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f agentrafir 3urna , etyiateV to te .Souty Sou 9nijern ftigIt P, dat euWS, Ciffrature, fNrdihg, Qmptrante, 4 ricurt
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our tAbertfes, and if it must fall, we will Perish aidst the Ruins."
SImYKINS, DUIRISOE & CO., Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C, APRIL 7, 1858.
From the Buffalo Daily Times.
MRS. LOFTY AND I.
ny Mns. c. if. ILDERSLEEVE.
Mrs. Lofty keeps a carriage,
So do I:
She has dapple grays to draw it,
None have I:
She's no prouder with her coachmen
V Than am I,
With my blue-eyed laughing baby,
I hide his face lest she should see
The cherub bQy, and envy me.
Her fine husband has white fingers,
Mine has not;
He could give his bride a palace
Mine, a cot;
Her's comes home beneath the starlight;
Ne'er cares she;
Mine comes in the purple twilight,
And prays that Ile who turns life's sands
Will hold his lov'd ones in His hands.
Mrs. Lofty has her jewels,
So haveI: I
She wears her's upon her bosom,
She will leave her's at Death's portal,
Bye and bye;
I shall bear my treasure with me
When I die.
For I have love and she has gold
She c'unts her wealth-mine can't be told.
She has those who love her-station,
None have I;
But I've one true heart beside me
Glad am I;
I'd not change it for a kingdom,
No not I;
GOD will weigh it in Is balance,
Bye and bye,
And the diffierence define
'T wixt Mrs. Lofty's wealth and mine.
Kiss me darling! when I kiss you,
Kiss m6 back and back again !
Lips are only rosy petals,
Kisses drops of fragrant rain!
Where's the harm, then'1 I could give you
Reasons, dear! for every one,
Only that I may not tell them
In the broad and gairish sun.
Tpke, atlleatel~lifnk)a Rweet onel
And I know you'll think witl me
'Ts the Scripture: "Do to others
What thou'd'st have them do to thee
Old friend, accept this botte
Your mouth then open wider,
First to imbibe, then to eiclaim,
By George! what glorious cider.
rerhaps some, fair young damsel,
Whose looks have ne'er belied her,
Will not object to take a swia,
When you are down be-cider.
And if she thus indulges,
Y6u may then have to guide her ;
But she will say it's owing to
The stall' which is in-cider.
H10W .TWO HlOUSEHOLDS BECAME ONE.
Mrs. Benoni Benson was fat, fair and forty
four, when her husband, a soap-boiler, in very
good circumistances, was called from his life
task of contributing to the general purification
of mank'nd. Mrs. Benson took refuge fronm
her grief in a pretty cottagze, situated on the
principal street in the town of 0---.
At first, she wvas inconsolable, as she used to
say, with a solemn emphasis, which carried con
viction to the hearts of her hearers, thlat notht
ing but the thoughts of her daughter Florence
would have prevented her front terminating her*
existence by the intervention of poison.
Mrs. Benson was, in no small measure, in
- debted to her daughter-since in less than three
months, she threw aside her mourning, and be
* came as lively as-ever.
Touching Florence, she had now reached the
mature age of nineteen. andl began to think
herself marriageable. She was quite pretty,
and tolerably well accomplished, so that her*
wishes in that respect were very soon likely to
Just over the way lived Squire Markham,
the village lawyer, just verging upon fifty, with
his son Charles, who was about half his age.
Being a young man of agreeable exterior, the
- latter was quite a favorite among the young
ladies in the neighborhood, and considered, in
common parlance, qnite a "catch." As yet,
however, his affections had never been serious
ly entangled, and, might have remnainled so, had
it net been for the sudden apparition, one aorn
*ing, of Florence -Benson riding by on horse
It struck him at once that she was~ remnarka
ly graceful,..and really quite pretty. There
upon he cultivated her acqutaiinliwe with im
c.reased assiduity, and after a while asked the
Florence answered in the affirmantive;: and
instead of referring him dutifully to her mo1(therI,
hinted (being a romantic young lady') how
charming it would be to steal away to thet next
town, and get married without:anlybody lbeing
Charles Markham canght at this hint, which
chimed with his own temperament, and he
resolved to adopt it.
In order that it might he carried out with
perfect success, it was resolved to senm indiffer
ent to each other, until the day fixed, in order
to ward off any susicion wvhich-might otherwise
-So well were all these arrangements carried
out, thast Mrs. Bensou had no suspicion of what
was going on.
Not so with Squire Markham. He had ob
tained a& clue :to the afihir in some manner, so
that he had not only discovered1 the fact of the
elopement, but even the very day on1 which it
was to occur.
*"Sly dog, that Charles," thought he to him
self, .athe set before the fire in his dressing
gown an'd-smoking-cap, leisurely puffing away
at a choice Havana. " But I don't wonder at
it; he'only takes after me." Still, I owe him
something for keeping -it so secretly from me.
Itnn wol . aood joke if I were a little von
ger, to cut him out and marry her in spite o
Squire Markham, who was one of those jovia
widowers who takes life as it comes, mused
more and more on this idea, struck out by
chance as it were. till he really began to thini
it worth something.
" After all," shouted he, "I am not so old
either-or at least the ladies say so-and they
ought to be good judges in such matters. I
have been a bachelor a good while, and ought
to have found out before this, how much more
comfortable it would be to have a pretty wife
to welcome me home, and do the honors of my
table, and to help me keep that rascal, Charles,
in order. Egad! I've half a mind to do it."
Squire Markham took two more whiffs, and
"I vow I'll do it !"
What this mysterious IT was, we will leave
the reader to infer from his very next move
ment. Iinging the bell, he inquired of the
"Is Charles at home ?"
" No, sir," was the reply, "he went out this
morning, and will be gone all day."
" Hunph! That'll do. So much the better
for my purpose," thought he, when left alone.
" Now 1 shall have the ground left to myself.
Let me see; the rascal intends running away
next Thursday evening, and to-day is Monday.
Nothing like striking while the iron is hot.
I'll write to her in his name, telling her that I
have altered my mind and will go just at dark
to morrow night. She won't suspect anything
until the knot is tied, and then what a laugh
we shall have !"
Squire Markham did not consider that it
might make a little difference with the bride
expectant. Ile considered it a capital joke on
his son, and looked no further. Ile accordingly
drew his writing materials towards him and
indited the following epistle:
Inr.nir Faor.txcE: I find the day fixed
for our elopement on some accounts objectiona
ble, and would like, with your perrnision, to
substitute to-morrow evening. If I hear noth
ing from you, I shall infer that you assent to
this arranigemnent. I shall have a carriage in
readiness under the old oak tree, at half-past
eight o'clock. You can walk there without at
tracting suspicion, and, as there will be no
moon, we shall be able to carry out our plans
without fear of discovery. I am happy to say
that the governor dosen't suspect in the least
that a daughter-in-law is in store for him.
Won't he be shamed ? Your devoted
" Egad !" said Squire Markham, laughing
heartily, " that. isn't bad; especially about hum.
bugging me. Charley could't have done it bet
ter himself." -
So saying, lie sealed it up and sent :
a little frish boy in his
first mark1 "
n lemr iiM -nomptry conveyed in this cliarac
teristic address, aroused Mrs. Benson's curiosi
ty, especially when she observed that it was
addressed to her daughter, and not to herself
as she first supposed. She returned to the par
lor-not to read Iarper's Magazine, that had
lost its attractions.
" What in the world can it be," she thought,
" that they should be so secret about it? Can
Florence be carrying on a clandestine correspon
dence ? It may be something that I ought to
Stimulated by her reminine curiosity, Mrs
lIensonl speedily concludeid that she woul bie
false to the responsibilities of a parenit if she
did not unravel the mystery.
" I think," said she, " I will open it, and if
it shouldnm't lie anything piarticular, 1 can easily
re-seal it, and Florence will still be nmone the
This she accordingly did. What was her
astonishment when the plan of elopement was
discovered to her!
"ll~ere's pretty doings !" she exclaimed, as
soon as she could recover breath. "So Florence
was going to run away and get married to that
Carg Markham, without so much as hinting
a word to mec."
She leaned her head upon01 her hand and began
to considler. She was naturally led to think of
er own marriage with the late Mr. Benson,
and the happiness of her wedded life, and she
rould not help heaving a sigh at the recollec
"Am I always to remain thus solitary ?" she
thought. "i've half a nmindl not to show this
letter to Florence, but to run away with Charles
to-morrow night on my own account. It's odd
if I can't persuade him that the mother is as
good as the daughter," and she glanced comn
placently at tihe still attractive face and form
reflected from the mirror.
Just then she heard the door open, and
Florenceu entered. She quickly crumpled up
the letter and thrust it into her pocket.
Florence and Charles did not meet during
the suceed(ing day ; ehiefly in p~ursuanice of thme
plan they had agreed to, in order to avoid sus
Squire Markham acted in an exceedingly
strange manner, to his son's thinking. Occa
sionally he would burst into a hearty 1aug1h,
wich'hie would endeavor to repress, and pace
up and dIown the room, as if to walk off some
oi his superahiundant hilarity.
" What's in the wind ?" thought Charles to
himself. ": i can't be the governor's getting
crazy !" Something was the matter beyond a
dout. But what it really was, he had not the
A t the hour specified, the Squire had his car
rige dIrawn up at the appointed rendezvous.
ie began to peer anxiously in the dark for
Florence. A t length a female form. wvell imiulled
up, muade its appearance. Thanking her in a
very low whlisper, lest it might be susp~ecd
that he was thle wrong person, he helped her
into the carriage and drove off. Their destina
tion was the house of the Justice of the P'eace,
residing at the distance of sonme eight miles.
Durng" the first piart . f the journey nothing
was said. lBoth parties were desirous of con
eealing their identity. At length, Squire Mark
ham, consiidering that after all lhe could not
marry the lady wvithiout her consent, and that
the discovery nmust be made before the marn
riage, decided to reveal hiimself, and then urge
hi; own suit as well as lie might.
SMy dear Miss Florence," he continued, ini
his natural voice.
" Why !" shrieked the lady, "I thought it
" And I," said Squire Markham, recognizing
Mrs. Benson's voice with astonishment," thought
it was Florence !"
" Was it you, sir, who was arranging to elope
mih may daughter ?"
" "No, but I conclude it was you, ma'am, wh
was meaning to elopo with my son."
"Indeed! Squire Markham, you are wrong
t the affair coming incidentally to my knowledge
I concluded to take her place secretly, in orde:
to frustrate her plans.
h Ead ! the very idea I had myself," sai<
the Squire, laughing; "but the fact is, we'sv
both of us been confoundedly sold, and thi
mischeif of it is, I left a letter for Charles, let
ting him know it; so undoubtedly he will tak
the opportunity to run off with Florence du
ring our absence, and plume himself, the rasca
on the way in which I was taken in."
"I confess that I left a note for Florence, V
the same purport. How she will laugh at me
what an embarrassment!"
" I'll tell you what," said the Squire, after:
moment's pause, " we can carry out our plan.
after all. We each camine out with the inten
tion of getting married. Why not marry enel
other, and then, you know, we can make then
believe we had it in view all along, and on3
intended to frighten them ?"
Mrs. lBenson assented with a little urging
and, in the course of an hour, the twain wer<
made one. They immediately returned, bul
found, as they anticipated, that Florence ane
Charles, on discovering their departure, lia
themselves stepped off in a different direction
with a similar intent.
They made their appearance the next morn
ing, prepared to laugh heartily at the frustrate
plans of their parents, but l&arned with no lit
tle astonishment, that they had struck up a bar
gain for themselves. Squire Markham and hi
new wife had the address to convince them tha1
it was all a premeditated plan; and to this day
the younger pair are ignorant of the plot an
counter-plot, which led to this double union o
the two households.
SIIORT PATENT SER31NS.
v Dow JR.
LIFE'S SUNN Y SPOTS.
TEX.-Though, call you life a gloomy waste,
i still hath sunny spots.
MY IIEA:RS: after looking intently awhih
at heaven, through the telescope manufacturei
by Hope, Faith & Co., and then suddenly cast
ing the eye over the country that Mortalit
Imiust traverse, it certamnly looks like a dull
gloomy and dreary waste. It is like turnin;
directly from the dazzlig sunshine into a dusk3
cellar-all is darkness for the moment-dark a
an African congregation in a thunder-storm; bl.)
it soon grows lighter, and we gradually discovei
that we are not in such infernal and everla.stin
darkness after all. Tt n'.
Al our darkest hours of trouble and desponden
cy, sunshine will sometimes burst upon us a:
suddenly as a bottle of ginger-pop. There ar<
many golden threads that might be woven in th<
woof of human existence, if muan would only
take the pains to pick them up. Ahck! it i.
too true, that 1many of the beautiful flower,
that grace the margin of life's stream are left t
bloom unnoticed-to wither and die, after hav
ing 'wasted their sweetness upon the deserl
air !' But, ly the great mogul of gulls ! if imy)
brother man has a uinwl to be so foolish as u
refuse the warm sunlight and court the col
storm, I shall consigtn him to the pity of that
P'rovidence, whose tender mercies seem sonmc
tmes to be be.stowed, with a reckless extrava
gance, upon01 olijets as unworthy of a blessing
as a cockroach in a phun-pudlding.
My hearers: I tell you there aas many sunny
spots in life--as sunmy as the .south sidle of
Methodist meeting-house. To receive a kind
favor from any one in this frosty, uncharitabk
world is finding a sunny spot-a gladdenin;
oasis in a dreary desert. When, in a foreigi
land, and surrounded by strangers, you comi
across a true friend, whose sympathies naturally
melt and mingle with your own, like beeswa:
and tallow, you~ liud a sunny spot-a cheering
glade in a gloomy forest. Doing up courting
getting married-havi~ing a goodl wife or huisband
-making up after a love q uarrel-recoveringl
fronm sickness-recovering damnages-suddenly
receiving in full from a dubious debtor--a littkt
unexpected good luck-or a lucky escape fron
a threatened attack of poverty-are all sunny
spot<. But some spots5 are imoreO sunny thai
others: some are as bright as a tinned rool
beneath an unclouded noonday sun, while othern
are more like a patch of p~ale moonshuine upoi
the sable garb of night. The sunniest spot that
ever shone in my dull existence was the spark'
ig of that lovely, angelic creature, Sarah I1aw
thorn; but, alas! she kicked the bucket onE
day about sunset, and left. ' the world to dark
ness and to mel!"
My herr: there are striking lights and
s hde in the grand pictre of life. They arn
thrown in to relieve it from a monotonous tame
ness, which we change-seeking mortals, conl
hardly endure. Variety we want, and variety
we must have-alt bough we sometimes get mort
cayenne and mustard than is pleasing to th<
palate. We are satisfied with- ea'ch different
season as it rolls round, and why nmot welcomt
tme vicissitudes of this varying sphere? Nat ur<
ooks pleasanit and smiling in spring, while tak
ing the first stitches towards her summer dres
--in .summuer she appears lovely, while elegant hy
attired from top to toe-and, for my plart,
admire her even when the rude embraces ol
autumn have mussed her~ hair and runmpled her
Now, my dear brethren, seek for sunny spot
and yo will find them ; but if, like melancholy
owls, you~ are determined to keep in the ohl
woodls of wo and misery during the day, and
only3 conme out at night to complain of the dark
ness-why, thou, the sooner you are o-rn iu
another world, the better it will be for you
and the community at large. WeT don't -want
g~rumblers here to create discord- in the complet.
orchstra of the universe, or to mar the social
harmony that exi:sts amonig mankind. If you
think there arc no simny spots for you betwecr
Ihere andu the latter end of a natural life, I advis<
yo uotk short cut to eternity-and bequeatl
you ol botsto me. So mote it be!
Trr.-O! bleep my feet in hoiling oil,
Or~ put nme on1 the rack;
But save me, while 1 tarry here,
Fromn yonder woman's clack!
Mv lIranan'iS perhaps we male mortals ough
Inot, generally speaking, to brag arter about out
faculties for restraining that ' unruly member
called the tongue; but I do think that womer
n hav no ood reason to say ANYTuIG--for.
, we are incompetent, in a Mrtain degree, women
most certainly are, in a very uncertain degree.
Their tongues are reeds shaken by the wind
, splinters upon a chesnut ail, that keep up a
r buzzing and a jarring so-longas there is a breath
to move them. The least'breeze of passiorthat
I aprings up in their bosomssets their mill-clacks
3 in operation; and, as foristopping them, you
might as well fire a pop-gun against thunder,or
- blow a hand-bellows against a hurricane. They
will talk, like a poll-parrot <merely for the sake
of the noise, and, (givingltbem credit for no
evil intention,) they piroevere in jabbering,
without once reflecting tht, what is music to
them may be murder to qthers. Oh! woman,
woman! wherefore art tou gifted with such
gigantic powers of gab! ' fhou wouldst have
been an angel, hadst thouL angel's whisper.
My hearers: I have beeft speaking of women
as a whole. As regards tifeir noisy loquacious
ness, there are many beaktiful exceptions. I
know some whose words Iave fine fur, instead
of dog-hair, upon the' ni.huse tones are as
soft and musical as the mild breathings of the
Rl'olian harp-to whom itA. soothing to listen,
and whose society is as tnshine to a storm
beaten flower. But, oh.! e my bed under a
tinned roof during a nig - of incessant hail;
I place forty tomcats at myowindow, all in 'full
teather' (fur I should have/said) for a row; bid
mie deliver an impressive 4iscourse in a grist
mill; soak my corns in a biling solution of pot
ash; bore my ears with a',two-incg auger, or a
congressional speech upon the tariff; compel me
to endure the infliction of;A fashionable opera;
grate loaf sugar by my sidi while I am prepar
ing a sermon on Sunday;: ~ut me on the rack,
if you choose-do anythiityou like, if von will
i only save me from the ee asting clack of that
f woman, whose mLDEs- nes are enough to
harrow up a man's soul, ,Akspere!] freeze his
warm blood, and make edch particular hair
whiskers, moustaches, anunperial included
tp stand on 'eend' like bstles upon the back
of a pup-worried boar-pig.,
My hearers: I am afrasa that if I say much
more about the (ENTLE! .ex my soul, iext
week, will be as full. of rereti as an old cut is
of bedbugs in August: net rtheless,Iam bound
to preach the truth to-day, although the devil
nay tell me to-morrow -hat I ought to be
ashamed of myself for sindoing. But, when
you see my nose projectingrfrom this old pulpit,
know ve that I care not for the fear of man,
the favor of women, nor tlie scoffs of Satan. I
let out the truth, link . b link, and, it I am
thought to libel my brother man or my sister
woman, let heaven be ig judge-the twelve
apostles, now above, constitute a jury-and Il
ancept of any thing.for cou2sel other than a New
as ready to accept a challenge, has
led Leslie's Illustraled Papeer to reprint the fol
lowing pertinant anecdote from I1eems' Gossip
ping Life of Washington:
"fin 1781, Washington was stationed at Al
exandria with his regiment, the only oii of the
colony, of which he was Colonel. There hap
pened to be at this tine an election in the town
fbr members of the Assembly, and the conteat
ran high between Colonel George Fairfax and
Mr. Elzey. Washington was a warm friend of
-olonel Fairfax, and Mr. Payne headed the
fi ends of Mr. Elzey. A dispute taking place
iiin the Court hou.-e yard, Washington, at this
tie not twenty-two years of'age, contrary to
. Is usual manner, became excited, and, what
ws still more uncommon, said something that
-offended Mr. Payne, whereupon the little gen
tlenman, who, "thongh but a cub in si:,e," raised
his sturdy hickory, and by a single blow brought
WVashington to the ground.
Sever:l of WVashingrton's oflicers being pres
ent, they whipped out their irons in an instant,
and it was supposed that there would be mur
der off-hand. To make bad worse, the mouem
bers of the regiment hearing how their com
imandler had been treated, bolted ont of~ the
barracks, every man with his weapon, threaten
ing vengeance on those who dared to knock
down their beloved Colonel. Happily for Mr.
Payne and his party, Washington recovered
time enough to go out and meet his enraged
soldiers, anid after thanking them for their ex
pression of attachment, assured them that lie
was not hurt in the least, and begged them, as
they loved him and their duty, to return to
their barracks. As to Washington himself, lie
went to his room, and finding, on mature reflec
tion, that he had been the aggressor, he deter
m nined to make Mr. Payne honorable reparation
by asking his pardon on the mor row. No sooner
'had he m'ade this inoble resolution than lie re
covered his natural cahmness of ruanner, dressed
'himself and went to a ball, behaving as if ntoth
ing had happened.
The next day he went to a tavern and wrote
aplenoeto Mr. Payne, requesting to see
hi.M.Payne presumed the import of it
was a challenge for a duel, and repaired to the
Iplace appointed for the meeting, expecting to
see a pair of pistols introduced. But conceive
his surprise upon entering the chamber where
Washington was, he discovered a decanter of
wine and glasses upon the table, and upon his
entering Washington arose and in a very frien'
ly manner met him, and puesented his hand,
" Mr. Payne, to err sometime~s is nature, to
reelily error is always glory. I find I was
wrong in the affatir yesterday; you have had, I
think, some satisfaction, .and if y-ou think that
is sufficient, here's my hand, let us be friends."
it is only necessary to say, that from this time
Mr. Payne became one of Washington's most
enthusiastic admirers and friends. If this con
duct had not been deemed in Washington to
arise from marnanimity and not from fear, theii
he could not Irave become the immortal hero
he is regarded in history."
Tur. LAnrES-r Roos.-It is stated that the
largest room that was ever constructed is that
Iin which the tobacco stores are kept in the
London Docks. The room is said to cover near
ly six acres, being, of course, undler one roof.
It~ is a curious circumstance, that this enormous
apartment should be devoted to an article of
A certain bion sivani, who carried his eating
even into down.right gluttony, went to his phy
sician, one day, with a list of his-ailments, for
advice. "Diet," replied the doctor, " diet upon
two bowls of gruel a day."~ " Dctor, I am no
better for your advice," said the patient, a week
or two afterwards. " I~ave you adhered strict
tly to my orders ?" asked the Esculapius; "did
Syou cat nothing but the gruel?'" " Of course
I did. You don't suppose I could live without
eating; do you? Why, I took my gruel be
f. ....n ma."-Tinstnnl Poet
"HISTORY OF THE P.TtErTTovs."1-B. Lane
Posey, of the Marion (Ala.) American, in his
issue of the 18th, says:
This is probably the last chapter of the "Pal
mettoes in .exico* that will be published in the
newspapers. I am too busy to write them now,
and 1 discontinue them for another reason. I am
satisfied, from assurances that I have received,
ved, from South Carolina, that I can make both
reputation and money (the latter a particular
desideratum) by writing the history of the Pal
mettoes, and I have determined to do it. The
chapters that I have written were crude and
careless, dashed off at a heat for an ephemeral
existence, and their style is not a fair specimen
of my merit as a writer of history. Still, they
were received with high commendations from
It is my intention to visit South Carolina du
ring the present year, in the prosecution of this
work. I may be'delaved in it, but it is a fixed
fact that the history o' the Palmettoes shall be
written, not only for the present, but for future
Oio CnIvAtVnR.-The Cleveland (Ohio)
Plaindealer tells the following story:-Two fiery
students at Oberlin College had a falling out the
other day. Lovely woman was of course the
cause. Having conscientious scruples against
dueling, they resolved to adjust the difficulty
by an appeal to the code fistic, or as we think
we have heard it called " the manly art of self
defence." They accordingly met with their
seconds in a lonely cow-pasture, about two miles
from the College. They fought nine rounds.
One of the parties was badly whipped and vic
tory consequently perched upon the banners of
the other party. What makes the affair particu
larly racy is the fact that' the lovely woman
above alluded to is a dashing mulatto.
Tim: Yoamvi .L.. Mt.iTy Ar'1Yav.Wt
have recent advices from this highly prosperous
preparatory school, and congratulate the profes
sors and Vrincipalk, that, in this day of general
insubordinatin among studients, and the laxity
of discipline, or its excess, in other institutions,
they have been so succesful as to reach the
juste-dlicu-that happy medinin which old mor
alists used to style the Golden Rule-which ten
pers autherity with indulgence, and subdues li
centiousness under the curb of authority. The
Yorkville school has now one hundred and twen
tv students-has attained a number beyond that
of any previous report; and is winning its way
to popularity among its sister States of the South,
so that it now has repiesentative pupils from all.
This is a point gaiied-a great point-as it ta
citly invokes a delightful emulation, for the hon
nrau. among the cadets of several, sister commu
- .'...-. : ithA great
and then himself got into the coffin, lay down
and covered himself over. In the course of a
short time the master came, looked in at the
door and saw, as he thought, a sulky lad stand
ing against the wall. " Now," said the master,
"do you want any supper?" There was no
answer. The question was repeated, with the
same result. The boy looked out fron the
cofin and said, " if he won't have any, I will."
The master lied mider terror, and received such
a shock that it is said he has since died from
WIIY LAES Sumwim RE.m Nnwsei.mr.s.-It
is a great nistake in feinale education to keep a
younma lady's time and attention devoted to only
he fishionable literature of the day. if you
would quai~lify' her for conversation, you imumst
ive her som'ethinig to talk about; give her edui
nation with this actual world and its transpirim.g
vents. Urge her to read newspapers and be
one ihmiliar with the present character and
mprovement of our race. ilistory is of some
mportance btut the past world is dead, and we
ave nothing to (do with it. Our thoughts and
onerns should be for the present -world, to
now what it is and improve the condition of it.
Let her have an intelligent opinion and be able
o sustaini an intelligent coniversation concerning
the nmenital, imoral, political and religious ui
provement of our ti;mes. Let the gilded annu
ls and poems on the c-entra table lbe kept a part
f the time covered with weekly and daily jonrnals.
et the whole family-men women and children
read the newspapers.
COXSeMPrIo.--A Paris correspondent of the
ew York lierald says:
"An interesting papler on the properties of the
sap of the pine tree has just been published in the
~Abeille Medicale in reference to its curative effect
n that terrible scourge of humanity ini Aumerica
-consumption. Dr. 1)esmaurtis, of Bordeaux, is
he author, andl quotes thme result of four years,
experience. One is an instance of a young hady
who was obliged to give up her revels on accounlt
f phthisie, which was hereditary inm her imily;
her mother, father. sister, and other relations
avinig all died of the disorder. She was aillie
ted with violent retching and spitting of blood,
ad all these symptoms of an advanced pulmo
nary comnplainit were ascertainmed b~yauscultation.
The spitting of blood was stopped m the course
of five days by adlministeriung one gramme of
powderedi rue pe day. Dr. Desmiartis considers
rue (ruta graveolens) to be one of the best anti
asmoaties kmnwn. After which the patienit.
took a bottle of pine sap per day for thme space of
two months andh a half, at thme end of which time
her sirength hadi' returned, her cheeks had re
mmd their formner hlth~uy condition, nind every
harinug sym ptom hadl disappearedl. Thle patienit
had suiffered nmo relapse. The i author quotes in
umerable other inistances. lie says that pain
i the chest is not assuaged in the chest unless
companied by a friction of th~e following~ corn
positiotn; oil of rue, one hundrod gramnmes ; es
euce of~ rue, twentv-five grammews; concentrated
tincture of aloes, oiie hunidred grammes. Pine
sap generally purges ihe~ beginner, but this effect,
which seems to lbe climinative, soon ceases. ksm
:ialytical proportins are--one of resinous mat
ter, two of extractive substances (one soluble
both ini water and alcohol, and the other only in
water), three albumen, four a kind of gum, and
six soda, lime, magnesia, iron, alumina, phos
phates, sulphiates, carbonates, and chlorides, all
very small propiortions.
A corrrTTo.--We learn that those persons of
the Vigilant Committee, engaged in the recent
fatal affray at Cartersville, in Darlington Dis
trict, who wvere tried for inurder at the recent
Court of Sessions in that district, have all been
acquitted. We have also learned that several
of thme opposite party indicted for illicit traffic
ing with slaves, have been found guilty.--Cam
" Gently the dews are o'er mie stealing,"~ as
the mzan said when he had five bills presented
t him at one time.
TM KANSAS BILL.
Every man woman and child has heard so
much of the bill for the admission of the State
of Kansas, that we present it for their perusal
as it passed the Senate:
Whereas the people of the Territory of Kan
sas did, by a convention of delegates called and
assembled at Lecompton on the 4th day of De
cember, 1857, for that purpose, form to them
selves a constitution and State government,
which said constitution is republican, and the
said convention having asked the admission of
said Territory into the Union as a State on an
equal-footing with the original States
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That the State of Kansas
shall be and is hereby declared to be one of the
United States of America, and admitted into
the Union on an equal footing with the original
States in all respects whatever. And the said
State shall consist of all the territory included
within the following boundaries, to wit: Begin
ning at a point on the Western boundary of the
State of Missouri where the 47 paralled of lati
tude crosses the same; thence west on said
paralled to the eastern boundary of New Mexi
co; thence north on said boundary to latitude
thirty-eight; thence, following said boundary
westward, to the eastern boundary of the Ter
ritory of Utah, on the summit of the Rocky
mountains; thence northward on said summit
to the fourth parallel of latitude, thence easton
said parallel to the western boundary of the
State of Missouri; thence south with the wes
tern boundary of said State to the place of be
ginning. Provided, That nothing herein con
tained respecting the boundary of said State
shall be construed to impair the rights of per
son or property now pertaining to the Indians
in said Territory, so long as such rights shall
remain unextinguished by treaty between the
United States and such Indians, or to include
any territory, which by treaty with such In
dialn tribe, is not without the consent of said
tribe, to be included within the territorial lim
its or jurisdiction of any State or Territory;
but all such territory shall be exempted out of
the boundaries, and constitute no part of the
State of Kansas until said tribe shall signify
their assent to the President of the United
States to be included within said State, or to
affect the authority of the government of the
United States, to make any regulation respect
ing such Indians, their lands, and property or
other rights, by treaty, law or otherwise, which
it would have been competent to make if this
act had never passed.
Sac. 2. And be it further enacted, That the.
State of Kansas is admitted into the Union
uon the exnress condition that said State shall
vene or declare the construction or tue uonsu
tution of any State, except to see that it be
Republican in ferm, and not in conflict with the
Constitution of the United States; and nothing
in this act shall be construed as an assent by
Congress to all or to any of the propositions of
claims contained in the ordinance annexed to
the said Constitution of t-e people of Kansas,
nor to deprive the State of Kansas of the said
grants, if hereafter made, which were contained
in the act of Congress, entitled " An act to au
thorize the people of the Territory of Minneso
ta to form a Constitution and State government
preparatory to admission into the Union on an
equal footing with the original State," approved
26th February, 1857.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That until
the next general census shall be taken, and an
opportiomnent of representatives made, the
State of Kansas shall be entitled to one repre
sentative in the House of Representatives in
the United States.
Src. 4. And be it further enacted, T hat from
and after the admission of the State of Kansas,
as hereinbefore provided, all the laws of the
United States which are not locally inapplicable
shall have the samie force and effect within that
State as in other States of the Union; and the
said State is hereby constituted a judicial dis
trict of the United States, within which a dis
tict court with the like powors and Jurisdictiog
as the district court of the United States for the
district of Iowa, shall be established; the judge,
attorney, and imarsh'al of the United States for
the said district of Kansas shall reside within
the same, and shall be entitled to the same
compensation as the judge, attorney and mar
shal of the district of Iowa.
FnOM H~osnUea5i-IsmlAs Missica.-By the
arrival of the schooner Mary, from Rluatan Is
land, says the New Orleans Picayune of the 23d,
we have the annexed letter from a correspondent
at Belhize, IHonduras :
BeI~uz;, March 6.-Eds. P'ic.-I have but a
moment before the Mary leaves to inform you
Ithat the Indians have taken the the town of Ba
calar, one of the chief towns in Yucatan; that
they took it by surprise in the night, and not a sin
gle one of 'the inhabitants escaped. All are
prisoners, and we are apprehensive that all will
be p)ut to death, as the Indians do not want mon
ey, but say ihe Cross (t which they worship)
Capt. Anderson and a portion of the 2d West
India Regiment have been sent up to our north
enboundary to 'keep the Indians from crossing
the line after the Spanish living in this settle
Our Northern Magistrate, with two others, has
been sent up to redeem the prisoner at Bacalar.
P. 5.-I refer you to Capt. Stevens, of the Ma
ry, who can give you thle various rumors intown.
Capt. Stevens, reports that ransom for the pris
oners not being forthcoming, they were all
men, women and children-massacred.
NOT TO DIE OUTDoNE.-An Englishman and a
Yneweerecently disputing, when the former
sneigyrmarked : " Fortunately, the Ameri
cans could go no further than the Pacific shore."
Yankee scratched his prolific brain for an in
stnt, and thus triumphantly replied: "Why,
good gracious ! they're already levelling the
Rocky Mountains, and carting the dirt out
West. I had a letter last week from my cousin,
who is living 200 miles west of the Pacific
shore-on made land !" The Englishman gave
EYr~t IARD...." It is very hard, my lord,"
said a convicted felon at the bar, to Judge Bur
net, " to hang a poor man for stealing horses."
"You are not to be hanged, sir," answered
the judge, " for stealing horses ; but you are to
e hanged that horses may not be stolen."
Mr. Albert Smith wrote once in a hotel visi.
tor's book his initials, " A. S." A wag wrote
ndearnath " Two-thirds of the truth."
PEDESTRIANJI[ IN ENGLAND.
On Saturday, February 20th, an extraordinag.
ry and unprecedented pedestrian feat was per
formed upon the London and Cambridge turn
pike road, at Newmarket, from the Duke's.
Stand to the toll gate, by Charles Westhall, the
noted pedestrian, who had engaged to walk
twenty-one miles within three hours. This
match had been in comtemplation for some time.,
and on Friday, the 19th inst., Westhall and his
trainer (Woodstock) arrived at Newmarket, and
quartered at the Carpenter's Arms Inn, near
the railway station. During the afternoon of
Saturday the town was in a complete state of
excitement, and many were the opinions of the
public respecting the chance of the man, and
some scores of pounds were laid out in conse
quence, the odds being five and six to one in
favor of the old unflinching veteran Time. As
the hour approached the sporting and specula
ting portion of the town and neighborhood were
seen wending their way to the scene of action,
and at the hour of, starting some hundreds had
assembled upon the ground. The stakes were
one hundred to twenty pounds sterling on time.
The wind and dust were very much against the
man, and, therefore, it was deemed advisable t
contrive a shelter from so great an obstacle, and
a canvass screen, forming two sides of a square,.
was arranged upon a frame, and attached to a
cart, and so carried before him, and a further
shelter from the power of the wind was afforded
by a horse van, kindly lent by Mr. S. Roger',
being driven by his side.
The necessary preliminaries having been gone
through, Westhall toed the mark in complete
walking costume, apparently full of confdence,
and exactly at one o'clock commenced his ar
duous task. His style of walking was certainly
first rate, and greatly admired. The first mile
was accomplished in excellent style in eight
minutes and six seconds; the second in eight
minutes and eight seconds; the first four miles
in little more than thirty-two minutes ; the first
seven miles were gone over in fifty-six minhtes,
the fourteen miles in one hour fifty-fiveminutes
and fifty seconds, and the twenty-one miles in.
two hours fifty-nine minutes and one second,
being fifty-nine seconds to spare. The twen
tieth mile occupied a considerable deal more -
time than any previous mile, and many began
to imagine that Westhall was "done up," and
betting began to turn more spirited agair itbim.. '.
Many, who had laid against him, expr;used an
opinion that they were safe, and offered to ir.
crease tLe odds. Whatever might have -been
their opinions or desires, they were quickly
undeceived upon entering the 21st mile; Here,
as in many parts of the match, he was londly
cheered, and his perfect style of'walking con
vinced eveg ona ' -
IT asnIngton. correSpU&.&%;. - -
"It is curious to notice how 'family iifience
controls things in Washington. Some skillfuL.
commentator could make up a most taking bro
cure on this subject if he chose to do so. The
old families are adepts at this business. They
are the nobility of the capitol. They seem to
think everything belongs to them, and that they
'row sons only to put them into place, or totrain
laughters only to match them to fortunes or to
bureaus. There are a number of families who
have five and six in office. The army, the navy
the marine corps, the civil service, home and
foreign, are honored by the scions of the first
families. All kinds of fascinations are resorted
to to accomplish these results. The labors of a
dozen senators, the laurels won in a dozen party
campaigns, even the learning and experience of 'C
a life, nre nothing in comparison to the system
adopted by those veterans in Washington socd
ety. Not, indeed, that there is anything morally
wrong in their mnaneuvres. I do not charge it,
But it is a thing of almost doily occurrenceto
find a young fellow, without brains, but abun
dantly skillful in the arts and graces of the sa
loon and the opera house, and an fit in the -
more daniger us mysteries of the higher circles,
seated in soiz e ollicial snuggery, where he can
remain as long as he pleases, making his duties
the inoidental and his moustachios the main busi
ness of his life."
THE 0O.D GmtN AND THE MINNXE RIFLE.-I learn
from the best authority from the War Depart
nient itself that a growing disinclination exists .
towards the use in the army and navy of the
Minnie rifle, and of the breech loading arms in.
general. Thme old fashioned single barrel, loaded'K
in the old fashioned way, proves, after all, the.
most effective instrument in the hands of our
soldiers and marines. Gradually the use of all
others will be abandoned. Of course the best
improvements in priming and in primers will be
adopted. It is not likely that we shall ever re
turn to the old flint look, when we have the
wafer primers so arranged that a musket may
be fired fifty times with but a single charge of
primers. This matter is now brought to such"
perfection that a common musket may be loaded
and fired about as rapidly as a breech loading
arm, and with much less danger of anyds
A SE.NSIBLE D~~~N-Pre' Spirit, In
reply to a correspondent, thus settles a point
not generally understood:
It is optional with the non-dealer to claim
the deal, when the dealer makes a misdeal. If
it were otherwise, the dealer, when he and his
opponent stood at six and six, could always shift
the disadvantages from himself, by purposely
making a nisdeal.
- How -rO CT GLASS WrrH A PIJcE OF Inor.
Draw with a pencil on paper any pattern to which
you would have the lass conform; place the
pattern under the glas, holding both together'
with the left hand, (for the glass must not rest
on any plain surface,) then take a common spike
or similar piece of iron, heat the' point of it to
redness, and apply it to the edge' of the glass
drawing the iron slowly forward,' and the ..edge
of the glass will immediately crack ; continue
moving the iron tlowly over the glass tracing
the pattern, and the'elink in the glass will follow
at the distance of about half an inch, in every
direction, according to the motion of the iron.
It may sometimes be found requisite, however,
especially in forming corners, to apply a wet
finger to the opposite side of the glass. Tum
blers and other gasses may be cut or divide&
very, fancifully by similar means. The iron
must be re-heae as often as the crevice in the
glass ceases to flow.-Sientifie:American.
T HE happiest man in the world i ?sih~
with just wealth enough to keep him in 4irn't
and just children enough to mak.hm Indus-.~
A little boy describuaziaaringM ks~ ltsg