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~ enwcradic 30urld, Deor to fije Soutj) a~nat S ctnjern aiifts J 'xt, Catet1 flen, Cittrtte, oratih , tmeranctx ~Lteture, &
We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of l blberti, and if it must fall, v will Perish amidst tine Ruins."
SIM]FINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EIDGEFIELDS. * OCTOBER 28, *
H. L. CUNNINGHAM & CO.,
GROCERS AND PROVISION MERCHANTS,
AND DEALERS IN
FOREIGN WINES & LIQUORS,
HAM ntrG, S. C.
W E take this opportunity of returning thanks
to our patro::s and ft iends for the very liberal
encouragement and favors we have r. ceived for sev
eral years past, and respectfully'solicit a continuance
of the same. Our highest aims, and best endeav
ors will be to merit and deserve the patronage of
our oldcustomers, friends and the public generally,
by conducting our business as we have done hereto
fore, and increasing our reputation for
Low Prices and Fair Dealing,
And making it to the decided advantage of all who
favor us with their trade.
The increased patronage we hare received and
are continually receiving has induced us to BUY A
L ARGE and WELL ASSORTED Stock of Goods,
in order to meet the growing demands and increase
The Superior Quality
Of all Goods offered to the Publi' at this establish
nent. is so well known that very little need be said
upon this subject. But with ilte unity of LOW
PRICES, and the VERY IiEST QUALITY OF
GOODS, 'ri the system or bui-iness the subscribers
are determined to osrry out. This will be made up
pli.nble to every branch of their business.
Our Goods in all in tances. will be what they are
represented to be-and when sod by sample, shall
always be in conformity with the sample
We are cotistantly receiving and have in Store a
COMP[,ETE ASSORTMENT of
G R O C E R I E S,
LOAF, CRUSHED, CLARIFIED. ST. CROIX
AND ORLEANS SUGARS,
ORLEANS SYRUP & CUBA MlOLASSES,
TENNESSEE ANI) BALTIMORE BACON,
LARD, SODA, STARCIl,
SOA P. CA N I)LES.
WHITE WINE AND APPLE VINEGARS, &e.
A large assortment of
WINES AND LIQVORS,
Consisting of Pipes, Half Pi pes and Quarter Casks of
Of the following celebrated Brands and Vintages,
Otard, Dupy & Co.. . 183,, 1S44. 1847.
Alex. Signett, 1852, 1855.
Martel & Co., 1.847
A zarat Signett, 1849.
J. J. Dupy, 1848.
P. Signett, 1850.
OLD BORDEAIX AND CUIAMPAGNE
MADEIRA, PORT AND SHERRY WINES,
.TifAIACA. AND ST. CROIX RUJMS,
_G1B$W; 1 ~ 61 ;I%,ZY -A.ND
ST n Ai zmentS our. Store are auch as to
ma,;ike this Establishmnttt in fact thesubstitute of the
cellar of every consumer. .
S110T ELS Ind persons wanting* sman' assorted
lots of Choice Wines and Tlqiuors 1VA s'eviai ocea
sions. can be supplied at the shortest nie.
COUNTRY TRNDE Supplied at the wholesale
FP'111LIES can' command tile best Table Wines
at very low prices, as also the che:st sorts o.
Wines and Liquors for culinary purpsts.
P1IIYSICI ANS requirin fine Liqu.rs for mcti
cal purposes are particularl"solicited to call and ex
amine our Stock.
We keep constantly on hand a
R)I Saddles, Bridie, Martiugales. Whips, SaddIle
Blankets, Bed Blankets. severul Cases of fine
Sewed and Pegged Boocets and Shoes, La
dies. Miisses and Children's Shoes,
Waterproof 1Iunitin. aund Diteh
er's Botots, hoeys and Meni's
Brogansrom~ No I to 15,
Fur, Wool atnd Silk IIltts,
Cloth, Plush ondl Fancy Caps,
Osnaburgs, Sheetinogs, Shie tings, Stripes.
Georgia P'lains. Gunny and Dudee Liagging,
Bale Rope, Twine. &e , &c.
We solicit CAStil ORIIERS from parties not
visiting~ our Town, and will ende-aveor in all imsan
ees to satisfy in everyprtclalwhcnfd
thersons visiting this Market are earnestly solici
ted to give us a call before they miake their purca
ses. We are determined to make it to their advr~n
age by seliing them their supplies LO WER than
they can bu. thtem chewhtere.
gy7 We will give the market price for Cotton,
and every other kind of produce offered.
II. L. & G. C. CUNNINGhA M.
hamburg, Sept. 30 1857 -6m 38
- OR NIELLERS,
Self-Sharpenling Stray Cutters !
ej PENN, A gent, has just r, eeived and olie-rs
j2s for sale~ a .t,-upply oft the mo~st approved arti
le of CORN SI i ,l L ERS. Also, a larg~e Stock
' o those eelebrtdc~ self~Sh:rpenling ST R AW
CU T T E R S. Thie faurmecrs w il please sand in
their orders. f
TOTICE is here-by cicen that aop'ieat',cn wvih
1"be ma~de at the next $ei"c" "r the L~ecsa
tur~ t ve~t nehetf of the eeh,.-ated estate i ,
a rle toet on lat ,f El-geidh Di,.: ict, in
he sa eR t heleC 3ii~ elatle Academey.3 '
Sept. 30 ....-. .. 38._.
0th Ri.:GlM FNT. S. C. M.
TecCK:as 'si).. Oct. 12, 1857.
IN Pursuance of an order rceivc -1~ X
.W. C. MoaGsI an, elen -n wim.e e11 tt
Company Muster G;rounds eel he jprBtali.
tion By27 ore of r, V. TroMPKINS, Co.
Oc 4 -. .t 4
Shereby givenl that Mrs. EMiLY CARROLL.
- wfe of EOWARF'G- CAahM-.1 rcide intmut
wuibut late or Graniteville', Edlgelleld District,
b ntrn, tbcoleaole trader in oat neenthe friem
this date. EiYCROL
Witness, BENJANNX n~mn
Hamburg, Oct. ttth 18- 4t
S hereby given that CA T11LE R -I 1. E
the wite of Cor.'tI;L3 A.mbr (inFE~ sadli
field DistriCt, residing~ neat' 'e ade ithr in oned is
trict intends to beecome a sotetae wti n
monh from this dutSTE RIEI..REE
Witness, BNJA~tis DAitm.
H amburg, Oct. 7ths 15 i
LL Persons indebted so the Estate oef -Tame
..S. Sheadrank, dee'd., are earneCstly requie .ea
.. -.make immedithe ayEt. an1to11 eaige
manperl aattested. H. BURNETT, Ad'ors
properly - T. M. FISHER. 5
For the Advertiser.
We are glad to find that the friends of Division
are still alive to a sense of their rights and their
interests. We hope the project will even be agita
ted until accomplished. The friends of Division
on Saluda will gladly co-operate with their friends
in the lower and upper part of the District in any
judicious plan that may be devised so as to divide
the District in such a manndr as to make a Ju
dicial District of a part of Edgefield, Lexingten,
Barnwell and Orangeburg, and another of the
Saluda Regiment, and also a third of a portion of
the upper part of the District of Edgefield aid
lower part of Abbeville, if desired.
We assure our friends of A iken that we feel a
lively interest in their proposed meeting on the
fourth of Nov. next, and will be glad to participate
with them on that occasion. SAL.TDA.
For the Advertiser.
The sunlight sheds
A ch, ering ray
While Autumn spreads
A sure decay ;
As if to mnockthe o'erhanging gloom
Which hovers round sweet nature's tomb.
No more the bowers
Look fair as May,
For earth's sweet flowers
Now haste away;
The birds have ceased their summer song,
And winter cometh, hastening on.
Yet stay awhile
Ye flowrets gay,
And still beguile
S ad winter's day;
Still let thy beauty deck the grove,
Still breathe of happiness and love.
Speak to my heart,
Dear flowers, anI say
Why all thats's bright
Must, fade away '
Alas. the leaves that round me lie
Whisper that all, like them, must die.
For the Advertiser.
L'GOEsTED 11Y SHEI.Xo, 'POX A nE.tTIPL'L DOiqUET
.LT Tin LATrE F.iR, 'ru INSCtRITIO
" All their lorc!y companiiong
Arr faded anud pwan."
Faded and gone," as the dream of the summer,
That shone a1 armoiud us. in heauly and light,
ike the glorious ralture of young love's first
vu~awy~r not 11 blgt.
Fialed aid'goie," like the burningr vows spoken
In earthi's rose-wreath-d hmwers, 1,y- 1.he moon01's
ts'heir soft lrealy fragrance .tule o'er the rapt
BuI, that love like the roses, soo: fIC away!
Fadle ind gone" like the heart whose fond throh
Was love, deatiien1ove, for her e:uth-darling all,
ke the soft lovin. ;leam of the dove-eyes that
In the homie-light now dimmed by stern Death's
'hen summer first woke from its long, weary
Like sonie rosy infa'nt so bright, and so gay,
amd the song birds were earolling forth their wild
In ravishing sweetncss, she faded away !
Taded away with the spring's last wild flowers,
As the young suiner roses first, bur4 t'. t
Kow hey in their brightness lie withered around
Like the darlinig we've lost., they have left, us
'Faded and gone," ah ! the ureat world of sadness,
That falls on the heart as these words meet the
anc stretch forth our arms but to clasp a vain
And wearily weep for the love that's not here !
'Faded and gone !" thus, thus 'twill be written,
On each human flower that lhooms but to die.
'Faded and gone," and life's silver chorid severail,
i"And is thiis all,oh ena th !' in our auguish weecry!
Not all; for haeyond the blue sky that is veiling
Gd's Unrev'ealed gloriies tint ever shine (an.
By the rivers of light we shall tlu~d our lost treasures,
Nir feul thle dleep srndnies of' "faded nad gone."
For the Adlvertiser.
A'm'rica as a rIatlion. l.as been pecuiairly bl'st,
with that tranquility and happiness which
charaterizes all well regulated governfmen's.
Previous to the lbut- few y'ears a national seren
ity has been one of our distinguiLshing features
among the nations of the globe; and it was that
uiiion ofi eteminailii~tioni, toge her with concor
dance of' cent'iment, that rendere'd us,invincible
to all invasions. But for the last fe'w ye'ars
.everl questions have becen agiated,'(1 (among
whlich slavery was the mo1(st important) which
have caused dissensions ahn.,t bordlering on en
mnit. Disunion of the Stag;~ has bee~n long
thought of in the South, yet it isa pgi icy which
may hela termed a fearful remedy. In disuniting
he nation there are miany links to be brokens
besiecs the grand lock chain of the republic.
Who wiill chum thmose Washingtons of (r'eedomi,
vhse names ar'e blended wiithi the dawning era
of our country ? Which of us will boast of
those deeds of magnanimity and bravery, which
irst alotte~d us a stationu among the greamtest na
tions of the earth ? Who wvill hold that sacired
relic of our independence ? Shall the ctmnstitu
iao of our freedlom lae torn to atoms, and its
aisjited friagmena'mts be blowin lay a tor'nadlo of
w'ar unt il it shall have r-ettled on Monar
rml soil ? And who w~ill claim those nobly
io battles, in which bioth the Niorth and
South wvere participants. No lonager would the
heart of' an Amiermcan heat high with patriotic
admir.ation when the natne of Union should be
pronounced! That name wlich once stirred emo
tions of the highest fervour, would now be re
echoed by the monotonous expressions of an un- isi
happy people. These are questions which are t
more easily propounded than answered. But an
fearful as the result of a disorganization may be, tit
private warfare is more to be avoided. And in
my humble opinion the last dread result is fast fiv
closing around us. Unless the South rouse that on
spirit of independence, which has long been an ta
undisputed heritage, the North will secretly ad
vance until she may have sufficient advantage,
to pounce'down upon her unsuspecting brother.
Then if no others imitate our example let the sp
litt!e Palmetto State, like a brilliant star, take ful
lone position anid the firmament, of Sate-rights.
LINES ON THE DEATH OF JOENY CROCKEl, th
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON THE 10Tn oF JrLT
LAST, BY mIS OWN DEAR XOTIER, 1R ACMEM ACE ol
OP REP. DARLING BADE.
Oh Jrohny, sweet Jolny, my tf-ars fast are flowing, ab
While love tomy babe in my sad.ieart is glowing: dis
Thy ashes lie cold, but thy memory barns bright, th
3y Johny, my darling, sweet angel of light.
Thou hast left my lone spirit in sadness and gloom! se
Thon wast snatched from my bosom and laid in 5Y1
Thy blithe merry laugh to my fond heart so dear,
How I mniss that sweet voice that once fell on m
my ear. br
Shall I see thee no more, my sweet one, nor hear sli
Thy voice till we meet in a world free from a
0h, that sweet little hand thudidst give me to kiss-- an
Oh, the light of thy blue eyes how sadly I miss. ex
Those bright eyes in darkness are closed, and si
Thy sweet gladsome voice I shall lis:en to ne% er- ser
There are other bright eyes and other glad voices, feal
lut none like my Johny's, my spirit rejoices.
0. there.'s a charm in those sweet scenes an
Where childhood's days arj! liassed ;
They're bound by lovo's niott tender bands th<
That with my life must last. nI-I
Johny, though many mfilos may lie ti(
]Uetween thy dust and tmo, I'
Never can sweet affbution die
That knits my heart to thee.
H[ow happy are the lambs, my love,
How sale and e:ha they rest;
And you've a shepherd there above
or all kind shlepherds best. Iai
And thy fon i mother soon will meet. 11
Sie thenu will know how calm1 thy rest to 1
Ant' thou how strong her love. Th
fty itt it
Till 1:1en I ry to be resigned wht
To Leaven's high behest, as
Knowing whate'cr the L'rd ordain ''
For ts, nuist he the beA.
14rwlsweet darling habe, faewl-. rc
Tis hard to give thee up
But from a aither's ha. it comes,
Ali I nmut drink the cup. ei
Trl!E 19\f Et OF .100L.iB.1, unl
To one whio.e attention has not beeni drann
.pcially to the sul ject, it. will he surprising to
call to tmindl low muany~ of the umost sub)1lime t.
ad compr~ehiensive pasae in t lie F~ngli-h h~m- I
uage conisist w~ho.lly or ci elly oft monos~'~yllable . 0
If the sixt v-six words comipn.,mng the 1Lordl' Ci
Pryer, f orty-eight are of one syllaleh. .O f the
sveteni words comnp('inlg thle Golen Rule, ie
liiflten ar of onte syllable. The mo,'st nupre.
sive idea of the c'reative power of -lehovahi is gt
expres-Ved entirely in nmonosyllables : "Andit
G;od said, Let there beo light, and there wasbih
light." One of the most encouragmng promises the
of Scripture is expressed in fifteen wvonls, allbe
~ut one of which are mnono.4yllables: " 1 love oru
then that. love me, and those that seek me o
early shall lind tie." to"
A4imong human comiposit ions several remarka- t
ble instancs of the same character occur. Of h
t wenty-six words in the followinig verse, aill but etI
two are monosyllables:fa
" ly God,,who makes Ite suni to kntow
llis proper hour to rise,
And to give light toall byelow, B
lU1th send him round the skies." th
Few sentences in poetry or prose, whatever tin
their length, contain so much d~ctrmatl miatm-c- a
tion alnr so mucht precious consolation, or in- JTu
spire so mumch exnlting hopie, as the tol lowing, tel
in which all the wordls btut one are mnonosylla- co
-Jes.* my13 Go'd, 1 know his tnme, art
llsname is all my'. truit; amii
Nor will lhe piut mty soul toi shame, atll
Nor let. tmy hope L'e los'." Il
.--Sunday Sdwool Journal. | wI
A Goon N.'.tr-Smetme in ]18:8 or '59, a
gentleman ini Tennessee became inivolv'ed anid idr
wanted monley ;lhe l-ad piroperty a.~ lhe owed
ebt. I is property wats not available prmt mn
the, and off Ihe posted to iBosto'n, baickedl by
the names of somec of Ite best tmetn in 'Jciiins
see Money was tight, tandi ]boston bankers Iha
looked closel v at thme nmes. "\ ery good." ani
said they, Ji~tt, but--do you kniow G3enenl lar
.Jckon'l' " Cert ainlyv." " Conl you get his h
endoursemiinut ?" " Yes1 ,but lhe is not woth~i onie
tenth as much ats either of these mni whose
names I offer you." " No miatter; Genteral a
Jackson 1as always pro~tectedl himuself and his rat:
paer and we'll let you have the money upon
Ithe strength of his name." In a few. days the tle
paters with is sigiatulre arr~ived. Thie momnt
t ese lostonl genthtlmen bankers saw thte tall h:.
~,and Li-:ng dt *f nrew Jackson, our. Tennes- . h
sean stays he eould havre raisedl a hundred thou
sad dull ars nipon the signature without the - or
sigtest trouble. So mucti fo~r an er-'tlihed
eiaracter for hounesty. Ifowever meiinimay have ani
dilt'redl with Andrew Jtackson politically, no ini
m ian coul deny him the menit of being atn
honest mian.-l.venting thuzette. it
The Postonl~ster GJenerail has mtade an order
th it llPt 1os iter whose cdlopesati on exce'eds y
telve dollars :uiil Iitiy cents per qjuarters shall.
be. supplied witht wrapinlg itper, twine anidsr'al
ig wax for the use of their oltices by the Post
(Jllies Depatrt iimnt. and Ithe rule adlopted Mtarch
p,1 Sa, htas been' repealed. All Postmasters wi
w uo' compe1)nsationi is less than twehve dollars his
anl lifty cent~s per quarter can purchase, for the
us of their olices, a reasonable amount, of these
a rticles, provided the net proceeds is not less of
han twenty dollars per year. cc
To REPAIR BIROK . Ass.-Dissolve som<
nglass in gin, just qtent to.cover it-; maki
e broken parts u (bette ,put then
o a warm oven), m. into the liquid
d if possible tie t together for a littli
GOLD CAKE.-Tak i of one dozen eggs
e cups flour, three #ugr, one cup butter
e and a half cup .'6r swoeet milk, one
Lspoonful cream of' . and half a teaspoon
SILVER CAI-- : .'hites of one dozer
;s, five cups flour, cups sugar, one ci
Iter, one cup cream eet milk, one tea
)onful cream of tar half a teaspoon
SWEET POTATOES. are finest, roasted
the ashes; next aked; are very nice
led till tender, and pared and laid into
oven of the coo tove to brown.
Ei-Aciu.-If chil scream much, are
-y restless, and toss aud about,- in this
nful affection, it in concluded that an
-css has formed in ear -a most painful
order, to which no can be afforded till
abscess breaks. F atations or poultices
uld be used. A d fig, applied hot,
r the ear, is a good ultice. After the ab
ss is broken, the ould be occasionally
inged gently with iwater, to cleanse it
in the discharge.
-TEWED BiEFsTEAK.. '. beefsteak is much
proved by stewing.'- a steak should be an
hi and a half thick. - ould be fried a light
wan on both sides' ..'two small omons
:ed. then put into. pan with a carrot
a turnip cut in di ' te celery, salt, wid
iper, covered with- dl broth or wivter,
I then stewed gentl -r i slow flrd, or in
oven, for two hours 'e tho-stea *ill be
:eedingly tender, an av dilicioiis.
ro C1r.t, R1:. RO eatIZt calae
mid be taken, in cl to use
v the softest articles teglss should be
teled. - It should C e ditedwith a
ther-brush, then was over with a'sponge
ped in spirits of i in remove the fly-spots.
er this it should be' d with podcr-blu
thin muslin bagi a y polibied with
old silk handkercli
iovi.OVE W's 1ldr n are liacl to
0e- disg-tr'ring exc ces en the handsif
;iimedIiately attern to [byiay'he
io'tlte ro ' th oda in water to
cistn f d aplyingit morn
Th grea crca ( e
AT~iviE COT -11 lowming is or ctrae
In a :ltter piihshed' atllahassee lori
nind*.lournal, lifld- bhe 14th of Sept.
Ie ers, i a onte
I While on a Scout, ad aioo h
-It o.mhatdele Ulivetr emys since, I found
irgo qualtity ot u. ton. This cton is
otlag in htan kerci a nifoek, near the
4o R roild hardlyb to
le te i1-t. Iint exci0 C'-e ii on It he ban ,.l it
W Cyta in i s erwleind ioialtivnitd Ite.
e.,coton ha.,; tilappeairance uI' Naiiakeen cut
coi I tic tis is causd ply the ret mor
bC eins to have the scingc. 6vet oin the tra
n lit al the si Ili lal, oh this Cotf l is.,
% iiie'n like- tie S~ea I 'Ziald an shlt r. h ut 1,61111
feeing of the lut iiid lape of the ,bolls
-luoo'd sploe it I' 1ad ys.1i. sice Iothnil
is Very higi. :nd sa'eij iiio:.dyl harreii, liit.
thintis o wil o to.ciess ot the
wmg. Thi i cnia o iss w11 wmmoiicd ta the
ate iiet sut par it.linos nl wi oiun. d it Ina%
ise ictinii~fl to da an etae.
co tht I saw siue sapear that re at leat 1oat
:C va . ohl. It is taused iutly i re vi.
. Ih tie ticr. I Went with Coll'eonhel llgr
I otiLur5. who are wul.l Raecinit"( Willi 014.
- uot plauc. it, look at ihhis e .l o t i , c 1t :i
wou1iied it c 1tton growing naturally io an
atey hilh.n' em.,m.ty arn u
I tin iS A wn totethcns tothe
wtihtol ii u . Ths olo iiote ll tdi toh
nateiandsil hat iati''1 rof alte n itd cna
muneasonabl to y <ir.l bucam conh
't that .myil s tali.: tohat ain atlt our
iajle~ vash old. tairfon mcelym ihi in
v its tnhe rimir. o eti, w iithloe iiigeery
n'triters w1h are. wc1 aegn with he
tona pni. tue lonk atc this citon and ryalh
noinre Ihet cotto growng andturally ina
I areAsu. tohtheasam.-Achotdicgtolthimin
tiatine mande tha th. Peito a., in egar toe
elicintical, omieatiiins tha tey and commt
aed nhime to teenchtSo Acaademy orfaNst
et nnonwiccue fmdstoint eoiitia!
neoile no ntrtou, farexceding is pr
iet thonerg of the movdeirabl artliken o
uerl uis.eint idedl supericor osop.
rpiio, baoed mn fracuuIrand chmh-as soe-h
.tg ofini reiec oth rlen an coee the
icia lcfo the heutoath vare a very cupettl
arge.du to te osamen husaince themeo
"cc o aine." a tati heto haree lmallye
etrry forn'tl Ime inkad; s what wae justy
beconsider-ctd ase eulemnt of d forrgne
bodint ervous w ustnce andhtms re
ci, the ene wof the movng on surping
ultvies.-.Scinngti adc Ame ike aofe
' lur nEiter o1.f thtoi ati-o.i--duwite
r ae, hocae fro e elandaa sm
ng ofiinman in ou thais i C arlia, bousth
se onide redolutionary war, t as viey narpt t
Iage.tenone notc~ ,vn to pa 1 tw end
hat ao beinte b yet he seckbu uni y
mea f'o thaisev frtnteyade,.
sorrye forit, ayind; ick is teeth wi mut
co whn io-n lit~hedtemnity o thlicene
Sinerrhoupte druiy a brt oht tagtere pt
clothest ed an ha ny hineelfrprised.
Irto gis ainu yolr. keacnfre
leae neithert o thmis atikesie it an
Idstrates ot the ghsut ofan. uisn i
.\ reumerd fyon p ltea isinSleMa.
She woni he n slsaeo the o makt
ay gas itoeari onnet, o se otelmaki
do I-rincool.-y who hawt-ies childrns oni
img gater and lne hif theet arith
monhen shs aece threrl ue in thrcy.
aIa who pets orn hit newsapetn that pt
He owhi-s onhckn.tks i cn
OUR DEPENDENcE ON Tin .NORT.-In a re
cent letter, Mr. Nathan Appleton, of Boston,
thus speaks of the influence of the New York
banks. Will the South continue thus depend
ent on New York, when the meas of indepen
dence are within her grasp ? Let us strike
while the iron is hot for direct trade with Eu
rope-commercil 'independence will be the
"New York is the great central banking
power. She sets the key note to the whole
country. If she expands, the whole country
1 expands. If she contracts, it is felt to the re.
motest extremities. It is a tremendous power,
that of increasing or diminishing the circulating
medium of the whole country. It is a deep
responsibility, and demands sound discretion
I anl much wisdom in its regulation. Unfortn
nately, there appears to be no unity of action,
no controlling principle, in the management of
this power. It is divided between ifty fivo
banks, each acting its own separate part, under
the influence of different opinions and diffei ent
interests. Banks .re public institutions; they
are founded for thle public good; and the duty
of consulting the good of the community in the
use of their great power. is as sacred as that of
providing for their own safety. There is appa
rently no individual of sufficient influence to
bring this heterogeneous mass to unity of ac
tion in a crisis like the present, as was Albert
Gallatin, whilst he lived."
DOTHE B.NKs LosE'TnElat CnAR'TERS- here
seems (says the.Riing &n) to be an impres
sion on' the minds of many, that the banks in
this State loreit their charters when they cease
to pay out Specie. This is not correct, as shown
by the following act, passed December, 1840, to
which the banks are subject. Second section of
which reads us follows:
" Everv bankwhich shall suspend the payment
of currenit coin for its notes. or which shall de
.elare a determination to suspend'or refuse pay
ineut of its notes, according to their legal obli
gation, in current coin, shall become liable to
pay to the State of South Carolina, at the expi
ratiou of every m'onth after .such suspension or
declaration, a'snim of money. at the rate of five
per cent, per annuni, upon the whole amount of
its notes, wlich shall have been is.sued in circu
lation at the commencement of the said month,
and shill continue to par at the saiie rae at the
-end of eyerv month. untilti th- said bank shall r'
voke.its de'claration, and shall lawfliv redhveim
its notes when demandr.l, accoriling to their
legal obligation.; the said sun of' money to be
recovredl by iction of debt in any court of coin
T-coil. or -N:wsm'm:s A\ Pi:aiomcs.
In the months of Jauiary and February rom
inig, it is supposed by a careful eiomputation that
the %"In of over ten Iillions of dlollrs will be
advanced by .,ubl.eCribers from all parts of'the
country, for the various literary inatzer issued
in this city alone, anil as pre-paymient is now
the rule, this enormous sm willponr into the
pOckets of that teiedy class of men. publishers,
inl a capital tite. If it ever was n'eled it will
be then. It..s e"pectedi tiat thero .wil..nothe,
uch falling off in the subscriptions to the va
riouis publications, in the aggregate. Some will
it a large accession. oter:s a mhninu io, but
on the1 Whole the des.ire C-rrew1. inattler i,
Mne that willinot beL chekedt-. al We nlev:1 nit
despair of' finding plenty of readers for every
thin- worth reading, and in fact iuch that. is
We are authorize.1 to state that the South
Carolina Rai 'iroad Company will receive, in pay
ment for freight an.d pas.age Iniey. tie i, te,
o all tihe hanlki of this State.: nd alo-i of the
curgia R.bilroid liuk. And also that the
Georgia Railroad Company will rteeive. for simn
ilar toIam-nt ts, he fnotes of the South-western
ibu.lroad 1:uank of tli Ch y.
The Bank of tie t.te, in addition ti) the
notes of all the city bank', receives on (idepo-it:
:and in payment of Itdu's, the niotes of the Baik
of' Ilambtu-g, and of the i-lhange Baitk of Cu
TImm: Merchants of Auguzst a receive all Lank
notes whicth wt.Ieeturrent preCvioius to their sus
pe.ioniii, att par value, ini paymen'ct of due. amtl
fr imer'chamtlise ; and we would advise out' reat
les in the countrzy again.-t any sacrifice of suchi
ntes, which thle prevailing inn-netar'y Ipann', orl
the repr'J1enitat ions of' initeret el partt uiesight
iucne thema to incuir.-Chroiele &: Sentinel.
"rThe Bamik of Newberry' has s.n-apemu.d. It
was compeill, in the miid.-t ot' the suspenions
occuig, to dlo this. Its depo.,its were okiced
in other su.,penidedl inistitut ions. Yet the bank.
"Note holders and dtepositors5 need not alpre
heol any' loss. mnless in their panie t hey choose
to sacrifice their securities. Th'fe innm-diate
liability on bills and de.,pi-it-, i- about five hun
ded amil fifty thousandl dollars. TChis is but a
small pr'opor'tion of thme assets of the bank. which
are unquestionlable. 1I.4 di.,eonnt line. its boind.,
its exchiange', its stock, &c., all of' whiicfh are re
alizale, in a limited period, are nearly double
' In addition to the amplitude ,of the asets
and the~ generalt soundnes-s oIf thle b,:mik, the.
.tockohlers, is e'a~e of' failurze. arue litble in a
sum otf twice their amounat of sto'ik. and ar'e
vorthi neery eent of live millions of d .ifars
Snur-e ian'tti- they are the bone and ---inew of
Tm.: ne'ws from India is gloomy, very. The
Englishx havei been obliged to, ci''irus:'ribe theoir
lin~s moore~:~ an mre. Hlavelock had retired a
second time from Luicknow. And at lasat advice's,
wh a force of' bitt nine hundred mcen. was ex
poed to attack fr'om foui~r points and no hopile
Iof relie'f for a fort night. Theli jutiiion wvbich
w prdicted'yetween the G waliors anud th'e Oudes
was etf'ected, and with even - mre disastrous r'e
sits than we atnticipatedi. for the c om~imniention
between Calcutta anid Lutckniow ennli ti loinge'r
lie co~idler'ed eni, except to ani armtyi.
The muiitinies are sprmeamdin::. amid emiitidence m i
the lovaltry of' the Boitnbay native troopls diimin
ishied 'dali whihe C'alcuitta is thought to be in
;erios daiger ot' an outt break.
Osr. of thte victims of the Sepoy ;mandirs in
In~iai wasi Mt's. F'arquhlarson, the ifeik of' Co
nel Farquhai'son, late of tlie 7th inisileers, am
teantiul buit eccentr'ic womnaii. One accoulit
says she wais burnt alive after the most fight'
fi atrocities were commoitte..d on her' pertson;i
but the Dltlsit Eventing Post says a priv'ate let
ter has been received- in thatt city', stmimig that
afe ufeig a ser'ies of' indescr'ibable barbairi
ties, she was p.laced alive betweetn two boards:
Iand cut through with a sawi.
Tiii:ta. E.aTrn oF AN' AMtERare Ltirv
M~oxr Bi..Ase.-A correspiondenit of the .3an
chiestr ( Entglanid) (Guardimn gives an accottit of
Ithe ascent ot' Moit lne by a lairge party, mneng
whom thtere were s;ever'al A mene.anis, one of' whomi
a vootng lady tinmed 'Trahtawny, shiliped ov'er at
ie preipice and fell hunidreds of feet into a hs
sure where shte must hiaie been dashed to ptieces.
Livig or dead, howvever, noi assistiiee could be
retndered her, and there her remains must he
nti h ast .'umn shall sound.
W:ART iENDING AFFAI.-At thislate.tiTe,'
ive stop the press to announce an occurrence;:
most painful in character ;our particular, are
from James Jefferys/ Esq, Magistratb, add Mfr.
Win. M. Kerr, the acting oflicer. Ini fit of. -
anger one John Fee, living on Bullochs Crebk -
in York District, a few days since, shot his*
mare, some cattle and hogs, and oil Sunday-,
(yesterday) he set fire to his dwelling, 'wiichi
was locked, and the key afterwards found on.
his person, in which his three motherlesschil
dren, aged from five to fourteen 'years, are sup-..
po-ied to have perished.
It seems a Peace Warrant had been isigetY
against-iim on complaint of a neighbor; that
when an officer went to arrest hin he was Zeen
to be fortilied (as it were) in one of his- bariii,
arined with a gun, and 'swearing to shoot any
who would approach him. There were sity or
seventy persons leaving the house when :Mr.
Kerr arrived, who he summoned to accompainy
hii to the barn, but the cry was, "he wiill
shoot somebody." So they refu'ed with the.
exception of John Hlartness and brother; when
they got to the barn stratagem had to be resert
ed io,-which was effectual in securing him.
The. prisoner stated that the children *wiere
at a certain house, which was knoivn'to be in
correct. iHe then said he had last 6ien thii
at - the Spring," but the presumption isthey
have perished in the flames.
The poor apology of "intemperance," we
learn, cannot be urged in this instance. Fee-i
said to be a morose manone not given to the
.ol and easy impulses of nature; an enemy to
the world, ne became so to his nearest :and..
dearest kindred. We forbear comment,-as.the
matter must undergo.judicial Investigatioi, but.
we regret, that in the same paper we have,,
boasted of an empty jail, we have to announce
a tragedy so thrilling in its detail. May Hoe
who watches even the sparrow's fall,- havesay- -
ei erhe little one4, is our prayer.-York District
We are glad to learn from the Yorkville En'
quirer, of a later date, that the five children
alluded to, have been found at an aunt', about
six miles from home.
SViZUarz OF THE DELAWARE RrEsER.ED L.NDU
u -rimE Wntrrs.-The following- letter of in
.tructions, addr..ssed to- the Acting -Conmnis
,ioner of Imtlian Afflairs by the Secretiry of e
literior. shows the deteriniation of thie Gor
ernmient to lirotect the Indianx in the .right.
which have been guarantied to them by treaty:.
...DEgTAtT.ENT OF THE INTEIOR~,;-.
October 14 .1857.'--.
Si :.-Y..nr report of the 10th inst., covering
let Iers from Suierintendent IHaverty and Agent
.obin.on. in .rehition.to iistruions upon the.
)elaware reverve in Kansas Territory, and Jug
-esting the propriety of obtaining the co-pera- .
tin of the United States troops noW i the
Terri.torv 1b utaect theremuoval of the intruders,
im, 1.deireceived and considered.
Tilere 4ca lie no.ddmhtt hat the Gvern'ent'
ail tieir rihts. Thte in:egrity of their territ~t
ry inu t, therefore. at all huazard.t preservel.
Yot will -cordingl' isine instructions to'tle
niyerintendent at St.Lnis, . and-to'the aigents,.
t' proeceed fori hwith to the removal of all in
t riler.4 upon indian reserve(in Kansas,;'in the
m111d4e pre.,eribed in the dircular letter'of in
rections issued from the Indian Office; Oct. 8
t ne War Depa-tmnent has been requested to
i-tne the nece-sary inis ' 'etions to the com.n
0mniding *I.Cers 41 tie t opc.)n Kansas, and it
k eqectedl that they will be prepareLd to co
..perate wii h the n-rents of the lidian Oflice by
the titue iue'r services' will becomene:-r.
Very re1eetfily, your obiediint servant,
Serretanr of t le Interior.
(has.E. Mix, F.4q.,..\ct'g Cn'rof idian Afirs. -
TmiF.]niv reSr MAtN Ar W~m ATE of.-A berine- t
simihi~r to the "-.Jack o-sn Gold Snuff Box" wra
once made in England by a gentlemuan, who le~t
a swordl, to lie given to thme " bravest mian alt
Waeroo." It was referred to the Duke of
Wellington to decide to whom the sword should
ie given. Thel Duhke would not say who was
the !r'c.c where a;!! were Ibrri e, but said that
ihe mien whio-were the most severely tried on
that nmemtorale daym weire th~ose who defendedl
II he p.o -of the' chateau Ulougoumnlt. anid
tt inquiry shi ould be made re.arding th'ee
who fought at that point. This was do:.e. ci d
he award'u was fially nade to a liriti.,h .ergeart,
who, at a critical moment, when the F'renchi h: d.
inexecte'dly formced open the gr~te of the chr;
teu and were. 'abomut to enter, rumshed forwuard,
au-t.l. h' the exermtioin of great personmal strength -i
and determninaotion, succeeded alone ini shmuttu g
iue g.ate it, no~ finwe oh' th~e Fienich trmo:,i, niiet
ha:in~img it till his conirades camie to his avis
tac.-e Yorujk Acxc.
Poiisoxorsa WmnK .-The Lebanon (Ohilo) -
.ua r.-eords the de':; h ofm foir men fromi dritik
imt wism'ke Vwith str'1<:hine in it. We :-UpposeJ
tin only' i:iine;,s the suden deaths fr'om ginmk
ig whisk':, in that plaice. Friomi the' quentityV
)f strichine th:1 is ned: in the :imnuretare eI;
wi'm.4ir, we. dloLubt not that thmusnimds die in thia
c.:i ry a~nntually froum thie effeun~s of' poison take n
ino) their: I .'tem~s by~ drii:g th~'isI nexiOs 11
qur.T 'sich a. c:,:tenot i4 this deadly poim~on
medl in the mnanufacture of whiskey, it is said
thai it kills uil the tikb in the streams below the
dhistieries, ini s..me itamnces the mill-races are
iig litera!!y choked with them.
A Rr'S-rC's RJ:ronT.--Dring the lad~ cnr
trone of the bridg?es at Pauris, the Pint an
C ime wa-.s called bcecause it was cover'ed
with hiiou.' in wh iich lhe "money cliumper.."
S.dgedl. I;e day, mm rutic who wats strolling
Jvr tl-c bd.e an a o guoods in the ::ao
Stopill'i ait t'ti of the broker's counters, nid
a-ked 1!:e PropieRtori wit h a stupid muai wat lIe -
.:i0tm. Thie can of' money, thinking to qiz his
rural inqutirti r.ephed, 4.\.s.-e. bc-ads." " 'Etad ~
replied the p~eat~ti, " then you nmust do a greact
hu-ines, t'r you've got only onle it in the
Whenc all the whit.' peoplei of thme United,
tes reduice their expenises ne' .shliig a day
it makes a diifferenee of' eighteen miillions ofi LAl
mus a week, and of over' fifty' millions everyv
A lade'i w.dkingr a few'u days since on one of tihe
.nharv''e'. of Niw 'iork, a:-ki'a t .sailor whom she
met, why. a 'hi1 wa.;s called "' hem." The: sad of
N..:ii'e replieid. it wa-; " bectause the rigging~
coUd mocre than thei huidh"
Satn Exue:amx.--The Charlotesville 44d
'oate says of the tunnel through the Blue.
- It nowt tur'ns omit by' actual .experiment.thuat'
the Blue Ridge Tunnel~ is too smrall to admit :ho
pamssage of a single ear, mn~meh less a full train I -
IAnd it is vatrioumsly estimated byknowins. ones
that it will take tiom at least three to, probably
eigliten months before the defect .can abe a'eme-.
I From the Charleston News.
The uncertainty and extraordinaryvacillations
of the price of exchange in New York would
indicate either the inability of that market to
forward the crops by the purchase of the ex
change drawn on them, or a continuation of
panic and distrust of European steadiness, proba
bly both. Reuluced as is the rate b exchange
in the United States, to thr great loss of the
producer, still everywhere there is the evidence
that it is sold and that produce is going forward.
The work of releif then goes on, however at
present limited and gradual. Any progress
whatever must receive iecelerati-)n from the in
creased means and confidence which it prodces.
It must however take iontlis to achieve any
posiLive results, and the American people nist
consent to move slowly. A great shock has
been given both to monetary and connereil
relations. Great apprehension of the danger of
expansion after a revulsion, produced by ton
traedon. and ending in u;iversal distrust, tLe
doubt of safety in commercial operations, the
swrtilice of immense anioiuits of merchandize,
the lioarding of specie, the fall of produce and
the precarious condition of monetary aflairs in
Europe, cannot be overcome or disentangled in
any summary mode. On the other hand, the
re-toration of confidence, the chief elcment if relief,
would go far, aided by the amount of specie in
Americ1, equal to what it usually has, to facili
tate the operations tending to relief. This de
eired confidence could not exhibit itself in more
available and effective forms, than by a re-de
posit in the Banks of the specie drawn from
them, and the unhesitating purcha-, at thir
rates, of produce bills. Both may safely be
trusted; both would be decisive in securing rp
lief; and both the best basis of a desirable bank
We are not of those who, on the one hand,
apprehended an almos.t universal ruin, or of
those who, on the other, anticipate- a prompt re
turn of easy and bright times. We believe tnat
the United States can and will do much to bring
their crops into the market of the world at fair
prices, and that Europe can lend prompt and
steadlv aid in consummating this end.
I'The importers of New York are no doubt hard
pre.sed to obtain the means tonake their neces
sary remittance to Europe, and to obtain the
goldt whereby to take g.,ods out of bond, of
which a large qantity mist be locked up in tLc
Govermnient warehoues. Hence the low price
o1 exchanige, if which they are the principal
buyers. The legal diliculties which embarrass
the New York U.mks, and the hesitation they
!m-;it feel in laz:irdin- any operations, must also
iheck their enlerin-g the excharge muarket. ULn
I il Enropean capitalists, therefore, enter thepra
duce and exelhage market, w hich now furihes
an unbIomimled flicd of sure proit to them, bit
little steadiness may be expected.
Tie eibarramiiient of exchange is a practical
illustration of how desirah'e it is that the coni
mercial and fIinancial relations of the South with
-urope shoubl be direct, and released frinm de
pendency oa Northern
- MoN-Y AN D ARiDIA-r.-A New .. let
ter writer savs it is a significant fact that the
it of narri:iges in the city iournals since the
coneIII1emiit of thC revui.'on has grownl
.mL by degrees and beauifuIly les." 'That
.e t immes mia:. :."on mieinl is the anxious iope
of ever~yli. iJ eidinig uice young IIen1 wit!
.u:all incimes. and old loi.s vith ImrriageahIle
.\~ irri.:nIs Lm:.-One of the peenhiari
ties (i" printers ik that thlev .ehom live lo::
enoiuh for Luick to cateh themi. To set a prm1
tir*' inl yea,-., Is a1 rare thing, bea' theyv
I :eemn to be''particuilarly Ifintler the inthien' c u.
I t ,vin whiclh says whom the gods love:
I,ael there was :1 yvi F lh printer.
!maino- I ieney 1iiived, engaged on the SavaLnnah
;,,'or..;,m. and ve.,terdav he sailed fronix dis
pot 'ior Liverpool oin the'ship " Georugia, hav
i dthe welcome nw that lie wias
Iher to an estate ot .,ixty lthona'md pounds sterI
mbritst thbree imdredl thou.-and dollars; a
euu nmn ito lie desrei-d in "liardl times !
F-'ovd is cab-nlatedl to make a sensation with
hmi-trtune, so in anticipatioan of " thle good timei
coig edidl certainly "cut. hi~ick."' les
teda bi~le sailed down the hay with a chiam
paigne bottle in one haud and a ling in the other,
upon hich ltIiwa writen : "If~urrahtt fo; lihe Pres
w hch gives pouil pro iof it s wo rk and adds te.
te columns of Libjerty !"---Savannahm Ueorgni.
'Tm;: less a lman knows the mnore easily he i
ickleid. A thread-barue joke, utteredi biy
eomai rate clown, vwill keep a benc~h of bioca
heads in laughter for a week.
Imi Pic I: roa NM:aerms!.-he Memnphi,
Hu/in of the 4th in.-., record., t he followin-.w:
"At a s:ale of thle piopierty of Wm ] lohmui.
dhecasedl, of Overton county, on tie 21st ulti
mio, twelve negror-.. wvere ioldl for twawelve thou
saind ehiht imuhed cal tl seventyvenCti dolars
averginig -91,078 08 1-8 each. Five of them
were under seveni yer of ag:e."
The money panic at the No'rth adoe.' not seem
a. be subsiding ini tihe least. Ini lk,;toni 1here
doe. n.ot appear to be much exei tement, but at
;be same time nimney nmaetters arc ree.sented
as l-.s favorle. Baink stioel.s couti'ied to
fail. with more .ellerr, lhan buyers.
A letter ree'ved in Boston byv the Niagara,
from Liv-erpool, dated the 28th uIt., " report.
uianey matters a.s generally growing tighter
throughout England, while the demiad was on
the inicrea-e. AL 31anchester thme late buoyan
cy had yielded to a depres.,ion, and . on Lot'
goods and yarns a decline hiad been subuntied
SOr-rit CAa nuMN..---The Fenerail re-caartir
law of 185:2. is well known to aill our readers
ieiatily intereted.il anid we neid only ire
print t he 4thI sect ion:.u
SThat inl caLe of the faiilure of 5aid bank, ar~ch
stck hioler, co-p~artniersahip, or bodly politic,
having a share or .shaires in such bank at the
timi oh.,nehd failure, 'r who shall have beeni ini.
ter-ted therein Lit :ny tine within twelve
~oths previous to smeh iliure, shiaBll e liabzle
an held bieunid individually tier any slm not
exceeding twice the aimount aof his or t heir.,hare
o: shares."---- ('her|slun Ce rie'r.
h. morm: -tm: Stox.--It is an inlvariable
ci toni in lIo.,ton for a luau of buisine.s n-hii
fi! to remlove his .sin from his door. Manyv
years. ago, one Mose. P'oor faiiledl in Boston. andii
ahid not~ comp;ly wvith th e u-ual cuenstm of re
mnovng hi. nauimc. During ti enight the bys
Itoo downi his .sign, sawed it in two. aral re
lac it. but wvithm the tnames reverse'], so that
it red Poor Mo-es.
CAtlo.-WXe woudl caution all whot buy
Pain Killer to be careful anda call for Perry
*Davis, Megitable Pin Killer, and to ta:ke non~e
ot uit upl int square bottles. with Peiry Davis
& Son's due bill paited on one side of the side of
the bottle. All othecrs arc spurious.
.I na Go euns and tho doctor takes the fee.