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Dewctratic 3ournal, Devotet to the Soutj Anv Soutern igIts, po its, Cattet Jeus, Citeratre, 1oaith . Etmer e, 4xicuture, &c
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of o berties, and it It must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruin."
SIEINS, DURISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDMARCH 24, 1858
A WHOLESOE LYRIC.
In storms or shine, two friends of mine
Go forth to work or play,
And when they visit poor men's homes,
They bless them by the way.
'Tis willing hand! 'tis cheerful heart!
The two best friends I know,
Around the hearth come joy and mirth
Where e'er their faces glow.
Come shine-'tis bright! come dark-'tis light I
Come cold-'tis warm ere long!
So heavily fall the hammer stroke!
Merrily sound the ing!
- Who falls may stand, if good right hand
Is first, not second best;
Who weeps may sing, if kindly heart
Has lodging in his breast.
The humblest board has dainties poured,
When they sit down to dine;
The crust they eat is honey sweet,
The water good as wine.
They fill the purse with honest gold,
They lead no creature wrong;
So heavily fall the hammer stroke !
Merrily sound the song !
Without these twain, the poor complain
- Of evils hard to bear,
But with them poverty grows rich,
And finds a loaf to spare!
Their looks are fire-their words inspire
Their deeds give courage high;
About their knees the children run,
Or climb, they know not why.
Who sails, or rides, or walks with them
Ne'er finds the journey long.
So heavily fall the hammer stroke!
Merrily sound the song !
HISTORY OF LE
BY DaRY COnNWALL.
Day dawned. Within a curtained room,
Filled to faintness with perfume.
A lady lay at point of doom.
Day closed. A child had seen the light:
But for the lady fair and bright
She rested in undreaming night.
Spring came. The lady's grave was green,
And near It oftentimes was seen
A gentle boy, with thoughtful mien.
Years fled. He wore a manly face
And struggled in the world's rough race,
And won, at last, a lofty place.
And thean he died. Behold before ye,
Humanity's brief sum and story
Life, Death, and all there is of-GLoza.
A rider through a valley passed,
And slowly picked his way;
"Ah, leads this to my loved one's arms,
Or to my grave to-day !
The echo answered, " yea,
To your grave to-day."
Then farther rode that rider on,
His breast with gloom (oppressed;
Ah, must I then so very soon
Fall, in the grave to rest!"
The echo said "'tis best
In the grave to rest."
The rider then let fall a tear
Down from his brimming eye;
" If peace be only in the~ grave,
Then it is good to die."
Deep was the echo's sigh,
" It is go.d to die."
FaoM 'rnE GERMANY or EIE
A REVOLUTIONARY LEGElW.
BY GEOnIGE LIPPAUD.
It was in these wilds of Wissahikon on the
day of the battle, as the noon-day sun came shi
ning through the clustered leaves, that two men
met in deadly conflict, near a rock that rose,
like a huge wreck of some primeval world, at
least onetundred feet above the dark waters of
The mans with the dark brow, and the darker
grey eye, flashing with deadly light, with mnus
-enlar form, clad in the blue hunting frock of the
revolution-is a Continental named Warner. His
brother was murdered the other night at the
massacre of Paoli. The other man with long
black hair, drooping along his cadaverous face
is clad in the half~ military costume of a tory
refugee. This is the murderer of the Paoli,
They had inet there in the woods by accident ;
and they fought, not with sword or rifle, but
with long and deadly hunting knives ; they go
turning aind twisting over the green sward.
At last the tory is down ! down on the turf
with the knee of the continental upon his breast
-that upraised knife quivering in the light
that eye tiashing death into his face!
" Quarter, -I yield I?" gasped the tory, as the
knee was pressed upon his breast, "spare me
I yield I"
"My brother,"~ said the patriot soldier in that
tone of deadly hate, amy brother cried for
qjuarter on the night of Paoli, and even as he
clung to your knees you stuck that knife into
his heaat. Oh, I will give you the quarter of
And as his hand was raised for the blow ad
his teeth were clinched in deadly hate, he paused
for a moment, and then pinioned the tory's armas,
and with rapid stride dragged him to the verge
of the rock, and held hitm quivering over the
" Mercy !"' gasped the tory, turning black and
ashy by turns as the awful gulf yawned below.
" Merey! I have a wife, spare me !"
Thena the continental, with his mnustered
strength gathered for the effort, shook the mnur
* derer once more over the abyss and then hissed
this bitter snteer between his teeth :
"My brother had a wife and two chaildron.
The morning after the night of the Paoli, that
wife was a widow-those children orphans !
Wouldn't you like to go and beg your life of
that widow and her children ?"
The proposal made by the continental in the,
mere mockery of hate, was taken in serious
earnest by the horror-stricken ,tory. He begged
to be takena to the widow and her children to
,have the painful privileges of begging his life~.
After a moment of serious thought the patriotic!
soldier consented. He bound the tory's arms
..t tigher, and nplaed him on the rock again
and then led him up the woods. A quiet cot
tage, embosomed among the trees, broke on
They entered the cottage. There, beside the
desolate hearthstone, sat the widow and her chil
dren. She sat there, a matronly woman of about
thirty years, faded by care, a deep dark eye and
black hair hanging in a dishevelled manner
about her shoulders.
On one side was a dark-haired boy of some
six years; on the other a little girl one year
younger, with light hair and blue eyes. The
Bible-an old and venerated volume-lay open
on the mother's knee.
And then the pale faced tory flung himself
on his knees, confessed that he butchered her
husband on the night of Paoli, but begged his
life at her hand I
" Spare me for the sake of my wife and my
He had expected that this pitiful moan would
touch the widow's heart; but not one relenting
gleam softened her gale face.
" The Lord shall judge for us?" she said in
a cold, icy tone that froze the murderer's heart.
"Look I the Bible lays open in my lap; I will
close that volume, and then this boy shall open
it, and place his finger at random upon a line,
and by that you shall live or die!"
This was a strange proposal made in good
faith of a wild and dark superstition of the olden
time. For a moment the tory, pale as ashes,
was wrapt in thought. Then, in a faltering
voice, he signified his consent.
Raising her dark eyes to heaven, the mother
prayed the Great Father to direct the finger of
her son. She closed the book-she handed it
to that boy whose young cheek reddened with
loathing as he gazed upon his father's murderer.
He took the Bible, opened its holy pages at ran
dom, and placed his finger upon a verse.
Then there was a silence. The continental
soldier, who had sworn to avenge his brother's
death, stood there with dilating eyes and parted
lips. The culprit kneeling on the floor, with a
face like discolored clay, felt his heart leap to
Then, in a clear, bold voice, the widow road
this line from the Old Testament. It was short
but terrible !
"That ma, .diall die,"
"Look I the brother springs forward to plunge
a knife into the murderer's heart; but the tory,
pinioned as he is, clings to the widow's knees.
He begs that one more trial may be made by
the little girl, that child of five years old,. with
golden hair and laughing eyes.
The widow consents. There is an awful pause.
With a smile in her eye, without knowing what
she does, the little girl opens the Bible as it lays
on her mother's knee, she turns' her laughing
face away and places her finger upon a line.
That awful silence grew deeper. The deep
drawn breath of the brother and the broken
gasps of the murderer, alone disturb the still
ness: The widow and dark-eyed boy are breath
less. The* little girl unconscious as she was,
caught a feeling of awe from the countenance
around her, and stood breathless, her face turned
aside and her tiny fingers resting on that line
of life or death.
At las4giith-ering ctirage,- the' widow b6:st'
her eyes to the page, and read. It was a line
from the New Testament:
" Love your enemies."
Al, that moment was sublime. Oh, awful
book of God, in whose dread pages we see Mo.
ses talking face to face to Jehovah, or Jesus
waiting by Samaria's well or wandering by the
waves of dark Galilee. Oh, awful Book, shining
to night, as I speak, the light of that widow's
home, the glory of the mechanic's shop, shining
where the world comes not, to look on the last
night of the convict in his cell, lighting the way
to God, even that dread gibbet. Oh, book of
terrible majesty and childlike love-of sublimity
that crushes the soul into awe-of beauty that
melts the heart with rapture, you never shone
more strangely beautiful than there in the lone
cot of the 0Wissahikon, when you saved the
For need I tell you that the murderer's life was
saved-the widow recognized the finger of God,
and even the stern brother was awed into si
The murderer went his way.
Now look you h'ow wonderful are the ways of
Heaven ! That very night as the widow sat at
her lonely hearth, her orphans by her side-sat
there with a crushed heart and hot eyeballs,
thiking of her husband, who now lay mnoulder
ing on the blood-drenched soil .of Paoli-there
was a tap at the door. She opened it, and that
husband living though covered with wounds,
was in her arms.
Hie had fallen in Paoli, but not in death. He
was alive, and his wife lay panting on his bo
That night there was a prayer in that wood
embowered cot of the Wissahikon.
AN ARKANsAs FATHEFR'S ADv~cE To HIS SoN.
-Bob, you are about leaving home for strange
parts. You are going to throw me out of the
game and go it alone. The odds are agin you,
Bob-remember that industry and perseverance
are the winning cards, as they are the " bowers."
Book larning, and all that sort of thing, will do
to till up with, like small trumps, but you must
have the bowers to back 'em else they aint
worth shucks. If luck runs agin you pretty
strong, don't cave in and look like a sick chick.
en on a rainy day, but hold your head up and
make believe you are a fhush of trumps; they
won't play so hard agin you. I've lived and
traveled around some, Bob, and I've found out
that as soon as folks thought you held a weak
hand, they'd all buck agin you strong. So,
when you're sorter weak, keep on a bold front ;
but play cautious; be satisfied with a p'int.
Many's the hand P've seen 'em eucred 'cause
they played for too much. Keep your eyes
well skinned, Biob; don't let 'ema nig you ; re
collect the game lays as much with the head as
with the hands. Be temperate; never get
drunk, for then no matter how good your hand,
you won't know how to play it; both bowers
and the ace won't save you; for there's sar-tin
to be a "iss deal" or something wrong. And
another thing, Bob, (this was spoken in a low
tone,) don't go too much on women ; queens is
kinder poor cards ; the more you have of 'em
the worse for you; you might have three, and
nary trump. I don't say discard 'cm all ; if
you get hold of one that is a trump, it's all
good, and there's sartain to be one out of four.
And above all, Bob, be honest; never take a
ma's trick wrot don't belong to you, nor " slip"
cards or "nig," for then you can't look your
man in the face, when that's the case, there's
no fun in the game ; it's a regular " cut throat."
So, now, Bob, farewell; remember wot I tell
you, and you'll be sure to win, and if you don't
it sarves you right if you get "skunked."
Isn't it strange how circumstances alter cases ?
When the price of flour falls, the merchants
don't hear of it for a week or ten days after
wards, but when it rises, somehow or other,
the news spreads in half an hour.
As old offender was lately brought before a
learned justice of the peace. The constable, as
a preliminary, informed his worship, that he had
in custody, John Simmons, alias Jones, alias
Smith. "Very well," said the magistrate, "I will
try. the twn omen first; briner in Alic Jonne.
gEUVITI5 FRuI- O[ ER IIERE.
AN Irishman was toI bt a friend of his
had put his money in'oo " "Well," said
he, "I never had a fir in the stocks, but
I have had my legs there ofn enough."
If the light of God's co nance is withdrawn,
there is a cause for it. id If the cause- is
searched out, it will be fod to be in ourselves.
The clouds which obs .",the sun come not
from the heavens, but fio the earth.
Parson Brownlow, of Knoxville Whig,
says that "if he is deni the privilege of go
ing to Heaven after de .his second choice is
PIETY A$D STQ 5s.-Xhis devoted city is
rapidly rushing into a whtri of excitement in
stock gambling and reli 'us revivals. Satan
isjusy all the morning inWall street among
the brokers, andall the afarnoon and evening
the churches are crowdedt 'th saints who gam
bled in the morning. So go.-N. Y. Herald.
COMING TO THE Suppoi -. O LECOMPTN.
The Indianapolis Journal ys that Hon. Wil
liam E. Niblack, the mem r of the House of
Representatives from t first congressional
district of Indiana, has ' tten a letter to a
gentleman in Indianapolis, ying he shall vote
for the Lecompton Cons tion on the final
vote. He voted, he says, r Harris' resolution
simply because he was in vor of investigating
"IoN," the Washington respondent of the
Baltimore Sun, in his le ofthe 11th inst.,
says: " The report of te ity of the com
mittee of the House on affairs has ap
peared, and it is a very. ..' rent thing from
what was bargained for b those who ordered
the investigation. The re rt is the hardest
blow which has been atr in favor of the ad
mission of Kansas under e Lecompton Con
SESSIDLE AT LAST.-A mber of citizens of
Philadelphia have petition the Legislature to
pass a law prohibiting I oes from com
ing into that State. The say that they are
subjected to trouble, incon nience and expen;e
by such influx, including - negros, set free by
their master., fugitive sla and other worth
less darkies, most of wh : become a public
charge or a prey upon ind dual charity.
LOLA MoNTEZ AND M CUNNINGDA.-It
is said that one day Inst; eek Lola Montez
paid a visit to Mrs. Cun bam at her resi
dece in Twenty-ninth tt t, New York, and
had a long conversation her upon thd sub
ject of the murder of Dr.. rdell. Mrs. C. on
this occasion, renewed h rotestations of in
nocence, and informed - that if ever the
truth came out, it would ound that the real
murder- was a certain n whose name has
been I . -. in the courts.
of the 3d of February report the saie or san,
dull at eight cents per bushel. The Royal
Gazette states that 21,000 bushels had been
shipped away during a week, and that of lait
year's crop there remained on hand several
hundred thousand bushels, which could be had
at very low prices. The salt pans at Inagua
are said to be in a promising state. A large
quantity was on band there, but no sale for it.
Only three cargoes were disposed of in all the
mouth of January.
The wind it blew, the snow it flew, and rais
ed particular thunder-with skirts and hoops,
anid chicken coops-and all such kind of plun
SALE OF NEGROEs IN MissmSSIPP.-Thc Ox
ford Mercury mentions two sales of slaves which
recently took place in Lafayette, at which one
man brought .51,450, and four women with four~
children, .$5,800. At the second sale, one ne
gro, a carpenter, brought $1'75 These are
Were all the United States as den.ely inhabi
ted as Massachusetts, it would have a popula
tion of 440,000,000 souls, of which Texas would
WIATr Nexr.-The bogs of Ireland are be
ing made to furnish candles of as~ pure paraltine
as our American coal. There are no less than
3i,000,000 acres of this peat land in Ireland,
and the yield is as good as so miuch coal would
be expected to give. The peat is from twelve
to forty feet thick. The candles are found now
in this country, and are said to be as good as
Dutchman-Coot moryer, Patrick, how you
.Irishman-Good mornin' till ye, Mike..-think
ye, will we git mny rain ?
Dutcman-I guess not; we never has much
rain in a ferry try dime.
Irishman-An' ye're right there; and thin,
whinivor it gits in the way of raining not a bit
o' dhry wither will we git as long a~s the wet
John Mitchell, in a letter to his paper, the
Southern Citizen, written from Vicksburg, Miss.,
in the following ~aarph shows the impression
which the great bouth-west has made upon him:
" How deeply and urgently this nation needs
a good rattling war ! a war with some nation
that is fairly its match-to occupy its mind and
give a career to its craving and impassioned
youth. 1 tell you it is like Carleton's tailor,
'blue mioulded for want of a baytin;' it will
blow up, like any other high pressure steam
boiler; and it is not insured." .
A CarIOUS BUsmNss.-A Philadelphia letter,
of the 23d uIt., says:
The following placard is conspicuously dis
played in a show case, on Second street, not far
from Chesnut: " Good imitation of gold coin
always keeps its color-for sale cheap." We
took a peep into the case and there beheld a
tempting array of two-and-a-halvpes, fives and
twenties, all well calculated to deceive unsus
pecting individuals, especially at night. Bather
a curious business to be pursued so openly.
A Rmcu MA.-A few weeks since Monsieur
Gref'ulhe, of Paris, deceased. He owns a whole
street there, which he built, and called Rue
Greffulhe, after himself. He is said to possess
more gold and silver, on special deposits at the
Blank of France, than any other banker in Paris,
It is not known what is. the prosent amount of
coin at his credit, but when the revolution of
February occured, he had $8,000,000 in gold and
silver in the Bank of France, His mania is to
have his specie deposit in coin, while the Roths
childs and other banker. keep their deposits in
gold or silver bars or coin.
pe' The young gentleman who was one heard to
exclaim, " that he would cnsider it a disgrace to as
sociate with mechanisf is now acting clerk to a ma
..... waonand we mighat add hardly fit for that.
S hANDLOD PUIMSHED.
A few days since an eminent artist at Lyons,
while passing through the Rue de Terreaux, ap.
proached a number of persons who were gathered
together witnessing the sale of the furniture of a
poor workman. . A woman was seated on the
pavement with a child in her arms. The painter
spoke to her, and was told that the furniture
which was being sold belonged to her; that her
husband had lately died, leaving her with the
child she held in her arms; that she had strug
gled hard to maintain herself by working day
and .night, and submitting to every privation,
but that her landlord had at length seized her
furniture for some months' rent which was due
to him. The artist was much affected by this
simple recital, and inquired who was her land
lord. "There he is," replied the poor woman,
pointing to a man who was watching the pro
gress of the sale, and he was recognized by the
painter as a person who was suspected to have
amassed a considerable fortune by usury, so
that to make any appeal to his feelings on behalf
of the poor widow would be useless. The. artist
was considering within himself what other plan
he could adopt to benefit her, when the crier
announced a picture for sale. It was a misera
ble daub; which, in the summer, the poor *o
man had used to hide the hole in the wall through
which the pipe of the stove passed during the
winter. It was put up at one franc. The artist
at once conceived a plan for taking revenge on
the landlord. He went over, exaMmUed the pie
ture with great attention, and then called out,
with a loud voice:
" One hundred fianes !'
The landlord was astonished at the bid, but
conceiving that a picture for which so eminent
an artist could offer that sum was- worth more
thad double, boldly offered two hundred.
"Five hundred I" said the painter; and the
contest between the two bidders became so ani
mated that the prize was at length knocked
down to the landlord at 2290 francs.
The purchaser, then addressing the painter,
" In seeing an artist of your merit bid so eager
ly for the picture, I supposed that it must be
vLunable. Now, tell me, sir, at what do you ca
titnate its value ?"
"About three francs and a half," replied the
painter; " but I would not give that for it,"
"You are surely jesting," said the landlord,
" for you bid as high a.is 2100 francs fur it!"
"TIat is true," replied the artist, " and I will
tell you why I did so. You, who are in posses.
sion of an income of 45,000 francs a year, have
seized on the furniture of a poor woman for a
debt of 200 francs. I wished to give you a lesson,
and you fell into my trap. Instead of the poor
woman being your debtor, she is now your cred
itor, and I flatter myself you will not compel her
to seize on your furniture for her djebt:
The artist then politely saluted the astonished
landlord, and having announced her good forLune
to the poor woman, walked away.
PARABLE FOR BUS"Po'
There was, once upon a ti
a store, and sold goods, whc
were shy. and times were b
And he said: Lo! I am
sation is disagreeable.
And my ruin is the m,
because it is slow in progress, even aa ...
doth gradually become hotter in the pot wherein
the lobster boileth, until the crustaceous creature
shrieketh out its soul in anguish.
Lo! it is better to be ruined quickly than to
endure this slow torture.
I will give my money away to the poor man
-even to the poorest, which is he that printeth
the newspapers, and I will shut up my shop,
and wrap myself in the sackcloth of desolation,
and pass my days in the purliens of broken
banks, cursing the hardness of the times and
rending my garments.
And the h->wlings of Rome shall be as the
dulcet sound of dulcimers, and they who blow
flutes and instruments of music, compared to the
din I will make in the ears of the wicked-even
in the ears of the bank directors.
And even as he said so did he; for he was
not as other meni's sons who are ifolish and
know it not, and they say they will do so and
so, performing that which is contrary.
For the sons of men are fickle, and he that
is born of woman doth spite hi~s face by dimnin
ishing the length of the nose thereof.
And lo! the printer-even lhe who did pub
lish newspapers-was made glad by the bounty
of him who sold wholesale aiid retail; andl he
did blow the trumpet of fame respecting that
man's dealings from the rising of the sun even
to the going down of the same.
And he-even the printer of newspapers
did magnify and enlarge upon the stock of goods
which the trader had in his store, and did pub
lish the variety, and the excellence and the new
ness, and the cheapness thereof, till the people
-yea, all of them, far and near, were amazed.!
Andi they say: Lo ! this man hath gathered
from the east and the west costly merchandise'
and wares of wondrous value-even the work
manship of cunning artificers-and we knew it
Go to--, then. We will lay out our silver
and gold in those things which the printer print
eth of, and that which he doth publish shall be
ours. For this man's merchandise' is better
than the baiik notes of those who pronmise to
pay and therein lbe, even banks of deposite
which beguile us of our money and swindle us
But the trader was still sad, and be said:
The money that these people bring me for the
goods in my store will I still give to the printer,
and thus will I ruin. myself: I will do that
which no man bath 'yet done in my time or be
fore mae. I will make rich the printer whom all
men scorn for his poverty, and he shall be clad
ini fine linen, and shall rejoice.
And the sons of men shall seek him in the
market place, and the shcriff shall shun him.
and scoffers shall be rebuked, and shall take off
their hats to him that was poor.
And he shall flash the dollars in the eyes of
the foolish, and shall eat bank note sand-wiches.
Yea, even shall he light his pipe with railroad
script, and cast his spittle on the beards of other
For I will ruin myself, and he who advertises
me shall enjoy my substance.
But 10o! the trading man, even he who sold
merchandise, became rich, and even as the un
clean beast ieth in the mire, so stirred he not
by reason of much gold.
And the people flocked to his store from the
And from the South..
And from the. East.
And from the WVest.
And the printerrejoiced, and his fat didabound.
But the trader could not become poor, and
his melancholy ceased, and the smiles of happi
ness were upon his face.
And thus it will ever be with all who liberal
ly patronize the Printer.
A duel took place near Mobile, on the 14th
inst., between Captains Mauiry and DeReviere.
Capt. M1aury was the late marshal, and escaped
unhurt. Capt. Deflevier'e is of French Zouaves',
and received two shots, which are not consid
ered dangerous. They fought with Colt's Na
vis fifeen paces, advancing.
IMPORTANT iATTERS REQUIRING ATTENTION. I
It is earnestly to be hoped that Congress will
make an early disposition of the Kansas ques
tion. There are other matters of grave impor- (
tance pressing upon the attention of our gov- i
ernment and statesmen; but it is impo-sible
that they can obtain their due consideration
until the all-absorbing question in regard to
Kansas is first determinited. Although the pro
babilities in favor of the admission of Kansas
upon her pending application are so strong as to
make that result almost a certainty, yet it is
an objeUt of such par-amount and engrossing
interest that the public mind can entertain no
other until it is disposed of. It is desirable in
the highest degree, therefore, that this matter
be gotten out of the way, in order that our
government and public men may give their at- V
tention to other subiects of great nionient that
challenge their consideration and admit not of
delay. Questions of most grave and critical t
import connected with our foreign policy in
this hemisphere, and vitally affecting our na
tional interests and destiny, swell up before us
in imposing and imperative magnitude, claiming
our immediate attention. The condition of the
several regions neighboring to us on the South
presents many and serious questions for consid
eration. To say nothing of Cuba. the acquisi
tion of which is an object of absorbing interest, C
the attitude of things in Central America and
Mexico in an especial manner invokes the notice
and serious counsels of our statesmen. The
decadence and first approaching dissolution of
the political and social organizations of these
countries are about imposing upon us the ne- a
cessity of decisively distinctly determining what
is to be our policy with respect to all the parts t
ot this continent and hemisphere. The predi- '
cament they must very soon reach, if they have
not already, will bring to a practical test and
determination whether the great Monroe doc
trine, which has so long furnished a theme for
patriotic declamation, is indeed a real and sub
stantial-feature of our policy, or but an empty
bravado-" all sound and fury, signifying noth
ing." The time is at hand when this nation
will be called upon, both by the obligations of
humanity and of self-preservation, to go to the n
assistance of " the sick man" in Central America
and Mexico-to rescue these f.air regions fron r
the horrors of barbarism, and save them to the
domain of republican civilization, When she c
addresses herself to this mission, she will un- r
doubtedly encounter Great Britain, and must
contest the spoils of those ef'ete nations with
that rapacious power. The longer our govern
nuent delays giving her attention to the appro- t
priate measures of policy in connection with
these countries, and n view of the event alluded
to, the more formidable will be the resistance
which we will have to meet at the hands of n
There is no doulit but that unscrupulous em
;:. a,.;h:,,~ with all her available
.roachment, to consoli
al America, while en
- to the persuasion that 0
ent -respecting that ob
ngnes. to relinquish by v
.ed hypocrisy." She hiw
n the foothold she has it
-rica, unless absolutely 1
ang as she can keep the a
0nd adjouirncl in diplomatic ti
.h.he can palter and palaver C(
ith us in ana-ry negotiations anal polemics,
while, at the same time, secretly strengthenilng h
her position and enlarging her encroachecnts,
of course she will do so. There is but one line L
of wise mnd eillcacious policy for our guovern
ment in this matter, and that is, at once and
without delay or further parley, to abrogate he
Clayton Bulwer treaty, wid then insist poremp- h
torily uponi the innmnediate withlrawal of Great
Britain, in every shape andl forin of oceupation U
and pretensiion, froM Uentral America. This
wonla cut the gordian knot of a coitroversy
which can never be terminated by a less e.pha IC
and categorical mode of dealing with it., andI
the adljisiiment of which can not longer be de
ayed without the greatest prejudice to our
W~ith regard to Mexico there i~s :alreadly anal
important question directly claiming the atte;r- k
tiona of our govermnent-alreadly ana occa~ion
for our interventiona which demaands at oncee toa
be coansidered anal acted mpon. It is in regpraa
to Yucatan. There is no doaubt bait that the
whbite people and legitimate auathoirities of that
province have made an appeal t-> our govern
met to comec to their rescue aini save them
from the horrors of the Indhian, insur'rectionma5
which threatens to rodluco thaeir coumtry to bar
barismn ini a very sliort time. Great Uritaini ast
also complicated with this quest.ion, anid hi r
connection with it evidences tihe aggresmive paoh- s
y she is resolutely pursuinig in all throse connt
tries. [t is ascertained beyondl :dl q'mestai"a
that British agents have stimualated anal sis
taned this war of races in Yucatan. T1heyv
have armed and ineitead the indian against t he
hite, and are responsible foir all the atrocities
nd bloody horror., that have m:rkead thi~s de
vastating struggle fur upwards of ten years.
Their policy has, of colurse, been to reduce the
country to ruin; when they could step)i miand
establish a protectorate over it, whicha wouild lie
equivalent of course to its acquisitioan. T['ie
condition of things thev- have been striving to
bring about is accomplished. The Yucatecos
can no longer protect thmemselves. TIhay must -
find saifety in foreign intervention. It is a quei- h
tion whether they shall be protected by us, or_
the British, or some other foreign power. If tl
we do not take them under our protection, their
country must soon fall in the hands of some
European power, most probably Great Britain.
We are bound to protect them, or surrender
the Monroe doctrine entirely.grv
These are questions of very grae nportance,
and demand immediate attention. There are
other important subjects in our internal policy
requiring consideration, which cannot longer be
delayed without serious detriment to the pub
lic interest. In view of nll these considerations,
it is greatly to be hoped that Congress will at
once admit Kansas into the Union, and haveC
done with that business, so that it may turn
its attention to other momentous matters which
so seriously challknge its deliberations.-Mobile 1
CHicKEN Fimmo.-.-Theo Selnma Sentinel ,
gives ana account of a great chicken fight be
tween Georgians and Alabamians in that city
on the 22d ult., in wvhich the Georgians were
beaten nine lights out of fifteen. The same
result happened in a number of private back
fights. Th'le Sentinel regards it as a triunaiph
for Alabama, while weo consider it a great comn-a
piment to CGeorgia. In " the first fifty years
of the lRepublic," Georgia beat th~e world, in
gouging, cickefghting, gander pulling, 4-c.,
btteshol-manster and the preacher have.
been abroad, anal left behing thaem the heavenly
impress of Christian civilization, in a partial do
gree at least. If Alabama wants a foeman wor
thy of its steel in this cruel sport we would
advise her to challenge California or Utah ; we.
think shne would find a different result. Georgia;
is too old, not to say too refined, to excel in
such buccaneer amusements; and we hope, for
the credit of both Georgia and Alabama, that
chicken fighting will in all future time be num-|
ered with the things that were.-Spart~aEx.
Having recently published a letter of a cor
respontent of the Charleston Mercury, giving
an unfavorable account of the Gadsden Purchase,
we give place to the following reply to that let
ter, which Lieut. Mowry, the representative of
the people of Arizona, at Washingtoi, has ad
dlressed to the Nalirma2 Iukt ' ecer
'l'1 the Editors of the National Inelligncer:
In your issue of yesterday appeared a letter,
copied from the Charleston Mercury, dated at
San Diego, California, in which the writer re
vives the exploded story that the Gadsden pur
chase (Arizona) is a worthless and barren coun
try. It will be noticed that the writer's expe'
rience of the country is limited, by his own
statement, to "shooting ducks in the Mesilla
valley." Against this extraordinary knowledge
of a Territory containing more than thirty
thousand square miles, I beg to put the opinion
of the lion. John R. Bartlett, Col. Jack Hays,
Gen. Joseph Lane, and A. H. Campbell, Esq.,
all of whom have traveled over the whole coun
-try, and who express the opinion that it con
tains thousands of square miles of the best ara
bic land, is immensely rich in the precious metals
and in copper, and has all the elements of a
thriving and populous State. The impression
that irrigation is necessary for cultivation, is not
correct. In the central valleys of Arizona two
crops a year are raised, one by the ordinary
method of cultivation, the other by irrigation.
I shall publish in a day or two letters from
several of the gentlemen above named, expres
sing their views in regard to Arizona, its great
value both as a mineral and agricultural State,
needing only the protection of the laws to become
at once populous and productive. The immense
emigration which this spring will seek in the
fertile valleys of Arizona a new home will,
within a brief period, demonstrate that the new
Territory, like California, has been misrepresen
ted and condemned only because it was unknown
and unprotected. Tho last mail from the Santa
Cruy, valley brings theintelligence that the Sil
ver Mining Company at Tubao are shipping al..
ver ore to .in Franciaco to be amelted, and that
tho yield on the ore i paying all the eXpense -
of the mines, and will, within a fsw months,
pay large dividends. No mines in Mexico have
been made productive at so small an outlay of
capital. Those who doubt the great wealth i4
silver of Arizona, only confess t hemselves igno,
rant of the early history of the country when
it was a thriving Spanish colony, and of the
undoubted statements of Humboldt and Ward.
Willard's, March 9, 1858.
SExAToa J. H. H-iArMND.-The special ttel
graphic Washinmull, inrv.-monk,* 1 +0 -__
an ar - - -
,v the I
ment it - .. - 4vAcj.
Paomiarnrrv IS A SEVERE TrsT.-The human
heart. i like a feather bed-it must be roughly
handled and well shaken to prevent its becom
ing hard and knotty. With prosperity.comes
the withering dice.,very that opulence is not
happiness. lor the shadows around us are the
dirke-t when the sun of our fortune is biightest.
Very ofteii, too, we are oiilyst he more rilicu
nins :,.; well as unhappy, for being tossed in for
iune's blaiket, and having our heads turned,
.v being tims elevatedl above iise of our fel
lows. I. :matters little Ito he worth InOney, if
we are worth nothing ele.
Er.nien .Jones was not remarkable for his elo
quence, wor was he a remarkable good reader,
.specially minong the hmrd names. But he .<aid
4all Scripture is profitable," and thierefoire he
nevr. selected any portion, but read the first
capter he openedl at, after ho totok the stand
to pireachi. One day he stumbled in this way
upna chapter in Chronicles, and read, "Eleazer
begat Phineas, and Piiineas begat Abishu', and
A ishua be'gat iBukkie, and Ihukkie begat Uzzie,"
andt stunmbling worse and wor.,e as~ he proceeded,
he stopped, and running his eye :.head, and .
seeing nothing better ini proslieet, lie cut tho
matter short by saying, "mi so they went
on and begat one another to the end of the
WX.;Eiar.-Sonme time ago, on thme Sabbath .
dy, wo wende~d our way to one of our churches,
a'd ins4tead of a sermoi'n heard an address upon
somei mnissionmary or other benevolent subject.
.\fter tihe wildress was concaded two brethren.
were sent rou.ndl with the bamske~ts for contributions.
Pron 1---- whot was one0 of the b~asket bearers
taking the side upop which he sat. Immediate
lv in our iroat anidjypon the next seat negligent
l reclinied our frind Bill H--, a gentleman
f inlinii e humor and full of dry .hokes. Parson
i- extemds the bas.ket and Ilill slowly strook
" Come, William, give us something,"' said
" Cant do it," replied Bill.
" Why not? Is not the cause a good one ?
" Yes ; but I am not able to give any thing."
" Poh ! PohI I know better, you must gice a.
better reason than that."
"Well, I owe too much money'-1 must be.
ist before I am generous, you kniow."
"But, William, you owc 'God a larger debt
than any one else.
" Tiimt's true, parson, but then lie aint a push'
ing ime like the~ brdanace of amy creditors.'
The parson's face got into rather a curiots
condition and he passed on.
GIVE r. Tr-O 'E.m.-Dr. Andrews. of the Geor
gia Citizen, is down on those editors who have
been publishing part of a story from the New'
York Ledger, at .3 cents a line. We are glad
there arc some editors who refuse to deceive~
~heir readers and advertise for a Northern man,
for nothing. We notice the stories in nmny
Southern papers, and we'll wager our best hat
that not one of them would advertise for us at
that price. Yet this is nothing, more nor less
tian an advertisement, which they publih for.
about one half what they would charge their
neighbors and friends ! We would be very glad
to get even 3 cents a line for our readhing mat
terIbit we prefer to make our own selections,
adt not snmggle in an adlvertisement fora
Nrthiern man, where we should put something~
iteresting to our readers. Them's it !-Suth
ISWEET Mi..-There is as much differehce 4
between milk from cows fed on cooked corn
meal slops, and that from cows fed'onraw corn
meal slps as there is between good flhilk and
oor milk; the former is very sweet to the'ta ste,
and of a yellow color even in winteri'.. CoUon .
lanter and Soil.
From the Charleston Mercury.
RAND LODGE OF ANCIENT FREEMAlSONS OF TIlE
NTATE OF SOUTH CAUM1NA.
SHAn LEST, S. C., 10th March, A.-. T.-., 1858.
r1o the Worshipful Master, Wardens and Breth.
ren of the Sudordinate Lodpcs of Ancient
1remasons of Soulh Carolina:
BaETnntx: At a Quarterly Communication
f the Most Worshipflul Grand Lodge of An
ient Freemasons of South Carolina, holden on
he 2d inst., theM:. V.-. Giand Master, Brother
fenry Buist, having called the attention of the
rand Lodge to the subject of the purchase of
ont Vernon by the Craft in the Union, on
lotion of the Grand Secretary, seconded by
Iro. V. D. V. Jamison, W.-. Master of Orange
urg Lodge No. 28, the following resolutions
rere unanimously adopted:
Whereas, the people of the United States
eing actuated by a laudable desire that the
mb of the venerated Washington shall no lon
er be continued in the possession of an individ
a], but be forever held as a public domain, the
nmon property of the whole nation, are now
iaking every effort to purchase Mount Vernon
y small subscriptions from all those who are
isposed to favor the enterprise.
Thwefore, Re~olced, That the Most Worshipffl
rand Lodge of Ancient Freeniasons of South
arolina, anxious to demonstrate to the world
.3 urofound admiration of the character of
ashington, and its grateful appreciation of the
valtable benefits that have been conferred on
[asonry in this country by the example and
dluence of their illustrious brother, who on all
propriate occasions was wont to exhibit his
evotion to the interests and his admiration of
2e principles of the order, will take an active
rt in the accomplishment of the noble object
r securing the purchase of his home.
Resolced, That the Grand Lodge will appro
rate the sun of one hundred dollars, and that
ie subordinate Lodges in this juriadiction are
irnestly urged to co-operate in this praisewor
iy design, and that for that purpose the Wor
iipful taster of every Lodgo is requieted to
ivite, at the regular cminunication in April, a
ibscription of one dollar from each of the
leoulied, That the Masters are requested to
nit forthwith the amounts so collected, to the
[ost Worshipful Grand Master, to be by him
mveyed to the proper depository of the gene
11 fund for the purchase of Mount Vernon.
Resolred, That a Committee of Five Master
[asons be appointed by the Grand Master to
irry these resoltions into effect, and to address
ie Subordinate Lodges on the subiject.
Reso-led, That the Worshipful Grand Secre
iry be instructed to communicate a copy of
iese resolutions, and the addre. of the Com
ittee, to the Southern Matron, and to all the
-rand Lodges of the United States.
In compliance with the third of the.'e resol
ons the undersigned, as the Committee ap
)inted for that purpose, now have the peasure
fraternally addressing you on this important
id interesting subject, and of cordially inviting
ur co-operation in the glorious task of con
)r q homgetead of ourillustrious lothdi
lCcikai* nSMS e
Of.t'e large sum tilat hasjen dua.d d fY
s present proprietor as an indemnifi. tt n for
is relinquishment of his ownership, a p: -
ready been secured through the active % !r
ons of female patriotism. The women of the
mntry have nobly qntered on the work, and
'e now laboring at the task of securing the
illowed shrine, with all that indoinitale ener
and perseverance -which, in the pros.ecution
every generou.s deed, is the character:stic
'their A.itance has already been
'nted to then in various ( reclions, and the
ogress nale in colletlug the padI'lL.ze nloney
Isa nuot been dIscouraging. But all las not been
>tainedl. lount Vernon is not yet the propler
of the nationi; and our wive<, ori. Imothners
id our sister-, under the l:a':n1-e '.f ofne who
herself a M.OICAs d:imghter', have inve ekei he
[oic frateriiity to lewl their pi'fil nti,
i have called on us to show, . eed, the -
ing tetmn of l.n' hart felt pride tht
asintgtoni was ou rte.Shalli the appeal
the women oaf .\muerica lie unheard or un
.eed by thle Craft'? We trust not. We
now that it will not. A s'ingle diollar give'n by~
chl of the two hundred anod liity thon-andl ::t
iated Masons oft the United States, wo dd
ithi whbat lias already beeni collected, be moire
an sulicient to accomplish all that is wanitedl.
It would, indleed, be am gleioleuii reomniseeneee
r tile trder, in l'uture timei.<, wer its chil dren
tepresent day to baequzeath to those who
mal come after themi, this te-,imony of thei:
e for their great ande good hr. tber, that by
er willing and fraternmd aid, his htomie and his
mbt~ had been givenm to lie liepulic, and a
irine erected, where the pe eple might a.semnble
ieach recurring ann~iver'ary oft his birth, to
vere is miemtory and to pondler on his v'irtues.
There are many reasons why Mounit Vernonu
ould become thle piroplerty ofi tihe aion, most
which will at once suggest themtselves5 to thte
art of every true patriot. But there is no
son wihy 'an .Americain citizen should take
rt .in the grateful work of puirchasing it,
hiih will not apply with far mrnite force to the
mericani Maison. ie wats the Fathter of his
ountry--the leader of its artmies in war-its
inselor int pee---e-thie worthiest jewel~s in its
ittering crown of worthies-an-l these are for
rer Amterican to boa-1st as ls. Bitt to the
la..om he was mo~re. lie was onr BROTut tz
ond to uts and we to him, by no commnon tie
-kneeling at the same altar and illumined by
i same mystic light. Let us come, then, to
e task with willing hearts and liberal hands,
ad aid in making Mount Vernon another Mecca
ir our common land, where Washington's mem
' shall be the kaaba stone of our veneration.
*ALBERT G. MAUKEY.
V. D. V. JA MISON.
Z. W. (CARWILE.
JNO. A. BO W1E.
Amorawt.u-x Lm.--American life is but the rig
tny of a fever. There is no repose fotr us. We
'sh on in frenzied excciteent through the
rows, thie noise, the hot glare and dust of the
ighways, without turning for a moment to re
resh ourselves in the qjuiet and shade of the by
aths of life. We have but one object in our,
apid journey, and that is to get the start of our
3low.travelers. Our political equality, offering
a all a chance for the prizes of life, and thus
'neouraging every-one to try his speed in thie
'ace. is no doubt a spur to the characteristic
trry of' Ainericans. Our institutions, however,
e not responisible for the prize we choose to
trive tfor. There is no reason that we know of'
rhy a republicant shoul lave no other elm in
ife but to get richer than is neighbaor; but
hre are a thousand good reasonis, if' we value
ecalh and happliness. why we shioul pursue
ter and higher objects. W~hien the pursuit of
vcalth is the great pturpose of lif'e in so rapidly
progressive state of' material prosperity as ex~
ts in our comimerciail comminities, it requires
~xcisive devotioin and the highest strain ot' the
Peulties to succeed. A fair competence, how.
ver, is easily reached; and if' we had learned to
:re for better things, we should not strive for
g|' "No man can horrow himself out of debt,"'is
-a ol1 .aying, bnt is neverthless a most truthful one.