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1. SIJUINS, D. . DURISOE & ELIAR KEESE, u
TREM0 F 3 SCEI TION.
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SPEECH OF HON. W. W. BOYCE,
OF SOUTH CAlOLINA.
In the House of Representatives, March 11,
1858, the Army bill being under consideration
Mr. BOYCE. Mr. Chairman, I consider the
questiou'of coercing the Mormons of Utah, in.
volved in the bill to increase the Army, as one
of the gravest nature. This singular people,
the wonder and the opprobrium of the age, have
established themselves in the heart of tlis con
tinent, at a vast distance from the civilized r
world, and separated from it by vast deserts and
mountains. Their voluntary exodus from the -
Christian world, their selection of the great cen
tral basis for the seat of their power, their pe.
culiar system of religion, their domestic institu
tions, so opposed to the spirit of the age, their I
singular unanimity of action-all excite our
astonishment. Whatever else we may think,
there is one thin we must all perceive, that I
they are actuat by the fiercest fanaticism.
They are, what we have not recently seen in the I
civilized world, an entire comntity of fanatics. I
It has been apprehended, froma their first devel
opment in Utah, that we would have trouble with
them, and the apprehension is now being real- r
ized. Mr. Fillmore has been a good deal cen
sured for permitting their great leader, Brigham
Young, to act as Governor of the Territory. I
This was not the wish of Mr. Fillmore; but the
result of a supposed political necessity. Per
haps it would have been wiser to have met the
question then, for it has only been postponed,
and comes up for a solution now, when they are
far stronger than they were then. The same
considerations of political necessity actmng on
Mr. Fillmore acted also on Mr. Pierce, and Brig
ham Youn" was permuitted to remain in olfice as
Tovernor. lthe public mind of the United States,
during the ademistration of Mr. Pierce, seemed
to become fixed in opposition to the retention of
Brigham Young in power by the Federal Gov
- ernent. -One of the political parties of the
country, in the reesent presidential election, made
* position to the Mormons one of the planks in
their political platform. Influenced, perhaps,
in some dearee, by the landible desire of meet
.*ing the wisles of the country, and, also, I have
no.doubt, upon general views. of public pohecy,
Ythe nreen dmtinisltration deterinined to super-1
s ede riham Young as Governor, and appointed
-Mr. Cuminmig to the position,.-gentleman well
fitted for the place.
During the period that Brigham Youngv had
been allowed to act as Governor, though we had
some canse of complaint, yet there was no gen-1
eral revolt against the authority of the United
States. H-aying things pretty much their own
way, the Mormons seemed formally to submit to
our authority. Individual Gentiles complained
of bad treatmient; some of the Government (ofli
eials in the Territory also complained; ;but a
formal obedience was kept up. The emigrant
trains to California passed through Utah, as a
general rule, uiidisturbed. But recently matters
have changed. 'The effort upon the part of our
Government to ptut Governor Cumiming in au
thority has been resisted by force, andweapr
- to be on the eve of a war with the Mormons. A
portion of the army, with Governor Cumnmitng,
are in the mountains of Utah waiting for rein
forcements with which to begin their matrch',
and put the question to the arbitrament of the
sword. This is a sad spectacle in a Republic,
and demands our serious consideration.
The question is before us now, what shall wet
do with the Mormons 'f We must decide upon
it; we cannot postpone if we would. Fortun
ately, it is a question with which ntigof see
tionalismn mingles. The laws of Utah, it is trtie,
recognize atnd provide for slavery, but there arei
no slaves there. Utah, while it is technically ae
slave conimunity, is actually a free community.<
The President of the United States has sninply<
undertaken to perform his duty in seeing tht t
the laws arc executed in Utah. He has nor
power to institute a policy, though he niay sug-.
gest one; ho can only enforce the laws :ts they
exist. It is for Conigress to determiine the pobecye
to be pursued in refereuce to these people.r
Whatever that policy may be, 1 have no dotubt t
the President will carry it out, as far as it de-e
pends upon haim, antd is possible.
War, eveni withi a foreign nation, is a grave
matter; not to be gone io inconsiderately.
But domestic war, watr upon a portion of our
own people, even if they bes fanatics, madmen,
fools, rebels, traitors, is a matter of far graver
importance. The genius of our Governmieiit in
its internal relations, is peace. It is piresumed
that the laws will enforce themselves; that the
people will submit to the laws. Though, force
iq not excluded from our system, yet it is con
sidered a sad alternative, only to be resorted to
in the last extremity. Such a condition of affairs
as exists in Utah was, I apprehend, never con
sidered as possible by the framers of the Consti
tution. Tfhat a whole people should rise in arms
and defy the central Government in the exercise
'of its undoubted authority, without even a plan.
sible pretext, never entered into their minds.
They had no conception that an American Mo
hammed would rise up in the United States in
the middle of the nineteethi cenitury and pro
mulgate a new dispen.4ation, made up of Chris
tianity and Oriental sensuality, which -should
fascinate mukitudes, and establish a distinct nia
tionality in the bosom of the Rocky Motintains.
The condition of Utah, then, is one which, while
it has no precedent in our history, will, I trtust,
for the sake of humanity, have no imitation.
Before we undertake to determine what we fi
should do in reference to the Mormons, it is ne
cessary -that we should understand precisely ri
what we wish to accomplish, the benefit to be
attained, or the evil to be averted. Utah is set- e
tied almost exclusively by Mormons; there is ti
- scarcely a handful of Gentiles-as those are e
called who do not adopt their faith-there. So '
far as good government, order, and obedience to b
law is concerned in Utah among the Mormons, a
it is a matter of very small importance to us, as
except from the general desire we have that e
even the Mormons should prosper. But as that si
region of country is not now wanted for settle. "
meat by our citizens generally other than Mur- c
mons, and is not likely to be wanted .for an in- t]
definite period, we would have no special motive F
to exert our, power to restore order, so far as al
the interests of the inhabitants of that region v
mybe coiseerned. If, therefore, Utah, instead si
fbeng in the center of the continenti on the ri
highway of our emigration to the Pacific, were tc
in some, other portion of our dominion not tra-,
ueui bymigranfA. we might feel naluer n'o it
ecessity to concern ourselves about their pro
eedings, no more than we do about remote
ribes of Indians. But the local position o
tah, the fact that our great emigration train.
. the Pacific coast must necessarily pass througi
otah, or make a considerable detour to the nortt
r the south, invests the condition of affitirs ir
Itah with great practical importance to us. 8(
ar as the people of Utah are concerned, w(
aight, without loss to ourselves, abandon their
o their own anarchy or madness. The onlj
iractical aspect of the case, of immediate inter
st, is the necessity we are under of preserving
mndisturbed our communications through thi
niddle route to our Paeific possessions. 1
eems to me that this is the extent of our pres
mtt practical interest in the question. If al
Jtah were to transform itself into Pandemonium
t would not materially affect us, provided ou
omnunications were left undisturbed. Whili
Ne should, of course, desire to see order in Utah
et no degree of disorder would at all disturl
is, except in the single matter of having ou
omnunication disturbed. This is, I think
airly stating the extent of the present practica
terest we have in the Utah question; it is ti
ontinue the central route, open and undisturbe4
o the Pacific.
There are two modes of solving the Mormoi
uestion-first, by peaceful means; second, b;
orce. There can be no doubt that the firs
node is infinitely the best, if it can be madi
ficacious. The peaceful mode is more conge
iial to the spirit of our institutions. Our GoN
rnanent is, and should be, reluctant to draw th
word against any portion of the people. It i
langerous to inaugurate the reign of the swor
n our Republic. The great leading idea upol
Nhich our Government proceeds, is that all gov
rument rests on the consent of the governed
hilst on the one hand we have not been abl
atirely to ignore the sword in enforcing th
aws, yet we should be very careful not to prc
eed to this fatal extremity except under th
nost imperative necessity. The Spanish Reput
ics on this continent could never settle any diu
ute without the sword. The result is they ar,
dil dring out from the fatal effects of their owi
iolence. For my part, I shall be sorry to see i
iuestion involving the fate of so large a portioi
if our population as this Utah question, incaps
ile of any other solution than civil war. Wi
ave had two rebellions in our history; the first
;hay's rebellion in Massachusetts during th
jonfederation, and the Whisky Insurrection ii
?ensylvania, since the formation of the exist
g Constitution. In both of these instance
irder was finally restored without the effusion o
lood. Massachusetts, by a course of singula
irudence and firmness, succeeded in subjugatinj
heir rebels without a battle ; though hostili
Xrmies were actually in the field.
It became the duty of General Washington
he then President, to deal with the Pennsylva
ia insurgents. In reading the history of thai
eriod, we are struck with the forbearance witl
hich Washington treated the insurgents. Hi
ent commissioners to remonstrate with them
nd exerted every possible means to solve thi
ifficulty by a peaceful solution. When al
eaceful means seemed to have failed, he dis
layed a strong military force, and advanced
*gaiust the insurgents with the power. o
he t.overnment, still tendering peace. Thi
esult justified the wisdom of Washington. Thi
upremacy of the law was established withou
loodshed. General Washington was a man o
rofound wisdom; though it was an easy matte
or the Government to beat down the rebellion
Aid extinguish it in the blood of the insurgents
et he knew that the Government could no
trike any portion of the people without wound
ntg itself. The same grave consideration whici
nade General Washington reluctant to shed thi
lood of misguided men in Pennsylvania, make
ue anxious, if possible, to avoid the calamity ii
.tah. 1 am unwilling, if it can possibly b,
svided, to put a whole community of our pec
le to the sword, great as their errors or thei
:rimes may be. It is a dangerous precedent.
vonld avoid it if possible. 1 fear its conse
Peaceful solution costs nothing; whereas wa
nll entail an expenditure of the most astonish
ng amount. it will be the most expensive mnili
ary expedition, to the force employed, ever se
in foot in modern times. Utah is eleven hun
red miles from the Missouri; a land-passag
brougli an uneultivated wilderness ;(a portioi
>f the way through~'deserts and diffibult 'mon
ains. Subsistence will have to be carried b
ragons from the Missouri; even the animal
rith the army cannot be sustained at all season
aong the route by the native grasses. The e.,
editon of Napoleon to Moscow has been looke
pon as a great folly. Yet Moscow was onl
ive hundred miles from Napoleon's supplies i
?oland. It will take tons of gold to support ou
roops in Utah. The expense of the army ther
nll, I believe, amount to $3,000 per man fo
he year. The Semainole war cost something ir
he neighborhood of one hundred million dollara
the Seminole war was a war with a few hn:1
fred savuges, in a country easily approachabli
y sea, and to which supplies could be readil:
arried. A war with the Mormons will have t<
> carried on at a vast distance from our sul:
ilies, eleven hnudred miles, against a peOPI
nd with fanaticism, anid able to bring ten thou
and fighting men into the field. It is true, th
dorons have not the swamnps of l-'lirida ;b
he have thne mountains and boundless plainm
bud vast desert steppes of Utah. To prosecnt
ucessfully the war in Utah will require an es
aendiure absolutely astounding. I say then
hat the peaceful adjustment of this dillicultyi
The peaceful' mode of solving the Mormoi
luestion is the most conformable to humanity
oone wishes to shed the blood of this mit
~uided people. However great may be thei
rrors or their crimes, they are still a portion c
mr people, entitled to our protection and goo<
itices. To devastate their country and shei
heir blood cannot but be a most painful alter
native. A government glorifies itself onth
itories gained by its armuies over a foreign foe
t regrets those gained over its own people. i
retsa triumphal arches to perpetuates the memec
y of the first ; it draws a vail of oblivion ove
ie second. When we consider the inlinite mins
ries we shall inflict upon the people of Utal
y an offensive war, we cannot but deplore th<
i~esity, and, if possible, endeavor to avoid it
,f we could puuish the guilty leaders alone,i
rould be well enough ; but we cannot reacd
hem, except by destroying a vast number c
heir misguided followers. As a matter of hu:
nanity, then, we should be glad to escape fron
he necessity of making war upon this people.
The peaceful solution of the question, besidei
he advantages I have already mentioned, i
.so by far the most elicacious. If we can re
tore order in Utah without bloodshed, then wi
vill have accomplished all we desire. Law anm
irder will reign there; we will have avoided al
he evils and sacrifices of war, and secured the
bject we have ina view ; the rebellion will havy
eased to exist, and our communications will be
pen and undisturbed to the Pacific. It is evi
nt, then, that the peaceful solution of th<
nestion is the best, if it be posasible. The
aaterial question, then, in this regard, is, whethe:
his peaceful solution be possible ? if it be pos
ible, we should resort to it.
Now, is it possible ? This can never be know:
.ntil the experiment is fairly mande. I ami nao
anguine thiat it would succeed, but still I do nio
ee why it should not; at anty rate it is worth
rhile to make the effort. One advantage o
lis mode is, that if you try it, and flail, ther
3rce is still open to you. Whereas, if you try
:>ree first, and fail, in vain will you resort ti
egotiation ; force failing, you have no othei
esource but acqjnescence in defeat.
Mankind are usually controlled by their inter
sts. The Mormons are scarcely exempt from
a operation of this universal princile. It ii
learly their interest to adjust their dillicultie
!ith this Government peacefully. Thecy cannol
ut realize the fact, that if we exert our power
ainst them we must drive them before us, de
rey their cities, and inflict a multitude of evils
poi them. Besides even the injuries we may
inflict upon them by actual war in their country,
'e can subject thern to great inconvenience, by
aitting of all trade with them, thus interrupting
me supply of many articles of prime necessity.
'urtherore, the corner-stone of their poliey is
idition to their power by foreign immigration,
hih we can entirely cut off from thenm. Be
des, our annual appropriations for their ter.
torial government are a very convenient addition
i their income. From these considerations, and
hiers which will naturally suggest themselves,
is ear.ly tkas inatesf nFh Marmns tO linten
to reason, especially when that reason is backed
by the great power of our Government. I think,
therefore, the prospect of success is sufficiently
great to induce us to resort to negotiations with
this people. The wisdom of resorting to pacific
measures first is sustained by another view of
the case. Brigham Young has impressed the
Mormons with the idea that this Government
wishes to interfere with their religion, to punish
them for their polygamy, and generally to crush
and destroythem. I have no idea that Brigham
Young believes any such thing; but it is his
policy to have it believed by his people. It is
our policy to disabuse the people of this false
impression. This false idea is a tower of strength
for Brigham Young. Let us so act as to'over
throw this tower. If we can remove this im
pression from the popular mind in Utah, Brig
ham Young will be shorn of a large portion of
his strength. The people of Utah may proceed
to the most desperate extremities if they believe
that our purpose is to destroy them, that we are
r naturally hostile to them, and are seizing upon
pretexts to subjugate them. Let us pursue such
I a line of policy as will circumvent the policy of
Brigham Youni. Brigham Young wishes us to
i manifest nothing but the most settled hostility
to the Mormons, in order to consolidate his power
over them. Let us do exactly the thing he does
F not wish us to do. Let us go to the utmost verge
t of moderation; let us manifest our intentions of
peace, of kindness, and generosity, in the most
unmistakable manner to these people ; let us,
before a gun is fired, gain a moral victory over
Brigham Young. That moral victory may su
5 persede the necessity of resorting to lioree. If
I it does not accomplish that much, it will weaken
the grasp of the Mormon hand upon the sword,
and cannot but operate favorably to us in the
progress of the struggle. The i:ormons can
a only be stimulated to their resistance of despera
tion by having their minds poisoned as to the
purposes of this Government. A resort to a
peaceful policy will be the most effectual way of
- counteracting the diseased condition of the pub
- lie mind in Utah. It has been forcibly said,
. that "the pen is mightier than the sword."
There is infinite truth in this, as expressive of
the areater power of ideas over materialism. I
woufd try the force of ideas on the Mormons be
fore resorting to the scourge of humanity, the
sword. Let our Government present itself to
them in the image of a generous, kind, paternal,
" and affectiounte Government, anxious, it' possi
I ble, to forgive even them; aud if this fails, then
let destiny take its course.
I But let us now suppose that all efforts to settle
r matters peaceably in Utah shall have failed, and
r that the sword must be rawn-that terrible in
strument of the avenging Nemesis, which even
Christianity has not been able to sheath; let us
suppose that the sword must be restored to its
old ollice of sprinkling the bosom of mother
- earth with the blood of the children of men;
what then ? There are two modes of prosecu
ting this war:
1st. By what I shall call offensive war, inva
sion, destruction, devastation.
2d. By cutting off all communication with
Utah, placing the Mormons in quarantine, let
- ting none conie out and none go in, and guard
ing our trains of emigrants over the northern
and southern routes.
As regards the first mode, I shall say nothing
of the distance of Utah from us, practically
L further than Europe, nor of the ditliculty of car
f rying subsistence so far, nor of the ditlicult ap
proaches through wild gorges in the mountains,
, nor of the army of fierce fanaties to be encoun
, tered. I shall say nothing of all these, because
t such is my confidence in our indomitable Army,
- that I believe we shall carry everything before
I us, and plant our victorious standards in the
heart of their sacred city. I grant you that we
Sshall beat down the Mormon chivalry upon the
Splains of Utah. But what 1 fear is, that our
grratest success will be our greatest disaster.
-The defeat of the Mormons will, I fear, be the
rdispersion of the Mormons through the bound
Eless plains and vast mountain ranges of the mid.
- dIe of the continent. Once they are thus dis
persed, they become a fierce banditti; every
rmountain gorge will resound with the crack of
- their unerring rities. Their very women will
-give forth froin their envenomed wombs a race
t of monsters more horrible than Milton describes
- as pursuing Sin att the gates of hell. Confedera
ted with the Indian tribes, a race of American
A rabs,tlicy will become eneniids of the hinman
-race. In vain will your emigrant traims end~eatvor
to cross the center of the continent. The marchi
Sof every train would be a succession of battles,
5 and you will have upon your hands, for a hun
- dred years, perpetual war with bandits. Study
the physical geography of the globe, and nowhere
f else do you find a vast cotntormation of the
earth's surface so well adapted to tribes of rob
r bers as the great basin of the Salt Lake.
I said in the beginning, that the immediate
practical interest we had in the Mormon question
was securing our emigrant routes to the Pacific.
This interest, I feanr, will be more endangered by
a successful war against the Mortmons than in any
other way. We wish a railroad; we wish the
telegritph wires to " wreak themselves upon ex
pressioni" through the center of the continent.
Hlow can you accomplish either of these great
ideas, after you have driven the Mormons in~ des
peration and fury to the mnounmtain.1? My ohjee
tion to otfenisive war is, thait, eveni if successt'ul,
it defeats, more coimpletely tha anything else,
the very piurpiose we hiave in view-securing our
commtunieauiots with the Pacific.
The secontd mode of etmployinig force against
the Mormons, shutting thiett up in Utah, ititer
rupting all cotmmunication with them, seems to
mue the wisest kind of force to adopt towiirds them,
aleast at first. By that mode, with proper crimi
itial legislation, we may place the Mormons in
.uchi circumstances as may make them willing to
obey the laws. The only inconveninee this tnde
oh procedure will cost us will'be, some addition.
perhaps, to our umilitary strength, atd a more cir
cuitous rotute for our etmigrant trains. The qucs
tion is not free fwom ditliculty in any aspect. We
should choose the least of evils. Let us try peace
ful means if they lbe possible; thin thte isolating
process. If all fail, then war outright will still
be left to us. In the meati time sottethiing may
turtn ttp in the chapter of events. There tmay he
a schism among the Mormonts, or sotmethiingelse
that may give us thme opportunity of acting to
m nore advantage.
There is one consideration should not be over
looked in this Mormion questioti. It is this: that
the greatest danger to the integrity of the Mor
mon faith is prosperity. The greater their ma
terial, moral, intellectual development, the less
hold a false faith will have upon them; the more
liklihood of woman asserting her divine imissioti
among thema. in short, the tmore they becotne
civilized, the less they are Mormons. This devel
opment will most certainly take place by peace.
Mormontism may be eternal atmong nomadic
tribes, Arabs, or bandits; it must perish out un
der the blaze of civilization. Prosperity will
destroy Mermonism; slowly, it may be, but cer
tainly. The Turks, the Mormons of Europe, are
perishiug fronm contact with civilization. They
but procltaim a great philosophical principle
when they recognize that they are only camping
ent this side of the Bosphorus, and that it is their
destiny to return into Asia. Civilization is death
-Ito Mohiammedanisin or Morimottism. Let us not
lose sight of this consideratioti itn determuinitng
our policy towards the Mormons.
Before~I elose, I would cite the Ihouse to some
rearks of Mr. Burke, in the British Parliament,
on he ubjctof coercing the American colonies.
Mr ukin his celebrated speech Ott concilia
tion with thme Anierican colonies, says:
"First, sir, permit mec to observe that the use
of force alone is but temporary. It may subdue
for a moment, but it does not remove the neces
sity of subduing againt; atnd a nation is not gov
eried which is perpetually to be conqtuered."
fSuppose you defeat the Mormons in a series
ofbattles, atid they do not fly to thte mountains,
but retnain sullen, yielding an enforced obedi
etie under the shadow of their holy temple: how
long will that last? As soon as you have with
drawn your troops they trample your authority
under foot. It will be nocessary to keep a large
military force permanetitly in Utah. Do you
propose to do this? it will he a very expensive
Again, Mr. Burke says:
"We have no sort of experienice in favor of
force as an instrnument in the rule of our colonies.
Their growth and their utility have boon owing
to methods altogether different. The last cause
of this disobedient spirit in the colonies is hardly
less powerful than the rest, as it is not merely
moral, but laid deep ia the natural condition of
I th.-... Tere thand mie of ooe~m lie be
tween you and them No contrivance can pre
vent the .effect o is distance in weakening
government. Seasarp1, and months pass, between
the order and th ecation; and the want of a
speedy explanatioi f a single point is enough
to defeat a whole sy' em You have, indeed,
your winged min"'rs of vengeance who carry
your bolt. in theit dunces to the remotest verge
of the sea. But there'is a power steps in, that
limits the arroganof raging passions and fu
rious element., and says, 'so far shalt thou go,
and no further.' :Who are.you 'that you shauld
fret and rage and bite the chains of nature?'
Nothing worse happens to you than does to all
nations who have extensive empire, and it hap
pens in all the forms' into which. empire can be
thrown. In larg.bodies the circulation of pow
er must be less vigorous at the extremities. Na
ture has saidit. The Turk cannot govern Egypt
and Arabia and Cardistan, as he governs Thrace -
nor has he the same dominion in the Crimeaand
Algiers which he has at Brusa and Smyrna. Des
potism itself is obliged to truck and huckster.
The Sultan gets such obedience as he can. He
governs with a loose rein, that he may govern at
all; and the whold of the force and vigor of his
authority in his center is derived from a prudent
relaxation in allhis borders. Spain in her
provinces is perha pnot so well obeyed as you
are in yours. She complies too, she submits, she
watches time. Tfhis is the immutable condition,
the eternal law,-of extensive and detached em
I will not maI ethe application of these re
marks to the present con ition of affairs. I only
commend them tolhe consideration of this House
and the codntry.
This Mormon question is a great question. It
is not one of thos' common-place matters which
you can summarily dispose of. It is not a ques
tion of partisanship, but a question of states
inanship. You m'ay turn from it, but there is
Utah; there are the Mormons; there is the can
cer on your body politic. How will you get rid
of it? Will you' strike at it with the sword?
Those rou-h remedies sometimes aggravate the
disease. ?t needs, in my opinion, to bedealt
with gently, and with consummate wisdom. With
these remarks I leave the question, at least for
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR1
ZDGZI'1LD 5. 0.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1858.
RULES THAT KUBT IN FUTURE E OBSERVED.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
more than $10, must be paid for is advance.
Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
be required to settle every six months.
No paper will be Isent out of the District unless paid
for in advance.
All letterseon business connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
To these rules we will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
pl- TnE Rev. Wx. 11. DAvis, of Abbeville, will
preach in the Baptist Church at this place on Sunday
WE are requested to state that the first Thespian
performance of the, seaon will come of' on Thursday
night of next week, and not this week as at first in
HAMBURG NOT A CORN FIELD YET.
Our Hamburg correspondent, noticing the fact that
Messrs DELPn & ScoTe bought a Georgia lot of cotton
the other day at 12 cents around, adds: "You will
perceive by this that Hamburg (as yet) has not been
'concrerted inato a corn-feld,' but is still in one sense a
right lively little 'eetton-patch.'" WVell done, old
llamburg. Long may she survive! Once complletely
stranded, and our' side of the State will soon realize
the loss. It has been often said, yet we here say it
again, that Hlamburg is and has ever been the best
cotton market in tija.South.
Senator HaxxoxN and Hon. M. L. Bosntx will
please receive our thanks for highly valuable bouks
and pamphlets. Among them we find two setta of
volumes, upon our "Commercial Rlelations," andt upon
"Explorations for a Railroad Route to the P'aciflc," as
also Patent Otilco Reports, the Ofieial Report of the
Dred Scott Docisions, and other doeumntas of groat
THE AUGUSTA DISPATCH.
We ask attention to the advertisement of this paper
upon -another column. Having made an arrangement
with its proprietors, we are prepared to furnish the
Adrergteer and the Weekly ipulch to subscribers at
$3 per annum. This is an advantageous offor which
wve would be very glad that our readers should avail
themselves of. The Weekly Dispatch will he found
nu interesting paper generally, but particularly in its
full and accurate details of all the latest News.
THlE STUDENTS OF OUlR MA LE ACADEMY.
It is. a pleasure to kniow th:.t we havo aespirited sond
ambitious set of student.. now taking adiaittge of the
facilities atfordled at our Male Aendem:'y; aind we
cheerfully publish their communication of this week
animadverting upon certain dfcicances in the schinol
arrangements. No one will object to their very rea
sonable grumblings so long as they ua indicative of
a desire to make progress in their studies. We doubt
not the Trustees will soon hldl a meeting and take
into consideration the defects suggested; and we hope
the result will be an immediate improvement in most
of those particulars. In the meantime we can but
urge "our boys " to push on with their studios, seats
or no seats. Books now, benches bye and bye. Thirty
years hence when some of you shall have reached
perhaps the topmnost round of the laddler, the old
Academy at Bdgefield, broken chairs and all, will be
a dear reminiscence; ad many a jest will hinge upon
the very inconveniences and discomforts of which you
THE YORKVILLE ENQUIRER.
The management of this vahuable paper has again
undergone a change, Messrs. Jeux L. MILLER and Jo
seu 1[. BLACr having sold to Mr. L. M. Gaiss, who
is now sole proprietor. The Enguirer is an elegant
country sheet and has been conducted from its incep
tion with uncommon skill and ability. First under
MLLE.R and MnLlON, next under MILLER and BLACK,
it has ever borne its hand gallantly in the strife and
excitement of newspaper-dom. We part regretfully
with its late conductors, wishing them long lives of
happiness and good fortune ; and we joyfully grasp
the hand of our old friend, SAxMUE. W. MELTON, who
now after one or two years retirement returns to the
Eguirer's helm. The paper will again take up the
conservative political position it formerly occupied
under Mr. MetloN's guIdance-in-chief, ,and we pre
diet for it a more brilliant career than ever. Our con
gratulations are extended to Mr. Gnrar upon his own
erhili of this capital paper and upon his success in
securing the services of an editor so well known to
the people of South Carolina for his professional
abiility and lofty moral toe.
.$# Among the recent West Point appointmnents
we observe the name of our young friend, Joins R.
BLocERe, mentioned as fellows~:
."John R. Blocker, brother of Sergeant William
Btler Blocker, who, from the wounds of his superi
ors, was in command of his company at the battle of
Garita Belen, and was killed at the head of his com
pany; the cousin of Col. P. M. Butler, who was killed
at the head of his regiment at Churubusco-of Whit
field B. Brooks, who died of wounds received at tits
same time and place-and of "Richard Watson, who,
after being twice wounded, was shot down In the
storming party at Chepultepee."
It was but the other day that we heard an officer of
the Palmetto Regiment speaking in exalted terms of
Sergeant WILLIAM BoTLax BLocana. "He was,"
said this officer, " one of thie most gallant young men
ever knew; and in discharging the sometimes se
yore and unpoppilar duties of his post, he bore himself
In a manner that aehieved the epds of disciplIne with
out abating' in the'least thre esteein and afection of
gr The advertiserment of T. F. FOGAnvIE was re
ceived too late for this issue, but shall appear ne~t
week right side up with dam.
HR. BOYCE'S SPEECH--MORMONIEM.
We exclude our usual variety this week to give
place to the late speech of Hon. W. W. BoycE. The
reader will doubtless thank us for doing so. Like
Gov. HAxxoND'S speech which we published last week,
it is easy of perusal because simple, direct and free
from prolixity both of thought end expression. It
has that peculiar quality of excellence which an an
cient critic pronounced one of the chief requisites to
every good composition: we mean a degree of clear.
ness that leads many a mind to suppose itself capable
of achieving a similar task with ease, but which is in
fact the result, often, of careful thought and laborious
preparation. In addition to this, Mr. Bovez's present
effort, like nearly all his preceding ones in Congress,
is marked by a freshness and an originality which are
seldom observable nowadays in Congressional debatete
He does not wait until a question has been argued out,
and until its bearings have been reduced to their
'laot expression,' but rather grapples with it while
still unstript of its doubts and difficulties.
In the case of his present speech, this point of merit
will be readily recognized and appreciated by every
reader. His subject has the interest of novelty, and
has been handled by the speaker with propriety and
power. As a relief from the tedium of the ree.ent
Kansas debate, it has still another charm. It is on
these accounts that we present the remarks of out
talented representative in full; nor do we imagine that
it is necessary a second time to invite to them the
reader's careful perusal.
We are a little surprised to perceive an objection
raised in a certain quarter to Mr. Boyce's position,
that war upon Utah by the Federal Gosernment ought
to be avoided if possible. It had occurred to us thal
this was one of the most striking portions of his argu.
ment, or that it would at least be so considered in a
latitude where the rights of states and communities
are usually guarded with such Cerberus-like ferocity
against every approach to Federal coercion. The
power of the sword is held to be the last resort ol
American policy, even with regard to foreign enemies.
How much further then should the limits to its exer
eise be strained in the case of American communities
within American territory! And yet some of our
uitra anti-Federal friends seem not only willing, but
even anxious, that the poor deluded Mormons should
at once be made to feel the martial sway of a Central
Power. To say that the Government only represents
the conjoined soyroignties of the States in so doing,
does not relieve the matter of its harshness; the agent,
while thus (truly perhaps) the representative of the
United States, is still a military dictator going forth
to crush by the power of the sword an unhappy fae.
tion of the American people,-still an armed poten.
tate marching out upon the grievous mission of shed.
ding American blood on American soil. If the very
extreme of forbearance be not the duty of our gov.
ernment at Washington in all such cases, we have in.
correctly estimated the wisdom of its formation. The
spirit of the Confederation, as Mr. Boyc ably shows,
is a spirit of peace, of good will, of "doing unto
others as we would they should do unto us,"-it is, in
short, a Christian spirit. It is so, as to our outward pol.
icy,-and especially so as to our internal afairs. The
bulwark of our Republican system is found in the lim
itations of Federal Power; and for one we feel some
misgivings at every display of that power as against
a portion of our own people, and particularly so when
it is accompanied with the glittering pomp and circum
stance of war.
True, cases may arise in which it may become abso.
lutely necessary to exert this power. It may become
so in the case of Mormonism. But we agree with Mr.
Boves in saying that it shoVid only be exerted, whei
pacific measures have been all tried in vain. The po
sition assumed by our representative is a strong one
viewed only in this light, and, taken in connectiott
with his other well-considered reasons and suggestions,
deserves and should receive the earnest attention of
Congress and the Administration. It is probable that
a war against Mormnonism in Utah may be a somowhai
popular measure at the outset. Religious enthusisata
may approve it on moral grounds. Politicians may
regard it as a god-send to distract public attention
from evils nearer the heart of the Republic. Th<
army and its influences will lean most favorably to ite
prosecution, from blended motives of ambition and
honor. But the hue and cry In Its faior will surelj
be'but temporary. What with its internecine pccu.
liarities, its enormous expense, the petty sum of glory
to be derived from it, and the out-standing truth thai
the difficulty was not impossible of adjustment oc
peaceful grounds, such a war, as at present inaugura
ted; is unworthy a great and free country like ours.
IION. JAMES L. ORRL.
The Mariosn (Ala.) C'ommsuonscetkA recently gave er.
pression to certain very unjust tings at our dlisti:.
guished fellow-citizen, alluding to the fact (ina state'd
by the Charleston Curssier) that ho hndl dleclined
re-election to Congress. it wuld not hnve lhees
necessary in S'outh 'arolinia to biiave repllied to the re.
flections of the Commaou.reulth, hnd they not lbeen re,
printed within our State :andl semingly eudsrsd iit
inore than one locality. Such having becen thie case
it occurs to us to be duo, not only to tCol. Onn, lc i
She people ho represents, that the charges thus insti,
tuted should be briefly examined. The remarks o:
the Cornmoenseculth are these:
"Mhr. Orr has long been a better representative of
national office seekers than of the polities of his owri
State. There is no State in the Union whose posliti
ians as a general rule are so regardless of Federa)
patronage oir honors as those of Siouth Carolina. Irl
that State alone, has the theory of State suiprmneyc
oaver the Union. practically triumopheid. Tos 3r. O.rr
umiore than any tither man, tony be charged the pres
eut seeminig departure of his State from its older prne,
We hate not heard such a ~thing intitmatedl by the
P'ress. Ibut the circumstanace alludsedl to by the Co~urioa
is, perhlaps, omninlius saf one of two fact.<. The eaurss
urt Mr. Orrn either does not meset the. sanction of hi,
constituenti, ande lie fears defeat as a cendidlate, or hi
lass secured a fat lilacs uder the Fodlernl tioverunent,
The future will show whether this presumption is true
Such is the drift of our Alabama cotemuporary'i
charges,-or perhaps they might more properly bc
termed opilnions, as they are unsuppoatedl except by~
the writer's naked asseverattion. Now lot us glance
at them seriatim:
(1.) .1r. Orr hs long been a better representathre of
nact ioaul office seekers than of~ the polities of is on
If this imputation has any thing to rest upon, it
can only be the fact that Cu!. Ona has succeeded in
reaching the high position of the Speakership; fur
this is the only Federal ofien he can, with say degree
of fairness, be suspected of having sought. But is
this the kind of national office-seeking with which we
are accustomed to associate ideas of mural csorruptioun
and political profligacy? Can an ambition to occupy
the high and responsible post of Speaker of the A meri
can House of htepresentatives reflect upon any matt's
patriotism or virtue, either in or .out of South Caroli
na ? Is such promotion the fruit of fawning syco.
pancy ? Is it a gift of Federal patronage ? Is it
not rather the award of the representatives of the
people of the Unmited States? And does it not consti
tute a price which ay man may covet without a t.lushb?
When we add that Col. Oaa owes his elevation to the
united vote of the South and only suwc meni of the
North as had pror'en themsselr'es true to the 'onstitution
ul rights of our sertion, is any thing else needed to
exhibit the fact of his having honorably achieved so
distinguished a success ? And shell it be said that he
is on this account in any sense a "representative of
national office-seekers ?" Yet this appears to be the
only kind of national prominence which, by any sort
of rational construction, he can be accused of having
sought to reach thus far. If there is aught else, what
is it? We challenge its mention.-As to the other
branch of the proposition, which is (by implication)
that Col. Oatn does not represent the politics of South
Carolina, we ask the Alabama editor and hi. endor
ser, what is the political attitude of our State if it be
not one of calm resolve to stand by her Southern sis
ters and co-operate with them for the best, whether
that 'best' he in the Union or outside of it ? What
is her fixed policy, if it be not to watch the progress
of events and shape them so far as she may to the
triumph of the South under the Constitution ? What
is her present political ultimatum, if it be not that
embraced in the Georgia platform of 1852? Afid is
tot this the attitude, this the policy, and this the ulti
atum, which Col. Oa represents? Assuredly and
avowedly so. 11ow Idle and wpak then is the entire
allegatIon of the " Marion Qqqmespalth."
(2. "Tue is-. :- & ae . t.. a r.-- -e.- -ou.
Ciane as a general rule are soa reaprdlea# of .Federal
patronage or honors a tA.,.- of Routh CaroUn."
Thie is admitted. Ind-e. it is almost a truism.
Neither does Col. Onut's aspiring to the -peakersbip
(granting that he did so) militate against the rontin
uet truh rulnes of that Fage remark. As well might
it have been urged, that Mr. CA LIMOr'S aspiring to
the Presidency did violence to the character of his
State. Yet no one will dare to say such a thing of
our revered statesman. Why impugn motives in the
one instance and not in the other ? There is neither
justice nor reason in it.
(3.) "In that State alone has the theory of State
supremacy orer the Union practically triumphed."
Well, let that pass forwhat it is worth; we go on to
another specification. It is this:
(4.) " To M1r. Orr, more than any other man, may
be charged the preernt seeming departure of his State
from its older precedentv."
What this "seeming departure " has reference to,
we nre a little at a loss to perceive. If it be the aban
donnent of the policy of separate State resistance, as
published by the result of our secession controversy,
we surely think that Messrs. Caavzs, BUTLER, and
BARNIwELL, not to menton fifty other distinguishe4
names, bad as much to do with that decision as Col.
ORR. If, again, this " departure " turns only upon
the matter of our representation in the Cincinnatti
Convention, we must confess to some surprise at hear
ing an Alabamian object to ameaeure of policy which
was suggested and advocated in South Carolina chiefly
(if not entirely,) for purposes of closer affiliation with
the other slaveholding States. In either case Col.
OR was but one amongst many ardent patfiots who
conscientiously believed they were pursuing their
country's true good. Nor does it yet appear that their
convictions of duty were erroneous.
As to the suggestion of the "Marion Common
wealth," that Col. OR declines the candidacy at home
from fear of defeat, we can only say that it shows the
writer's profound ignorance of matters in South Caro
lina. The conjecture though has quite as much of
propriety in it as its very unnecessary and unfounded
alternate, that Mr. OR has "secured a fat place under
the Federal Government."
But it is useless to say more upon these ill-advised
assumptions. Our regret is that any paper in South
Carolina should have reproduced them.
|7 " SALUDA" is received and will appear next
C' GRAY & TVRLIY present an attractive array
of Spring Goods. They are very capable dealers and
possess uncommon facilities. All the ladies will sure
ly call at their beautiful store when visiting Augusta.
,AV- An agricultural address by Col. ANDREw P.
CALUOUN is received. It was delivered before the
State Agricultural Society at its meeting in Novem
ber last, and is a good production.
pa-" The Nountain Echo " is the name of a neat
little paper published at Spartanburg village and
managed by Mr. CHARLEs TAYLOR, of the Spartan
burg Female Institute. It proposes to be the recep
tacle of literary articles by the teachers and pupils of
the Institute. The first number comes in.cheerful
and tasteful fashion, and we gladly enter it upon our
exchange list. .
pZ- Our merchants are all off after Spring Goods
and will soon return. Look out for their advertise
ments at an early day.
|| Our Ridge and Cambrilge planters are re
ported as having nearly fi shcd putting in their corn
7' A sister of Hon. Edward Everett is Lady
Superior in the St. Joseph's Seminary at Itiehmond,
g7 "Blind Tout" had been playing the piano for
the Columbians, as we see stated in the Carolinian,
and is spoken of by that paper in commendatory
terms, lie did not suit our Edgefield taste at all, st
atll. His idiocy, poor creature! was-far more revolt
ing than his music was bearable.
,ai The sales of cotton at Winnsboro, S. C.,
amounted during last week to 205 bales at prices
ranging from 8 to 11* cents.
g|| The repsesentative~ of -the-pieople of Arizona,
at Washington, enters a point-blank uegoaaur to th Ii
statement, net lang since made by a correspondent or
the Charleston allercuryj, that the Gadaden purchase
is haarren and worthkless. The representative avers
that it is rich in both mineral and agricultural re
sources, and says he will prove It by Gen. Joseph
Lane, Col. Jack Hays and others.
pr- A "gendleman from Africa " contributes thui.
sum: "Can you take one hundred dollars and buey
one hundred head of stock animals, giving ten dol
hars for cows, three dollars fur hogs, and lifty dollars
fair sheep ?"
pc Upon our outside this week a v-ery- plcnsant
varie-ty may be found.
;fr A lady skater on Jamaica Pond, near Boston,
rectently ofl'ered a kiss to any one who would beat lher
ini a race. A youag darkey was the winner, and re
ceived his reward. Bah !
pai We have often seen a cow purt with her milk
in the most patient manner, and then turn rotund and
upset thme pail. It remninds us alwnys of a generous
action gracelessly done. '
pgr Good wives, like filberts, will remain good fair
a Ilong time. It all depends upona the cnre you take
of thenm, and hoew you husband them.
prThe Greensborough (N. C.,) Timaes is a most
interesting literary paper, directed with mnuch ability,
truly .9outhern in sentinent, end is far ahead of manny
of thu Northern flashy weeklies in its high moral tacne
and refined intellectual readings. Subscribe tea it.
Terms only $2 peer year.
g||' Seven hundred bales of Cotton were destroyed
bay tire in Charleston on the 14th inst., all of which it
is, understood was covered by insurance. It is not
known how the fire originated.
17f Our readers will please notice in the rates of
tuition of the Curryton Academics that the charge
for lessons in French, per Session, has been reduced
from $20 to $10.
,il Miss Murray, in her book on America, pre
sents to the abolitionists the following 'poser':
"Is there any part of Africa, the West Indies, or
South America, where three millions of negroes are
to be found as comfortable, inteiligent and religious,
or as happy, as in the Southern States ?"
p2P The same lady says in another lace:
" As to the separation of familics, I see that great
pains are taken to avoid that evil. I believe that it
hardly occurs more frequently than in England, from
pa And she thus annuunces her opinion of our
southern pronunciation of the mother tongue:
"Both the tone of voice and the choice of words
and pronunciation are much more like Old England,
as one proceeds further South.
A SUBSTITUTE FOR TuIs KAssa IBttr.--Mr.
Gilmer, of North Carolina, hasa given notice to
the Ihonse of Representatives of a substitute foar
the Kansas bill, wvhich propoes to admit the
Territory into the Union without recognizing or
mentioning any constitution whte.ver, except to
declare that ini thus admitting said Territory the
act shall not be so construed as to recognize or
reject or to determine the validity of any consti
tution which has been presented to Congress;
the true intent and meaning of this act being to
leave the people of Kansas perfectly free to formi
and regtulate their domestic inustit utionas and af
faire in their own way, subject only to the Consti
tution of the United States.
SxAsH UP.-We learn from a friend that an
accident occurred on the Greenville & Columnbia
Railroad, on last Tuesday morning, of~ a serious
nature. When a mile and a half above Golden
Grove, the down passenge-r train was brought
to by the breakinga of an axle belonging to tbe
tender. The conductor imnmediately sent a ne
gro back to notify the freight train, which left
Greenville an hour after tihe passenger train,
of the accidenut. The negro did not go far
enogh up the road, or else did not give the
Sproper signal, as the freight train, going at the
rate of twenty miles an hour, ran into the pas
senger ears, shattering them in pieces. A lady
and child who were seated in the hind ear, for
tunately escaped unhurt. We have heard the
damage estimated at $2 000. The Anderson train
tok te pas egers and mal'on 0 ColInapbia.
CHARLESTON, March 20, 1s
Our winter Theatrical seaso closed on Monn'
evening with the announcement'tlatthiT.estre lil
he re-opened on the evening of the 22d, fer a shirt,
Spring eason with a variety. ofenovel attraetions.
There were some very funnyperformancesa he last
night, something similar to the mock.sesaons, at-the
State House. The Theatre was well Str.ased du
ring the engagement of the Opera Troupe. and a few
leading Dramatic Stars, but the stock aetors "were as
usual, (some of them at least) very poor and-fro.
quently incurred the censure of the press,'as well as
the disapprobation of the star performers by their
mistakes and eccentricities.
The fifth assembly of the Quadrille Associationi for
the present season Is to be given at St..Andrew's Hall
on Tuesday evening 23d. The public Balls have now
run through their programme, and withlte exception.
of a few private soirees, there is but ittle doing in
the line of dancing festivities. Our.-iiwtsig and -
polking young ladies and gentlemei "keep Lent"
with scrupulous fastidiousness, and are -willing to
make great sacriices of inclination and convenience
during its continuance, In order to be efrehed and
invigorated the more for the next campaign of fan
Wednesday 17th, (St. Patrick's Day) was duly
commemorated with the usual military and civic de
monstrations. The adult disciples of the Emerald
Islo, turned out in full feather, and the little Irish
boys wore sprigs of green in their hats and over their
foreheads. At night the big boys wen Cabout with
shillalehs and drank the health of their pitron saint
in " the feast of reason."
Kentz Anatomical Museum, which was on exhibi
tion here several weeks ago, has betn re-opened at
the Institute Hall. Efforts are in progressfor raising
a fund for the purchase of this valuable collection,
that it may be secured to our citizens. - The subscrip
tion list is headed by our worthy and enterprising
Mayor, Hon. Charles Macbeth, with Ave hundred del
lars, and Dr. Henry R. Frost for four hundred.. TRe
price now asked is four thousand dollars, which is
much below the original cost of the Museum. - I sir
cerely hope that the putchase may be made, as the
possession of such a collection will be an invaluable
acquisition to our City. It might be made-the basis
of the establishment of an excellent Institute of'l1opu
lar Lectures, where our people may be instructed in
that most important of all knowledge, an aequain
tanco with our own physical structure. Aseries of
illustrated Lectures on Anatomy and Physiology, to
which the public may have access, is one of the most
serious wants of the age, and I hope to be able to In
form you hereafter of the inauguration of such a
From six to seven hundred bales of Cotton were
destroyed by fire ownAdger & Co's. wharves on Satur
day night last. The building In which they were
stored was also consumed. The whole property was
fully insured. The fire is supposed to bave aen thq
work of incendiaries.
The City bells change their hour of ringing to-night
from 7 and 9 to 8 and 10 P. M. This arrangement
lasts till 20th September, when they resume the rst
named hours. "Last bell-ring," you are doubtless
aware, is an important crisis with us, especially among
the " colored brethren."
Charles Mackay has been lecturing before the Ner
cautilo Library Association on " Poetry and 86ng."
Rev. E. 19. Myers, editor of the Southern Christian
Advocate, delivered the semi-monthly discourse be
fore the Young Men's Christian Association on Sun.
lay evening last at the Second Presbyterian Church.
His theme was "The Bible In the Capital-the char
ter of a nation's rights and liberties," which.he illus
trated with great force of thought and cloqjuence'
Dr. Myers is one of our most effeetive'pulpit 'rators, -
and a writer of considerable depth and.vigq4t was
announced that .the next- Lecture-of the CoiG'will
be at Grace Church, by Rev.'srnwell B..Satis-sub
jeet " The Bible in the Counting House." These lee
tures continue to attract very large eengregadionsad
our Churehes generally are insufficient for their com
fortable accommodation. *
The6 Cathedral of St. John and St. Finbar, was the
scene of a moot imposing erqpony op Sundsay:morn
in'g-btheonsecration of-t@e uir Sisaip, Reve-Dr.
Lynch. 'e rowd here was so-immusso s it was
necessary to seekadinission by tiokits'berdst~''dors
were regularly thrown open to-the public.> The Arch.~
bishop of Baltimore, with the Bishops of Mobli; Sa
vannah and Richmond, presided over the exercises.
High Mass was celebrated, after which the imnpaition .
of hands followed, the hands of the Bishop ele'eiwere
an'inmted, the ring placed upon his finger and th'e cro
zier or staff of offie presented to him. The new
ii.hpwas then enthironed in his seat, and the Te
D,.*tum was sung by the Choir, in a most beautiful nd
implressive manner. The whole spectacle was one of
mragntificence and richness, such as we seldom have an
iiirtunity of witnessing in this latitude.
Our ling street Stores aire laying in copious sup
plies of Spring Goods. I quota the following prices
for the benefit of the Ladies: Colored Muslin,, pret
ty patterns, 6.1@ 121; Lupin's French B'omhazines
Si per yard; Grass Skirts 50 eta.; Grass Skirts used
for making frills to Hoop Skirts 4 et. per yarEm
brmidleredl Skirts $1 each; Foulnrd and Chia Silks
50 ets.; Extra quality Black Boiled Silks 871 @ $1;
Good quality Spring Silk, 621; Printed Challicefand
Blareges 121; 4-4 P'rinted Scotch Lawns, fast. ofors,
y, 121, 1.3 und 25 et..; Scoteh Ginghams 121; Spring
Pr-inta, new annd beautiful varieties, 121; Slate Cam
brie. and Linens 61; White Brilliants of all qualities,
good. at 124; Grasn Ilandkerchiefs 75 eta per dozen ;
Senteh Di,'I. 75 ets a piece; Allendale Quilts $1
each ; Long Cloths 61 ets up. Large assortments of
ri'h anid beautiful plain and fancy Silks, Mantillas
and Iiress Goods. White Goods and Embroideries,
~mmSunsa den, Perfumery and Toilet articles are coming
in every ay and selling at unusually low prices.
Sales of Upland Cotton since my last, 14,772 bales,
D1 @ 121; Rice, 4,792 tierces received and sold, $3
to :1i-demand active. Wheat is still very fiat. Flour
-sales chiefly of superfine-$5& @ $6; extra 5i
61. Corn, North Carolina, 60 @ 68-supply large.
Whiskey Western, 24 @ 26 ; PhiladelphIa and Balti
more, 23 @ 25. Bacon, demand improving, Sides'
10& @~ 10j; Shoulder., 8 @ 81; Hams 15 cents.
Lard, stock ligh', loi @ 111. Butter (prime Goahen)
23 @ 27. Molasses, Cuba 191 @ 21-Louisiana 30 @
36. Prime lots of New Orleans brought 37 @38.
Sugars, fair demand, 350 packages sold; TrInidad 6
@ 61-Louisiana 61 0 9. Coffee (Rio) 10j @ 12e.
There is some competition in the Guano market.
Agencies are advertising the "Cheapest Fertilisers,"
each claiming to be the best, and urging the attention
of planter.. "Keese's Manipulated Guano" (a pre
paration of Peruvian Guano and Phosphate of Lime)
sells at $53 per ton. It is said to have been success?
fully applied to Corn, Wheat, Cotton and Tobacco, It
cnuists of AMmonia 8 peir cent. and sons Phosphate,
of Lime 45 to 50 per cent. Mitchell A Croasdale's
" Super-Phosphate of Lime" at $40. per ton. There
are agencies also for the New Jersey Buper-Phosphate
of Lime, for the A No 1 Pernvian Guano, KIttleweRl's
Manipulated Guano and Salts, Farmer's Plasteid
Rhode's Super-phosphate of Lime, he., &c.
Douglass & Co's. Line of Omnibusses will coma'
menee on Monday regular afternoon trips to Maguno-.
hia-a popular resort just beyond the City Hamits.(The.
beautiful Cemetery which it contains baa been en
larged and adlorned with several new and elegant
A negro woman belonging to Col. T. C.Bans
kett, was found dead, one day last week, in an:
oat patch, on her master's plantation. ,She hade
run away about two weeks before, and wheni
round, we understand, her body was so badly,
disfigured by buzzard that it was impossible to.
learn how her death was occasioned.-Ocala
(Fia.) Home Companion.
TH E POnR: Caor.-The last Cincinnati Price-p
Current gives a statement of Pork packingin thei
W~est up to the most recent advices fronm the -r-.
spective points. The figures presented show an',,
increase, no far, of 278,067 head, equal to about'
nineteen per cents Add to this five perceent. for' -
increase in weight, and we have an aggregats~
mecess of equal to 366,531 head. --
pr The Journal of Commerce states that the Ros.
suth familyare moat of them luin w Jersey ai