Publi at this establisl
nent. is so well known that very little need be sai
upon this subject. But with the tnity of LON
PRICES, and the VEltY IEST QUA LITY 0
GOODS, iq the system of business the subscribei
are determined to carry out. This will be made at
plienble to every branch of their business.
Our Goods in all in: tances will bie what they ar
represented to be-and when so'd by sample, sba
always be in conformity with the vami-ple
We are cotistantly receiving and have in Store
COMpr;ETE ASSORTMENT of
G R O C E R I E S,
LOAF, CRUSHED, CLARIFIED. ST.CROE
AND ORLEANS SUG.ARS,
ORLEANS SYRUP & CUlIA MOLASSES.
TENNESSEE ANI) BALTIMORE BACON
LAR ), SODA, STA RC1I,
SOA P. CAN 1)LES.
WHITE WINE AND APPLE VINEGARS, &
A larget assortment of
WINES AND LIQUORS,
Consisting of Pipes, Half Pipes and Quarter Casks c
Of the following celebrated Brands and Vintages
Otard, Dupy & Co.. 18.S, 1844, 1847.
Alex. Signett, '1852, 1855.
Martel & Co., 1.847.
Azarat Signett, 1849.
J. J. Dupy, 1848.
P. Signett, 1850.
OLD BORDEAUX AND CIIAMPAGNE
MADEIRA, PORT AND SHERRY WINES
JA tAICA-AND ST. CROIX RUMS,
g GIB6. . Y ,,AND
('TiE A -tAng N\T95 1f our Store are .auch as t(
make this Establishllent in fact the.substitute of ti
cellar <.f everf consuier.
. HOTELS ind persons wanting sma'l assortec
lots of Choice Wines anl T..quirs tIm speilal occau
siots. cnn be supplied at the shortest non1ice.
COUNTRY TRXM)E oupplied at the wholesal
P1 ices. cul~idtebs
SFA-MILIES enn comnman the best Table Wine
nt very low prices, as also the che::pest sorts o
Wines and Liquors for culinary purjsts.
PIYSICIANS reqluiruinginu Liqu'.rs for mcii
cal purposes are particularlysolicited to call and cx
amine our Stock.
We keep constLatily on la:nd a
k)f Saddles, Bridie', Martiug:ls. Whips, Saddit
Blankets, ct tiankets. several Cases of fine
Sewed and Pegged Iloits and Shmes, La
dies, Misses and Chilhdretn's Shoces,
Waterproof 11unatinig and Ditchr
.er's B1oots, hoys and Ment's
Brogatns f'romt No 1 to 15,
Fur, Wool and Silk I1:tts,
Cloth, Plush and Fattey Caps,
Osnaburga, Sheetings shti atings, Stripes.
Georgia Plhins. Gunny and Duudee Liagging,
Bale Rope, Twine. &e , &e
We solicit CASIl. ORIIERS from parties no
visiting oQur Town, and will end,-avr' in all itnstan
ees to satisfy in every particular, all who connad
therodne visiting this Market are earnestly solkii
ted to give us a call before they make thteir purcha
ues. We arc determined to mnake it to their advnti
tage by seliing them their supplies LO WER thai
they can bu. thtem elsewhtere.
b"' We will give the mtarket price for Cotton
and every other kind of produce offered.
h EN RY SOLOM\ON.
. L. &G. C. CUNNINGHAM
flamburg, Sept. 30 l857 - m 38
--A N' D
Self-Sharpeninlg Straw Cutters !
ri PENN, A gent, has just re ceived and offer:
J. for salle a >uridly of the most approvedl arti
le of CORN SII hLt LERS. Also, a large Statel
'fthose c~elebrtttedl self-Sharpenfinlg ST R1 A y1
C U T T l' ItS. VTe fatrers wi plon senud ii
their orders. tf
_ - Notice,
'jjOTICF is herebya gion: that ap'p'ienton n-il
.'be ma~de att the next Sse'iu of the I~enia
rur, t vst nehalf of the esch.ted e.stuate
Chares e~i.,~ late 1r EdlgeliehlI Dieitet, ii
te Trntees of the Edgetik!.l alle Acadetmy.3
Sept. 30 ... 3
Tt 'rs 'o.n. Oct. 12, 1857.
IN Pursuance of an ortder reacein d f'omn (h
.W. C. MonaesI an eteri.n wil bie beh.o ;at thi
Com any N.uster (;rounds of the Wpper liatmhletn
nthe 2~7th November, I..r Mh AiJlR of sai~d iuat
lion. By order of J. W. TOM PK INS, Cot.
Oct 14 _ _.. t 40
Shereby given that Mrs. EMILY CAR ROLl
-1 wfe of EDwAnr G. CAartnou. residmte lm Ilamu
wugbut late of Granitev Ile, Edgelield Distrie'
intends to becomue2 a sol trailY C.\Ri ttl rOLL
this date. EIYCROL
Witness, BENJAxisx BArn.
S -ee ie tltat CAi'ERIINEU1.GR1FENi
S the en of- ..~t3ttL A. G n .:-:s F. of.'
feld District, residinag near llamtlurg in adii
trict, intends to bae:omte a soc r~e iht t
monh front this datSAlER. EHOEN
Witness, BENJA3Zt BAIW
Hamburg, Oct.7ith loa.1
LL Persons indebted to thme Estate of JTanm
8~ . Shadrantk, dee'd., are etarnestly requeste
*.omke immediate payment, and those havinag dy
..to dn aaist the-said Estate will render thtemtn
mandsrl aattested. H. DURN ETTr, Ad'uo
Pro erl - T. M . FISH ER . ?
For the Advertiser.
We are glad to find that the friends of Divisior
are still alive to a sense of their rights and theii
interests. We hope the project will even be agita
ted until accomplished. The friends of Divlsior
on Saluda will gladly co-operato with their friendi
in the lower and upper part of the District in an3
judicious plan that may be devised so as to dividi
the District in such a nianndr as to make a Ju.
dicial District of a part of Edgefield, Lexingt(n
Barnwell and Orangeburg, and another of thu
Saluda Regiment, and also a third of a portion o
the upper part of the District of Edgefleld aik
lower part of Abbeville, if desired.
We assure our friends of Aiken that we feel
0 lively itterest in their proposed meeting on thi
fourth of Nov. next, and will be glad to participat
with them on that occasion. SALUDA.
For the Advertiser.
The sunlight sheds
A ch. ering ray
d While Autumn spreads
A suro decay;
As if to inock'the o'erhanging gloom
Whh liciovers round sweet nature's torub.
No more the bowers
Look fair as May,
For earth's sweet flowers
a No- haste away;
The birds have ceased their summer song,
And winter cometh, hastening on.
Yet stay awhile
Ye flowrets gay,
And still beguile
Sad winter's day;
Still let thy beauty deck the grove,
Still breathe of happiness and love.
Speak to my heiart,
Dea' flowers, and say
Why all thats's bright
Must. fade away ?
Alas. the leaves that round me lie
Whisper that all, like them, must die.
For the Advertiser.
sC'CorsTED n'Y snMIN, ITON A IiEU.TIFL Bo1tQET
AT TiiE LAr FAn, Tu tiSCmrT-ioN
S.411 their lorc!y companions
Arepfided and gwte."
"Faded and gone," vs the dream of the summer.
That shone a3J aronid us, in beauty and light,
Like the glorious raliture of young love's first
Mr';aW ek 1110 -nfof61 - -t
140), re V t tlitt
Faled and'gone," like tie bnrnhng vows spoken
In earth's rose- wreathd olvers, iiy the mtnolon's
As'heir soft, dreamy fragrance stole o'er the rapt
But that love like the roses, soon 1aded away!
Fade.1 and gone" like the heart whose fund throb
)Was love. deati:C!;s1v'e, for her e: tli-darling a'],
Like the soft loving gkIcam of the dove-eyes that
In the home-liait now dimmed by stern Death's
When summer first wolhe frui its long, weary
Like sonme rosy inifant so bright, and so gay,
And the sung birds were carolling forth their wild
Int tavisin sweetness, she faded awayv!
Faded away with the spring's last, wild flowers,
As the youngsumer roses first, burst hino
Now thiey ini their brightness lie withered around
Like the darlinig we've lost., they have left us
" Faded and gone," alt! the great world of sadness,
That falls on the heairt as these woi'ds meet the
And we stretch forth our arms but to clasp a vain
Anid wearily weep for the love that's not here!.
" Faded and gone !" thus, thuns 'twill be written,
On each hiuman Itower that bloomus but to die:
"Faded and gone," and life's silver chord several1,
a " And is this all, client thm !'' in oui'anguishi we cry!
Not all; for b~eg'cnd the blue sky that is veilin~t
Goid's 'urevealed tzlories that ever shine oni
By the rivers of light we shall timl our lost treasures,
Nier feeul the deep' sadslts oif "faded nad gone."
For the Advertiser.
A meric'a ats a rIation, l.as been peculiarly blest,
with that tranquility and happinesas which
chiaraicterizes all wsellI reguhlated governments.
Previous to thme ht r'ew year's a national ser'en
jty has' been one of our distinguishing fe'atures
amtiong the nations of the globe; anid it was that
.unison of' deLter'minationm, loge her with concor'
dneof senltiment, that rendered us,invincible
'to all inivasions. Bunt for' tl-e last fewu years
..everal ep~te-tions have been agitated, (anmong
wvhich slavery was the mtost important) which
have caused di sensions ahnist~ bordering on en
.mity. isuiion of the Stag~ has been lonmg
-thought of' in the South, ye't it isa pylicy which
may bie te'rmed a fearful remnedy. In disuniting
the nmatioun there are miany links to be broken
besides the grand lock chain of thme republic.
Who will clantn those Wa~mshigtons of (recedom,
whoise nmies are blenmded with the dsawning era
of our country ? Which of us will boast of
those deeds of magnanimiity and bravery, which
first ailotted us a station among the greattest nua
tions of the 'earth? Who will hold that sncred
relic of our indehpemrlence ? Shall the constitmu
thon of our freedom be tot't to atomts, .and its
disjoitedl friagmtetnts lie blowin by a tornado of
wa:rare util1 it shall have settled on Montar
'hralh soil ? And wshou will claitm those nobly
on battle.4, in which bioth the North and
South wsere paruticip'ants. No lotnger would the
heart of' an Atmercan lheat high with patriotic
amiration when the name of Union should bc
pronounced! That name wnich once stirred etm
tions of the highest fervour, would now be re
echoed by the monotonous expressions of an ur
happy people. These are questions which ar
more easily propounded than answered. Bu
fearful as the result of a disorgani7ation may b<
private warfare is more to be avoided. And i
my humble opinion the last dread result is fa
closing around us. Unless the South rouse tha
spirit of independence, which has long been a
undisputed heritage, the North will secretly ad
vance until she may liave sufficient advantag<
to pounce down upon her unsuspecting brothe
Then if no others imitate our example let th
litt'e Pahnetto State, like a brilliant star, tak
lone position amid the firmament of Stute-riglht
LINES ON THE DEATH OF JOHNY CROCKE4,
WHO DEPARTED TiS LIF 0s Tul 10T1 OF JrL
LAST, BY nIS OWx DEA. .OTIIER, Ix rEXEMBI1AXe
OP nER DARLING BABE.
Oh Johny, sweet Johny, my tears fast are flowint
While love to my babe in my sad.heart is glowing
Thy ashes lie cold, but thy nemory burns bright
My Joliny, my darling, sweet angel of light.
Thou hast left my lone spirit in sadness and gloom
Thon wast snatched from my bosom and laid ii
Thy blithe merry laugh to my fond heart so dear
Ilow I miss that sweet voice that once fell or
Shall I see thee no more, my sweet one, nor hear
Thy voice till we meet in a world free fron
Oh, thatsweet little hand then didst give me to kiss
Oht, the light of thy blue eyes how sadly I miss
Those bright eyes in darkness are closed, ani
Thy sweet gladsome voice I shall listen to nev er
There are other bright eyes and other glad voices
But none like mly Jolnty's, ny spirit rejiices.
V .. ,~ .. A '
0. there's a charm in those sweet scenes
Where childhood's days arv iuessed;
Th-eyre bound by love's mott tender band
That with my life must last.
Johny, though many milos may lie
Between thy Iust and me,
Never canl sweet alletioi die
That knits my heart to thee.
How happy ate the laimbs, my love,
Ilow sale and calm they rest;
And you've a Shepherd there above
Of all kind siepherds best.
And thy fonumi mother soon will meet
She then will know how Cani thy rest
And. th.u how strnmg he; love.
'Till thnit Ill ti y to bie resigne'
To :eaven's high behest,
Knowing wliatekr the Lord ordains
For us, mulst be the bect.
Fr.rewell. sweet darling lai-, farewell
Tis hard to give thee up
But from a l':itlier's harl it crimes,
AnI I miust drink the cup.
'filE P)\WER OF .le.ONYLLl.E8,
Toc onie who se attention has not beeni drawni
e Upcally to the subict. it will be supiinig t
call to niinl low many of the m91ost 1blim
and compn~rehentsive passages in t lhe English lhmn
nag~e coniit wholly or chielly of mnoiisyllables.
Of the ,.ixty-six words compri-inig thle Lor's
Payer, loritv-eighit are of one .syllabl. . Oft the.
svnteca words comipo-ing I f liloen Rule
fifteen ar~e of one syllable. The motast impre.+
sie idea of 1he creaitive power of Jlehovah is
ecprag-ved entirely ii n minosyllab'les: And
God said, Let there be light, andl there was
light." Oine of the most encoturagmtg promises
of Scripture is expressed in fifteen wvords, all
but one of which are monosyllabiles: "I1 love
them that love me, and those tha:ut seek mec
early shall lind mec."
Among human compositions several remnarka
ble instances of the same character occur. O.
twent-six words in the following verse, all biut
two are monosyllables:
"MAy God,.who makes the sun to kiiow
llis p'roper~ hour to rise,
And to give light toalil below,
Doath send him round the skies."
Few sentences in poettry or prose, whatever
their length, contain so much doctrinli mturc
tion, aitford so miuch pr-ecius consolat inn, or in
spire so much exnl tinig hope, as the followinlg
in which all the words lint one ar~se monosylla
-- JFesus, my Go'd, I know his name,
1his name is all my trust;
Nor will lhe lput. my soul to shanme,
Not- let, my hope he lust."
-Sunday SdlD Journal.
A Gioon N~~tt.-Sometime in 18I or 't),
gentleman in Tenness~ee became involv'ed aiul
wated money It heI-ad property ann lie owet1
det. His pr-operty was not availble pr<s
thet, and oft he po.sted to Boston, bacukeid by
the ntamies of some~t of the best men in lennes
see. Money was light, and Boston baniker.
looked closel v at the namues. "0 er-y goodl,
sad th'y, itt, but--do you kntow Genera1
.Jackson l' " Cert aitnly." " Could you get i
endrsemnnt 7" " Yes. buit lhe is niot worth one
tenth as much as ci ther of these tmen whost
nanes I offe.r you." " No mtatter; General
Jacksotn has always protecteid hinself and hzi
paer and we'll let you live the money uipuo
the strength of his namne." In a few. dlays thu
plprs with his signature arrived. Te mnomtent
tbese Itostoni gentlemnt banikors sawv the tall
,td Lng d1, of Atidrw .Jackson, our Tennies
scan says lie cuuld have rud-edl a hundr-ed thou
sad iols upon ttplhe signaturo without th<
slightest trouble. So muche fo~r an e-stablishe
character fri hioniesty. Hfowever men may havc
di hredl wi th Andrew J1acksoti politically, n<i
man could deity himt the merit of being at
hoest tian.--'vcenintg Gazette.
The P'ostmtazster G eneral has made an orde1
thai:alt PousI muters whose c~ithompenttabon exceeds
twelve do(llar-s atnd hlti cetits peu~r quaters shah
be suppllied with wr-apping pape-r, twine amndseal
ig wax for the use of theiir olliees by the P'os
oIJlics Deu.partmnt. and thle i-ule ated~tu Mu re]
11, -1 i5, has hbeen repealed. All P'ostmnaste-r
whoe compen~iflsationt is less than twcee dolltar
anI ifty cents per' quarter can purchase, for tht
use o' their ollices, a reasonabtile amtiout, of thes<
u rticles, provided the net prced is not lesi
au twntv dollars per year.
I- DOME RIES.
To REPAIR BROKE Ass.-Disolve some
isinglass in gin, just ent to cover it-; make
e the broken parts qui m (better ,put them
into a warm oven, m. into the liquid,
t and if possible . *rtogether for a little
GoLn CAE.-Tak s of one dozen eggs,
it five cups flour-, three ugar, one cup butter,
t one and a half cup 'r sweet milk, one
a teaspoonful cream of and half a teaspoon
fil of soda.
SILVER CAh:.-T whites of ond dozen
eggs, five cups flour, cups sugar, one cup
butter, one cup cream et milk, one tea
e spoonful cream of ta'r half a teaspoon
D ful of soda.
SwEET POTATOES. ' 4 are finest, roasted
in the ashes; next aked; are very nice
boiled till tender, and pred and laid into
the oven of the cook tove to brown.
EA-Acun.-If chil scream much, tire
vory restless, and toss head about; in this
painful affection, it m' e concluded that an
abscess has formed in' - ear:-a most painful
disorder, to which no f' can be afforded till
the abscess breaks. J 'ntations or poultices
should be used. A id 'fig, applied hot,
over the ear, is a good ultice. After the ab
scess is broken, the ould be occasionally
s3ringed gently with water, to cleanse it
from the dis.charge.
S-rEWED BEFsTEAK. beeisteak is much
improved by stewing. e steak should be an
inch and a half thick. g ould be fri ed a light
brown on both side' .. two small onions
sliced, then put into; 'p with a carrot
and a turnip cut in di e celery, salt, 'and
pepper, covered with- Ite broth or water,
and then stewed genti.1-0.a slow fire, or in
an oven, for two hours 01-tho-steak*ill be
exceedingly tender, an gavy dicios.
To C1,r.t .ti x Mhe gettest cave
should be taken, iii..el, A.-nrror, tome
only the softest articl the glass should be
scratched. ' It should be usted with a
feather-brush, then was over with asponge
dipped in spirits orin' remove the flylnots.
After this it should be' d with poider-blue
inl a thin muslin bg6 ii ly polished rith
-ian old silk handkerchie -
TO 'J'olti'OV' WaIltS., ildrcii are lialOl to
these iditiuring cxc ces ol the hatds,if
liot inime~iiatcly sawn :.to. The y ' lij-e
reinoived by dissolvingtt l bo t in waterto
tlie Consislfe' of crea d apsloin it morn
rI"n the-steak'will b
N.A'rIi'i' Cs X.-T4 - Tinhe is an extrat
(rorin It letter publishied.' -.allai'see Flori
dliali and (.3oiirrial, and:-" h-e 14th of' Sept..
aa Fomro o-uei
V" hil onl a Scaut' I hbs lace Oi thea
Carhn,'aha1teh tior -dais witihe, I sbungd
:1 larqo 4ejmni1tii3' of wil', tn: 1114 cottonl is
OWili in l i ~ aMmoc near tlh'#
hoeve the 1vt, buit upioni imifltioe I flouy-s it
to be cult Lo in its erui'le 'and uncnltivnied ;stnlc.
Thfis cotion has.,;~ i wipeara the of d Nanken co-t
ton lit I think this is caused lis the red hg.
Which sr.oes L save tlu sanicilet O lia hblto
as rust 411 thesrtc'il. Thle leaf' of this Cotton is
i"'rv inue'n like the Set 1AhUld i lie:.hut fien
the' fdiing of the lea' and shpe of the *bolls
ono i ummd jia t ie ) It - hi'ta . The Cotton
reos ery higi. olvin oeigi.! io.aly barren, t
thi.'s I thiiik is oewiiig to til, tlziickiss oltil
rwth . his coilon is sce -pdf atp1:1ptely ti t
Ni ciate l soil h--. it 1 lwi isitet it Iract
fri ai L tter publed '' iTlaasnei Fbhli
or ai yrar.i o ul. It i f place, in the vi'
ICarltoOb the Rior. I ent yih Colonel Iund.m*Z
a nila quni ty ho are we .ll ac T hint tond widl is
CU01 totl !;u i look at this culolm, aile lihir :111
r it cotton growing iiaturd, in an
t biicivated sod' ' e e
Th lcot nate apeacaceofankee tothei
t:btigathinhs is' yM caued byt.the redue hui.
ast on thmeini stin. The n leafit of t isd conton i
the' heeing boa the tler andl shaen of' e'ol
on ndiett tuppf it~ is be ail toucntai Tescottoin
riiiws ery ul hitgh. l :md ' .e ce m i.: in barreb
Ziie i this winhg 1topcthe,- thig, nso e
gowth. us co.o deie s ei'iGae to the. i
eimt andu otraitiosenlte.M grw aillii wmte-: nit' umv
et-mt inreasonatbet to ytm. and utI'm coh
d enfca thtit s nne ealth ar er gr eatu
endt aredu' the ar.e wentwit onel "lcoyer,
or"tie"and tatteewto are wlaeainte with rhe
pct tnt. oloea thiis thaote, ando ill
TI as t In vi ., .-Aco red..~ing to thei'in
the' che0into cmntios of tne, :md tcommur
nitte eny h of the 'nh Aadm of ikim
eneeks, tho aine isn famd t contain soenial
hincile of ninouthin farolcein itg mphr
reptim e of the otr wesr, aler: arte tof
e ndtuse vn einl hsupr tof 'op iri
t1 niti(one oaLii<. M.aLibg ato pavs ai
tbi oin'n base on acian who ch'a beseareb,
thamt'd n epct o htoded a nda wt tole. thir
teneticia ees the yheh areery grenti,~o
adare due to the hae subsoitnanle, adhem, -1
apecsorfo ideticam. fien inks what wae usty
toib conideremtd ths lenti of thfo orene
whabo intot~ ne ru ustnce, landthr, re
cruhit the energy wof the movng on stiing
facultis-Svinentific ad Ame ikcan.ire
thn of'ae mnihn Southm Cains aboutie~ tirhea
timezfte re oltioar glarwa er ptt
mak nmsaeso veni inais in le, -of iemt
htence cof udr the aa wo thad boee niell
larvicteda he bonuet, aosenlth ot wordng
" thtbonnt Ib thed b thenek tilyo
ar de';'' toOthishe unfounatey added "i' on
amnsomry foraite, ayfnd ; ick is teeth wi aus
wShinterrpte bays, arosatof laghe at
w hi~ hehe dge achlhe o aoe ofrprised.
drnkr ?I;wogt odukatiiithtlept
eShe neitubsher of hemksafe with lai
moderte gie ofthe color.
hae ic'opnsidon hi .,tat aof tkeoniy make,
and dtrmoin nout ofatn one awny dil
nresfraited p oliiinn,hv eaotmkn
Shuteg'h pgrte, and picks a hi to withe
Hemwhoi es dunk altingt, iht isle ut
bae-kny glsa i' sir itrsm e~el
Shwae wihous itlehaer k-were bribt th
orde tIoge'r-F them-I color. piater i
idoiho lady ivon hs thatintkes chiscn,
ivn sarts hout nd purit of ahet aidd
Interesd ipoaitii. el ue nth ~
ofhema who paisd slas neaperiad thae
ot onis bain.-Pnh
OR DEPENDENCE ON THiE NOUTu.-In a re-!
cent letter, Mr. Nathan Appleton, of Boston,
thus speaks of the influence of the New York
banks. Will the South continue thus depend
ent on New York, when the means of indepen
dence are within her grasp? Let us strike
while the iron is hot for direct trade with Eu
rope-conmereiti 'independence will be the
"New York is the great central banking
power. She sets the key note to the whole
country. If she expands, the whole country
expands. It she contracts, it is felt to the re.
motest extremities. It is a tremendous power,
that of increasing or diminishing the circulating
medium of the whole country. It is a deep
responsibility, and demands sound discretion
anl much wisdom in its regulation. Unfortu
nately, there appears to be no unity of action,
no controlling principle, in the management of
this power. It is divided between fifty live
banks, each acting its own separate part, under
the influence of different opinions and diffei ent
interests. Banks are public institutions; they
are founded for the public good; and the duty
of consulting the good of the community in the
use of their great power. is as sacred as that. of
providing fbr their own safety. There is appa
rently no individual of sufficient influence to
bring this heterogeneous mass to unity of ac
tion in a crisis like the present, as was Albert
Gallatin, whilst he lived."
DorTuc BANS Loi~, Tiuin CsARTEns ?-1'here
seems (says the -1&ing Sun) to be an inpres
sion on. the minds of nany, that the banks in
this State forfeit their charters when they cease
to par out specie. This is not correct, as shown
by the foilowing act, passed December, 1-40, to
wlich the banks are subject. Second section of
which reads its Follows:
" Every bank which shall suspend the payment
of current coin for its notes. or which shall de.
elare a determination to suspend'or refuse pay
1ment of its notes, according to their legal obli.
gation, in current coin, shall become liable to
pay to the State of South Carolina, at the expi.
ration of every mi'onth after such suspension or
declaration, a'min of nioney, at the rate of five
per cent, per annum, up.on the whole amount of
its notes, which shall have been issued in circ
lation at the coiniencoment of the said nionth.
and shall contintie to pay at the! sa:e rate at the
end of eerv month. until tl, said bank shall re-.
voke its declaration, and shall lawfuliv redleem
its notes when demande.d, accordliil to their
legal obligation.; the said stun of money to be
recovered liv iietion 16f" debt in anv court of com
Tco.%i: or Ni:wsInis .ND Pi:tomc x.
In the monthIs of January and February com
inig, it is suipps)ed1 by a ctreful cnipitatiol that
the sin of over tenl millions of dollars will ibe
aIvtced by si.,cribers froi all parts of'the
country, for the varions literary inatter issued
in this city alone, antl as pre-paynient is now
the role, this enormttous sum wilL.pour into the
pockets of that needy chas of ten. publishers,
in a capital time. If it ever was n'eeled it will
be. then. Jr.~is expected .1t i.here .wl.noae
nmteh falling off in the subscriptions to the y
rious publications, in the .gregate. Sonic will
indh a large accession. others a dbutiiuion, bit
on ile whole the leire i;,hr reamg inatter i,
ie that will not be cecked. awl- we net:' nIt
dlespair of finding plenty of readers fel everv
hing vorth realing.r an1d in fact mutich that is
niot.---. ir YI .' Dw. '!, / ..
We are authorize .1to state that (ie South
Carlina. R.airoad Company will receiv.e, inl pay
ment for freight and passage money. lie ut te
of all the bliks of this State. aid :lMo of the
Oeorgia .lailroad I1ik. Anl also that the
G'eorgia Railroad inCompany will receive. thir sin
ilar lym. ts., the notes of the South-western
itilroa-d Bank of tli chy.
The Bank of* tle Staie, in ailiItion to the
inoes ol all the city bauk, receives on depo-i!t
ami in payniment of does, tI;e totes of tile .imk
of l aimbjiur-, and of the Ei>ebtange Baldnk of' Cu
Titi: 2iereh!ants of Augusta receive all bank
oe- which were current previous to their sus
peninn, at parti value, in pa~ym.en t of' does and
for mercihanie ;and we wouild :uilviste our' rea
hers ini theC coutrty again.-t atny sacrifice of sneh
n iotes, whbich thle prevaiilitig ton netary panic. cir
he repr.-entat ioni:; of itere-teid imties miight
jidne thema to incur.-C~ronicle & &ntinel.
11~f :' or N:wn:-:' .-'IThe Rising Sn 'usays :
wls coumpelfl, in the nmid.t of the Ml-u-pen-ions
ouing~ii~i, to dlo this. Its deOL'iSitS were locke..l
in other suspe'tndcd intittions. Yet the bank.
"Note hioltders and depositors need not appre
hed any 10.:3. unless in t hei' panlic they choose
to .acrihIie t heir senrities. Tbic inimnediate
liability in bills and de--po-it~s i- abont five hun
drdl at fifty thousandl dollars. TUhis is but at
small pr'oportion of the assets of the bank, wihh
are nniquestionale. Its discont line, its bonid.,
its exchange, its stock, & c., all of which are. re
alizable, iin a limited period, ate nearly double
these liabilities. rilite ftht-c'
Jin addition to theamitd fhea-t
and the general sounmit'-s tof thle b,:mk, ihe..
.,tockiklers, is ('aie of1 failure. are li-tble in at
sumt of' twice their amount of stock. at-'i ar'e
worth uvr' cent of ilve millions~ of d ihars
mure t han 'thi<, they are the bionc aml einew of
Tm.; news fromn India is gloomy, very. The
Engdlih have beeni otliged to, e~reumise'ribe t heir
insmore and more. Jiavelock had retired at
secod time frm Luckntow. Andl at last audvice's,
w ait' a force 'it but nine hunidred men, was ex
pedto aittack fr'om fi'ur points, amud no hope
oh reli::'fur a fort night. Tihe~ jiunctioni which
re prdictednetweeni the Giwalinirs and the Ondes
wa clieietedl, anid with ei'etn or'e disaustro zs re'
suts than we antticipatted. for the comunmntii'ani
between Calcutta anid Luckitw en cn til longer
e onsider'ed openi, except tot anl armyit.
The mutinies are spriad ini. aund coni fidenee mn
the loyalty of the( hinobay nat ive troops dlimiin
ishied'daifv whih- (alenmtta is thought to be in
serios da'nger of' an onitbreak,
OxE of the v'ictimis of the Sepoy mnuders in
India was Mrs. Farquhiar.on, the wif'e of' Colo
nel Farquhairson, late of tlie 7th futsileers, a
bcantitul bitt eccentric woman. Onme accout
says shte wits burnt alive after the most fright
ul atrocities were commtitte~d ('n het' person;
but the Dtublitn liveingm Post says a private let
ter fias becen received- in that city, stating that
after sufl'erinig a series of iinde.scribable baurbairi
ties, shte watS placed alive het ween two boards
and eut through with a sawv.
Tni:ini. m . :.rrn ot AX Mtat.x L Any rr
MoXr l.se.-A coirresplondenit ot' the .Man
chester ( Rughanil) Guardian gives an account of,
the ascer t of Mont Blanc by a large party, atimng
wlomn there were several A mneriennis,onie of' wvhom,
a vong' lady tnitmed 'Tralawny, slipped over' an
ice prcipitce amid fell hundreds oh' feet into a his
sure whlere she miust have b~een dashed to piieces.
Living or dead, however, no assistancee could be.
reudered her, and there her remtains must lie |
.uati tlast wnmn shall sonid, I
From the Charleston News.
The uncertainty and extraordinaryvacillation;
of the price of exchange in New York would
indicate either the inability of that market tc
forward the crops by the purchase of the ex
change drawn on them, or a continuation ol
panic and distrust of European steadiness, proba
bly both. Reduced as is the rate bf exchange
in the United States, to thr great loss of the
producer, still everywhere there is the evidence
that it is sold and that produce is going forward,
The work of releif then goes on, however al
present limited and gradual. Any progreM
whatever must receive necelerati-i from the in
creased means and confidence which it produces.
It must however take months to achieve any
positive results, and the American people must
conient to move slowly. A great shock has
been given both to monetary and connercial
relations. Great apprehension of the danger of
expansion after a revulsion, produced by ton
tracdon, and ending in universal distrust, tLe
doubt of safety in conmercial operations, the
saritico of immense amounts of inerchandize,
the Ito1arding of specie, the fall of produce and
the precarious condition of monetary 'alitirs in
Europe, cannot be overcome or disentangled in
any summary mode. On the other hand, the
restoration of confidence, the chief ekeeil (f reief,
would go far, aided by the amount of specie in
Aierici, equal to what it usually has, to Iheili
tate the operations tending to relief. This de
$ired confidence could not exhibit itself in more
available and eflective firns, than by. a re-de
posit in the Banks of the specie drawn from
thei, and the unhesitating purchase, at fair
rates, of produce bills. Both may safely be
trusted; both would be decisive in securing re
ief; and both the best basis of x desirable bank
We arc not of those who, on the one hand,
pprehended an almost universal ruin, or of
those who, on the other, anticipate a prompt re
turn of easy and bright times. We believe trit
the United States cai and will do much to bring
their crops into the market of the world at fair
prices, and that Europe can lend prompt and
tea-lv aid in consummating this end.
The importers of New York are no doubt hard
prLe-sed to obtain the ineans to make their neces
sarv remittance to Europe, and to obtain the
groldt whereby to take giods out of blud, Of
which a large quantity must be locked up in the
overnment warehou-es. Hlence the low price
ot exchange, (if which they are the primcipal
>uyers. The legal dilliculties which embarrass
the New York lLanks, and the hesitation they
iu-t feel in haza:irding any operations, must also
heck their enterin-, the exchange market. Un
til Eoropean capitalists, herefore, enter the pro
ilce and exchange market, which non furnishes
mI unbouniled lield of' sure prolfit to them, but
itile steadiness may be expected.
Th embarrwistlment of exchange is a practical
llustration of how desirabhe it is thait the com
nercial and fhinancial relations of the South with
Emriope shoubl be dlirect, and released froim de
pendency on Northern enipormmun.,
, MoiV AND fA R IAi-S.-A Ne T6 lIe
ter writer says it ila sizinificant fact that .Ie
Ii t of marri:ige4 in the eity journals since the
-omo oencemeunt or the rev uison ha-% growis
imil! by degrees Iid heamifilly less." 'That
".e tinres mma-: --,mi mcnid is the anxiofus hope
, everviId, iiing )-,ice yolm nen wit!.
41mall ilicmeoes, "ad old la'les with iianrrIageabl
- P'a:rr:;; ai L-rc-:.-One -f the peen'!dari
iei or printers is tir.it they chloam live long
nou. Ih. L1ek to catchli them. To set a pnn
er1 ,. in au,-. is a rare thiniig, became& they
eei to be particularl hituder the inlhien' e CU
hat di'e'n which says - whout the gods love.
Ltik there was :1 yoIg Figlish prmter.
131ed lienry Vjwved, engagei on the Savannab
orin nl vesterday le sailed Irom thi
oort Ir Live pol 1 on the ship I- ( eol irgi;, har
ug reC;ved thie welcome newi that lie wa
leir to an estate oft sixty thiotismde pounds sterl
g, al..ut thbree hundmredl thoni.-andl dollars; a
umi mnie~h to lbe eeired in h lard times!I"
llievd is cal'ulatetd to moake a sensation with:
s trI-ine, so in anticiption el of " the peod time
o miiz" he did certainlyv " cut his yiick." Yes
eray lie sailed dhowun lie bay: with a chamt
anie bottle in one hiand and a lig in the oth~er.
lol whrich was wrtn " lifrrah fo: the Pres
vhchi gives podl -rof of its wo rk anid adds tin
'he cohins of Libervy?-Savanntfah Geor:am.e
Tmii: le~ss a mian knows the more easily ble il'
ickled!. A thiread-ba:re joke, utteredi bty
e~oi' rate clown, will keep a benchl of hedock
en, ill laughter for a week.
h:imt Pa res: ron NM:mtos.-The Memphis
k hl/e'ine ot the .4th inst., recora~ the folloinng:
At a Nile of thle propierty of Win. hloluman.
heeasedl, of Overion county, oin the 21st ulti
no, twelve necgroe' were sell for twelve thou
tad eihht h imm ire amil rev.eety-sevenu dllars
Ivergiig .tl ,073 08 1-8 each. Five of them
vere under aeveni yearos of ap'e."
Te mney painic at the North doe.4 not seemi
om be su.,idin-.; in t!.e least. lin Bo.'toni thered.
ume. not appear to be much exeitenment, lbut at
ie amie titme mloney imatters5 are ret1re.-entei
is 10-.s tavorable. Bank soceks contimned lto
al. with moinre tellers thain buyers.
letter rece'ved inBso b h igara,
ro Liverpooil, dated the 8thulitit., " reporte
roe ty mattIers av generally growinig tighter
b roigout Englanid, while the demianud was ona
the icreat~e. A t 31anichester the late buoyan
v hadl yielded to a depress.ion, and . on both
goods and yarns a decline had been submitted
SocT1n CAa ox.- t-Th~e general re-charter~
Iav of 1852. is wvell knmownm1 te ll our readleis
meiately intercested. anid we need' omnly ire.
rit thte 4th section: . .n, ac
"That in caLse of the failureof si ak rc
toekhohler, co-p~lartnierihp, eor bo.ly polit i,
avitg a share or .,baries ini such banik at the
hie of sneh iailnre, or who shmil have beeni in
eeeted therein itt :my itne within twelve
noits previouls to sneh fahiare, shall Ire liable:
md held bonndit intdjiialy tr any enmmm not
xeeing twice the anmot of his or their ahare
haiovrNs. -rrr.: Snms.--it is an invariable
ustom in hhOomo for a mu of buisiness who
Fails, to remove his -,irrn from his door. Many
Cears ago, oine Mo-er P'oor failed ini Boston, antl
did ot comply withI the usutal cu.--lomt of re
moving i-, nta'mti. Untrinig ti.ie night the boayA
took dlown hi.4 signi, sawed it in two. arti re
hmatce it. but wit h t he nmles reversed, so thaet
it. red Poor Mo-es.
Cir-rox.-e would cauetioni all wvho buy
Pain Killer to be caureful and call for Perry
Davi, Megitable Pain Killer, anid to t:~ke none
ilot put up in sq~uare bottles, with Perr~y Davis
& Sons dime bill paitedl ont one .ide of the sdee ol
the bottle. All othecrs aespurious.
Ze ' God enmes. and the doctor takes t~he fee.
IfEART lENDING A FFAuR.-At this late .ti,
ve Stop the press to announce an occurrence
most painful in character; our 1articular. are
from James Jell'rys* Esq, Magistrate,' ail Mr.'
Win. M. Kerr, the acting officer. lnil fi' of
anger one John Fee, living on ilulloch's Crzbk -
in York District, a few dlays since, shot his -
mare, some cattle and hogs, and on.Sunday
(yesterday) he set fire to his dwelling, which
was locked, and the key afterwards found on.
his person, in which his three motherless chik
dren, aged from five to fourteen 'years, are sup
lpo-ed to have perished.
It seems a Peace Warrant had been issued -
against him on complaint of a neighbor; that
when an otficer went to arrest hin he was seen
to be fortilied (as it were) in one of hi- barns,
armed with a gun, and swearing to shoot any
who would approach him. There were simty or
seventy persons leaving the house when 'Mr.
Kerr arrived, who he summoned to accompany
himn to the barn, but the cry was, "he will
shoot somebody." So they refruled with Thy
exception of John ilartness and brother; when -
diey got to the barn stratagem had to be resert
ed to, --which was effectual in securing him.
The.prisoner stated that the children wcro -
at a certain house, which was knoiwn to be in
correct. lie then said he had last seen them
at "the Spring," but the presumption is they
have perished in the flames.
The poor apology of "intemperance4' we
learn, cannot be urged in this instance. Fee i,
said to be a morose manuone not given to the V
soft and easy impulses of nature; an enemy to
the world, ie became so to his nearest and
dearest kindred. We forbear comment,-as the
matter mnu.Nt undergo judicial Investigation, but
we regret, that in the same paper. we ha ve
boasted of an empty jail, we have to announce
a tragedy so thrilling in its detail. M3ty He
who watches even the sparrow's fall,' have sav
ed ethe little oneg, is our prayer..-York District.
We are glad to learn from the Yorkville En'
quirer, of a later date, that the five children
alluded to, have been found at an ~aunt)':,$oi
six miles from home.
SEIztar. OF THE DELAWARE RSERarED L.Li
uv -ruF Warrys.-The following letter of in-'
-tructiuns, addr..ssed to- the Acting 'Conmnis -
iouner of Imlian Affidrs by the Secretiry of the
hateriopr, shows the determination of the6 Gr
ernment to protect the Indians ir the .rights
which have been guarantied to them by treaty:
J):.UI:T.tENT OF TJIr INTior, -
- October 14, 1857 -
Sir.-Yntir report of the 10th inst., covring -
leuers from Superintenydent I laverty and Agent
:obhinson. in -relation.to instrusions upan the.
lI)elaware riverveil .lka.q Territory, and 'nrg
nestiiig the propriety of obtainin; th e co pea
tio6 (i' the United States troops now.mthE
Te'rritory 10~ euhet the'removual of the intriders
hias 1.dCei received and considerel.
Theki-ee ihe noglobt that the Gbvernirient.
b y e i re I. ty,1
all their righmts. The integrity st their territq
tv mu, therefore. at all hazards,.se preserved. -
Yon will Rccordirigy issuie instructions to'tl:e
upierintendent at St.ii, .and-fb'the agents,
t' proceel fort hwith to the remboval of all in
I rmder. upon i dian mservegin Kansas.in the
miis le prescribed in 'the 'dircular letter of in
rections issued from the Indian Office; Oct. 8
1 ne War Department lais been requesfed to
u,.ne the niecesarv i n'st'etions to the com-.
1:n.iniorders of the tops.in Kansa<, 'd it
i expected that they will be prepared to co
'perate wiiIt the :reints of the lidian Office by
tie titue t Ie;r services' will becomne nec:.sary.
Very re-pectinile, your obledient servant,
J. T1 1 31P.ION,
Secretary of the Interior.
Chas.E. Mix, E.q., Act*g Con'rof 1udian Afiirs.
Ti BaAv 3r.:sT I AT WATER Loo.-h cnIle. t
similar to tihe '4-Jackson Gold Sinuff Box" wr'a
once made in England by a gentleman, who le~t
a sword, to lbe given to the " bravest mnu at
Waterloo." It was referred to the Duike of
Wellington to dechde to whom the svord should
be given. The D~uke woul not isay who was
the brace.d where a!! were brarme, but said that
ie men who-wer e the most seve:-ely tried on
that memorable dayv were those who defendedl
he position -of the' ehtean~t Ilongouimonit. and
that inquiry shlde be made regatrding the-e
who fought att thait point. Thi.< was d.'r.e, aid
ie award was~ fiially miade to a Uriti., sergear~t,
who, at a critical momtent. whlen thle F'rench h; d.
iinexpectedly forced opent the gate of the chr
tentu andl were 'abo~ut to enter, ru-lied forward,
a-'t. ly the exertion of great personial streiieth'
and determination, succeeded alone in shuti g
ice p.ae ini i~e fihee of the 14encli troopli, mid
!:ading it till !.is comrades came to his as-.
tac.-New York~ Pvx.
P'ois(.yrs WmIIst:v.-Tbco Lebanon (Ohio) -
S.aru r.-cri~s the de:hI o; four mn fromt driink
;ms whiskey wiith strydhin~e in it. We s.uppose
tii.' mnlv inecin-h-s thie sidt ai deathis from itrink
i: whi.,k. ~:, ini that place. Froem the quantity
ef'stiichnmiice tiha: is u.sed in the mnufactare m'
wisker. we dloubt 1no: that thousaiida die in tlhhi
oamo ry :innualc i frmm the eff~ctsj of poison taken
into) thh,-,-~~iate byj drining ti~his I~iou I -I:
qur. 'I' iTch an xtenit is this deadlypo.n
me in the moanufaceture ofi whiskey, it is said.
that it kills all thme tish in the streamls below the
d!istileries, :in Some instanice the mill-racss are
iueing litera!!y choked with them.
A Rrs-rc's RI:ronr.T-During thme la4t ceri
try, cne etf the b~ridges ait Pari.s, the Port au
Csinge was .si catlled because it was covered
with hiouwc. ini which the " money cap.
.dgedl. I.nie day, a ru-tie who was strolling
over' tl-e br'iie and .saw no goods in the shiops,
.toljoi at one of the biokeris counters, amid
akedl the prtopietor withi a stupid airm what l c
old. Thec an ofl mioney, thinking to quiz. his
rnital inquire r. rephied, .4A~ hve mhad..~" "'E: :
reiplied the peasant, " then you must do a great
buiine-s, for yon've got only one left in ti e
Wheni ali the wh ite peole of the United, -
Sttes redluce their expemmses one .shl!iing a day
it miakes a diiferencee otf eighteent illions of dal
lars a week, and of over fifty millions every
A latd' w.dlking~ a fe' dlays since on one of the ,
.w harve.- oi \ew 'Vork, ash~il insilor whiom she
m*, why, a ::h.ip wais called a h. The sdi ofC
SpN tiie repliedl. it was "~ becauseS the -riginl
cost muore ihmai the humlh"
F.-Eso:Ese-The Charlottesville Ad
rorte~lf says of the tunnel through 'the Blue.
-lt now turns omit by actual .experiment that'
the Blue Ridge Tunntel is moo smeall to ttdniit tho'
psaeof a single ear, miteh less a full train -
Amd it is variously estimated by -knowmgenmes
that it will take from at leaist three to prbably
eig-hteen months before the defe4 ctan bereme