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"6We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our bertles, and if it m~ust fall. v w il ooaudtfu un.
EDGEFIELD, ~ V S , ARCH 3, 1858. ___
SUOIMlS, DDJIISOE & CO.,, Proprietors. EDEFEL S, Jy1V
"HALLOWED BE THY NAM-9"
BY MISS ELIZA COOK.
List to the dreamy tongue that dwells
In rippling wave or sighing tree:
Go, hearken to the old church bells,
The whistling bird, the whizzing bee;
Interpret rights and ye will find
'Tis " power and glory " they proclaim:
The chimes, the c-eatures, waters, wind,
All publish, " Hallowed by Thy name!"
The pilgrim journeys till he bleeds,
To gain the altar of his sires;
The hermit, pores ab-:e his beads,
With zeal that never wanes nor tires;
But holiest rite or longest prayer
That soui can yield or wisdom frame,
What better import can it bear
Than "Father, Hallowed be Thy name ?"
The savage kneeling to the. sun,
To give his thanks tor ask a boon;
The raptures of the idiot one,
Who laughs to see that clear round moon;
The saint well -aught in Christian lore,
- The Moslem prostrate at his ilame
All worship, wonder and adore,
And end in " Hallowe.1 be Thy name i!"
Whate'er may be man's faith or creed.
Those precious wo. ds comnprie it still;
W, trace them on the bloomin-t mead,
Wfe have them in the flowing rIl;
One chorus hails the Great Supreme ;
Each varied breathing is the sane
The strains may ditfer, but the THEME
Is, " Father, Hlallowed be Thy name !"
THE DEAREST SPOT ON EARTH.
The following little ballad was sweetly sung, by
Miss Anna Kna), at Thalberg's concert, with gret
The dearest spot on earth to me,
Is home, sweet home:
The fary land I've longed to see,
Is home, sweet home;
There how charmed the sense of hearing-,
There where hearts are so endearing,
All the world is not so cheering,
As-home, sweet home.
I've taught my heart the way to prize.
My home, sweet home;
I've learned to look with lover's eyes,
On home, sweet home;
There where vows are truly plighte.l,
e er rt - r,i tod --
All the world besides I've slighted,
For home, sweet home.
Napoleon was convereing with Josephine,
when on of his officers entered and announced
a young woman from Lyons.
"What is her businiess wih ine ?"
"Some petition," answered de Merville, the
The officer soon re-appeared, with a lady
leaning upon his arm, whose face, as much as
could be scanned through the thick folds of a i
veil, was very beautiful. She trembled as she
approached the door.
" Mademoiselle," whispered her guide kind
ly, " take courage, but answer promlatI:y every
question the emperor proposes ; hie detests hesi
tation." Then ushering her into the spacious
apartment, he bowed and retired.
The trembling girl, perceiving Napoleon, on
whom her fondest hopes depended, forget her
timidity ; she thought only of another. Throw
ing herself at the feet or Napoleon, she exclann
ed in a voice choking with emotion: "Mercy,
sire ! I sue for umerey and pardon." She could
articulate no more.
Josephine stepped fronm her partial conceal
ment, and then approaching, contrib:ated more!
by her sympaaing words of encouragement
to restore the e.>urage of the petitioner than
even the Emperor by his gracious manner, as
he bade her rise.
"Your petition, Me:~moiselle," said be.
Henrietta Armnend (for that was her name)
looked imnploringly at thc Emperor, and ex
claimed: " Ah hire. I ask pardon for Louis Del
im-e who is condemned to be shot on to-mor
wwtt. Oh, grant him your royal pardon !"
A cloud gathered on Napoleon's brow as he
interrupted her with, " A deserter, Mademoi
selle ;. he has twice deserted. No, he must be
mnade an example for the remainder of the regi
"iBut the cause of his desertion !" cried
Hecnrietta, in agony. "lie was compelled to
j.oin the army against his will."
" What are the causes of his desertion ?" in
"'Two weeks since," answered Henrietta, " he
.received news that :an only remzaininag parent, a
mothe~r, sire. was on~ her deathi-bed, and longed
:cav manl night to l.'-holdl her son. Loui.' knew
' it relief or re'ease from his post was impossi
e. Uhis mind was filled witu one tirnigt
ihat she might close her eyes forever, ere they
.,sted on a son she loved so fondlyv."
"Did she die ?" asked the Emnpress4, with
"No, madam," replied Henirietta, "sheo at
'st recovered. But hardly hiadu Louis re
.'ived her blesmg, been folded in her rams,
me h~e was~ t' rn from her grasp by the officer of
mstice, and dragged hither. Oh ! miust he die ?~
'Mercy, sire, I be..eech you !"
" Madremoiselle," said Napoleon, apparently
sohtened, this is the second offence ; nume the
irst ; you omitted that."
"It was," said she, hesitating and coloring,
"it was-that he heard I wa to beo married to
~Conrad Ferant, whom I detest as munch as he
does," answered Henrietta, with naiveta'.
" Are you his sistler, that he feels so great an
interest in your fate," as.ked the Emperor.
" Oh, no, sire," said Henrietta, her lovely
cheeks assuming a still deeper hue of the rose,
" I am only a cousin."
" Ah ! only a cousin," repeated Napoleon,
l1ancing at Josephine with a supp~re'sed smile.
"Oh, sire," said Henrietta, " recollect the
anguish of his widowed mother whlen she reeol
lects that the affection of her son f'r her is the
cause 'of his death. What," shie continued,
"can I do to save him ?" and the poor girl, for-,
getting the presence of royalty, burst into tears.
The kindhearted Josephine glanced at the Eim
peror with eyes expressive of pitty and symt
pathy. She noticed the workings of his face,
and felt at once that it was very uncertainI
whether Louis Delmarre was to be shot the
Napoleon approached the weeping girl. She
hastily looked up and dried her tears. " Mad
emoiselle," said he, " would you give your life
for his ? Would you die, could Lons Delmarre
be restored to liberty and his mother ?"
Henrietta started back, deadly pale, looked
fixedly at the Emperor for a moment, then
turning away she buried her face in her hands.
After a silence of some minutes, Henrietta
looked up: "I am willing" said she, in a very
low voice. Napoleon looked at her in surprise,
as if he had not anticipated so ready an answer
to his proposal. "I will see you again," said
he, "in the meantime accept such accommoda
tion as I shall direct."
As soon aS the door was closed upon the fair
petitioner, Napoleon walked to the window
against which Josephine was leaning, and said;
I see iow it is: Louis Delmarre is the lover
of this young girl. True to woman's nature,
she bas braved difficulty and danger to beg his
" How strong must be the love she bears for
hin," said the Empress.
" Al !" returned he, "I have a mind to sub
ject thi., love to a severer test. Much I doubt
whether she will give her life for him. Never
thele% I will see."
" Sure," crned Josephine, "you are not seri
ous-Louis can certainly be pardoned without
the death of Henrietta."
Napoleon drew near the window, and they
conversed in a low voice.
* * * *
Henrietta stood alone in a magniflcent apart
ment. Honurs passed unobserved, so intensely
wasi she absorbed in revene; a small folded pa
per w..s tightly grasped in her small hand. On
it were traced these words, " A deserter is con
deined by the laws of the amy to suffer death.
It you wish Delinarre re-tore-l to liberty. the
meaa-i akre in your power. Ere day dawns he
mwiy I.e on his way to join his soother whoi he
so mia-ick loves."
Ah !" uitirnuired HIenrietta, " do not I love
him too?" Prie.-ing her hands upon her heart,
as if to still its tuinultuout breathi , sii paced
the apartment. The door openet, Ihe
Chevali. r de Merville enteraid. lie paused ere
he articulated "Mademoielle."
I am ready," replied Ilenrietta ; " my de
cisiwm is made."
De Merville appear'. to comprehend the imn
port of her words. le looked uoni her wit.h
re% ereitce as; well a-s admiration, as sIe tood
with tie high resolve impressed upon her bcau
ti:ul brow, "Follow me, Madlemoiselle," said he.
Tnev traversed long corridors and numerous
suits of superb apar tments; and descending a
staircase, quickly reached an outer court com
mmnteting with the guard-house. Enterin
this, leinrietta was ushered by her guide into
a small apartment, where she was soon left to
On a chair wa< flung a uniform of the regi
mant. to which Louis beloumzed. On a table lai
a large pluned cap. Henrietta comprehende-1
all in a iuoment.
Quickly habiting herself in the uniform. she
stanid Jefore the mirror, anti gathering up hei
butiful brown tresses into a knot, placed the
cap o n her head. She almost uttered a cry of
joy at the success Of her tranmformation. She
knew that she was to be led to the fatal ground
at the morning's dawn. The bullet which
would have siruck Louis to the heart was to be
death to her own, but she shrunk not back.
love triumphed over the timid woman's nature.
" Louis's mother will bless me in her heart,"
she whispered. " Louis him!nelf will never for
get me. And oftena has lie sworn that lie loved
ine better than all else beside." Drawing a
lck of raven hair fromt her bosom she pressed
it t) her lips, and theu breathed a prayer to
Morning dawied. The sound of footmen
aroused Henrietta. She started up, gras;ped the I
baud of iair, awaiting his sumnons. The door
rpened and two soldiers entered repeating the
name of Loui< Delnarre; they suddenly led
her irth to die. The soldiers whose bullet
were to pierce the heart of Louis had taken
their stand, and only awaited thc command
from the Emperor, who was stationed at the
w~indow, commanmdinig a view of the whole
"01h," cried Josephine, who stood by him,
but conce~'ded by the window drapery~ from the
view of those below," Oh, sire, I can endure
it no longer ; it seems so much like a dreadful
readity. .Mrk the devoted girl ! No shirinaking
bak ! See, she sents calmly awaitiing the fatal
" Stop !" cried the Emperor from the window.
" Louis Dehunarre is pardoned. I revoke hisi
A lo'id burst of applause fronm the lips of the
soldiers followed this announcement. Not one
of them but loved atid resp~ected their comrade.
The niext moment, ere they could1 press around
to congratulate the supposed Louis, De Merville
had cargerly drawn the bewildered Henrietta
through the crowd, back to the cell from which
she had emerged but a few moments before.
"1Reume your dress agaiti, Mademoiselle ;
lose no tinme; the Emperor wishes to see you.
I will return soon."
lienrietta was like one in a dream, but a
glamn of de~licious hope thrilled her soul ; she
felt the dawning of bappiness break upoin her
heart. Soon again. resumintg her pretty rustic
ineaents De Merville re-appeared, and once
again she trodl the audience-room ohf the Empe
or. Lilfting her eyes from the ground as the
boiy door .owung open, she behe~d Louis. An
exclatationi of joy b~uret fromt the lbps of boith,
a, regardless of others, they rushed itnto each
Napoleon steppe'd forward.
" Louis Dehnarre," said he, " you have just
heard from my lips the tale of this lovely ::ir's
devotion atnd courage. Do you love her as shte
deserves?" - --
" I could die for her," answered Louis,
" W'ell, wa'l," cred1 the Emperor, thmi. test
of one will suffice. So dutiful a sotn. so faithful
a lover~, will make the bent of hutsb~ands. You,
Lieut:ttt Louis Dehtnarre, are discharged from
your regiment. Return to your native valley
with Hetnrtetta as your bride."
" IHere," said the benevolent Josephine, em
erging from thae recessed wi~dow, " hecre are onte
hudred louis d'ors, as the marriage dowry,
A charming blush suffused the cheek of the
beautiful girl as she received the purse front
the hand of the Empress.
" Long live Napoleon !" exclaimed' Louis, a<
w:th a heart too full of grateful emotiotn for
further miterance, lie took the hanid of Henri
ett, and making a graceful obeisance, quitted
Ln TENTERnoN had contracted so inveter
ae a htabit of keeping Limsclf and every body
else to the precise matter in hand, that once,
during't a circuit dinnier, htaving asked a country
mtgistrate if he would take venicon, and re
ceiig that lhe deemed an evasive reply-.
"Thank you my lord, I tam going to take boil
ed chike"-his lordship sharply replied-.
"Tat, sir, is no answer to my question ; I ask
yo aai 'yon take venison, and [ will trou
le ou to ay yes or no, without further pre
A PIThICIANS' EVIDENCE ON DANCING
That beautiful, graceful accomplishment o
dancing, so perverted by late hours and th<
indecency of fashionable attire, has outraget
many sensible people, and led them to depriv4
the young ones of the most simple and health
ful enjoyments, because it has been abused. Foi
myself, I can testify not only to its healthful
but recuperative power. The fortieth, nay, th
fiftieth year of my age, found me enjoying thii
life-cheering exercise. It should be one of th<
earliest amusements of children, and care bhoul
be taken by parents that it is understood as at
amusement. While I am on this topic, I wil
mention a case that occurred in mny practice. A
thoughtful, anxious mother, who had but threi
children, brought to me her only remainmg
child-a daughter. Her temperament nervous
billious-the nervous fearfully predominant
with great irritability of the system, peevish
passionate, dyspeptic, sleepless; of course, ex
acting, arbitrary, and uncomfortable; the pool
child looked sad, old, morbid and miserable
She had been to school, becau.-e her parent!
thrught it an anusenent for her to be witl
Mter critically examining her physiogomny, I
said to her mother. ' what is the temperamen
of your husband T' " The same as my own,
shereplied. "Then the child is doublystanped,
I continued; "very vigoruus measures must bN
used, if you expect to restore her to health
Divorce her immediately from anything menta
so far as inenurizing is concerned, then .4nd hei
to a dancing school, that she may combine exer
cise with order and melody, and thus some o
her rough edges may be rounded." The child
her large eyes open with wonder and delight
interrupted with " dancing scouol ? 0, how1'vi
longed to go; but inother says its wrong, am
and leads to wickedness." What a dilenia fi
a Child ! "Did you ever ntend your daughte:
to play the piatio, guitar, or other nisical in
strunient ?" said I to the mother. " 0 yes," w:
the answer. " Why, I continued, " wly shov
suci partiality to the upper extremities'! Tih
hands are rendered happy as a medium of mel
ody ; the feet are rendered equally happy it
the same way." A iniee afternoon school re
cive l the little girl, who grew in health an
harnony every month as she folowed the hy:
gienic rules prescriled for her. Dancing is
IealthId, beautiful, graceful recreation, and i
not, responsible for the abuses that luxury ha:
thrown arounl it. The vulgarism ani exc:te
nients of the ball room have no more to do witi
the simple enjoyment of the dance than the riel
wines and suap;tnons ainquets of the gourmand
in whon they induce disease, have to do witl
te temperate repasts that satisfy the naturn
wants of the body.-Dr. Hw rrie K. Hut.
A GO OLD STORY.
There lived lately in one of the unm-tainou
counties in Western Virginia many Dutchmen
and, among then one named Ienry Syntder
ind there were likewise two brothern, callet
George iand Jake Fulwiler-they were all rich
and each owned a mill. Henry Synder wa
subjede '6 fits of deraig'meift, 'bdt thliy Ileh
not of such a nature as to reader him disgreea
ble to any one. Ile merely conceived himusell
to be the .upremne Ruler of the Universe, and
while unter the inltuation. had hinself
throne built., on whicn he -at to try tie ealse
of all who oti'ended himn; and i d tiemi o1l
to heaven or hell, as his hiuior pro-AmItedl-li
per.oionating bth JAlge and rulpnt.
It happened on dlav that somea. dilielulty oc
curred.between Henry Syndea1r;ml the Fuhril
e), on account of their imll-; whe:. to b
aenged, lenry Synlr took ailong wit h him a
book in which lie recorded his i.. gmnt, al(
muounted his throne to try their causes. Ht
was heard to pais the followinr; judgments:
Having prepared himself, (acting a< Jdlge
and yet rlesponding for the accused,) he called
"Shorge Fulwiler, stand up. What hash
you been don in dis ;ower world P
"Ah ! Lort, 1 does not k-now"
" Well, Shorge Fuhrviler, haas'nt you gota
" Yea, lort, I hash."
" Well, Shorge Fuhwaler, did'nt yo nevr
tae too munch toll 7"
es, I.ort, I hash-when der water wa~s low,
and lmieni stones wash dull, I take a Ieetle too
" Well, den Shorge Fulwiler, you must go ta
der left, mid der goats"
"Well, Sliake Fuiwiler, now you stand up.
What youe been doin in dis lower w 'rld ?"
(The trial proceeded thiroughout precisely
like the former, and with the same result.]
" Now I tries ,aieself. IHenry Shayuder!
Ienry Shynder ! stand up. What hash yea
been (loin in is lower world ?"
"AAh'! Lort, I does not know."
"Well, llenry Shaynder, has't you got
" Yes, Lonrt, I hash."
".Well, Hetnry Shynder, did'uat you nevern tak'
too much toll?1"
"Yes, Lort I hash.-when der water wasli
low, and mien stones was dull, 1 hash taken
leelle too much toll."
" But Ihenry Shynder, vat did you do wid
" Aha! Lort, I gives it to poor."
(Pausing.) " Well, Ienary Shynder, you must
go to den right mid den sheep; but ii i.e
t(u tight s5jue(Z :e
How TO TF....-A traveller called at night
fall at a farmer's-the owner being from haomel
an l the mocther anid daughter being alone, the:
refused to lodge the way-farer. " Ilew fair then,
said he, " to a house where a preacher .ana get
lodging ?" " Oh, if you are a p~reachien, s;ui
the lady, you can stay here." Accordingly he
dismounted. H~e deposited his saddlle-bags, ant
lel his ho~rse to the stable. Meanwhile, th<
mother and daughter were debating the plumt
as to what kind of a preacher he was. "IH<
cannot be a Presbyterian " said one, " for lie I
not. well dresased eno.ughi." "lie is niot a Metho.
dist, said the other, "for his coat is not thIi
right cut for a Methodist." " If I could findl lii
hymn book," said the daughter, " I could tel
what sort of a pireaicher he is." And with thal
she thru..t lier hand into thme saddle bags. ana
pulliig out a flask of whi.,key. shle exclaimed
" La ! mother, he's a hand Shell Baptist."
C.R.FU'L Wr.-"Dlon' t, Charles, go t<
Boston with that hole in the elbow of yom
shirt." Ilusban..-" Why not mny dear!
Caireful Wife,. 4 Because if the cars should ranr
olf the track and youjm should get killed people
would think me a very negligent wife. Humas
band, bauttoninag up his overcoat.)-" Ahem
yes, I dare may they wouldl.''
ON hearing Ike read that eighteen rams wern
to be usedl ini launching tho Leviathan, Mrs
P~rington remarked that she believed a fes
yolks of oxen would do a great deal better that
There is a local editor out West so poor, thal
he never stands upon more than one foot at
time, for fear that he may wear out his boota
If a small boy is called a lad, it is proper t<
all a brbo a lad-der.
A SAMPLE OF COTTON FEUFTHE GILa RIV
f A friend has placed on oukttable a sample
cotton from the Gila rivig oreceived by I
I through the Hon. A. H. Sthens, at Washir
ton. The quality of this Atton is very mu
. like that known in comtin*p as Sea Islai
r The staple is long, fine, .a9 silky, in appe;
We regret that we are noi possession of n
facts connected with the cn aion of the sa
ple before us, if any such fi tA exist.
The Gila (or as some an-nounce it, Heel
river is in the South-weste', ortion of the U
ted Statfws, and formerly tituted the Noi
boundary of the Meidcan te of Sonora.
has its sources in the monn.ms of New Mexi<
P and has on its banks a thi6. growth of cott
wood. We are not preparto say that the sa
pie before us is cotton fibi from the cutti
wood tree, but in a letter frq* Thomas Sparagl
the Commercial Agent ofl(e United States,
La Paz, Lower Cafifornia, .1h reply to a circu
issued from the Patent. Oe in Washingt<
on the 29th of February, 1 6, we find the I
lowing in reference to tha Uee. The letter
written from the Gila regiof the country:
" When this country w , icovered, the cott
tree was found growing wi in great numbh
over the entire land, an . ti about twer
years ago, the inhabitan anufactured thre
and many other articles home consuTmpti
from the fibre it produ but. the Mexic
orovernent then prohibi 4ts. manufacture
the people, for the. sake the duties whi
. might be obtainied on im' articles. If-.
f attention were given to . eeting cotton fri
these trees, maniy Tillior. f pouuids could
t-:her1ed every yea3r; and trimming the ti
and watering it during the season, tihe qt
tv f the fibre miglht be ' .improved.
It is my opiniomn that, Sea Island cott
r of the United Statis can wrown to great i
vantage here, and that th ands of this rei
torv are unmirpassed for a cing sugar, ri
coffee, and grapes. .A) gh the 1titude
this phtee is but twenty; ,degrees North, t
elimate is so happily tem by sea breez
ithat labor cai be pierfur by any race of II
withnot iIetvenieiIeC or'triment to healt
Whether the cotton fibrbibefore nis i.<the
silt of cultivation, or I- rdnct of the w
cotton trees on the banks he Gilt, one ti
IiA very ceftain, the cottod of a fie variety,
long and strong staple, ilky in appvaran
and entitled to the e'xa ation as well as
flections of all men en' largely in the C
ton eiture.-Auguist o tultionalist.
I )r. Iarriett K. Ilunt ltichni to her oi
reg'ret, a woman. Sie is profession a phi
eian, and reside.; in Bos -
)r. Hunt is net of Lt zen women init
United State.< who pie ' use Nature di4 1
make them men. This u inate circusm-tar
is tihe tandinu, grievance heir lives. Wl
avail the privileges, iiiU s. at.entions,
advantages accorded to b the gallati
of the rougher sex, so I -they may not,
u -tUiogresarIts %b
and constables, wtar pantah)oins, or even vot
r Impressed wit-h an indgnant sense (if th,
disabilities, Mrs.,mr. Hun is seeking legislati
relief. Unlike lier compatriot, Lacy Stonme,
does not despise the power of the State, or
together refuie to pay her taxes. She bri
her case before the Legislature of Massachuiqe
That body has apipointed a joint Select Co
mn.ttec to comsider and report whether or n .I
lIarriett and the rest of wonmankind shall
admitted to the ballot-box. This Conumitti
as we learn from the Bobton papeinrs, has bel
pumblic hear ing in tihe SLate Hlionse, where 1
linint "expressed her disgust at the freeth
allowed to men to vote, while womii are
harred the privdiege." In this "mbsgutu " s
was ably su.stained by 11m. Sanmuel E. Sew
andl Wendell Pnillips. The Comiimit tee ii,ten
patiently, and appinnted anothler day wen
will listen still mnore.
I Mrs. Dm. Hint niistatk.5 the boeit w.iy to i
p iroac|: time oiject she hmas ini view. instead
desmuding the privilege of sutfrage, wiadch,
go at once to the roomt of the matter. Letwoi o iefratrseh t |h sm|
dlemmand the passasge of a hil11 in the followi
" B.; ii enneed, That nil women shall h.:cot
men ! thmis act to take effect immueuiaely."
Nothing shnort of such a compmjrehensive a
thorouigh proceeding will answer~ time expectamtim
of Dr. Ilunt and her anmall band of 1etuale i
Nevertheless we will not promise to supp<
the tueasure. To confess the truth, we du
wish to see wonmemn abolished. We would ratli
nota do without them. If they were all like
hlunit and Lucy Stomne we might think diff'ere:
ly. But the soter sex, we mare frhe to ay
seems to us worth preserving aLs it is. We tihe
fore call upon thme Massachusetts Letrislatmure
exercise a judicious conservati..m. What wom
become of us if there were no wonmen?
THE: FATE, OF A FLIa-r.-It is very reart
that a confirmed flirt gets married. Nmnet
nine out of every hundred old maids may attri
ute their ancienmtlmneiness to juvenile levity.
is certain that few men make a selection fri
ball-roomns or any other plae of, gaiety ; at
as few are influenced by showing off in t
streets, or any othmer allurenents of dre
Ninety-nine hundredths of the fmmnery wi
which women decorate and load tii. perst
o for nothing as far as husband-catching is c.
cerned. Where and how, then, do men ti
their wives ? In the quiet homes of their
rents or guardins-at the fireside wheret
doumestic graces and feelings are alone demt
strated. TIhese are the charms which in
surely attract the high as well as the hunmb
Tus CArnoLC CnsuncH os DRUNEENNEss.
Bishop Bayley, the Catholic bishop of Ni
Jes~ey, has issued a manifesto, brmnging 1
-machinery of the church to bear against t
vice of drunkenness. His letter on the subji
< has been read in all the churches, in tvhich
alls attention to two clases-the druka
tihemselves and the dealers in liqumor. Leavi
I to tme pastors the choice of the part icular tmed
:to be used, he suggests that each .shouldl keel
list of the dirunkards and liquor dealers ini]
church. He says:
I am determined to make use of the i
severe measures against all whq are addicted
this scandalous and destructive vice ; and
they continue in the practice of it, they i
do it as outcasts fronm the Catholic church, w
have no right to the name of Catholic wh
they lire, nor to Christian burial when th:
RuNmwA SL AvES.-The Albany corresponde
ofthe Journal of Commerce says thatho saw1
other day six runaway negroes marched throu
the streets under thme protection of Stephen']i
ers, a black man, who claims to be time Presid<
of tihe " Underground, Railroad," an organizat
wich occupies itself in running off' darkies fr
New York to Canada.
An eastern editor heads is list of Birt
Marriages and Deaths, thus: Ilatchedi, Matel
)and Dispatched. The rascal's face deserves
DOWN WITH TIlE USURY LAWS.
of We would have .the Usury Laws abolished,
im believing that it would make money cheaper in
ig- Tennessee. We deei it a great misfortune that
ch our State Constitution requires, at least by im
id. plication, the enactment of statutes regulating
ar- the rate of interest. The.se enactments make
banks the only money lenders, and from the
ny benefits resulting fron their exi~tence, the poor
m- man is effectually excluded. We would have
the unemployed capital of our people at their
a,) own disposal, on their own terms. Money from
ni- other States would flow into Tenne.-see till the
eth supply equalled the demand, and the ruinous
It rates to which we are now subjected in defiance
CO, of law, will never again be heard of.
On1 But there is another consideration which will
m- at once be appreciated by every business man in
m- the community. It is well known that the
Le, Usury Laws are totally disregarded even by the
at Banks in New York and Boston. The capital
lar of all other Southern Banks, which can possibly
n, be spared, is sent for invest.ment in home bills
ol- and notes to these Northern Institutions. Last
is fall we saw the agent of a Southern Bank in
the city of New York buying Mobile acceptances
on to the amount of .5300,000. But this is not the
rs, only way in which Southern capital is taken
ItY from our midst and accumulated in the city of
ad New York. Amid the ceaseless, wild and reck
on less speculations of that inflated, nefarious city
an the demand for money is always great, and
by Southern tradesmen are induced by offers of
ch from one to two per cent. per month, deductions
"Y to pre-p-ay their Eastern debts.
)n To acitunplish thi-s end our Southern Banks
le are coistantly besieged by our merchants for
me loans that the money may be thus remitted to
Li- New York speculatois. The merchant here gets
- the moniey at 6 per cent. per annum and gets
"t from 12 tu 24 per cent. fur it in New York, and
tius our Banks in Tennesmee are depleted of
their currency wh..-h draws out their exchange
ec, and gold to giut the money market of New
of York. The differiene in rates of interest im
lie poverishes our b.king institutions to enrich
CS, those of the Eat. It has resulted that half the
emoney of the Union is piled up in the vault,
Lh. of the Northern Banks, while our phleboto
ij' mised, s ekly, wId cat concerns are still "sus
pendled" between life andl death.
" We wouli, thereblre, have the usury laws re
pealed, tiat mir own money and the culital of
'''ouir ow'n lanks might be kept at. hoine to build
re- up the commerce of our own Southern cities,
and that our laboring men may have the benefiW,
to which they are entitled, arising from the use
of the idle capital of the country.-Mmcplh is
h-l T -. 1 V-il
Si- Duits - -rm: A n.M V .A Nvv.- Aa hin
toi cUrre.spowlent of tie /era/l, under date ot
he the l9th. reports two attairs of honor a:nong
lot distinguished army anid navy ogicers:
Lee "It appears that a diliieiy o41
Ht Gen. liarney and Col. Suwmner,
,,d the court nartial of the ltter gen
ry Leavenworth sone weeks ago, Col.
o ing himself iisulteil by Harney.
a gmir.tarrival here, SmiLiS addresse.
e ? H ariiey, asking him co meet mihitu oute4
se District. (Gen. Harno .etii U.. a'. tu the
ve retary of War, and at tme si.M time addressel
lie note to Colonel Sumner, stating that ie intended
al. to make it a imalter t&:- ftlicial anvestigatiun,and
egn he has accordingly prefer-d etiurgres against
is. Sumner. Col. Su:mner replied to Harney that
.he culid have nothilig further to do with a nan
)r who would screen himself by his oticial positon.
b Thus the matter stands. Of course the arImy
ollicers who are here-and their name islegion
discuss the inatter in all its bearings. Buth
)r. larney aid Sumner have left the city.
ma "hiere is another bloodless aliair. A.C. Rhind,
he. formerly of the navy, sent a challenge to Com
hie mader Boutwell, in-cnsequence of false charges
all mIde against him in a pamphlet published a
oi short tie -,ince. Boutwell refu:sed toacept the
it chali.nge, and conseIuently Ithiud posten him
inl the Uld style, as folluws:
'*ii;>'tir-Ib all rtom i i -.iy rcncern-jen
",j fLlneni r~'h ari .i particular.--Whereas,
lIComideer E. B. lio~utwel , in a pamiphlet pub
id hed by him, has miadle certain t'alse chaarg~es
aganst miie; and whereas, l have demanded sat
iled to give, I herebuy proclatim him a coward
iand1 a liar. A. C. 1IRisi."'
ne "Wasington, February 19, 188.
.At M'me Gazainiga'.s btenefit in Havana, the
theatre was so fall that the authorities forbade
rthe further sale of tickets. Hecr appearance on
)the stage was the signed for immlenise chteerintg,
>rt at thi presentatio o a gold Cup, with hun
'l rd floqut.pgos oves, canaries, &c.
ir Sonic barbarian, however threw her a garlic
)r. rown. Great eilbarts were made to ascertain
it the authoitr of~ the insult, hut iu vain. After the
it, opera was over, the stagze was illuminated, and
shte was crowmied atuidst a shower ot' fire armns.
to he presents .she recived and the tickets sold
inetted the sum of $it,000i. In addition to all
et this, she was conveyed to her hotel in the car
riage of one of the titled fimilies and serenaded
by the artillery batnd, the whole winding up
w nith a grand supper.
LIb- Arat.x I~Mtiarios Tr) TUE Soc-ru.-BillS
It have been ititroduiced in the legislatures of Mis.
n sissippi atnd Loui.,iana incorpourating comnpanie.
id to pr.'eure the voluntary itmmigrationi of Atricanis
he e ontracting to labor for atermi of years,
tl I War bietween Brazil and Ilaraguaty is itow con
Ssidered very probable. In view of this distur
mbance, Paraguay wi:1 be in a rather bad conidition
ad to resist the demands of the United States for the
moutrage to the Water Witch, and the offences
ie committed against our countrymen.
" 'PracultrsE OF Motnwr1 txaos.--The Grand
a Lodge of Masons of Virginia have adopted a
l.plan of co-operation with the Ladies' Mount Ver.
non Associaton in the purchase of Mount Ver.
--- no. It is by a smiall but adequate assessment
aon each mason in the United Suates, (ne dollar
ie [each) with the single condition that they shll
he have full liberty to occnpy the premised one day
3ct each year, Tfhere is stated to be an aggregate
ie of 3:0,000 members of the fraternity in the
-ds Unilted States. " The Southuern Matrutn,- as Pres
ngident of the Ladies' Mount Vernon Association,
I hais graceftlly acceptad the proposition, and a
a circular on the subject law been sent to each
tis Grand Lodge in the United, States fruom the
Grand Lodge of Virginia.
to A SurTrso FCA.-On Thursday afternoon, a
if young lady atnd gentleant skated from Bangor
ist t~o llamnpdcn, Mainet, on a trial of speed. The
ho Whig says " the youing genitlemani had the Ion
ile gest legs but the lady spread must canvass, and
yIthe witd hbeing fair and freshi she beat him by
ey 2fr minutes; and the t'hat was performed in half
an hour. So exhansted were the parties, howev
ut er, anti so strong the head witnd to skate back,
he that they were brought to the city in a carriage."
y.Tm Naw S-rrTE lloUsE.-The editor of the
nt North Carolhna Whig has recently visited Co
on lumbia, and among other noticeable things
m speaks thus of the new State Ihouse:
While in Columbia wve visited the new State
House which is in process of erection. It is
ia, certainly a Herculean job, but every thing ii
ied. conducted with perfect system, for there is such
to a large number of hands employed, if this was
I not te ae nery little would be done. Som
of the rock used in the building will weigh 12
ton, but the machinery used for their elevation
is so complete that they can be hoisted to their
place with very little trouble. All the work is
put up with the.utmost ca& and every means
are used to prevent the corders from being mu
tilated and a guard is on duty night and day
to keep persons from mediling with or mispla
cing any article used. It is supposed that it
will take several years yet to complete it, and
when finished it will be the finest building of
the kind in the Vnited States except the Capi
tol at Washington. Its cost is estimated to be
about $4,000,000, but in our opinion it will
reach .$5,000,000, if npt more.
A ROYAL BEIDE~IROOM'S PRESENTS.
The nuptial present given by Prince Frederick
William to his Royal Bride, consists of a pearl
necklace of unusual beauty and costliness. The
necklace consists of thirty-two large oriental
pearls, pronounced by connoisseurs to be remark
ably pure, and the larger of which, those to
wards the centre, are of the size of a hazel nut.
The cost of this little connection, which has
been completed only by dint of great diligence
during a lengthened period, is stated to amount
to 28,000 thalers, (44,000.) For sixladies, who
have been the companions and friends of the
Princess Royal hitherto, the Prince brought
with him six golden bracelets, consisting of a
broad rich band of gold, bearing a shield, on
which is mounted a Prussian eagle, the wings
of which are encrusted with diamonds. The
Princess of Prussia has also had a set of dia
niond and turquoise ornaments arranged with
excellent taste, as her present to the Princessi
Royal. Another pre.<ent, destined for the Bish
op of London by the Prince, is a copy of the
New Te-taient printed in folio, by the celebra
ted pinting firm of Decker, in Berlin, which
forimerly enjoyed the monopoly of printing all
State documents. This work was got up by
the above lirin, in 1840, at the fourth century
of the invention of book printing, celebrated
here in Berlin, for the purpose of showing the
world what Prussia could produce in this branch
of industry, an. was admitted to bear off the
palm from all the other competitors for fame, on
this occasion. The types, which are of unusual
size and elegance of form, were all founded es
pecially for this work, and the initial letters of
the chapters are decorated and illuminated after
designs by Kaulbach. As yet, this work stands
unrivalled as a typographical chef de'enrre, but
the triumph has not been obtained without a
great sacrifice of money, as well as time and la
bor, for, although a single copy of this one vol
ume is not sold for less than 300 thalers, (445,)
the printer still makes a considerable loss on it.
The copy destined for the Bishop, is bound in
dark blue velvet, and mounted with massivesil
ver clasps, &c., richly chased, so that the hook
in ;fa ,ound ,sah --ehs seventy-seven
hare, an. ......i wne midst
cf my counmymen-my dear countrymen-na
.ives of the State which was the cradle of my
:rst hope.i, mny first ambition. In my long career
-more remarkable, perhapsi for its length than
its brilliany- have ever felt the responsibility
I inherited h my birth. I have always said,
what will Vir'gini'a say of me; and when, in the
course of my public life-, I have always remem
bered at itsi most imiportaut points that I bore a
portiuu of her honor on my shoulders. I have
sari that if I prove recreant, I would be doubly
dainued in her estimation and that of the coun.
try. It was in th.e school in Virginia that I im
bibed those principles which have guided me
through lite, ad it is by the example .of her
Washington, and the other great h rginmans,
that I amo inspired with the detsire to be rememn
beLred by my State. That desire has been ae
comnplislied'fair beyond my most sanguine expec
tations. Honiors upon honors she has heaped
upon me, and I could not, if I would, ever for.
et her fatvors. At the end of the war of 18 12
~15, she presented nie with the sword I now pos
sess. She has given my name to one of her
counties, and after the ltae of a third of a cen
tury, when my little services miight be supposed
to have been forgotten, she honored me with a
vote of thanks and a gold medal. I allude to
these things in a spirit of gratitude, nd not ot
vanity. The time has passed away for that. I
have'arrived at that age, when the passions are
mellowed, anmd the imagination enses to be fiery
and irregular-an age of quiet and enjoyment,
and the scenes of tiius day will fill mec with grate
tl memiories, and 1 will boar its recollections
wth me to that linal resting place to which, in
the course of nature, I aim rapidly tending.
With a Virginia heart, I tenider to all Virginians
my gratitudfe and my affection.
WnrT Mat. llamas, OV ILLINois, Tuot'GuT
EauT Yss Aoo.-The Washington Union
puts Mr. Thomas L. Hairris, of Illinois, in rather
:mn uneitnviable predicamnt, In 1850, when
Caiforni applied for admission into the Union,
that gentleman warimly advocated her applica
tion. Addressing the House on the subject, he
"'Jr. Chairman: I am for the admission of
California as a State into this Union-California
as she is, with her constitution and proposed
boundaries, I wish her to be admitted now; I
wish no romianding--a thing that never was
done at all, and never ought to be done, in auch
a case as this. * * * *
* It is objected to the admission of Califor
nia, that the President has improperly inter
fered in its orga'riization, and that without his
interference through a certain gentleman, late a
member of this Hlouse, she never would have
applied for admission in the manner she e, and
with such a constitution as she has presented."
This declaration is in striking contrast with
his present position in respect to Kansas; but it
is, perhaps, expecting too much of latter-day
poiticians to hold the same opinions on a grave
constitutional question for the space of eight
years. lnconsistency seems to be their cheif
A NOVEL rAaTs Dasss.-At a " fancy dress
party" in Hiartford, Ct., the past week, one lady
apearedl in a dress ornamented with hundreds of
little bells, not much bigger than rain drops-af.
Ifording music of the fairy kind in the dance. In
some of the Eastern countries dancing women
wearells on their ankles which tinkle in time with
the music of the dance, and, perhaps, this cus
tomn suggested the more conspicuous display of
this musical ornament.
DANGEns OF THlE RED Prnrrcoa.-Three
ladies were last week walking on the Newmnar.
ket road, two of them exhibiting the favorite
under-garinmnt of the day, when the ire of a
passing bullock was excited by the glaring color,
and he made a dash at the party. Thie offend
ing ladies succeeded in evading him, but theit
companion, though in a more sombre garb, was
lifted upon a gate by the beast, but sustained
.n nur beynnd the fMat.-Baron Post.
TAB ISLAND OF CUoA.
The following information respecting the ex
tent, population and resources of the. Island of
Cuba, we extract from the Washington Glob:
Cuba is the largest and most important of the
West India Islands, and commands the entrance
to the Gulf of Mexioo, wbence it has been called
the Key of the West Iadies. It is about seven
hundred miles in length and seventy in breadth,
and contains, with its dependencies, 32,807
square miles, being nearly equal in extent to
The climate is delightful and very healthy, for
which reason it is a favorite resort fur invalid.
Even on the top of the Grand Antilla, the chief
range of mountains running through the Islands
from end to end, there has scarcely ever -been
ice, and then only a few lines thick. The seasons
are not distinguished as summer and winter, but
as the wet and the dry, though the periods at
which they begin and end are not very well e- -
fined. The raiy seasons commonly begins in
May, but sometimes in April, and occaionafy
not till June.
. The soil is very fertile, but, as in many other
tropical countries, the people are too slugish to
cultivate it to any great extent. The chief agi
cultural productions are sugar, cofie, tobacco,
manioc, and maize. The work on the planta
tions is done almost exclusively by negroes,
whose condition is far worse than that of the
slaves in the United States. The whipping post
is in constant use. As an instance of the great
fertility of the soil, Trumbull states that, in
the district of Sagua s Grande, a cabeleria
of land, which is nearly equal to thirty three
acres, has been known to produce two hundred
and eighty thousand unds of the fair-colored
Muscovado sugar of a country, being itearly
equal to four moderate sized hogsheads per acre.
The population is made up ot Creoles and ne
groes, the latter forming about one-third. The
Crevies, like their Spanish ancestors, are intelli.
geut, but indolent; the negroes are not allowed
to be either.
There are in the island several exeilent cop
per, iron aud coal mines, which would be very
productive if well worked. Small quantities of
gold and silver has also been found. Siie the
introduction of bees, between sixty an I reventy
years ago honey and wax have been important
articles o? trade. Manufactlies have been much
The island is divided into several jurisdictions, -
civil, judicial ecclesiastical and military. Thd
civil jurisdiction consists of two ptovisions, with
two distinct governors, entirely independent of.
each other; the supreme military chief of the
whole island, with the title of Captain General,
being the civil Governor of the province only,
.called San Christopher de Ia Havana; while the
other, Santiago de Cuba, has a separate Gover.
nor, who, in affairs pur~ely political or civil, le
not in any way subject to the CatairGaal
color, not negroes, 48,u. inie u..~ V!
slaves was 286,942, of whom 183,290 was males,
and 103,652 females. Since 1827, the popula
tion has, of course, greatly increaed, as is shown
by the amount of imports since then, and the
constantly increasing production of the island.
It now amounts, probably, to about 1,500,000.
The trade of Cuba is excellent. Its situation,
the fertility of the soil, and the short distance
not more than thirty miles-froi any poist in
the interior to the sea shore, all tend to give it
great commercial proaperity; and, if the many
injurious restraints now iuposed upon its trade
we: c removed, it would soou become one of the
richest. spots on earth.
Wiihin the last ten years the interior of the
coutry has been much improved, and the means
of comnmuniication increased by railroads, &c.
The first railroad ever laid in the island, running
from Havana to the most important ot the sugar
districts, was constructed by Alfred Crugor, at
the United States.
A LOWES IN THE DESERT.
Here is a beautiful incident related by an
officer at Matamoaros, in a letter to a friend ia
Providence, which reminids us that
In the desert there still is a'ounitain,
In the wkde waute there still Is a tree,
And a bird in the solitude singing !
Our army was marching into Matamoros, and
the otticer writes:
"There was a little incident occurred which
contrasted so forcibly with what was goin urn
around me, that 1 could not but be struck byit.
" Under a tree just on the river hank, an at
the point where the bustle and throng of the
passage was the greatest, a family of Mexioans
had taken shelter, who had recrossed to our side .
the day before, anid had not had time to move
to their houses. There were somne six or eight
children of various ages ; one of these a beau
tiful, black eyed, graceful little creature of five
or six years. I saw her, while the tumult and
toil of all desdriptioni rang around, while arms
were flashing, cannon rollhng, men hurryni(g.So
and fro, horses dashing at wild speed, the' air
illed with shouts and oaths, and all was as if
quiet and peace ware banished from the earth,
half sitting, half lying ujpon a grassy knoll, he,
head resting upon a white get dove, antd one
little arm thrown around the bird as if to protect
it from all harn."
W~hat a lesson is taught here! What a picture
for the painter and the poet!i See Innocence per
sonified in that sweet child! See peace repreumne
ted in that beautiful deve!l How they stand oat
the bright, the glorious dgatfes is that scene,
where war, with Its array~ of banners and mnar
shaled inet, and gaudily dressed officers on en
arsoned horses, fresh from the battle field,
Itheir hearts filled with the swelling thoughts of
the victory they have won, and all glowing with
the tambitious desire that becomes the heroes
tehaesown themnselves to be-how that
teet hiave beautiful dove shine with the
light, that is from Heaven, in that scene, where
war fills up and darkens nll the back ground!i
NOVELa Liwsurr.-Duing a revival in the 80
end Methodist Church of Lancaster, Pa.. less
week the Rev. Mr. Walters,pastor, peremiptorily or
dered "those persona who did not wish to comply
with hisrequest (to eneel during prayer,)tcleave." .
Mr *er ileof that city, refused to do eiht
either,werenpon Mr. Waltera ;istituted asuit
against Mr. Miller, before a magistrate. A cler
gyman of the same church appeared as a vit
ness, testifying that it was not compulsory with
every one to kneel hut simply enstomary, when
judgment was given in favor of defendant.
AnorLrrioSIS3.-Hall'a Journal of Health. is
responsible for the folllowing: " We have offern
gone to hear Abolition 'stars' lecture-maessa
line, feminine, and neuter;;.but sever sw s
much spontaneous gladness in the face'of the
whole of them, as may be witnessed in any half
hour on the Levee, at New Orleans, atnong- the
negroes who are loadintg and unloading Ia e el