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PUBLIsttED VgaY W1- DNzSDAr EolNING.
1. 111, D.LUR WRIE & ELul 1RSE,
TREMS O SVRSCRIPTION.
TWO DoLLARs per year, If paid In advance-TwO
DOLLARS and FPrry CaUTS if not paid within six
moutbs-and Tuaza DOLLARS if not paid before the
expiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
ly limited at the time of subscribing,. will be con
tinued until all arrearages lre paid, or at the option of
Subscriptions out of the District and from other
States must invariably be paid for in advance.
RATES 07 ADVERTISING.
All advertisements will be correctly and conspica
oeusly inserted at Seventy-five Cents per Square (12
Brevier lines or less) for the' first insertion, and Fifty
Cents for each subsequent insertion. When only pub
lished Monthly or Quarterly $1 per square will- be
Each and every Transient Advertisement, to secure
publicity through our columns, must invariably be
paid In advance.
All Advertisements not having the deqired number
of insertions marked on the margin, will be continued
until forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so
on the most liberal terms-it being distinctly under
stood that contracts for yearly advertising are con
fined to the immediate, legitimate business of the firm
or Individual contracting.
All communications of a personal character will be
charged as advertisements.
Obituary Notices exceeding one square in length
will be charged for the overplus, at regular rates.
Announcing a Candidate (not inserted until paid
- for,) Five Dollars.
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
WAsMIOToN, March 30.-The De.nocrats, in
caucus have determine. to stick to the support
of theLeeompton Constitution.
Hen W. Davis, of Maryland, and W. L. Ln
derwo, of Ky., made decided Anti-Lecompton
speeches in the House to-day.
The compromise committee of the House
failed to agree, and the Antics will very proba
bly fall back on Mr. Crittenden's amendment on
Thursday before the final vote.
WAsHINGTON, March 31.-In the Senate to
day the Minnesota bill was amended so as to
allow two representatives, until a census was
The House was en ged in the discussion of
the Kansas bill, and essrs. Stephenson, of
Kentucky, and Gilmer, of North Carolina, made
Mr. Gilmer, of North Carolina, in his speech,
took the broad ground of nationality in favor of
the admission of Kansas without the Lecompton
Constitution, and wished the people of Kansas
to settle all vexed questions themselves.
Mr. Miles, of South Carolina, made an effec
tive speech in favor of the admission of Kansas
under the Lecompton Constitution.
Mr. Zollicoffer, of Tennessee, regretted to
separate from political. friends, but he was de
termined to vote for the Lecompton Constitu
It is generally believed that the vote to-mor
row will be very close. Gen. Zollicoffer's de
fection has deranged the calculations of yester
day, when the Republicans counted on a majori
ty. They still count on the votes of Democrats
who are regarded as wavering.
The House will probably be in session all
YAsRINGTON, April 1.-In tho Senate to-day
the army bil was passed, but with a substitute
for two instead of four regiments, exclusive of
that designated for Texas.
In the Senate the Kansas bill was received as
amended to disagree to the amendments, and
this motion will be considered to-morrow.
In the House, Mr. Stephens had searcly
moved that the Kansas biUl should be taken up,
wh~en Mr. Giddings objected to its second read
j.ag. In such esses, the rule requires that the
question shall be taken. On the rejection to
tins' disagreement the vote stood yeas 95 to nays
137. Mr. Quitman offered as a substitute to the
Senate bill, with the exception of Pugh and
Green's provi.<os, declaring that the people of
Kansas have the right to alter and amend their
This amendment was defeated by a vote of
72 in favor of' to 160 against it. The vote was
then taken on Crittenden's amendment as a sub
stitute, wlhich was further amended by the Anti
Lecompton portion of Democrats in the late
conference. The amendment was carried by
The bill as amended by the House provides
for the admission of Kansas, but refers the Con
stitution back to the people for their votes.. Ii
the Constitution is rejected a Convention is to
be called to form a new Constitution. As soon
as the latter is approved the President is directedJ
to issue his Proclamation, and Kansas be ad
mitted into the Union without further action by~
Congress. The house then adjourned.
MWOE RION'S CASE.
The case of the State against Major ion came
up fdr trial at 10 o'clock. The Judge in his
charge to the Grand Jury had specially instrue
ted them, with reference to this case, that the
matter for them to determine was the mere act
of killing, if they were satisfied on that point a
true bill should be returned and the investiga
tion left to the Court.
The trial commenced at 10 o'clock and the ex
aminaition of witnesses continued until dinner
time. After dinner Mr. Melton, the State solici
tor, opened on the part of the prosecution ; he
was followed by Mr. Rutland and Mr. Boyliton
for the defence; Mr. Treadwell as assistant State
counsel, concluding. The Judge then delivered
his charge to the Jury. The Jury was absent
about six minutes and returned with a verdiet of
"'Not Guilty." The verdict was received with
loud applause, which was immediately checked
liy the Judge.
We never have seen a trial conducted with
more propriety and more correct and commnen
*dable spirit than that which animated both par
ties. The utmost consideration possible was ex
hibited for both living and dead in the unfortu
nate transaction. The Solicitor and his assistant
discharged their duties faithfully and ably. The
counsel fur defence, voluntarily p referred and
without any fee or renumieration, was conducted
with the utmost ability. They felt the unfortunate
position in which a respected and highly es
teemed brother-lawyer and friend had been
placed, and they came forward in a spirit of no
ble sympathy to his defence. The gratifying
termination of the ease in a prompt aequital
by a highly intelligent Jury is testimony of how
they discharged the obligation they, as friends,
hod assumed.-Winnsboro Register.
SANT ANni's MovEMENs-A letter dated
Aspinwall, March 18th, says:
"Santa Anna, ox-President of Mexico, left
Carthagena on Friday, 12th ultimo, on the Brit
ish steamer for Havana. it is understood that
he is on his way to Mexico, under the auspices
and protection of Spain. Rumor says he can
raise only three thousand dollars ont his Turba
co property, which cost him over one million."
ACQUITTED.-TheC trial of fifty-four persons
charged with murder came off at Darlington, C.
IH, on Wednesday, the 17th inst. They were
members of the so-called Vigilance Committee,
who were concerned in the recent affray at Wind
ham's. The jury, the Cheraw Gazette says, was
composed of some of the best men in the District,
and hd Hon. IL D. Wilson as foreman. The
trial was begun on Wednesday, and at a late
hour on Saturday evening, the verdict of not guil
ty was brought in by the jury, after an absence
of an hour and a half. Mr. Solicitor Iver and
Mr. Richardson conducted the ease in behalf of
the State, and the prisoners were defended by
Messrs. Spain, Iuglis, Dargan and Moses.
An old soldier, whose nose had been lopped of
by a sabre cut, happened to give a few pence to
a beggar, who exclaimed in return:
-"God preserve your eye sigbt I"
"Why so ?" inquired the veteran,
"Because, sir " was the reply, "if your eyes
should' grow weak, you couldn't keep spectacles
CHANGE oF ARMY UxFoRm.-The Washington
Star learns that the War Department will short.
ly order a change of the uniform of the army gen- e
erally, and fix upon one in accordance with the
recommendation of a Board of Examiners recent.
ly appointed for that purpose. For several days
past, at the Department building, some of the hats, 0
&c., pertaining to this new style of dress, have
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7,1858.
RULE8 THAT XUBT IN FUTURE 33 OBSERVED.
All advertisements from this date, not amounting to
more than $10, must be paid for in advance.
Merchants and others advertising by the year, will
be required to settle every six months.
No paper will be sent out of the District unless paid
for in advaneo.
All letters on business connected with the Office, to
receive prompt attention, must be addressed to the
To these rules we will rigidly adhere. Therefore,
take notice and act accordingly.
pe'Augusta Advertisements to be noticed in full
WO WZ will publish Mr. Giao's response to the
Evening New* as soon as the number of that paper
which contains It comes to hand; Also, at the same
time, Mr. G's note having reference to the matter.
BLAND & BUTLER.
Their whqle store is filled up with new goods, and
the ladies, and all the rest of mankind, are popping
in and out, in and out, at all hours of the day. Mr.
BuTtu has selected his goods from the best houses in
Charleston, and is prepared, with the prompt assis
tance of his efficient clerks, to show his rich display to
his hosts of friends. Advertisement in full next week.
MR. EDMUND PENN.
Mr. PENN also is jam-full of every thing that is
fresh, beautiful, strong, delicate, bright, good and use.
ful; and he and E. J. Y., are there, with their clever
young men, busy, busy, busy, all the day, waiting on,
and preparing still further to wait on, the ladies and
gentlemen of Edgefield.
Messrs. J. B. SULLIvAN & Co., are just now open.
ing a splendid stock of goods, all now, all fresh, all
selected in the best markets with the greatest closeness
and care. Every one will remember the universal
satisfaction which Mr. SULLIVAN formerly gave. lie
is again at his old stand, rapidly preparing to receive
the visits of old friends and new ones. He is daily
receiving and opening his choice collection of articles,
and will present his advertisementthrough our columns
next week, but is ready in the moantime to attend his
customers and supply their overy want.
The Messrs HunsoN are also in receipt of superb
supplies for the current season, and offer great induce
ments. Messrs H., though comparative strangers
amongst us, have proven by their energy and gentle
manly demeanor as business men, that they deserve a
full share of the people's generous patronage. See
Also, see the card of Mr. F. 11. CANurs, who has
bought out the watch-repairing establishment so long
and so favorably known as "UsNar GRAY's Shop."
We are sorry our old friend has concluded to leave the
old spot, but are glad to say that his successor promni
ses to give satisfaction.
THE RETAIL LICENSE.
The effects of this license in our village began to be
felt on Monday last (saleday) in the blustering and
disorder of several drunkards. We fear it will work
badly for the quiet and decency of the place; but we
are not prepared to pronounce upon the propriety of
the system without seeing it tested further. Of course
the conductors of the retail shops can do much to
ward preserving decent appearances about their re
spective establishments, a.nd we think from oui-knowl
edge of the men that they will do so.
The reader is referred -to the communication of
" CaiLns CinLaas" for an account of the first Thes
pian performanee of the -present season. His criti
.cisms are liberal and gratifying, and his complimen
tal allusions will, we are sure, fire the corps with re
doubled seal to please our respeted public. The
chief if not the sole object of those who are now
lending their aid in this business, is torelieve the tedium
of our lonely village life. They are certainly prompted
by no desire of gain or reward, other than the appro
.bation of the community amidst which they are hap.
.py in having their homes. Neither has vanity any
part whatever in their aims. If they can amuse
themselves and gratify their audiences with a few
harmless exhibitions after the Dramatic mode, they
will accomplish all they expect or desire to do. They
are no theatre, present no temptations to dissipation
of any kind, say nothing and enact nothing that can
offend the most scrupulous, keep ano late hours, dis
turb not in any manner the proprieties of social en.
joyment, but seek only to intersperse an occasional
evening of innocent pastimo amsid weightier and more
important occupations and duties. Even this how
ever they are by no means desirous of persisting in,
if contrary to the judgment and tastes and feelings
of their fellow-citizens and friends. If these are real
ly adverse to the present endeavors of the Edgefld
Thespian Corps, we are warranted in saying that not
one member thereof would wish to press these efforts
Vlease upon the public's approval, even though to
do so might be an easy matter. But if the ladies and
gentlemen of our community have no objection to be.
ing amused in a rational way, and will lend their
Valued smiles to the Corps, we think it can be safely
promised that a successful series of entertainments
will enliven our Spring season, and no one be the
worse for it.
We are requested to say that, in accordance with
the wishes of many who were present at the Hlall on
Thursday evening last, and to accomodate those who
were prevented by the inelemency of the evening
from witnessing the readings and the play given on
that occasion, the performane will be repeated this
(Wednesday) evening, abridged in one or two particu
lars but enlarged in others. See bills.
THE KENNY PEN.
We have received a beautifully finished and excel
lent pen from Mr. CuZArEs KENNEYr, of Hamburg,
warranted not to .injure by corroding. Mr. K. has a
quantity of these pens with which he would ho glad
to supply the people generally. They are decidedly
THlE JOHNSON MAP.
The agent informs us ho has been successful in
the sale of this map in Edgefield, and we are very glad
to hear it; because it occurs to us that every man who
wishes to keep up with the progress of our great
country, should keep on hand for continuous inspec
tion a good map thereof. It is very necessary to the 4
proper understanding of a great deal that is said and I
written in the speeches, journals and hooks of the day. I
The map is always ready for referene on your wall,I
and you will learn from it many things which no man
ought to be ignorant of. Besides, Johnson's Map isi
really an ornament. But what is yet more, it is a good a
map, so pronounced by many competent judges. Thei
agent will leave our District soon; and we again advise 1
all who have not done so, to procure at once a copyJ
of this large and useful work.
The April number of RussarLL is roceived contain. t
ing its usual variety of entertaining and instructive
articles, as will appear by the subjoinod ample bill of ,
TABLE OF CoNTENs.-A Navy for the South ; The b
Hero-Worker; Blase; The Fruitless Life; Anecdotes
of Boeranger ; Song-" C'ome buck soon ;" Scenes in
the Florida War, No. II; The Water Oak ; Unpub. ti
lished Revolutionary Papers, No. III; Heroes and
Hero Worship; Palms of Florida; Love and Hate; g
Southern Poetry-Caldwell; Flowers, Lily, Kalmia is
ad Asalae; The Papaya; Women-by a "Fenune tc
[neomprise;" The Consular Cities of China, No. 11; q,
he Ideal in Art; Trip to Cuba, No. VII. (Concluded);
The .Saracenia; Creepers; Within the Veil; Winged.
Seeds; Agnes Dew-A Ballad; Editor's Table; Lito- S
sq Notces. t
ITEMfS per HOME EXCAlNGES.
The Cheater Standard was last week under the
2arge or ex-editor MICKLE, who served up a very
itertaining dish of local matter for his Chester read
rs. The Court had just been in session, Judge
'NEALL presiding, and an account of its proceedings
ecupies two columns. Ono or two points in the
rand Jury's presentment are worthy of mention.
it, They recommend a Penitentiary in accordance
ith the views of his Honor Judge O'NXAL.. 2nd,
'hey score the Commissioners of the roads for the
alpable neglect of the public highways in several
arts of the District. 3rd, They " report as a nuisance
e custom among planters of throwing into the
Dads pieces of broken rails and other trash from
beir plantations thereby stopping up ditches and in
ther ways injuring the said roads." The last sug
estion would apply in our own neighborhood with
o little pertinency. This manner of carelessness is
Do often observable among our planters, planters too
rho in other respects are very neat and systematic.
:t is particularly so where negro quarters are located
mmediately on the road. * The negro children, in
toting' firewood to the houses of their parents, are
nore than apt to drop sticks, chunks, brush, and the
ike, In the road, causing continued annoyance to pass
irs-by. Of this the master is of course not aware
n most cases, but it is no less true on that account;
and our farmers cannot be too strict in preventing
he occurrence of such fretting inconveniences as are
ften thus occasioned by the carelessness of their
ittle niggers. The elder ones should be held respon
ible in the matter. Besides being troublesome to
he traveller to drive around an unnecessary chunk,
>r to extricate from his wheel a pestiferious brush,
he appearance of such things lessens the estimation
me is apt to make of the beauty and value of the
As to the penetentiary recommendation of the
hester jury, we have long thought it a good one. If
we are not mistaken, it has been so regarded by many
;rand juries in the State; Nor do we doubt that the
:stablishment of such an institution would meet the
kpprobation of a large majority of the people of
outh Carolina. Why it is that our Legislators do
3ot take hold of the matter, we cannot see;-perhaps
because they think the State has her hands full just
iow in the matter of the now State House.
The Laurensville Iferald informs us that candidates
,r the Legislature are making their appearanco for
the season in that District. Capt. GzonRG Axonnsox
is named, and also W. D. SixPsox, Esq. We are
thead of you, brother STouAs, in this kind of business,
-ride our advertising columns.-The herald mani
rests its disapprobation of the late emente in the South
Carolina College.-By the way our Laurensville
neighbor presents one of the neatest and most useful
sheets in the State. His agricultural department is
specially full and instructive,-an excellent farmer's
journal, and we should think would receive a most
generous and general support in the wealthy and on.
ightened District of Laurens.
The Abbevillo Banner seems to commend the Faculty
of the College in their late action towards the rebel
ious students.-Hon. A. BURT had delivered his ad
dress on the occasion' of the recurrence of Jous C.
CALUotM'S Birthday. The Banner says that, when
published, "it will be eagerly read by an apprecia
The Pee Dee Tines is cheered at the indications of
a re-opening of the Slavo Trade, and looks to it as
the avenuo by which the South is to reach a splendor
of prosperity which has never yet greeted the eyes
of civilized man.
The Yorkville Enquirer of last week contains Maj.
(?) METvoN's how-d'ye-do to the press upon his return
to the duties of editorial life.' ie thus expresses his
sense of the occasion,-(and merely to enable the
reader to understand an allusion in the extract, we
would remark that the returning editor is just now
in the midst of that most glorious period of man's
existence, the first year of married life.)
" To our brethren of the press, we extend the
hearty grasp which is sure to tell of friendship, and
of a high, well-established regard. Nothing in life
(outside of the charmed twelve-month through which
we are now hastening) has left us reminiscences more
agreeable than those which call to mind our associa
tions with the editorial fraternity_ of South Carolina
The kindly and flattering t~rms, warmnliid
generous, with which they have welcomed us back to
their circle, add other links, to the chain which bindu
us to the craft-inspiriting us, that we may deserve
one tithe of their praises, to more zealous elforts to
sustain the reputation, maintain the honor, and, if
possible, magnify the usefulness of the profession."~
DAXImr. WrrLIAus Esq., EowAnD MOOnE Esq.,
Wx. C. BL.AC: Esq., and A. S. WarLLACE Eaq., are
presented by " A Voter" as a suitable delegation to
represent York in the next Legislature. Of course
they are. Should vote for every one of them if we
had the privilege.
A new machine for stufiling horse collars is noticed
by the Enguirer in terms of commendation. It stuffs
s.rtyj collars a day in durable and warrantable style.
But "Mit.Es yonNsos's" advertisement of this ma
chine deserves an insertion both en account of its
evidencing progress and for its unique style of an
nunciation. Here it is:
It was said in olden times that " there's nothing new
under the sun." 3But I, MIL.Es JousoNe, beg to cor
rect this error publicly; and announce to the public
that there's something new USD~n A SHtED, just in
the rear of Lewis and Kerr's old stand; in the shape
of a new machine, the production of Southern genius,
for the purpose of Sit'.FIYO all kinds of
in the neatest possible style ; in a manner which effec
tually guards against injury to the " beast of burden ;"
and so much like a "streak of lightning," that the
cost thereof,'collar and all, becomes a mere " matter
On the i.hortest notice, I, MILErS, can furnish any
number of CoLLrAns ; perfectly made ; warranted
not to " hurt;" of sound materials, and infinitely au
perior to Yankee manufneture.
Stand back, wooden nutmnegs, and give way to the
triumphant march of Southern improvement-listen
to the toesin of Southern Independence, and tremble !
Call and see the "mnershine ;" and take away a
sample of the wonderful handicraft of
MIL ES JOHNSON.
Tell MILEzS of th'e showing we have given him
away over here in Edgefield; and if lhe should take
a notion to send us a couple of carringe-horse collar,
as a sample, we may put him in the way of a good
The Cheraw Garctc, alluding to the late dlifliculty
in College, says: "~ We are p~aind' to learn that this
ill-fatced institution is in ruins again,"-startling Ian
guage, but yet niot so far from the truth as some may
imagine. It does indeed look like ruin, these succes
aive demonstrations of Young Carolina against their
College authorities, it is at least hazardous to the
uture of this hitherto favorite Institution. Now that
other Colleges are springing into a vigorous growth
n various parts of the State, the central College may
rell he warned to look to her laurels.-The Gazette
earns that Judge ELLrIS, and Mr. HoLDEN of the
Raleigh Standard, are the prominent candidates for
guerntorial honors in North Carolina.--Wo observe
hat the Cheraw Lyceum is still moving on with its
The Newberry Rising Sun argues against the pro.
,riety of the States fostering any longer the South
arolina College. We do not agreo'with the Sun, but
note its opinion, and that of others of our State co
emporaries, to show the feeling that is abroad in re
lard to the College. Let the Trustees and the Facul
y ponder these developments; and, above all, let the
tudnts reflect what mischief their indiscreet conduct
a bringing to the fortunes of their Alma Mater. The
pirt of resistance seemas to have been caught up by
ariouas other scholastic youths, and among the rest
y the pupils of the Newberry Academy. Says the
RnatLLro.-From what we have heard, the New.
erry Academy has been in a state of suspension.
'oung Newberry waxing fat rebelled against the au
ority of their Principal. Verily they are growing
o large for their pants. They ought to be taken a
tton hole lower. An application of birch bark
uld have a happy effect.
Very glad are we to state, that we have no such bad
>ya in Edgefield.
The Sun speaks thus of our congressional represen
tive, to the sentiment of which we subscribe:
Our Representative Gien. M. L. Boenham, we are
ad to see has shown his good sense, by not wasting
ords on the exhausted subject of Kansas. We think
o much has already been said. He is right on the
aestion, and that's sufficient.
The Greenville Patriot & .Mountainaeer, in mention.
g the College disturbance, says: "And now we have
property of all taxpaying citizens-again placed in a
The .Orangeburg Soudron is vehement in its een- 0
spres of the College students on account of their late A
insubordination. . It remarks very sensibly, in the V
course of a somewhat piolonged article: M
It is now high time, *o think that the spirit of re- b
bellion to law and order, so pre-eminent among the 0
youth of our day, should be crushed. Boys should
be made to know that :they are boys and not men;
without such a knowledge of themselves it is useless
to try to teach them. Y-- - a
The Southron intimates that this knowledge is only r
to be properly impart to them at home and around t
the family fireside; Aid we think our cotemporary I
here strikes the thing exactly. The true secret of 1
College insubordination- is a lack of home discipline, i
a defect which is at thij time matter of notoriety in <
many southern communities. Until parents and f
guardians enforce uponkthe boys committed to their v
charge the rules of propriety and good manners, it is I
vain to expect that thef will either become good citi- 1
zens or true gentlemen. -
The Keowee Courier breaks ground upon the ques- I
tion of the Banks, urging, that it should enter into
the pending election of members to the legislature.- I
The Courier reports the sale of a negro woman with i
six children, the oldest of them being only twelve years <
old, the whole seven averaging $625. The property I
was sold on a credit, but with interest from date. I
The Camden Weeky Jrournal gives an interesting I
account of a Debating: Club Celebration in Camden I
at which several good addresses were delivered, and j
which closed with a capital dinner, with feast of rea- 1
son, flow of soul, and all that sort of thing. Also the
Camden Light Infantry had been having a dinner
with speeches, toasts et cetera.-We observe that Mr. i
WAnani, of the Tournal, is acandidate for Tax Collec- 1
tor, and we wish him. success. No candidates yet
announced for the Legislature; but quite an animated
canvass seems to be goin'g on in the municipal elections.
The Winusboro Register does -not consider the re
bellious boys at Columbia, Yorkville, and elsewhere'
fuel, as is generally said of them. le regards them
as peculiarly slor,-"having not yet reached thepoint
of capacity to appreciate education."
The Clarendon Banner is the new paper of CALTo
& Envi which weannounced some weeks ago. The
first number ii now before us, containing the begin
ning of a nouvelette byMr. Eavii, and various other
original matter of Interest. Mr. E. is known In South
Carolina as the author of several meritorious tales.
His capacity in that department of composition is
evidently good, and we shall expect a large degree of
excellence in the literary cast of the new Banner.
Neither do we doubt his ability to wield the pen on gen.
eral subjects. The Banner is gladly placed upon our
exchange list, and we shall watch its weeklyvisits to our
sanctum with interest and expectation.
The Anderson Gazette announces the fact, that a
train on the Rabun Gap Railroad was to run through
from Anderson to Old endloton Depot on the last
day of the past month. As a consequence the old
village is looking up in hopeful gladness; and it is
contemplated to rescusiate the once venerable Pen
dleton Jleeaenger on the strength of these brighten
"LIQUOR DEALER'P ARTICLES--AN
END OF THEM.
Upon consideration, we must stop the publication
of " Liquor Dealer's" articles, and explain the nature
of their authorship to the public. They are not the
production of one who T really a Liquor Dealer, but
of a temperance man and a moral man. Ho sup
posed that much good might he done by affecting to
advocate the trallic in liquor, and by placing the ar
gument in its favor on eak and odious grounds. We
thought it well to hum~ his notion and publish his
pieces; But we discover, as we think, that they are
doing more harm than good. -Many readers look
upon them as being really the _compositions of a li
quor dealer and a bad man, and are shocked at our
giving them a place in our columns. Others, who
suspect the truth, think that it is making a disgusting
argument unnecessarily notorious and offensive.
While a few (and wo'muat say not without reason)
look i6jon it as doing 'ividual liquor dealers injus
ties. Influenced b hich had not until
" Liquor Dealor" that his articles are no longer accep
table. His secret however shall be kept to ourselves.
PATENT OFFICE REPORT.
As we have heard several enquire for the Patent
Office Repdrt for 1857, we may state (and which we
have upon good-authority) that Congress has not yet
authorized an Issue of said report.
THlE HAMBURG dr EDGEFIELD PLANK
It is with regret that we find ourselves again com
pelled to animadvert upon the Hamburg & Edgefield
Plank Road; but it is our duty as public journalists
to do 80. We have always been a well-wisher of the
Company, and have again and again urged upon our
renders the policy of fostering them into a permanent.
ly profitable existence as a corporation; because we
believed their enterprise laudable in its design and
eminently conducive to the welfare of our district,
our village, and Hamburg, our market town. We
have therefore, in common with many others, tolera
ted its bad management from time to time, ever ho.
ping that an early amendment of all defects would
take place. Bunt we have waited still in vain. The
thing has grown worse and worse, until now its abom
inable condition is too censurable to merit either pa
tience or forbearance. It hns become a vexation al
most intolerable. It is-the aubjcct of every traveller's
abuse. Only yesterday we were conversing with a
gentleman connected with Do Dow's Review who had
recently ridden over the road. lie has been in all
parts of the United States, and emphatically asserts
that he has never seen half so mean a highway in
any part of the Union. is idea was, that it is a dis
grace to the District and to the State. Without en
dorsing this opinion to its full extent, we must say
that it approximates. the truth ! Nearly the cntirez
route is In a condition violative of the spirit if not
the letter of the Company's commission. There are not
three smooth miles in the twenty six; And far the
greate.r portion of the rend is totally unworthy of the
sheltering privileges of its charter. Yet the people
have been required to pay toll at the highest adlmissa
ble rates. They have done sonas quietly as they could,
all the while hoping for improvement. But no im
provement worth noticing has come about. Now, how
long are we to endure this grievance? In reply to
the just complaints of citizens, it has been imperti
nently said: "You are notconmpelled to take theoplank.
There is the dirt road yet, at your service. Take that,
if you prefer it." What an absurd shift to get rid of
the real point involved I The issue is not between the
merits of the Plank and Dirt roads, but between the
public and the chartored obligations of the Company.
These obligations must he discharged, or the Compa
ny is palpably violating beth duty and law.-But we
are disposed to attribute their short-comings, even yet,
to hard luck and ill judgment rather than to wilful
indifference. We are disposed still to wait upon them
for a brief season longer. And we earnestly trust
they will retrieve the character of their road. It is an
useful work. Properly kept'up, it might be termed a
great work in its sphere. Shall the public look in vain,
wait in vain, hope ia vain, beg in vain? Gentlemen
Directors, awake to action and deserve that public's
applause and gratitude.
piD Mr. John Autrey, living about eighteen miles
from Anderson Court House, in South Carolina, com
mitted suicide by shooting himself, at his residence,
on the 27th of March.
pf eare glad to learn from our farming friends,
says the Dalton Time., that the wheat crop in this
section Is looking remarkably welL. If the season
continues favorable we may expect a bountiful harvest.1
W Green Peas, says the Savannah Republican,
made their first appearance in our market, Wednesday
last. We would have had them several weeks sooner
had they not been'ecut down by the severe weather in
February, at which time they were In the pod, in
many of our gardens.-.
pu" lion. Edward Everett, will deliver his Oration
on the Life and Character of George Washington, in
Augusta, next Friday, April 9.
fil The Senate refused to concur In the House
amendments tothe Kansas bill, and returned the bill
THE COLLEGE DIFFICULTY.
The recent emeute in College, as the demonstration
f the students is fancifully designated, has mortified
ad grieved every well-wisher of our State Institu
on. It is a blow direct at its popularity and aseful
ess; and this blow, we are constrained to add, has
een dealt by those who are reaping the advantages
f the College,-and upon grounds totally insufficient
a excuse its perpetrators. The case is simply this:
.he students refused to obey the call of their profes
ore, summoning them to recitation. The ordinary
ecitation rooms had been defiled (it is unnecessary
o say how) and rendered unfit for the occupation of
he classOs. The Faculty, upon ascertaining this to
e the fact, agreed to open their own parlors for the
ustruction of the students until the recitation rooms
ould be cleansed and made fit for use. They noti
led the classes accordingly and summoned them to
6ttend. A large portion of the students, about one
mundred in number, refused to observe and comply
with the notification and summons of the professors.
Whereupon the recusants were suspended until the
irst of next October.
We concur in the general opinion of the press of
he State, that the Faculty have acted rightly in the
natter. They had no other course to take, in view
>f the inbreasing imperious necessity to preserve good
overnment and enforce obedience to authority among
-he youths committed to their guidance and instruc
ion. The special pleading which the students pub.
ish in their defence, amounts to no more than a far
etched apology for what they themselves feel to have
bein a fault. It may be, as they say, that the laws
)f College (the lex scripta) do not require them to
rttend recitation in any other place than in the lee
Lure-rooms. But what students ever before doubted
that, if by accident or otherwise these rooms became
impossible of use, it was then a part of the duty and
authority of the Faculty, to appoint some other con
enient place or places at their discretion, and to
require attendance as usual upon lectures and recita
tions. What students ever before claimed exemption
from the prielleges of the College on this absurd and
unworthy ground? We believe it is the first demon
stration of the kind in the history of the College,
and, as an alumnus who looks to our time-honored
State Institution with affection and pride, we sincere
ly trust it will be the last.
We repeat then our conviction, and *which we be
lieve Is a very general one in South Carolina, that
the Faculty has acted well in dealing decisively with
the offending students; And we heartily endorse the
suggestion of the Winnsboro Register, that the exami
nation, upon their return to College next October,
should be strict and thorough-going. In the mean
time let the young gentlemen think over their very
unnecessary and ill-timed demonstration, and deter
mine to make such amends as they can for the injury
they have (thoughtlessly no doubt) inflicted upon
their alina mater. They can best do this by carefully
keeping up with the studies of their respective years,
by returning in October and saying to their profes
sors frankly "re cere wrong," and by setting an ex
ample of implicit obedience to all reasonable dirci
pline for the future. In reply to the idea that our
College is on the verge of dissolution, we appropriate
the following brief statement contributed to the
Charleston Mercury by a "Subscriber :"
Massus. EDITons: Your paper, of the 29th inst.,
oontained an editorial notice with the heading: " The
South Carolina College again broken up." I have
the new catalogue before me, from which the classes
stood as follows:
Senior, 55; Junior, 43; Sophomore, '7; Freshmen,
26. Total, 201.
The suspensions are : Senior, 33; Junior, 5; Sopho
more, 6i9; Freshmen, 3.
So that there are left in College in the performance
of their duties:
Senior, 22; JunIor, 38; Sophomore, 8; Freshmen,
23. Total, 91.
This statement is correct. It shows that each class
will continue, though with diminishdd numbers. Most
of the young men will return, it is believed, when
the period of their suspension is passed, and it may
yet he that, notwithstanding 'recent events, the Col
lege, through the firmness of the Faculty,
" May, from the nettle danger,
Pluck the flower-safety."
As this institution is deeply seated in the affections
of our people, you will confer a public benefit in pub
lishing this statement.
From the advices brought by the Persia, the last
Steamer from Liverpool, we gather the following
Of the French conspirators, Orsini and Pierri had
been guillotined, and Rudio respited.
Nothing of importance had occurred in the British
Parliament. The India Loan Bill has finally passed.
Count rersigny had resigned the French Mission
to the English Court.
Rumors were current that the French Navy is to
be put upon a war footing.
It was confidently stated at Madrid that the ques
tions pending between Spain and Mexico, had been
Dates from Canton to January 28th have reached
England. No reply had been received by the allied
forces from the Emperor, and they would ascend the
river with a fleet of gun-boats and -400 French and
1000 English troops from the garrison. The English
were erecting strong works on the Ibland of Bevin.
A further deficiency in the tea crop was reported.
The sales of Cotton for the week comprised 31,000
bales. Prices had declined &d, and holders were
pressing their stocks on the market. The sales on
Friday, 10th, were 4,000 bales, the market closing
quiet. Fair Orleans was quoted at 71d; Middling
Orleans, 71-16d; Fair Mobile, 7jd; Middling Mobile,
G*d; Fair Upland, 7&a, and Middling Upland, Gid.
The stock of Cotton on hand was 354,000 bales, in
luding 243,000 bales of American.
Flour was steady, uder a large speculative enquiry.
Wheat was dull. Corn was active and improving.
Sugar was quiet, and inferior qualities had declined
fli. @ Is. ? cut Coffee was steadly. Rice was firm,
at 25s. 1d. ? ewt. for Carolina.
P. S. By the very lntcst news (received by the
Indian) it appears that all qualities of cotton had
advanced. Consols are quoted at 97k. Gen. Bellis
sier was to be the French minister at the Court of
Lnndon. Tbc biocka.de or Canton was raised on the
10th of February.
For the Advertiser.
Despite the inclement weather, quite a crowd of
gentlemen and a few of the fair sex, graced the occa
sion of the revival of the performances of the " Thes
pian Corps," on the evening of the first instant. The
attractive programme, had caused me to anticipate
quite a varied feast,-beauty, romance, poetry, and tip
toe jollity. The evening's entertainment was opened
by Mrs. RaxrorTn's recitation from " The Song of
Hiawatha," the most original production of the
American Muse. She began with the fall of "Noko
mis from the Moon," and ended with " the departure
of Hiawatha," evincing great taste in her selections.
The varied melody of her voice, combined with the
picturesque dress of an Indian Girl, transported us
into the fairy land of dreams; as with deep pathos
she sung the sad tale of the "wasting" and the
"blasting" of the beautiful flower of the prairie,
" Minehaha"-laughing water,-she awoke the ten
ier sympathies of our nature for the mournful destiny
af the lRed man of the forest, and cheated us into a
rorgetfulness of time as it flew by with tentless heed.
rhe beautiful advocate, for Indeed she seems as an ad
rocate of the claims of the Indian to the softer emo
ions of our being,-yea, of his vassalage to the queen
f love,-so won upon us, that we were ready to flee
the haunts of civilisation, and seek the "unsunned
limness of some wilderness." In truth she even was
he sucessful advocate of the author, for she revealed
eauties of the poem hitherto hidden by the novel
;arb of the poet.
The inimitable farce of "The Rough Diamond,"
ra equally as successful in satisfying our fondness for,
nrriment and laughter, as the recitation was in fili
ng the measure of our love for poetry and romance.
'he cast of characters was exceedingly appropriate.
ol. A. S., as "Sir WillIam Evergreen," merited and
,eivoll universal applause; he acted with his usual
rae, spirit, and appropriateness, and thus made the
ost of his character. F. L. S., as "Lord Plato,"
rith dignified and grave demeanor acted well the part
f an old Englishman gentleman. The impersona
ion of Capt. Augustus Blenheim by Maj. J. P. B., was
vel received; his military bearing, and handsome
ierson, won favorable opinions from all, and made it
"Lady Plato." We greet him with pleasure as quite
an acquisition to the Corps. Mrs. RAISFORN Was
very successful in her character of " Lady Plato;"
the soft chastened face and the unostentatious ease
and grace of her action, gave us a true insight into
the character of our English Lady. A. R., as " Cou
sin Joe," could not be surpassed. Ie played his part
to perfection, his dress, attitudes, volpe, look and sets,
all provoked incessant applauso and laughter-he un
doubtedly possesses great genius for acting comedy.
The countenance of Miss LONSD.I.E beaming with
beauty, good.humor and frankness so well suited the
character of "Margery," that we were almost insen
sibly impressed with the idea that she was really a
country lassie. Her acting was natural, fascinating,
and elegantly artistic; even in the minor effects she
was eminently successful. Her golden curls and
Saxon style of beauty, combined with her magnificent
physique, and the graceful rendition of her part, won
the plaudits of a delighted audience. The minor ap
pointments were well sustained, the "select Orches
tral Band," ever and anon delighting the audience
with sweet and refined music. The whole performance
was a decided success.
The efforts of the Corps to afford cultivated amuse
ment for our citizens entitle them, as they justly de
serve, to great encouragement.
The expense incurred in securing the services of
eminent artists, evinces a desire on their part to leave
nothing unassayed to render their exhibitions the
most recherche that the circumstances will admit of.
We bespeak for them a crowded house for next Wed
nesday night. CHILDE CHILDERS.
For the Advertiser.
TO THE VOTRS 07 HAW GAP COMPANY.
I have said that if the election recently held for
Captain of the Haw Gap Company should be bro
ken again on certaia grounds, I would not be a
candidate for that office, but by the urgent solicita
tion of my friends have re-considered that matter,
and now announce myself as a candidate, and re
spectfully place myself once more upon the kind
ness of my friends.
I' Among the bills passed by the legislature of
Massachusetts is one making two divisions in the
crime of murder, the first of which, where it is pre
meditated, or life taken while in the commission of a
felony, is made punishable with death. The second
degree is punished by imprisonment for life.
A telegram from St. Louis, on the 2nd inst.,
says:-" The steamer Sultan was destroyed by fire this
morning near Cape Girardera, and fifty persons lost
their lives by the casualty. The Sultan was bound to
gV The railroad trains now run to old Pendleton
village in this State.
Married, on the 28th ult., by the Rev. D. BomrE,
Mr. W. BARKER and Miss M. A. ERGLE, In the
Granietville Baptist Church, all of this District.
Died of measles, on Saturday evening, the 20th
ult., LURA MORRISON, aged eleven months; and
on Sunday, 28th, SUSAN MARGARET, aged four
years, youngest children of Dr. Jounx and SoPmnA A.
We can teach our little ones very early to know
and love the gentle Saviour who blessed them. The
oldest of the dear ones whose names are recorded
here, lisped to her mourning parents that she was not
afraid to die,-that she loved papa and mamma, but
God best of all; 'for he made her and sent Jesus
Christ to die for sinners; and that she would go to
live with her little brothers and sisters, who were an
gels in Heaven.
Be still my stricken heart,
For God bath dealt the blew ;
IIe who did once with hunan heart'
- L~ove little children so.
That human heart still throbs
Near to the throne of God;
It sympathises with our woes.
And helps us kiss the rod.
SIt bids us look beyond ,,
The veil that blinds us hiere,.
It points to the Elysian fields
And Jesus dwelling there.
And Oh ! we bless his name
Our hold oln earth grows weak;
Era long we hope to reach the goal
And find the rest we seek.
There am'rinths ever bloom;
There earth-worn spirits rest;
And there our precious darlings chant
Their praises with the blest.
Departed this life, on the 24th March, FRANCES
SEIGLER, wife of WLArM~i SEICLBu, of Edgefield
District; in the 45th year of her age.
She lived a life of almost uninterrupted prosperity
and health until, a few months before her death, she
was called to part with a dear son, who being the first
out of eight children they had lost, her Christian
graces were severely tried, but she humbly submitted
to the will of God, little thinking what trials were yet
in store for her. Ten days before his death, eho was
compelled by death to part with her eldest daughter,
San.ui T. SEiol.En, in the 20th year of her age, who
wans the pride and ornament of the faimily circle, and
in whom were the parents' hopes and joys centered.
ut as a flower of the field, so she flourished, "'but
the wind passeth over it und it is gone, and the place
thereof shall know it no more." But the mother's sf
flictions came not singly, for on the 22d March her
infant child, eight days old, was taken from .her ho.
sm to be transplanted in that bright world where
there is no sin or death. These afflictive dispensa
tions only showed her faith as a Christian. She had
been a member of the Rehoboth Baptist Church more
than twenty years, during which time she honorced
the profession she had made by a well ordered life
and godly conversation. The Church of which she
was a member, has sustained a great loss in her den th.
She was truly a loving wife, an affectionate g~ther,
and an ardent Christian ; and has left a disconsolate
family to mourn their irreparable loss. But thoir
sorrown should not be without hope, for if we believe
that Jesus died, and arose again, even so them that
sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. D. D.
A UG USTA, April:.
Cor0o.-SaleC5 of Cotton to-day about 400 bales,
nd for the past two dlays about 2,300 bales. Prices
ar so irregular that we omit quotations.
Btcos-We have no change to report though our
market exhib~its rather a stiffening tendency. Old
dealers remark that they have seldom seen so light a
supply in market this season of the year. We quote
Shoulders 9, Ribbed Sides 11 @ 11&; Clear Sides
11; IHams 101 to 12; hog round 10& cents. Sales
lae been made at these rates daily.
LAn-This article is more plenty, and in demand,
at 11 to 11l cents in bhls ; in cans, 12 to 121 cents.
CINCINNA TI, March 31.
Flour $3.55 @ 3.85. Whiskey 16&. Mess Pork
$16; Bulk Sides 8; Bacon Sides 9. Nothing done
in Shoulders or Sides. ..
A meceeting of the Bible Society of thme Edge
field Baptist Association will be held at the Pleas
ant Grove Baptist Church, commencing on Friday
before the third Sabbath in April.
An address will be delivered by Rev. W. P. HIL..
The ministering brethren of the Association and
all others favorable to the object of the Society,
are earnestly requested to attend.
After Monday 18th i'nst., Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday of cvery week, will be assigned for
Sawing Lumber; and Thursday, Friday and Sat
urday, for Grinding Wheat and Corn. Customers
are requested to keep standing turns at the Mill.
which will ho a convenience to all concerned.
R. T. MIMS.
Jan. 13 tf1
AFull attendance of the Members of FRIEND
SHIP LODGE, No. 65, is earnestly re
quested at their next Regular Communication, au
buiness of importance will be brought before them.
By order of 'Z. W. CAR WILE, W. M.
S. P. DnLOACI, See'y.
April 6 1858 3 to 13
F OR SALE""-Suffolk Pigs and a Devon Bull
Calf. Apply at this office.
March 3 1 - ir 12
IW'The riends dfuoLANiESp y
respectfully present him as a C
State Senate at the ensuing eledloe *
t' Tue Friends of WILLIAM *
respectfully announce him as aC"
ator at the next election.
4e - - '
"r The friends of Col. JOHN QUITTLEBUM
respectfully announce him as a Candkitet r a
seat In the next Legislature at theens i i
April 7 to*
ITWe are authorized by the flendt t
A. L DEARING, to nominate him as a andidate
for a seat In the House of Representatlves at ge
April 7 to
g- The friends of M. W. GARY, Esq.,'*preient
him as a Candidato for the State Legislature at the
Mar. 31. to*
g7 We arc authorized by the friends of JOSEPH
ABNEY, Esq., to announce him as-a Candidate
for a seat in the next Legislature at the ensuing
Mar.81 to* 12
W Tus Friends of W. W. ADAMS, Esq.fre.
spectfully present him as a candidate for the State.
Legislature at its next Session.
Mar 28 to* 1
W The Friends of J. HAMDEN BROOKS
Esq., respectfully present him as a Candidateifor
the State Legislature at Its next Session.
W'Tan Friends of Maj. ABRAM JONES'il
spectfully present him as a Candidate fot' reee
tion to the State Legislature.
Mar 10 to* 9
W Ts Friends of Mr. WADE HOLSTEIN,
respectfully nominate him as a"Candidate for ei9
tion to a Seat in the next Legislature.
Mar 10 to* . 9
TAPE WORM CURED BY
DR. M'LANE'S CELEBRATED VERMIFUGE04
NZw You, August 2, 185L.
1' A certain lady in this city teatiles that, after
using Dr. M'Lane's Vermifuge, prepared by Xleming
Bros. of Pittsburgh, she passed a tape wormtenih
us long; and has no hesitation in recommendingitto
every person afflicted with worms; as, in her opijion,
it far excels every other remedy now in use. ,Te
name of the lad1 and further particulars can be
learned by calling on Mrs. Hardie, Manhattan plaes,
or E. L Theall, bruggist, corner of Rutger and Mon
IV Purchasers will be careful to ask forDR
M'LANE'S CELEBRATED LIVER PILLSmann
fdctured by FLEMING BROS., of Pittsburgli- P4
All other Liver Pills In comparison are worthless.
Dr. M'Lane's genuine Liver Pills, also his celebrated
Vermifuge, can now be had at all respectable drug
stores. Yone genuine without the eignaure of
48 FLEMING~it -
W ILL attend promptly to all butiness of -the
profession entrusted to his car. -
OFu , Edgefeld 0. H., S. 0.
upT gEtSbcrrtaing Iturchasedtihe prmises .
.watch bereptruingp isno e par PegddR
kinds of otainig conecutimeanbeith: ida
ilve War. H. C.-4l a
Aprilng s tf a FIEST C
fundleUdinda. owrceian R EN
prgting tatdh Sums me~ r -o~I,
An. a.-A RULLaorTENTil ~f elohi
kildlofeGokep usrunning in Villagop. .
riu oodsin thae te ticareul eaccoda h
bedst marketsu in te ntdates were bogh
J. B.SUL.-AH. CO
April 615 , tf. -13
WALL NEW RAE,~
ANUENT SETNE GA., K
T~has Unersin Stre, ndi rcvngtan..EN-.
TeiREg a E l Wg adwisccdSTOCK of - -
Spring and Summer Dry Goods,2
cnd F CASH. ASSOmN althershv
bknpurfhGoedofashy kues be ia enlaedSoe
OrFERd havEAee cAreul AlctINSte
Iet willke to the initedraes and werse boug ht
Cit tohall tad eailee in oodsngt prieas
aeli whonfdn e will cmpr favorably withaca. --
aNnew markimng iGSokmybod
Fanc Ploi and Ceed hSEdIL; insa
Chesno w inadr Stoe discnSat; e
Pluing a firead wHLLsetStoc of
SprIgLAnd SHmmer aD~s SCARSI
Whichrhe ispredtok LAWNS atUSLYI W. riN
-eeS anRITSH together wfitheafl toofv
Sitawll e o mil inntation uhse Aisitig lti
Fne C LaIS and bleced andbrnS HIRT
BlSat S6KS cts qalti.
PDninWan Wiu e EKALYE ES;
FAoncD MDsinROBES; -EIW
OradeSi WEEKL G rein wilBES-ub
MTLLHAW ndsodul sheet tse
A Care tc of LWNsSaagMULN,GIN
II Sand bPdlreNTd togeubcriers aithe flew pice
oftwbo dolrs pamil aund paaor usve. dollarg orte
opis CAo, fivedleafred and own SIRT
EIOt WEL PES will be deoeptuhhuretNw.ad4
cuios ohe day, hdome dfoguleitica at h
Ciay, ty ogehrwt aesngonEuain
tetand will be madeli verey bcrbruptees, pic
Abl twortrs panntrib;or are docuard forthree
The City of RIW-alintni a ervans.
favor e ote o the inrfr te esaandntdif
geneal;embrcin, alo, iteay er tey.ls
Ariltue Conre,185anufatr, 13ign
the rts and heeywi entll bewadon ey re -
m e wr ndgtitrel Dserctred in~bv
oThe Alotyose WItn ieas forha7wipease.
faoead aounts cth beo fou athy Milalshn
suchil istict. J. D. B. DE BOW.
Ari36185 3f 12
T I E herbySive toalh areli
JdT eceed fewi Edogen eldf itic.-y
NoteorwAc cun was p88,t4 'up ors '56.eaonis
forwardmand oft th Towme Try te-itosao
caslf. anUeteb sho oevr on h
Mar8 31 3m . 1W
Mar 8 -~