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LEGISLATIV$ V 3flEEDINGS.
TH 5DA:s *. vlember 10.
The Senato met at 12 mn.
The House of Representative- to the
Senate for concurrence a resolutiui. . 'at ion
to hawkers and pedlers. And also i .port
of the Committee on Public Buildit"y .. " he
petition of Commissioners of Public Is... :
for Abbeville District, praying for authorsi :o
convey a part of the jail lot of that District.
Messrs. Middleton, Zimmerman, Townsend,
Barker, Dudley and Garlington presented sun
dry i eports from Committees; which were or
dered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr. Marshall presented the report of the
President and Secretary of the State Agricultu
The un-hvorable report of the Committee on
a bill to amend the law in relation to confessions
of judgments, was ordered to lie on the table,
and the bill was ordered for a second reading,
and having been read, was not agreed to; and it
was consequently rejected.
Mr. Porter offered the following resolution,
which was- greed to, and was ordered to be
sent to the House of Representatives for con
Resolved by the General Asseably, That 2,500
copies of the reports of the majority and mi
nority of the Special Committees of the two
Houses on so much of General Adams' Message
as relates to the Slave Trde, be printed for
On motion of Mr. Tillinghast, the Senate ad
journed, at twenty minutes to 4 o'clock.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
At the hour to which the House was ad
journed, the Clerk called the r611.
The Speaker laid before the House the ac
Scount of R. L. Bryan, for stationiary.
* Mr. A. Jones presented the petition of the~
*Trustees of the Butler Methodist Episcopal
Church, praying incorporation.
Mr. Carn presented the pgtition of the Comi
missioners of Free Schools of Orange Parish,
Mr. Mitchell presented the memorial and pe
* tition of the Bank of Charleston,.praying rejief
Tac rps te $ e iount df Robert
Witsell, for services rendered the Statte.
- Messrs.. Boylston, Meminnger, Sullivan, Far
row, DeSaussure, Smart, Shannon, Seabornt and
others preaented supdry reports, &c., from Coin
mittees; wjiich were ordered for consideration
On motion of Mr. Memnminger, the Commtittee
of Ways and Means were discharged fronm the
further consideration of a bill to amend the
Bank Charters of this State; and the stune was
made the Special Order of tWe day for this day,
at three o'clock p. in., in Committee of the
FRIDAr, December 11.
The Senate met at 11 o'clock A. M., pursu
ant ti, adjournment.
TIhe President laid before the Senate the
e mment of the Commissioner of the New
State House, in obedlience to the resolution of
tie. Se'nate, passed, Decemb~er 8thb, 1857.
Mr. Moses, by leave of Senate, introduced a
bill to amend an Act, entitled an Act regulating
amienmients of debtors.
Mr. Tiilinghast presented the memorial of cer
tain planters on Savannah Back River, in rela
tion to obstruction to said river.
Pursuant to notice and with leave of the Sen
ate, Mr. Mordecai introduceed a bill to declare
the tevnure of lots on Stullivan's Island.
A bill to repeal an Act, entitled an Act to|
icase the amount of property exempilt fromI
levy and sale; ratified 16th day of December,
A. 1). 1851, received the second reading, was
agreed to, and was ordered to be returned to
the House of Representatives. The unfa~vorable
report of the Commnitteesoni the Judiciary on a
bill (from the louse of Representatives) to
amend an Act, entitled an Act prescribing the
mode of electing clerks, sheriffs and ord'inaries;
ratified 21st day of December, A. D. 1839; and,
og~ a bill (from the House of Representatives)
to aend the law in relation to sheriff<, were
agreed to, and the bills were consequently re
The report of the Committee on Grievances
and the report of the Committee on Claims of
the House of Representatives, on the accounts
of Tarbox and R. M. Stokes, for printing, were
T'he following reports were concurred in, and
returned to the House of Representatives: On
the claims of Philip Carter, Tilman Clark, John
W. Arnold, E. R. Stokes, Margaret Rhodes, T.
S. Piggot, Law & Calvo, T. J. Eccles, Sitokins,
urisoc & Co., W. W. Purse, W. P. Price,
lickle & Pithter, Elly Godhold, Williamson Ri
ey, R. L. Bryan, Brawley & Alexander, Reuben
eazely, W. (W. louseal, J1. McLemore, Mathew
ettigrew, Williamt Blakeley.
The Senatte resolved it:,elf into a Committee
f the WVhole, for the consideration of the Spe
-al Order of the day for this hour, viz: sundry
ports and resolutions in i-elation to the banks.
At 3 P. M., the Committee rose, and the
resident resumled the Chair and the Senate
ded with biusiness.
On motion <,f Mr. Wagner, the Senate ad
urned ast ten minutes past 2 P. M.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Hou-'e met at the appointed hour, 11
clock, and proceeded to business.
Among the business of the morning hour, Mr.
rry oitered a resolution for the appointment
a commtlission of five persons to take the t
ole matter of banking into consideration,
luding the bills and resolutions now before
House, and report in lull a system of bank
at the next session of the General Assembly.
o resolution was referred to the Committeeof I
Whole, with other matters of a kindred
bill to amend tho law in relatian to trading
slaves, so as to add corporeal punishment i
rtain cases, was taken up for a second read- '
After some brief -discussion and slight,
ndment, the bill was read asecond time and 11
to the Senate.
he House resolved itself into Committee of 1
Whole, Mr. Sullivan in the Chair. t
-. Perry addressed the committee at some 1
o n the re'solutions he had offered. From I
he course of the debate he was afraid we were 1
a the midst of a legislative panic upon this tl
uestion. He had heard members denounce the a
yanks for misconduct and for nefarious trafic, I
ret he had heard it said that we must not touch c
hese banks, else ruin would follow. He would I
ot say let the ruin come, but he would let the fi
ssue come and have the question tested. 1
The value of the crops had been mentioned. r
lie believed we had crops on hand amounting in g
round numbers to $30,000,000 and yet we are
tield at the mercy of the banks. He argued e
that with our crops we could buy the banks a
three times over. Yet it is averred that we are t
dependent on the banks. We are told that our 1
crops cannot go to market without ws suspend <
the penalties of the act of 1840 and permit the
banks to inflate the circulation. A friend from 1
Charleston had said that there was not a failure
in that city from suspension, and it was well i
known that there was less suing and less in
debtedtess than was ever known.
The crops now are at home, the farmers not
being in debt are unwilling to send them to sell 1
for depreciated bills. They have done as Gen.
Jackson did, when he issued his specie circular.
The diminished business of our railroads
showed that the farmers. were independent of
the banks, yet we are told that we must not
touch these institutions less we ruin the plant
ing and farming interests. Thesebills were not
as good as cotton-they were selling in New
York at 20 per cent. discount.
He would admit that every country must have
a certain amount of currency, but the banks
with us had driven out the true currency,-gold
and silver-and had left us heir own bills in its
place. These bills were not money, they were
simply promises to pay. He would as soon have
the promise to pay of an individual who was
-solvent, and there would be this difference-his
would draw interest while theirs drew none.
Solvent men must go to these banks and beg
them to take their notes for their bank bills.
It was alleged thatthe Bank of the State was
the first'to suspend. The reason was that an
other bank refused to take her bills on deposit ;
this created a panic, the specie was demanded
and she had to close her doors. The object was,
he believed, to throw the Bank of the State in
the breach, so that these banks could say to us,
your own bank was the first to suspend, why
prevent us 7
He then referred to the portion of the bill
before the committee to which he was opposed,
viz: prohibiting the issue of bills of a small do
nomination. He did not believe this practicable
-we could not supply them with gold and sil
ver, the small bills of the banks of other State;
would be substituted.
le was also opposed to the repeal of the usury
laws. These laws were to protect the poor
from the rich. The rich men who had the mo
ney to lend could protect themselves. If the
l.w was repealed many a poor man would be
deluded to pay 10,15, or 20 per cent. for money
which he thought he could make good in the
future. He thought 7 per cent. was ample re
numeration for all investments. le knew the
free trade doctrine on this point, but he held
that money was not properly but merely its
le supported his resolution to appoint acomn
mission, and urged the Legislature not to be
alarmed, by these banks, while we had a crop
of thirty millions on hand.
In reply to a question from Mr. Mullins, he
argued that a circulation d T five millions, or
whatever was actually demanded as circulation,
could purchase and forward a crop valued at
thirty millions to market.
Mr. Mitchel followed, and argued that this
should not be merely a personal discussion, but
discussed as a question affecting the interests of
society. The law of 1840, which had been of
fered to the banks, implied their liability to sus
pend. The question now was as to the expe
diency of contemning that law-how it would
effect trade ; this was the question to consider,
and not what money should be put into the
treasury. He did not view the suspension of
the provisions of that act as the infringement of
a great moral obliga$on-if he did, he. would
agree to encounter any pecuniary loss. There
might be mucj to punish, and he would hope if
the commnission was appointed they would be
empowered to investigate the conduct of the
But he argued, until we could ascertain how
much of the-present conditidif of thihigs was t'he
result of necessity, and how much to he charged
to reckless mismanagement, we were not in a
condition to punish or to adopt a remedy. lHe
argued at soime length that any nmeasure which
would reduce the curreucy would reduce the
price of produce. lHe said the true course of
the General Assembly at this time was to do
something to help the currency.
Mr. Gregg followed iu defence of the private
banks, and charge that the Bank of the State
had caused the other banks to suspend. Had
she been in as good a condition as they were,
there would have been no suspension. Yet the
banks came here with no complaints or threats,
and he hoped no needless accusations would be
brought against them.
Mr. McCarter followed, but the Committee
rose before lie had proceeded far.
Mr. McQueen presented sundry reports from
the Commit tee on Pensions.
A t the evening session, pursuant to notice, Mr.
Sullivan introduced a bill to p~rovide for, the
warming of court rooms where Corirts of Equity
were held in the winter.
The bill in relation to banks was then taken
up, and sundry amendments were offe.red.
Among them was one by Mr. Inglis, providing
that so long as the banks refused to pay specie,
they should be barred from collectinig their
debts by law.
A motion to lay this amendment on the table
Shortly after the Committee rose, when the
House, at 10 o'clock p. in., adjourned.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
WASINGTON, December 8.
The message of His Excellency James Bu
chanan, the President of the United States, was
read to Congress to-day.
The President says that the financiail history,
of the last forty years is one of extravagant
expansions in business, followed by ruinous con
tractions. With reference to'the government
works, he is determined that, w~hile none of the
useful works now in progress shall be suspen
ded, new ones not already commenced shall be
postponed, provided it can be done without in
jury to the cpuntry. T1hose necessary for de
fence, he says, shall proceed as though no finan
cial risis had occurred. He recommends the
pasge of a uniform bankrupt law applicable to
all the banking institutions throughout the
He says that our relations with foreign gov
ernents are, upon the wvhole, in a satisfactorya
condition, but that it has been our misfortune
almost always to have some irritating, if not
dangerous, question with Great Britain. He
discusses the Central American question, ob
eting to England's interpretation of the Clay
ton-Bulwer treaty; and that as this treaty is,
mderstood in sense directly opposite, the wisest
ourse would be to abrogate it and commencei
mew. Overtures for the adjustment of the I
juestion have recently been made by the British
;overnment, in a friendly spirit, which the Presi
lent cordially reciprocates, but as to whether
his renewed effort will result in successq, he is
iot yet prepared to express an opinion.
With all other Governments, excepting Spain,
mr relations are peaceful. Outrages upon our
lag, by that power, remain unacknowledged a
md unredressed. It is the President's inteni- a
o~n to send out a new Minister with special
nstructions upon all questions now pendinmg be
ween the two Governments, and with the
letermination to have them speedily and ami- d
Relative to China, the President says that, b~
hile our Minister has been instructed to occu
isy a'neutral position at Canton, lhe will never- c
heless co-operate with the British and French ~
imisters in all peaceful measures, to secure, by
reaty stipulations, the just concessions to comn- g
erce which China cannot be permitted to
The difficulties with New Grenada are be-|
eed to be in a fair train of settlement,ina
ianner just and honorable to both parties. The
resident says that the Isthmu- of Panama is
be great highiway between the Atlantic and the '
'acific, over which a large portion of the comn
he United States are more dceply interested
tan any other nation in preserving the freedom
id security of all'communications across this p
thmus; and he, therefore, recommends to o
ongress the passage of an act authorizing the r
resident, in case of necessity, to carry into ef
ct this guarantee of neutrality, and also simi- a
tr legislation for the security of-any other c
)utes across the Isthmus in which we may ac- b
uire an interest by treaty. t
The President condemns, however, all lawless t
xpeditions fitted out in the United States
gainst the independent republics on this con
inent. He thinks that nothing is better calcu- 1
ited to retard our steady progress or impair
ur character as a nation, than the toleration of I
uch enterprises in violation of the law of na
ions, and commends the whole subject to the <
erious consideration of Congress; recommend
ng the adoption of such measures as may be
ifectual in restraining our citizens from commit
ing such outrages.
The President says that the Kansas Constitu
ional Convention was not bound by the terms
f the Kansas Nebraska Act, to submit any
ther portion of the Constitution to an election
>f the people, except that which relates to the
lomestic institutions of the new State. The
lection upon that part of the Constitution
which appertains to slavery, will be held under
legitimate authority, and it any portion of the
nhabitants refuse to vote, a fair opportunity to
lo so having been presented, that it will be their
wn voluntary act, and they alone will be re
ponsible for the consequences.
As to afilirs in Utah, the President says that
this is the first instance of a rebellion which has
ever existed in our territories, and that humani
ty itself requires that it shall be put down
in such a manner that it will be the last. In
order to do this it will be necessary to raise four
He recommends the establishment of a terri
torial government for Arizona.
The subject of the Pacific Railroad is com
mended to the friendly consideration of Con
Especial attention is called to the recommen
dation of the Secretary of the Navy in favor of
the construction of ten small government
The above are all the leading points of the
message. In conclusion, the President says that
be has deliberately determined to approve no
bill passed by Congress which he has not ex
tmined, and therefore recommends to both
[louses to allow him sufficient time for this pur
pose previous to adjournment.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WE1)NESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1857.
MIR. KEESE COLLECTING.
A member of our Firm is at this time out collecting
be dues of the Advertiser Office. No one, we feel
issured, will turn from him without a prompt res
ponse to his call for funds. Our claims are many,and
jingly very small; but,'all together, they will make
up a pretty uin,-a sum that will enable us not only
to pay our debts, but to place our paper upon a higher
ground of progress than we have yet ventured to
ssume. While our many friends throughout the
District are receiving the rich rewar< of their fine
urops, they will surely remember the printer's due,
and nt accordingly upon seeing our friend and asso
diate, Mr. E. KassE.
.The Adrertiser, we thankfully say, is climbing,
elimbing., climbing, steadily and surely. One kind
and generous lift on the pnart of our present patrons
would take us aloft to the pinnacle of certain pros
perity. As an inducement to them to do so, wemake
the following offer: Each old subscriber, ,omo ,will
bring in a newo one ,sith the cask for both, shall be
charged only $3,50 for both copies for one year.
Times are tight and every little helps. It is for this
reasort that we suggest this preposition to our sub
scribers; and wo should find pleasure in seeing hun.
dreds of them avail themselves of the humble but
honest chance we here afford'them.
Mr. Joux M. Coonuns died very suddenly, at his
residence five miles from this p~lace, on Saturday night
last. He was as well as usual upon going to bed,
was taken with pain in the head and sickness at the
stomach during the night, and died in a few hours,
before medical aid could be obtained.
TIIE LINDSAY TURNIP.
A turnip has at last turned up which turns down
all the turnips of turnipdom. It was raised by our old
friend, AxoN Lisz,sav ; it weighs over twelve pounds;
and looks to be as large as any three turnips we have
seen this season ; which is saying a good deal, for
we have been the recipient of somec very fine ones.
Mr. Lisnosav! Mr. Lirsnsav ! how did you got the
thing to grow so big? Faissy could'nt contain him
self when he saw it, but incontinently exclaimed: "I
have never steppned back for pumkins or watermelons;
but this turnip of turnips, with its magnificently
rounded proportions, does indeed compare
."In aingle form with mny Maryann."
And Fisav loft the sanctuma with tears gushing from
his large white eyes.
f. See first page for a pleasant home sketch by
a favorite contributor.
Mr. Joux M. WiTT requests us to sny that he has
removed his furniture store to the corner formerly oc
eupied by Mr. Roor, next to thne Carolina Hotel.
Messrs CunisTIE A liuLnt'nT now occupy the stand,
which Mr. WaTn has left, with their choice assortment
nf carriages, buggies &c.
HIGH PRICES OF NEGROES.
At a sale which occurred in this District during the
past week, a lot of negroes, big, little, old and younmg,
averaged $795 around. We are informed the lot was
ot extra likely. It numbered near 70 head.
A gentleman from Newberry informs us that on
ale-day last, in Newberry village, girls aund boys,
~romn 10 to 13 years of age, sold at about $1200.
Both these sales were on twelve months credit.
What makes the first mentioned sale more remark
ble is, that none of the property was bought by
egatees. . -
OUR CHARLESTON CORRESPONDENT.
Thu letter of our Charleston Correspondent is
ecessarily abbreviated this week. It shall scarcely
cur again, as both our readers and ourselves are
ery partial to the excellent annotations of "Claude."
Ve ay Ihere adld, by the way, that our correspondent
Sa gentleman of decidedly literary taste./
NO HOGS YET.
The people in these p~arts have looked for hogs in
am thus far. Not a drove, nor a fragment of a
rove, has been seen or heard of. The idea of hay
ug Christmnas without the preparatory enactment of
og-killing, strikes many of our citizens as being Iu
irous. The fact is, it is not to be thought of. Come
n, drovers of Tennessee and Kentucky.
Come froma the hills where your porkers are gra
Come to our bog-fires brilliantly blazing !
From the general talk around and about, we should
y that two good droves are wanting in this town
nd its immediate vicinity.
Both branehes of Congress were organized on Mon
sy tho,7th inst.
In the Senate, thne lion. Dexj. FITzPATmicE, of Ala
ua, was elected President pro tern.
In the House, the Hion. Js~xes L. Ona, of South
arolina, was elected Speaker-the Hion. JAzs C.
LLrEN, of Illinois, Clerk, and Mr. CLUs'mcEv, of Oleor
No otlter elections took place.
RESUMPTION OF SPECIE PAYMENTS. E
Another meeting of the lAnk Presidents of New r
ork City, was held Friday evening, and they doter. ii
ied to resume specie payments on Monday last.
so resumption will ho general.
The banks of Bloston, New Haven, and Albany have h
" IMPORTANT ITEMS."
Under this caption, the Charleston Erening Ketta
resents some eight or ten brief paragraphs, to two ea
which we would barely advert. The first of those tl
ns thus: n
"The Carolina delegation, with the exception of a
[r. Bonham, declined to go into the Democratic cau
as which nominated Ifr. Orr for Speaker. It is said
owever that they all voted for him in the election in
se House. The first course indicated that he was p
ot their choice; the second that they coincided with t
he action of their party and Southern colleagues."
We should doubt this statement, did not our cotem
orary speak so positively. It had been our expecta
ion that three or at least two of our members would
6 into caucus. As it appears that they have not
lone so, we confess to soyg disappointment, and can
aly say that the almost-unanimous South Carolina
lelegation seem to have exercised great influence by
heir isolation, seeing that Col. Ona marched on to
M4cess by the entire vote of his party, North and
outh. Mr. BoxHAV's course will be sanctioned and
ustained by nine-tenths of his Congressional Dis
The second paragraph which arrests our attention
"The Convention party in this State contend that
the late Senatorial election decided no political issue
for our own people. It was certainly a proof that
that party could not have its way in political dicta
don, and that the Orrfhetion would not be allowed to
lead the State. The Senator elect alone command
id the State Rights vote in the main contest. The
indications from every portion of South Carolina con
irm the general and sweeping popularity of Senator
The first proposition -of this paragraph the editor
pems to admit; in which ho is entirely right, as the
ract contended for is so well ascertained to be true.
But the Senator-elect is said to have commanded the
(so-called!) State Rights vote in the main contest.
Did he not also comsnand other classes of voters?
Where was the Parish-foto, as a Parish-rote ? Where
was the anti-porsecution vote ? Where was the HAM
xonD vote,-we mean by this the vote of his attached
admirers? Is not the fair-play editor of the News
perfectly cognizant of the fact that various elements
entered into this election and decided it, over and
above any one political issue? Is he certain that
some of the "Ona faction," as he designates we
scarcely-know-whom, did not east their ballots for
Gov. HAxxoND ?
But again it is said: "It was certainly proof that
that party (the Convention party) could not have its
way in political dictation." If by "political diota
tion," is meant the representation which was effected
at Cincinnatti, we repl that the State Convention
announced that by theFaction they did not assume
to load the State, but only to represent that portion
of her'poople favorable to-this extent of co.operation
with the other Southern States. If by "dictation,"
again, is Meant the attempt to elect Ion. F. W. PicK
ENS, we must say thattye charge is unfair both to
that gentleman asid hs friends. He was neither
placed before the Stath the so-called "Onn faction,"
nor by any other fact n or clique. He was a candi
date, because he had grounds for thinking that the
larger portion of the p ple of his State desired his
services in the Senate. ut he acquiesces most cheer
fully in the decision fa rable to another, and points
with pride to the friends who stood by him, as being
independent gentlemen who forbear to dictate to
others as they would themselves repel dictation from
. In regard to the "general and sweeping popularity
of Senator HAxxOxD," there cannot be the slightest
thought of objection. ~We know him to be well cal
culated to enlist regiments of admirers by his social
and colloquial gifts; and we heartily, wish him as
complete success upon the great arena to which he is
HON. JAMES L. ORR.
The reader has seen thatsthis gentleman was unani
mously nominated by 'the Democratic caucus, for
Speaker of the House of Representatives in Wash
ington, and that his eleetion followed as a matter of
course. This is'a marked dompliment to the ability
of the distinguished Representative of our mountain
Congressional District. That he .will fill the post as
it ought to be filled, not even his enemies doubt. Mr.
Oia, as a political gla'or, has shown himself arm
ed at all point' when " caion demanded. This
vediness azfd skill he don'btless carry with him
into the discharge of the duties of his present trying
office. We cordially wish him entire suecess in the
season of labor which lies before him. It had reach
ed our ears that sonic one was to rise ufn his stirrups
ad crush the gallant mountaineer's aspirations at one
fll blow, lBut it is not every man who is considered
great by his partizans at home, who can carry out the
promulgatedl programme of that greatness in Wash
President B::cuANAN has shown by his message to
the two branches of Congress that he is as true to the
South andl her rights as was his predecessor, Presi
dent Psrig:E. The undefined apprehensions, the
suspicions inuendos of Southern extremists, are thus
swept away for the nonce, and the Administration
stands forth justified, whether as to its sincerity, its
honor, or its consistency. It is gratifying to see that
journals of the ultra stamp are generally greeting
this manifestation with approbation, if not with ap
plause. Some do this less gracefully than others, it
is true; hut they all come to it after a fashion. The
probability is, they are beginning to realize .that the
Presient is made of that stern stuff called "patriot.
im;" that he is about to infuse this old-fashioned
leaven so thoroughly into his acts, that they must
command the sanction of the people of the country;
and that it is good policy as well as sheer duty, to
render the due ineed of applause at once, to the aged
and devoted public servant who now guides the helm
This important paper is arrived; but we cannot
possibly make place for it this week. A telegraphic
abstract of its contents may be found in another col
un. We will endeavor to publish it next week, or
at least that part of- it having relation to the present
montary crisis and its causes. it is the clearest ex
position yet given of the difficulties under which the
country struggles, and of the true origin of these dif
gg The Exchange, Banking and Collection House
of W. Mt. & J. C. Martin, of Charleston, S. C., attends
to all business entrusted to them with greater despatch
and in a more satisfactory manner, than any similar
Hous with which we have everhad dealings. If any of
ur friundis have anything they want donein that city
in the way of Collecting, Exchange or Banking, let
them plae their business in the hands of Messrs. W.
I. A 3. C. Martin who will discharge their duty con
Identilly, correctly and with promptness.
pi' The " U. S. Economiet," published weekly in
Rew York City by T. P. KETTUL., Editor, and Joszrx
tIacKEy, jr., Proprietor, at $5 per annum in advance,
s, we think, a sheet well worthy the attention of our
'eaders, especially those engaged in any kind of
tireantile pursuits. It is emphatically a "Dry Goods
leportor, and Bank, Rail Road and Commercial
shroniele." We cheerfully place it on our exchange
ist, and hope to derive much useful information from
gg' It is reported that private advices reeeived in)
Vashington represent the political condition of Max
co as worse than is reported in the published ac
ount, and that the next advices thence are looked 1
r with deep anxiety by the Mexican legation in that
g7' Brevet Colonel Win. Turnbull, of the United
itates Army, was found dead in his room, at the Care
na Hotel, Wilmington, N. C., on the 10th inst. His f
emains will be carried to Washington city. Colonel I
.was connected with the Topographical Engineer
til President Buchanan has dismissed McKeon,
e district Attorney, for opposing the regular nomi
atios. The President has likewise dismissed See
stary Stanton of Kansas notoriety, for his officiousr
itermeddling in the affairs of that Territory.
SWr Our late fellow-citizen, Carey WV. Styles, Esq., e
a been nominated for Mayor of the city of Brunswick I
The President of the Union, in conformity to South
-n expectation, has taken the position of sustaining
so late action of the Kansas Convention as to sub. do
fitting the slavery Article of the new Constitution, ve
ad no other, to the test of a popular vote. Senator in
Douglass, perhaps the next uost powerful man in the H
mnien, pronounces this position utterly unjust to the at
eople of Kansas and in its tendency subversive of It
ie very principles upon which Mr. BURCeANAN was et
This sudden divergence of opinions on so vexed a tr
ucstion, and between two zuch prominent leaders of tc
he Democratic party, is much to be regretted. We d,
ready observe that papers with old Whig and Know of
Zothing proclivities are chuckling over the circum- e7
tance, in evident satisfaction at the prospect of a die- a,
uption of the Democracy. It is possible that such t1
say be the result. Mr. Docoa.ss is not only a Dem- u
Herat of great influence, but a statesman of expanded
dews; and it may well be supposed that his followers e
a this unfortunate schism will number strongly. On a
he other band, Mr. BUcnixAJ has pursued the course i
if an upright and impartial president in all this Kan
as controversy; and that the Democracy of the
country well know. He has honestly endeavored to
tarry out, in its true spirit, the principle of popular c
ovreignty as embodied in the Kansas-Nebraska leg- b
slation of Congress. He has acted with especial fair- t
eess towards the Free-soilers of Kansas territory,
hile he has in no sense interfered with the constitu
Zonal rigits of Pro-slavery men. He was bound by j
every consideration of justice to recognize the authori- i
y of the Convention' which has recently formed a
State Constitution. He is equally bound to sustain r
ho action of that Convention. The refusal of Free
ioilers to vote upon the slavery question as presented
o them by the Convention, is their own fault,-cer
ainly-not the President's. Indeed, the course of our
patriotic Chief Magistrate has been, throughout, as
fair and as prudeptial in all respects as the circum
stances of the case would allow. And we cannot be
tve, but that he will be supported in the strait-for
ward, constitutional come he has indicated in his
essage, and that Congress will admit Kansas into
the Union with her present Constitution, modified or
sot modified by the test vote of the 2lstinstant. The
Southern members will, it is said, go in a body for the
measure; and it is probable that the Administration's
Impartial but firm policy will command sufficient
strength in other quarters of the Union to ensure the
final disposition by Congress of this vexuta guneto.
While Mr. DouoLAss cannot be blamed for the bold
expression of his honest sentiments; and while he
may be able to fortify himself therein with no despic
able array bf facts and arguments; we yet see naught
but honesty, and truth, and a zeal for the common
welfare of the whole country, in Mr. BeuANAN's pol
icy, and earnestly.hope that the South will now stand
by him to a man.
pg TnE Vice-President of the United States,
John C. Breckinridge, left Mobile, on Friday, for
Washington. He goes through Montgomery, and
will probably take the route through Columbus, Ma
con and Augusta Georgia, and through Carolina to
the Federal Metropolis.
||r Jons-tho philosopher Jones-has discov
ered the respective natures of a Distinction and a
Difference. He says that a little Difference frequent
ly makes many enemies, while a little Distinction
attracts hosts of friends.
S"Io," of the Baltimore Sun writes that Kan
sas will be, before the first of next July, in open re
bellion against the United States Territorial Govern
pgTu Carolina Time, of the 12th inst., says :
" The College exercises have now closed, until the
irst Monday in January next. This week there
have been fifty-five candidates admitted to the Col
lege, making a total of 221 students at present ready
for the coming exercises."
pm Coz.. On, Speaker of the House of Representa.
tives, was complimented by a serenade on Wednesday
night last. He acknowledged the attention in a fe
pg There were sold at Abbeville, on lest sale day,
a lot of sixteen negroes, for the average price of $709.
W" Four sportsmen of Clarksville, Tenn., killed
2000 pigeons one day last week, at the pigeon roost,
14 miles from that place.
W" Howard Wilcox shot himself at a house of
ill-fame in Augusta, on the night of the 9th inst.
W" Specimens of beautiful crockery from the
Kaolin factory in this District have been left in the
Store of S. C. Mustin, of Augusta. Gs. Call in and
examine it when you go down.
pAD Five negroes have been sentenced to be hung
at Natchez, Miss.,-three for murdering their over
seer, Duncan RL. Skinner, and the other two for the
murder of their overseer, F. W. McBride.
pg A dentist named E. Osgood was cowhidod at
Boston on Friday last, by Samuel S. Jefferds, for at
tempting to kiss his wife while performing an opera
tion on her teeth.
pm Eleven runaway slaves were recently captured
near Nebraska city. Their leader was shot down,
and the others surrendered thirty odd revolvers.
piD Mr. B. C. Bryan has laid on our table " The
South Almanac, for the year 1858," for which he will
accpt our thanks. H~e has a " few more left of the
same sort," which ho is selling like "hot cakes." Run
and get one.
W" Mr. Staunton, the Secretary of the Territory
of Kansas, has been renmovedi.
pil There are in the United States twenty-six
thousand post offices.
fly It may be said of ladies, as well of vessels,
that if they are well manne,,sd, they are very certain to
be well rigjged.
LA TEE FROM NICABAGUA.
Ne:w OaLE. s, Dec. 12.-A telegrapfh dis
patch from the Balize, annonnees the arrival of
the steamship Empire City, from Havana.
The steamship Star of the WVest takes forward
to New York $2,250,000 in specie.
T1he news from California;'by this arrival, is
Gen. WMv. WValker, with his Nicaraguan emi
grants, landed one hundred and fifty men at Pun
ta Arenas on thr25th November.
The steamship Fashion, on board of which
were Gen. Walker and the emigrants, passed the
United States sloop of-war Saratoga under a full
head of steam at full spead, and nso interference
with her passage to the wharf was attempted.
Gen Walker sent fifty of his mon up the river.
'he Fashion, at last accounts, was at Aspin
wall, receiving coal.
Commodore Hiram Paulding, the commander
in-chief of the home squadron, attempted to seize
the Fashion, but after an examination of her pa
pers found they were all correct.
The British and American squadrons have
sailed for the San Juan river.
It is reported that the difficulties between
Dosta Rica and- Nicaragua have been settled
rithout a resort to arms.
Hos.--A few drove of hogs have passed
lrough this village, but prices are too high and
noney too scarce for many of our people to pur
:hase. The ruling asking p rice is 7 cents; but
tales have been made at Gl. We honestly be
ieve they willayet be offered at 521 and 6 cents.
:n Louisville und Cincinnatti, 'we see by the pa.
>rs, they are dull sale at 4}. The weather here
now too unfavorably for killing, and we pre
'er holding off a while.-Laurensvime Herald. a
"Hn ahio rises late, may trot all day but nev- si
r overtakes his business." So said Dr. Franklin.*
A cotemporary says: " We have watched these ~
elows who are the early risers, and as a general
bing, they are the first chaps who go to the gro- a
eres of a morning. Its all moonshine about
he smartest and greatest men being the ear-ly E
A Boston magazine proves that God is not
aconscious of the troubles in Wall street, by
uoting the words of the Psalmist: " If I make '
y bed in hell, behold, Thou art there."
The best bapk ever yet known is a bank of
arth-it never refuses to discount to honest
ibor. And the best share is the plowshare-on C
CHARLESTON, l)ecembcr 12, 1857.
Signor Blitz has been astonishing the natives here
ring the week with his magic, necromantic and A
triloquial exploits, drawing large audiences and y
:king every body forget hard times for a season.
is feats of Legerdemain, though many of them stale I
A familiar, are curious, and bear repetition. His p
arned Canary birds are looked upon as great wond- C
a in their line of curiosities. To those who witness
e Magician's performances for the first time, such t
icks as burning up ladies' whitepockethandkerehiefs
cinders, and restoring them whole and in good or- i
ir-taking a gentleman's empty hat and pulling out
it endless supplies of ribbons, and tin cups, feath- 1
-, frogs and pussy-cats, to the ecstatic astonishment a
ad merriment of the little fry-making all sorts of
ings change places by a look or a word-killing ani
als and bringing them to life again, &c., are really
uzling, and well calculated to encourage the belief
at the Signor has " dealings with the devil,"-a con
action by no means peculiar to himalr or his class.
'rom the reception given to his Exhibitions, I should
adge that he can very well afford to divide profits in
s adjustment of dividends.
The encouragement extended to "The Campbells,"
aused them to prolong their stay among us. They
ave been cutting their capers before full houses all
he week, and have made a profitable experiment up
n the risible propensities of the Charlestonians.
The second assembly of the Charleston Quadrille
ussociation takes place on the evening of the 10th
2stat St. Andrews Hall.
Miss Davenport, the distinguished actress, is "star
ing" it at the Theatre. On Wednesday evening she
pparcd as "Medea," in the play of that name, in
rhich character she gained so much celebrity last
eason. Next week we are-to have a "Coryphean"
oncrt-an Oratorical Exhibition and a Grand Me
agerie and Circus.
Our Elections for City Officers are now over. There
as been no lack of Candidates fo- the various posts.
he offices are flied principally by the former incum
ents. I see that your Columns give evidence of
)icers being in demand with you also, and that old
|dgefield can muster a great many citizens who would
ke to be Sheriffs, Clerks and Tax Collectors, if their
onstituents do not object to the arrangement.
A new Episcopal Church, (Christ Church Shep
enardbero) in the upper part of the City, has been
ompleted and opened for public worship, and will be
onsecrated by the Bishop in January. Rev. J. Mer
ier Green has been appointed Rector.
The Annual Report of the Principal of the High
School was submitted to Council at its last meeting.
!his excellent Institution is still presided over by
henry M. Bruns, Esq., one of our best classical schol
irs, a gentleman of high christian character, and an in
tructor of long and varied experience. In his Re
port, Mr. Bruns speaks in very flattering terms of the
assistance rendered him by two of his newly appointed
young Colleagues, Messrs. Torre and Miller, and pays
a special tribute to the services of Mr. J. Alma Pelot,
ii the writing department,-native teachet, whose
reputation as an Artist in Ornamental Penmanship,
has reached an elevation which places him far beyond
the roach of competition from any transient professor
of the Chirographic Art from abroad.
Our fancy stores are beginning to a ertise their
Toys and Games for Christmas and New Year's pres
ants. For the edification of your juvenile readers, I
subjoin a list of new games recently introduced on
sale at Von Santan's Bazaar :-Philopoena, or Rhymes
and Kisses; the game of Hens land Chickens; Big
and Little A B C; Combination Alphabet; Fox-and
Geese Game; Golden Egg Game; The Bugle Horn;
Our Pet Alphabet; Noun Cards; Old Soldier; Dr.
Busby; Lamplighter Game; Little Corporal Game;
Gifts and Consequences; Snip, Snap, Snorum; The
American Eagle; Fashion and Famine; What you
Buy; Old Maid.
The publication of the first Collection of our State
Historical Society Is an interesting feature in Its'pro
gress. The Society was organised two years ago
was incorporated last year by the Legislature, and an
appropriation of $500 annually, granted to enable it
to commence the publication of these Collections.
The first volume contains several valuable documents
relative to our Revolutionary history.
The United States Commissioner has before him a
case of alleged "Fillibustering," which has attracted
considerable interest. Information having been lodged
with the Commissioner by the United States District
Attorey, that he had just cause to believe that Capt.
Thomas J. Mackey has been violating the Neutrality
Laws of the United bstates in or-ganizing an expedi
tion under the orders of Gen. Walker, an order was
issued for a Process against the accused. In stating
his case the District Attorney relied for a Commit
ment upon the sufficiency of proof of probable cause
for believing that this expedition was designed to act
with Gen. Walker against Nicaragua-against a pow
er with whom the United States are at peace, and
that the circumstance of his having offered a Commis
sion and having one hundred men under his commnand,
afforded sufficient.reason for the inference that the ex
pedition was already In progress or duly organized,
with means and resources. The prisoner was defended
with much tact and ability by L. W. Spratt, Eaq., who
took the ground, that no offence can be proved, but
that particularly specified in the At-that the Act
requires an expedition-a military expedition, begun
by the accused-to be carried on from the United
States, against some power with whom the United
States are at peace. That the law does not contem
lalte as a misdemeanor the mere attempt to set on foot
an expedition-that the President of the United States
can only call out the Army and Navy to arrest it,
when formed and organized. That the .movement
under consideration has not assumed this charactr
no man having been enlisted nor officer appointed by
the accused-it did not appear that there were any
arms; and that the organization, if any, was not
complete. That the only evidence of movement at all
was derived from the confession of Capt. Mackey.
Furthermore, that the people of Nicaragua do not
stand in any relation at all towards the United States;
that no obligations whether neutral or otherwise can
exist towards a people with whom we have no rela
tions whatever. Thercfore, in the sense of this Act,
it could not be alleged that Nicaragua is "a power or
people with whom we are at peace." That there are
no relations and nu obligations to be violated, and
threfore the probable cause either of the Act or the
intention could not be sustained.
The prisoner was committed in default of bail in
the snnm of $3000, and will Fse brought bufore Judge
Magrath, for trial next month. The punishment pre
acribod by the Laws of the United States Is "a fino
>f $3000, and imprisonment for not more than thre
Eight thous'and b~alos of Cotton have been sold du
-ing the week, 91 @ 10); receipts 10,800 bales. Our
narkets are wall supplied with meats and provisions.
bood Beef is selling at 121e; Lamb 1S2e; Veal 12ie.
:n the vegetable market, the supply is rather limited,
Poultry and Eggs are hecoming more abundant as
ihristmas draws near, and seasonings for Egg-nog
ril soon be in brisk demand. Fowls are bringing
13 to $4 per dozen; Ducks $54; Turkeys per pair
124 to $3. CL AUDE.
H YKEE NI AL.
MinnlaD, on the 26th of Nov. at her Father's resi
nce, by the Rev. J. Peterson, Mr. 3. F. FaEE to
Kis NACY E. HEARns, all of this District.
Muass, on the 29th Nov. by J. Quattlebum, Esq.,
Sthe residence of her Father, Mr. FRANKINx~ WAr,
iii and Miss ANN, youngest -Daughter of Mr. Jo
aph Parkman, all of this District.
MARED, in'Augusta, Ga., on Monday evening,
ie 7th inst., by Rev. W. M. Crumley, Mr. M. DrITL'
ad Miss ExxA J. MARsHALLr.
ARaIED, on the 15th November by M. B. Whittle'
sq., in Edgefleld District, LIEUTENANT ELxORn F.
AnTLEr, of Lexington District, to Miss LouIsA
ARTLY, of Campbell County Ga.
MARED, in Tallapoosa County, Alabama, on the
h inst., by J. Cosby, Esq., Mr. D. Z. CLARKE and
isa B. B. Paron.
7WE are authorized by the friends of Mr.
'ILLIAM L..STEVENS to announce him as a
audidate for Clerk of Edgefleld District at the en
- . OBITUARY. -
Dirn, on the 12th November last, Mrs. REBECCA
BNEY. consort of Mr. John K. Abney, in the 23rd
ear of her age.
Leaving a kind husband, two children, and a large
rele of relatives and frlendsAo lament her loss.
,at they mourn not as those whomave no hope. She "
rofessed the. religion of Christ in 1850, and lived a
insistent member of the Church, exerting a good and.
lorious influence wherever she went ; and, though
he grim monster death, the faithful officer of God, in
ie stillness of midnight, encircled her mortal frame
rith his icy grasp, her example stillspeaks and will
>ng live to direct her dear children and others into
he channel of truth.
Her relatives and friends will often think of her
rhen they see her.seat vacated at the house of God,
nd miss her kind aid in acts of benevolence to her
teighibors and family circle; and no doubt drep the
ifent tear. But let us submit to the will'of provi
lence, and take warning and prepare for death, that
re may all in the great resurrection' morn, have a
>art in the first resurrection, and go up to meet God
n the air, where wI can happily hail the loved ones
hat have gone before, and join with them in singing
he sweet songs of Zion throughout the boundless ages
>f eternity. H. T. B.
DaPnrzE this life, on Monday the 7th inst., Mrs.
KARY ADAMS, in the 20th year of her age. at the
residence of her Father, Thomas Chatham, Esq., in
Greenwood, Abbeville District, S. C.
The deceased was of amiable and lovely disposi
tion from childhood. Early in life she professed her
faith in the Savior and united with the BaptistChurch
of Christ, since which time her life has beon-consis
tent with her profession. As a friend, she was con
stant and kind; as a child, she was affectionate and
dutiful, as a mother, she was tenderly and devotedly
attached to her infant son ; and as a Christian, she
bore with much patince and resignation the affections
and trials through which, in the providence of God,
she was called to pass. In her last illness, her pa
tience under suffering, her steadfast faith in Christ,
and her welcome of death as a kind, benefactor and
deliverer from evils to come, give to her numerous
surviving relatives and friends a strong assurance
that she possessed that "Hope which is as an ancher
of the soul, both sure and steadfast." "She sleeps
in Jesus, and rests from her labor, and her works do
follow her." H.
HAMBUflG, Dec. 12.
Corrox.-A little better feeling exists among buy.
era to-day, a full lc. advance.
AUGUSTA, Dee. 12.
Corrox.-Sales to-day about 1,00 bales, principally
at 9O and 10 cents. Demand good and market firm.
NEW ORLANS, Dee. 12.
The sales of cotton to-day.are 3,000 bales. 'The
quotations are barely maintained. Middling 101 a
101 cents. The sales of the week reach 31,000}ales,
and the receipts 58,200. The etock on band is 257,
0001 The decrease at this point is 139,000 bales, and
the decrease at all the -ports 339,000. The sugar
market is firm, and the corn trade buoyent.
. M'LANE'S LIVER PILLS.
PREPARED BY FLEMING BROTHERS, PITTS
From the unsolicited testimony continually offered
from'all quarters of the country, it is impossible to
resist a conviction' of the great excellence of these
Pills in all diseases of the Liver and Stomach. The
following letter from Toronto, Canada, is one.of the
many the proprietors have received:
Toaoxro, April 27th, 1854.
Mxassas. FLaxNaG Bnos.-Sir :-I take this oppor
tunity of informing you of the benefits Ihave derived
from Dr. M'Lane's valuable Pills. I have for two
years past been afflicted with a severe pain over the
eyes, accompanied with a nervousness and sense of
dizziness; a malady beyond the power and skill of
our physicians to relieve and cure, caused, as far as I
myself could judge, by a diseased state of the liver
and stomach. Some of the doctors tried bleeding,
and various other remedies were tried, bet all in vain,
for the deep-rooted disease still stuck fast. At last I
procured a box of your valuable Liver Pills from a
Druggist here, and feel, after taking a portion of
them, that the disease and painful sensation over the'
eyes has almost entirely left me. I will close by ad
vising all those affliceted as I have been, t6 procure
the valuable medicine at one, and save much time
and pain, with little expense. With sinerie gratitude
and respect, I remain yours, respectfully.
GEO. W. RUSSELL, Toronto.
gg Purchr.sers will ho careful to ask for DR.
M'LANE'S CELEBRATED LIVER PILLS, manu
factured by FLEMING BROS., of Pittsburgh, Pa.
All ether Liver Pills in comparison are worthless,
Dr. M'Lane's genuine Liver Pills, also his celebrated
Vermifuge, can now be had at all respectable drug
stores. .Nonae genuine without the sign~ature of
33 FLEMING BROS.
GOODS DEL1VRED FREE OP CHAEGE
BROOM & NORRELL, Augusta, Ga., will de
liver in Augusta and Hamburg all goods bought of
thenm FREE OF CHARGE.
Augusta Ga., Nov. 9 tf 44
ALL those who are indebted tu the old Firm of
J. M. NEWBY & CO., will please make payment
to the Uudersigned, as longer indlulgence cannot be
given. J. K. IIOR A & Co.
Successors to J. M. Newby & Co..
Augusta, Dec 15 if 49_
Notice of' Dissolution.
TGARY, for the pratice of Law and Equity,
is this day diasolved by mtil consent.
G. .W. L ANDRUM,
M. W. GARY.
D..ec15 3t 49
X..A."Wr 2TXTIC .
M W. GARY, A ttorney at LAW and So
a licitor in EQI 'ITY, will practice in this and
the adljoining Districts.
.0O1lce. above B. C. BavAds Store.
Del6 - 1y. 49
pERSONS indebted to the sub-criber after the
first of February next, will find their notes
and accounts in the hands of S. S Tompkins, Esq.
if not previously settled. W. M. BURT.
Dee16 tf 49
A CHANGE TO SUIT THE TIMES!I
IN view of the scarcity of moncy and the hard
.times generally, we will from this date, offer our
ENTIRE STOCK OF GOODS AT
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,
and many of them such as French and English
MARINOES, DELAINS, ALPACCAS, Black
andl Colored figured SILKS, and LADIES DR)RSS
GOODS, generally with a handsome assortment of
Cheneal, Stella and Plaid SH AWLS-Also, KER
SEYS and BLANKETS, at
COST FOR CASE.
A large assortment of English sind American
PRINTS, at 12j cents.
gg All persons indebted to s are earnestly
requeste~d to make payment. We Uaust have money
to meet our engagements.
* BLAND & BUTLER.
Dec. 15 1857 - tf ' 49
Negroes to Hire.
TI JW hire at Edgefield C. H., on Tuesday, the
5thJ an. next, at public outcry, for the year 1858,
10i or 15 LIkely Negroes,
Blonging to the Estate of Richard Burton, dee'd.
Terms made kn~own onday of birjng..
W. F. DURISOE, Trustee.
Dec16. 3t 49
Blankets and Negro Cloths.
B ROOM & NORRELL, Augusta, Ga.,
.1have on hand a very large assortnment-oaf
bBGRO BLANKETS, KEiRSEYS, STRIPES,
:omprising a great variety of these Goods, which
:hey are offering at extremely low prices, and ia
accordance with the times, and to which they
would call attention.
Augusta, Deo 16 if 49.
NEW LEAF LARD..
JUST received a foWr Jarn NE W LEAF LARDi.
J Vor sale by 0. L. PENN, Aama.