Newspaper Page Text
to 1t Sout4 a Snutfern R jts, d, Citfrfture, Io litt, 11=tAn5e,
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Li 0,es and it it muust fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
SIKI[NS, ]DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., VEMBER 4, 857. -O "--"*- -
H L, CUNNINGHAM &100.,
GROCERS AND PROVISION MERCHANTS,
AND DEALERS IN
FOREIGN WINES &, LIQUORS,
HAMBURG, S. 0.
E take this opportunity of returning thanks I
to our patrons and friends for the very liberal
eneouragement and favors we have received for sev
eral years past. and respectfully solicit a continuance
of the same. Our highest aims, and besl endeav
or will be to merit and deserve the patronage of
our old customers, friends and the public generally,
by conducting our business as we have done hereto
fore, and increasing our reputation for
Low Prices and Fair Dealing,
And making it to the decided advantage of all who
favor as with their trade.
The increased patronage we have received and
are continually receiving has induced us to BUY A
LARGE and WELL ASSORTED Stock of Goods,
in order to meet the growing demands and increase
The Superior Quality
Of all Goods offered to the Publie at this establish- I
ment. is so well known that veryt little need be said
upon this subject. But with the unity of LOW
* PRICES, and the VERY BEST QUALITY OF
GOPDS, is the system of business the subscribers
are determined to carry out. This will be made up
plicable to every branch of their business.
Our Goods in all intances will be what they are
represented to be-and when sold by sample, shall
always be in conformity with the sample
We are constantly receiving and have in Store a
COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of
LOAF, CRUSHED, CLARIFIED, ST. CROIX
AND O'RLEANS SUGARS,
ORLEANS SYRUP & CUBA MOLASSES.
TENNESSEE AND BALTIMORE BACON,
LARD, SODA, STARCH, h
SOAP, CAN DLES.
WHITE WINE AND APPLE VINEGARS, &c.
A large assortment of ai
WINES AND LIQUORS, ti
Consisting of Pipes, Half Pipes and Quarter Casks of e
Of the roilowing celebrated Brands and Vintages,
Otard, Dupy & Co.. 1839, 1844, 1847. W
Alex. Signett, 1852, 1855.
Martel & Co., 1847.
Azirat Signett, . 1849. q
J. J. Dupy, 1848.
P. Signett,. 1850. A
OLD BORDEAUX AND CAMPAGNE a
MADEIRA, PORT AND SHERRY WINES, w
JAM IC-AN S.4c:LIX NDM
Domestic biqu ?o f seiliu bi
Tua ARRANGEXENyS of our Store are such as to ti
nake this Establishment, in fact the substitute f the tu
cellar of every consumer. A
HOTELS and persons wanting small asorted a,
lots of Choice Wines and Liquors for speeial ocea
sions, can be supplied at the shortest nriiee.
COUNTRY TRADE supplied at the wholesale
FAMILIES can command the best Table Wines
at very low prices, as also the cietaest sorts of ti
Wines an Liquors for culinary purposes.
PHYSICIANS requiring fine Liquors for medi.. CI
cal purposes are particularly solicited to call and ex- ai
amine our Stock. Ii
We keep ennstantly on hand a Ii
Of Sadales, Brid!es, Martingales. Whips, Saddle ot
Blankets, Bed Blankets, several Cases of fine U1
. Sewed and Pegged. Boots and Shoes, La- IX
dies, Miisses and Children's Shoes,
Waterproof Hunting and Diteh-T
er's Boots, Boys and Men's V
Brogans from No I to 15, b:
Fur, Wool and Sik 11ats, qi
Cloth, Plush and Faticy Caps,w
Osnaburgs, Sheetings, Shit tings, stripes. h:
Georgia Plains, Gunny and Dundee Bagging, el
.Bale Rope, Twine, &ec, &e-. ti
'We solicit CASH ORI)ERS fr,\rn parties not1
visiting our Town, and will endeavoa\ in all instan- d
ces to satisfy in every particular, all who confide t
Pherodesvisiting this Market are earnestly soliei-I
ted to give us a callI before they make their purcha
sem. We are determined to make it to their advan-I
tage by selling them their supplies LOWER than
they can but them elsewhere. .Ia
.3 gyWe will give the snarket price for Cotton, I m
and every other kind of produce off'ered. t
* hENRY SOLOMON. e
U. L. & G. C. CUNNINGH AM.
Hamiurg, Sept. 3tJ 1857 6im 38 n
O'CORN SHELLERS,. it
Self-Sharpenling -Straw Cutters!
SPENN, Anent, has just reeived and offers
.1i for sale a supply of the mnost approved arti
cle of CORtN SIJl ELLERS. Also, a large StockI
of those celebrated Self-Sharpening S T IR A W d
O UT T.E R S. 'The farmers will please send in- t~
their orders. 34
.Sept 2 tf 3
NTOn CE is hereby iiiveni that ap.plication .will ]
I be made at the next Session of the Legisla. tl
tnure, to vest one half of the eschea~tted estate or
Charles MceGregor, late ofV Edgefield District, in
thme Trustees of the Edgelield Alale Acadermy.3 "
Sept. 30 __ m "'__
9th R KGlM liNT. S. C. M. ? I
Tecxea's POND, Oct. 12, 1857. 5 e
TN Pursuance of an order receivnd fiunm Gen.r
..W. C. Mtoaax&s, an e-ectisn will be hield at tine
Company Muster Groun~dsouf thme Upper Battalion. s
on the 27th November, fo.r MA JORI of amid Bat. r
talion. By order of J. W. TOM P'KINS, Col. e
Oct 14 7t 40 a
'S hereby given ghat Mrs. EMILY CARROLL, t
I.wife of Enwann 0. Cannfons residti mn 1Ham- ~
burg, but late of Graniteville, Edgefiekd.District., ~
intenmds to become a sole trader in one month fronm
this (late. EMILY CA RROLL.
Witness, BsJAxts BhArna.
Hamburg, ct. 6ith 1857 4t :19.
fS hcreby given that CAT HERINE II. GIR EENE,
Sthe wife of Cormacs A. GRaF.YF of Edge
steld District, residing near Hambutrg, in sail' Dis
1iet, Intends to become a soce trader witbim one]
month from this datAiE. RN . REE
Witness, BmuAis l1ata. ,,
Hamburg, Oct. 7th 1'.57
ALL Persons indebted to the Estate of Janmes
f S. Shadrack, dee'd., are earinesily reqgested
to ionke immediate payment. and those hatvmn de
nands aains- the said Estate will render them in
prperly attested. H. UBIJRNETIT, Ad'ors
pro T. M. FISHER.
uMarn . tf 9
rID FmD xE A GRAVE.
BY LIET. THOMAS WILSON, r. S. A.
'll make me a bonie, says the sailorlad.
In the ship, as she rides the wave;
'11 laugh when the ocean's raving mad,
I'll smile when the tempests rave.
,et the winds rave on, let the black skies frown,
For what care I how it bel
rhen the vessel's a wreck I'll go down, down,
And find me a grave in the ;ea.
11 make me a h'me, says the soldier brave,
Amid battle and gory fight;
hen the eagles in triumph above me wave,
I*will shout with a mad delight.
could die so well on the battle field,
My shroud of the star-flag's fold;
it the spot where the trumpets of victory peal'd,
I'd find me a grave with the bold.
wish not a home 'mid the battle's tide,
Nor alife on the briny sea,
ut I'll settie me down at fireside,
With her who is all to me.
wish not a death in the battle's strife,
Nor a tomb in the ocean's foam,
ut I'd find, when my heart beat its last in life,
A grave near my boyhood's home.
From the Marion A merican.
TIE PALMETTOES IN MEXICO.
BY O.Xr OF THE Two HUNDRED.
NEW SERIES-NO. V.
My last chapter left us at Montgomery. Five
andred men werd crowded on the steamboat
Tilliam Bradstreet, and kept two days without
iything to eat, and in quarters fit only for a
Illev slave. The weather was intently cold
id fbitter, and half starved and almost frozen,
ie men coudtl he seen crowding round the b6il
- of the boat, to preserve life in their stiffening
xies. It was a sad and pitiful sight to look
pLon them. Boys who bad been reared in luxu
r and splendor-who bad never done a day's
ork in -their lives, and had never suffered a
rdship, were suddenly reduced to gnawing
inger, to the bitterest blasts of winter, and to
iarters hideously loathsome to refined feeling.
part of these hardships were unavoidably, and
part of them were the result of wilful neglect
id carelessness. -The government which had
-actised a fraud upon us in the terms of service
iposed, aggravated the injury by a gross and
ilful neglect. Sonic hardships were unavoida
e. The inclement season of the year, the bad
ss ofthe roads, the long and hurrie arch,
h' ieeof them-and. eers,
-o.ught - ships that weie rididbie.Y -2@
ere was no necessity for starving and crowding
on the Alabama river. Three steamboats in
end of one would have prevented crowding
id starving. When the government asks the
rvice of brntes, and pays them so much per
onth, to be treate-1 as brutes, it is very well,
it when the government asks gentlemen to
;t its batges, it onght to treat them as gen
It was too much for men of spirit to bear
rses both loud and deep were freely uttered,
ad there was bold and open inutiny. Forty or
'ty men, mostly of the Barnwell company I be
eve, fixed bayonets, and went ashore. They
ere ordered to be put under arrest, but the
hers sympathized with them, and refused to
)eV the'order. The nitineer.; carried their
>iit, and the matter was hushed up.
One bright morning we arrived at Mobile.
be 1st Battallion had been there a few days.
r were quartered in a large warehouse on the
y in the western suburb of the city. Our
iarters here were very comfortable, and we
ere, for the first time, decently fed. The
rdships welhad suffered began to develop their
lcts upon us. The hospital was full of pa
ents, prostrated by pneumonias, and diarrheas.
his last disease is common to all armies. Sud
m changes of clima.e and of diet are certain
Sproduce it. Among volunteers the liability
Sdisease was much greater than to seasoned
ddiers. Their change -of habits and mode of
re was sudden and great-their transition from
>nfortable and luxurious homes to privation,
bor, and hardship was too abrupt. In this
arch, duing the first month of their service,
ae germs of diseas~e were sown, which soon
ilminated into :an abundant harvest of death.
I write this narrative without the aid of any
tes or memoranda. It is wvritten purely from
emory, but a memory singularly vivid and re
ntive. The dates wvhich I give may be inaccu
Lte by a few days, but I think the inaccuracies
ill be trifling..
It was between the 15th and 20th of January,
preume, when we reached Mobile. We were
stained there about ten days waiting for ships
transport us. During that time we were
rilled severely every day.
During our stay in Mobdle some generous gen
emen of that city gave us a barbecue. T wo of
cm I remember distinctly,-Jamues L. Day or
eas, and A. B. Meek. Meek wvas the orator of
je Mobilians, and it was his assigned part, to
ake the address to us. Meek was then in his
rme, young, ardent, winningly handsonme, and
iovingly eloquent. IIis 'address was a gem of
" Like oirient pearis at randiom strung."
a a musical fiar of language, warm, spontane
us, impetuous and grand, he spoke of the histo
y and people of South' Carolina, their nmames of
T7, "rich in historic legacies,"-namnes which
till lived in immaortal history, and in their living
epre:etaives, among the P'.dmettoes. i~e
osed in a burst of gorgeous beauty, dazzling
a shower of falling stars. A decado of' years,
iarked with blistering imenmories, and wihl,
trange events have passed over me since then,
ut I remember Meek, hi- eye, hi~s face, his words,
s vividly as if all had occurred only an hour
go. Meek closed with olfering the followving
ast, or ' sentimenit:"
"The Pahnietto Regiment-may it soon sit
own to a nobler feast than it has partakena to
lay, prepared by the hands of' its own Bler in
he halls of the Montezumnas."
ol. Butler rose to reply. but his big heart
r~s too full.
" Whean the hecart feels most, the lips move nt.'
utler was ordinarily a prompt and fluent speak.
-r, but on this occasiona he could not speak.
iter a fe~w words, tuarninag to Meek, he saidh. "1
hank yo.u-fromn the bot tomt of may heart I thankl
-"-his bosoma heaved, and a gush of tears wasu
ais only responul~e. My eyes were not dry. HIad
ever doubitedl the courage, or huaity, or
;reatess of Butler, the doubt woald have been
lispelled forever. What a spectacle ! To see
utler on a grand, pu'blic occasion, weeping like
child-a man who had "sounded all the depthe
nd shoals of hoo,- soldier, and a hero,
ogntle, so mpnathetic, and so childlike, that
in the presence of a thousand men, who were I
be fashioned and formed after his character, an
in the presence of distinguished strangers, 1
wept in the simplicity of infancy. What- w.
the train of sad reflections in his own min<
which so softened and over-powered him I kno,
not, but his bowed head and his gushing tears
saw, and until the waters of the oblivious Lett
shall drown all human memories, I shall nevc
forget that scene.
Several post-prandial speeches were mad<
one of which was made by a fat son of John (
Calhoun, who was then a planter in Mareng
A NOBLE WOMAN.
The New York correspondent of the Bosto:
Journal writes the following:
"One of the citizens of New York, a gallani
whole-hearted and noble fellow-who is bette
known in the country than any other man whi
lives in New York-whose house has been th,
home of all great men of the land-and wh,
has the same great gift that God gave Solomor
"largeness of heart?"-he, to the su prise of ever;
body, failed. All persons sipposed the bous
was immensely rich and was daily coining mo
ney. It was said that the failure was occa
sioned by the outside speculation of a partner
All that this gentleman had, and all lie hai
earned, was at once given up to creditors, ani
he began life again, as he began it. thirty year
ago, with the same spirit and energy, with th,
same cheerfulness and the same liberality. Ii:
affairs were as far as possible then kept fron
his wife. She is a women that had her birtl
and education under the ulwelcome sky of Nov
'England. But her mental and moral trainint
were had under those influences that hav
raised up so many men and women of mark am
talent in our land. Hearing nothing from hei
husband about his matters, this lady visited bel
imsband's lawyer, and heard from him the ful
measure of the evil that fallen on his future
H1er resolution was at once taken. She knem
that her husband valued his honour more thaT
all the wealth of the world, and that he fel
that that honour seemed to rest under a cloud
She had at the East a large and valuable prop
erty, which was e:elusively her own. Shi
oidered the papers to be drawn at orce, placin;
all the p~operty in the hand.s of her husband'sered
itors, resolving to partake of all the con.wquence!
of the loss of the property. She then sough1
out her husband, told him what she had ldone
and with a smiling face bid him look cheerfuill
to the glowing future before them.
Noble woman! worthy of the best ilays o
Roman fortitude, worthy to be ranked amone
those noble woman described in the word o
God, whom the children 'rise up and caller
blessed,' whose ' husband sitteth among the c.
ders at the gate of the city,' of whom her hus
band says, 'Many daughters havne done virtu
oudly, but thou excellest them all.:"
THE HALF HOUSEKEEPER.
She was only a half housekeeper. Go wherc
you would about her home there was neither
taste nor neatness. She would .begin.with great
through. Of her huSband's ialf-a-iozen r.ett
shirts all were partially linished-one wantet
sleeves, another a coll.r and waist-bands, anothei
another a hosom unud gaii:set, and so on througli
the whole list. Several skeletons of qtilts lav
unfolded in her drawers, and her tables and
trunks were loaded with inagnificent promises
11er bread was alays uinqplatable, becautm
she forgot this or that-an though she had
beenl married ten years, in all that time the tahik
was never rightly laid f1ir a meal. Either Iic
.alt was wanting, a knife or spoon. or somWe im
nortant ingredient. This afforided exercise fhi
the family, aid there was at all times a contin
ual rinning to and fro.
She wt..; a half lousiekeper. Her ment
were never cared for after dinnier, and when it
was, "la! throw it away, it ain't much." Much
or little, it makes the butcher's bill enormous,
and her hubaind half distracted. T1her~e ahwvy
stood in her musty smelling paty mouldy
milk andl mnouldly bread. There always lay
about her room a dozen garmnlts worn out by
trampling rathler than use. She was forever
wondering why on earth work caune so very
hard to her.
He11r children's clothes came to pieces the first
day, because they were only half made, and her
temper soured quicker than any thing else. She
was continually lamenting that she ever married,
aind wondered where some folks got their house
work. ' Oh ! dear me" ? eemned to be the whole
of her vocabulary, and it would make one sad
to watch her listless movements, and hlear her
declare that no woman worked as hard as she,
which was pretty true, for she had no method.
She dragged through life, and worried through
death, for which, I fear, like every thing else,
she was only half prepared, and lef t six daughitern
to follow her example, and curse the world with
six half housekeepers.-New Yosrk Orgazn.
WO~MA xx -rm: HI:ixc S-r~rms.-A lette
from an esteemed lady corre.,pondent, in one o.
the so-called free States, but inure truly namned
ireling States, ini the Far West. gives the fol
lowing graxphxic portraiture of female white sla
very, in that region of theoretical freedom
where, so far at least, as woman is concerned, it
is thme custom to "keep tihe piromise to the carl
and break it to the l-:pe."
"Although we have not "thme lieculiar insti
tution" in thecse 'fivc States,' necessity imposes
a terrible servitude on poor tree born woman
and nothing is more coimnoa than the total
transfer of all domestic labor to the mnistress o
the family, (falsely so called here.) by th<
'hired girl,' at any mnoment it may suit her con
venience, or pleasure. This has been moy owi
case, with little intermission, ever since 'm)
jewei' felt her impo'tance and fiounced away ix
June last. What would mmy Southern friend:
think to come on ine suddenly, and see me act.
ing couk. chamber maid, dinner waiter, in:
word, 'maid of all work 'P llut such indeed i,
the fact and ' too true to be a joke.' Such ari
' the comforts' that women themselves arxe yin
dicating in their opposition to the black man'
slavery, tunnindful of their own vadayje to thei:
so-.-yled 'free iabtituti'us.' I sometimes believi
that, if only the African famnde were in bon
dage, all thought of uiversal emancipation, (s
far as woman is the ribj~ect,) would die a natura
deth. Certain it is that tho Abolitionists them
selves impi~ose more heary irork on their ow:
wives, than slaveholders do on their slaves, ex
pecting their ' bet ter halves' with all the care
ol wife, mxother and nurse, to do the whole wvorl
of tLe ianse, yard and grdens besides-in a wvord
as much as six of your dlarkies will do, or ar
even required to do."- C/iesion Courier.
A Qu exem~n ron Vm~svws.-Among a pam
tvy ot Amecricans' traveling in Europe one
Ynnkee-who, unwilling to admit of any supc
riority ini Europe over his own country, woul
always tell ot somiethiing to " imatch" whateve
he was taken to see. Inx Ituly they ascendie
\Cellrius when tha:t vol::anol was muhii distr.
ed, andI he remnarked:
IWell, it is conmsiderable of a firti but w
ha]'ve a water privilege in America, (meanin
Niagara.) that, I guess, would sqnirt it outi
aboaut five minutes.
You wiked blud sucker, why t
e You urn your liven sum wa e
r Liten down )n peeple and. n yure
Long bil to git blud,)itin on
Foakses noses, and when tha mad an
Begin to slap, leave ? Have got no feelinks 1
Grate seezer! how yude git if you was
As large as sum tu legged bl kers as is
Round here, wot warcs kloat 'hi duant you
Lite doun sli, as tha do, and'- e cm foar
Tha no it, without hollerin- a Whyle ?
Yur a kanibal! you do a bi:'A es on a
- Smawl skail; you suck more d owt of a
Feller than a elefant can, an y re smeller
Aint half as long. You waikl p foakes
When tha ar slepin, an tha SW4
Vengens. low du you iurk to keep
Yure bill so sharp, withot ~ din1 Whi
Doant you pek wurns owt oicas
And etc insex,,you long leged uss 1
What town is it you syng so much,
Going rownd with yuro fethirslott oph,
Seakin whoom you ma devor-! You
Seam too be a kontentid burdafrom yure
Syngin, and'syng loudist whet yure
i lungryist. I should think ylid want oi
Butes or panty letts too keep 'ure lon
Legs from beainz kold thys ilather.
Inseck, yur uselisl yu kan ha, but
Yure some on suckiin, kaus yg nevir
C it wcaned . Inseck, a devr.s
Talking of siining and stiriight puts me in
mind of something I observed one shiney iilit
There wa's a man, who, when the stars were
all uit above, and the iunicipal stars were
comphi isant below, nssd to~rig ip a telescope
ni "'ttil. ronomy" at six-pence a squilt.
;ne night as, he was getting under w::y I
saw two lrish "jintlemen"' laking an
tion of his movements. Both were pollcc.Ven.
" Jiitty, ye divil," said onea. . what in thle
word is yon fellow afther. ivid his curious in
"Whist. ye spalpane," .hipered the other,
"sure an' can't ye sz. tha. it': an air gun can
non that he's got. It's aftier shootin the stars,
" I adn't we bettlier le ettin out of his way,
thin?" inquired his friend.
Sure an it's not us. . idn't ye never hear
of shootin stars, ye bast?"
B-,- this time the telescOpe man had arranged
his ~instrumrent, and squ4ted thro' it at the
stars. The policenen gag.ed up likewise, in
wonder. Just then, by a odd dhance, a large
meteor shot down the sk
it down" ex
it's the greatest shootin I ever saw in all my
1ut a senic of dnty vomnirg upon one of
thyim,, he 1rmlel01- acco:tcd te imain of Science
" Ye'l jislzt top that now. Mi,ter, if ye piaze ;
the ridiht'.. dark eno1:;h now, al p1nty ; if e I
go Mn :.hoOtiin tars at that rate. zorra the marll
find his way abouit the stimte, ure
At. this civil hint 1rum tC gtardian of the
p ic s.afet.y. the tClscopeV 10man packed ipl his
maeiI ini tale :1dvmoe1
A ('oon Exrst:.-ThIere is a society in ex
iAtence, which, like no. other assneiations of
I the kind, has a standing rale that al', imeubrs
wlo conie late, or absent themselve, shall be
fineld a certain sum, unless they are able to give
a suifficient excu-e for tardiness or- ab,-ence In
one occasioni a miemberC camle in ater houir, anxd
the chanirmia asked his excnse for being late.
" Really, sir, 1 was not abl~e to get here he
fore. Domestic tronle.--perplexities of niind
-[ cannot say which will die first, toy wife or
"Ah !" sauid the chairman, expre:~ng much
cominiiscraitionl for the faither and husband,. " I
was not aware of that. Remit the line, Mr.
~Secretary ; the excu.se is a good one."
The menmber consequently took his seat. The
next morning another muember~ met hinm and
with feeling asked him how his wife and daugh
ter were !
"In excellent health," replied he.
" How? I thought you said1 you did not
know which cone would die first ?
"I did ; and amt still in a quandary, time
however will decide the qiuestiotn."
SOMsE years ago, Spurr kept a stable. $purr
hadl his pculiaritie<, onte of whichi was this: lie
never let a h~orse go out of the .stable without
requesting the lessee not to drive fas-t. One
day there camne to Spurr's stable a young moan
to get a horse and carriage to attend a tieral.
C ertainly," ..,id Spurir, " but," he addled, foar
get tig the solennt purpose fer which the young
man wanted the horse, "dlon't drivo fast !"
"Why, just look a here, old fellow," exclaimed
the somewhat excited yon man, "[I want
you to understandt that I shall keep up witht
the procession, if it kills the horsec !' Spurr ini
stantly retired to a horse stall, and swooned
amongst the straw.
AxenoF..-The Greenville Patriot tells the
A gentleman nmet an old friend, who had
moved West inuny years ago, and returned
aftr anm absece of ten or~ fil teen years to see
his oldl acquaintances and neighbors in South
Ca rolina. ie caime back much changed in ap
peranuice, and4 especially about the faice, which
had a shiarpnc-s or thin look, approaching the
ridiculouts. The gentlentan said to hin after
the ordinary salutations hail passed: " You
have been li'ving in a rich nieighbo'rhood in the
West ?" " Yes," saidl the old friend, ''lbut how
did you know that ?" "Th le Scriptures say,"
replied the gentleman, "that the rich will grind
the faces of the pboor, and your facte looks as if
it had been grounmd pretty severely." The joke
was too good for the old iman to get vexed hut
it was too true for himt to relish it mucn.
"lPnmawv!-but it's hot !" said Brown, pan
tingly, as lie met Jonies, a fat neighbor, who
revels in heat like a salamander, and is always
jollist in thre dog days. ]hut Urown is another
sort of man, and hates wvarm'weather as cats
hate hio', soap, oir Satan holy water. "Ign't it
dreadful ?" said Brown. " Why, I have gone
. through all the processes known to moidern
1 cookerv, withiin thc last three hours; _i-ve been
- steamed, pairboiledl, boiled, stewed baked, fried
I and reasted ! Th~m't it. dreadfula ?"
r Net at. all," :-aidl~ donec--'. I hke it. TVhere's
no weather too hot ihr me, tha I eve funntd or
-for a n~a of your c!'r.rcter and1 prv'b.h ble e
ertinaion,. it's extremely lucky I"...-ad Birown,
having inade this remnark, wiped his brow and
eired in dimgust.
GEN. Sco-rT AND TirE RISnaAa.-Qite
laughable incident occurred on the cars as I w
coming from New York to Sing Sing, in whi
Gen. Scott figured, whether to his advantage
not, may be determined by you from what is
follow. The General wasoccnpying aseat to Lit
self and as the crrs were con-iilerably crowde
he had been asked several times by the condu
tor and by passengers who were on the looko1
for seats, whether the other part of his seat w
taken. To all their inquiries lie had replied
the aflirinative, when, at last, a dirty lookir
Irishman came along and put the same questio
This was rather more than the General had ti
patience to bear-so lie answered very sharpl
" Yes, sir, every bit of it." Whereupon Pat
dander riz in such a pitch that lie turned to at
abused the General roundly, and having final]
worked himself up to a boiling rage, he stu
his profile into that of the General and calk
him a d--d old snapping turtli. !- As I was si
ting ju-t across the aiile fromi them, I began i
fear I was destined to have a lead Irishman c
top of me, and was getting ready to keel) hi
ofr; but the General did not condescend to nt
tice him further, and Pat, having vented hi
anger, left the car. As lie was going out son
one told him who it was lie had been abusing
but instead of showing any signs of cqntritioi
he said "lie didn't care who the divil it was; Ii
had as good a right to his seat as any man."
G R AI.fn.-" Jimi, did you ever study gran
" What case is 'Squire X-?"
" Ie's ai objective case."
" Ho' so.w
"Because he objected to paying subscriptio
lie has been owing for five years or more."
" What is a noun ?"
"I don't know ; but I know what renoun is.
Well, what is it ?"
Running off without paying tie printel
and getting on the bhirk list as a delinquent.
" Good what is a conjunction ?"
" A method of colleting outstandiig sul:
scription, in conjinction wit h a constable ; neve
employed by plriiiters until the last extremity.
Uixmsc at a city hotel not long since, it wa
iv lot to lie seateid next dih to an old rurt
ue'tlenman. Snn after takiing his seat, 1 in
tceI tlt lie took up tic heautiifil silver tour
Pro'm'ed fork which l:. hby his plate, and begai
to ec it very clo..elv. After all had been seri
edl by the waiter., I still noticed that my ol
friend kept on CyCmg h is fork, but did not eal
At last in a loud voice, h called out: "Loo
here, you, Mister," addres. ing the waiter, "fete:
me a iork." With many bows and scrapes, th
polite waiter pointed out the tbur-pronged in.
plement lying near his plate. " Oh, thunder!
<aid he, " is that what You call a fork? Well
well! I thought it was darnation green I
they'd got to eating sonup with split spons !"
WAnURTOs, in his account of his voyage u
the Nile, gives an amusing instance of the sit
gular opinion of sailors. lIe says: "On arriv
ing at Dench we gave the crew a feast, consist
ing of old ram, preferred by them to youn
mutton, because it stood more chewing."
A good old Quaker' lady, after listening t
tie extravagant yarns of' a storekeeper as lon;
s her patience woiul:l allow, said to hir
Friend, what. a pit-V it is a sini to lie, when i
seeiis s necesary to thy business.'"
" C)' P'-r."-.n one occa ion- during thi
Revoition, Gold Iut" had received a lot c
ne recruits, and as he had some fighting whie
lie wishi ed to do b ,efore long, and wilted non
nt willing men, he drew up hi.i levies in rani
"Now, boys," said he, " I don't wi6h to re
ain any of youl, wiho wishes to leave ; thereuor
if any of you is dissatisfied and wishes. to re
urn hIme, hie itay sigify the :une by steppii
six paces inl front of the line. But,' added th
old war dog, 1il shoot the tirt mnain that step
Ma. CALmiorN once said that the institutio1
f slavery, as it existed at the South. was th,
oly system that gave or conhl give what th
French philhosophy had been seceking for half
mntr s, vw. :moimoda. <tat ' nro! tfJor UiJhn
A t the North said lie. in, times of panic. pressuL
oleA iuon capital through labor-at the~ SoutL
>rsuecomes upoii labior throiugh capital. Tb<
mes are ahfordingz a startling' ilutration of th,
rth of his decharation. A N~ew. York lette
"The dischiarge of severail hundredl lahorer;
from the Bergen T1unniel (l-:rie Railroad wvorks
esterday, hau heen followed tn-day by a simi
arii muoveiment on the part of several large e'
ablishiments ini this city, ordinarily eimployini
rom 100 to 20i0 operatives. One extensive boolm
iiidery in William :street calcnlated to keep o1
all the week, but this atternoon they gave thei
,mployees noutie that they must stop after to
(li. Twvo or three of the publiahing hiouse
aving works partially undler way, have tollowe
suit. Hue & Co,., press manufacturers, hav
urned awvay 150 hands since Saturday ; Singe
b Co., the sewing niachine-imakers, have di,
hrgcd 150, ,mil so on to the end of~ thie chiapte
T1he prospects of the p~oor the comning wvinmt
are so gloomuy, that several benevolent ine
neii have it under consideratin to call a 1publ1
ee-e itoce, to organize a liberaml synom c
eie.Techurches will be.invoked to co-ope
rate, as well ats all other bodlies that miay has
the means of aiifording relief. The idea is
goodl one, and forbiddling as are the signs of tii
tumes, even among thbe wealthy classes, no doub
t will be heartily seconded "*
We hear of thousands oh hoberers at the Nort
ho have been throwvn out of employment, au
theiselves and hauiies left to starve, beg
eteal, by capitalists whio have been forced t
stop) their nuamufacturing enterprises. We
the South have noet yet felt, the revulsion whie
s producinig sueh disastrous cornsequiences in th
Northernu States. Bhut we may be sure that
the worst we shall hiear of no plantationsi
Georgia whlere "corn-cribs" and "smoke-hiouses
are closed to the hungry slave and his ofl:-prini
They will be thme biut to feel the presure of th
time or to b~e supported by charity.--Scanna
CoM ux: Sorru vou Wonu.-The Savannah E
))mIblica savs:-ity the last steaimier from Ne
York, a nuinber ot miechanuies airived in our eit
i pursuit of work. TUhe applicatious for en
plovmint at the d ifhferentL iudries were, of cours
uniuceii:15 , as they aro aill lill-handed. Mai
of themi will nio doubt heave for the interior, at
others will go back to the North, while those wi
are moore unfmortunate, will he left in the city
shift for au livelihood as best they can.
The whislkev root is the name of a species
catus fomu.d ifn Mexico, which, when eaten,
sid to produce tile samle ethects as alcohol
diks. One has only to bite otl'anid swallow
piece to experience all the elfects of the mo.
unustionable initoxicationl. If this root shou
cooi into general usc, the facility of takiu
"nip" would 'oe greatly increased.
At the meetinig of the next Congress two ne
States will be in readiness for admission into tl
Union-Oregon and Minnesota.
a From the South Carolinian.
as SOITERN COMMERCIAL INDEPENDENCE.
: In the political economy of the South com
Dr mercial enterprise has been so deficient, that
to conventions have been called to discuss and
"- advance it and speeches made, and our papera
'd been filled with editorials originating and urg
c- ing schemes to promote it. The planters of
It the South, with a crop of 3,000,000 bales of
R cotton, with $160,000,000, have been depen
in dent on New York for its sale; and the con
E centration of all trade in the great emporium
- of the North has held the South in bondage,
ie and it has quietly submitted to the yoke. New
5 York funds and specie have been synonimous
I terms, and the banks of New York have been
id the regulators of commercial intercourse. But
Y what a spectacle is now presented ? The very
k banks which should have been the guardians of
d commerce and the conservators of public confi
dence have, by a sudden, unwise contraction of
o their issues, caused a revulsion in the monetary
in world, and been the means of destroying the
n business of thousands, and deranging the whole
commerce of the country. It is unnecessary
s to go into an argume'it on this subject, the facts
care painfully before us in the stagnation of
trade, the want of confidence, and the want of
money in tbe community. The great staple of
the South, which has become the staple of the
world, is in no dernand-the hopes of the plan
ter, so receutly buoyant promising, are chilled,
and the produce of his fielis is lying almost
valueless on his hands. And why dues he sub
mit to this state of things-to this slavish de
pendence on Northern banks-when his pros
perity is in his own hands ? why do Southern
banks submit to the tlrallom of the North,
n when the remedy is present for removing the
cause which has so openly shown itself; and the
opportunity now occurs of effecting it to their
own advantage. Why do the merenants of the
South neglect the golden chance of seizing with
aidity direct trade, which has so long been
urged' by politicians and editors, and now is
within their grasp? Why do they not imine
diately start a line of steamers from Charleston*
nid S'avannah and New Orleans, to carry to
those who want it our cotton, which they iiust
have at any price? Why do not our merchants
an ibanks take immediate uieasures to secure
t- tiheimelves foreign exchange, which hasgiven
New York supremacy in our cominrcial world ?
What we have long been anxiously inculca
ting with the pen has forced itself upon us, and
the present revulsion in the North has shown
us our heretofore entire dependence, and pre
sented us the opportunity of severing the con
nection and setting tip for ourselves. While
U discussions have been going on, grave and im
portant changes in the South, from wild specu
lation, have precipitated upon us the necessity
of direct trade, which is now palpably our com
mercial regeneration. Heretofore our freedom
of commerce has been the privilege of paying
tribute to the North, and having Northern capi
tal to govern us. Our banks and merchants,
instead of furnishing means to ship our produce,
advancing bills for that end, and taking drafts
on that produce, thus securing foreign exchange,
have allowed New York to enjoy this advantage
at their and our expense. Our banks, aniiy of
them, have invested nearly ill theircpital
their ca.sh-in New York..and sent theirpro
ikes to pay to Western States, abandoning the
legitinate business of banking for the benefit
t of the coinmunity, and depeifling on its neces
sities in New York to advance the banks' profits.
Our pcople have been asking more banks to
assist in encouraging enterprise and developing
the manuflacturing and other industrial interests
of the country, and as soon :. they are char
tered, they become speculators in exchange in
Northern cit ies. Our crop of cotton is worth
about S.60,000,00o,; that of tobacco and rice
$:;o,000,00, supr 0 000,OC0 and grain fully
.5;"()0000,W0 more--25,000,U00 ; on this the
Sexelimnge i worth nearly .S20,000,000, one half
or the whole of whi.i the banks and merchants
Ciul now invest in shipping, to carry forward
directly the produce of the country to foreign
ports without un% connection with New York.
Er.o doing pr:e ent lo~'ses would be miade up
2and the periinanenit advantage of exchange for
Sthe fluture, wvouild fit the prosperity of these
* bank<. and of the South.
(One of the earliest advocates of the Sub
Treasuy-a wise Deimocuatic measure, which
has madle the Government a model of finaneihl
safetv--suggests, and we think very -properly,
that'the bainks should memorialize the South
ern lerisla tures, to prohibit hereafter the -issue
r of billhi*of $10 and under, so that tho lower
chiannels of' currency in daily u~so amongst the
laboring class .lhoulil be filled up with gold and
)silver. This wvould finally benefit- the banks
. thcmselves, because it wvould give this lower
- stratumn of' gold anid silver to fall back upon in
,a commnercial convulsion. and enabile them to
buy gold and silver at reasgonable rates, be
. fore it got too dear, to replen:sii the specie ha
r sis; and it would in faict make the community
- the keepers of specie, instead of forcing them
s to keep it idle in vaults. As it is now, all gold
I andi silver is driven out from .the under-chan
e nels of 'circulatio'n. and when a convulionu comes.
r it is too dear and too distant to be procured for
-a uien emegny This would make the
r andi.tronmg again, and enable them to secure
the whole pirofits ofr circulation in thpe larger
c rnuge ot commeiircial traniactions; and by res
cuing Southern produce now in this emergency
from the tribute to the North, they will also
e secure all the profi:s Iof foreign as well as thc
a domestic exchianges of the conntry in all time
to come, and they wilt be looked upon as patni
t otic aind devoted to the interests of the country,
instead of their own exclusive selfishness ex
l citing bad feeling towards them.
d It the banksido not meet these great issues
r now, they are gone and forever. We have
o passed through onei great revulsion in 1837, and
if the producing classes were swindled out of
a millions. Th'le country will not bear another,
e and the Lepslatures about to meet in the
t Southern States will institute a new system,
a and banks of discount will he separated alto
" gther from banks of circulation.
. A heavy resporsibility now rests on the
e bankt..they are accountable for the present
/k crisis, and the prostration of trade, and reduc
t ion of the price of our staple. True, the
Northern banks-or rather those of New York
- have to bear the burden of the monetary dis
I order, but this the more makes it incumbent on
y Southiern banks to separate themselves from
them; with less dependence on them, they
3 could now protect the Southern planter, and it
y is their patriotic as well as interested duty to
dcome forward freely with assistance to get the
O crops to market. Thle banks of the South, as
well as the merchants and planters, have de
peddtomuch on New York--now that New
Yrhashown its hbubble existence, and the
South stands1 uip in lier true position of ability
s to sustain her conmmercial independence, let
IC her' people plant thiemselves on the rock of her
a staple productions, and show the wvorld her ele
mtuents of' strengthI, which belong to her soil and
d her " peculiar institution."
A railroad meeting was held at Henderson
vilie, North Carolina, on the 6th inst., to devise
and consider the best method of constructing a
e railroad from Greenville, South Carolina, to Paint
nock va Hendersonville and Ashville.
From the Abbeville Banner.
MON. F. W. PICIENL
Mr. Editor: Ex-GovernorHammond declining
to be a candidate for the Senate, alters in some
respects the condition of the canvass.' On this
side of the State it is known. the Governor had
warm friends, who preferred him to any other
man in the State. Will not. his withdrawal add
to the number of Col. Pickens' friends, and
make the Western Circuit almost unanimous for
The times call for cur ablest men, and we
ought to fill our public posts with tried men, for
unless the stars. decejge us, besides the complica.
tions in our national polities, we have a financial
crisis to encounter, which, unless adroitly and
wisely managed, will precipitate us in twelve
months from ease and prosperity to want and
The friends in this quarter to Col. Pickens'
election believe him worthy of Senatorial honors,
but do not rest their support of him upon that;
they believe him to be unconnected with party
Kques; but they support him solely on consid.
orations connected with what they deem to'be the
public interests of the State at this juncture. We
want a Senator also, who can speak-one who in
debate can revive our recollections of what was
once the style of Parliarnentary eloquence among
cur public men American statesmanship, be
yond all doubt, is confined, in a great measure,
to Congressional speeches and reports; and we
want %man in the seat of Judge Butler wh6 can
utter his opinions and sentiments with the power
of an orator. * It would be useless to send there
-if we h6d one-a dumb sage. Which ever
candidate is ablest in point of abilities, whose in
tegrity is beyond dispute, and whose eloquence
is superior to his competitors, there can be no
doubt such a one should be chosen regardless of
P ersnal preferences. In these respects Col.
ickens' friends believe him equal to any living
son of the State. They believe him to almost
rival MeDuffie in his signal disregard of national
honors, and his warm devotion to the State. Al
though repeatedly offered, by the general Govern
m'mt, high and commanding official positions,as
ofmn has he declined them, prefering to such
public services the independent position of a
Such displays of modest ambition and State
love, place Col. Pickens' integrity and patriotism
very high, and united as they are with grer.t abil
ities. well warrant in his friends their warmth in
presenting and urging his name upon the State
as a fit and admirable successor to Jiodee Bntler.
From the Columbia Times.
"NOT SO BAD AS WE SEEM."
To that class of Diogenese growlers, alarmits,
sensationists and general "busters," we woqld
say that we are " not so bad as we seem." We
h;ve a capital in cotton alone worth $175,000,
000; we have a capital in breadstuffs equal to
$150.000,000; Europe looks to us for cotton and
breadstuffs. aind we can and will sell to lr, but
at our own prices I Remember this, planters,
at our own prices! Do not let wily speculators
think they can frighten ypu about your capital
being loeked up; 1i your barns and store houses
you have that which will hold you good against
kall the wants of sixty days to come; you'have
plenty to eat ad d-ink and wear. Elsewhere
they have not. Aiid vdn' shonfd it be necessa
r, you can economize rather than subimit to
feeders on your valuable position. Let us make,
as the rest of the world has done, a virtue of
necessity: let us, with our strongholds of staple
and )roIluce. make the wanters thereof come
hiretly to our shores, to our barns, to our gin.
houses, and, subject to our ju->t and con.si<tent
charges, take our well-worked ind cared for
produce. Let us do tlis, for now is the time
wlen the 4outlh has in herself all the power of
wielding a vast influence that will redound to
her own interests and regeneration. Beware then,
pl:aniter.4, of Sonthern men with Northern prin
ciplcs, who, in high-sounding words and terms,
loak their sinister intentions. Hold your cot
ton-hold your produce, rather than submit to
the reduced prices brought about by Yankoe
banks; and- you can hold for sixty days, and by
that time our markets will be full'of special Eu
rpean anents to whom we can sell, minus tho -
New York brokerage, and sell, too, at prices
that will pay. Don't be alarmed-we are "o
so had as we seem.".
- 4 -------
Tire CEam:.ARcL.-While thheartSwells
witk pride at the recital of deeds of heroismdone
bs our countrymen in India, it is no less grate
Gl to see equally high qualit' s under difficulties
by our kindrcd men peyond Te Atlantic. The
rek of the Central America, fatal and painful
as it was, presents instances of composure, cool
ness, consideration, and reallieroism, which dig.
ify~ humanity. The Captain of the ill-fated ves
sewa.s trulf'a noble of nature. He died in the
disrharge of a duty which he might have in part
neglectedl with impunity ; but in him the finest
part ol ancient chivalry appeared. In the pres
eee of peril the women and children were his
first care. Hie prepared to enforce this intention,
but it wa~s unnecessarv. The passengers and
crew were as resolute, "determined, and humane,
as hiniself; they seconded him in everything,
and even the women were ready to do the work
of men in ailing him. Some time ago, Capt.
iHll. we think it was, 'Wrote the account of two
reks-an English and a French vessel. The
conduct of the Englishmen contracted finely
with the Frenchmen; they were obedient and
fearless. Captaini Herudon and his men behaved
not less noblv; and their conduct and thme con
duct of the pjassengers speak irresistibly in favor
of the high tone of the American mind: Their
coutry ought to be proud of them; all Christen.
dm ill praise them.-Liverpool Post.
THE subjoined paragraph from the Washing
ton correspondent of the Richmond Enquirer
relates to matters of some interest which have
been circulating in the papers, and, as the wri
ter refers to authority which cannot be doubted,
we give his rectification of the rumors alluded
SLord Napier is daily receiving hundreds of
applications from American citizens, all asking
employment in the British army in India. His
lord ship requmets me to say that his Govern
mnt has resolved to employ no foreign troops
whatever in India, bumt to quell the insurrection
by force of her own arms. Lord N. also denies
tie report that lie had issued orders for thme ar
rest of fillibusters by the British squadron in
the Gulf of Mexico. He says he has no authomi
ty for issuing any such o'rder, .nor if he had the
power had he done so. The story is wholly un
Ca.'r BaP.AD.-" While on a visit on the line
of Georgia and Tennessee the firat part of the
present week," says the La~range Reporter,
" we were informed'that corn has been sold at the
low price of twenty-fl cents: per bushel, and all
that was offered for wheat by purchasers was
fifty cnts per buslell This is beginning to
look like the good times which has always been
just a little ahead of. us. If the banks all do
not ' bust' entirely, we all shall live at a vr
trifling expense during th'e approachin~g year.'
pg A scholar at. one. of the district schools a
Soutbridge, was absent for siveral days, ad the
tacher wrote his father to ask the reason, he receved
I th fonlewine reply e-" Keptiehum sortin tateris..