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CHARLESTON, March 13, 1858.
The week commenced with t 1.:ll of sleet and snow,
giving us a brisk embrace of v.l Winter for a few
days, during which our Thermomet.a fell as low as
340*. This was decidedly one of the cold .pells of the
season. The charmn of the bracing atmosphere we
have been enjoying were still farther heightened by
the welcome appearance of bright and genial sun
shine, and our promenades give enlivening evidence
that the ladies are availing themselves of the oppor
tunity for out door recreations.
"Miller's Almanac" says we are to have a Solar
Exhibition on Monday evening. in the shape of an
Annular Eclipse, visible East of Mississippi, and par
tial. The sun will rise with a small eclipse on its
Southern lIhnb which leaves it at 48 minutes after 6.
The American Almanac lixes the end of the perform
- ance in this City at 49 minutes after 6, in the morn
ing. Our Astronomers are of course on the alert, and
will enlighten us with a report of the proceedings on
the following day.
Professor Fowler, the lecturer on Phrenology and
Physiology who has been entertaining our citizens for a
short time, commences a course in Savannah on Mon
The Bible Panorama, after a successful career of
patronage leaves us shortly for other engagements.
Should it reach your town, you will find it well
worthy of a visit.
To-morrow is appointed for the Consecration of
Bishop Lynch at thc Cathedral. The ceremonies are
very imposing and will attract 7immemnse eengre
Our College commencemxent takes place on the 30th
inst. I presume the usual Commencement Ball will
he among the entertainments of the week. The ex
amaination of the Senior Class has been going on during
the week just closing.
Prof. Stuecrath, Aseistant Editor and Agent of
DeBow's Review, is on avisit to isrcity, and has
been fortunate in receiving vaub ceig h
list of patrons of that adlmirable~asork. , av-re
awara-that we have the boaor of eiainisi~ egifted
~'and enler'rluing.3ditorof t'eieWr Morr fel.f
low citisen and an Alumnus of the Collego of Charles
ton. Hils remarkable sucess in thils diffiult underta
king is due in a large measure ti the distinguished
ability ~and indomitable industry-whioh he has evinced
in its. management, the able oorps of contributors
enlisted in its support, and the faithful efforts of a few
hearty co-operators whose friendthip and influence he
his suebeded in gaining and retaining by persevur
ing devotion to the interests of his Journal. It is not
unlikely that your constituency will be called upon in
course of time, to attest their appreciation of the im
portance of such a work as this, edited and published
by one of our own South Carolinians.
The re-appointnient of lHon. W. F. Coleck, as Cad.
lector of this port, has been confirmed by the Senate.
There can be but one opinion in our nmercantile conm
saunity as to the entire acceptableness of this ap
pointmnent. The general sentimeent here is unfavora
ble to the newly-faugled doctrine of rotation in office
which was once attempted to be thrust upon our con
servative State; and an emphatic death-blow has been
given to its farther inroads by a prompjt recog.nition
of the past valuable services of meritorious iacum
beats. Among these, our Callector is one who by
uniform courtesy, fidelity, and dignity in the discharge
of the duties of his respunsible position, has richly
earned this enviable distinction.
* The Calliopean and Paglytechnic Societies of the
Citadel Academy have published Mr. Gleo. S. Bryan's
tasteful and classic Oration before them on "the
Character and Office of the True Puet."
Invitations have been circulated far and wide to our
mtost distinguished votaries of the pencil, to sttend a
Convention of Artists to be held in this City on 20th
inst. The present is a very opportune period for such
a gathering, asx our Art Association is about to open a
fine Gallery of Paintings at the Apprentice's Library
Hall, and some interest appears to be awakened in
the subject. I should fear, however, that hardly suffi
cient notice has been given for a general attendance
. of the profession.
Hen. James L. Petligru has accep.ted t'.e invitation
to deliver the Anniversary Oration in M:ay nexit, be
fore the South Carolina Historical Society.
Sales of Real Estate arc very ,low, ati :dl wn the
side of buyers. A three story lbrick house ini a cen
tral location with a lot of 6,500 sq1uare feet, was soald
for $,725-and another on E'sst 1Jay adjoining the
Mercury Offie, for $15,100.
The Cotton market has been active. On Wednes
day and Thursday there were heavy sales. The re
ceipts of the week amounted to 15,694, and the sales
17,829 Bales at prices ranging from 10 to 121 cents ;
500 Bales Sea Island Cotton sold at the following pri
ces, vis: commoa and middling fine 24 to 35, very
fine 36 @ 45 eta.; Rice, market unsettled, sales $3 to
3j, receipts 3,173 tierces, nearly all sold; Wheat, con.
tinues very dull of sale ; Flour, demand very limited,
$41 @ $6* per barrel; Corn, supply very large, very
superior brought 67 and 68 cents; Hay, market do.
pressed, Noeth Rtiver 80 @ 90 cta.; Oats 3000 bushels
sold at 44 eta., very limited supply on hand ; Bacon,
Skles 10j @ 10); Shoulders 8 @ 53; Hams searce
and deli; Butter (prime Goshen) 23 @ 27; Lard
100 Bbls. Baltimore, brought 103 @ 11 ets.; Salt, no
recent arrivals 65.~ @ 7-,; Coffee, demand limited, Rio
9* @ 11i; Molasses, Cuba 19 @ 21; Louisiana 3l0@
33, stock very light; Sugars, very brisk 200 llhds.
Louisiana brought Gi to 84; Museovado 7 @ 8; Can.
dIes, Adamantine 20 @ 32; Charleston Tallow 14 @
IS ets.; Bagging, Gunny 13 @ 14; Rope 8 @ 10c.;
Whiskry 23 @ 26 eta.; Nails, Cut 4d1 to 20d 3j @ 34;
Stone Lime 1 25 @ 1 35. The Stock Market has
been somewhat enlivened by a few sales at Auction of
In'surance and Baak Stock. The Banks are checking
fr~ely on New York at 3 per cent premium for Sight
Checks. The New York Steamers are taking cotton
en freight at i in round bags. CLA UDE.
- pi It is rumored in Washington that thre United
States Steamer 1Deepatch which was fitted ont is great
haste at New York and sailed last week for an a.
known 'destination, has gene to Pearl River, Miss., to
look after the slavers. It is said that the New Orleans
Jelta's statements about the slavetrade are pronounced
n Washington a "Superb hoax."
li The Orangeburg Soutkroa has been revived
..dr tha. iora co:1..ato of A. 9. Sslley. Esq.
WASHINGTON, March 5.
Dxii Co.:--There's a "calm always after a storm."
rhe battle however has been resumed in the Senate
if the United States, not with blows but with words.
rho Kansas question is up to fever heat, and in full
dast. Speeches are being made by the ablestmen on
9th'sides. In the Senate Mr. Seward, of New.York,
felivered himself day-before-yesterday, of a powerful
Fpeech, his great speech of the Session. He contends
the battle has been fought, and the victory belongs
to the Black Republicans; the South is conquered;
the United States Courts are to be .reorganized; the
Constitution to be changed, and Slavery abolished
in the States,-no more Slave Territory is to be ad
mitted into the Union. Seward is unquestionably
the ablest man of his party, and I dont know if I
would hazard much in saying, the strongest man In
the United States.
Green, of Missouri, and Douglass, had quite a
passage at arms the other day, in which Mr. Green
sustained himself in handsome style. He is altogether
a match for the "Little Giant." He is winning lau
rels by the able manner in which he is defending the
measure of admitting Kansas under the Lecompton
Constitution. He is the chosen champion of the
Demoratie side of the question, and is therefore regu
larly pitted against Douglass, being a very able man,
and one of the most aceomplished debaters In the
Gov. Hammond made his deut in the Senate yes
terday, in reply to Seward, in a speech of great abili
ty. The distinguished Senator more than sustained
the high character which preceded him to the Fed
eral Metropolis. His speech is the theme of unboun
ded praises here.
Gov. Hammond defended the legality of the Le
comiton Constitution, and advocated its acceptance
by Congress. He passed from this point to a conuid
oration of the social and political systems of the
North and South. He entered into a minute exami
nation of the material resources of the two sections
of the Republic, with a view of ascertaining which
would lose most by a dissolution of the Union-a
calamity he deprecates. He showed that the North
was now greatly dependent on the South, and that this
dependence would be increased by a separation, while
the South could sustain herself against the world.
Our distinguished Senator was peculiarly effective
in one part of his speech, viz: in contrasting the
slaves of the South with that class who perform me
nial service in the North. The Black Republicans
assume, that if the Southern States should form a
separate Confederacy, the slaves would be a source
of constant terror to the whites, as they would always
be seeking to escape from bondage by servile insur
rection. The absurdity of this assumption is readily
appreciated by every one in the South. The slaves
are an inferior race, and they know it. They are
adapted to the peculiar servitude in which they are
employed, have no political rights or social position,
and are intellectually incapable of aspiring to either.
Gov. Hammond showed that it was far otherwise
with those who perform servitude in the North.
They are white men, equal to the Nabobs who rule
over and oppress them in every thing but social posi
tion. Tltey are the equals physically, intellectually,
and politically of the purse proud tyrants upon
whom they are dependent. They can redress their
grievances through the ballot box, and with a proper
understanding of their power through that agency,
they may form combinations which would revolution
ize the whole social and politeal system of the North,
legislate away the privileges of the rich, equalize
property, &c. The speaker was particularly happy
in this part of. his address.
The speech, as a whole, was eminently successful,
and places Guy. Hammond in the front rank of Ameri
can Senators.-. He was listenefi to with almost breath
less silence by a crowded gallery. (The galleries
were filled to their utmost capacity two hours before
the speech commenced.) He occupied the floor an
hour and ten minutes. At the conclusion he was
greeted with a warm congratulation by his fellow Sen
ators. I felt piroud of my native State, as I stood be
fore the..d'utinguished Senator,' and listened to his
bursing eloqjuence, alhfbrought the " Little Giant"
'ote'~ feet andbetdethliteeOwin-M'a".
He lay quiet~yfcoiled 'up, now and then exhibiting
much uneasiness, from the heavy blows inflcted up.
on binm by the Speaker.
Gen. Bonham is making himself very popular here,
and had it not been for his indisposition would have
made his mark before this. His friends look to his
maiden speech with much expectation.
Executive sessions of the Senate are always held
privately, yet when they relate to anything of sp~ecial
interest, their proceedings will leak out. Thus it is
well known that Douglass, for the last few days, has
ben exerting all his influence to prevent the confir
mation of Isaae Cook, whom the President has nonmi
nated for Post Master at Chicago, in the place of Wil
liam Price. Mr. Cook held the offie during P'ieree's
administration, laving been appointed at the instance
of Judge Douglass. When the present administration
camne in, the rotationl principle was applied to Chicago,
and Douglas procuredl the appointment of Mr. Price.
Price turned against the administration on 'the Kan
sas question, and for so doing he has to walk a plank.
Where upon Doughtss becomes furious, and fights with
perfect desperation. He has been warring against the
conirmation of Cook. Hie is permitted to do all the
debating himself, and when he gets through, a vote
will be taken, and Ciook's nomnination confirmed. The
truth is that Douglass has become perfectly rabid.
lie has sadly miscalculated the effect of his rebellion
against the administration, Hie has not broken up
the Democratic p'arty, as he expected. It is true, he
has disturbed its harinony in theNorth, and isfollowed
by a few deserters here and there, but the solid col
umn of the party in that section remains unbroken.
It is highly probable, that Douglass will be defeated
for the Senate in Illinois. The only chance for him,
it is said, is by a coalition of the anti-Lecompston Demo
rats with the Black Republieuns. But the Rtepublican
press of that State are already psrotesting against
such an arrangement asthis. They are anxious to profit
by his treason, but will not reward the traitor. The
" Little Giant" therefore is in a fair way to find his
way to the shades of private life. His fate will be
the saume as that of iBenton, Rives, and other great
men, who sought revenge upon the Democratic party,
because of its failure to gratify their inordinate am
Douglass, WVise and Walker, three promuinent aspi
rants for the Presidency, have already killed them
aces politically, by opposing Mr. Buchanan's Kansas
policy. The Harris investigating committee adjourned
last night, 'sine die.' The Majority Report by Mr.
Stephens, is very elaborate, and answers the objections,
It is said, put forth by the opponents of the Lecomp
ton Constitution, and urges the speedy admission of
Kansas into the Union. As soon as the minority are
prepared, the Reports will be submitted to the House.
The amendment to the Kansas admission Bill, of
which Mr. Pugh gave notice, is so drawn, it is said, as
to be unubjeetionable to the Southern State Rtights
Members. If so, there will be no division of the ad
ministration Democrats, North or South. Kansas will,
as I said in a former letter, ho admitted under the
Lcompton Constitution. PALMETTO.
iRANrAY'S HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROINA.
The subscriber has in press of Walker, Bvans A
C., Charleston, Ramsay's History of South Carolina,
with Maps of Charleston and the State, which will be
ready for subscribers by April I5th. The Book is a
Carolina work in every respect, paper, print and bind
ing. In this ,History we have a full record of the
hardships and difficulties of our Fathers in the desert
with the savage Indian, and the Briton in the war of
'76. The work is being printed on fine white paper,
large clear type, bound in one volume complete, oe
tav, 600 pages, cloth, arms of State on back, Pal.
mtto Tree on side, price $3,50. Half calf, marble
edges, $41,50. Send on your name early-only a
small edition printed. Published and for sale by
-.y J. DUFPIE,
Bookseller, Newberry, S. C.*
fe A juvenilo studying grammar, 'ai'ked his
eaher, "if the people of Portugal are Portugeese,
s it proper to call one of them a Portugoose ?"
pg A comparison of the receipt. of cotton at all
he Southern ports up to latest dates, with the receipts
it the same time last year, shows a decrease of 304,
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEJIELD, L C.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17, 1858.
ULE8 TEAT XUST I FUTURE 33 OBSERVED.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
noro than $10, must be paid for in advance.
- Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
)e required to settle every six months.
No paper will be sent out of the District unless paid
ror in advance.
All letters on business connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
" Edgeflcd Advertiser."
To these rules we will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
SENATOR HAMMOND'S SPEECH.
The speech of our new Senator occupies a portion
of our first page. It is a performance of uncommon
merit, both as to matter and manner, and our readers
will find themselves well repaid for the slight trouble
of reading It. Although its facts are not new, they
are yet for the most part true and forcible; And the
manner of presenting them is at once terse and pol
lahed, evincing that care and elaboration which should
ever be bestowed upon a senatorial speech. So far
as argument is considered, there was nothing new
left to be said upon the question after the able reports
of Mr. 0 itxx of the Senate and Mr. Svavaxs of the
House. Still our senator makes several points with
effect. And the effort as a whole, although perhaps
injudiciously timed, is worthy of its author's antece
dents. This though, we take it, is but the introduc
tion to greater efforts in the future; and we shall look
with interest to our senator's participation in the
higher order of senatorial debate.
We refer to the letter of our Washington Corres
pondent for some very complimentary allusions to
this first speech of Senator HAMMoND.
OUR NEW INTENDANT.
On Saturday last, Capt. Ctesno AniAus having re
signed the intendaney of our village, JosEPs AvxEY,
Esq., was elected to the Vacant position. We are
much pleased to learn that the new Intendant has ex
pressed his firm determination to see that the streets
and roads within our corporate limits shall be speedily
righted and repaired. The present council has al
ready done some good work in this business, at least
upon our side of town. But much yet remains to be
Let us remark here that nothing adds more to the
appearance and comfort of a village than clean, smooth
and well-kept streets and sidewalks. The approaches
to a village too ought to be always in complete order.
Then every one who enters the place feels at once
that lie is in a civilized atmosphere, and is thus pre
possessed immediately in favor of both the town and
its people. But besides this, it is the duty of council
to attend dilligently to their street-department. It is
a duty not only to the citizens of the place but also to
the peoplo of the district generally. And then the
thing is good in itself, and delightful in its effects.
We are therefore glad that our new intendant isiteneld
to see to it. Very confident are we that his coadju
tors, in accordance with their course thus far, will
warmly second and assist their presiding officer in
carrying out these intentions.
THE DRAMA IN EDGEFIELD.
The members of the Edgefield corps dramatique are
making arragements to inaugurate another pleasant
season of innocent hona amusement for the citlzens
of this place and its vicinity. They will probably
give their first entertainment next week, or thie week
after at farthest. Assisted, as the company will be,
by two ladles of talent and experience fresh from the
'regular hoards,' they hope to be able to gratify their
audiences beyond any thin: heretofore presented.
These ladies are already here, and the business of
rehearsals is progressing. We trust that our public
will unite as one man in encouraging these most laud
able effort, to please them. GOreat care will be exer-.
'ilsed, that al'things shall proceed decently and mn
order. Every circumstance will be studiously avoided
calculated to offend the religious scrnp~les of our good
pteople-; Yet, while the main object will be to afford
intellectual treats, it is not sought to he denied that
some genuine fun may be expeted.
We trust that the gentlemen of our community will
'tep forward promptly and lend a helping hand
towards the success of the new season now about to
commsence. It is a family matter with us, a sort of
mutual-loan association, to create a pleasant fund of
good-humor with which to kill off for the none the
incubus of hard times. Who will not enlist in so
meritorious an undertaking ? We call upon the Pres
ident and Members of the Edgetield Lyceum, espe
cially, to stand true to thcir offspring.
per- Ocr neighbors of the Augusta .DiaprecA allude
to' onr Thesp~ian Corps, and the ladies engaged by
them, in the following terms:
" The Thespian eurpa, of the Edgefield Lyceum,
have engaged Mrs. Maria lIainsforth and Miss Adeline
Lonadale to assist in a series of drassatic entertain
mont', which they propose giving during the comning
season. We are acquainted with these talented young
ladies by reputation, and congratulate our Edgefield
friends on their good fortune.
We should be pleased to have Mrs. Rainsforth favor
au Augusta audience with her recitation of "ia
As we went to press last week, the trial of U. D).
TuILLwax, Esq., had not entirely closed. The verdict
of the jury was " Manslaughter," and the senteuce
of the Court " two years imprisonment and two thou
sand dollars fine."
The balmiest weather imaginable has envelopmed us
for the past few days. The hazy skies of the Spring
time are here, partially veiling the Day-God's splen
dor and softening his heaven-enkindled radiance.
And although the season was scarcely ever more tardy
hitherto, we may now look to see it soon bursting
forth in all its unbought glory. The 'tuneful messen
gers' upon the tree-tops answer back the notes of joy
that swell tbe gale. The insect youth are out in gai
ly gilded trim. The swallows homieward fly. The
gentle murmuring of the breeze lingers musically
amid the dark pine grove. The sonnetteer reclines
beneath and indites a tribute to the vernal influences.
The Christian praises God for all Ihis wondrous good
ness. The man of hoarded money-bags forgets for a
while his gold. The statesman musingly sits and
eses to remember the burden of power. All hearta
are glowing with day-dreams of Hope and Happiness.
All toagues abound in thankfulness.
"Rise, my soul, on wings of fire,
Itise, the rapt'rous choir among;
IHark! tis Nature strikes the lyre
And leads the gen'ral song:
Warm let the lyric transptort flow
Warm as the ray that bids it glow ;
And animates the vernal gruve
With health, with harmony, and love."
A correspondent of the Augusta L1)upatch, writing
from Edgefield upon the matter of Mr. TILuA a'
trial, pays the subjoined handsome mnd merited com
pliment to M. W. GUAnt, Esq. The writer is sensible,
in suggesting that the vigorous period of early man
hood is the right time to enlist the talents of the citi
sen in the service of the public:
" The speech of M. W. Gary, Esq., to the jury, in
behalf of the prisoner, was an eloquent and forcible
appeal, and places him in a proud position as an ad
vocate. I thus allude to Mr. Gary because he is a
young man, and I do not believe in waiting until a
man is dead, or too old to do much good, before doing
NEWS BY THlE CANADA.
The Canada brings European intelligence of date,
A change had occurred in the British Ministry, the
Derby Cabinet having gone into power. In this cabi
nt, Lord Stanley was substituted for Blulwer Lytton
in the Colonial Department.
The conspirators against Napoleon's life had been
lentenced to death.
Cotton had advanced. Goods had slightly declined
Money was very abundant.
The ministerial change was owing to the defeat of
oe of the prominent measures of the Palmerston
Are we to have disunion not And if "yen,"
when, and how, and fi ba cause, is it to occur?
We askthese quein4s view of the hot that
nembers of Congress are,,sinaing disunion speeches,
ind in consideration of the "-repeated opinion that
"there is no safety for the tii0h except in that ex
No sane man will say that a Southern people, who
ave ondured so much of e tamely and Injury for
the make of the Union, can. w be expected to enter
apon its destruction delibera1y and upon a cold cal
-ulation of the general advaatiges that might accrue
o their interests from the eage. We assume then
that it is absurd to talk of disunion, except for some
airect, specific and palpable cause; and our inquiry
is: does any such cause n exist? or if not now,
when may it be expected to 'ie, and in what shape ?
The Kansas controversy entains the only disunion
issue now before the tount. But this controversy
is rapidly nearing its arbitrament, and there is every
reason to believe that it, will very soon be numbered
with the quarrels of the past. What next?
Is there any other territoial 'imbroglio' of similar
bearing in our prospective There is none that oc
curs to us as likely to come up at an early day. Should
such an one emerge to view, it will probably te in a
latitude more congenial than that of Kansas to negro.
slavery, and where, with the Kansas precedent as a
beacon-light, the Issue will be more readily and trium
phantly decided upon Constitutional grounds. Sena
tor SzWARD, it is true, announces that not another
foot of American soil is to be touched by the Slave
Power. But is Senator SE#An a god, either proph
etically or potentially? Or is Senator SZWAD's dic
tum, discourse he never so wisely, any cause for dis
union? The question needs-no reply.
What then ?' Is slavery l be abolished in the Dis
trict of Columbia? Or is the slave trade between the
States to be terminated by set of Congress? Or is
the basis of representation to be modified, to the det
riment of the just weight of our section in the gov
ernment? Or is the Suproe Court to be thrown in
to the hands of fanatics and usurpers ? When these
things come to pass, it will indeed be time not only to
talk of disunion, but promptly to enaet it. But who
is to assume in advance that any one of them will oc
cur? Or what patriot will dare upon that bare as
sumption to counsel disunion ?
We believe it is not contended in any quarter that
a disunion issue is to be generated outside 'of the
slavery question. The Tariff and Internal Improve
meut controversies, when at their worst, were not so
regarded by the people of*e South, and are suroly
not likely to be viewed in that light now that their
deformities have been reduied to coipparatively come
Again then we ask, where and what is, or is to be,
the disunion issue, after Einsas and her affairs shall
have been turned over to Kansas and her sovereignty ?
There is none existant, nor do we believe there is one
that can arise in sufficient )strength to override the
present power of the South, under the Constitution,
aided by the law-and-order men of the entire Union.
In this belief we have te misfortune of differing
with the Charleston Xerery and certain others of
our Southern cotemporaries. They look only to the
gloomy side of the pieturei and will not believe that
the South is to escape degoadation except in disunion.
Indeed they are at this moment maintaining that the
battle between the North ind South has been fought
and won,-won by the Noth,-and that the South is
now but a "conquered pr inee." Senator SswAin
also takes this broad groupd, and Senator HAmxomD,
we regret to see, admits it-to betrue. Let us try the
soundness of the conclusion by one or two obvious
First, let us suppose th~e naked proposition put to
the common sense of our. Southern planters,-" Do
you feel that you are a conquered dependency of the
anti-slavery power?". An indignant negative would
at once spring from thrice ten thousand hearts of
oak. "2,Xever, Nil-ER," 'fould be the Instinctive re
sponse. Ask them why, Vid they will say to you:
"Are we not prosperous i~d happy ? Have we not in
carge the staple that rosthe world ? Are not
our resoureJigIg ies. nt our skill In
producing far, far e- 0 l competition ? Was
our institution of African slavery ever 'lefore so val
uable as now ? Was it-ever before so firmly fixed In
the affections of Southerners, or so clearly indispen
sable to the wants of mankind ? Are not our wealth
and importance rising higher and higher each suc
eeding year ? Are we not the favored of Providence
and the benefactors of earth ? Have we not already
an extent of slave territory "s large as Great Bit
tan, France, Austria, Prussia and Spain ?" Are we
not told in high places, that we have one hundred
thousand square miles of territory more than the
Nrth, even after giving to the latter Minnesota and
Kansas ? And are there not vast tropical domains
that must ultimutely be ours by all the laws of fitness
and expediency ? And you talk to us of being a
"conquered province," a "dependency of Northern
fanaticism !"-Such would be the language with which
the great mass of Southern planters woidd meet this
proposition. Without stopping to weigh the bearings
of Congressional legislation on the slavery issues of
the day, they would repel the hypothesis of Southern
subjugation from their stand-point of conscious invin
eibility alone; And their response would bear with it
at least enough of the power of truth, to stamp with
folly the impudent boast of Sawinn, and to reprove
the mistaken admissions of their own too-despondent
reprsntatives.-But the absurdity of the proposition
in baud will be made quits complete when we con
sider the actual condition of the case between Slavery
and anti-Slavery, the North and the South, as It at
resent stands before Congres. Without adverting
to the fact that the powers of the government are all
with us, we simply ask the intelligent reader's atten
tion to the nature of the pending Kansas quarrel.
That it dire'etly involves the question of slavery, it is
unnecessary here to show. Bunt how does the ques
tion come up ? We are told that the Lecompton con
stituton is the work of a minority. So say the Abo
litionists ; and Southern men seem wall disposed to
admit that it is so. And yet this constitution, recog
iaig slavery and ostablishing it in Kansas so far as
a Coustitution can, is received favorsably by the
Aerican Congress and will doubtless be triumph
antly sustained by that body. The bare statement is
enough. And the Southern man who, seeing this,
will still persist in thc assertion that the "South is a
conquered province," and can only redeem her rights
and institutions by a separate nationality, either
courts disunion for Itself, or else is In a slough of
desponad from which ho cannot behold the manifest
indications of American Reform.
But it may be asked, " why institute now this en
quiry after the causes of disunion r' We answer,
because the cry of disunion is abroad in the South,
and, as a Southerner, we desire to know the grounds
threfor. We do not wish to see our section unneces
sarily distracted upon an undefined issue. If there
is real cause for disunion, let It be set forth explicitly.
Let some point be made which the people can under
stand and feel. But if it is only to be urged on the
general grounds of advantage and expediency, and
if the argument for setting up a Southern Confedera
cy is to turn mainly upon the possibility of our do
ing so successfully, we are opposed to the agitation. It
is not only wrong, but It will: certainly result in fail
ure. Let the disunion-shriekers of our section re
strain their impetuosity within prudential bounds,
if it be possible. At least let their loftiest tones be
reserved for a real occasion. The people of the South
cannot be arrayed against dhe Union on any abstract
propositions. They must be appealed to by some
positive, tangible cause. And the enquiry of our ar
ticle iis, does this cause exist? If so, what is it ? We
ask of our disunionist brethren a reply.
THE BOUTH CAROLINIAN.
Dr. Gunas's management of this valuable journal
has met the approval, aye, and enlisted the adnaira
tion, of thousands of rea'lra in and out of the State.
Ie has pursued the calm course of patriotism, politi
rally, and preserved the dignified attitude of a gen
timan and a christian in the general management of
als paper. It is with sincere regret therefore that we
have observed his determinition to withdraw from the
:onduct of the SoufA Ccaoliian. His retirement will
,e a real loss to the ranks of the fraternity, and will
o regretted by many frienils new and old.
It Is a satisfaction however to know that Dr. Gcas
wrill be succeeded by one of tho trst and ablest edi
ors in the State. We mean FRANKLIN GAILLARD, TO
Esq., at present of the Winneboro Register. The st
ieleetion of Mr. GAILLARD for this position is a happy
me for the Caroliia's continued success, and will
leil (we predict) upon the politics of the State. We
rejoice that his worth and abilities have been called
to this more extensive field of labor. And we bearti
ly commend the Curoliniaa to our readers as one of
the soundest and most useful papers in the Southern u
eountry. Under its ncw auspices, we trust a greatly 0
enlarged popularity awaits it. h
-- - --- d
The note from our esteemed friend, P. . H., was
duly received. "Of course there Is a mistaks in the
matter." It jiall be accounted for when we meet; A
newspaper is not the place for such explanations.-In 0
the meantime, we are looking with aridity for the
April number of Russell. The magazine is rapidly
becoming an essential monthly requisite in southern
literary circles. The ability, judgement and taste,
which mark its management, have already established
for It aleading position amongthe literary publications
of the Union, and have won for it high commendation,
North as well as South. It ought to be especially
prized by the South, and by South Carolina above all.
Every planter of intelligence, every professional gen- t
tleman, every lover of literature, in the State, should
by all means subscribe for Russell.
p Messrs. Dickey and Phibbs, of Augusta, made 5
their Spring display of Dress Silks, Bereges, Muslins t
and Embroideries on Monday last. Now is the time for I
the ladies to call. The most bewitching patterns are
to be seen there.
IV The "Newberry Son," and also the " Conser
ratit," have been much improved, typographically, of
late. We are gratified to see this evidence of pros
perity with our Newberry cotemporaries.
gW Our thanks are due Hens. J. 11. Hammond
and M. L. Bonham for sundry favors pertaining to
gV The Male School at this place has been Inter.
rupted for a few days by the absence of -Mr. Leslie;
he has now returned and the business of the School
will go forward as before.
IV Wright & Alexander advertise a superior
stock of goods for sale at their store in Augusta. See
po- Mr. Lzion's Daguerrean Car left yesterday
and will be located for a short time at Mr. CAsON
WAnREN's. Thence it will proceed towards the
pg On last sale day, at Yorkville, six negroes,
men and women, with two small children, sold for
$5,135, mostly for cash.
gV We will publish the prospectus of the Augusta
DespaIch next week, and then state our terms of club. I
bing in connexion with that paper.
gW Upon our outside may be found another of
"J. T. D's" spicy letters from New York; also Inter
eting extracts from a delayed letter of our excellent
JW A bottle of racy catsup has been kindly hand
ed us by Mr. E. T. Davis, agent. It was manufac
tured in this place by one skilled In the knowledge of
nice things, and is decidedly hard to best.
t& Dr. .L. B. Wever, of Texas, will please re
ceive our thanks for the loan of a copy of " The Texas
Almanac for 1858." We propose to make up from it a
Chapter on Texas.
.V A gentleman of Boston, who takes a business
view of most things, when recently asked respecting
a person of quite a poetic temperament, replied:
" Oh, he is one of those men who have soarings after
the infinite, and divings after the unfathomable, but
who never pay cash."
gg Advices from Salt Lake City, to the 25th
January have been received. It is announced that
the Mermons are manufacturing cannon,,. revolvers,
powder, and the usual material, of war. A skirmish
had taken place with a party of Mormons and the
picket guard of the army, In which two Mormons and
four soldliers were killed.
pAThe- ex-President of the Conun'drum Club~
perpetrates another atrocity, viz:-"What is that
which no man wants, which If any man has he would
not part with for untold wealth ?" Answer-" A
p' When the Pri~ess Helena was born, it was
told the Princess itoyal that she had got a young
sister. " 0, that is delightful," cried little innocent
royalty, " do let me go and tell mamma."
pg' We regret to learn that the estimable wife ef
Mr. John E. McDonnald died at Summerville near
Hamburg on Friday last. We sympathise with the
aflicted husband, children and friends of the deceeas
prAccording to an ancient usage in Prussia, all
the Princes of the Royal family must learn a trade,
It is stated that the Prince Frederick William, just
married to the Princess Royal of England, learned
the trade of a compositor in the printing office of Mr.
Hsal, at Berlin.
pgr The Cincinnati (0.) Daily Gazette states
that a bill has passed thu Senate of that State, pro
hibiting the intermarriage of first cousins. The Ga
ette says that public sentiment is in favor of the
7m Mr. T. S. Piggot, Proprietor of the Carolina
Timesc, has seen proper to suspend the publication of
that paper for a short time, owing to some misunder
standing with his employees. Hie is still desirous of
selling. A good chance for some one.
For the Advertiser.
NOTES BY THE WAY.
"Neglecteud beauty now is prized by gold,.
.And sacred lore is bunely t&nnght andn .old ;
WIireu arc yrownu trajic, mawrriuge is a trasde,
And when a nuptial of two hearts Is made,
Th'ere most of moneys too a wedding be,
That coin, as well as men, may multiply."
Naw Yonx, -- -
The sensation alluded to in my laut was produced
by the accession of a bridal party to our number of
dust-covered travellers. The feature that excited
rather more of curiosity than interest, lay in the fact
that there was such a contrast in their ages and per
sonal appearance. The bride was a bloonling lass
of gay sixteen," as beautiful as such flowers ever|
grow, while the bridegroom could not have been less
than sixty, yet "he still remem,,bered that he once was
young." The contrast brought me unconsciously,
into a reflective mood, and I began to wonder how it
could happen that they were so "umequally yoked
together." The verse above from Randolph oceured,
as the most probable solution, while Shakspeare whis
pered to me in woman's favor, making the beautiful
Miss speak thus:
' 0, sir, you are old ;
Nature in you stands on the very verge
Of her confine ; you should be ruled and led
By some fair maid, that discerns your state
Better than you yourself."
Not being able to come to any settled conclusion, 1
seretly wished them all the joys of wedlock, without
any of its atrifes, looked out, and what should enchaina
my admiring gaze, but the blue waters of the beauti- i
ful Potomac ! Though not the first time that I had
seen it, new emotions wern aroused, and I could but
" Fair river ! not unknown to classic song ;
Which still in varying beauty rolls along,
Where first thy infant fount is faintly seen,
A line of silver 'mid a fringe of green ;
Or where, near towering roeks thy bolder tide, a
To win the giant guarded pass doth glide ;
Or where In azure mantle pure and free a
Thou giv'st thy cool hand to the waiting sea.' ~
Here a change in mode of travel awaited us, and C
we realised that there Is comf/or as well as spice in -t
variety. Aboard the "Mt. Vernon," we found all the
comforts and convenience of home, without smoke,r
dust and rail-road bustle; such as the weary traveler ti
knows best how'to appreciate.. The scenery alongthe ti
river was quite picturesque in places, but the thought i
of soon coming in sight of the tomb of Washington I
absorbed every other consideration, and I could think
of nothing else. Ere long sure enough the mournful
toll of the bell announced our approach to the almost
sacred spot. Having a good glass aboard and the
trees having shed their leaves we obtained quite a
distinct view of the spot where slumbers the ashes of
him, of whom aloe It can be said, "First in war,
i.t.n peace, .a first in th 6.. h at ofhi ..ntry. I
en;' "-whose sword, liberty unsheathed, necessity
ained. and victory returned." T
" A statesmen,-friend in truth ! of soul sincere, 94
In action faithful, 81nd4 ;n homr clear I b
Who broke no pronifes, arr,. no private end, a,
- and who lost no frienl:
Ennobled by himself, by all approved,
Praised, wept, and honored by the muse he lov'd."
Never have I felt so powerfully a veneration for P
ortal name and memory, as then ; ,and as we glided v
m, I stood and gazed, with straining eyes, till the last
ill-top and tree of the place had vanished'in the
Istanee, and I turned sadly away, wondering whether e
prth would ever be blessed with such another. . .al
A short halt was made at Alexandria for the ex. I
hange of the mail and the landing of passengers. I d
Duld form no idea of the city from what presented (I
n the river, save that it had a full quota of machine S
ops. From there to the city of Washington we
'ire favored with another exciting scene, one that is
ery common upon our western streams, viz: a steam
oat race. Every passenger ran on deck, and seemed a
rilled with excitement. The contest was short, -
owever, for the "Mt. Vernon" soon wafted ahead, t
rhile the crowd shouted triumphantly, and called for e
he tow-line. Now the city of Washington came into
iow, and one would suppose from its appearance in
he distance that it was quite a magnificent city, and
nowing it to -be the Capitol of the United States;
ut upon a nearer approach and a better view, it proves
D be any thin# else, than a city of even ordinary
plendor, if the national buildings be excepted, for
bast are truly superb ediices, of which any nation
3ight be proud.
Having an hour or more to wait, at the Baltimore
tepot, I improved the time, by visiting the Capitol*
he colasSal proportions and splender of which 914
as with admiration. Once within, I sought the spot
rhere our own gallant, loved and lamented Brooks
astigated so timely and-deservedly the champion of I
,bolitionism, and embodiment of political corruption. I
Thile standing on the identical spot, I could but shed i
tear over the memory of Brooks, and turning away,
: sought the depot again. ROMEO.
For the Advertiser.
IJQUOE SELLING. c
MR. EDrron: I have read with great satisfaction
he pieces published on this subject by " S." and
' Liquon Dair.un," and I hope you will not suppose
hat all interest on this subject is confined to your sex.
When I see the widow in her weeds-the wife in her
niery-the children in their more-than-orphanage, r
Al caused by liquor, I hope you will hear me plead l
or the girls, and show the experience of one, which
races the experience of so many of us that I can
tot read it without tears, for I think of what should t
iave been my home of comfort.
Do Mr. Editor, got "S" to write again, and
uffer not Liquor Dealor to carry the day in your pa
er. You know we have a Female Collegiate Insti.
ute here now and schools for young men. 0 how
nuch harm may be done by liquor, to their sensibilities
f nothing more. I hope you will publish this poetry
-the experience of so many.
March, 8th 1858.
Go feel what I have felt
Go bear what I have borne
Sink 'neath the blow a father dealt,
And the cold world's proud scorn;
Then suffer on from year to year
Thy sole relief the scorching tear.
Go kneel as I have knelt.
Implore, beseech and pray
Strive the besotted heart to melt, 1
The downward course to stay,
Be dashed with bitter curse aside,
Your prayei-s burlesqued, your tears defied.
Go weep as I hare wept,
O'er a loved father's fall
See every promised blessing swept
Youth's sweetness turned to gall
Life's fading lowers strewed all the way,
That brought me up to woman's day.
Go see what I hare seen,
Behold the strong man bowed
With gnashing teeth; lips bathed in blood,
And cold ad livid brow;
Go catch his withered glance and see,
.XJhere mirrored his soul's misery..
Go to thy mother's side,
And her crush'd bosom cheer ;]
Thine own deep anguish hide;
Wipe from her cheek the bitter tear;
Mark her worn frame and wither'd brow ;
The grey that streaks her dark hair now.
With fading fraine and trembling limbe;
And trace the ruin hack to him
Whose plighted faith in early youth,
.Promised eternal love and truth,
But who forsworn bath yielded up,
That promise to the cursed cup;
And led her down, through love and light,
And~ all that made her presence bright,
And chain'd her there, 'mid want and strife,
That lowly thing, a drunkard's wife
Apd stamp'd on childhood's brow so mild,
That with'ring blight, the druukard's child.
Go hear, and feel, and see, and know,
All that my soul bath felt and known,
Then look upon the wine cup's glow,
See if its beauty can atone
Think if its flavor you will try,
When all proclaim, "'tis drink and die!1"
Tell me I hate the howl;
Hare is a feeble word;
I loathe-abhor--,ny very mal
With strony$ disygast ja stirr'd
When I see, or hear, or tell
Of the dark beverage of hell!
PREsE'RvING NuwsrAPEns.-In England three
copies of: each newspaper printed, signed by the
publisher, must be regularly transmitted to the
stamp ollice, which pays full price for them.
Ater the expiration of' a year, a complete ille
of' every jomnal is transmitted to thc British
'useumn, where they are bond in volumes, and
preserved for reference. Alluding to this fact,
a cotemiporary suggests that it would be an ex
ellent thing. if some action similar was'takena
in this country. Would not a few hundred dol
ars, appropriated by the government for a copy
uf each publication issued within its borders,
and. an arrangement by which each county
should keep, for reference, files of the papers
published in it, be of great service to this
TuE Facuen Exmerno& AD TuE PAssroaT RE. I
rtaicTo.-The London Tines, in a leading ed-.
We don't deny the right of' the French Empe-.
-or to ride this hobby passport to death ; but we 1
ould submit, with all due deference, that noth- I
ig is so likely to bring unpopularity Qfn his name(
) this side of the channel as a foolish restric-]
ioa upon the intercourse of the French and Eng-.
ish nations. And is not the alliance the best <
mard in his hand ? Is it not important to him t
hat f'eelings of amity and d will should1
xist between Englishmen and Frenchmen ? An a
anglishman, we should say, is wise who stops at t
tome till these restrictions be withdrawn or great
AnorrmoE CoxvExNoN.--An Abolition Con
'ention was held at Albany, N. Y., on the 8th
nt, Rev. Samuel J. May, presiding. Resolutions
dvocating the total abolition of slavery, and con
lemning all other political parties were intro
ued. The convention was about equaly divi-t
led between males and females, white and black. ~
lendell Phillips spoke during the afternoon and
SAix AED THE SI.AVE TRAD.-In a recent
ebte in the Spanish Council, M. Villalobos
*nnouncd that he should put a question to the
overment, "with respect to the scandalous
use to whiich Spanish merchant vessels are
ubject to the coast of Africa by English cruisers,
n rotxt of' searches for putting down the slave
A worthy old citizen of Newport, who had the I
eputaton of being the laziest man alive a~nong
hem "hillocks"-so lazy, indeed, that he use
a weed his garden in a rocking chair, by rock
g forward to take hold of the weed, and back. ~
rard to uplroot it-had a way peculia'rly his own,
e sed to drive his old white face mare to the
pot where the blackfish might be depended on
>r any weight from two to twelve pounds-hack ,
is gg down to the water side-put out his line,
n when the fish was safely hooked, start the
Id mare and pull him out.
MAXCEtIL TRADE.--The business in the d
Gn. HAvsoLCK vrox'FAxMnV c s J
he following, from ne who enJ.
mal communion wi the eed'$ehe~
s regarded as an illustration of thin's cha
rter, not without significance.: Dn'' .bissy
i England the narrator of this ane s at'
me evening to the houe of the Colonei,< eo
liance. with an invitation. In the course of;.on
ersation Mrs. HaveloeW turned suddenly toher..
usband and said, "By the way, my dearj*iheri
Harry ?" refering to her'son, whom she had
ot seen during the whole .afternoon. The. CO
nel started to his feet-"Well, poir felloihe's
andin; on London bridge, and in this coldje.
told him'to wait for me there at -12 o'clock to
ay, and in the pressure of buisiness at ---I
uite forgot the appointment." Tfie Fathei and
)a were to have met at 12 at noon, and it was
fter seven in the evening. Yet the -father
iemed to have no doubt that Harry would: not
%ove from his post until he.appeared. The Col
nel at once rose, ordered a cab to be Called, and
s he went forth to deliver his son from his wear
ratch on London Bridge, he turned to his visi
)r, saying. " You see, sir, thit is the disi plne
f a soldier's family." In the course of an our,
he Colonel returned with poor. Harry, i.eo al
rough he appeared somewhat afioted byte -
old watch, -and glad to see the fire in ther com
rtable parlor at home, seemed to have:.passed
brough the little afternoon's experienceatt
reatest good humor and the feeling that a
ight.-Ednburgk Daiy Express.
LAvEaY EXCITEMENT.-A mass meetin of eit
zens of Taylor: county, Va., was held at =Ies
ille on the 8th inst., at which the following
mong other resolutions. werepassed unaimous. -
That the five Christian Advocates, published
a the cities of New-York, Pittsburg, -Cincinti,
it. Louis and Chicago, having become abolition
heets of the rankest character, we ask our .con
monwealth's attorney and postmasters to ca-n -
me them; and if foundto be of an unlawfulehar
,eter, to deal with them and their agents as; the
iws of our State direct.
That we ask as. a s ecial favor of the. E.
hurch, North, and all other churchis that- may
onsider this county a part of their moral vine
ard for the future, to send among us only. sich
ministers as have wisdom and grace enougla to,
nable them to preach the Gbspel without med
ling with the civil institutions of our country.
THE MIsERABLE PoLToox.-The Boston co
espondent of New York Evening Post, in a late
"Yesterday I had the pleasure of learning from
enator Sumne'r's own lips that he hah no liteni
ion of resigning his seat in the Senate.. There.
i not a man in Massachusetts with heart and
end enough to fill Mr. Sumner's place who does
ot earnestly wish that he may return it, though
e should not speak another word in it. They
rould as soon level Bunker Hill because that is
lent. His history talks. He received letters
rom South Carolina warning him that the "hon
>r" of that chivalric State would requird her sons
o shed more of his blood if he took his seat -at
For the honor of the majority-if the word be
pplicable to the majority'-that now rule in Mas
sachusetts, we trust not for long-it would have
,een better if Bunker Hill had been leveled five
rears ago. Its standing is a continual reproach
o them. All the old memories connected' with
unker Hill are memories of bravery, honesty
Lnd patriotism; and the monument thath sur
ounts its crest was erected in honor of men who
vould sooner have died a thousand tima, had
hey as many lives, than have contributed to the
,levation of the present idol of Massachusetts
-the whining, sneaking, caned poltroon Sumner
-who boasts of the stripe of degradation,- ;iad
selis to convert the Rmrks of ##tteFrble infa py
snd cowardice into emblems .of honorenl
bworthi. - -
The intim'atlon that sons of South Ca'rolina
had wearned Sumner not to take hii seat in the
Senate is as'false as it is contemptble-ib is
sneaking as it is cowardly, What could any
South Carolinian'require of smner ;nowf -For
slandering a venerable and illiistirious citizen 'of
that State-he was caned, was'irretrievably-idis
paced i-te eyes of all men of hdnora-or. cotir. 'v
'ge, and by submisivlytieating tiCdjeut chas.
sement 'inflicted upon- his person, hai _placed
imselfbefond'the pale of gentlemen. He can
rot now be recognised. A kick, if he placed him.
self in anybody's way, would be the only notice
rouchsafed him.-N. .O. Crescent.
A NEGOn $navRTK TO Dna.-Among the
loud mouth and clamorous pseudo friends of the
egro race, the announcement of "a negroitarsed
to death," and "a portion of the head and face
eten by huge rats," appears to excite but pas.
sng attention. And yet such a horrible ease
recently occured in New York city, within bugle.
sound of some of the officers of the protminent
Black Riepublican organs of that city. We copy
he following from the New York lWbune, of
A negro Starved to Death.-A negro named
Redman was found dead yesterday aiternoon ip -
i sub-cellar of the large tenement house in the
rear ot' No. 19, Mulberry street. The body was,
shokingly mutilated, a portion of the head and
ace having been eaten off by huge rats, which
were with difficulty driven away from the corpse.
Itedmnan is believed to have died literally of star
ati'.n. In his wretched abode, which, since the
leath of his wife, a few weeks since, he occupied
done, there was found neither fuel nor fqod -of
ny kind, and scarcely a piece of furnitqre.
Itedman formerly worked along shore,- but for'
some time past was unable to procure employ
nlent of any kind, and lately he became sicr
In consequence he suffered greatly. He was
seen on Sunday descending to his subterrenean
aode. He appeared ill,. and remarked to one
,f kits neighbors, nearly all of whom are poor cocl
aredi peope, that he felt very bad. He was never
seen alive afterward. He was about forty
ears of age. An inquest will be held to-day.
Vhe body meantime remains where it was found.
IxroTSmv oF DR GOODs AT NEw YouE.--The
mports of foreign dry goods at New York during
'ebruary were but $7,0414,407, which is $6,948,.
109 less than for the corresponding period of last
rear, (a decline of more than one half;) $1,856,.
02 less than for February, 1856, and $339,560
cin than for February, 1855. This decrease ex.
ends to almost every description of goods coin.
,ared with the receipts for the corresponding pe..
jod of last year. The imports since January 1st
how a stillgreater decline. The totalof dr od
a~nded at that port for two months is $l4,6 741
ess than for the same period of 1857, $947,.
29 less than for the same period of 1856, an 3.
03,809 less than for the same period of 1855.
'he imports of dry goods at New York from the
ommencement of the last fiscal year (July 1st)
a February 27th are $53,171,763, against $69,.
75,463 for the same period of the previous year,
nd $57,519,548for the eight months ending with
he same date in 1856.
Where there is cobalt, there is milk-sicknes
nd, wherever the latter is found, there is much
eason to believe that either iron, zinc, lead2 or
ome other similar mineral exists. Coats a
metallic substance closely allied with these .and
he lesser order of metals, and, is, doubtless
rhen oxidised and evaporated, the soleicause e
he disease known as milk-sickness, being a
In a town not far from the line which divides
ssex and Middlesex counties in Massahusetts, -
ne night last week, a hen-house was 'enteked
ud robbed of its contents. The owner of the
'roperty, on going into the hen-house .in' the
ornng, found the feathered tribe missing, but
the floor lay a wallet which was found to-con
sin sixty dollars in current bank bills, with the
ame of the man to whom it belonged. We are
ad that he pses for a respectable and lhonest
itizen, but tat he has not yet called for his wal.
SENroOR Douous.-We have heard a report
at Senator Douglas, of Illinois intends, .t6 re
ign his seat in the U. S. Senate, and spend some
ears on the continent of Europe.-Richmsond
Glen. J. P. Henderson, the newr senator from
'exas, the successor to the late Glen.' Ruisk,'4p.
eared in the Senate on Monday morning, atad
sok the usual oath of office.
A es, n ma wtout moneyain h a